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ISSN 2304-1579.i . . -. . i .2013 ..18, . 4(20)..

3137

Mathematical Subject Classification: 31A10


517.9
. .


,
3

3
. . I i
3
i i,
. i 3
i i i, (, )
.
i : i , i i.
. . 3
. ,
3
,
(, ) .
: , .
Lopotko O. V. Integral representation is obtained for of positive definite
function of one variable such that the kernel (, ) is positively defined. Integral representation is obtained for of positive definite function of one variable such that the
kernel (, ) is positively defined.
Key words: integral representation, positive definite function.

. [1]
(
)
(, ) , 1 , ,
. [2]

(, ) =

(; ) (; ) ()

,=0

0 (; ), 1 (; ), . . . , 1 (; ) = .
1
( ), [( + ) ( )], ( + ), 2


, 2 , .

,
3

.
3

c . ., 2013

32

. .

.
1. C ()
,

( , ) > 0,

1 , . . . , R1 ,

1 , . . . , ;

(1)

,=1

(
[

) (
)]

1 + 3
1
1 3
1 + 3
1 3
(, )= (+)+
+
+
+
,
3
2
2
2
2

(0, 0) = 0;

(0, 0) = 0;
(0, 0) = 0;
(0, 0) = 0;

2
2
(0, 0) = 0.
(0,
0)
=
0;
2

(2)

1. () ( C),

(
(
)
)
1 3
1 + 3
+
= 0,
(3)
() +
2
2

|()| 6 ||

(4)

( > 0),


0 [
() =
1

1 [
+
0

3
1
1
||


3
3

||

3
1
3
cos
|| +
2
3

||

]
3
1
3
()+
sin
||
3
2
2

3
1
1 3
3
1 3
3
1
3
3

2 cos
+ 2 sin

() ,
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
(5)

() , ,
1
1

() < .
3
2

(6)

, (5)
(2)(4).

33

. (1)
3
3

(,
)
=
(, )
3
3
, (, ) 3.7 [3, . 659]
(3.20).
0 (; ),
1 (; ), 2 (; )
3
= ,
3

(7)

(; )|=0 =

(, = 0, 1) .


3
= 0 1 = 3 ,

3 33
,
> 0, 1 = 3 ||, < 0, 2,3 =
2
(7) > 0

3
3
3
3
3
3
3

2
2
= 1
+ 2
+ 3
.
cos
sin
2
2
< 0 (7)

3 ||
3 ||
3
3
3
3
3 ||

= 1
|| + 3 2 sin
||.
+ 2 2 cos
2
2
(7) :

3 ||

1 3 || + 2 2 cos 3 3 || ( < 0) ,
3
3
2
0 (; ) =

3
1 3 + 2 2 cos 3
( > 0) ;
3
3
2
)
(

3 ||
3
1 3 ||
3
1
1
3

|| 1
3
3

2 cos
||+ 2 sin
||
( < 0) ,

3
3
3
2
2
3
2
1 (; )= (
)

3
3
1 3
3
1
3
3
1
1 2


cos
+ 2 sin

( > 0) ;

3
3
3
2
2
3
2
)
(

3 ||
3
1 3 ||
3
1
1
3

|| 1
3
3

2 cos
|| 2 sin
||
( < 0),

3
3
3
2
2
3
2
2 (; )= (
)

3
3

3
1
1
3
1
3
1

3
3

( > 0).
2 sin

2 cos
3
3
3
2
2
3
2

34

. .

(3.20) 3.7 [3, . 659] :


2

(, ) =

(8)

(; ) (; ),

,=0

(, ) =

)
2 ( +

(0, 0) (; ) (; ),

,=0

(
() =

)
(0, 0) () .

(, ) (2), () = 0 (, = 0, 2,
= = 2) (8) :

(; ) = 2 (; )2 (; )22 () = 2 (; )2 (; )().
(9)
1

(9) = ,
1
1
[(2) + () + ()] = [(2) + 2()] =
3
3

22 (; )() =

]2

3
1
1 3 ||
3
1 3 ||
3
()
3
3
||

+ (10)
=
2 cos
|| 2 sin
||
3
3
3
2
2
3
2

]2

[
1 3 1 3
3
1 3
3
()
3
3

.
+

2 cos
2 sin

3
3
3
2
2
3
2
0 [

(10) .
> 0,
[
0

]2

3
1
1 3
3
1 3
3
()
3
3

2 cos
2 sin

=
3
3
3
2
2
3
2

3
3
3
1 2
1
3
1
3
1 3
3
3
3
3
2

2
=

+
cos
+
sin
2
cos

9
9
2
3
2
9
2
0
]

1
3
1
3
3
()
3
3
3

2 2 sin
+ 2 cos
sin

=
3
2
2
2
3 3
3 3
2
(
(
)
)
[
3
3
3
1 2
1
1 + cos 3 3
1
1 cos 3 3

+
+

9
9
2
3
2
[

35

3

3

2 3
3
2
3
1
()
3
3
3

2 cos
2 sin
+
=
sin 3
3
9
2
2
3 3
3 3
2
[



3
3
3
3
1 2
1
1
2
3
3
=
cos 3 + sin 3 +
9
9
9
3 3
0
]

2 3
2
1
3
3
3
3

2
2

().
cos

sin

3
9
2
2
3 3
2
(10), > 0, :
[

3
3
1
1
1 2
3
[(2) + 2()] =
cos 3 +
3
9
9
0

3
3
1
2 3
2
3
3
3

+
sin 3 +
2 cos

9
9
2
3 3
]

1
2
3
3

2


sin
().
3
2
3 3
2

(11)

(11) ,
]

[
3
1 3
3
1
1 3 1 3
3
3

2 cos
+ 2 sin

() =
(),
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
0

(5) > 0.
(10) < 0, (5) < 0. ,
() [1, 1], (4). ()
() ( C),
() .
. (5) (; ). > 0:

(
(

)
)
3
3
1
(+)
12 23
(+)
12 + 23
1 3 (+) 1
1
+
+
( + ) =

9
3
9
2
0
(12)
(
(

)
)
3
3
(+)
21 23
(+)
12 + 23

1
1 ();
+
3 2
2
3 3
1

) 1 { (
(
)
)
1 + 3
1 3
1 3 12 + 23 + 12 23
+
=

2
2
9
0
[
(
(
)
) ]

3
3
3
3
1
21 23 +
+ 12 + 23

+
+
18
(
(
)
) }

3
3
3
3
12 23 +
+ 12 + 23
1

+
();
3
2
3 3
2

(13)

36

. .

) 1 { (
(
)
)
1 3
1 + 3
1 3 21 23 + 21 + 23
+
=

2
2
9
0
]
[
(
(
)
)

3
3
3
3
1
+ 12 23
12 + 23 +
+
+

18

(
)
(
)

3
3
3
3
+ 21 23
21 + 23 +
1

1 ().
+
3 2
2
3 3

(14)

(12)(14) ,
[ 3 (
(
(
(
)
)
)
) ]

3
3
3
1
12 + 23 + 21 23
21 23 + 21 + 23

+
=
9
(
)

3
3
3
3
2 3 (+)
3
3
3
3
= 2
cos
cos
+ sin
sin
,
9
2
2
2
2

[
(
(
)
)]

1
1 3
1+ 3
1+ 3
1 3
(, )= (+) +
+
+
+

=
3
2
2
2
2

3
1
1 3 (+)
3
3
3
3
(+)
2
=
cos
+

+
cos
9
9
2
2
0

3
1 3
3
3
1 3
3
3
3
3
+ 2 (+) sin
sin
2 cos

3
2
9
2

3
(+)
1 3
3
1
3
3
3
3
3

2
2 cos

+
sin
+
cos
9
2
2
2
3 3

3
3
(+)

1
1
3
3
3
3
3
3
+ 2
sin
cos
2 sin

2
2
2
3 3
3 3
}
1

3
3

1
3
1
3
2 sin

() = 2 ()2 ()().
(15)
3
2
3 3
2
1 {

(15) (1) (, )
( > 0). (, )
< 0. (15) (2). (15) = 0,
(3). (6), (4),

1
1
3
1 3 ||
3
1 3 ||
3
3
3
||

2
2

cos
||+
sin
||
()+
|()| 6
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
1

1
1 3 1 3
1
3
1 3
3
3
3

() 6
+
2 cos
+ 2 sin

3
3
3
2
2
3
2
0

0 (
6
1

1 || 1 ||
1 ||
+ 2 + 2
3
3
3

()+
3
2

6 1 ||

1 (
0

1 || 1 ||
1 ||
+ 2 + 2
3
3
3

37

() 6
3
2

()

= || .
3
2

.
.
, (, ) . , ,
.

1.

. .
/ . . // . 1946. . 53,
1. . 36.

2.

. .
/ . . // .
1956. . 108, 3. . 893896.

3.

. .
/ . . .: . , 1965. 798 .