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API 6D

22 , 2002
ISO 14313:1999




: 1 2002
F API 2005-03-01

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

............................................................................................................................................... 2
.................................................................................................................................. 4
.............................................................................................................................................. 5
1. ............................................................................................................................. 6
2. ............................................................................................................................ 6
3. . ...................................................................................................................... 8
4. ...................................................................................................................... 10
4.1 ......................................................................................................................................... 10
4.2 ................................................................................................................................... 10
5. ....................................................................................................... 11
5.1 .............................................................................................................................. 11
5.2 ................................................................................................................ 11
6. ........................................................................................................................................ 24
6.1. ....................................................................... 24
6.2 ( ) .............................................................................. 24
6.3
, ............... 25
6.4 ................................................................................................................ 38
6.5 ........................................................................................................................... 38
6.6 .......................................................................................................................... 38
6.7 ...................................................................................................................... 38
6.7.1 ................................................................................................................. 38
6.7.2 .................................................................................................................. 38
6.7.3 ......................................................................... 39
6.8 ............................................................................................................................. 39
6.9 , . ......................................................... 39
6.10 () ....................................................................................... 39
6.11 ................................................................................................................ 40
6.12 ................................................................................................................. 40
6.13 ............................................................ 40
6.14 ...................................................................................... 41
6.15 ............................................................................................................. 41
6.16 ....................................................................................................................................... 41
6.17 ........................................................................................................ 41
6.18 .................................................................................................................. 42
6.19 ................................................................................................ 42
6.20 .................................................................................................... 42
6.21 ................................................................................................................. 42
6.22 () ......................................................... 42
7. ........................................................................................................................................... 42
7.1 .......................................................................................................... 42
7.2. ............................................................................................. 42
7.3 .................................................................................................. 43
7.4 ..................................................................................................................... 43
7.5 . ...................................................................... 43
7.6 ................................................................................................................... 44
7.7 ....................................................................................................... 44
8. .................................................................................................................................................. 44
8.1 ............................................................................................................................... 44
8.2 ........................................................................................................................ 45
2

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

8.3 ...................................................................................................................... 47
9. ................................................................................................. 47
9.1 ............................................................................................................................................. 47
9.2 ........................................................................ 47
9.3 , ................................................. 49
9.4 , .............................................. 49
10. ............................................................................................................... 49
10.1 ....................................................................................................................... 49
10.2 .............................................................................................. 50
10.3 .................................................................. 50
10.4 .............................................................................................. 51
10.5 ........................................................................................................................................... 53
11. .................................................................................................................................... 54
11.1 .................................................................................................................................. 54
11.2 .................................................................................................................... 56
12. ......................................................................................................................... 57
12.1 ........................................................................................................................................ 57
12.2 . ................................................................................................................... 57
12.3 ..................................................................................................................................... 57
13. .................................................................................................................................... 57
......................................................................................................................................... 59
() .................................................................................................................................. 59
................................................................................................................... 59
......................................................................................................................................... 62
().......................................................................................................................................... 62
........................................................... 62
......................................................................................................................................... 65
D ......................................................................................................................................... 68
......................................................................................................................................... 69
.......................................................................................................................................... 71

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999



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API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

6D
, 21 , 1994.
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API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


.

1.

, , , ,
,
ISO 13623 .
, PN 420 ( 2500)
.

.
2.
,
. ,

. , ,
,
, .
, .

ISO IEC

.
:

.

ISO 7-1:1973 , . 1. ,
;
ISO-148: 1983 . ( V- );
ISO 228-1:2000 , . 1.
, ;
ISO 228-2:1987 , . 2.

ISO 5208: 1993 . ;
ISO 7005-1:1992 . 1. ;
ISO 10474:1991 . ;
ISO 10497 . 1;
ISO 13623:2000 .
;
ASME 2B1.1 UN UNR ( )3;
ASME B1.20.1 ;
1

ISO 10497:2004 .
ASME American Society Of Mechanical Engineers -
3
B1.1 - 2003
2

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

ASME B 16.5 , DN 24 ;
ASME B 16.10 , ;
ASME B 16.25 ;
ASME B16.34:1996 , ;
ASME B16.47 ;
ASME B31.4: 19924 ;
ASME B31.8:1995 5;
ASME BPVC-V . V
. ;
ASME BPVC-VIII-1 . VIII
1. ;
ASME BPVC-VIII-2 . VIII
2. ;
ASME BPVC IX . IX
, ;
ASTN6 SNT-TS-1A SNT-TS-1A ;
ASTM7 A193/A193M ,
,
, ;
ASTM A320/A320M ,
,
;
ASTM A370
;
ASTM A388/A388M
;
ASTM A435/A435M
;
ASTM A577/A577M
;
ASTM A609/A609M
, ;
AWS 8GC-1 AWS. ;
EN 9287-1 . . 1. ;
EN 288-310 .
. 3. ;

B31.4 - 2002
B31.8 - 2003
6
ASNT American Society for Nondestructive Testing

7
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
8
AWS
9
EN
5

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

EN 473:1993 . ,
. ;
MSS SP-4411 ;
NACE TM 0175:200212 . ,
, , ;
NACE TM 0177

;
NACE TM 0284
;
3. .
.
3.1 ANSI rating class
ANSI , ASME B16.5
.
:
ANSI , .

3.2 bi-directional valve

3.3 bled = .
3.4 block valve = , ,
.
: , .
3.5 breakaway thrust =
breakaway torque = , ,
.
3.6 by agreement =
3.7 double-block-and-bleed(DBB) valve = ,
. ,
.
3.8 flow coefficient = KV ,
3/ , 1000 /3,
0,1

10

BS EN ISO 15614-1:2004
. . 1.

11
MSS Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fitting Industry

12
NACE National American of Corrosion Engineers

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

KV KV
1560(6000F), 1 psi :
Kv =

Kv
1,156

3.10 full-opening valve = :

.
3.11 handwheel = : , , .
3.12 locking device = /
.
3.13 manual actuator =
manual operator = : ()
.
3.14 maximum pressure differential (MPD) =
,
3.15 nominal pipe size (NPS) = :
, .
: NPS .

3.16 nominal pressure (PN) class = :


ISO 700-1 .
: (PN) PN .

3.17 nominal size (DN) = ( )


,
13

: ( ) DN
.

3.18 obturator , .
, , , ,
, .
3.19 operator , .
3.20 position indicator .
.
3.21powered actuator, powered operator = . ,
,
3.22pressure class
: PN,
ANSI.

3.23 pressure-containing parts = , .



.
3.24 pressure-controlling parts =
.
13

,
,
( )

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

3.25 process-wetted parts = , .


3.26 reduced-opening valve =
3.27 seating surfaces =
.
3.28 stem = , . ,
, .
3.29 stem extension assembly = :
3.30 support ribs or legs = ().
3.31 trough-conduit valve = .
3.32 twin-seat, both seats bi-directional, valve = ,
.
3.33 twin-seat, one seat uni-directional and one seat bi-directional, valve =
.
3.34 uni-directional valve = ,
.
3.35 venturi plug valve = :

4.
4.1
V
KV
4.2
BM Base metal ;
CE Carbon equivalent ;
DBB Double-block-and-bleed ;
DN Nominal size , ;
HAZ Heat-aftected zone ;
HR Rockwell hardness ;
HV Vickers hardness ;
MPD Maximum pressure differential ;
MT Magnetic-particle testing ;
NDE non-destructive examination ;
NPS Nominal pipe size , ;
PN Nominal pressure ;
PQR Procedure qualification record ;
PT Penetrant testing ;
PWHT Post-weld heat treatment ;
SMYS specified minimum yield strength ;
WM Weld metal
WPS Weld procedure specification
WQR Welder qualification record

10

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

5.
5.1
5.1.1

.1 2.
,
.
.

.

5.1.2

.3.

.

5.1.3

4,5 6.
,
.
5.1.4
.7-11.
.
, .
5.2
5.2.1
, 1.
.
,
, , 1.

.

5.2.2

, 1.

11

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

1
()

12

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
A (
)
B (

C (
)

1. /

13

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
A ( )
B (

C (
)

. 2 /

14

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.
2.

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

14.

A
( )
B
(
C (

)

. 3

15

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.
9.

10.
11.

B
(
C (

)

. 4

16

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
A
(
)
B
(
C (

. 5 ,

17

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10. -
A (

)
B
(
C (

. 6

18

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.

11.

12.
A (

)
B
( )
C (

. 7

19

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.

11.

12.
A

B

C

. 8

20

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.

7.
8.
9.

. 9

21

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

. 10

22

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

11.

23

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

6.
6.1.
(PN) ANSI
.
, ,
:
PN 20 ( 150)

PN 150 ( 900)

PN 50 ( 300)

PN 250 ( 1500)

PN 64 ( 400)

PN 420 ( 2500)

PN 100 ( 600)

ASME B16.34.


, ,
ASME B16.34,
, ASME VIII, 1 2, BS 5500.

.


.
6.2 ( )
, ,
:
DN 15 (NPS1/2) DN 1500 (NPS 60), 150 2500. . 1.
:
DN ,
NPS.


(DN) (NPS).

1
DN 50(NPS2) .
, DN 400 334-
400 x 350.

, R.
, DN 400
381 x 305 400 R.

24

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

6.3
,
,
2 6.

2 6,
c ASME B16.10. , 2-6
ASME B16.10 .
, ,

.
2
DN 250 3 DN 300 .
,
2 6.

25

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

2 ()
(), (B) ()

26

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

2 ()

600

813

27

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

3- ()
(), (B) ()

28

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

29

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

30

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

4 () --() -- (B
C)

()

()

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200
1400
1500

2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
48
54
60

178
191
203
229
394
457
533
610
686
762
864
914
1067
1143
1245
1295
1372
1473
1524
-

PN 20 ( 150)
191
216
203
241
216
283
241
305
406
457
470
521
546
559
622
635
699
762
775
838
876
914
927
991
1080
1143
1245
1346
1397
1524
1626
1727
-

31

267
292
330
356
-

403
419
457
502
-

279
305
343
368
-

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

4 ()

()

()

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200
1400
1500

2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
48
54
60

216
241
283
305
403
502
568
648
762
838
914
991
1092
1143
1245
1346
1397
1524
1626
1727
-

PN 50 ( 300)
232
216
257
241
298
283
321
305
419
457
518
521
584
559
664
635
778
762
854
838
930
914
1010
991
1114
1092
1165
1143
1270
1245
1372
1346
1422
1397
1553
1524
1654
1626
1756
1727
-

32

419
457
502
-

419
457
502
-

435
473
518
-

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

4 ()

()

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200

()

2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
48

PN 64 ( 400)
406
406
495
495
597
597
673
673
762
762
826
826
902
902
978
978
1054
1054
1143
1143
1232
1232
1308
1308
1397
1397
1524
1524
1651
1651
1778
1778
1880
1880
-

410
498
600
676
765
829
905
981
1060
1153
1241
1321
1410
1537
1667
1794
1895
-

()

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200

33

()

PN 100 ( 600)
2
292
292
2
330
330
3
356
356
4
432
432
6
559
559
8
660
660
10
787
787
12
838
838
14
889
889
16
991
991
18
1092
1092
20
1194
1194
22
1295
1295
24
1397
1397
26
1448
1448
28
1549
1549
30
1651
1651
32
1778
1778
34
1930
1930
36
2083
2083
38
40
42
48
-

295
333
359
435
562
664
791
841
892
994
1095
1200
1305
1407
1461
1562
1664
1794
1946
2099
-

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

4 ()

()

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300

()

PN 150 ( 900)
2
368
368
2
419
419
3
381
381
4
457
457
6
610
610
8
737
737
10
838
838
12
965
965
14
1029
1029
16
1130
1130
18
1219
1219
20
1321
1321
22
24
1549
1549
26
28
30
32
34
36
PN 420 ( 2500)
2
451
451
2
508
508
3
578
578
4
673
673
6
914
914
8
1022
1022
10
1270
1270
12
1422
1422

371
422
384
460
613
740
841
968
1038
1140
1232
1334
1568
-

()

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400

454
514
584
683
927
1038
1292
1445

34

()

PN 250 ( 1500)
2
368
368
2
419
419
3
470
470
4
546
546
6
705
705
8
832
832
10
991
991
12
1130
1130
14
1257
1257
16
1384
1384

371
422
473
549
711
841
1000
1146
1276
1407

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

5.
() --() --( )
PN 20 ( 150)
()

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
900
950
1000
1100
1200
1400
1500

PN 50 ( 300)

PN 64 ( 400)

PN 100 ( 600)

2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
36
38
40
42
48
54
60

203
216
241
292
356
495
622
699
787
864
978
978
1067
1295
1295
1448
1524
1956
-

203
216
241
292
356
495
622
699
787
864
978
978
1067
1295
1295
1448
1524
1956
-

216
229
254
305
368
508
635
711
800
876
991
991
1080
1308
-

267
292
318
356
445
533
622
711
838
864
978
1016
1118
1346
1346
1499
1594
2083
-

267
292
318
356
445
533
622
711
838
864
978
1016
1118
1346
1346
1499
1594
2083
-

283
308
333
371
460
549
638
727
854
879
994
1035
1140
1368
1372
1524
1619
-

35

292
330
356
406
495
597
673
762
889
902
1016
1054
1143
1397
1397
1600
1651
2083
-

292
330
356
406
495
597
673
762
889
902
1016
1054
1143
1397
1397
1600
1651
2083
-

595
333
359
410
498
600
676
765
892
905
1019
1060
1153
1407
1410
1613
1664
-

292
330
356
432
559
660
787
838
889
991
1092
1194
1295
1397
1448
1600
1651
2083
-

292
330
356
432
559
660
787
838
889
991
1092
1194
1295
1397
1448
1600
1651
2083
-

295
333
359
435
562
664
791
841
892
994
1095
1200
1305
1407
1461
1613
1664
-

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

5 ()
PN 150 ( 900)

PN 250 ( 1500)

PN 420 ( 2500)

()

()

50

368

368

371

368

368

371

451

451

454

65

419

419

422

491

491

422

508

508

514

80

381

381

384

470

470

473

578

578

584

100

457

457

460

546

546

549

673

673

683

150

610

610

613

705

705

711

914

914

927

200

737

737

740

832

832

841

1022

1022

1038

250

10

838

838

841

991

991

1000

1270

1270

1292

300

12

965

965

968

1130

1130

1146

1422

1422

1445

350

14

1029

1029

1038

1257

1257

1276

400

16

1130

1130

1140

1384

1384

1407

450

18

1219

1219

1232

1537

1537

1559

500

20

1321

1321

1234

1664

1664

1686

600

24

1549

1549

1568

1943

1943

1972

36

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

6. , ,
, () --.
PN 20 (
150)

PN 50
( 300)

PN 64
( 400)

PN 100
( 600)

PN 150
PN 250
PN 420
( 900) ( 1500) ( 2500)

DN
()

NPS
()

50

19

60

19

60

19

60

19

60

19

70

19

70

70

65

19

67

19

67

19

67

19

67

19

83

19

83

83

80

19

73

19

73

19

73

19

73

19

83

22

83

86

100

19

73

19

73

22

79

22

79

22

102

32

102

105

150

19

98

22

98

25

137

29

137

35

159

44

159

159

200

29

127

29

127

32

165

38

165

44

206

57

206

206

250

10

29

146

38

146

51

213

57

213

57

241

73

248

250

300

12

38

181

51

181

57

229

60

229

292

305

305

350

14

44

184

51

222

64

273

67

273

356

356

400

16

51

191

51

232

64

305

73

305

384

384

450

18

60

203

76

264

83

362

83

362

451

468

500

20

64

219

83

292

89

368

92

368

451

533

600

22

222

318

394

438

495

559

750

24

900

26

1100

28

1200

30

1400

36

1500

38

:
: ;

37

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

6.4

, 1.
6.5
(MPD),
, . ,
, . 6.1
380 (1000F), MPD.
:

KV

,
,
6.6

.
.4.
6.7
6.7.1

( ).
, (), ,
, ,
:
ASME B16.5 DN 600(NPS 24), DN 550(NPS 22)
MSS SP-44 DN 550(NPS 22)
ASME B 16.47 DN 650(NPS 26) .
6.7.2
434.86() (1) (2) ASME
B31.4 14 15 ASME B 31.8 .

300 450, . 1 ASME B 16.25.

38

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

, , ,
,
.
6.7.3
, ,

6.8
,
/ .
, ,
,
.
,
1,33 , 6.1
380 (1000F).
DN (NPS 1/2)
.
6.9 , .
,
, .
, .
, ,
-.
.
, 7,
,
6.10 ()

,
, .
, .
,
, 360 .
( ) ,
, .
. ,

39

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

7 , .


DN ()
NPS ()
15-40
- 1


()
8( 1 4 )

50-100
150-200

2-4
6-8

15()
20( 3 4 )

250

10

25(1)

1000 ,
, . DN
40 (NPS 1) , ,
.
,
, , ,
.

6.11
,
.
.

/ .
6.12
, ,

.
/
, ,
. , () /
.

/ .
6.13
6.13.1

, ,
,
.

40

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

6.13.2
, , -
.
6.13.3

,
.
6.14

/ , .
6.15
DN 200 (NPS8) ,
.

, ,
.
: ,

6.16
,
.

-
.
, ,
.

.
: - ISO 5211.

6.17
6.17.1

, , .
:
,

6.17.2
,
, 67%
.
, ASME
VIII, 2, AD 132.
41

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

0, 75
.
6.17.3

, .

.
6.18

, / .
6.19
,
.5.
6.20
,

.5.

6.21
.
6.22 ()

.. , , .
7.
7.1
, .

.
, , ,
, ASME B16.34,
.
7.2.
,
,
.

42

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

,
PN 100 ( 600) ,
.
7.3

.
7.4
, ,
:
a) 0,23% ()
0,25% .
b) , 0,035%
.
c) () 0,43 ()
0,45
:
CE=%C+(%Mn/6)+(%Cr+%Mo+%V)/5+(%Ni+%Cu)/15

:
a) 0,03% , ,
b) c).
b) 0,08% ,
, 10 , ,
.
c) , ,
, ,
.
,
, .
7.5 .
,
-29 C ( -20
F), .


.
,
, , ,
, ,
, :

, ,
,
;

43

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

,

.

,
, ,
,
.
,
/
.
,
8.
ASTM 320.
7.6

.

Grade 7
ASTM 193 , HRC 22,
, , . ,
.
7.7
, ,
, NACE
MR 0175,
8.
8.1
, ( ),


, ASME IX EN 288-3 .8.2 8.3
.
ASME IX EN 287-1.
: , / / ,
.

8. V
( )

(J)


(MPa)
586
20
16
587 - 688
27
20
689
34
25

44

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


(PQR).
(PWHT)
.
: , BS 4515,
.
,
.

8.2

-29 C ( -20 F).
: /
-29 C ( -20 F).


(HAZ) , .13.
,
HAZ-,
.
HAZ- ,
, , ,
- / ASME IX,
, ,
-.
ISO 148 ASTM 370
V .
.

,
.

8.

45

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

12. V-
.
:
1.
2.
3.

46

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

8.3
.
, ,
NACE MR 0175.
(),
(WM) , .14
(HV 10.
9.
9.1

. ,
.
9.2
9.2.1
, ,
, , ,
.

13. V-
.
:
1.
2.
3.

47

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

14. .
:
1.
2.
3.
4. 1,5 ()
5. 3,0 ()
9.2.2 ,

.
9.2.3
9.2.3.1

() , 2,0% .
9.2.3.2
25% 75%
.
9.2.3.3
, ,

25%, 50%, 75% 100% .
9.2.4 ,
, ,
3 (5F).

48

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

9.3 ,
9.3.1 ,
, ,
, ASNT SNT-TC-1A EN 473 II
, ,
ASNT SNT-TC-1A EN 473.
9.3.2
,
, AWS
QC1 ,
.
9.4 ,
( )

.
.
, .
10.
10.1 .

. ,
, .
, .
.
,
, , .
/ - (-)
30 g/g (30 ppm).
, - ,
, .
, . ,
,
.

.
.

.

49

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

10.2
,
.
,
.
, .
, ,
, .
1,1
, 6.1 38C (100F)
, 9.

.
.
9.
.

()
DN ()
NPS ()
100
4
2
150
6
5
10.3
( )
.
,
. ,

() , ,
.
1,5
, . 6.1 38C (100F)
, 10.
10. .

()
DN ()
NPS ()
15-100
-4
2
150-250
6-10
5
300-450
12-18
15
500
20
30
- .
()
. 95 %
DN100 (NPS4)
50

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

DN150 (NPS6) .
.

.
1,1 - 1, 33
6.2 38C (100F).
10.4
10.4.1

.4 , .
10.4.2
, ,
, --.
10.4.3
1,1
PN, 6.1 38C (100F).
11.
11.

DN ()

NPS ()

()

15-100

-4

150

10.4.4

ISO 5208 ( ).

D ISO 5208, ,
10.4.5.5.2 , D-ISO 5208,
. .10.4.5.
10.4.5
10.4.5.1


.
.

. ,
,

10.4.5.2

51

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


.
.

.
,
.
10.4.5.3
.

. ,
.
.
10.4.5.4 ,
10.4.5.4.1

, .
,
, .
. ,
, ,
, (
) .
10.4.5.4.2
10.4.5.4.1
, ,
.
.
, .

10.4.5.5
10.4.5.5.1

. ,
. ,
.
.

.

52

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

10.4.5.5.2

. ,
.
.


. 10.4.5. .
10.4.5.6
.
10.4.5.7 , ,


.
10.5
, ,

53

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

11.
11.1
12.
,
, :
;
;
;

, DN 50 (NPS2).
.

, .
15.

. 15
. 15 ,
.

54

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

12

1.
2.
3. /
a)

b)

4. -- / - - (6.3)
.
5. : ,
, AISI, ASME, ASTM
ISO.
:
,
.

6. /
, , AISI, ASME, ASTM, ISO..
7. :
,
,


()




(,
) .
(

(, ))

: MSS SP-25 .

8. ....
a)

: .

b) :
, 6.2.....
9.


(
)

(
)

(
)

10. .

11. ( )

12. ..

13. .
14. ( )..
15. ISO 14313
55

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

11.2
,
, 200-
664 --,
100 bar, 13% 1999
:

ABCO
PN 100
WCC
DN 200

( 1: )
( 2: )
( 5:
( 6: )
:

R49
12345

( 9: )
( 13: )

: ,
( 9) SMYS
, SMYS 40KSI ( 10: SMYS)


12345

( 6: )


ABCO
PN 100
100 -290
90 1210
WCC
Stem CR13
Disc CR13
Seat CR13
CR13 CR13 CR13

CR13
CR13
CR13
DN200
DN 200 x 150
DN 200R
12345
9-99 9/99
ISO 14313

( 1: )
( 2: )
( 3:
)

( 5: )
( 7: )

( 8: )
( 8: ()
)
( 8: )
( 13: )
( 14: )
( 15: )

56

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

12.
12.1
, /
, , .
, .
,

12.2 .
,
, ,
500 (1220F).
12.3

.
, - ,
,
.
, .
, ,
, ,
.

.
, .
, ,
.
13.

:
- ;
- ;
- ;
57

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

- ;
- , ;
- ;
- DN 50 (NPS 2) :
- ,
;
- ;
- .
, ,
.
, (. D)

58

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


()

1.

.
.2

, 50%
, 10%
.
1:
, ,
(.6.8).

.3

, / .
,
,
. 6.8 .
.4

, .
.
(, )
.
.5

ISO 10497. ,
BS 6755 2, API Spec 6FA, API Spec 6FC, API Spec 6FD API Std 607,
,
.6
,
.

59

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

.7
.
.
____________________________________________________
__________________________________________
______ _____________________________________________________
______________________________________________
(. . .2) ____________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
: ______________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
: , , . . ___________________

: ______________________________________________________________________
: _________________________________________________________________
: ___________________________________________________________
: _____________________________________________________________
: __________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
? ______________________________________
: ____________________________________________

, :
__________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
;
_______ _____
? ______________________________
, ? ______________________
, ASME B 16.5_____
MSS SP-44_____ ASME B 16.47, _____
_________________________
:
:
______ _____
.
: _________________________________
: -- -? _____________________________________________________________________

, : _____________

: ______________________________________________
: _____
: () .

__________________________________________________________
______________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
60

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


__________________________________________
:
(. ) ___________________________________
, ?
__________
NACE MR 0175? __________
: ,
?_______ __________________________________________________________
: ________________________________________
? (. D) ____________________________
____________________________________
_________________________________________

61

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


()

.1

, ,
.
.2 100%
ASME B16.34
ASME V, 22.
, 1,5%.
ASME VIII, 1, 7.
.
.3 100%
ASME V, 22.
, 14, 1,5%.
ASME VIII, 1, 7.
.
.4 100%
ASME 16.34.
ASME V, 23
,
, .
ASTM A609, 2, 1.
.5 100%
ASME V, 23
,
, .
ASTM A 609, 2, 1.
.6 100%
ASME V, 25.
ASME VIII, 1, 6.
.7 100%
14

(IQI)
, .
6
. d=0,08; 0,13; 0,16; 0,2; 0,25 =
/ () *100%

62

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

ASME V, 24.
ASME VIII, 1, 8.
.8 100%
, ASME V, 23 ASTM
A388 ASTM A 435 ASTM A577 ( ).
ASME 8, 1, 23
ASTM A388 ASTM A 435 ASTM A577

. 9 100%
ASME V, 25.
ASME V, 25.
ASME VIII, 1, 6.
. 10 100% .
ASME V, 22.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1, Part UW51
ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Appendix 4 .
.11 100%
ASME Section V, Article 23.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1, Article 12.
.12
ASME Section V, Article 25.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Appendix 6.
.13
ASME Section V, Article 24.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Appendix 8.
.14 100%
ASME Section V, Article 25.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Appendix 6.
.15 100%
ASME Section V, Article 24.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Appendix 8.
.16
ASME Section V, Article 24.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Appendix 8.
.17
63

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

ASME Section V, Article 25.


ASME Section VIII, Division 1 Appendix 6.

64

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


()
.
.1
,
, .
, .
.2

, 10.3 10.4 /
, 9, 10 11.
.3
.3.1
:
ISO 5208 ( )
ISO 5208 D .
.3.2 I
, 10.4,
0,5 bar 1,0 bar (7,3 psig 14,7 psig) c
.
.3.3 II
, 10.4,
5,5 0,7 bar(80,8 psig 10,3 psig)
.
.4
, 10.2 10.4
.

10.2 10.4
.5

/
, 12 V.
10 .
5% .

65

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

.6 /
,
, , ,
:
a)
;
b)
;
c)
;
d) .), .

, ,
. , ,
SAE 10W .

, ,
.

.
.7
.7.1

,
,
.
.7.2
,

,
:
a) ;
b)
;
c) ,
, ;
d)
, ,
.
.
.7.3


a) 1,33 PN
.6.1 38 C (100 F)
b)
66

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

c) ,
.
.
.8
,
, ,
.
NACE
TM 0284 , NACE TM
0177. , ,
(CSR), (CLR)
, .

67

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

D
()

,
,
D1) ;
D2) NACE .
D3) ,
D4) .
D5) (, , )
D6) ,
/ .
D7) , ,
.
D8) , .
D9) ( ).
D10)
D11) (
).
D12) .
D13) ISO 10474 (
).
D14) , .
D15) .
D16) , .
D17)
D18)

68

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999


()
API
.0

, API . ,
API , ,

,
. API


.
API ,
API Q1
,
API
.

, , : 1220 L Street,N.W., Washington, DC 20005
.: 202-682-8000.
.1
API ,
API
.
.2
, 2,
:
API Specification Q1
, , ,
. ,
, ,
2 .
.3 API : ,
.3.1 ,
API , :
a) API - Q1, .
b) API API - Q1, .
c) , API .
d) API .
.3..2 , , ,
API Q1 .
3.3 , ,
:
69

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

a) , , ,
,
API .
API - , ,
, , .
b) ,
, ,
.
,
, API .
c) , API , .
d) .
e) API .
.3.4 , API ,
. ,
, 5 .
.4
, API
, API .
.4.1 API 6D
15 12 11.1.
.4.2 () .
.4.3 API
11.1. , DN 50 (NPS 2),
.
.5 API :
,
, , API
, API Q1
API .
.6 API :
API ,
, API .
.
API - ,
( ),
,
.
, .

70

API Standard 6D/ISO 14313:1999

1. ISO 5211 .
.
2. API SPEC 6D (, ,
). 1994
3. API SPEC 6FA Fire test for valves .
4. API SPEC 6FC

5. API SPEC 6FD :
6. API STD 607:
. 1985.
7. BS 5500 , ,
8. BS 4515 .
9. BS 6755 2 . . 2.
.
10. MSS SP-25 , , .

71

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