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2002
1273-4
531(075): 378.14
-58
:

. .
,

. .

-58

. ., . ., . ., . .
. 1. . 2- ., . . : -
. . . -, 2002. 80 .

180 ,
1981 1990 ,
. , .
.
,
.

1273-4
531(075): 378.14


(), 2002
. ., . .,
. ., . .,
2002


,
,
,



. .
. .
020851 13.01.94
020079 28.04.97
27.04.2002
60 84/16. . .
Times. : 4,65 . . .; 4,38 .-. .
150 . . 322.
-

392000, . , . , 106, . 14


, ,
, -
.
, ,
. ,
.

, .

(, 1992 - 1995; , 1996 - 2001),
(, 2000 - 2001), ,
.

C1 (, 1982. 3 )
, ,
,

.
,


f.
2 (, 1982. 3 )
, . 1
M . ,
,
- , . 2
1.
(, 1983. 3 )

,

.
-
, ,
Q,
,
.
.
C4 (, 1983. 10 )

OABD

, B
. .
, ,
, .
.
5 (, 1984. 5 )

1

M1.

2
, 3

, 1O2 = 90, O1O2A = , O1A = r, CO2 = O2D = a, 2 3


f, 1, , 2 , , 2 3

D.
6 (, 1984. 4 )
,
,
, .

f,
l,

a .
.
7 (, 1985. 4 )
OA O,
KL.
- - l.
- , - - f.
M , -
.
.

8 (, 1985. 8 )

.
, , .
,

F = M SK/(LK OS), AS AE, EC OC, AE || OC.

9 (, 1986. 3 )

S
, , .
10 (CCP, 1986. 4 )
1 Q1
Q2,
.

f.
f0
2 3
.
11* (, 1986. 4 )
m1
m2, A1x + B1y + C1z +
D1 = 0
A2x + B2y + C2z + D2 = 0 .
.
C12* (, 1986. 3 )
M1 2
, .

.
, M2
1.
* , , .

C13 (, 1987. 5 )

- z = H (x2+y2)/H. h . h
- , f ?
C14 (, 1987. 6 )
Q R

,
,

, D. d ,
. ,
f, tg > /R,
f > /R. ?
C15* (, 1987. 4 )
R r, - ,
- c. ,
Q. , ?
C16* (, 1987. 7 )


,
M0 = MA = MB = m. V
z;
= a, = b. ,
- M0 , MA , MB .
C17 (, 1988. 10 )

l O h ,
.

,
k (k ).
.

.
C18 (, 1988. 4 )

R
,
.
(
)
.
AA1
1 , .
19* (, 1988. 5 )
AB = l
Y, Z YZ.
, F, .

20 (, 1989. 6 )

-
P1

2.

,
-
f1.

f2.

. F ?
C21 (, 1989. 4 )
. -
- , M, Z,
F. F 1CY1 (X1 // X, Y1 // Y)
Y1
= 60. - , = ,
= , = . = 1 , = 2 ,
= 0,5 , F = 2 H, =
0,5 H,
M = 1 .
22* (, 1989. 5 )

12

1 = 2 = ,
= 12 = ( > ).

1 2,
1 2. - 2/1,
O2
12.
23 (, 1990. 4 )

.
.
.

,
f.

.
f
?
24 (, 1990. 5 )


D .
D
. ,
.
?
25 (, 1982. 3 )

, - , .
, ?

26 (, 1982. 3 )
,
1 2 (1 > P2)
- l,
r = 0,5 2 l,

- f.
, . .
27 (, 1983. 5 )

M2,
, , D 5.
. : = = l, CD = 0,5l, = 60, = 90; .


,
, Q,
f0. - = f(y),
.

28 (,1983. 3 )

29 (, 1984. 5 )

.

,

,
: R,
Q f, (OA = AB = R).

30 (, 1984. 5 )



DOE.

, Q,

M, = = l.
C31 (PCP, 1985. 3 )

2R ,
.

.

32 (, 1985. 3 )

, - -, - , -
. , F, - .
R .

33 (, 1986. 3 )
D . r 1 . -
l, = = 0,5l; , CF, P BD.
34 (, 1986. 5 )


c
1,

= 600 c?
h = 1 .
A
f = 0,3, . :
r = 10 , a = 4 , b = l = 20 , = 90, = 45.
35 (, 1987. 3 )

G .
f ,

.
Pmin,

,
.
36 (,1987. 5 )
.
D 90.
r, f0 = 0,268.
0B0, . : 1)
B , 2) l << r.
-
- ,
- , , -.
- .
37 (, 1988. 5 )
M

b
G, - .

- , -
G x,
.

. : f, = 4,

tg = f, M = b G, h = 3/2 f b.
38 (PC, 1988. 5 )

- , -
- . -
- . -
f - .
NA, , , .
39 (, 1989. 3 )

V1=const

2 Q r
O1O2 2r O1; 1
3.
;
O1A

. 3.

1
2

40 (, 1989. 5 )
,

.
.
: = = l, r1 = R2 = 0,5l,
r2 = 0,25l, = 30,
= 90,
3 = 0, QA = QB = Q.

C41 (, 1990. 3 )
2 G2 r

1 G1
,
O. . L,
O
- l,

- f.
,
,
f, G1, G2
.
42 (, 1990. 3 )

- c ,
.
: - - r/R = 0,2,

-
= 30 f = 0,577,
k/R = 0,5, Q, O - .
43 (. , 1984. 3 )
-

l/3

, - - l/3. .
.
44 (. , 1984, 3 )
OBAD OZ O D. OZ
. ZOZ1. -
, Q, .
2 2b (AD = 2a, OD = 2b) , O D.
45 (. CP, 1987)



( ), F?
.

46 (, 1983. 3 )
, ,
r.
r - ,
l.

l ,

, .
47 (, 1985. 3 )
1 2 m1 m2, ,
, . -
f.
-
.
48 (, 1986. 3 )
O, ,
: MO = , MA = 4M, MB = 5M. ,

.
49 (, 1982)
, n
, - . - ; Q -
; O, 1, 2, ... n . k ( = 1, 2, ..., n)

.

1
2
n

50 (, 1982)


C.
f1 f2 (f1 < f2).
, -, MN.
51 (, 1987)

O
O A
. ,
. Z.
52 (, 1982)


. r
h
.
f.

b , ?
.
53 (, 1983)
, 1 (1X, 1Y, 1Z) 2 (2X, 2Y, 2Z),
1 (1,1,1), 2 (2,2,2), .
54 (, 1984)
, ,
M l ,
.
D B .
.
c ,

2l 2 .
C55 (, 1984)
, D
, , , D .
- 1, 1, D1 ,
. , -
.
56 (, 1985)
MO, MA MB -

-
,
,

M O = 3 Fh k ; M A
;
= 3 Fh k ;
MB = 5Fh; OA = OB = h.

.

57 (., 1985, 3 )
4
-
- D G, D -
, G - .
M Q. ,
= AD = DC = ,
F = 2.
58 (. , 1983, 3 )
- , ,
.
, - , 11.
, 1-1, .
59 (., 1988)

G, r R

.
f
, = 30
r/R = 0,2.
60 (. , 1985, 3 )
1 2 h .



. f.
61 (. , 1987)
G ,
- ; - f.
,
, = , .
62 (. , 1988)
D B1

- 1 DD1.
B1 D,
D = 1D1 = 1/3 1.

.

63 (. , 1983. 3 )

- . M, 1 r , 1O = /2, 1 =
/6, =
= 2 3 r.

64 (. . 1984, 3 )
,

,
,
.
f,
.
x
= D, , n
?
.
65 (. , 1988)

y =
.

l = 4
0,5 x2. -

66 (. , 1988)

D
,

Q.
= 4 ; = 12 H;
Q=

AB
. D

,
16; a = 1 .

67 (. , 1986. 3 )


1, 2, 3, 4.

D, ,
5, 6, 7, 8, 9.
L Q Z
1 2, -

, = 8 ; Q = 6 ; = 4 , = 3 , = b = = 2 ; L = 5 ; = 2 ;
OY.
Z

1
3

5
7

= = = 45; KL

68 (, 1985. 3 )
, , , .
, ,
. ? .
69 (, 1986. 3 )
m
.

2.
-

l. 1,

70 (, 1986. 3 )


? = 2.

71 (, 1988)
M ,
y = sin (x) Q,
.
,

x = x0



f < (dy/dx) (x0).

C72 (., 1984. 3 )

,
? F1 =

OX Q

F1,
F2,
F3,
Q

= F2 = F3 = F.

73(., 1984. 3 )
R P,
,
- ( f). -
F - - h,
?
74 (., 1985. 3 )

.
.
2
1 ? ,
.

1 2. 1
2 ,
f
,
2

75 (., 1986. 3 )
, ,
. - , R1 R2 - , , yi : Ri = R0 + k0 yi,
R0 k0 - . 0 l0.
.
76 (., 1986. 3 )
, - , -
, - -

. = 12,0 . , DF .
.
77 (., 1987)
-
,
,

O
- .
, -
.

78 (., 1982)

, n
,

,
- - .
l. .

79 (., 1983)
: F1, F2, F3,
, , D .
= = b
AB = OC = OD = a.
120 ? F1 = F2 = F3 = P,

80 (., 1982)
n ,
. 1, 11 / 11 =
= 22/22 = ... = nn/nn = 1/4.

81 (., 1963)
r

: P1 = P k , P2 = P i , P3 = P j ,
1(, 0, 0), 2(0, , 0), 3(0, 0, ), .
- , ,
?
82 (., 1984)


,
.
L ( n ),
.

83 (., 1985)

-
45
( x),
f x ,

, -
f. -
-. -
. 2.

?

84 (., 1985)


- .

85 (., 1977)

a Q M , M
l. r (r = ),
< /2 ; = ; l = a 2 .
.

86 (.,1987)
- ,
,
.
l,

f.
, = a, = b?
87 (.-. , ,

. -, 1986)

R = 3r
r Q . 4
. - .
88 (.-. , . .-. -, 1988)
R
, ,
.
- O;
- . - ,
= P2 = P3 = .


i,

. P1

89 (.-. , . .-. -, 1988)


,


.
,
?
90 (.-. ,

f,
.
Q

. - / ., 1990)


,
,

,
. ,
, f - , - , r -
.

91

(.-. , . - / ., 1990)

Q ,

G,
. , ,
.

92 (.-. , . - / ., 1990)

G
.
.


, - -
,
1 ,
.

93 (. , 1979)

1 . ,

2 3 f
, , .

94 (, 1987)

= 2 ,

, D.
,
F - .

= , D

95 (, 1986)
2Q

l


.

r

D.
? -
; - -.

96 (, 1987)

?
97 (, 1985)


.
,

,
, O1 = O1O2,
1 2 P1 P2 .
, , ,
1
1 = , BO2 = 90, , 1 2 .
2

98 (. . -, 1982)
A 1, M2, M3, M4,
YOZ, ZOX, XOY , .
,
1 = 4 ; 2 = 3
; 3 = 1 ; 4 = 3 ;
= = .
99 (. . -, 1983)
-
2h
.
- h.
?

,
f 0,6.
.
100 (. . -, 1984)
Q
,
( - -).

D, .
f.

, Q, f,

101 (c. .-. ., 1987)

R r ,
.
. .
.
,
, r 0 0 (.. ,
). . , r
- , r ; r R
0. ? tg ( ) r R 0. ?
, 0 < r < . , ,
( ).

(. - . ., 1987)

102

2l R.
, , .
103 (. . -, 1986)

Q .
f = 0,5.
,


R

, = 2 = 2 R ?
.

104 (. -. -, 1978)
l Q
.
a .
,
YOZ .
B f.
.

105 (, 1982)



. 0,3,
N. ,
, 0,25N ?
106 (, 1980)
a a 2 a ,
12, . 12 D
C A, , .
, . .

107 (, 1986)

h ,

? f = 0,2;
2 .
108 (, 1979)

.
.

-
- .
P1 2
r1 r2 .
,
.

109 (, 1979)
- ,
- .

, , .
, . f, =
= a.
110 (, 1981)

,


?

, ,
.
.
,

111 (, 1980)

.
Q,


2l
.
Q0 ,
,
. l,
.

112 (, 1978)

D.

11 (, 1978)

,
.
( ).
.


.
f.
f ?
Q,

. Q
?
114 (. 1978)

, ,
1, , 2 R,
( ) fA fB , ,
. ,
.
115 (. . -, 1982)

60
Q. Q,
,

.
116 (. . -,

,

,
,
. D

f.
1982)

, ,

D,
. - 45.
B , = 4

117 (. . -,

1983)


1 r,

2.

Q,

; b = r,
;

118 (. . -,

0,8

,

l = 2r,
.


- f

2; .
1982)

,
,
1 2 G .
Q ,
.

119 (. . -, 1983)
r
G R; Q ,
. Q
?

0,005
.

f = 0,1.

121 (. - . .,

120 (. . -, 1984)
m = 500
.
: - 1 =
0,01 , - 2 =
-
,

.
1985)



( ) f,

, ,
Q, ?
R .

122 (. - .

., 1983)

.
, 1.

123 (. - .

., 1987)

,
Q.
,


R. .
, ,
Q

f,

.
124 (. - . ., 1987)

BED O
D P
R.
= 60o , = 30
. ,
.
f1 f2,
.
.

m1.
O1B ,
= 30, = O1 = l.

?
AK = l. .
126 (. - .

m.
F,

125 (. - . ., 1984)


m2,
, = 90,
.
F,
= l 2 ,
., 1985)
O, , , , D, - .
D
O, D = , = .
D
?

127 (. - .

., 1987)

BE
. E
,
D

yA, xD;
,

D
, -
P.

= 20 ; m1 = m2 =
= 120 .
, .

128

(. - . ., 1988)


m l

ABCD,

1 C2;
.

,
. , .
129 (. - . .,

1988)

, .
1 , ,
D .

130 (. - . ., 1989)

6 , Fi,
.

131 (. - . ., 1989)
R .
M OZ,
O, ,
f ?

132 (. - . ., 1989)

-

Q r.

.

P =

,
min ?


min min .

133 (. - . .,
O1A
.

.
.
134 (. - . -

1
Q.
8

1989)

O2B R r
- , Q, p.
,

., 1989)

R ,
,
.
r .
. .
135 (. - . ., 1989)

,
.
-
,

P3 = 2 , , .

1 = 1,5 , 2 = 1 ,

136 (. - . ., 1989)
2Q r,
, . , ,
. , ,
. , .
.

137 (. - . ., 1988)
F Q. F .
Q, .

138 (. . -., 1987)


f =
139 (. .

, = 30
0,15? . = 0?
-, 1986)

D
-
. -,

.

140 (. . -, 1986)

.
.
R.

C141

(. . -, 1986)

R
- r ? f. .
142 (. . -, 1985)
1 1

,
, R.
f, r = R/2. P2 ?

143 (. . -,

1985)

h
, 10,
? :
.

f - ; - -

144 (. . -, 1985)

,
f = 0,2?

?
?
145 (. . -, 1987)

30 , ,
, .
. - -.
. -,
.

146 (. . -, 1983)

=

,
. .
.

= b .
,
147** (, 1992. 4 )

AB = l P


f < 1,
.
, D. ,
. ,
, P = 2cl.

** 147 - 154 .
. . , . . , . . , . . .

148** (, 1992. 3 )

P2

,
FGHN

P1

G
B

Q


.
,

NH,
.
. , ,
AF = AB 5 = AE 10 .
C149** (, 1993. 5 )

,
,


,
0. : 1)
f ,
, ; 2)

,
. .

150** (, 1993. 4 )

ADBE P
AB = DE = 2l

.
, : 1)
- - ; 2)
, D
Pl 5 2 . , .
151** (, 1994. 5 )

,
, ,
, -
, .

P1 = 1 , P2 = 2 .
A ,
f1 =0,2,
f2 = 0,15. = 60.

,
,
.

152** (, 1994. 3 )
a b

AD, BF, CH. ,
x, y ,
x. , tg = b / 2 a .

z
F

b
B

A
X
153** (, 1995. 4 )

. B
f =

P r

3 15 .

= 60o. BD 8r,
. F = 2P.
? ?
154** (, 1995. 4 )
ABCDEH
AB = CD = 4l AE = DE = l AED = 2

EG. ,
EG .

. ,
AD = 15o .

155*** (, 1996. 3 )
, n ,
.
, Q, . ( >
Qsin). ,
. .

n
n

n-1
1

n-1

*** 155 - 166 . . . , . . , . . .


156*** (, 1996. 4 )

,
.

f.

157*** (, 1997. 3


-
D.
,

.
?

158*** (. 1997. )

, . 2 .
,
159*** (, 1998. 5 )


,
f?

: l, 2l, 2,
. ,
. ,
, = l ( - ).

160*** (, 1998. 6 )

l ,
.

( < l).
f.
l
?



161*** (, 1999. 3 )

,
b, Q
.
,
. ,
.
162*** (, 1999. 5 )

, ,
. , l,
, r.
= 2. ,

f,
.

C163*** (, 2000. 5 )
2r
r r.
,
.
.

C164*** (, 2000. 5 )

.
xAy f,
z.
xAz. f
30? ,

,
A .
165*** (, 2001. 5 )
R
, . ,
f (f < 1).

.
166*** (, 2001. 6 )
a, b Q
f.
,
( 0 / 2 ) ? .

C 167**** (, , 2000. 3 )*
n mk xk, yk, zk, k = 1 n.
Q: Fk =f mk M k Q , f - . Q,
, .
168**** (, , 2000. 4 )
2P , .
f. -
, 45 . ( x).
, f x ,
?

**** 167 - 170 . . . , . . , .


. .

169**** ( - , , 2001. 6 )

,
() D. OD DA,
. =
2l.
170**** ( - , , 2001. 6 )

m .
. .

171**** (, 1992. 4 )
ABCD, ,
, . BC CD
--, .
= BD = b, .
172 (, 1992. 6 )
-

(
), = = r.

m = M 3
F,
.

30

173 (, 1993. 4 )

.
,

F,

174 (, 1993. 6

SABC
P ,



. S
,
? .
)


3, 4 F, Q. F
,
CK; BD = DC = BC = a;
.

1, 2,

CD
Q DE
CK = CN. Q
.

175 (, 1995. 4 )
1 2
, f. ,
. 2. 1
.
176 (, 1995. 3 )

1 2

, = l, BD =
EC = CK = KB ACB = 60.

f. Q

D, ,
? S
.

BD

1,5l, AE =

177 (, 1995. 5 )
= 4 ,
, - , - .
CD KL . 1
z, 2 30. 2 F = 2 ,
, - m , ON m = 2 a , - .
OA = OB = = AN = BE = AD = OK = OC = a (), KL - z KL OL,
OL || AN.
(-) CD KL.

178 (, 1996. 4 )
r
R, .
,

. R, .

179 (, 1996. 3 )
F
M 1, M 2 , M 3 , M 4 . , O1A = l, O2 B = 2l, CD = 1,5l. M 4
.

30

180 ( , 1993. 5 )
2

1 R Q, 2 , .
, 2 f.
P 2, 1?

178.

1:

X
Y

= 0,

= 0,

N 1 cos 60 o N 2 cos 60 o = 0;

N 1 cos 30 o + N 2 cos 30 o P = 0;

N1 = N 2 .

N1 = N 2 =

P
3

= N 1.

2:

X 1 = 0,

P sin N 3 cos N 1 cos 60 o + = 0 .


N 3 = 0.
P sin

sin =

P
3

7
;
14

cos 60 o + = 0 tg =

R =r+

3
,
9

r
= r 1 + 2 7 6,3r.
sin

: R < 6,3r.

179.

A = 0.

M 11 M 2 2 + M 3 3 + M 4 4 + FS D = 0.
AB - ,
3 = 0.
() CD D,
S D = 0.
S A = S B = S C = S
S A = 1l,

S B = 2 2 l,
M1

180.

S C = 4

S
S
S
M 2
+M 4
= 0.
l
2l
1,5l

M4 =

3
(M 2 2M 1 ).
4

3l
;
2

mC

= 0; M N 1 F 2 R = 0;
N 1 = Q, F = Pf ; M Q Pf 2 R = 0 P =

x = 0;

M Q
.
2 fR

F1 F = 0; Qf 1 Pf = 0 f1

Pf
.
Q

: P = (M Q ) / 2 fR , f1 Pf / Q

1. tg / 2 f .

2. = (M cos 2 ) /( ca ) .

3. f Q /( P + 2Q ) .

4. Ya = ( P + Q )tg / 2 .

5.

M 2 min = ( aM 1 ) /( a sin + fr cos ) .


6. lmax = 3,3a (1 + f ) .
7. M = ( Pl ) /((cos + f sin ) cos ) .
8. , L - , S - ,
- . 9. S = P / 2 . 10. max = 2arctg f . f O min = fQ 1 /(Q1 + Q 2 ) . 11.
m X = m1 A1 / R1 + m 2 A2 / R 2 ; mY = m1B1 / R1 + m 2 B 2 / R 2 ;

m Z = m1C1 / R1 + m 2 C 2 / R 2 , R1 = A12 + B12 + C12 ;

R 2 = A22 + B 22 + C 22 . , m1 m2

(). 12. = arctg ( 3 / 9 ) . 13. h H (1 f 2 / 4 ) .


14. DQ (sin cos / R ) / d < P < DQ (sin + cos / R ) /d.
15. l = Q ( R + r ) /( 4 c Rr ) .

16. M0, MA, Y

= arccos( V a 2 + b 2 / 2 m ) .

17. = 1 = 0 = 2 = arccos( h / l 1 k ) ( k < 1);

= 1 , ( k 1 h 2 / l 2 ), k < 1 h 2 / l 2
= 2 . 18. T = P / 2 , q = P / 2 R . 19. Fmin = P / 3 2 . 20.
F min [ f 2 P2 /(cos f 2 sin ), f 1 ( P1 + P2 ) /(cos f 1 sin )] . 21. M o = 15 .

23. f tg ( / 2 ) .

22. M 2 / M 1 = ( b 2 a 2 ) /( b 2 + a 2 ) .

24. = 2 90 o .

25. x 2 / a2 + ( y a / 2)2 /(a / 2)2 = 1, 0 x a, 0 y a / 2 . 26.


tg = ( P1 P2 )(1 + f 2 ) /(( P1 + P2 )(1 f 2 )) 2 f /(1 f 2 ) .

27. M2 =Pl, RC = 2P / 3 , RD = P 13 / 3 , RE = 0. 28. P = bQ /( b 2 f 0 y ) . 29. M max = QfR , x A = 4 fQ / , x B = 2 fQ / ,


y A = 2Q / , y B = 2Q / . 30. Q = M 2 / 3l . 31. T = P / 4 + P sin / 2 .

32. F = M 3 / R . 33. M 1 = Pl 3 / 2 . 34. C min = 10 2 / , Pmin = 20 H . 35. P min = G cos( + 2arctg f ) . 36. 1

: ) 0 45 o ; ) 0 < < 0 , = 45 o , 0 = arctg f - ; )


= 0 - ; ) > 0 . 2 : ) < 45 o 0 ;
) 0 < < 0 - ; ) > 0 . 37. P = G / f , R A = 0
38. cos = 2 f /(1 + f 2 ) - ; cos > 2 f /(1 + f 2 ) -
.
39. P = Q 2 sin 15 o /(1 2 sin 15 o ) 1,073Q . 40. M 3 = 5( 3 + 1)lQ / 6 . 41. f r / l , G2 G1 ( Lr / l )( f l r ) /( l 2 + r 2 ) . 42.
= 4,5G / c .
43. = , N A = P cos , N B = P sin 44. sin = 2Q / P sin , x 0 = (2 aPQ cos bmQ ) / n ,
y 0 = (2 bQ 2 bP 2 sin 2 + Pam cos ) / n , z 0 = P cos , x D = (2 aPQ cos bmQ ) / n ,

y D = (2bQ 2 P 2 b sin 2 + Pam cos ) / n , m = P 2 sin 2 4Q 2 , n = 2bP sin . 45. S A = 5F / c . 46. N 2 = 2P 36Pl / 25r .
47. tg min = ( m1 + m 2 ) /( f (3m1 + m 2 )) 48. R = 5M / l . 49. tg K = 2Q / P /(2( n k ) + 1) . 50. tg > ( af1 + bf 2 ) / b . 51.
r r
M O R 0 - , R XZ = M A2 + M O2 / h .
52. b 6Rf / 1 + 9 f 2 ,

b 4 Ra / 4 a 2 + h 2 .

53. (P1X + P2X )(b1P1Z c1P1Y + b2P2Z c2P2Y ) +(P1Y + P2Y )(c1P1X a1P1Z + c2P2X a2P2Z ) +( P1Z + P2 Z )( a1P1Y b1P1Z ) = 0 . 54. c = mg 2 / l .
55. T = Mg / 6 . 56. R = 4F . 57. x A = 3 2 ( P + 2Q )ctg / 2 , y A = 2 ( P + 2Q )ctg / 2 , z A = Q , T CG = ( P + 2Q ) / sin ,
T DE = 2( P + 2Q )ctg . 58. f 3 / 3 . 59. f min = 0,4 . 60. a min = h / 2 f , Pmin 0 .
61. Pmin = G cos /(sin + 2 f cos ) , Pmax = G cos /(sin 2 f cos ) 62. S E = 2,4 P , S D = 2,1P , y A = 1,3P , y B = 1,2 P , P

AD. 63. M min = 0,75 Pr . 64. ( fan 2 + b ) /( n 2 1) x ( fan 2 + b ) /( n 2 1) , n > 1 , b = a f 2 n 2 + n 2 1 . 65.


1 = 45 o , 2 = 135 o . 66. x A = 0 , y A = 14 , M A = 32 H , R C = 2 H . 67. S 1 = S 2 = 0,4 2 .
68. ( M , ,
, M ).
69. x = ( Pl mg 2 )1 / P ( 1 + 2 ) . 70. nmin = 9 .

71. sin f cos Q / P sin + f cos , tg = x 0 . 72. Q X = 1,5 F . 73. F P ( f + h(2 R h ) /( R h )) . 74. f = tg .
75. y1(2R0 + k 0 ( y1 + y2 )) = 2P l02 y12 , ( R0 + k 0 y2 )( y2 y1 )) = P l02 ( y2 y1 )2 . 76. x B = x A = 17,2 , y A = 3 ,
y B = 9 , N C = 6 , M C = 89,5 .

77. sin( ) sin( + ) > 0 . 78. y A = 0,5P (1 ( a / l ) n ) /(1 a / l ) .


79. b = a 2 / 2 . 80. T = 2 P (1 1 / 4 n ) / 3 81. a + b + c = 0 .
n

82. L = a / 2 (1 / i ) . 83. 1) x > (2 f 1)l /(1 + f ) . 2) f = 1, x = l / 2 . 84. x C = 7P . 85. r = 2 a 2 4 aP cos / Q . 86.


i =1

l ( tg / f + 1)a + 2 b , tg f . 87. N = 4Q . 88. RA = RB = R C = P / 3 .


89. Q = P (sin + f cos ) /(sin + f cos ) . 90. tg f , tg / r cos . 91.
Pmin = G tg + Q cos sin(2 ) /(cos cos( + )
92. tg = (1 cos) /(3 1,5 + sin ) , tg 1 = (1 cos ) /( 2 + sin ) . 93. < 2arctg f . 94. F = 3T . 95. sin = 0,5 ,
T min = 4Qr / l .

96. f1 = 3 2 ( ) f 2 = ( 3 2 ) / 4 (

). 97. F = ( P1 + P2 )cg . 98. M = 29 . 99. . 100.


T = Qf /((1 f 2 ) cos + f ) . 101. 1) r > 0 , tg = 3 r 2 / 4( R 2 + rR + r 2 ) ,

( r R, 38,1o ; r , 67o ; r = 2R, = 53,6 o ; r = 0,5R, = 18,6 o ) 2)

r <0, tg = 3 r 2 (R + r ) / 4( R 3 r 3 ) ,

(r R, / 2; r , = 113o ) 102. cos = ( l + l 2 + 32 R 2 ) / 8R . 103. P = fQ /(1 f ) .


104. tg = af / l 2 a 2

105. . F 0,43N . 106. T = P / 4 . 107. h 0,2 .

108. Q min = P2 (2 a r1 r2 ) / a . 109. = arctg (1 / 4 f ) . 110. F = 3P . 111. cos = 3 a / l , N A = Q tg , N C = Q / cos ,

a l , QO = P / 2 tg 2 112. y A = P , x B = 3Q , y B = P , M B = 6Qa . 113. tg f ,

Qmin = P(sin cos + f 2 cos sin2 sin2 ) . 114. f A f B < f A +1, M > ( PR ( f A + f B )) /(1 + f A f B ) . 115.
f < 1 / 2 3 , Q; 1 / 2 3 < f < 1 / 3 ,
2 P / 3 3 Q 2 fP /(1 + f 3 ) ; f 1 / 3 , 2P / 3 3 Q P / 3 116.
x A = 2P 2 / 9 , y A = P 2 / 6 , z A = 7P / 9 ,
o

R C = 2P 3 / 9 ,

N B = P 2 /6 .

117. Q = ( R ( r(cos 30 sin 30 ) sin 30 ) P1 ) / r , R = P2 r /( f ( 0,6 r + 2 cf ) cos 30 o 0,5 r ) . 118.


tg = (2G + Q )tg / Q . 119. (GR + (G + Q )r r 2 (G + Q )2 R 2G (G + 2Q ) ) /(G + Q ) .

120. 1) P = 2453 ; 2) P = 2874 . 121. Q e


, R A = 1,384 P , R B = 2,268 P . 123. Q = Pf cos / 2 .

f ( / 2 + )

T Q e f ( / 2+ ) . 122.

124. f 1 = 0,576, f 2 = 0,812 . 125. m 2 = 0,5 m1 , F , = l 2 ,

AK = l, cos = 0,6 . 126. R O = m / 2 a, = 90 o . 127. Y A = 44 , X D = 32 3 . 128. = (2 m + M ) g /( c1 + c2 ) . 129.


T1 = P .
130. S 6 = 0 . C131. M > 2PR / 3 . C132. 1) = 30 o , 2) Pmin = Q / 65 , tg = 1 / 8 , 32,7 o C133. tg = 3 p / 8P ,
tg = 3 p / 8Q .
C134. OO 1 / OO 2 = 1,5 . C135. cos( AOB ) = 1 / 4 , cos( AOC ) = 7 / 8 . C136. Pmin = 4Q / 3 (1 cos ) , x B = 4Q / 3 ,
y B = 2(Q + 4Q / 3 (1 cos )) . C137. Q = 2 F . C138. 0,17 M / Pr 0,83 , f 0,175 . 139. (123456), (123457), (124567),
(234567)
140. R = r 2 P / sin cos , R ( R AB ), BC = AC tg 2 . 141. r f 2 R .
142. sin f cos P2 r /( P1R ) sin + f cos . 143. h < 10 f < 0,1 ( f > 0,1
). 144. 1) , 2)
, 3) ,

, . 145. x A1 = 3 3P / 8 , y A1 = P / 8 , x A 2 = 3 3P / 8 , y A 2 = 5P / 8 ,

x A3 = 0 , y A 3 = P / 2 . 146. N A = M / a 2 + b 2 , N B = Ma /( a 2 + b 2 ) , N C = Mb /( a 2 + b 2 ) . 147.
sin 2 =

1 f 2
; 2 .
2
2
1+ f

Q 2
Q P
+ sin ; z B = + P cos ; y B = P (sin 2 cos );
2 5
2 5
P
2
y A = P (sin + 2 cos ); z A = (sin + 2 cos ) . 149. f 2 sin /( 2 cos ) ; 1 = arccos( 2 / ) ( f min ) max = 2 / 4 .
5

148. x B = 2P cos ; R E =

150. R A = P , = 30 o .

f 1 (1 + f 2 tg )
151. F A = f 1P1 1 +
= 0,238
f
f
f
f

(
1
)
tg
1 2
1
2

152. A =

1
1
5
P, T B = P, T C =
P . 153. Q 3 = 12 P .
4
3
12

154. R A = 1,09 g l 3 . 155. tg k =


156. arctg
158. tg =

;
2f
2

(f
(f

2
2

2 Q cos
.
P (2 k 1) 2Q sin

.
2

)( e ) 2 f tg(e
1)tg (e
+ e ) + 2 f (e
1 e

157. = arctg 3 .
f
f

+e

).
)

159. = arccos(( 1 + 51 ) / 10 ) 160. a / l 4 f / 1 + 16 f 2 .


161. M = Pa / 2 + Q ( a b cos 3 / 2 ) . 162.

f > /r

4(1 / r ) tg 4(1 + / r ) . f / r 4(1 f ) tg 4(1 + f ) . 163. x C = 2 r cos 3 , y C = r cos (2 sin 2 ) . 164.


f = 2 /5.

165. P Qa / 2 h , P Q / 2 , P Qf / 1 + f

166. l max = 8Rf /(1 + f 2 ) , f 2 3 . 167. .

. 168. x = l / 2 . 169. l = L / 2 . 170. tg = M tg /( 2 m + M ) . 171. T = P


173. F =
2P1 + 5P2
6 3

b
4M
172. F =
.
a
r 3

P 6
. 174. Q = 4(M 1 + M 3 2M 4 + Fa ) / a .175. P 2 (1 2 f ctg ) P1 P2 (1 + 2 f ctg ) . 176.
3

Q ( P1 + P2 ) f , S =

2 P1
+ P2 Q 3 .
32

177. S1 = 2 .

1 . . . . 1. -., 1980. 172 .


2 . . . .: , 1986. 448 .
. . . .: , 1986. 480 .
3 / . .
. . . .: , 1983. 320 .
4 / .
5 . . . .: , 1978. 189 .
6 . ., . ., . . . .: ,
1987. 176 .
7 . ., . ., . ., . . / .:
, 1980. 210 .
8 . ., . . : . . : - . .
. -, 2001. 84 .
9 . ., .. . : F, 1998. 56 .
10 1987 - 1998 /
. . . . : i, 2000. 280 .
11 . : -
, 2000. 76 .
12 " -
" 1992 . : - , 1993. 32 .
13 " -
" 1993 . : - , 1994. 26 .
14 " -
" 1994 . : - , 1995. 32 .
15 . : -
, 1996. 56 .
16 . : -
, 1997. 68 .
17 . : -
, 1998. 72 .
18 . : -
, 1999. 90 .