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ES2007/ES8007/ES7013 Climate and Climate Change

Lecture Course Content

last updated on 14 Jan 2014

* This outline is subject to changes as the course proceeds, while details are incrementally
specified appropriate to the level of progress of the class.
* The lectures are demarcated by dashed lines below.
* One lecture is of one-hour duration. 3 such lectures are conducted at each 3h-session.
* The lectures and book references in brown and bold denote material examinable for
graduate students only. But undergraduate students are encouraged to listen in for these
lectures for fun-filled enrichment
* There are no tutorials but consultations with teaching assistants are conducted every week.
References to course texts are meant as (examinable) supplementary reading to the lectures.
They are listed to the right of the course content. The letters/numbers following the symbol
x refer to the chapters in the course texts below.
For graduate students only:

a = An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics, by David G. Andrews

For all undergraduate and graduate students:


b = Atmosphere, Weather and Climate, by Roger G. Barry and Richard J. Chorley
d = Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast, by David Archer
r = Earth's Climate: Past and Future, by William F. Ruddiman
s = Summary for Policymakers, in Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis
p = Press Release by IPCC AR5 Working Group I through IPCC Press Office
http://www.climatechange2013.org/images/uploads/WGI-AR5_SPMPressRelease.pdf

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Introduction
a. Course Briefing
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Earths Climate
i. The Climate System
lecture notes
ii. Atmospheric Structure & Composition b2.A.1-A.6, 2.C
iii. Climate Variability & Change
b2.A.7, b13.A;
p
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Video "Earth: The Inside Story"
http://www.earthimage.org/Earth__Inside.html (note the two underscores)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Radiation
a. Blackbody Radiation
b3.A; `
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Albedo, Atmosphere-Radiation Interaction,
b3.B-3.E;
Radiative Heating of the Earth
a3.3-3.6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Radiative Energy Balance Model
a1.3, a3.7

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. Dynamics
a. Pressure Force, Hydrostatic Balance
b2.B.1; a2.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Atmospheric and Ocean Circulations
b7.B-7.D
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Coriolis Force, Geostrophic Balance,
a4.1-4.9
Thermal Wind Shear
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Warm-Up Quiz (on Tuesday 4 February 2014 of Week 4)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Thermodynamics
a. Ideal Gas Law, Vapour Pressure
b2.B; a2.1, 2.7
b. Humidity, Condensation
b4.A-4.B, 4.D,
Precipitation
b4.E.1-E.3, b5.F
Salinity
lecture notes
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Potential Temperature, Parcel Theory
lecture notes
Convection
a2.4-2.5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------d. Thermodynamic Energy Equation
a4.10
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5. Numerical Modelling
a. General Circulation Models
b8.A-8.C;
a8.1-.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Climate Feedbacks
b13.B.2-B.3;
d7
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Climate Means, Variability and Extremes
lecture notes
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6. Global Warming & Consequences
a. Recent Climate Change
b13.D; sA-D
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Climate Projections
b13.E-13.G; sE
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Discussion
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RECESS
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7. Earths climate in the deep time
a. A quick overview of the climate system
r1, r2
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. The faint young Sun paradox, snowball Earth r4
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c. Geochemical toolbox -1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. Long-term carbon cycle
a. Plate tectonics and carbon cycle
r5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Greenhouse to icehouse
r6, r7
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Geochemical toolbox -2
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Mid-semester Test (on Tuesday 25 March 2014 of Week 10)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. Ice ages
a. Orbital-scale changes
r8, r10
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Abrupt climatic changes
r15
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Monsoon and ENSO in paleoclimate records
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SPMS E-learning (in Week 12)
10. Climate and human evolution
a. Out of Africa
r16
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Dawn of civilization
r16
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11. Future climate change
a. Anthropogenic climate impact
r20
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b. Geo-engineering
r20
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c. Discussion
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------FINAL EXAMINATION at 5pm on Tuesday 6 May 2014 please check
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------