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21

2003

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, 2003. - 304 .: .
ISBN 5-329-00326-] (000 21 )
ISBN 5-946-008- (000 )

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516+517

22.l73

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31 .03.2003. 60 901/ la'


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n.

30 000 .

19,0.

Nv 78.

-5-93.

2: 953005 -

000 " 21 Be~ .


. . i{~ 02795 11.09.2000. 105066. 10 . . . 5 .
: . (095) 31075.. 25, 15052-11. Inlernet: W\\'W.OI1YX.ru; ; 1: mail@onyx.ru
000 .
05088 18.06.2001 . 109193. . 5 .. . 13. . 1.
/ (095) 92878-26. Email : mi-rzvlli@mbI.u

. . N~

l1 II

000

.- ' N2 . 191144, -, . ,
271-35-42.

10.

ISBN 5-329-003261 (000 21 )


ISBN 5 94666008 (000 )

. .. . .. . .. 2003
000 l. 21 .) .
.

2003

Q8

1.

.l J10

1.
2.
3.


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ro . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . .
.....
..

4.

5.
8

3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
V.

1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.

, .

39

. . " . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .

44
45
48

ll

....

53

IV.

1.
2.

Q8


J1 .

111.

1.
2.

32

IJ.

1.
2.
3.

6
15
25

n- .
. . . . . . . . . . ..
.
... . ... . ....
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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n .
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- .
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70
74
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86
88
91

94

ii
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....... .
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;:J:J
. . . . . . . . .

V1.

103
109
111
115
124
128

131

1. '
2. II fl
3. .
4. . . . . . . . . . . .
5. . .

I
6. I ,

"

.. .

136
137
140
142

147
149

V /1.

1.

2.
3.

4.
5.
6.

.- .

. . . .

- . .
. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ,

V /11.

. OJJ

1.

2.
3.
4.

5.

188

II . ..
II .
.
.
4. , , , .

1.

185
185

1.
2.

CllJ

151
167
183

192
193
203
204

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .



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20
21

229
234

242

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
.
9.
10.

.
. . . . . .


.
.. . . . . . . .

.....

. . .
. . . . . . . . .

243
247
251

254
255
257
258
260

262
266

/.

1.

l\

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.
3. - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.
5.

271
274
276
27

288

( ).

,
,

.
. ,
.

:
tJ. ,
.
.
: . .
, . 1- 111;
.
, . 1, 11; . ., . .
, . 1-111; . . .
; . .,

. . .

, , ,

.

t.

!"

1. . .
, , () .
d 1 (l)

(Xt)

.10

d=\XZ-ll.

(1)

( - ., ,
);
, /,=

Ii .1
, ll +;
.!JeHbl Ii,
,

1:1

1.

"-.

, .J. 'J ,
.
_
, (),
(l) (x~) ,

, +2

x=~.

(2)

(3)

1. (3), (-2), (), D(V2'),


(-3,5).
2.

(7).

(-3),

6. - ; ~,= I \:1 I = 1/4. ;

(2)
-

1 +2

-3+(1/4) 7
1+1/4

= I+J,

3.

(1),

-1, . . (-1) ....

(5)-

, .
.
' .

6. t , =-II:II=-3 (
'I). ,
-

1-35

=-==7, . .

2)
6

4.
(-11/2) Q (-5;2).

(7) ....

1)

(3)

N (-5);

5. , Q:
(-6) (7); 2) (-5) D(1 /2) .
6. , N (-3)
(2).
7. ' .

1)

, (-1), (5).
8. (-7), (-3).

D,

ICAI=IBDI=0,5IABI.

D.

2. . ii .
,
II, , (; ).

1 (l; l) 2

(Xz;

2)

(1)
,

d (; )

d=:Yx 2 +y 2

(2)

(; ), (x l

(; 2) (. .

i+ 2

x=~;

1),

Yl+"Y2

-Z=-2-;
~+~
-=-2-'
~+~

yJ

(3)

Y=~'

(Xl; 'Yl)'

(4)
(; ), (; )

s={-I l (-) +2 (- + (Yi-Y2) 1=


1
=2"'
(- l) (-l) - (- l) ( - 1

(5)

s=2"1 I tJ./;

(6)

1 1 1 I
tJ. = l
x~
1!
(

).

9. (4; 3), (-2;5),


(5; -2), D (-4; -3), (-6; ), F (; 4).
10. (3; 8) (-5; 14).

6.

(1),

d= (-5-3)2+ (14-8)2= 64+36= 10.

t t. , (-3; -3), ~-1; 3).


C(ll; -1)-.
D. :
I 1= (-1 +3)2+(3+3}2= 40,
I /= (11 + 1)2+(-1_3)2= 160.
/ I = (11 +3)2+ (-1 +3)2= 200.
IAB1 2 =40,

tBc12=160, /ACI 2 =200, IABI2+IBCI2=IACI~.

, ,
. , .% .~

...

12. (-2; 5), (4; 17) - .


,

/~

=4,

IACI=2ICB/, =II:/I=2. xl=-2, Yl=5,

J 7; ,

-2+24
1+2

2,

5+2.17
1+2

13, . . (2; 13) ....

13. (2; 3)
, (7; 5).

6. =2, =3, 2=7, 2=5, 2=(Xl+7)/2, 3=(Yl+5)/2.

, l =

-3, l = 1, . . (-3; 1) ....

14. : ( 1 ; Yl)' (; ).
( ; )' :~
.

6.

bI D-bI ; XD=(Xl+X2)/2,
, CD
. ,

YD=(Yl+Y2)/2. ,
. 2 : !,

+ 2 D

1+2

+ 2 D

+ 2 (l+2)/2

,=

'+2

+2(l+2)/2

'

Xl +2+ Yl+Y2+
3
' =

15.
8(2; 8) C(lO; 2).
6. (5),

s= ~
16.

'=} 124-1441 =60 ' .

-2); 2)
8

1(2+2) (2+4)-(10+2) (8+4)

C(V2; -V7)

...

.-

D(2V2; ).

1)

(-2; -4),

.) ....

(2; 3)

(-10;

17. , (4; 3), (7; 6)


(2; 11)-.
18. , (2; -1), (4; 2)
(5; 1) - .
19. I : (-1 ;-1), (; -)
(-10; -2). , .
20. : (-3; 7) (5; 11). :

21. (1; 5), (2; 7),


(4; 11).
22. :
(11; 4), (-I; -1), (5; 7).
.

23'. (3; 8) (10; 2)


(1; 1).
.

24. : (7; 2), (1; 9) '( -8; -11).



.

'25.

(;

),

(3;

(;

4)

. , .l'J.

3. n .
10 I=p (p-ntJl1
U-8ICnW ) , '
(fJ-n ) . 6 'I
.

..;
2,
(; (}+2k),

<

>

kEZ.

'


. , ll
() :

y=psln6;

(1 )

= 2 +2, tg =/.

(2)

x=pcosB.

26.
(4; /4) , (2;

F (-1;

4/3) ,

(3;

-/),

D (-3;

/),

(;

),

-/4).

27. (1; -V') ,


ocb-

6. (2) = VI 2 +(_Y )2=2;

,
, (2; 5/3) ....

IV

tg

=-3.
() = 5/3.

28. (2J!2;

/4).

/.':,.

(1),

(-2; 2) . . .

= 22 sln (331/4) =2. ',

2 "2 cos (331/4) = - 2,

29. : (2V; 2), (; -3),


(-4; 4), D(V2, -V2), (-V2; --V6), (-7; ).
30. : (10; /2),. (2; 5n/4).
(; Jl) , D(I; -/4), E(-l; n/4), (-1; -n/4).
31. 1 (1; (1) 2 (2; (2)'

OM 1 M 2

32. (3; /4) N (4; /4).


33. ,
(; 8) .
34. ,
(; 8) .
35. ,
(3; /), (5; 2/3) (2; -/): 1) ; 2)
.

36. ,
8) ,

(;

4. . ,
, ,
(; ) (<< ), .
"l .
.~ ,
, .
nh , lI ,

37.

6.

I<,

(; )-

( )

, . . 10 I =/2. , 10 I =

( ).
,

V 2 +2=/2,

V 2 +2

2 +2= 2 /4.

. , l\
/2 1\ .

38. ,
F (; 1/4)
= -1/4.
6.

10

.lll

(; ).

)!

(.

=-1/4

1):

IMNI=I MKI+IKNI=Y+T
I 1=1 MN I 60 ,

, ,n

2 +(- ~ =+ 1,

. . = 2
, - = 2 , .

39.

F 1 (;

) 2 (-; ) l

a~.

6.

..

(; ).

Fi (l; ) , (- ; )
,

'1 =

'1'= 2 .

(-=-)2+ 2,

'2= (+)2+2.

- !I

(_)2+2. (+)2+ 2= 2
j

( 2 + 2 +2_2Il)

(x 2 +a Z +y2+2ax) = 4 ;

. .

( 2 +2)2

= 2

( 2 _ 2).

m .4lt . .

40.

6.

( 2 +2)2=2 2 ( 2 _ 2) (. )
= cos , = sln .

(2

cos2

+ 2 sln2 8)2 = 2

(2

cos 2 6- ' sin 2 6),

2 2

cos 26.

- .
. , =
oro,

V 2 cos 2 .

6 - 6, ,
.
1 , . . ~ , ~ 6
'1t/2. 6

<

= 2' V cos 26. , EI


'1t/4.

6='1t/4. 6=0, = "2.

/4

= .

(.

2).

11

41.

f:..

1)

A(l;

, . .,

8(3; 3).

= 1 1.

; 1 1

1 1= y(x-l)2+(y- 1)2, 1 1= (-)2+(-)'


( -

1)2

+ (- 1)2 = (:-~3",)2~+~(:-~;;;;)g.

t ,

2 _2+ 1 +2_2+ 1 =2-6+9+2-6+9,


'

+ -4 = . , , , ,

. .

42.

, <f

. ,

, .
, - (; ;

( ) -

~ .

.~

, ,
: p/6=const. . = 6=1; -

.,

p/6=a/ J,

. . =6. =6 . .

"

43.

'

.
,
' .

t::.

. 3: 1 -. .. ll ;
- , (

. ) ; 2 - . ; - 'll
..; -. ; io

. ( ' . Ci ~ -

12

Jl Q. D, ,
"'-"""
'-'
...............
/
.......
, BQ =DQ, QC 2 B =QD.)
.
, (; 8)
.
".,-...
, Q

""

= OC 2Q,

I 2 l =; CzC;
~-~, 2 . ,

p=loc~ 1+l~;I+Il= ~ 8++ ~ 8=(1+8).


,
(1 + 05 8); .
- ,
.
n, 2 ....

44. ,
(2; ) (; 1).
45. = ?
46.
?
47. ,
(2; ) (; 2) .
'
48. ,
(1; ) (; 1) 2.
, 49. ,n

=-

,50.

51.

5.


t (

nap.AlepOM) , . .
rp (t), (t).
, ,
- n.Aleu f18 .

( ) .

' , , . .

52.
6.

f (,

=0.

(. 4).
(; ). f ,
. N ,

x=acosf, y=aslnt.

(,

sln

t,

lP .
,
, ' , -

:' 2 +l= l 05 3

t+
13

+ 2 sIn 2 [, . . 2 +2 = 2 .
.~ .

53. ~ ,
,
.
6
~lO (. 5) .. , ,
. (
:vt ) ,

.. . 8 t
. .. ., .. .

.
l! (; ),

, 1

1=

1\.1:4 =

at.

/'-

(' =

). CKOJ/b-

, (:
'-"

=1 ON 1=1 1-1 NA 1= -I NA I=ai-asin t=a(t-sln t)i


=1 NM 1=1 1=1 1-1 I=a-acos t=a (l-cos t).
,
= (t-sJ

t), y=a(l-cost).

/l; .

54.
= [2, = t 2 ?

5.

t\ " = .
~ , ~ . ,
- 1 .

55.
=

cos

6.


= cos 2 t?

t.,

l!

= 2 .

cos

Ixl";;;;;l, O,,;;;;;y.o;;l.
.1 Y=X Z ,

A(-I; I);B(I; 1) .

56.
6.

= sin t,

!J=cos~

t?

l/sin 1, , (, = I/x,

. . ,

14

I I-S;;; 1, I I ~ 1,

, ,
, . 6 ....

x=sJn t, y=cosec t,

57. x=2t, y=4t?


58. = cos t,
= sin t. lI .

, - ,

59.
tg '.
60.
= cos 2 t, = sin 2 t?
61. ,

= cos 3 t, = sin 3 t,

ll.

t,

II

62.

KPYrf,

I<pyra 11

(; ).

sec [,
.

, ;

[.

),

-1

")

. 6
, ,
,
[{
.

2.

1. . ~
,

. .

ll

(1)

( , 8 - , Il~1 2+2::/: )

.'l . llAt },! n.

. 1.

= ;

:j: ; :j: . , ,

ll~1 +=, J.

2. =; 8:f. ; C:j: . , .'I += (.1

=. =-./8). .~ .

8=0; A:j: ; C:j: . , ~l += (

=, =- /), .'1 .

4. 8==0; A:j: . , = ( =.
:;i:: ), .
5. ==; 8:;i:: . , .'1 = ( =.
Jl 8 :;i:: ), .
2. . I:
8 :;i:: , , lI , .'l

y=kx+

(2)

( k=-A/B; =- /). nlO t


UllnWt, k,--, tg . -, .'l

.
~fl .

15

.i . CJJ

3.

;i::0,

-+-=1

( =-/, =-/) .

(3)

Ero

, , -

4.

++= CJJ ~=
u

m) ,

CJJ

f.tC

< ,

\/( 2+2) (

xcos p+ysin

p-=.

(4)

.
,

q>- ,

63. ,
= -3

'/.

: k= tg (/6) = \/.
(2) ~ , = (J/) -3;

- -3 = .

tjacTb,

...

64. ,
= 2/5, = -1!1 .
~

2/5

(3)

+(_1/10)=1.

(5/2)x-I=l,

5-20-2==

( ) ....

1)
3)

65. 12-5-65 = . :
; 2) ;
.
'
~

1)

=(l2/5)

x-13.

k= 12/5, b=-13.

2)
65; (12/65) - (5/65)
1.

--+---=1,

65/12 (-65/5)
~ = .65/12,

b.,-65/5=-13.

3) !d ~I= I/YI22 +(-5)2='1/13. '

(12/13)

16

cos = 12/13,

-(5/13) -5=.

= ....... 5/13, = 5 ....

66. : 1) -2+5=0; 2)' 2+3=; 3) 5


-2=0; 4) 2+7=0.
6. 1) =, =5/2. ,

(; 5/2). = , = -5,
. . (-5; ) .

(. 7).
.
_
2) 2+= ,
. -
. , , =3 , 6+3=, . . =-2;

(3; -2).

3)
, =2/ 5.

2/5.

4) =-7/2;
!! !! . . .

67.
(+ 2 V'S)/4
(-2 V-5)/2 = . :
1) ; 2)
; 3) ; 4)
68.

q
.
.

2+2-5=0?'
69. , 09 '
4+ 3-36 = .
70. 20 2ly =

+-

71. : 1)
- 10 =0; 4) 2+3 = .
72.
= 1

= 2/3.

4-5+15=0;

2)

2-=0;

3)


. , ,

73.

, 8 . .
74. ,
(-2; -3).

75.

76.

= 7.

(2; 5)

(-3; -4) .
77. ,

, 5

V2'.

5. . JlI7R, .
/rU! n.u y=k1x+b 1 JII y=k 2x+b z -
tg

=/

t+k 7J

(1.)

nu k 1

= !/'2'

tJi!neUf)m

ki.=-I/kf.'

11

ntO, u

( 1 ;

Yl),

/l mOllY

Mi (Xi;

l) 2 (2; 2),

Y-Yf=k (-l)'
,

(2)

Y-Yi = X-:-Xi,

(3)

2- l

2-l

k=Y2-i.

(4)

2- l

l =2' ,
=l '

Mi

2 ,

l = 2, ' , ! 2 ,
Y=Yi.
6. . ' . .
A 1 / 2 1= 81/82' 1 +8 1 + 1 =0
2 + 8 2 + 2 = IJ .

(; ) +8+=

d=

I Axo+8Yo+CI

(1)

2+8 2

~I

2+8 2 + 2

A1x+8 t y+ !

(2)

VA~+8~

VAi+8:

2 +8 2 +2 =0

A 1x+8IY+Ci=0

2+82+2=, ~

A1x+8IY+Ci=0

l+81+i+2+82U+2) =0,

(3)

- , l/,
. '},.
, lj , .~ nI,

'

78.
=2+ 1.
6.

k1 =-3, k2 =2
tgrp =

79.

2-(-3) I
I1-(-3).2 =1,

(1)

. .

= -3+ 7

5,

...

<"='4'-

4x-6+7=

20x-30-ll=

(\.

=(2/3)+7/6
i
bl.

=(2/ 3)-11/30.

ki = k 2 = 2/3,

. .

8. , 3x-5+7= 10+6-3=
.

18

=(3/5}+7/5

=(-5/3)+1/2..

ki=3/5, k z =-5/3. ki.=-I/k 2 , . . .

81.

(-1; 3)

N (2; 5).
-"1; Yi = 3, = 2, = 5 (3) 11; 5;

~ Xl =

-3

+1

5-3=2+ 1 j

-3

+1

-2-=-3-'

, 2-3+ 11
,

=0.

, N .
, 2(-1)-3.3+11=0, 2.2-3.5+11=0
.

82. , (-2; 4)
(-2; -1).
6. xi=xz=-2, =-2 (

).

83.

, 3-2+1

=0

2+5-12=0

, .
~

3/2 t= (-2)/5,

3-2+l =0,

{
'=

84.

1,

2,

2+5-12=,

. .

(1; 2).

( ; )

+=, .

6.

(: )

N - , -
. MN. :>
-/, MN / (
) y--!/=(/) (-).
(-)/=(-)/.
.
N

N,

++=,

(-)/=(-)/.

~ t:
(-}/

(-)/

= .

x=xo+At, =+.
, (Xo+Af)+B (Yo+Bf)+C=O,

t=- ( ++)/(2+2).

N:

=+ ' =

yo+Bt,

19

N:

d= (-)2+(_)2=

= ' /(

++
2+8 2

)2+(8 ++)2
=
2+2

85.
-21-58=0.
6. d- 1201-21 2-581

2+3

20

(1; 2)

120-42-581
29

- -'-, ~r=4==:===+==;::44;=1----'-

I +8+I . . .

1-801 _222 ...


29 - 29'

86. [:4-3-7=. (5/2; 1).


(3; 2), (1; -1), D (; -2). (4; 3). F (5; 2) ?
6. , .1

. : !, 4(5/2)-31-7=0; Bft!,
43-32-7 :F ; {, 41-3 (-1)-7 =0; D ~!, 40-3 (-2),-7:f- ; /, 4.4-3.3-7=0; F ~l, 45-32-7 = . . .

87. .
(-2; -5) 3+ 4+ 2 = .
6. ' , =-(/4) X-I/2.

,
-3/4. (2) .
-(-5)

=(-3/4)

[-(-2)],

. .

3+4+26=0.6,

88. : (2; 2). (-2;


(-6 ;-2). .
6. , :
'=(-2-)/2=-4,

-8)

'.=(-8-2)/2=-5;

A l (-4; -5);
81 (~2; );
"'=(2-8)/2=-3; 1 (0; -3).

"=(2-6)/2=-2,
'''=(2-2)/2=0;

5,

"=(2-2)/2=;

,
. AA 1 :

(-2) / (-5-2)

(-2)/(-4-2),

(-2)/7=(-2)/6, . . 7-6-2=0.

8 1 ;

, 1
+2=.

(-2; -8) 81 (-2; )

.!: (+2) / (-3+2)=(+6)/(+6), +6+

89.

: (;

1);

(6; 5)

18=0.6,

(12;

-1).

, .

(4) .

k=(5-1) / (6-0)=4/=2 / 3 .

cTopoH

, ,

8;

-3/2.

+'

90.

=(-3/2) (x-12),

3+2-34=0."

+3-7=0().

4-

-2=0(). 6+8-35= (). .


.

20

.6, 8. ,!;l,i +-7 =

4--2=0, x=l, =2" . .


8 :

8(1; 2).

8811= /61 +8.2-351


1
2

1,3 .

6 +8

88i

.6.

91.
+-VI0= 6x+2y+5VI'O=O.
6

. , , =,

1>l y=3YIO. , (; 3I)-,


. :

-- 16.0+2.3 +5

92.

+-5= 7--19= (.

6.

5,5 .

1>l

1 +8 1 + 1

+ 8 zy+

, ,

=0

+Cz=O (A1/Az:j: 81182,

8).

11
2 YIO

yiOl

36+4

), (; ),

, (
JI

__ ..

):

I A1x+8 1y+C 1 1

I A2x+8 2y+C z l

VAt+8i

V A;+B~

(; :)-
,

'{, ). , ,
'(

~, ,

A1x+B1y+Ci

VAi+B;

2 + 2 +

VA~+8~

1 +8 1 +!

2 +8 2 +

VAi+Bl

VA~+8~

A 1x+8 1 y+C 1
V Ai+Bi

2+82+ 2=0.
VA~+B~

.
2 ,

+-:-5

l+1

7x-y-19
49+1

, . . 5(+-5)

Ai, 8}, Ci,

(7--19) =0.
21

. .

5(x+y-5)+(7x-Y-19)=O,
,

5 (x+y-5)-(7x-y-19) =0,

93.

3x+y-1I=OI

. . -3+3=0.

(1 ; 1),

(10; 13),

(13; 6).
'

.6. ( , )
.
D- .
,

I BD 1: I DC 1=1

1: I 1.

IABI=Y(IO-I)2+(I3-])2=]5, I ACI=Jf(l3-1)2+(6-1)2=13.

, 7.= I BD 1: I DC 1=15/ 13. ,


D , D .~

10+(15/ 13) ]3
13+(15/ 13) 6
1+15/13
' = 1+15/ 13

=325/28, =259/28, . .

D (325/28; 259/ 28).

,
-I

D:

-I

325/28-1' . . 7x-9+2=.

259/28-1

94. : + -2 = ,
9-3-4=0 (2; 2).

9-3-4=- ! +-2=-
CC l , , s,u

. !30 1
-1 /3,
. . kAc =-1 /3.

3,

-2=(-1 /3) (-2), +3-8=.


.'I kccx
,

= -1, kAB = 1,

-2=-2, ' . . =.

;
CC l ,
: (2/3; 2/3) (-1; ).
:

9
-2/3

3-2/3

95.

-2 / 3

-1-2/3 ' . . 7+5-8= .

(5;

1) 2+-4=0 /4 (. 9).

6.

k. .
-

.'I
-2.

22

II

1tj4,

tg

1t

T=

I1k+2/
2k l'

k+2 r;
. , 1= 1-2k

k+2
k+2
1-2k=\ 1_2k=-I.
, ~ k=-I/ k=3. ;
' -l = (-1/3) (-5), . .
+3-8=0, -I =3 (-5), . . 3-
-14=0.

96. ' , 2 + 3 + 5 + . ( +
. (l; 1).
6. ,.

+ 8 + 6) =

2\ +31
. . .=-2/ .

+5+. (1

+8.\ +6) =0,

10+ 15}, =0,

2++5-(2/) (+8+6)

=0, 4-7+3=0.

II ,

97.

3x-4+7= 5+2+3= .

6,

3-4+ 7 + (5+2+3)

=0, . . (3+5) + (-4+ 21.) +(7 +3) =0.

,
: ~+2=, . . =2. ,
, ,' ~1 + J = ....

+ +

+ +

98. : 2 5 = (), 3 1 =
= ()
7 = ().

+ +

, .

6.

+2+5+(3++J)=0, . . (1 +31.) +(2+)+(5+.)= .

. '

ll- (1 + 3) / (2+ ) ;
-. l,
1 -(l+,_) / (2+)=J.
J +3+2+=0, . . =-/4. 13 )"
,

(\-~)X+(2-1)Y+(5-~)=O, .. 5-5-17=0.
99.

: (;

2),

(7; 3)

(1; 6) .

./".

= .

100. :

+-

6=

3 - 5

+ 14 =

5-3-14
. .
101.
3+4 .-20= 8+6-5=.
102. : (; ), (-1; -3) (-5;
-1). . ,

?.

23

~ ,
, (-1; 7) (8; ---:2),

, 103.
(2; 7)

V 450.

104. (2; -1) ,

==

. = 8,
6.
105. (3/2; 1), (I;
01, .

7-2-

106.

5/3),

= ,

(3;

3)

+ 7-8 =

m
m- .. 8
u~')
107. : 1 (-1; -1), 1 (1; 9)
1 (9; 1).

108.

, ,

(2; J;" ) (3; 2 V).


109. !! (1; 2) (3; )

~r

11 0.

,
1.
: (1; 1), (4; 5) (13; -4).

+ 15 + 1 =
111.

, ,
, - . .

11 2. , 2+3+6+
-S - ) = .
113. ,
+6+5=, 3-2+ 1 , (-4/5; 1).
114. ,
+2+3=,
+8= .

2+3+4=0

5+

115. ,
3 --l =0, +3+ 1 =0 .
116. ,
MbL'{ 5x+ 3y+lO=0, x+y-15=O .

117.

+ 2+

1 =0,

2++2=0

1350

118.

(; ) ++=

450.

11 9. : x-= (), +-2=


() , = (). ,
, , .

120. , + V + 1 = ,
V + + 1 = x--l = .

121.
(1; 3), (7; 1) .

cir~: (; ),

122.
24

: x-+2=0(). =2(),

- 2 = (). ,
, (
) 1: 3.
123. , (1;1), (2; 1

+ V),

(3; 1) , .

J 24. , , i
, .
125. (3; 9) :

-6= 3x-4+9=. .
126.
, (2; 3),

. .
127. , ,
. 4x+3y-12 =O.

12

1.

II.

(). & r - , (; ) ,
.
(_)2+ (_)2 = , 2

(1)

'la, .10 ,

(1)

(2)
r 1=-2. .=-2, n= + _
/ (2) , . 12 +nz ~ -4n
.
[2+ m -4n=, (-112 ; - . j 2).
[2
. 2 -4n
, . ,
2

>

<

2 .~ .
(\; YI) 2 + 2 = 2

: xi

x~

+ : > ,3,

+ yi =

2,

II ;

, ! x~ + y f

128. 2 2
-8+5-4=.
6.

x 2 -4x+y2+(5j2)

< 2 ,

+ 22

=2. 2 -4 2+(5/ 2)

I(, 4
):

(5/4)\1

(2-4+4)+ ( +~
+ 25
) = 2 + 4+ 25
2
16
16'
25

(-2)2+

(5)2
=121
_.
4
J6
+-

, f!
, = 11/4.

= 2,

= -5/4,

12.9. ,
, 9-2-41 =0,
7+4+7 =0, -3+ 1 = 0.
6.

9-2-41 =0, { 9-2-41 =0, { 7+4+ 7=0;


7+4+

-3+

7=0;

-3+l=0.

1=0;

(3; -7), (5; 2), (-1; ).


(x_a)2+(y_b)z=,2.

, , ,
, I! :
(3-)2+

(_7_0)2= ,2;

,2,

(5-)-(2-)2=,2;

(_I_)2+2=

,2,

(3_)2+(_7_)2=(5_)2+(2_)2,

{ (3-)2+(_7 _)2= (__ I_)2+2,

,1

4+ 18=-29,

{ 8a-J4;=57.

a=3,J , 0=-2,3. ,2 (-I_a)2+b 2 =,z,


. . ,2 = 22, J. , (-3, J)2+ (+2,3)2=
=22,J.

130. ,
(5; ) (1; 4), +-=.
6 - ; ! = (5+ 1) /2=3;

.IIm=(4 +-0)/2=2,

. .

(3; 2).

.1

. l

(y-0) /(4-0)=(x-5) /(1-5),

. . +-5=0.

u - 1, () u
~ J, - 2 = 1
(-3), . . --I =0.
,
, .

bI fYe ~(

l + -5 = 0, --I

=0.

.1:=2,

1,

(2; J). , . .'= (5-2)2+(1-0)2=


= yiO. , ' (x __ 2)Z+(y_J)2= 10.
2 +2=49,
(l; 2) .

131.

6. , (J; 2) .
= 2. ~!
, . . -2=(-1 / 2) (- J). ,1 +2
-5=0.

132.

/::,

x Z +y2=2x+4y-4

,
--=.

_ Q~( ( - 1)2
= 1; (1; 2)

+ (!I-2)26

1.

1 (; YI) ,
(1; 2) , -- = ;
y-2=k (x-I), 'k=-I/I =-1, y-2=-x+l, +-=.
---= +-=, =,=,
. . [t (1; 2) - (3; ).
'J'! \!bI : 3 =
=(1 +xl) /2, =(2+I)/2; ~, 1'1 =5, l =-2. , C1 (5; -2)-

', (_5 2 )+
+(+2)2= 1. . .

133. 2 +2=4 (+ 1),

=/.

xOfA

k,

2 + -4"":"4 =0. .'! 2 (k 2


1)-4kx-4=0.
l +2 =4k/(I

2
2
, . . x=2k/(1 +k ), y=2k /(1 +k 2 ).

y=kx

+1:2).

'

k ( x=;:2k/(I +k 2 )

k=y/x), 2 +2_2=0. ,
. . .
'

134. :
2 +2_8+6=0; 2) 2 +2+ IOx-4+29=0; 3) 2 +2_
-4+ 14+54=.
135. 2 +2+4
- = , .

1)

136. ,
2), (; - 1) (-3; ).
137. ,
(7; 7) ' (-2; 4), 2--2=0.
138.
!/
2 +2=16 (-5)2+
(1;

+2=9.

139.
(-)2+ (
2)2 = 25,

-+2=0.

140. 2 = 4.
(- 2; ) j ,


= .

1.

1=

I>.

10

1. I8JC. bl cr,
, tu,
( 2),

~.

. .'! , . 10,

F 1 (; ) F 2 ( - ; ), nm (KaHOIiUI/ecKoe)
. un:

( 1)

27

.~.--:;-"-~

, ,
) a2'=b 2 +C i . ' "

(-

.
( ) '
=/ (
,
1).
,
Hb/.,l/U -. I{. ri 2 (
l+2=2).

<

<

.
( = ,
,
-), ( 2 +2= 2 ).
(Xl; !Jl) 2 / 2 + 2/ 2
1

: xila 2

+ ;/

= 1,

xi/a~+y;/b2 > 1, ;

x~/a2+yi/b2

< 1,

mm . .
.% -
rl =- ( -) 2=+ ( -) .
.

141.

(5/2; V6/4) N (-2; VI5/5).

6.

;,;2/ 2

+ 2/ = I-

. ,

25

42+2=1, a~+5b2=1.
%=10.
+2= 1. . .

142.

bZ =I.

x~/25

, 2 /10+

+ 2/9 =

6,4.

143. ,
2 / 2
2; 2
1 .
144. ,
x 2 /25+y2J16= 1.
145. , , (1; 1)
= 3/5. .
146. 2 /50 2/32 = 1
(7; 1). N (-5; -4), (4; 5)?
147. ,

148. + 5 = ,
x Z/20
2/4 = 1.
149.

, ,
, 1 (; ) Fz(l; 1)
, 2.

150. ,
(; 1) -4=0.
151.
. , - '
, 1: 2.
3. u. lC WIIC, JO
.

, ( 20), -

!!

F 1 (; ) F 2 (-; ), II

nbt

(1)
b1 =ct

_a 2 .

. ] (: )

A z (- : ) II
HfllI . 1 2 , I 1 2 1 = 2, II
, 1 2 , I 1 8 2 1 = 2, - (. 11).
ll ,


,
=
(bja) .
.

=,
=- ,
=,
= - .
,

00

(; )

_ - 00.

. . 1 I ,
.

= />

60: '1 =- ( -

-),

'2=+

(.

-').

11

=-

- : '1
+ (
il -),
= - - ( -).
=, ll lI

'2

2 _ 2= 2

R .


( =
1I 1 ,
-

<

>

11

=.! , ll !!
.

:: -t:

= - 1

IIII ,

2.
/ 2 _ 2/ 2 = I
,
, .

0f,

.'.

/2:
1
IV ). =

;: - :: = I )

(2)

ii

2 / 2 _ 2/ 2 =_I

l! nbl.

152. x2 Jl6- 2J9 = 1 ,


~
.

6.

-
. 'i=ex-a '2=+. , + =

= 2 (-),
= 5/4, . .

=/; .

=4,

e=c/a=Ya 2 +b2/a=Y16+9/4",-,

=9,6.
II :

y=~

Yx 2

16=

~ y(~)a_16= ~.

, : Mi (9,6; o,pyi)
. z (9,6; :-0,6

Vi19) ... .

153. (-1; ) (2; ). ,


, )] .
, .

6. , tg tg .

, :

tgB=---=~. tgA=--.
-2

2-'

+l

, tg B=tg 2, . . tg B=2tg A/(I-tg 2 ).


~ tg tg ,

2/(+

2-

nOCJle
- 60 . . .

(:;!; )

J)

1':'-2t(1+)2'

x 2 _ y 2j3= 1.

154. V"2. .
, (V; V"2).
6.

, cja=V2, 2 =2'.

2 = 2 + 2 ; , 2 + 2 =2 2 , 2 = 2 , . . 60

60.

. . (V3)2ja 2 _(V2)2jb 2 =1, 3ja 2 -2/b 2=1. 2 = 2 ,

3ja2 -2/a 2 = 1,

. . 2 =

1.

, 2 _ 2=

1. . .

155. ,
(9; 8), =
+(2V2/).
156. ,

2 /8

+'/5=

1.

157. (; -1)
32 -4 2 = 12 ~
' .

158.

2 - =8. ,

159. 92

(4; 6).

+ 252 = 1.

160. 600.
.

2 /64- 2/36 = 1 ,
- 18.
162. ,
2 /9 = 1.
2 :: 2 /25

161.

30

- 2 /16-!//9=
2
2
91.

163.

=1

164.

, ,

I\: ,

165.

2 _ 2 =

+ =

166. . ,
2 +4+2=0 (2; ).
4.

. !( WlClC,

I, , ,
mpu.

- ' -/2,

18. F(p/2; ),

"-

(1 )

12,

(.

> ).

II

(2)
..

>

.
(1)

(2) II,
- .~ -

<

-
r=+/2 (
).

>

167.

= 2

12

'

, ,
6.

16,

6.

, ,
, - ,
. 2
2;
6,
8,
8 2 =2 . 6, 2=32/. , = 32/3 .

168.

, l

l< -

1 III 8

6.

f=

V"2.

2 = 2, .

,

(2; 2).

:
(; )
:

8 2' = 4 2+ 4 3, 2 = 8. ,
2 =8.

169. , ,
4-3-4

.
170. yZ= 8 ,

4.
31

171.

= 4 v -![

172. 2 = 2 ,

, ,

3/4.

173.

,
174. 2 = 32 ,

+ + 1 =
'

1.

2.

r
,

175.

!3

14

- ~oop

(4; 2);
.

4. 11 Il

1. ' .
X'OlY' ( ,
01 (; ); . 13)
~1

='+,

='+;

' =-,

' =-.

(1)
(2)

(1) bI ,
(2)- .
( ,
; . 14) .
, ', ' :
=' .cos -'

'

sin ,
=xcos a+ysin ,

sin + ' cos ;

. (3)

= - sin + cos .

(4)

= '

'

176. ~ ,
' 0i (3; -4).
(7; 8). .

6.

=3, =-4, =7, =8.

y'=8-(-4)=12.
32'

(2)

'=7-3=4-;

177.

(4; 3).

. ,
' = 5, ' = 5.
'

(:::.. IOMI=Y4 2 +3 2 =5, Sinct=3/5, cosct=4/5; .


(4/5) ' -'- (3/5) ' ,
=(3/5) ' +(4/5) '. ' =' =5, = 1;.=7 .
{l =

(3)

178.

(V; 3).

t::..

= /.

(4),

' = V cos (/6) +3 sl (/6) =3/2+3/2 =3,

' = - V sln (/6)+3 05 (/6) = - V/2+3 V/2= V .

179.

I<

(9/2; 11/2).

2x-l=

01')' 2-5= (. 1 ').

I< .

180. (4
= 2.

V5;

2 V5).

- = -,5,

+ " = (kx + l)/(px+ ).

2. = +
2

= 2 ++

, . . ~1

='+, ='+' ( - , ' '-


), 6 I{ .
, =2 ++, ,
(, = 2++ , JJJ ).
6-

y=(kx+'l)/(px+q)
,

kq-pl i=

i= (J;

06


60 = , . .

,
.
1 111 ,
Jn
- 11 IV .
I{

<

>

18t.

"

=9 2 -+2.

(:::.. lJ . ' + '

+ :

' +=9 (' +)2-6 (' +)+2,

' = 9,2 +6' (3-l)

+ (9

-6+ 2 -).

, '
fI : 3-1=, 9 2 -6+2-=, . . =I/3, =I.

, , = (1/9) '.
Jl 01 (1/3; 1) = 1/18.

33

' , '
= 2 ++ ( = 2++) ;J (-)2
= 2 \-) [ (-)2=2 (-)]. 01 (; )

,1

, -

( OX)-lI

, =9 2 -6+2 :

=9( 2 - ~ x+~
-I

=9

)-1+2;

1
( 1)2 ; ( 1)2=g,(y-I).
-

, 0i (1/3; 1),
= 1/18, Jt

OTCIQAa
\l

~..

182. = (4+ 5)j(2x-l)


= k.
q

.
.
,
6. . ~f
' '

(' +) (2' +2-I) =4' +4+5,


1f.1

2'' +(2-4) ' +(2-1) ' =4a+b-2+5.


2-4=0 2-I =0, . . =0,5, =2.
'' =3,5.
I ', ' =0,5,
'=2.
, ,
(-) (-)=m;
0i (; ); = =,

y=(kx+l)/(px+q)

.11.

, y=(4x+5)/(2x-l) :

2(

- {-)-4 (- ; + ;) =0;

(2-1) -(4+ 5) =0; 2 ('-':"'0,5) (-2) =7.


, (-,5) (-2) =.3,5;
.1 01 (0,5; 2), ' 1 III

: -,5=0, -2=0.

183.

.:

1) = 4-2 2 ; 2) = _2 + 2+2; 3) = _4 2+ ; 4)=2 +4+5.

184. '' =m:


1) y=2xj(4x-I); 2) =(2+3)/(3-2); 3) y=(IOx+2)/(5x+4);
4) y=(4x+3)j(2x+ 1).
3.
II

II .

'1.!

Ij

bl nmubI

i/paBHeHlIeJl u. . .ll.eJI ..

.34


-)

( ;:t
, ,

.
,
1. ;
(ii, ): = ,m

>

2.

< ;

60./Iii,

3.

Axl1 +Cy2+2Dx+2Ey+F= (l + + l) (azx+b,Y+C2)'


;60);

= (. . =, ;60, =, [

,
( , w ), .
, (. . .

Axl +2D:t+F=O Cy l+2Eg+F=0).



(-)l1+ (_)2
( ,
II

);

=f

<

>

JI Jl.

0i (; )

. bl

;t

y=alxl1+blX+C =l++i'

185.

-36+4=?

6.

4x\l+9y 2_8x-

u :

4 (x l1 _2x)+9 (!-4) = -4; _ _


4 ('-2+ 1-1)+9 (2-4+4-4) = -4;
4 (x-l)I+9 (y-2)1= -4+4+36; 4 (-l)2+9 (-2}2=36.
,
' (1; 2). _ :
=' + 1,
' +2. .ll

4,2+9,2=6,

,2/9+,2/4=

1.

, :m.

186.

-44=?

6.

x l -9y'+2x+ 36

(x l

+2x+ 1-1)-9 (y1-4g+4-4) =44;

(+ 1)!-9 (-2)I=44+ 1-36;

(:-+ 1)2-9 (-2)' =9.

e-!J ,

='

0'(-1; 2). x=x'-I.


~ '

+2.

,r''1_9y l'=9,
ii.

'

x'z/9_y,z=l.

= (1/3) x r

, ecJI
. ..

187. 36xt+36yt-36x~24y-23=O.
188. 16'+252-2+50-359:=.

189.+x2-}y2-x+~ -l =0.
J 90. 2
J9J. 2

+ 4"-4-8 + 8 =
+ 42 + 8 + 5 = .

J92. 2 _ 2_6+ 10=0.


193.2 2 -4+2-3=0.
194. 2 -6+8 = .

195.

2 +2 +5=0.

4.
. ll~1

+ 2 + 2 +2Dx+ 2 + F = ,
t,I = ' sln . + ' cos , . ...,

.~

' cos . - ' sl .,



.
.

.rre : ~

Hlle

(,

.112

), ;

' +," ,!,

'I :

Yt=klx+b t ; Y2=k 2 x+b 2

'

..

== (,

#: ),

I>I , B/D =2E/F.


.~ .

196.

I<, 9 2

t:.

+ 24 + 16y :-25 =
2

.-. . .

(+ 4.11)2_ 25 =0.

~I,

(+4+5) (+4-5)

=0.

~I,

+4+5=0 +4-5=0 .

197.

3x2 +8xy-3 2-14-2+8=

t:. 3.112_2 (4x-l) -'(32 -14+8) =0.

m:

.11=

4-l

.11.:

(4-2+(9 2 -42+24)
3

'

.1

.11=

4-l

=-2 !I=(-+4)/.
--2=, +3-4=;=0 . ..

198.

(5-5)
3

+ 2-4

-8 =

6.. (+2)-4 (+2)=, I (-4) (+2) =0.


, -4=0 Ii +2=0,
, 0.11 . ..

199.

5 2

36

+ 4 + 8 2 + 8 + 14 + 5 =

().

06

6, 1.

(3)

oct!1i .
5 (' cos -"SI )2+4 (' cos -' sl ) (' sl +' 05 )+
+8 (' sl +' cos )2+8 (x'cos -' sl )+ 14 (' sl +' 05 ) +5=0;

(5 05 2 +4 5l cos +8 Sl' ) "+ (5 sl 2 -4 sl cos +8 05 3 ct) ,+

+ [6 SI cos + 4 (cos -sl )] '' + (8 cos + 14 SI ) ' +


+ (14 05 -8 sl ) ' +5 = .
2

4 (05 2 -sl 2 ) +6 sl cos =0, . .


''. 2tg 2 a-3tga-'-2=O.

tgal=2, tgaa=-1/2.

, tg "a
. ,
.3 tg -
2
tg =-1/2,

' ' (. 15).

cos =

tg =2,

I/5;

SI

sl = 2! 5.

cos .

36

.... ...

9,+4,+ ys '- 5 ' +5=0.

I
I
;

9 ('2+ :5

')+4 (,_ 2~5 '

15

)=--5.

2. :
9

2)\\ +4 (, -4 ys
1)2 =5+20-5.
33
1
(, + 5

.,

9(

' +

;5y~

4(

' -

~ = : ~

' (-2!; 1/(4 5)),


' =" -2!5, ' =if+ 1/(4 ); 9"\\+4"
~

=9/4,

200.

174+ 9/16 = 1 (

) .

6+8 2-12-26+
~ 1.

li :

11 =0.

(3) ."1

6 (' cos -' sl ) ('SI + ' cos ) +8 (' sl +' cos )2_
-12 (' 5 -' sl ) -26 (' sln + ' cos ) 11 = ,

(6 sl cos +8 81 l ) x,II+(8 cosl! -6 sl cos ) ,2+


[16 81 cos +6 (05 2 a-sln\\ )] ' ' .- (12 05 +26 sl ) ' -(26 cos -12 sl ) ' 11 =0.

37

'',

16ss+6(s 2 -sm 2 Ct)=, tg 2 -8tg-=0.

COSCt=

tga=3, sma=3/YI0,
l/YIO; sm cos .

tgai=3,

tgctz=-I/;

9 ('2_ YIO ,}_(,2_ YIO ')=-Il.


:

2.

9(' _~10)2 _(' _ ~10)2 = ~ ~ ~ _II~

9(x'-2iO )'-(,- ~10)'=9.


.'10 ' ( 10/2; 10/2),
'="+I/2, y'=y"+YIO/2; 9"2_"2=9,
)(3 _!/,' f9 =

201 .

1 ( ).

2_2+ y'-10x- 6U+ 25 =0.

1.

('

(' 5 -' sln )'-2 (' -' sln ) (' sm + ' cos ) +
sln + ' cos )I"7.1 (' cos - ' sln ) -6 (' sin + ' cos ) + 25 = ,

(' -2 sm ~ a+s!n 2 ) "+(!n2 +2 sm ct cos a+cos z <) '!+


+2 (5!n! a-cos 2 <) '' -(10 5 +6 sm <) ' +(10 sln -6 cos ) ' +25=0.
'', (25m! a-cos' )=,
tg 2 a=I, . . tgal=I, tga2=-I. tgCt=I, =/4

sln <= IIYf. = I/Y2".

2y,2_8yf ' +2 2 ' +25=0,


2.

2 (,+ y f ')-8 y f ' +25=0.

- ) :

2(' + ~2)' =8 y f '-24, (' + ~f)2 =4 2 (' -;2).


' (3 /y.~; -2/2),
' ="-f, ' =-=!I'+ 2/2; "=4 2 "
( ).

, ,
, :

202. 25' + 10xy + y'l-l = .


203. 2 +2+2+2+2+ 1 =0.
204 .. 8x'-18xy+9y'+2x-l=0.
38

205. 14xz

206.
207.

l<ll:

+ 24xy+21 yz-4x+ 18-139 = .

4+3 2+ 16+ 12y-36=O~


9 2 -24+ 16 2-20+ 110-50 = .

5.

J.

JJ

. n,l/I

mo , JJ JJ

(::

~:),

'~~ ~~ l=a bz-a bi .


1

alx+~]Y=Ci,
2 = 2;

{ 2

I 2 2I

JJ

D = 'ai
bi

:;t:.

, , -

(1)

Ecmr

Dpe. D-O, JDIJUIec. "l,

ee8D1. .. . J: (,

), JDIJUIec. CJJeI::.. .

' ' Gi/Gz = bi/bz :;t:. Ci/C2;

- l/9

= 1 / =Ci/Cz,

l,

BecTHbIMIJ

Glx+blY+ClZ=O;
{ 2+ bzY+C2Z = .

1.

ai/a2 = 1 / 2 =Ci!C2'

, ),

2.

Gl/aa=b1 /b 2 =Cl/CZ

, '

z=la

b
X='lb i Cil. t ; y=_la i Ci/. t.,
az

b1!.t,

J !

l/

 I

_/i !

I Il /
1

t.

(2)

, ~~l
.~ , .1 !1 Il
.

208.
(+ ) -(-) =4,

(-) + (+ )

.
ll

_ 2 ).

(1):

D=I +

-1

= 2 (

Dx. " D y ,

~ (-)
1=<a+b)2+<a-)Z=2 (2 + 2. ) ,
+

4
-(a-b)l_ 2
2
2 _2 2 _
D
"'- 2(2-2)
+ -4 +4
Q
2
3
3
2
2

2
-2 + 2 =2 ( + + + ) =2 ( + 2 ) (+ ),

Dy=I:+:
2

-4 +4

2(a;~b2) 1==e2a3+2a2b-22-23-

=2 ( _ 2 + 2 - 3) =2 ( 2 + 2)

x=Dx/D=a+b,

(-).

Y=Dy/D=a-.

209.
3x+4y+5z=O,
{
. .~

(2),

x+2y-z=.

x=l~ _~It=~22t, y=:...I~_glt=14t, z=!~ ~1t;,:,2t.

.'1 lf.

{
212. {
210.

214. {
216.

5- 3=

1,

+11=6.

ax-= 2 + 2 ,

+= 2 + 2

-2+ z= ,
-5+2z=.

2+= 1/5.
211. { 4+2=
1;3.

213. { 3+2= 1/6,

9+6= 1/2.
{ xcosa-ysina=cos2a:.
215.
sin + S =sln 2:.

{ a 2x-2( 2 + 2 )+ 2z=.
2x+2y-3z=.

/l
, , .~ .~
!' , . u/l -

40

llu.1l

,.

(-=-I)/!,

k- (II " .1u, .


I , , Q ll cooTBercr .1 .1J(.1, .1 CJI ;

+++1
1+-+

;t -, ,
II .~~d I- .'lII

1111:

.lJ .lII.

1.

nU8e

lm II .
.l ,
lO CTPOKft 11.111 .

on.

2.

u -

(mo)

m ()

Ji .1 .
1. l, riuqllAlU, - :
\
~. Ill q- ( mo) .
8tJI ll.
30. l (mo) mc'
lli!j' (), .

40,

nepecmaH08l\e ()

50.

llu.

II.,//(I1,

lli! (mol{)

m (),
U ': ( '.'1 .IJ;tl: .
.'!) .

.~IIHeiiHblx TpeMII

( al x + blY+Cl Z =d1 ,
b2Y+C2Z =dz,
a2 x

++z=d&

; JJ~l Kpa~!epa

x=J;/D, y=Dy/D, z=Dz/D,

(1)

.'1,

D;c:

D =0,

" JI

, ).
, . .

l+ b1Y+CIZ =0,
2+ b2!l+c~z=P,
{
+ +Z ,

11

.'III .~ JI,

= ,

=, =.
.'1 o':I.O/)oHoA , ~!
~!I ( ),
(.'I ). CJI
,
mlli )'.1, n-,
,fJ

panHbl

lO,
/

41

.1'l

(01.

I l Il.l ~1I!v

1)

)IfI.

217.

'

-~ ~ ~I
7

218.
().

Teope~lbI

6. I n .l'l 21"1 II,


5, II-n .l'l 2 ,
,

7:

_ ~ ; ~ 1= 1- ~

1 736
,l n'lI

I -~

) -

117.; 342: 1, .'r."

17I~ 342~1=0'11; :1+1.1:; ~;1+0 ' 11; 2~1=I,34-17,22=68.A

219.

( x+2Y-t-z =8 .
~ 3-;2!1-;- = 10,
t 4 x-,-3y-2z=4.

6.

.\I)'

(1)

18
10
=

-ll
I~ 38-il
I~ 1014 -il
22
43
2

3 22 I~I
43
14

1I
=

81; -211_21]04 -211+1./104 321 ]4


14=1,
1.123 -2]1_2134 -211+1/34 ;1
11_8134 -211+1/34 I~I
2814 --,
]4
11; 1~1-21~ 1~1+81: ;/
l'll~

-2

-<)

14

220. lI
(4+ + =,

~ -j-+ =,
l + +2=0.

6.

D = 1~
,

~ 1 .

I 2

I ~1 3- ,
II-.l ,

-4,

2-

-1:

D=I~ -~ -rl=I'I-~ =~1=17.


D =F , TOK~

221.

{
6.

x=y=z=O.

3+2 -

z=O,
x+2y+9z=O,
+ y+2z=0.

I1~((

D=11

~ -il=I~ ;1-21: ;I-l'n ~1=-15+14+1=0.

.l,J:, ~~( ~l , Hym~BOO.


( mi .l~l):

{
CJ .l

= 1;
222.

(2)

- ~ 1 t = 20t,

+2 -

= -1 ~

- ~ 1 t = - .28t,
-211,
121 327 -7
11 1 11

- I<.
223.

z=O,

x+2y+9z=0.

2 3
4 9

4,

z=

225.

5- -

z=o,

{-5+ +

227. ~

14,

,x+2y+3z=
4x+3y+2z= 16.

226.

z=o.

-6+ z=o.
l + y-7z=0.
ax+bY+CZ =-.
229. { bx+cy+az=b-c.
cx+ay+bz=c-a.
lf a+b+c.~ .

228.
230.

1;

~ d+4
b~41

2 +3

16

!I I ()_

224.

1~ ;1 t = 4t.

II

1.

I(

.1 . .~ I< 3 n:IJI .'l:!l2/


, (~ l ), (;)
lI), . (; ; ).

J
~I

11 z

(:!.

(Xi; 1; 21) (.'1:2; 2; 2) .l

(1)
, 1\1 (; ; ) 3.13

.~

~I.l

(2)
,

(; ;

(XI;

Yi; Zl)

JI ( 2 :

Yz: 2)'

z) D ]" (. . 1, '1), TO'!J(/(

Yi+ 2

1+]"

(3)

, lI iJ.1 ~l.l
-

l+ 2

=--2-;

1+ 2
=-2-

Yl+Yz
=-2-;

(4)

231. 1 (2; 4; -2) AJ 2 (-2; 4; 2). ~


M 1 M 2 , J{ l 1 2 III =3.

6.

.l ~I ! ~,I ' IIII:

-1,

,l.1, ~J

232.

Ji:

_!f..l+ !l2_ 4+3.4_4


- I.-j-}. - 1+3 ,

(-1: 4; 1).

(5; 1; --'-2), (7; 9;


llIII .'1

(1; 1; 1),

1).

8. I n.%,
I I = (- )2+(-)2+ (- )2

YO~l :

V (7 __ 1)2+(9_1)2+ (1_'1)2 = 10;

I ABI = (n-)2+-)2+ (-,.1)2= V (5-1)2+(1-1)2+<-2- 1)2=5.


44

I I:j 1= 10: 5 ==; 2,

, . ,

+.

D=-,+.

7+2 5

_ Z+.z
zD- 1+1..
()lt

233.
-4; 5)
6.

+8

17

=I+2="3'

D (17/3, 11/3, -1).


(-3; 2; 7).

YD =

1+.

1 +2 (-2)
1+2

9+2.1_11

"-F2-'

-1;

(2;

1=

- . lt I
, (; ; ),

= I ,.
TO~IY

I 1= (_2)2+(_4}2+5 2 , 1 i= (+)2+ 22+ 72.


(_2)2+41=(+3)2+53,
! , lt

10x=-17,

(-1,7;

; ) .

. .

x=-1,7.

234. (3; 3; 3) (-1; 5; 7).


l( D, .
235. : A(l; 2; 3), (7; 10; 3), C(-I; 3; 1).
I{, -.
236.


(3; 1; 2) (4; -1; 3).
237. ,
(3; 1; 4) (-4; 5; 3),
(; 6; )?
238. , M 1 (2;
4; 1) 2 (-3; 2; 5).
239. ,
A(l;-I; 5), (3;-4; 4) (4; 6; 1).

(2; 3; 4),

2. fl fl
(. . , (.lt -
lt ), - .
II11 Oxyz,

= ' + ayl+a"k.
.'1
~

uf

t ,

opaAI.

, , z-
( " ), i, j, k-bI (
,

.~~1

).

a"I, ayJ a"k, ,

lt () .
() I 1

= Va;+o~+a;.
45

.l ,J,.1

yr.1,:1'1iI

7.,

ft

I! , l5"bJ~r I

; , ' Oz. i: ::'IIX .10n ( lIl3~l ll.l.


u mo) ,J, .\;.l~l:

cos cx=~=

V0 2 +02

~02
I
Z

; cosB= !/

Oz

COSY=-a'

.'1ll JllJ!l~I '

;;2 +;;2 ~ +05 2

,J,
.1 <?~1

'? = 1.

.10llllI 0pTa~I, ra

"

+=(+.,,) i+(a,,+b,,) J+(az+b z ) k,


~-b= (- ..;) i+(a~-b~) . (Gz-b z ) k.
~I, fl , .1 l, IJ
\! ,10~1. ,J,\I l1 .1.1.l0l,

PII~.

lJ

17

llI .1 11 . <Ji!() - 9I1


, / ;tll.1h napa.l.le.l0rpa~l
. ; . -
(. 16).
CY~la .1 .l ~lOr .l~ .1 .1
(II. 17).
ll lI .1 IOl.1 tn ..:t.1 ~/.l0

= maxi +mo/JI +mazk.

I-IIf, .1.1.l!> (.1.11111) .1! '.

<

>

, :n
, .lOli ,
.
, = I/a, / l ,1.1 11 , ;, 11
~., li~1 n~KTopa . . ultll
H.At nWI () . .J,lIJi II'n
, /1 ,

HOp.JlI/poBoHlle.11

aQ=a,ta,

.=.

, " , -

(; ; z), u.lt-m.II . i r () ,
. bI ,J, ,

r=xl-:-yj+zk.
, lrf .10 ~ (l; l: ZI) 11 ( 2 :
~ =2-l, r;re 2-:t, ,

92; 2'2).
46

l-- . opTa~! l

=(2-l) i+(YZ-l) j+(Z2-Z1)

k.

~ 1 :

I I=d= V (XZ-Xl)2 +
,

( -l)Z+ (Z2- Z1)2.

,' [> ,
!J!II

~!:

~-Xl'

!/2-!/1
05 = - - '

050:=-'--

'

'

05"
I

Z2- Z i
=--.
d

240. lI

IAMI=!MNI=/NBI.

= , = .

:- I = '-. .10n ,l ,

= (-) /. = +,

CM=a+(b-)/=(2+) ! 3.

241.
.'1

:-'l

.'II1

. ,

I! = , = .

6.

~l BC=c-. n

.1 ,

IBMI :IMCI=b :c, . e.IBMI:IBCI=b:(b+c) . .1

8=-
~ (-). =+, i
,

+
=+ + (-)= +
l1-'~
-

242.

f 1 2 '
.

1'\

~l\1

= " -1'1;

BC = 'l-~;

-=

80 = (-2) .' 2

(-

BD+ = (r ~ -r~) 1 2+r~ - l = (2 + -2l) / 2;

);

(Jl-u< I r.lllIl), ill =(2 + -2l)/' ,

= (2/3) AD

= =l +.\1 = (~ - f~-2rl) /3+ri. = (1 + 2 +) /3.

243.

.'

a=20i+30j-60k

ll i.

=V 20~ +02+602=70; 'Cos ':1. = 20; 70 = 2/7,


cos ~ = 30/ 70 = 3i 7, cos l' = - 60/70 = - .

244.
6.

-- ,

\,:

(1; 3; 2)

~1

!::. :

(5; 8; -1).

ax =5-1=4, =8-3=5, z =-1-2=-.

.~ 8, AB = 4i+9]-k .

245.
6.

=-= 3i + 4j -12k.

.:t ~1 ,1 P E'I(1() la '"

I I = J/ a;+a~ -: a~= 3 2 +4- (_12)2 =

13.
47

.~I ..II

==

246.

i+4j-J2k

13

!< .

I<

, II:II=. . , =, =.
247. =+2, =-4-, CD=-5a-3b. l\
, D-.
248. I .

er

= AB-f-CD, (; ; 1), (3; 2; 1), (4; 6; 5) D(1; 6; -3).

249. = mi + ( + ]) j + ( + 1) k.
250. - : r =
= i+2j+3k. rB=3i+2j+k, r c =i+4j+k. ,
.
251.

a=i+2j+k-(1 /5) (4i+8j+3k)

252.

1 (1;

2; 3)

M z (3; -4; 6).

Jl

M j M2

a=4i-2j+3k. , Il =,

,/ = .
254. - )'.1 60",
45, r = 8. I\ 1,

253.

255.

a=i - 2j-2k.

3.

1.

nll ll,1/

IJ

.l

fl:

cos .

.
10. .= 2 2 = 2 .
.
20.
, = , = ,
(opTOOHa_~bHOCT .l

-L

BeKTO~OB).
. = (.1 ).
40. .(+)=.+. ( ).

50. (). = - () = ( ) ( l(Il .1I


).
;:
j2=P=k 2 = 1., j.j= j.k=j k=O.
. l: a=x1i+YIJ+z1k . =
= x 2 i + Y2j+ Z2k . !{~ '

~~XjX2+YIY2+Z1Z2 '
. nll(Jut
bl , IO~1 (. 18):

2.

1)

~I~l.

( = sln <. <- ' ~ 1II 11 );


2) ;
3) l , , , .1 IJlfl

48

1,), k ( ,
).

06'l .
, .
10. = - , . . ~,1

.
, 20. =, =,=,
opOB~.

allb

3 . () = () = () (e.'I

eJJ).

(+)=+ ( ).
1, j k:

40.

IXI=JXj=kXk=O,
IXJ=-ji=k; JXk=-kj=l; kXI=-Ik=j.
=Xll+YlJ+Zlk =! +)

Xi Yi 21

+zzk.

2 z

. ' . nUlJllAt ,
'>l " , . . ().
, , ~! 06:.i
,

.
10. \> .1, :
) ;
) ;

J1

(.

).

~. , MeCTa~1II
() .1 (.) , . . () '. =.( ).

,

.
.

,
~

Be~T()p

.
==.

40.

CMeUIaHHoe

bac=-; cba=-a~c; acb=-.

PIIC.

18

: a=Xll+YlJ+zlk; =
+YZJ+zzk; =l+!lJ+zk.

X2 i

= 1~~ ~~ ~~ 1
2

:
ll' ;III

, V~

110

1
I
'
Vi= I 1. 2='6 1 ='6 J 1.
49

256. = 3i
b=2i-5j+2k.

'

a.b=3.2+4(-5)+7.2=0. = f= , f:. ,

6.

+ 4j + 7k

al.b .

257. =mi + 3j + 4k = 4i +mj-7k. bI?

1(0',1

6.

I,

lJ : a.b=4m+3m-28;
I>=. 7m-28=, . . m=4 .

a.ib,

258. (5a+3b).(2a-), =2, =3, 1.. .


[:;

(5a+3b).(2a-)

= 10a 2 -5+6-3 2 = 10 2 -3 2 =40-27= 13 .

259.
6i 4j -2k.

-+

+ 2j + 3k
'

COS<P=di)'

6. TaKT<lKa.b=abcos<p,

'

~!~!

=;

=I6+2.4+(-2)=S;

=1+4+9=4, =6+16+4 =2V4.


8 2 2
.l.'1, cos <= , /,
.1'
-7 =aocos -7 .

r 14.2 r 14

2GO.
=

i ~ 2j+ k.
L\ l 'I\lee~!
iJkl =121
'1351 - ] 1251
= i~~
11

. .

l
a)<b=-71+3J+k .

+k

261. ,
a=6i+3j-2k b=31-2j+6k.
6. ~1 !l :

2i + 3j + 5k

1231
12;

:1 )< =

3_~ -g I =
1

~lO

!l
=49 (. e,:r.,)
,

262.

(2; 3;

il_~ -~I-jl~ -'~I+kl~ _~1=14i-42j-21k.

.lJl~,

.l0;J

S = I 1= 142+422+ 212 =

I
4), (4; 3; 2).

(1; 1; 1),

=(2-I) 1+(3-1) !+(4-1) k=i+2j'+3k,


=(4-1)

i+ (3- 1)

ll,

'

1~jk/f = i [23]
2 1 -

-
- = 1I
50

J+ (2- J) k=31 +2j+k.

j 1131
'3 1

+ k 1121
3 2 =-41+8j-4k.

.1.'1;

1,- -,

s,=2

263.

,=2',
r 16+64+ 16= r 24 (.

:v,

+3 3+,

6.

.) ...

>

...-"'-

(, )=0

/al=/bl=l,

~!~1

(+3) (3+ ) = 3 + +9
3
=30+ a x b-9 +0=- 8

(r1OcKo.lbI<Y

>< = =, = - ). ,

S=81

264.

1 =8!!si

300=4

(. .) ....

= 2i -

j - k,

b=i+3j-k, c=i+j+4k.

-~ =1[=2 [; -11+11;

6, abc=lf

265.

,
I<~I.

= i + 2j -- 2k

-11-11: II=26+5+2=33 ....

a=2i+5j--i-7k, b=i+j-k,

6, r ~[[!II ; .

!-=21~ -~1-511-I+7U ~1=8-!5+7=O.

abc=lf

,< = , .lll ....

266. II LI :\ (2; 2; 2),


(4; 3; 3), (4; 5; 4) D (5; 5; 6).
6, HaJ~CIc~[ -,
D, [J; I ~[:I:;
A8=2i+j+k, AC=2i+3j+2k, =3i+J-i-4k.

II :

A8ACAo>
=I;334
~ ;1=21; ~1-l'l; ~1+l'l;
. ~1=2,6-1,2-1,3=7.
aI{ ~1
,

267.

~r

1/6

V=7/G

~..r

.1.1.l,

(. .) ....

(-) (-) (-).

6.

(-)+(-)+(-) =0, (.19).


.l.1, .1: (-) (-) (-)=

=0.

268. -2 5-6.
= 4, = 6 /3.
269. = 3i + 4j + 5k 11 =

= 4i+5j-3k.

270. a=mi+i b=3i-3j+4k


n?

51

271. II ,'I 2 + 3 + 4
"..........
"..........
"..........
5 6 7, = 1, = 2, = 3, (, ) = (, ) = (, ) = :/3.
272. F s, F = 2, 5 = 5,

+ +
"..........

q>=(F,
273.
=

s)=:/6.

i + j+2k b=2i + 1+ k.
274. , ,


. ,
i 1, = 1+k.
275. a=2i+2j+k b=6i+3j+2k.

= +

276. -
ABCD: fA=i+J+k, f B =i+31+5k, fc=7i+91+11k.
-

D.
277.

,
, i

'1>0,
.

ak>O,

278. ,
b=i+J+(m+l) k
m

19

> ,
<, bj<O, bk<O.
= i + J+ mk,

c=i-j+mk

7,'

279. x 1 ' 2 ' ' l' 2' , 1'

ZII

xi Yi
2 2 Z2 =0,
1 Z

XIX2+IIIY2+ Z1Z2=O,

I+I+ZlZ=,
2+2+Z2Z=0?

280. = 2i + 5j -+-- k
b=i-+--2j-3k.
281. (2; 2; 2),
(4; ; 3) (; 1; ).
282. = i - j + k, =
= i+j+k, c=2i+3j+4k.
283. , a=7i-3J+2k, b=3i-7j+8k,
= i - j + k .
284.
(; ; 1), (2; 3; 5), (6; 2; 3) D (3; 7; 2).
, BCD .
285. , (5; 7; -2), (3; 1; -1), (9; 4; -4)
D (1; 5; ) .

JII

1.

1. :. 1) Ypa.e.lI~ eeK1I1opHoi[ fJ,lI


=.

=l+u] '+zk-- (;;

!! ;

2)

n=

~+k cos - , i1II


, I( ; , ~, -"
~1 , , Oz; -

I cos CG+J cos

cos CG+ycos

~+z

cos y-=

(1)

(.,lta.~ . nll)
2) .10

(2)

Ax+By+Cz+D=O,

2+2+2 f= '( ..l1). , ,


r.eKTopa N
I +Bj + Ck, .10

(. ). tl .10

~!

~III

(3)

\\

3). , \\

Ax+By+Cz+D=O:
= ; lI
=;

D:; ;

;
;

Oz'

~ ;

== =
= =

; Oz (.1 );

);
==;

);
= D = ;
B=D=O
;

C=D=O

Oz;

= = D
; (z = );
=C=D=O;

xOz (=);
B==C=D=O;

yOz (=) .
D f= , ,
-D,

~+JL+~=I

(4)

( a=-D/A, =-D/, c=~D/C) . .!1


: He~1 , - ,
, Oz.

53

+D4)2= ! n:l>Ill

cos

<=

A 1 x+B1.ti+C1 z+Di=0

'

v Ai+Bi+ci V A~+B~+C~ .
12+I2+I2

(5)

'.18 n :

1 / 2 = 1 / 2 = 1 /2

J '06l1

{)

nnumll :

I2+12+I2 =0.

(7)

(; ; ) n/,
\! Ax+By+Cz+D =0,

5)

.l::'1"(

d . I + +Czo+D I

(8)

2+2+2
~(

'l

.1

IJ

tlO ;

.1

: ,
, ' " ,

6) , nQ mo. (; ; ) '
N=I+j+k,
(x-)+ (Y-)+ (-)

nepneftau.

=0.

(9)

. " ,l 4J , ,

ypaHeftUeM .

7)

1+1+1z+Di+ (A 2 x+B 2 y+C2 z+D 2 )


.'1 .1
~I)'

A 1x+B 1 y+C 1 z+D 1 =0

=0

(1) A 2 x+B2Y+ C2Z + D 2=0,

(10)

()

. . , .'10,
~! ( ypafteHueM
). , (1) (I 1), .'1,
.l0 .l0, .l.1
I\~!

.10~!.

8)

YpaHeHlle nu, ftble !

Iv.'() (;J.

fl=x 1 1+Yli+z1 k; f2=x21+Y2J+Z2k;

:' .l .1

.)

+zk- -

r-r1.

(ri).

=l+ J+zk).

2-l.

f-l,

l( :

(r-fl)

(Z-l) (-l)

2 (2).

=!

=0,

,1 D !-~l:

x:=;~ y~=~~ z:=~~ I=0.

-l

(11)

Z-Zl

286. 2+-6z+21=

6.

.1 D=21

> ): 1!=-1IY22 +3 2 +6 2 = - 1/7.

I1

54

",

- (2/7) -(/7) +(J7)

z-=.

287.
6x-3y+2z-28=0.

6.

(8)

(3; 5; -8)
.

d_16.- . 5+2.(-)-2I

2+32+22


.,

tyJ . . .

288. ,
(2; 3; 5) N = 4i + 3j + 2k;
6,.

(9)

4 (~2)+ (-3)+2 (-5) =0, . . 4++2z-27=0.

289. , (2;
3; -1) 5x-3y+2z-10 = .
1::. (9) , :
(-2)+(-3)+

(z+ 1) =0.

n =
= (5; -3; 2) ; , = 5, -3, 2

5 (-2)-3 (-3)+2 (+ 1) =0, 5x-3y+2z+ 1 =0.

290. . ' (2; 3; - 5)


. ",

6.

: 1

2, :

(11),

. 1x-~
-2

=~ -~I=o, 15+ 10-6-60= . ...


0-5

291. ,
(5; 4; 3)

6.

(2; 3; ), (2; ; -5), (; 3; -5).


, . Mi i

(4) mI , = =,
/ + /
/ = 1. Q
, 5/+4/+3/= 1, = 12. i

x+U+z-12=0. ..

292. ,
x+y+5z-1 =0, 2x+3y-z+2;;::0

6.

(3; 2; 1).

(10)

55

, .'1

3+2+5-1 +6+6-1 +2) =9+ 137..=0,

7..=-9/13.

I ,

++5z-I-

1 (2+-z+2)=0,

5+ 14-74Z+I

=0...

293. ,'
+3+5-4= x--2+7=0
.
.. :

++5z-4+--2Z+7) =0;

(1 +iI-) +(-7..) +(5-27..) +(n-4)=.


,

: -~.=, . . =.
,, OJlq 4x-+17=0 . ..

294.
(2; -1; 4) (3; 2; -1)
--:-3 = .

,

++2

6..

N :
{I; 3; -5} "=
N

, =

{l; 1; 2}

1{

N=ABx"=I:1 jI -~I=II1-7j-2k.
2
,

(, ) ll

11

(-2)-? (+

N ={ll;

~7;

-2}:

1)-2 (-4) =0, l1-7-:-2-21 =0 ...

. . 295. ,
(3; -1; -5) 3--2+2+7=
= 5x-4y+3z+ 1 =0.
6.

N = "1

"2 = I;5 -4
-~ ~ I=

=II=~

;/+JI;

"1 = {; -2; 2}

~I+k/~ =~1=21+j-2k.

, ,
-1; -5) N = {2; 1; -2},

.2 (-3)+(+ 1)-2 (z+5)=0,

296.

"2={5; -4: 3}

(3;

2x+y-2z-15=0 . ..

I: 1) x+y--2~0; 2) 3x+5y-4+7=.
297. (1; 3;-2)

56

2-3-4

+ 12.= .

~ -

'
298. , (2;

3;-5) 4-2+5-12=.
299. , : 1)

(-2; 3; 4), ;
2) N (2; -1; 4), 1
.'l, '.
300. ,

(2;

0;-1) Q(I; -1; 3) 3+2-


5=0.
301. 2x-5+2+5=0 ,

.
302. , , (4; ,-3;

12)

303. , -

3-4+5-12=.
.
3Q4. li ,
P(l;-4; 2) Q(7; J;-5).
305. - , (;
2; ) Q (2; ; ) 600 --:- .

306. .'l ,
111 (1;-1;-1), ,
- .
307. , .r (4;-2;

308.

1) Q(2; 4;-3).

., . '

, I~

~x+2y+-7=O, 2-+3--3=, 4+5


-2-12= I< (;

309.


I (; 2; 1).

310.

3;

N(l; 1; 1).

+5+9-13=,

3--5+

1 =0
.

f! +2+3-5= 3-2-+l
.

311. ,

=0

(1 +J/ 2)x+2y+2z-4=0, +++ 1 =0


l! . 600.
312. ,
'II 2--12-3= 3+-7-2=

2
5 -1 = .
313. ,

+ +

AIx+BIy+CIz+D1=0 2+ 2 +2
2 = .
314. ,
11-1 (; 2; 1) = i j k = i j-k.
315. 2 - 4 =

+D

i +2j+k?

++
+ +

57

2.

1) l ~ U.I/U n .10m

A\x+B 1y+C\z+D 1 =0,


A zx+B 2 y+C2 z+D z =0,
.

2) r, ~' II

II .

},I nltl, II

x=az+c, y=bz+d.

3) J/ , ) (\; .111; ;;\) 11 .H~ (Xz;


.112; 2),
-!

Z-Zi

-!

---=---=--XZ-Xl .112-.11\ 22- 1

(1 )

IJ:-I IOU'lu

4)

- 1
-!
-
-z-=--=--

s =

, (\; .111; 2\) .l.l.1


]
nk. lO, . IJ;.,

[i

+ +

I)-Yi

-\

'-

cos = cos ~ = cos


;

(2)

-,

'.1

lO ~I ;. .l

cos

cos

[2+ 2+ 2'

12+ m 2+ n 2 '

cos

[2+~":"'n2'

(3)

5) IJ ~, IJ :-l t, lI l'

nU'lI

u:

( X=lt+Xi;

~ y=mi+Yi;

(4)

tz=nt+zi.
6) J/ . . Il '!I, J\I1 l(ll'I II111
= (Y-Yl) !ml = (z-zl) /nl (x-xz)/12 = (.11- yz),'mz = (Z-Z2) /Z, ,J..1

(x- !) I[i

(5)
lIu II:

[1 1[2 = ml l nz z = 1 /1l2;

(6)

neni!u n},I:

[1[2

+ mlm2 + 111112 =

(7)

I,
l1, (ll ,JlIl,.IllIl
):

7)

x2-xi .112-.111

I
.f J ,

58

~I

Z2

.:...z\

[1

ml

ni

[2

112

=0.

(8)

ml' l [2' 2,' 2.

_1

~[

8) (x-l)/l=(-l)!m=(Z-Zl)/n
Ax+By+Cz+D=O
-

Al+Bm+Cn.

slnq>

(9)

+2+2. 1 2 + 2 +n2 '


r;8ue na n :

. l++n=;

(10)

8 nne :

A/l=B/m=C/n.
9)

(11)

(-}/l = (-)/ =
Ax+By+Cz+D=O

= (z-zo)/n
,

=+,

y=rrtt+yo, z=nt+zo:
Al+Bm+Cn;tO, ;
AI+Bm+Cn=O Axo+Byo+Czo+D;tO.

)
)

AI+Bm+Cn=O

Axo+BYo+Czo+D=O.

316. 2x-y+3z-1=O 5x+4y-z-7=


=

/::. 1 .
-

z,

13x+llz-11=0 17+ll-22=0.

II ,

lI(y-2)

17

I1(z -1)

_ 13

,. .

-2

z-1

11 =--"""i''

Il . s=li+j+nk,~ .
N1 = 21-1 +3k
N2 =5i+4j-k , 5
Ni N.:
S=NiXN 2

=1;

-~4-1~1=-1li+17j+13k.

, 1=-11; = 17; n= 13.


M 1 (l; l; ZI)' .. ,

yOz. i= Yl ZI

,
=:

-+3Z-I=~,

{ 4y-z-7=O.
=

, l = 2, ZI
1. ,
/(- 11) = (y-2)/17 = (z-I)/13.

317.
/::.

2X+3Y.+3Z-9=O,
{ 4x+2y+z-8=O.

: x/4.,5+y/3+z/3 =.
1, x/2+y/4+z/8= 1. ,
(.. 20).

59

318.
(-2)/2:;:= (-l)/3 = (-3)/I.

IQ

'

, (11)
=[, =, =n, D=O, ,
.'

2x+3y+z=0.'

.
, : x=2t+2,y=3t+J, z=t+3.
t
2 (2t+2)+3 (3/+ 1)+
+1+3=0, t=- 517
=417, =-8/7, ' z~1617,
. .
(417; - 817; 1617).

9
; (1),

= /(- 8/7) = z/(16!7).

-/(4!7)

/I =/(-2)' =

=z/4 .

319.

/2 =

n ,
''

=yj(- 3) = zjn
,

(+
.

20

1)/3 = (y+5)/2=z/I,

, : n , (8) ~
; 1=- " 1=-5, Z1=O, 2=, 2=, Z2=O, [1=3' l=2,
nt=,I, '[2=2, 2=-3' II-t ' =n, ' r.
,

""113 ,'"

52 01
I=0;2n+l0+3-15n=,:.n'=I . .
2 -3 n

, ' ' ' x/2~y/(-3)=z/J

('+/-"=(+5)j2=z/l,
=---

3z.

.lI

paBejicTBo

(+

iJ

Z:

1)/3= (Y+~H2,

x=2z,

(2Z+ 1){3~(-z+5)/2. , =!. z, =2z~2"!I=;=-3Z =


=-3.

(2; -3; 1) .

320. ,
(3; 2; ,-:- 1) .

, , '
N (3; ; " ). & ,

N, (x-)/0=(-2)/(-2)=(z+I)!l .

321. +-2-6= (I; 1; 1).


N, ~ 01
.

, , , ; (x-l)/l

= (- ')/= (z_l)jn.

{1;

n}

'

, HopMa.'lHOO

n = {!; 1; - 2} .
(x-l)fl = (y-l) = (z-l)/(- 2).

' ,
+-2-6=,

(x-!)jl

= (-I)/! = (z-l)/(- 2).

r =

t + 1, !I = t + 1, Z = - 2! + 1.
t = 1; = 2,

, Z ,

=2, =-1.

= ( +xN)/2, =
= (YA1+U,N)/2, Z=(ZM+ZN)/2, . . 2=(1 +xjV)/2, 2=(1 +YN)/2, -1 =(1 +zN)/2,
xN=3, YN=3, ZN=- 3. , N (3; 3; - 3) .

322. (x-l)/2=y/3=(z+1)/(-1)
(1; 1; 1). N.
.
'
6. ,

(x-I)+B (y...,..I)+C

(-I)

=0.

{; ; } , il ,
{2; 3; - 1} ;
1J

'

2(x-I)+3(y-I)-(z-I)=O,

2+3--4=.

~ ,
r

2+3--4=, (x-I)/2=I3=(z+I)/(-I).
x=2t+I, y=3t, =
, Z , t=I/14.
=817, =3/14, =- 15/14.
,
' , . . 8/7=(1+XN)/2, 3/14=(l+YN)/2, -15/14 =

=-t-1.

= (l+zN)/2,

XN=9f7, YN=-417, ZN=-22/7.

N(9/7; -417;

-2217) . . .

323. (+ 1)/2 =
.

(y-l)/(-l) = (z-2)/3
x/(-l) = (+ 2)/2 = (z-3)/( -3),

6.

.
, , :

(x+1)/2=(y-I)/(-I),
(y-1)/(-1)=(z-2)/3,

)l x+2y-I=0;
3+-5=.

, ,
+2-I

+1.. (3+-5) =0, + (2+ 31..) +z-(l +5.) =0.

.'1

. -1.1+2(2+3)-3.=, 3+3=,

1..=-1.

06il, i\ x--+4=0 .

324. lli
x+y+2z-5=O.
6.

(x-l)jl =

(+

1)/2 = z/3

:
(-

])/1 = (+ 1)/2, 2--3 =


(x-I)/I = /3, 3--3 = .

2--3+3-z-3)

=0,

.'1 (2+3) --z-3

(1 +) =0.
l

, .

+.)

+ 1 (-I)+2(-)=,

1(2
1=0, =-l. ,

2x-Y-3+<-I)'(3x-z-3)=O,

x+y-z=.

- :

X-+;Y+2Z-5=0;
{ X-fy-2=0.

./! = (-5/3)/( -1) =

(2-5/3)/0.

325. ,
(5; 3; 4) s = 2i + 5j-8k.
6,

(2) =2, m=5, n=--8, .=5, Yi=3," 21=4,

(-5)/2=(-3)/5

= (-4)/(-8) .
326.
1: 1)
j+2k.

S1=21+3j+k

s2=31+

6, SlXS2=5i-J-7k,
(-1)/5= (-1)/(-1) = (-1)/(-7).

327.
+32-26=0;
{ +2
3x+y+4-1~=O

328.

{ 3+ y-17z= .

2+ -,-16Z-7=,

329.

, -

-2 -5=0.
{ -32+8=0.

330.

, ;

-2; ) 450 600.

331. , N (5;
-1; ~3)
+-6=.
{ 2+
4x-5-+2=0.

332. (x-l)/( -1) = (y~2)/5=


=(z+4)/2 (x-2)/2=(y-5)/(-2)=(z-1)/3.
333. :
(3; ; -1), (1; 2; -4) (; 7; -2).
D CD.
334. , (2; -5; 1) N(Jl; 1; 2).
62

335.

= (-3)/2 = (-2)

336.

(x-3)/1
(-1; 2; 3)

bl

=(+ 1)/2=(-2)/1.
(2; -3; 1).

(3; -}; 2)

.
337.

4X- Y -Z+ 12=0,


{3-2 + 16=01
{ y-z-2=0
3x-=0.

338. ,

KoopdHHaT
339.

~ {;+2~~=-2.

ABCD: (-2; 3; -5)

D (; 4; '-7) ' (1; 2; -3,5).


.
340.

+ 2 + 4 -

8 = -.

, .
341. A(l; 1; 1), (2; 3; 3) (; 3; 2).
II ,
.

342.
(;


,
= i
2j 2k,

+ +

2; 1)

b=3j, c=3k.
343.

,
(+ 1)/3=(y-2)/(~I)=z/4 3+-

-z+2=.
344.
=(z-2)/(-2)

ri

/2 = (

2x+3y-z-5=O.

+3) =

I(

2.

1. . ' ,
11 (,
(_)2+(_)2+{_)2= 2 .
(1)

(; ; )

.1II ,

x2+yZ+z2=2.

(2)

345. ,

2 +2+ 2_+2+

1 =0.

(1),
Z, . .

, , ,
:

(X 2-x+t) - ~

+ (2+2+ 1)-1 +Zl+ 1 =0,

'

63

, -

),

(1/2;-1;

,=1/2.

, (1;
(1; -3; 1) (2; 2; 3),
.

346.

2; -4),

6. , (x-)2+(_)2+(z_)Z= Z ,
~ ( =), '
09 ;
(l-)2+ (2_)2+(_

4)2=,2,

(l-)2+(- -)2+

12=

,2.

(2-)2+ (2- )2+ 2 =,2.

(l_a)2+(2_b)2+ H~= (l-a)2+(- 3-)-I,


(l-)2.+ (2-)2+

16 =

(2-)2

+ (2-)2+9,

(2_b)Z_(_

-)2=-

15,

. .

10=

10;

(l-)2-(2-)2=-7, . . 2=-4,
, =-2, =I. , - (-2; 1; ). ,

(I-a)2+(2-b)2+ 16= (1 +2)2+ (2_1)2+ 16 = 26. ,


(x+2)2+(y-l)2+ z2=26 _

,2=

347. ~

6.

(_)2+(+2)2+(Z_I)2=

100,
2x-2y-z+9=0.

(3; - 2; 1) 2x-2y-z+9= '


KOToporo

(-3) /2

= ( +2)/(-2) =

(z- 1)/(-1)

(
.).
(*)
2x-2y-z+9 =0. ,
.

; lJ .

=-

+1

! ., ,

= 2t + ,

. ,

2(2t+3)-2(-21-2)-(-I+I)+9=O,

. .

=-

21 -2,

1=-2.

, =2 (-2)+3=-:-1, =- 2 (-2)-2=2, Z=- (-2)+ 1 =3,


. . (-1; 2; 3).
.
d (3; -2; 1)

2x-2y-z+9=0:
d

2.3+2~2-1+9=6.

22 + 22 +1
, Z =R2-d 2 , R-
; aI< , ,2= 100-36=64, . . ,=8.

348.

1)

(+ 1)2+(+

+ 2-2=; 3) 2 +22+2
2

5)

2 +2+ 2=4-3.

2)2 + 2=25; 2)

2 + 2

2-4+ 6 +
1-4y-3z+2=0; 4) 2 +2+ 2=2;

349. (1; -1; 3) :


(-l)2+(+2)2+2=19; 2) 2 +2+2_+=; 3) 2 +2+
+ 2-4+ y-2=?

1)
64

350. II , I 1\1 (4; - 1; - 3) 11


N (; 3; -1) .
351. 1' , Il
(x_I)2 + (y_1)2 + (-3)2 = 25 z = .
352. 2 + 2 +

+ 2= 100,

2+2-=

18.

2. ' BToporo .

' (,

.1 ,
napa.l:le.'IbHbI . , F (, ) =0

.1J

F (,

) =0-.1II'J

~I .

6 .1 :
2

Q2
:\:,2

yZ
+7)2
= 1-.lunmuu u,;

- -." = J -//nell'lu
2 = 2px-n.luII

u,lllllt,

....

B~ex II.II, rn , .'!


.1 Oz, .l .1

(, .1, ), 'II.
. I, )l
, .1. . , II
.'1 .'IJ1ll .1II, . . lllI
, l ;.{

Q2+7)2=I,
=.
m ,

.1 O~b

O-z,

~.


.'!

2 +7)2 - 2 =0.

.l0,
2

Z2

' 2

---+-=0

'

.11' ~I J(OHYCOB
, ~1 .l 11 .

353.
1)

Ha'la.'1e

q ' II:

2 =4;

2)

2=?

J) 2 =4 .1.l u.1 ;
.l.1 Oz. .l .1 .1
2 =4, z=O,
2) Z2=XZ ~ .'1 % (.-)

: %=0 %=, . . Q.1 .10kII-


z = , .

354. 2 +2_2 :! =
=2?
65

6.

, ~+4-2z,2=Q" J 1/2 2 /4 = 1. u, ri;'



2; . Oz,
.

.&
355.

KOopofJ (; ;
y~j9 = 1, z = 3.

/:':.

.
- x 2J25

1).

AjI1,

' !

. fl

( : :

zo) -,
xjxo =yjyo = (z-I)j(zo-I).

,
II , . . X~J25+y~j9=1, Zo=3'

'

x jxo=(z-I){(zo-I),

Zo

yjYo=(z-I){(z-l),

ll :

356.

5/25+J9=I,

x 2{25+y2j9-(z-I)2j4=0 .

%0=3'

.&

. 'lO

. : 1) 2 + 2
4; 2) x 2 j25
2
2
2
+2/16= 1; 3) _ = 1; 4) 2=2; 5) Z2=.y; 6) + =0; 7) 2 +

+2

, 2; 8) 2 +2=0;: 9) 2 _ 2 =0; 10) 2 =.

357. 2 _2 + 2 =
=0 : l)=; 2) z=1; } =.
358.
, : 1) =, 2+ 2 =
= ; 2) = , x~+ z2=a 2 ; 3) z = , x2 ja2 + y2Jb 2 = 1.
2

3. .
yOz F (, )

.
== Oz,

=0,

F(,V 2 + 2 , z)=O.
1I, F (, V y2+ Z2) =0 , ,
F(x, )=, z=O; F(VX 2 +z2 ,
) = -, '~:)8 /lOKpyr .
,
, ' !l rOKPYf II .

2 +2

-Z:-+ il-=I;

:: OZ;
( = ) .
nmblU
2 +2

>

<

--2--2= 1;

Oz

( ,

).

'

nombl
2 +2

- - 2- - - =
-1;
2

Oz

( , -

ll ).

G(j

x'+yZ=2pz;
.1. ::

Oz.

.
, :

UnC:l ()

nm Ul1E
'!.

2-+ 3

-cz=-I. ,

nu n;:

' 2
-+-=:lZ

> , q>


(:,
, Jl
n;:u,
2

---=2

).

,
.1)
-neJ!UU

> , q>

).

359.

= .

x+2!J=4,

(4; ; ).

; ; Z;
(; ; ).
.10, ' . =, YZ+Z2=y.2.
, -

( _4)2

360.

=0,

: +2 YYZ+Z2,=

4, 4 (' +Z2)_

. . 4yz+4Z 2 -( _4)2= . .

'

= ?

6.

.J.~~1 : :: =45
( Oz ). :

=', =' cos a-z' sln , =' slna+2' cosa. slna=cosa= Y'Z/2,

=', =('212) ('-'), =('212) ('+').


.1

,1
,1 2
,. '2
~ , = / - I ,
x'Z_y' /2+2' /2=0 ( , KOToporo

o.l::TaB~B

'

.l ). .

361. ,
2+ z-2 = , = z :
362. z = _ '!.
IO Z = 1, = 1,
1, Z
1.

2)

=-

363.
2= ?

II

1) z = ,

450.

67

364. ,
, OZ,
(-1; ~2; 2) ' N(1; 1; 1).
365. ,

(3; ; ), (-2; 5/3; ) (; -1;

- ! Z = 2

366.
-

2/V-S).

+ 2.

z = 2 '-

367.

+ =m(2+ 2) :

z' +

1) m=; 2) <m<1; 3) m>1; 4) m<;

5) m= 1.
4.

z
Ax 2+B y 2+Cz 2 +2Dyz+2Exz+2Fxy+20x+2Hy+2Kz+L=0.

, OJl .10, l!,


. ,
Jl. Q , , '
( ).

D=

F =

Ax 2 +By2+CZ 2+20x+2Hy+2Kz+L =0.



, .

368.

x +4y z+9z 2 + 12yz+6xz+ 4xy-4-8-12z+3=?


2

(+2+z)2_4 (+2+z)+3=.
; (+2+z-l)(+2+z-)=
. II , .1 +2+
+z-l =0, +2+z-=0 .

369.
2
~

+ 2 + 2 -

= ?

2,
_ 2 2 +2 2+2 2 -2-2-2=,

(_)2

+ (y_z)z+(x~Z)2 =0.

,
. =,
== . ...

y=z, x=z.

370.
2 + 2 + 4z 2 -2xy-8z + 5 = ?
~

(-)'+4

(z-I)t=-l.

' 1I .

68

z.

371.

!! '

Z+ 36z

4 + 9y

6 ,

-8x-18y-72z -+- 13 =0.

.l :

4 ( 2 -2) +9 (yZ_2y) +36 (z2-2z) = - ]3.


.1

4 (

,10

.1 n , ,1tl~.

-2.:(+

11.111 -

])+9 (2_2+ 1)+36 (z2-2z+]) = - ]3+4+9+35;


4 (- ])2+9 (y-1)2+36 (z- ]1)2=36.

ll\l .1.1 ,
,:

='

'

(]; ]: ]).

.1

+ 1, = ' + 1, z = z' + ].
4' + 9' + z'Z = 3,
\

8.10

!!

+ , /4 + = 1.

,I/9

Z,2

ll 3.1.l; HOBO~I 11'1:l


llll, .,: ,3, 2 ]. .

372.

:vI
2 _ 2_4+8-2

f':...

ll~1 ,'1,

=0.

(x Z -4) -(Z...;..8)

~1 :

( 2 _4+4)_(2_8+

16) =2z+4-16,

= 2z.

(X-2)2_(y-4)z=2 (z-6).

.'1il : ,
0" (2; 4; 6). =' +2, =' +4, z=z' +6. '.1

,_,! = 2z', .l 60.'I . .

373.
4 2 - 2

+ 4z

-8+ 4

+ 8z + 4 =

.1 6, .'1'l

4 ( 2 -2)_(2_4)+4 (z2+2z) = - 4;
4

(z2+2z+ 1) = - 4+4...;.4+4;
4 (x_I)2_(y_2)2+4 (z+ 1)2=0.

(.t 2 -2x+ 1)-(2-4+4) +4

i'JII~1 .leJ1 , ,
'; 0'(1;

'z=i'-].
,, _ / /4

2; -1). ll ;\. ='+1'2 =', +2,


4,_,2+ 4 , =0, II

+z'Z = .

ll :. .

l<aKIIe

'

~ -

I:>,:

374. xZ--z+z=. 375. 2 + 2 -4-4+4=0.


376. 2 +2 2+2_2-2=0.
377. X 2 +y2- z 2_2g+2z=.
2
2
378. x +2y2+2z -4y+ 4z + 4 = .
379. 42 + y2- z2_24x-4y+ 2z +35 =0.
380. 2 + 2_ 2_2-2 +- 2z 2 = .
381. 2 +2_6+6-4+ 18=0.
382. 9x 2-z 2 -18x-18y-6z = .

69

IV

1.

n-

~:r;~:::~:)~::.:::::~~:",.
031

032

.,

41

a4~

04

'I~i

-ai2' 'i
41

'
lI!

Jl1I . , -
6q~Ol ntre JleKGtOpor.o
, .
06;1lqag , M,jk >, : ~ [1 -,l.dS
Jl 0ik n- (. . ,
i-A k-M roll. ro eIlf),

Ai't=(_l),tHM,*.
D- 'n~1'O . ero
i-A: , k-ro , 1 (. . 4J)

D=ail Ail+ a /2 A /2+'" +a;nAin;


=oaJ,kAl.k +~A21t
+OnkAnk'
C~POH, i t= i k f:: 1 ' 2 (. . 41)

+ ...

+ ."

ajlAi~ aj.2 A[2


+ajnAin=O,
a1k A Jl+a2k A 2l+ ' " +ankA"t=O.
D'J'OPOTO ,
.

Cn .

41,

' ,lll + 12%2+ ln,.=' b:i;


, ~lXl+a22~
+~"x,,='
...............
{
anlXJ.+an2~+ .+nn= ,

+ ...

D=

70

Qit

aiz

...

ln

21

"0

,,.

/.

n,

...

nn

,:. ,

~l

xl=D 1 /D;

x2=D 2 /D; ... ; xn=Dn/D.

cI~l D-.1 ,

D" (k= 1, 2, ... >

n)-nll

.1, .l : /- ( . . .1
u ) .l:

~i

12 l,II-i

D/;= 21 22

ani

383.

n 2

b1
2

2,

an,k-l Qn

/;-1

Gi, k+l

. ln

2, k+l 2n

n , k+i

...

3
5
2
1
-2 -3

'1

3 4
3 2
5 4

. 1:\ : 1) 1-
.l~l 2- ; 2)
.l' 2-11 ; ) 4- 2- .
Ji .1
0-1 -2 -10

D=

10

012

.l0I

-1 -2
1 9

D=1-1\

-101
10.

120

1
J1

I-ro

~leHTOB 2- - ,

D= -

007 -101
10.
1
12

.l0/ ] 6tt:

D=-I~
384.

-:81=-70 .


1 2
2
4 4

545
6 5

6.

D=225

2, 4

5- .l;

1 1
1
23 2
5 2 1
3 1

71

ll 2- .l [-

BbI'ITeM

11

:rll

.'1)'

l(i'I .'1,1 :r [- :

"

3 -2 3
D=200 2320=20

~2

052 1
3 1

3
232

52
3

1
1

ll1I .'1 2- .l~f J CTPOI<JI, ~1 -2 (nli


IIOlI.1 .1 1- ) .l.l.1, ~1 .l0I
.1 .l~l J"
-ro .l:

[ 3

D = - 40

0620
16201
5 .2 1 = - 40 5 2 1
0031

031

II 2-' .'1~l 3- , BHece~1 2 (i (),


ll. ,'1
) ..1 11 .lI .l~i\ (
.'111;, .1 3- :

1-"

D=-801~
385.

-1 ~1=-80Ig _11=640.

II

x+2y+3z=[4,
u+ .2 z+3t =20,
{ z+2t+3x= 14,
'+2+3= 12.

6.

' D
+ 2+

3z+0.t = 14,
2:+ 3t=20,
3++"
z+ 2/=14,
{
2+ 3y+Oz+ t=12.
+

HaCfe~(

1 2 3
1 2 3
3 1 2
2 3 9 1

.'108 2-ro .l .1 1-ro .,;


~HTOB 3- .'1 Bbl'ITeM .'I~l I-ro .1:

D=

~1 _~ ~~ ~

2 -1 -6 1

231

"

112

113

::..

31

-6 -8 2 =(-2)(-1) 34-1 .
-1 -6 1
1 6 -1

2- .'1 .l)l " I-ro .1; 113 ::'.1,

3-(";)

.~ ~1 .'I 1- .l:

.:

1 730
20 23
10 2 3
3 14 1 2 = 2 3 7 I 2

1 14 3

2 12
72

2 6

.'f 3 I- ; lO

I- :

4-.

'!

10 -82 3
1 31
D y =2 -14
2 =2 -14 -82 31
2 =222 1;)
-7 -42
-8 - 1
-8 -6 1
-4 -3 1

.'I 1- ' - ;
2- ~ 3- :

D y =8

117

171
1001
2 =8 1 101
2 = 192.
-4
-31
.
1

y=D y /D=192/96=2.

386.

1 1 1 1
d
2 2 2 tP
3 dI ,fI

V=
6.

2- I-, ; 3-

2-,

YMHG-

; 4- 3-, ~ :

2- -
2

-.

b3 -aIJ2

l'

d-ad =(-) (-) (d-a) 1 d1 .


2 2 d Z

..

u--'

dI- 2 d_ad S

2- I-, ; 3-

2-,.

= (-) ( -) (d-a)

dl-

=(-) (-) (d-a) (-) (d-b)


=(-) (-)

d-b
d2-db

11 11=

(t

(d-a) (-) (d-b) (d-c).

,
, , , , d .

!;> :

387.

1 -2 3 4
2
1 -4 3
3 ~4 -\ -2
4 3 2-\
102000
2
12 10 2 .
'2 10 2
12 10

388.

\+

12 \0

389.

-1-1
-\ -2
- \ -3
-\ -4

390.

\
]

-1
-4
-9
-\6
I

'-

-1
-8
-27 .
-64
1
\

1
\

I+

l-

:
-z+4t=-5,

391

-2z+t=~4,
{ 3+2-= 12,
4x+3y-5z= 5.

x-3y+5z-7t= 12,
3x-5y+7z- t= ,
392.
{ 5x~7!1+ z-3t= 4,
7- u+z-5t = 16.

+ 2=
3+ .

393.
{

5,
4z = 18,

394

5z+ 6=39,
8u=68.
. 9u 1 = 55.
7+

2x+3y-3z+4t =
7,
2+ - z+2t=
5,
{ 6+2+ z
=
4,
2x+3y-5t
=-11

2. 30

=ll ' +aI2y'j

!J = 21 '

1/

+ 22'

~~l

' '. u nll,11 ~l


' '.
'l/< ( ) ;

IIU.

. lIlJ~IO nu, e.:t.l.l

D =

121

22

nu. ii:ll .1,


'; D A :j:: .
.u ~l (. .
,l )

=ll ' +' +1Z"

= 21 '
22'
2Z"
z=1 ' +2' +z',

.l ::J.

D,\

ll ().
~O. ().

.1

D i=

. .1

/ll

l1 12 ) ('::: :~: :~:)


22

l 2

KBaapamHb/,l/1l tu.11Il , t Il.


.1 :( :t.l .l . ~laTpHu
.l/(; l U\1 ;t

.*

l1 llll~1 .l .1

=l1"+012' +013Z' + 1
=21 ' +OZ2Y' -+- Q2Z' + 2 ,
Z=1 ' +' +z' + .

.1llO .1.1 1 = 2 = = .
.l .1 Tal(Oe .1 ll

lIUbtt ,.

74

.1 .1~J

.1lO .'IO mn = nm ,

I.tt.

~I

) ,

Il .1~l, . . am~ = mn (, 11 =

CYAIMOi1.

( 12 13)

\ 21 22 23
\l a~2

(bl1
b b
b 22 2
12

13 )

21

).

(a11+bll a12+ 12 1+1)


21 + 21 22+ 22 ~+23
l+ l 2+ 2 +

1 2

1, 2,

~llf

11 12 13)
22 2

(rna1i 1)

l 2

21 22 m23
l 2

ue . .'lIf

1! 12 1)
21 ,022 2
l il

~
=

(b

ll
12 1 )
21 22 2
31 2

alJb J1

~ alJb J2 ~ U Jj j

J= 1

j= 1

:J

~ a 2j bJi

)=1

:J

j= 1

~ 2J j

~ a 2J bJ2
j=1
3

j= 1

2:= j jI

~ J: ~ j j2
\J=1

J=1

. . ll! -n////, u l-lI k-.It ,


CYAIMe nu coornemceHHX ,1tm8
. k-

i-u

, .
u,
, : r" .

nU8 Atampuq

nuu

Atampuq.

.mnJP. , .

.1:

000\
( \=0.

\0

0/

I .1J/! :
! l

+ =

'1 00 \

=( I
,

).

1)

v
.4: = = . .:{q OTlJeQaeT ,J, .1
: = ', = ', Z. z' .

75

1,l II K~laTpHUC , .1 nII


11 J II : =
.
, ~I , ll

-l, . . =-l.

H:\IeeT

".

~laTp"ua

A-I=

A 11 /D A

A 21 /D

12 /

22,ID
2 / D rI

Al~/ OA

.1 A'TnIl-olll L "

.1.1If.,;

. . II ;l lflO , 'lf "


11 - .l .1.l11.l , (-I)m+".

ill-JI

lJjJUlJ."\ll .1 nI

l1

\"'HCTe~la ii

I +a12x2+at~x~=bf,
22 2
a2~X~ = 2 ,
t 31l+32.t2+~=

'1 21 !
mi '

(011

, '

12 , 1 )

= ~ 21 22 2
\ 1

32

/ 1 )

(XI,\

= 2 )' = ( 2

li = -1 (.1
apaK!I!ep//cmU'JeCKII.1I

1;

;Z::: ).

( :~: :~: :~:)


31

(72

011-1. i2

021

22-.

32

~-t, .~ , .1mllm'l.11/I

'1lIIIl

~laTpHU"' ; OllH .1 .1.1, ; l .1 i"


.

~I

ypaBHeHHii

(all - 1.) ~! a12~2 01~; = ,


" a21~1
(22-"-) ;?+02~~3=O,

\ ~;I+2;2+(-) ~'=O.
J" I II ii J.i. ..2. ~ .1.1.1 "
.1 ., .1
lI .1.

76

"

(;1; ;2;

;),uDIOIO

" (~i; ~t; ~)


li. li
'" l.

395.

r=

+ +

= '
'
',
', ', ';

= '

+ ',

(1; -1; 1),

(3; -2; -1),' (-1; -2; -3).

+ ~2! + sk,

Jl

='

~ll

}{D paReHCTBa,

, OJl~I ; .1 ' = 1, ' =-1. ' = 1. = 1. =.


(1; 0.1); '=, ' =-2.2'=-1, =. y=l, =3, . . (;
'=-I. 1/'=-2, 2'=-3, =-6, =--, 2=-1, . . (-6;

. .

z = 1.

1; 3);

-3; -1).

396.
.

06

, ,

, z .

D. ' = ( ); ' =- (
); ' =X-J/ ( r ).

397.
?

= ' + 2',

= 3'+ 4'.

D. / !I. ='. ='. . . =+2!1, =3+4.


, =' =0, =' =0.

398.
.... 5' -4' ?

= 3' -2', =

t;... =-2g, =5-4. , ==' =', . .


(t; t)

399.

/3 57)

=( 2 -1 .
\4 3 2

t:::.

(3 + 1

5+ 2 7 +4)

+8=\

2+2 -1+3 0-2 =


\4-1
3+0 2+1

+ 5,
= f),
6 2A=(g Ig). 58=Cg ~:g),

400.

401.

(4

(1 2 4)

2 3 -2
-1
1

7 11)

4 2 -2 .
3 3 3

B=(~_~).
2A+58=(1g~).

1)
= (! 21 3 4,

(2 1 0\
=
1 -1 2 1.
,123
3 2 1)
1.2+3.1+1.3 11+3(-1)+12 1.0+3.2+1.1) (8
/.). = ( 2.2+01 +43 21 +0(-1)+42 20+0.2+41 = 16 \
1..2+2.1+33 11+2(-1)+32 10+22+31
13 5
. (/2'1+1.2+0'1 2.3+10+0.2 2.1+14+0.3\ (4 66)
= 11-12+21 13-1.0+22 1.1-1.4+2.3)=[ 1 7 3 .
.
31+22+11 33+2.0+12 31+24+13
\8 11 14,

7)
4
7

77

402. , =

(f ~).

A2=(f~) (f ~)=(~+~ ~+I~)=( ~:),


=2= } :~) (~ ~) = (~~+:: i~+~) = O~ ~).
6

403'.

' ' 22

+ + 5

Il

1 12\
= ( ~. ~ :), - .

i)(: j i)=(I~ 1~ ~),


(1
3 3 6\
= (5
(

~ 2=(:
j
,,4 1
=

4 1 1

1"

9 8 10

).

28

:g),

20'

3 9 ), 5 =5 \0 1
12 3 ,
1
15
22+3+5= 19 36 15 . Ji.
19 28

2=(~18 ~~16

5
5

lfi)

404. ~ x=ai~X' +alsY', ==


= ?I' + 2 2' ' = 1l " 1 .. ' = 21 " bt 2Y'" '

. " ,. .
, " '!. ,

'

. 06;
.

1\

=l1 ( 11," +i.'/) +12 (b 2I x"


")
=~l (!;11" + 1ll') +022 ( 21 " + .2")

= (,:l : +a12bU) " +(allbis:+oUb21) ",


= (81 l + Os 21) " +(lZtl bl2 +~ ".

~ta

+I22!
( ll11
IZtl b l1 +anb.t

. . ;

aI1.b 11 +ll22 \ ,
atl bll
IZts b22

(11 12 )

(:li :12).

405. "'~ ~ (\, \ ~J :.: d5~a:';' "'~H~.


6

DA=I~5 3~ il=27+2-24=5.
4
li ~ :

Ali=l~ ~1=9, Aal=-I~ ~1=-2, i=l~ ~1=-4,

n=-I,

1 =-I ~1=1. A22=1~ ~1=2. 2=-I~


l=I.~I=-12. 2=-I~ ~1=I, =lf ~1=7.
, '

.
-l=

9/5 -2/5 -4/5)


1/5 2/5 -1/5 .
-12/5 1/5 7/5,

408. :-.f '

2+3+2=9,
+'2-3 =
3+4+ = 1,

14,

~ Il

6.

ll~1 l

= 8,

r;te

'2 3
2'
A=/ 1 2 -3 \
\ 3 4
1 j'
.'l l =

-18.

~1 -t. :- I\l

D,1,=It-~
-~1=28-30-4=-6.
3 4
I
.'1 .1:

All=l~ -~. 1=14, A21=-I~ il=5, J=lg _~I=-13,


A 12 =-lj -~I=-10, A22=1~
2 =--'-li _ZI=8,
1 =lj ~1=-2, 2 =-15 ~I=), =li ~1=1.

i!=-4,

I ,

1 (

A-l=_-,6

14
5 -13\
-10
-4
8),
-2
1
1/

.1

1(-10-4
14 5'"-13)(
9)
8
14

= --

-2

1( 12r,+~~-20R)

= - -;-

1G

(j

.l,, =2, =3, =-2 .

407.

1(-12) ( 2)

- QO-J.J+128 = - --;,-18+14+16
6

-18 =(
3.
12
\-2

..

O~). I< ll

6..

l vlI

15'41.. 3-=1..1=0,11.111
lr.ll

(5-1,)

l =

1,

(3-')-8=,

= 7.

.,..

1.2-81.+7=0;

ll

:ll II.1, :ll

(5-'1) ~;+2 ~; = O,
{ 4;~+(3-1'1) ~;=o;
1'1 = 1. ~;

~; = . (.

11

~~ lI:llO 2~; +~; = .

:r= 0-

). .1\l. ~; = -2(1;
= 1, f1 = ai -2(;(j.

Ifll~I .1 l
l:ll . .\l~1

lJeKTOp.

(5- '2) ;~ 2s; = ,


{ 41;~ -1-(3-1'2) ~; =0.
7!)

2 = 7. .Jljl ~; -

6;

= , . : . ;; =
BeKTopo~l. JI
, .1 r2 = ~I + ~j.
,

= ;; = 8 1'= .

408.

-11)
5 -1 .
1 -1
3

.'1

1I.1

-1 1/ =0.

-15-
-1
1 -13-

( -) [(5-,) ( -)-I] +

(-3+ + 1) + (1-5+ ) =

:J

-8+I2)=0. l=2. .=3. ,=6.


l

( -1
\

6.

= 2.

.
(3-) ( _

II

~;- ~;+ ,~=o.

{ -6~ +6~-6~=0.
61-

;2+6=0

).

tl=al-ak.

;;=0.

~=-~;. ;;=.

6;=0.

2 =

6.

;~=-a

-;;+
{

~ =0.

-~~+26;-~=0.
~;-6;=0

( .- ). Orc ,; =
='~I+~j+~k.

{-6~"

-;;" +

-~~" ~~~" -

,; =

6; = ~ r =

= 6.

~~" =0.
~"=O,

,;" -,;" -3~;" =0


( .- ). , d
~:' =1'. 6;"=-21'. ~"=Y =l-2I+k.
, rl = (1- k); rl =
=~(i+j+k); =(i-2j'-:k). . ~.
.

Y-R

l1 + 12 +

409. ' 6 = ' ' 1z',


= ~lX'
az2Y' + s z' , z = ~IX' + 2' + z'; ' = 11 " + 12" + '',,
' = 21 " + 2 2" 2 z", z' = 1 " + " + z". ', '

z'

06 ,

. , , z ", ", Z". ,



.

80

410. j>06ll = 6' -+- '-2', = -18'

+ 2' -;- 6'.

z=

2'

+ 2.

II l{ llII

.'1 1 06?

411. II: ='+'+2', =


= ' + 2' + 6z', z = 2' + '; = 2' + 2z', = ' + ' + 4z', 1 =

= . '

-+- ' + 2z'.

. J< II II

412. , "iC "


Jl 06 = ' cosa-y' sina, ' = ' sina+
' cosa.
413. , ,\ ~Je
Ill = ' cosa- ' sin , . = ' sin ' cosa.

' 5 8 4\

414.

= \ ~ ~

g.:-

MaTpJJUY,

IJ-

II " . IIII ~J"?

(2

1\

4,15. =\' 2 1. IIJ\"'lll~-L+.


1 1 2 I

416.

417" ~lII
{

'

/10 20 -)
.\ 10 20.
II !.lI.
10
+4=

-t-

'
11,

~ 5 z = ,28,
\ 2z = 7,
nII

ll

.1J

418. I lll

JI

IIl -

(~~).

1 J .3\

J 5 I \.
(
1 1/

419.

11

.


11

allx2+lI2~Y~ +,z:%

+ Za"xy+ 2al3xz + 2a~~yz

lI KfloiJpomll'lblA/II .I,I coorneCTBCH11O ;~

11

nepe~leHHblX.

I:ull ~lI'"

. (011
I!I
2 =
:!1

"

A~3) =

012) . lI 1 = 01?
2
:,!!

Oli 012 013'\


(

l.'2t

l.

a~2 a~~ :, a2t=al~.


032 )

031

= ')11

!I

2 =,

!! JIOmpUIfQJlII I ~I.

81

ll ~I .~ Qll nepe~leHHblX "'li;)

06

BII;IY,

lIll

, , .,~

~lO
~lll -

IIOBblX

KBa.:rpaToB);

~l

.l0:l.!,

ll J( .\ ~'lX' l,2
"2'2 + z,2.

7 _1

(npll-

,(;,

+ '. 2 '-,

lfI II.1\llI,

.1 ... ~;t(1 .1IO

( B~'X ~!-)

(J\I:

:!

~1iJ.'(

. ll

"1,

2' :

el=ali+~lJ+Ylk.
~=a2i+~2!+Y2k.
= l +~J+'I'k.
ll. ei. 2 ., .1-

a~+r,'+yl=J (i=J. 2. 3); aiaj+~i~j+YiYi=O (1. j=l. 2. 3. i:F J).


1t 06

=,' +2' +z'.

= ~,x '

+ "'2" + ~z'.

z = 'I'l' + 'I'2' + I'z'

( ! ~OOTBeTCTBeHHO ). TaKf)e
ll rez m,'Q
: S 1: D s =I.
tS .\
. J,
),f , 10
' :JU S ' ; D = 1.
Kallo-

" ~!:

) m.% .
'!), '! .1 nOl!epXHO

.'1,

.1

~,.

ll

) . ~ ,1.1,l .\ll (
lt, , .ll1.% ,1

'

420.

.l0),

YP~BHeHlie

~lO~I

'.

5 2

+ 4 + 82_32-56 + 80 =

11 = (~~).

t=4, t.=9. .

?-1=.4,

61 +2~2=O,
{ 2~1+462=0.

61=-262;

61=-, 61=2 rl=a(2i-j).

l, !1=(2/5) '-(l/"") J.
s = 9,

{
1k=2)1

+ (2/y5j j.

c!t

-4'11+2tb=,
2)! - 'Ib = .

r2=~ (1+2).

, C!s=(I/Y5) 1 +
!1' :. = , . ,

() ,
.

S=( 2/Y~ '/Y~); Ds= 1.


-1/5

2/ .

;5 ' + ~5 ' :5 + ;5 ') (- ~"" ' + ;5 ')+


+( - ;5 '+
'-2 ( ;5 '+ ~5 ' )-56 (- ;5 r+
+ ;5 ' )+80=0,

5(

+4 (

;""

4'2+9'1- ~5 '- ~~ '+80=.


, u

ll

,1

( ) 1 ~.

4('3_ ~5 ')+9('I-

"

;5 ')+80=.

4(,_ ~5 '+; - ; )+9 (y'%~ :~ '+ ~- ~4)+80=O,

4('-

;5 +9('- :5 =6.

, - =' -l/VS:
Z
"=' -8/YS; V +9y"3=36. - /9+"'/4= 1 (
),

83

42J.

9 2 +24+ l'-230+ 110-225=.


1 9 -;;.

1612

1=0, 1..'-251..=0, . . 1..1=0, ",=25.

""

9~1

{ 12~1

+ 12~a =0,

+ 16~ =0.

il ~1/4 = ~!/(-) .

= I/4 2 +(-)2=1/5

r=et(41-J) ,

l=(4/5) 1-

- (3/5) j.

~,=25

-16'11 121}s =0,


12111- 9t =0.

cs = (3/5) 1+ (4/5) J (el'Cs = 0).

s= (~~~ ~~~)

= (4/5) ' +

(DS=I);

(3/5) , 11 =;= (-3;5) '

(+4g)S-230+

+ (4/5) '.

1IOg-225 =0,

' :

25/1'1-230

(~X'+~ ' )+110( -~ x'+~ ') -225=0

25

y'I-I' -2'-9=0.
yp&unt:HHe (y'-I)'=I('+.) . &Sl
. , ' (-1, 1).


J1)..
.

422.

rI" =

' (


3~+52+zt-2+2z

-2yz -12x-IO=O.

3
(

-1

-1

1\

5 -1):

1 -1

1 3=~ 5=i
I

1..,=6.
84

-1

-~I=o,

3-1..

(3-1..) (1..2-81..+ 12) =0;

1..1 =2, ""=3,

=2

"\l

(U\-U2+U

=0,

~ -\ +3U2-U=0,
~UI-U2+U=0.
~I , (; O~ -).

~lll .'lI l =

(l/y2") 1-(I/y2") k.

=3 .1

(
-t'2+t'2 =0,
~ ~l +2U2.-t' =0,

,1I

t'l-UZ=O.

ez=(I/Y.f) 1

+(1/)J+(I/)k. l ! JI: l2=0.


,=6 .1'l
-3Wi - W2
{

= (1/ 6) 1- (2/6)

+ W=,

WI-WZ- w=,

WI- W Z- 3W =0.

() .

J+ (1 /6) k, .0JI l ez:

l=, z=. :

l/y2"

s=

I/

I/

-1/Y2

I/

I/Y6\)
-2/6

I/.Y6J

.1\l :

= (l/-2") ' +(I/Y3) '

+ (I6)z',

= (lj) ' -(26) ';

= (-1/ 2) ' +(1 /) ' +(1 /6) '.

2'!+'2+6z'Z-62' -4 ' -26 ' -10=0.


:~ '2, '2, '2, ,
l, '2, .

2(x'Z-/2"' )+('Z_; ' )+6(Z'2-:62')==IO,


3)2 +3 ('-2)2 +6 ('-61)2 =.24..

2 '-2

' = ' /2,


' = " +2/, ' = " I/6, 24, ," ,

x"Z/12+y"2/8 + 2/4= 1.

423.
424.
425.

5 2 + 6+ 5 2

--'-

16

16

- 16 =

7x~+ 16-232-14-16-218=0.

2 +2

+ ? -8+ 4=0.

426 .

2 +

5y 2+ Z2+2xy+6xz+2yz - 6=0.
85

II : x=(I/ 3)x'+(I
/ J-I"r\
G,y'+(l ! -'
2)z,

- (I/JlJ) ' +(2; JlG) ', z = (\ / V)' +(I / 6) ' -(I / Y "2) z' .
427. 2 2 + y2+2z 2 - 2 -2yz+x- 4 - z+ 2 =0.
8 ~t : = -(I/V6) ' -(\/VZ) ' +
+ (I/ 3) z' , ' ="; = -(2/ 6) ' -(I/) z', ' =" + I/V2; z=

{/ =

= -(l/yii)x' + (I/y2) ' + /V) z',

z' =1"+ I/.

. I\

4.

.l

l1

( 21

,..
\ 1

k / k .1
..~ kro ,

(k..;;;; , k ~ n).
,

, kro

I!

. C~ . C~

kro

MIITPHll'" , . PaHo~1
,
. ", .1, 10
.

~ " ll,
, Ubl..4I .,IIUAl .

r (). r () = r (8),
8l1l!tAfU. ~ 8.
.~I1 . l!lt.JtU nultlIl r:
1) lf, -~1 ;
2) ;
3) , J10 .,;
4) , , ;
5} , .
.

428.

(~

3
6
9

4 \
8 ).

12

6.

:,
, u.1 .
( ) .1. .,.1,

1.

429.

(21 0 ~O O~ ~)
11 .

(;

430.

2, 3

4-li

~ 1)' .1 . KaKI; ~ 11 =
2.

= (:

5
2

.1,

1;z:O,

.6-

.,

I-ii

.,~l

= (:

~)~ (:

5
2
3

8
2
3

.l'lD 1-11 ~,
.1 I- :

,.1,",

~JII

431.

t::.

;:< .. '

J!

~- ~).

12) / 1
- \ 1
1

3
5

' .l'l

'1 2 ) ('0
( 11 32 35 ~ ,11

.1~lIl

1 '3 i: .
, " 1121

, ', '

(11 32 ,
5 /~

0\

2 ) ~
3 5

2,
2.

2-

J,

(8 2 2)

3 .

.~ll08 4- ., J1" 3- :l ', , " -

4- .16 :

?)

"

4 32 21 2\ (4 23 21 ) (4 3

')~

033

1 .

'

~ ~ ~1 =24i:0, . 6

432.

1\I ,

1 2 ' )

=01020.
(

t::.

,2

"

,. I
101
\2

2
) ~ (1
2 0\
0/
2
4

2 ' )
2 ~ (' 1 1 2
)
2 - (10_

0/

(6

'1

'

6 g); ()=2.

~IIJI I!.l , '

.1:

16

n16 ~ 11~ 1'6nI~ Ig I~ /~

51-

'6

/ 'I , ,laTpllua l 8 6 ~ ,
433. ;\ fl JJ

BbInllcaTb

t::.

Ol i

12

0 13\

0 22

2 ,3

0 i ~ /

I?

;\IHOp.

.ll l ; ' ; = , 3 = 9 , .1l\ ;

87

434.

= ( 2~
-,

435.

(~3

5~

~).

1 2 6
"0 2
1
\0 3

436. = I

437.

(1

'-

~ ~1 3~ 4~)

1 2

5.

.~
al1x1

+ 122 + ... + 01n" =

1 ,

~21.X1.~ a~3~2 : . ' '. ' :-. a~n~" :=.2 :

(1)

1 1 +22+'" +n ,. =
n (1; 2;

, ,

(";; ";;

... ; ) '

i,;),

II

, /f .

, TO.'IbKO ,
n, .1 .
J\'i

012

~l

22

ln

O~"
n

1 =

(011 012
a~1. ~2:

1n

2n

bi

" '

MampUljeu ",

(1).

(1) ,

(
-). , (1) , .
r ()=( 1 )=. , (1).
1 =2 = ... = = , (1)
. .
.'! (. . =n),
.

, -
. . , ', :

(1) , ,

<

n. - .
.

9 r (1). r
u .
n- (1) .
(1) , ,
.II.bI {>. .
. , , '
, .

(,
).
..
, . ,
.
(06 ), (1) .

438.

( l+32+5+74+9~=I,

~ Xl-22+3-44+5=2,
t 21 + 112+ 12 +254 +22 5 =4.
.

A1 =

911)

1
3
1 -2
(
2
11

5
3 -47 5 2 .
12 25 22 4

l! :I ( )
.

6 2-
2- . 3:

3-

1 (~2 11~ 121~ 252 2~J~)


(~2 11~ 12~ 25~ 22~ 14~).
22 4
-

.'1 2 I :

911 \

(1

(1 3 5 7
Ai"" \ 1 \; ,
.

()

= 2,

3 5 7 9)

211122522

\2111225224)

r (AJ =3,

. .

()

.(

1.3 5

9)

2 11 12 25 22 .

::/= r ( 1);

439.

l
22 +3 =
3! +22+
1

14,

= 10,

2+

=6,

2l +2-

=5,

l+ 2='
.

A1

1'1 2 .31 1014)

, (3 2

23-1
1 1

1 1

/l ~ 2- 1- 4-
1- 4, . 4-lI 5:

/,43 42 41 24)
10

1 "';' (15 51 1

1 1 .

(1 1 1

6)

6 - 312111 106 .

15
3

1 1
1 1 .0

3
3

U illf lj l- ,
ser,t 5- 4- ; ,

5- ;

111 6)

~ ( Q1103
~ (312110113 ),;
"

Al

3 2 1 10

11 6 \

1 1

A~

111)
(321
1 1

.l""! :

11
. 31 21 1
11 1

= 1 3 2 111 = 1 ;z!: .
1 1

l, r () =3. 3,
A1.
, . , , ,

440.


l+52+4+3~=I.

(
~

2+2- 4=0.
5l+t+8+ x~=I.

2Xl-

/\

'1
1 = (2
5

3~'1<' 1-:

'/1

1 ~\2

1 2 -

'5

-1

-'3/1)
1

1 1

42 - ]3/1)

4 -2 4 -2

I ., 2 u 3- 2-;
~1 3- :

Al~(~-f
~ -~/b"\
Al~U~~ ~-~16)'


).
;Q/() = r (A 1) = 2. \,, :lI l.
l~1 nep\loe 'H .' ll :

! +5X2+4X~+3X~

= 1,

2Xl- 2+2- X~

=0,

: l 2 .1,

_ ~ I

f : .1.

~ 1 X~.

l +52 = 1-4-~,
{

21-=- 2+~.

,:

1-4XS - 3X4

1 -2 + ,

8 .
: - ,

f J

: =U, 4=,

8
1

7
2
l=- u+v-f' s=-u+v+, =U, ,=.

ll u v JI II, ~qr
lII .

441.

442.

+ 2l =4,

l- 4,=-I;

1, = 12,
5x1 +6Xs=8,

7l +

3Xl-1Xs=-5.

l +Xs +4 1.
21 + I0Xs 8 =3.
1 + 15,+ 12 =5.
1- 3,+2 =-1,
Xl +9Xs +6 =3,
l +z +4 = 1.

443. {

3l

6.


.n .
m r agcca,
. II
:

,
,

all: :/=

IJ l2 a13z 14 = 15'
Iltlx+alzY+aUZ+~4U =~5.
I1l l.+ z
a3f U = 85'

()

a41x+a4zY+a43z+aj4U =4

()

( ll

=0,

: ,

()

(6)

, ).

. 1

r ;

() ll' Ilti

(6);

l (); ,

41 ().

X+blzY+bI8Z+bHU =1, '


ZZ+28Z+24U=2,

()
()

~+~+~=~

.2

()

+ ,z +44 = j ,

bi/ Qij :

b1j =alj/all =2, 3, 4, 5);


bij=alj-aj1b 1 j (i=2, , 4; J=2, , 4, 5).
{)I

II JU : \l I (), (), ) , .
I'~I (), (), (), () 11 .. II II
~IO)I t:.\l :

++Iz++ ll =

+ C2~1l =z,
+ djll = d .;,

+ 2Z
Z

{
06~rl

u=e j , .

CIICTe)lbI

lll~ .1

.'.1

;t.

444.

II

+ 5,28 + 6,34 =
+ 28,74 + 5,86 =
4 ,63 + 6,31 + 26, 17 =
36,47

t:..

7,33

,111 ()

~II

36,47,

()

12,26,
13,15,
25,22.

(6)
()

+ , 1447+ , 1738 =

0,3361.

("') 7,33 t~1 II (6); II


27,793+4,586= 12,6864;

~1II0 ll

(i<)

~1 (); ,'II

4,63

5,64+,25,3653=

23,6639.

I 6ml,

' 27,6793+4,586= 12,6864;


5,64+ 25,3653~ 2,66.~.

()

27,68

+ ,

J 657.-=.

()

0,4583.

lO , ) 5,64
, z = 0,8628.
=
=

()
()

(.1),

.1\1

24 ,4l1z = 21 ,0791.

0,4583-0,16570,8628 = 0,3153,
0,3361-0,1447 0,3153 - 0,173BO,862'!= 0,1405.

x=0,1405,

=0,3153, =0,8628.

u l I CIICTe~jY
III, ".leHoB:

5,28
( 36,47
7,33 211,74
\ 4,63
6,31
)1 5-, 3bl\l

6'34[12'26)
5,86 15,15 .
26,17 25,22,

.16, .J.bJ-~1

.l CY~I'Ma ll IJ CTPOKII:

(:36,47
7,33
\ 4,63

5,28
28,74
6,1

.l"I

6,4112,26[60,35\

5,86 15.15 57,08 ).


26,17 25,22 62,33, .

l1iillh1 ~l
.1 .- 11 ll II .lu. ,
i, .lll .1 ~laTpllllbJ l
j10. ~lI Al

92

6,.341 1?,2I GO ,35) (1


0,1447 0'17381 0'3,3611 !.6547)
5,tl6 1:>,1;:> 57,08 .... 7,33 28,74
5,86
15,15
5',08
......
2,17 25,22 62,33
4,63 6,31
26,17
25,22
62,33
(1
0,1447 0,17381 0,3361 11'6547)
~! 00 27.6793
4,586 12,6864 44,9516 ......

3(3.47 5.28
7,.33 28 .74
( 4,63 6,31

5,64

25,3653 23,6639 54,6688,

1 0,1447 0,17381 0,336111,6547)


-
1
0.1657 0,4583 1,6240 ....
( 5,64
25,3653 23,6639 . 54,6688
(1

,,'

0,1447
,

\0

0.173810,,136111,6547) (1
. t-5i
0.4583 1,6240 ....

24;4308 21,0791 45,5094

.1~' .1'l
I

~I:,

0,1447 0'173810'3361/1'6547).
1
0,1657 0,4583 1,6240 .
1
0,8628 1,8629,

II)' CIICTe~IY ~

ll:

z=O,8628,

= 0,4iJ83-0,157 0.8628 =0,3153,


, ''';
"" 0,3361-0,17380,8328-0,14470,3153 =0'140:> ....

F.C.llf li~I 1I~leeT .1l1 , ~l- ll


.:t m!l.1~, ' .l
II. .l)' .l , , . . , .10

6o.~bIue II.l .~ ,
ll.1ll , ,
.1 .llt .

.' clICTeMa , ..II ll


BIf.1Y .1II ll ';7'I, . . Rll,
l1i>l l Illl, .1ll
' .~: I{ ll~ l .

445.

I CIICTe~IY ,

( 3x+2y+z=5,

x+y-z = ,
4x-+5z=.

6.

<!~1 II<I.'1:

( 3

~4

2i
-1

-11)5[11)

1 - (13
21 -1/011\
1 5 I
5 3 11 ,
4-1
5 3 11/

(.I.'1 II 11 .l" 11 l! ~fbI


lI~1

113

ocra.lbHblX

.'III

(
\0

II).

JI

4:

-1
-~r~r~).
-5
9 3 7

, ~lII !! 2 5, ll.,~1 3ii:

-1[

1\

1)

-11 -501 -8
-4 -5/ -8)'-111 1 -4
-11 -22 -33
\0
1
2
3
(~JbI mr,111 -11 .1l ).
ll uII ".l :

x+y-z=o.
y-4z= -5,
{
z=2.
93

. " z= 2;
3 , , II

Jl, =

-1 ....

~IJ .

446.

2 1 + Xt- =5,
I-2%2+ 3- -3,
7l+ - =;=I.

447.

3l- X2+X~+2X5
18;
2.-5+4+ =-7;
:, Xl:-' 4+ 2 n=R,

448.

{ 22 ++ 4 - xs= 10;
l +X2-":3X~+ .= 1,
O,04x-,8+
4z=20,

f
450.\
7.

4i+22+3=-2;

3,2Ix+O,7Iy+O,34z=6,12;

451. { O,43x+4,lly+O,22z=5,71;

4x+O,24y~O,08z =8,
,09+

2Xl+8x~- =8,
9Xl+ t+ 8 =,

449. {

O,17x+O,16y+4,73z=7,06.

3y-O,15z=9.

-)'

- )'

..,

lf' ' (. .

~ .uUt4U!JaI.It

92).

wo.1t -/.

bi;
011 Xl +012 ?+ ,,:.
021 l +022 2+'" +2n n = 2 ,

+GJ'nxn =

(,::

:--

.' ,

.............. .

(1)

amlXl+amzX2+ .. +0mnxn=bm'

u .1 a'lp' .l
u st,lI,
, q- CTPQka- .
" '

a;lXl +;22
{

A-ll.1t

+ ... +a;nxn=b~,

a~l~l .+.a;.2X~ ~:.: :~;n.x~~b~,

(2)'

a~llXl+a';'2x2+'" +a~lnx,,=b';'

,l~1

'; 11 :ll ;J1

',.'/.', ,

ot! =

.J

' aiPaQj }

---

aqp

. _h

1"'''
; = b j - - ,

,.1

t 'F-

q.

Oqp

, i=, .1 ;':: q. i=q, lI~J a~j=aqJI


bQ=b". , q-e (1) 11 (2) ,
n ' 80, 8 II )d (2). q-ro, ,l.
8 , (1) (2) .
. .1'l' ~I. ( ).

!J4

;, .llf 3.1~, a;i ~,aTp" ' .l , , )'


\l

f,. ., .

'~IOII 4 .1 ~,aTpH : Dij (.l .\l, 6Q


"), ~qp ( ) 11 ~f aip aqj. .1

.l .l

aij

.~

D II

aij

.1 .l

.l~f GiJP:
Gi j

Qip

aqj'

J1, . .

i...,.................. ("

l1 q / .. .. .......... .. !a qp
AHa.lor'J1iHbIM

(2), '
lli! .1 "II ' .l a~- ;<: , ' 5;<: q. r ;<: . n.1 o.r.
!! , Kpo~le a sr , . _l~'ll

'=n

. . ~J'
(
ll), ,1 lI CHcTe~le

CIICTeM,!! MOi!(eT
II

k 1).'1 =/1'
k 2X 2 =(2,

.. . .

knx;, = /n.

ll. ,

.:r..1 ,lII , .:r..

'

,452.

' =(;, : ~

-i _~)

-5 5 -4

' -
l Q2

= 3.

a;~. ;. ;1 '

u.

1\ - , TOla;4=a2~=2. .l 13
.,II .l; :;)f), ~ ,=. a~j .l
!! .'), .1II:

4 6

= (8

~ 2 )
?: 3 -1

1 1''':

-1

-65..! -4

,
DHDl3
25
1 ~
=----=-4--=-7-. _

23

453.

,3

~l-!- 2- 3 + 24=6.
l-22
- 4=-6;
,
).'2+ + 3 4=16,
2I-32+2).'
=6.

6.

3l: llll. .l! 4I


.:r. .l (~-KOHTpo.'1bH .16) n .1,iIO .l!!U: ,

95

Xl

1] I

X~

~'

-3

.0

-1

-6

-8

16

21

-2

-3

,
"

Xl nepBO:li .
, ,l ( ),

1-ro

, , ,l.

Xi

Xz

-3

-3

--3

[1

-3

96

X~

-3

-5

-12

-15

16

21

-6

-7

.1 :

16

21

-4

-6

-7

-1

--4

2- ,

.'1

Xi

.l .1J (

I
-5

I):

lI 2- 2- . 1-
Jl, 2- , , ". 2- (' ) , .I)( .1
:

Xi

I
I

I
]

-2

-1

]2

16

14

18

%,

%3

;J..1 ..

, %.

Xi

2: '

-2

-1

I
I

111

14

I
.1

8
18

, 3- 3- :

, xt.

I
"

.()

xt

I
I
,

%-

14

18

10

13

-4

-6

1.

-2

Xf

4-"

Xs

-2:

.1'3

"

'1

14

10

I
I
I

6
2

111

06 u. 4-
.1'1

:~

I
4

18
13

.1'2

.()

{ I ., +6., +6,+6 ., ~8,


0'.1'1 1-2+0-+.~ =6,
0-.1'1 +0-.1'2+ l+.~ =4,
0'.1'1 +0'.1'1+0'.1'+ Ix~ =2,

. .

.1'1=8, %2=6

454.

.1'=4, x~=2.

{
u

/\

l' 1

.+ x.-2.+.~I,

1-3+ +~=,

4.1'1- .1'2- .1'-.1'4= 1,


4.1'1 +32-4-~ =2.

-2
-
#

9.8

-1

-1

-1

-4

-1

I
I

I
I

1-/1:

~eeAT I-.-:

-2

I -

-4

-1

-2

-5'

-5

-3

-6

-1

1 , -5

-2

1-4

l'

-1

-2

II 4- :

1 ,

-4

-5

-5

-3

-6

/I/

-4

-2

'

4- 1' 2- -li:

-4

-1

-2

-13

20

14

' -13

20

14

-4

2,1

3- 2- 3- :

-4

-13

~I

"

1- ,

-4'

'

. .- - -

-1

-2

1'4

4- 2- -

-0,6

-13

0,4

20

0,25

-0,75

3,

I
I

0,8

0,5

14

l, 2 4 ' - -

'

1-l +0-2-0,6+0-4

-1+0-2-13 +204

-1

=0,4,
=7,

+ I-2-0,75+-4=,25_

i=,4+0,6,

2=,25+0,75,

x~=O,35+0,5x~.

l=,4+0,611,

2=,25+0,75,

=U,

4 =,35+0,65u,

u- _

455.

.6.

{ & - ",+7,+8I~.
3+ l1+2+4! =6,
3-+- 2y+3z+4t= 1,
+ + z
=0_

-5

19

11

26

1]]

-1

111
4-

1~o

-11

-1

I
I

I
I

100

13
3

J
I

17
4
3

I- 3- ;- :

-11

111

12

-1

12

-8

18

-3

- :

-11

111
12

I
I
t

- 2-

11 1

12

18

-4.

-1

-4

-8

-3

-36

-8

-43

-4

-1

-4

40

50

I
I
I

O-+.+1z-36t=-8,

Ox+O.y+Oz+O,t =6,
{ .+ ly+Oz-4.t=-I,
lx+O.y+O.z+40t=9.
, ,
, z '. " , eJd8
.

456.

7-1 3 5)
(
1
4

3
1

5
4

3 -2 -1 -1

101

6.

1 [

-1

14

.5

16

.4

.~

15

-1

_1

-1

-2

(dlnpn.), ~1! DR!II. CYlIIIbl 'I'O ,2'. 1. .'in - ltA:

...".22

;3

-11

-J6

--11

1-

ec"l'~ llO

4/1

-~2

-16

I
I
I
I

-44

......98

16

.. -.22

-49

-.22

--.49

-2, . 1-/1 "


;: '. 4- .

1
.1

11

1
1

16

1 .

22

49

.5

16

OII .
, ,() =2 .

Jl

1.
1. ' _ PaCCMOTpH~1 Ta~oc ~I R ~lD 1[, , r,
Jll R R onpe.J.e.~el!a JIl' +

..

.,60 ;

ik.1 II.l

u j..xE R.
.,

1..

... ,

nuee.

'

11 ~l
li. .10 "l :

1. +=+;
2. (x+y)+z=x+(y+z);

30 . lI

xER:
40.

xER

(.l), +=

'l' ..-

YER

' +=

' ( .. ll =- , . . x+(-)=);
51>. l.=;

6. 1.. (J.Lx) = (1..1.1-) ;


70. (1..+1.1-) x=t..x+J.LX:
80. ). (+) =+l..,

R .Auei1b1.11 ( nw..) n8OJll,


, , Z, -.
, I!cex
II,, II ''JIO eensa lflll , ddlI '
!I RII , 8JInlDult JUl II I
RGrO nppc'f'JI8R~U H.1III8~ 1I
v ",
v = . , o6aIslO
-, . . -=. , -=+(- ).
.ll.Jl :
'
1. , .' n:1IiJe mfl oihllf Iffl.<AUle.
2. sJlll uU.,;; nfJOOf1'tJma g~ n

Jtll60nO/lblU

SAI!JIlIHm.

R n/l1fmc pQ6eHCmeO . = .
4. 60 tmumeOi 1.. OE"R (JbIn , POllcmeo ),0=0.
5. mi t..x = .gem m.: 1.. = , u.mx=O.
6. JU!m (- 1)' 8u nlnOfIt1bU1 ' ..-ma
'
. i SAeJU!Hma

461.

, eil

(Sl; ~; ... ; ~,,), ('11; '11: .. . ; '1,,), ' (~1; ~I; . . . ; ~), .... GYM-

(~I; ~.; ... ; S,,)


('11; '12; .. ; '1,,) = (~1 )1: ~I '12: ... ;
'1,,),
- (~1; ~.; ... ; 6,,) =

s" +

= (/.61; ; ... ; ~,,). ,

80.

~ =(~I: ~: ; ; 6,,), =('11; 1'12; ; '1n~, Z=(~I; ~2; ; ~n)' ....


10-8.
10,x+Y=(61+'11;_62+'1Z; ... ; 6,,+'1,,), Y+X=(ljl+~I; '11+62; ... ; :,,+6 .. ).
. . +=+.

20. + = (~1 +1')1; ~1+'12 ; . . . ; ~,,+ '1n)' y+z= (111 + 61; 1').+~; ... ; '111+ 6,,).
(:t+Y)+Z=(61 +1Jl+~I; 6,+1+ 2 : . ; 6,,+1J,,+, x+(y+z) = (61 +'11+61:
tt+'1Z+62; .. ; 6.. +'1 .. +6,,) . (x+Y)+Z=x+(y+z).
103

30. - 0=(0, "" ). , X+O=(~i+O;


62+0; ... ; 6n+ 0 )=.
40. (-61;-62; , . ;-6,,) (61;
~3; ... ; 6,,), (61; 62; .. . ; 6n)+(-;1;-;2; "';-6,,)=(0; ; ; 0)=0.
50. lx=(16 1 ; 1-62; .. ; l Gn)x.
60. (jlx) = (Jl61; fL62;"'; f1Gn) = (f!S1; I1~2; .. ; I1~,,) = (f1) .
70. (+ f-L) = ,+ jl) ~l; (+ f1) 63; , ... ; (+ I1Hn) = (61 + 1161; ,s,+ 11;2: ... :
S n + I1Sn) = (S1 ; 6 ; ' . ; Gn) + (1161; f162; .. ;jl6n) = (~1; 62; ... ; 6n) /-& (61; 62; ''';
~=b+~
.
80. (+)=(SI+fJ1; S2+fJ2: ... ; 6n+1Jn)=('SI+fJl: '6t+'Jz; .. ; 'Sn+
+n)=l; S2; .. ;5n)+(Jl; J2;'''; 1]n)=(51; 52; . .. ; sn)+'{'11; '1.; ... ;
}n)=+ ....

462.

463.
('111; '11.; ; ), (~I;~I; ; ),
~1> ~2' '111> '119' ~1' ~2- ?

(~l; ~2; ; ),

, 461.
464. _
(~1; ~%; 1; 1), ('l'Jl; '112; 1; 1), (~l; ~I; 1; 1)?
465.
cx ot 2 + cx 1 t +., ~otl+ ~lt + ~I' Y8t2

+Y1 t +Y2' ... ?


466.

467. 11. (t),

ti (t),

(t), . ''- . ~lO

.11lII . ")':
1) [, ]; 2)
, bJ; _3) ;
;
?

468.

4)

X=(~I; ~2)' =('I11; '11,), Z=(~l; ~%), .-

,
+= (61t"Jl; 6zt}z) ,

- =(6f; ~~')?

469.
;

1)

2) ?

470.

r ")'

471. ~
.
?

472. Q
: 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5)
. ~i' ~i' 6,

6.,

~5 -

( ) . ~,

> ,

, :
, SJ
, , .

<

104

(~I; ~z; ~3; Gt~ ~)


q?

473.

(-100; 5; 0;-200; 3)?

(~1; ~2; 5)?

474.

: , , ,
, KOOP~

. ~l' ~2' 6,

64' Gs -

(~1; 62; 6; 64; 5) ?

475.

1 ?
476. ,

{alX++bblY++ClZ:00,

2
C2 Z -

' , , (l; !ll; Zl) (Xz; 2; Zz)- ,


(Xl+X2; Yl+Y2; Zl+Z2) (l; I; Z
.

477. , l (), , (), (), .. ,


Jl~ <)

+ A y<n-l) + =
1

( , . t - ) .

2. t . , ; 'Z; , u~-
ro R,. ,

, ~,y,

v=Ctx+~y+yz+ .. +U,

... , -'I', ',

R,. ' , !! , , Z, , U.
, , Z, , U -; . .

,Ctx+~y+I'Z+'" +U=.

(1)

, , Z, ., .. i ,U ' at/ucu/)/, (1)


Ct ,=i'~=I'= ... ==. (1)
', ' ' , ~,I', ... , , ,
' , , Z, , U f4IJ lJ8ucubt.
; , , Z, , U

,
,<><? .

478.

, , , Z, ,

-,

=0.

=0

6.
+ ~y+i'Z+ ... +U

ct i= , ~='I'=". ==, .
479.

,' /
(~1/' ~2/' , 6 ,) (i
, ... ).

6,,,

= 1,

2,
(i = 1,

t
= 1, 2, ... , n) 1 2 , "
~, ~~ BeKT~pa H~ ,
/ X/I = (~ll '=<1/1' 621

2, ... n; k
~n'

+~nk)' / =

(611; ~tl; . ; 6 n /)?

+ 62'" ,
105

6.

\IO

CtlXl + Ct2 + ... + ((", n =

CIIC-

CtlSll+CtzS12++CtnSI/2=O,
{

((.I S~1 :

~2.S2~'~ ... '. -+: Ct:JS~n ~ .0:


alSnl +a2~n2+ ... +anSnn = .

.1 .1lJ JI IJ l, 2'

= (( 2 =
Sli S12

J l

621

= (( n = ,

62n

-:F

~nn

Sn2

'J, (6~1; S21)


, .,\ 611622-S12621 i:- .

.. , "n

. .

61"

S22
'

Snl

...

(1;12; ~22)
'

48n.
. !{, 1 = 1 2t
3t2, 2 = 2 t

+ 4t

Il = 3

+ 5t + 7t

lI IJ~.

!\ :(aHHO~ ~lO ~J,


P1 , :!' .1IIlt 3~I.

JJ..

'

+ +

+ +

= \' 1

+ 1 . 2 ; ,

481. 2 --::- (~l; G2) = (111; 112)'


468, II?

IiI

f\ = .1.1)', (SI; 6!)=('11; '1%), (~I; S2)=('1~; ~~).


. . SI ='!1~, S2 = ]~. , \ Sl In '12 = \ '11'\n S2' ..

482.

, x ,

II

;J

483.

1{0.1

, , ,

484.

, , ,

t;.. , .
.10, . ~1
. ,
d , II , . , d=aa+pb

+I''

485.

t'.; , .

Z, ... , u cll, n + 1 ~TOO


, , Z, ... , U, V 8.I.
3. r .
R n , n

, R n~epHM.
, R n, d (R) =n.
,
, .Ul. R- ,

+\

d (R)

106

= 00.

n '.'1iiIi ]I!I;' . : n-~j.,


. i 3UQ.:I. . .:r : eKmO{fr ,111 -. .1I0 6blmb eaUHcme/t.Itb/:A/ , f3(Jl,1 ,1/t.

8 ..Aill . . . . l. ~2 e,,-II
'- .lfillfr R. ' ';::,: R '
EeHH~ ';,cr,'l : ll

= ~lel +~2e2+ ' " +;"n .

"

I! . el. .2. "'. ,1


' .l ~1. ;~2' ~ '. ' , '-9711 u
.

iEc) ~.~tel+~~:rf- .. +%nn. '. = 11 t.et+'11te:rf- .. .-+11nn.


X+Y==;~r+m1}it!1+ ~+1l2)'~+
(~" +tln)'~n. -=t.et-r~2~+ ... + ~nn

....+

, '

.1 : mo ll R .
Sllae .lluu ll UlbtX l. ~ ...
n Id{R) = '( . l. 2. "',
t: :R).

"

486. ]i{aHO . .

~l = 1 (611;~2i), "'2-='(612; 62'!)' "3 = (~; ~2)' ... ,


I '

,'El 1IX!- ;"-t ='(;.1! +Stk; S,1+; ~2k); / =


.= (J~ll; .6t,)L, - el-=I~l; 2) ; ~2-= ' (3; 4.)
. 1) 1'
= (7; 10) .

t\

~1=(l; 2) 11 2 =(; - 4)lI ( . 79).


'd- ' y=(111: 112)' ,' .'1 111 112 ~IO
1 .}, /.t . - QC , = I.er+ /.te2, .

('11; 112) = (.+;w; ..2J.+4/.t).

, . .; /.t), .1
m,l1:?, . li . . ..'1 . Toro, .~l i

+/.t=;i.

{ 2.+4'1=11~
~.

. Jl!,l2 ' . :!~I .1lf


(7;
. :'II 11 '/.t II ~I lIiI

10)

.+3~1=7,
~ .21.+411-= 10.

= 1,

11=.2, -. . =l +22','"

487. :r, - .m 1!, :Dne~


I<YtC- :ODPbl ! = (~1; ~2; ... ; n) ;(. - 47:9).
1 = (l; ; ; ... ; ), ez = (; 1; ; ... ; ),
.
(; ; 1; ... ; ), ... ,.,!
(; ; ; ... , 1).

. ,1. ,

1;0; .. ;0)+ ... +6n(;0;0; ... ; 1);


+Snen. , .,
II ej. ez, ... , n l, 2 ... , '

X=Si(l;O;O:

"';0)+6~(O;

. . X=~iei+S2~+".


,. II, , '
, 1, . . .1fl .1. 1<,
,
,1 ....

.107

488. tl
1, t, t2 , , t 11-1, t n,

~?,
489. z, ro
.

490.
4

= (

2'
' )
, 1 = (.1 ) , 2 = ( )
, = (

489.

491. , 1 =(I; 10) 2 =(10; 1)


, 468, .
= (2; 3) :.

6.

In 1ln I-In 10.ln 10 :;i: , l< l 2


(. 481). / = (1]1; 1]2)
l 2 ' , .;
.i. f.l.e2, (111; 1)2) (lA .101t ; .I/1).

, "" = Ig 1)1. . = Ig 1)2' , = ei Jg 3


(Jg3; Jg2)- el, 2'

+ 2 Ig 2.

'"'),

l ,

492. , n- ,
479, 1 =(I; 1; 1; ... ,1;
1), 2 =(0; 1; 1; . . . ; 1; 1), =(; ; 1; .... ; 1; 1), , en_1=(0; ;
; .. 0; 1; 1), ell=(O; ; ; ... ; ; 1) .

~lO. e~=ei-e2, i= 2 -;

... ,

e~_1=en-i-e",e~=eno

4. .
R'. R , , z, "', 9.1Je R' - ', ', z', ... .
R R' UOto.i, . ,

, ', ' ~ '; y~y",


,{ x+y~x'+y', .~' (- ).
,
~1 : .ll

R'

U,IIQIU,

aocmamOlIHo, rn

p~fepHocmu lU

493. R R'. .II


R

t, t = .
R' ~ n ,

6.

R.

fi (t), 12 (t),

R'

I (t), .. -

' (t), ... -

R'.

R,

'I'i (t),

'1'2 (t)j

, ,

R' -r

'; (t) = '; (t); f;


I Jl

(t) = \

R'

'; (t) dt. ,

,l) .

108

'

'; (t) + IJ>k (/) = [f i ) +!k (/)]'.

'; (t)

+ ',. (/) = ~ [<; (t) +lJ>k ) dt,

I..lJ>i(/)=[l.fi(/)', {I(/)=

Srpi(t)dt

\l
fl (t) +-t rp; (t). .

494.

:
'; (t) fk (t) '; (f)
R' -:- . . .

+'Pk (1).

495.

R'.

', ', .... , ct+~+I'Z+-+ct'+


+ ~y' I'Z' ct, ~ 1'.
496. R R'- ,

'. ,

(-x)+-t(-x').

R R', 0'- . , '

497.

498.

: (~1;

1')1).

(~3; 1')2)' (S; 1), . .. . :


R 1
(Sl; 111)' 2 (S2; 112)' 3 (S~; 11), .. ,

.l0

x 1 + 2

X~

= (-;;

R',

(Sl

+ S2; 111 + 112)'

= (S 1 ;

1.,111)'

; = (-;'; -'1.), x~ = (-"; e- J ,).

e- J ,), ,

+ x~ = (e-~' -G'; e-t,-t.). ~ = (- '; e-~'1.). , R R' .


'
499. R R'; .'I
x~

2, 2,

R I , , Z . . , R' -
2z, ... ? , R R'
, .

2. ~()30 I(
1( 3~ ,
' n Rn : et. . , . _
() , , ;; e~. ; ... : (); . BeI'Op

e~ =.lll +a21~+."
e~

=a12el +a22~

. '

+aI1 1en ;

+ ... +n2
;

09

12

1n)

21 2

2n

n l n 2

nn

fU!pexoaa .

I;I - , . (~1; ~2; .. ; 6n)-IIThI


ll, (6~; 6~; ... ; ~~)-eo ., ll

'

61 =aI16~ +a126~+'" +aln6~;


62 =a216~ +a226~ + ... +a2n6~;

................
611 =an16~ +an2~+'"

+ann6~,

IU nu lll.
HeTPY/fO , ll ' II
.'! ll , II -i
.

+ + + e~.

, 500. = e1 e:i
e~, e~, e~, e~,
e~ = 1 + 2 +e~, e~ ~ 1 + +
6. 1


e~ =
+ 4 ~
1 + .
e~,

. :

. =(: t i ~).
1 1 1

'. !
:

61=~+6~+6~, 62=~~+6;+6~' 63=6~+~+:6~, ~=~+~+~.


61 = 62 = 6 = 64 = 1, , , 6~ = 6~ = 6 =

= 6~ = 1/3 =(l/) (e~ +e~+~+e~.


n .' l' , , , 4
=l +z++4'

e~ =l ++ +4;
e~, =el +2++~,
{ =l+ez+ + ,
; =l +++.,

1 1 1
1 1 1

; 1 1 1 =0.
;

1 1

e~ 1 1 1
:. l- ~
e~, e~, e~ e~.

JII . !{ ;+~+;-I-~=3l+32+3+34' l+2++


= (1 /3) (e~ + e~ + e;+e~) .

+ 4 = (1 ;3) (e~ +e~+e~+e~).


;

+ 6 2 + 4 -18~. t

501. = 8 l

= -31\ + 2 + ~ + e~.

+ 4 e~ = 1
3 2 -5
4
+4 -6 4
502. 1' = 2 (\

2e\-4e~+e ~ +
e~

II

= 1 -1- 2 +

,'

+ 2 + .. . +,,).

, ', , ;. ~;, ...


,., e\=e l +e 2 := 2 + ='I -t

+ 4 ... ,

e~_i==e",_1 + n e~ = ",
.,

Q.. (. 21).

xi

503.

+ yj

/;:,.

. 2\

.
' j'

j'

j:

l' =1 5 +] 5ina,

J' ~ i (;05

( ;

+ ) +j sin (~ +) .

i, j

i'. j':

A=(c~sa -sina).
cosa '


- ' $ "~!/ si 0:.
.

11 =

'

sin 0:+ ' cos ,

' = cos

q+ si ,

'=

5ii1 + 5 .

.6.

504. li ;= 2 ~=~. ;= 4 . ~=,. e~=Eel'


Jl, lO (S!> S2; (;; (;,\;
S)

'f'

(~;; s~;

s;;

s~; s~)

505. ;= 2 - e~ =e~-el' ;= \-
C'i'apbIM n~ e 1 , 2 , e~, e~, e~?
, 3.

'. . /tltlt)e t< R;


R, ecJlH .<o'I' -

nn lil[" II~fl

R' '~ R .
, ,

DJI'Iret:1I I1Q;::ptl

, ,

Z, ... '

B~X

u-;-lro

('('}",C1t

' DeKTopbl ax+~y+ ... f-u, , ~, "',


, r np'0c'tpat!cna

ax+~y+
.

... +.u

BeI{TOpOB

"lI\(

R,

~IQ(). ik
R. D f\cex

 ,

L (, , . " ., u).
R1-J) I-\lfO R, d (R 1 ) ~ d (R).
R R\ R2
u/d
1 R 2 , R IJcex tQ,
, R1 R2 R = R!
R2 , R
i:!
2 I D
1
1
2

. .. u

111

~I R~ +. xER 1 yER~.
R 4 = R1 R~ . R. l R 1 R 2

!ta . R R4 I10
R. , d(R 1 )+d(R 2 )=d(R )+d(RJ.

506.

507. R.
: = (~1; ~2; 68;
S). Y=('I11; '112; '11; '11.). Z=(~I; ~2; ~8; ~4)' ....

+ =

(~l

+ '111; ~3 + '112; S + '11; ~ + '11.),

. = (~1; ~i; .;; .~.).

. " R'i 1 = (; ~2; ~3; ~.), l =


= (; '112; '11; '11.), Zl = (; ~2; ~3; ~c) . R z
2 = (;1; ; ~3; ;.), . = ('11\; ; 1); '11.), Zz = (~l; ; ~; ~c) .. "
R.
508. R.

R.

509.

R1
504

Ri"

505

507,

OJl

d(R+d(R 2 )=d(R )+d(R ).

510. ,
.

OJl

?
51 t.
= (; ; ) 1 ,
. - 1 =
= ( 1 ; 1; 21) 2=(2 ; ; 22) l+ =
( 1 2 ; YIY2; 1 2 2)'
(; ; 2)

R;

.- .. = ( ; ; ~). ~,

R 1 ,
z 1. R.
512. R \
. , R 1 ot
1
R2 bot 4
1 t 2
2 j>
R,

.
513. R,
.

== R i nR. R. = R + R i
1

514. R
; Ri-,- ,
, RJ- ,
2. R=R'inR z R.=R 1 +R2
515. R 1 R 2 - R.
R~ R~- R'. ,
R i R~, Ra Ji R; ..
,  <; R 3 " R; n R 2 R~ .. R~ n
Rc =R 1 +R 2 R~=R~+R;.

R;.

516. (),
01' [-, ]. , ,
',

,
.- . .
v']
? ?
.' 5 t 7.

.
= Xi
Yj Zk, , Z - ?

+ +

, 2. ,
.
lll +a12XZ + ... +ln,. = ,
{

.a2.1X~ :~22~2.
amlXl +m22

-::.: ~a.21l~1I.=.0,

( 1)

+ .. , +nlll = .
,.

Xi = I..{, 2
1..2' .. " 'n = ",n-- .
f
("'1; "'2; . "'n)'
' " fi, f 2 , , f n ' (1) ",m'll[ cl/C/ne-

/ ,

.1 f!.

.

f 2 . f n.

(1)

aIn)

2!

22

2n

m!

m2

....... .
mn

,i! n, (1) llMeem u. n.


!l,u , k = n'- ,
- .

(1)
k.

518.

Rn,

, I<

Rn.

mJ
l

22

+
+

44 = ,

. (1/2)x1+
2+(3/2)+
24=,
(1/3)
:!
+(2/3)
2
+
(4/3)
4 =0,
{
(l/4)1+(1/2)2+(3/4)+

6.

4=0.

1,

( 1~2

~ 3~2

:)
1/3 2/3 1 4/3
1/41/23/4(1

, ,

. '

4;

. . . =
' - .

k=n-r=4-1 =3,

1,

11(' /l l = - 22 --4
xl=l, =, .=, xl=-2; 2=0, =l, xJ=O' ' xl=-3;
2=, =', 4= 1. l=-4. , J.l
11=(-2; 1; ; ), 12=(-3; ; 1; ), f,=(-4; ; ; 1), ,
TpexMepHoro . _

519.

, l< f={1-2f2+fa

520.

518.

PaHr

( 1-2 1)
2 -1

2,

-1

, 4 -2

~2

,1Jl.II , ,

('llII I-I

' .!.

k=n-,=-2= 1. ,=2.
_ ypaBHeHlle. ,l
Ji.'1  nepnoro

'

l-22=-.

{
~1 =

2l- =

xl-2xa=,-I,
1

Xi = 1,

1, CIICTeMbl
2 1 - 2=

= 1.

, :\ li .'l ' 3~f "

1=(1; 1; 1).

DI

521.

(II

l +X2-+j=,
XI-Xt+- .=.
3 1 +2- + 4=.

3XI-.+-.=

.~ .1

=(:
,

-: -: -:)
1 -1

3 -1

'1

l'

-1

2-, 4- J-: '

-(: 2 -~2

-: -:)

-2

2'

2 - 2 2 -2

3- [ n .'I
l- , 4- r r.1 2-" "
114

'

- 4- :

A~C

-1

-~ -~).

, 2 k=n-r=4-2=2.
, nonpocTpaHcTBa 2. =2,
' :

Xl+X2-+~=,

{ I-2+-~=0,

2 =

= ,1, %4 =

f 1 =(0; 1; 1;

, '

).

3 = , X~ =

f2

1,

{1+2=

I- 2=-+ '

{X1+XZ=

1l,, Xi = ,

~-~=-.

{ xl+%2=-I,
1 06 , %i = ,
l-%2=
.

= (;

-1; ; 1). lt
f 1 =(0; 1; 1; ), f 2 =(0; -1; ; 1).
f = Clfl +czf 2 , . . f = (; CI-CZ; l; 2)'

= -1

522. ,

+22+3+4+.=0'
{ lI-22++4-~=0'

4.

1. ". , .1I l?

n06ue , ' ecn R


R. ubUl, .1l
.1 .1I . .1I .1I eJJr C.1I 'CJI

(+)=+, ()='" .
06 :: mebl, .1l 06
. IJ
. , =.

523.

, = , - eJI

, .

=,., 6.

(+)=.(+)=.+.=+, ()=.()="'(.) =
. , , t\ iI, .
.2 n06ue n6u.

524. R
=
re R -
." ?

f::..

2 =+, =+. (+) =++, (1(+ )

X+Y+Xo=(X+Xo)+(y+Xt;).

= , . , JIJIJI
.

XQ

525. .

. ?
115

6.

a=X i l+Y1 J+Z 1 k

b=X 2 1+Y2 J+Zzk- ,

- .

+=(l+2)

1+(Y1 +

2 ) J+(ZI+Z2) k, =ll+IJ+Zlk,

(+ ) =( 1 + 2 ) 1= X 1 1+X 2 1=Aa+Ab. () = 1 1 =.

. - 6 .

526.

' ?
527. 06
?

528.

= ,

- ?

R,

529. = 61l 6~2 6


61' 62' 68' 6.- .

+ 6.

- .

+
+

+
+
+

, = 6le l
62.
6 6. .?
530. = 61 l 6se2 6.
6. . .
, . . Ax~ 61l
6,
62
644. ?

+
+

,
.

531.

2.

- . , Q~
Bx=Ax-2,

r . n-

KOopOrO !. 2. " .. n . 1.
A~, .. '. n - R,

R.

! =lll +lZtle2+'" +nln,


2 = 12 l + Q22 + . , . + n 2 n.

:::)

=(~::::
ani

n 2

nn

. n:u ei.

et, " . n .

~
ro. ' R - x=Xlel+X.es+ ....

Xnf!!,.. R. .n :
Ax=x~el+X;ez+ ' .'. +X~ ",..
.
~ (; ;X~;

. , ; x~) (l;

"'; ,.)
{ = l1l

+ ' ,. + aJnXn.
... .....

aj2XZ

x~=a!1X1+a22X2+'.' +2n'"
.. . .. ..
~

%1;'"

.1JlIi1

" .,

n .
., .

532.

e~=e2'

~=t ..

/Hlep-

6.

ei, ez, ..

l< :

e~

= ei.

_, e~ = , . .

e~ =

Iel +02+'" +O.e~,


+ ,.~+ ... +

; ~O . el

e~=O el +0.2

+ ... + ' n

l;.1, ~I ;lI ~J

~ ~ ~
= : . :
533.

~\
.~/

n-Mep-

534.
.
, 1 = + 4 , 2 = 1 + 4 ,
4 + 2 , 4 =
:= z+

6.

II

A~(; ~ ~ I)
.

: ;

=z+, ;=+4. X~=~1+X4' X~=Xl+X2' ..

535.

(.

1/

22).

1::\ Ai = 1 cos + jsl ,

+J cos .

A=(cosa
sln.

= -1 sl +

-Sina).
cos

.
n

' =

cos - sln

22

; ' = sln + 05 .

+'

536. = x 1e1
1 2 4 -

+ 2 2 + +4 4

117

. , ,
=21+2+4+1~, ,
.

. liil . Jlli Sl.


: ~
R, - .
xER-60 .
I
AUIOtltll n Ci,

1
+ . : 1 = + .
ueeue.41 nu
. 2
. : ! =.
ueeue.41 n nue
06 , = . :
=.
Ci, . bl
1 , 2 1 =+, 2 =, =.

==

cn ;
, , .
cn

R:

()=() ;

=J2A=A; (+) =+; (+)=+.

cn
, =, =, =. cn
8= =-1, -1 , ml.4I .41 n
ue.tt . ,
A-1=-l=. ,

06
eHblM, ecn .'1 .1 .
,
6 -1 .
cn
~

+ ... +1",
... +Z".
. .. . . . . . . , , . . .

' = ll +12

' =21+22+

' =

'Q"lx+a n 2U+'"

+""#

'1'0 .'1fi ~ -1

'+ JAJ
A!i U'+ .,. + II
Ani ,
12 '+
22 '+ ... +
2
Y=jAX
11

Il , ,

AIj- .1 .'1 j} , J I-e.rr

..1 .
-1 .1
. .1
'

Ali 2! Ani)
A-1=_I_ 12 22 , '"
2
,
f I( .,.....
,
A1n "2 ,..
.118

537.

= /4.

.

6.

+ J51 (n/4) = (2/2) I + (2/2) ';


+ j ln (3n/4) = - ( 2/2) I + (2/2) J. '

AI = i . (n/4)
) = 15 (3/4)
.1.'I.

=(Y~!2 -Y~/2).
2/2

Tak

2/2

= (~~), .
+ = (rr~/2+ 1
,. 2/2

-2/2

1/2+1

' ' =(y2j2+ 1) - (2/2) 11, 11' = (2/2) x+(y2j2+ 1) .

538. :
'=.

x+211+3Z,
11' =4x+5y+6z,
2' =7+8+9%

()

'=
+ 3y+4,5z,
'
6+ 7+ 9z,
2'=IO,5+1211+ 132.

()

3-2.
539. :
' =+,

' =+2,

11; =+%, () ' 11' =+2,


2' =2 +

()

i' =+.

f).

11)
(011.

101

(01
1)
101.
11,0

:
=

1 1 2)
,211 ,
(
121 '

112)
(
2 1 I

I 2 1

=,
. t :

'

=x+u+2z. 11' =2%++2,

bttt

540.

'

=x+2g+z.

u = xl + ]

: -

; -
1 111 .
.

119

L,

i=j,

.1I

Bj=i,

II, Au=xi, Bu=xj+yi. l ):, Ai=i, Aj=O,

. .

A=(~~), B=(~ ~);AB=(~~), BA=(~~).


. OlJ ' = , ' = , .
- '

=0,

' =. ,' paBeHCTlJa 113

II .

541.
J . II 2 (. . ).
/:;.

= i cos + j sl ,

Ai

Aj = - i sl + j cos ,

(COS

- . sln CG.

- cos ) .
sin

,1;.'1,

A~

= ( cos 2 Cf.-sln 2
2 sln

cos

-2 sln cosa) =(05 ~a -sln 27.)


cos 2 'a - sln 2
sln 2
cos 27. .

, f .:t.~
BeHcTBa~11I ' = cos 2 - sln 2, ' = sln 2+ cos 2. .1 ~:OI'YT
.'1)' 11 II . .

542.
/4 . ll
= 2

+ V2' + .

=" (V~/2 -,3/ 2 ) =2/2 (1

-1)l ' 2 = (, 1 J '


= (~ -)+(: -: )+( ~)=(~ -~)=2 (: -:) .

f:..

543.

2/2

2/2

- ! \.

~ .

ll -
rr/4, -
({ .
.

6. Ai=i cos (;r/4>+1 sln (n/4)=(2/2) i + ("2/2) J. Aj=-I sln (;'[/4) +

+J (0$ (i4) = - (2/2) '+ ("2/2) J,

Ak =k; 81= "


Ok=- (-"2/2) j +('2/2) k. lJ,

= ('

BJ=(Y2/2) 1+ (Y"2/2)k.

~~~~ ~~~~ ~), ~ (~ y~/2 - y~/2)'


-

2/2

I '2/2 -1/2
112)
112 -1/2 .
\0
'2/2 2/2

, = ("2/2

2/2

544. ml : ' = - 0,5 ( + ), '


= -0,5 ( ), ,'= - 0,5 ( ). lI

If.

120'

545.
.

--'

'

. -1.

546.\ e1 , 2

. ,
1 = ., ,

547.
tZ. ---l
,548. : ' , ' 2 (
.
549.
nj4. -:2.
550. ').. '
+y+z, y'=x-2y+z, z'=x+y+')..z ?

+
=
+).
=-

-1.

2+

4. ~ ro
II. R - ~-MepHoe . " R

bl.Al

mo

1, ' = . 1
U.Jl ,
.
1
~ el, 2, "" n

'a1i

,
lt
"'1" z,

,,'

1n)

~2i, .22, ':,', ~z~


...l

n2

."

nn

.'1'
N n- , 9 )

(1'12

a2L

22- Gzn

'

ain
=0

nn-
!, ,
l .Al.

ero -

. ,.,
, 1,., Slel
6n n, Jt -

'+

+. 6zes+ ... +.

hVt

(ali-1,.)

61 + ai262 + ... +ain6n =0.

a2 1S1 + (22-"''') 62+'"


{

+2n6,. =0,

.................

..

a",16i + .n262 + ... + (nn-,.) 6n =0.

.
.. (1 n
.
u .

551.

U.AlAle,

I A- I =-m

, x'==5x~
4, ' =8+9.

121

': = (~ ~) .

15-;1. 9~:I.I=o,

1.2 -14+13=0;

~ 1 = 1, 1.2 = 13.

:

(5-.) 61 +4;2=0, {(5-I..2) 61 +462=0,


{ 861+(9-1.1) 62=0; 8;1+(9-1.2) 62=0.
1.1 = 1, ..1

4;1+4;=,

{ 861+8;2~0.
;i 62 61 + 62=0,

,
62=-61 ' , ' ;1=l'

1.=;=-"

l- .
1
6' U =ll-l, . . U =l (l-).
.s= 13

-861+4;2=0,
{

8;1-4~,=O,

;2

. .
= 2;i. 61 =, ;2 = 22 . , II
1. = 13 l! v =2 (l + 22) '
, =I (l-2), v=c! .(el+2es) 1 "

,
...

552.

(~ ~) . II

06Q

553.


554.

555.

= (:

~) .

( -)
'

= (-~ -~ - :1) .

. :

1 2=~ 2-~ -: 1=0,

(1-1.)[(2-)2-1)

1,

I-.

(1--)I(3-)=, i,s=I, =.

122

=0,

, i!~I .-1 1. = 1 ~l
u =1 (1
2)'

.'1 .:<.l ,,),i.Jf

'.=3,

"

- ~1-~2+~=,
61-~2+6=,
{
~=.

06 ,

, .1 Y=C2(el- 2)'

556.

(1 13)

= 1 5 1
.
3 1 1

557.

01i 012 13)


, .'1 ( a21~! 023 -

u. l 32

<,

'v

a12a/~
Oli
( 021~/a 2!
I /' 2/~

6.

l'

~1 ,

es,

! =01le1

+ (21/) 2 +

(31/) ,

2 = (a12a/~) el +222 + (2/~) ,

= (13'/) l +(2~i) 2+
('Xel) = al1'Xel +212 +31,
(~e2) =12 l +0222+z,
() =l l +2~2 +

aei = ;, 2 = ;, 1' = ,

; =Ol1e~ +021;+l;,
; = a12e~ +a22e~ +032e~,
Ae~ =l~ +02; +;.
, Jlu .1 ;, e~, .; .'I

..

'

( a2i

11 13)
22 023
0i 2

.'JII

e~, e~, ; .1 .
ei, , ' .1 ,
.

558.
'/3 .
~ .

___

123

1/2 -Vi2 )
1/2

= ( V 3/2

559. ,

-l .

, IA-l-I=t;:JI '-(I/)I=.

:::~:~:,~:::::~:::~::::::: (f)~

56].

= (~ ~ ~)...
~ l'

5.

Gt

R uobU!, ,
. ~ R
, nuue ' eu (, ),
[' :
1. (, )=(, );
2". (, y+z)=(x, }+(,);
3. (, ) = (, ) >..;
40. (, )
, :j: .
1-4 , :
) (+, }=(, )+(, );
) (, ) = (, );
) (, ) = .
xER CIIiJJIlJ4

>

ro

;! , . . ' I =

,
,

I ' =

' R-

,,

1;1..1' ,.

BeKtop,

V (,

).

J!-

HOPMpoaIiblM.

~, .~. (

(,

y)los;;;;; (,

) (, ), epQ8ecmBOM u-g,

(, )2 = (, ) (, ) .,
.

1lC - , -1 <; I ~Ki.


cos

'~~"IY~

mo. ..

(, )

x..Ly.
124

I ....: 1. ,

k [, ~].
- , 'P=~/2,

r, opmOOHaAbbl,

1./x+YI.;;;;;lxl+lyl (
2. -

).

; 1 - 11 = 1 11 + 1 11 -2/ls ( ). 1-,
2
Z
Ix-I2=l/ +/I -,
/x+YIZ=lxIZ+lyll ( ).

, 461.
3

562.

= (61; 6z; ... ; 6n) =

61fJl + ~2fJ2 + ...

)?

6.

(1; fJz . . . ; '1n) (, )=


(

+ 6nfJn

\--'-4.
\0. (. ) =1]161 +1]262+ ... +1]nSno (, ) = (, ).
20. =(~1; ~2; ... ; ~n)' +=;(1]1+~1; rtl+~Z; ; l)n+n)
(, +) = SI1]l + ~11]1 + SS1]2 + S2~2+ .. + Sn1]n+Sn~n =
= (611]1 + 6.21]2 + .. + 6n1]n) (61~1 S2~2+ .. +6n~n)={X, )+(, ).

+ +
+ ...

(', )

+ ...

= ;"6]1]1 +1..621]2
I..S n1]n == (SI1]\ + ,621]2
+ Sn1]n) =1.. (, ).
40. (, ) = sf + 6~ + ... + 6~ i= , SI, 61 . , ~"

..

.1! .

563.

) , 562.
n ,

61> 62' ... , 6n-

fJJ'

J2"""

'I1n -

(61; 62; ... ; s~) = (fJl; fJz; .. ; fJn)?


564. ) , d

= (61; 62; ... ; Sn)'

n : =
(fJt; fJ2; ... ; fJn), Z= (~2; ~a; ... , ~n)' .

-'

'

+ ~ (SlfJl,6!fJz"

. , 6n'1n) , = (, ,

(, )

S~).

.' ln 61 1 ]1 + l 6,1 fJ!'+ + ln 6n l fJn?

. 1\. I;~e 10_40.

""

\.{, )

ISlI1]I+I~2I1]2+'" +In;n IJn,


. . (, )
(, )

. .

~; +=(1]1~1; 1]2~2;

.+ l 1]2 ' ~2 + ... + ' 1]n1n ~n,

(, ) =11]11'1+

... ; )n~n),
(, + ) = In SI ' (1]16 + In ~2 In (1]2~2) + .
' 6n ' (Jn~n) =
= In 61 ' )1 + ln ~2 ' 1]2
+ ' ~,. ln "" +In ~l 1 61 +
+In 621n ~2+'" +ln Sn ' 6n={x, )+{, ).

+ ...

; T~~ == (~t; 6}; ... , ~~);

(I.., ) = 10 ~t l fJi + l S} l )! + ... l ~ l "" =


= 1.. (1 SI l )1 l ~I l 1]z + .. + l 5" l )n) = 1.. (, ).
40, (, ) =In' ~i+ln2 ~z.+'" +12 ~n~O.
.

, , . ~

565: SJ bl
x=x(t), y=y(t), z=z(t), .... J1

[, 1

J25

(, ) = ~ (t) (t) dt?

566.

567.

'
' ?
.

568. , 562,
n = 4. = (4; 1; 2; 2)
y=(l; 3; 3; -9).

6.lxl=Y(x, x)=YI6+1+4+4=5; IYI=Y(Y, y)=Yl+9+9+81 =10;


.
(, )
. -5
~x, y)=4+3+6-18=-5; cos<p Ixl'lyl=5 . !O=-0,1; ~=larcx:os(-O,l)=
;:= 17415'."
.

569.

=(l; V;

V5; ... ; V2n

562.

1)

=(I; ; ; ... ; ) .
. 570.
(t), . (4), z (t), ... [-1, 1]. 1

(, )= ~ (t)(t)dt.
= 3t 2 -1,

= 3t-5t

-L

. . (, ) = ~ (3t 2 -1) (3t -5t 3) dt. \ (, ) = ,


-1
. Ii,

...

571. , 562,
n = .
= (1; ; 2; ; 2; ) = (; ; ; 3; ; 2).

6.

I I= -:-I+-:-0""+-:-4-:-+-:-0:0-+-:-4-:-+-:-:0 = 3, I ! = + 36 + 9 + +~ = 7;
x+y=(I; 6; 2; 3; 2; 2); !x+yl=Yl+36+4+9+4+4=Y58.
,

IXI2+IYI2=lx+y!2 .

572. ,
565, : = [2 1,
= '),.t l
1. '),.,
' [.0, 1],

BeKTopO!;J.

I~

,. :'' "'
I

'(, ) = ~ (1 2+ 1) (1 2 + 1) dt=/5+(?,+ 1)13+ 1.


()

Ol

-5/2.

(,

reell1l

y);z

J1

= - (3/2) 12+ 2:

Ixl=

x==t~+I;

/5+(i,,+

1)/3+ 1=0,

y=-(5/2)t 2+1

+.=

.V
. / Jr (t +2t + l)dt= r "5+'3+1=
1
2
... /28
V 15'
4

IxI2=28/15, lyI2=7/12, Ix+YI2=49/20,

= , I + 12

IxI 2+IYI2=

. .

573. D
*== ([; 2 ; ... ; a ll ) , = (b 1 ; 2 ; ...
n )'

. . .;

82 + 2 ; ; n + n ), .* =
. . . + n n (

( 1 ; 2 ;

... ; ),

(*, *)

+ 1;
= ) 1 + 2 2 + .. .

([


)?
574. :

V (61 + 1]1)2 +(~2 + 112)2 +


~

.. 1 + (6 n + 1]11)2 ~

v6~ + 6~ + ... + 6~ + V 1]~ + ~ + ... + 1]~;

(6~+6~+.. +6~) (1)~+1~+ ... +1]~) ~ (611][ + 621]2+'" +6111]1/)2,

61' 62' ... ,

6,

1]1' 112' ... ,

1]n~JI .

l1oJit.6f!ia't'IIC: !j;>-a-t'f ~ Dot

575.
[,

1]

paCCMO"t'peH.Horo

562.


ltk ). (t), z (t), ..

~ ( + )2 dt ~ { ~ x 2dt + { ~ y 2dt

( I )2'I( ~Ix2 \

~ (2/ 2) dt ~ ~ydt

dt ),

(0),* .
,

]27

6. ,
1. . ei, ~, ... , "
mbI., (;, ek) = i =F k.
: u npccmpacme um
m .

, - Jl opmoOPMUP08t1J,4.' rl. opooptoOlpoaoro


el, 2, ... , n UOJllOJl

(/. ek) =

{ 1 i =k.

i =F k,

'n- - fj;

12. "', ' n q


l,

eez, ... ,

li

= ~lel +~2~+'" +6 ,
it

' f=V~~+~~+ "'+6~'

= ~ !

+ 6zez + ... + 6

'111 ! + 1122 + ... + fJnen

(, ) .

~l/fJl = 62/112 =

... = ~n/f)n

iV

~lfJi+ ~2112+'"

+ ~-f)=.

iV

cosq>=

~fJl

+ ~2'1]2+'"
V

~ + ~~ + ... + ~~.

+611

11~ + t)~ + ... + 1JJ

' ,'n- Jl
l. ~,

..

576. = 4 1 -2 + 2 -e~.
577. =-e t , + 2 V'2 2 + 3 V + 8. +

SVSe6

( -2/7 3/7 6/7)


578. = \ 6/7 ~/7 3/7 3/7 6/7 -2/1

1,

e
2 , ;, ,;, e~. ,
e~, ;, ~-.

579. = e1 si + si' cos + sin cosa+


+ e4 cosa.
580. = 1 V7 + ! v5 +
+ V + 4 , 1 v7 + 2 V5.
581. , =
= 3-z--4' = l -3z + + 4 , z= 1 +2 -3 +.
582. = 1 + --.

y=e 1 - 2'+ - 4 ?

]:28

583. 'i' fi. f s ' ' .



.

.6, lf -
fl. g2. g. g4 gl =f 1 ' =f2 +agi. ; .

'2.1 gl'

'1

(gi, g2)=(gl, f 2)+0;(gi, gl).


('i, '2)=' o;=-(gi. f 2)/(gl' '1)'
. g "'" f
~lg1
~2g2 ~! ~2 ,
:t g

-L '1,

-L

'2'

(gi. g) = (gi. f)

~i ('i, '1)+ ~2 (gi, '2);


(g2,g)"=(gz, f)+~1 (gi, gZ)+1!2 (g2. gz)

~i=-(gI. f )!(gi, '1). 1!2=-(g2' f )/(g2. '2)'

, !!'4=f. +l'lg1 +1'2g2+1'g ' = -(gI. fJ/(gf; 1I't>;


"/1 = -(gl. f.)/(g2. gz). 1'3= -(g. f~)/(g. g) .
.. . 0;. ~1. ~2' Yi. 1'2. '1 'fO
g2 . g. g.

. ,

'1.

ei=gl/1 '11, e2=gg/1 '21. =g/I g 1, e,=g,lIg.1

l1 ....

584.
.

= (t)

= (t)

_(, ) =

=~x(t)y(t)dt. 'l=t 2, f 2 =t, f =1

,
.

6.

'i=t 2, g2=f z +agl=t+at 2.

583,

gi. g2.

g.

'1 = fi,

. .

.~ g2t2 dt

~ t 3 dt +0; ~ t' dt~

==;

gi , !!,.
0;= --5/4 gz=t-5t zJ4 -!!'3- '8 = 1+ I!1t2 + ~2 (t -5t ll /4) I!I I!z

. .

'!''

Jgt2dt= ~ !!,(t-: (')dt=O.


,

0=

1.

t dt

4 dt

+ ~! S

= S(t -:

/2) dt + ~2 S(t :- ~ t?) dt.


.

I!i= -5/3. I!g= -4, g=1-5t 2J3-4 (t~5l2'4-), . . g=1~4t+lt2/3.

129

,rr:;-

,/1

5(1-4t+ t 2 dt ~ V S(1_8t+~t2_~t+l~t') dt = ~.

Igl= V

1:= gJ I g

YS

, l =!!'tJI gi 1=
(2, ~ =g2J/ ga 1= (4-5t l );
1 -12/ + 10t 2.. IJ . .

585.

gi = i+++4' g2 =i+z+ + 4 , g =e 1+++., g, =

= e + 2 + + 4 ,
1

? .

i:f:: k) 1,+;"+ 1 + 1 =0.


gl = -el +z++ 4' g2=el-e2+ea+e., ga =
= i+-+~, g4 =i++-4, 1 gi 1= 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 =2.
, e~ =0,5 (- el+ + + 4 ), e~ =0,5 (i-es++.).
6'

(ej, ek) =0

;..= -1

;=0,5 (i+-l:+4), e~=0,5 (l+~+-4)

. .
\

586.

~ ,

1 =i

+ --
1-
+ .... , 2 = --i+
1-.

.. i + ,

+ -3- ,
1-

=,... 1

I e~ 1= 1,

(;,

ek) =0

(.l

:f:: k)

a2+O-a)2+9~2=9,

(l-) +3 -) ~+.~ =0.

~= - (-I)J.
~ ,
. 2 + (l-)+ 2
l-+ 2

(1-a.2)2 = 9; 1-2 (l-a.)

>

ik,

. 2 --2=0. ,

al=-l ,

.+ 2 (l-)2 =9; (I-.+. 2)2 =9.


,

1-+ 2 =. . .

=2, ~1=-2/, ~z=2/.

, :

12222
1
ei1J = - 1+z - , ~lJ= i-.- ;
212

e~H= -i-z+ ,

1.

iJ= i- ~+, ~2J=-l'+2+, &2J= i+2- ."

2.

. ~ q

m!,

Jl , . . (, ) = (, ).
, . . I 1 1 1. ,

(, )

(, )

I 11y. /= 1 11 1
,
.

130

. .
, ,
.

587.

,,
?
588. ,
're , ,
?

589. i.. ,
= , ?
590. , 06 .
-

ei' ej,

A=(~~':: ::). , illi+Jl,i+li=; ill+jl23 +


+ l =0. 1ii + 22 2 + 8 is 8 =0, a~l + l +:l = 1, afa+ 2 +
+ ~2= 1, ~8+:+~= l?
,
591. = - 61el +
+ ~Ie! + ~8 + ~4e" = ~lei + ~Iei + ~8 + ~.e4 -
i 32

. 1 , ., 8 , 4 - ?
592. ei, 2 , , 4 , 6 , e6 -.

, - , Ae 1 --:- ei'
! = - 2 , = s+,si, 4 = - sina+'e, cos<t, . =

..:.... e6cos~+e8sin~, 8 = -e5sin~+e8cos~.

7.

I(

.AWt1 lin Xi, , , n ~


. ,
.

! (Xi. , n)- ' Xi. .... NO


- , / (Axl. '.2, ., ., n ) =').2/ (l. , ., '. ,,).

n=2.'-

f,!=3.

f (Xi. 2. ) =ailX~ +q22~+8~+2ZI2+2isXl+22sX2'


.!

i;
2

aiS)

28

aai 2
alk =. / - .bl

f (Xi.

2. ).

"-nt1li!. il bl.
- , ').1, ' '

ii-

aiz

azi

2 2-').

131

; =

biief+b21eZ + 1 ,

e~ = 12! + 22 2 + 2,

e~ = 1 j: + 22 + s
,

l, 2 . jei, . ,
e~, e~. e~ .

= (:~: :~: :~:)


i

ei,

, ;. ;. ;.

= bilX; + b12X~ + bisX;;

= 21 ; +b22X~ +b2sX;,
= balX~

+ b32X~ + basX;.

"

f (Xi.

2, ).

' , ') , ,1+, ,!+, ,1


'(1 , ' ="'Il II.22 II.sX~,
' ; ;. ; x~. X~ X~.

.
(l. Xz, ) 1
uIWAt .
, ;'i. ;. , .
, ,

f=

593.

27~-lOl2

6.

+ 3:.

11=27. I2=-5. 22='

-51_0

27 -'}..
-5 -'}.. -

'2
- ,
, 11.
- '11.+56-

. . l = 2. 2 =
.

28.
'}..=2.

,),!i

25~1-5'2=0.

" , ~2=5~i'
u=c (l +5 2 ) .

;'=28,

{ -5
1
Sl=C,

~2=0.
62=5,:.. .

-Sl- 5~2=O.
{ -5~1-2562=0.
v = (-5+).
u v.

I/YP+51 = I/Y26. . BeKop


; = (!+ 5 )/26. e~ = (-5 +e2)IY26.

JO

" , .

;, e~ "

_( I/Y26 -5/ 26)

132

--"
5/26

1/Y26

Orc :
=(5/26) x~+(l/y26) x~. ,

1=27 (~26X~ -

:26X~ Y-IO( ~26X~ -

xl=(I/Y26) x~-(5/y26) ;,

:26 x~ ) (:26X~ + .)26 ; )+

+3 (/26 x~ +~26 ; ) =2x~2+28x~a.


:~, f=l~+~~J.

594.

t = 2x~ +81. + 8x~.


6.

ii=2, I2=4, ~2=8. ;

2-1..
4 I
4
8-1.. =<1,
1

.
1..1=0, z=10.

1..=0

2~i.+4~2=0,

{ 4~1 +8~8=0,
6i=2c, 6=--', . . U=C(2ei-'z).
=

10

-861+468=0,
461-2~2 =0,

6i=C, 6=2, . . = (!+ 2 ) .


= 1/ 22 111 = 1/ 5, r.t

e~=(2ei-e2)/Y5, e;=(ei+ 2e 2)/Y-S

( Jl )

. .

2/5 I/ 5)

. = ( -1/

2/5

+ (I/);,

: Xi = (2/5) X~

= -(I/5) x~+ (2/5) ;. ,

1 ., + 1 ,)2+8 ( 2 1'+ 1 , )
1= 2 ( 5
1 5
' YSx 5

'+ ys
2 ')+

- 1

'+'5
2 , )11 --10 " '

1
+8 ( -51

f = 2 (! +

2 2 )2;

X~=(Xi+2x2)IYl+4=(xi+2x2)/Y5, X~=(2xl":"X2)/y5 (

'

zl+2x.=Y5' ;, l=lOx~ ...


595., '

I=

3~

6.

+ 2 + : + 4X1Xi + 4X Xa'

).

II

aii = 3, 22 = 2, = 1, ai2 = 2, aia = , ai3 = 2. -

3-1.. ' 2
0'1
'
2
2-1..
2 =0; (3-1..)(2-'_)(1-1..)-4(1-1..)+4(3-;")=0;
2
1-;"
1
1.~3

(3-)

(2-"-) (1-"-)-8 (2-) =0; 2-) ( Z -4+3-8) =0),


(2-) ("-2-4-5) =0; ~=2, ~=-I, =5.

,
.
:

1)

=2,

3) =5,
(
-2~i+2~z=,
~ 26i- 36,+263=0,

2) 1.=-1,
(
4;1 +2;2=0, '
~ 26i+3~z+268=0,

;1+2~2=0,

2~1+2s=,
2~2-~=0;
t ' 26z+2~=, t
2~,-4~=0;
6i=2c, 62= -, 6= -2; ;i=C, 62= -2, 6=2, 6i=2c, 6=2, ~=C,
u = (2i-~-2), v=c (i-2ez+2), w = (2et+2ez+ea),
{

e~ =3 (2ei-~-2e8);

; =3 (i- 2 z+ 2 ); e~ =3

(2ei+2ez+e.).

2/3
1/3 2/3)
-1/3 -2/3 2/3 .
-2/3
2/3 1/3

: Xi = (2/3) X~ +(1 /3) X~ + (2/3) ;,
2= -(1/3) x~ -(2/3) ;+ (2/3) ;,~ = -(2/3) X~ + (2/3) x~ + (1/3) r,._,
f=2~Z-;Z+5'
=

f=

596.
6x~

6.

+ 3~ + 3; + 41 + 41 - 8 zX.

=6,

s=3,

IZjz=3,

aiz=2,

2" 3-':

-4

CJI i =
=7

i=2;

Qz=--4.

-J -1 =0,

' 2 = 7, = -2.

( -Gi+2Gz+2~=,
~ 26i-462-4~=0;
t 26i- 4 z- 4 6=,
6i=262+26.
6i=2a+2b, 6=, 6=.-

u =2

(+)

ei+aez+ .

=-2

JJJ3yx

( 86i+ 2 62+ 2 6=,


~ 2~i+562-46=,
l26i- 4 6z+ 5 6=0.
, ,,!, ,

61/9 = 62/( -18) =

6/(-18),

61=""":' .62/2=-6/2; Ji=C, ~2=-2c, 6=-2. 06, '

v=c (ei-2e,'-2ea).
u=2(a+b)ei+aeZ+be8

- . , , =, = 1,
l =2i+. ,
(, l)=. 2.2(+)+=, . .

4+5=0. =5, =-4;


: 2

=2ei +

5 2 -4.

' : Ui =2ei,+ea,
U=2l+5ez-4, v=i- 2 z-2 . Ul 2

134

If

1..= 7,

v-

1..== - 2 = 1.
If , , "

i =

2/5

2/(3 5)

1/3)
Y"S/3
-2/3.
I/Y"S -4/(3 5) -2/3

;i 'i = (2/ 51 x~+(2/(3 5 x~+


2 = (5 /3)";-(2/) ;, = (1/~5) x~:(4/(~ 5 ;-(2/3) x~
~ , f = 7x~
7; -2x~ .

+ (1/3) ;,

597.

+ 12+ 8y~-80 =
6.

. 17 2

17 ' + I 2+ 8 ' = (1 ~ ~). !l


1

17-1..
6 1=0,
6
8-1..

1..2-251..+ 100=0,

. . i=5, ~-2=ZO . ,

17x'+12xy+8y2

5'%+20", "

,
.

1..=5 {

6i=C,

;z=-2c,

1..=20

v=

12~i+6~2=O'

6;i+ ;2=0, ~2=-2;i. "

u=c(ei- 2e2)'
662=0,
;i=2;2' . . "
6;i -12;2 =0,

. .

-3;1+

(2! + 2 )

c=I/Y12+2 2 =I/y5,

; = (ei-2e2)/Y5 ; = (2ei+e2)/ 5.

~ B~

I/YS 2/ 5)

= ( -2/5 l/YS .
: = (! /5)'
=-(2/5) '+(l/5)'. ,
17
Z
2

17x +12xy+8y -80=s

+(2/)'.

(' +2')2+

+ ~5 (' +2') (-2' +')+!5 (-2' +')2_80=5,2+20'2_80.


"1

,
z: l ,2+t..z'Z-80=0.

:
598. 6x2 +2VS +2 2-21 =0.
599. 4+3 2+

600. 5x +4V6 +7 -44=0.


2

16=0.

VI

1.

li

i nu

.'III

lta II : 1 - 1
n '

I - 1..;;;; .

a-t...;;;;~+t., =

/1,

t..

n Jl' n

'- '/.

nlllm

, JIn

I - I/A;;;;;; .

r:>:J ,

lI = ( 09 ).
(1-0)";;;; ..;;;; (1 +6).
, eJI ,
JI, n (), Jl

i n-

n> 1

Ji1.

.'I

6= 21k (1~)

n -1.

6..;;;; 2 (k

+ 1)

( 1 )"-~
10

(1)

'
Jl .

3 . .

Ii <
.

li
lO .1 ' ll
.

601. , , 22 20'"

". ?

6.

t. = 30".

602. ~ Q
g = 9;806 .


0,5%..
lG

,(I) ,

0,005.;;; 2.110

9,

(/oy-t, . . n

, D30

=2.

3u, =9,8 . .

. 603. ,
V 19 0.,1 %. CKOJIbKO ?
6. 4,

<'1=0,001 =

10-3.

(1) 0,00i ~ 2~5' ( )11-1

n =3. !l, 19 =4,36 (i 19 =

:,,;. 4,3589)

604. . =3,753,
1%?

_.t; _ ' 3, 0,01"';2\' C~)II-l, n=2.


<: : =

3,8 .

"

605. 25,16 ' ( Q ,! ').


'~ -, '
~apaTa?

f':.. =25,16. 8' m 6'' ' J(sr

O,Ot-t .i,. . <'1=0,0002.


, ;ro -, 5:

11=0/2).(0,01./25,16) ,
(1) k
n= .

=5,

{5+ 1) 0,0002 ~ 1/1011-1,

' ,

1,210-3,,;;;; 1/10n -

606. '
, , 124,35 ' (6
0.,0.1 ')?
607.
,

R = 23,64 0.,0.1 (), r ~: 17,31 0.,01 (), l =


= 10.,21 .,I () ; n=3,14.
608., g = 9,80.66
( 45") ~.

JI .

609. , 92,73
0.,0.1 () 94,5 0,01 ().

2. ' it 3R
mumeu ( /1lQe.))
:. ,

li

R.

.
cx - .,

D
!I , , lU ( mo-

. . .

lJe) . . ; , ->-
{: -.. , l , QAi1CIl n if.U . -

131

, = (), -/m !t.


\ , = () = q> (). f
q> ' , ,

D ), - (1). () =,
. aED (f), i1Cl f- ().

li:

bJ, .

(mmu nmo), ,

< <

. ,

; ( nmo) [, ],
. . , ~ ~ ;

la, ] (. . < x~b) [, ! (. . ...;;;; < ); lU


,+
(. . < < +(0) {-, ' (. . -00 < < ) (-00, +(0)
(. .

001

- 00

< < + );

. .

ocH08Hu IJmal :
1) y=XC1-, aER;
2) IW = , - ,
: > , i= 1;
3) = loga , - .~j, ,

>

:
, i= 1;
4)

y=sIn , y=cos , y=.tg , y=ctg , y=sec ,

y=cosecx;

5) . /l = acsin , = arccos , =arctg ,

y=arcctg .

ma1 /l Ji,


(. . CJ ), .
~ (
) :

= \

I I

I= { _

' . . '

~ ,
< .

I - I

'

=! () 't (; f ( , xED (f) .

f (),

f (- ) = f ()

() , D (f)

f (-

=-

[
)
'()]. {)
, - .
.

yJII.) [() . npu(Ju, ~

Ta.r:0e

: ,.,,

JI EJJ), - TED(f), + TeD(f) mJI. paeHcra )~- 1')=

. =+).

Oi:on npu II~ .


j-, l: .

.610. '

(bt=: ()

f () = 2

6. = =: f () = 2 , {()= 9

_ =+."
2

f(b)-t(a)
-

611.

-2

f () = 2-1

6. , 2-I i= , . .

=1=

1/2.

~, :

D (/)= ( - 00, I f2)U(l /2,

+ 00).

..
.

612.

f () =

(1

+)

-1

6. ., -I :;i:: I + > , . . x:;i:: I > -1.


; D,(f) =
=(-1, l)U(l, +). :

613.

{()= 1-2+3rSi 3 2 1
6.

1-2x~.o,

- -1 ~ (-l)j2 ~ 1. ,
. : 1- 2:;" ,

(-1)j2~ 1; (3-l)/2:;"-I. x~ 1/2, x~ 1, X:;"-lj3.


., (-1/3, 1/2]. ,.

614. :
1) f(x)=x 2 -6x+5; 2) f(x)=2+3sinx.

6. (1) , f () =
= l -6+9-4=(-)I_4. l! ~

, , t.w-4. ,'
- [-4, +00).,
'
,

2) , "" ,
I sin 1..; 1, -1"'; sfn .;;;; 1.
3 6 2, -':3..; 3 sfn .;;;;; 3;
-I.;;;;;2+Sfn..;;;;5. , (/)=[-1,5] .

615. OClfoBHble :
1) f(x)=cos8x; 2) f(x)=sin6x+tg4x.

6.

1) ~aK cos 2,
1 () = cos 8 2j8, . . nj4.
'

2)

nj4.

2n/6 = n/,

.nj3

n/4,

. .

n.

616. :
1) f(x)=x 2 Vx+2sinx; 2) {(x)=2X +2- ; 3) f(x)=lxj-5ex' ;
4)

f () = x z + 5;

5)

()

= 19 -3'

6.

.
; D (f)=
D (f) = (- 00, - )U(.
00). '

(-,00,

+ 00).

1) -, f (- ) =(-)'
('-x)+2sln (-)=-'V
- 2 sln , . . 1 (- ) = - f (). , .

2) '(-)=2- +2-<-)=2- +2 , ., f(-)=/(). ,

3) f (- ) = 1 1-'-5e<-x)2 =

1 () -

I 1_5eX2 ,

. .

1(- ) =! ().

"

4) ,(-)=(-)2+5(-)=:!-5. , (-X):;i:: I().

f (- )

i= -1 (),

5)

. .

-+

, , ,.

(X+3)-1 =-Ig +
_ ,

1(-)=lg__=lg+=lg -

. . 1(- ) = ~ f (), , . - .
139

617. :

1) [()= V4-x~+;;
3) [()=_1 ;

4) [()= -2;

[(x)=arccos(~ -1);

2)

5) [()=

cos 2

[()= Ig (3x-l)+2Ig(x+ 1);

6)

618.

7)

2~+3
2

-4

[()= / - V sin.x.

2) [(x)=5jx; ) [()=Vl-2 ;
4) {(),=-'+8-13; 5) [()= 1-3cosx; 6) '()=4- l
619. :
1) [(x)-:-Ixl+l:

V-

1) f(x)=x4sin7x; 2) f()=5Il---' 2 ; 3) '()=4-32 +;


4) f () = 1 I 2; 5) f () = 1 21; 6) f () = Ig cosx;

7) f(x) = 16~x. 1

620. .
1) f () = sin 5; ~) f () = :- 2-cos (j) + 1;
3) f(x) = 19 cos 2; , 4) 1 () =
3 + cos4x.

tg

. I\
:
;

(, ,

); (, ).
=
(), :
1) =! (-)- , lIa

2)

y=!(x)+b- , ;

'"
I I

1 I
1 1 1
f f

I I

I ,

1 I
I 1

I 1
r 1
I 1
., ,
I 1
I 1
I I

IJI
1 " .1

"

"

1 1 1 f

I I J 1
r 1 t

,
,
1
1
1

I I I

3) = f () - ,
. .
4) y=f(kx)-WT , l/k .
, . -

f () .
=Af[k(-)]+

, ( l
( I r

111j=COS::

1
456

621.
6. .

23
=2+

24

1 +cosx.


:
2+ I
. ,
, - (. 23).

140

622.

2- x~ 3.
= 0,lx9 >3.

D.

<3

623.

24.

, ~- .

y=2sin(2x-l).

6.

y=2sln2 (-l/2). =2,


= 1/2. = sln .
y=SIn 2 .

k = 2,

y=sln 2 (-l/2)

1/2

, ,

y=2sln (2x-l)

(.

25). ...

25

624.

=--

[-4, 4].

625. y=x2(2-x)~ [-3, 3].


626: = Vx+ V4-x .
627. =0,5+2- [, 5].
628. y=2(x-l)3, =.
1
3
_ +I
629 . 2+4'
6 . ---.
9

631. y=sin(3x-2)+1.
632. y=-2cos(2x+l).
633. = arcsin ( - 2).
634. =+ 1 +sin(x-l).
635. y=.sinx+cosx.

_ 2

63.6 . .= .

< ,

x~O.

637.

4-

2 +5

x<-l,
-l~:;;;;;.
>.

4.

n11U!mu Xi. 2 , no ,

N,

I N -

I<

n > N.

)y~T

lim n = .
n... ""

uu
() - + , ;lI
> l, > , I f ()- 1< 1: 0< 1

I < 6.

ro : 11 f ()

= .

X-+lJ

llmf(x)=A.

If(x)-AI

..... '"

f () =

OQ.

<

,'

> N.
< r - 1 < ,

I f () 1 >

X-+lJ

. f () - + .
lim ct ()
, ct () - + .

"'

~ < -+ , __ :....-: , > - +


- x-++. /(-) ... '() {(+)= 11 f(.~)II

-+4-
.
x-++
AeIIf)I nt n () .
llll f () , ~
, /(a-)=/{+).

.
11 () g (),

-+-

1) Iim [! ()
-+-

2)

Ii
-+

-+

+g ()] = / () + g (x)~
x~

.%-+

[! () ()] = Ifm f (). 11


.

%--+

ll! ()

3) Jlm f () = X~
..... {)
lim ()

g ~x);

X~

( lim g () i:~).

.....

.....

npeeJl:

11 sln = 1 ( 8(ure11U!bt );
.....

lim

(1+1.)% =

Ii {1+Ct)I/~=e=2,71828 ... ( 11U! ).

IX-+

bt
Jn '.
IIO3 ;

lim

I+)

.% ..... 0

1i

11m "-l
- - = Jn , l'1 {I+)m-l
%-+0

X-I>O

638. , n - + 00 3, 2"2' 23",


2.

n- n =2+1/n . , n . n &
, I/n
8.

6,

- 2 = l/n.
n

>

<

1/8. n I n - 21

< .

, 11 n =

2.

..

639. , n - 00 7/3, 10/5,


1317 . (3n+4)/(2n+ 1), ... 3/2.
6, n~/2=(3n+4)/(2n+ 1)-3/2=5/[2 (2n+ 1)). ,

142

Il

5/[2(2n+ 1)]

< 8;

2 (2n+ 1)

>

> 5/,

11 =3/2.

> 5/(4 ) -1/2.

> 5/(4 ) -1/2,

/ N -3/21< . ..

n-+>

<

8=0,1, , /n -3/2\
0,1
n> 12 (, n = 13), ,
n -/21
0,01
n
124,5 (, n 125), \ n -/2/
< ,I- n 1249,5 (, n = 1250). ...
.

>

>

<

<

:
5+2

l'

640. ,.1
2 +3'
.1'-+4
6 .~_4, 5.4+2=22,
- 2.4+3= 11. , 11 5 + 2 ...;",.~=2. .1'-74 2+3

11

. +5
641. 11 2 +7'
-+>

6.

-+ 00.

00/00.

11 + 5 == Iim + 5/ =~
-+2+7/
2

.-

-+2+7

--+

2-9

,-

5/ 7/ ."

00

-+

64 2. 11m2-'

/:::, -+ 3 . (
Ji J:l /).
2 -9

2 -3=

(-3) (+3)

(-)

=--;

2
i= 3, 11 2 -9 = +. _3 +3

...... -

.1'...... 3

3+ =2. , lJm ~2_9 =2.

.1' ...... 3 -3

- 2 -+

643. 11 + 2 -- 1 .
/:::,

/.

' :

11 - 2 -+ I
.1'->1

3 + 2 _-I

_ lim (x_I)2 (+ 1)
-

.1 (-l) (+ 1)2

lim 2 (x-l)-(x-I)
-+! 2

(x+1)-(x+l)

-1 =~=O. -

! + 1

1000

644. .1'-+
1 -202+ 100x
6

-~ 'I n /.

2
lim.r-lm (~-l)(2+10+l)= + 10x+lOO

x...... l.ox2-20x 2 +100x

--+10

(-;-10)2

.1'"... 10

x(x--'l)

143

CJJ 300, ', . .


Jl , CJJ, --

x-+IO

3-1000 ..
xI-20.1"+ 100.1'

00.

645. li :+4-2

",-+0

t::.

CJJeJl +4+2:

1Jm (yx:t=4-2) (VX+4+2)

(.1'+4+2)

11 +4-4
",(+4+2)

11
",-+0

+4+2

II~

646. (1 +.1')" -1

.1'

",... 0

t::.

l+x=1/; -l _ . 'I,

11
-+

V(1+)8-1

ll'-I= 11
-+I

2+ +1

3'
5'

-+I ++U~+U+l

yb-1

647. lim 'slnmx


"'.... 0

t::.

Jl ,

11 sln mx = lim sln mx


-+

11 sin mx =.

",-+0

",-+0

l-cos 5
648. 11l
I

6.

l-~
-+.

'

2 81n 2 (5/2)
",-+0 ,

211 (81 (5/2)2

' l

Jl

", ...0

=2.(!)2
=~~.
2
2

=5/2.

00100.

~ -en
, . . :

. -

11 8+2 l +3+4

lim 1+2/+3/ 2 +4/3

",-+00 {3+ +2+l

",-+oo4+3/x+2/x2+1/~

650. 3'-2
-+

8 +'3+4

1.
4

t::.

en IJCJJ :

Jlm
3xt-2
-+ 8 +3+4

3-2/

"'..... 00 Yl+3/x7+4/~

651. li (V2+8+~Vl+4+3). '


-+

144

3
1

3.

6.

2 +8 +3+ 2 +4+3:

Jlm < 2 +8+-2 +4+3)=

6.

.......

.'1 :
8-3

l+2_3+7
, - + ;
, - (
100). , ii ,
-

11

( +5+4) -11
2

x~oo 2 -+ 7
= lI [
..... '"

(,

1+

i: [ (

=11
....

, 11

..... '"

8-3)

8-3 )-.:.

2 -+ 7

8-3

"-+-?

2 -3+7

+
'
J

I-+7] X(~X-3)

'

1 _+7]

(1

-+

(1+

- x .....~

8-3) 8-3
2

-3+7

8-3

8-3/

'-3/+7/ '

"

"-3+7

2 -.:+ 7

8-3'

-3/+ 7/

8,

8-3

=.
lim

.........

(x:+~xt~)X = 8 .

.
, '
653. f () =

'

+2

I/(x

x~3.

3)

6. -+ -, 1/(-3)_ - 2'/(-3) - . ,
11 /(x)=1/3. _3+0, 1/(-)_+, 2 1 /(-3)_+0
%-+3-0

/ () =0.

..-+3+0

654.
-+.

f () = e1j(x-a)

/::; ---+-, 1/(-)---+- 11 l()=. !I x---++,


1/(-)---+

+00

'()==+.
.f..... a+O

..... -

'

655. , ,n ---+ 00 1/2, 5/3,


9/4, ... , (4n-3)j(n+ 1), ... , 4,
656. , n - + 0 0 1, 1/3, 1/5, ...
"" 1j (2n -1 ), '.. ,
:

657

2-6+8

)1'

m 2
..... 2 -

658 l'

+ 12

' 2-5+6
659. )-+
1
2
9
-.,

1
->

)'

660. ->1
1

YI+x+x 2 -I-+ 2
2
-
3

-6 +
2
-

Ilx-6
+2

661. li Sln(a+2h)-2~~n(a+h)+slna. 662. li tgmx.


->

663.

-> 5ln

li tgx-tgxo

->.

665. li

'->/4

~-4x
2

2'+ +5-6
->>,
1 3+ 2+7 -1

666)'

cosx.

-+11/2 ~-

'664. li 5lnX-s.

~/2-x=a,

(2 3 +4+5) ( 2 ++ 1)

667 :li

~ ..... a> (+2) ('+2 3 +7 2 +-l) ,

2 -7%+ 10
X~ 2 -8+ 12'

668 l'

669. li 4++ -2. 670. lim Yl+X:lnX-l


2

..... -1

671. li
->

+l

V 1+-l

->

, 672. Jim

->2

YI+.t+x ;-7+2-2
2

-2

673. Jim I-cos 5, 674. li tg X~5ln


-+

l-cos

->

675. l (1 +mx). 676. li 2: +3 .


->

..... 2 -3

77. li (Vx +ax+b-Vx2 + cx+d).


2

->->

678. (sin V + l-sin V'X),


-+>

679.

li

-+

(V' + l-V'X),

li

680.

X-+(J:)

11-5;.
-

,
7"
, ' S l n 2
681. 11 6"_5",682. 11 1 (1+ )'
8 -

-+>

-+

' " -1
683, )1
- . 684.
->-

n
4/V

_-=-,1

..... 1 -I
x=t'.

" t+51t

6'85 1"1 51
, . )1 -t- ,-t .
-\,-\ '. 686
1->0, -Slfi
_
687. li sin 3-51 688.
.....

146

In(x+l)

li

"'..... 5-0

)1/(-I).

689. sin . 690. -1


-+
..... I r -1
691. 1imt(Va-l) ( t>O).

t ..... .,.

OJI x=l/t, %-0.

692. 11 ('
-+CII

694.

x-+~

)X1+ 1.

693. lim

-+

13 -

695 1l

26 9)'

(1 + ~)Jt.

5-4

---+

-+

696.li

- 1 697. In(l-3x)

-+I ]
.....
, ",_,l,

61}8. x'.+5.cI+1 699. 1" (%+2)-rn 2


..... '" 2.1Ii.+~+1
.....

700. (+:)"'. 701.1im(2-'-cosa)wsec'cx.

. . . ""

702.

....

. (+)+
. (-2 )1/(X-I)
11
.+ ! 703.11
.
.... 2

...... '10

5~ ,< .
() ~ () - ",-+- .
1. lI (/> , , JI oll 81tCU1ei!O.

....

. = ().

2.

lim

(a/~) =, -, , , ro
.

-+-

11m (a/~) = 1,

~ - .AJlbte oOiJ mo . ,

....

~JaAl!bUlU. ,..., ,
- .
/ --+ 00, , lIm (/) =0. ,

, . .

"

IS =0 ().

3. '! - , k
, " " k .

> ,

:
ueue bIX . JtaAQ iJbICtZO opiJ..

.1 .

. JtUtneAJtU, . . =, 1'=0 () ,\,"-0 (1').


2". JtIJAbIe u 88m mo mo oza, .
-= 8AJU!mc Jt 8blCI! 110

~, . .

1'= (), 1'=0 (>, "'" .

AbIX u.ee , mo mo n
Jile aJte AAbIX 8UlJiL1t1 6eaaJ.

30.

1 JtaJl, . . (/)=, ....., 1, ~ "" ~t, (al/~l)=.


x~a


_,

x~a

sln ""', tg ...., ,

rsJ ....., ,

arctg ,..., . In (1 +),.., .


141

704.
~ = 5t 2

t -

+ 2t

~ = 3t 2

+ 2t

5+2t 3

,5/2+2/5

1':::. !~~ 1f=}~3/2+2t3

tl!..~ 3+2/

=3' -

~ , , ~-
.

705.

= t sin 2 t ~ = 2/ sin /

/ -+-0.

6. lim ~=l!m2t/s~2tt=2Ilimslnt=O, . . =). &


t .... o

706.

t ... o

l'

t .... o

sm

~ =

t In (1

(-+.

+ t),

~=

t sin t

h,.

In (1 +1)

l' t In O+t) = l'1 tn (1 +/) = l'1


;11
= 1
' ..... l' 1..... 0 t sln t
t ..... o sln t
' .....
. , a~~.

./
51

-t-t

&

707. l'

x~~

In(1 +3xslnX)
tg 2

/':,
: I(l+sln)~3sl, tgx2~x2,
1 (1 +3 sln )
tg 2

" ... 0

708.

1,

l! 3 sln 31' 51n 3 &


x~o -----= x~"c] --= ,

v 1 + sin x-l
710. = vsin 2
709. =

' .

.711.
712.
-+

713.

-+- .

~ = [2 sin 2 t ~ = t tg {, t -+- .
~=(l +X)I/I-I ~=mx,

m-

~ = -

1 +2-I
t 3
-+
g

714. 11

51 2 3

. 715. 11
12(1+2)'
" ..... 0 n

COS

J-O-cosx).
148

1 ~=

In ,

--+ .

V- -

720.
(~+X)3-1
(l+)V(1+)-l

-l)

-+ ( -1) ( -1)

4V~-2

722.

V l+5-' 2

l\

721. lim (5 -l) (4

2 .

f () nIt rno , : 1) ' -,

2)

11

, . .

lim f () =

f ();

-+

f ().

-+

x-= ( ) . f(x)-.f()= 'l\(l1


), . , r : lim l\y =, t; ' .
,
-+
'
,"
t () nbl8G rno rno rno rno, mo<re ,
I

, nujJa'r,eH//e '

'"

'

io 'i'' : (,

. .), n' itiiu.


, : " ,
," ' mo , n ,: ii' 10'I
.


moICll bl

bl8 (

11

,-+-

f () =

f (), f (-), f (+ )

(-)

' " , :"

, ,

f (a~O):= f (+) :/= f (),

mD1C

f (x)=f(a+O),

, -

'
. , .

mO'(Kjl

,.

"

, li .

' ' ,

11

x-++

f (-) :/= f (+),

Jii6 f1 k

. . : ~ '

Jt , ); td 'Ji"!
(a+O)-! (-) . ,
1 , mo Ja . '

11 9 QC, .

.

723.

J,l ,

, =

= ' 4 .

6. ....lim
~4=-00, lim ~4=+00. , .
4-0 .....I+ ,
' ,
4

, .

11 (. 26).

724. , = 4' = arctg X~4 rs.


6.

_4-0, '/(-4) -+-00

1/(-4)

-++ 00

11 =/2. ,

_4+0

,
=

11 =-/2. -+4+0,

x~4~0

-+ 4

'

,,

. ,

- . ' , , :

/2-(-/2) = (:

27).

%2-25

725. , = 5 = --5 .
%6. =5 u , : , ;
/.

.-5,
g=

%-'-5:f:.

li = 10.

. , 9=.+5 % .

5.

er,

-+5+

&'-+5-0

II.

%=5

m . ,/

, . =

=5.

10

____:____L
I

,lf

1 4~

~IJ~L-~~I~~~~~~

"

...............~;

..:.

1
1
.

.'

26

, , J[

y=(xl -25)/(x-5)

n , . C11lO (~ - 25)/(x-5) =+5 lltWl


JICU . lICJUI =5. OII ,CJl ecn.
.Jl =+5.

2 1 /(-I) _1

726. ma = 2 1 /(-.'+1
-

727. ma = (%-1) (-5)'


1

728. ma = '-1-& = 11
729.

xaparep

S%
9 = -;

= "1

1
tg arctg =
730. ma !/=
x(z-5)

731. ~ ma !/

-1'-&.+ 11%-6

2-&+2"

x+1
!/=r+6x'+lIx+6'
U %' +~+ 1.
moct: = (X-I:(X-6)

732. ma
733.
734.
:

1) [2, 5J; 2) [4, 10]; 3)

[.

7].

735.
; 1) [6. 10]; 2) L-2. 2]; 3) L-6. 6].

xC-2&'+25

VII

1.

1. . Xi IJ z- ,
!ll = f (1) IJ
(.)- = f ().
dx=Xa-i , l!.Y=YZ-i=f (2)

=1

- f (-nue

[Xi, 2]'
uu =! ()

' =
(

lJm l!.y, " () =

6 ....

lim f (x+i\x)-f ()

6-+

l!.x

:~),

l!.x

.
=! () , . . ' =tg .

CKOPOCf7lb ,

u.

1.

( )'

mx -1,

11. ()' =

1 )'

(arcs!nx)'=y 1

. l- 2
I
XIII. (arccos )' = - ,
r ,- 2
1
XIV. (arc~g )' = 1+)(.2

I
=-Xi"

IV.
V.

()' =

VI.

(In )' =

(Ioga

( )' =
Ina,

J...

1
(arcctg ) ' = -- I +
2

XVI.

(Sh)'=(

)(.

)' =-11-,

VI. (s!n ~)'

.~_,

2r

XVH. (chx)' =

= cos .

.....

)' =chx.

+2
- \'
) =shx.

V . (thx)' = (~~:)' = Ch~X '


XIX. (cthx)'= (~~:)' = - Sh~X'

(os )' = - sin .


. (tg )' = sec2 .
XI. (ctg )' = - cosec 2 .
IX.

R bI ..
-'-, = (), v=v ()-, .
:

1)

'=;

2) x'=I;

5) (u)'=u'+';

) (

6)

)'=' ';

(-

)'

==

4)

'-'
1

()'=';
;

151

7) <: = f (); = (), . . = ()], ) . ()


~,

y~=y~.u;
( <l>e CJl ).

(
= 2.'

736.

).

+5x:l.-7x-4.
f::..

&, :

= 2 (+&)+5 (x+&x)1-7 (x+Ax)-4.

!J.y= [2 (+)+5 (+&)3-7 (x+tJ.x)-4J-(2r+51 -7-4)="


. = 6 l + 6 !J.xt+2!J.x3 + 1 tJ.X + 5&x1 - 7!J.Jc.
Jl :

=6x'+6xtJ.x+2!J.Jcz+l0x+5tJ.x-7.
:

, ii~ '
' llm

.;

....

-~

......

'

tJ.X ---+ :

.. llm

....

(6x2+6x~+2!J.Jc1+ !Ox+5!J.Jc-7)=6it + 10-7.

, ~' ' =6xI

737.

+ 10-7. ~
m

Vx. .

. ~ : !J.g=y+ - . On:

!J.g '+-
11
!J.g
1J +-
tJ.X =
tJ.X
.u ~ & --: 4z ~

.
06. .
.. .
.

' =

Ilm

Je ....

( x+!J.Jc+

'x+Ax-

llm
6.t ....

(yxt- > (y~+ > ==


' =

!J.x ( + + )

v )

Iim
1
,.; .... + +

_1_.
2

, ' == ~~_. ~
. 2,

738. ,

.
y=-ctgx-~.

t::.y = - ctg (+ &) - (+) +ctg += ctg x-ctg (x+!J.Jc) -.


sl (IJ-)
QJJ9 ctg a-ctg IJ = ' .
I IJ ,
ss D
tJ.
sl (+ ~-:-x)
sln !J.JC
!J.JC

slnsl (+)

i.x
"

Slsl (+)

!J.Jc ,
1.52

ln !J.JC
~'

sl sln (

+)

, ,

SJn

..

ll _'-"tf_
....

-~ .

= .
11

' ,

1
1=---1.
~JnIX

SJn sln (+)

'

, '=-! -1=tg 1

, 3;l :
l
739. Y=~.
741. =5s1+3~S.
- . 740. = V'x
'
,
I
742.' y=5(tgx-x). 743. = +l 744. y=2~~

I
JJ : ,

745. =2'-5'+?+4 . ..'


6. g' =,(2,t)' -(52)' + (7)' +(4)' =2(r)' -5 (xl ) , +7 ; +4' =

=2.3.it~5.2x+7.1+0:;'6.ts:'::;'10x+7.

746. y=x'lif'.

6. g' =' ()' +~~(x')' =' +~eX:=;,~ (x+2)~


747. ~ arctg .
6 '=' (arctgx)'+arctgx(x3)' =' I'~XI +:h1arctgx::i::
=

748. y=xVx(31nx~2).
6.

+3X1 arc'tgx.

=3 / 1 (3] -2).

/ '

+23

749.

6.

l:f'

1 1

(3

-2)

_ Jn

3 l/1

'.

'.. 1

9 .-

+2 ~1/~ 10 -'-.. /' "2 f .

,1/ =

..

] . _

' =. (sln)'-;-sJn,()'
)

x:.

1
y::XS

-sJn-

. ,

" , x-~~arcslr!

)CI ,

x'Yl-l

'

750. = ln - .
. sJnX+COSX

751.
6.

" (ln+) (fris+s)-,-(sIn-S) (cosx-slnx),

(sl + )'

= (2

+ 5)&.

(sl+s)'+(s!n-QS)1
(smx+c-s)I ..

. (slnx+COSX)1

2xJ +5=u, =u'. ~Jl 8.


'

', = (u~)~.(W+ o)~=4u~ (62) =24. (2.3+5)3.

752.

= tg 6 .

6. ' =6 tg 5 (tg )' =6 tg 5 sec 2 .


753. =,2 .
6. ' =2cos (cosx)' =- 2 cos sln =- sln 2. .

754. = sin (2 + 3).


6. ' =cos (2+). (2+)' = 2 cos (2+3).
755. = tg lnx.

6. ' =sec 2 ln (l )' =.l.sec 2 In .

756. =
6.

' =

757.

si

3 sln

~ ( sln ~ =3 Sln2." ~

cos

i =s1n

.cos

~ . .

ln ( + 5).

' _ _
I_.(x2+5)"- 2
..
2 + 5
- 2 + 5 -

758. . ] tg ;
6. '

tg (xj2) . (tg (xj2'

tg (xj2) sec2 (xj2). (xj2)' =

1
2 tg (xj2) cos 2 (xj2)

1
2 sin (xj2) cos (/2)

1
sin .

759. = ln ( + V 3 + 1) .
6. ' =

.1

,::;-\' _

+2+1 x+r x-+IJ -+2+!


1

+ 2 + 1

( 1

+ 222 +! ) =

YX2+I+x
2 + 1

2 + 1 .

760. = ln (V2sinx+ 1 + V2sinx-I).


6. ' =

(Y2Sinx+l+Y2Sinx-l)' =
2slnx-!
1
( 2 cos
2 i:os
)_
2sln+I+2s-1
2Y2s1nx+l
2y2slnx-! 2slnx+l+

s(2s!+l+2Si-l)

2s!+l+2sln-l

Y4Sln 2x-1

COSX

4sln 2 x-l

154

2 2

/x/<l.

762.=rs1 1 + 4.'

6..

'

1
= .. /1- (

2 . ) ~.
1+4.

X(l+x').4x-2x 3 .4x3
(l+x')Z
Inx
.
763 = arc tg --.
'
u.

1+:4.

)'

= .. /1-

'+'

4x(I-')

YI-2'+&

(~) 2
4

1+'

l+x' .

~1+(ln2x)/9'3x x(9+ln2x).

764. =~.rtg~-lVI+z.x.
6.. ~
1

y=exarotg -'2

'

(1 +e2 XJj

. =

1
'1+ z.x

eU

1
1
ge x - --2 2=
2 l+2
2

'

= 1 +eu + arotg - 1 +2
765.
6..

= arctg

= sin + ln I +sln
2

q ~

sin

=- - + ln (1 +sln )-1 cos .

cosaxCosx-sl.2s(-SID)+

1,

= cos' +2 sln 2 x +
s

slnx

+
766.

(l-sln )

1-sln 3
coszx+2slnzx
s

I
. 1 (
ln)
1+5inxcosx-cosx -5 ,

+ sln

COS

cos% x+2sln 2 x

+ I-sln +

_1_=_2_=2s .

.+ ~

cos1l

= ~tga + l cos V:X.

6..'=tg.s2 J ,~_+
2

cos

(-Sln) .~_=

.-

,- tg

(
sec2

2
)
1.
. -I =
.- tg~ . .

.-

J55

767. = 5 sh3 1~

+ 3 sh

1 5.

' = 15 shl ;5 ;5' rs+ 15 sh 4 t5 ;5' :5 =sh2 ~ ch ;5 (1


.+sh2 ;5)'
, JI
_ ' 8 ~

15

- s

768.

ch 2 x-sh 2 = 1, '

15'-

= '.

6. , ,

l= 2 1,

,/ , 1 (1 )'

= -, ' , ,
.

'

'

-=.
.-+2l,

.
. -=(1+21),

J56

781. =VsiV+Vl-.
782.

'= (sin~ -cos ~)2. 783. =s(/).

2+l
1 ,/I+slnx
784. y=ln tg-4- 785. = n V l-slnx'
2

= tg 2+ tg 2x+ s tg B 2.

786.

787.

=si3

V-x- 2 sin 5 V-x+ 1 sin 7 V.


s
7

--)

788. y=ln (3x~+ V 9 4 +1. 789. ="2

V-_
' arcsin ,
a2-x +
2

790. y=ln' ~tg+I-2tgX. 791. y=-ctg 2 -21s 2 '


y4tgx+l+2ytgx
X

792. y=arctgV4x2---":'1. 793. y=arctg


y
2

2 - l

794.

I_YI_x

arctg ----' 79 .

796. y=arccos
"

798. y=arctg

9_ 2

9+ 2

.
2
s 1+6

'

I I < 1.

797. y=e-x-sine-xcose-".

, / I-x

(-I) (-)3

l+' 799. = (_2)3(_4)'


2

l_e 5fn ' 3 cos2 . 801. = ln 21


' sln + .'
2 ]n 2 sln -
802. y=ln(secx+tgx). 803. y=-In(cosecx+ctgx).
800.

804.

= 2

y - ( 2-l.
v - ) 805. ,ti=l
i
5
5 + 2

806. = (

808.

sl"
I+cosx

= -

810. =

( 5

)2 .

807. = i

sln

1+Sln 2 x
(In ) . cos (In ) -In

cosec 2 (/2). 809. = sin


(l/x).
+ 3) [In ( + 3)-1]. 811. = i VI-0,2x 1

812. y=O,5[(x+a.).VX2+2a.x+~+
+ -. 2) ln (+.+ V xl+2ax+~)].
813. = arcsin + arcsin V l_e 2X
814. = V x2+2a.x+~+ (n-.) In (~+a.+ V '+2+.

=2 +2ss+s2 .

815.

817.

= ctg xcosec + In (ctg x+cosec ). 818. =

819.

= 3 si +3 cosx-s .

821.

=eX-si

,- 2

. 816.

cos3 eX-si

822. = arctg (+ 1)

823.

820.

1 +~~:ln

Yl+xa-l
= In

l+ 2 +1

cose"'.

+l

+ 2 +2+2 .

=(l -3I 2 +6I-6).

15

824. = ] sin VX tg

vx- . 825. = arctg % ~%-

826.

y=~ (tg' ~ -ctg' ~) + ~

821.

= l tg

829.

= ~ fg'sinx+]ncossinx. 830. =](1- ~)+ ~.

8310=]

833.

: + cos +

(tgt

cos3 .

~ -ctg2 ~) +fln tg;.

~28. == -

sln

(%~2~~ ~X~~~ (%/2)

l +2
+l
.832. =2tg2+Js2-2'.

arccos (2e IX -I). 834.

= l l (1 l

Inx-l).

x- ZX

xlnx-l
835. o=~. 836. =] In'x+l
3-8

2 sln '"

837. y=arctg'I_3x 3 ' 838. =1 tg-4- .


.

839. = "2 s 3 + 2 - - 4 - cos 2. ,


840.

= tg tg + 3 tg tg . 841. = arotg %
.

'Inx

842. =7+5%6' 843. =

l+2

--

2x+l[ln(2x+1)-2].

844. = ~ec (1 l cos ). 845. = V l-'" - ~si.


.2
846. 0= 2"0" - . . 847. =~.
848.

+'

=---

-ln-2..

+1.

849. y=xsinxcosx+ 2 cos3 x.

~~

850. = '+I' 851. =ln tg 2 -SiI1'X'


852. 0=2 (tg x~
-

= ln

854.

856.

}I::\

XJ.

'+1-

' . 855'0 =

Yx4+I ,+x3
2 4

853. 0= 4 I +

arctg =xs. 857.

'

,5

tg

+ 21 arctg '

Y=X?~ l .

858. = arccos Vf="2X. 859. = log x ' 2.


860. =-}l-xB+2ax+~+(a+n) arcsin ;-

861. = log, si'. 862. = log.. (+}I ' +9).


863. = xarcsln . 864. .= ( -1)'
+ 1
865.

2X(X~1)a

(X-I)I

%"..+1

2+ 1

866.

a+~

U=I(..!..+'/'

r.t1, + 1).

861. = (m+l)*+n 1 [(+ l)s(nl)+ns(n ) .

868.
158

=(

tg + lncosx). tg ( tg x+}ncosx)+

+ lncos ( tg + 1 cosx).

869.
870.
871.
873.
.875.
877.
878.

= (xcosx-siox) [10 (xcosx-sin x)-l].


=3 sin (-)-siri ( -).

y=arccos (2xVl- 2 ). 872. y=lxl (X=FO).


y=lf(x)l. 874. y=j3x-51 .
y=e1x1 876. y=j.xj+lx-21.
=

(sin x-cos )

cosx.

Jn sin + cos +V (~x-s-in-x-+-c-o-sx-')-"-z-+----:-1].


"

879. y=ex-(xlnx-x-l). 880. y=Jogcos x sinx.


881. = logel ( n + Vx 2n + 1,). 882. = l" .
883. y=I0&t"x. 884. y=logx1x". 885. y=x J/ 1nx
886. =". 887. =-2". 2
888.

= x 1n . 889. =

Yx=t=1

(x-l)

V 5x -

' .
1

890. ~ (sec )' = sec tg .


891. , (cosec )' = - cosec ctg .
892. , ' (UV )' = VU V - 1 ' + uV v' l .
893. arcsec arCCQsec .
894. u = 2 + '2 + 4y2jy'2, = 2 cos ?
895. , = (2 1) ( ) ' - x~ 1 = (2 1) .

2.

. lI

.
.

F (,

F (, )
,
'. ', . .
,
' .

896.
6.

y~ 2

+ 2 =

4.

, 2
. , (2)' = 2'.

, 2+2'

=0, . . ' =-/ .

897. y~ +l-2-;-0.
6. ,
'

2+_- 2 '-2 =, . . '

(2 - 2 )
'-!

_...

y~ :

898. x3 +/-f-3xy=0.
899. :-2+2+2D+2+F=.

900. 4 _6 22+ 94_5 2 15 2-100=.


901. _" =0. 902. xsiny+ysinx=O.
903. ~ +eY -2 -l=.
904. sin (y-x2)-Jn (- 2 ) + 2 V- 2 - = .
]59

3. , . .1 II
' X=qJ (t), = (t),

dy
d
dy
=-, , I dx== dx

Yt

Xt

6,.

= 5/2.

R ~; =3/2+3, ~~ =15/~+ 15/2.

9()9.

' = ~~ ,

910.

Y'=~~,

911 .
u

x=acost, y=asint.
x=e- t sil1t, y=.ctcost.

dp
= d8' = ( ~ Va+ 1) , = VaeY-U.

912 . =dx' x=cht, y=sht.


u

dy

4. If .
y=/(x),
(xo)=tgCG, .-.1, 110.10 .1 .
ll = () (; )

l'

.:.- = y~ (-).
y~ ii ' =.
ltIJ

l.

;.l

.1!"1

"

J.II

Y-Yo=-J,

},!

KP1I6bl},1!! =

(-)

f 1 ()

f 2 ()

I<

(,,; ) .1 .

<-

{~ () ,

1; ,()

]+ 11 () 12 ()

S=5 ).
/0 : = 5' (to).

913.
(2/3) - (1 /9) , = 1?
t:::. '=(l/) -(1/3) ; =1 '=3. ..
4

tg CG =3,

914.

ol<ya =

arc.tg 3 ~

7l 34' ....

oc~

= 2 -3+ 5, (2; 3)?


l{.

-915.

X'+2xyi+3y 4=6

6.

~
(I; -1).

2x+2yi+4xyy'+12y3y'=O,

'_
1+(-1)1
, -- 2.1 (-1>+6 (-1)~

.. '=- 2x:+Y6;~'
1

Y+1=t(x-I), -4-5=.

y+l=-4(~-I), 4+-3= ..

916;
6.

8-2 = 2

(2; 4) (-2;.1). : ' =-2, ' =2.


.. O'lKe (. . -

=2)":
'l

=arotg (-8/15).
= arctg (8/15).

k 1 =-4, k 2 = 4.

4+4
8
tg q>l= 1-16-'-15'

'

917.

yZ

=2

( ; )'

2/9- 2/8='I,

918.

(-9;
919.

V2' cos

t, =

-8). .

V2' 5 i t, , t

.rr./4.


= t-sin " = l-cost, , t=r.j2.
921.
2

t 8 , ,
,

920.

='

=2.

922.

, + 2/

=1

( ; ) /2

+ /

.
x2/il Z +

= 1.
923.
= sh , ( ; )?
924.
=(/2) , x=21n2.
. 925. Jl

x=cht, y=sht

t=t o'

926. y=x-r Q.: =5.


927. ' h1 y=r = l/
928. = 1 sin , = 1.
929. , YfO.7I ' 2 + !f = 5, = 4.
930. = V'2 sin , = V2' cos .
931. '
- s= '&/5+ (2/rr.) sin (nt/8) (t-B ,

161

S~B MeTpa~).- -
.

. ~:

ds

1[,!

dt"=t'+T cos 8'

'=2

1,-

ds

-dt = 16+8 r -2;:;,; 16,18.

il, ';:;,;

16,18

/ ....

932. = (8-) ,_ ,

t ~ = t Vt

, - ).
(1; 7)?

(t-B

. 6:

t yl,

y=8t

y-t~t3.

!>. ll

: / 12 y-t-3t 3 - (1; 7) t 1.
~, Yt=l = 9, . , ' 9 /.


S
(t-B , S-B ).

933.
= tl

u+ 1)

934.

t = at 3
t ?

5. - ' . flQ
= ().

(; ) i , , .

(
), tg = '. ~ -
, tg
/, -
=-. ~,

==

"

ttga-tgep
goo=l.+ t gatgep

'

'-

dy-y dx

1+y'.JL = +,= xdx+y dy'

, ,
=,s, xdy-d=,Zdte, d+d=d"

= ,cosep,

=, (),

tgoo =,2 drp =~.

,'d,

= 4-2 -

935.

6..

(1; 3)

(I;

936.

'tgoo=XY'-

(-2)-

+'

+' (-2)

'

3)

~2-3

-2 -
11:

tgOO=--=6=l, ',. =

-2x~-y

....
r = -

'

'

. ,=0; f!, tgoo=,jr=ajO=,, , . =n/2 ....


,1-62

937. x~- 2 = 36
(10; 8) .

.6.

2x-2'=,

938.

y'=xjy,

xz _ 36
18
2 =2=

(xjy) -
goo= x+y.(xjy)

18

(10; 8) tgw=IO .8=O,225, . . w=arctgO,225 . .,

r = (1- cos 1jJ)

' (j2; 2j).

.,

r = sln ', tg w = -;' =

tg w=tg

939.

tg.!.. 2

(j), w=j.

2 = 8 ' -

940.

a(l~cosm)

-"----''-' sln Ip

(2; 4).

r = aljJ

941.

r=cosljJ

942.

(-7

+ (_5)2 =

- (6; 6).
943. r = < -
.
944. 2 00 2/36 1
(6; 4,8).

6.

D . u. (

uo) =! () f, ~ .

: ", ~x;'

s=! (t)-

'" ().

d2s

dt~ IWue ro Ul!/.


nuol =! ()
Boporo : '!'=(")'.
, nuo. n =! ()
(n-l) :
(jfn-1J)' n

: <n)

dny
dx n

!ln) =

' {<n) ().

(, ' . .) CJI
.

y~, y~-;,

' :

X=1p (t),

... ,

=--; j

"

(;);

=--,- ,

Xt

'"

Y='\J (t),

(;);
=--,-

Xt

. .

Xt

. U Q JI
"

Ytt Xt-Xtt Yt

('

945. =+2<'-3-2 -,5+7. ', ", "'

6.

'=5~+8-9Z-2-,5,
" =20 +24 2 -18-2,
'" = 60 2 + 48x-18,
yIV~120x+48, yV=120,

946.

6.

I
=_=x- 1 ,

'

ln .

yVI=yVII= ... =O.

<n).

"=

,- 2 ,

"'=1 2- ,

ylv=-123x-'.
y<n)=1.2.3 . .. (n-l) (_I)n-l. x -n.=(-l)n-l.

=2 . <n).

947.

6.

(n-1)!

'
"

= 2 Jn 2,

=2

Jn 2 2,
Jn 3 2,

'" =2
<n)

948.

lnn 2.

= sin .

<n).

6. y'=cosx=sln (x+~) ,

"=- slnx=5ln (+2'-;:)

'" =-:> x=sln (+.;)

........ .....,

Y<n)=51n( +n ;) .
d 2y

dy

949. y'=dx' " = dx 2 , =st, y=asinSt.

L:>

dy

( 51n 3 t);

dx -

(05 3 t);

=--

51' t 05 t

y"=d 2y = (- tg t);

dx 2

( .t);

05 2

t 51 t
- sec 2 t
- 08 2 t sln t

- t,g

t,
1

sln t 4 t

22

950. =-+5'

'3I 2

951. =4'2 (2I-).

v-2V-1- +'3
1- +

952.

953.

=- ~ si-2~S3,

x~

arcsin .

954. = ln (+ V 2 + 2 ) -Vx2 +a2


X=a(t-Sint), 956 {x=arccosVT
955 {
'
,
. = (1-cos ').
" = Vt-t 2
957. , = sin l + cqs l

+ +

2"
'

.
958. , =

"

959.

+ 4 = 4.

+ sin 2

vr.

S'=
4- .

961. = ; l2 .

960.' = 6 (x+l)

963. y=sh 2x .

962. =(2+3)V2+3.

sh2x=2shxchx.

n- :

964.

= n

V -.

I
965. y=2x+l'
966. = 5-3COS2X~

967. y=2 X +2- .968. y=:t~. 969. y=e kx


x=lnt,
{x==at+b,
970. y=cosx. 971. { = 1/t. 972. y=at2+~t+y.
973. , ' = + 2 2

'" -6'
11' -6 = .
974. , =

+ ylV +'"

+" +' +=3 +32+6+6.

8. aJI . (n
no) =

f ()

N -1-i

: dx=ftJ.x.

:

;:

<31

1
I

28

dC=O, C=const.
d(Cu)=Cdu.
d ( ) =d flv.
d(uv)=udv+vdu.

50. d (~)=VdU-UdV
2

68.

~i.""

._J.:1
J~ __ _ L

dy=y'dx.


(; ) (. 28).

1.
20.
30.
40.

Ji

df () = f'

()

#-

}.

du.

165

6 , ~y ~

(+6) ~

f (x)+f'

dy

() 6.

,
.

nfJ =! ()
: 2 =().
! d =
, dny=d (dn-1y).

=! () - ,

d (d'Zy).'

\:

d2y= " (dX)2,

975.

d= '"

(dx),

. , dny= <n) (dx)n.

6. dy=(arctgx)'.dx=

arctg .

dx

l+ 2

976. s = et '.
6. ds=t .3t 2 dt. _
977. ,
3) 3
6. dy=3 (2x-3)22dx=6 (2-3)2 dx,

= (2 -

d 2 y= 12 (2-3) 2dx2 =24

(2-3)

dx 2 ,

tP=24 . 2dx =48d

978.
V=&t.
6. du=2e2tdt,d2u=4e2t.dtZ,.

979. ' = 2+5'.

6.

=2(+6)3+5 (+6)2_2 -5 'Z = {6 2 + 1) ~x+(6x+5) 6'

+ 2.

dy=(6x 2 + IOx) dx.


dy 6
6, (6+5) 2 +2.

980.
6. y=aroslnx.

arcsln (+ 6)

arasin 0,51

arc~in 0,51.
=,5, =,l
,

~ arcsin

0,5+ .
.

'1- (0,5)2

.0,O1:;=:~ +0,011 =0,513.

981. ,
3,02 .

6.

AS

S=nR2. R=3, AR=O,02.


dS=2nRAR =2.3.0,02=,12.

.'l,
( );
~

= 9,1211 ~ 28.{)6
1

arcsln x+(arcsln )'

Kpyra 9n+O,12n=

982.

y=~ V49-2\+~rSi; .983. x=~ln;+~.

984. = 21n ch (/2).

985., = arctg 2 "

,9 86. d, dZy, d, =(l-]).

987. d2, - ~ y=ln(x + Vx 2 + 4).


988. = l/x,
' 989. t'1y dy = 2 - 2 = 3
Ax=O,Ol.
990. l 2,01 .
99J. 13s in -.:.. '

-15cosx=0.

l:

992: arctg 1,05. ,993. tg 460.


994. lntg4715'. ' 995. V15,8.
2. fl
1'. , , .
, f () nbl8n [, ],
], [ f () = ! (), 8 ], [ 1.
m w '/ = 5, {' (5)
.
, ,
()
, f ()
, .1! ,
' lf.
'
r ( ).
() nbl8 [, ] 8 , ], [,
, bl / x = ~, fl(J ,
"

f(b)-f(a)=(b-a)/' (6).
ii :
= (), ' '
( ), ' ,
- . ( , II
,)
. i
() () ' nbl8/ [, ]
u.~ f! ], [, <' () f::. , mO u
l ,bl

= 5,

....

l'
'
<' (5) , < 6 < .

f(b)-f(a)

()- ()

1(),

u , n

+ 1

., (1IO , 8
.fIi! n- qeneHIl m R,n :'
-

' ! () =;(a)+f'l(~)

r:YM.IIbl

(-) + {"2;) (-)2+ . , +f(n~~a) (-)" +R, n;


(n

+ 1) (t)

R, =
'" (x_a)n+l
n ' (n+l)I
,
'

, . . ~=a+e(x~a),

<8 < t;

. =. ~ ' .n .

f. ()=/ (O)+f'I(~) x+';~) xz+ ...,+ '(n~/O) " +Ri.J


R ='<"+1) (6) "+1 0<6 < 1.
" . (n+ 1) 1
'
:

'

1;3

",

+ n! +R,,; R n = (n+ 1)1 n+!; '


.
x
sl x=tt-+5-'" +
(2m-I)!
+R
x +
R = (-I)'n
6 (2 + 1)!:

"'= 1 ++2+! + ...


$

(_1)111+1

2111-1 /

2111 :

2m

2m

COS

..,.

cosx=1-2+41-+'''+

( - 2

(2)!

+R 2IIJ +i:

2 + 2

R 2 /11+i = (_1)111+1 cos 6 (2+2)!;

(1

+ )/11 = 1 +~
+ (m-I) 2+ (-I) (-2) +
. J!
2!.
3!

m (m-l) ... [-(n-I)] "+R'


.,. +
n{

.. (-n) n+1 ('1+6 )I11-n-1R n =m(-1)~


(n+1)!

996.
-6+

<<

1).

1 () , =' -

100, = 1, b~5? ~?

t:.

() . .ulil ~ex
[1, 5] : t (1)
(5) = 95,
. ~ ' f'(~ =2-6 =
=0, . .6=3.,
.

=f

997. I()= V8x-x t ,


= , = 8? ~?
.

6. t () =
8 _ ' m
I! " () = (8-2)/( (8x~x3)2) ;6 , ;6 8, . .

lllepaJlC (, 8). , !Oro~J(0)=f(8)=O. TWI ,.

[,

998.

8] : eJi, {' () = = ~ =4 ....

~ !(x)=V[x-)2. =, =16.
4. l' () = 2/(3 V:i 8)

! () = 1(16) =

' ii (,
?

6.

, =8 (,

..

16). !

6,'

16)

m,

999. ll, f()=-Z -+l


. (-1, 1):.
16 '

.~ ; ; 3-2 -+ ).=0 (--2(.1'+ 1) =0,

. . .1'l=~=I, .1'=-I. !<- 1(-1)=/(1) ==; 0, "()


(-1, 1). ~ :
(.1') =3.1' 2 -2

- 1 = , . .

Xj

l'

1/3, .1'2 = 1. ; - 1 i
, -1/3.

=-

=2- 2 ,
~ .n , ; 1) (3; -3).

1000.

6. =2.1'-.1'2 Bce~ '! .



1 ![ = 3
.1'=~, y(b)-() = (-)'(;), ' = 2-2.

!
,

(3) -'- (1) = (3 - I) ' (1;);
(2.3-3'!)-'(2.1-1')=(~~ -1)(2-26); -4 = 4(1-6). : ~ = 2, (2) =0.

, (2; ).

1001. ,
= t 2 , .
t 9 , ,

, f

t ", , 1

t=3.

~ ~ ~~~=~ ' R1'

(3)-(l)

t =;)

; (1;)

(3)-.1'(1)

; (6)
,
; (~) , .1'1 = 2l, ; = 3(1.

; (~)

27-1

~2

13

~=T=2f' 4=2~'

. . ~ = 13/6. ~ I < ~
t = ~ 13 I<,
= 169/36, =2197/216. , (169/36; 2197/216).

1'
() =
-1.

1002.

< 3.

..

V -

6. f () = 1 / .
a=l: 1(1) '--1, !'()=(I /)- Z / 3 , /'(1)=1 /3; f(x)=
=_(2/9).1'-&/3, f"(I)=-2j9; {"'(x)=(iO/27)X- / 3 , f'"(I)=[O/27; tIV(x)=
=-(80/8l)-l1/, fIV (1)=-80/81; { (.1') = (880/243)x- 1 4/3, { (1) =880/213.
,
.

i;/~= l+l. (-1)


-

R5 =

1003.

__
2_(x~1)2+~(X_1)3_
3 .
921 .
2731
80(
4
880
~R
81.4! x-J) + 243.51 (.1'-5) + .,

[':/5) (x_l)8=_ i::~~! .1';-17/3 (.1' -I),


f () = a-~

<

G< .

( > )

6.'

f (.i) = ,
f' (.1') = 1 ,

f () = 1,
{' (O) = Jna,

'" (.1') =

1" () = ! 2 ,

(,,2 ,

1'" () '= In 3 a,
fIV

()

' 4

1'"

()

= (

[IY (6.1') = In"a.a0"'~


169

8 1 3

In Z

=I+l+-2-r-+-3-1-+R:i.
4 1 4 '

R=. 4-I-

< < 1.

1004.

V29.
6.

10-3 l:i

3 ,'-

II . :

,~ / (
27+~=3

V 29= V

2 )1/3
1 +2'7 ' . -

'( 1+ )m=I+~ +m(m-I) 2+


+m(m-I) ... [m-n+I J n+R

1r
21

...
nl

n'

._(-I) 2+
+m(m-I) . ... (m-n+1) n
(1'+ )m~1+
~
11 ,
21
, ...
'
nl

... (-n) n+l(I+" )m-n-!,


R n (m(-1)
n+I)1

'

x=2j27

1/3,

1 I < I

22
2225 255
- (1+ 2 -81.81+~-\8I'i""+"
V 29=3
8t

,322

31R 1 1 < ""'8j2 < 0,002,

~
J

1R 2 1<

.+Rn

n.

31 Rn 1; '

3.2 225
81
< 0,0003.

, , J

, R2 , . .
=7

3,072. ...

'
,
.

V 29 ~ 3 (1 +0,024-0,0006) =

1005. v , 0,0001.

6.

2
xn
'
RnJ
= I +1+2+"
+n+
,
,
',

,
,
R n =(n+1) r n+l, < < 1. =I/2,
-

=1+2-+2 2 .21+;,.3.3I+"'+2n .nl+ R m


,
e~/2
1/2
<<I, 2<<3, oR"<2 n +l(n+1)I,Hoe
<2,

Rn .( 2 (n 1) l'
"
Rt,. < O;QOOI'~
170

<l, ' JJ

n=, R < 8 ,124; R < 1~2'


1

,.

n=4, R 4 < 16.120; R 4 '< 1920'

:t

n=5, R <2.720;R&<,Q01.

'

0,0001

l! , 'l

() , ' ~ 1,6487.

1006.

f (),

(n-l)-ro ~ [, ]

n- Q . ),

= f (X n _ 1 ) = f (),

f () = f (X1) = f (Xg) =

< < 2 < . " < n_! < .


Xj

... =

(. ) ~,

,(n (6) = .
1,
1007. ' ,
'(x)=(x-l)(x~2)(x-3)(x-4), a=1,x1 =2, =, =4.

1008.
- (xo=f-=O) 1jx.

S.

1009. =3 -3
(3; 18)?

, (; ),
.

1010. cos 410.


1012.
2.

Ve-.

1O-~.

1011. V2.
1013. V129.

Cll

1014. sio 360.


i.

HeKoopoi\

(, , ) '() ()
' () ;j:. . lim' ()
lim () 11 f () =
,
-+
-+
--+
= li () = , . . ' ()/ () O'lKe = -

-+

. / 00 / 00,

lim f ()

~ . ()

11 "()

.... . ' ()

/! .

'1 " ()/' () = /


/ " () ' () ,

. .
.
00 -

, /
/ .
00 000 100
.

171

1015. lim X2~1+lnx.


->- 1

&'-

6.

!( -+ 1,
/. , . .
:

11 2 -1+l
-+ 1

Jim ~+I/x

-+ 1

"

1016. lim x-s!n

->-

r- /.

.....

lJm x-s!nx'
.....

. sin
! 1

1-cos
3 2

-+

1
--=-,
6
6

sin = 1. .
->

1017. Iim

,.

' n- .
'

X~OO

6
"

11

--..

(1J

11
-+

nx,.-l

__ =

11
--+ 00

00/00.

n (n _1) ,.-2

--'--:-:;''--

... =

n :

lim n(n-I)(n-2) .. ,=o. -

-+

1018.

11

/=
-- x

11

/2 (' 1"2
+ )

11'

l+

..... ."

..... ."

II->-."x+e

l.eX/2

ro/oo.

(2+":")
2

I
2+2 I
1/2
= - 11 _ _ =_
2 ..... 00 / 2
2 ..... ." (2)/2

1019. lim

....

( 2 1 ).

-+

6.

00.
u , , 00 / 00,
:

( 2 1)7' 11 Jnx2 = 11 ~=_~ 11 2 =. -

-"

1020. Jim

-+

6.

x ..... ol/x

..... 0-2/3

2 .....

(1. __1_) .

&'-1

- 00 -

00. JI

lj. , ,
/, :

11 eX-1-
1)

..... ( J}2

11

_I

..... -1 +

11

.....

(2

+)

2' -

li

10.21.

(sin' ).

6.

y=(s!n

00.

, . .

), :

Iny=x

In s!n
Is!n=-----'.

, JIO (
00 /00):

Ins!n

11 cos xjs!n
li m I = 11 m -=
2

-+

l/

-+

-1/

'
2
COS
=- l 1
-- = - l'1 ( xcos

s!n

....

li

1022.

6.

y=lfJ=

-+

s!n

--

) = .

1. .

....

(tg)2.

..... 1(/2

- 000.

(tg )2 . =

,
2 Jn tg
Iny=2cosx.lntgx= . 1/ cosx .
,

11

-+1(/2

=2

In =2 li

-+ 1(/2

. .

= =

lJm

1 tgx =2 11 sec x/tg ~ =


secx
.... n/2 secxtgx
secx=2 11
seextgx
lim cosx=O,
tg2
-+ n/2 2 tg sec 2
-+ n / 2
2

..... 1(/2

-+ 1'1/2

1023.

6.
,

(1 +x)lnx.

....

1"".

lim l = (1 In (1 + = 11 1 (1 +)
.....
-+ I/Inx,
2
= IIm 1/(\ +)2
_ 11 ' =~ ~_
..... -1/(xln x)
..... 11 +l
-+ 1+ l /=_ lim (2 In )/ 2 ~=2 11 ~ =0.
-+

-+

11 =

-1/x 2

~-+

= 1.

-+-

-+ -1/ 2

Ijx

, :
nlOm 0/0.

1024. -
+2
3
2
2

-+ 1 x -4 +

1026. li 1t-~arctg
-+..

_1

1028. li -;-;:_ 1

s n ~x
, n..m
-+

1030.

-+

In(x-a),

In ( -

1025. l'

eX_e-

~o I n (1 +)

1027.

). ,
1

2-(eX+e-x)co~X'

-+

s!n- +3
1029. l'
x~ arctg x-s!n x- /6'

00/00.
In

1031. lim -

-+ .. ,.

(n

> ).
1'73

1032. li 1 ~~ .1'

-+

1034. In (-1)

-+ 1 In (1-.1')

..... 1

ctg JtX

00.

li ( ctg ) .
.....

1035.

tg (j2)

.033. lim

n sl

1036. (rsi ctg ).

.1' .....

1037. 'l im(l-cosx).ctgx.

.....

nm

(1- - -lnx-1)
li (~ctg ) .
.1'

1038. 1l

-+1

1040.

00.

1039.

.1'-1

.... 1

,( -p---q-)
l-

1-Q

.....

nm

00,

000,

(n-2).

1041.

1043.

00 -

100.

1042.

.... 1I/2

.....

1044.

li (+2 )1/.
..... 00

....

(cos 2)8/.

(t g )I/'.
.1'

3. 80lf ~ . . f (.1') .
u i!

'

f (xo-h) < f () < f (xo+h)

.r.-h

$0

iCo~h

I
I
I

:r~~hJ

,flr-h}, f&:c.' If(x,/hJ

.-Pg+h

iX.-h

.:

29

/8i1 .

f (.1')

Xi

.1'2

<

.1'1

f (.1'1) > f (.1'2)'

> ,
() < ,

1) CJl /' ()

2) "

mo6

, l

/ (.1'1)
f (xt)

(.1') 68t2 8

I
I

h > f (xo-h) > f () > /(.1'0 +h) (. 30).


f (.1') . 8acm (, ),

>

'

29).

!J

./l
I
I
. I
I ff;t.- h} I f{t:.'

(.

IUU

(. )

< .1'2'

,
.1'1 < xt;

' .

f (.1')
f (.1')

8mae .

/8 .

f () JCuAlO1tl / (.1').
h > , (xo-h) < f () f (xo+h) < / (.1'0)'
AUlICtJl (.1') (. 31).

(.1'0) J,tJl / (.1').


h> l> . f (xo-h)
(.1'0)
(xo+h)
(),
.1'0 ~ 'clIy Jl,t
() (. 32).

>f

> f.

fJcmPeJlYJlOJl .

, If/i III . JlJl.

,./Ju f(,1I) ,."

t 8ni, nll " () 8 ' . r;m.m,

'
D KOTOP\>IX

. {' () =0. . !<.


[' () . .

1',() =

!/

~
:f(X.hJ]
I

\l:.-!J

{(,,) :f(.r.,>h1

>ro+tz

31"

32

1. - o'ta f () nu
I h > are [' (Xa-/I) > , {' (xu +h)
.
() ; {' (xo-h) < , {' ( +h)
,

() .
{' ( -h) " (
h) oiLaK06bt, ()

<
>

f
f

{"

2. " ( ).= ,
( ) ;i= . f ()
. .Jf. {" () < . . {" ()
.

>

3. f'()=.
( ) =0, ... [(n-l) ( ) =0, {(II) () ;i=0.
, () . 9. n - l71Jt .
U,If{!HHO, ,(n) () < ' [(n) ()
. n .
() .

>

J\ () ()
[, ] ~ ,
' , ll ().

1045. =3, =l,


=

=,5.
3 2 ? ?

x=-:l,

r -

6.

' =3 2 -6.
:
=3. ' =
9> - ;

<

= 1
'=-3

= -1 ' =9
=0.5 ' =-2.25

)t

1046.
=(l +V"X).
6.

. ' = 1

[,

1047.

+ (0)

"

> 0< 0-

+ (3/2)

....

f2.

u =


~~2.

= x-2sinx,
6.

(n/3, 5n/3) . '


Ba_~~ '(n(3, 5n/3)
....

>

lO: '
1-2 cos . , '

(, n/3) (5n/3, 2n). ,
, (, n/3) (5t/3, 2n)-

<

1048. =. (-5)

: ' =(-4)
ctal!-lO : eX{.~""-4 ' ~O,
: =t; y'(4-h)=-'--he4- h
, ' (4+h)=
=he4+ h . npd8i\.'1 l J 8i .', =4
Ymln = - 4 ...

>

<

1049. .1J = xV 1 _ 2
6. ~ -1 ..;;;";;; 1. : ' =
=(1-2x2)/Y~; '= 1-2x 2 =0; I xl=-I/Y2, =I/V"2
( ); '= = 1, . .
.

: " = (2 2 -3)/- 2 )3/2 .


' r. = l/y"2

" (l/y"2)=

1(1-3)

2(1-1/2)3/2

< ; '

, 2 , = I/2

ID=(I/"2)1/2 =1/2. x=-I/y"2

y"(-I/Y2)=
. .

1(1-3)

2 (1- 1/2) 3/2

>0,

x=,-I/Y2 Ymin=-1/2.

=
1 cr ,
:

."

1050. = ( - 1)4.
6. : '=4(;t-l); (-I)=; =l-,

. "=

12 (--1)2

. '

'" =24 (':"'l) = 1 . '


ylV =24
. , 3 ,
= 1 YIDin =0 . . .

>

1051.

,4
/
6. ' =;--5 (X_2)-1 5 = "

5/

5V

= 1-

( -

2) 4/ &.

-2

: 11 = 2 (
).
,
h
I ' (2-h)

<

' (2+h)
,
'
1. . .

1052. '
6.

10

' ="3'

>

1 ,

>

:;= (-2)
-I

-2

. =

).

=2- Ymln=O . . .

1053.

> ,

' (I +h)

<

, ; ' (2-h)

(2+

1).

1 (

) =2 (

!! ' (l-h)

2/3

< ,

h>

' (2+h)

=3,

= 3- [-2, 3].

> .

f () =

6. : {' () =3-2; 3-3,2=, . . = I-


'. :
(1) = 2, (-1)=.:....2.
: 1(-2)=2,
f (3) =-1~. .
, tja 2, ~
pabho-18.

.,

'

1054. ' ,
S.

6.

, .

S=2nx +2nxy, . .

S-2nx
2nx

1 (S
)
2n
-- 2nx

, :

= () =w 2~ ( ~ -

2nx )

={ x-nx

()

dY

dx =2-3nx2

=YS/(6n).
:

d2 y
2

<

d2 y

dx 2 =-6nx.

> .

,_

,--

r S/(6n)

, ,

S-2nS/(6n)

= 2n YS/(6n)

2 'S/(6) =2,r

. . ...

i :

1055.
1057.

=2-3+ 3 1056. =( 2 _1)/2.


=- 1058. = (2-) (+ 1)2.

1059. =2 (l-V). 1060. =+ V3-x. 1061. = ln ( 2 + 1).


1062. y=ch 2 x. 1063. =_!
1064. =- 2/ 2

1065. = (x-l)8/7. 1066. = (2x-l)V (-3)2.


1067. y=xl-4+6~2_4. 1068. y=x~2sin2x.
1069. = 1 6 slnx.

1070.
= 4 -2 2 +3 [-3, 2] .
1071. ,
, (2; ), (8; ).
1072.

60

.

285 .
,
,
52 /,
20 /?
1073.

,
x 2 J25
2/9 = 1.
1-074. 1 i.
, ?

177

1075. ,
1.
1076. ,

S.
1077.
,

8 '

17 .

, 5 j,
3 /?
'
1078. , 27 ,
64 . ,
?

1079.

?

'

1 = (k sin r:p) j , r:p -

, - .'f,

k -

4. , . . =
lJ n ),,! (,

'

, .~ (.

f ().

, -

33).

'

33

34

=
() !! 2/ (, ),
, Il (, 34).
, ()
.
()
' (, ), N (J,7Re
,
; {" ()
,

<

>

(,) - .

IC, f()
Illle (. ) ( . ), JC (xo;f(xo

' lUll y=j(x) ~ ne


(, OipecHOCTh
aaur, : llj()
.

35

:-

ocr (.

35).

ym:

y=j(x), :)

iloiwi ~ , :OTOprx

jW ()= j" ()

, u u 11 .
- "

1l >
( -h) < , {' (
h) > ( , '!
f"(xo-h) > , r(xo+h) < ), u=f(x)
.
,
'
'" (xo-h)
(xu+h) ,

f ()

G ,

1080.
y=x b +5x-.
178

6 ' = 54 5, " = 20. , .'1'0 " ;


> , > . , ,
(-, ), J (, +): ...

<

<

1081. = (+ 1)2 (-2) .

6.

: ' =3 ( 2 _1). 9:
2= 1. :
CJI DO

i/=6x.
<

Xi=-I,

: " (-1) = - 6
, . . =0; " (1)=
=6> , . . Ymln=-4.
;
J> ':
&=0, ,. . =. = . (O-h)
- JI,

"

<

> -

(O+h)

CJl,

li = ; .=-2 ....

1082.

6. ' =-~- (_5)2/8, "

9V~0_5

== (_5)6/3 + 2.
.

f =5.
=5 l! , " (5-h)
, " (5+h)
.
" , (5; 2)- .

<

>

1083. ~ ' = .
1084. =(-4)6+4+4.
1085. ' = (x-l) V(x-l)8.
1086. y=.x4-8x'+24xl
5.

tnmnwtl =! (),

(; ) L
' (. . lLlI
).

lim

j
()

=
01)
.Jl
()
01)

=+

..wnnwm

=-

=/(),

-+

-+0

g=

,
uon tnmm

lim
() =
Jl
() =.

%-++00

-+-CIO

y=kx+b

f (),

=!(),

acuJCnmonwt2 ,

k'~

), =

lim

..... +

11 () -

kx]

..... + ..

k-

l'1
.... -

),

lI

[f(x)-kx].

X-+-CJO

.087. , =

, (-, ) '

lI , 3/( - 2) =

.... 2 +

01),

x 3 j(x -

2).

' (2, +) : .

= 2 wr'

lim

r'j(x-2)

, .... + '<10

.,

lim ' /(-2) .


--+ - QO

179

, ' . :

1) k1 =

'()=

lim

~-+-+(X)

/(-2)

lim

.... +

11 [! (x) '-- k}x) =

-+-+""

-2

, (./'

-+-+ -2 r

lim

-) ==

(-+2)

11

-2

00

lim (-. /
.... +
-2

(- =2)

-+-+

' /

,1__

.... + ..

l =

_+

1_-1
v 1-2/x
- ,

= 11

. /' =---<i\

+ r -2,

, 1.

.... + Yl-~(I+Y1-~)

, =+

11

2) k..,. =

X~-(X)

f () =

lim

/ (-2)

-+-

........

1;

YXj(x-2)

11

-1

( I!~ -

), , .

11 ,11
V '2/ =-1,
2 = -+,-
11 If (x)-k 2 ) =-+-
li (,1
V ~2 +)==
k2 = -

-+- )

= li

-;.- ()

2-

( --2-)

Ii

-+--

( , f (-X) 3 +)

.... -

00

-+--

-=+2=
2-

(--2+)
'
2-( -+2-)
=--l (. 36) . . .

11

2-

00

= li

'"

-1.

1088. =+ 2 arctg .
, 6. ,

!I

+2

'
l1
=

arctg

-++

li (1+2arctgx)=1 ,
+

....

1 =

(+2

lim

arctgx-x)=2 (j2)=;

-+-+

=+- ;

2) k =
z

36

li

+2 arctg

(J)

(1+2arctgX )=1.

-+-

2 =

11
-+

(x+2arctg

-)=2(-j2)=-;

-+--

=--n . . .

180

1089.
f'::.. ,
're,

. ---+ 00, --+ .

= -

. .~/.i,

k=

lim

....

li

00

, = .
2 -2+3

1090. =
/':,.

--+-2,

--+,

. .

...

+2

= - -2-

lI .

k= 11 -2+3
-+ (
2)

1,

= ]im [ -2+3

-+

00

] =-4.

+2

, =-4 .

...

1093. y=Vx 3 - 6 2

1091. y=2x_cos x .1092. y=J:-t _ .

1094. y=O,5x+arctgx. 1095. y=-xarctgx.


6. . .
=! () l< tlU . .~

1)
2)
3)
4)

;
;
;
; (

5)
6)

~rn =! ( ) ;

;
r 'I .
3

1096.
6. 1)

- ,

. . D(y)=

2)

+4
= --.

= ,

(-00, O)U(O, +00) .

+ 4 ,/ 4.

3) , =; =-
4) =0. =

00; , =

( )

-+

/{ii .
:

k= li f () = t 4

X-t-OO

-+

= -+
[{ (x)-kx] = _
(

1;

t 4 -) =

lim

-"

42 :==;0.

l;l .
'=~_8/=(3_8)/; '= =2; '= = (
). = =2 (-00, ).

5)

181

(0,2)

(2, + (0), '

!'I) '

<

>

, "=24/ ; "(2)

(0,2)

> ,

(- 00, )
( ).

+ (0)

(2,

, =2- ;

Ymin=3'
6)

!J

.
"

37

38

> ,

.
, (. 37) .

1097. =
6.

2)
3)

V 1-..

!) - , . . D ()= (- 00,
.

+ (0) .

: =, =

1;-

=.

=!.

4)

. :

3/--

V l-

k= lim

.X~OO

, =

=-1;

5) ' = _ 2 ! V (I-)2; ' = = ; ' = = 1.


, .

'

<
6)

t=

, .

"=-2! V(l- )5; "= =; "= =!;

y"(-h)

> ;

" (h) < , " (1- h) < ; " (1 +h) > . , (- 00, )
(1, + (0) , (, 1) -.

(; 1) (1; ).
, (.

1098. y=sin 2 x. 1099. =Vx-.


1100. y=lnx-ln(x-1). 1101. y=ln~l'
-

11 02. = -4' 1103. = .- .


-

1104. = 16(-l). 1105. = (-I) VX'.

38) .

1106,'=+- 1107. y-':l(+V 2 +1).

= e 2X - 2 ., 1109 .. = (X~2)2

1108.

3. I( l(ff
' q>
(. 39).

,
s \{

, . . kcp=rp/s.
u

-:", . .

I(
-

k=Jim(q>/s) .

5_0

koKp = J /,

f (),


=J (t), y=1jJ (t),
.

39'

k= '-l
(.~2

dx
dy
x=d[' Y=d['

d2

=(2'

+2) /2 '

d2 y

y=(jj2'

=!

(8),

I 2+2'l_ " I
(~'I)3/2

dp
= d8

d2p
d8'

ul , : - R = 1/1 k [.
uul
, , , ,
_ _.

If1!.

'

u ,

.
, IJ = ()

, ' (I +,l)
1+'l
,="
, =+----y;r-.

'

( ).

1110.

6.

=- = 1/2.

= -3',

'
' =-3/4,

yW=_3

" = -6. =

I +;:6)3/21=

k= (1

1/2

ri'l' -

12;/64'

;;~.

11 11. = (t -sin t),

y=a(l-cost) .
.6. x=a(l-cost), x=aslnt, y=aslni, ij=acost,
-"= 2 (cos t-cos2t-slnl>. t) = - \\ (l-cos t),
2 +2= 2 (1-2 cos

k-I
-

t+cos! t+sln l

-'(I-st)

23/2 a3(I-cos i)/2

2 3/ 2

()

=2! (l-cos t),

1
(l-cos

.
i)1 / 2

11 t 2. 3 + !t = 2
(l; 1).
6.

3 2 +43' =0 (*), 6+ I 2 2
= 1, = 1,
6+27/4+4!/'=, . . !/,= -

(1 +Y'~Y'

1:=%

. .

(43(68, 26/51).

1113.
6.

/2

+43!/' = (* ",).

("') ' =-3/4,


51/16.
(1 +9/16)(-3/4)

yh

-51/16
l+,2
1+9/16 26
t]=Y+---=I+ -51/16 51'

(*

*)

43

68'

2 2

= 2+ 1.

"

4'=2, '=-2 ; 4y'Z+4yy"=O, y"=-!L=--4'


:

6=-

(I+').'
"
l+,2

1 (1+
4~2) .2~
_1/(4 3)

-"2-

J+ 4'
1

,,=+----=+ -1/(4y3)

-43-=-4 3.

:>:
,

!,

~=Z,

!l=-4y3.

t]l= 16~/27.

1114. 2 /25 + y'j9 = 1


(; 3).
1115. =
=(l +cos8) ( > ).
1116. = et sin " = et cos t t = 1.
1117. = l/x
M(l;l).
=

184

1118.
t sin t-sln t.

= t sin t + cos t,

4-.:'

=! () Y=1fI () - O'lKY (; ), . . , =
- ){ ;pH' .JJe.t'ea.e.. mw..- (;
), , ! =! () Y=1fI () q1 , .
(; ) /:

f () = lfI (,,) ,

f ( ) =

! (), " () -1= !' ()

(; ) I(
, , 8 -.
. (; ) :

. '() =! () , "()=!' ()
, ,

f () =

q> (), " () =!' () ,

r () =q>" (), ... ,

t<n) ()

= qfn) () ,

t<n+l) () -1=' !(n+l) ( ), , (x~; )


=! () y=q> () n-;) .
n ~ 2,
() =! () (; )
, .

=,

1119. =-:- = l/
1?

,
() =- , ! () = 1 /().
: " () =_- , [" () =IX, !' () =-I/( Z), !" () = 2/( 3 ) , ....

= 1;
' (1) = e- 1 , {' (1) = -e- 1 ,
(l)=e- 1 ; ! (l)=e- 1 , !' (1) _e- 1 , 1fI", (1)=2e- 1
, '(1) = q> (1), {' (1) =!' (1),
(1)
1fI" (1). , -

,N

t=

...

1120: =
= 110
2+ l?

6. {()= lfI(x)=2x+l. , eJIII



, '() =1fI ()
[' (0)=!((0),. . . =2.0+1 =2. =2.

.-

1121. y=l+cosx =;:.2- =.


1122. y=sin 2 x =.
1123.

y=(eX+e- )/2

' = .
1124. 2 + 2=2

x'+y Z =4y

Y,= I+O,5xt

\ ' =.

y=xI ' =.
H26~ = ' (1 +) =-2 =.

1125.

5. ~
3

x=x(t), Y=II(t), z=z(t) l-\

r = (t) 1+ (l) j + z (l) k.


, ' r ,mo-
t, . . r~ r (t). , il r.t r=,r (t),
II

r.

185

ll3lJ - r= r (t) t ",

-,

' dr
r ,()
t .=
- = li.1r
-.
dt 61 .... 0 t
-

dr
dx
dy
dz
t=dil+di J + t k .

dF

t.

dr

, t- ,

d 2r

dt 2 -

- :

dri+ drz d_
d/ - d/ '

"

1 . t (1+ 2- )=
dc

20.

dt;

"

d
dr
d.
t(.)=.t+di' .=.(t)- ';

30.

- ;

d"
dri
. drz.
4 . dt (1 2) = dt .'+1 dI'
d
"
dr{
dr.z
5. t (rlXrZ) = dt X a +1 X t
me
(; ; zo) .

r=x(t)

l+y(t)J+z(t)k

(-)/ = (-)/ = (z-zo)/z~;

= ). = (/0). Zo =z ), =' (/)0' = ' (/0) ' i o=z' 1

. noctnu

(X-)+. W-)+Z (z-zo) =0.


uI~U(l n..

ds=

1127.
cos t + aj sin t + ctk?

VX 2+Y2+i 2 dt.

- f

.
~ .

x=acos t, y=asln t, z= ct,

-:

1128. r Icost+J+ksint . 1129. r=t(I+J+k)3(); r=i+j+tk.


1131. r=icht+j-sht.
1132;

"r 1 =3ti+2j+5k

t:..

r 2 =2i-3tj+k.

d (ri,rz)"
dJ

+t

" drz
~1 d/

2\

drj
d/

= (3tJ +2] + 5kH-3j) + (2i -3tJ+k)31=-+6 =0.


1816

~J ,
. '. . ...

rlr2 =5,

, = i cos t + j sin t + k :

1133.

1::.

dr
.
([[=-1 sm

t+J cos t.

dr

r.([[=- 'eos t sln / +sln / cos t + 1 0= .


i!, r

1134.

+ k shs t.

'dr

J.. ...

- = i

1135.

f= j

ch' t

+ j sh t ch t+

sh t + j ch t +k l(ch z t-3 s.h z t. d~2).

1136. fi=it+jt 2 +kt , fi=it 2 +jt +kt. d(r~;r2).


1137.

x=asinZt,

=sitst,

z=ccosst

t=n/4.

1::. = sln 2,= cos 2/, = - csln 2t. t=nj4 : xo=af2,


!l=/2, zo=c/2, =, =, io=-c.
:

(x-aj2)/a = (y-b/'l)/O = (z-'-c/2)j(- ).


~

(- ~) - (z- ~

)=0. ax_cz~a2 2 =0....


2

1138.
r = i cos t j si t V tk t = /2.
1139. x=t+1, y=tZ-l, z=t ,
+2+-l =0.
1140. = cos t, = si t, Z = 2 V'2 t t --:- /4?
1141.
= (I/V'2) etsint, = 1, z=(l/V2)etcost t=Q.
1142. x=et (cos t
sin t), = ! (sin t -cos t), z = et t = .
1143. = t2 j t' j

+ +

+ttk

t=l.
1144. , = ( 1) j u 2 j (2u-l) k
==2
(3v...:2) j v2 k ,

+ +

,
R = 4, h ='6, .

1145.

1::. =4 cos t, =4 sln t. z=3t.


z=h t=2n. !l: x=-4slnt, Y=4cost.
,187

z= .

<:;;I!a:r:lo' ~qxpeL{

= V X2 +y2+i 2 dt= 16 sm 2 t+ 16 cos 2 '+,9 dt;'"


= Y16(sm Z t+cos 2 't)+9dt=5dt.

1146.

= 'Cos2.f,

v1147.
+ b~ sin t
t, z sin t.
h '
2

Cos

= cos t,

= sin t, z = ct

4n?

ii .

1148.

3i cos

t + 3j sin t + 4tk,

t-.
:

+ t j + tk.

= ti
t

1149.

, 1.

6. or1ff I pi .

(; ;. z) r ,= r(t) ,
40);

(.
(ii

.'jf

dr

dr/dt

= ds = Idr/dt

I:

()

ii

40

41


",,=

dT/ds

I dT/ds I

BeKOp~ :
dr

= dt

( ),

dr d 2r
= {[[ dt 2 ( ),

'N =

88

).

, ' ', n'UlCl1C


; v jJ,- ; . .

jJ

T.~ .
,

,
(. 41).

u = 11
&s .... o
II ( )

nOlJOu"

MN,

r=r(s), =1
r = r (t),

:!.

us

!-

~S-Jl .

~:

1.

= &~~o :s , -
( )

r = r (5),

(J

= =F

.:!1!.

ds

MN.

121 '
'1,

J!-

r=r(t),

1150.

f:::"

= 1.

't

r = t!i + t 8 j + t 8 k

t=I

1151. r=5ti+
+12j cos t + 12k sin t .
1152. x=t si '+
+cost, =tst-sit, z=t 2 Y2 t=n/2.
1153. 't = cos " = si t,
~ V- 2 t, R > > .

, t::.

r=alcost+ajslni+ r-R2_ a2 tk,

dr

. --

ar=-.a/slt+ajcosi4-r

R2_a!k.
189

",: /=V3Slnlt+Ilt+R2-S=R,

- l ln t+aj cos '+ y'R"C/.iik


R
:::::11

_ dr/dt
't-\dt/dtl

as; t + c~s t

=_

1154.

dr
.--d=-. ISlnt+Jst+ r - 2 k,

/:::,.

J+ R~- ' k ....

d 2r

dTI=-lst-Jslnt.

dr
d'r
B=d X (I=

-aslnl acost YR2_ a! =


- cos t - sln t

= R'-a 2 sln tl-a y~ cos t.j+a 2k;

1=\: X~ I=Va (R'-al)

sln 1 t+a 2 (R2_a 2) cos 2 t+a4 -R.

..

1155.
!1

18/-

ayRi=Qilslnt-~Jst+2k

aR
=
s
a'
YR'-a
YR'
R
ln 11
R
cos t.j+1f k ....

' .

"=II '1,

YRi=ii'f sln t

y~cost

R
t

acos t

sln
-/

1156.
/:::,.

-R-

"

=-1 t-J sln t .

. .

1153

1154

1: I=R, I:~ :~/=aR;

RS' ...

1157.
!1

dr

"

d~-lsln"

t+ajcost+,,-R~-al k,

~~:::i:I~ alcos t-aJsfu t, : -l s t-J t.


19()

...

YRCili

~ ~ :

dr d2r d
- sin t
d[(fi2 dt -- - acost
ln


dr

dt

d2r \
dt2

cos t R2_ a2
-

t -

'm t

cos t

1154
.

=a2R2. ,

=a2 ,rr R2_ a2.

I~~ ~;~

l=aR.

2 R2_ a2

.
(1=

R2_ a2

R2'

a2R2

1158. I<
.

( cos t; sln 1; R2_ a2 t)


- 2 sln t
YR2-a 2 cos t

~=
R
iR
R. k.

J+

- 2
R
sln

t ( -

cos t)

R2_ a2 ln

, 1159.

Y 'R2 . a 2 cos t
(
--R
(Y-aslnt)+ R Z-Y R2 __ a2 1)=0,

t-Y - 2 cos t+aZ- R.2- 2 ,=.


( cos '; sln t; YR2_ a2 t) R


V = - i cos t - j sln '.

-(-st)st-(-sl/)slt=, . . Xcost+YSint-=.

1160.
.
.

. .

cos t
+ --
J+ -
R.

ii

asln {
"t=---R-1 +-

k q (acost; aslnt; YR2_ aZ t).

sln t

-]" (X-acos t)+~(-Slnt)+

R.2_ a2(

---

Z - YR.2_ a2 1)=0,

=t, y=3t 2 , z=t 3 t=l.


~ t = 1.
v t
1.
t = 1.
t
1.

t = 1.

1161.
t 162.
t 163.
1164.
1165.
1166.

1167.
t = 1.
1168. '

t= 1.

' /

-
3

1.

JI .

D U.
(; )' D,
, ,
D ( ) U.

D -+ , f: D --+ , 7= (,
9 , ,
(, ), (; ) D.- tn
= (. ) (; )

J (, ) f ().

). D

.
8ue

=1

(. )
. .

) '

, 60 , . ,
. u=f(x. )
u ( ) .

' u=f(x, . ,

...

/1.

.-

u = f (. )
(, ) =
, u .= .

If
= f (, , )

'(. , )=. u=.

1169. . = Va2-Z_2~
6. _ _ 2 ~
2

. . 2 + 2 ~ 2 .
. .

'

. 1170. ~ u = arcsin (/2).


6. , y-:j: -1.;;;,x /y2.;;;, 1, . . _2;;;;;..<.2.

.
2= 2=_. (0;0).

1171.

u=ln(2z 2 -6x2 -

- 2_).

6.
2z 2 -6 2 - 2_6
. . . ,,2/I+y2/2_z 2 /3
-1.

>

<

1172.

. U

+2.

6. 2 +2= (> ).
,
. .
J9~2

1173.

u=x'+z'-y'.

lf 2

+ Z2 -

= .

=, X 2 +Z 2 _y 2 =0-; ecJI > , X2+Z 2_ y2=C ,


, X 2 +Z 2_ y2 = -
....

<-

1174.
1176.
1178.
1180.
1182.

= VX'+y2-1.
u = arcsin ( ).

1175. u=1/Vl-x2 - y2.


1177. u = V cos (2 + 2).
1179. u=y+VX-.

u = ln (- + ).
u=
u=

V 2_ 2_ 2_ 2.
(1_x

ljl

2_

11~1.

y2_z2) .

u = rsi ( /V + ).

1183. u=Vx+y+z.

1184. z=2x+y.
1187. z=Vx/y.

1186. z = l

1185. z=x!y.
1188. z=!I.

V/.

1189. u=x+y+3z . 1190.

1191. u=x2 _ y a_ z2.

U=X2+y2+Z~.

2. 3

1. 80w IlI01. nuso

Z=

f (,

11

aZ

'(+, y)-f(x, )

4" .. 0

t~ (, ).

bl.'1 .

11 f(x,y+~y)-f(x,y)
~y

411-0

:" .

.

.
1192. u=x2 -3xy-4y2-x+2y+l.
6

az ,'(

a y ! l ,.


Z_..I+'(
-.,.~ .

'

ai

'

, =--8li+2 .

11 93. = +.

=2%--J.

...

az

'

'+ ,1)'_n
__x'+V"
.J"-~

.z

'".+ ... ( +

jj=ff"

'

11\'

IfI=

2'+'"
...

'._

193

1194. = c.ost . :~ ~.
t::.. : =4IlaI;OSI!p, ::=u. 2COSCJ><-sCJ=-u'SIn2q> ...

1195.

,
l

la~

' +"

t::..

z
'

z = ln (' -

')

l!!-=
~;
~=In(x'-Y')-~.

xl_y~

"
'_'
N ~ :

~ . ,2 +~ [1 ( l -') - ,2'']

,2 ,-' 2 ' +10 (:- ')

, . .

ll./l

-t.

. . .

1196. , z ="/ sin (/) z


az

6.

'

+ = YZ.

:~ =yV/x.ln ( _ ~ ) ln (~ )+yll/% , (~ ) . ( -

; . ),

~=
[y/f/X.ln Y (..!.:.)+.!L.yV/Ji-l]
sln (.!L)+y"/x , (.!L).-l.

"

J6
:

-' L.yY/x,
ln 'ln () -l.L.yV!s () +
~

+.~.yV/-l.SIn ( ~ )+. ~ 'y"/Ji.lny.sl (~)+

+. ~ .y"/Ji cos ( ~ )=yy"/Ji sin ( ~)

..

Q;

I!S

yz.

..

1197, u = '+2'--4+2+5.

lf

'

1199. u=I"--'
- '-'

1200. z=exg(x'+N'). :~. ~;.

1201. u=2' V+'


I

20 = "+e- z 11.

VZI.

~'

...
y'z'


(
~ ' Z'

' .

. 3
,
1198'. r = "',S1
'

1 2

dz

dz

1203. z =arctg 1+XI %' '

1204 z ='(' +11")' .


1205.

dz

dz

i' '

= (-:- 11) (x-z) (g-z). ::

1206. = e8x"+lv'-I'II.

:;,

::

'~ , -

'

...

1207. u=//Zsi ~ . ~:
1208.

%1

J6

, Z=2-+-2
z

' '

r
+ ' =
.
z

I
I
+--fJ

12'09. '!!'"
n
6

x=pcos '
, =s

2. OJlwA aJI. bUl nu ~ z=f(x, )


(%; ) Az=I(%+Ax, y+AY)-f(~, ), -
OJl .

z= f (%, 11)

uuAil

(%; ),

= + + (),

z = f (%,

liUl u.At

p=y..
ru..I+. . . .Agt-..
..

) OJl

. . = + .
' li , . .
= dy=Ay.
.
.

z = 1(%,

dz= % + dy,
q,

du=

z = f (%,

1210. z=arctg
z

%+!/ ,

%-

= ' l

+ '

f (%+',

+) ~

f (%,

1I)+.

-2

i= 1+(%+y)I'(%-)1
,

~; +~ dg+ :: .

Az ~ dz;

l:::.

u = I~, 11, z)

%-,

!/
- xI+yl'

1+(%+y)l' (";"'II)1- r+Y"


%-

185

1211. u=xy!z. du.

. dU=axdx+ay dY+az dz,

all
!]
-=, z. nx.2yz,

2
%
-= z.xY Z-l,

du =y2ZXy%z-1 dx+2yzxY!Z In dy+y2 x YZZ.]n dz.

1212. Vsin 2 1,55+ 8eCMl , ~j


z=Vsin 2 x+8eY =/2~ 1,571, -,.
.

I(

z i ~x=0,021,
8=..

tJ.y=0,015. z =/2,=; Z=YS!n1 (n/2)


. :
.

~ d _ az. +az. _sln 2 ~x+8eY tJ.y_ 8.0,015_002


~
z - - " - " -,.

.
2 Ysin2x+8eY
6

"z

, sin 2 1,55+8 ,l ;::::3,02.

1213. arctg (1,02/0,95), .


z = arctg

!\ z

"z",",dz=a! ."+az,,
" . il.<. "

=_

, arctg

(/) =

1,

1.

x=l, =1 z=tg(I/I)=n/4,;::::0,7-85.
tJ.x=-0,05, tJ.y=D-,02:

tJ.z

2+2

+ xtJ.y
=xtJ.y-tJ.x
2 +2
2 +2

10,02+10,05
2

(1 ,02/0,95) =z+tJ.z ;:::: 0,785+0,035=0,82.

0035
,.

z=ln(x +y2). dz.


z=lntg(yjx). dz.
z=sin(x2 +y2). dz.
z = . dz.
u = ln ( V'x 2+ ). du.
z=eX(cosy+xsiny). dz.
z = + ( cos sin ). dz.
1221. z = arctg 24(x+s~n ). dz.
1214.
1215.
1216.
1217.
1218.
1219.
1220.

-xsmy
1222. u = e'(YZ. du.

1223. 1,024,0&, j{
= = 1, =4 . -

In
z
ln (3 3)

1224.

(0,093

= ,

+ 0,993),

1. .
1,022 + 0,052,

1225.
z=VX 2 +y2 =l, =.
1226. V5eO'02 2,033,
z:=VSeX+y2 =, =2.
1227. V"I,-;;0C-:4-:-1 -:,g7"g-+-;-Jn--'-I,"0=2, u=VxY+Inz =l, =2, z=l.

196

. 80 Jl.8JI IIJl.. m;!/U: -


z = f (, ) !l

ubl,4l

(aZ) = .2
a2z = [; (, ); (aZ)
a2z .
= = . [; (, );
(aZ)
t)2z
(aZ) a2
z
= = '~x (,); = 2 =f;y (, ).

l1JIO
Jl

(aZ)2 = Jz
{~" ( )
3 = , ;

TpeTl>erO

az ) =

Jz

['"

, . .

, 9 ~
, ! , -

'.

a2z

a2z

- =-

f (,

, z =
, . . d~z

tf!z=d(d 2z); dnz=d(dn-1z).

= d (dz) .

-
,

f (,

) bl;l

, u

a2 z

a2 z

a2 z

d2z= 2 tfx2+2axaydxdY+ay2 dy 2;
.

a z

az

~~. ;, axJ, d+3 2 2 du+3 . 2 tfx dy2

a z

+ ay3 dy3.

a2 z a2 z a2 z

1228. z = 1 . 2' ' ?

az

az

8, : =; = 1 . ,>

I,J0 ,

,;

: 'xa~ = ,( ' ) '

x~" a
a?z2==ay(lnx)=O;

az
()
I
=
)i =
y
2

J229. z=]ntg(y/x).
6

az

')

qx=fgWjX)'

,(

sec2~/X) . - ==- 2 '

'a 2z
)
2
== - 2 ' sIn (2yjx)
'2
'

= sInI (2yjx)

a2 z

'

2
sln(2yjx) ,

-2cos(2yjx)(2/x)
sIn2 (2/)

, (2 cos (2/) - sIn (2/.

'{

1230. z=sinxsin
z

tftz.

6 ax=cosxstny, ay=stnxcosy,
a1z

ax.=-sJnstn,

a1z
a1z
axay=cosxcosy; ay.=-stnxs!ny,

~=-~x~y~+2~x~y~~-~x~y~.

1231. z=XSy.
.. az

l:::.

aiz

d'z.
az

lz

a2z

=2, ' =2, =0, =, . =0,


lz

az

'='

iPz
'=;

ax'lay=2,

tPz=0.dx3+3~ldy+3.0.~.dy+0 ..d!l'=6dxldy.

'u

u=4r+3x2y+3xy'-. '

1232.

1233. u=+s(+). "


2u

1234. u = ln tg (+ ). '

+!I .
1235. z=arc t g 1-

1236. z = x'ln ( + ).

a2

z
-'

~:Y'
asu
- .'

1237. u=xsinxy+ycosxy.

1238. u = sin ( + cos ). ::~Y'


1239. z=O,51n(x'+yl). d2z.
12~O, z =cos ( + ). d2z.
az

1241. z =cos (+). '"


x'-x!I'

1242 u

2
'

-
I

3
1243 . z=x' .
,

a5l
a5z
ax!ay'=a!l'ax'"

d2 z,
z = () g () -

1244. z=x'+y'-xy-2x+y+7.
1245.

a1z

z =

az az

'

1246.

az

az

a2z

=-+- '

1247.

11

u=

z = g ()
2

+ yg' ()

" - '

~ + ~ = ~

1248.

, = ~t e-~I/(4t) n

'

198

,,1 .

,'

.'

1249.

1m.
1253.

~e'l1. d'u. 1250., =ln(+). d'u.


=/. . 1252. = X!JZ. .
u=xlny. d'u. 1254. u=es+y. .

4. wRl!JlO8R rJ.RWX l. -z=f (, 1/), =' (1),


Y=~ (1) , R ~ f (,), 41' (/), ' (1) ll.
=! [41' (t), ' (t)
dz dx dg
dl=ax' dt+al/' dt'
z

= f (,

11),

11 = rp

(), n , nuo z

dz=az+Z.dg.

dx

dx
z=f(x, 1/)1

x=rp('. 11). I/=(~, f)). [m

, = ~

+ , ) = ' ) + , )'

1255, z= +8 , x=acost, y=asint. ~.


8

6.

~eeM

dz

+ ,

dy
1+ I 2
I
al/'dt=tx . (-s1n1)++ .2y(acosl)=

dt=ax'dt

=2aeX1+yl (yf'.os t-xs1o 1).

~ ' t. dn
dz

dt =2,, ( s10 t - t s10 1),=0.


1

1256. z= 1 (xt_y') ,

. -=-'--"

-I/

=". ;;, :.
'

dz dy
2
2y~
dx=ax+ay' = _ -2 _'
t

'

1257. z:- 2ln ' = tgt ,

2(x-yeX~

xl_y"

dz
= ctg' . '

~-1I

dz

1258. z=x'+y' =3+l. dx'

1259. z = , = cos .
1260. z = Jn

- '

11'

'-'

azdz

dx'
dz
,,-"
' .....

= cos . . -r
'

126t. z=x'+y'. x=~+", y=6-fJ ,' ar]'


1262. u=ln(xI+y'),

1263.

-= V (-)'+ (-)'.

X=6fJ,

= ~ . ~, ~.

Jn (1/ ),
~

'

+ 1l' =

r ==

. 8Ji .t . .. l~., .ul1

z=f (,)

'

(; )

lim

f(M 1 )-f()
1 MMi 1

'

z=
l

I . 1-+

f (,

) ',

I=MMi
"

. cos + sln ,
-, /i 1 .
. = (, , z)
'l.

l = cos + cos ~+ z cos ,


cos , cas~, cos - ' 1.
z=f (, ) (; )
'~ ' - , /i z:

'

grad Z=-I+- j.

il:

l =, grad z.

'

lI

(~~) ==1 grad z 1= (~~)3 + (:;.


,

f (,

z)

grad = 1+ J+ z k.

1264. z = xl_y" (1; 1)


1, . =
.

6.
: ?= =2, z = .

Z) =2, (Z)
,
=-2. s=os60=I/2,sl=sl60=r
(

z
l'f"2

1265.

(12'--2) == 1- .rr 3

';:!,

2g,

.r-, '

3 2,

-{),7.

rI3 U ="3 -

(3; 2; 1)

MN, N (5; 4; 2).

6.

MN

.:

+ (4-2) J+ (2-1) k=21+2J+ k;


,200

~os a=2/Y22 +2z

MN=I=(5-3)1+

+ 1'=2/3;

cos ~=2/3;

'=

1/3.

j,l- 'SR II :

:;=1z; :;=2xuz3 ; ~~=3xy'Z'; (:;)=4; (:;)=12; (~~)=6

2
2
1
2
, ' =4'+12'+36'=22,

1266.

(3; 4)

z = ln (' + )

z.

Q Z =

In (!

grad

(3; 4)

+2)

Z~(xl~yl)M 1+(X2~yl)M 1=;5 J+fsJ

:; = Igrad z 1=

-v(:5)

I+

(~ ) 2 = ;.

1267. :;:::
=tg-+3si-si 3 +z+tgz (/4; /3; /2).
6.

", II

&

=sec 2

x-I, & =3. -3 sln

&

az =

I-cosec l

(n/4; n/3; 1(/2):

=2-1=1, (~) = ..l_()t ..l=~, () =1-1=0.


.( )


2
2
2 8
az
.
,

(gradu)M=I+gJ;

.r

.r-

IgradulM=r 12 +(3/8)2=, 73/8;

1 8 3

..=73/=73;

COS~=SIna.=Y73

126. z = - + l
M(l; 1) 1=6i+8j.
1269. u = arcsin (z/V + )
(1; 1; 1) MN, N (3; 2; 3).
12.70. ' u = ln (2 + 2 + i!) .
(1; 2; 1) r = 21 + 4j + 4k.
1271. = l/,
r = V ' + + zz, ( ; ; zo).
1272. u = xyz
(2; 1; 1).
1273. u = xl2 + yl3 + z/6
'1= 61 + 3j -6k .

6. .
Y=Y(f), (,


)=, F(x, )-J1,
, ~

,/
.

fii fj:f.

11 = -

201

ii ii
/{ J1,
.

/!:

z=<p (, ), F (, , z) =0, F (, , z)-


)( .
z

az

'""" - /dz' = - /dz

z.

J1
F

z f:. .

1274. cos(x+y)+y=O. '.

F (, ) =cos (+)+.
=-sln (X+Y)+l. ,
,
-sln(x+y)
= -l-sln (+)

6.

dF

dF

= -s (+),

sln(x+y)
l-sln (+)'

' ".

1275_ y-siny=x.

6.

F (, y)=y-slny-x.

dF

ax=-l,

dF

ay=l-s=2S'-r'

,__

-2..

-1

2.!L

2 sln 2 (/2) - 2 cosec 2

"

I
(

)
= 2".2
cosec 2"
- cosec 2"
ctg 2"

1276.
6.

= 3z 2 -

z -3 = .

F (, ,
.

az

dz

z) =z3-z-

2"1g, = - '4
cosec-"2
ctg"2'
,

dF

ax=-3yz,

ag=-z, i"=t

dz

yz
dz
-z
z2_ xy ; =-zZ-

-3yz

=-z 2 -

xz

zZ-'

1277. xyz=x+y+z. dz.

6.

az dx+ dz
- dy,

dZ=-

az

YZ-l

dz z
J1 - -

dz

-l

=-l ' = - -l
eJJ,

dz=--'-I [(yz-I)dx+(xz-I)dy].
-

1278. x S+y2+ln(x!+y2)=a2. '.


1279. (/) sin (/) = . '.
1280. (xy_(X)2+(xy-~)2=2. ', ".
1281. r+2-2V2+ 1 =0. '.
1282. Jn tg (/)-/=. '.
1283. (' 2_)2 = ' (2 2). '
1284. 3si(V"/)-2sV"/+ 1 =0. '.

202

(; ).

1285. O,51n (2 +.2) -arctg (/) =

. '.

1286~ x 2 -2 11+1+4-+211 +2=. '.

1287.
1288.
1289.
1290.
1291.
1292.
1293.
1294.

x+y-II=. ', ".

x+y+z=e'. z~, z~.

r++z-z=. Z~, Zy
.
xsiny+ysinx+zsi~x=a. Zy.

x=zln(z/y).

xy+xz+yz=l.

dz.

xeU++z=. z~.

z =+ arctg --.!L.
z
z-x

iV:omer nAOcm

J(

II: . lOCl:OCf, Dpo

~ II: , yi 11JCI:0000 &l,


~. . ! . J( , II:OTa

.. .

! crpec. J( .

8JI lOCl:OC

J(

II: epI mca 11:0

lI:pw, llll .

"; ,

'

jl

(- ~~ ).

F (,

(: )'

, z)

=0

(; ; zo)

(~)M !!

(: : zo) "

nll.oc/(ocmu

(~ )M{X-XO)+(~ )MW-UO)+(: )M(Z-ZO)=O,


HOPJ.lllU -
x-x~

Z-Zg

aF ), (dF)
=(dF)'
\
.
dz

(~:)

(:)

(: :

ZO)

z=

f (,

)'

. (

), '

Z- Zo =

(::) (-) + (~;)

(-),

(
~. "

( ;; )

~)

z-Zo

--=-'

' , ~

, = .

1295. ,z= -2+2_+2r



(1; 1; 1).
203

6.

'l

:; =2-2-l

,~~~' '-:"'2+2+2 .

(~)M=-I, (~;)M=2.

(1; 1; 1):

I:

z-I=-(x-I)+2(y-I), x-2+z=.
:

(x-I)j(-I) = (y-l)j2= (z- J)j(-J) . . .

2
2 2
z 2 =
(;\{,

1296.

11

+ +z =

!<.

1.

aF

=2,

, z) =x 2 +2y2+3z 2-11.
: .
F
=4, z=6z. lO 9If

6,

r:

F (,

aF

(aF /ax)jl = (aF jay)iJ = (aF jaZ)jl,

(2x)jl

= (4!1)!I = (6z)/I. I 2
+2y~ 3z 2 = 11, : ! (6; 6/2; 6/) 11
2 ( - ; - 6/2; - 6/3). , l<I,

"

I . (
.

') + 1 . (

6/2) + 1 . (z /) = ,

x+y+z+ll/Y6=O x+y+z-ll/Y6=O . ..

1297. l'III
i = 1 + 2 +2 (1; 1; ).
1298.
2 +2_ 2=_1 (2; 2; ) .
1299.
l3 z = J (2
2) (1; ; ).
1300. ,
z = si cos (/4; /4; 1/2).
1301.

2 +2 2+3 2 =21, +4+6=.

t 302. , ~ Vx+
,

+ VY' + V:Z = Va ( > )

t 303.

2 /4

+ 2/4+

1304. ,

cosa , ilaz

= 1

= _ cos~ ,: cosa, COs~',

cos

cos
COS -

4.

z=

f (,

).

1. . z = (, ) l (Ul)
( ; ), (),
(; ) () , . .

>

<

f (, ) f (, ) [ f (, ) f (, )] (; ),
< , - l;> .

Jl .
, _!.

. ECAIl z =
(Xo~ ') , / nu!
Jl,

..

! (, )

f (,

) 8

no

! (, )

nw

6 3 ).
, .
I . l<.
(; )- z=f (, ) .

= ! (,
2

= ! (, )
2

'

! ( )

'

UC1C I\=-2. :
1\ > , ,
< ( < )
( > );

"

!l

1\

< ,

>

( q

);
1\=0, ( ).

1305. z ~ 2 + + 2 - 3 -6.
6.

=+2-.

az.

=2+-,

',

iJz
=

2+ -=,
+2-6=,

=, =3; (;

3).

' :
iJ 2 z
(J 2 z
a2 z
-=
2 -=2 --=1
2

'!

'

1\=Ac-B2=2.2-1=3

(; )
, zmlo =-9 ....

>

; > . ,

i6.

1 +(47--) ( 3+
4)
=2

6.

iJz

47

iJz

47

= -12 - +' == -2 -2 +:'


06 , 1l
:

-I~Y- ; + ~ =0,

.{ _J.. y _...!..-x+ 47 =0
2

12

{8+ '~8,
0;=

x+6y=141.

'

Orc =21, =20;

(21; 20).

a'z

2z
.a
vx2 =

3 '

2i

2 -

=--'' =-' I\=-2=(-2/)(-1/2);-(-1/12)2=I /-

-1/144>
.'
. .

< ;

(21; 20)

;vr : zma~

=282.

...

1308. z==XS+Y'-15.
,1310. z=(x2 +y2)(e-(x'+y)----I).
'
1311. z= V(a-x) (-) (+-).

1'307. z=xyz(l-x-y).
1309. z=4-(2 +2)2/.

2. )' . o.n II
. 8IC z=f (, ) etc
, ,
(, ) =0 (81U!! 8).

=/(, )+(, )' -


.
. eu

U=!L+ =0

"

~ !1..+' =0

(, )

=0.

, '.

, :
1) , ,
O'iKax;
2) ,
;
.

3) jl. .

1312. z=xy ,

t:.

+ -5 =

.-

~ =+2+3-5). ~~~=+2.

=+.

( )
+2=0,

+=,

2x.ct3y-5 =0

=-5/12, =5/4, =5/6. l,


n z = Zmax "'" 25/24.

1313.
S

(5/4; 5/6)

iJ
, ~

t:. \' - , z-( ZI=X'+yl,

2 +2
, . /2 = S, . . xy-2S
. .
n u= 2 +2+ (-2S) 80

=2+u, =2+.

> ,

> ,

2+ =,
2+=0,

xy/2=S

=-2, x=y=Y2S.

206

, ,

. .

1314.
= '+' (X-V"2)2+ (y-Y2)\1~9.

. ro .D, (- 2)2+

+ (- "2)' =9,

. az

az

; =2, =2;

=, =.
, (; ) z=x 2

2
' '' =0, D.
u Z=X 2+y2,

(- "2)2+(_ 2)2=9.

+[(- 2)2+ (- "2)2_9.


]

u= 2 +2+

= 2+

+2 (- 2), ~; =2+2 (- 2). ,


+ (- '2) =0,
+(- 2)=,

{ (- '2)2 + (- '2)2=9.
: ==5 2/2, =-5/3

"=25;

= =

=- "2/2 , =-1/3 "= 1. ,


(5 '2/2; 5 2/2). , Z=, Z=25. 6.

1315. '
/4 + /3 == 1.

1316. z =

l - + 2 -

=, =,

Z=X 2+y2,

:
4

2x+3y-12=O.

1317. = + + , = 1,
=2, =2, =3.
1318. = Kpyr;e Xll+yll< 1.
1319. = '+3'+- ,
x=l, y=l, x+y=l.
1320. z=' l-x'-y' (x-l)2+(y-l)2<1.
1321. z=si+si+si(+)

O~y~n/2.
1322. z=si+si+s(+)
O<y~~~.

O<x~n/2.

O~x<3n/2,

-1323. z=cosxcosycos(x+y) O<x~ft., O~y~n.

1324. , , ,
.
1325. , aHH~ ,
.
1326. S
, n .
1327. ,
S .

IX

J.

1. Jl. . F () ne

(), ' () =
() dF ()
() .

() F (),
6,
F ()+, C-.
n/
() ( I1
() dx)

=f

6. 060: ~ f () dx = F ()+.

~ - , 1 (x)- , 1() d-
, - .

10,(X)dx)'=f(x) .
2". d

30.

1() dx )
dF

1() dx.

()= ()+.

40. ~ ! () dx=a ~ 1 () dx, -.

~ [/1 () 1, (x)]dx= ~ 11 () dx ~ { () dx.


. ~1(X)dx=F(X)+C u=q>(x), ~ f(u)du=F(u)+C.
50.

1. ~ dx=x+C.
.

VIII. ~ s1 xdx=- cosx+C.

m+l

md=+l+ =1= -1.

. S~=)II+.
IV.

S1~x' =arctg +.

. SIdx

sl +.

JX . ~ sdx=.s1+.

. ~ sec'xdx=tgx+C.
XI. ~ cOsec2xdx=-tg+.

. ~ shxdx=chx+C.

VI.

~ " dx=e" +.

. ~ chxdx=shx+C.

VH.

XIV.

5c~:x=thx+C.

xv.

S~:=-th+.

208

dx=

)~: +.

1328. ~ ~ (2 - 5' + 7 - 3) dx.


- il:

40

51',

~ (28 -52 +7-)dx=2 ~ x 3 dx...,.....5 ~ x'dx+7 ~d- ~ dx.



- 1:

(2-52 + 7-) dx= 2,


'

'

'

5+ 7'2

, ,-

==

="2x'-3+"22-3+.

S(Vx+ v-:;; )2 dx .

1329. '

S( +

v-:;;} S(+2'
dx=

;:::

+ )/3 )dX=

= ~ (+2 1 / 8 +- 2 / ) dx = ~ xdx+2 ~ 1 / 8 dx+ ~-2/ dx=


1 3

7 8

/
/
' 12
=2+2.
7/6 +173+ C =2+
2

v-+ v'-+.

1330. ~ 2 . 3 2 ,5 3 dx.

b-S2.2.5d=S(2.2.53)dx=S2250d= ]22SOX
+
2250
CBoikTBO 60
u .

1331. ~ (1 + 2)1/2 xdx.


- , :

,S

(1

+ 9)1/2 ; = ;

S(I+X )I/Z.2xdx= ~ S(I+X )1/2d(I+X2).


2

il: ] +'
II il: . ,

S(1 +2)1/2 ; =1..2

(1

+2)1/2+1 +=.!. +/+


1~+1

1332. ~ (xZ-+ 1)10 (2-) .


- , , J.Ji ,

1333.

S(x2 -+l)10d(2 -+I)=I\ (x'-+I)ll+.


S(In t)' ~! _

dt

'

d (1

S(l 1)' d (l ) =

t),

(In t)+.

209

13.
6. .

S 3 I

sin dx.

Se3C08 %slnxdx= ~ S 808 %.sIndx,

3 sln dx = - d (s ),

08 1& sln xdx = - ~

S COI% d (3 %),

. . . ,
VI:
'

1335.
6.

Se8C01 %slnxdx=_ ~ e8C01 %+C.


~ (2 sin + 3 cos ) dx.

S(2sln+ ) dx=2 SslnxdX+3 Scosxdx=-2s+3s+


\

(.

VIII

IX).

1336. S(tg

+ ctg )' dx.

t:::..

(tgx+ctgx)ldx= ~ (tg 1 x+2ctgx tgx+ctg'x) dx=

= ~ (tg1x+ 1+ l+ctg3~) dx. = S (tg1x+l) F+ ) (l +ctg1x)dx=


= Ssec'xdx+ Scoseo'xdx=tg x-ctg +
(.

XI) .

.&

V -xdx.

1337.

1340.

S~+:: dx.

1343.

j (sh x-sin ) dx.

1345.
1347.
1349.
1351.

1338.
.

\ V'-'
dx

1339.

j2-VI-XSdx.

1341. S " 3" dx. 1342.


1344.

l- 2

Stg' xdx.

S(Vx- ;- Ydx.

S (2 tg + 3 ctg )' dx. 1346. S cos () dx.


S :: 1348. S(ax'+b)1/8. xdx . "
S Vsin ros . 1350. " S sin ( + ) dx.
Scos(sinx)cosxdx.

2. t." rl tl . n.

eUHoAt ume r.lC ;


1) => (t), q> (t)-j D. .
l '. :rt'OM

~ f () tU= ~ f [> J' (1) dt:


210

2) =", (), - .
:

Sf [", ()] W' () dx = Sf () du.


1352.

ii

Jst,;-; .

!:;;. t=
,

V-;,

. . =t. 8

. dx=t1dt.

St sfn t S
' dx= --.- dt=3 Jn t dt=- t+C.
S Vv-;
t

sln

ore

. .

V -,
SIn v-;
v-+ ..
V
=-3
S

t ==

'

1353. S(2+ 1)10 .

/:).

AJI )Jet.
(2%+ 1)10 Ji
. II.8 .,.RII xOnJl'leo
: CJI.
.
on 2%+l==t, Rll 2dx=dt, . . dx=-= (1/2) dJ. on

S(2%+l)

lO

dx=

StIOdt=ifttll+c=i2(2X+l)ll+C."

, . ~ f () dx n , Sf (+) dx
ax+b=t.
, gry SsJn ( + ) .
ax+b=t. adx=dt dx=(l/a) dt. ,

Ssln (+) dx= SsJn t.~ = ~ Ssln t dt=- ~ t+C.


.

SSIn (ax+b)dx=-

~ (+)+.

S (+) dx=! ln (+ )+. S+" dx =.!.IJ+"+


.

. ){.

~ ! (+ ) dx ax+b=t
. 'l ,

dx=....,.d (+).

S!(ax+b)dx= ~ F (+>+,
F-n8 Jl

'.

211

+ 5 .

1354. ~ ' V r

6. yT5=t; r+5=t 2
dx= 21 dt. ()(;j;.<1 2 dx= (2/3) i dt , ,

: 3 2

5x r +5 dx = 5r +5 5t ; t dt 5t dt =
t

dx=

= ;

~ t3+C=~(Y +5)3 += ~ (+5) +5+.

r+5=t. .
, ()
2

+5

1/3, . . xl =(lj)(r+5)'.

, lt'l ()
, ~ (), II
~ () (
~ () =

S(2I+3) ~ dx.

t.

1355.

),

S(2 Jn +3)3

dx.

6.

2 J +3 2/, I/
2,

21

x+3=t.

dx
dx 1
2-=dt, -=-2 dt.

s(2I+)~= St ~

.
1356.
6.

dt=

St3 dt= ~ '''+= ~ (2Inx+3)I+C.

S"f ()() dx.


f

()

= t.

" () dx=dt

Sj(~} dx= S~t =1l t I+C=ln Il () I+C.


,

S + =~S
xdx
2 1

2xdx =~ 1 (2+ 1)+


2 1 2 n

, 2 +

1357.

6.

dx=

S".-.
() dx
r

,()=.

S~i~~) S~~ = s

1 > .

t-

f ()

"(x)dx=dt
1 2
/

dt=

~~~2 +=2 yt+C=2 ! ()+.

! (x)=t.

1358.
212

S2 ~aa,

7'= .

6. (.
2 ;
dx
S (dx)/a 2
S + = 1+ (/)
2

l/a

bl

xja

S1+(x;a)2'
d (/)

. .

dx

-2--2=-

arclg

-+.

~J

1359.
f::."

IV),

J v a _x
,.

dx
Z

I< =

at .

> .

, .1

dx

S' -
2

(dx)/a
YI-(t/a)2

d ( ')
Yl-(x/a)2

/ ,

S dx

2_2

=arcsln

~+C . ...

,1\1 II

{'
S'() dx=lnlf(x) /+.
()

XVI.

S~f()

()

XVllI.

! ()+.

dx

2+
2=-1 arctg -+
.

Sx/xa2=~ln 1;+~I+c.

XIX.

..

dx=2

XXJ.

Il.

dx

'-2

arcsln

~+c.

S dx+ =In I+ 2 +./+.


2

Ss~\=lnrtg ~ I+=l/s-tg1+.

lII. Sco~x =

In tg (

~ +~) 1=ln / secx+tg I+C.

XXIV. Stgxdx=-IISl+.

. ~ ctg dx= I I sln /+.


l- , ,
.'J , , .

1360.

S ydX

2-9

213

6.

2-9=t l , x=(t 2 +9)/2 Jt

Y2x-9=1;
,

dx=l dt.

t dt

dx

S 2 -9 S t 9 .t
t1

'

. S . dJC _

sln2x

dx-

--

sln 2xdx

-s'

cos 2 x=t;

-s"

tg+=tg

sln2xdx=-dt.

1361.
6.

XVIII.

2='9

..

+.

-25Slnd=dt,

-arcsln .. ;_+=-sln..~~+

dt
-t 2

( ).

1362.
6.

JJ

S(2sin ~ + 3 )\ ~ dx.
25ln (x/2)+3=t;

(/2)

dx=dl

S(28ln ; +3 )ICOS ; dx= St1dt= ~ . e'+C = ~( 2s ; +3 +


16.

S" dx

1 _2

~ &=I; 5"

. x"dx
S

1
5

1 _2

(.

XXI).

Sytl-2
dt

dx=dt,

"

dx=(lJ5) dt

..!..ln"lt+Yt 2
5

21+

SYxx"dx_2

51

1o

Il&+ 1.-21+.
xdx

1364. , "+2 2 +5'

6.

, "+2 2 +5=('-,
x 2 +I=t; xdx=(1/2)dt.

dx

S"+22 +5

S12+4
dt
1 1
t
=-2""2 ar ctg"2+ C

(. V). ,

S"+22 +5
1365. '

6.

e"'=t,

2 dx
Se"X-5
214

'+1

5
dx=(\/2) dt
1 5~_..!..._1_ l It - 51
2
t -,5---'22Y5
t+ys +

."

:rarctg-2-+C'

" _ 5 dx .

'"
2

1)2+4. 04
'

( .

XIX). ;

'" dx =_I_l /e tx - 5! . .
- 5 4 lX +5+

dx

S +5 .

1366.
,

, , .'1
eZX

dx

S dt

+5="2 '2+5=2 ar~tg

1367.

YS+ C==2Y5

arctg

+ '

Ssl:x+co;,Y- .
sl

=, =/', dx=2/ d/,

Sl +5 dX=S (51 /~C05 /).2/ dt sl 2


t 51 2t

=S5It+05t
sl t 5 t dt =S(_1
05 t +_1
5l t )dt=llt g (~+~)I+l]t
2
4g !..I+c
2
(.

XXIII).

~ ,

-S(sl51+05
) dx=lnl tg ( +~) 1+ln Itg /+.
2 i
2
4
2
:

1368.

2-l

2-l

dx.

r
1369. \ (l-2 ) dx.
OJ

1370. ~ sin (2-3) dx.


1372.

dx
(+ 1)

, 1373. (' ( l + 1)3/2 dx.

xdx

5l -l'
1377. 5

1374.

1371. ~ xch (5' +3) dx.

dx

S y'xC-l'
xdx
1375.
1378 S /

sl 4dx

dx

YI6-'

1380.

5y2="Xi+ Y2+Xi"
5
5 5+3

1382.

51-:+25'

S2+4'

(-7)'

1379.

1376.

dx.

Y4-

dx

Y2-~

1381.

3-"

1383.

. .
I[

S;+5 dx.

upot1Q!Al

1384.

XtU

S2+5'

QCnJ1UC

~ do =uv- ~ vdu.
tl5

'

(), v

='"

() - . ~

~ dv )( ()~

~ udu; Ife ,
, .

"

,
, du- ,
BCC'reH ' ' .'

~ () dx,

, ,

~ () sl a~ dx,

~ () cos dx, () - , (), dv

dx, sln dx,

cos dx;

~ () In , dx, ~ (x)arcsln dx, ~ () arccos dx


In ,

si ,

arccos ,

il

du- ()

dx.

1385. ~ ld.

t::.. u=lnx, dv=dx; u=x, du=dx.


,

q,

-s lnxdx=x

lnx-

Sx,~=xln x-s dx=

=l-+=(l-I)+ .

..

1386. ~ arctg dx.

D.

u=a(c,tgx, dtJ=dx,
q

du=

dx

l+ 2 ,=. -

S~rc.tg xdx=xarctg x-S

1;:2

=xarctgx-

'~

In (1 +xl)+C."

1387. ~ si dx.
Il=,

dv=slnxdx;

du=dx, x=-cosx.

~ sl xdx=-xros + ~ cos xdx=-x cos x+Sln +.


Il dv f ,
du=cosxdx, u=(1/2),

'Sld=;

SlnX-S i-2Sdx=

u=sl,

~ 2 sl-;

Si

dv=xdx,

coSXdx,

, . \ qe!!
Il~ . .,.

1388. ~ ' dx. ,


D..

u= 2 ,

216

dv=exdx;

du=2xdx,

- , . ~;a:x dx,
. U

=dx, v=eX

'

=x,dv = dx;

'

~~d=2 -2 ( - ~ extJX) =reX-2 +2 += (X'-2+2)+ .


1389. 1 = ~ eX_Sinxdx.,
11 =. dv=slnxdx; d=exdx. v=-s.,.
I =- + ~ xdx.
, ,

. , ,
.... U =,

dv_= dx,

d =

dx, v =

ln ,

1=-os+(sl-J), . ; 1=-s+.sl-l.
n ,

. ,
1.

2/=-s+sln, . . 1=2(SlnX-s~)+.
)-
.

1390. ~ Va'J.-Z {[. > .


= Yaz_x z,

dv=dx,

d=

. .

. rl - -t

.r--

S,. a -x dx="2 x r

J391.
11

'
al-2+sin
+.,

~ ~ S(xs~az)n.

3 :

217

_+1at2(n-l)
-[

(xt+as)n-i

I_I[

n- n-!

. .

n =2,

2n-

(xl +a l)n-l+a 2n-2 1,,-f.

I n =2a1 (n-l)

[.

. n=, ' 18 ( [. ).
, I/J n.

Sxlnxdx. 1393. ~ arcsinxdx.


S ' arctg dx. 139i. S (+ 1) dx.

1392.
1394.

1397. Sxli~dx.

1396. Sx 2 si.n xdx.

1398. SV 2 +.dx
' = t.

S (xz+2x+3)cosxdx. 1400. SeUcosxdx.


Ssinlnxdx. 1402. Ssin VX' dx .

1399.
1401.

, =.

2.
,IO. uo
(x)/Q (), () Q ()-. ~
nptJ8UJ1botl, () Q ();

1.

nPtJ8UJ1b.
u.u (.I.U) ' II

1.--:
-

. (-)m ' - , ~ :
.

+
2+
+q ,

-4 -q

< ,

. .

xt+px+q

rJ

IV. ('++ q)'" n- , ,


'

q - .

+ +

, , , , q, -
. -

1,

- 2JR

111

IV

-,

1.

Aadx=A In Ix-l+;

11.5
Adx
,
(-)m
. III.

1
+
-l"(x-a)m,l,
;

SX2+~+q

Y4q2_pa arctg

y~~p2 +.

, r

111

6, .ii

1 II .

x'+Px+qdX, T-q < .

Ax+B=(2x+p),t--+ .

+ dx=~S 2+ dx+(B-~) S dx
..2.x'+px+q
2
xZ+px+q'
5x'+px+q

'; '

5 2+++ q dx=~~+~+~+~

'+ + q

>

JI . ,

~, .

dX2
2+
,
arctg
Y4q_p'
4q-p'

-.-...-:----;--~

SxI+px+q

+.

219

220

(n - I)-

S/' ~a'

/n

5(X2~

1408. 1 =

fi

n = 3.

1)3 .

R i

2-3-3
1

'
/3=2 (3-1) ( 2 + 1)3 ~ +2.3_2'/3-1 =4 (2+-1)I+4'

I =

5 9dx

( +

11'

1)1 ' / ( -

.naraeM n = 2):
1

l z =2(2_1)'

22-3

(l +1)2-1 +2.2_2/2-1=2 2+1 +2/1=

15

dx

= 2(2+1)+2

'+1

= 2. (2+1)

+2arctgx+C.

~,

'

, .

,.' S (9 ++)n
+

. j

dx, - < .

"

> .n,
:

r 4-(2+)+( B-~

Ax-f

'5-

{xl+px+q)n dx=

.-~S'
-

2+

(xl+px+q)n

J
dx

( 8 ++)n

+.(B '-~)
2

dx=

5( ++)"
2

dx

.- ' x 2 +px+q=t, :
'

I [( x+f)';( q-f )1"

5(;+:;+)'

, + ~

'J '(~~+~:+q)l/
, ; , -' 1'

=t,

5 (12~ta2)"

dx=dt

- ~' = 2 ,

<,

~ ;~. ' ll IV

. ,

1409.

5(~~~l)2 dx.
221

3
j-(2+2)+(2-)
, ~+
dx
2
'
dx
' (x~+2x+ 10)1 =
('+2+ 10)' , =

"5'

.-:

:::;'235

2+2

(l +2+ 10)'

dx-

5[(+

dx ,
1)'.+9]"

itJI '+2+
ttJ +

1 =t, dx=dt.

dt

3
2

+2
5Zi"~
dz 5
5 (xl+2x+1O)ldx-2
3
[!
t
3

_~

=-,"2 Z' , ~"

(t l +9)2

2,(2-,1).9,'
3

lO=z;

dx=dz,

5
z

(2+2)

-2

dz-

1 22-3

dt

dt

(t'+9)'=

.<t l +9)i-X+g 22-2' ' t'+9


t
1 1
t

=--21 -18' t'+9-18,rtg+.


ct eR, '

5(2:3)3'
5
1414. 5XI~~~7dx.

1410.

S(X~l)i;'o

1413.

5x'-:~+3'

1415.

5'+ 10+29 d'x,

1417.

1411.

5+3

5(l +2)1I
dx

'

1412.

dx

'-6+18

S5%1+2x+ 1 dx.
+ 1

1416.

'

5(x +2x+5)'dx.
2+3

1418.

'

2. rpllpOll8~ Ram.WX ~eA pa.!IO. ~


,q, ,pQ i (x)jQ ()
CJI q ' CJIi:
1) eCJI lj. , ~ 8Jl , 1'0 UeJI

'

, " . Ji'J' ,

() = (
Q () ,

>+ PiQ ()() ,

(x)-~roJr~! " Pi (.t)jQ(x)-JI ;

2) JI ~ :

, Q ()=(-,)- ('++)n ... ,


I
~ - < ,. . . l++ ;
3) JUi aJIYJO JI liI ll:
! ()

Q(x)
Bl~+Ci

At

,.

(-)"+(-),.-l+"+=+"
'+I

nX+n

... + ( ++)1I + ('++)n-~ + ... +++ + ... :

... ,

4) CJI " n Ai, ...... ,.,


Bi, Ci.
. ; .. JlJI ero'~ OCJl -

I'

.\9, ~., JleoA '



.
,
.
.


.
\. ;
. . . .

1419.

!+2+6

S(-\)(-2)(-4) .

f:.. ITaK 'l x-I, -2, -4


,
1 :

11

+~+...E...-

x +2x+6

(x-I)

(-2) (-4)

-l

-2

-4

x Z +2x+6=A

(-2) (-4)+8 ('-I) (-4)+(-l) (-2).

()

x Z +2x+6=A (x t -6x+8) +8 (x l -5x+4) + (ll -+2).


~:

l +2+ 6

= ( +8 +

) 2 +

(- -58 -) + (8 +48 + 2).

{
,

+ 8+ =I,
6-58-=2,

8+48+2=,

=, 8=-7, =5.
,

l +2+

7_+_5_.

3 __

(-l) (-2) (-4)-l

-2

-4

8, :

" ,

,
. ll f .
' . ().
. 1, 2 4.
1,

1'+2.\ +6= (1-2)(1-4)+8 (1-1)

(I-4)+

(1-1) (1-2),

9=, . . =3. =2, 14=-2, . . 8=-7;


=4, =6, T~ . =5. ()JJ
; .
,

'+2+6

(-l) (-2) (-4)

d=S~-7S~+5S dx =
-l

"",3:1nlx-II-71nlx-21+ 51 n IX- 4 1+ C = ln

-2

-4

l (x(~~~);4)51+C. &

2. ,
!! , . .

9, .

1420.
6.

(x-l)3

+1-

(-1)3 (+3) dx.

Q ( 1)3 +
D

( -1)2+X=-' +3- +3' ,


2 +1

(x-I)8(x+3)

(x_I)3

+ (X-J)Z+X-I+x+3'

2 + 1 = (+3)+8 (-1) (+3)+ (-l)2 (x+3)+D (- 1)3.

.%=1,
D=-5j32.

2=4,

-3.
10=-64D, . .

=-3

A=lj2.

lt l , . . .
3 , . . 3 .
!!
+. , C+D=O, C=5j32.
-

8.
.
(, 2) -
. ,

. , , =,

15

1=3A-38+3C-D, 1 =2-38+32+32' . .

" 3

8=8'

.
2 +1

(x_I)8 (+3)

1
2 (-1)3

+ 8 (x~ 1)2 + 32 (x-I)

5
32 (+3)

l+ 1

1 S th
3 S d.x
5 S d.x
5 S d.x
(-1)3 +8 (-1)2 +32 %-1-32 +3=
S (-l)(-)d.x=2

=_ 4 (x_I)2
1

8(-l)

+~lI-11+'"
32

+3

.-

' 3. ll. ,
. . JJ .

)421.

S" dxl '

f). - ~JJ~ :

_ ' = 2

(r-l)=x l

(-l) (l++ 1).

Jl:

1 =(-l) ('+++ (-1) ('++ 1)+


+' (xl+x+ 1)+(Dx+E) 2 (x-I).
221

eJj

= 1=-, . .

1.

=1 1=3,..=lj.

A=-I;

1 = (-l)+ (x4-)+ (4++ 2) +D4+-D-l


4, , 2 ,

B+C+D=O,
{ A+C+E-D=O,
-=,

, D

=
1

= -1 /3,
1

1/3.

-I

5 - =--7+ 3(-l)- 3(X Z +X+1)'


,

-l
S,- 2 =- S+1 S-I-31 S 2 ++1
dx

dx

dx

=J..+llnl
X - 1 1-.lS 2+l- dx=

3
6 ++1
2

11

lJ

=7+ 1I (-1)1- 6 10('++I)+2'

(x_I)2

dx

1)2
+2'

3=

+"'4

2+1

='+6I2++1+r.tg +.

iI: 4.

il: ,

1422.

1::.

2 +

S('+
-2
1)2 dx.

,
-2

( 2 + 1)2

('+ 1)1

+ 2 + 1

-2=++(+D) ( 2 +

1).

I=C,

O=D,

3-2

(x2+1)2

O=B+D;

=-3,
=.

S (x2+1)2
-3'
S xdx 3 Sd(x +1) 1 Sd(x +1)
+ 2+1 =-'2 (x2+I)i +2 2+1
2

- 2 (;+ 1)

2 +

-2=+;

+i In (2 + 1) +.

! er.'l

1 =t.

225

1423.

6.

'1acrb

r+3xz+5x+ 7
+2

dx.

3 + 3' + 5 + 7I,_3_+=---2-::--:-7

- 3

+2

+1

33 +3+ 7 +3+ 2+ 2

-3'

+6

+l'
,

6.

r~R ,
cr . ,

Jt r+6x 2+llx+6 .
+ 1. :

x=-I,

+ 6' + Ilx + 61.x,...:+;-I;;-.,....-;;


-+
' xl+5x+6
3

5 2 + 11
5

- 5xz

6+6

-6+6
/

+6 2 +ll+6=(+ 1) (2 +5+6) =(+ 1) (+2) (+3):


+4
+4

, +62 + Ilx+6
(+ 1) (+2) ('+ 3) + 1 +2+ +3'

=-I, 3=2 , . . = (2. = -2,


, . 8=-2. , =-3 1 =2, . . ,= 1(2.
;

2=-8,

+4

S 3+63 2 +lI+6

3
dX=2"

SX+Idx
dx
1 S dx
2 S+2+2'
+=
1

=2'ln I + l.I-21 I +21 +2"ln I +I+ .

1425.
v

221,)

S x~-8x2+
+ 1 16
5

.6.

Bcero

Ix4 -8x2 + 16

5 + 1
-~-8+16

8-16+l

8-16+ 1 + '- 82+16

"+

8-16

'

+1

4-82+ 16 + 4-82+

8 -16+

16 =+

(-2)2 (+2)2

I! , :

8-16+1

(-2)2 (+2)2

,_

+-2+ (+2)2+ +2'

(x-2f

ii :

-16+

= (+2)2+ (-2) (+2)2+

(x-2)2+D

(-2)2 (+2).

=2, 33=l, . . =33/16; =-2


16, . . =-31/16; =, 1 =4A-8B+4C+8D.
,

--31 =

33

31

I=T~8B-4+8D,

-16B+16D=I.

oro D, .

u ,

= 129/32,

x~+1

4-8 2 +

8=B+D.
"
+ D=8,
{ -16+ 16D= 1,

= 127/32.

dx=5 [+
,

16
33

33/16 +127/32_ 31/16

(-2)2

-2

(+2)2

31

129

127

+ 129/32] dx=
+2

16(_2)+3'2ll-21+16(+2)+2ll+2I+ .

= 2

1426.

5(:~~)~ .

6.

-
, ll 'Fe
. , ecJ! n
l11i -I =t; = t + 1 dx=dt.

5 2

dx

(x-l)~

= 5(! +
1

=-

2t 2

1)2 dt

i~

5' + t~ + 1
2

dt =

5.!!!..+2
5!!!...+5!!!..
t.
t'
=
1

t~ - 4' += - 2 (-1)2

1427.

3 (x-I):j-

6x 2 -4+1

4 (X_I)'+C= -

.6.

2!

12 (x-,-I)' + .

5X'+X~+5'

: '+6 2 +5=( 2 +3)2_4.

xdx

'+6 2 +5

xdx

( 2 +3)2_4'

227

lt"e~il"'a~ 1 +'=1;

'
54+ +5
xdx
i

2xdx=dt

'

' 1 . dt
'2 J /: ' 4 ';

.l;dx ,

(~3)i ~4

-- '.2!: 1..,
, !,t."..,-2/+ C _..!.., +1+
4 n / +2
- 8 n 3 +5
.

' , ro ' .

il: ..

S(+2)2 (++3
++ 1) dx.
S
5x3-17X +18x-5
S dx
S (-1) (-2) dx. 1431. -8'
2

+2

( -) dx.

1428.

1429.

1430.
1432.

5r + +

1434.

1. ,

"-81 dx.

1436.

'1.433.

+ 1

dx
(k2-2)Z'

( 2 +1) ( 2 +9) dx.

1435.

~
"+4 dx.

1437.

S(-4).( 2 +2+5)dx.
(19/16) 2 ++1

Sx2 -4+'
x dx
2

Il
4+4=( 2 +2)2_4 2 ,

..

4
1439. Sx4-16
.
S
1440. Sr+;2:: + 1 dx.
3. . SR () dx, R - Jl Jl.

'

+
2 -6+5 dx,

1438.

ex=t,

d/

d/

eXdx=dt, dX=ex-= ,- t-'

IIro

1441.

2x +e x +1
S3e2_2_dx.

1:5.

eXdx=dt, dx=-t-'

eX=t;

dt

32 + + 1 ,
e2X-2- dx=

S t (t 2, -2t-)
+t + 1 ,
dt.
3/

' Kaic t(t 2 -2/-3)=t(/+I)(t-), ,' ~iD



,

.
.,
3/2+/+ 1

t(t+I)(t-3)

+ '+l + /~3

!r ,

tt+t+ 1 =: + 1)(/-3)+8t (t-3)+t , (t+J).


.

/=0,

:1 =~ , ,

=I/2, ,
,

e. A= ...... 1/3..

'

/=3, 31=12",. C=31/1Z.


' , '

, .3t!+ t + ~

t (t l - 2t-3)

-,-, ...,.;.lj~=-!~JE...+ i2,


t

t +.1

" t='- ' I, 'J'02=.'4, ..

t-3:

'

tx

SeIX_2ex_adx=
+ f:

St(t+
3t' + t + 1
1)(t~)

. , I

'

,'31

dt~""",lJ+21 +l)-+:'2 1 I t-I+=

~ I+: ~J(++;~Il--I+=

=-

1
31
,=-'+- 1n ( + 1)+I~lnl e X, -31+ . .

1442.
i443.

'2 +

+ 16

dx
.

4 _16 "

-1)
S.,.,..:::---,2:;-_+-:-:--,3

+ 1) dx.

--;;::--;---;7

(2 2 _

( 2

3. ~ Vl(R

J.

IL/IJ,.l ~R(x,(ax-+-b)ml/lIl,

(ax+b)m.;ir, ...

"i. z;

)dx, R '-

"2, - . <l
ax+b=t s , s- nl, nz, .. , ,
,

"'1,

1444. 1 =

~ , 3ecb ni=. n=2;

dx
1/ 2
+ 1) 2/ 3 -(21:+
1)

(21:
s=6,

K==(te-l)j2, dx=t dt , ,

I=S t't- dtt =S t 5

tZdt
1

2x+l=t G j

=S - J + 1 dt=
t2

t - 1

==S(t,+1+t11)dt=~' t2+3t+3'lt-11+.
' . t=(2x+1)1/6,

1=
2.

~ (21:+ 1)1/3 +3 (2x+i)I /6+3In IV 2+ l-ll+c .

dx
2 ++

KBaA.pa:roro

XXI.

1445.

dx

'

',

"

..

+2+5

t: ,, J{.. ~ 2 +2+5=(+1)2+4.

dx

SYxl+21:+5

d (+ 1)

{+I)2+'4

1446.

,'

dx

- 3xz +4x-l

.'

(, 2)

:rS -I+4-1
' ,. ,=---:S' -v

g'-(dX

Inlx+1+YxZ+2x+51+C. '"

-l

'1

-,-:,

)
, '

t
. 1
,
= ~rh
in ---'-+~~.- arcsin (~~2)+. ,.
, "
11/3' . ,
x~2I3

3.

8JI .1I.

11

S,- .+

2 ++

80

II II

S2++ dX.J

2 + + "

r d(ax
+bx+c) +( ) S
dx
2+ +
-2il
ax~+ +

~
- 2.

1447. .{ lla.r
6

r 2a(2ax+b)+B-2Q

51 ,

dx,

5-

2 2 +8+

XVII ,

'(}" :

5
-

5-

(4+8)-I

'

S22 +8+ 1 = S;2X +8X+ 1 =


2

=~S
4

~ Y2x

1448.

1449.

" - 2 (-2+6)+ 13
'

dx=

- 2 +6-8

_ 2

+ 6- 8+ 13 arcsin (-)+ . ..
dx

-a=l/t

S --2+6
dx+13 r
dx
+6-8
J l-(-3)2

=-3

4.

dx

'- 2 +6-8

2 +4+-}

1 fX-J:-2+ 2 +4+{ '+


,S . +4
.

S - +6-8 dX=S
=-~

dx
' ' 2-8+l

+8x+l- ; ;

+4

dX- 1 S

~ 22+~+l-~S

4+8

2 2 +8+ 1

(-)

2 ++

.
,

'

R .

~, S V5 dx
-2+ I
2

II

2.

x=J,/i. dx = -(l/t 2 )dt

5'
=-

dx

5 2 - 2+ 1
dt

SVt 2-2t+5

(d/)//2
(l/t) Y5 jt 2 -2/!
,

+1

1nlt-1+ ... t -2t+51+=

=-]];-I+:2-~+51+=-Jl ' - X+Y~X2-2X+! '+."


230

145. re
,.

6.

.'

(-1)

dx

- 2 +2+

x-l=ljt. x=lji+1 d=-(I!l!)dt. ,

dx
(x-I) - 2 +2+

1451. 1=

1\

+2

(+1) ' 2 ++3 dx.

3+

I=S
.

(+I)-1

(+ 1) !-+'

dx.

2=3 (+ 1)-1,

Qn-t ()- (n--'-I)-


-.'"

, ,R ,
Qn-l () .

r ;;2 +3+4 dx.


J +2+2

1452.

6.

n = 3,

Ji

3+2,"++4 dx=(b ox2 +b 1x+b 2) 2+2+2+.S

S Y~+~+2

dx ,

Y~+~+2

'

, ,l

(2 + 1 ) xl +2x+2

+2 +3+4
2

2 +2+2

+1
+.
1
+( 2+ l + 2!\ 2+2+2
- 3 +2+2

80t' ll:

3 +2 2 ++4 = (2 +

('+2+2) +('+

b1)

biX+ .,)

(+

1)+"'.

+ 2!+-f--4 =+

(5b o +2b 1)

3 + (4+i+ ,) + (2bi+ 2 +",).

' .

3= 1,
5bo+ 2bi=2.

{ 4 + i+ 2,=,
2 1

, =I/,

+ 2 +"'=4.

b1 =1/6,

2 =7/6,

1.=5/2.

.,

+2'++4 ~'(l.X2+.!. +2.) yx~+2x+2+

S . + 2 + 2
2

+~ Il '+I+2+2+21+.

1453. \

~'dX V

1455. 'J

YX2~X-l

,~

1457.
1459.
1461.

1-2-'-

I-~'

dx.

S ". ::
S 1)

- 2 +4+5

,', (x+21
(+

''+2

%-1,
2

+1

S. 1+V~ dx.

1454.

1456. S

5+

-XI~2X+8

1458.

S"
'

+2

V 2 ++2

S dx
dx.1462. S '+2+3
1460.

'.

2' -2-l

- 2 +4

. . ~ l'm (+n) dx, rAe , n,


- , . . , ,~J,l
:

1) _ p-lO~ ;;, -10~ . ~ - }i q..


x=/s, s-&
:, . .n ; ,
-'
2) (
I)//t.-,--Ue.noe ,
+ n = t.r;
3) (m+ I)/n+- , ~
ax-n+b=t.r, s- .
'

1463.

'S-- (-;,+l '

G - x-l/~ ( 1 / 4

+ 1)-10,

. . =- I- . , , .1\
. , R x=t 4 j
d=4/ d/

1464.

::l-
.

6. (',
n=2,

, ( 2 - 2 )',

2 _ 2

~~ 3 ( 2 _ 2)-12; m=3;

=-3{2.

{ 2=2-,- ; CJ.I, , ;ro: . r

i.'.aK (111+1)/n= ,( 3+

-2xdx=2tdt, xd.t=-td/" x =a _t

.lJ.,

a2 _x 2 =t 2 ,

S3 (a2-X2)-~/2 ~= --;- s(a~~t2) /-3. t dt= - S~2 t 2 t 2 dt =


=Sdt-2S~=t+ a + c =i +a += 2 _, +'
/2
/
t
ya2 _x Z '
2

1465.

4'Yd.x

","

'2'

l+x

6 m=._4, n=2, . =- 1/2 (+ l)/n+=(-4+ 1)/2-1/2=-2

- . iJ dxbe

. , x- 2 +I=;"it 2 ;
. :

/=

dx

J4l +2

-2'-dx=2tdt; x-~dx=-tdt.

r -4 (1 +x2,)-1/~ dx=

.J

-= ~ - 4 [ 2 (- 8 + I) 1 / 2 dx";" S- (- 2 + 1)-1/2 - dx.


233

I,,

. 1=- ~(t.-I) /-1 /dt={3

""

=t-+= x- I + l YI+xs

Y(\+XI)~

S~tZ-l)d/=

Y(X-2+1)3

+=

(2x I -I)l+ '

r "

+.

Jl:

1466.

S (/~

1468.

SV

1470.

3/-/-VS r

+l

1467.

)1" .

1469.

dx

1+'

+dx.

1471.

dx

Sr V

2-'

4. I( vR

1. .. ".

S R (51 , 5 ) dx,

R - . III"

80 R
/l: .Jf! muo.mu nma.u
tg (x/2)=I. /l: ":

2 tg (/2)
l+tg'(x/2)

slnx

2!

1+11;

x=2arctgt;

1472.
6.

1- tg S ()2)
cosx=1+tg S (x/2)
2dt

dX t=l+t j

S4SInX+~OSX+5

.,

tg(X/2~=t. sln = I

dx

" 4 sln + cos +5


d/

=2

S2l~+8t+8

2/

("

sln

dx

4s!+3s+5

2&
=t=f2
4.~+.l-t2+5

l+t Z
dt

1+/2
I

J (i+2)2=-t+2+ .

1473.
234

--

cos ;
2dl

cos = 1+t Z ' dx= 1+,1

" /! llll/!,

1-[1

+/1'

1- l'
1+/1'

1
+
tg(x /2)+2
.

S(2 + 2) _ ~~ _ b~) cos

, tg(x/2}=
l! . lO
, .3~ s1 c"os ~
11 R , a

t
:" ~ -

5R (slrt , coS ) dx

- .
,
]. II
(slrt , 5 x)-81j sln , . .
sln , cos ) = (sln , ), ll

R (-

cos = {.
2. R (sl

R (51 ,

5 ) -

R (slrt ,
sln =.t.
..

- 05 ) = -

5 , . .
05 ), II

:,

3. R (51 , ) - L 51 5 , . .
R (- sl , -05 ) = R (sl , ), II " " tg = 1.

1474.
.
u

6.

(sin x+sln 3 x) dx

2
'

v ,

cosx=t. sin2x=l-t~, co,,2x=2cos 2x-] = 2/ 2 -I, d/=-s1dx.

..

S(2-2t -1

(sln +Sl- ) dx

cos
1

12)(-dt)

S(II-2)dl=
- 212-1

5212~4

=22/2_1 dt="2

Sdt -23 52l-1


dt
=

=.!.. __3_Sd(f 2) / __
3_ ln lt Y2~11
2 2)12
212-1
2
2 2
t V 2+ 1 + .
,

(51 + sln 3 ) dx

]
_3_ 1 Y2cosx-l I
-2 - 2 ,r -2 ' )1
+.
r
2cosx+!

lt ~ R

5
147.

(i 2

, ) slrt .

".

( 3 x+cos 5 )

sl

l .

sin = t ;
05 2
1- sl/1 2 1--=--/2,

= d/. ,

(s

+ cos

5 )

Sln2+sl~

dx

-2

(1

+ cos

cos

=
'

dx

s! 2 X+SiH~

235'

+if2 - 1+6

(I-t')(2-t')

t! (1

+ t2)

(1- t')(2-t dt
l' (1 tl)

{!'

l)

1 -7-6 arctg

t+C.


(3 +~ )

dx

slnx----6arctg (slnx)+C.
sln

in2+ln~

Or,

~ R* (ln , cos 2 ) cos dx . ...

1476.

SSiI12+2Sln~S-S2

tg x=l'

er

tg

S!nX=.

Y1+tg9x
dt
Y!+I~; x=arctgt; dX=I+t Z '
1

r 5i2 + ln ~ -5' Jr +
J
2

=
,

2t

12

St

t2

dt

t
;
Yl+t 2

~::;:::::::::::;=:;:=

Y1+tg'x

+ 1+ t 1+t'
2

+ t2

+2t-1

.\ sin 2

+2 sin ~cos -052

2' 2

gX 1
1 It
+ - 21
n tgx+1+Y 2

+.

3, ,
05 2 :

dx

sZ+2sIS - 05 2

dx
OSi"X

tg 2 x+2tgx-1

d (tg

Jtg! + 2 tg -1

. ...

2. ~ 51'" cos" dx. ,


.
1.

n-

n-

, ln

m-

,- =

1477.

!:::.

Ssin' cos 5 dx.

slnx=t, cosxdx=dt,
Ss' 08 5 xdx= Ssin (1-ln! X)I = ~

[&

(1-1')" dt =

r t~dt - 2 S t&dt+ J{' t"-dt=..!..t&_~t7+..!..t9+=


5
7
9

,)

1 .

= SS!l1' - "1 Sln 7 .t+ g s 8 +.


236

t.

= t;

.1478.

~~
~

5ln 3

5 - 4../3 ~ =

(1- s! )

;'''/ 3 51 4.

.'! Ii 2. n- " .
1>

sln =2" 5in 2,.

(1)

5ln 2 ="2 (l-cos 2),

coszx=

(1

(2)

+08 2).

(3)

1479. ~ sin 2 xcos 2 xdx.

,.,

/::,.

(1)

, 6"

sln 2 05 2 = (5ln

)2 = ( -} ~In 2) s =

(2),

1
Sin1xcos 2 x=4"
,

ssin

1
='8

l si 2 2.

I-C054x
.2

8 (1-c054x).

xc05 2 Xdx=irS (l-cos4x)dx=

S-1 S cos4xdX=BX-2SIn4+.
I
1
,

1'480. ~ cos8 xdx.

,(3),

S05 6 dX=S (0511 ) dx =s (1+ ; ~ ) 3 dx ==


= ~J <, +s2 +3 cos22x+cos'~ 2) dx=

== ~

5dxf;. ~'~ ~dx+-*J C~S22xdX+~S


I

'

8
cos 2xdx=

~+I6SJp:2i~; S~ +2S, 4Xflf +

1
+

1 +6
3 stn
(l-sI0 2 2x) 2 =

_,L~
, 16 dx+~
16

2.1:+

Scos 4 dx+~8 Scos 2 -

- -1

1
l
3
si 2 2.-d(Sl2)=-+-sl2+
8
2
8
16
3
3.
1.
1.
X+ - SlJ14+-s,2- - SlJ1 3 2+=
16 64
16 .
48

+,
5

=16 + sln 2 +64 SIH 4--: 48 sl


1481. ~

Sil1 2 XCOs 4

2+.

xdx.

t:, J Sin2x(()stxdx=
(si nx cosx)2cos2xdx= S(I
T "S102x )21+COS2X
2
=

~.

si n 2

2 + ~

sin 2

2 2 dx =

1S
I - C()S
4
I 5
1
=8
2
dX+ g sln 2 2x' T d (stn2 x)=

I~

I~

I~-~S i 4+418Stn32+. .

dx-

cos

4 dx+ '~ si 2 2 d (S! 2) =

. ~ tg m dx ~ ctg m %dx, - tJI


'I. r!\ tg 2 = sec 2 -" I
( ctg 2 '""" cosec 2 x-I). ' OCJl

1482. ~tg1xdx.

/: :, St g7 = St g5 x (sec 2x-l) dx= 5tgd(fg)- 5tg xdx=


5

tg 8 x
=-6--

tg

t!t'x tg x
(sec 2 x-J) dX=-6---4-+

Stg

( 2 -I)

dx=

x
x
tg x
=-6---4-+-2-+Ilsl+.

tg 4

tg 6

1483. ~ ctg 6 xdx.

Sclg dx = 5clg (cosec x-l)dx=- Sctg xd (ctgx)- Sctgtxdx=


ctg
5
.
= - - 5 - - ctg (cosec x-I)
.

cfg~

fg

=--5-+-3-+

~=

ctg 5 ctg 3
(cosec2X-1)d=--5-+---tg-+.

4. . 8 ~ tg'" secn dx ctg"':X COSeC n dx, n - -

IIeJJ . TaJIe pacCMoTpelfM .


sec 2x=l+tg 2x ( cosec 2x=l+ctg 2x).

238

1484. R ) tg' ~ sec' dx.

. ~ fg 4 .r sec8 ": Stg4 sec' sec' dx =


= ~ t/lix (l+tg l %)' d (tg )= ~ tg C d (fg )+2 ~ tgf d (tg )+ ~ tg 8 d (tg ) =
121

=5tg~x+1tg7X+9tgx+C.

1485.

5s~~x'

6.

5s~~x= 5

Scosec1xdx-S ctg1xd(ctgx)=-ctgx- ~ ctg'.r+C.

5.

aw ... ~ ,'" +1 % d%

cosec 4 xd.x=

C05ec'X cosec1xdx=

Scosec

l " +1

5 +ctg1x)
(1

cosec1xdx=

Z d%. /i


:'
.

( 1 -1- ) Ssec
.......--.--+
" .r
2n

sec l " + 1 .r dx = - 1 . slnl .r

2n

ln -1

dx

'

--+ ( 1 -2n1-) 5cosec,,,-l xdx.

t
cos
cosec'''+lxdx=--.
2n slD ln

(1)
(2)

Scosec' dx.

1486.
6.

(2)

2n+ 1 =5,

. .

n=2,

--+-34 5cosec' dx''

cosec' dx = - - I cos.r
4 . sln'

2n+I=:=, . .

n=I,

li '

I
"21
sin' +"2

5' dx = -

Scosec

ScosecxdX=SI'I~xx=lnltgil+c,

53

xdx=-

~+.!.Inl
tg~l+c.
2
2

2sln 2 x

5cosec dx-- 4ln 4 -si2 +8


5

tg"2 t +.

6. a.n ~ 51 m% n dx, ~ cos m% cos n% dx I ~ 51n mx 51n n dx.


sl
05

rx 05 ~ ="2 [ln
.

rx cos ~ ="2

(cx+~) +sl (- ~)];

(1)

[05 (CX+~)+C05 (cx-~H,

(2)

sl rxsi ~=2 [05 (a-~)-C05 (a+~H

(3)

I n vli
.

239

1487. -~Si 1xcos,5xdx.


~

(1),

Sin 2 5 S[sl 7+ sl )]
=+ 5sl ~ Ssl d=-/4 7+ ~ S-t:
cos

(-

dX=-}

dx;=

7xdx-

1488.

5cos cos ~ cos ~ .

COS:"f

(2):

5(
.
5. cosxCOS2"COS"4dx=T
dX +T
I S
=2"1 5 "4
1

cosT dx =

052"+05"2

05 "2 "4 dx

S'2

I S.(05'"4+
.7
ScosxCO:;TC~5tdx="4
)

05

5) dX+T
1
'"4

5(
) dx=!:t
05'"4+05"4

I
7i1:
1 . ' 5

7454344

"""~sl -'-+--s -+-sl -+s-+ .

. ,:

1489.
149J.

dx

x+3COS
53 + cos2xdx
5sin x+4sin
5sl

1490.

'.

- S I '

1492' S S~
,s 2 +s

SldX

. ctg = t.

1493 . . cos3x-sin 2x-l'

1494. SSi dx.

1496. ~ siri 2 (/4) cos 2 (/4) .

1497.'

1498. ~ ,tg 4 (/2) dx. ,

1499. ~ cfg x'dx.

1500. ~ sec 8 dx.

'1501. rc~s2x
.
4

1502. ~

se

sin 2xdx

~ R (,

~ cos t dx.

S,".~

'

dx

~m

J sm
1503. S~tg2xc~secx'dx.

dx.

1505. ~ cos (x/Z) cos (x/~)~ . .

1504. ~sin3xsinxdx.
7.

1495.

. i(Ji. ;mi ~ ~ R (, V w-.: x2)dx,

V 2 + 2 ) dx,

V 2 _ a ),dx Q

/!

~ R (,
sin t

x=actgt)

n : ' tr.iI x'~'asint (I = cos t),

240

x=a.tgt

x=asect

x=acosect).

1506.

1 = S7 dx.

,. ~lI

x=asint, d=stdt .l l1 EI:.].

V 2- 2
' 2t
s t dt =

S sin t
5-\!, -tt dt=a 51-,sint t dt=a 5 dt t 5'
1=

SI

SI

t dt=

In I cosec .t-clg t I + t+C.

5- .~- ,

. "\

.1 ~J1011
- .&-t =
.
v 5101
+, ii ji

.:

= In I cosec t -ctg t I

-,--
sl

SI

II .

t + t +,
1 = In - '-1 t --.-!
sl

sl

V 2 _ 2/. ,
l=a1n la--~I+-2_2+ . ..

;: sin t = /, t =

J507.

1 =

,. lIII

S -
,

dx

2 + 2

x=atgt, dx=a~ec2tdt. If

I-S Ig
5
5

asec 2 tdt
I sec 2 tdt
- t - 2 + 2 Ig2 t a.J tg t t
1 51
t dt '1
d/
I
= g t = - --t=-llst-tgtl+,
s

r fgt=x/a ,, , clgt=a/x,
;

cosect=-1+!g2t=V2+.~2/.

J= ~ 1"/ -Y~-al+c ...

1508. 1 =
.

'11

S t,

x 2 -all

,. =

J.=J

dx = sec

t tg t dt.

JI)"I.1

( t tg t dt=zJs t dt.
sec 2 t-a 2
n (1) . 5 . n = 1:

'3

sec

seca

-Ya

t dt - 1 510 t

+ I 5t dt =2cos2
sin i + 1 5
dt
t 2 cos t==

-2 cos2 t 2
sln /

=2052/+210 I t+tg t '+;


r sec t =/,05 / =/, sln

"'

t = -' 2 _ 2/, tg t = - 2/.

sin /
1 =
-2
2/+-2 Jn/

~;,

sect+tgtl+C=

=; VXIl-2+~2Ij+~1+."
24)

1509.

dx
(1- l)8/1

dx
1510. < 2
.2)3i 2 ' 1511.
.
I

S dxx -1 .

5.
:

1512. ~ 51 5in 3 dx.

1513. ~(2x2-2x+l)e-Xlldx.

1514.

1515.

1516.
1518.

5~dx.

S(2x -l) cos2xdx.


S elX -2- dx.
l

2e IX

1520. ~

- -

V2 x - l dx.

1522. ~ V 6

X t -2
l+ 1arctg

xdx.

~xln!xdx.

1517.

1519. ~ arctg Vxdx.


1521.

4/ dx

1+,'

+ 4-2l dx.

1523. ~ ! 5in dx~

dx

V2+5tg 2 x

1525.

r 5in2xlncosxdx.

1529.

~ ln(x'+x)dx.

1531.

~ c051nxdx.

1524.

Scos

1528.

SV;:x dx

1530.

Sx'~x.

1532,

1+ V-:;
Jr(ix-}/
) V X~~

J
I
1526. r(X+2)C05(X +4x+l)dx. 1527.S~Sdx
J
SI
l

1533. J Fsin ..xdx.

1534. Jr ~X COS .
.dx.

1535

1536.

15375 (1 +tt;2)~

5Sjnl:~OSIX'

'

dx
2x
cossx+b!sin

J.


() JI [, ). [, ]
n =
!
2
N _ i
n = ,
[Xk-i, Xk] ~k
, - : ilxk=Xk-k_l' CYAUlOiI , -

<

<

< ... <

<

f ()

[, ]

6 > ,

Sk'

ilxk

<

1,

1(Sk) ilxk

(]=

k=l

>
I (]-I I < 8

{j

nbI.AI () [, ] (
) , :l .
( ilxk ) :

1=

~ f () dx =

f ()

11

(] =

maxdxk..... O

Iim

~ f C'k) ilxk -

maxdxk-+k=l

[, ),

. [, )

Sk


( n .
I ).
' n.tu uu.

f () > [, ], ~ f () dx

uo uu-;
=! (), =, =, =,(. 42).

10. ~ f () dx=- ~ f () dx,

!J

20.

~ '() dx=O.

~ f () dx = ~ f () dx + ~ f () d.t.

40.

S(fi () 1 ()] dx= ~ fi () dx ~ 12 () dx.

, 50,

42

~ C./{x}dx-C. S/(x}dx,

- Jsr.

!43

60. " m: ";;;; ' .() ..;; [, ],

(b-<l) < ~ f () dx < (-).


1. m'-6:

{f

() dx= F () ' =F (b)-F (),

F () - 06 f (), . . F' () = f ().


2. :

dv = uv I -

{ v du,

= (), V=V ()- ~ ' , [, ).


3. ~ ne:
.
'.

(3

~ f () dx= ~ f [ (/)] ' (/)

dt,

= (t)-, lI ' (/)


a..;;t...;;p, =(), =(); f[q>(t)]-, [, ~].
4. ()- , . . . H-X)=~ (), ' "

~ [() d:( = . '.'


-

f (- ) = f (),

f()- . . ,

1'0

~ f () dx=2 ~ I() dx.


-

1'538.

~ l dXKa~ '

cy~.,.

{()'=1 =; =I;
&x,.=(b-a)jn=ljn;

l.

=. l=-. ,=-,

[; 1] n ~,

,.=,.. :

...

_~1 ,
, _n . '
xn_l~'~, xn~."...:;::I. ,

f' ~(~ )'; I (~,)~ '~ ... ,I (<.) ~,(:i';} ,) ':'": ' .~.
~~~.

.
I

.~.

<:.:\.

l dx= 11 11+21+31+ ... +n l

S.

'

n.....

n ,

1,539.

1'1/4 '

5co~~x

-.

11/6

n/4

S,dx
'; ,/4 ', n
n,
-,-= t gx
=tg-tg4
6
05

1'I/

-:-1--

. ~

n/6
18

1540.

'd

.-=.

10 '

1::.

I cos 1'<; 1,

I+x'

>

10 . cosx.

./
18

cos

5Yl+x'

," < 10-1,


< 810-1

I< 10-2.

18

. .

. s cos
10

10

1541.

I+x

dx

YI+x

< 0,1.

n/2

55+ :~OS2 '

1::.

...;

cos <; 1,

1542. ~ -" dx.

1::.

. 11 ~~,

OKYa,' du=dx, ' =-'--".

,. '

/1 + 51 -" dx.~-e-&-e-X l' =-2-

~ - dJt=-u-

1543. ~

J:

dp,=e.-"dJt,
2 ,', .

+ I~.

dJt.

1::. OJJ Jnx=t; dx=dt; : x=J. .t=O; =,' ' t=l.

-,

,
1544. ~. V"-x1dx.

6.

x=,sJnt;,

=,

dx=,costdt;

, t = /2.

11/2

, cos t dt=,Z

= ~,t

x='j

11/2

S ,2_XZdx= S ,2_,2 sin2 t

[=0;

S cosz t dt =

'1t/2

S (1 + cos 2t) d/ = ~ ,2 [ t + ; sin 2/ ] ;/2 =

=~ [( ~ + ;

sJn

) - (0+ ;

sJn

) ]= ~2.

n/3'

1545.

xsinx

1=

dx.
cos
S -~

-11/3

11/ 3

6.

- ,

1=2

51

S COS2Xdx.

sln dx

, .u=,

cos

5)

1 = 2 ( 3 -In tg 12
1

1546. 1 =

dV=--2-' i du=dx, =--.

x2arcsin

S 1+x

cosx

dx.

-1

6.

-, .1J,

1=0.

1547. 1 Sxdx .

1548.

S,r dx

1549. S (1-x)2

n/2

1550. S '' dx.

11:

155 1.

S
n/2

sln
dx

dx.

,
.

1552.

S V
3

2 -1

('
1553.
~ 1+"

1554.

S~+I dx.

1
e.
1.%
1555.

111

S
S cos ln d.x.

1
/2

1556.

n/

1557.
2

S /

1558.

COSX

1
21

S s!n dx.

1 1559.

S cos 5 cos .

11./3

1560.

Scos

11./4
3

xsin2xdx. 1561.

1562.

SX2~X'

S~t~~::dx.

11./2

S ' cos -.

1563.

1564.

SX:2S~ ~ dx.

1565.

,1

-3

.1

smsn

dx = { :/: n.
n

2.

,
1'1

.(m

1566.

S arctg .

=n

n- ).

1. IIII. I.4lU uQAtu : 1)


; 2) x .
l

f ()

QO

+CII

~ f () dx= ~ f () dx.
/1

11-++00/1

;
UAlC; ,-.
zIC.
,

~ ,(}= /l1!..~co ~ ,(} ~ f(}dx=/lI!.._ ~ f(x)dx.

-CII

/1

-++/l'

247

f () IJ
< < ";;', !ilQ lQ:

[, ]

. a~x

11 ~

f(x)dx=

-+

f(x)dx+

li ) f(~)dx.

11..... 0

C+II

~ f () dx ( f () =

< < ) -

00,

uCR, , IlJC'
.", .
+>

1561. ~ cos dx (

).
..

11 ~

-++>

11

cosxdx=

m(sl-si)=

s!nxl =

..... +

-++>

.
llm slnb,

-++",

. . . , () . .
-1

1568.

dx

2'

.. :
-1

dx

li m

= 11

(I-+-:- (1)

0-+_ 00

[- -1]-1 =

li

"

-+_'"

(1)
1+- =1,

. . liil . .

1569.

+00

S 1~X2

->

+~

.. .-,

+~

dx
dx
'1+xJ.,':'7 2 ;) (+,.

-00

S1+~\'''7''

',

'

5l+d~Jiz=

11

,.h-++,,? , .'

''''''.

lim 81'ctgxl:=

~+ao .

limarctg.b=~.

b-+-too,

+>

S.l~~I'=' . . ' ~ . .

',

-QO

1570.

~.

t\
roMY

Jl

f () =

l/

illi,

SdX= limSdX= ~mln xll~lim(lnl-1na)=+oo.

-+

0-+0

. . D . .
94~

0-+0

+ .. .

1571. ~ xe-x1dx.

6.

+>

[_1.e-X2]b=
2

lim Sxe-1d= lim


-+' + >
-- + >

X!!-x2dx=

. . .

lim

->- + >

(..!.._..!..e-b2)=~.
2

'

+00

1572 .

arctgxd

1 + 2

1573

54-2

1575. \
.~

, dx.

2.

Jf

dx

x(l-x)

1576.

+00

S (x~+ I~~X2+4)

1578.

x3dx

1517.

dx

-~.

1574.

S 4+2

->

8 .

HHer

1. () () ;;;.: meppyeM
[, ],. ;;;.: , ;;; ().;;;; . () ;;;': , .

+(1)

"

+GIJ

l'

~ () dx 8 ~ f () dx,

+'"

+00

~ f () dx.;;;;. ~ () dx.

..

2. () - +

00

> 8

f () ;;;.:

+00

Ijx,

W ~ f () dx > I

;;;; 1.
() f;(x) ~ on n. .,;;;;

<


8f tJ 66' n1 lj(b-x) - + -,

fnfl... ~ f.~)dJf~ln:CnU <

..

1579.

;;;': 1
+00

dX

S---

'

6.

+00

dx=

11 Sx-d= lim

-+'+

->-+,",

___
I
I1
-
--- -+1 _"1.... .

[ __I_ X - +l]=
-+!
..
1

_p+lQ

-+1

249

> 1:

11 - = . ,

.... + 00

S dx

. .;;;.l; 11 -+l=, . .
.... + 00

,,;;;,l

>1

+ ..

....

+'"

1580. ~ sin (') dx (

).

6. = ;;

+..

+ '"

sl
=
~- 1:

+'"

Jsl (') = ~ J~~ 1:.

11/2

sl
' +
~-
'f

TBeHHNn...

+ 00

S sl

1:.

T
~- d

11/2'

11 m sl
'f
~- =0'

,,'t

't-+O

'

, = l/""dv=sl 1: d't:

+00

Sl'fd'f=_ COs-:
;

11/2

/_l. S

+'"

+'"

'
11/2

s1:d-:=_..!..
1:8

11/2

.n .n , 1

COS ,(

'(3/2'
/2

'(

(2),

S
11{2

-:

,/ ;J.

.n,

'(

a.n .

1581.

sl '(
~- d'(

S '

S s1:d-:
+00

/ ..;; - 312-:3
Q

+00

+00

...
+ ..

'

S 1 +
1

6.

f () = 1/(1+%10)

, () = l/x10, .n

S ~ .n .

c'n:I'

1
, R .n .

1582.

S( d:)p ( < ).

6.

dx- =
--

(b-)

"

11
...

dx
1
---=--11
(-)- /- =
(-)
- I ....

'

=_1_ 11 e-P+1+-I250

-l ..

-+l

(-)-.

<

If
.
, ' = 1,

1,

lims-=; >

-=; , ,

1,

e~~

e~O

dx

S -b-=-lim

lim

.....

8 .... 0

' (-)

/-

=00.

.~; < 1

S( ~)P

, . ';:?: l-

1583.

/:\ '
:

cos 2
:1/

()

l+

dx
SV. l-x .
COS2X

cos 2

3/

-+

1.

VI+X (l_)l/'

I-x

. . -.. l 1/(I-x)
= 1/3
1.
(26). ..
'

<

1584.

51 ' (:I~ -1
v-:;) dx.

6.

f ()
f () --+ 00 -+ .

, ;

In(I+V;) _1/3, e5Inx_ ~ _sJnx -..,


lim
~O
. .

f ()

' (1 + V-;)

llm
.....

51 _l

1 3
X /

= _1_=
X~ xa/~

(26)

.'1,

= 2/3

00;

6
+<1>
+'"
+<1>
!

1585.

5' ~lx+x)

1590.

dx.

+5'" ( l-cos ; ).

1589.

1
1

5:: dx. 1587. 5 v

dx. 1586.

1588.

1/1&.

+[ 1t x2 dx.
1

1591.

/ dx

' _

tg

~~x'

3.

J10 , = () [f () ';i?: ],
= = [. ) ; -

= ~ t(x)dx.

'

, y=/1(X) =I,() [11 (x)o;;;;;.f,(x)I


. = =,

S "5 ~

[1. (x)-I1 ()] dx.

= (t), = (t),
, li , =,
= [, ) ,

'.

s= ~ (t) ' (t) dt,

ti

"

' 2 a=x(t 1 ), b=x(t,) [y(t)~O 11<;t<:;t I 1

, , .~
= () 6=.

6= ~

< ~),

1 /1

S=2 Sp'dO.

1592.

J , =4-

~ .

'

. % (; ) ~ (4; ). ,
4

S= S(4%-l) dx= [ 2%2 - '

J;

~ =~ (. .).

1593. , = (-l)'
x'-y'f2=1.

6.

- , ' Jl

(-l)

2
i
:
(x-l)(-3)('+I)=, %1=1, Xt=3 9j=O, 9,=4. .,
(1; ) (3; 4) (.4). lilO,

s= 5[2 (x'-l)-(x-l)l]dx=
I

=~2 [xYx'-I+lI+l-l- ~ [(-l)'=

, 2 [~r-

~r-)] -'3
8
1 2 ln (
.'3+-2+8)

--2- 3, 8+ln 3+,., 8

~4,58(KB.e.).

1594. ,
2 (t - sin t), =2 (l-cos t) (. . 5) .

252

8.

(/x=2(I-cost)dt. . ! [ 1 = t~=2. c.~e08a

tt.:lbHO,
t

2~

S=~ 22(1-:st)2dt=4) (1-2cost+cos 2 t)dl=

]2n

=4 [ 1-2slt+2"l+sl2t =l2n(. .)."

!"!

43

1595 .. , \I(
p2=2cos20 (C~1. ll. 2).
6. . .~;.( ' :1./4.
.

is }'

S=4 .~

: ' "

S2

COS

28 d8 = 2 sl 28[:/4

= 2 (. .) . . .

I1G'1

lJJ\

1596. =_ 2 , +-!-2=0.
1597. = 16/,t2, = 17:- 2 (I ).

1598. 2

= 4

= 2x~.
= 41 (1

1599. = 20, 2 -;- 2

).

1600.y .= =sinx,y=cosx, =.
1601. =0 , 25 2 , = -,5~.
1602. xy=4V2, x~-6x+y~=O, =, =4.
1603. x=12cost+5sint, y=5cost-12sint.
1604. x=acos 3 t, y.=asin 3 t.
1605. =4/s(8-/6), 8=/6, 8=n/.
1606. p=acos8, p=2acose.
1607: = sin 2 (8/2) ( =/2).
1608. = sin 8 ( ).
1609.
.= 2 cps8,
= 1 ( =1).
, '
.
253.

4.
JI = f () [. ) - (. . ' = " ()

),

L= ~

v + ,
1

dx.


]
t

ti

=(t) [(t) (t)-

x=x(t).

'2.

t.

= ~ VX2+U1dt.
t,

;;;; ..;;~.

11
L= ~

= ().

v2+ ,2 de.

1610. ~i= = = 1 (y~o).


l:::i. . ' =

_
y
L= S 1+ 4 d=g': (1+"4 )

(3/2) 1 / ,

8
/0=27

3/1 1

13
("4)

/I

8
-27=

8 (13
=27
"8 ,r 13-1 ) . .

1611.
t.= 'Jt/2.

x=COS&t,

l:::i. t:

CeOBaeJlHO.
/2

L=

(-5cos' / s /)2

x=-5cos' t sJn "

ti=O

=5 sln' t cos t.

/2

+ (5 s' / cos /)2 dt = 5 ~ t cos / sln8 t+cos

t dt =

=~

/2

/2

5sln2t V ~ + ~ cos 2tdt=- ~ 5Yl+3cos 2td(cos2t)=


2

= -

1612.

[
1 ( _
]/2
-2-s2tl+3s22/+"21 .s2t+l+3s 2 2/) ==

, -= :

254

y=sin 5 t

[2 10 (~{3) ]. .

= sirt3 (/)

'
1

l =

'Jt/2.

)l ' =sln l

(8/3) eos

/2

L =

(8/~. ,

'

r 1/. sln ~ +( sln


8

n/2

~ eos ~ )* d6= S'Sln

16=

n/2

_1.
-2

28 ) d6-1.[6-~Sln ~1n/2 =1. (2-3 ).


S (l_eos
'
3
-2
2
3
8

1613. y=lnsinx =/3 =!2.


1614. = (2/5) :,(-(2/3) V r.

1615.
1616.
1617.
1618.
1619.
1620.
1621.

= ' /2 = = 1.
y=l-Incosx =

=/6.

= = x=~.

'

x=t3/3-t~ = +2 =
x=etcost, =tsit t=o

t=3.
t=lnn.
x=8sint+6cost, y=6sint---,8cost t=O
x=9(t-sint), y=9(I-cost) (

.IIO).

t=1t/2.

1622. =6 1 6=0 6=1t.


1623. p=asin6.
1624. = cosl (6/3) 6 = Q 6 = /2.
1625. = l-cos6.
5.

1. l n. .."'.
: , :: ,
: , . . S=S () (<;<; ),
.'1, .ll : = %=,
n

= ~ S(x)dx.
iI

2. n I n n:: :,
: =' () =, =, =, 0%/
il : n

. ",= ~ y1dx.

.'! . Yi = {1 () I = '. () [":;::; fi () <: ,. ()1

~I~I =, = , : , :

11

y~=n ~ (y:-y~) dx. '

255

1626. ,
= (_])3 .~ = 2 (. 44).

, I;l 2
22

V = :

S2 d=: S(X-I)3 dx={:r: (x __ I)J 1: ={ (. .),


1

1627. , I< J
ll h 1J .

J)

44


(. 45).

PIJC.

45

I ,=, 1 I=h, I 1=1 DEI, 1 I =.

, -
. DE

1.

I<-; : I DE I/a=(h-x)/h, . . 1DE '= (h-x)/h=1


I DE 1 , IJ60J1 ,

=-

u2

, l
, :

64

1628. = 2 + 16 ' x~= 8.


1629. ! = , 2 = .
1630. = VxeX, = 1, =.
1631. = 2 /2, = 8/8.
256

1632.

;::.

= 1, = 3,
~


,
2 ~
27 (. .).
, 1633. JJ
, . 46
( ).
1634.
. 46
.
' !
. ,
!: , . h .

6.

() ( ~ ~ ) BOKpyr ,

. -r ~l

Sx=21t ~

V, +y,2dx.

x=x(t),y=y(t) (/1<:

<; 1...;;;; /2)'


1.

~ VX 2 +Y2 dl.

Sx=21t

1.

1635. , BOI<pyr
sin 2 = = /2.

/:).

'

= 2 05 2;

/2

Sx= 2 ~ 51 2 1+4 05 2 2 dx.

:
,

'=-2.

2 cos 2= " -4 sln

'
,
-2

= 2

5 +
I

/2 ( -

1:

2 dx=dt,

=.,

.sln 2xdx= (-1/4) dt.

1=2;

=2,

..

) dl

=; s' +

2 '

/2 dt

-2

=;[fYJ+/2+~ ](t+]+/2)J~2=

=]- (2 ys+ ~ I~;~:)=; [2 S+l (VS+2)] (. .). ~

J 636. = 2 ch (/2) = = 2.
J637. = 3 = = 1/2.
257

1638. l/l + '/ = 1.

1639. = t -sin t, =

l-cos t

(,

..vr ' ).

7.

I(

I(

Ai (Xi: );

(Xt: 2), "', n ( n : n) l, " "', n . "'.fleI

9 en

'.

k=n

= ~'mfrYfr'
k=1

n ( ) ,1f

:,
kall

M II = ~ mfrXft
k= 1

MO.fleHma.uu / / n

. ,

k .. 1I

k=1I

/= ~m1rY::

/11= ~,mkX:.

k= 1

k=1

n .
ycJIoBH

, en n

& , n (n JI n), .

. , .
( ; ; ) CJI n

M Jt = ~ ydL; M II =

'

11=1 ()

~ xdL: /= ~ y1dL;

/11=

~ x1dL.
IJ

dL = V 1+'1 dx-n .

n ,
g=/(x), = =. n
.n'
'
<

MJt=

SydS= ~ Sg'dx,

/Jt= ;

MII =

~ gldx, /II=~'

SxdS= Sxgdx.

JI

xitlS= ~ xlgdx.

.n8 dS=ydx-n n n .

1640.

IJ = .

,1- ' (- , ~ ~,)

.
11

[). li MJt Jl,'I n = ~ gdL,

258

dL=Vl+u,ldX, '=-/ 2 - l

'

52 -Z Yl+rIX%xsdi=r

.\'=

Sdx'= 2t"
-,

J.\'=

5y1dL= S(Z-l)

l+ 2 r xs 'dx_

-"

= ~ Yr -x dx=2r ~ Yr 2 _x2 dx.


2

-"

~BeeM x=rslnt,
1 j2. ,

dx=rcostdt;

=,

=.

1=0;

/2

I.\' =;2 ~y 2 _ 2 sln2t cos t dt =

!2

S(1 + cos

2t) dt = 8 [t

:r; .

+ ; sln 2t] :/2 =

1641.
== sint Oy~

== t
/1

6 !1 11/ = ~ ' dS,

dS = 2 dx.

xa(-slnt)dt=-2SIn tdt,

111=2

dS = 2 sln t

'

~ a1cos 2 t(-2absIn 2 t)dt=-4a8b ~ sln 2 ti;osltdt=


~2

/2
/2

=2"

(I-S4t)dt=-.


x=acos8 t, y=asin 3 t, 1 (. 47).

1642.

6.

= 11' '
. .1 I
;;; t ..;; 11/2.

1 = 1/1.

, dL

.\'= 5ydL =
Ix =

= y""'x-t-+-Y-t dt = sin t t dt

/2

/2

ln t3a sin t cos t dt = 3;2 sln ll i

Sy1dL= 5a sIn /3asln tCOB tdt=: a sln t


S

/2

=:

nr2

,=

al ,

aI.

, M.\'=M lI =(3/5)al ; 1~=11I=(3/8}a8.

259

47

48

, 1643. Mo~eHT 1,
, h (. 48).

6.

~1

IABI=a,

IOCI=f~.

60.%( .

.'1

!/=II-Nx 2 .1 .l :;. N , .~ .
(ai 2; ) fJO: 0=h-Na 2/4; N =411/ ;,
.'", y=h-,.4/I,x 2i a2 li' :
2

/2

1
/=

S 3

/ 2

2
d =

-(1 / 2

S (11- 4/~2' )
2

16 II .
d=105

1644.
= ; ( / + - : ) , 0:;( :;( , .
:(645. li k If
h .
1646. ." ,
. = -4 - 2 = , .
1647. If
l .
,
1648. ' d, . .

,
' l< .

. ~ .
.1

;;;;; ...; )

-=
1

SxdL,

II =

f () ( ~

- =
1

SydL,

dL= V 1+, dx, L-.1li .


I<l1I"1 .7IQ .~l\l
1,

l'

x=i-

SXds=i- Sxydx,

.,\

dS=ydx,

= 2~

SydS= is Sy dx,
2

S-(] .

~!

260

1;, ti/i n8m, , u nI:"

, n.A l ,
UO , , ,)f! u Ii lim
.

2. , n !J
'", neCt! no , n u :;
IIAO bl , :;1l Il .

1649.

IJ '

-a~x~a.

y=ach(x/a),
6. "

Jl , . . =. . ' =sh (/); dL

= 1+ sh

(/) dx = ch (/) dx;

L= S Vl +,1 dx=2 S
-

=I=2ashl.

dx=2a sh

Y=2a~

2
S

~ dX=Sh\ Sch' :

dX=2;h 1 S (I+Ch :)dX=

=2s~ 1 [x+i Sh ~J:=2S~ 1'(1+~ sh 2) =a(~~hs~2) ~ 1,18 . ..


1650. ,
= cos t, = sin t, 1 ,
' .

t\ 1
. ;

:i=~

11/2

S xydx=

Sacost.bslnt(-aslnt)dt=
11/2

11/2

. 11/2

. 2' \

= ~ sin' t cos

a1b 1

2 '

t dt= sln t .= , s

-= (4 2)j(3) =. (4)/(3).

S=

1
Y=2S

Sy

dx=2SI

2'

=-

S b sln
2

t(-aslnt)dt=

1112

2 [ st-I st . . =3'--'
4.

(l-sSt)d(st)=11

11/2

/2

11 .

, x=4aj(3n), =4/(3) . ..

1651.

(-)2
(a~" b~,).

6.

q ,

+ (-)2 ~"

(),

" , !! :!

'261

, Sx=21(r.2nb=4n 2br, ,
, V = n 2 2tb
2n 2 br'lo.
,
. Sy=2nr.2na=,4n2ar,
=nr2 .2na=2n:2ar l ....

vy

1652.

+ 2 ~,2.

6. ;
V = (lf2). (41('3/3) = 2nr /3. ,
V = (n,2/4). (2). = 2VI(n 2 r 2) = 2 2n 9 /(3n 2 ,2) =4rl(3n).
. . 1
yr.'Ia, ==4'/(31() . ...
,

. 1653. =
= 2 _2 ,

1654. ,
=, =n/2, =, y=cosx.
1655. cel',

4-Z,

= .


=st, =sit ( 1 ).

1656.

1657. ,
=2-2, =.
1658. ,
=, =nj2, =, y=sinx.
.
1659. ,. ,

, ,
.

1660.

, ,

, II.

1661. 10 , ,
6 8 ,
.

9.

bl
[ ,

Xl],

= f (),

= ~ f () dx.
.

: J, S,
11, g, . .

P=pghS.

1662 .
262

t:..

r,

1 ?

, , ,

=kx. k .'!: = 0,01 ,


= 1 ; , k= 1/0,01 = 100 = 100 .
0,04

= ~ 100xdx=50x2

10'04

=0,08 .

1663.
5 .
,
1 (. 49)? 2500 / 3 ,
1000

6, h=6! , =2/12 .

.'lb1

= (1/12). 2.259,8- (1/12). 21000.9,8= 1225 2" (),


= 1225 2 (5-h) = 1225 2 (5- "/) ~ 7227,5 ().


Ai a,:r:i .
5+ ; :IO ,

, 3 g8 /8,

,,,)=2500.9,8 2- (~Y2-~Y33 ). 10009 8.


12

I!f

12

'

Ai = S(24 12500 2- 9800


2+ 9800 33 ) dy=
12
8

V"6/
t=

(1225

2+3675 ) dy=

=[ 1225 '2+ 36:5 !!, J:"6/3 ~ 2082,5 ().

v
1

~--------~
1--------~-=

-----Js:-I

:
.

Or

"

49

A=A o+Ai=7227,5

50

+2082,5 .=9310 =9,l .

16'6 4. , 113
, II ~1 ,, I<OToporo ,

(I!.

6.

50).
.l .l0 .,

.l1I , lI m=2 2 _ 2

II

I!

'l{ dx,

dV=am dx=2a 2 _ 2 dx.


.~~tl!r , ~ta

BOJ.b!

rD (/A=2pgax 1/' r~-x2dx, - . .1,


r

2pga

S ~ -x~ dx=- pga r ~ (2_x2)1 .'~ J~ =


.

~ g :

1665. 1 6 c~;
coelfHeH r<, 1
, Ol"I .
.

6.

.l0

n.l ~

.l~-.l0,

.~,'..1

~la.lbtX

0,03

. I3.1

II

.10

, ( ) dS=2Y9- 2 d, l . '

.~II,

II' ~t .,~t:

( =

dP=2ri< (1,03-y) 9_ 2 dy= 1960Q (1,03-) 9- 2 dy


1000 Ktj M3). .l.1,
3

= 19600 ~ (1,03-y) Y9-y 2 dy==


-3

= 19

6 [ 1,03 ( ~ y~ 2+;

arosln

t) + ~. (9_112)3/2] ~3 =

=9.9,27 ~ ,09 .

1666. .'I
, i<OToporo 6
(. 51). = 1000 KrjM 3
.

6.

.~ .,

dP=2pgx

l! :

Y9-x 2 dx= 19600 Y9- 2 dX.

-19600
S 9- dx=- - 3 - (9_ )3/2
3

= 19600

=176400

=176.4 .

1667. ,
~" l{ h = 3,5 II = 1,5 ,
l!, = 900 KrjM 3

6.

.1

Ta~:

If.1

.,tl

dP = pg . 2: dx.

.~

.l

1,

.= 2nrpg ~ dx~npgr/!2 =9,8. 1,53,52.900 = 161 700 = 161,7 .

264

1668. i: 1i

(> ), '

'51

52

6.

(.

52)?

dS =
, dP = (axpg/sin .) dx (

= (a/sin .) dx.

).

.0

P=apg

!I

11

= ( h+; bslna.

'----+--"--... 8
.' 53

1669. '
,

.,

. 6. ' oJi ' ~~ :

(-)

{l

h, : (. 53) .
(x-c)l(2h) (1

dS = (+ 21) d,;.F , / =

3Q ro!;).}l,
;

."

"

=[a;bch+~ (a+2b>]pg ...


1670. , 3

,:

h.
1671.

.,

.
' , ~~

d?

..

1672. 3
. ,

~ .
2500 / 3
~ () =

14700+(9800/27) ",3,

3 ,

~ .

1673. 0,4
0,4 , ~

. ,
,
2 = 890 / 3

()

, . -. () =~ ",.,4-( ~

Pl = 7220 /:-,t,

",0,43-

~ ",) P2g,

1674. 0,24 0,8 ~I


r 2 .

, ?

'JI
II '-
, , h.

1675.

Xli'.

,
h
4 r = 2 ( 900 / 3 ),

1676.

1677.
d, .

, :

1678. 1 ,
l) = 20
, 152 " -
, ; l)-B /.
1679. v = 100 8t ( v

/).

10]?
1680. "

, (1; ),

10

1681. v=2(6-t) ( v
/).
?

10.
1.

I( I( I(I
. nEulU ~

, :

sh =
266

eX--

=
,

+2-

th = sh = -+

eX+e-

eX--

cth ==-=

nEpg .

r , . . (-) = (),
, :

sh (-x)=- shx, th (-x)=-tg-x, cth (-x)=-cthx.

IJ

!I=sh~

shO=O, chO=I, chs x-sh 3 x=l,


th xcthx=.J.

y==shx, =

= (

54-56.

9=thJ:

54

55

56

.
.1 , .
-

(sh )' = ch ,

( )' ':= sh ,

(th )' = 1/ch2 , (cth )' = -1/sh 2 .

~ shxdx=chx+C,

~ chxdx=shx+C,

S hd:

Ssh~

2.
,

=thx+C,.

=-th+.

. sh ,
bli!

th , cth

arsh =] (+ V 2 + 1) (- 00 < < )- -,


= l(+ V x 2 _1) (x~ 1)-uu -,
1

l+

arth '=2"1 l-x (1 1<

1)-uuu -,

1 +l
.
arcth =2"1 -l (1 I > I)-nu -.

(arshx)' =

1+.x 2
1

(arth )' = -1--2- ;


-

,()'

V I

2 _1

I
(arcth )' = - -2-1-'
-


,), .'l ( ):

arsh =- i sin xi; arch =i arccos ,


arth = - i tg xi; th = i arcctg xi.

1.682. ,:

sh ( + ) = sh + sh .

/:;.

~~+~=

~+a_e-(x+a)

eX.&_e-.-

2'

eX=chx+shx, e-x=chx-shx, ea=cha+sha, e-a=cha-sha,


~ (+)
( x+sh ) ( a+sh a)-( x-sh ) (ch a-sh )

2
,

~ (+) =sh + sh . ..

1683.

/:;.

(+ )

sh

(+)

=sh +

sh ,

ch (+) = a+sh sh . ..

1684. sh 2 ch 2 sh.x .
/:;.

2=
. .

(x+x)=sh + xsh ,

sh2x=2shxchx;

2= (+)=

x+sh ,

2= + ."

1685. 2 sh 2 2.
/:;.

Ch2X+sh2x=r:ch2x,
{ ,ch 2 x-sh 2
1

x=

2
,1

sh S ,

2 = ( 2+ 1)/2; sh2 x= ~b 2-l)/2 . ..

- '

' . '

1686. . ~ ch xi sh xi

sinx

cosx.

shx&

l-, /

'2.

=&.

~/-e-X/

2;

=isl, &=

eX/+e- /

=.

',' s~ ; = i sl , ; = . ...

1687. ~ sin i, cos ; -

, ap~eHTa :
~ !iI:

xi

sh

.
;

= l sl

(.

1686)

,. ,- shi 2 =iSli, 'chxi2=cosxi, . . Sli=sh(-);;;::

=lshx,

cosxi=ch (-)=." , Sli=is!if' cosxi~chx."

1688. , /
= t > ?'
,

x=achf,

/:;. ~
2 _2= 2

2fi8

( 2

t, : 2 2:

t-h 2 t), . .

r_y2=a 2

2 - 2 = 2
=

x=acht >

~ (\

(.

57)."


y=ash
MN

.
(. 58). ,

1689.

x=ach

t,

t.

/NMI:a= sI1t, IONI:a=cht, IAKI:a=tht.


6 . 1N 1 :a=y:a=sh t, 1 ON ':=: =ch t,
1 Al( l : =1 NM 1:1 ON 1=(1 NM l:a)/(1 ON ':) =sh tlch t =th t . ..

1690.

ch t,
sh t. ,
, l<
(. 59).

6 S=SONM-SANM=-}XY- ydx. x=ach " g=ash t,

d=S\1tdt,J(

S=-}2sht,ht-2Ssh2tdt= ~ a2sht,cht-~

'

5(Ch2t-l)dt=

=4 sh 2t- T a sh 2t+ 2 t =2,'


,

t = 2Sla2

KBa~paT . . .

1691. :
1) = ln (ch + Vch 2 + 1); 2) = 5 sh (xJl5) + 3 sh5 (!15);
2

3) = 2 arctg (th (xj2)); 4) = th - th

5) y=arcctg(ljshx);

+ 5'1 th

6) y=lnth(x 2 j4).

9
1/:

!I

57

58

59
269

1692.

I;> .=/4?

1693.

Ssh' ; 3) S
5) 5 : r:/~) dx; _ 6) 5sh (/3) S (/) .

: 1) SXSChXdx; 2),

1694.

4)

5sh sin ;
1695.

1696.

In 2

chxdx

Y4-''

thx
;
cbx-l

In(I+V2)

1)

ch (/2) -1.

Sth' ;

2)

In 3

sh (-)

S xchxdx.

(-)

1697. th(x+a) th (-) thx tha. th2x.


1698.
sh (/2) , ch (/2) th (/2).
,
1699. , ,
shx shy, , thx thy.
1700. shx ' th(x/2).
1701.

, shxshy, chxchy .
1702. , = sh
=15, =.
1703. JI. = (/),
~bl =, =.
1704. x=acht, y=asht N,
t = t i t = t 2 (t i
t z).
OMN.

<

1705.
btht,
1706.
1707.

x=a/cht, =
> , > ?
_
x=ch't, y=sh't?
$ina=tht. s tga

t.

1708.
(cosxchy+ i sinx shy)'-(cosx shy+ i sin ).

1709.
1710.

( ch
:

(+ shx)" =chnx+shnx;

sh nX=
1711.

'

t + t)Z -

( sh

t+

t)'.

nx= (Chx+shx)"t(chx-sh)n:

(ch x+sh x)"-(ch x-sh )"


.
2

p~eHCTBa

'&' _-)"

shnx= \'

2"

'

; chnx=\'

+2"-)"

ch' =
270

l ch3x + : , sh~x=~sh 5x-J~ sh + ~ shx.

1.

bIbl !

"

xz:

alXl+a2X2+b~0.

(1)

Xi ! , ,
, .(1),
. ,
(1) .
.
,
(1), 2 ~ kXl
1

2":;; kXi

+ [.


QlXl+aZX2+b=O, - . 2=, '
! ~ h Xi.s;;;. h, . .
! =h.
,

l +aiZx2 + 1 ~ ,
21 ! +azzx, +2 ~ ,
..
.. ..
{
ml! m2! m ~ ,

. . ....
+ +

(2)

D. D
(2). ,
. ,
(2) . '
,

D . .
- 8blntl, . .
.
, ,
, , no
.

ne:

lll +12,
~ + 1 ~ ,
21l +22 +2 +b2~0,

. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .
amlXl + m22 + m+ ~ .

(3)

n ,
. (3)
, . . .
.

1712. , 21

+ 2-12~.

271

6 { , .1I
2l+~2-12=0 2=(-2/3)l+4 ( . 60) .
: 2"';; (-2/3) xi+4. , - ..
2 = (-2/3) Xi
4...

17! 3. 2 1 - 3 2 ~ ?
6. , .1 .lI
2! - 32 = 2 = (2/3) Xi, ,,\ lI.
2Xi -32 ~ , . . 2';;;;; (2/3) xi, , .1
."l xz=(2/3)Xl ( . 61).

&.

1714.

,'(1 -

1 ~ ,

Xz-l ~O, Xl+XZ-3~, -6Xl-7xz+42~0 .

6.

, .1I II

: l-1=, x~-I=O, Xl+XZ-3= GX1+7xz-42=, l~Q:);2

60

61

62

X2~'--Xi+3,

62. l ~ 1, 2>-= 1,
xzo;;;;(-6/7)Xl+6. ii,

? , ' .
. ',.

1715. 1 ~ , 1 +Xz -'- 2 ~O, 1 -; + 1 ~ , 1 ~ 2.


6. II ' , II

l=,

Xl+X2-2= ; xl-z+l=, l=2,

. 63 . l3 l;;;", X2;;;"-Xi+2, X2;;;"Xl+J,


l <; 2.
J. ,.

1716~

1 -2
1 ~ .

+ 3Xz ~ 3,

1 ~

2,

/::,. . . 64 r,
, . 'l,
li .

1717.

2X1-Xi ~-2.

XI-X2~-2, Xl~l, 2XI-X2~3 :

6. . ,
, I
(. 65). ,.

1718.

3x 1 - Z ~ ().

l~2~0(), 2Xl+~~~6(B), xl~ _2(r), 3XI-X2~-4().

272

6, .
(. 66). () ()
, () ,
, , (),
.
{tz

53

64

65

171-9. X1 ~ , ~ ,
~ , } +x2 -1 ~ , 3} +z -3 ~ .

JJ

6.

66

67

l=, 2=, =,
. 67.
ABOCD~

Xi+X2-1 =0, 3i+~-3=0~

1720. ,
x 1 -x2 -1 ~ ?
HepaBeHCTB~

1721. Xl+X2-5~O, XI-X2-5~O, x~~7.


1722. Xl-5X2+5~O. xi+3x2-3~O, Xl~5.
1723. X1 ~ 3, Xi ~O, Xj + ~ .
1724. x1 -xz +l ~O, 2Xi+Xz!.-7;;:::, xl-22+4~.
1725. ;;:::(), 4XI-2~(), X2~6(B), 4Xi+x2~40(r),
Xi-x:i+8 ~O ().
1726. Xl~O. X2~ 1, ~, l+z+-5~ .
. 1727. xl~4, 22-~. 2+~3' Xl~'o, X8~O.
273

'2. .


.

I ',
l /(, ,
ure ,

. I
, ().
n.
:

+ ~' .- +nn:;;i.il

aiiXi+ai2X2
a21 x i + ~2~ +

. . . . .. . .. . . . . ..

... +

2n n ~ !

amiXi+am2X2+'" +anxn~b'

.
( )

L = CiXi+C2Xa+.' .'+C"-n+
() , ,
() L.
. ,

. . , L

= CIXi

+ ,! +.

(Xl; 2) '
)\ , (
) . L

L=Lj. CIXi+CtXa+Co = [11


(l; ,), .
C1

L=CIXl+C2X2+CO ~ , Jj
-. L


, Li L ,
L .
() L
, ,
L 2 ; L
, GI . , L
CIXi
+ 2+
, (l; )
.
( ), (

).

, , 'L=Ii+2~2++
', (l; ; ).
:

(Ci; ; ).
( ),
( ).

1728.. L = 2Xi + 2:)


. i-2i~-6, i+:i~' 1 :::;;.
6.

" l-22+6=, i+-=, l= (.

274

68).

'

, MN . (2; 2).

(3; 15/2), L=2xi+2X2
, . . , L =2.3+2.(15/2)=21.'"

1729. L 12Xi
: X1 +! ~ 2, X 1 ~1/2, ~ 4, 1 - ~ .
6.

+ 4Xi

xl+xz=2, Xl=lj2, =4, XI-Xs=.

.;

IC/

JI:Z
3:/

"

'

68

MNPQ

(.

59
69).

70

(12; 4).

(1/2; 3/2)-
L

<! .
Lmin= 12.(1/2)+4(3/2)= 12 .

1730.
t::,

12! + 4

L = Xi

: 2+~3" XI-XZ~O'
.

L=

x z ?l,

+ z +

3xl+x2~15.

Xz+Xa=3, XI-XZ=O, =.1, l+z=15.


MNPQRS ( . 70).
(1; 3; ).

N (4; 3; ). N
L =Xl + z + , ; .
L =4+33+30= 13. .

{):3

1731.
L = l -6 2 + 2 .: 3xl

+3X2+2X8~6, l+42+8~8.

6.
, 3! + 2 + 2 = 6, Xl
+4z+8=8, Xi=O, =, =.
MNOPR (.
71).
(3; - 6; 2). -

71
.

MR . ,
MR. , l!

()=6,

(2; ; ) R (16/11; ; 9/11) L;


L(R)=6.
.

275

1732. L = 1
: 1
4xz ~ 4, 1 ~ 6, 2 ~ 2.
1733. L = X1-X:i

3~xi+X2~7, 1~x2~4, xl~4.

1734.

: 1 -2 ~

6,

+ 2xz ~ ,

1 ~

+ 3!
:

,
L = 3xl-4xi-

6.

1735. lI L = - ! 22
:
xl-8x2~10,
xl+x2~I,
xl-5x2~-5,
3 1 +
IOX2~30.

1736. L 8!-22
: 3!
4 2 ~ 18,
3X!-X2~3' X2~6, 2xl+X2~18,
4XI-X2~24.
1737. L = - 2 1 -2 3
: 1
2 ~ 2, 3 1
~ 6, ~ 3.

1738.

: 1+~3'

Xl+X2-~'

+
L = X + 22 + 3
l+32-3~.
L = 1! +
1

1739.
22
~ 6, 3xl -3x2
~ 6, ~ 3.

: 3!

+ +

~. -

1. -.
'
~.
. t1Ulf!-
\ I '
.

+ ... +ainXn = bi,


+ ... +2,.n = bs ,
..........

allxl a1 2xz
a21x1 +222

... .

(1)

amiXl +m22 ,+'" +mnn= m

' , (1) li ,

Xl,

2!"

., (..;;; ) :

l = ;. f+IXr+l + ... + ainxn + ;,


2=;. +l+1
+;nn+;,

+ ...
f
l x;~a~. ~+~x~+~~.:. +'a;~~n~~;:

(2)

;;;. , ;;;. , . , ; ~ .
,

, (). ,
" alxl + + ... +n n ..;;; ,
Xn+i;;":.o

alXi+az X2+'" +anxn+xn+i=b.


, . .

27G

() Xl, 2,

.. ,

uctu,

{Xi. X z,

.. . '. }-, uiu,


(2) , uc.
L

li

(2),

L =1'0 +Yr+iXr+i+ . . +nn.


,

I:I: XI~b;. X2=b~, .. . =;. , (b~,


;,
,;. .. ) - uc/..4l:
L B =1'0'

...

,
,
, . _

51

LB/,;;;; LB.

174? L =-, +~ _. 1 + ,
25 - 1. 2 -2, + 5 - 2. + 34 + 5 - 3.

6.

- ,

3.

1
-2

-2 1)
1 2
1 3

() . .
. Xl. , ' . .
:

Xl= l-,+2 5
{

L = L

xb=2+ 2X 4- 5.
=-3'-5'

. + l:l 4
, . )' 4 = , 5 =

: I = 1. 2 =2, =3 . .
' XI=I, 2 =2, =3, 4=0.

5 =0, (1, 2, 3, ,. ). L
, . . L1 = .
L 1 ; 4 Li,
' . , 5

Li. 5 , XI, . , .

4=0. (*) , . 2.
, .: Xl = 5, =0, .= 1.
,=, 5=2 (5. , 1. , 2).

'd

. .

L 2 =2,

. .

, ' 4' . . .
. '
(*) ' 4 5=2-+2,.

277

Xi=5-22+ti
=] +-5"
=2- 2+ 2 4;
L =2-2+"

L X.j.
("'''') , c,r Xt

.= 1/5. Xi=28/5,
2=. =. .= 1/5. 5= ]2/5 (28/5. , / 1/5, 12/5).
L = 11/5.
Xi. 4. 5 :

i=28/5-;-(/5)-(7/5)2.
.= 1/5-(I!5)+(1!5)2.
5
12/5- (2/5)- (/5)2.
L = 11/5-(1/5)'- (4/5)~.


: . L = 0.,1
=. , (28/5. . . 1/5. 12/5)

L max =II/5.

1741.

L=2 +

: 1 -,+ =1, 2 -2 +.=2.

t;.. . .
' 2. .
.
.
Xl
{

= 1+2-;

4=2- 2+ 2 ;
L=2+ '

2=0 = Xl=l. ,=2, . . .


(1. , . 2) L 1 = . L
1. =l. = Xl=Oj
, = 4. (. . 1. 4) LJ. = 1.
. Xl :

=I-l+;

{ . 4 =4- 21 +2;
L= I-Xi+2x2'

2'

, .

. L
.'1 . . . Lmax =
00. . L
,

1742. :: 1 +2 +2 -4 = 3, :! 24 :..-1
1i L=5Xi-' ,
.

6.

L 1
-L. . . Li -5Xl +. .
. . .
,. .

~. QJ,I, /l

278

Xi=2-2+34'
{ x2=1- 2x4'
L = 10-II+ 154'
Xi 2' 4 .
= 4 = Xi = 2, 2 = 1, = , , =
(2, 1, , ), [ 1 10. L
, L ;
1, 4 = .
1i

Xi = , 2
L 2

= 1,

-1.

= 1,

(,

1, 1,

) -

x2=1-2x4i
{

= 1- (1 /2)Xi

Xi

,:

+ (3/2)4

L = -'1 + (11/2)Xi-(3/2)x4'
L 4 4 = 1/2
( 2 ), 1 = .
Xl=O, 2=' =7/4, x4=1/2 (, , 7/4, 1/2),
L=-7/4.
,
4 l! Xi 2 :

,=7/4-(1/2)-(/4)2;

X~=

1/2-(i/2)x2'
L = -7/4 (i I /2)Xi

+ (1)2'

L -
7/4, 1/2)

l 2, (, ,
I . L -7/4 .

1743. L;:= ~XI-X4 :

{6.

, +2=20,;
X2+2X4~5,
i+ 2+ ,.;;;;8.

' ,

, 5
, 6-

, +2=20,

x 2 + 2X4- =5;
-i- 2+ + 6=8.

, Xi'
2, ( ,' ):

Xi=15+2x,-; X2=5-24+; =28-.

(*)

L=30+3x,-2X5' 4=' 5=,


= Xi = 15, 2 = 5, = 28, . .

Jl

(15, 5,28,

, , );

Li=30.

L , 4'

, , =5/2-
(*). , = 5/2, = , = ,
: xi=20, 2=0' =28 . . (20, ,

279

28, 5/2, , ), L L = 75/2 - (!,2)i- (1j2)5'


L 2 = 75/2.
, ~ D L ,
L . , L max =75{2=37,5.

1744. 100
. 1 2_
, 11 -4 . ,

, ., 1

. .,

- 2 . ., 1
40, - 20.

6.

l ,ll.

D 2 -1I . -

l';;;;; 40,
_ X2~20,
2Xl+4xz=100.

L= !

+ 22 ' q

, ,:

r
)

Xl+

=40,

+ ,=20,

\ xi+2xz=50

'1 1 )
1 1
( 1 2
3. .

Xl,

2. '

Xl= 10+2"
{

2=20- 4.
=-2,.

,=, !=10, 2=20. =.


L = 70.
, -"', = 15, .
,= 15, xl=40, 2 =5, = [ = 130.
(40,5, , ]5); l=40-, 2=5+(\/2) , 4 .= 15-(i!2), L= I-2
- ,

ml

. , l =40, 2=5 Lmax = 130 .


2. . 'I :

Xl.+.':' ~~i:'~l.X~+~~'" ..~a~n ~n.=.b~.


{

Xi+'" +, +l '+l

+ .. .+ain

n
....... . ...........

,+

... +"

= bi,

r+lXr+i+ +,n n =

L-K

(1)
280

'OJ , '
-

~aHHe

I I I

bi

I I
I I

Xi

Xr

I
,

,'1'0

l,

r-tl

Xj"

I I ',

, .

/, +1

1- .. 1

+1

ln

I;

;!

I I 1
I 1 1,,1
I I I
r I
I I
I I I I
I 1'1 1
I I
1

I
I I I

+.

'n

rn

1'+l

(1) npueeHHM ( )
L, 1'1 - () L j'

1.

2.

aip

> .

<

q-

bq/aqp=min {i/} aip

> .

. ' q-

a~k=aqk/aqp (k=O, 1, ... , n).


\

4.

a;k=aik-a~ka;p
.

1\

k f=

) :

(i=O, 1, ... , q-I, q+l. "', ).

' ,

.
. :
1) mo
Q n;;me , . . 1'k

k, Qik
k J i, , ;
,
2) lj., .t.

>

>

nl.bx os, . . 1'k

<

, k

< ,

k i,

L (L m x -+ 00);
) .u. . . 1'k:;;'

i)OCmUZHYmo

rl .

k. mo

1745. ~m ' .ym: L=7xl +

+ 5

2! +32+=

2l

+ 2+4 =

19,
13,

2+s=15.
1
q ;= 18.

+X

281

6.

'

1 )

(2

(2

1
3

4. /\ 4. en; () (), . .

{ x,~ "-2, -3"


4=

13- 2xl - XjJ,

5=15- 3 2'
= 18- 3xi'
,

L=7xl+5x2, L-7Xj-5XjJ=

. (.

X:t.

Xs

19

13

11

.
%,

1
I

1
1

-7

%.

%.

11-11
1

11

15
18

1).

11

11 011

1=1

1=1

II~II

X.,j

11

I
1

5
18

25

1
282

I J~I-I
11 211
J 1 11
11

/1

11~11

1
r

1 -1
-1/3
I
1

1/3

1
5/3

,;

lI&i

1/2

-1

1
4

11

%2

1=1 2/3

12

,.

-3/2

39

7/2

11

3/2
11

I~I

1/3
11

11-1/211

11

11-11/611

l&.

-1/4

3/4

-3/2

3/2

1/2

-1/2

1.

5
6

3/4

-9/4

50

3/4

11/4

, () .
: -7 ---5. , , ---5
2' 3, 1, 3.
: 19/3, 13/1, 15/3,

15/3.

,
5

2.

3,

. , 4' %2, 8'


. 1 1/3,
Jj 1,
. ,
, ~ ,

. 1 .
. 2, . .

11

Xi,

2.

28

. 3.

2/3,

, 5' .

- .

4.


L max =50 . ..

(5, 3,

, ,

6,

1746. { i-2~+=l,

{ Xi=2+2x s -

X4;

1747. ~ 2 = 1 +-2(,

Xl+ 3x2+ X 4=2,

L=I-'

5=5- + 4,
L=Xi+X2'

1748. { 2l +2- - 4=2,


2-.=

1,

1749. {

4i+32+= ',
42+9+ 124 = 900;
L= 12l 52 + 3.

L= 2 - z.

Xi+X4+ 6x&=9,

1750. {

l +X2- 4 + 2 =2,
Xl +2+5+2& = 6.

L=

Xl -

+ + 4 + -

:
Xl

1751. {

+ 2 + 5 = 20,
2+ 2 4;;;;;.5,

Xl +g-:;;:' ,

L= 2x l+X4'

1753. 120
360 . .

200

). .
,
.
1754.
80, 1
2 , II -l .

, _

, 1 30 .,
11 11 40 ., 1
5 . ., - 3 . .

1755. ;
1 1 - 5 . ., - 2 . .
JCa lC 1 5 . r
, 2,5 . r 1 . r
284

, !<I<

11

3.

~. 1,3 . ' ~I
r .

, '
225 . , - 150 . -
IIl

80

.?

~ .

3.

>

., ;
( . . 276) , ,
1l0{\ .
IIble bi=O, ::
lI ,

. ,

Jll , 8 ~,
, ,-l".

. "
, . .
.
( 1; ,
lJ ).
- pac'/i!ma n

, . .
bi/aip, mo ,
IJ/i .

u/i! ,

Ru

, , , ~
.

t 756. L = 45 +2&
: X1 + + = 12, 2 + 5 5 -& = , +~ -2& -:- 6, 24 +
+3 -2 = 18, Xl~O, X2~0, ~, X4~0, ~' X&~O.
6.

(12, 3, 6, 9, , )
L
.

'

i-x.'-. I~I-x.1

i/

1
12
12
/.
1 1 /1-111
I 1 1 11 5 11 -1 1
130
1,
/1 1=1=11/=Jl i 1 21 1 6
1
I I 2 1/ 3 1/ -2 1 6
I I
I 1 /bJ/ -2
.

f,!il/aip

XJ

-1/5

18

-2
-2/3

'1

285

11 ,

! 1 6 1 1 f 1151411 -3/2
,~ 11~1=1~!~i 7/411-9/2

t / //-1/2/1

1 I 11-3/411 1/2
/

1 /24/51
1=1 1 1 1\ ,
/

1,

111

'~I

1 1I
24

111

'! I I~I~I -5/7 I=I! 12/7' 1=1=1 1


.

286

417

2/7

1 3/7 1 11-10/71 r

-24

1 11-)8171
1

If -2/7/1

1 1

I I I~I I "I I
2

IV
7/2

7/12

3/2

1/6

5/6

38

7/3

4.'

I -5/12

I -1/2
I

1/6
-1/6

l'

1/3

Xi, 2, 4' , (6, , , , 6, )


Li = 24. 11 111 . I{
L 2 =L = 24 IV (, , 9, 7/2, 7/5)
Lmax
38. ,

,
. .~

2 / 25

= ~/5 = 4 /45 = 6.

26/025=-

6105 = -

1/5,.

2,

46/045 = -

8/05 = - 2. ,
. . (. ) ....

2/3.

1757. L = 2Xi 4Xi


: -2Xi
2
= 6, -!
(3/2) X~ 4 = 9, ~X! 52 +
+ 5 = 30, -! +2 + = 12, X1 ;;?;, X2~ , ;;?; , 4 ~ , 6 ~ ,
X~O.

+ +

4. bl

,
.

, ( 1)

{.=CIXl+C2X2+ +CIlXn'

+ ...

0iiXi+ 12 X2
+OinXn:;;;' bi,
021 Xl +22 2+'" +02n n:;;;' 2 ,

. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

OmiXi+Om2X2+'" +mnn:;;;' m

(k= 1, 2, ... , n),


( 1'), ,
T=bLYi+b2Y2+' . +mm

. {01lYi+ a2iY2+ +OmlYm';;;;;C1,.


012Yl
0222
m2 .::;:; 2,

+ + ... +
alnYi + 02n2 + ... + mn .::;:;
,

..

I! Yi:;;;' (i= 1, 2, '" , ).


, I

ii 012 , '1n

l'

02! 22 . , 02n
4.

mi ml

..

mn

287

.
, .
1 (u) ' ~ ,
l' () ;;:;;; .
, , . l' , 1,
1. 1 l'
u QI"Q . , .

L min =

m, aI{,

nI

ii D L

(t) =

- 1 1'.

1758.
:
.

X 1

(1): (X 1 , 2 )

+ 22 ~ 4, X

L = 1
2xz

\
Yz
=4YI-Y2'

<

1 - X2

-1

II -

(1'): u ( 2)
, 2YI-Yz ~ 2

D 1 ". (2/3; 5/3)


II L, .. L.. m in=3(2/3)+2(5/3)=16/3, I{
'(5/3; 4/3)- , . . T max =4.(5/3)-4/3=16/3
(. 72). .

1759.
( 1 , 2 ),

(1):

L = 31 + 22 ,

72

7! +22 ~ 14, 4x 1
um .
1760. (1):

+ 52 ;:;:?:20.

(X 1 2 ), L = 5x 1 4~2
4 1
3X z ~ 24, 3x1 4 2 ~ 24.

1761.
(Xi' X z),

(1):

~ 5 1 .... 42 ~ -2, 1

5.

+ 22 ~ 6.

L = 3x1 + 3

I'III
:. (I
. II

28&.

tI, , '
- . .
u .u cmOLUlocmu, -/.
' .
'I .
.
.
.
I ai, 2, . ,
, q
b1 , 2 , . " , bq . Cik l

i-ro k-MY . Xik ~


(i= 1, 2, . . . , ; k=J, 2, ' " , q) q , n {-
k-MY ; 1.l Xik lO I
q

05~I:

1)

xik

=ai (i = 1, . 2, . .. , ); 2)

.Yik=bk
k=!
i=!
(k = ], 2, ... , q); ) Xik ~ . n L = Cil Xl1
+12
pqX pq. bllO, pq "., .~" L.

+ ... +

:
1) ;
2) Jl , . .

II.
. m

.1.

~I

I
I

xli

x2i

~I
~I

I ~I
'l

Xpi

~I

~I
~I

Xi2

~I

12

'!..

bk

xlk

x2k

~I
~I

Xiq.

xpk

~
~

X2q

~I

~II

bq

1Xiq

~II

JJ , ,

cTpol<e ,
at [. . . xJl=min{al. b1 } .

>

n .

[. = [ .

ll' i Yl\OB'~eBopeHbl

.. lJ!!

(1, 1)

. .

= mln {-i,

(1, 2)

ll

ai-bi

bz}.

bz,

. . Xi2

>

.CJ! ai,
(2,1), 1\ X21=m.in{aZ' b1-0 1 }.
, -
bq

1762.
150 90 . 1, 2, 3
, 70 110 .
1, 2, 3 6,
10 4 . ., yrr - 12, .2 8 . .

IC ,
.

~I

150

90

60

_161

6.

70

110

_14_

.
- -102/ 0

7(]

_1121

_12/

_18_
90

6. . 1. (1, 1):
xii=min(150, 60)=60, . (1,2): XIZ=
= min {150-60, 70} =70, ; , II (1,3):
X13 = m {150-60-70, 11O} = 20. ,
90, (2, 3), 2=mi {90,
90} = 90. ,
. t> L =660 +
+10'70+4-20+890-1860 . .
.

Cf/"

,
c/k'
C/k, - (2, 2), 2

=2 (. 2). x2z=min{a2' b2}=min{90, 70}=70.

~f

150

90

290

60

60

70

110

_161

~I 90

_141

~I 70

_121

_181

20

20,0

60,0
20,0

=
2


. bz . (1, 3),

22=2 l=4. (1,3) Xis=


=mi{l- 1 , }=mi{150-60, 110}=90. (1, 1) :
Xll = min {al' bl } = min {150, 60} = 60. , (2, 3),

2=mi{2-2' bs}=min{90-70,
l

110}=20.

IUI, I:OOPOM L=6'60+4'90+2'70+8'20=1020 . ., . .


JIltl: OllaJIoy JJaIIY.

2. .
, , 'l
:

, u
: kl- Xpq-;
:

L = ~ 'Ypq xpq+'Yo.

(1)

pq
'Ypq
~! ui (i = 1, 2/ . ,. , ),
nu'!1 ;, / J;
v/- /. Uk+ Vt=Ck l ,
kl- " B1.
, Uk + 1)1 = Ckl,
, ,
.'I,
. -

C~q, . , + t'q =C~q,

~1 / (
,

, ) '
r -

(1)

'Ypq=cpq-Cpq.

'Ypq ,

. ,
, J!


'I ( u fll

1762.

):

X1i=60, 12=, l=90, 21=' X2z=70, 2=20, [=1020.

U1+ t 'l=Cll=6, U1+=l=4, tl+t'2=Z2=2, U2+ t'=2=8.



'1 = 5, ' = 3, U =

, l
1.
C~q:

5, 0'2 = - 3.

;2=l+'2=-2, C~l=U2+1)1= 10.


ypq=Cpq-~q:

' =I- ;2 = 10- (-2) = 12, '21 =C2l-C~1 = 12-10=2.


L L =

. , .

1020+ 1212 + 2X2l'

, .

,
(- , . . 1l=60, 12=70, 13=20, 2=90,

291

L = 1860.

,Ui+t'l =Cli=6, Ui+U2=C12 = 10, l +U=l =4, ~+u==8.


U'i

= 1,

= 5,

('2

= 9,

C;q:

= 3,

= 5.

C;1=U2+Vl = !, C~2=2+2= 14.


'?pq = Cpq-C;q:

'?i =C2i-C;1 = 12-10 = 2, '122 =C22-C~2=2-14=-12.

1_ L =

j>
'ej 22, , L,
22 ( , 21)' 22 =1...

1860+ 2XZl-12x\l2'

If/ ~ :

60

/70-;1.. ...

/-+

20-1-+1..
:
:

1.. . ',' ..- ., . . 90:-1..


. 22 n l' Xi2,
X13 . . , 22'
1 ,
22, ' -
( ), U/C (
U) , 22'
, - . ' . = 70,

. .

60

90

70

20

Xii=60, ,Xi2=0, l=90, X2i=0, 22=70, XI8=20.

L L = 1860-12 70 =
( ). ~

1020,

. .

.
1. !i , , Ak 'l
Bt .
2. ,~ ,

,
~

L.
3.

. 2
. I .

'

1-3 ,
, . . x
L.

4.

292 _

1763.

'

~.

OIiec

1, 3 5 .

90

], 2, 3

., To '

I - 2, 5 4 . J[bl
~.
, , , -

'

,
60,,80 100 . '

1764.

N!! 1

40

fI

N!! 2 -60

N23-

N!!4~60 . BaJ;OHa '


1" 2, 3,
4 . ., - 4, 3, 2, . . - , 2, 2,
1 . .

80

"1765.' , , N!!l, 2,
3, 4. 30 .' . , -40 . .,
-20 . .
: N!! ] -20
. ., N!! 2-30 . ., N2 3-30 . .,
N2 4-10 . . 1 . . _l!.-

" cIcJI8

N1' 1, '2,

pa,' ,

2, 4 .

.;

- 3, 2, 5, 1 . ., " - 4, , 2, 6 . .
.
90 . . .
1766. , ,

"N!!

10, 15, 25 ,
1-5 , N!! 2-10 , N2 3-'-20 N2 4-15

:
.
It

erce 8, , 5,.2 eB~ .; I

1, 9, 4, 3 .

4, 1,6, 7 . . .
"

. ~. ~-

, .

4. 1) 8; 2) 3. 5. 1) '1/2; 2) -9/4. 6. (7). 7. (1), D (3). 8. (-9), D (-1).


16. 1) 13; 2) 3. 19. 5. 20. (-1; 8), (1; 9), (3; 10). 21. S=O, . . , 8,
. ,22. D (17; 12).23. (-10; -7).24. 53, 82, 185.
25. 24 . . 29. (4; /6); 8 (3; -/2); (4 2'; 3/4); D (2; -/4);
(2 2'; 4/3); F (7; ). 30. (; 10); 8 (- 2; - 2); (; );
D(y2!2; -2'!2); (-2!2;
-2!2);
(-2!2;
2/2).
31.
p~ ~-2i2 cos (8i-82)' 3~. 5. 33. Mi (;- - 8). 34. Mi (; +8).
35. 1) i(3; 7n/6), (5; - /3) (2; 5n/6); 2) (3; -,/6) , (5; -2n/3) (2; /6).
36. 1 (; n~e). 44. =2-1,5. 45. 1 III 8'
46. II I .:,.47. 2 +2_2-2=0. 48. 3 2 +
+2+3 2_4-4=0. 49. =. 50. 8=:. 51. p=acos8. 57. ~ =2.
58. 2/2 +2/ 2 = 1 ( ). 59. 2 / 2 _ 2/ = 1 (

).
60. ' 8, , (1; ), 8 (; 1).
61. 2/3+2/= 2 / 62. x=a(tSint+cost), y=a(slnt-tcost) (
1J60mt1 , ). 67. 1) +2-2 5 =0; 2) y=(-1/2) + 5;
, 3) /(2 y5)+y/V5 = 1; 4) (1 ly5) +(2I) -2=0. 68. 1350.69. 54 . .
70. . 72. +-1 =0. 73. +-4=0. 74. -2=. 75. +-7=.
76, +3=0, +4=0. 77. +-5=0, ++5=0. 99. tga=27/II.
100; x-=, 5+3-26=0, 3+5-26=0. 101. 14+ 14-45=0, 2-2+
+35=0.102. 3x-y+14=0, -5-14=0, +2=0. 103. -2=0, -7=0.
104; 4,4. 105~ 2,4. 106. m=4. 107. x-=, x+5y-14=0, 5x+Y-14=0.
108. n/6. 109. (; 5) (4; 3). 110. (7/8; ) (-27/8; ). . 13+6-82 =0,
3+4-23=0, S=31,5 . . 112. 3x-2=, 5++6=0. 113. 5+4=0.
114.5+8+11=.
115: 5+2=0.
116. 17+11=0.
117. ++1=0.
- 118. =, =. 119. x=l; =. 120.300.121. <=53 8', 122.5-3+2=.
123. . . 125.8(1; 3), C(ll; 6).126. 1) /4+/6=1; 2) /4(2 -1)+
+/(-6) (2+1)=I; 3) /(-4) (2+1)+/6 (Y2-1)=1. 127.3-4
-9=0, 3-4+ 16=0, 4+-7=0 4+3+ 13=0. 134. 1) =4,
=-3, =5; 2) a~-5, =2, =; ; 3) =2,
= -7, 2 = -1; FO (
).
135. tg<p=-2,4. 136. (+1)2+(-1)2=5. 137. (_3)2+(_4)2=25.
138. =3,2.
439. 3x-4+8=, 4-3+7=0.
140. (_2)2+ 2= 16.
142. (4; 1,8); ~4; -1,8) ; (-4; .1,8); (-4; -1,8). 143. 2 /. 144.4x +3y+12=0.
145. 16 2 +25 =41. 146. - ; N-Ha ;
' - . 147. = sln (/2) . 148. (-5; 7). 149. 3 2 + 3 2_2 - -2-2-I =0. 150. 2 /3+2/4= 1. 151. -.

V +

( ),

155. 2/9- 2/8=1. }56. x 2/3_ y2/5'=1.


157. (-4; -3). 158.
= 1. '159. rx 2_ y2=8j225. ' 160. =2/V.
161. (-8, ). 162. x 2j4- y2j12 = 1. 163. 6 14. 166.
x ll -y2/3=1. 169. 2=4. 170. 1 (2; 4) 2 (2; -4). 171. 2=4, 2 = -4.
172. y=:t: 2 2' . 173. 2= 2 . 174. ' (; ), Mi (18; -24) . 175. 2=;
tga:=8/15. 179. (3; 2). 180. (8; -6). 183. 1) 01 (1; 2), =-1/4; ,2=_ /2) ';
2) 01(1; 3); p=-J /2; '"=-'; 3) 01 (IJ16; 1/8), p=-l j8; y'2=(-1/4)x';
4) 01(1; -2), p=I/2; '2='. 184. 1) x'y'=1(8; 2) x'y'=13j9; 3) ''=-6/5;
4) x'y'=1 /2. 187. (x-I/2)2+(y-1/3)2=1. 188. x'2j25+y'ZjI6= 1;
' (1; -1). 189. x,2/4-Y~/9=1; ' (2; 3).
190. 0'(2; 1). 191. x'2j(~I)+y'2/(-1/4)=li '=
9 2 +6 2=4 2

2 /64+2(48

294

'=+l. 192. y,Z_x,l=l: ' (3; ). 193.

,2=_'; ' (1; /2)". 194. =2 =4. 195.


. 205. + + 1 R 5
+ -I =0. 203. ++ 1 =0. 204.

R
2x-3+I=0,
4X-3-l= ..
205. ,2/30+"2/5= J. 206. ,2/9_"/36 = 1. 207. "2=_2". 210. = 1/2,
= 1/2. 211. ( ). 2J2. =+" =-.

213.

( (j

=-(3/2)+I/12 . 214. x=y=z=t. 215. =5, =s.


z=2t. 222. . 223.2.224. 2 (ad-bc). 225. x=l, =2, =3.

216. x=2t, y=t,


226. =, =, =-2 . 227. =" =, =. 228. = t, y=2t, z=-t.

229. x=I,

=-I, =.

230. x=t,

=,

z=-t.
11

234 . . (/3; 11/3; 13/3), D (1/3; 13/3; 17/3). 236. (3; 1; 3). 237. .
238. (; ; 17/8). 239. (16; -; ). 246. = (+.) +.). 248. =,

=2,

=3/; cosa=1/3, COS~=C051'=2/3.


252. IM 1 MI=7; 5=2/7, cos~=-6/7, 051'=3/7. 253. b=;-2J+5k
b=-2j-5k. 254. (-4; 4; 42). 255. 8 0 =(I/3)i-(2/3)j-(2/3)k. 268. -96.
269. arcco5(17/50). 270. m=l. 271 . .547. 272. A=Fs=Fs 5qJ=5.
273. ( l/yn) (i-3J+k). 274. c=i+k =(1/3) (-i+4j-k). 275.20/3
20/7. 276. rD=7i+7j+7k. 279. ,
. 280. b=-11i+ 7j....:...k. 281. 5/2 . .
282. 4. 284. 20 . .; 4 Y510/17~

az =-2. 249. m 2 +m+l. 251.

111

296. 1) (+-z-2)l =0; :2) -3/(5 2") -(I Iyf) +41(5 yf) z-7/(5 2") =0. 297. d= 13/29; ~o
. 298. d=7 s/. 299. 1) x+y+z-S=O, 2) 2+2+
+-6=. '300. 7x-Ily-z-15=0. 301. (5; 5; 5) . 302. 4-+12Z-169=0.
303. 5+4=0; 5~z =0; 4+3=0. 304. +5-7z-2~=0. 305. /2
+ /2+/( 2')= 1. 306. 600. 307. + 7+ 10z=0. 308. x-=. 309. ++
+ -3=. 310. 5+2+5-9=. 311. 2'++...,.=. t312. 4+3
-2-1 =0.
313.
(A 1 D 2 - 2 Dt> x+(B 1 D 2 - 2 D 1 ) y+(C 1 D 2 -D 1 2 ) =.
314. -+2=0. 315. ro.s(5/6). 327. 5+5-64 =0, =(); 5+5
-2=0, =(); 5x-+62=0, =(). 328. (x+1)fS=(y-)/2=z/l.
329. cos =6/7, cos ~=3/7 , 51'=2/7. 330. (-l)/2 =(+2)/I = (-3)/( 1).
331. (x-S)/I=(y+1)/3=(z+3)/(-II). 332. (; 7; -2). 333. (x-3)/(-I)=
=/5=(+1)/2;
/2 = (-7)/(-2) = (+2}/3.
334. x=-3t-l, =t+l/
z=t+2. 335. s/ . 336. (x-3)/3=(+I)/(-5)=(z- .2)/ (-2). 337. cos!p=
= 20/21. 338. /=/l =z/2.339.(x-4)/2=(y-'-I)/1 = (+2)/(-2) . 340. /2 =
= (y-2)/(-I)=(z-I)/0. 341. (~I)/2=(-l)/(-3)=(z-I)/2.
342. /I =
=(-2)/(-I) =(~ 1)/(-1). 343. -5-2+ 11 =0. 344. / (-l) = (-3,4)/13=
= (z-5,2)/19. 348.1) (-I; -2; }, ,=5; 2) (2; -3; -J), ,=4; 3} (; -1;
3/4), ,=3/4; 4) (I; ; ), ,=1; 5) (; ; 2), ,=1. 349. 1) ;
2) ; 3) . 350. (X-2)2+(y-1)2+(z+2)2=9. 351. (x-I) +
(y-l)2= 16, z=O. 352. (4; 4; -2); ,=8. 356. 1) ;
2) ; 3) ; . 4)
; 5) ; 6) ; 7)
; 8) <: ~ =, =; 9) ' =
=-; 10) = =. 357. 1) 2 + 2 =9, =3 ();
2) yS_x 2 = 1, Z= 1 (); 3) 2_ 2=0, = ( ). 358. 1) 2/ 2 +
+ z2/ 2 _ 2/ = ;
2) 2/2+2/2_2/2 = ;
3) ' 2 /2 + 2/ 2 _ 2 / 2 =0.

295

361. 4l +42_(-2)2=. 362. x 2....:.:y'=I, z=l; Z+I=x 2 , =l; y2=I_z,


x=il; l_ 2 = 1, z=-l. 363. 1) ; 2)

. 364. 3";'2 2 +2.


365. x~/9+y~/5+z2/1=1.
366. XS + 2 = 1, z = 1 (). 367. 1) ; 2)
; 3) .IJ
; 4) ; 5) , .
374. = =. 375. f (-2)2+(-2)2=4.
376. ==. 377. +(y-1)2_(z_1)2=0
S (; 1; 1). 378. (; 1; -J). 379.
'2+ '2/4-'2/4 = 1. 380.
' +,_ z ,2=_I. 381. II Ji

,2 + ,2 = 4'.
,_,2/9=2'.

382.

IV

387. 900. 388. 12. 389. 21280. 390. 1 2 391. = 1, =2; = 1, t=-I.
= 1, = 1, =,
1=-2. 393. = 1, =2, =3, u=4, =5.
= 1, =-I, =, (=2, 410. (t; 2/; 3/), . t-
e.n . 411. (2t; 2/; 1), I- .

392.
394.

412.

(; ).

413.

x'cosa-'(l+si)=.

(-4 -8

-4)

414.8=\. -3 -1 -5 .
,-7 - 1

/966)
(0'1 -0,2 0'7)
9 6 416.

.Q,1 -0,2 . 417. =I, =2, =3. 418. 1..1=2,


( 669
'

0,1
~= 11; ~ ='(4 l 1-(5 IY41) j, =(1 ly2') 1+(1 ly2') j. 419. i=-2,
~=, 1..8=6; rl=a (I-k), r2=p (i-j+k), ra=!' (i+2j+k).423. x"ljI6+y"2/4=1.
424. x"IJ25-"2/9 = J. 425. "2 = 2 2' . 426. x,t+ '! /1-,/ = J (
). 427. 2.i/2+ 3'! = ," ( ). 434. (.4) =0,
1,.=0; r()=2, 1,.;6 . 435. r()=3. 436. r()=3,
415.

IAg~IKlg~~I

437 . .

r()=2; ~ IJ~I, 11~1, I~~I,

1~~I,:\.r ~I, Ir~I;lf ~] '~ ~I

441. , r()=r( 1)=2;


Xi = 1, = 1/2. 442. () = 1, (A 1 ) = 2. . 443.
. , r()=(=2. 446. xl=l, 2=5, =2. 447. xl=l, =2, =3,
4 = 4. 448. l = 5, 2 = 4, = 3, ~4 = 1, 6 = 2 . . 449. .
450. =I,96, =2,96, =5,04. 451. =I,50; =I,16, =1,40. 457. xl=I,
=2, =3, 4=4. 458. Xl=U, ~=ti+l, =u+2, ~=U+. 459.
. 460. ()=3.

463. . 464. , .
. 465. ,
. e.nII.
466. . 467. 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) . 468. . 469. 1) ',
CCJlH -; 2) , , ,
+~. 470. ,
, ,

(-)/2 (+)/2. 471. . , .


, Oz,

)J+~J, i. 47. , (~i; ~z; ~8)

, - . 474. . 475. ,
Beopl!I 1 . 488.

~ n- .

501. =i+2z++4". 502. =l


+e;+e;+ .. . +e~. 504. Si=e6~, 62=a6~, 63=~6;, 64='Y6~, 65=1I~. 505. ,
e~ + ; + e~ = , '
. ;, e~ ;. 506.
, ecJi ' -. 508. ll 12=(; ; S; 6.&), I=(; O~ '1; JJ, Z12=(O; ; ~ ; ~), ....
R. 509. d (R1) =3, d (R 2) =3, d (R ) =2,
d=(R.)=4. 510. . 513. R- , R,,-
t"+ltZ+t+. 514. R- ,
, R" = R. 516.
, . -,
Il. 517. ,
::, -" . 522. k=3; f1 =(-I ; ; 1;
; ), 12=(-1 ; ; ; 1; ), f =(; -1/2; ; ; 1), f=(-CI-CZ; - , 5 ; l;
2 ; ). 526. . 527. , 1+ 1 (+) =+ -

::~;;a.ec:a:. ( ~ ~ ~2~.~~). ~:6~:: (~~~ 1)0.. 529~":nP::~;:


. . .. .
'"

I
1 .

544.

.-=(-I "-~ ~:).


-1 -1

545.

A-l=.

546.

A-l=(_~ ).

547. B=2Ecosa.

548. , I I = .
549. A-=(-l)=(_? )' 550. =-2. 552. l) #:~, i=.
U=Cl~, ~=~, =2; 2) a=~ , i=z=,U=ll+ses.553. 1.1 =
= = 2, u = l (l +). 554. 1) ,,:. ,
- ; 2) = , 'ro ':l'5"z=, l1=Clel+cses. 556. ;"=2,
.U =Ci (l-) ; ;"=3, = (l-z+); ;"=, W= (l +2es+). 558. ;"=-1,
U=c11 +CsJ . 560. ;..= 1, U=l(l +2++4); ;""",-1, . =, (l-+-.).
581. :::+~+', u=(l+s+). 563.(. )- .
!1 . 565. . 566. , 20
30, 1.<0. 567. . 569. arccos(1/n). 573. . 576.lxl=5. 577. JI:fIxl=
';"'/15)l+(2 2/15)z+(V/5)+(8/15) 4+(5/3) 5' . 579. -
. 580. <=1tj. 581. 0,5 (el +2++4)' 582. = 1, 57.".
588. . 589. 1.= 1. 590. , Ael'
<> . 591. . 598. '2/21 +'2/=1, 599. ' '2/l-' /4= 1.
600. "/44+,2/4 = 1.
.
I

606. n=4. 607. tI=,16%. 608. 11=0,0005%.' 609. =,022%; n=4; S~

875 0,1 2 . 617. [-'-2, ) U(O, 2]; 2) [, 41; 3) (- 00, ) U (, + 00) _;


4)":'(2n+I)/4,nZ;5) (~oo,-2JU[2, +00); ) . (1/3,+00); 7) [0,2).
618.1) [1, +00>;' 2) (-00, O~U(O, +00); ) [-4, 4J; 4) (-00, 3]; 5) [-2, 4J;

) (0,11 _.619. 1) ; 2) ; 3) , ; 4) ;
5) , ; ) ; 7) er .. 620. 1) 2/5; 2) ; ~. ;
4) . 657. 1/2. 658. -1. 659. l/. 660. -2. 661 . -. SI . 662. /n. 663. sec .

664. -

'2}4.

665.

1/2. 666.

00.

667 .. 2. 668. 3/4. 669. -1/4. 670. 1/ 2. 87J. 3.

il72. 4.

673. 25/9. 674. 1/2. 675. m. 676. 1, --++ 00; -1,


-'--+-00. 677. (-)/2. 678. . 679. . 680. In 5. 681. In (8/7):ln (/5) . 682. . 2~
683. In5.684. 1/4.685. 1, ---=..+; -1. -+-0:686. +00-.687.2.
688. . 689. . . 690. 5/4. 691. ln . 692. . 693. 3. 694. 1/6.
695. ln (5/4}.696: 1. 697. -3 .. 698. . 699. 1/2. 700. 1 70.. 702. -".
'70.. 70. - . 709 . .2. 710. 1/2. 711. =0 (~). 712. -~. 713. -~.
714. 1/3. 715. 9/4. 716. -1/2. . 717. -1/2. 718. -1/2. 719. 1. 720. 9/25.
297

721. (ln5.ln4)/(In3.ln6). 722. 1,6. 726. =2- . 727. x=l. =5 II . 728. II . 729. x=O-
. 730. =3- ; =5- II ; x=O-
; =/2+(n Z)- ' II . 731. x=l i
=2- . 732. =-2, =-3- II ;
= -I- . 733. !l
(- 00, + 00) . 734. 1) ; 2)
II ; 3) 11 : 735.' 1) .
; 2) 'II ; 3)

11 .

VII

739. y'=-2/xfI. 740. ' =2/(3 vx). 741. y'=5cosx-3slnx. 742. ' =
=5tg 2 x. 743. ' =-/(+ 1)2. 744. y'=2x2 .2x.ln2.
771. '=-21/'.
772. '=
773. '=2 (l_x 2)2. 774. ' =_ 2- . '775. ' =9 2 1.
776. ' = (8/9) In (8/9): 777. ' = 2 cos . 778. ' =6 (+ 1)/(2x2 +3x). 779. ' =
=-l 1- 3~. 780. ' =rs (/2). 781. ' = 1/(2 ) arcsln . 782. ' =
= - cos . 783~ ' = - cos 2 (/3) si (/3). 784. ' = (2+ 1)/2. 785. ' =
=.I/cosx. 786. ' =2 sec6 2x. 787. '=1 1(2 YX")sIn 2 cos 5 . 788. '=
= 6xlY9x4+ 1.
789.
' = 2 _ 2 . 790. ' =-2 sec 2 xlytg (4 tg + 1).
791.'=tg (/2). 792. '=I/(4 2 1).793. if=I/Ya2 - 2 794. ''=
= I/(2l- 2 ). 795. ' =6 2j(l+ ). 796. if=6sgnx/(x2 +9). 797. / =
=-2- si 2- . 798. y'=-1/(2 l_ 2 ). 799. ' =-6/[(-l) (-2) (-'-) (-4)].
800. ' = 3e sin ' si 6 si 2 3.
801. ' = -241 sln x.ctg /(41 4 sln -9).
802. y'=secx. 803. ' = cosec . 804. '= 2. 805.'=10/[( 5 +2)]. 806. '=
= 2si X/(l + cos )2. 807. ' = cos !(l + si 2 ). 808. ' = cosec2 (/2) ctg (/2).
809. ' = (2/) cos 2 (In ). 810. ' = 5 4 In ( + 3). 811. ' = - xl(' ' =).
812. y'=Yx2+2ax+~.
813. '=.
814. Y'=(mx+n)/Yx2+2ax+~.
815. y'=I/(I_mx 2)3/2. 816. y'=4xcos 2 x. 817. y'=-2se. 818. '=
1
(cos 7 !n ~2' 819. y'=9XS!n2XCOS . 820,'=2/( l + 2 ). 821. '=2 si 2 .
1 + n si
.
822. ' =2/( 2 +2+2)2. 823. ' =Jn . 824. ' = sl )/(2 cos 2 ).
825. y'=2(\+lnx)/(xx +x- X ). 826. ' = l/si 5 . 827. y'=cos 4 x/slnx. 828. '=
= 1/(3si+4s+5).
829. '=stgsi.
830. y'=I/[x 2 (x-l)].
2
831. y'=I/[x(x+l) (+2)]. 832. y'=4xtg 2x. 833. y'=-2II- 2 834. y'~
= (l l In )/( In ). 835. ' =2 2 (1-2)/(+ 2 )2. 836. ' =2 + I)J(x 2 In 2x-I).
837. '=3j(l+2 ). 838. '=(2S/5):sln(2sI/2). 839. y'=asIn2x.
840. '=3s 2 sg.
841. y'=(-I/x 2 )arctgx.
842. '=(-5/6) Jnx.
843.
y'=:=(I/Y2x+I)ln(2x+I).
844.
y'=secxtgxJnsecx. 845. '=
=_2 ll_ 2 846. y'=3.2COS3X-3S.Si.l2. 847. '=(.25/34}
xln(32e/81). 848. '=. 849. y'=xcos2x. 850. ' =2 2 (4+ 2 + 1)/(x2 + [)2.
851. '=S/Si 2 . 852. y'=(IIY"X)tg 2 Y"X. 853; y'=x2/(x4~a4). 854. '=
=-4l4+I. 855. '=.5tgsitg2. 856. '=8 j(l+ 8). 857. '=
= . ! (2 2 1 +21 x+I). 858. '=0,5I 2 Y2 x /(1-2 X ). 859. ' =-1 2/(2 1 2 ).
860. ' ~(mx+n)/y -x2+2ax+~. 861. ' =(2/1 2) ctg . 862. ' =1/( 2 +91 ).
863. ' =rsl (
l .
arcsln ). 864. ' =8 (-I)/(+ 1)5. 865. ' =
YI_x2

=
2 (+I) (12+ +31-~1-2 +1 1)' 866. y'=-I/(lIl+ 2).
(- 1)2Y2x+ 1

.
867. ' = m cos (n l ).
868. ' = ( tg + In cos ) sec 2 ( tg + 1 cos ) sec l .
869. ' = - sln 1( cos -si ). 870. ' = 3 cos 3 ( -) . . 871. if =

Vx.

=-2 (1-2x 2 )/(11-2x 2 1 1- 2).


298

872.

' =

}1

<> 00'

873.

' """

'() > , 874 ,-f 3 > 5/3, 875 '_{


-- { - rf' ()
() t () < .
- L- < 5/3.
. - 876.

'

-2

< ,
< < 2,
> 2.

'

877.

2"

sin

". > ,
-
'

878.

< .

cos ):

:y(xsinx+cosx}2+1. 879. y'=xx+1lnx(lnx-I)/e". 880. y'=(ctgx.!ncosx+


+tgx.lnslnx)/ln 2 cosx. 881. y'=nxn - 1/(2 2n +1). 882. y'=-(log x e)2/x.
883. '=. 884. y'=1/2. 885. '=. 886. y'=xx(l+lnx}. 887. '=-.2 . 2
x(ln2+2x- 1 -l-lnx}.

888. y'=2x 1nx - 1 Inx.

X[~+2(X~1) ':"I-5 I
=-I/( 'J-I).

IJ 893.

889.

'

2X+l

(x-l)

(os}'=I/( 2 -1),

V 5-l

(arecosecx)'=

( 2 _}/(_ 2).

. 898. ' =
899. '=-(+
900. y'=xj(3y).
901. y'=y(y-l)/(-J).
902. ' =-( cos x+sin )/( cos y+sln ). 903. ' =-("-' 2" .In 2}/(e Y - 2 In 2).
904. ' =2. 905. ' =/. 906. '=-/(2 Jn ). 907. ' = - (2xsln y_y3 S in -2):
:(x2cosy+3y2cosx-3). 909. -ctgt. 910. e2t . 911.2-"". 912. ctht.
914. =n/4;
=+ 1.
917. -=(-/) (-).
918. -+ 1 =0.
919. x+y-I=O; -=. 920. -+2-n/2=; +-/2=0. 921. 3----4=;
+3-28=0. 923. /4. 924. 3x-8+10-6!2=0; 32x+12y-15-641n2=0.
925. to- l =0. 926. tg!p =2/3. 927. n/4. 928. n/4; 31[/4. 929. tg!Pl = 3,
tg!p'J =-3.930. /2. 933. 1,76 /. 934. Xt=
. 939. -tg (1/3). 940. tg =!;
!_, Tow-->-tt/2. 941.n/2+!. 942. 0.943. arctg (I/m). 944. -tg (125/64).
950. "=-44/(+5)3.
951. y"=lnx. 952. y"=2Vl-.2 953. y"=xsin3x.
, r2 - -2
d2y
1
t
d 2y
.r-954.
"=I/ +
955. dx'J=-4s"]"
956. d 'J=-4r t_I'J.
x
959. -1/3 /. 960. '" = J /(+ 1)".961. y"'=(21n -3)/3 962. '" = !52+3.
h2
964 y<n)=3.5.7 ... (2n+ O .r965 <n)= n!(-2)"
963 . '''-4
s ..
2"
r .

(2+ l)n+l
966. y<n)=-1,5.2n.cos (2+n/2). 967. <n)= [2"+(-1)n.2- ] ln" 2. 968. <n) =
n! (ad-bc) (_C)"-l
dny
=
( + d)n +1
969. y<n)=kne flX
970. <n)= (x+n/2). 971. dx" =

894. 4

+ By+D}/(Bx+Cy+E}.

cosec 2

, V-

,r-dx
972. yI!l=yIV= .. =O. 982. dY=r 49-x 2 dx. 983. dY=X'J_36'
2 2 dx
(dX)2
(dX)3
984. dy= th (/2) dx. 985. dy
1+ 4 .986. dy= 1 dx, d'Jy = __ ,rJ=- - 2 - '
=(-1)n

l'!x'
l'!x
987. d y
. 988. l'!y=- ( +!'! )' dy=- - 2 . 989. l'!y=O, 0401;
(2+4)3 2

.
dy=0,04. 990. 4,4 3 9111. /4+1/13. 992.0,811. 993.1,035. 994.0,078.
995. 1,9938.
1007. 6=5/2.
1008. -.!...._ zXo +(X- )2 (X-")+ R ,
2

(-dx)2
/

( ~
>
R = (-)"
6~

6;:') . 1009. (.rr 3;

) . 1010. 0,754. 1011. 4,946. 1012. 1,395.

1013. 2,002. 1014. 0,587. 1024. 3/5. 1025. 2. 1026. 2/3. 1027. 1/3. 1028. 0,18.
1029. ]8. 1030. 1. 1031. . 1032. 1/2. 1033. 00. 1034. . 1035. l/. 1036. ].
1037. . 1038. -]/2. 1039. (p-q)/2. 1040. 2/3. 1041. 1. 1042. - 1043. 2.
1044. 1 / . 1055. (-00, -1) (1, +(0), (-1,1).
'1056. (-00, -1), (- +(0). 1057.
(-00,1), (1, +(0). 1058. (-00, -1) (1, +(0), I3
(-1, 1). 1059. Ymln = () = , m = (2 2/49) = (12/49) 4;7.
]060. = (1 1/4)= 13/4. 1061.Ymin=y(0)=O. 1062'Ymin=y(0)=I. 1063 . Ymin=

299

=()=. 1064. m=(I)=I/,ml=(-I)=-I/. 1065. Ymin=y(I)=O.


1066. U=(3)=, =(2)=3. 1067. mi=(I)=-I. 1068. =

= (-12+63)/12, mi=(5-12-63)/12. 1069. m= / 2 , mi=- / 2


1070. = 2, =66. 1071. (; 4) (; -4). 1072. 25 ; 8 15 .
1073. 52, 2. 1074. (/4, 1/4. 1075. V=2f/27. 1076. V=(S/)YS/(6n).
1077. 9 . 1078. 125 . 1079. / 2. 1083.
(-00, -2), (-2, +(0). 1084. (4; 20). 1085. (1; ). 1086.
~ . 1091. =; =2. 1092. =; =-3. 1093. =-6. 1094. =
=,5+ =,5. 1095. =,5+ 1 =-,5+1. 1098. D () = (-/),
+/);

(,.

n /2+1tk), (1t/2+M,1t+1tk); Ymln=Y(nk)=O, =(/2+nk)=1;


kEZ. (-1t/4+1tk, n/4+) (/4+nk, /4+nk);
(-/4+k; 1/2) (/4+k; 1/2), kEZ. 1099. D(y)={-oo, +(0),
. (-00, -1) (1, +00), (-1,1);
Ymin=y(-I)=-2, Ymax=y(I)=2. (-00, )
(, +(0); (; ). 1100. D(y)= (1, +00); . x=I, =.

1101. D () = (-/), O)U (1, +/); =, = 1;


= . (- 00, ),
(1, + 00). ~ .
. 1102. D ()='(-, -2)U(-2, 2)U(2, +00);
; i1 =-2, =2, =. (-/), -2)
(2, +00), (-2, -2), (-2, 2) (2, 2D; Ymin =

= (2 )=3, = (-23)=-. (-00, -2)


(0,2), (-2, ) (2, + (0); (; ). 1103. D ()=
-(, +(0); =. (, 2 ), ( 2 , +00); m=
. 813
813
= ( 2) = 2/. (, ) ( ,+(0); " ( 8 / 3 ; 8-4/3/). 1104. D ()= (-00, +00). (-00, 1/4).
(1/4, +00); Ymin=y(lf4)=-27/16. (-00,1/2)
(1, +00), (]/2, 1); (1/2; -1) (1; 0).1105. D(y)=
=[0, +(0). (0,1/3), (1/3, +(0); mi=(l/) =
=-2/(3 ). . 06. D(y)=(-oo, +00); =.
(-00,0), (, +00); Ymin=y(O)=I.
. 1107. D () = (- 00, + 00); 'u ; =-1 = 1.
(-00, +(0). (-00, ) (, +(0);
(; 0).1108. D(y)= (-, +(0), =.
(-00,1), (1, +(0); m=(1)=. (-00,

]-./2/2)

(1 + 2/2, +00), (1- 2/2, 1+ 2/2);


(J+Y2/2; ) (I-Y2/2; ). 1109. D(y)=(-,2)U(2, +00);
=2 =+4 . (-00,2) (6. +(0). (2, 6);
Ymin=y(6)=27/2. (-00,0), (0,2) (2, +00);
(; 0).1114. R=25/. 1115. R=(4/) cos (6/2). 1116. k=I/(eY2).

17. (2; 2).1118. 62+112=1.1121. {. 1122. . 1123.


. 1124. . 1125. I!. 1126. . 1128. X 2 +Z I = 1,
= 1. 1129. ,
.

1130. , .~ Oz
(1; 1; ).
1131. 60 ,ll, xOz.
1134. (i+k)sh2t+jch2t. 1135. 0.1136. 3(t2_2t )I+(5t 4 -2t)J. 1138. x/(-I)=
=(y-I)/0=(z-,2)/. 2x-2z+=0.
1139. 1 (0; ; -1)
2 (2/3; -8/9; -1/27).1140.70023'.1141. x!l=(y-1)/0=(z-Y2/2)/I, x+z-2/2=0. 1142. (- J)/2=(y+I)/0=(z-I)/I. 1143. (-I)/2=(-I)/=(z-I)/4.
1144. arc.cos (14/(3 29. 1146. ds= 2 + 2 dt. 1147. h =2 . 1148. V =

dr
==-iSit+3jst+4k,

+ 2] + k,
3()()

w /1=1 = 2j +6k.

dfr
w=dt 2 =-3fcost-3Jslnt.

1149. v/t=l=l+

1151.1'= (5/13) 1- (12/13) Jsfn t+ (12/13) k cos

t.

1152. =-(I!3) J+(2 "2"!) k.


1161. (2/) 1+(2/3) I+(I!) k. 1162. (1/3)1- (~/3) J+(2/3) k. , 1163. (-2/3) 1+(1/3) J+(2/3) k.
1164. 2/27.
1165. 2/,1:1.
1166. -2 +2Z-2=0. 1167. 2 --.:. -2Z-7=0. 1168. 2+2 +Z-19=0.

t 174.

x~+ 2;:;.

1 '-

VIII

~~

, 1175. . 1' 2 +2 < 1. 1176.


x+y~ 1 x+y~-I. 1177~ u.
n!2~x2+y2~O, 5n/2;;;:.x2+y2~3n/2, ... 1178. > -,
. =. 1179. x~O. 1180. X2+y2+Z2~
~ 2 .1181. X 2 +y2_ Z 2=0. 1182.

X 2+y2+ Z 2
1, ' . 1183.'
:lO x+y+z=O, . 1184.
J1 2+=. 1185. =. 1186.

<

= 2 , = 1 (> ). 1187. =J-. 1188.


l

= ( -:F ); cOOKynHoCTb
( =). 1189. x+y+3z=C. 1190.

~2+y2+Z2=C. 1191. 2 _ 2_
( > ); x 2 _ y Z_ Z2=C

- Z2=C
(
-

< );

X _ y2_ Z2=0

( =).

1197.

_2 . 46 -4 2 6
1'198 S1 , 6- S1
cos .

3.
+2

=..;_ 2

/ + z

-z/y

1 +
(1 + 2)2+2

1202. _.!.. /. _
- , -

_
I -zly
z
2

'--- 1203. -
=- (1+ 2)2+ 2 '
z

1204

Vz .

=(2+)(3+32).

'

u_2.r-+6 :1/2 ~ 22
1201
= ' - r
z, z ---
-

1 ' _ 2

1 99. -2'-'
Z

=(I+')(2+3),

1200.

=2-3-4, =4-

az

23...=6
2 ( 3+ 2) ('+ 2 )'
!!!..-4 (' + 2) ('+')'



' -

.'

1205. =(y-z) (2x-y-z), =(-Z) (x-2y+z), 7fZ-:-(-) (- y+2z-x).


1206.

= (6-) '+ 2'-, =(4_)'+2'-.

'

+ '.!..eXYZcos.JL. 1209. .

1214. dz=2(xdx+ydy).
2 +2

1216.2(xdx+Ydy)cos(x2 +y2).

2 +2

(dx+

+ cos + sln ) dx).


+

;dY
2

+.

1207.

=xzexyz sin.JL +

1215. dz~2(xdy-ydx)
2 sln (2/)

1217. dZ=XY(;dx+JnXdY ).
).

1220.

1219.

dz=eX[(xcosy-sin)d+(sIn+

=+ {[ (+

[ (cos y-sin ) +(+ 1) sln ) dy}.

1218. du=

1) cos + (Sln x+cos ) dx +

;:4 + :~~:~~.

1221. dz=

1222. du =

=eXyz(yzdx+xzdy+xydz).

122,3. I,Q8. 1224. -0,03. 1225. 1,013. 1226.3,037.


1227. 1,05. 1232. 6 (+ ). 1233. - sln (+ ). 1234. -4 s (2x+2Y)/SIn 2 (2+2).
1235. . 1236. (+2)/(+!I)2. 1237. (2_ 2) cos - 2 sln . 1238. sln
2 _ 2

xcos(x+cos ). 1239. ( 2 + .111)9 [(dy)2_(dx)2]


1241. [eYSIn(ax+eY)-s (+)).

4xydxdy

( 2 +.)2' 1240.-cos (x+y)(dx+dy)2.

1242.4.

' 1249. eXY[(ydx+xdy)'+2dxdy).1250. _(dX+dY


+

1244. 2 [(dX)I_dxdy+(dy)2].

)2. 1::'51. -~(ydx-xdy)(dx)2.


4

301

1252. 6 dx dy . 1253. ;

1258.

(4 dx-3x d) (dy)3.

2x(3x+2)/(x 2 +3x+I)2.
'

1254.

1270.

1257. 4/sin

2.

dz

1259. =2.ts, dx=x(2C05X-Sin).

1260. . 1261. f=4~, J=41'}. 1262. ~=T' !]

1269'(~~)M=i-.

+U (dx+dy)5.

2 (I'}"-I)

'1] ('1]"+ 1) .1268.

(~~)M=~.1271.lgradUIM=I/r:;

()

7
=5'

cosa.=-xo!ro.

S~=-/'

cos,?=-zo/ro. ro=V ~+y~+~. 1272. IgraduIM=3'


cosa.=J/3, cos~=cosl'=2/3. 1273, 1/3. 1278. -/. 1279. /. 1280. y'd:-y/x,
"=2/ 2 1281. ( Y2xy-x2)1(2y~-x 2). 1282. /. 1283. (a 2 _b 2 )j(2b 2 _a2).
1284. /(2).
1285. (+)/(-. 1286. 1j(2!1ln2). 1287. y'=-lj 11'=0.
=Z=
1
1289
__ 2 _
=_2_ .
1288.
x+y+z-I'
.
- 2_'

2_
1290
dx+(zjy)dy. 1291. _xcosy+sinx. 1292.
(y+z)dx+(x+z-)dy

1+In (/)
. sin
,+
1293. ___ll - . 1294. 1.1297. 2x+2y-z=J, (x-1)/2=(y-I)j2=(z-3)/(-I).
1298. 2x+2y-3z+1=, (x-2)j2= (y-2)j2= (-3)/(-3). 1299. -2+2=,
(x-l)/2=y/O=z/(-I).
1300. --2+ [=0, (-/4), I = (y-1tj4)j(-I) =
= (-1/2)/(-2). 1301. +4+6 21 =0. 1303. (4/3; 4/3; 1/3) (-4/3; -4/3;
-1/3). 1307. Zmax= 1/64. 1308. zmln=-125. 1309. zmax=4: 131.0. Zmln=O.
1311. m = /9 ==2/. 1315. Zmln = [.44/25 (36/25; 48/25).
1316. Z=-16/3, Zll= [6. 1317. z=5, Z= 11. 1318. z=-1/2.
Z=I/2.
1319. Z\=I, Z6=4.
1320. Z .. =-2(2+1)~-4,8,
Z=2(2-1)~0,8. 1321. =, ZII=V/2. 1322. z=-3
==3/2, Z=1+-/2 ==5/6. 1323. Z=-1/8, Z=l.
1324. . 1325. . 1326, ; =4
1327. ; Vma ,,=(S/6) YS/6.

yS'.

1337. (2/5) 2 +.
1338.
(5/4)
"+. 1339. 2csi-+.
1340; arctg x+x-j3+.
1341. 3 . /(3 + ' 3) +.
1342. tg x-+.
1343. ++. 1344. x 2 /2-2+lll+. '1345. 4tgx-9tg-+.
1346. (1f2)sin(x 2)+C.
1347.. Inllnx/+C.
1348. 3 (2 +)4//(8)+.
1349. (2/3) sln sin +. 1350. - (I/b) (+)+. 1351. sin (sin )+.
1368. 2- J +.
1369. -(\/32) O-2 )4+. 1370. (3) cos (2-3)+.
1371. (1/[0) sh (5 2 +3)+. 1372. 2arc.tg "+. 1373. (lJ5) (x2 +1)5/a+C.
1374. (\/2)ln/x 2 -[I+C. 1375. 2)ll 2 + Yx4-II+. 1376. (-1/4)X
xarctg (0,5 cos a 2) +.
1377.
(7) /nl(Yx- Y7)/(Yx+ 7) 1+0.
1378.
2 arcsin ( / 2 /4)+0.
1379.
' I+ 2+ 2 r+in (/'2) + .
1380. (-2/9) 2- 3 +. 1381. -5 y3-x 2 +3arcsin (/)+. 1382. (l/4)
xarc.tg (-3)/4+0. 1383. 23+5+ Y51n I(Y3x+5-5)/(+5+5')I+.
1384. [/(2YTh)arotg(x 2 Y2/5)+0. 1392. ( 2 /4) (2Inx-I)+0. 1393. xarosinx+
+Yl-x2 +0. 1394. ( j)tg-(l/) 2 +)I (x 2 +1)+:0. 1395. +.
1396.
-x2 cosx+2xsinx+2cosx+0.
1397.
(l/2)e xl (x"-22 +2)+0.
1898. 0,5 ( 2 ++ Jn I ++ I>+c. 1399. (+1)2 slnx+2 (x+J) cosx+O.
1400. ( 2 /5) (sinx+2cosx)+C. 1401. (/2) (sln Inx-cos Inx)+O. 1402. -2
cos Yx+2sin +. 1410. -1/[3 (x-l)3]+0. 1411. -1/[4 (2+3)2] +0.
1412. \1/3) arotg (-)/+0. 1413. 1/(3 '2) arctg (+ ,)/'2+0. 4. (2)
xln ( -4+7)+.
1415.
(5/2)]n (x 2 +IOx+29)-11 arc.tg (+5)/2+0.
1416.
(1/10)]n (5 2 +2+ 1)+ (2/5) arctg (5+ 1)/2+0.
1417. /[8 (2 +2)2]
+3/[2 (I)( 2/64) arctg (/2) + . 1418. (-7)/[8 ( 2 + 2+ 5)]
+(1/16) arotg (+ 1)/2+ .
1428. -(2/3) In I I
(5/3) I -31
. 1429.

302

'N

+
+

-(Jf2) '" (xl + +I)+3 '" 1+21+(I/).tg (2+I)/+. 1430. 1j[2 (x_I)2]+
I.X-II+3 l 1-21+ .
1431. (lj12) / 1-21-(]/24) l (,t"2+2x+4)~1/(4 ) arctg (+ I)/+. 1432. (3]/108) / I - 1+ (29/108) / 1+31 +
+ (2/9) / (2 +9)-(\/54) arotg (/3)+. 1433. (1/4) / 1/(,,-2) 1-(x-I)![2x(x- 2)] +. 1434. (1/16) [1 ( 2 + 1)/( 2 +9)] + (//) arctg -(//24) arctg (/3)+.
1435.
(1/4) / [(2 +4)/( 2 + 2+5)] + (1/8) arctg (/2) + (7/32) aratg (+ 1)/2+.
1436. (l/2)[tg(-I)+tg(+I)J+. 1437. +(~/2)ll-31-(lf2)
l 1-II+. 1438. 2/2+7+(75/2) ' 1-51-(1/2) l I -II+. 1439. +
+ (1/2) In I (-2)/(+2) I-arctg (/2) +.
1440.+ l 1 1+2 arotg +.
1442.
(1/32) In le x -2 ( +2)7 +(3/16) In ( 2 +4)-(3/16) arctg (eX/2)-+.
1443. (5/6) In lex -ll +(1615) l (2 + ])+ (11/20) l ( 2 + 1)-(7/5) tg-+.
1453. - I-2-2 VI-2x-2In VI-2x-ll+c. 1454. (6/5)V &-2+
+ 6 x-6arotg
+. 1455. In / -,5+ 2 --I 1 +. 1456. arcsin(x + 1) :
:3+. 1457. -5 -x3+4x+5+13 arcsln (-2)/3+. 1458.3 +2+0,51I+
+ 0,5+3 ++21+.
1459.
/(+2)+.
1460.
-csin[(+I):
+21

:()]+.

1461.

I/+2+II+2Ill-t{~~~3+1) '+.

1462. -(x/2+5)Y-x2 +4x+13arosin(x-2)/2+C.


1466. /(Vx+I)+
+In [/( v-:;+ I)]+.1467. 4 + 1 [(1/5) (+ 1)2_(2/3) (+ 1)+
+1] +'. 1468. (lJ6) I [(t 2 +t + 1)!(t 2 -2t + 1)]-(l/) arctg (2t+ l)/+,
t=Vl+/. 1469. (1/3)l[(l+ 3 -1)2/l 3 1]+.
1470. (1/IO)x
(5'/3+3)/2 +. 1471. - (2_X3)2~3/(4x2)+C. 1489. (1f5) I 15 tg (/2) +31 +.
1490. -2/[tg (x/f)-I]+C. 1491. - (1/I7)x+(l/4) In I Sinxl-(1J8) I I sin +
+4 cosx I+C.
1492. 1 I sinx l-sin+.
1493. - (2/5) l (I-cos )
+ (1/5) I ( 2 +2 +2)-(6/5) arotg (1 + ) +.
1494.
(1/3) cossx_
-s+. 1495. Ilsll-Sin2+(i/4)sin'+. 1496. (1/8)x-(lf) sin +.

1497. (3/8) + (1/4) sin 2+(32) sln 4+. 1498. (2/3) tg (/2)-2 tg (/2) ++.
1499. (-1/6) ctg 2 3x-(1/3) 1 I sin 3 '+.1500. tg +(2/3) tg 3 + (1/5) tg 6 +.
1501. -(1J3)tg 3 +.
1502. ' (l/2)tgsec+2)1/tg(/2+/4}I+.
1503. - (1/2) ctg x-(1/2) In I tg (xj2}f+ . '1504. (1/4) sin 2- (8) 51 4+.
1505. (3/5)sin(5x/6)+3sin(x/6)+C. 1509. /I 2 +. 1510. /( 1 '+ 2 )+.
1511. (1/2) (arccos(ljx) + 2 _!/ 2 )+. 1512. -(1/6)s3+20)s5+
+ (l/4)cosx+C. 1513. -2(2x 2 +6x+13)e- X/ 2 +C. 1514. -(2/+I)/(42)+.
1515. arctg -(3/2) (aratg )2_(1 /2) ' (1+xl)+C. 1516. (x 2 _1) sin 2x+xcos 2+.
1517. (1/4) 2 (21 2 -21+ '. 1518. +ll- '+. 1519. (x+l)arctgyx-+. 1520. (2/ln 2) (Y2x -I-tg2 -I)+. 1521. (1/4)ll(t+I)/(t-l) 1_
-(1/2)tgt+, t4 =1+x- 4
1522. 2[0,5(~I)3+2-2+
+2 in (x-l)/2]+C. 1523. sin eX- 5 ex-t,. 1524.
(1/") I / tg +
+ Ytg 2x+0,4/+C. 1525.0,5 cosax (1-21s. 1526. 0,5sin (4+I)+.
1527. -0,5(/sin 2 +tg)+.
1528. 2(x-2)I+-21l(l+ -1)/(I++i)]+. 1529. l( 2 +)+ll+ll-+. 1530. -]/.
12 ' -tg+.
1531.
(x/2)(coslnx+sinlnx)+C.
1532. 12{V +
]
+In [(. 1~
]--I )2/12
V } +.
1533.
eaxl(a3+~2)] (asin ~x-~ cos ) +.
1534. [~X/(a2+~3)] (~sin ~x+acos ~x)+C. 1535. []/(6)] arctg [(/) tgx]+C.
1536. tg x-ctg +. 1537. 0,5 [arctg +/(I + 2)] +.

1547. 1/2. 1548. -l. 1549. 0< 1.,;;;,4/27. 1550. /2.,;;;,I.;;;;./2. 1551.0<1< 1.
1552. 4642/15. 1553. /. 1554. -. 1555. -. 1556. ( / 2 _1)/2.
1557. (I 3-1)/2. 1558. In 1,5. 1559. . 1560. 2/5. 1561. /2. 1562. Jn (4/3).
1563. (e n/s _I)/2. 1564.0.
1565./2~1.
1572. 312/8.
1573. /4.
1574. 256/15. 1575. , 1576. + 00. 1577.1/4. ,1578. /. 1585. .

303

1587. . J588. . 1589. . 1590.


1591. . ]596. 4.5 (. .) 1597. 18 (. . ). 1598. 2/15
(. . ). 1599. (41/2) arastn (9/41) + 20] 0.8 (. .). ]600. 2-1 (. .).
']601. ( . .) .
]602. (9/4)- 2+4 21 2-(9/2) arc.stn (1/3) (. .).
1603. 169 ( . . ) . ]604. (3/8) 2 ]605. 8 /3 (. .). 1606. (3/2) 2
1607.
(3:rt-8)/2 ( . .).
]6()8.
1( 2 /12.
1609.
/3+ /2 (. .).
]613.
(1/2) I.
1614.
(20/9) 5/3.
1615.0.5 [V2+ln (1+ Y2)J.
16f. (1/2) ]3 .
1617. sh 1 ~ 1.17. 1618. 12. 1619. 2(-1). 1620. 5.
1621. 72. 1622. [( i +4) 2 +4-8J /.
J623. .
1624. (2+3 )/.
]625. . 16Z8. 16 (5+) / 5 (. .). 1629. 0.3 ( . . ) . 1630. ( 2 + 1)/4
(. . ). 1631. 4 /35 (. .). 1632. 72 (. . ). 1633. 2a 2h /3. 1634. 31.2J1 /2.
1636. :rt ( 2 _- 2 +4) (. .). 1637. l/1728 ( . . ). 1638. 2 [+( 2/ 2)
X arcsln (/)]. 2 = 2 _ . 1639. 4/3 (. . ). 1644. = ( 2 -- 2 +4}/8;
1 = 3 (e-e- 1) ( 2 +- 2 +1) / 24 . 1645. M a =ah2 /6; 1 =h /12. 1646. 1= 1628/ J5.
164'1. lx=ab<J~2; Jy:::a3bfl2. 1648. Jo=:rtd~/32. 1653.X=~ =2/ (~
); =. =4/(3) ( ).
]654. =(-2) /2. = /.
1655. =. Y=8j5 . 1656. ==2/5. 1657. -= 1. =2/5. 1658. = 1. =/8.
1659. 3 (3-4) /3.
1661. 4 (. .).
1670. g 2 h 2 !4.
1671. gd3 /8.
1672. 51450 .
1673. 547.8 .
]674. 50.7 .
1675. pga/1 2/3.
1676. 17.64 ; 70.56 ; 158.76 ;
282.24 .
1677. gd3 /.
]678. 150 . 1679. 1400. 1680.=]. 1681. 36-. 1691.I)y'=shx/Ych 2 x+l;
2)
' =sh 2 (xfl5) 3 (/15);
3) ' = l/ch ;
4) ' = l/ch 6x; 5) ' = l/ch ;
z
6) y'=x/sh(x /2) . 1692. [](I+"2); 2]. 1693. Ymin=O =.
1694.
1) x Z shx-2h+2sh+;
2) (1/32)sh4x-(lf4)sh2+6+;
3) 2tgh-I+; 4) (1/2)(chxstnx-shs)+;
5) th 2 (x/2)+C;
6) (3/5) (!3) -h (/3) + . 1695. 1) /; 2) ] 2-0.6; 3) 2 (21 3 -1)/3.
1696.
sh ( - ) = sh -chxsha;
. ( - ) = - sh xsha.
1.697. th (+) ~ (th + th a)/(I + th th ); ( (-) = (th - th )/(I- th th );
tlj 2=2 thx/(l +th Z ). 1698. sh (/2) = Y(ch x-I)/2; (/2) = Y(chx+ 1)/2;
th (/2) = ( x-1) /(cll + 1). 1699. 2shO.5(xy)chO.5 (x=j=y). 2 chO.5 (+)
0.5 (-). 2 sh 0.5 (+) sh 0.5 (..:....). sh ( y)/(ch ch ). 1700. sh =
= 2 ' (/2)![ 1- th 2 (/2); ch = [1 + th Z (/2)If[ 1- th Z (/2)]. 1701. 0.5 [sh (+)+
+sh (x- ; 0.5 [ (+) +ch (-)]; 0.5 [ch (+ y)-ch (-)) . ] 702. '8/5 (. .).
]703. 1.17a. 1704. aZ (tz-t])/2. 1705. .
.
1706. --I =0. 1 .
1707. cosa=I /cht; tga=sht. 1108.1.1709. 2 _ 2.
1586.

XI

Xi-X2-10==0. 1721. . 1722.


. 1723. . 1724. (2; 3). 1725.
. () . 1726.
. 1727. . 1732. [ = 10 Xi=4. ~=2. 1733. L min
=-4 Xl = O. 2=4 . 1734. [ rn =18 ]=6. = . 1735. L m =2
l=. x2=1. 1736. L m =48 . (6; 0).8(7;4).

1720.

1737. L m in=-4 xl=2. 2=0. =. ]738. [ rn =33 l==. 2=3.


1739. [ rn =20 l=2. 2=0. = . 1746. (, 1.3. O);L=-3.
1747. (3/2. . , 1/2. 11 /2); [=3 /2. 1748. (0,3. 1. ); [=-1. 1749. (. 50. ,
215/6); [=340. 1750. (. 5. 3/2. . . 3/2); L=-5 . 1751. L=oo . 1752. (. 4/5.
1/5); L=-11,5. 1753. (80. 120); [ =440. 1754. (20.40) ; [ ;=220 . 1755. 15
1 ; 50 11 . 1757. (5. 7. 9. 7/2, , ); Lmax =38.
1759. Lrnin =86/9; (10/9. 28/9); = 86/9; (J/27. 8/27). 1760. L max = 216/1;
(24/1.24/7); \.=216!7; (8/7.1/7) . 1761. Lml n =7B/7; (10/7. 16/7); =78/7;
(27/14, 3/14). 1763. l1..-slO .~ .; XI1=30, xlz-60. 21-3' 2,,60.
1764. L",;n=280 . e~. Ora : I2=24-=60, 2-20, I-4.
1765. ~=:3?S . . ~ : XI-I-"" 25, I=2~20, XI2-X21=S,
23 =35.1766. L.'" 140 . . l8JI : XI4=X22 ... 10; 23 =I =34=
... 5, =15.

=9.