Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 123

Acronis

True Image 11.0


Home

Copyright Acronis, Inc., 2000-2007. All rights reserved.


Linux .
OS/2 IBM Corporation.
Windows Microsoft Corporation.

.
,
, ()
.
.
,
,

,
.


,
. - ,
\" ...\
( ).
( )
"" ( "Acronis True Image Home")
Copyright Acronis, Inc., 2000-2007. .
:
1. ,
, ,
("").
2. :
. , ,
.
.
, .
. .
. , " ."
. .
. ()
.
""
.

" ".

"" (
) " ",

,
,
( ) ,

, ,
, ,
.
"" - ,
, ,

,
.


.....................................................................................................................8
1.1
1.2
1.3

1.4

1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4

2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5

Acronis True Image Home .........................................................................8


Acronis True Image 11 Home ...................................................................9
.............................................10

................................................................10
.........................................................10
................................................................11
...................................................................11

...........................................................................................11

Acronis True Image Home.......................................12


Acronis True Image Home ..........................................................................12
Acronis True Image Home .......................................................................12
Acronis True Image Home ...............................................................................13
Acronis True Image Home.......................................................................13
................................................................................................13

3.

................................................................14

3.1
/? ............14
3.2
,
?.........................................................................................................................14
3.3
Acronis ........................................................................................15
3.4
...................................................................................16
3.5
3.6

3.7
3.8
3.9

3.4.1
3.4.2
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3

4.
4.1
4.2

5.3

Acronis ......................................................................................17
Acronis Snap Restore ...............................................................................................18

Acronis Snap Restore.......................................18


Acronis Snap Restore.....................................................................18
Acronis Snap Restore ..............................................................19

.............................................................................19
Try&Decide ...............................................................................................................20
DriveCleanser, .....................................20

Acronis True Image Home .............................................21


.............................................................................21
................................................................................................23

5.
5.1
5.2

.......................................................16
................................................16

5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.2.7
5.2.8
5.2.9
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.3.7

...................................................................................27
? .........................................................................................27
.........................................................................27

.......................................................27
...............................................................28
..................................................32
......................................................33
...........................................................34
...........................................................35
................................................36
......................................................................................36
............................................36

.......................................................37

..................................................................................................38
.........................................................................................38
Pre/post ..............................................................................................39
................................................................................................39
................................................................................................39
..................................................................................40
......................................................................40

5.3.8
5.3.9
5.3.10

6.
6.1
6.2
6.3

6.4

6.1.1

.......................................................43
Windows CD?......................................................43

......................................43

...............................................................................44
/ .............................................47

6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
6.3.5
6.3.6
6.3.7
6.3.8
6.3.9
6.3.10
6.3.11
6.3.12

...........................................................47
...................................................................................................47
.........................................................................48
/ ........................................................49
/ .........................................................................50
...................................................51
.............................................................51
.........................................................51
...............................................52
..........................................52
.............................................................53
...................................................53

6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.4.6

................................................................................53
..........................................................................................54
Pre/post-..............................................................................................54
................................................................54
......................................................................55
..............................................................................55

. ....................................................................53

7.
7.1
7.2

Try&Decide................................................................................56
Try&Decide ....................................................................56
Try&Decide ...........................................................59

8.
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4

8.1.1
8.1.2

......................................................60
...................................................................................60

................................................................................60
...................................................................61

..................................................................62
...................................................................................62
..............................................................62

9.
9.1

9.2

9.1.1
9.1.2
9.1.3
9.1.4

...........................................................................63
........................................................................63

.......................................................................67
....................................................................68
.....................................................................69
......................................................................69

...............................................................70

10.
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4

.......................................................................................41
..............................................................................41
............................................................................................42

Acronis........................................... 70

Acronis ........................................................................70
Acronis .........................................................73
Acronis ....................................................74
Acronis ........................................................................74

11.

......................................................75

12.

.................................................................................78

12.1
12.2

....................................................................................................78
...........................................................................................79

12.2.1

..................................................................79
5

12.3

12.2.2

13.
13.1
13.2
13.3

14.4

14.3.1
14.3.2
14.3.3
14.3.4
14.3.5
14.3.6
14.3.7
14.3.8
14.3.9
14.3.10
14.3.11

............................................................................88
.....................................................................................88
......................................................................................89
......................................................................90
..........................................................90
.............................................................91
..............................................................91
.....................................................................92
..................................................................93
..........................................................93
............................................................................94

14.4.1

..........................................................95

......................................95

15.1
15.2
15.3

...................................................................97

............................................................................................97
.........................................................................................97
..............................................................................98

16.

16.7

........................................................87

.......................................................................................................87
............................................................................................................88
..............................................................................................88

15.

16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
16.5
16.6

.............. 82

...........................................................................................83
................................................................................................85
..................................................................................................86

14.
14.1
14.2
14.3

WinPopup ......................................................80

...................................................................................................80

...... 100

............................................................................ 100
Acronis DriveCleanser ....................................................................... 101
.......................... 103
........................................... 104
.................................................................................................... 104
...................................................................... 105

16.6.1
16.6.2
16.6.3
16.6.4
16.6.5
16.6.6

............................................................................ 106
............................................................................................................ 106
................................................................................................... 107
................................................................... 107
..................................................................... 108
.......................................................................................... 109

............................................................... 109

.
.1
.2
.3
.4
.5
.6
.7
.8

......................................................................................... 110
................................................................................................. 110
FAT16 ..................................................................................................................... 110
FAT32 ..................................................................................................................... 111
NTFS ...................................................................................................................... 111
Linux Ext2 ............................................................................................................... 112
Linux Ext3 ............................................................................................................... 112
Linux ReiserFS ......................................................................................................... 112

.
.1

.................................................110

.1.1
.1.2
.1.3

. .................................................113

........................................................... 113

. .................................................... 113
. IDE. ............................. 113
. ................................................................... 114
6

.2

.2.1
.2.2
.2.3
.2.4

BIOS....................................................................................................................... 115

Setup................................................................................................. 116
Standard CMOS Setup............................................................................. 116
.................................................... 117
.......................................................... 118

.
.1
.2

.................. 120

............................................ 120
, Acronis ............................................................ 121

....................................................................122


1.1

Acronis True Image Home

Acronis True Image Home ,


.
, ,
, ,
.
, Windows,
Windows, .
,
, ,
,
" ".
Acronis True Image Home ,

, , ,
. - ,
,
.
, Acronis
Acronis True Image Home, ( )
,
, , ,
..
, Acronis True Image Home
.
.
Acronis True Image Acronis DriveCleanser,
/ ,
, .

, : ,
IDE, SCSI, FireWire (IEEE-1394), USB (1.0, 1.1 2.0), PC card
(PCMCIA), CD-R/RW, DVD-RW, DVD+R/RW, ,
Iomega Zip Jaz.
, Acronis True Image Home
(,
) , .
, Acronis True Image Home
,
, , .

. ,
, .
Windows XP
. ,
Acronis True Image Home ! ""

8

.
,
.

1.2

Acronis True Image 11 Home

Try&Decide Acronis
. ,
,
, ,
.
,
.
,
"" .
,
, , .

Acronis DriveCleanser,
, ,
,
.
8

. ,
Acronis Privacy Expert Suite. Acronis
DriveCleanser, ,
" ".


.
.
, .

.
,
( )
. , ,
,
,
.



Acronis True Image Home , . Acronis Acronis True
Image Home
,
. .

" " ,
. ,

, .
, .


, ()
.
9

,
. ,
, ,
.


,
, ,
.

.
.


, ,
.



,
.



( ).


Windows.
, ,
" ".

1.3
1.3.1

: Pentium

128

CD-RW

()

1.3.2

Windows 2000 Professional SP 4

Windows XP SP 2

Windows XP Professional x64 Edition

Windows Vista ( )

CD-R/W Acronis True Image Home,


/
Intel AMD, ,
Linux. Apple Macintosh
Intel,
.

10

1.3.3

FAT16/32

NTFS

Ext2/Ext3

ReiserFS

Linux SWAP

, Acronis True Image Home


.
1.3.4

FTP-*

CD-R/RW, DVD-R/RW, DVD+R ( DVD+R), DVD+RW, DVD-RAM**

, ZIP, Jaz ;

USB 1.0 / 2.0, FireWire (IEEE-1394) and PC card

* - FTP- .
FTP 2 .
, 20- 21- TCP UDP ,
.
** Windows NT 4
. Linux

1.4

Acronis True Image


Home Acronis.
,
,
Acronis.
:
http://www.acronis.ru/homecomputing/support/.
, Web- Acronis.

.

11

2. Acronis True
Image Home
2.1

Acronis True Image Home

Acronis True Image Home:

Acronis True Image Home.

: Acronis True Image Home.

, .

.
,
, CD.

ISO
( : 11
).
Acronis True Image Home .
Acronis True Image Home
(
Acronis Devices Acronis TrueImage Backup Archive
Explorer). ,
(. 13
).

2.2

Acronis True Image Home

Acronis True Image Home (.msi)


.
.
:

Acronis True Image Home;

12

2.3

Acronis True Image Home

Acronis True Image Home Windows


Acronis Acronis True Image Home
Acronis True Image Home .
- ,
(,
, . 3.4 ).
, ,
F11. Acronis True Image Home ,
.
,
(
), ,
, .
.

2.4

Acronis True Image Home

Acronis True Image


Home, , .
.
, ,
, .
Acronis True Image Home,
.
Acronis True
Image Home.

2.5

Acronis True Image Home ,


Acronis True Image
Home . .
Acronis True Image Home .

13

3.
3.1


/?

( ) ,
/ ,
/.

, .
-: Acronis True Image
Home (snapshot) ,
: , Windows, ,
, , .
, , , .
Acronis True Image Home ,
( ).
, (win386.swp Windows
98/Me pagefile.sys Windows NT/2000/XP) hiberfil.sys (,
).
,
. "
",
.
, (
), ,
(FAT), (Root),
(Master Boot Record, MBR).
,
( ), .

, Acronis True Image Home,


*.tib. .
,
, .
(. 13 )
.

3.2

,
?

Acronis True Image Home ,


.

.
,
.

.
,
.
. ,
14

,
.
.
,
"",
, .
, , ,

.
,

. ,

, . ,

, .
, ,

. , ,
, .
.
,
.
, ,
.
, .
, ,
, . ,
,
.
.

3.3

Acronis

Acronis - ,
. ,
. ,
,
. ,
, Acronis Snap Restore Try&Decide (
).
, ,
.
,

:


/
.

(
/ )
15

,
/ .


/ ,
.
Acronis .

, (. 9
),
. ,
. ,
,
(
Acronis).
Acronis,
, . 10 Acronis.

3.4
3.4.1

Acronis True Image Home


. , -

, Acronis True
Image Home .
Acronis , Acronis True Image Home
.
3.4.2

1. Acronis True Image Home.


2. Acronis (.

10. Acronis).

3. .
.

Acronis. ,
(. ). .
Acronis ,
.
! ,
(MBR).

,
. Linux (., LiLo GRUB)
( ) Linux MBR
, .

,
" F11,
" F11.
16

Acronis True Image Home,


. , :
6 .
! Acronis True Image Home
Windows. , , D:
Acronis True Image Home, E: Windows.

3.5

Acronis

,
.

.
. FTP-
. , , ,

,
.
,
, (, ),
.
,
. ,
, .

, Acronis ,
,
.
:

( ) ,
, , ,
FTP-.

(,
) ,


, .



/ .
:


17

, ,
, , ,
, , -
,
. , 50 ,
55 ,


.
, .
, , .

.
.
,
. ,
.


,
.
. ,
.

3.6

Acronis Snap Restore

Acronis Snap Restore ,


,
.
.
3.6.1

Acronis Snap Restore

1. Acronis Snap Restore


, Acronis (. ).

2. Acronis Snap Restore ,


Windows Vista. Windows Vista,
" Snap Restore" .
3. , Acronis Snap Restore ,
(.. /
).
3.6.2

Acronis Snap Restore

Acronis True Image Home.


1. , ,
.
. , ,
. , .
2. ,
. ,
18

,
.
3. ,
. , , , .
, ,
.
, , ,
10-20 ( ) 10
. ,
.
3.6.3

Acronis Snap Restore

Acronis Snap Restore ,


:
1. Acronis True Image Home.
2. Acronis (. 10.1

Acronis).

3. (. 3.4 )
Acronis True Image Home (. 11
).
4. Acronis (. 10
Acronis). /,
.
Snap Restore, Acronis True Image
Home . ,
, .
, , .

, CD
F11. (. 6.3 /
), Acronis,
Snap Restore .
.
, , .
, Acronis True Image
Home Windows. ,
, Windows .

3.7

, ,
.
: ,
( ,
).

( )
( ) .
,
- .
19

, .
,
, .
,
.
, ,
.
(, ,
.).
( , .),
( , , ,
.).
,
.

3.8

Try&Decide

Acronis True Image Home Try&Decide


, ,
, .
Acronis - ,
, .
-
,
Acronis True Image Home .
,
. ( : 7 Try&Decide.)

3.9

DriveCleanser,

Acronis True Image Home ,


, ,

.
, ,
, ,
. Acronis True Image Home
DriveCleanser, .

/ ,
/
. ,
.
. ,
,
, , Windows
, .
, ,
, .
.

20

4. Acronis True Image


Home
4.1

, Acronis True Image Home


. "".

.
,
.
( )
:



, "".
"
",
.

,
"",
, ,
.

-
, " ",
.

.
,
.
.

, ,
. "",
.
.

Try&Decide , ,
,

,
, ,

, ,


: , , , .

.
21

Try&Decide .

,
.

Acronis True Image Home.

, :

,
, /
"" "", /
.


F11

-> ,
, .

-> Acronis ,
,
( Acronis)

-> , ,
,

Acronis DriveCleanser

Windows

( )
, ,
,
e-mail/WinPopup.

22

,
Acronis True Image Home.

, .
,
, .
, .


. ,
, , .
,

. ,
Try&Decide.
, . ,
- .
( )
. ->
-> -> .

4.2

, /

->
,
, . .
: 5 .

, /

->
,
, . .
: 6 .

->
,

. . : 9 .

Acronis True Image Home

, ->
. . 12.3
.

/ ,
,

23

-> ->
.
. . 6.4

Acronis True Image Home.

-> -> .
. . 12.2 .

.
,
, ,

. . : 8
. 3.5 Acronis.

.
,
, ,

. . : 8 .
3.5 Acronis.

,
, ,

. . : 7
. Acronis.

Acronis (, ,
, )

-> -> Acronis


. ,
Acronis , . . :
10 Acronis.

,
,

-> , .
. .: 12.1 .
Windows,
.

-> ,
. . . 3.4 .

->
. . 12.1
. ,
24


Windows.

-> , .
. . 13.2 .
Windows,
.

-> , .
. . 13.3 .
Windows,
.

->

, . . 14
.

->

, . . 15
.

-> Acronis DriveCleanser


Acronis DriveCleanser
, . . 16

->
,
. . 16

Windows

->
,
. . 16

Try&Decide ->
Try&Decide ,
. . 7 Try&Decide

ISO-
25

-> ,
. . 11 .

26

5.

,
.

5.1

(,
)
,
.
.
() ,

. , ,
,
( . 3.1
/?).
,
.
Acronis , , C,
. ,
.
, , D.
( ) ,
, .
Acronis True Image Home :
(
)

( )
( Windows)
( Microsoft
Outlook, Microsoft Outlook Express Windows Mail)

5.2
5.2.1


.
1. , ->
.
Windows,

. .
2. .
, ,
, , Windows
COM+.
, .., ,
27

.
, .
.
.
,
.
. , ,
,
,
.
,
. , - ,

.

3. / , ,
( ),
. ,
.
Windows . ,
.tmp, *.tmp.
4. 5.2.5 .
5.2.2

: , , ,
. ( )
, ,
.
() ,
. ,
.

28

, ,
( ).
.
,
, , .
1. , ->
.
Windows,

. ,

, .
2. , : ,
, , . ,
, .

, ,
( ) .
, ,
,
.

29

, :
.
.


1. . .
, Windows.
, My???.exe .exe ,
my.
2. . .
,
.
3. . ...,

, .
30


, .
.

, . ,
,
.~, .tmp .bak.
,
, Windows. , .bmp,
*.bmp.

.
,
, . . 5.3.2 .

,
31

. , ,
.
Windows . ,
.tmp, *.tmp.
3. 5.2.5 .
5.2.3

Windows.
, ,
,
. ,
, .
.
,
, .
,
,
.

,
, .

.
.
- ,
()
1. , ->
.
,
.
,

,
. , .
2. .
.

32

3. 5.2.5 .
5.2.4

Acronis True Image Home


, Microsoft Outlook 2000,
2002, 2003, Microsoft Outlook Express Windows Mail.
,
, ,
. , ,
Microsoft Outlook
.
.
.
1. , ->
.
2. .
3. ,
.

33

:
, .PST/.DBX

Microsoft Office Outlook 2000, 2002, 2003

Microsoft Outlook Express



( Windows).

Microsoft Outlook Acronis True Image Home


IMAP- (Internet Messages Access Protocol) .
, ,
. Microsoft Outlook Express
, .
5.2.5

.
Acronis ,
.
(..
), ,
( ).
,
34

. ,
.

. .

, .
, , ,
.
,
,
.

"" , ,
. ,
. ,
, FTP- ,
.
Acronis (. 3.3 Acronis) (. 3.5
Acronis). .
,
. ,
.
FTP- . 1.3.4 .

5.2.6

Acronis,
: , .
/,
, .
(. 3.2
, ?).
35

5.2.7

( :
; ; ..).
.
.
, .
.
. 5.3 .
5.2.8

.
. .
,
.
5.2.9

.
, .
. .
.

36

, .
,
. ,
, .
, .
,
( ).
, ,
. ,
, . 5.3.5 .
, .
.


. ->
.

5.3

,
,
.
( )
.

37

5.3.1

.
. , ,
, ,
. , 8
( ),
. .
, ,
/ Acronis True Image Home

.
5.3.2

.
, .
, ,
.~, .tmp .bak.
,
, Windows. , .exe,
*.exe. My???.exe .exe ,
my.
,
. ,
(. 5.2.2
).
,
.

38

5.3.3

Pre/post

,
. ,

.
,
,
.
,
( )
.
,
,
( ).
, .
,
. .
5.3.4

.
,
, . ,

.
.
,
, , .jpg, .pdf .mp3.
.
,
.
5.3.5


,
.
1.
.

.
,
. , ,
.
, .
2.
.

39

(,
Acronis) -
, .
, Acronis True
Image Home .
,
.
3.
.

, Acronis True Image Home.
,
.
5.3.6

, ,
FTP- (
FTP-
2).
. Acronis True Image Home
.

:
,
.
,
,
.
FAT16 FAT32 4 .
2 ! ,
( )
.

,
. ,
.

, CD-R/RW DVD+R/RW: Acronis


True Image Home , .

,
.
. ,
CD-R/RW DVD+R/RW.
CD-R/RW
, .

5.3.7

DVD+R/RW


,
( , , ..
40

, : ->
). /
, , ,
.
,
.
/ ,
( , ).

( . . 6.4.5 ).
.

,
Windows XP, . (
: -> -> ->
).
, ,
. ,
/ , .
,
.
.
5.3.8

,
. .
, .
Acronis One-Click Restore ,

" ". ""
. - ,
, , .
,
Acronis True Image Home.

.
Acronis
True Image Home Acronis DriveCleanser,
,
Acronis True Image Home.
Acronis, , Acronis Disk Director Suite,
.
5.3.9

1.
.

41

.
.
/
,
.

.
, .
, ,
.
, ,
( , ),
.

2.
.
.

.
, .. OK
. ,
. , (, CD-R/RW
), .
5.3.10

1.
.
,
.
,
.
, .
,
, .
2.

.
,
.
,
.
,
.
, ->
.

42

6.
6.1

Windows CD?

(. 2.3 Acronis True Image Home), Acronis


True Image Home .
Windows,
. Acronis True Image Home CD
(. 3.4 )
Windows .
CD ( )
. Acronis True Image
Home .
.
.
Acronis True Image Home,
Windows. , , D:
Acronis True Image Home, E: Windows.
.
, Acronis
One-Click Restore. . ,
, Acronis OneClick Restore, . ,
, . Acronis One-Click Restore,
,
, .
Acronis One-Click Restore 5.3.8 .

6.1.1

,
Acronis True Image Home .
DHCP-
.
, ,
-> -> .

43

6.2

. ,
.
(. 13

(. 6.3 / ).
1. , ->
.
2. .
3. .
Acronis, , .

,
CD, , , ,
.
FTP-
2 . , ,
( )
. FTP- . 1.3.4

, , , ,
.. Microsoft Outlook
Microsoft Outlook
Outlook. Microsoft Outlook
, .

,
. , Acronis True Image Home
, .
4. .
5. ,
/ . ,

44

, "
".


.
, .
, ,
.

6. .
7. , /.
, ,
.
,
.
. .
8. .
9. , .
.

45

10. .
11. ( : ,
, ..).
.

. ,
. .
. . 5.3
.
12. ,
. ,

.

46


, .

, ,
, ,
.

13. .
, .
.
14. .
. ,
, .

6.3

() Acronis True Image Home


(),
. ,
().
(), ,
, . ,
, .
6.3.1

1. , ->
.
2. .
6.3.2

1. .
Acronis, , .

47

,
CD, , , ,
.
FTP-
2 . , ,
( )
. FTP- . 1.3.4
.

,
. , Acronis True Image Home
,
.
2. .
3. ,
/ . ,
/ ,
" ".

.
, .
, ,
.

4. .
6.3.3

1. , :

Snap Restore
/ ,
Acronis ( Windows Vista),
Acronis Snap Restore. ,
.
48

.
, , .
Snap Restore, Acronis True Image
Home . ,
, Acronis Snap Restore,
. , ,
.

.
,
Acronis Snap Restore.

/,
.

,
.

, ,
. (
) /,
. ,
. , :
, ,
. .
.
2. .
6.3.4

1. .
, .

49

2. .
,
MBR ( ).
, , .
MBR, .
6.3.5

1. /, .
, /
. , ,
.


, . ,
, .

2. .
3. , ,
, .
, , , ,
.
.
:
-
, ( ) .
- ,
, .
, .
,
!
.
, .
50


. 6.3.10
.
6.3.6

1. , ,
.
, , ,
,
.
( )
, .
Acronis True Image Home
,
, ( ).
,
, ,
. .
, .
, ,
.

2. .
6.3.7

1. ,
. Acronis True Image Home
: FAT 16 -> FAT 32, Ext2 -> Ext3.
, .
,
FAT16 . FAT16
, . , FAT16
4 , 4
FAT16 4
. FAT16 FAT32.
, FAT32
. MS-DOS, Windows 95, Windows NT 3.x, 4.x
FAT32 ,
FAT16.

2. .
6.3.8

1. ,
, .

.
, .
51

,

.
, -
( . 14.1 ).

2. .
6.3.9

1. Acronis True Image Home


. .
, ,
.
, Windows, ,
, FAT NTFS.
2. .
6.3.10

1.
, /
,
/.
,
.
(6.3.4) .
,
, .
2. .

52

6.3.11

( : ,
, ..).
.

. ,
. ,
.
6.3.12

.
, . ,
.
.
.
. , , ,
, , ,
. "" ,
.

6.4

,
> ->
.
(
) .

6.4.1

,
. ,
.

53


, .

, ,
, ,
.

.
6.4.2

.
, .
,

. ,
, , .
Windows .
, .exe, *.exe.
My???.exe .exe ,
my.
6.4.3

Pre/post-

,
.
, ,
.
,
.

,
( )
.
,
,
( ).
, .
6.4.4



.
,
. , ,
.
, .

54

6.4.5

, ,

, .
.
6.4.6

1. ,
, .
.
2. , Acronis True Image Home
. , ,
.


. ,
.
,
, .
, ,
( ,
), .

3. / Acronis True Image Home


. ,
.

/ Windows FAT16/32 NTFS.

55

7. Try&Decide
Try&Decide ,
( )
.
, ,
, .

. . ,
- .
, ,
Try&Decide. ,
. ,
,
Web-
.
, Web-
,

.
, POP-
, ,
, .
POP,
, .
.
.

7.1

Try&Decide

:
1. -> Try&Decide
Try&Decide .
2. Acronis,
Try&Decide (. 10
Acronis). ,
Try&Decide . ,
Acronis .
, - .
, Acronis
.

Acronis ,
20%
Acronis .
Acronis ,
Try&Decide .
, ,
.

3. Try&Decide:
56


,
.
, ,

. ,
.
, ,
.
... .

, ,

-
Acronis.
, ,
, .

,
.
Try&Decide: .
,
,
( ),
. ,
,
,
.

,
.
4. , . Acronis True
Image Home
,
Acronis.
, ,
Try&Decide, . ,
57

AcronisTrue
Image Home.

, ,
.
,
->
.

,
. ,

-> .
,
.

, ,
(
) .
, Try&Decide
, ,
.
Acronis True Image Home ,
. ,

, .
, ,
Acronis , .

, Acronis True Image Home
, .
" 5 ", ,
, .
, ,
, .

58

, .
, .
, Try&Decide
,
, , .
,
( ) Acronis
, Try&Decide
Acronis.

7.2

Try&Decide

Try&Decide , :
,

. Try&Decide .
:
1. , .
2. .
3. .
4. ,
.
5. ,
,
.
6. - , ,

. .
: ""
. ,

. ,
, ,
. :
1. .
2. .
3. , , ,
( )
, .
,
"" , .
Try&Decide,
.
4. , ,
,
. ,
, .
59

8.
,
, .
,
3.5 Acronis, .

8.1

,

-> ->

.
.

, .
8.1.1

()

(, USB-)

(, flash-),
BIOS ,

FTP-

, ,
FTP-.
, ,
.
60

,
, Acronis,
.

.
.
, FTP-, ,
.
8.1.2

:
1)
,
.
,
, .

.
( /)
( ),
. ,

. ,
.

2)
, .
3) ,
, ,
, , -
, .
61

,
. ,
.

8.2

,


-> ->
.
.
.
, . .
.

8.3

,

-> ->

.
.
, .
, .
, ,

.
,
. ,
.
.

8.4

,

-> ->

.
( ).

.
, Acronis True Image Home .
,
. ,
, .
. - ,

.
, .
62

, ,
,
. , , .
, ,
, ..

9.
Acronis True Image Home

. ,
,
.
, ,
, .
.
, , ,
, , .

,
,
-> ->
.
, .

9.1

1. , ->
.
,
, .
.
2. , :
. ,
63

,
8.
, Acronis True Image Home
.
Acronis,
.
, , Acronis True Image Home
.
3. ,
(. 5.2.1 5.2.4)
4. , .
,
.
5. - ,
(,
). . 5.2.6 .
. 3.2 ,

,
.
Acronis True Image Home 3 :
1)
2)
3)
()

. ,
(2) (3), ( ) ,
.
64

() ,
..
,
" " .
, , ,
, ..
.
, .
, , ..
, . ,
,
.
6. (. 5.2.7
5.2.8 ).
7. .
8. .

,
.
.

,
.

,
:

,
.
65


,
, .
,
, .


,
,
.


, .

,
, .
,
,
.
, .
.

.

9. .
10. ,
(. 9.1.1 9.1.4).
11. .
12. ,
.

66

,
.
13. .
, .
, . ,
.
14. , ,
. .
, Esc.
9.1.1

, ,
:

n- - ( ).

, ,
x .

67

, .
,
.
9.1.2

, ,
n- ( , ..)
, .

, .
,
.

68

9.1.3

, , ,
:

- .

... -
. , .

, .
,
.
9.1.4

, :

69

, .
,
.

9.2

, , ,
.
,
,
-> ->
.
, . ,
.
, ,
, .
-> ->
.
, .
.
. , , ,
, .
,
.
/ ,
.
, .
.
( ),
.
, ,
.

10.
Acronis
Acronis - ,
.
, Try&Decide.
(. 3.4 3.8 Try&Decide)
-> Acronis
. ,
. ,
.
Acronis ,
- .

10.1

Acronis

Acronis .
, ,

70

.
.
.
, .
1. , .
,
.
. .
,
. , 2:1,
. ,
, 10 .
5 .
7,5 .
2. , ,
Acronis.

3. ,
Acronis.

71

4. Acronis,
.

35 ,
.

, .

. , .
.
:
, .

5. , ,
,
72

,
, F11,
.
Acronis True Image Home
. ,
, ,
.

6. ,
Acronis True Image Home
F11.
.
7.
().
Acronis True Image Home .
.
, .
.
.
.

10.2

Acronis

1.
Acronis.
2. , .
, .
, -
.
3. ,
Acronis
.
4. Acronis,
.
Acronis,
. ,
.
.
,
, .
, .
5. ().
Acronis True Image Home
. .
, . ,
.
.
.

73

10.3

Acronis

1.
Acronis.
2. .

3. .
, , .
4. ,
.

10.4

Acronis

1.
Acronis.
2. , ,
Acronis. ,
.
3. .
().
Acronis True Image Home .
.
, .
.
.
.
Acronis
, ,
, .

74

11.
Acronis True Image Home
, . ,
Windows ,
.
Acronis True Image Home.
, ,
CD , ,
Acronis True Image Home.
Acronis True Image Home ,
.
CD-R/RW, DVD+R/RW, (
) ,
, Zip.

.

ISO-

Acronis, , Acronis Disk


Director Suite,
.
Acronis True Image Home
, .

1.
. ,
Acronis True Image Home,
Acronis Acronis True Image Home
.
2. , Acronis
.

Acronis True Image Home :


75

Acronis True Image Home

USB, PC Card
SCSI, .

Acronis DriveCleanser

Acronis DriveCleanser,
,
Acronis True Image Home.
,

. (nousb,
nomouse, noapic, ..).
.

,
Acronis.

Acronis True Image Home. USB, PC
Card SCSI. ,
. ,
- Acronis .
Acronis True Image Home
,
.
Acronis True Image Home ( )
( ),

.
, - Acronis True Image Home
Bart PE, Windows
-. Bart
PE . Bart PE Acronis True Image
Home Bart PE.
Acronis
.
3. (CD-R/RW, DVD+R/RW
3,5 ). BIOS ,
, , Flash-,
USB-. , ISO- .
3.5 ( )
(, Acronis True Image Home). ,
.

76

4. CD, DVD , ,
. ISO-,
ISO , .
5. (
ISO CD) . ,
.
.
, ,
, ,
Acronis True Image Home.

77

12.
12.1

, , .
(. 9 )
.
1. , ->
.
2. .
3. . Acronis
,
.
, Windows.
, ,
.
, .
.

4. .
5. , .
.
, .

.
, .
, ,
.
, ,
( , ),
.

78

12.2

30
. Acronis True Image Home
WinPopup .
, , ,
().
, .
12.2.1

, ->
-> -> :

, ,
SMTP- .
, .

,

79

SMTP-
, ,
.
, :

( ,
);

( ,
);

, .

,
, .
12.2.2

WinPopup

, ->
-> -> Windows Messenger (WinPopup):

IP- ,
.
, :

, .

WinPopup,
, .

12.3

Acronis True Image Home .


, ,
, .
,
.

80

: ,
- .
50 . 50,

.
,
. ,
. ,
.
,
.
.
:
,
, i
.
(),
- .
,
.
,
( )
( )
.

,
.

81

13.

Acronis True Image Home :
, /,
.

, .

, :

Windows
,

, :
, , , , , .
.

, , /
".tib",
/.
. , , ,
.
Windows,
.
, :

( )

Acronis True Image Home ,


. CDR/RW ,
.

82

13.1

1. -> ->
.


.
2.

.
3.
. .
,
.

3. .
.

83


.
, .
,
, .


:
1. -> ->
.
2. (
FTP- ),
( ).
. , "report",
, "report".
, "" "".
, .
, .
, " ",
. ,
, .
. ,

. ,
, ,
. ,
.
,
. Windows
. Acronis True
Image Home
84

.

.

13.2

1. , ->


Windows.
2. .
3. .
Acronis, , .
,
. ,

.

,
. , Acronis True Image Home
, .
4. .
5. ,
/ . ,
.

.
, .
, ,
.

6. .

85

7. , .
( , ,
).
, ,
. ,
.

8. : .
9. , ,
, , .

.
10. , .
.
11. Windows,
.
.
.
, .

13.3

( )
,
. ,
.

, .
Windows
.

86

14.
14.1

,
.
, ,
.
, ""
, ,
.
() .
,
(. . ).
,
- ,
(,
USB2.0). -
,
,
.
: .
, ,
(, , ) ,
( ).

. ,
, . .
,
. .
,
.


.
1. :

2. , :

( !) ;

(
).
, ,
.

87

14.2

.
,
RESET, .

.
() ,
,
.
, , ,
,
( , ,
).

14.3
14.3.1

.
, .
, ,
, , , ,
.
.
14.3.2

,
, , ..
() .
88

, , ,
( , , ,
).
14.3.3

,
( ).


- .
, ,
, .

89

14.3.4

, .
, :
. , ,
, .

-
,
( ) .

-
, .
,
.


.
,
!
.
, .

14.3.5

,
. , (
)
( , ),
, .
:
, , ,

90

. ,
.

.
14.3.6

, , :

-
.
( , , , ,
).

- ( )
.

- ( !) .

(, .),
,
.
,
.
.
,
. .
14.3.7

,
:

- (
).


.
91

,
.
,
.
14.3.8

? Acronis True Image Home


:

- " ";

-
;

-
.

92

" "
, , ,
, .
.

(, Acronis Disk Director Suite).
, " " ,
. "
" , Acronis True Image Home
, , .

.

, ,
FAT16, 4 .
, ,
,
(. ).
14.3.9


, .
.
. , ,
.
, .
, .
,
.
, ,
.
14.3.10
( )
(
, ), ,
.

93

:
, , , ,
. , ,
.

, .
.

14.3.11
.


, ,
.
94

.
.
, , ,
, .
. ,
.


.
.

14.4
14.4.1


.
.
( )
( ,
), ,
.
:
, , ,
. , ,
.

- ,
. ,
( ).
(. ).
! ,

.

95

, .
.
.
,
, , ,
,
.

, .
, ,
(
).
, .
. ,
,
.

96

15.
,
(
),
, .
, ,
.
,
.

15.1

, .

, ,
.
.

,
.

.

15.2

.
. ,
, .
,

. , .
,
, ,
, ,
.
97


, .
, ,
(
).
,
.

, ,
.

15.3

Acronis True Image Home


.
98

. ,
.
.

.

99

16.

Acronis True Image Home
, ,

.
,
,
( ),
. .
:

, .

/
, Acronis DriveCleanser.

Windows (, , , ..),

, .

16.1

,
,
.
,
, ->
. , ,
.
1. / , .

100

2. .
,
,
50739-95.

.
3.
, .

16.2

Acronis DriveCleanser

,
.
,

.
Acronis DriveCleanser
/ .


.
Acronis DriveCleanser,
, Acronis DriveCleanser. Acronis DriveCleanser
:

( )

Acronis DriveCleanser

. , ,
.

/
.
,
.

101

, .
. ,
.
( ).
, (
, ).
,
, .
.
, ,
. Acronis DriveCleanser :


, ;


( ).

102

,
. ,
(
).

16.3

Acronis DriveCleanser
, :
.

, , Acronis DriveCleanser
.

.
Acronis DriveCleanser
() / .
.

. , ,
/ ,
, ,
.

103

16.4

Acronis DriveCleanser
, .
,
,
.

" "
.
.
,
.
, . ,
.
,
, .
.
,
.

Acronis DriveCleanser
,
:

,
. *.alg.

16.5


, Windows.
:

Windows
104


Windows

prefetch, Windows

(
Windows 98/Me)

,
Windows.
.
,
: :

, , ,
.

16.6


, .
,
, .

105


.
.
,
.

16.6.1

,
.
, ,
. ,

.

, ,
( .
).
16.6.2

"" (
Windows, ) ,
, .

,
Windows, .
- , ,
* ?, :
*.*
;
*.doc , doc;
106

read*.* ,
"read", readme.txt;
,
:
*.bak; *.tmp; *.~~~;
. ,
.
"", ,
. .
. .
, ,
! ,
*.tmp, read?.* ..

16.6.3

""
. ,
.
.
""
"". "" ,


"" Windows.


( !):
1. ;
2. ;
3. "";
( ).
.
"", ,
.
. ,
. .
16.6.4

,
.

.

,
, .
.

107

,
.

16.6.5

,
.

, :
*help; cmd; reg*
,
.

108

16.6.6

,
. , , ,
.

16.7


,
.
,
, .
,
.

109

.1


,
. .
. MS-DOS Windows
FDISK Disk Administrator,
, .
:

Extended Partition,
;

( ).

1- 0- , 0, .
(Master Boot Record, MBR).
.
,
. ,
!

. , Acronis OS Selector
100 !

.2

,
.
,
. ,
. :

( ).

.
,
.
.

.3

FAT16

FAT16 DOS (DR-DOS,


MS-DOS, PC-DOS .), Windows 98/ME, Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista,
.
110

FAT16 (File Allocation


Table FAT) . FAT .
FAT ( 2).
FAT16.
, . FAT
, , , ,
, .
FAT16 2 ,
65507 32 ( Windows NT, 2000,
XP, Vista 4 64 ).
,
65507. ,
.
, , .

FAT16, , .
, ,
(
512 ).
FAT16 ,
8 3 ,
Windows 95 Windows NT .
OS/2 , .

.4

FAT32

FAT32 Windows 95 OSR2 Windows


98/ME Windows 2000/XP/Vista. FAT32 FAT16.
FAT32 FAT16 28-
, . FAT32
( 8 )
- MS-DOS,
- Windows 98/ME.
FAT32 2 (
1024 ).

.5

NTFS

NTFS Windows NT/2000/XP/Vista.


,
. NTFS MFT (Master File Table
). NTFS MFT
. NTFS
.
FAT, NTFS ,
. NTFS 64- ,
Unicode , ,
( ), .
.

111

.6

Linux Ext2

Ext2 Linux. Ext2 32 , 16 .


, , i-node. i-node
( ).

.7

Linux Ext3

Linux Ext3 RedHat Linux


7.2. Linux Ext3 , Linux
Ext2. Ext3 - 32-
64- .

.8

Linux ReiserFS

ReiserFS . Linux
2001 . ReiserFS Ext2, 64-,
.

112

. .


, ,
( ), BIOS, ,
.

.1

.1.1

IDE
( ):
1.

Slave () .

2.
3.5
5.25 . .
3.
( 4 ,
; ).
4.
40- 80-
. ( . .)
5.
BIOS,
, .
6.
, Type, Cylinder,
Heads, Sectors Mode ( Translation Mode;
) BIOS IDE Autodetection
.
7.
: A:; C:; CD-ROM
, Acronis True Image Home.
, -,
CD-ROM.
8.
BIOS .
Acronis True Image Home.
9.
Acronis True Image Home
, .
10.

Master (),
( Slave,
).
.1.2

. IDE.


(Primary) IDE (Secondary) IDE.

113

IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics)


40- 80- :
.
IDE,
, 4- . (
IDE 3 : 2 1
.)
- (
- CD-RW).
IDE
, .
,
, , ,
, . .
, , ,
, .
.
.
.
: IDE ,
,
1 .
.

,
BIOS. ,
IDE .
IDE , 4-
. .
, ,
.
,
.
IDE SCSI. IDE,
SCSI .
SCSI
( ) .

.1.3

Master () Slave
().
( "").

.
.
, .
: DS, SP, CS, PK.

114


(). :

DS Master/Factory default;

SP Slave (or No Jumper Required);

CS Cable Select for Master/Slave,


;

PK Jumper Parking Position,


.

, Master,
- (BIOS) .
, ,
, Cable Select for Master/Slave.
BIOS "" ,
IDE .
, .
,
. ,
, .
,
.


.
BIOS .

.2

BIOS

, ,
.
, .
POST (Power-On Self
Test), BIOS .
BIOS, -, ,
(ROM Flash BIOS)
. BIOS
"" : , ,
. BIOS -
.
BIOS :

( POST) , , ;

- ;

().


, ,
( ,
, CD-ROM ).

115

.2.1

Setup

BIOS
Setup. Setup
POST ( )
Del, Ctrl+Alt+Esc, Ctrl+Esc (
).
.
Setup,
BIOS.
BIOS,
.
BIOS Award/Phoenix
AMI. , Setup ,
Setup BIOS.
.
, Dell
Hewlett-Packard,
BIOS. ,
BIOS
.

.2.2

Standard CMOS Setup

Standard CMOS Setup, ,



:

Type

1-47,
Not 0 Not Installed
Installed,
( ). 47
Auto
,
IDE Autodetection.
Auto
IDE .

Cylinder (Cyl)

1-65535

.
IDE .

Heads (Hd)

1-16

.
IDE .

Sectors (Sec)

1-63

() .
IDE
.

Size (Capacity)

,
:
Size=(Cyl x Hds x Sec x 512)/1024/1024.

Mode
(Translation
Method)

Normal/
.
LBA/Large/Au
-to

116

, True Image Home,


Quantum Fireball TM1700A.
:

Type

Auto

Cylinder (Cyl)

827

Heads (Hd)

64

Sectors (Sec)

63

Mode

Auto

CHS

1707 MB

Maximum LBA Capacity

1707 MB

BIOS Type User Type


HDD (, ).
: Translation Method,
Auto/Normal/LBA/Large.
Translation Method . -
BIOS
504 . :
(1) (LBA), (2)
()
Large Disk (Large).
Auto.

( ) ,
,
Type () Not Installed.
,
, .
IDE Autodetection,
, BIOS.
IDE Autodetection BIOS,
Standard CMOS Setup.
,
.
IDE . BIOS
"" , .
,
.

.2.3

Standard CMOS Setup BIOS, , ,


Advanced CMOS Setup ( Setup).
: :; A:; CD-ROM:.
,
BIOS, , AMI BIOS AWARD BIOS, BIOS
-.
117

BIOS
.
( A:), C:. BIOS
: A: BIOS
. BIOS
,
C:.
BIOS
, - (CD-ROM),
. , ,
C:, D:, E: F:,
,
, , , E.
: E:, CD-ROM:, A:, C:, D:.
,
,
. E
. BIOS
. : .
.2.4 .

BIOS ,
IDE (Primary Master, Primary Slave, Secondary Master,
Secondary Slave), SCSI.
, BIOS Setup. ,
, E:,
, 3- ( Secondary
Master).

BIOS, , ( ) ""
. ,
. ,
Acronis True Image Home. . 15.
.
.2.4

,
. , ,
:
PRESS A KEY TO REBOOT
,
, ,

.
DISK BOOT FAILURE,
INSERT SYSTEM DISK AND
PRESS ENTER
,
, CD-ROM.

118

C: DRIVE ERROR
C: DRIVE FAILURE
ERROR ENCOUNTERED
INITIALIZATION HARD DRIVE
C:.
, , , ,
/:

Setup Bios,

(Master/Slave),

, , .

119

.

, (,
Windows), .

.
.


.
. ,

1 0 ( ),
.
, 1 ,
1, 0 0. 0
1, , , 0,95 , , 1
1, 1,05.
. , , ,
1 0 "" .
"" ,
, ,
, ,
.
,
: (!), , ( ) ,
.

.1

,


1 0 ().
,
(
) ,
.
, , () , ,
, , , , .

.


.

120

,
, (Peter Gutmann):
http://www.cs.auckland.ac.nz/~pgut001/pubs/secure_del.html

.2

, Acronis

, , ,
Acronis
.
.
1.

( )

1.

: DoD
5220.22-M

1-
,
2 1-
; 3
; 4 .

2.

NAVSO
P-5239-26 (RLL)

1- 0x01 , 2
0x27FFFFFF, 3
, 4
.

3.

NAVSO
P-5239-26 (MFM)

1- 0x01 , 2
0x7FFFFFFF, 3
, 4
.

: VSITR

1- 6-
: 0x00 0xFF;
7- 0xAA; 0x00, 0xFF, 0x00,
0xFF, 0x00, 0xFF, 0xAA.

:
P50739-95

(
0x00)
6- 4- .

4.

5.



3- 1- .

35




(.
http://www.cs.auckland.ac.nz/
~pgut001/pubs/secure_del.html).

" "
,
7 : 1-

(0xFF), 2- (0x00), 3-7
.

Fast

(
0x00) .

6.

7.

8.

121

.
, Linux.

Linux
:

acpi=off
ACPI,
.

noapic

APIC
(

), .

nousb
USB.

nousb2
USB 2.0.
USB 1.1 .
USB USB 1.1,
USB 2.0.

quiet

. ,
Linux
(shell) Acronis.

nodma
DMA ( ) IDE-.
"" .

nofw
FireWire (IEEE1394).

nopcmcia
PCMCIA.

nomouse
.

[module name]=off
(, sata_sis=off).
122

pci=bios
PCI BIOS,
. ,
, "PCI-".

pci=nobios
PCI BIOS;
. , ,
, BIOS.

pci=biosirq
PCI BIOS .
,
,

. ,
IRQ PCI .

123

Оценить