Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

..

// Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.

:

.
,
, ,
,
. ,
:
, ,
.
.
, . . . , tale,
.
,
(narrated time vs. time of narration1),
,
(analepsis
vs.

prolepsis2)

,
3:
, .

, , 4.
. .
, 1936 . ,

1

M. B a l.: Narratology: introduction to the theory of narrative. Toronto 1997, p. 102. L. H e r


m a n, B. V e r v a e c k.: Handbook of narrative analysis. Lincoln 2005, p. 61.
2
. .: III. .2 1998, . 75.
3
. . .: . 1967, .215.
4
. . , "...
,
" . . . .
. . : . . . . .
, . . , . . . 1982, .5.

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
XIX ( 5),
,
:



, .
, .
6. , ,

,
- 7,
8.
, ,
, , .
,

,

. ,
, .
,
.

.
, . .
,

P. J e n s e n.: Narrative Description or Descriptive Narration: Problems of Aspectuality in


Chechov. In: Verbal Aspect in Discourse. Nils B. T h e l i n (ed.) Amsterdam 1990, p. 385.
6
. . .: " ". : :
. . . . . - . -
1936, . 114.
7
. . .: (
). 1970, . 80.
8
. .: III. .2 1998, . 204-209.
9
. . .: . ., . 138.

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
.
: (1), (2) (3).

-1

,
(, , ) ..
.
, .
-2, ,
,

,
.
, ,
.
, -3 ,
,
10:

.
, ,
, (
11).
, ,
, .
, , ,
,
.

, ,
, , Words at work. Lectures on
textual structure,
: -1 , ; -2
10

. . .: . . . : .
. . . . .. . 1995, 4, . 89.
11
. . , . . , . . .:
. 1998, . 231.

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
; -3 12.
, ,
.
,
,
.
(E. Nida, P. Newmark, M. Snell-Hornby)13,
(. ; . 14,
) .

15,
, , , -
,
.

, .

tale (, , ),

16.

. , . . . (54
)
,
.
1. tale
.
(
12

R. Q u I r k.: Words at work. Lectures on textual structure. Harlow 1986, p. 57-73.


E. N i d a.: Toward a science of translating. Leiden 1964. P. N e w m a r k.: Approaches to
Translation. Oxford 1981. M. S n e l l H o r n b y.: Translation Studies. An Integrated
Approach. Amsterdam / Philadelphia 1988.
14
. . .: . 1964. . .:
. 1972.
15
. . .: :
.. .
. -- 2008.
16
. . .:
. 2009.
13

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
).
. . . ,
, ,

-, . . : "It was but just now that I
passed directly before the eyes of the mate it was no long while ago that I ventured into the
captains own private cabin, and took thence the materials with which I write, and have written,
: ;
,
. (. ) ,

.

(.

).

:
,
.
. .
. : "After he had waited there for some time, he sold the sack of flour for a very good
price, :
... (. . ); ,
... (. ); ,
... (. ); ,
(. , . );
(. ).
, .
, ,
.
, . ,
- , ,
.
, -
.
,
,

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.

.
2.

).
, , ,


.
,
(,
). . : What a silly boy you are! cried the
Miller; I really dont know what is the use of sending you to school. You seem not to learn
anything, : , , . ,
, . (. ) , ,
. . (. ) ,
, ,
( , ,
) ( ,
).
.
. -
, . . : As it
was, a general rush was made for the doors; but the king had ordered them to be locked
immediately upon his entrance, : ;
, . (. . . ) ,
; ,
, ... (. . . ). ,
entrance (), :
.
.
3.
( ).
, . .: Good-bye,
little Hans, said the Miller, and he went up the hill with the plank on his shoulder,

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
: , , -
(. ) , , -
, (. . ). .
: As he made this movement, the crowd again sank, for a brief instant, into silence,
: ,
. (. ) ... ,
(. . . ).
, .
:
,
, .
,
.
, ,
,
,
( 3),
(. ).
4. . .
( ).
,
, . . 17.
: ... ...
;
... , ...
18.
, ,
- -

17

. . .: . . 1947.
18
. . .: " ". : :
. . . . . - . -
1936, . 138.

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
19. , ,
.
,
(, , ),
. -
.
- ,
, , .

20. , ,
, -
21. . . : just after your majesty had struck the girl
and while the parrot was makng that odd noise, there came into my mind a capital diversion
: ... , ...,
,
... (. ) ... ,
... ,
..., ... (. ).
-
( / )
.

-, .
(),
, .
, , , ,
, ;
, .

19

. . , . . , . . .:
. 1998, . 27.
20
P. J e n s e n.: Narrative Description or Descriptive Narration: Problems of Aspectuality in
Chechov. In: Verbal Aspect in Discourse. Nils B. T h e l i n (ed.) Amsterdam 1990, p. 383-408.
21
. . , . . , . . .:
. 1998, . 27-28.

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
,
. ,
.
,

. , , Past Simple,
(hit - ), (sang ) ,

,
.
:
And when many weeks
had passed, and but little
remained to do, save one
brush upon the mouth and
one tint upon the eye, the
spirit of the lady again
flickered up as the flame
within the socket of the
lamp.
(E. Poe The Oval
Portrait)



,



,
, ,


,

.
,
,
.
,

(. ,
. . )
(. . .)
.
.


,

, . (. . .
.
)
(. . )
Disease - a fatal disease,
,
,
fell like the simoon upon

,
her frame; and, even while , ,
;
I gazed upon her, the spirit

of change swept over her,
,
pervading her mind, her
,
, ,
habits and her character,
, ,
and, in a manner the most ,
,
subtle and terrible,
,

disturbing even the

!
identity of her person! (E.
(. )
Poe Berenice)
.
(. )
flickered up, swept over Past Simple.
, ,

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
,

(.
)
: again , , ( ), flickered up
( ), swept over ( )

22

(. )
flicker
,
: ,
(. . .) again ,
.
,
, .
,
swept over : while I gazed at her (. . .
) ,
.
pervading (, ) disturbing
(),
.
(The Saliency Hierarchy),
foregrounding backgrounding,
23, ,
, .
,
(. . : ,

22

, . . , ,
, ,

: .
,
.
23
C. C h v a n y.: Verbal aspect, Discourse, Saliency and the so-called Perfect of Result in
modern Russian. In: Verbal Aspect in Discourse. Nils B. T h e l I n (ed.) Amsterdam 1990, p.
213-235.

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
...,
).
, . .
: Hereupon the dwarf laughed (the king was too confirmed a joker to object to
anyones laughing) and displayed a set of large, powerful, and very repulsive teeth
( ,
), ,
(. ) (
, - ),
, . (. )
, .
, .
? ,
( ),
, . .

: (
), ,
, .
, ,
.
, 2
,
.
5. ,

( ). . : The eight
orang-outangs, taking Hop-Frogs advice, waited patiently until midnight (when the room was
thoroughly filled with masqueraders) before making their appearance, :
,
. (. ) , ,
( ). (. ).
. , . .

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
( )
, , .
6. (
).
(3) ,
. . : I went below not without a full presentiment
of evil, : .
(. ) , , ,
. (. ). . : So he went into the dining-room and
"glued his face" as they say, to the window... : ,
, , .
(. ) ,
, (. ).
,

. ,
, ,
. ,
,
. 24.
,
,
.
,
.
,
. ,

. 3. -1 (
, ) -2

24

. . .: . W:
Gramatyka a tekst. Red. H. F o n t a s k i, J. L u b o c h a
K r u g l i k. Katowice 2011, s. 116133.

.. // Konfrontacje
skladniowe. Nowe fakty, nowe idee. Red. J. Lubocha-Kruglik I Malgorzata Borek. Katowice,
Uniwersytet slaski, 2013. . 195-206.
( ,
)

,
.
, .

Оценить