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Acronis Disk Director 11 Home

Update 2

Copyright Acronis, 20002011. .


Acronis, Acronis Compute with Confidence, Acronis Recovery Manager, Acronis,
Acronis True Image, Acronis Try&Decide Acronis Acronis.
Linux .
VMware VMware Ready VMware
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Windows MS-DOS .

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license.txt, .
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- http://kb.acronis.com/content/7696.

Acronis Disk Director 11 Home..........................................................................6

......................................................................................................8
2.1

..................................................................................................8

2.2

..........................................................................8

2.3

...................................................................................8

2.4

...................................................................................................9

2.5

Acronis Disk Director ...............................................................................................9

2.6

Acronis OS Selector .............................................................................9

2.7

Acronis Disk Director .........................................................................................10

2.8

Acronis Disk Director ..............................................................................................10

2.9

Acronis Disk Director .........................................................................................10

2.10 ........................................................................................................11
2.11 ........................................................................................................11
3

.............................................................................................................12
3.1

...........................................................................................12

3.2

..............................................................................................................13

3.3

....................................................................................................13

3.4

, ...........................................................................14

3.5

..............................................................................15

3.6

4 ...................................................15

............................................................................................................18
4.1

................................................................................................................18

4.2

...............................................................................................................18

4.3

Acronis Disk Director ...................................................................................................18

4.4

Acronis Disk Director........................................................................................19

4.5

..............................................................................................20

4.5.1
4.5.2

............................................................................................................................................. 20
.............................................................................................................................................. 21

4.6

......................................................................................................................22

4.7

..........................................................................................................22

4.7.1
4.7.2

4.8

....................................................................................................................................24

4.8.1
4.8.2

4.9

..................................................................................................................... 23
....................................................................................................... 23
.................................................................................................................. 24
.......................................................................................... 25

...............................................................................................26

4.10 .............................................................................................................................26

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

............................................................................................................28
5.1

........................................................................................................................28

5.2

.....................................................................................................29

5.3

.................................................................................................................31

5.4

................................................................................................................31

5.5

...............................................................................................33

5.6

...........................................................................................................34

5.7

........................................................................................................................35

5.8

....................................................................................................35

5.9

..........................................................................................................36

5.10 ........................................................................................................37
5.11 ..................................................................38
5.12 ..................................................................38
5.13 .......................................................................................................39
5.14 ....................................................................39
5.15 ..............................................................................................................40
5.16 ..................................................................................................................40
5.17 ..............................................................................................41
5.18 ...............................................................................................42
5.19 .....................................................................................42
5.20 ........................................................................................................................43
5.21 .................................................................................................................43
5.22 ...........................................................................................................44
6

..........................................................................................................45
6.1

...........................................................................................................45

6.2

.............................................................................................45

6.3

MBR GPT .......................................................................................47

6.4

GPT MBR .......................................................................................48

6.5

........................................................49

6.6

........................................................50

6.7

................................................51

6.8

................................................51

6.9

............................................................................................................52

6.10 ......................................................................................53
7

.............................................................................................................................54
7.1

Acronis ..............................................................54

7.1.1
7.1.2

7.2

.......................................................................................................... 55
............................................................................................................. 59

Acronis Recovery Expert ..........................................................................................................61

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

Acronis OS Selector ..............................................................................................................63


8.1

........................................................................................................................63

8.2

.....................................................................................................64

8.3

................................................................................................................................65

8.3.1
8.3.2
8.3.3
8.3.4

8.4

..................................................................68

8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.4.4
8.4.5

? ...................................................................................... 68
............................................................................................................................ 69
OS Selector ......................................................... 69
................................................................................................ 69
....................................................................................................... 69

8.5

................................................................................................70

8.6

Acronis OS Selector ..........................................................................70

8.6.1
8.6.2
8.6.3
8.6.4
8.6.5

8.7

................................................................................................................................. 71
..................................................................................................................................... 71
........................................................................................................................................... 71
........................................................................................................................................................... 72
......................................................................................................................................... 72

........72

8.7.1
8.7.2
8.7.3

............................................................................................................. 65
............................................................................ 65
.................................................................................. 66
.................................................................................................. 66

Acronis OS Selector .................................................................................... 73


Windows ................................................................... 73
Linux Windows ....................................................................................... 76

..............................................................................................................78

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

1 Acronis Disk Director 11


Home
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Windows XP
Windows Vista
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2.3

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FAT32
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Linux SWAP

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JFS Acronis Disk Director.

2.4

(HDD) (SSD)
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CD-R/RW, DVD-R/RW, DVD+R ( DVD+R), DVD+RW, DVD-RAM, BD-R,
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BOOTWIZ
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, BOOTWIZ.
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2.7

Acronis Disk Director

Acronis Disk Director 11


1.
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Acronis Disk Director

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Disk Director 10 Acronis Disk Director
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Copyright Acronis, Inc.

Acronis Disk Director 11


(. 11) Acronis Disk Director 11
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11

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12

3.2

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13

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, Windows,
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17

4
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18

5. .
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19


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21

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23

4.8

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25

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27

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33

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37

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39

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41

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Copyright Acronis, Inc.

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Copyright Acronis, Inc.

43

(. 23).
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Copyright Acronis, Inc.

6
, Acronis Disk
Director.
Acronis Disk Director /.
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GPT- Windows XP Home/XP Professional x86.

3. , .
,
.
(. 23).
.
,
.
, (. (. 28)),
, (.
(. 29)).
, Acronis Disk Director 11.

6.2

MBR-.
.

.
.
Copyright Acronis, Inc.

45

,
.

,
.

! Acronis, Acronis True Image


Home, , (ASRM)
. .


1. .

, (..
-), .

.
,
.
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.
,
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3. .

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, .
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,
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4. , ,
, .
5. ,
.
,
.
(. 23).
.
46

Copyright Acronis, Inc.


, ,
NT
. NT ,
.
NT NT .
! NT
. NT
.

NT NT ,
, .

NT
.

NT.
1. NT. , ,
.
.
2. , .
3.
.
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .

NT, .
1. NT.
2. , .
3.
.
4. .

6.3

MBR GPT

MBR- GPT-
.

2 .

! MBR- , GPT-
MBR- .
,
(. 38).
Copyright Acronis, Inc.

47

! MBR-,
, GPT-.

MBR- GPT-
1. MBR-,
GPT-, GPT.
, , MBR-
GPT-.
2. , MBR GPT-.
,
.
(. 23).
.
. GPT
, GPT
. , ,
MBR- GPT- .

, GPT-,
MBR- .
MBR.

: MBR GPT
MBR- GPT-
.
.
1. MBR-:
.
2. : MBR- GPT-
GPT.
3. GPT-:
.

6.4

GPT MBR

GPT- MBR- ,
,
GPT-.
GPT- MBR-,
.

, 2 , .

48

( ) ,
( (. 38)).

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

GPT- MBR-
1. GPT-, MBR, MBR.
, , GPT-
MBR-.
,
GPT- MBR-. ,
,
GPT- MBR-
(, , 2 ),
.
2. ,
GPT- MBR-.
,
.
(. 23).
.

6.5

.
.

1. , ,
.
.
2. ,
.
.
, (--) .
, ,
,
.

,
.
(. 23).
.
,
, ,
,
.
Copyright Acronis, Inc.

49



, ,
:
1. Windows Vista Windows 7.
2. .
! , ,
. ,
Reset .

, ,
.

6.6

,
,
.
,
,
. .


1. , ,
.
.
,
. ,
, (
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.
2. ,
.
,
.
(. 23).
.
8
.

(,
8
).

50

Copyright Acronis, Inc.



, :
1. Windows Vista Windows 7.
2. .
! , ,
. ,
Reset .

(
);

,
.

6.7

Windows Vista SP1, Windows 7 (.


22).
,
. .
, ,
.


1.
.
2. , .
,
, :
// ;
.
. // ,
(. 51).

.
.
: http://technet.microsoft.com/ruru/library/cc732026.aspx.

6.8

Windows Vista SP1, Windows 7 (.


22).
Copyright Acronis, Inc.

51

, .
, ,
.


1.
.
2. , .
,
. ,
, .
.
: http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc732026.aspx.

6.9


, .
,
, .
.
,
. ( ),
.

.
;
.


1.
.

, , .
,
. ,
. , , ,
.
.
: http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc771775.aspx.
2. ,
.
,
.
(. 23).
.
52

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

6.10
, ,
. (Logical Disk Manager, LDM)
,
, , .
,
.
. :
http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc732026.aspx.

, LDM.
(. 35) . ,
, , , ,
(. 40).


1. ,
.
2. , .
,
.
(. 23).
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

53

7
Acronis Acronis
Recovery Expert.
, , ,
Acronis Disk Director ,
.

7.1

Acronis

Acronis Disk Director,


.
(-, DVD-, USB-
, BIOS ),
PC- Acronis Disk Director Linux
Windows (WinPE) .
Acronis.
Acronis ISO-
.
, Acronis Disk Director
. :

Acronis Disk Director , Windows, Linux;

, ;

Acronis Disk Director, ,


;
;
,
- ,
.

Acronis, Acronis True Image Home,


.

Linux
Linux Acronis Disk Director
Linux. PC-
,
.

PE
PE Windows,
Windows (WinPE), Acronis
WinPE, Acronis Disk Director,
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

54

WinPE
.

Acronis Disk Director WinPE ,


Linux. WinPE PC , Acronis Disk Director,
PE, , PE.

PE ,
Linux, RAID RAID-. PE 2.x
PE 3.0 .

7.1.1


CD/DVD- -.
ISO- ,
-.

Linux
, >
.
1. Linux.
2.
.

Linux , , hda1
sdb2. MD LVM ( ).

Windows C: D:.
(LDM).
3. . .
Linux (. 56).

PE
Acronis WinPE WinPE
:

Windows Vista (PE 2.0)


Windows Vista SP1 Windows Server 2008 (PE 2.1)
Windows 7 (PE 3.0)

PE 2.x 3.0,

Windows. Acronis
WinPE 2.x 3.0 (. 58).
WAIK, .
1. Windows.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

55

2.
3.
4.
5.

Automated Installation Kit (AIK) Windows Vista (PE 2.0):


http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/details.aspx?familyid=C7D4BC6D-15F3-4284-9123679830D629F2&displaylang=en
Automated Installation Kit (AIK) Windows Vista SP1 Windows Server 2008 (PE 2.1):
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=94bb6e34-d890-4932-81a55b50c657de08&DisplayLang=en
Automated Installation Kit (AIK) Windows 7 (PE 3.0):
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=696DD665-9F76-4177-A81139C26D3B3B34&displaylang=en
[] WAIK DVD- .
Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 (NETFXx86 NETFXx64
).
Microsoft Core XML (MSXML) 5.0 6.0
.
Windows AIK.

, Windows AIK.
, Microsoft Windows AIK >
.

Linux

.
1.

[] Linux. .
,
Acronis Disk Director, : vga=ask
. (. 57).
2. Acronis, .

Acronis Disk Director


, Acronis Disk
Director Windows (.
(. 59)).
3. [] ,
.

, Acronis , - ,
( ) Acronis.

, 10 , Acronis Disk Director 10


.
4. . :

CD-, DVD- , USB, BIOS ;

ISO- , .
5. ISO- .

56

Copyright Acronis, Inc.


Linux.
.
.
, .
, , F11 .

, .
acpi=off
ACPI.
.
noapic
Advanced
Programmable Interrupt Controller (APIC).
.
vga=ask

. vga ,
.
vga=_

. _
, vga=0x318
, ,
. _
vga=ask.
quiet
Linux
.
,
.
,
. ,
: /bin/product
nousb
USB.
nousb2
USB 2.0. USB 1.1
. USB-
USB 1.1, USB 2.0.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

57

nodma
access (DMA) IDE.
.
nofw
FireWire (IEEE1394).
nopcmcia
PCMCIA.
nomouse
.
_=off
, _. ,
SATA, sata_sis=off
pci=bios
BIOS PCI
. ,
PCI.
pci=nobios
BIOS PCI.
. ,
. BIOS.
pci=biosirq
BIOS PCI .
,
(IRQ) PCI .
.
.

Acronis WinPE 2.x 3.0


Acronis Disk
Director WinPE 2.x 3.0.

Acronis ISO- PE. ,


ISO PE, .

ISO- PE .
Acronis WIM-
( ISO-, . .).

,

Windows. , ,
(. 55).
WinPE 2.x 3.0 x86.
WnPE x64.
58

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

PE WinPE 2.0 256 .


PE 2.0 512 . PE WinPE 3.0
512 .

Acronis ISO- WinPE 2.x 3.0


Acronis ISO- WinPE 2.x 3.0,
:
1. ISO- WinPE
ISO- WinPE .
2. : ->
.
3. : Windows PE.
ISO- PE

Windows PE 2.x 3.0.

WinPE .

.
ISO- PE

4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

WinPE.
[] Windows, Windows PE.
Windows PE ,
. *.inf
SCSI, RAID SATA, ,
.
, WinPE.
, ISO- WIM-.
, .
.
ISO- - DVD-
-.

Acronis Disk Director WinPE.

PE (ISO-) WIM-
boot.wim Windows PE WIM-.
:

copy c:\AcronisMedia.wim c:\winpe_x86\ISO\sources\boot.wim

Oscdimg. :
oscdimg -n bc:\winpe_x86\etfsboot.com c:\winpe_x86\ISO
c:\winpe_x86\winpe_x86.iso

Windows PE .
Windows (Winpe.chm).

7.1.2

,
. .

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

59

1. (. 42) (. 44)
.
2. (. 22),
Windows. Windows,
. , Windows,
(
Linux Windows PE).
3. Linux
(sda1, sda2...).
4. .
.


, ,
( ).
- , .
1. F11.
2. vga=ask .
3. ,
(, 318) ENTER.

, , (
vga=0x318), .
. Linux (. 56).

,
Linux
Linux
, .
CTRL+ALT+F2 .

Linux
busybox

fxload

ls

pktsetup

strace

cat

gawk

lspci

poweroff

swapoff

cdrecord gpm

lvm

ps

swapon

chmod

grep

mc

raidautorun sysinfo

chown

growisofs mdadm

readcd

tar

chroot

grub

mkdir

reboot

tune2fs

cp

gunzip

mke2fs

rm

udev

dd

halt

mknod

rmmod

udevinfo

df

hexdump

mkswap

route

udevstart

dmesg

hotplug

more

scp

umount

dmraid

ifconfig

mount

scsi_id

uuidgen

60

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

e2fsck

init

mtx

sed

vconfig

e2label

insmod

mv

sg_map26

vi

echo

iscsiadm

parted

sh

zcat

egrep

kill

pccardctl sleep

fdisk

kpartx

ping

ssh

fsck

ln

pktsetup

sshd

7.2

Acronis Recovery Expert

Acronis Recovery Expert ,


MBR-,
.
(, -
), Acronis Recovery Expert Acronis Disk
Director.
, , .
Recovery Expert , . .
, .
, .
,
.

Acronis Recovery Expert


> Acronis Recovery Expert.


.
.
1. .
2. Acronis Recovery Expert
. Acronis Recovery Expert
. ,
Recovery Expert. , Recovery Expert
.
Recovery Expert
. ,
.
. ,
. ,
.
. . Acronis
Recovery Expert .

,
.
Copyright Acronis, Inc.

61

.
,
. ,
Recovery Expert.
3. ,
. ,
, .
4. , .


.
, , ,
.
1. .
2.
, .
,
.
3. :

()
.
.


. , ,
.
4. Acronis Recovery Expert
.
. , .
, Recovery Expert.
, ,
. ,
, .
.

.
, .
, .
5. ,
,
. ,
, .
6. , .

62

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

8 Acronis OS Selector
Acronis OS Selector , ,

,
Windows 7. Acronis OS Selector :

Windows;

MBR-
CD- DVD-;
;
;

.

8.1

Acronis OS Selector Acronis Disk Director


.

(. (. 66)).
Acronis OS Selector , ->
-> Acronis -> Disk Director -> Acronis OS Selector.
Acronis OS Selector :

Windows;
Acronis OS Selector,
. ,
.

, ,
, . Acronis OS Selector
,
Windows. CD/DVD,
. - DVD-
.
.
, , ,
.

,
(. (. 69)).

().

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

63

.
.
.
.

OS Selector ,
Acronis OS Selector.

OS Selector ,
.

,
.

Acronis OS Selector.

8.2

Acronis OS Selector .
CD/DVD BIOS,
CD/DVD Acronis OS Selector

. BIOS
, .
Acronis OS Selector ,
OS Selector Acronis OS Selector
Windows .
,
.
Acronis OS Selector ,
. F6,
.

(MBR).

64

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

8.3

,
.

8.3.1

Acronis OS Selector
:

( ).
Acronis OS Selector Windows.


Acronis OS Selector
, ,
.
:

;
;
.

Acronis OS Selector
Windows Acronis OS Selector
:

Acronis OS Selector;

.

.
.
,
.

;
;
.

8.3.2

,
. , .
Acronis OS Selector ,
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

65



,
.

8.3.3


, .


,


.


,
.

8.3.4

Acronis OS Selector ,
.
, ,
, .


,
.

MS-DOS 7.1 ,
MS-DOS 7.1+, Acronis OS Selector.

OS/2 ,
OS/2, Acronis OS Selector.


Windows 98/Me.

Acronis OS Selector ( ).
, .
Windows 2000.
.

66

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

Acronis OS Selector ,
.

Windows ,
( BIOS) (.
(. 72)).
( )
, ( . .) ,
, . OS
Selector ,
.
,
Windows , ,
(. Windows (. 75)).
,
. , ,
.
.
.

.

Acronis OS Selector
Windows. ,
. Windows 2000/XP
Windows, Program Files Documents and Settings, Windows 7
Program Data, Users .
(, Linux)
, . ,
.
(, Linux)
, FAT16/32 NTFS.

,
/ ,
.
, . ,

Windows , (.
Windows (. 74)).
Acronis OS Selector
.

;
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

67


,
, .
: command.com, config.sys, msdos.sys autoexec.bat.
Windows
.
.

Acronis OS Selector
. ,
, . ,
, .

Acronis OS Selector
Windows .
.

, FAT16/FAT32, IO.SYS
2 .
( ), Acronis OS Selector
.

Windows 2000
(. 68).
.

8.4

8.4.1

,
OS Selector.


1. .
2. ,
.
, .

.


1. Acronis OS
Selector,
.

68

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

2.
( )
.
, ,
.

8.4.2

Acronis OS Selector ,
.
.
, .
, , , .
.

,
.

.
.
, .

8.4.3

OS
Selector


OS Selector.

, Windows
Windows .

8.4.4

Acronis OS Selector
. , ,
, .

8.4.5

Acronis OS Selector
. ,
, .
,
,
, BOOTWIZ (. Acronis OS Selector
(. 9)).

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

69

,
.


1. .
2.
.

, .
,
.

8.5

,
, Acronis OS
Selector. ,
,
.
Windows ,
. Linux
, (MBR).


1. .
2. , :
, CD (MBR).
3. , (
). Linux, ,
Linux ( Windows . Windows
(. 73)). .
, .
.
4. MBR- FAT-
, :
. .
,
.
5. .
, Acronis OS Selector.

8.6

Acronis OS Selector

Acronis OS Selector,
.

70

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

8.6.1

Acronis OS Selector
.
,
, ,
.
, .

,
.
.

, Acronis OS Selector
.

8.6.2

Acronis OS Selector .

(ESC ) , Acronis OS Selector



Escape .

, ,
, ( ).

.
.

8.6.3

Acronis OS Selector Windows,


.
-> .

,
VGA (640 x
480) SXGA (1280 x 1024).

: (8
, 256 ), (16 , 65 536 ) (24 , 16 777 216 ).


( 60 ).

. ,
, 150 .

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

71

8.6.4

, Acronis OS Selector,
:

Acronis OS Selector,
,

, -
Acronis OS Selector

.
,
Acronis OS Selector Windows.

8.6.5

Acronis OS Selector
( . .) Acronis OS Selector.

.
, ,
:

( , TrackPoint
), PS/2 USB;

, COM1;
, COM2;
.

8.7

Acronis OS Selector
,
. Acronis OS Selector
:

(, Windows 7);

(, Windows Linux).

(, Microsoft Windows Vista


Windows 7);

Acronis OS Selector ,
.
Acronis OS Selector
:
72

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

DOS: MS DOS 5.x6.x; MS DOS 7.0 ( ,


Windows 95); MS DOS 7.1 ( , Windows 98); MS DOS 8.0 (
, Windows Me)

Windows: Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP/Vista/7


Linux
Unix: FreeBSD, Solaris, QNX

,
. ,
-
.
,
Acronis OS Selector. ,
(. (. 65)).

8.7.1

Acronis OS Selector


(MBR), Acronis OS Selector, MBR,
.
, Acronis OS Selector,
, OS Selector Acronis OS Selector.
, Windows 98.
Acronis OS Selector REINSTAL.COM AUTOEXEC.BAT,
MBR Acronis OS Selector.
, Acronis OS Selector .
MBR Windows Millennium Edition,
MS DOS 8.0 ,
AUTOEXEC.BAT.

8.7.2

Windows


Windows : .
Windows 2000/XP NTLDR ( ),
BOOT.INI,
NTDETECT.COM, Windows 7
bootmgr, BCD.
Windows Windows ( WINNT), Program
Files, Documents and settings Users,
,
.
BIOS.
, .

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

73

, Acronis Disk
Director (. 19). 1.
, Windows
, ,
: Windows 2000
Professional -> Windows XP -> Windows Vista -> Windows 7.

.
Windows,
.
Acronis OS Selector
Windows.

Windows
1. Windows.
. .
(. 28). ,
, (. (.
29)).
Acronis Disk Director
(. (. 38)).
,
.
2. (.
(. 39)).
CD/DVD- CD
Acronis OS Selector.

, -> -> .
,
-> ,
, .
3. ,
CD/DVD .
4. .
Windows ,
.
Windows Acronis OS Selector
,
, .

Windows
.
- ,
.
Acronis OS Selector ,
.
74

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

Windows ,
Windows, .
1. -> -> ,
.
2.
(.
(. 67)).
3.
BOOTWIZ .
4. , .
5. CD/DVD-
Windows.

Windows
Windows .
1. CD/DVD- CD
Acronis OS Selector.
2.
, -> -> .
3. ,
-> ,
.
4. ,
CD/DVD .
5. .
, Windows
,
. .
, .

Windows

Windows (, Windows 7,
).
-, .
.
:
,
(. 69) .
Windows, Program Files, Users Documents and Settings,
, BOOTWIZ.
.
,
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

75


Windows,
Acronis
OS Selector.
Windows,
Windows.

Windows Windows,
, .
Windows,
.

Windows , ,
. Windows
.

,

, .
Windows 2000/XP.
, ,
.
Acronis OS Selector ,
. :
1)
2) , BIOS

8.7.3

Linux Windows

Linux ,
, .
Windows Linux,
Linux.
Windows Linux .

Linux
Linux, Windows, .

, Linux

Linux LILO GRUB.


Linux Ext2/Ext3
ReiserFS,
. (Linux Swap).
Linux , .
, LILO
76

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

:
, , lilo.
Linux,
.

Linux. Linux .

Linux
Linux, .
Linux ,
.
Acronis Disk Director
,
Linux (. (. 28)). ,
, (.
(. 29)).
Linux ,
.

Linux
Linux CD/DVD-
Linux, ,
CD/DVD-.
Linux ,
,
- .
, , MBR-
Acronis OS Selector Acronis OS Selector
Acronis OS Selector (.
73).
Linux Acronis OS Selector

.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

77

9
G
GPT-
, (. 87) GPT.
GPT- 64- ,
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition.
. MBR- (. 78).

M
MBR-
(. 87) MBR ( ).
MBR- 32- ,
Windows XP Professional.


, .
, Windows,
(. 87).
, Linux,
, -, GRUB.
(. 85) ( ) (. 86) (
).
.
.


, Windows,
.
(. 89),
.
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

78


(. 78).
(. 85) (. 84).


. (. 86).


. (. 79).


, C, Windows
.
, , . ,
, , .
.


, .
.


,
.

.

(. 90),
.


, (Logical Disk Manager, LDM),
Windows, Windows 2000.
LDM ,
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

79

(. 87)
(MBR) GPT.
, LDM
, .
MBR- 1 . GPT- Windows
LDM,
Microsoft Reserved Partition (MSR).
1

MBR

MBR


LDM

GPT

Microsoft
Reserved
Partition (MSR)

1
GPT


LDM
LDM
1

MBR- ( 1) GPT- ( 2).

.
:
Disk Management ( ) (Windows
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457110.aspx.

XP

Professional

Resource

Kit)

816307 Best practices for using dynamic disks on Windows Server 2003-based computers
(
Windows Server 2003) http://support.microsoft.com/kb/816307.


.

, , Windows 98,
.
. ,
:

, ;
;
, .

. (. 88).

, , .

80

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

: .


,
(Logical Disk Manager, LDM)
.
, ,
.
LDM
,
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\dmio\Boot
Info\Primary
Disk
Group\Name.
.
, .
, ,
.
, .
(. 79)
, .
,
. ( ),
.
.
:
222189
Description
of
Disk
Groups
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/222189/ru-ru/.

in

Windows

Disk

Management

, (. 81).
, .


. (. 83).


,
,
.

Copyright Acronis, Inc.

81

/
.
().

.
,
.
, , -
, .
, Windows,
.


: - DVD-, - USB ,
BIOS .
Acronis Disk Director Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE)
Acronis WinPE.
,
PXE- Acronis .

.

.


(. 86) (. 80) (. 89),
.
0xAA55.


, , Windows.
Windows,
(. 87).
Windows, , ,
, .
,
.
. (. 87).
82

Copyright Acronis, Inc.


, (. 83).
.
,
.
(. 86)
.


, (. 89).
.
, .
, .
(. 87)
(. 82).
RAID-1.

.
(. 87) (MBR GPT)
( ).
, , .

,
.
.
4 .
.
,
,
, .
.
( , )
.
Copyright Acronis, Inc.

83


(. 85), (. 89).
(. 89)
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