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What is an Earthquake?

An earthquake is a shaking of the ground caused by the sudden breaking and


movement of tectonic plates of the earth
Alter the surface of the Earth.
Cause great damage ... collapse of buildings, landslides, tsunamis and volcanic
eruptions.
Where it usually happens?
it depends on their location and that frequently occur in places close to the tectonic
plates. Although countries in which the earthquakes frequently occur are: Chile,
Indonesia, Japan and Mexico.

Causes
The main cause of earthquakes are the continuous movements of tectonic plates.
Another possible cause of earthquakes are volcanic eruptions. Both phenomena are
closely linked together, and the eruption of a volcano can bring earthquakes as
another of its consequences.

Real Case
Three years ago there was an earthquake in Haiti, it has a magnitude of 7.2 degrees
and a depth of 10 kilometers. The effects were devastating. 316,000 (three hundred
sixteen thousand) of people died, 350,000 (three hundred fifty thousand) were injured,
and more than 1.5 million of people lose their home.
It was one of the worst human catastrophes of history.

Recommendations

1. Si est dentro de un edificio, qudese dentro; si est fuera, permanezca fuera. El entrar
o salir de los edificios slo puede causarle accidentes.
2. Dentro de un edificio busque estructuras fuertes: bajo una mesa ocama, bajo el dintel
de una puerta, junto a un pilar, pared maestra o en un rincn y proteja su cabeza.
3. No utilice el ascensor y nunca huya precipitadamente hacia la salida.
4. Apague todo fuego. No utilice ningn tipo de llama (cerilla, encendedor, vela, etc.)
durante o inmediatamente despus del temblor.
5. Fuera de un edificio ,aljese de cables elctricos , cornisas, cristales, pretiles, etc .
6. No se acerque ni penetre en los edificios para evitar ser alcanzado por la cada de
objetos peligrosos (cristales, cornisas, etc.). Vaya hacia lugares abiertos, no corra y
cuidado con el trfico. -
7. Si va en coche cuando ocurra el temblor, prelo donde le permita el permanezca dentro
del mismo, retirado de puentes y tajos.