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PRINCIPLE OF STRUCTURE: FOR POLYTHECNIC CHAPTER 1 FORCE AND MOMENT FORCE 1. The term mechanics, according to a dictionary definition, refers to “That branch of applied science which deals with the action of forces in producing motion or equilibrium” 2. In the context of structural mechanics, “Forces represent the loads that the structure is expected to carry’ 3. Load can be classified into three groups : a) Dead loads — permanent load due to the static weight of the structure itself, e.g. cladding, floor finishes, floor, wall, partition and other fixtures which form the fabric of the building b) Live load (Imposed Load) — loads that produced by the intended occupancy of the building e.g. load due to the weight of plant and equipment, furniture, the people who use the building ¢) Wind Load — load that acting on a building that are induced by the effect of either wind pressure or wind suction 4. A force is a vector quantity which has magnitude and direction. 8. Scalar quantities will represent magnitude only. For example time, temperature, speed, mass, area and volume. PRINCIPLE OF STRUCTURE: FOR POLYTHECNIC 6. Vector will represent both magnitude and direction. The length of vector represent magnitude and the arrow shows the direction (Figure 1) Figure 1 Vector Quantities