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DOI-S10848

SpectralWave V-Node S
STM-16/ STM-4/ STM-1
3.0a

NEC Corporation
7-1, Shiba 5-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8001, Japan .: +81-3-3454-1111
: NECTOK J22686 : +81-3-3798-1510/9

DOI-S10848

SpectralWave NEC Corporation.

Copyright 2007, NEC Corporation.


.
CND.
.
1- 2007

DOI-S10848

1. SDH

1-1

1.1 .................................... 1-1


1.2 .................................................................... 1-2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4

.............................................................................. 1-2
.................................. 1-2
....................... 1-3
................................................................. 1-3

2. V-NODE S

2-1

2.1 ............................................... 2-1


2.2 2..................................................... 2-2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.4
2.2.5
2.2.6

............................................................................. 2-2
................................... 2-4
....................................................... 2-7
...................................... 2-9
......... 2-11

......................................................................................... 2-11
2.2.7 VLAN ....................................................................................... 2-13
2.2.8 ........................................................ 2-28
2.2.9 ......................................................................................... 2-41
2.2.10 ..................................... 2-44
2.2.11 MAC .............................................................................. 2-46
2.2.12 .......................... 2-51

2.3 LCAS .................................................. 2-54


2.3.1
2.3.2

.................................................................................... 2-54
LCAS .................................................................................................... 2-63

2.4 ................................................................................. 2-69


2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3

.......................................................................... 2-69
.................................................................... 2-69
............................................................................ 2-69

2.5 ............................................................................................ 2-81


2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.5.5

MSP ...................................................................................................... 2-81


MS-SP Ring.......................................................................................... 2-85
SNCP .................................................................................................... 2-87
..................................................... 2-89
................................................ 2-96

2.6 ............................................................................ 2-100


2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.6.4

............................................................ 2-100
.................................... 2-100
................................................ 2-103
DNU....................................................................................... 2-105

DOI-S10848

2.7 / ...................................... 2-106


2.8 ..................................................... 2-108
2.9 ............................................ 2-110
2.9.1
2.9.2
2.9.3
2.9.4
2.9.5
2.9.6
2.9.7

PM ............................................................. 2-110

() ......................................................................... 2-118
SES..................................................................................................... 2-122
............................................................. 2-123
......................................................... 2-123
PM ........................................................................ 2-124
TCA .................................................................................................... 2-124

2.10 ...................................................................... 2-131


2.10.1 .............................................. 2-131
2.10.2 ..................... 2-140
2.10.3 ............................... 2-141

2.11 ............................. 2-143


2.11.1 ..................................................................................... 2-143
2.11.2 ..................................................... 2-144
2.11.3 ...................................................................... 2-145
2.11.4 .......................................... 2-148
2.11.5 ...................... 2-150
2.11.6 ............................................. 2-151
2.11.7 ................................................. 2-152
2.11.8 ......................................... 2-156
2.11.9 ................................................. 2-157
2.11.10 ................................................ 2-158

2.12 ................................................................. 2-162


2.12.1 ....................................................... 2-162
2.12.2 ....................................................................... 2-162

2.13 OW................................................................................. 2-170


2.13.1
2.13.2
2.13.3
2.13.4
2.13.5
2.13.6

OW................................................................................. 2-170
OW ........................................................................ 2-170
................................................................................. 2-171
.................................................................. 2-171
................................................... 2-172
................................................................................... 2-172

2.14 LAPD / / ................................. 2-173


2.15 ............................ 2-174
2.15.1 ............................................................................... 2-174
2.15.2 - ....................................................................................... 2-175

2.16 ....................................... 2-175


2.16.1 ...................... 2-175
2.16.2 FAN ................ 2-175

2.17 ................................................ 2-176


2.18 .................................................................. 2-176

ii

DOI-S10848

3.

3-1

3.1 .................................................................... 3-1


3.2 ............................................................................ 3-1
3.3 ............................................................. 3-2
3.3.1
3.3.2

CID..................................................................................... 3-2
NMS ........................................................................................................ 3-3

3.4 ......................................................... 3-4


3.4.1

V-Node S ................................................................... 3-4

iii
E

DOI-S10848

1. SDH
1.1
.
1-1:

. 1-1. STM-N

SDH
1-1

DOI-S10848

1.2
1.2.1
. 1-2.
STM-N (N=1/4/16)
1-1.
270 N ()
9N

261 N


SOH

3
4

STM-N

SOH

T1518000-95

. 1-2.
1-1. STM-N

STM-1
STM-4
STM-16

155,520 /
622,080 /
2488,32 /

N
1
4
16


2430
9720
38880


125
125
125

1.2.2
. 1-1.
STM-1 STM-N AUG STM-N
.
(AU) STM-N
VC-4
ITU-T
.

SDH
1-2

DOI-S10848

1.2.3
1.2.3.1
,
A1/A2
STM-1/STM-4/STM-16 .
5 (
A1, A2),
OOF ( ). OOF
, A1
A2 . OOF 3 (24
), , LOF ( ).
LOF A1
A2, , ,
A1 A2 3 (24
), LOF .
STM-4:
NRZ
1+X6+X7
STM-1:
NRZ
1 + X6 + X7
STM-1: CMI
STM-16:
NRZ
1 + X6 + X7
45M: B3ZS
34M: HDB3
2M: HDB3

1.2.4
1.2.4.1 ( SOH )
V-Node S (OH) .
SOH

. 1-3,
SDH
1-3

DOI-S10848

. 1-4, . 1-5 1-2.


,
, - ,
- , * -
.
9

9 bytes

A1 A1

A1 A2 A2 A2 J0

B1

E1

F1

D1

D2

D3

*
RSOH

99
rows

()

Administrative
Unit pointer(s)
B2 B2

B2 K1

K2

D4

D5

D6

D7

D8

D9

D10

D11

D12

S1

MSOH

M1 E2
T1523130-96

Bytes
reserved
for national use
*

Unscrambled
bytes. Therefore
care should
be taken

.
with
their content
.

Media dependent bytes

, .

NOTE All unmarked bytes are reserved for future international


:


standardization (for
media
dependent, additional
national use and
other purposes). ( ,

).

. 1-3. SOH STM-1

SDH
1-4

DOI-S10848

36

()

. .


( ,
).

. 1-4. SOH STM-4

SDH
1-5

DOI-S10848

144

()

. .


( ,
).

. 1-5. SOH STM-16

SDH
1-6

DOI-S10848

1-2. RSOH/MSOH STM-1, STM-4 STM-16

( STM-1)

( STM-4)

((STM-16)


A1: 11110110
A2: 00101000


,
STM
C1
,

DCC ( )
DCC 192 /

A1
A2

1
1

1, 2, 3
4, 5, 6

1
1

1 12
13 24

1
1

1 48
49 96

J0

25

97

D1

D2

13

49

D3
D4

3
6, 7, 8

7
1, 4, 7

3
6, 7, 8

25
1, 13, 25

3
6, 7, 8

97
1, 49, 97

D12
E1

13

49

E2

25

97

F1

25

97

B1

B2

1, 2, 3

B2

1 12

B2

1 48

K1

13

49

K2

25

97

M1

15

51

(REI)
.

S1

12, 9

8, 9

12, 9

29 36

12, 9

113 144


* V-Node S.

2, 3

2, 3, 5

2, 3

5 12
17 20

2, 3

DCC ( )
DCC 576 /


64 /
;

(VF).

64 /
;

(VF).

64 /,

.


BIP-8.
STM-1

BIP-24.
STM-4

BIP-96.
STM-16

BIP-384.
APS (
)

; MS-AIS, MS-RDI.

* V-Node S.

SDH
1-7

DOI-S10848

:
K1, K2 (b1 b5):
APS
(
). 13 K1, K2
.
K2 (b6 b8):
K2
(MS-AIS)
(MS-RDI).
6 - 8 K2 111,
MS-AIS,
, ,
.
MS-RDI ,
MS-AIS. MS-RDI
110 b6, b7, b8 K2
.
S1 (b5 b8):
S1
. 5 8 S1
.
( ITU-T)
1-3.
1-3. S1
(5 8) S1

0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111

G.811

G.812

G.812

G.813 (SETS)

SETS:

SDH
1-8

DOI-S10848

M1:
M1
(MS-REI). STM-N
,
BIP-24 n (B2; )
. PM.
STM-1:

,
BIP-24 (: 0, 24).

STM-4:

,
BIP-96 (: 0, 96).

STM-16: ,
BIP-394 (: 0, 384).
, 384,
384.
BIP 1-4:
1-4. BIP

BIP-8 (B1)
STM-1, STM-4,STM-16




.






,
.




.

BIP-24 (B2)
STM-1



SOH
,

24 ,
.





,
.



,

.

BIP-96 (B2)
STM-4



SOH
,

96 ,
.





,
.



,

.

BIP-384 (B2)
STM-16



SOH
,

384 ,
.





,
.



,

.

SDH
1-9

DOI-S10848

1.2.4.2
STM-1 AU-4; STM-4
AU-4; STM-16
AU-4. AU-4 ,
H1 H2, 3
3 . . . 1-6:
H2

N N N N S

D I

D I

D I

D I

10-
I: ( )
D: ( )
N: (NDF)

, 3 4 1001

, 3 4 0110


SS: AU TU, 10 AU-4 TU-3.
:

5 I

5 D


AIS 1.

. 1-6. AU-4 SDH

SDH
1-10
E

DOI-S10848

1.2.4.3
(SOH),
STM-1/4/16 (POH) VC-4/VC-3
VC-12/VC-11. . . 1-7:
J1
B3
C2
G1
F2
H4
F3
K3
N1

260x9/84x9

. 1-7(a). VC-4/VC-3
V5

J2

N2

K4

. 1-7(b). VC-12/VC-11

VC-4/VC-3 (9 )
:
J1:
,
.

.
B3:
BIP-8 B3, VC-4

. BIP-8
VC-4 . BIP-8 B3
VC-4 .

SDH
1-11

DOI-S10848

C2:

VC-4.
G1:
VC-4
.

.
F2, F3: ( V-Node S)

.
H4:


().
K3 (b1 b4): APS ( V-Node S)
K3
(APS),
VC-4.
N1: ( V-Node S)

(TCM).
K3 (b5 b8): ( V-Node S)
K3 ,
.
.
VC12/VC11
:
V5:
V5 VC-2/VC-1
, .

SDH
1-12
E

DOI-S10848

J2:
J2
, ,
,
.
N2:

(TCM).
K4:
(APS): K4 (b1-b4);
APS,
.
: K4 (b5-b7); 5 7 K4
, VII.2 VII.
,
"000" "111".

.
, K4.
: K4 (b8); .
.
.

SDH
1-13

DOI-S10848

2. V-NODE S
2.1
NE
CID ,
NE.
5.2.2.1
NE CH09
CID.
CID
,
NE.
5.2.2.2
NE CH09 CID OPERATING GUIDE.
NE
NE 3 :
1)


NE ,
.

2)



, NE
.

3)


NE CID , NE
.

NE:
NE;

;
NE
;
.

V-Node S
2-1

DOI-S10848

2.2 2
V-Node S 2 (L2SW),
FE GE,
, VLAN , VLAN ,
, , , MAC
. .

2.2.1
MAC-
2, MAC-
Ethernet,
.
2.2.1.1 MAC-
. 2-1, ,
1,
DA SA,
, VLAN,

VLAN,
, MAC-,
. 2-2 ( , VLAN x).

. 2-1
ID

ID VLAN

MAC

. 2-2


MAC-;
:

V-Node S
2-2

DOI-S10848

MAC- SA MAC- (. . 2-2),


, VLANx ( 1)
MAC- SA (
VLANx),
1. 1 MAC-
SA, 1,
.
MAC- MAC- SA,
SA
VLANx.
2.2.1.2 MAC-
FE, MAC-
No Ageing (),
N ( V-Node N = 300 765 , = 1 ).
No Ageing
MAC-
MAC-.
. 2-2, MAC- N ,
N 1
SA, MAC- SA
MAC-; MAC- No
Ageing, 1
SA, MAC-
MAC-.
GE, MAC-
No Ageing, N (
V-Node N = 10 65 535 , = 1 ).
No Ageing
MAC- MAC-.
:
1. No Ageing, MAC,
MAC- ,
:
1> FE, MAC
MAC- (10 239
FE), MAC-,
MAC- MAC-. ,
GE, MAC MAC-
(16 383 GE),
MAC-
MAC-.
2> , STP,
/ Ethernet.
2. MAC- N
.

V-Node S
2-3

DOI-S10848

2.2.2
2.2.2.1
,
Ethernet


.
FE,
:

1.

.


.
2.
.
(. . 2-3), : 2
100 /; 1
: F1 ( 15 /, DA1

MAC-

FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF) F2 ( 94 /, DA2

MAC-

);
Fx (
100 /, DAx
MAC- ).

15/200=7,5%;
5%,
,
5%
F1,
F1
.

V-Node S
2-4

DOI-S10848

. 2-3

GE,
,
FE. GE ,
FE. FE
(
),
GE PPS (
). ,
( :
Ethernet, DLF) .
,


.

V-Node S
2-5

DOI-S10848

2.2.2.2
FE:
. 2-4, Broadcast Storm Filtering
( )
6 : 0,5%, 10%, 15%, 20% 25%. ,
Set ().

. 2-4

0
0
.

N%
,


. (N%),
.

V-Node S
2-6

DOI-S10848

GE:
. . 2-5. :
Broadcast traffic rate ( ), Multicast traffic
rate ( ) DLF packets rate (
DLF). (xxx
pps xxx ),
.

. 2-5

0 256 000;
.
,
.

2.2.3
:

GE
.

FE
Ethernet,
FE. Ethernet ,
.

V-Node S
2-7

DOI-S10848

2.2.3.1

. 2-6

. 2-6,
Ethernet Maximum Frame Size ( ),
Set.
1522 1568.
VLAN; ,
N FE.
1. ,
VLAN N.
2. ,
VLAN N-4.
. 2-7 , F1 VLAN, F2
. F1,
N, F1 ;
, L2SW. F2,
N 4, F2 ;
N 4, L2SW.

V-Node S
2-8

DOI-S10848

. 2-7

2.2.4
: GE
.
FE
;
,
.
. . 2-8.
(, - ), Fx L2SW
.
Maximum Bridge Transmit Delay (
) N (N = 1, 2 4) Fx
L2SW N
, Fx . , Maximum
Bridge Transmit Delay Disable (), Fx
, , .


L2SW

. 2-8

V-Node S
2-9

DOI-S10848

2.2.4.1
. . 2-9. , Maximum Bridge Transmit Delay
2 , .

. 2-9

2.2.4.2
2s
.
2 .

V-Node S
2-10

DOI-S10848

2.2.5
: GE
.
FE Low Queue Delay Bound (
)
Maximum Queue Delay Time (
). Enable Maximum Queue
Delay Time . Disable
, ,
Maximum Queue Delay Time.

. 2-10

2.2.6

: GE
.
FE Maximum Queue Delay Time

. ,
.
. . 2-11.
(, - ), Fx
L2SW
. Maximum Queue Delay Time
N (N = 2 - 510 ) Fx L2SW
X ,
Fx . , Maximum Bridge Transmit
Delay Low Queue Delay Bound Disable, Fx
, , .
V-Node S
2-11

DOI-S10848


L2SW


L2SW

. 2-11

2.2.6.1
, Maximum Low Queue Delay Time
510 , .
2.2.6.2
510 ,

. , ,
.

V-Node S
2-12

DOI-S10848

. 2-12

2.2.7 VLAN
FE V-Node S
VLAN: IEEE
802.1Q.

. 2-13

V-Node S
2-13

DOI-S10848

2.2.7.1 VLAN
2.2.7.1.1

VLAN

. 2-13, VLAN Mode ( VLAN),


VLAN Operation Mode ( VLAN);
Port based (
), Set.
VLAN
, ,
VLAN , VLAN;
, VLAN Ethernet
L2SW
VLAN.
Ethernet 2 VLAN.
VLAN1 VLAN2
VLAN, VLAN
. . . 2-14:

. 2-14

2.2.7.1.2 VLAN


VLAN :

V-Node S
2-14

DOI-S10848

2-5 VLAN

/

(.

(VID=1)

2-15)

(.

2-15)

(VID
0)

(VID
0)

(VID=1)

(VID
0)

(VID
0)

PVID

. 2-15

V-Node S
2-15

DOI-S10848

2.2.7.2 VLAN IEEE 802.1Q


2.2.7.2.1

VLAN IEEE 802.1Q

VLAN Mode, VLAN Operation


Mode; IEEE 802.1Q,
Set.
VLAN IEEE 802.1Q
VLAN, VLAN VLAN
0 4095. ,
VLAN, IEEE802.1Q;
.
:
VID = 4095:
1. VLAN
.
2. IEEE802.1Q.

2.2.7.2.2

VLAN IEEE 802.1Q


VLAN IEEE 802.1Q:

V-Node S
2-17

DOI-S10848

1-6 VLAN IEEE 802.1Q


(.

2-15)

(.

2-15)

(VID=1)

(VID
0)

(VID
0)

(VID=1)

(VID
0)

(VID
0)

PVID

VID


VLAN VID
= 1

VID
VID
= 1

VID, VID
=1

VID, VID
=1

VID1

VID


VID = 1,
FW

VID


VID = 1,
FW

VID


VID = 1,
FW

VID=1

VID=1

VID, VID
=1

VID, VID
=1


VLAN VID
= 1

VID
VID
= 1

VID=1

VID=1

VID


VLAN VID
= x

VID
VID
= x

VID


VID

VID



VID


VID


VID



VID


VID



VID

VID


VID

VID



VID


VLAN VID
= x

VID
VID
= x


VID



VID

,
VID=x

V-Node S
2-19

DOI-S10848

(.

2-15)

(.

2-15)

(VID=1)

(VID
0)

(VID
0)

(VID=1)

(VID
0)

(VID
0)

PVID

VID


VLAN VID
= 1

VID
VID
= 1

VID


VID

VID



VID

VID1


VID


VID



VID


VID



VID

VID


VID

VID



VID


VLAN VID
= 1

VID
VID
= 1


VID



VID

V-Node S
2-20

DOI-S10848

2.2.7.2.3

VLAN IEEE 802.1Q

1. VLAN
VLAN IEEE 802.1Q
VLAN, FW. . 2-16.
VID1
VID1

VID1
VID1

VID1

VID1

VID1

VID1

VLAN

. 2-16

VLAN Untagged
(),
VLAN; VLAN
, Tagged
(). . . 2-17.
VID1
VID1

VID1
VID1

VID1
VID1

VID1
VID1

VLAN

. 2-17

VLAN Untagged,
VLAN;
VLAN ,
Tagged. . . 2-178.

V-Node S
2-21

DOI-S10848

VID1
VIDa

VIDa
VID1

VID1

VID1

VID1

VID1

VID1

. 2-18

VLAN: LAN1-a-U, WAN1-a-T


2. VLAN IEEE802.1Q
VIDa
VIDb
VIDc

VIDa
VIDb
VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-19

VLAN:
LAN1-a-U, WAN1-a-U
LAN2-b-U, WAN2-b-T
LAN3-c-T, WAN3-c-T
LAN4-d-T, WAN4-d-U
LAN4-e-U
VLAN,
VLAN.
3.
3.1
3.1.1 :
VID .
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-20

V-Node S
2-22

UF , TFx
VID x ( x
a, b, c ..).

DOI-S10848

. . 2-20.
LAN1, , VID a
, WAN1, VID
.
LAN2, ,
VID b ,
WAN2, VID .
3.1.2 :
.
VIDa
VIDb

VIDa
VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-21

. . 2-21.
LAN1,
LAN1.
LAN2,
LAN2.
3.1.3 :
VID .
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-22

. . 2-22.
LAN3,
LAN3.

V-Node S
2-23

DOI-S10848

3.1.4 :
VID .
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-23

. . 2-23.
LAN3,
LAN3.
3.1.5 :
VID .
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb
VIDc

VIDc
VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-24

. . 2-24.
LAN4,
LAN4.
3.1.6 :
.

VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd
VIDe

VIDd

. 2-25

. . 2-25.
LAN4,
LAN4.

V-Node S
2-24

DOI-S10848

3.2
3.2.1 :
VID
.
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-26

. . 2-26. (VID = a)
LAN1, VLANa,
WAN1,
VID .
(VID = b) LAN2,
VLANb,
WAN2, VID
.
(VID = c) LAN3,
VLANc,
WAN3, VID
.
(VID = d) LAN4,
VLANd,
WAN4, VID
.

V-Node S
2-25

DOI-S10848

3.2.2 :
VID
.
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb
VIDc

VIDc
VIDd
VIDe

VIDd

. 2-27

. . 2-267. (VID = e)
LAN4, VLANe,
.
3.2.3 :
.
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-28

. . 2-268. (VID = b)
LAN1,
LAN1.
(VID = e) LAN3,
LAN3.
3.2.4 :
VID .
VIDa

VIDa

VIDb

VIDb

VIDc

VIDc

VIDd

VIDd

VIDe

. 2-29

. . 2-269. (VID = b)
LAN1,
LAN1.
(VID = e) LAN3,
LAN3.

V-Node S
2-26

DOI-S10848

3.2.5 :
.
VIDa
VIDb
VIDc
VIDd
VIDe

VIDa
VIDb

VIDc
VIDd

. 2-30

. . 2-30. (VID
; x a, b, c, d, e, 1) LAN1,
.
(VID ; x a, b, c, d, e, 1)
LAN2, .
(VID ; x a, b, c, d, e, 1)
LAN3, .
(VID ; x a, b, c, d, e, 1)
LAN4, .
3.2.6 :
VID .
VIDa
VIDb
VIDc
VIDd
VIDe

VIDa
VIDb

VIDc
VIDd

. 2-31

. . 2-301. (VID
; x a) LAN1,
LAN1.
(VID ; x b)
LAN2,
LAN2.
(VID ; x c 1)
LAN3,
LAN3.
(VID ; x d e)
LAN4,
LAN4.

V-Node S
2-27

DOI-S10848

2.2.8
2.2.8.1 STP
V-Node S STP ( ),

,
Ethernet
.
2.2.8.2 STP
STP
STP STP Config ( STP)
Layer 2 Configuration ( 2).
STP Config:

. 2-32

:
1. STP Action ( STP)
STP. (
: Enable.)
2. Bridge Hello Time ( )
, BPDU
. 1 10 . (
: 2 .)
: BPDU
.
3. Bridge Forward Delay Time ( )
, STP
V-Node S
2-28

DOI-S10848

.
.
4 30 . ( : 15 .)
4. Bridge Max Age ( )
,
,
.
6 40 . ( : 20 .)
5. Bridge Priority ( )
(),
.
.
( ) .
0 65535. ( :
32768.)
:
STP Config
, STP:
1. STP Action
.
2. Bridge Hello Time
, BPDU
.
3. Bridge Forward Delay Time
STP .
4. Bridge Max Age
BPDU.
5. Bridge Priority
.
6. STP Standard ( STP)
.
.
7. Bridge Address ( )
MAC- ( -).
.
, .
8. Root Bridge ID ( )

.
V-Node S
2-29

DOI-S10848

.
.

.
: , MAC-
.
2.2.8.3 STP
STP
STP STP Port ( STP)
Layer 2 Configuration.
STP Port:

. 2-33

:
1. STP Control ( STP)

STP . ,
, - BPDU
STP. LAN
Disable, WAN Enable.
2. Link Cost ( )
.
0 255. ( : 128.)
3. Port Priority ( )
.
.
, .
0 255. ( : 128.)
V-Node S
2-30

DOI-S10848

4. Port Status ( )
STP:
: , , ,
. STP
Disable, :
, STP.
2.2.8.4 STP

,
NE,
,
. ,

.
2.2.8.5
1. :
: .
:
.
:
; ,
.
:
.
:
;
,
.
;
: , ,
, .

V-Node S
2-31

DOI-S10848

2. :

.
.
.
3. :
.
.
.
4. BPDU:
BPDU;

,
, .
BPDU: BPDU,
, BPDU

.
BPDU BPDU
:



BPDU

(BPDU )

V-Node S
2-32

1
2
2
3

DOI-S10848



BPDU

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

(BPDU )
5.


:

a. .
b. BPDU
.
c. BPDU
,
;
,
, ,

BPDU
.


V-Node S
2-33

DOI-S10848

.
,
, .

,
,
.

a.
.
b. ,
BPDU
( ).
,
,
.
c. BPDU
, ,
BPDU ,
.

,
.
,
. ,
, .
,
, , ,
.
6.



; , ,
BPDU.
,
,
.
, ,
.
,
,
.
,
BPDU
, ,

V-Node S
2-34

DOI-S10848



( BPDU
); ,

BPDU ,
. ,
. ,

, BPDU
, BPDU
.


. ,
, ;

.

2.2.8.6 STP
STP . 2-34.
1 10:
VLAN X: LAN1 (), WAN1 (), WAN2 ()
VLAN Y: LAN3 (), WAN4 ()
VLAN 1: LAN1 (), WAN1 (),
WAN2 (), LAN3 (),
WAN4 ()
2~9 X:
VLAN X: LAN1 (), WAN1 (),
WAN2 ()
VLAN Y: LAN3 (), WAN3 (),
WAN4 ()
VLAN 1:

LAN1 (), WAN1 (),


WAN2 (), LAN3 (),
WAN3 (), WAN4 ()

V-Node S
2-35

DOI-S10848

10

. 2-34

2.2.8.6.1

2.2.8.6.1

VLAN

STP 802.1D STP


VLAN,
STP ,
, VLAN. STP
; STP

, ,
.
. 2-35, STP
VLAN x, VLAN y .
:

V-Node S
2-36

DOI-S10848

10

. 2-35

V-Node S
2-37

DOI-S10848

2.2.8.6.2

STP
VLAN. ,
:

10
10

. 2-36

1. 1 VLAN X
STP.
2. 210 VLAN1.

VLAN

,
VLAN1
STP. WAN
,
; LAN

. VLAN ,
LAN

VLAN
.
,
VID = 1 LAN VLAN
,
VID.
3. X LAN

V-Node S
2-38

DOI-S10848



, LAN
.
4. A VLAN Y

VLAN Y.
, ,
WAN3 2 WAN4 3.
.
5. ,
V-Node S,
.
2.2.8.6.3

STP ,
STP,
. ,
.
.
NE,
(, )
. . 2-37,
2,
.
,
.
, 2;
, 6
7. 6
Ethernet , ,
6 ,
6
. ,
6 ,
1 2,
1 7-10
2 6.

V-Node S
2-39

DOI-S10848

10

. 2-37

2.2.8.6.4

, STP 7.
STP.
STP
:
1.

>= 4 *
+ 2 * 2

2.

>= (4 *
+ 3 * )/2

.
. 2-37; Ethernet
10 NE, 9,
2 , :
1.

>= 24.

2.

>= 18.

,
2 ,
17, =
40 = 30 .

V-Node S
2-40

DOI-S10848

2.2.9
: GE

.
,
.

. 2-38

. 2-38, LANm LANn


1, WANx WANy
2,
. Ethernet
LANm LANn WANx WANy ,
,
. , LANm LANn
,
,
; WANx,
WANy, WANx, WANy
; .
,

.
, Ethernet LANm LANn
WANx WANy, WANx
WANy, WANx
A, WANy B (A>B),
2 2*B A+B.

V-Node S
2-41

DOI-S10848

GE:
1) .
2) DLF,
.
3)
SA (MAC- ), XOR DA
(MAC- ),
.

:
Ethernet LANm LANn
WANx WANy, WANx
WANy, WANx 42*vc12,
WANy 21*vc12, :
1.

, WANx, 21*vc12, ,
WANy 42*vc12,
2
: 2*21*vc12 = 42*vc12, . 2-39 .

. 2-39

:
2*21*vc12=42*vc12
2.

, WANx, 42*vc12, ,
WANy 21*vc12,
2
: 42*vc12+21*vc12 = 63*vc12, . 2-40.

V-Node S
2-42

DOI-S10848

. 2-40

:
42*vc12+21*vc12=63*vc12

. WAN #1 WAN #2
, VC WAN VC12xV, x = 21,
60 /.
VLAN
.
, ,
L2SW FE
V-Node S,
.
NE
LAN-InterfaceLayer 2 Configuration Trunk,
. 2-41 ,
Trunk () CID.
.

. 2-41.

V-Node S
2-43

DOI-S10848

2.2.10

.
.
2.2.10.1


Bridge () Layer 2 Configuration
( 2); :

V-Node S
2-44

DOI-S10848

. 2-42


:
1. Monitor Mode ( )
.
: Disable, Ingress, Egress Both.
Disable.
Disable ()
.
Ingress ()
.

Engress ()
.
Both ()
.
2. Monitoring Port ( )
, .
LAN1 LAN6.
3. Monitored Port ( )
, .
LAN1 LAN6 WAN1 WAN4.

V-Node S
2-45

DOI-S10848

2.2.10.2

. 2-43


:
1.
VLAN.
2. .
3. .

2.2.11 MAC
, ,
. ,
MAC-
,
MAC-
L2SW .
.
.

V-Node S
2-46

DOI-S10848

NE
LAN-Interface Layer 2 Configura- tion Mac Table,
. 2-44 ,
Mac Filtering ( Mac)
CID.
Mac-.

. 2-44. Mac-

MAC- . 2-45, . 2-46


L2SW A
00-00-00-00-00-11; A LAN1
, , A
VLAN LAN1,
.

V-Node S
2-47

DOI-S10848

. 2-45



VLAN


LAN1

. 2-46

MAC- . 2-47, . 2-48


L2SW A
00-00-00- 00-00-11; A
, VLAN , .

V-Node S
2-48

DOI-S10848

. 2-47

VLAN 2

. 2-48

MAC-
, Security
() LAN.
,
L2SW; LAN#1 WAN#1.

. 2-49

V-Node S
2-49

DOI-S10848

1. Security:

:

MAC:00-00-00-00-00-01
MAC-
MAC:00-00-00-00-00-01
MAC-

(SECURITY = DISABLE)
LAN#1
WAN#1

00:00:00:00:00:01

00:00:00:00:00:01

00:00:00:00:00:01

00:00:00:00:00:01

2. Security ( Security
WAN):

:

(SECURITY = ENABLE)
LAN#1 PORT

MAC:00-00-00-00-00-01

MAC-
MAC:00-00-00-00-00-01
MAC-

00:00:00:00:00:01

00:00:00:00:00:01

( 3)

WAN#1 PORT

00:00:00:00:00:01

00:00:00:00:00:01

:
1) L2SW (
2).
2) :

, MAC-
MAC-.

3) , MAC-
MAC-, MAC- (
MAC- 00-00-00-00-00-01),
.

V-Node S
2-50

DOI-S10848

2.2.12
: FIFO ( ,
), SP( ) WRR (
). .
2.2.12.1


.
Queue () Bridge,
Layer 2 Configuration.

. 2-50

:
1.

Queue Mode ( )
.
: FIFO ( , ), SP
( ) WRR ( ).
FIFO.
2. WRR High Weight (WRR )
: FE.
WRR.
1 7,
1.
3. WRR Low Weight (WRR )
: FE.
WRR.
1 7,
1.
V-Node S
2-51

DOI-S10848

4.

WRR Weight ( WRR)


: GE.
WRR.
1 15, 1.
5. User Priority ( )
;
FE/GE V-Node S
.
8 ( 0 7),
"VLAN Header".
FE : "0" "1"; 8
"0" "1".
"0" ,
FE V-Node S
, "1" ,
.
0 3 0, 4
7 1. GE
0 7.
L2SW FE
: ,
.
;

.

. 2-51

FE, L2SW GE

;

V-Node S
2-52

DOI-S10848

.
- (FIFO)

, .
(SP)

,
,
, .

.
(WRR)
FE
,
,
,
.


.
GE
,

. ,
4, 6, 3, 7, 9, 1, 2, 5,
4:6:3:7:9:1:2:5.

:

, ;

.

; ,

.

,

. : 64
, 1518 .

V-Node S
2-53

DOI-S10848

2.3 LCAS
V-Node S LCAS
FE.
.

2.3.1
: FE V-Node : GFP
LAPS, GE GFP.
2.3.1.1 GFP
GFP
.
PDU (, IP/PPP Ethernet MAC),

(, ESCON/SBCON).
2.3.1.1.1

:
GFP

FCS

0 - (65535 FCS)

0 2

0 4

FCS

FCS

()

V-Node S
2-54

Ethernet
PPP/HDLC

FICON
ESCON

Ethernet
Infiniband
()

FCS

()

DOI-S10848


16-
PDU 16- (cHEC).
GFP
PDU .

PDU (PLI)
PLI ,
,
GFP. PLI,
GFP, 4 . PLI = 0-3
GFP.
HEC (cHEC)
(cHEC)
CRC-16,

. cHEC
G(x) = x16 + x12
+ x5 + 1.
GFP
GFP, GFP,
GFP,

. 4 65 535 .
GFP :
.
FCS
(pFCS).

V-Node S
2-55

DOI-S10848

GFP
( 4
64 ),
, .
GFP
.

0 - 60

GFP
GFP
,
GFP.

(PTI)
3- , ,
GFP.
: (PTI = 000)
(PTI=100).

V-Node S
2-56

DOI-S10848

FCS (PFI)
, ,
(PFI=1) (PFI=0)
FCS.
(EXI)
4- , ,
GFP.
: (0000),
(0001) (0010).
.
(UPI)
8- ,
GFP.
UPI
GFP, PTI.
HEC (tHEC)
(cHEC)
CRC-16,

. tHEC.
HEC (eHEC)
(cHEC)
CRC-16,

( )
.
(pFCS)
FCS GFP ,
.
CRC-32,
GFP. FCS
G(x)=x32 + x26 + x26 + x23 + x22 + x16 + x12 + x11 + x10 +
x8 + x7 + x5 + x4 + x2 + x1 + 1, x32 MSB, x0 LSB.

V-Node S
2-57

DOI-S10848

2.3.1.1.2

: ,
.
GFP

( )

FCS

1
2


.
.

. ( .)

.

V-Node S
2-58

DOI-S10848

2.3.1.1.3

GFP (
)
MAC Ethernet

GFP

MAC

MAC

2.3.1.2 LAPS
: GE LAPS.
LAPS HDLC, MAC-
Ethernet IEEE 802.3
. LAPS, Ethernet
SDH .
MAC- Ethernet IEEE 802.3

V-Node S
2-59

DOI-S10848

2.3.1.2.1

LAPS MAC
MII ( ).
. LAPS
. 6. . 7 LAPS
MAC. (
.7) . FCS LAPS MAC
ITU-T X.85/Y.1321 IEEE 802.3, .
Ethernet LAPS
LAPS (
),
.
/MII LAPS/SDH .8.

(DA)

(SA)

MAC
46 1500

V-Node S
2-60

DOI-S10848

(07)

(004)

(003)

SAPI

SAPI

1
6

(DA)

(SA)

/
MAC

46 1500

FCS MAC

FCS LAPS

(07)

2.3.1.2.2

LAPS ,
() "0xdd"
() {0x7d, 0xdd}.

. ,

() {0x7d, 0xdd} ()
"0xdd" LAPS.
.

V-Node S
2-61

DOI-S10848

LAPS GFP-F:

LAPS

GFP-F


LAPS
7E,

LAPS 7E.

x43 + 1


GFP


GFP
cHEC .
x43 + 1

FCS

CRC-32

CRC-32 CID

0x7e -> 0x7d, 0x5e;0x7d ->


0x7d, 0x5d;
7E

, ,



Ethernet;

-
.



,
Ethernet
0x7e 0x7d,


,
Ethernet
0x7e
0x7d.
;


.

,


.

GFP

.
GFP
,


(



).

NE LAN-Interface
( LAN) Encapsulation and LCAS Configuration (
LCAS); . 2-52 ,
Encapsulation and LCAS Configuration
CID.
LCAS.

V-Node S
2-62

DOI-S10848

. 2-52 LCAS

2.3.2 LCAS
LCAS ( )

VCG ( ) SDH
. ,
- ,
. LCAS
, ,
.

.
LCAS ,

VCG.

H4 (
VC3/VC4) K4 ( VC12).
H4 K4 :

V-Node S
2-63

DOI-S10848

CRC-8
MST
MST
0
0
0
RS Ack
("0000")
("0000")
A3 ("0000")
SQ, MSB ( 1-4)
SQ, MSB ( 5-8)
MFI2 2**, MSB ( 1-4)
MFI2 2**, MSB ( 5-8)

CTRL
0
0
0
GID
("0000")
("0000")
CRC-8
CRC-8
MST

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0

1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0

1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

. 2-53 H4 VC3/VC4

2- : + LCAS 2 K4

. 2-54 K4 VC12

V-Node S
2-64

n+

DOI-S10848

LCAS
(MFI) ,
, LCAS
(.
. 2-53 . 2-54):
a) (MST)
b) (RS-Ack)
c) (CTRL)
d) (GID)
( MFI )
, CRC.
LCAS/VC
, .
, CRC ,
.
MST
,
VCG, VCG.
32
.
,
.
RS-Ack
RS-Ack
,
.
VCG.
VCG . RS-Ack
.
GID
GID ,
, ,
VCG .

512 .
.

V-Node S
2-65

DOI-S10848

LCAS
a) ()
,
, ,
, , EOS CTRL.
ADD , MST = OK,

CTRL EOS,
, CTRL NORM.
:
CTRL = ADD,
,
MST = OK.
:

,
n.
n-1 (EOS)

n ()

n+1 ()

RS-Ack

RS-Ack

. 2-55

. 2-55
, , . ,
(n) MST = OK (n + 1).
, , MST =
OK, SQ = n; ,
MST = OK, SQ = n + 1,
. , - ,

V-Node S
2-66

DOI-S10848

MST = OK , LCASC
.
b) ()
,

.
,

EOS, EOS ,
IDLE.
- , ,


(
).
: 4 5 VGC n = 6 .
4

6 (EOS)

RS-Ack

. 2-56 VCG


IDLE, LCASC ().

IDLE.
.
, IDLE
. ,
, , ,
,
NMS, ,
.

V-Node S
2-67

DOI-S10848

LCAS -LCAS
a) LCAS -LCAS
LCAS -LCAS
-LCAS - . LCAS
MFI SQ ,
ITU-T G.707 [1] G.709 [2].
( LCAS).
,
, MST = OK.
b) -LCAS LCAS
LCAS CTRL, "0000",
CRC. -LCAS "0000" CTRL LCAS,
CRC. LCAS
-LCAS CTRL CRC,
"0000", :
( MFI SQ).
MFI SQ ,
.

V-Node S
2-68

DOI-S10848

2.4
Virtual Concatenation is for the several VC-N payload communications together
(VC-N-Xv).
VC-N (VC-N-Xv).

2.4.1
2-1.

VC-4
VC-3
VC-12

64*64
192*192
4032*4032

2.4.2
SDH
VC12 /VC3 /VC4.
2-2.
2-2.

STM-16
STM-4
STM-1o/STM-1e
E31/E32
E12A, E12B
FE

VC-4 / 3 / 12
VC-4 / 3 / 12
VC-4 / 3 / 12
VC-3
VC-12
VC-12m/3n/4k
VC-3n/4k (FE WAN)
VC-3i/4j (GE WAN)

GE_A

: m=1-63, n=1-3, k=1, i=1~21, j=1~7

2.4.3
V-Node S :
;
;
;
.

V-Node S
2-69

DOI-S10848

2.4.3.1

:
a)
.
b) CID
.
c) :
2-3.

SLA
SLA

(W)
(P)
(W)
(P)

SDH
PDH
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O

: O: .

V-Node S
2-70

DOI-S10848

:
a)
.
b) CID
.
c)
2-3.

:
a)
2F/Ms-Spring,
.
b) CID
.
c) :

V-Node S
2-71

DOI-S10848

2-4.

SLA

SLA
(P)
(W)
O

(W)

(P)
-

SLA

SLA

(W)

(P)

(W)

(P)

O: .
-: .

:
a)
SLA .
b) 2F MS-Spring,
.
c) CID
.
2-5.

SLA
SLA

SLA
SLA
W
W
P
O
-

O: .
X: .
-: .

V-Node S
2-72

DOI-S10848

:
a)
.
b) CID
.

PS

2-6.
2
SLA
1

SLA

SLA

SLA

O: .
-: .

V-Node S
2-73

DOI-S10848

SS

2
2-7.

SLA
1

SLA

SLA

SLA

O: .
-: .
2.4.3.2
/

: ,
/.

V-Node S
2-74

DOI-S10848

: ,
.

: , ,
.

: , ,

SDH PDH.

V-Node S
2-75

DOI-S10848

PS

: , .

SS

1
: SS
.
CID
.

V-Node S
2-76

DOI-S10848

2.4.3.3

.
/

V-Node S
2-77

DOI-S10848

PS

PS

SS

: SS
.
CID
.

V-Node S
2-78

DOI-S10848

2.4.3.4

PS

2.4.3.5
VC-3 VC-12
VC-4.
A

VC-3

VC-4

VC-3

VC-12

V-Node S
2-79

DOI-S10848

2.4.3.6 MSP+SNCP

STM-N
MSP

MSP

PS

STM-N
SNCP
STM-N

2.4.3.7 SNCP +

(1) VC-4/3/12
PS
(2) VC-4/3/12
PS
(3) VC-4/3/12

2.4.3.8

1
2

3
PS

1
2

V-Node S
2-80

3
PS

DOI-S10848

2.5
V-Node S : MSP ( ),
MS-SPRing ( ),
SNCP ( ),
.

2.5.1 MSP
2.5.1.1
V-Node S MSP:
1+1,
1+1, 1:1.
.
.

. 2-57 1+1

V-Node S
2-81

DOI-S10848

. 2-58 1+1



( )


( )

. 2-59 1:1

V-Node S
2-82

DOI-S10848

2.5.1.2
V-Node S
; ,
STM-1, STM-4 STM-16
.

STM-1/4/16
w
V-Node S

2M
100Base-T

THR_E12W

P_INF

TPS_E3

TPS_E3

P_INF

E31/E32

E12

E31/E32

E12

CS

FE

CS

STM-16

MCP

STM-16

V-Node S

THR_E12W

. 2-60 MSP

2.5.1.3

B2ERR_HIGH
B2ERR_LOW
LOS
LOF
MS-AIS
RS-TIM*


SF
SD
SF
SF
SF
SF


(/)
(/)
(/)
(/)
(/)
(/)

* TIM ,

J.

V-Node S
2-83

DOI-S10848

2.5.1.4

LKOP

FSP

,

.

FSW

,

.

MSP


,
.

MSW


,

.

2.5.1.5
1+1, : LKOP > FS > SF > SD >MS
1+1, :

LKOP > SF > FS > SF


> SD > SD
> MS

1:1, :

LKOP > SF > FSW ( W) >


FSW ( P) > SF > SD
> SD > MSW
( W) > SW ( P)

2.5.1.6

,
. 0 ,
50 .

V-Node S
2-84

DOI-S10848

2.5.2 MS-SP Ring


2.5.2.1
MS-SPRING,
ITU-T G.783/G.841
STM-4/STM-16.

STM-16

2- MS-SP Ring ITU-T G.841

STM-4

2- MS-SP Ring ITU-T G.841

,
, ITU-T G.841 (
).
2.5.2.2
V-Node S
; ,
STM-4 STM-16 .

V-Node S

V-N ode S

STM-16
MS-SPRing

V-Node S

V-Node S

2M
100Base-T

THR_E12W

THR_E12W

P_INF

TPS_E3

TPS_E3

P_INF

E31/E32

E12

E31/E32

E12

CS

FE

CS

STM-16

MCP

STM-16

. 2-61 MS-SP Ring

V-Node S
2-85

DOI-S10848

2.5.2.3
2-8.

B2EXC
B2DEG
LOS
LOF
MS-AIS
J0-TIM


SF
SD
SF
SF
SF
SF


(/)
(/)
(/)
(/)
(/)
(/)

2-9.

EQPT FAIL
PKG-REMOVE
PKG-TYPE


SF
SF
SF


(/)
(/)
(/)

2.5.2.4

LKOP

.
- ,
. ,
( )
. .
FSR
,

, ,

,
.
.
MSR
,

, ,
,
.
.

EXR


.

.

CLK
WTR

NE. LKOP, FSR, MSR

V-Node S
2-86

DOI-S10848

2.5.2.5
LKOP>SF-S>SF-R>FS-S>FS-R>SD-P>SD-S>SD-R>MS-S>MS-R>WTR>EXER-S
>EXER-R>RR-S>RR-R>NR
2.5.2.6

,
, .
0 ,
50 .

2.5.3 SNCP
2.5.3.1
V-Node S SNCP
1+1 : SNC/I
( ) SNC/N (
, ).
: SNCP, V-Node S
SNC/N SNC/I.

V-Node S
2-87

DOI-S10848

2.5.3.2
V-Node S
; ,
STM-1, STM-4 STM-16,
.

STM-1/4/16
w
V-Node S

2M
100Base-T

THR_E12W

P_INF

TPS_E3

TPS_E3

P_INF

E31/E32

E12

E31/E32

E12

CS

FE

CS

STM-16

MCP

STM-16

V-Node S

THR_E12W

. 2-62 SNCP

2.5.3.3
SNC/N

HOP

LOP

AU-LOP

SSF ( )

AU-AIS

SSF ( )

HP-UNEQ

TSF ( )

HP-TIM

TSF ( )

HP-EXC

TSF ( )

HP-DEG

TSD ( )

TU-LOP

SSF ( )

TU-AIS

SSF ( )

LP-UNEQ

TSF ( )

LP-EXC

TSF ( )

LP-DEG

TSD ( )

LOM

TSF ( )

: LOM VC-12, VC-3.

V-Node S
2-88

DOI-S10848

SNC/I

HOP

LOP

AU-LOP

SSF ( )

AU-AIS

SSF ( )

TU-LOP

SSF ( )

TU-AIS

SSF ( )

2.5.3.4

LKOP

FSP

MSP



,

.

2.5.3.5
LKOP > FSP > SF > SF > SD
> SD > MSP > >

2.5.3.6
: 0 ~12 , = 1
: 0 ~ 10 , = 50

2.5.4
2.5.4.1 TPS
TPS : 2M 1+4;
34M/45M/S1E 1+1;
S1E 1+2. TPS
.

V-Node S
2-89

DOI-S10848


. E1

LIU,

TPS

TPS

LIU,

. E1

. E1

CS

LIU,

TPS

TPS

TPS

. 2-63. E12

. E1

LIU,

TPS

TPS
LIU,

. E1

. E1

CS

LIU,

TPS


TPS

. 2-64. E12

V-Node S
2-90

DOI-S10848

E31/E32

LIU,

CS

E31/E32

LIU,

TPS

TPS

. 2-65. E31&E32

E31/E32

LIU,

CS

E31/E32

LIU,

TPS

TPS

. 2-66. E31&E32

V-Node S
2-91

DOI-S10848

LIU,

CS

2
(STM-1 E)

LIU,

TPS_S1 E
TPS

. 2-67. 1+1 S1E ( )

1
(STM-1 E)

LIU,

CS

2
(STM-1 E)

LIU,


TPS_S1 E
TPS

. 2-68. 1+1 S1E ( )

TPS
TPS

. 2-69. 1+2 S1E ( )

V-Node S
2-92

DOI-S10848

TPS
TPS

. 2-70. 1+2 S1E ( 1)

TPS
TPS

. 2-71. 1+2 S1E ( 2)

TPS , TPS.

.
,

TPS. ,
CS
.
, TPS,

.
,
TPS 1+N.

;
.
,
CS.

V-Node S
2-93

DOI-S10848

2.5.4.1.1


SF
SF
SF

EQPT FAIL
CPU FAIL
PKG_REMOVED

2.5.4.1.2


(/)
(/)
(/)

LKOP

FSP

MSP


,
,
.

CLR


(
NE):
LKOP,FSP,FSW,MSP,MSW
, ,

WTR.

V-Node S
2-94

DOI-S10848

2.5.4.2 CS
V-Node S 2 CS 2# 3#;
. CS 2#
CS 3#,
, ,
; .
CS 3# CS 2# .
CS .
2.5.4.2.1



SF
(/)
SF
(/)
SF
(/)

EQPT FAIL
CPU FAIL
PKG_REMOVED

2.5.4.2.2

FSP

2#
3#.

FSW

3#
2#.

MSP


, 2# ,
3#.

MSW

3# ,
,
2#.

CLR


(
NE):
LKOP,FSP,FSW,MSP,MSW
, ,

WTR.

V-Node S
2-95

DOI-S10848

2.5.5
DCC
V-Node S DCC.
.

. 2-72. DCC

IP1.
IP2.
MSP
, .
:
1.

IP.

2.

3.

MSP
IP .

TPS1+1 S1E .
:
1.

TPS
IP .

V-Node S
2-96

DOI-S10848

(E1/E2)
V-Node S
TPS 1+1.
,
.
,
, .
.

. 2-73.

,
.

.

. 2-74.

V-Node S
2-97

DOI-S10848

MSP
, .
:
1.

OW
(E1 E2).

2.


open () OW.
close (). , NE
OW.

3.

MSP
, .

TPS1+1 S1E .
:
1.

MSP
,
.
(E2/F1)


. ,

.

. 2-75.

V-Node S
2-98

DOI-S10848

MSP
,
;
.
:
1.

MSP
, .

TPS1+1 S1E .
:
1.

MSP
,
.

V-Node S
2-99

DOI-S10848

2.6
2.6.1
, : +4,6 ~ -4,6
: +0,37 ~ -0,37 /1
STM-N ( ):
PDH 2 / ( 1)
: 2 / 2 (75 /120 )
1 :
:

CLK ( 2MHZ)

: 9,2

2.6.2
2.6.2.1
(QL)
S1, ITU-T. QL.
:
SSM.
SSM.
QL.
.
2.6.2.2
.

.
2.6.2.3 SSM
SSM
:
STM-N.
STM-N.
2 /.

V-Node S
2-100

DOI-S10848

S1 San .
S1/San

(5 - 8) S1/ San
0000

0001

0010
G.811
0011

0100
G.812
0101

0110

0111

1000
G.812
1001

1010

1011
G.813 (SETS)
1100

1101

1110

1111

SETS:
S1/San:
G.811 > > G.812 > G.812 > G.813 (SETS)

,
SSM .
1) STM-N
1

STM-N;
, : SSM = DNU.
SSM = = G.811.

V-Node S
2-101

DOI-S10848

2)


,
NE.

QL NE
G.811.
3)


,

NE.

V-Node S
2-102

DOI-S10848

2.6.3
2.6.3.1
> FS > SF > MS
/SSM >
SF (STM-N): LOS, LOF, MS-AIS RS-TIM
SF ( 2 M/): LOS
SF ( 2 M/): LOS, LOF, AIS
SF ( 2 ): LOS
:
,
, .

V-Node S
2-103

DOI-S10848

2.6.3.2 /
,
PLL.

2M EXTCLK,
PLL.
2.6.3.3

, ,
, .
: 0~1800 , =300
2.6.3.4

, ,
, .
: 0~12 , = 60
2.6.3.5
.
2.6.3.6 NMS
NMS
(QL, ),
QL .
2.6.3.7 2M BPS
G.704 7/95
CRC selectable CRC CRC
TS1~TS31= 1
TS 0 =
2.6.3.8

, ,
, EXTCLK 2 / ,

AIS, EXTCLK 2 ,

LOS.

V-Node S
2-104

DOI-S10848

2.6.4 DNU

, :
.
,
,
DNU GROUP ID
().
,
DNU GROUP ID
DNU.
1.

DNU_GROUP_ID
1

1
(

EX_CLK)

1)

. 2-76. DNU_GROUP_ID

, SSU
NE01 2
NE02 .
2.

DNU_GROUP_ID

EX_CLK)

1)

. 2-77. DNU_GROUP_ID

, SSU
NE01 2
.

V-Node S
2-105

DOI-S10848

2.7 /
,
.
V-Node S SOH: J0 POH: J1 J2. J
16 . ,
CID 15 .
J .
J
SP
!

#
$
%
&

(
)
*
+
,
.
/

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?

@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O

P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_

`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o

p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~

:
1)

SP .

2)

():
().

: J.
.
: .
.
,
, . V-Node S
C2 V5. C2 V5
:

V-Node S
2-106

DOI-S10848

C2:
S/A

CID

0x00

UNEQUIPPED

0x01

RESERVED

0x02

TUG_STRUCTURE

0x03

LOCKED_TU

0x04

ASYNC_V3

0x05

UNDER_DEVELOP

0x12

ASYNC_V4

0x13

ATM

0x14

DQDB

0x15

FDDI

0x16

HDLC/PPP

0x17

SDL_SSS

0x18

HDLC/LAPS

0x19

SDL_SRS

0x1a

10GBE

0x1b

FTDL

0xcf

RESERVED

0xe1-0xfc
0xfe
0xff

RESERVED_NU
TS_O181(VC4)
VC_AIS(VC4)
UNKNOWN

V5:
S/A

CID

0b000

UNEQUIPPED

0b001

RESERVED

0b010

ASYNC

0b011

BIT_SYNC

0b100

BYTE_SYNC

0b101

EXTENDED_SIGNAL_LABEL

0b110

TS_O181

0b111

VC_AIS

: J
AIS.

V-Node S
2-107

DOI-S10848

2.8
,
NE,
NE , ,
.
NE
NE . NE :
, NE, ,
NE ..
,
.
,

.

V-Node S
2-108

DOI-S10848


3.0a.

FAN

Y: ( )
: TPS_S1E, TPS_E3, TPS_E12 1 .

V-Node S
2-109

DOI-S10848

2.9
2.9.1 PM
PM SDH
(1 2)

RST

MST

MST
(
)

HPT

HPT
(
)

LPT

LPT
(
)

BBE

ITU-T G.826 G.784

ES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

SES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

OFS

ITU-T G.784

UAS

ITU-T G.826 G.784

BBE

ITU-T G.826 G.784

ES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

SES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

UAS

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEBBE

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FESES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEUAS

ITU-T G.826 G.784

BBE

ITU-T G.826 G.784

ES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

SES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

UAS

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEBBE

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FESES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEUAS

ITU-T G.826 G.784

BBE

ITU-T G.826 G.784

ES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

SES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

UAS

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEBBE

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FESES

ITU-T G.826 G.784

FEUAS

ITU-T G.826 G.784

V-Node S
2-110

DOI-S10848

(2 2)

MSA

PJE-P (. )

ITU-T G.783,G.784

PJE-N (. )

ITU-T G.783,G.784

HPA

PJE-P (. )

ITU-T G.783,G.784

ITU-T G.783,G.784

MSP

PJE-N (. )
PSC
PSC


( APS 1+1)

ITU-T G.783


( APS 1+1)

ITU-T G.783

PSD

:
1. PJE ,
AU:
AU => PJE-P
AU => PJE-N
AU => PJE

V-Node S
2-111

DOI-S10848

PM Ethernet
(1 5)

ETH-DropPkt

ETH-RxAlignme
ntErrorFrame

,
,

FCS.

ETH-RxBroadcas
tPkt

ETH-RxFCSErro
rFrame

,
,
,
FCS.

ETH-RxMulticast
Pkt


(
).

,
.

RFC1213

ETH-RxOctet

RFC2665
RFC1757

ETH-RxPkt

(
,

).

ETH-RxPkt1024t
oMax

,
1024 Mac_Pkt_Len
( ).

ETH-RxPkt128to
255

,
128 255
( ).

ETH-RxPkt256to
511

,
256 511
( ).

ETH-RxPkt512to
1023

,
512 1023
( ).

,
64 (
).

ETH-RxPkt64
ETH-RxPkt65to1
27

,
65 127 (
).

ETH-RxPauseFra
me
LAN

V-Node S
2-112

RFC1643

RFC1643

DOI-S10848

(2 5)

LAN

ETH_RxUndersiz
ePkt

,
64 ,
.

RFC1757

RFC1757

ETH_RxOversize
Pkt


, 1518
.
(. )
,


.

ETH-TxBroadcas
tPkt
ETH-TxCollision
Frame


Ethernet.

,


.

RFC1643

ETH-TxDelayTra
nsmission

,


.

RFC1643

ETH-TxExtCollis
ionFrame
ETH-TxLateColli
sionFrame


,
512 .

RFC1643


,
-
.

RFC1643

ETH-TxMultiCol
lisionFrame

RFC1213

ETH-TxNUcastP
kt

,

(,

), ,
.

ETH-TxMulticast
Pkt

,


.

ETH-TxOctet


,
.

RFC1213

V-Node S
2-113

DOI-S10848

(3 5)

LAN

WAN

ETH-TxPauseFra
me

RFC2665

ETH-TxPkt


,

.

RFC1643

ETH-TxSingleCo
llisionFrame

,

.

RFC1213

ETH-TxUcastPkt

,
64 (
).

ETH-TR64

,
65 127
( ).

ETH-TR65to127

ETH-TR128to25
5

,
128 255
( ).

ETH-TR256to51
1

,
256 511
( ).

ETH-TR512to10
23

,
512 1023
( ).

ETH-TR1024to1
518

,
1024 1518
( ).

ETH-TRJumboP
kt

,
1519 9216
( ).

ETH-DropPkt

ETH-RxAlignme
ntErrorFrame

,
,

FCS.

ETH-RxBroadcas
tPkt

V-Node S
2-114

RFC1643

DOI-S10848

(4 5)

ETH-RxFCSErrorFrame

,
,
,
FCS.

ETH-RxMulticastPkt


(
).

,
.

RFC1213

ETH-RxOctet

RFC2577

ETH-RxOverSizePkt


, 1518
.
(. )

ETH-RxPauseFrame

RFC2665
RFC1757

ETH-RxPkt

(
,

).
,
64 (
).

ETH-RxPkt64

,
65 127 (
).

ETH-RxPkt65to127

,
128 255
( ).

ETH-RxPkt128to255

,
256 511
( ).

ETH-RxPkt256to511

,
512 1023
( ).

ETH-RxPkt512to1023

,
1024 Mac_Pkt_Len
( ).

ETH-RxPkt1024toMax

,
64 ,
.

ETH-RxUnderSizePkt

ETH-TxBroadcastPkt

,


.

WAN

RFC1643

V-Node S
2-115

DOI-S10848

(5 5)

WAN

,
64 (
).

ETH-TR64

,
65 127
( ).

ETH-TR65to127
ETH-TR128to25
5

,
128 255
( ).

ETH-TR256to51
1

,
256 511
( ).

ETH-TR512to10
23

,
512 1023
( ).

ETH-TR1024to1
518

,
1024 1518
( ).

ETH-TRJumboPk
t

,
1519 9216
( ).

RFC1213

ETH-TxNUcastP
kt

,

(,

), ,
.

ETH-TxMulticast
Pkt

,

.

ETH-TxOctet

,
.

ETH-TxPkt

ETH-TxPauseFra .
me
ETH-TxUcastPkt

,

.

RFC1213

RFC2665
RFC1213

FE ,

, . GE
,
, ,
1518 .

V-Node S
2-116

DOI-S10848

PM

GFP

LAPS

GFP_RxEXIErrorPkt


HEAD.

GFP_RxFCSErrorPkt


FCS.

GFP_RxOctet

GFP_RxPkt

GFP_TxOctet

GFP_TxPkt

LAPS_RxFCSErrorPkt


FCS.

LAPS_RxOctet

LAPS_RxPkt

LAPS_TxOctet

LAPS_TxPkt

V-Node S
2-117

DOI-S10848

2.9.2
()
PM SDH

PM


PM 15 .


PM 24

OFS

0-900

0-86400

BBE

0-16777215

0-1610612640

ES

0-900

0-86400

SES

0-900

0-86400

UAS

0-900

0-86400

FE-BBE

0-16777215

0-1610612640

FE-ES

0-900

0-86400

FE-SES

0-900

0-86400

FE-UAS

0-900

0-86400

PSC

0-900

0-86400

PSD

0-900

0-86400

PJE-P

0-113184

0-10865664

PJE-N

0-113184

0-10865664

V-Node S
2-118

DOI-S10848

PM Ethernet

PM


PM 15 .


PM 24

ETH-TxOctet

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxOctet

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxFCSErrorFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxAlignmentErrorFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxUcastPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxNUcastPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxMulticastPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxBroadcastPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxSingleCollisionFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxMultiCollisionFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxDelayTransmission

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxExtCollisionFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxLateCollisionFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxCollisionFrame

0-46875000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt64

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt65to127

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt128to255

0-76014000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt256to511

0-40760970

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt512to1023

0-21146400

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt1024toMax

0-10775700

0-4294967294

ETH-RxUnderSizePkt

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxOverSizePkt

0-7315200

0-4294967294

ETH-DropPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TR64

0-265760848

0-4294967294

ETH-TR65to127

0-265760848

0-4294967294

ETH-TR128to255

0-152028000

0-4294967294

ETH-TR256to511

0-81521940

0-4294967294

ETH-TR512to1023

0-42292800

0-4294967294

V-Node S
2-119

DOI-S10848

PM


PM 15 .


PM 24

ETH-TR1024to1518

0-21551400

0-4294967294

ETH-TRJumboPkt

0-21551400

0-4294967294

ETH-TxPauseFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPauseFrame

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxMulticastPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

ETH-TxBroadcastPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

V-Node S
2-120

DOI-S10848

PM GFP

PM


PM 15 .


PM 24

GFP_TxPkt

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_TxOctet

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_RxPkt

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_RxOctet

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_RxFCSErrorPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

GFP_RxEXIErrorPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

PM LAPS

PM


PM 15 .


PM 24

LAPS_TxPkt

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_TxOctet

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_RxPkt

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_RxOctet

0-4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_RxFCSErrorPkt

0-133929000

0-4294967294

: PM ,
,
PM ,
CID,
.

V-Node S
2-121

DOI-S10848

2.9.3 SES
SES . ,
30% , ,
,
.
, SES

LO

LP UNEQ
LP TIM
TU LOP
TU AIS
HP LOM
HP PLM

HO

HP UNEQ
HP TIM
AU LOP
AU AIS

MST

MS AIS

RST

RS TIM
STM LOS
STM LOF

, SES

LO

LP RDI

HO

HP RDI

MST

MS RDI

PM SES :

SES

VC12

600

VC3

2400

VC4

2400

RS

2400

MS

2400

V-Node S
2-122

DOI-S10848

2.9.4
,
PM.
(> 30 )
PM .
( )
PM ( PM )
.

PM ( PM )
.

PM ( PM )
.
F/W
PM .
H/W
PM .
:

PM
:
A05_Attachment_Invalid PM.

2.9.5
2.9.5.1

15

32;
.

1;
.

: CID
,
. ,

.

V-Node S
2-123

DOI-S10848

2.9.6 PM
CID PM. PM
0.
SDH PDH
PM; PM Ethernet, PM
.

2.9.7 TCA
( )
(TCA),
, PM
. 15
00, 15, 30 45 (15- )
24 0:00 (1- ).
2.9.7.1 TCA
TCA

TCA


15 . 1


15 . 1


15 . 1

2.9.7.2 TCA
TCA . TCA
, 0.

V-Node S
2-124

DOI-S10848

TCA SDH
(1 2)
TCA 15

RS

MS

PM

65535

0-16777215

6291360

0-1610612640

ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

OFS

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

BBE

65535

0-16777215

6291360

0-1610612640

ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

65535

0-16777215

6291360

0-1610612640

FE-ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

FE-SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

FE-UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

PSC

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

PSD

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

PJE-P

113184

0-113184

10865664

0-10865664

PJE-N

113184

0-113184

10865664

0-10865664

BBE

65535

0-65535

6291360

0-6291360

ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

65535

0-65535

6291360

0-6291360

FE-ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

FE-SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

FE-UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

BBE

FE-BBE

MSP

AU-4

VC-4

TCA 24

FE-BBE

V-Node S
2-125

DOI-S10848

(2 2)
TCA 15

VC-3

PM

65535

0-65535

6291360

0-6291360

ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

65535

0-65535

6291360

0-6291360

FE-ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

FE-SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

FE-UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

65535

0-65535

6291360

0-6291360

ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

65535

0-65535

6291360

0-6291360

FE-ES

900

0-900

86400

0-86400

FE-SES

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

FE-UAS

63

0-900

4095

0-86400

PJE-P

113184

0-113184

10865664

0-10865664

PJE-N

113184

0-113184

10865664

0-10865664

BBE

FE-BBE

VC-12/VC11

BBE

FE-BBE

TU

TCA 24

V-Node S
2-126

DOI-S10848

TCA Ethernet
(1 3)
TCA 15

LAN

PM

TCA 24

ETH-TxOctet

4294967294

0-429496729
4

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxOctet

4294967294

0-429496729
4

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxFCSErrorFra
me

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxAlignmentErr
orFrame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxUcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxNUcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxMulticastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxBroadcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxSingleCollisio
nFrame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxMultiCollision
Frame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxDelayTransmi
ssion

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxExtCollisionFr
ame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxLateCollisionF
rame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxCollisionFram
e

46875000

0-46875000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt64

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt65to127

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt128to255

76014000

0-76014000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt256to511

40760970

0-40760970

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt512to1023

21146400

0-21146400

4294967294

0-4294967294

V-Node S
2-127

DOI-S10848

(2 3)
TCA 15

LAN

WAN

PM

TCA 24

ETH-RxPkt1024toMax

10775700

0-10775700

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxUnderSizePkt

4294967294

0-429496729
4

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxOverSizePkt

7315200

0-7315200

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-DropPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR64

265760848

0-265760848

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR65to127

265760848

0-265760848

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR128to255

152028000

0-152028000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR256to511

81521940

0-81521940

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR512to1023

42292800

0-42292800

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR1024to1518

21551400

0-21551400

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TRJumboPkt

21551400

0-21551400

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxPauseFrame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPauseFrame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxMulticastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxBroadcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxOctet

4294967294

0-429496729
4

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxOctet

4294967294

0-429496729
4

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxFCSErrorFra
me

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxAlignmentErr
orFrame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxUcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxNUcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxMulticastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

V-Node S
2-128

DOI-S10848

(3 3)
TCA 15

WAN

PM

TCA 24

ETH-RxBroadcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt64

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt65to127

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt128to255

76014000

0-76014000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt256to511

40760970

0-40760970

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt512to1023

21146400

0-21146400

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt1024toMax

10775700

0-10775700

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxUnderSizePkt

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxOverSizePkt

7315200

0-7315200

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-DropPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR64

265760848

0-265760848

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR65to127

265760848

0-265760848

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR128to255

152028000

0-152028000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR256to511

81521940

0-81521940

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR512to1023

42292800

0-42292800

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TR1024to1518

21551400

0-21551400

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TRJumboPkt

21551400

0-21551400

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxPauseFrame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPauseFrame

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-RxPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxMulticastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

ETH-TxBroadcastPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

V-Node S
2-129

DOI-S10848

TCA GFP
TCA 15

PM

TCA 24

GFP_TxPkt

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_TxOctet

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_RxPkt

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_RxOctet

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_RxFCSError
Pkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

GFP_RxEXIError
Pkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

TCA LAPS
TCA 15

PM

TCA 24

LAPS_TxPkt

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_TxOctet

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_RxPkt

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_RxOctet

4294967294

0-4294967294

4294967294

0-4294967294

LAPS_RxFCSErr
orPkt

133929000

0-133929000

4294967294

0-4294967294

V-Node S
2-130

DOI-S10848

2.10
2.10.1
SDH
(1 6)

AIS
( 2
/)
APSD_n
n=1,2

APSIN_n
n=1,2

APSNIM_n
n=1,2

APSIM_n
n=1,2

AU-AIS

AU-LOP

BUS_ERROR

CLKFAIL

CLKDRIFT

CMF

COMMUNIC
ATE_FAIL



APS

APS


APS

EXT CLK IN

MST

MST

MST

MST

MSA
MSA

MSA
MSA

BUS
BUS_ERROR
SETS

SETS



MST

PKG

PKG (,
HDLC,
CPU)

MN
MJ

MJ
MJ
MJ
MJ

MJ

MN
MN
MN

MJ
MN

V-Node S
2-131

DOI-S10848

(2 6)

B3
VC-4 (10-5)

MN

HPT
HPT


HPT
HPT


HPA

HPT

,

HP
HPT
J1

HPT


DCC
DCC

DCC
Ethernet (F)
,

RST

EXT CLK IN

HPA
HPA

MN

HKAn
(n = 1 8)

HP-DEG

HP-EXC

B3
VC-4 (10-3)

HP-PLMF

HP-RDI

HP-TIM

HP-UNEQ

LINK-FAIL


LAPD

LINK_DOWN

LOF

LOF (
2 /)

LOM

V-Node S
2-132

MJ

MJ

MJ

MJ

MJ

MN
MN

CR
MN
MJ

DOI-S10848

(3 6)

LOS

SPI

2M
2M

EXT CLK IN (2 /)

EXT CLK IN

SPI


LPT
LPT

LPT
LPT

LPA

LPT

,

LP
LPT
J2

LPT


LOS (2 )

LOS
(
)
LP-DEG

B3
VC-4 (10-5)
BIP-2
VC12 (10-5)

LP-EXC

B3
VC-4 (10-3)
BIP-2
VC12 (10-3)

LP-PLMF

LP-RDI

LP-TIM

LP-UNEQ

CR

CR

MN

MN

CR
MN

MJ

MJ

MJ

MJ

MJ

V-Node S
2-133

DOI-S10848

(4 6)

SETS

MEM

MST

MST

MST

MST

,

PKG (. )

PKG (. )

PKG (. )

PORT

LTI

MEM_FAIL

MS-AIS

MS-DEG

MS-EXC

B2
MS (10-3)

MS-RDI

PKG_FAIL

PKG_REMOV
ED
PKG_TYPE

PORT_REMO
VED
(STM_1(O) )
PORT_TYPE
(STM_1(O) )

PORT_REMO
VED
(STM_4(O) )
PORT_TYPE
(STM_4(O) )

PORT_REMO
VED
(STM_16(O) )
PORT_TYPE
(STM_16(O) )

V-Node S
2-134

B2
MS (10-5)

MJ
MN
CR
MN
MJ
MJ

CR
CR
CR
CR

PORT

PORT

CR

PORT

PORT

CR

PORT

CR

CR

CR

DOI-S10848

(5 6)

PORT_REMO
VED
(E1/VC12)
PORT_REMO
VED
(EXTCLK IN)
PORT_TYPE
(EXTCLK IN)

PORT_REMO
VED
(EXTCLK
OUT)
PORT_TYPE
(EXTCLK
OUT)
PORT_REMO
VED
(V.11_Port)
PORT_TYPE
(V.11_Port)
PORT_REMO
VED
(100BT_LAN_
PORT)
PORT_TYPE
(100BT_LAN_
PORT)
PORT_REMO
VED
(100BT_WAN
_PORT)
PORT_TYPE
(100BT_WAN
_PORT)v

PORT

CR

PORT

CR

CR

PORT

PORT

CR

PORT

PORT

CR

PORT

PORT

CR

PORT

PORT

CR



PDH

PORT

PPI

"1"

PPI_AIS
PPI_EXC

PPI
PDH >=10e-5

CR

CR

CR

CR

MJ

MJ

V-Node S
2-135

DOI-S10848

(6 6)

PPI_DEG

PDH
PPS

PPS-FAIL

PSBF

REF_FAIL

SSM

RINGSW_FAI
L_nn=1,2

SW RING

RS-TIM

TAF

TU-AIS

TU-LOP

PPI
PDH >=10e-3
HPC, LPC


MST

SETS

MST


RST
J0

MST

HPA, LPA
HPA

HPA
HPA

MN

: PKG () .

V-Node S
2-136

CR
MJ
MN
MJ
CR

MJ
MJ

MJ

DOI-S10848

Ethernet
(1 2)

CSF_LCS

CSF_LCSync

CSF_R_LCS

CSF_R_LCSyn
c
DropPkt_EXC
LINK_DOWN

LOS
PORT_REMO
VED
PORT_TYPE

RxAlignmentE
rrorFrame_EX
C

RxFCSErrorFr
ame_EXC

TxCollisionFra
me_EXC
RxAlignmentE
rrorFrame_EX
C



,

FCS


,
,
FCS

Ethernet


,

FCS

Ethernet (WAN)
Ethernet (WAN)

MJ
MJ

Ethernet (WAN)

MN

Ethernet (WAN)

MN

Ethernet (LAN&WAN)
Ethernet (LAN&WAN)

MJ
CR

Ethernet (LAN)
Ethernet (LAN&WAN)

CR
CR

Ethernet (LAN&WAN)

CR

Ethernet (LAN&WAN)

MJ

Ethernet (LAN&WAN)

MJ

Ethernet (LAN)
Ethernet (LAN&WAN)

MJ
MJ

V-Node S
2-137

DOI-S10848

(2 2)

RxFCSErrorFr
ame_EXC

TxDelayTrans
missionFrame_
EXC

TxExtCollision
Frame_EXC

TxLateCollisio
nFrame_EXC

WAN_PORT_
SD
WAN_PORT_
SF


,

,
FCS
,




,

-


,

512

WAN
WAN

Ethernet (LAN&WAN)

MJ

Ethernet (LAN)

MJ

Ethernet (LAN)

MJ

Ethernet (LAN)

MJ

Ethernet (WAN)

MN

Ethernet (WAN)

MJ

:
1. CR: , MJ: ,
, WN: .

MN:

2. Ethernet
EXC.
,
, .

V-Node S
2-138

DOI-S10848

EXC

DropPkt_EXC

ETH-DropPkt

4294967294

0~4294967294

RxAlignmentErrorFrame_
EXC

ETH-RxAlignmen
tErrorFrame

4294967294

RxFCSErrorFrame_EXC

ETH-RxFCSErrorFrame

4294967294

0~4294967294

TxCollisionFrame_EXC

ETH- TxCollisionFrame

4294967294

0~4294967294

TxDelayTransmission_E
XC

ETHTxDelayTransmission

4294967294

TxExtCollisionFrame_EX
C

ETH-TxExtCollisionFra
me

4294967294

TxLateCollisionFrame_E
XC

ETHTxLateCollisionFrame

4294967294

0~4294967294

0~4294967294
0~4294967294
0~4294967294

SSF_LGS

GFP

WAN

MJ

LAPS_FAIL

LAPS

WAN

MJ

LP-Xv-LOA

VC12/VC3

MJ
MJ

VC12/VC3

LP-Xv-LOM
LP-Xv-PLM

VC12

MJ
MJ

VC12/VC3

LP-Xv-SQM

VC4

MJ

HP-Xv-LOM

HP-Xv-SQM

VC4

MJ

HP-Xv-LOA

VC4

MJ

V-Node S
2-139

DOI-S10848

2.10.2


. .

.
2.10.2.1

(CR):
, ;
,
.
(MJ):
,
; ,

.
(MN):
, ,
(.. )
. , ,
,
.
(WN):
, ,
(.. ) . ,
V-Node S .
2.10.2.2

.

,
(, AIS
LOS).


, ,
.
: 0 2,5 , = 0,5


, .
: 0 10 , = 0,5

V-Node S
2-140

DOI-S10848

2.10.3

; ,
(, Equipment
() CID).

, .
2.10.3.1

,
()
() .

CH11_04
.
2.10.3.2

, ..
CID/NMS.
/
.

,
.

, ,
.
,
.
NE
.
2.10.3.3

V-Node S
:
(AB),
(AL), (PM),
(DM),
.

:

V-Node S
2-141

DOI-S10848

OS

PM

DM

AB

AL

CR ()

MJ ()

MN ()

WN ()

ACO

:
1)

V , ,
,

2)

- , ,
,
,

3)

,
.

2.10.3.4

ACO

ACO (
) (
AB/AL), (AB) ; , AB

.

V-Node S
2-142

DOI-S10848

2.11



SDH.
: ,
,
, , EMS,
, ,
:
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
.
,
() .

2.11.1

, , ,
.

. 15
.

.

V-Node S
2-143

DOI-S10848

2-10.

2.11.1.1


.
.
NMS/CID ( );
.
2.11.1.2

,
, F/W.
.
.
NMS/CID ( ).
2.11.1.3


. CID
().

2.11.2


.

,
CID. ( IP ,
CID f
.)
, .

V-Node S
2-144

DOI-S10848

2.11.3
:

2.11.3.1


SDH,
PDH.

STM-N

AIS.
STM-1/4 o STM-16

MST

RST

SPI

FAC LPB

SA

MST

RST

SPI

MS-AIS

STM-1e

AIS.
STM-1 e

MST

RST

SPI

FAC LPB

SA

MST

RST

SPI

MS-AIS

PDH
, PDH,
.
, AIS SDH
PDH.

V-Node S
2-145

DOI-S10848

Ethernet
,
GE-WAN FE-WAN.

2.11.3.2

STM-N
, , ,
, ().
STM-1/4 o STM-16

MST

RST

SPI

TRM LPB

SA

V-Node S
2-146

MST

RST

SPI

DOI-S10848

STM-1e
, , ,
, ().
STM-1e

MST

RST

SPI

TRM LPB

SA

MST

RST

SPI

PDH
2M/34M/45M,
PDH ( ),
.
.
PDH
AIS.

Ethernet
,
GE-LAN FE-LAN.

V-Node S
2-147

DOI-S10848

2.11.4
F/W CPU, .
NE F/W
CID NE.
:

MCP
CS
STM-16
STM-1/4
STM-1/4B
S1E
E1
E31/E32
FE
GE

V-Node S
2-148

F/W FPGA
FW
FPGA
FW
FPGA A
FPGA B
FPGA
FPGA
FPGA
FPGA
FPGA
FPGA
FW
FPGA
FW
FPGA

DOI-S10848


1. CID -> MCP (F/W FPGA)
F/W:

CID -> MCP -> - MCP

FPFA:

CID -> MCP -> - MCP ->


FPGA

2. CID -> CS (F/W FPGA)


F/W:

CID -> MCP -> CS ->


- CS

FPFA:

CID -> MCP -> CS ->


- CS -> FPGA

3. CID -> SDH


F/W:

CID-> MCP -> CS ->


- CS -> FPGA

4. CID -> FE
F/W:

CID -> MCP -> FE ->


- FE

FPGA: CID-> MCP -> FE ->


- FE -> FPGA
F/W
F/W, MCP.
F/W .

V-Node S
2-149

DOI-S10848

2-1. F/W MCP

2.11.5
FW .
FW 2 ,
.
, .
FW
; .
FW 5
FW;
- ,
FW, .
FPGA DCC.
FPGA ;
, FPGA
.

V-Node S
2-150

DOI-S10848

2.11.6

, ,
.

.
, -
. ,
, DRAM
; -
, ,
,
- .

V-Node S
2-151

DOI-S10848

2.11.7
ALS ITU-T G.958, II.


, ;
ALS ( ).
ALS STM-16.
2.11.7.1

ALS

LOS (
500 50 )
.
700
LOS. ,
LOS ,
.

LOS

500 50

700

LOS

. 2-78. , LOS
.

V-Node S
2-152

DOI-S10848

ALS


?
()

t
(550 50)


(60-300)

Tx
(2 0,25)

Tx
(2 0,25)

Tx
(90 10)

. 2-79. ALS

V-Node S
2-153

DOI-S10848

2.11.7.2

ALS

:
2 0,25 9 0,5 ,
. ALS
. ;
: 60 / 180 / 300 .

:
CID/NMS;

ALS. :
: 2 0,25 (9 0,5 )
: 90 10

ALS

, ,
0,85 .
ALS :

V-Node S
2-154

DOI-S10848

1.

ALS

2.

ALS

3. ,

850

2 0,25

4.
ALS
850

5.
ALS

. 2-80. ALS

2.11.7.3

ALS

ALS
CID/NMS.
2.11.7.4


, CID/NMS.

.
2.11.7.5

ALS

ALS ,
. ALS
CID/NMS.

V-Node S
2-155

DOI-S10848

2.11.7.6

ALS
2-11. ALS


ALS

(
)

ALS

CID

NMS

UI

2.11.8
OH E2 F1
(V.11)
.
2.11.8.1

OH OH

E2 F1
. :
E2 F1.
2.11.8.2

OH

OH E2 F1,
CID.
2.11.8.3


.
:


- .

:
- .

V-Node S
2-156

DOI-S10848

2.11.9
2.11.9.1

HKA

:
: 8

:
,


NMS/CID.

HKA
( : 32).
, .
HKA HKA.
.
,
, HKA.
2.11.9.2

HKC

,
NMS/LCT .

HKC Ports:
: 4

:

.
CLOSED ().


HKC NMS/LCT
. (
: 20.) ,
.
V-Node S
2-157

DOI-S10848


2-12.


0 .
1c

254 .

2 ()

: 0 254 .,
1 .
0, .

2.11.10


, ,
NE, NE
, NE .

.

.
:
1)

O: .
X: .
*: ,

2)

4 ( )
3
2
1 ( )

V-Node S
2-158

DOI-S10848

(1 3)


4 3 2 1

PM
(
15 . 24 )
(
15 . 24 )

(
15 . 24 )

,

,

,

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
X

O
O

O
O

O
O

X
X

O
O

O
O

O
O

X
O

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
X

O
O

O
O

O
O

X
X

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O

X
O
X
X
X
O
X
O
X
O

ALM

(
, )

NE
NE


(Ethernet)
(Ethernet)




,

,

J (
J0, J1 J2)

V-Node S
2-159

DOI-S10848

(2 3)

4 3 2 1

J ( J0, J1 J2)
C2/V5








( ,
,
,
,

, ,
(, EXEC, SD, TIM )
(,
, , ,
))
( ,
,
,
,

, ,
(, EXEC, SD, TIM ),
(, ,
, , )
)



SNCP
(
, , ,
, ,
SSM,
SSM

(,

,
, ))

( , ,
, ,
, SSM,
SSM,
SSM
(, , ,
))

V-Node S
2-160

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O

O
O
O
O
O
O
X
X

O
O
X
X
X
X
X
X

O
O

O
O

O
O

O
X

O
O
O
O
O

O
O
O
O
O

O
O
X
O
O

O
X
X
X
X

DOI-S10848

(3 3)

4 3 2 1

(
, , ,
, ,
SSM,
SSM

(,

,
))

( , ,
, ,
, SSM,

SSM, SSM
(, ,
))
NE
NE
/

O
O
O
O

O
O
O
O

O
O
O
X

O
X
O
X

O
O
O
O
O
O
O

O*
O*
O*
O*
O*
O*
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

V-Node S
2-161

DOI-S10848

2.12
,
-.
,

.

2.12.1
-
MCP, . MCP (
CS) - . FE/GE DRAM
, FE/GE.
2-13.
MCP

CS

CS

FE

DRAM
,
FE

CS . MCP
CS, FE GE;
CS, CS.

2.12.2
2.12.2.1

- CS
-.
.
MCP 10
CS. -
MCP,
CS , CS
MCP . , MCP
, CS.

V-Node S
2-162

DOI-S10848

CS

CS
,


-
MIB

. 2-81. MCP CS

CS 10
CS.
, CS, CS
CS .
- , CS
CS ,
, CS CS
.
CS

CS

ID DB,


-
MIB

. 2-82. CS
CS

FE
GE , CS.

V-Node S
2-163

DOI-S10848

2.12.2.2

LCT/EMS , MCP
CS. CS
CS - CS. ,
CS MCP
, MCP
-. . . 2-83.

CS


CS

CS


CS

MIB

MIB


,

CS


MCP


LCT


-
MIB

. 2-83.

2.12.2.3

CID , MCP
CS, CID ,
- CS.

V-Node S
2-164

DOI-S10848

CS

MCP

-
-

. 2-84.

2.12.2.4

CS
.
MCP :

FPGA



CS

?
MCP


,
CS?


MIB/HW

. 2-85. MCP

V-Node S
2-165

DOI-S10848

FPGA

CS
CS

,
CS?


CS DB


CS
CS


2 ?

CS

DB -

MIB/HW

2-86. CS

V-Node S
2-166

DOI-S10848

FE GE,
MIB HW.
CS FE
GE .
- ,
CS FE GE, FE
GE MIB HW.
2.12.2.5

.
2.12.2.6

MCP

V-Node S
CS. CS.
. !
. ! .
.
, CS,
- NE ( MCP), CS
MCP
CS.
. MCP 8
. 5
ON, . OFF
.
.
CS:

MCP ( )


-

CID

MIB

, CS, MCP DB CS
DB CS, MCP CS -
.

V-Node S
2-167

DOI-S10848

MCP ( )

CS


-

CID

MIB



,

MCP


-
MIB

. , NE
CS,
CS. CS ,
CS
NE (
LCT). MCP,
.
CS. ,
CS, 30 ,
MCP CS,
MCP .
- MCP
.

V-Node S
2-168

DOI-S10848

FPGA


CS


,
CS?


MIB/HW

V-Node S
2-169

DOI-S10848

2.13 OW

MCU
OW

. 2-87 OW

OW OW OW

PCM 64 ; ,
.

2.13.1 OW
OW ;
RJ11; OW OH E1 E2.

2.13.2 OW
: A
:
: , , .
.
:
,

CID.

V-Node S
2-170

DOI-S10848

2.13.3

: 000(DTMF).
: 000(DTMF).
: 000 (DTMF) .


, ,
TEL SET ( ) NE,
.
, .
: 0, 00, 000
,
.


, ,
TEL SET ( )
NE, . ()
(), ()
.
: CID.

2.13.4
, ( V-NODE
6
26 ),

. .

. 2-88. OW

: ,
.


Tx: -3 ~ -10
Rx: -2 ~ -25

V-Node S
2-171

DOI-S10848

2.13.5
Tx:
: 100
: 100
: ;
Rx:
: 500 ~ 1000
: 150 ~ 2

2.13.6


STM-N E1.

( E1):
A: 55h
: FFh

V-Node S
2-172

DOI-S10848

2.14 LAPD / /
: IEEE 802.3, LAPD
IEEE 802.3 LAN IEEE, MAC
.

CSMA/CD,
IEEE 802.3. Ethernet
IEEE 802.3. IEEE
802.3 10Base2,
10Base5, 10BaseF, 10BaseT 10Broad36. Ethernet
100BaseT, 100BaseT4 100BaseX.
LAPD ( D): ISDN
D. LAPD
LAPB , ,
ISDN, .
ITU-T Q.920 Q.921.
: IP
IP ( ): TCP/IP,
.
IP ,
, ,
. RFC 791.
: TCP, UDP
TCP ( ):
,
. TCP
TCP/IP.
UDP ( ):
TCP/IP ,
.
,
;
.
RFC 768.
: RIP
RIP V1 UDP,
.
RIP ( ): IGP
( ), BSD UNIX;
V-Node S
2-173

DOI-S10848

RIP IGP .

.
PFC RM TCP.
PFC: PFC ,
,

.

2.15

.

.

2.15.1

, ;
, , .


.

: 100 ;
: 100 000 .

(): 1,25

V-Node S
2-174

DOI-S10848

2.15.2 -

. 2-89 -

2.16

.

2.16.1
60C:
60C ~ 80C:
80C:

2.16.2 FAN
2-14. FAN

PWR

ON
OFF

V-Node S
2-175

DOI-S10848

2.17

;
.

2.18
NE
.
: 2500
(TCA, PPS 3000).
: 500

V-Node S
2-176
E

DOI-S10848

3.
3.1
: V.11, 64 /
: /
: 1
: RJ45
: /
OH: F1, E2

: 6

3.2
:

Rx: 2
Tx: 0

DTMF: Rx: 10
Tx: 10
:

600


(DTMF)

: 0,4

999

450
1 , 2

: / /
:

NE,

.

NE,


3-1

DOI-S10848

,
.
: NE,

,
.
: RJ11
OH: E1,E2
V-Node S 6
26 .
:
OW, ,
.

3.3
3.3.1 CID
:

f: RS232C
F: 10BaseT

OSI, TCP/IP

f: RJ45 9-
D-sub
F: RJ45 RJ45
( )

f: RS232C ( . 8)
F: UTP ( HUB)


3-2

DOI-S10848

. 3-1. RJ45 f

. 3-2. 9- D-sub
f

. 3-3. RJ45 F

3.3.2 NMS
:

10Base-T (/10M)

RJ-45 ( F)

UTP ( )

OSI, TCP/IP


3-3

DOI-S10848

3.4
3.4.1 V-Node S
:

276

482,6/535 ( )

: 198
:

11 ( ;
)

:
1.
.
2. PCB,
V-Node S;
,
V-Node S.


3-4
E