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CAMPAIGN AGAINST FOREIGN CONTROL OF AOTEAROA

Number 60 December, 1988



Contents

CAFCA, th.. Is your life •••••• 0 • 0 ..;, 0..... 0 • • • • • • .. •• •• • ~

Ffetchers frightened of small shareholders .•••.••••••••••.•••• 4

AeI1earsIng thtclampdown .•. ' .. , , III • • .. • • • • 5

SpecIal Warrare exer.. In New ZeaJand . . 0 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• 7

Walhopal Video ...-.......... . •. 0 • • • • .• • • • • • 0 • 0 •. ' • • • • • • • • 0 o. 7

The New zealand Seamen's Union overseas trade campaign

and fight for II . New z.aland shipping Une, 1965-1988 ••••••••• 8 Black Birch may breach Nuclear Free Act.. . . • • • . . •. • . • . • • o. •• 15 What you didn't read In the Listener • • 0 • .• • • • • • • • •• • •• • 0 • • • •• 18

North West C8:ptJ •• ' '" , • III'.' - : •. e ••• ". 17

ObItuary: NIftyNev and Slack Jack ..•.••. I •• 1 •••• I • 0 • • • • • •• 21 PACDAC application rejected • . . . . . . .. . . • . . . • . • . • . • .. • • I • I I 22

Egghead • III III, .•••••• ,.. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• 23

W~hopal protest update .'. l1li • • • It • • • • • • • • • • .". • • til ". • • • • • • • •• 24

W. stopped the Stflrllfter . . • • • . . I • • • • • • • • • • • I • • • • • • • • • • •• 21

No AGM this year

CAFCA will not beholding an AGM this year because we could not find a suitable occasion or speaker to hold it With. You will just have to trust vs when we say we have not embezzled your subscription payments and donations and flown to Australia with our attractive secretary (Murray Horton).

NZP9It~ -

tn October we received a newspaper iPPfil9 attached to a blank .. watchdog

subscription renewal form. The envelope it arrived. in was. postmarked Dunedin but was mysteriously unsealed. NZ PO$t have assured.us that they' did not open the letter. Old it contain· money? Could the writer please contact us to avoid the possibility of his or. her Watchdog' subscription being cut off.

ISSN 01110896. Registered at Wellington P.O. as a magazine. Published by CAFCA, P.O. Box 2258 Christchurch, New Zealand. { AotearoaJ The material in this issue may be reprinted provided the source is acknowledged. A copy would be appreciated.

2

CAFCA, THIS IS YOUR LIFE!

The Plains CIIJb sprang up in Christchurch during the ANZUS kerfuffle. It had no shortage of moneY •. or USIS trips Stateside. It hired a lawyer to present its submission to the Defence Review Committee of Inquiry, a submission that consisted largely of 1 ibeUing people in the peace movement. It ran fullpage ads during the '87 election, urging us to vote National, and get back into ANZUS.

(Christchurch has a plethora of these loonies - ZAP. TRIM, the Campaign for a Soviet Free NZ - the crowd that provoked Mike Moore to run amok in his pyjamas. It must be something in the water. Fluoridation. It's a fascist plot).

In our line of business, we have no dealings with the rightwing dillbrains. We I re far too respectable. \~e don I t exchange Christmas cards, or news Let t.ers , So. we were intri.gued to be presented with the May 1988 issue of "Plain Talk" t the Plains C;lu.Q.newsletter. It carried standard rightwing froth from Geoff McDonald. who serious,ly dis£:.usses an extraordinary book entitled "Brgg les in Au~tra1ia". Top hole, Ginger! It's described as "probably the" classic of Western' defence propaganda".

'1;:iger Moths wiIlBort outth.e;.$~.M:i.g 29 cpappies, what. . ;

tvecame by our copy inparticulatly ironic circumstances. CAFeA secretary and Anti-Bases Campaign activity Murray Hortol1 wasdistribtiting a statement to ·themedia announcing tha:the arid' Owen Wilkes were going to Western .Australia to join the protest at the massive US' Nav.yconununi-cations base at NW Cape (see report. this issue); A joul'nali$tgave Horton a copy, saying "you seem to be in this". A mild understatement.

Of 16 pages, nearly 12 are occupied by an ar t Ic Ie entitled: "Rent-A ... Demo: New Zealand's longest . playing soap opera", The l~ading SPCiracters are named as Horton and Wilkes (with singularly unflattering photos). Supporting case are May Bass. Jenny Easton, June Gregg. Nicky Hager, Maire.Ledbetter (sic), Bob . Leonard, Elsie Locke, Jack. Locke, Bill Rosenberg ,Wolfgang Rosenberg. Larry Ross and Lisa Thomson. There are mistakes in the list - Elsie Locke is describedasa member of the

'Communist Party ofNZ for a Qusrterofa century; She left in 1956.

Jack and ElSie's son; Keith, is described as an active member of the Socialist Action League. Not since the mid-70s. Bill Rosenberg is described as a Christchurch barrister and solicitor - in fact, that I s hi.~ f~~her t%lfBang.

this~rticle traces a number oforganis8tions and individuals frqm1969 until the present. There t s.avery nice flowchart starting with the Progressive Youth MQvement (PYM) t.o. CAFCINZ to Citizens for the D.emilit ar Lsat t on of Harewood (CDH) , with sidesteps to Educate for NucLear Disarmament and the NZ Nuclear Free Zone Committee, then on to Peace Movement Aot ea roa (PMA) , and finally to the Anti-Bases Campaign (ABC).

Common names are traced through these groups - PYM features Owen Wilkes. Murray Horton and Christine Bird (Wilkes was an honorary PYM only, being a good 10 years older than US progressive youths). CAFCINZ features the same three, plus the disbarred Dr Bill (Rosenberg). CDH features Horton and Bob Leonard (inexplicably leaving out Bird). Leonard is

l

a I so in END and NZNF'ZC. PMA has Wilkes. Nicky Hagar. and NZNFZC I 5 Larry Ross. Finally ABC has Wilkes. Horton, and Hager. Thanks for the vhakapapa, boys.

The article details the formation of PYM in Christchurch in 1969, and lists several of its membp.rs· (gleaned from a 1987 "Watchdog"). It moves through the 1971 Woodbourne demo and the 1972 Mt John one. Then there is a quite extraordinary 3 year jump from Mt John to the 1975 South Island Resistance Ride .• which led to the formation of CAFCINZ. There is no mention whatsoever of the 1973 Harewood demo, which is usually se l tvat.ed over by rightwingers asa great victory for the police over the protestors.

"Owen Wilkes founds CAFCINZ as a new vehicle for PYM rabble". This a,s news t;,o the rest of us. Never mind. don I t let facts get in the way of a good conspiracy theory. It details CAFCINZ activities featuring l>~st and present activists, such as Bill Rosenberg, John Christie, Pete Lusk , Lynn Burke, Christine Bird and Graham and Joy Young. It analyses tfWatchdogfl articles. reports of CAFCA AGMs, reprints speeches. details our present officer. finances and. membership.

It then moves on to CDH, PMA and ABC. Its conclusion: "These people .and groups all have their roots in the radical Mar:<ist-Lenj.nist organisations which proliferated in New Zealand during the late 1960s, some of which are still in exf.st ence today.... While t.Jilkes, Hagar, Ledbetter (sic). Horton. Rosenberg, Leonard. Ross, and the many others may not be overtly pro-Soviet, they are SOCialists (this may be nevs to some of them - Ed~. They are steeped in the doctrines of Marxism and have a natural affinity for that cauldron of revolutionary SOCialism the Union of SOViet Socialist Republics (this is definitely neW's to Gorbachev - Ed). Their activities pose a vetyreal threat to the future stability, and indeed the freedom, of the countries of the South Pacific region". So there.

The newsletter also includes a press statement on the same subject. targetting CAFCA. CND, CDH, CPNZ. Nuclear Free Peacemaking Association, PMA I Socialist Ac tion League, .SUP, and the Workers t Communist League. All these groups back the campaign aga iast; Waihopai. hence it's a Communist plot. QED. Journoscan ring the "Plain Talk" editot t Aubrey Stancliff. at Christchurch 663.715 for further information.

The whole thing is lavishly illustrated with photos and reprints of letterheads and longdead logos (what nostalgia to see Resistance Bookshop's phone number again). Plus in the gutless fashion of these people, it libels the dead. Bill Sutch is a "Soviet spy": the late Murray Shaw is grossly defamed as somehow being connected with Molotovs allegedly found at theMt John demo. (Complete bullshit).

Where did they get all this stuff from? Did it come frOJll phonet aps , SIS files, or the spies that have been in bothCAFCINZ and CDH? No. the answer is far more prosaic. The whole lot c&mes from the public record. "Watchdog" is available in several libraries, including Christchurch. The "Plain Talk" researcher has simply looked up entries such as PYM; CAFCA. Wilkes, etc. The' research is thorough, and apart from the ludicrous ideological slant, largely accurate. As it should be, we have nothing to hide. These are strange gaps and omissions though - if they'd done us the courtesy of contacting us, we could have put them right on a few areas. Not were the lists of names got by sinister

means, eg the PYM members were itemised in Horton's 1987 "Watchdog" obituary for Murray Shaw. To set the record straight, it should be said that some of those people have been politically inactive for a long, long time. Their occupations range from community centre manager, railway worker, housewife. public servant t bus driver, lawyer t and tax ,inspector. They are scattered from Christchurch to AuckLand , from Hastings to Sydney and London.

We can learn something from this ,apart front not having to remember our own hi.story when the Right will obligingly write it all up fOl" us That 1.S not to try tof i t everything into a neat conspiracy theory. We could make the same mistake in an analysis of the Right. ignoring political and personal differences. One day we t 11 write an account of CAFCA'srelationship with the CPNZ .,.. the Right will be disappointed.

If you want a copy of the fu l L nevs l et.t er ,send ustS. for copying. and postage. If you think. that I s dear, consider that. the Plains Club charges a quite extraordinary $108 annual sub for "Plain Talk", By the way, their ma i Lout; to the media got nowhere .,.. nobody chased it up. As one journo told us, we know all this, it's old news, and we don't buy their interpretation of ito Sorry boys. Reds under the beds isn't news any more. Wrong decade ~

FLETCHER§ fRIGHTENED or· SMt.t.. §HAUHQLQIR§

The director8 of Fletcher Challenge LiJniteQ obvio\l8ly feel very 8en8itiveabout,theircoMection8 with South Af;r:iC4 and Chile and aboutthe1r treatment of *ori land 1n theB4y o~ Plenty and Indian land in Canada_ In true democratiC tradition two motions passed at the FeL annual meeting in Wallington in November ware aimed at 81lenc:inq the critic i •• oftb. cOJQpany'a polic;ie.by small shareholder.. (Remeabel:'.CAFCAi. now a capitalist organisation which C)WnS 200 PCLshues._ J.

To stand for ac;lirectol:'ship of peL nowYO\l will have to own 5000 shares. At te<.tay's prices that will cos.t, you $24000. That move will rule out of contention 77. of the company's shareholders but more importantly for the company will J1\eell that ratbeg8such as Dick cuthbert of Hart cannot stand fol:' election. . In addition, the cha.i~nlailY adjourn a generalmeeting~withoutgiving any reAson therefor." if .1.t. becomes "unruly ordis~ptive".

We can only assume that the direct.ors of Fle,tchers havebft$n 80 impressed by the style of democracy that is practised in their favourite·cpuntries - Chile and South Afr.i.ca - that they heve decided to i.Jllplement similar strategi"8here. Incidentally, it was left to Bruce Wallace, ex-frontperaon of Foreign Correspon(ient, to explain the reasona. for .. the new rule. in ,the "Christ.churc;:h Star" on November 2, 1988. Bncia said that the proposal giving thE! chairJn4n power to adjourn the meeting as he saw .fitwa,s put forward because. in previous yearslls1)areholq,era hadnot))een,aJ?le to enjoy the meet,ingsaathey should". Of course the blacks. of South AfriCA, the Chileans,Canad.1,an Indians and Maori are having a ball.

5

REHEARSING THE CLAMPDOWN

Monitoring HZ's Very Ovn Death Sgued - the SAS

Watchdog has regularly run material on the domestic and international acti vities of NZ t s elite death squad. the Special Air Service. We use the term "death squad" advisedly. Both the Australian and NZ SAS were set up modelled on the British SAS. in the 1950s. And this year the British SAS so graphically demonstrated its moral superiority to the IRA by its "frenzied attack" on unarmed civilians in Gibraltar t shooting them in the back, . then pumping bullets into them from close range as they lay dying. (The "fr.enzied attack" description came from a British pathologist. testifying for the UK government at the Gibraltar inquest.)

"The debate over shoot to kill is underscored by one salient fact : in the course of operations against the IRA, the SAS has never been known to take a prisoner;" ("Time", 19.9.88).

The .. British SAS murderers gave their evidence from behind a screen. The Loca.l SAS has never been keen 01'1 publicity either. A big photo spread in the now-defunct "Weekly News" during the Vietnam War backfired - training in ways to resist Communist torture in the event of capture, was very easily seen as training for tortuz:ing captured Communists.

So it is surprising that' the Australian and NZ SAS feature in a copiously illustrated article in the sununer 1988 issue of "Asia-Pacific Defense Forum" the offiCial publication of the US Pacific Command in Hawaii. It is so surprising that the "Press" mentioned it in its "Reporter's Diary" (12.9.88) although it has never done any analytical reporting of the SAS.

The "Asia-Pacific Defense Forum" is a fascinating. unalloyed Pentagon propaganda rag. Several pages bordered by the Stars and Stripes show the US military helping typhoon victims in the Philippines; a special supplement is entitled "Filipinos - Heartbeat of the US Military Facilities". Funnily enough, it doesn't feature dope addicts, child prostitutes, or the bartop dancers of Olangapo or Angeles who have such a novel way of picking up coins.

The article is written by an Australia, so naturally concentrates on the Aussies. The word "death squad" is very applicable to the Australians -in Vietnam they took part in the Operation Phoenix mass murder run by the CIA under William Colby; in a 1980 Special Warfare ExerCise (SPECtvAREX) inside the US Navy base at Subic Bay (Philippines) they practised assassinating an "enemy" leader. They have exercised with. and trained. Philippines special warfare units - troops that are used to terrorise and murder a wide range of Filipino civilians in the course of the civil war with the New Peoples I Army. "Exercises with US and NZ special forces have included: 1981 in New Zealand; 1982 in Hawaii; 1983 in Aust ralia ; 1984 in New Zealand and Guam; and 1985 in Hawaii and Guam. tr (NZ no longer exercises with the Yanks, nor with the Filipinos.)

The article points out that the Australian SAS works much more closely with the US Special Forces than with the British SAS. I, A third squadron has been established for counter-terrorist training. This squadron was formed in 1979 and expanded in 1981. In 1986 the Australian government allocated $25 million to anti-terrorist training facilities. Much of the money has gone on projects such as a mockup of a Boeing 741 cabin, and an URBAN WARFARE CENTER (emphasis added) and shooting range. SAS also

Ii

train with, and help unit. the Australian special police units. facili t tes ,"

train, the Commonwealth Police Force anti-terrorist Special Intelligence Service, and state government The new facilities also include sniper training

The article is much less forthcoming about the NZ SAS, being mainly historical. But it is padded out with plenty of NZ photos - a sniper in jungle crunounage, a parachutist freefaUing over Auckland, alpine warfare training in t;he mountains, canoeing through the Meremere swamp (the SAS is based at Papakura.) . Most interesting is a photo of NZ SAS men storming an Air New Zealand Boeing, complete with bal.acLavas , gas masks and pistols. (It's worth remembering that Air New Zealand I s only attempted hijacking happened during Fiji's first 1987 coup. and was ended .... ith a well aimed s .... ing by a very low tech whisky bottle).

So much for Yankee PR hype. \fuat have the SAS and thet.r ilk been up to lately? Plenty. On July 28, south Auckland residents were awoken by explosions, and called out. the cops and fire brigade to the \4estfield freezing vorks , They discovered that the SAS was practising storming the plant. and had given civil authorities no prior warning of the use of explosives (the same happened in a 1987 Christchurch exercise). How coincidental that the works concerned was about to close down, and .... as in the midst of a bitter redundancy battle with its workers.

In· August the po.l.Lce anti-terrorist squad and the army held an exercise in Christchurch. The "Press" stated that hostages .... ereseized from Gloucester Street in the central city (once again with the use of stun grenades, the hallmark of the British SAS) and held in the old Kat apo i, \voollen Mill building. from .... h i.ch they were rescued. There was no further elaboration. The "Star" filled in the gaps - the "hostages" were seized from the US Information Serv i.ce office in Gloucester Street. and the kidnappers were designated as Iranians. .So, just after the USS Vincennes "acc rdent.Iy" shot down.the Iran Air airbus over the Gulf, police and army special warfare experts were gearing up to protect US officials in NZ. Very interesting.

The "Press" (9.9.68) reported a st.cry headed "Hasty Change to Army Exercise" It described a forthcoming Territorials exercise that "env tsaged soldiers hunting dissidents in. the bush after internal political strife in NZ." This was too much even for the military t and the scenario was leaked to the media by a Papakura soldier. HQ was embarrassed t and responded: "We tend not to have scenarios set in NZ. This one will be changed and be set in a mythical country". It was all blamed on a young officer "whose imagination ran a bit wild II • Exercise Flying High is part of the Territorialsbuild up to the major 1989 exercise. Golden Fleece. which will range acroSiS a large part of the North Island.

A mere 3 days later the "Press" (12.9.88) had a headline "Ready Reaction Farce cuts likely after Budget cuts - Ministerll• In tht s , Bob Tizard. Minister of Defence. confirmed that the Burnham based Force of Ready R eactionaries will have its personnel cut, and consequently its effettiveness reduced.

Be that as it may, the military ,including its killer squad I is proceeding on the basis of business as usual. The "Press" (6.9.88) had a major feature entitled "l(iwistest m.ilitary unity,· bridge skill in Western Samoa" . This detai.led the NZ-Australian Joint Venture '88 Exercise i.n W. Samoa. This involved all 3 of the wings of the NZ military - Army t Navy and Air Force. Skyhawks flew from Malaysia. refuelling in Vanuatu on the way there and Tonga on the way hack.

"'I

The exercise also featured an "insertion" of troops on to Hanan Airport in Niue. "Major Hitchcock seemed a bit embarrassed about the choice of scenario for the Hanan Airport operation. Supposedly. it had been taken oyer by a group. of international drug traffickers. This neatly avoided offending anyone by naming an enemy power but sounded like something McGyver could deal with - with a fire ~xtinguisher and a piece of string".

HPresumably the Special Air Service was sent m , perhaps several days in advance, for undercover reconnatasance of . the Hanan Airport area. Major Hitchcock declined to confirm.that procedure. It is the sort of job the SAS is trained for an we were told that 10 SAS men were involved in the Joint venture. But even on exercise Major Hit~hcockstuck to the 'no·' comment' rule regarding the elite unit's whereabouts."

WelJ;'~ sure itsonlyc9inciden~al that in a 'time ofrecotd unemployment deliberately caused by lunatic economic policies. that the <Army I s top secret kill~:rs~~ad is practi~ing storming closed down ~reezingworks, rescuing US <iiplQmat,s. etc. .• etc. Senior policemen have softened up the public with talk of "ganga" G}nd "Maori radissls" ge'ttins involved in urban warfare. ,It ,looks li,ke the bQYs in balaclavas are ~t'ching to fire the first shots .

SPECIAL WARFARE ~XERCISE I,M HZ

One of the joint US-Australian';;NZ SPECWAREXs mentioned in the. tfA,s1a-Pacific Defense Forum" was "Gonfalon t84" i held in Auckland and Northland in late 1984, . AFTER Lange was elected. CAFeA has tried to secure details from both.theNZ and US military under the relevant Acts. The Pentagondec.lined our ... request, - .. we appealed. The Pentagon replied that .regrett;s:~lY t all records had ,been destroyed. This shouldn It have happened but. t.here you are. We could try the i~dividualUS services· (Army ,Navy ,AirForce, Special forces). little regret any inconvenience this, situation h~s caused

you."

WAIaOPAI VIDEO

CAFea has a copy of Vanguard Films 15 minutes long "No SpyWaihopai" video. This covers the background of Lange I s very own spybase;it covers ·.events at the second national demonstration there in Ma.y (there has since been a third); and has graphic. coverage (sti11t photos andeyewitness.accounts) of the day the local contractors attacked the women occupying their. machinery. Naturally the police arrested the women. The video also deals with the birth of the very successful Waihopai.women's camp.

It can be hired from us for $10.

8

THE NEW ZEALAND SEAMEHtS UNION OVERSEAS TRADE CAMPAIGN AND FIGHT FOR A HZ.SRIPPING LINE 1965 - 1988

Mike Willi_'

National Organiser. Overseas Trade CupaigD

The New Zealand Seamen I s Union has pursued its struggle to claim a greater involvement in the carriage of import and e~wort cretgoe.since the 1960s. The establishmen; Qf\:.ha.N~w Zealand Shippi:ng Corl>0f~~i.Il~WflS 0 direct result of the. ,eampfd.~ntns ....• done by the. NZSU;o . Throughout . ~his str\.\8Il, ~he FedefaUqn or Labour and . its affiliated transport unions have supported-" the stand the New Zealand Seamen have taken.

The . following article outlines the . historical and philosophical issues telaUng to the _jor events of our struggle from the 1960s to the 1980 ••

1966: At the Ml.ty3-6Federation of Labour Conference. Wellington,remtt ~ propOsed. byW Martih .. (then NZSU president) " ••• that the Federation of lfbour reindorseitS! policy of a New Zealand state owned and operated ehipp1na line and furthermore wI! start up a campaign witll. all..interested petrttes iqcluding tile ~bour Party to bring this aim about."

The proposal was endorsed 'and referred to the joint council of l.~our (seconded by Eddie labey ~f the HZ Waterfront Un~ons Association.)

l~ was then tn~roduce4 at the 1966 Labour Party Confer.ence and appeared ~s part of th.., lAbour Party manifesto 1966 •. fl ••• To augment the e~isting activities of Producer Boards and exporters a Labour Government will establish a NZ shipping corporation to service new markets and thoroughly investigate the whole question of the sea transport which must be available to carry our produce at competative freight rates."

1968: The then chairman of the Exports and Shipping CounCil. Sir John Ormond called for submissions to be made to the Symposium on Overseas Shippingin response to the document 'Problems for the.Future Maritime PoliCY'. One of the submissions from Mr Stuart Scott (Dunedin exporter and importer) on behalf of the associated Chamber of Commerce wfot'e in response to the question "Should NZ form its own shipping line?" " .•• The Associated Ot8lllber of Commerce has examined this question very carefully and returns an emphatic negative to the question... it implies the placing of at least part of NZ' s overseas trade in the hands of the NZ Seamen's Union and in view of the past record of that organisation such a course would be hazardous and irresponsible ..• It

Such maligning attitudes represented the feelings of the ruling party to the NZSU and fellow workers.

1969: The NZSU pursued its campaign forJa national shipping 11n.e. The NZSU arranged for Michael Hirschfield (now the chairman of the. Shipping Corporation) to research tne National Shipping Lin'e question. The result was a document 'rwe can stand on our own feet! An urgent message to every New Zealander". In this report Mr Hirschfield outlined the historical factors relating to the shipping trends. He also provided an economic rationale for the establishment of a national line.

Briefly his argument is explained diagrammatically in Figure 1.

OWED SHIPS

Inl/lurance

on

Praights

rual other

Whera an ov.rse.. owned v •••• l carrie. cargo betwe.n an ov.rs..... country and

Naw Zealand .., Ul New Zealand gat. out of it i. the outgoinq. 1ndieated below the dotted lin. - plus the freight drain.

9

Inter:eat on capital

Adc:U.tion to national incCIM

Freight.

Where a New Z •• land owned v .... l carria. cazgo bet~ HZ and an over •••• country Naw Z.&lan4 get. much mora out of the daal including any profit on freights.

1970: A Commission of Inquiry into New Zealand Shipping saw further extensive submissionS presented on behalf of the NZSU by Mr Baker (an independent consultant in management and economic statistics.)

The inquiry summarised the submissions made by Mr Baker thus: (A National Shipping Line Chapter 21): " .•. Mr Baker carried out a painstaking research for which' we are grateful... it accords wi~h the arguaent put forward by the Seamen's Union that they voul.d prefer 'to see a state owned shipping line but were prepared to accept as an alternativ~ a shipping line but were prepared to accept as an alternative a shipping line t .. hich is owned and controlled in NZ ... ·' Unfortunately the ill-timed inquiry concluded on the National Line issue: " .•. we cannot recommend the establishment of a line to enter trade to UK/Europe... and we should not recommend the establishment of a national shipping ·line at the moment ••• "

I

t

I

1

,I

,

Continually from the late '60s to the I in an act tve campafgn . This included public and speeches tovaribus relatt~d Farmers, Labour Party, Federation of people and other sec boos of the commuru

{,J in led the Seamen'iS Union

d i.atrt.but ion of pamphlets to the industries including the Federated Labour, 'frnde UnicmiSl:s, business

1972·~75: .·.A cbange Ln Gove,rnment and the ccnt tnue l pressure from the NZSU saw the Labour Party honour its promise and the purchase of the Aorangi and \'v'ai 1:,angi.

The NZ Shipping Cor por at i.cn was cperat tona.l and in itt;; Ei.rst year of operaufon .. showed a profit amounting to $.550 mi.1liot'l. The following table outlines the Shipping Corporation of ~a' s profitability over the last 10 yeats.

NW"~~MY'LLION~}

31/3/75 .550

3.113/76 .691

31/3/77 1.082

31/3/78 .816

31/3/19 -4.176

·S/79 -4.B75

8/80 -1.010

ann 1'7. G15

8/82 I 1.201

8/83 : 10.024

8184 .. I -5.715

·i«-----,----,...,···scN~t~Y-"""'1"""9,...,-5-::I~- ......... - ...

..

\vith the establishment, of the ~ZSC the Seam~n! s Union problems were not solved. The high unemploymen.t. rate in th'1') industry continued.

Croast rad er-s and Flags of Convenience 1tJere becoming an Lncreas Lng problem. Cr osst.radera are ships t.;hi.ch carry cargo :hom country X to country Y but are not themselves from either X or Y. Flag Convent.ence ships are ones which are registered in a country whf.ch do not appky normal international shipping conventions (for example the Panama and Liberia). Once a ship has adopted a Flag of Convenience they can employ a cheap labour force from countries such i.as Tatvan , The Philippines, Burma and South Korea.

"They do net .. · have to st ic .. k to requirements that the crew be competent (certificated) otthat manning levels are sufficient.

The dangers are obvious and stat::istics reveal 11 ••• over 70% of the ship tonnagecot:ally lost be tveen 1975 and 1979 flew the Flag of Convenience cotint;:ies .• f1 (General Secr-etary of the In~ernational Transport. Federation ILO • Conference). . The stranding of the Padfic Charger at the entrance to Wellington Harbour on21Ytay 1981 tllllstrateSi the dangers.

"

A . report from . the . court of inqniry into the incident headectby retired Pi~trict . Court Judge Sir James t~icks. found that. the primary responsi?ility lay· .,:,l,th the mascer Cap t.afn C11.iotJ Riley Yang because of bad seamanship and bad nav t.gat ron on his part. The snip t 5 crew qualifications for obt~ining

their L1 ber ran Licencas or Taawanese were also suspect.

11

1978: The campaign turned to fight crosat rader s , A breakthrough was achieved in May 1977 by an agreement for the manning of the Aotea, an English owned ship, OeL line. which crcast raded between Japan and NZ. Agreement was reached and was supported by the National Union of Seamen in the UK and the Japanese Seamen r s Union. Since then Aotes has provided employment for New Zealanders whose wages and taxes have remained in NZ.

1979: The fight to have a greater share in carrying NZ exports continued. 1979 saw further action on the waterfront. Pickets were staged against Columbus Lines who totally refused to employ NZ crews even though they were crosstrading.

1980: The 1980 Forum arranged by the Exports and Shipping Council focussed on NZ's present and future shipping needs. Dave Morgan (President of NZSU) outlined the case on behalf of the Federation ()f Labour: If ••• Unless the NZ maritime workers get their tightful share of work on sb1.ps carrying NZ exports, the shipping industry in the 19808 will become a jungle of conflict. a drain on our overseas earning and a reservoir of unemployed labour and unutilised talent. 'The arguments being used by overseas interest aided and abetted by those in NZ opposed to the entry of the HZ seaman into the overseas trade must be understood. It is now tentatively admitted that crew costs are not the major financial drawback tbey have been presented as. ..;taxation benefits t depreciation allowances, and subsidies are all. part .. of the financial' aid given to shipowners in most other .maritime naraons which enable them. to operate on an apparently more profitable basis than their NZ count er'par t s c; , The trend to freight exports which are registered and Lnsured cand serviced. overseas as well as being manned by overseas crews l1)Ust be halted if. firstly increase in freight charges and costs are to be held at a reasonable levEll and secondly if industrial harmony is to be part of the shipping industry in the 19805... The FederatLon of Labour has promised to support; unions who take the fight for equitable manning quotas down to the waterfront •.. "

But again other participants in the Forum t 80 confirmed the hi.stor1cal fact that local business interests including some subsidised ones cared little for the participation of the N Zworker beyond the wharf where exports are loaded.

The NZSU continued its campaf.gn by picketing ships flying flags of convenience. for example: the Sunda Career and the Bengal Career (owned by Kajun Kat.sha Ltd of Japan), and the Hellespont Courage and crosstraders for example the Blue/Port ships American Star (loading meat for Iran) in the Bluff and the Trojan Star in Auckland.

1983: At the 1983 Porirua Conference it was moved that we need to take action 0.11 the waterfront: If ••• this union is now in dispute with foreign operators and a campaign start by the formation of dispute committees and that these shall meet· regularly to. organise picketing, policy and contact with all other waterfront organisation,"

A series of pickets took place at the following venues! Nelson. Auckland t Mt Manganui. Wellington. Bluff • Lyttelton and Port,Qhalmers. As a result of pickets on the. MY Ambrosia (ABC Container Lines) the Auckland Harbour Board sought an injunction in the High Court. Four days later the picket was lifted and the Auckland Harbour Board withdrew its action.

A picket on the Co.l ombua Wellington in Wellington was lUted at 3pm on 19 July. At the same time a writ for an injunction against the NZSU \lias r ecef ved in Auckland.

"

12

CoLombus Maritime Services Ltd cldmed $50,000 general damages and $49,160 per day special damages against the NZSU and the Cooks and Stewards because of pf.cket;s against Columbus Line vessels. Columbus also asked the High Court for an injunction to prevent further pickets. The NZSU also received lawyers I letters on behalf of the four main harbour boards - Auckland, Wellington, Lyt.t e Lt on and Otago - thr eat enfng court action if we did not cease our activities. After. meeting with the Federation of Labour. the Transport Group ofUn.ions and Lacer the National Executive of the FOL supported our stance and indicated this by sending letters to Columbus Line.

The NZSU has been constantly vigilant in its watch to maintain work oJ) ships carrying NZ cargo (for example when the NZSC was excluded from freight talks on the North American trade by the Meat Board the NZSU r eecced strongly by placing pickets outside the Meat Board offices and issuing pamphlets to the NZ public.)

In December 1983 the National Government released the White Paper on NZ Shipping Policy. Regardless of extensive submissions made by the execut ive of the NZ$U the National Government indicated it was not prepared to give any suppott or concessions or priority to genuine NZ shipping companies which courd enable them to pioneer new trade routes and compete against foreign subsidised shipping. It was not prepared in any way to promulgate the carriage of NZ exports in NZ manned tonnage.

1984: October 1984 saw the first birthday of the pickets being held outside Meat Board offices, Lambton Quay and at the Columbus offices. Albert Street Auckland. These celebrations included a march down the main streets of both cities. distribution of pamphlets and attention attra.cting $12 bills out1ining the NZSU case. This action attracted much needed media coverage.

December 1984 also saw the launching of a campaign mascot I SCONZY I (a paper mache model of a container ship Shipping Corp of NZ Why Can I t ~ve Carry MOl'e Car go l ) The celebrations of the launching coincided with the release of the NZSU' s petition which called on the NZ Government to ratify and implement the UNCTAD (United Nations Convention on Trade and Development) 40-LJ.O-20 Code of Liner Shipping. The 40-40-20 Code stipulates that 40% of cargo is carried by the trading countries and the. remaining 20% carried by crosstraders.

1985: 11)e NZSU pursued Lt s campaign by visiting major cities throughout NZ in an effort to gain signatures for its petition. This required detailed explanations to the public who were only aware of negative misconceptions relating to the maritime situa.tion. As a result of the time spent pursuing this course of action the majority of the public spoken to responded by agreeing with the issued presented and the petition gsined in excess of 40,000 siguatures.

To further consolidate support for our campaign NZSU representatives Visited the major unions throughout NZ and we distributed detailed information ki.t s to all MPs. The results included encouragang letters and support from individual members of the house and more positive media response.

The Waitangi Conference on NZ' s maritime future convened to identify issues which need to be addressed if the NZ shipping industry is to grasp its future opportunities. MI- Pr'ebb Ie indicated that the Labour Government H ••• will consider providing a soundly based package of assistance for an industry should it decide to seize and commit itself to the opportunities available to it. Any such package will have as its fundamental objective

13

the niii:tntenanc.e and' development of job opportunities in' the industry ••. was prepared to take st.:ps,toprotect the access. of NZ carriers to cargo where such access is .... r~stt:'icted or.threatene~jbyt?e action .. of foreign govern~ents .•• was pl"~p'ar,tl~tof(>nsiderapproachigg fore1gngoverI)fllepts atthe~iplomat~clev.~l .. whe~e.~c~es$' to .cargoes to c()mpetat'i veNZ tonmnage is restricted by. term.~·'9f sale.~nsiste4 on by the commercial organisations

in that country. If . . .

198&:, ·0ct·ooer ;;., the NZSUOvetsealii 1'rEide Campaign '~em:inar saw a variety of shipping companiesands.0verpmellt- .. repre$ent.ed 1%'1 aneffor.t to assess future trends for the NZ shipping industry and the NZ seafarer. Indications we:l;':tp<;lt,;~llt~grated,ratings Il}nd demanning would secure NZ's future a~ a maritime na.~:i.QIl.

1988: At the NZSU conference in April., apart from the issues of demanning andpetr.Ftinin8a,t this !=.imE!.no indl,c~tion was given that the NZ Line was going to be .. SO~dj . Fr~dG~rbic: reaffirmed. th.e governp1entinjectzionof $120 million in 1986 as being more related to.thec~n~~dence .in manJ:l8eme~t. and the future of the NZ Shipping Line. On reflection it seems the government inJeGt;;i.~of.~l?Q\ntilli9n."fls aftHa.+l1;a. .. schemetGttlaketbe ·.NZ· Line more ~~trac~:ive<n()ttbl~~' ~~~J:~L""g~tfot,over$ea~ .puyers - hence. makring the NZSC

'·'·"'an·'economlcaIIff"'V'!rable' anilsalea ble going i concern.' .

Rec¥:nent.thE:)m~s .. pt'Ee~l;,tPH5\lre (ind .retra.iningwere tak~nseriousI¥by the Marit:f:meReViewC6mmittee and t,heNZ' maritim.e unionswhp. allJl.pPr'8ched NZ's future as 8 maritime nation with sincerity and concern. attempting to i.4~Pti£'y. aqq. ;J;,e~l;)'~,}~l;~probiElm $reasto improve the efficiency of the.~Z <'shiRl'iqg +I_l;du~~;t;n·,:. . Trese ~ffortshav~ becomenE?sated by \:hEl gQ¥.,rnment:'sintention to' sell the NZ Line.

The scenario could include: ... the beg i.nnfng of the end for the NZ maritime industry the future only holding promise of crosszraders and flags of convenience berthed in NZ ports and trading in our seas.

BUT 1988 and the government I s revelation of thij hidden reason for the $120 million injection has provided the NZ~aritime. unions with a challenge. The challenge is to alert the NZ public· about the adverse effects this sale will have in the long term for the NZ economy, th~ implications for our independence in liner trades, the implicat;~ons for our independence and defence to times of need and theimplic;atiops for employmet;lt of New

Zealanders. '

The arguments are firmly entrenched in the establishment of the NZse and are still true today. An excenst ve ca~paign . begaq.in August 1988 to. meet the government action and proposed sale of the NZSC~It .will see .S;eafarers campaign throughout New Zealand giving out pamphlets and . takiqg this crisis to the NZ Pllbl1t'a';'

,,1 ,-. ,- - -)~~ ,

14

STOP THE SALE OF

SHIPPING CORPORATION OF NEW ZEALAND AND OTHER NAT10NAl ASSETS.

• The .of the Sh~ Corporatjonisnot •• ~ to realise $5OlJlilon.

• Debt repayment is not a justifiable reason·for such a saM when considered at that price laval and

against the political and strategic advantages we gain from the State ownership of our own New· "

Zealand national shipping line.

•• ' The sale of New Zaatand. flag shipping wiD hardly dent tbanational debt of $42 thousand miion.: • . The purt:h_of'fbUr frigates '#'om Austtafia at $45Omilraon .e8ch (necmv: $2 .1houundmillion in total will add enormously tp our overseas_

• . The amount spent on one frigate couJdfli'Obahlysowe our problems'jnShipping andH-. ThrOw in the CQSt'of another frigate and we can flx EdUCfltion~. And tba(s.without.the ongoing .: coats of operating the frigates, itseJf an enormouS amount.

• . Foutfrigates for the price of 'trade development ofgallilation (U,eShipping CDrporafjonJand the

8HZ is not good business for a 1J1dn9_n. .

.... . ,' .' ':. ',', '

• ~ For th. price of· one frigate (which would provide next to no ptotec1ion to ourno,uxistentfleet, and none whatever to our coastline) we' could 'finance three to four merchant ships. . Totally. under. our control, they could maintain our vital tracfmg links in time of trouble.

15

The ··Weekettd ..• Star" of November 5, 1988 1s a aomewhat achizophrenic publica.tion. On the ot.her side of a page advertiaittg such goocUefJ as u.s .. Army face paint, .. tJ.S. Air .. Force survival knivp qd. "disrupt.ivepattern material" .. parkas- lithe ~itish Mud.aUf of· Defence don't release t.heaa&.ln theU.lt. for. fear of tlle I .• R.".,. buying them up. ~hey have all btiendemil!tariaed but haYe been repaired where neceSSAry" ... 1s an article on Black Birch. This "i. based on material sent by Owen Wilkes.

Wilkes, a researche.rfor Pear- HoV .... n.t; Aot,o.roa and Dr Peter

~:~:$Go:r:~~~~:!v:!:t~LrhI:!~t~~t:~eH:!It:Of:j~t~~~e

hayerecently publish.ed arepclrt whichlndicat.athat Black. Bir:ch halperthe tr~s. ml.lltary to control itlrnucle~ eaplos1v.deY1c ••• Tneevidence . to support.the .. claia CUte. from . .,. .. ~.pl~ulAin9 heari.nq held before the Washington DC Zoning- Ca.1s8ioD.

The TJ. S. Navy is seeking-to block tNt c()natruc1:.io~ of .iUl aputment buildingnextl to it" WAShington Ob8.ry~~ory. Tl'll •. fllQility measures' thepoBitions . of northernhf:t2iUsphere .tft..¥'s. Ita twin at Black Birch tracks southern hemisphere stars. At the hearing, Dr .James Hughes, dir.sctor. of the USNsto..;. 1l8~.u.rinq. ,~X'ocp:.....~t~ that.stlU" poSition., 8s._asuredby 'the Waahingt0llfacili1:Y'.,g'_ crucial to the accuracy of miasiles. lI\lgh.a cl~~,that"i1:b()ut star measurements th~targetinqac::cur4cy pf tJ.~ •.. taJ.8.ilea . 1fOuld det.eriorate by about 40 metres and. thi8.woulc1 .. an .• t;!lotabputl:O perc$nt .. of U. S. m.iasi!es would not, land cl.()'. enough to .Sov1et missile ai108 to destroy the missiles.i.na.i.cle t)leJa* .. 'lachnical reports were supplied froamlitary servic.. ~ de.fence Agenci •• to tlUpport the claim .

Wilkes and Wills believe .. that thene" information fl:~ . ".8h.i.J)gton indicates that Black Birch violatea the intention .1f not the . letter of the 1987 Newaealand BucleaJ:'. ,.;-ACt •.... Claus. 5 .9f the ActstAtel5 that "no person .. who is a New.zea,land cit~~.n .or a person ordd.narily.resident in.NawZ.eland shall,."1.thiJ;l.t.be . ..,, Zeal<Uld nuclear free 'Zone... a.id,abet or p;"ocureanl' othet:~r.on •.• to have control over any nuclear explosive device-. U.S. Bavy personnel who work at .. Black Birch for. extend.c, PII!;iodac:pllecting guic:l4n,ce ··dota<fo:rmia·ailea ce:rto1nly s .. to be I~AAlefor

pr()aecution. . . .

Wilkes -.nP Willsarque that ·th6J> beat cour.. for. the NeWlaala,ncl

Government to take would. be to close down Black Birch and .

negotiate with the int.ernational 4stroD(JDlical cQmmunitytor .. dUl1..ti1:lU:isedprogramme.M tenult1"ell'Qf course Black Birch coulc:i ~ .• adverti8ed in the pages of the "weekend Stu." •. U.eclU. S. Navy star measuring etation6 Not released anywhere elae for fear of t.he RUB.kia. buying it. up. This one haa been complet.ely demilitarised. but repaired. where necessary.

16

WHAT YOU DIDN' T RBA.D IN THE "LISTSlf!!"

Kurra,· B01"toQ

The "Listener"of 23 April 1988 carried an Sfticle of mine entitled !fA Moving· Experience" tan anecd'Otsl account of my 11 years as a furniture packer·with NZ Railways Household Removals (which was closed down nationwide in November 1987).

It. "s gratifying to be published in the country's biggest and best weekly magazine. It I s al so very interesting to see what gets cut out. Inmy·· case 25% '. The usual editing things - .aword here and there. They left in .'Ibastards" . but .cut. out "bugger". They .cutout sentenees ~uchas "It (the joD) tsu8~~me more. about human nc1ture than anything in. my prevtous experience of . education (topo~t-8raduat~ level). It completely revised

my opinion. of ... the previ9usly. scorned and misunderstood working class. Now I prefer their company. They're more honest".

Most. interestingly, they cut .. out!1nythingthat dealt with th~nitty gritty of why wewere. closed .down •. Th~~drOPI>ed anything crit.ical of N:ZR management (including meh.tl()~ . of one .: provaplecase of classiccorrup.tion) and any c:i;riticism of our r()ad transport riv$.ls.

Bu.tthe most blatant polit::tcal censorship concerned the following sentence. whcich wa:;m' t published •.... "The wife of a very senior Cabinet Minister, over coffee· andfru.it cake! discussed whether her husband and colleagues ",auld do e a deal w.ith France. oyer die "Rainbow Warri.o:r" bom.bers". A senior

!'Li~tener"Journalist ran~ me at home about this. He pointed out that assistal1t -: editor H~ten Paske ... is ,.w1£e ofK~rry .Bllrke,the Speaker. They had .deduc.ed I. cpl.I).d. o~lybereff#;r:ring to one of 3 incUviduals in Christchurch. r said it was Geoffrey Palmer, whose furniture we shifted in 1985. (For the record his wife, Margaret, was a completely charming client for the two da~s .. it t09k us to mov~ Geoffrey and his 2000 bloody lavbooks. We never met him). .. The "Lfscener" journalist pointed out that I had broken no law (thereisna Official Secrets Act no"".~ and we were never bo.und by it). But they thought I'd C9Jlllnitted "a breach of etiquette". That Gfltoffrey would not .be . happy to find out; that Margaret had di.cussed the "Rainbow Warrior"aff~ir.W'ith the furniture men! I was invited to send up more funny stories to fill the 81!Ps (I didn't).

Aclas's1c exalDpleof the old girls qetwork.· Toe artieleappeared cOIDplete with anecdcees=abeut judge's wives, etc. But not a word about politicians. Who would have thought that the anecdotal memoirs of a humble Railways labt,).~~erwPuld, require censqrship to prot.E!ctthe woundedfeeHngs of the high~$t offi~ersof the State?

And as we. all know, Geoffrey and his colleagues did dos deal w1thFrance and gave back the. murderers (Margaret assu .. edus he. wouldn 't). Was that a 'breach of ~t.iquette too?

11

NORTH WEST CAPE

Hurray Horton

North tvest Cape is the mt.\ssfye US Navycommuni.cations base at Australta f S weSt.ernllIost pOint,·. and one at that country I s three acknowledged nuclear targets (the 'others being Pine. Gap and N\lrrungsr). Everything about. it is massave -the main Very Low Frequency toW'.ersare 1200ft high; the base covers near-Ly 18,000 acres, and is 80kms from end to end. Only the rent is mi.n Lscu.l.e - one peppercorn.

N'WG plays'a variety of roles in US nuclear warfighting strategy. It contains Hteral1y hundreds of antennae. The .. main VLF towers are the communications lifeline. for., the US nuclear submarines tn the Indian< Ocean. World. War III could literally be launched from there. They will also. communicate with the US's new Trident subs. Connnunication~ are non-stop. Family messages and baseball scores are also sent to bolster crew morale. and doubtless to bore shitlessSoviet decrypters.

There are' fixedc directional ant.~nme which. maintain links with the 'US military~~pin~' in. . the .. Philipptnes, Diego Garcia, Guam,. etc •. There are rotac:abledi~~ction.al . antennae 'which can be redireceed.to accommodate a fresh crisis iflthat empire,eg. in .. the p'ersianGulf· ... .., There .. are omnidirectional im.~ennae that maiptain communications with US Navy ships anywht!re near AlJ'stralia.A gigantic satellite antenna points out over the Indian Ocean. indicating that the bulk of the communications are coming from the West German HQof the US Rapid Deployrnent Force intihe Indian Ocean.

It . is ilfiportant ,tQ.realise thatn.?t: only .does NWC 'play a vital role, in rttlclearstrategy. it is vital to the. US ability to fight ordinary, nonnuclear ~ars. It houses US m.ilitaryproj.ects that havenothinS. to do with communicatilJg~ith subs. bU,t are located there.for'theconve~i~nce of being in a US base. eg , a militaryobservatorythatpermanently monitors solar sunspots for their effect on radio communications. . ThePentagoflwant8 to know not .only ~yerything that I s gcd.ng on, on Earth t but on the sun as well.

NWCrema:t.ns the single most.Upqrtt1nt war .. ·fightingbas9 that: the HS haSi inAustra~ia t. and .. any verification arguments that can be made cut for Pine Gap (calculatedat;O.037% .of ~ts time) do not apply toNWC.

There iss, dtrect c09nectionto .HflreWood. USAF MAC Starliftersregularly visit Harewood g~ing to o r from NWC's Learmonth airfield (nominally all RAAFbase. it. h~s . been lengthen.ed and hardened .: , to take. anything the -. USt\F wants to Land there) .. And until the early '70s. Harewood's Naval Communicatio.~s Section acted as a backup to NWC,and indeed for US military comlYIunicationsto and from its war in Vietnam.

World··renowned Australian .. 8cademic.snd researcher. Des Ball , has. sovn confusion in the Australia peace movement.vby stating" .tha~ NWC is no longer cotnmunicating .... ith nuclear subs, that it has reduced the power of its transmt t t er s , and that Tridents would be out of range .. Owen Wilkes has effectively ~icked Des in the Ball. by citing US documentattonthat NWC is noW' more vital to Trident communications than before and in addition has a quite new role of controlling the new US nuclear systems in the Pacific,

such as shipboard Tomahawk cruise missiles. .

18

1?!m~ Qlq .~.!l~ New

Owen Wilkes and I were among the New Zealand contingent that took part in the now legendary March 1974 Long March from Sydney to NWC. (Readers interested in the history of the trans-Tasman anti-bases campaign can send me $5 for copies of my 1974 "Canta" articles on the Long March. Box 2258, Christchurch). For the June 1988 demo. CN.en and I were. the only veterans of the Long March present. So there was the strange situation ·of tW'o New Zealanderstel1:i.ng Austral1a.nstheir history.

There were major differences this time round. We simply flew straight

to Perth ~ rather than spending weeks on a bus. Because of changes in the " peace movement and. Australian pOlitics generally J the demonstration wasn't compr'f sed of Eastern States Maoist heavies eager to confront US imperalism and its Aus~ralian lackeys (in '74, peppercorns and burningUaa.s went over the gate. ft. pitched battle ensured). This was very ItIUch ~. family and community oriented group. with a lot of kids in tow .•

Because of splits between theWA and Eastern States movements, and within the WA movement itself, the 1988 NWe demo did not enJoy the wide support that was SO noticeable at the 1987 Pine Gap demo. I won t t 8.0 into the

. reasons. here - the Aussies already have ,interminably.. . I went for old times sakf!;because Mark ])elmegewhoorgantsedit .is .our longe.~t standing Australian -. cpntact t and because. it was. a . good ."'8Y . to start ap Australian hoJ.iday • Owen ~ent as a~ invited guest, starting a month long national

spea~ing. tour. .

This tri.p was deftni tely organised on a. tight budget. We tra veIled in a grossly overloaded schoo.Ibus , driving the 1350Km from Pertll to NWC in oneun£ortgettable alln.ight, allday epic. Aussies love i(:'" they must haV'~ cast; Lron arses , On<the way back we slept o~t on a beach. It may have b.een the t:rqpics. hut I needed the balaclava that I h£\d bought .. in Christchurch's record cold spell. Food was a BYO affair and Owen 1 lived a week on a diet of bread, sardines andgingernuts.

~~;!~;ht19I:;;nk:~e:gg~:rs:oi:~;'::d ~~a::~~aid:~~~~!~1l v::f::::n=~g at~~ e~

Marchers, things went as smoothly as could be hoped fol' this ti.Dle. 'nlere was. undeJ:'~tan~~ble tension caused .. by tiredness, long days,. cooped. up kids. alldth~hardypeX'ennial issue of smoking on the. bus. Having only one driver was definitely not something I'd recommend either. Things only: came to a head once, which led to a Sydneysider hitching the last feW' hundred kills back . to Perth. GeI)erally everyone got on as friends, family even. Most of the participents were from Fremantle. and I found them a great bunch. Despite his unsettling resemblance to Colonel Gaddafi, .Mark Delmegeil3 a thoroughly profes.sl.onal crgant.ser , He and his partner t . Barbara Layton, sloagedtbeir guts out , suffering a very predictable case of burnout at the end of it.

About 150 people travelled to NWCs support town of Exmouth, which had whipped itself into a frenzy expecting a repeat of ,the 1974 battle with cops and locals. The organisers had adopted a policy 'of noconfrontation~, no arrests. This was. in marked contrast to the'S7 Pine Gap demo. but took into account the smaller numbers. and the fact that everYbody was thousands of kilometres from home. So no attempt was made .to enter the base, which is very easy !fyau have a mind to. Nobody trt.ed to climb any towers (they voul d have been Kentucky Fried Protestor, on the main mast). We obeyed police instructions to stay across the road from the

l'

main gate when delivering the ev'1ction not i.ce (27 June marked the expiry of the 25 year lease. Hawke has renewed it). In return the police commander ast.cnfshed hi.s own men f the locals and the media by agreeing to personally hang one of OUl' banners on the fence.

There were over 200 cops there. outnumbering us. and they were low key and evenhanded. They ref'er red to' the locals as the "LccaI yobbos" in all dealings 1IlittI us. One anecdote will illustrate the difference between 174 and '88. A number of us fronted up at the Pot Shot Inn (its logo is a mushroom cloud, with the legend tlGet Bombed at the Pot Shot t Australia's No. 1 Nuclear Target If) . Despite wearing our !telas€: Down North West Cape" T-shirts, we got served (Owen even gave his shirt to a local as a souvenir). " Ther"€! were plenty of arguments, but no fights. Second night there, our people discovered the .locals had hung up a mock shield declaiming "1974 .,_ Po Hce 1: Protestors - 0; 1988 - Police 1: Protestors- 01'. This was too much. and it was liberated by an enterprising woman who vaulted the bar , It was unwitti.ngly passed to a. French hitchhiker who vanished into the scrub. The Iccal.. yobbos were dfssuaded by the cops from burning down own tents. How? The cops threatened to breathal.yse t.hem. That worked. Next morning the shield turned up. and we agreed to hand it over the cops (after modifying it).

lu; with all Aussie demos. there was plenty of music I colour. and theatre. Street theatre was provided by women from a Perth university with a striking Re~agan on .st Ll.t.s ("What country we in Nancy? Austria, Ronnie"). The women ,,fere high profile and the media loved it - the "Sydney Morning Herald" head LLne read "The lesbians were out in force. of course", My favourite song was "Bomb Iran" - to the tune of "Barbara Ann", And unlike '74, we got to do a guided tour of the whole area. In '74, we' d been stopped from gof.ng anywhere near the Vl,F towers.

Nor was it all boring poli.tical work. On the way back we called into Monkey Mia, the celebrated dophin beach. Even such a dedicated landlubber as myself rolled my trousers.up to commune with these messengers from Atlantis. I can report that they did indeed communicate with me: "Cut the bullshit. hippie. and give me the fish".

Owen and I had our own agenda to push onto the WA ant r-baees movement, namely to do something about the spybase being built at Geraldton. 400kms north of Perth. This is Waihopai's much bigser twin. being run by the Australian Defence Signals Directorate (DSD) for the benefit of the US National Security Agency (NSA). Although we didn ft visit the site, we held a public meeting in Geraldton. It was attended by no 10c,a18, including th!! local peace group. 'Illis indicates the uphill battle on this issue. The Aussies have big bases, nuclear targets at that. to deal with before they worry about nominally local spybases. The Wai.hopai campaign is streets ahead of them. Owen produced' a background paper on Geraldton, and raised the issue in local and national media (Des Ball's new book is on Geraldton and Waihopai).

The demo got good coverage in all media, both Ln WA and nationally. The Fr emant Le group Ls a very active nucleus - until now they f ve concentrated on the ceaseless US warship visits to Frenlantle. Australians tend to have a much more accepting at t t tude towards foreign domination of all kinds, whether it be US bases or .Iapanese i.nvestment. The growing anti-bases movement is a vital counter-force to that defeatist resf.gnat ron.

NWC Wf.lS Hot the end of political work for either of us. Owen did his tour l,lhich took in Alice Springs. Adelaide. Melbourne, Hobar t and Sydney. Our

p<,rehscl'ossed again in Melbourne -. and Sydney. In the latter we visited B~:!nLie Houghton "s Beefsteak and BourDoIl bar in the Cross. Bernie!s a If!:ading ~IA heavy, with fingers in m,,':lny recent Australian scandals going back to the Whitla,ill overthrow and the Nugan Hand Bank cover. Owen had t6 be dissuaded frbm stealing the Stars and Stripes j I had to be dissuade.<! frcm faf.nting when charged $A4- for a beer . (So this is how the CIA raises money}. A hi.ghlight for me was attending 8 DSDrecruitment session at Melbourne Unfvers tty t ail'lIed at engineering and computer $raduates. Geraldton 'was dangled in front of them as a prize posting. with real live satellites to play with. Intelligence agencies are much more visible in Australia - ASIO had done it.s recruit~entsp1el at the same campus 2 days earlier.

Sotne trip was depressing and uplifting simulta.neously. Here we were going back to the same US Navy monstrosity 14 years after weld last been there. Australia is~til1 dogknot ced with. Uncle Sam. and newbl3ses are bei ng built (Geraldton, Jervis ooy I to. name but two). At the same time there is. a rapidly growing number of Aussies prepared to go to considerable Lengt.hs to break this shackle (everything in Australia tends to be a considerable length). Embar r-aasd ng Ly t they look to the movement in nuclear free A()tMroa for leadership Bnd inspiration. But that's another story.

21 OBITUARY

NIFTY MEV ABD SLACK JACK

Nifty and Slack made. a one time only appearance as a double act. in the Christchurch Tqwn Hall,. q~ring the 1972 election campaign. This was when ~t. was still pO$s~ble for. the.public to. get ~nto "public" meetings, a

... pr~Ctic~. that ceased from the Muldoonsl1de of 1975 •.. Following. on in the 8,lo:t;':j.ou~ tradit.iqR. of K+~i~eith'.'s National c0lnedy tour in the 1969 campaign the protest movement resolved to attend the meetings.

Now Nifty wa.aa Labour mayor and Slack was a National PM, but it made no difference.. When the chips are down t politicians stick together • What UUlllmoxeo them. was. 9#r use of parliamentary ta.ctics. - 1e as.soonas Slack started . speak~ng t .• we all .. began reading newspapers .. !hilS prpvoked p;i.pC'.lrtisan fury . - the ... flarfqo!=;s I .Led 1>y. t~.~initni.table •... ~tendan Nor~anThornps()n r, •. were s~nt in t9 rra~qve. thf! pap~tswhich were pr~mp~ly nols1y ,screwed<up ano thrown at them.' We were then .. e,scorted from . out; .. seats an~. dr8$sed out.

There were~;everal arrests. While CAFpA "s present secretary.,. Murray ~orton. ~~.~ .• pin~ed.aaairist . a. P9lice van by c;9ps offerirtg. to . rearrange his features free .of c~l3.rge. his dearly belov~~Mi.SS •.. B~l."~ <C~FCA 's;present chairperson 1.n ~~i;e)1.n~er.posed. he.t;self .SQ iorc~fullYr ~n .. fact ~h,atshe. very soon e~ecute'd' Ia .. perf.ect .three point 121nding 1nsi~e the' sa,lIle P91icevan. It

. Wfts .: a joll..y good nigl;tt, out .. at the Town Hall.

,It.remainS;he ,Orflyc911rt case .that Hort:on.~Ver"'ol1' •.. Poor 014 Br.ndan , ... ,N~~gtan\c9uldn~t .. r~rqen'lb~r whether<h,e. \tIas .com~,ng()r g01.118 ,and .testlfied

accordingly . Case dismissed. It resuri9cedJot:allyunexpec.tedly as a

front page lead in the "Press" in 1971, in the context of a roundup of p0:ti~~ incRmpetence. . ~renda NorlllEln took e~ception, ... sued the. "Press" I. "snd f,inanceda fenc.e.from the.pr()cee?s.(doubtlesst:o prac;ticejumping over.

His "Watchd()g"obituarx .~ill b,e a. beauty).·· .

Apart from this seminal role in the b!tth ofCAFCA, Sir Jobn Marsh.,l1and Neville Pickering did little else of note. Slack Jack ftlithfully follOWed Kiwi Keith around for 12 full years as Deputy PM, picking up the plumstones that Ho l.yoake kept spitting out, of his mouth. Seeing the writing on the wall, KK apat out one last plum, leaving poor old Jack with the pip. Marshall was one of the br~e£est PHs in recent New Zealand hist~ry, having an even shorter term of office that Sir Wallace Who? Having been a disaster

as PM, he was eve.n.",orseas.Lea.der. of the OPJ>o~ition. until he was gored from behind by Pigs'y(noticeably absent . frornt:he lineup of pious cant spouted about Marshall upon his death).

S~ri.~r-~is.r'et:trement.fr~m;politicsi!lthemid ... 70s~Msrshallwas presented as some~Qrtof kindly Yold"uncle 'Who wrote. kitt$Lbook~.appeared .. in TV ads, andoccas1onal1ywagged a finger at Pi9&Y' It's ne~essary to reftlember that as Holyoake f s deputy for 12 years. he presided over the complete

political stagnation that characterised New 2ealan<1_pol1ticsin the '60s.

~e/was. a'leading figure tn a government . that grovelled to America • and Sent New Zealand troops tohelp itt·th·e systematic destruction of Vietnam. He was .the archit .. ec t of "bridgebuilding" with South Africa, a policy that aid~d' and abetted sporting ties because his generation had fond memories of South Africans from World War If. At homet he was responsible for the dereg'istrationof the Seamens I Union , and as PM he was responsible for the State thuggery that saw police use boots and dogs on protestors at the US base at Mt John.

22

Hp.lyoake ascended to being a living fossil when he retired from politics. Le he became Governor General (he loved it - a funny hat and all the IDOney you could eat). Not old Gentleman Jack - upon retirement he hired himself out to various companies to serve on their boards and act as frontman. He fronted. f.or multinationals like the Dickinson Robinson Group and the National Bank . • Most reprehensf.bfe was his signing on as. a con.sultant to Coma Ico when it. was .locked in. battle with Muldoon over the vexed issue of .. increasing the power price at.tlie 11wa1 Point smelter. This was extra?rdl.nary .... a ~ormet; PM.. peputy PM and Senior Mlnister.- a man who had presided over the whole Mapapou,ri!Comalco imbroglio whilst in government, siding with the multinational that was locked in a major political stru88le

with h.is successor. ; Iiardly the actions of a kindly old uncle. '

On the other hand ,Neville Pickering wa5n't a bad sort of mayor • Mind you it would be .hard):o be worse than Ron Guthr~y, the man Pickering defeated. Both meri paj,d, the priFe for cQmmittingthe cardinal sin of a ChI'istchurch mayor - act4~11y doingsplUething. Ac¢or4in~tY they were both vot~d ~ut after only one term.. Can. anyone remember anything that Sir Hamish

Hay has dore? He will have the job in perpetuity. '

Pickering w.as elected oil. a platform to save HagleyPa,rk. . Ron had started to pulldozej.t to put t~ro48h a .nices~raight road to theairpprt. Christ-

churc,h people.; get highly emotiona.1 about that sort of thing. J'ht!re was . al~9. mus~( c9ntI"~:>ver$y agoll;t where the 1974 Commonweetlth. 9~1IlU~S vereto be staged and for good measute Bulldozer ROllstartedde11l0li9h~~g tbe .~nte~n1al Pool in his last days in office. Pickering saved the park, thepool~ and

;QUH t QEII. He tri~d t~ gefuse the annual Anzac Day battle, be~ween protestOtS and .Oi9 predecesecr .cRQn~as fqnd of. thro",1ngaw.ay wre~;hs prqte~Fin8 the .. Vietnafll. War) .~n~,heboycotted Baad.He DIi\Y celebrations i,n protest

a t.,French nuclear ~est;.in,8. at Mururoa. .

for his p~insh~;<~aa diJ#!ped.N.ot forhi~directorships and knighthoods. Pickering never held po!iticaloffice again, . and. worked in a. variety of jobs; including being a meter reader, and running a bike shop. He lived

a"!ay.frorn Christ.church ,8.fterh.1.s defeat. He got little thanks from the

.. SHY that he had helped. transform. .

..

PiCDiC APPLICAT.ION REJECTED

CAFCA.COH.END and Nuclear Free KiwislDade a jointap.plication to the PubUc AdvisorY Committee on Disarmament and .. Arms Control (PACDAC) t for $39,OOo.t;.(;) jfund a fulltime worker fOI';theanti-b~s~s campai.gn~

After a very ,1.ong time. we Were told our request was provisionally rejected as we were asking for too much, and it itlasn 'tclearwhat the rnoney,wsfilwantedfor (actually it was to $hOllt us all holid.i1JYs in. Libya).

We. don.' t intend to reapply or to enter into.fllrther .corresporidence. The Anti-Bases Campaign is up and running (the . application was put in last summer), and is managing "W'.ithout paid worke.rs or bureaucracy. Verywel1,in fact.

23

, .. ,' ~. .;

In the week leading up to the Labour Panyeonftr'cnce ift early September • the phOCo which graced every TV news bulletin was one of R.ichard Prebble wearing an ell on hia foreheld.

Thought~b cgwas,'th,rown ~y ~,,68H~rotd "working nt.J1ofS~h.m" who, had,.contellon, with bls eps on his own initiative, thenolsy demonstrationwhich,teeted Prebble f)ft. b,s arrlvll at the Sydenham chureh' haJlon the eVenio, of A:uaust3Oth was orpnlsed by CAfCA.

/>.Swelt asCAFCA, there were disaffectedmentbers of the Labour Party arJdrepresentltWes of the Clothing Workers Union. the Seamen's Union,4".d t~CQmfllunl~ P.ny. ItWQ _ .... '" and volatUe gathering ou,tslde the hall. anticipating a similar meeting Inside.

:Pr~bble bi.d~~Q1~;tci ;Syden~am7 orieof, tbe.mo~.working class~r,~ ofCtttistctuareh'iind'lim. ~Ilderton'~ const.ty~ncy- toSPr8!ld}~gospelof tbe, privati~tioll,ofsta~ 1l$SdS" He \\'8J .... Iklna. \Vit~~tinvi~~ion: lpt0lUt. are,a a~ong,the ha,rdest ~it ",ull~mpl~ment In the ~ntry. ,a,~ .. possIbly' LabOur's safestseat, a constituency feeling pirticularlybettayed by the poIieleshe hid

come to evangeUse. . ,:,

;Cllrtstophel' Owen-Cooper''NbO threw the ,egg with: Olympian timing and 6!;Curacy ttild the' Chrlstchurcb" Press "thaChe threw itto,.bowPrebble,"'Wh.'heworkln, miD, of Sydenham thin,"s .f" bJrn. ", 8esald~~r Ill,. Kiwi. I' m~p~jl1\.n.nd r"e fQuslttfor thil ~,.try . .1 (ou,ht f()~,.fr~ntitllld4.iem9Cl'~y •• nss.)wbAA;~ see"you,~gmen ~"women,mat.()f jobs.~ ·'n,i'."'I.,~ iPl~ .• ~ Yo~mg,,~~e on tb,?ido'~,."ltloul~hav~.,~the, a~t5 to standbesl~him and~"htfor w~~,~,t,hey.'W.~t~·~ ,;t'be strenp ... Offal,S: feelings Was s~ed by the l'i~~~"'~~~the

l..Ilb911r ratty,lJlern.~r~ ~n.the meetlna~ '" ' ' ", .,' . ..,

", - . ,.;:j •.••• '_" , ".- ,_,,- -"_;' "

One CAFCA placard read nlNTEltNAnONAL COMpmnON: a game played with tIIU' jobs, wages and worki!'1 conditions." Another. a mock section from the classified ads:

CA:fCApla.s~ to. orp~ise.simllllrPickets'aIlddem~~wra~()nsapl~st<:abtnetMinl~'" IS

capportunities arl~. ' , '.,' ,

24

VAIIfOPAI PIOTEST UPDATE SheeRdroJJ"inlsYe8 -.Bave84roPl!ills Nol

Duringt~~ firia..l,~~f!~el'ld of August an9ther liati()nal Action was,. heldas .. il18t the bu,~~ding()f ,the. se~ret ~tE!l;j,tespydisl) in, ,the peaceful .W.illo .. 1 Valley in Ma~lboroU8h.. We held, an ~mCampmell.t across, the .road, ,·f·J'oas the aetual site and. thi~ time we attracted around ISO people of all 88es frOID throughout New Zealand. It was the" third'such' encampment, the others having taken place>itlFebrua:ry and May of this year.

Much P~()8r,~!ils ,had ", bE!E!,n ,JDil~E! '" by ,the ,w,orker~ . ov~r,the winter ,.monthsand: arrivip*a~/'t~ -. sitti!, iQAu~ti~t,-,e .,f,ound aJ) ...• u,nfrj,el).dly ·c01.l~~Jl~ration, C .. P stylef""c;e a.r,oUQdthec;omP()UQcl,c()IDPletewiSb\11lfriend~y, $f!c~.,:j,~1 gUIl;rcls and d08s'iJnci .. plentyof ••.. y,f!l.lo,-, ,stsps w,a.rn;ng . abol1t trespassing .. pn •. l1111;i.s~ry

of Defence land. . .. .

For Christchurch people the lead-up to the w,eekand had been,. public:,.etiftg organised by >the Anti eases ·~pa18n.ortll August. At . this meeting" !llrioUiI speakers ".gave . their . pet!peetives" on; "WaihoPili and the spy dish IU\der,:' e0p.at ruction. ,..~Qtexcellep.tphotos of,thEt'previ9us aC:,ti01.ls w~reoft dtspl~y • There wll!ti '~1~ '(ayid~o~f the}~~t .. ri~its~ereiri Kay. ,:IUtP~~Sfmt~t1V,eta from the' wc)men·s 'camp . save uS plenty of insight ·i.ltfo their, ,. >~~ter , cfl.lil~ out in th, open and the protesting that was done over the length . of their stay.

The main event of the weekend took place outside the site onJSaturday~h.n after some· d~versionary'activ1ties,suchassingin8and speeches, some protesters gained access through the fence at the back. This was followed

~~!~~e~~o:e!::t/~ee::.:&ii:~i~!~~ ir~ge o~~me:t:ew::r!!S a~i:~~

over the site. nllarewerenoinjuries 6t atrests. Mel\bers of the independent film company, 'Vanguard Films, documented theaveftts and later in the day their foo~agewascouriered to Wellington where i~' appeared on the evening news.

The evening around', -the cainpfire that night was a chance to get to know other activists and we were- the "surprised recipients' of a 3 hour visit;

from a seniormctlllber '" "of .. the ,?,over~~nt ,. C,OmrnUDic:.ations .andS~cu~itY,Bur,eau. He ensc:onsedhilDself'>'inourmidst'srid' 'prc)ceded ·'tatry· and~ .. ,~~, . the situation. He was an object of interest and as a result was 'surrounded for the duration, as both protesters and bureau man played their own little games to extract as much from each other as they could. Our GCSB man told a little white lie when he excused himself at dinnertime because he info~med us that he must go and connect with a flight. As it turns out - he had a dinner engagement with the 'local farmer who had sold the land on which the spy di~h is to be Sighted.

We had a fullmoon on Saturday night and a ~artial eclip'se and the women.' s camp carried out a boisterous action outside the fepce which we could hear from our cosy vantage point around the fire. On ~unday • which was also our final day. we sat in the sun and evaluated the previous day and made plan$ for two events coming later in the year. The first has already taken place and that wal the national protest at Harewood Airport in Christchurch against the continued US military flights to Alice Springs which have no role in Operation Deepfreeze Antarctic flights. The second is yet to come and that is the Waihopai Summer Camp 24-27 November.' This will include e one day sortie down to the Awatere Valley near Seddon,. where the Blackbirt4 facility is situated .. a further link with the US military.

Here we are doing/our pit for the.Y'anks/by providing them with accurate star maps so essential fO,r t.heirstel1af guidance systems, ie star wan programme.

/The .Augu~t weekend at W~ihopai s1SiUllled Jhed~sband;i,ng .~i the .. ~OUA' s C~JllP. .1." t;:bj.nk· that for those of us who camped. out r .: for just t~ flights a,t \VtlihoPCil.i .in. A~gustt w;e. t'ruely a,ppreciat.ed, {t;:~edi,fficult.an~ spartan cond~t;:iqn!St~a,t.thewoml!!n (aced over ... the winter' months .tn. or<ier.t9.~1ntain a continuous .•• Yig.;l of ~pedevel()pmeqt;:s taking pla,ce., Th~.y had' .no f1,l,nning water. limited transport and' few resources. It took a lot of guts and they . stuck At out as a strong • cohesive. and ch~~.rfl:ll group. The .. women ~ere very creative In. their actions and at :.one ;!itage in July they took'

s()tlle. pf th~;irc<:lmp up to th~ ground~of Parliamel'1.t· in ~ ~ttempt to bring ~heiss.~.to tl}e . fapita1 city. . They .remai,ned .l'lon-confron.tattol'1a1 and I h~lieve t .. nis plaYed,. a b1gpart. in g~hin$ th~ PU.91ic on .purS.~de over this

issue.' .,... . , ...

. AIl in all, tpeweekefld was no:t; marred by anYllnpleasan~ inridentsapart frq!ll; the., sr;flr~that.th~ Christchurch COl'1tins;ent;' s~~~van .g!lve~sw"en we explI):t;i.ePrCeda,;. tYJ;'e blQ~out north. of Amberley. manks' to Don. Murray',.quick

r e~c~~'on;~.nobQ,~Yrl~~ded.,;trea tm~nt· for~hoc.~. . . . '.

Incidentall'y all' our!~ctionsinvol~ing the presen~~ of mIlItary bases or fafHJ~ie~ i~h~rh ·Mrlku~ into ,~he TJS military ne~workare bei~S pr~~nised ulll;l.e:r.(~~~, broad •• coalit:,ion,. of the An.ti:",SasesGoalitipn Network. Her.e are YOUr' . ccw.~act~ throughout ttte cOUl'1try .s()tpat you <:$1'1 .: get . 'more. involved

.' or; evel}ne.l.p 'lls,out;financially: . . . . .

. " ,',-- .... , .... 7';,,, .. ,, .,..- ,", _... .. -.... .." "

. Becky ;Ba.~~s ~ ~tamata Peace,Croup •.... R02 ,Matamata (0818-7526). PeterBinfis,Timaru Peace Group, Normanby ROl, Timaru(43"'957). nOU$",Cr~~g, Pea~~.A2t£on .:D\111edin, 8/67 MallorPlace. punedin.(7~1-578). Annie: Doherty, PMA,1324LyonSt, San Francisco, USA>94122. RaewypFarquha:r::,;.,.Ma.nawatu Peace Movem~nt. 19 Vernon Av.e. palmerstori~orth. Richard Frizzell,NelsonPeaceGroup. 66 Shebourne St, Nelson (83 .... 147). Phil Hunnisett, Matibcir6~gh Peace Gioup, 64 Budge St. Blenheim.

Sally James , Philippines Solidarity Network I 43 Grove,Rd , Kelburn',

Wellington' (758-662).

MaiJ:"e Leadbeater', Ailcklanp eND. POBox ssse, Symond.s St I Auckt8llct.

,Bob Leonard, CDH ,PO Box 2258. Christchurch (325-097). ~rkR~ach,J4el11n8tpnA~, 32 Volga St , Isl~nd Bay. We~lington (835 .. 091) •

.........

26

WE STOPPBDTBESTARI.IPTIR

Christchurch International Airport (CIA) plays host. to the only US military base.loca~edi,n a I!I8jor city anywhere in Australasia -. It is the oldest, bigHest and only. bona . fide .' foreign military base in Aotearoa.. ,Under the g~ige . ofprovidin$ .. logistic support for, the ... USc1vilian. Nationi!il Science F6undation.t~~base is ,generally k~ownasOperation Deepfreeze, and is generally p~rceivedto serve the US aridNZ Antarctic pre~ence.

11\ fact it isamul.ti..1purpose,lI'iediumilevel US base. The newly formed Anti . Bases Campaign, ",hich . had previously contentratedon Lange's very

. own "~uclear .. free"Waihopt;li sate11ite spybase, held a national demonstration at.H8~ewoodover Labou~'!eekend(22-24 Octoben;.. I~wa~ timed to c~incide with the annual National Peace Workshop toallow participants tose.e the base at its busiest, and it was a Monday holiday, to concentrate on our partic:\.l1~~ t£:lri~t .-,the weekly Sundt:lY arrival/Monday~epa'i'ture q£ a US A~r\Force' Mi1ftarrAirlift C0nimand. (MAC) C-141 Starlifter. ThiS. plane atrive~ frorq Hawi:tii, .. overnights, . then. flies.to, '. RAAFRichmo~d, . then . Alice

r. Springs' to' service' the CIAlflS~Pin~ G~p seyba~e.lt~s0.a crut:;ial'~light - it flies in the blank tapes·· and collects the' full onelia . fotanalysis at ll()m~: Thf! cgdename for .these flights 1s "Credible Dove".

:'",,',i,.:,,', 1,. ':,_1,\ ,\",) "_ ''''',''' ' ,_;"

We;clfbse" ~hisifti8htbecause it demonstrably hf).~:;notHiri8'.to :~o. with Antarc~ica·?,~ I>e~p ., Freez~. . Because of . it.si~ternattonal··· connect,ions, it slots .. ih nicel:y' with . the regional anti~ba~~$ .. campaign .. tqat. has seen

integrated action in Australia. New Zealand and the Philfppfnes. Aussies have come to Waihopai, Kiwis have gone to NW Cape, Nurrungar .and Sydney

Harbour. . .

Indeed we received firm support from Aust:ralia. Te!ftgrams8hd phone calls from Sydney, Melbourne and AlicEtSprings. The Al1ce Spring$ Peace Group espf!cially sent, a reRr~$entat1ve, Elizabeth.Versts.epEm. She13Pc,>ke .~t the demo, did mediawork,'ran a well attended workshop (snd visited her family. Christchurch .is'.her.< hometown). Chr1stchurchandAli~e Sp'ringshave a ~w~.cial r€lPport- .10. 1986 ~e held the Spie~ Picnic -; tn s?1idar:i.ty ,with Pine Gap action. In 1981, concerted action inAlice,Richmond and Christchurch stopped.· the>Starlifter. NZ.ABC activists Murray.Hotton. and Owen Wilkes have bothvi~ite~ the ASPG.in the last yeaI',strengthli!ping ties~

Turnout to the .demo was disappointing. no mOrEt ttlat, lOO. But' it reflects the decline in the NZ peace movement since Lange.hijackedi the bandw~son. The cr.~",d wa.s ~mall but very lively • We. had, .. s~ated our tntentj.Q(1 of stopping the Starlifter. If it arrived I we planned a citizens f inspection to check its cargo ,which is.never disclosed to NZauthorities . (to put ~ C~l~ am9nath:~ c.redible ... ~oves) ! Als() to ch~Fk that it.com~1ied with HZ's

nuClear free law. Surprise, surprise - no Star lifter flew in. There were 3 military Starlifters on the. tarmac th~t weekend (plus a civilian one used by NASA as a flying observatory). We didn't at tempt to go near them - we didn't want to get tangled up in the prevail~ng public confusion about Antarctica and Deep Freeze. We had stopped the Starlifter.

So Plan B swung into action. We avoided the US Navy (which 1s primarily responsible for the Antarctic support operation). We listened to speeches, then precipitated by a l1lhtning' weather change from howling narwester to freezing southerly. moved off the MAC compound. Our second aim was to Give Mac the Sack. We had said we would symbolically assert the

21

sovereignty terri tory) • previously.

of nuclear free Aotearoa over. this US base (which is US It would involve going (literally) a step further than

Civil disobedience was a new element in a Harewood demo. So was the police presence. In previous year, it has been minimal or non-existent. This time it was heavy and spoil1ng for a riot-long batons, shields. the works. The cops were hyped up from the previous day I s Addington prison riot, and frustrated by not being allowed to "deal to" the prisoners.

We did our bit in the fight against AIDS by offering condoms to the US airmen. As they were shy, we had to fill them with water and tQU them in. We had specimen bottles to drug test the flight crews ("'Piss In Here and Piss Offft said the sign); we had a core sampler to test the Starl1fter. ABC MC Murray Horton read out a declaration to the USAF MAC Commander, demanding that the Pine Gap flights cease, and MAC leave NZ. As the USAF did not accept it, Horton announced he was coming in to present it in person. .At that. point several c.u.stom built J~.dders ~ereswung up against the fence; . In fact Horton and Warren Thomson entered via a hole in the fence (not part of the official game plan). Horton was carrying a nuclear free Aot earoa flag, bearing the slogan "Reclaim Sovereignty". He and Thomson were grabbed by cops (ironically, \.Jarren had taught two of them). Other demonstrators spontaneously joined them. going over or under fences. National TV news showed cops punching and kicking Owen Wilkes to break hj.s grip on Horton's fl.ag. 7 were arrested, 5 men and 2 women (the latter being particularly heavied by the cops).

2 women and 1 man pleaded guilty to trespass under the Civil Aviation Act, and were each fined $100, with $65 costs. Wilkes had been remanded to his hometown of Wellington. Defended cases will be heard in Christchurch on 7 December (a bad omen for the US military - it's Pearl Harbour Day).

A Starlifter did turn up in Alice Springs on Monday afternoon. But the plan, rego number 60182, had not come through Christchurch, nor vas it one of the 3 on the tarmac here. Australian police blockaded Alice airport. with 5 different police or security agencies on duty. The ASPG still

mounted a solidarity protest of 50 (impressive, as it was an ordinary workday there). The plane was unloaded and loaded under tight security.

The simple fact is that without arrests the media would have ignored it. As it was. we got national coverage (Labour Day's unemployment mark in Chris.tchurch, with a bigger crowd. got zero coverage). It marked a new militant escalation in the campaign against Christchurch's US base. It focussed attention on the glaring loophole in Lange's nuclear free law (the StarUfters are on exactly the same neither. confirm . nor deny policy that saw US warships banned). It focussed attention on non-Antarctic f lights through Harewood (there is a weekly midweek service ~or Nurrungar andNW cape too). And most importantly - WE STOPPED 'I1fE STAJlt-lPI'Ea. .

Forelgn,···Co",rot···

WI1 () QrJ

Postage Paid Christchurch. Nol.

Permit No. 1761

Campaign Against Foreign Centrol of Aotearoa P.O. Box 2258,

Christchurch,

New Zealand.

NZ Registered magazine