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a) i) longitudinal//mechanical

ii)
after beating a drum, the diaphragm
of drum will vibrates.

will cause air molecules surrounding
the drum will vibrate.

vibration of air molecules will
transfer by compression &
rarefraction.
direction of molecule is parallel to
the direction of wave
Energy is being transferred
Will cause the eardrum to vibrate
b)

iii) when wavelength longer, the speed
of sound higher in warm region.

iv) change direction //refracted or
bend away from normal line

v) refraction

Cold region Warm region
i) wavelength short long
ii)angle low high

characteristic reason
microwave High energy//high frequency//high
penetration power//travel further
High
frequency
High energy//high penetration
power//short wavelength
big Capture/receive/collect more signal
Substations//
disc//antenna
//
Overcome damping//amplify signal
Idea of high
position
Receive signal//no blocking