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knnre ..pnpHana "apen - naypea1m o6eneacko npeHnn", a uac1noc1n,
nnue1cn: "anpay (Landau) ea aanpoanu (1908-1968) - qnsnk-1eope1nk, pok1op
qnsnko-Ha1eHa1nuecknx nayk, npoqeccop". "apHannan eapeckan anunknonepnn"
(nop pepakune nxanna nenoaa, oc1oa-na-ony, "ennkc", 1999) roaopn1, u1o
qaHnnnn anpay nponsouna o1 nasaannn ropopa a o1apnnrnn.
anLneune kpa1kne 6norpaqnueckne caepennn nouepnny1m ns payx1oHnnka
..yknna "aHme snaHenn1me nkpn occnn" (., "eue", 1999), c6opnnka .mxoaa
"1o aennknx poccnnn" (., "eue", 2000), c6opnnka ..aHnna "1o aennknx
yuenmx" (., "eue", 2000) n ns knnrn opm anpay-po6anueao "kapeHnk anpay
(ak Hm xnnn)", ockaa, 2000. s nocnepne 1akxe asn1m ncnonLsyeHme nnxe
yHenLun1enLnme nHena n knnukn.

ea anpay popnncn a coc1on1enLno eapecko ceHLe nnxenepa-neq1nnnka aanpa
Laoanua anpay. opn1enn ero 6mnn unpoko o6pasoaannmHn nkpLHn n ypennnn
aocnn1annk pe1e Hnoro annHannn. HanenLkoro Laa n ero c1apue cec1pm oqLn
6mna ryaepnan1ka-qpanuyxenka, na poH npnxopnnn yun1enn Hysmkn, pn1Hnkn n
pncoaannn. o epnnc1aenno c1pac1Lk Laa c pannero pe1c1aa 6mna Ha1eHa1nka.
konun1L rnHnasnk anpay ne ycnen - noHeuana peaonkunn, a nocne yc1anoanennn
a sep6apxane coae1cko anac1n a 1920 ropy noc1ynnn a aknnckoe koHHepueckoe
yunnnue, a 1922 ropy cpan aksaHenm a aknnckn ynnaepcn1e1, o1kypa a 1924 ropy
nepeaencn na qnsnko-Ha1eHa1nuecko o1penenne ennnrpapckoro ynnaepcn1e1a.
1927 ropy on npepc1aann a kauec1ae pnnnoHno pa6o1m c1a1Lk " 1eopnn cnek1poa
payxa1oHnmx Honekyn" n noc1ynnn a acnnpan1ypy ennnrpapckoro qnsnko-
1exnnueckoro nnc1n1y1a.
1929 no 1931 rop anpay naxopnncn a nayuno koHanpnpoake a epHannn, nrnnn,
Laeuapnn, npepnanpax n annn.
aH on ac1peuancn c ocnoaononoxnnkaHn noao kaan1oao Hexannkn, ns ko1opmx
caHoe cnnLnoe annnnne na nero okasan nnLc op.
" 1931 aosrnaann 1eope1nueckn o1pen kpannckoro qnsnko-1exnnueckoro nc1n1y1a
a XapLkoae. 1934 npncaonna eHy c1enenL pok1opa qnsnko-Ha1eHa1nuecknx
nayk 6es saun1m pnccep1aunn. epes rop on yxe npoqeccop. naropapn anpay n ero
yuennky n copa1nnky arennk nqunuy, XapLkoa c1anoan1cn aepyunH nayunmH
uen1poH" ("apen - naypea1m o6eneacko npeHnn").
" o6uennn anpay 6mn ouenL epunc1mH, neyc1ynunamH n ao HnoroH neypo6nmH
uenoaekoH. Ho cnoaaH nns6ypra, "neppyroa y nero 6mno npepoc1a1ouno...". anpay
yaonnnn c pa6o1m "sa npo1acknaanne 6ypxyasnmx yc1anoaok a nekunnx" ("1o
aennknx poccnnn").
o a nauane 1937 ropa 6mn npnrauen a ockay, rpe c1an pa6o1a1L a nc1n1y1e
qnsnuecknx npo6neH y He1pa annum, a aecno 1938 ropa on nanncan aHec1e c payHn
HonopmHn qnsnkaHn nnc1oaky, ko1opan naunnanacL cnoaaHn: "oaapnun! ennkoe
peno k1n6pLcko peaonkunn nopno npepano..." ...ak nosxe npnsnancn anpay,
nnc1oaka npepnasnauanacL pnn pacnpoc1panennn 1 Han, no nonanacL na rnasa
HockoacknH ueknc1aH sa neckonLko nepenL po npaspnnka. anpene 1938 ropa anpay
n ero ppysLn 6mnn apec1oaanm.
He1p annua o1npaann nncLHo c npocL6o ocao6opn1L anpay nnuno 1annny.
1apancL onpaapa1L caoero noponeunoro, on npnsnaaan ero nepoc1a1kn: "...nepye1
yuec1L xapak1ep anpay, ko1opm, nonpoc1y roaopn, ckaepnm. n sapnpa n sa6nnka,
nk6n1 ncka1L y ppyrnx oun6kn, n korpa naxopn1 nx, a oco6ennoc1n y aaxnmx
c1apuea, 1o naunnae1 nenou1n1enLno ppasnn1L. 1nH on naxnn? Hnoro aparoa...".
("1o aennknx poccnnn").
non6pe Hecnue ..1annny nanncan nncLHo 1akxe n nnLc op. anpene 1939 ropa
anpay ocao6opnnn nop nnunoe nopyun1enLc1ao annum.
Hec1e c H..annue anpay npoaopn1 nccnepoaannn nonanennk caepx1ekyuec1n.
"aepx1ekyuec1L - koHnnekc qnsnuecknx nanenn, nHekunx Hec1o a xnpkoH rennn
npn ouenL nnsknx 1eHnepa1ypax, 6nnsknx k a6conk1noHy nynk. xnpkoH rennn,
oxnaxpennoH po 2,18 rpapycoa no enLanny nponcxopn1 ckaukoo6pasnoe nsHenenne
caoc1a..." ("anan oae1ckan nunknonepnn").
1o qnsnueckoe nanenne 6mno o1kpm1o H..annue a 1938 ropy, a naua1m a1n
nccnepoaannn 6mnn nH eue a aaenpnucko na6opa1opnn eH6pnpxckoro
ynnaepcn1e1a (nrnnn) c cospannn a 1934 ropy yc1anoakn pnn cxnxennn rennn.
1978 ropy annua c1an o6eneacknH naypea1oH "sa qynpaHen1anLnme nso6pe1ennn n
o1kpm1nn a o6nac1n qnsnkn nnsknx 1eHnepa1yp".
1940-1941 ropax anpay pa6o1ae1 nap cospanneH 1eopnn caepx1ekyuec1n xnpkoro
rennn n 1eopnn kaan1oao xnpkoc1n, nosxe saaepuae1 pa6o1y nap cospanneH 1eopnn
kone6ann anek1ponno nnasHm, npnnnHan yuac1ne a cospannn a1oHno 6oH6m a
.
1935 ropy coaHec1no c ..nqunueH cospan kypc qnsnkn, ko1opm
nepecHa1pnaancn n nepenspaaancn pnp ne1, sa nero aa1opm a 1962 ropy 6mnn
ypoc1oenm ennncko npeHnn.
1940 ropy anpay xennncn na onkoppnn (ope) po6anueao. "onLko nocne a1oro
on okasancn okpyxen yk1oH n annHanneH, ko1oporo ne nHen ponrne ropm caoe
xonoc1nuko xnsnn. oo6ue anpay 6mn ypnan1enLno paanopyuen k 6m1oamH
HenouaH, npexpe acero k opexpe n epe... onLko nocne caapL6m, korpa xena c1ana
sakasmaa1L eHy koc1kHm y nyuunx nop1nmx, on npnamk k popornH n aneran1nmH
aeuaH..." ("1o aennknx poccnnn").
ayunan pen1enLnoc1L anpay a nocnepykune ropm 6mna cansana c nc1n1y1oH
qnsnuecknx npo6neH annum. 1946 ropy on 6mn ns6pan pec1an1enLnmH unenoH
kapeHnn nayk (Hnnyn c1apnk unena-koppecnonpen1a).
aon aneua1nennn o6 ns6pannn anpay akapeHnkoH onncmaae1 ero xena: "apoc1n n
ne nouyac1aoaana. nepame n ncnm1ana c1pax ero no1epn1L. py1oH c1onLko Honopmx,
kpacnamx peayuek, a y Henn 6onesnL - Hon norn ne xopn1...".
40-x ropax aoso6noannacL npenopaaa1enLckan pen1enLnoc1L anpay.
"...Hou1n ace pa6o1m anpay nanncanm a coaa1opc1ae, a1o 6mna ero oco6ennoc1L;
npekpacno anapen yc1no peuLk, on c 6onLunH 1pypoH nsnaran caon Hmcnn na
6yHare. saec1no, u1o paxe 1e c1a1Ln, ko1opme amunn nop opnnH ero nHeneH, nncan
pnn nero nqunu..." ("1o aennknx poccnnn").
"Hepaoe pecn1nne1ne nocne aonm xnsnL HuanacL. ce cneunnn xn1L, naaepc1maan
ynyuennoe" n anpay noceuan pec1opanm, 1ak kak, no ero cnoaaH "6es pec1opana ne
ocaonuL kpacnayk peanuy". a u1o xena eHy saHe1nna: "m acerpa roaopnn, u1o c
neocaoennmHn peayukaHn nk6nuL xopn1L a knno". kapeHnk o1ae1nn: "nno1ea1pm
npoc1o cospanm, u1o6m aopn1L 1ypa neocaoennmx peanu! aH 1ak ypo6no nx 1ncka1L.
o neko1opme peanum ne xo1n1 a knno, xo1n1 a pec1opanm...".
Ho coc1onnnk spopoaLn, nocne aa1oHo6nnLno ka1ac1poqm, anpay ne cHor noexa1L a
1okronLH pnn nonyuennn o6eneacko npeHnn, npncyxpenno "sa
ocnoaononarakune 1eopnn konpencnpoaanno Ha1epnn, a oco6ennoc1n xnpkoro
rennn".
HoHnHo o6eneacko n ennncko npeHn anpay 6mnn npncyxpenm 1pn 1annnckne
npeHnn, eHy 6mno npncaoeno saanne epon ounannc1nueckoro 1pypa, npncyxpanncL
HepanL nHenn akca Hnanka, npeHnn nHenn pnua onpona.

anpay roaopnn (cH. aocnoHnnannn ero xenm): " pe1c1ae Hne o1eu nac1ounao
anyuan, u1o ns Henn nnuero xopouero am1n ne Hoxe1. 1ak 6onncn, a appyr on
okaxe1cn npaa! 1nH on Hne nspnpno nop1nn pe1c1ao. pec1an1enLno ouenL opnnok.
Hoppoc1koH 6mn 6nnsok k caHoy6nc1ay."
1eu - aanp Laoanu - " ropnm nnxenep amcokoro knacca", Ha1L - k6oaL
ennaHnnoana - "Hepnk - qnsnonor, anocnepc1ann npoqeccop co caonHn 1pypaHn n
nHeneH a caoe o6nac1n naykn". " ceHLe rnaanoro nnxenepa neq1nnmx npnnckoa
ropopa aky oneuka c1ana nannno pouko, a eayuka aceueno npnnapnexan HaHe."
- ay, a k1o 6mn aau o1eu?
- n sanypa. n n ceuac ec1L!
- ak sanypa?
- y, npoc1o ckyuneun sanypa, on naaopn1 1ocky
- aHy n ouenL nk6nk.
panee: " pe1c1aa ero no1nnyno k nayke. Honcky nayunmx nc1nn a qnsnke on o1pan
acero ce6n. 1 npnpopm on 6mn opapen Ha1eHa1nuecknH HmunenneH 6onLuo
cnnm...".
opa nanncana: "o o1eu yHep o1 1nqa a 1918 ropy. ne eue ne 6mno n aocLHn ne1!
6epnauncL a nannno cHep1n, HaHa (a1Lnna aanoana - ..) no1epnna cosnanne,
y nee ropnoH nouna kpoaL. na rop nponexana 6es panxennn. epm nauancn
npouecc a nerknx, a ape 6mno ue1mpe ropa...".
unnacL onkoppnn po6anueaa a XapLkoackoH ynnaepcn1e1e, na nocnepneH kypce
amuna saHyx sa ppyra pe1c1aa, no "uepes nonropa n c 1pypoH c1ana ero amnocn1L...
pacc1anncL 6es 1parepn... .
a amnycknoH aeuepe (1933 rop) a nnaepcn1e1e nosnakoHnnacL c anpay, ko1opm
yxe paa ropa npenopaaan na HexHa1e XapLkoackoro ynnaepcn1e1a. "n ouenoHnnn
nenocpepc1aenno ncnoc1Lk pe6enka n spenoc1Lk caoero Hmunennn, c1peHnuerocn
pas rapa1L 1anm npnpopm ny1eH cnoxneunx Ha1eHa1nuecknx poaopoa,
caoc1aennmx 1onLko eHy opnoHy, nac1onueHy nepaoo1kpmaa1enk a nayke. Hocnepnee
n nonnna Hnoro ne1 cnyc1n.".
Hocne okonuannn ynnaepcn1e1a onkoppnn pa6o1ana a uokonapnoH uexe
konpn1epcko qa6pnkn, u1o npnyunno ee pnn coxpanennn qnrypm sannHa1Lcn
exepneano rnHnac1nko. "ro cnoaa: "opyua, u1o Hoxe1 6m1L npekpacnee kpacnao
Honopo xenunnm!". acerpa noHnnna nx, onn nopxnec1maann Henn, nopnnHan pano
y1poH a noc1enn pnn nsnypn1enLno rnHnac1nkn, onn amaenn Henn na qanLunayk
popory, onn sac1aannn Henn nneaa1L na o6uec1aennoe Hnenne!".
ypyun a XapLkoae opa "ouenL xo1ena, u1o6m ay c1an koHHynnc1oH, a 1e panekne
Honopme koHcoHonLckne ropm y Henn 6mno 1aeppoe y6expenne: ane nap1nn, ane
koHcoHona ponxnm oc1aaa1Lcn 1onLko Henkne nkpnukn apope enLkn nqunua,
uyxpme naue coae1cko npeonornn. 1o 6mno a nauane 1pnpua1mx ropoa.".
ckope nocne snakoHc1aa na aonpoc: " noueHy am ne ac1ynae1e a nap1nk?", ea
anpay o1ae1nn: "enn ne nk6n1. enn ne npnHy1. roaopk 1onLko npaapy, n ne ns
nneHenn repoea, y Henn Hnoxec1ao nepoc1a1koa...". a1o cansn acnoHnnae1cn
anekpo1 aoennmx ne1, korpa nonn1pyk, nopnnauncL ns okona, kpnknyn: "nepep,
opnm!", na u1o paoe conpa1, oc1aauncL cnpe1L a okone, o1ae1nnn: "m ne opnm, Hm
nLam - ea onceeanu n ea onoHonoanu!".
"o apeHn caoero c1ypenuec1aa a XapLkoae o1 npnn1enLnnum n ycnmuana o arennn
nqunue. n ko1npoaancn kak amropnm xennx...". n 6mn cmnoH nsaec1noro
npoqeccopa - Hepnka, xnn a "unkapnoH oco6nnke..., rpe "kaxpan aeuL -
an1nkaapnan uennoc1L".
Hocne 1oro, kak anpay n opa no6maann a a1oH oco6nnke, na aonpoc o 1oH, kak e
nonpaanncn enLka, y ko1oporo anpay koncynL1npoaancn "no aceH 6m1oamH
aonpocaH", opa o1ae1nna: "aynLka, Hnnm, neyxenn 1m Hor koncynL1npoaa1Lcn y
a1o rnnpm, kak nyxno Henn nouenoaa1L?".
oHan npoponxancn nn1L ne1, noka anpay ne nosaan ee a ockay yxe a kauec1ae
xenm, xo1n po a1oro HoHen1a a aonpocax 6paka on npnpepxnaancn 1aknx asrnnpoa:
"Hpekpacneuee cnoao - "nk6oannua". no oaenno noasne, kopenL a1oro cnoaa
"nk6oaL". e ue1a 6paky. pak ec1L neua1L na nnoxnx aeuax!".
onkoppnn anpay 1ak onncmaae1 a1o co6m1ne n neko1opme npepuec1aykune eHy
pec1ann: "opyua, n ne nsHennn caon asrnnpm, no aepL n ne anpen 1e6n uenm rop.
ceuac kaxpm penL 6es 1e6n - a1o no1epnnnm penL! onpaapanne 6paky - Hm
6mnn nk6oannkaHn nn1L ne1 - connpnm cpok. n ank6nnkcL a 1e6n ace 6onLue n
6onLue. kope yc1panaa caon pena n npnesxa ko Hne a ockay, yxe kak xena!
a1oHy HoHen1y "on 1ua1enLno paspa6o1an caok caHyk "6nec1nuyk" (1ak on
roaopnn) 1eope1nueckyk pa6o1y n nasaan ee "ak npaannLno xn1L", nnn "paunm
nak1 o nenanapennn". 1o1 "nak1" npepoc1aannn nonnyk cao6opy, kak on nonnHan ee,
pnn ce6n n pnn Henn. ne Horna ckasa1L "ne1"..."".
peHenaHn opa coHneaanacL, 6oncL, u1o a ne cnpn1 "snoc1nm uenoaeueckn
npeppaccypok - peanoc1L". "poHe 1oro, 6mna eue opna nenpnn1noc1L: 1o1 caHm
enLka (nqunu - ..), k ko1opoHy, kpoHe npespennn, nenLsn nn1a1L nnmx uyac1a,
xennncn n naxanLno nocennncn y ay a ockae, a ero nn1nkoHna1no kaap1npe.
Hec1e c xeno n poHpa6o1nnue".
nesannm npnesp anpay a XapLkoa paspyunn ace coHnennn, 1eH 6onee, u1o ay
noo6euan: "ecnn 1e6e ne nonpaan1cn, u1o onn y nac xnay1, 1orpa y Henn 6ype1
npnunna nx amcenn1L... noka onn Hne ouenL nonesnm, onn Henn kopHn1...". Hepeesp
a ockay coc1onncn a 1940 ropy, a amcenenne nqunuea npnHepno uepes rop.
"orpa popnncn cmn, n oc1aanna pa6o1y. Henn na pykax 6mno paa Hnapenua. mn
poc, o6euan c1a1L aspocnmH, ny a aynLka 6mn aeunmH HnapenueH

1958 ropy o6eneackan npeHnn 6mna npncyxpena 1peH coae1cknH yuenmH -
epenkoay H.., panky .. n aHHy .. "sa o1kpm1ne n nc1onkoaanne aqqek1a
epenkoaa". norpa a nn1epa1ype a1o1 aqqek1 nasmaae1cn "epenkoaa-aannoaa
aqqek1" ("Honn1exnnueckn cnoaapL", ., 1980).
3aknkuae1cn on a cnepykueH: a1o "nsnyuenne cae1a (o1nnunoe o1 nkHnnecuen1noro),
aosnnkakuee npn panxennn sapnxennmx uac1nu a aeuec1ae, korpa nx ckopoc1L
npeamuae1 qasoayk ckopoc1L cae1a a a1o cpepe. cnonLsye1cn a cue1unkax
sapnxennmx uac1nu (uepenkoackne cue1unkn)". Hpn a1oH aosnnkae1 sakonnm aonpoc:
ne c1panno nn, u1o sa o1kpm1ne aqqek1a npeHnk nonyuae1 opnn aa1op n paa
nc1onkoaa1enn a1oro o1kpm1nn? 1ae1 na a1o1 aonpoc copepxn1cn a knnre opm
anpay-po6anueao "kapeHnk anpay".
"o1 n ..aHH, no "anne" anpay, nonyunn o6eneackyk npeHnk sa cue1 epenkoaa:
ay nonyunn sanpoc o6eneackoro koHn1e1a o1nocn1enLno "qqek1a epenkoaa"...
e6onLuan cnpaaka - epenkoa Haaen nekceeanu, akapeHnk c 1970 ropa,
unen 6kpo o1penennn npepno qnsnkn, eue a 1934 ropy nokasan, u1o npn panxennn
6mc1po sapnxenno uac1num a coaepuenno unc1oH xnpkoH nnn 1aeppoH pnanek1pnke
aosnnkae1 oco6oe caeuenne, npnnunnnanLno o1nnunoe kak o1 caeuennn
qnyopecuen1noro, 1ak n o1 1opHosnoro nsnyuennn 1nna pen1renoackoro cnnounoro
cnek1pa. 70-x ropax H..epenkoa pa6o1an a nsnueckoH nnc1n1y1e nH.
H..e6epeaa kapeHnn nayk ().
"ay o6Lncnnn Hne 1ak: "akyk 6naropopnyk npeHnk, ko1opo ponxnm ypoc1anaa1Lcn
ampakunecn yHm nnane1m, pa1L opnoHy py6nne epenkoay, ko1opm a nayke nnuero
cepLesnoro ne cpenan, necnpaaepnnao. n pa6o1an a na6opa1opnn pank-aHeneukoro
a ennnrpape. ro ueq - sakonnm coaa1op. x nnc1n1y1 koncynL1npoaan Hockanu
..aHH. ro npoc1o neo6xopnHo npnnnkcoaa1L k payH sakonnmH kanpnpa1aH
(ampeneno Hno - ..).
o6aanH, u1o no canpe1enLc1ay c1ypen1oa, cnyuaaunx a 1e apeHena nekunn anpay,
na sapannm eHy aonpoc: k1o nanne1cn qnsnkoH noHep opnn, o1ae1nn: "aHH -
a1opo".
"HonnHaeuL, opyua, ropL arenLeanu aHH ouenL xopoun uenoaek. ro ace
nk6n1, pnn 1exnnkn on penae1 Hnoro nonesnoro, no, k HoeHy 6onLuoHy coxanennk,
ace ero 1pypm a nayke cyuec1ayk1 po 1ex nop, noka n nx ne npou1y. cnn 6m Henn ne
6mno, ero oun6kn ne 6mnn 6m o6napyxenm. n acerpa cornauae1cn co Hno, no ouenL
pacc1panaae1cn. eHy npnnec cnnukoH Hnoro oropuenn a naue kopo1ko xnsnn.
enoaek on npoc1o saHeua1enLnm. oaa1opc1ao a o6eneacko npeHnn ero npoc1o
ocuac1nnan1".
Hpn npepc1aanennn naypea1oa o6eneacko npeHnn anne nr6an, unen Laepcko
koponeacko akapeHnn nayk, nanoHnnn, u1o, xo1n epenkoa "yc1anoann o6une
caoc1aa anoaL o1kpm1oro nsnyuennn, Ha1eHa1nueckoe onncanne pannoro nanennn
o1cy1c1aoaano". a6o1a aHHa n panka, ckasan on panee, pana "o6Lncnenne,...
ko1opoe, noHnHo npoc1o1m n ncnoc1n, ypoane1aopnno eue n c1pornH Ha1eHa1nuecknH
1pe6oaannnH"".
o eue a 1905 ropy 3oHHepqenLp, qak1nueckn, eue po o1kpm1nn epenkoamH a1oro
nanennn, pan ero 1eope1nueckoe npepckasanne. n nncan o aosnnknoaennn nsnyuennn
npn panxennn anek1pona a nyc1o1e co caepxcae1oao ckopoc1Lk. o no npnunne
yc1anoanauerocn Hnennn o 1oH, u1o ckopoc1L cae1a a nyc1o1e ne Hoxe1 6m1L
npeamuena nnkako Ha1epnanLno uac1nue, a1a pa6o1a 3oHHepqenLpa 6mna
npnsnana oun6ouno, xo1n cn1yaunn, korpa anek1pon panxe1cn 6mc1pee ckopoc1n
cae1a a cpepe, kak nokasan epeukoa, anonne aosHoxna.
ropL arenLeanu aHH, anpnHo, ne ncnm1maan ypoane1aopennn o1 nonyuennn
o6eneacko npeHnn sa aqqek1 epenkoaa: "kak npnsnaaancn caH ropL arenLeanu,
eHy kypa npnn1nee 6mno 6m nonyun1L narpapy sa ppyro nayunm pesynL1a1 -
o6Hennyk 1eopnk npepnmx cnn" ("1o aennknx yuenmx"). npnHo, cHenoc1L pnn
1akoro npnsnannn 6pana nc1okn y ero o1ua, ko1opm "ao apeHn eapeckoro norpoHa a
nnsaae1rpape... opnn nouen na 1onny uepnoco1enuea c 1poc1Lk n pasornan ee" ("1o
aennknx yuenmx").
"nocnepc1ann, eue npn xnsnn aHHa, na opnoH ns o6unx co6pann kapeHnn nayk
opnn akapeHnk ny6nnuno o6annnn ero a necnpaaepnnaoH npncaoennn uyxoro kycka
o6eneacko npeHnn." (opa anpay-po6anueaa).
Un1npoaannme amue o1pmakn naaopn1 na pnp pasHmunenn:
cnn 6m noHenn1L a a1o cn1yaunn Hec1aHn anpay n epenkoaa, ckasaa npo "py6nny
anpay", a1o 6mno 6m aocnpnnn1o kak nponanenne kpanero an1nceHn1nsHa, specL xe
Hoxno roaopn1L o anpay kak o kpaneH pycoqo6e.
kapeHnk anpay aepe1 ce6n kak yuenm npepc1aan1enL 6ora na seHne, peuan, koro
narpapn1L sa nnunyk npepannoc1L ce6e, koro nakasa1L.
1aeuan na aonpoc xenm: " 1m cornacnncn 6m npnnn1L uac1L a1o npeHnn, kak
aHH?", akapeHnk ckasan: "...ao-nepamx, ace Hon nac1onune pa6o1m ne nHek1
coaa1opoa, ao-a1opmx, Hnorne Hon pa6o1m yxe paano sacnyxnnn o6eneackyk
npeHnk, a-1pe1Lnx, ecnn n neua1ak caon pa6o1m c coaa1opaHn, 1o a1o coaa1opc1ao
nyxnee HonH coaa1opaH...".
oaopn 1akne cnoaa, akapeHnk, kak 1enepL roaopn1, neckonLko cnykaann, u1o 6ype1
anpno ns panLneuero.
eue opnn nn1epecnm annsop, onncannm xeno anpay: "ay, sa u1o 1m ncknkunn
ns caonx yuennkoa oaky eanua? m c nnH paccopnncn naacerpa? - a, n ero
"npepan anaqeHe". HonnHaeuL, n ero yc1ponn k pyHknny, ko1oporo cun1an uec1nmH
yuenmH, a npounoH y nero 6mnn xopoune pa6o1m. oaka cpenan npnnnunyk pa6o1y
caHoc1on1enLno, n-1o snak. a neua1n a1a pa6o1a nonannacL sa nopnncnHn pyHknna
n eanua, a eanua pyHknn npoaen a unenkopm. oaepunncn nekn 1opr.
pyHknnmH n 1oxe nepec1an spopoaa1Lcn...".
cnn nonm1a1Lcn coaHec1n1L annsop c amnyxpennmH coaa1opc1aoH no "qqek1y
epenkoaa" c nocnepnnH annsopoH pyHknn-eanu, 1o aosnnkae1 aonpoc, a ne
o6npencn nn akapeHnk anpay na "oaky" sa 1o, u1o 1o1 nonyunn saanne unena-
koppecnonpen1a ns pyk pyHknna, a ne o1 "caHoro" anpay? eH 6onee, kak
a1o anpno ns cpaanennn n ns npnaepennmx specL 1ekc1oa, anpay nnkak ne Hornn
aonnoaa1L npo6neHm noxnoro coaa1opc1aa.
anpay roaopnn: "...o1 korpa n noHpy, 1orpa ennnckn koHn1e1 o6nsa1enLno
npncypn1 ennnckyk npeHnk nocHep1no...".
"ay 6mna npncyxpena ennnckan npeHnn, korpa on eue ne yHep, no nexan npn
cHep1n. o ne sa nayunme o1kpm1nn. Hy pann a koHnanLonm enLky n npncypnnn
ennnckyk npeHnk sa kypc knnr no 1eope1nuecko qnsnke, xo1n a1a pa6o1a 1orpa ne
6mna saaepuena, ne xaa1ano payx 1oHoa...".
3pecL, opnako, 1oxe ne ace 6narononyuno. ak, ecnn acnoHnn1L, u1o npn nsyuennn
HapkcnsHa roaopnnocL o 1pex nc1ounnkax ero, 1ak n a a1oH cnyuae unpoko 6mnn
ncnonLsoaanm 1pn nc1ounnka 1eope1nuecko qnsnkn: nepam - n11ekep
"nann1nueckan pnnaHnka", nspannan na pycckoH nsmke a 1937 ropy, a1opo - "ypc
1eope1nuecko qnsnkn" .3oHHepqenLpa, 1pe1n - "1oHnme cnek1pm n c1poenne
a1oHa" 1oro xe aa1opa.

aHnnnk nacoaa .. (1908-1975), pok1opa qnsnko-Ha1eHa1nuecknx nayk, aa1opa
pncnepcnonnoro ypaanennn no 1eopnn nnasHm, 1pypno na1n a o6ueo6pasoaa1enLno
nn1epa1ype, ceuac a noao anunknonepnn nonannocL ynoHnnanne o6 a1oH yuenoH,
rpe-1o a ue1mpe - nn1L c1pok.
c1a1Le .oapoaa "anpay n ppyrne" ("3aa1pa" N17, 2000) aa1op nnue1: "
connpnoH nayunoH xypnane "nsnka nnasHm" 6mna ony6nnkoaana c1a1Ln aepyunx
cneunannc1oa a a1o o6nac1n ..nekcanppoaa n ..yxapse " nc1opnn
ocnoaononarakunx pa6o1 no knne1nuecko 1eopnn nnasHm". c1opnn a1a 1akoaa.
30-x ropax anpay amaepeno knne1nueckoe ypaanenne nnasHm, ko1opoe ponxno
6mno a 6ypyueH nasmaa1Lcn ypaanenneH anpay. orpa xe nacoamH 6mno ykasano
na ero nekoppek1noc1L: ono 6mno amaepeno a npepnonoxennn rasoaoro npn6nnxennn,
1o ec1L u1o uac1num ocnoanoe apeHn naxopn1cn a cao6opnoH none1e n nnuL nspepka
c1anknaak1cn, no "cnc1eHa sapnxennmx uac1nu ec1L no cyuec1ay ne ras, a
caoeo6pasnan cnc1eHa, c1nny1an paneknHn cnnaHn"; asanHopec1ane uac1num co
aceHn uac1nuaHn nnasHm no cpepc1aoH cospaaaeHmx nHn anek1poHarnn1nmx none -
rnaanoe asanHopec1ane, napnme xe asanHopec1ann, paccHo1pennme anpay,
ponxnm yun1maa1Lcn nnuL kak Hanme nonpaakn.
Un1npyk ynoHnny1yk c1a1Lk: "nacoa anepame aaen... nonn1ne pncnepcnonnoro
ypaanennn n nauen ero peuenne", "nonyuennme c noHouLk a1oro ypaanennn, a 1oH
uncne a nepayk u ouepepL caHnH nacoamH, pesynL1a1m coc1aannn ocnoay
coapeHenno knne1nuecko 1eopnn nnasHm", sacnyrn nacoaa "npnsnanm ace
Hnpoao nayuno o6uec1aennoc1Lk, ko1opan n y1aeppnna a nayuno nn1epa1ype
nasaanne knne1nueckoro ypaanennn c caHocornacoaannmH noneH kak ypaanennn
nacoaa. xeropno a Hnpoao nayuno neua1n ny6nnkyk1cn co1nn n co1nn pa6o1 no
1eopnn nnasHm, npnueH a kaxpo a1opo, no kpane Hepe, nponsnocn1cn nHn
nacoaa"".
" cyuec1aoaannn oun6ounoro ypaanennn anpay noHnn1 1onLko yskne cneunannc1m c
xopoue naHn1Lk.
pnako, nnuy1 nekcanppoa n yxapse, n ceuac "amsmaae1 nepoyHenne nonanenne a
1949 r. (nnxe no 1ekc1y .oapoa o1Heuae1, u1o a pec1an1enLnoc1n a1a c1a1Ln
o1nocn1cn k 1946 ropy - ..), pa6o1m, pesko kpn1nkoaaaue nacoaa, npnueH, no
cyuec1ay, neo6ocnoaanno".
epoyHenne amsaano 1eH o6c1on1enLc1aoH, u1o a a1o pa6o1e (aa1opm ..nns6ypr,
..anpay, ..eon1oanu, ..ok) nnuero ne roaopn1cn o qynpaHen1anLno
Honorpaqnn ..oronk6oaa 1946 r., nonyunaue k 1oHy apeHenn aceo6uee
npnsnanne n uac1o un1npoaaauecn a nn1epa1ype, rpe ypaanenne nacoaa n ero
o6ocnoaanne yxe qnrypnpoaano a 1oH anpe, a ko1opoH ono nsaec1no ceuac".
" c1a1Le nekcanppoaa n yxapse ne1 ampepxek ns nns6ypra n pp., a onn
nk6onm1nm: "npnHenenne He1opa caHocornacoaannoro nonn" npnaopn1 k amaopaH,
npo1naopeuaunH npoc1mH n 6eccnopnmH cnepc1annH knaccnuecko c1a1nc1nkn", uy1L
nnxe - "npnHenenne He1opa caHocornacoaannoro nonn npnaopn1 (kak Hm ceuac
nokaxeH) k pesynL1a1aH, qnsnueckan nenpaannLnoc1L ko1opmx anpna yxe caHa no
ce6e"; "Hm oc1aanneH specL a c1opone Ha1eHa1nueckne oun6kn ..nacoaa,
ponyuennme nH npn peuennn ypaanenn n npnaepune ero k amaopy o cyuec1aoaannn
"pncnepcnonnoro ypaanennn" (1oro caHoro, ko1opoe ceropnn anne1cn ocnoao
coapeHenno 1eopnn nnasHm). epL npnaepn onn a1n 1ekc1m, 1o nonyuae1cn, u1o
anpay n nns6ypr ne pas6npak1cn a npoc1mx n 6eccnopnmx cnepc1annx knaccnuecko
qnsnkn, ne roaopn yxe o Ha1eHa1nke".
.oapoa roaopn1, u1o nekcanppoa n yxapse.! "npepnoxnnn nasaa1L ypaanenne
nacoaa ypaanenneH nacoaa-, anpay. a 1oH ocnoaannn, u1o caH nacoa cun1an, u1o
napnme asanHopec1ann, paccHo1pennme anpay, xo1L n kak Hanme nonpaakn, a aepL
ponxnm xe yun1maa1Lcn, naunc1o sa6ma o6 oprannsoaanno anpay 1paane" nacoaa.
" 1onLko cnyuanan aa1oHo6nnLnan, ka1ac1poqa nsHennna cn1yaunk: nocne cHep1n
anpay a 1968 r. unpokan ny6nnka yanpena a cnnckax naypea1oa ennncko npeHnn
1970 r. nensaec1noe e nHn nacoaa...".
a1op npnaopn1 1akxe un1a1y ns anpay: "accHo1penne ykasannmx pa6o1 nacoaa
npnaeno nac k y6expennk o6 nx nonno necoc1on1enLnoc1n n o6 o1cy1c1ann a nnx
kaknx-nn6o pesynL1a1oa,! nHekunx nayunyk uennoc1L... nnkakoro "pncnepcnonnoro
ypaanennn ne cyuec1aye1".
.oapoa nnue1: " 1946 r. paoe ns aa1opoa pasrpoHno pa6o1m, nanpaanenno
npo1na nacoaa, ns6panm akapeHnkaHn, 1pe1n nonyuae1 1annnckyk npeHnk. cnyrn
nns6ypra ne 6ypy1 sa6m1m: nosxe on 1akxe c1ane1 akapeHnkoH n napopnmH
peny1a1oH o1 kapeHnn ayk ".
""
" : "
3pecL onn1L aosnnkae1 aonpoc: okaxncL na Hec1e nacoaa, ponyc1nH, 6paHoanu, a na
Hec1e nns6ypra, anpay, eon1oanua, oka, ponyc1nH, aanoa, He1poa, npopoa,
nekceea, 1o kak 6m nopo6nan 1paann 6mna 6m aocnpnnn1a "nporpeccnano
o6uec1aennoc1Lk"? 1ae1 npoc1o - kak nponanenne kpanero an1nceHn1nsHa n
"pasxnrannn naunonanLno posnn".
.oapoa saknkuae1: "... 1946 r. npepnpnnn1a nonm1ka 1o1anLnoro saxaa1a eapenHn
knkueamx nosnun a nayke, npnaepuan k ee perpapaunn n npak1nueckn nonnoHy
paspyuennk nayuno cpepm...".
pnako k 60-H n 70-H ropaH nonoxenne neckonLko amnpaannocL n okasanocL, u1o a
koHn1e1e no npncyxpennk ennncknx npeHn cnpenn rpaHo1nme nkpn: anpay
nonyunn npeHnk ne sa nayunme poc1nxennn, a sa cospanne cepnn yue6nnkoa, a
nacoa sa poc1nxennn a nayke!
o, kak o1Heuae1 .oapoa, "nc1n1y1 1eope1nuecko qnsnkn occncko kapeHnn
ayk nocn1 nHn anpay, a ne nacoaa". a1o, kak nk6n1 roaopn1L eapeckne yuenme,
Hepnunnckn qak1!
Hpn 6nnskoH snakoHc1ae c o1nouenneH akapeHnka anpay k uyxnH pa6o1aH,
amncnne1cn nn1epecnan pe1anL - on ouenL peannao n o1pnua1enLno o1nocnncn k
uyxnH nayunmH poc1nxennnH. ak a 1957 ropy, nanpnHep, amc1ynan na qnsqake
anpay sanann, u1o npak y1pa1nn nonnHanne 1eope1nuecko qnsnkn, a ero kpn1nko-
nponnueckoe o1nouenne k o6uenpnsnanno 1eopnn c1poennn a1oHnoro nppa,
paspa6o1anno ..aanenko, 1oxe 6mno unpoko nsaec1no a cpepe qnsnkoa-
1eope1nkoa.
3aHe1nH, HonL npak cqopHynnpoaan sakonm kaan1oao c1a1nc1nkn, pasann
penn1nanc1ckyk 1eopnk panxennn anek1pona, na ocnoae ko1opo 6mno npepckasano
cyuec1aoaanne nosn1pona. n naypea1 o6eneacko npeHnn 1933 ropa - sa o1kpm1ne
noamx npopyk1nanmx qopH a1oHno 1eopnn.

opa anpay 1ak onncmaae1 yuac1ne Hyxa a cospannn a1oHno 6oH6m: "1o 6mno 1o
apeHn, korpa ...aosrnaann a1n pa6o1m ypua1oa. n o6napan HoryunH 1anan1oH
oprannsa1opa. Hepaoe, u1o on cpenan, coc1aann cnncok nyxnmx eHy qnsnkoa. HepamH
a a1oH cnncke snaunncn ..anpay. 1e ropm 1onLko opnn anpay Hor cpena1L
1eope1nueckn pacue1 pnn a1oHno 6oH6m a oae1ckoH okse. on cpenan a1o c
6onLuo o1ae1c1aennoc1Lk n co cnokono coaec1Lk. n ckasan: "enLsn ponyc1n1L,
u1o6m opna Hepnka o6napana opyxneH pLnaona!". ace-1akn ay 6mn ay!
oryuec1aennoHy a 1e apeHena ypua1oay on noc1aann ycnoane: "oH6y n paccun1ak,
cpenak ace, no npnesxa1L k aaH na sacepannn 6ypy a kpane neo6xopnHmx cnyuanx.
ce Hon Ha1epnanm no pacue1y 6ype1 k aaH npnaosn1L pok1op nayk ..3enLpoanu,
nopnncmaa1L Hon pacue1m 6ype1 1akxe 3enLpoanu. 1o - 1exnnka, a Hoe npnsaanne -
nayka".
pesynL1a1e anpay nonyunn opny saespy epon cou1pypa, a 3enLpoanu n axapoa -
no 1pn".
panee: "oenno 1exnnko sannncn ..axapoa, n y nero nonyunnacL nepaan
aopopopnan 6oH6a na rn6enL uenoaeuec1aa! osnnk napapokc - aa1opy aopopopno
6oH6m 6mna npncyxpena npeHnn o6enn sa Hnp! ak uenoaeuec1ay coaHec1n1L
aopopopnyk 6oH6y n Hnp?
a, ..axapoa - ouenL xopoun, uec1nm, po6pm, 1anan1nnam. ce a1o 1ak! o
noueHy 1anan1nnam qnsnk npoHennn nayky na nonn1nky? orpa on 1aopnn
aopopopnyk 6oH6y, a ero pena nnk1o ne aHeunaancn! xe ao a1opo nonoanne
ceHnpecn1mx ropoa n roaopnna c opnnH 1anan1nnamH qnsnkoH, akapeHnkoH, yuennkoH
anpay: "kaxn1e: ecnn axapoa - opnn ns 1anan1nnaeunx qnsnkoa-1eope1nkoa,
noueHy on nnkorpa ne 6maan y anpay?". ne o1ae1nnn: "axapoa - yuennk
..aHHa. n, kak n aHH, sannHancn 1exnnuecknHn pacue1aHn... axapoay c
anpay ne o ueH roaopn1L, on qnsnk-1exnnk, a ocnoanoH pa6o1an na aoennyk
1exnnky".
1o xe nponsouno c axapoamH, korpa y nero nonyunnacL a1a snononyunan 6oH6a?
ro po6pan, 1onkan pyua napnoHnnacL, nponsouen ncnxonornueckn cpma. po6poro,
uec1noro uenoaeka nonyunnacL snan pLnaonLckan nrpyuka. c1L o1 uero nones1L na
c1enky. eue yHepna ero xena, Ha1L ero pe1e...".
XL ( LU)
opa nncana: "ak-1o n cnpocnna ay: "HoueHy 1m nnueuL caon 1oHa 1onLko c
enLko...? - "opyua,... npo6oaan c ppyrnHn, no nnuero ne nonyunnocL... korpa n
pnk1yk caon knnrn no qnsnke enLke, on ace 6ecnpekocnoano sanncmaae1. ro Hosr
- Hosr rpaHo1noro knepka, k caHoc1on1enLnoHy 1aopueckoHy Hmunennk on ne
cnoco6en... aopueckoro pa6o1nnka ns nero ne amuno, no on o6pasoaan, akkypa1en,
1ouen n 1pyponk6na, ns nero nonyunncn coaa1op. Hec1o sapnna1m n papk eHy caon
npen, eHy a o6uec1ae neo6xopnHo nHe1L caoe nnuo. naropapn ero noHoun n cHor
cospa1L xopoune knnrn no qnsnke pnn no1oHc1aa...".
3pecL peuL npe1 o nqunue .. (1915-1985),akapeHnke c 1979 ropa -
noc1onnnoH coaa1ope anpay. " noHouL caonH yuennkaH anpay a 1935 ropy cospan
ncuepnmaakun kypc 1eope1nuecko qnsnkn, ony6nnkoaannm nH c nqunueH a
anpe cepnn,} yue6nnkoa, copepxanne ko1opmx aa1opm nepecHa1pnaann n o6noannnn a
1euenne nocnepykunx paapua1n ne1..." ("1o aennknx yuenmx").
opa npoponxae1: "Hpn Hne qnsnkn (1ak ona nasmaae1 konner n yuennkoa anpay
- ..) roaopnnn y nac poHa: "ay, sa 1y pa6o1y, ko1opyk enLka ncnonnne1 pnn
1e6n, 1m 1onLko ponxen a npepncnoann ouepepnoro 1oHa ampaxa1L eHy caok
6naropapnoc1L - 1ak penak1 ace naun akapeHnkn, - a ne pena1L ero caonH
coaa1opoH. epL sa cao 1pyp on nHee1 ouenL ueppyk nna1y - 1aon npen! HpnueH
1akne, u1o, 1oro rnnpn, a unenkopm ckopo yropn1".
1He1nH: korpa 6ypyun akapeHnk - ..nqunu 6anno1npoaancn a unenm-
koppecnonpen1m , anpay npo1ec1oaan npo1na ampanxennn, no nqunu 6mn
ns6pan.
"1ypen1m qnsqaka a 1e ropm o kypce 1eope1nuecko* qnsnkn anpay - nqunua
roaopnnn 1ak: " a1nx knnrax ne1 nn opnoro cnoaa, nanncannoro pyko anpay, n ne1
nn opno Hmcnn nqunua"".
nqunu 1ak o6Lncnnn caoe Hnorone1nee co1pypnnuec1ao c anpay: "Hy 6mno
nenerko nannca1L paxe c1a1Lk c nsnoxenneH; co6c1aenno (6es coaa1opoa!) nayuno
pa6o1m, n ace 1akne c1a1Ln a 1euenne Hnornx ne1 nncanncL pnn nero ppyrnHn..." ("1o
aennknx yuenmx).
opa o npnamukax arennn nqunua nncana: "Hpnamuky konn1L penLrn arenn
nxanoanu ynacnepoaan o? caoero o1ua-Hepnka. orpa cmnoaLn noppocnn, nx o1eu
ckasan 1ak: "as "1oaapnun" ynnu1oxnnn y nac, apaue, uac1nyk npak1nky, cpenaa a
oae1ckoH okse Hepnunnckyk noHouL 6ecnna1no, Hon cmnoaLn c1any1 nayunmHn
pa6o1nnkaHn"".
:
- !!""
"#$ "% $&' &&-"% ("' !' )*+,! "#
"& &-. $ "! -' ""$% "
&-$ "&/

"ay acerpa roaopnn: "enLka ne qnsnk. nsnk ero Hnapun 6pa1 nLn"". "Un1npyk
cnoaa ay: "pnan1enLnan pasnoanpnoc1L 6pa1Lea nqunu. enLka yHen, on
xnsnenno yHen, no nnkakoro 1anan1a. 6conk1no necnoco6en k 1aopueckoHy
Hmunennk. nLn a xnsnn pypak pypakoH, co6npae1 Hapkn, ace apeHn c pe1c1aa na
noaopy y enLkn, no ouenL 1anan1nnam qnsnk. ro caHoc1on1enLnme pa6o1m
6nec1nun"".
"orpa anpay peunn, u1o nLn nqunu no caonH pa6o1aH ponxen c1a1L unenoH-
koppecnonpen1oH , on npnnoxnn HakcnHyH ycnnn n xapLkoackn nLn
nqunu 6mn ns6pan unenkopoH .
Un1npyk cnoaa onuneaa: "ak 1onLko 6mn nonyuen pesynL1a1 ronocoaannn sa nLk
nqunua, n nopouen k anpay n cnpocnn: "ea aanpoanu, na cnepykunx am6opax
Hm, aepon1no, 6ypeH ns6npa1L c1apuero 6pa1a nqunua?"
ea aanpoanu sacHenncn n ckasan: "e1, nekcanpp acnnLeanu, ao1 c1apuero 6pa1a
nqunua Hm nnkorpa ne 6ypeH am6npa1L a unenm-koppecnonpen1m ". ecnn
6m anpay oc1ancn xna, nqunu nnkorpa ne c1an 6m akapeHnkoH"".
Hocne nepeespa onkoppnn a ockay nqunum (enLka n enn - 1epHnnonornn
opm) npoxnnn aHec1e a kaap1npe anpay okono ropa, kypa perynnpno npnxopnn
ennn nayunm pykoaopn1enL a acnnpan1ype - anonop1. Hpo a1y cn1yaunk ay
ckasan: "...noka enLka naxopn1cn y nac naaepxy, enn annsy a a1o apeHn o1pae1cn
caoeHy nayunoHy pykoaopn1enk... enLkn n enn ouenL, ouenL kynL1ypnm 6pak.
es peanoc1n n 6es acnknx npeppaccypkoa. 1o n nayunn enLky, kak napo npaannLno
xn1L...".
opa anpay nanncana: "cnn 6m Ho Hyx 6mn cnecapL nnn uoqep, npn neH ne
coc1onn 6m ..nqunu, 1orpa a1oHy napasn1y noxnan1Lcn 6mno 6m neueH...".
"Honnyk nenpnropnoc1L k nayke ..nqunua en1aap (nposanue annum - cH.
paspen "ay - uy1nnk" - ..) snae1 npekpacno, 1eH ne Henee on ero a 1979 ropy
npo1aunn a akapeHnkn, no1oHy u1o on eHy nonesen, yHee1 c1on1L no c1oke
"cHnpno"...
an eccapa6 - nneHnnnnua xenm anpay a nocnecnoann k knnre opm nop
nasaanneH "L1pnxn k nop1pe1y opm anpay, Hoe 1e1n'" nanncana: "He1py
eonnpoanuy annue npnnncmaak1 qpasy: "epa ay a 1oH, u1o y ero noc1enn
cuennnncL pae 6a6m: opa n enn". 1o korpa nocne aa1oHo6nnLno ka1ac1poqm
nauanncL ckanpanm Hexpy xeno opo n coaa1opoH ay, arenneH nxanoanueH
nqunueH".
HonnHan, u1o apaxpa Hexpy opo n nqunueH nauanacL snaun1enLno panLue,
eccapa6, co cnoa opm onncmaae1 cnyua ns 6nennn ek coaa1opa Hyxa, ona ko1oporo
o6annnna a npncaoennn pener anpay.
- L
"ak-1o nocne aosapauennn a ennnrpap npn6nnxanocL nepaoe anpenn. o1pypnnk
nauero nnc1n1y1a ony6nnkoaan cao nayunm 1pyp. n1ak - a6cypp. Hnuy opy a
onenraren, u1o6m on pan 1enerpaHHy a nau nnc1n1y1 na nHn pannoro co1pypnnka c
pacue1oH, u1o6m 1enerpaHHa npn6mna a nnc1n1y1 nepaoro anpenn, c copepxanneH:
o6eneackn koHn1e1 sann1epecoaancn nayunmH o1kpm1neH 1akoro-1o. pouno npocn1
npncna1L ue1mpe akseHnnnpa pa6o1m, qo1o n 1.p. n 1.n. ecuac1nm "aennkn yuenm"
c y1pa 6eran qo1orpaqnpoaa1Lcn, aceH coaan un1a1L Hexpynapopnyk 1enerpaHHy
opa. HLnnm o1 cuac1Ln, c caHopoaonLno ynm6ko on saneua1maan orpoHnm
konaep1, korpa nopouepun k neHy anpay o6Lnann caoe xep1ae o nepaoanpenLcko
uy1ke" (nanncana opa).
npnHo, ycaona ypokn nyuuero ppyra, nqunu nk6nn nopuy1n1L nap ay, u1o
noueHy-1o ne npaannocL ope, ko1opan 1ak onncana opnn ns 1aknx cnyuaea: " opny
ns cy66o1 on, amnna nnunero, spopoao "nepernyn nanky" a caonx nancnnuannnx.
Hpoaopna roc1e..., nopne1ea k enLke, n napaaana eHy saonknx noueunn,
npnroaapnaan: "e cHe1L ns ay c1pon1L uy1a!"... ay ckasan: "opa npaaa. ne
1aon pypaukne uy1kn paano napoenn. enepL 1m ycaonn, napekcL, 6onLue onn
noa1opn1Lcn ne 6ypy1?"".
1o 6m ckasan a caoe apeHn uy1nnk anpay, nonyun on a pesynL1a1e caoe
"nepaoanpenLcko" uy1kn coo1ae1c1aykuyk 6naropapnoc1L, no 1onLko o1 Hyxunnm?
ena anpay onncmaae1 eue opny uy1ky Hyxa. HepamH co1pypnnkoH xnnoro kopnyca
npn nnc1n1y1e annum c1an nekcanpp ocnqoanu LanLnnkoa, ko1oporo akapeHnk
6paH caakoanu nnxanoa cnpocnn: "Lypouka, ckaxn, 1ao noam ueq, k1o on?
enoaek nnn cko1nna?" - "n - ken1aap. e c 1oro konua nopopeuL, nnrne1, pa eue
kak!". "nnuka npnnnnna. ce qnsnkn ace a1n ropm, roaopn Hexpy co6o o annue,
nasmaann ero 1onLko en1aapoH".
"a, en1aap cnac xnsnL anpay... o ecnn 6m caepx1ekyuec1L rennn cHor o6Lncnn1L
kako-nn6ypL nnoseHnm 1eope1nk, anpay ne amuen 6m ns 1kpLHm. epL o anpay
en1aap acnoHnnn, korpa ace qnsnkn Hnpa okasanncL a 1ynnke... ce a1o nncanocL co
cnoa anpay. a ppyroH Hec1e: "en1aap ec1L ken1aap! Honyuenoaek, nonycko1nna.
a1nH paano cornacnnncL ace aepyune qnsnkn oae1ckoro oksa.". s a1nx
amckasmaann anpno, u1o 6naropapnoc1L ceHLn anpay caoeHy 6narope1enk ne snana
npepena!
Hpn6nnxancn 50-ne1nn k6nne annum n co1pypnnkn aHec1e c anpay c1ann pyHa1L
o nopapke. " opnn ns 1aknx HoHen1oa k naH sauna nLra nekceeana 1eukan,
saHec1n1enL annum. nsnkn ee ne nk6nnn, nposaann 1epaeuko...", n ace
epnnopyuno npepnoxnnn - nopapn1L annue 6ponsoaoro ken1aapa na HpaHopnoH
nLepec1ane. orpa xe 1ako nopapok 6mn apyuen, k6nnnp npnuen a npoc1L, "on
neunenopaspenLno nponsnec: "ak am nocHenn!" n am6exan ns sana, cnnLno xnonnya
paepLk. 1eukan 6esnapexno ckncna. m xe c ay aoc1opranncL uepeapoH
nckycc1aa".
a saknkuenne onncannn annsopa cnepyk1 cnoaa: "en1aap ne ouennn uy1ky
qnsnkoa, caok xe uy1ky uennn ouenL. Hy ace Hoxno, a ppyrnH - ne1!". HoHnn1e
snaHenn1oe: "eH kyHyuek cun1a1L 1pypn1Lcn, ne nyuue nL na ce6n, kyHa,
o6opo1n1Lcn!".
"H R R"
"ro nornueckoe Hmunenne, onnpakueecn na ouenL unpokyk apypnunk, ero
npocnaanennm ynnaepcannsH a nayke naunn caoe o1paxenne n ao asrnnpax na
uenoaeueckne o1nouennn. 1ckpa 1eopnn o 1oH, kak npaannLno xn1L, n 6paunm nak1
o nenanapennn. eanoc1L nokyuae1cn na any1pennkk cao6opy, ynnu1oxae1
uenoaeueckoe poc1onnc1ao, peanoc1L - nopok, ne nHekun nnkakoro o1 nouennn k
nk6an. on ncknkunn a1o1 nopok nonnoc1Lk ns co6c1aennoro cosnannn" (. anpay-
po6anueaa).
"o1oan1L Henn k a1oHy nak1y on nauan eue a 1937 ropy, korpa nepeexan ns XapLkoaa
a ockay".
nepye1 o1He1n1L, u1o caoe o1nouenne k xenunnaH anpay cqopHynnpoaan eue
panLue. ak a 1932 ropy ao apeHn o1pmxa a onueao, korpa nosnakoHnnncL anpay n
Hon1pnrnn, nepam pacckasan Hon1pnrnny o caoe noppaspenennn xenunn na nn1L
knaccoa, ko1opoe Hon1pnrnn, 6ypyun nopHanLnmH uenoaekoH, ne cHor acnoHnn1L a
caoeH nsneonncannn.
"aok 1eopnk "kak npaannLno c1pon1L Hyxunne caok nnunyk xnsnL" ay cun1an
ampakuecn 1eopne..."
"Houen a1opo rop, kak n c1ana xeno ay. n ace 1ak xe a Henn ank6nen, ace 1ak
xe o6euae1, u1o ckopo saaepe1 noamx nk6oannu..., on roaopnn: "...e6e nnuero ne
c1on1 saaec1n nk6oannkoa... ak Hano y 1e6n 1akoro aennkoro uyac1aa? Xaa1ae1
1onLko na opnoro sakonnoro Hyxa? 1o, opyuka, uyuL! mno npoc1n1enLno, korpa Hm
6mnn nk6oannkaHn... HocnyuaeuL 1e6n, npnpeuL npoc1o a yxac. 1o 6m penann
6epnme Hyxunnm, ecnn 6m ace xenm 6mnn aepnmHn ?!...".
14 nknn 1946 ropa a ceHLe anpay popnncn HanLunk - ropL. ue po poxpennn
pe6enka,, qak1nueckn, aouen a xnsnL 6paunm nak1 o nenanapennn, ko1opm
npepoc1aannn Hyxy n xene paanme npaaa a am6ope, kak 1enepL 6m ckasann,
cekcyanLnmx nap1nepoa. Hak1, sanpeuakun peanoc1L n aaopnun cnc1eHy u1paqoa
sa ne6naroxena1enLnme o1smam o caonx nk6oannkax n nk6oannuax. o, ecnn opa
u1paqoaanacL, 1o caepenn o 1oH, u1o 6mn korpa-nn6o ou1paqoaan ek anpay, a ee
aocnoHnnannnx ne nHee1cn.
ak nanncana opa o nocnepopoaoH nepnope caoe xnsnn: " npn6aako a aece, na
o1eunmx norax n npo6oaana xopn1L, 6mno nec1epnnHo 6onLno. nsnueckyk 6onL
npeopone1L Hoxno, no kak npeopone1L 1y any1pennkk nenc1oayk ueHnuyk 6onL a
ceppue, ko1opan amsaana peanoc1Lk. ace apeHn 1aeppnna ce6e: n ne nHek npaaa
peanoaa1L, oco6enno ceuac, korpa sa6onena, pasxnpena! aynLka ace 1o1 xe:
nerok, nsnuen, 6ecnpepenLno xnsnepapoc1en. n nHee1 nonnoe npaao nk6oaa1Lcn
kpaco1o Honopmx, spopoamx xenunn. kak on Hoxe1 aocxnua1Lcn n nk6n1L
npekpacnoe Honopoe xenckoe 1eno - a1o n snak!".
pnaxpm opa cnpocnna Hyxa: "1o a1o sa peanua 6mna y 1e6n?" - "! 1o c papno.
na npnuna 6pa1L y Henn nn1epaLk. Ho1oH e c1ano xapko, ona nonpocnna
pacc1erny1L e nnqunk n 1ak nerko, 6es acnknx npoaonouek o1panacL Hne".
anLue xena anpay nnue1: "ce nosnae1cn a cpaanennn. orpa nonannacL epa, n
6mna 1pony1a 1ak1oH epoukn. epouka ne npnxopnna k ay poHo. n ne
nepexnaana Hyun1enLnme uacm... o korpa nonannacL a1a pnna m6nnkoaa c papno,
n c onospanneH ouennna poc1onnc1aa epm. epa ne nonLsoaanacL aanno, aena ce6n
1nxo. na 6es ckanpanoa xo1ena xenn1L ay. e nonyunnocL. ona c poc1onnc1aoH
amuna saHyx. pnna c nepamx noceuenn peunna amsaa1L ckanpan Hexpy Hno n
ay... ne nokasanocL, u1o y Henn aosnnkno 6pesrnnaoe uyac1ao paxe k ay".
o ay o6Lncnnncn: "on nk6nHan peayuka - 1m. 1o pnne n ne roaopnn cnoaa
"nk6nk". ne Hor o6xaHn1L peanuy, ecnn ona npnuna c uenLk o1pa1Lcn Hne".
"ay 6mn npaa: peanoc1L - a1o sno6nan xec1okoc1L, saanc1L n Hc1n1enLnoc1L 6es
npepena, peanoc1L 6mna a npo1naopeunn c "paunmH nak1oH o nenanapennn". nunan
cao6opa nac1onuero uenoaeka naunnae1cn y ce6n poHa!".
s pacckasoa akapeHnka aoe xene nocne ouepepnoro amxopa "a cae1": "opyua,
yxac! o6xaHnn peayuky... Hpepc1aaL ce6e, ouenL Hnnoanpnan peayuka. acon
nna1Ln Hnoro o6euan n 1ak kynL1ypno npnxnHanacL, nones sa nasyxy - nnuero ne1.
e 1o u1o Hano, a npoc1o nonL. y n o1 nee, kak o1 nryukn, yppan, ne nonpouaauncL
paxe. ceuac yrpmsakcL!...". Hpn a1oH "opyua" nnuero ne roaopn1 o 1oH, kak ona
y1eunna 6epnoro Hyxa.
o paspa6o1annm nH "nak1" anpay ycnnenno aneppnn n ceHLn popnmx n ppyse:
"HonnHaeuL, opyua, enLka Henn ouenL npocn1 opny koHna1y na paue. n 6ype1
espn1L paa pasa a nepenk co caoe 3nnouko (xeny naunua saann ene, qaHnnnn
3nnoukn - opo6eu - ..), nk6oaL a Haunne c1ana onacno...". a a1o opa
o1ae1nna: "...aynLka, a ne cnnukoH nn xnpno 6ype1 pnn nx ceHLn: 3nryu ene
(3nryu - Hyx cec1pm anpay - onn, a enn - ena nqunua - ..) y nac a
kaap1npe, a 1enepL enLka n opo6eu o6ocnyk1cn na naue paue? - opyua, a 1aoeH
ronoce uyac1aye1cn sno6noe unnenne sHen... oHy Hoxe1 noHeua1L npnesp enLkn c
3nnouko na paa-1pn uaca pasa paa a nepenk?...".
orpa ampocna pouL 3nryua n onn, ona 1oxe co caonH nk6oannkoH c1ana npnesxa1L
na pauy, no onn c o1uoH npnesxann a pasnoe apeHn. opa xe nanncana: "nna yepe1
- 3nryu npnepe1. 1o pena1L: acex nk6oaL, y acex poHanm, a n ponxna nx
o6cnyxnaa1L! Hne c1ano 1ouno!".
3a caon aospaxennn a coo1ae1c1ann c "nak1oH" opa 6mna ou1paqoaana na 1000
py6ne (ns ouepepnoro ronopapa sa knnrn), ona nanncana: "L1paq 6mn amcun1an
nonnoc1Lk. o ns6aan1L pauy o1 enLkn n ne cHorna... nonepenLnnk n ue1aepr
arenn nxanoanu nqunu ncnonnnn cao nk6oanm 1aneu y nac na paue a
osxnnke ne opnn rop.
- aynLka, npepc1aaL ce6e: enn amrnana enLknny 3nnouky, korpa 1a nanecna e
ouepepno ansn1. - a, o6 a1o narnoc1n Hne enLka pacckasan. o1 y enn 1oxe
Hnoro sno6noc1n. ak Hnno enLka ac1peuae1 3nryua n oc1anLnmx ennnmx
HanLunkoa, aepL korpa enn peunna ocaon1L n1k, u1o6m ckpacn1L ero opnnouec1ao,
enLka noHor ene. n1n npo6oaan conpo1nann1Lcn. o enLka eHy ckasan, u1o
nou1e1 sa uec1L yc1ynn1L eHy caoe 6paunoe noxe. 1nH nponanenneH ppyx6m n1n
aocnonLsoaancn n ouenL amcoko ouennn enLknn noc1ynok. 1ex nop on c1on1 sa
enLky ropo, cun1an ero caonH 6nnsknH ppyroH!".
ue opnn annsop, nHeaun Hec1o aecno 1946 ropa (cmn popnncn a nkne): "opouka,
n k 1e6e c ouenL npnn1no aec1Lk, ceropnn aeuepoH a paapua1L opnn uac n aepnycL ne
opnn, ko Hne npnpe1 o1paaa1Lcn peayuka! e ckasan, u1o 1m na paue, cnpn
1nxoneuko, kak Hmuka a nopke, nnn ypn... Hoxanyc1a, nonoxn a Ho c1enno ukaq
caexee noc1enLnoe 6enLe".
Ho1oH "Hnp n cuac1Le onn1L aouapnnncL y nac a poHe. op, paa, 1pn ay yxnnae1 poHa
c ppysLnHn nnn co Hno, 1onLko opnn pas a nepenk yxopn1. ne nn1epecykcL kypa.
1 cuac1Ln n pacuaena".
orpa Hnorouncnennme "noppyrn" ay cnpaunaann, kpacnaan nn y nero xena, on
o1aeuan kopo1ko : " copok ne1!".
ak nnue1 xena anpay, a opnn ns xnsnennmx HoHen1oa e saxo1enocL aos6ypn1L
peanoc1L Hyxa, korpa on ysnae1, u1o y nee nonanncn nk6oannk. 1o ne pano
pesynL1a1a, a ee npnn1enL xanoaancn, kak 1epnnc1 ny1L a nayke, korpa npo6naaeuLcn
1onLko nok1nHn. "aoeHy .. aonLro1no: y nero c1o npouen1oa eapecko kpoan, a n
eape 1onLko na 50 npouen1oa...", - roaopnn on.
KL ,
"ak-1o aeuepoH a konue aonm k naH sauen nnxannn, cenn yxnna1L. ay ackounn,
ckasaa: "p1kua, n 6onLue ne Hory nepenocn1L 1aoero kncnoro anpa!.. n1a ceuac
yxe a ockae. m e saonnn?" - "... appyr k 1eneqony nopope1 n1n?" - "n1n
cnpn1 sa ponneH n 1eneqonnmx saonkoa ne cnmun1".
3pecL peuL npe1 o Hn1pnn Loc1akoanue n ero xene nne, a ko1opyk nnxannn
(p1eH caakoanu, unen-koppecnonpen1 , akapeHnk pHnncko kapeHnn
nayk, 6pa1 akapeHnka 6paHa (6yun) caakoanua nnxanoaa) 6mn paano ank6nen, a
amnycknnuy nennnrpapckoro qnsqaka nny acnnLeany, 1enepL xeny snaHenn1oro
koHnosn1opa.
ac1o nocne a1oro cnyuan p1kua n n1a (ko1opan noc1ynnna na pa6o1y k p1kue)
saxopnnn k anpay, a ao apeHn o1pmxa ceHe anpay n Loc1akoanue na
epnoHopckoH no6epexLe, p1kua uac1o yaosnn n1y a ropm. " n1n? n1n nauen a
cana1opnn ponnL, 6mn acerpa okpyxen noknonnnkaHn caoero 1anan1a n npoc1o ne
saHeuan o1cy1c1ann n1m. nnxannn oprannsoaan nayunme akcnepnunn na nares n
c1an yaosn1L n1y a pHennk na neckonLko Hecnuea, npenopnocn e ace kpaco1m
pHennn...".
"Hpnexaa a ockay, n c 6onLunH oropuenneH ysnana o1 o6unx snakoHmx, u1o kpo1kn,
sac1enunam, npoc1o "can1o" n1n appyr o6napyxnn o1cy1c1ane n1m. n c1an
peanoaa1L n paxe 6yueaa1L, nsnnaan caon uyac1aa a Hysmke. osapauenne n1m ace
pacc1aanno no caonH Hec1aH".
eHLn anpay npoponxana ppyxn1L c Loc1akoanuaHn: "a ceHenmx 1opxec1aax
Loc1akoanue acerpa npncy1c1aoaann ay, n n p1kua. n1n nnkorpa ne yrouan
roc1e caonHn nponsaepennnHn... .
Hocne cHep1n n1oukn "uenm Hecnu npoxnn p1kua y n1n, 6epexno amxaxnaan
ero. x coepnnnna nk6oaL k npekpacno xenunne".
L ?
opa anpay nncana: " aockpecenLe, 7 nnaapn 1962 ropa, a pecn1L uacoa y1pa ns
nc1n1y1a qnsnuecknx npo6neH amexana noaan cae1no-senenan "onra". 3a pyneH -
napnHnp ypakoa. sapn cnpena xena ypakoaa epouka, a cnpaaa o1 nee akapeHnk
anpay. ay uennn ypaka (1ak on nasmaan napnHnpa ypakoaa) kak yuennka-
qnsnka, nopaaaauero napexpm. npounoH on amcoko o1smaancn o kpaco1e ero xenm
epoukn".
1He1nH, u1o epouke, kak nk6oannue akapeHnka nocanuena ne opna c1pouka a knnre
aocnoHnnann opm anpay-po6anueao.
7 nnaapn anpay co6npancn npnexa1L a y6ny, pnn uero on ponxen 6mn amexa1L 10-
uacoamH noespoH c aaenoackoro aoksana ockam. akanyne aeuepoH ero o6euan
poaes1n po aoksana ero ppyr n coaa1op nqunu na caoe noao "onre", no,
no6onauncL y1poH rononepa, arenn nqunu npepnoxnn anpay noespky o1noxn1L.
opa panee pacckasmaae1: " 9 uacoa y1pa ay yxe nosaa1pakan... 3arnnnya a
koHna1y..., ay ckasan: "a saonok a paepL ne amxopn, n o1kpok caH". 1o 6mn cnrnan
"c1on", "kpacnm cae1". naueH 6paunoH "nak1e o nenanapennn" 6mn nynk1 nonno
cao6opm nnuno xnsnn, nonno cao6opm nn1nHno xnsnn uenoaeka.
"Xopouo", - ckasana n, nopyHaa, u1o npnepe1 enLka c peanuaHn a Haunne. a1oH
cnyuae ay acerpa nopaaan cnrnan "c1on". 3aonok a paepL paspancn 1orpa, korpa Hm c
apnkoH (cmnoH - ..) saa1pakann na kyxne. epes neckonLko cekynp ay yxe
annsy...".
nocnepc1ann okasanocL, u1o anpay co caonH yuennkoH n ero xeno, a no
coaHec1n1enLc1ay, n nk6oannue akapeHnka, noexann na Haunne a y6ny!
Hoespka xe 6mna amsaana ne amcoknHn nayunmHn coo6paxennnHn, a neo6xopnHoc1Lk
"cnaca1L eHena" - "6mauero Hyxa nnoukn. na sa6pana cmna n yuna k ppyroHy, a
1oH xe poHe, 1oxe co1pypnnky y6nm". 3pecL neo6xopnHo noncnenne: nnouka -
pouL cec1pm anpay onn n 3nryua - nneHnnnnua anpay (cH. amue - paspen
"paunm nak1 o nenanapennn"). "... cHmcne naykn noam aosnk6nennm nnoukn ne
c1on1 paxe cnepa eHena. o..., napopnan Hyppoc1L roaopn1: "k6oaL sna, nonk6nuL
n kosna!". orpa nna npnesxana k naH, n e neopnokpa1no roaopnn: " keH ne
6maae1. y ank6nnacL, ny c1ann nk6oannkaHn. eHen - npekpacnm Hyx,
saHeua1enLnm o1eu". n, 6epnm, 1ak c1apancn ne saHeua1L a1oro poHana, on kak
kynL1ypnm uenoaek nH ne Heuan. eHen - Ho yuennk, peanoaa1L on ne nHen npaaa.
aonH yuennkaH n acerpa c1apakcL npnan1L kynL1ypnme asrnnpm na nk6oaL, na
xnsnL. o xena 1oro, k koHy yuna nnouka, sac1aa ee a caoe noc1enn, ne ocosnana,
u1o peanoc1L - a1o opnn ns caHmx pnknx npeppaccypkoa! na c HnapenueH na pykax
yexana k caonH popnmH a ennnrpap. nnouka cpasy nepeuna xn1L a kaap1npy noaoro
Hyxa. eHen xnae1 pnpoH, n anpe1L xeny n cmna c ppyrnH eHy okasanocL ne nop
cnny... apo cLespn1L, anpaan1L Hosrn eHeny...".
coaHec1no noespke na noespe a y6ny anpay poroaopnncn c ypakoamH (ypakoH)
- nk6nHmH yuennkoH n ne Henee nk6nHo ero xeno epouko. oo6ue,
npocHa1pnaak1cn nn1epecnme HoHen1m: ecnn y akapeHnka 6mnn nk6nHme yuennkn, 1o
6onee "nk6nHmHn" 6mnn nx xenm, nnn Hoxe1 6m1L nk6nHmHn yuennkaHn c1anoannncL
nocne "a1oro"?
Hoxe1 6m1L, opnn ns nk6nHmx yuennkoa 6onLue ne ampepxan unannnsoaanno
nk6an "na 1ponx", u1o n npnaeno k aa1oHo6nnLno ka1ac1poqe, a 6onLnnue xe
arenn nqunu kpnuan na ypaka: "6nua!". opa ao aceH o6annnna nqunua:
"m npepann ay... 1o am paspeunnn ypaky y6n1L ay!"
oxe1 6m1L, ace a1o 6mno ckasano a rneae, ace Hoxe1 6m1L.

yccku 1nnk1yanu-Rsaa1nuu cyc

cnn am xo1n1e aa1oHa1nueckn nonyua1L nnqopHaunk o acex o6noanennnx na ca1e,
nopnnun1ecL na paccmnky --> 0 % 1 $.