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GEOGRAPHY 1.1

DEMONSTRATE

GEOGRAPHIC UNDERSTANDING OF ENVIRONMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN SHAPED BY

EXTREME NATURAL

Credits 4

EVENT(S)

GEOGRAPHY 1.1 DEMONSTRATE GEOGRAPHIC UNDERSTANDING OF ENVIRONMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN SHAPED BY EXTREME NATURAL Credits 4

GRADE CRITERIA

Achievement

Achievement with Merit

Achievement with Excellence

Demonstrate

Demonstrate in-depth

Demonstrate

geographic

geographic

comprehensive

understanding of environments that have been shaped by extreme

understanding of environments that

have been shaped by extreme

geographic understanding of environments that have been shaped by extreme

natural event(s).

natural event(s).

natural event(s).

STANDARD BREAK DOWN A.M.E.

ACHIEVED:

  • Describing aspects of how extreme natural event(s) shape environments.

MERIT:

Must include supporting evidence.

  • Explaining aspects of how extreme natural event(s) shape

natural and cultural environments. supporting evidence.

EXCELLENCE:

Must include detailed

  • Fully explaining aspects of how extreme natural event(s) shape natural and cultural environments using geographic

terminology and concepts, and showing insight.

Must

integrate detailed supporting evidence.

EXEMPLAR PRACTICE

What does excellence look like:

  • Answers the Qs

  • Structured answer

  • Detail that includes specific information

  • Diagram include conventions and annotations

  • Includes integrated geographic concepts

  • Includes geographic terminology

ASPECTS

Effects of the ENEs on the cultural environments Effects of the ENEs on the natural environments
Effects of the ENEs on the cultural environments
Effects of the ENEs on the natural environments
natural processes that operate to produce ENEs
/ people have responded to ENEs
Groups
Characteristics of the environments that make them
vulnerable to ENEs
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

The above aspects are the main focus for the NCEA exam questions. The following slides exams the each aspects and break down key information that could be included in

diagrams and written answers.

When revising these slides

should be used in conjunction with your NCEA writing

templates.

1A CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENVIRONMENTS THAT MAKE THEM VULNERABLE TO ENES

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Diagram: Haiti map showing; fault line, Plates, plate boundary,

other (deforestation / island location).

Remember FACKTS

1A

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENVIRONMENTS THAT MAKE THEM VULNERABLE TO ENES

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT:

Written component

 

Paragraphs

Facts

Geo terms

Location (plate

N. American plate,

CONCEPTS: Patterns-

tectonic, plate

Caribbean plate,

Linear (fault line, plate

boundaries, fault line)

Enriquillo Plantain Garden fault

boundaries), Environment,

Other

interaction (plate movement / cultural

(deforestation /

1900s 60% land was

processes such as

island location)

forested today 2% > land unstable vulnerable to slips / EQs

deforestation that have led to nat env being more vulnerable)

1A CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENVIRONMENTS THAT MAKE THEM VULNERABLE TO ENES

CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT

Diagram: Haiti map showing; Political instability, Infrastructure,

Preparation,

Poverty, Education

and Population Density / Building

stability.

Remember FACKTS

CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT Diagram: Haiti map showing; Political instability, Infrastructure, Preparation, Poverty, Education and Population Density /

1A

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE

ENVIRONMENTS THAT MAKE THEM VULNERABLE TO ENES

 

CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT:

Written component

   

Paragraphs

 

Facts

Geo terms

 

Political

Suffered from a series of political

CONCEPTS:

instability

dictators (Papa (60s) & Baby Doc (70-

Interaction

/Preparation, Poverty / Education

80s)) and attempted military coup (1991, 2004) > No civil defence Poorest country in the western

(government?), Patterns (majority urban

Density / Building

hemisphere GDP (70% live on less $2 per day)

population) sustainability

stability.

Population density (363 per km2

Carrefour)

(cultural env

 

compare to NZ 13 per km2, these figures are even higher cities) No building codes most house ill

unsustainable due to lack of pol / eco support )

equipped or slums (District of

2. NATURAL PROCESSES THAT OPERATE TO PRODUCE ENES

NATURAL PROCESSES

Diagram: Convection currents, Plate tectonics (transform),

Earthquake processes.

Remember FACKTS

NATURAL PROCESSES Diagram: Convection currents, Plate tectonics (transform), Earthquake processes. Remember FACKTS

2. NATURAL PROCESSES THAT OPERATE TO PRODUCE ENES

2. NATURAL PROCESSES THAT OPERATE TO PRODUCE ENES NATURAL PROCESSES Paragraphs Geo terms Facts • Convection

NATURAL PROCESSES

Paragraphs

Geo terms

Facts

Convection

Heat > mantle > magma>

CONCEPTS:

Currents

convection cells > plates

Processes,

 

Interaction,

Plate tectonics

Transform (North American /

Change

 

Caribbean plates) ¼ inch per

Earthquake

year. Enriqullio plantain garden

 

processes

fault

P.S.R.M.W

Pressure, Stress, Rupture, Movement, Waves Location, Epicentre, Depth,

Magnitude

3. EFFECTS OF THE ENES ON THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS

EFFECTS ON NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Diagram: Haiti map showing; Uplift / Subsidence, Liquefaction, Tsunami, Mudslide. Remember FACKTS

EFFECTS ON NATURAL ENVIRONMENT Diagram: Haiti map showing; Uplift / Subsidence, Liquefaction, Tsunami, Mudslide. Remember FACKTS

3. EFFECTS OF THE ENES ON THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS

 

NATURAL EFFECTS

 
 

Paragraphs

 

Facts

Geo terms

Uplift /

Near the epicentre coral reef lifted out

CONCEPTS:

Subsidence

the Port-au-Prince bay. Up to 50m of

Processes,

 

agricultural land lost to the sea.

Interaction,

Liquefaction

Fine sand sediment deposited around

Change

Fissures

the port. Fissures scarring around the land and the road of the capital.

Tsunami

 

Small localised tsunami caused by

Mudslide

 

underwater landslide hits the coast around Petit Paradis Land weakened by deforestation becomes unstable, collapses just outside the capital

     

4. EFFECTS OF THE ENES ON THE CULTURAL ENVIRONMENTS

EFFECTS ON CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT

Diagram: Haiti’s

Political, Social, Economical effects (PES).

Remember FACKTS

EFFECTS ON CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT Diagram: Haiti’s Political, Social, Economical effects (PES). Remember FACKTS

4. EFFECTS OF THE ENES ON THE CULTURAL ENVIRONMENTS

4. EFFECTS OF THE ENES ON THE CULTURAL ENVIRONMENTS

CULTURAL EFFECTS

Paragraphs

Geo terms

Facts

Effects: (PES)

Political

Political (Leadership) - Weak Government unable to respond

or react.

Specific Detail-

Presidential Palace, President Preval

Economical

Social

Economical ($ and jobs)- All eco. activities stopped, Trade,

businesses destroyed.

Specific

Detail-Port/ Iron Market

CONCEPTS:

Change,

Environment,

Interaction,

Perspectives

Social (people)- death, injuries, homelessness, livelihoods,

needs.

Specific detail-

230,000/300,000/1M/Cathedral

5A. GROUPS

5A. GROUPS / PEOPLE HAVE RESPONDED

/ PEOPLE HAVE RESPONDED

HOW GROUPS / INDIVIDUAL HAVE RESPONDED

Short term / Long term
Short term / Long term

Diagram: Flow diagram include a box of how one or more groups (American Red Cross, Haitian Gov, Survivor) responded to the EQ.

Short term Response to the 2010 Haiti EQ Charity- American Red Cross Haitian Port-au-Prince Government Survivors
Short term Response to the 2010 Haiti EQ
Charity- American
Red Cross
Haitian
Port-au-Prince
Government
Survivors
GLOBAL
NATIONAL
LOCAL
Assessment
Assessment
Panic /Stress
Rescue
Plee / Help
Flee
Treatment
Control
Shelter
Supplies
Suppport
Safety
Accommodation
Function
Treatment
Concepts
Environment / Perspectives / Interaction

HAITI EARTHQUAKE TIMELINE

LONG TERM RESPONSE

HAITI EARTHQUAKE TIMELINE LONG TERM RESPONSE Response Recovery Rebuilding Resolution Jan 12th 5pm 7.0 EQ struck

Response

Recovery

Rebuilding

Resolution

Jan 12th 5pm 7.0 EQ struck

1.5 M homeless Ms affected

240,000

2010

Killing

Haiti

Temporary shelter

Medical care Removing rubble

1Year on Food/Water

2011

Rebuilding (infrastructure, home) Community progs.

Sanitary (cholera)

2 years on Food/Water

(infrastructure, home) Medical Infrastructure Disaster Infrastructure Relocation of remaining 300,000.

Community progs

3 years on Food/Water

Rebuilding

  • 2012 2013

TIME
TIME