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ISSN 23086181


2013

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The Ministry of Education and Science of


the Russian Federation
Pskov State University
Pskov Regional Branch of the Russian Society of
Intellectual History
Research and Educational Center for
Social History

of HISTORY
Scientific Almanac
Issue 4

Pskov
Pskov State University
2013

Editorial
Council:
Yury A. Demyanenko (chairman) (Pskov State University,
Pskov, Russia); Anatoly V. Istomin (vice chairman) (Pskov
State University, Pskov, Russia); Valery N . Garbuzov
(vice chairman) (Institute for US and Canadian Studies of
the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia); Oleg
L. Gabelko (Russian State University for the Humanities,
Moscow, Russia); Sergey G. Kaschenko (Saint-Petersburg
State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia); Natalia P. Nikitina
(Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia); Valery P. Nikonorov
(Institute for History of Material Culture of the Russian
Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia); Marek J.
Olbrycht (University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland); Igor
V. Pyankov (Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University,
Veliky Novgorod, Russia).
Editorial Board:
Vladimir A. Dmitriev (editor-in-chief) (Pskov State University,
Pskov, Russia); Dmitry V. Mikheev (managing editor) (Pskov
State University, Pskov, Russia); Vladimir A. Arakcheev
(Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia); Viktor K. Gubarev
(Donetsk National Technical University, Donetsk, Ukraine);
Maxim Yu. Kolpakov (Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia);
Vera A. Raikova (Herzen State Pedagogical University of
Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russia).
The almanac was founded in 1997
The idea of the almanac: Valery N . Garbuzov,
Andrey V. Yurasov
The almanac is included in Russian National Information and
Analytical System Russian Index of Science Citation (RISC)
Publisher: Pskov State University
(Lenin Square, 2, Pskov, 180000, Russia)
Pskov State University, 2013
Authors, 2013

3

. . :

12
. .


30
. .
19171925
59

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. . ISBN 978-5-91852-054-3)
438

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450

453

454

460

CONTENTS
PREFACE
3
INTELLECTUAL HISTORY
A. V. Verle. Not Our Thing: Philosophical Notes on
Historical Identity
12
0. V. Metel. The Formation of a Scientific Approach
to the Study of Early Christianity in the French
Intellectual Tradition
30
V. V. Mitin. The Transformation of Organizational and
Scientific Activities of the RAS in 1917-1925
59
ANCIENT HISTORY
1. V. Pyankov. When and How Had the Antiquity Finished
in the World History?
79
A. T. Melikyan. The Institution of The Second after the King
in the Iranian State System of Achaemenian Period
88
M. J. Olbrycht. The Policy of Alexander the Great towards
the Iranians in Central Asia (329-327 BC)
119
A. E. Telin. Quattuorviri iure dicundo in Campania
IVIII centuries BC
130
E. S. Danilov. The Antique Personifications of Africa
140
V. A. Dmitriev. The Persians Obtain Them from India,
or Why the Parthians did not Use Battle Elephants?
153
O. V. Golovina. The Goths in Constantinople: the Revolt
of Gainas in 399-400 AD
173
MEDIEVAL and EARLY MODERN HISTORY
M. Yu. Kolpakov. History and Power in France in the Epoch
of Philip IV the Fair
182
D. V. Mikheev. The Origin of Privateer Practice in England
in XIII-XVI centuries
201
MODERN and CONTEMPORARY HISTORY
V. S. Antipov. The Typology of Enlightened
Absolutism Policy
217
O. A. Bila. The Policy of Germanization in the Cities on
the Polish Territories of the German Empire
242
S. Sh. Aghajanyan. The Abolition of Peasants Temporarily
Obligated Status in Transcaucasia: the Law
of December 20, 1912
259
Sh. B. Muhamedov. The History of Russian Turkestan: Truth
and Fiction. A View of a Historian from XXI century
291
7

S. N. Shchegolikhina. The Image of an American Military


Man in Feature Films of Hollywood
322
T. G. Khrishkevich. Agenda2010: The Results of the
Decade of Social Reforms in Germany
352
N. A. Korolyova. Traditional and Borrowed Beliefs in China:
the Area of Distribution, Confrontation, and Cooperation
(XIXXX centuries)
377
RUSSIA in the WORLD HISTORY
A. I. Chepel. The Inhabitants and the Authorities of the
Swedish-Russian Border Region after the Stolbov Peace
Treaty: Interaction and Opposition
383
A. A. Starunskaya. Communication and Joint Activities of
Belgorod and Kharkov Bolsheviks on the Eve of Revolution
Events of 19051907
407
L. S. Kostandyan. Participation of the Armenians in the
Soviet-Japanese War in 1945
416
HISTORICAL EDUCATION in UNIVERSITY
L. V. Alieva, T. V. Filippova. Organization of the Integrated
Lesson First World War in University
427
REVIEWS&NOTICES
V. A. Dmitriev. The Age of War Elephants in Russia?
(Book Review: Bannikov A. V. Epokha boevikh slonov
(ot Aleksandra Velikogo do padeniya tsarstva Sasanidov).
Sankt-Peterburg: Eurasia, 2012. 480 s., 48 s. coloured ill.
ISBN 978-5-91852-054-3)
438
SCIENTIFIC EVENTS
M. Yu. Kolpakov. All-Russian Spring Session of Young
Medievalists (Pskov, 13 May 2013)
450
LIST of ABBREVIATIONS
453
CONTRIBUTORS
454
GUIDELINES for AUTHORS
460


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Armandi P. Histoire militaire des elephants depuis les temps les plus
reculs jusqu lintroduction des armes feu; avec des observations
critiques sur quelques-uns de plus clbres faits darmes de lantiquit.
P., 1843. : . .
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7
Scullard H. H. The Elephant in the Greek and Roman World. Ithaca,
N.Y., 1974.

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.: . . . ., 2002. . 319; Frye R. N. The
Political History of Iran under the Sasanians / / CHI (3/1). P. 172; Farrokh K. Shadows in the Desert. Ancient Persia at War. Oxford; N . Y.,
2007. P. 178275; . : . .
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- . ., 2008. . 4553.
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succinctior armatura
, . . (.: The Roman History of Ammianus Marcellinus / Transl. by
C. D. Yonge. L.; N. Y., 1894. P. 379).
succinctior armatura .: Austin N. J. E.
Ammianus on Warfare: An Investigation into Ammianus Military
Knowledge. Bruxelles, 1979. P. 154; Ammianus Marcellinus. A Selection
with Introduction, Notes and Commentary by R. Blockley. Bristol,
1980. P. 70; Boeft J., den, Drijvers J. W., Hengst D., den, Teitler H. C. Philo
logical and Historical Commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XXV.
Leiden, 2005. P. 64-65.

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XXXI . . . VI . . . ., 1999.
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19372012 . /
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. . ; . . . . . ., 2012.
. . . ., 2002.
Ammianus Marcellinus. A Selection with Introduction, Notes
and Commentary by R. Blockley. Bristol, 1980.
448

Armandi P. Histoire militaire des elephants depuis les temps les


plus reculs jusqu lintroduction des armes feu; avec des
observations critiques sur quelques-uns de plus clbres
faits darmes de lantiquit. P., 1843.
Austin N. J. E. Ammianus on Warfare: An Investigation into
Ammianus Military Knowledge. Bruxelles, 1979.
Boeft J., den, Drijvers J. W., Hengst D., den, Teitler H. C. Philological and Historical Commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus
XXV. Leiden, 2005.
Farrokh K. Shadows in the Desert. Ancient Persia at War. Oxford; N.Y., 2007.
Frye R. N. The Political History of Iran under the Sasanians / /
CHI (3/1). P. 116-180.
The Roman History of Ammianus Marcellinus / Transl. by
C. D. Yonge. L.; N.Y., 1894.
Scullard H. H. The Elephant in the Greek and Roman World.
Ithaca, N.Y., 1974.
Syme R. Ammianus and the Historia Augusta. Oxford, 1968.
V. A. Dmitriev
The A g e of War Elephants i n Russia?
(Book Review: Bannikov A. V. Epokha b o e v i k h
slonov (ot Aleksandra V e l i k o g o do padeniya tsarstva
Sasanidov). Sankt-Peterburg: Eurasia, 2012. 480 s. 48 s.
coloured ill. ISBN 978-5-91852-054-3)
The article presents an analysis of the book by a Saint-Petersburg historian A. V. Bannikov Epokha boevikh slonov (ot
Aleksandra Velikogo do padeniya tsarstva Sasanidov) (The
Age of War Elephants (from Alexander the Great to the Fall of
the Persian Kingdom of Sasanids)). The structure, the source
base, the validity of conclusions, the strengths and weaknesses
of the book are examined. It is noted that the most successful
part of the book is devoted to the Hellenistic elephantry, while
the elephantry of Sasanian Iran is studied insufficiently. The
structure of A. V. Bannikovs work is not entirely harmonious.
However, the book under review is a noticeable event in the
Russian historiography of the Ancient elephantry.
Key words: A. V. Bannikov, The Age of War Elephants,
battle elephants, elephantry, military history, Sasanids.
449


. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
CHI (2) The Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 2.
The Median a n d Achaemenian Periods / Ed. by
I. Gershevitch. Cambridge etc., 1985.
CHI (3/1) The Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 3 (1).
The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Periods / Ed. by
E. Yarshater. Cambridge etc., 1983.
CIL Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. Vol. VI. Inscriptiones urbis Romae Latinae. Berolini, 18762000.
CRR Sydenham E. A. The Coinage of the Roman Re
public. L., 1952.
EIr Encyclopaedia Iranica.
RIC Sutherland C. H. V. The Roman Imperial Coinage.
Vol. IX. L., 19841994.
RRC Crawford M. H. Roman Republican Coinage.
Cambridge, 1974.

453



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artemverle@gmail.com.

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lyahovskaya_1989@mail.ru.

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rambler.ru.

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com.

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melalchangyan@mail.ru.

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tankred85@mail.ru.

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mukhamedov@gmail.com.

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455


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e-mail: ae_telin@mail.ru.

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456

CONTRIBUTORS
Samvel Sh. AGHAJANYAN Associate Professor, Candidate
of Historical Sciences (Vanadzor State Pedagogical Institute named after Hovhannes Tumanyan, Vanadzor, Armenia); e-mail: saghajanyan@yandex.com.
Lyudmila V. ALIEVA Associate Professor of the Department of Russian History, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Docent (Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia);
e-mail: rada510@rambler.ru.
Vladimir S. ANTIPOV Associate Professor of the Department of World History and Area Studies, Candidate of
Philosophical Sciences, Docent (Pskov State University,
Pskov, Russia); e-mail: v_antipov@mail.ru.
Olena A. BILA Post-graduate Student of the Department
of Modern and Contemporary History (V. N . Karazin
Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine); e-mail:
olenabila@yandex.ru.
Aleksander I. CHEPEL associate Professor of the Department of History, Candidate of Historical Sciences (SaintPetersburg State Marine Technical University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia); e-mail: achepel@mail.ru.
Evgeniy S. DANILOV Senior Lecturer of the Department
of World History, Candidate of Historical Sciences
(P. G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl,
Russia); e-mail: explorator@list.ru.
Vladimir A. DMITRIEV Associate Professor of the Department of World History and Area Studies, Candidate
of Historical Sciences, Docent (Pskov State University,
Pskov, Russia); e-mail: demetrius@rambler.ru.
Tatiana V. FILIPPOVA Assistant Lecturer of the Department of Russian History, Post-graduate Student of the
Department of Pedagogy (Pskov State University, Pskov,
Russia); e-mail: rada510@rambler.ru.
Olesya V. GOLOVINA Post-graduate Student of the Department of World History (Belgorod State University,
Belgorod, Russia); e-mail: lyahovskaya_1989@mail.ru.
Tatyana G. KHRISHKEVICH Associate Professor of the
Department of World History and Area Studies, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Docent (Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia); e-mail: faschoda@mail.ru.
457

Maksim Yu. KOLPAKOV Head of the Department of


World History and Area Studies, Candidate of Historical
Sciences (Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia); e-mail:
kolpakov.m@gmail.com.
Nina A. KOROLYOVA Associate Professor of the Department of World History and Area Studies, Candidate
of Historical Sciences, Docent (Pskov State University,
Pskov, Russia); e-mail: istfakultet@rambler.ru.
Lusine S. KOSTANDYAN Associate Professor of the Department of History, Candidate of Historical Sciences
(Vanadzor State Pedagogical Institute named after Hovhannes Tumanyan, Vanadzor, Armenia); e-mail: melalchangyan@mail.ru.
Arthur T. MELIKYAN Head of the Centre for Education and
Science, Associate Professor of the Department of History, Candidate of Historical Sciences (Vanadzor State
Pedagogical Institute named after Hovhannes Tumanyan, Vanadzor, Armenia); e-mail: gitkentron@vspi.am.
Olga V. METEL Junior Research Fellow of the Department
of World History (F. M. Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Omsk, Russia); e-mail: olgametel@yandex.ru.
Dmitry V. MIKHEEV Senior Lecturer of the Department of
World History and Area Studies, Candidate of Historical
Sciences (Pskov State University, Pskov, Russia); e-mail:
tankred85@mail.ru.
Valeriy V. MITIN Senior Lecturer of the Department of
World History and Area Studies (Pskov State University,
Pskov, Russia); e-mail: rumata68@mail.ru.
Shukhrat B. MUKHAMEDOV Vice-Director of the Institute
of History, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Docent (The
Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan); e-mail: shukhrat.mukhamedov@gmail.com.
Marek Jan OLBRYCHT Head of the Department of Ancient History and Oriental Studies, PhD (University of
Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland); e-mail: olbrycht@hotmail.
com.
Igor V. PYANKOV Professor of the Department of World
History, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor (Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University, Veliky
Novgorod, Russia); e-mail: pyankov_iv@mail.ru.
458

Svetlana N. SHCHEGOLIKHINA Associate Professor of


the Department of World History, Candidate of Historical Sciences (Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russia); e-mail: sveta.shc@mail.ru.
Anastasia A. STARUNSKAYA Masters Degree Student of
Historical Faculty (Belgorod State University, Belgorod,
Russia); e-mail: astarunskaya@yandex.ru.
Anton E. TELIN Member of Research and Educational Center for Classical Studies, Candidate of Historical Sciences
(P. G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl,
Russia); e-mail: ae_telin@mail.ru.
Artem V. VERLE Associate Professor of the Department of
Philosofy, Candidate of Philosophical Sciences (Pskov
State University, Pskov, Russia); e-mail: artemverle@
gmail.com.

459

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