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..

CAD/CAM

..

CAD/CAM Cimatron

- ( AM)
, , , ,
,

2000

681.31.00
32.973.2
17
.H.
17 CAD/CAM Cimatron : . . . . -. , 2000. - 48 .
ISBN 5-230-18415-9
. .
.
.
,
552900 , , : 120100 ,
120200 , .
.1. . 57. . 4.
681.31.00
32.973.2

:
; .. , . .
..
1999
. . N 020311 15.12.96. 3.03.2000
6084 1/16. . .
. . .2,79. .-. . 2,73. 100. 1043

150023, , ., 88

150028, , . , 14
ISBN 5-230-18415-9
, 2000
-, .., 2000
2


-,

, .
,
.

,
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, CAD
(Computer Aided Design), , , ,
.

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CAE (Computer Aided Engineering).
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( ), (Computer Automated Process
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CAD CAM (Computer
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() CAD, CAPP CAM.

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CAM NC, , ,
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1. CAD/CAM Cimatron
CAD/CAM Cimatron (- )
, , , ,
NC, , .. 1-3 .
, , .4.

. 2

. 1

. 3

. 4


.
( SHADE).
MODELING , , , , . -

. 5

. 6

, ,
WIREFRAME. WIREFRAME SHADE -

, (.5).
, NC , ,
(.6),
.
( SIMULATE).
.

(.7).
, ,
,

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. 7

CAD/CAM Cimatron
3D .

2. 3D
(three-dimensional 3D)
(feature).
. ,
, . .
.8.

face

edge

. 8

(face). , (. .8).
(edge).

(sketch) (.9)
, (EXTRUDE).

EXTRUDE:
ADD

. 9

.
(.10);
, (.11).

. 10

. 11

(ADD) .
, (REMOVE)
(.12).
.13.

. 12

. 13


. , :
1) ;
2) , 8

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3.

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. 14

. 15


( 14, 15).
EDIT.
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9

4.
CIMATRON (.16). , ( , ..).

. 16

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, , . , : IND 1st POINT.

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LINE , .
(MODELING, NC);
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10


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5.

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. 17

11

JFF

JF

<PICK>
<EXIT>
<SUBMENU>
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<FREE
CURSOR>
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FJF
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.
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:
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IND

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<SUBMENU>

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6.
.

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IND. POINT ( ) ,
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SCREEN

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13

DELTA

X,Y, Z , ; KEY IN , , .

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MID ( ).
.

7.
<POP UP>. <PICK>.

PICTURE

-Z+

RESET

,
,

Z PR

ROTATE

PAN

>AXIS

COPY

>ANGL

SCALE

PLANE

AW




X, Y, Z

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14

:
IND. NEW CENTER

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: ISO, FRONT, TOP, SIDE.

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ISO

FRONT

TOP

SIDE

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<POP UP> PLANE ,
.
:
SELECT PLANE OPTION UCS

CURVES

VECTOR

3POINTS
3

UCS . .
<I>.
3 POINTS , , :
IND. PLANE POINT 1
1-
IND. POINT ON +X

, -

15

,

Y

IND. POINT ON +X
+X
IND. POINT FOR +Y
+Y

, .
<POP UP> ROTATE : X, Y Z. :
IND. ROTATION CENTER

SCREEN

CLOSE

<SUBMENU>.
CLOSE ( ).
, (.18),
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<SUBMENU>

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. 18
<POP UP> W , , :
IND. 1ST CORNER
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IND. 2ND CORNER
2-

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16

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IND. 1ST CORNER.
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<> <>

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<I> <SUBMENU> .

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.

8.
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DELETE .
PICK ENTITIES & EXIT

PICK ENTITIES & EXIT


<I>.
<SUBMENU>.
<REJECT> .
40 .
, ,
<I> .

UNDO , :
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UNDO? YES NO
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FILE ,
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EXIT . :
CLOSE ()


.
OPEN () (
17

) ,
.
SAVE () ,
.
EXIT () , .

9.
Cimatron .
1. MODEL ( MODELING)
.
2. , , NC MACSYS.
3. ,
UCS ().
UCS ,
, , ..
.
, , ,
UCS.

10.
, ,
, , .
DATUM. (
) :
DATUM

PLANE
AXIS
REFCRV
REFSRF
BLANK
RESIZE

. .
.
. .
. .

18

.
PLANE .
MAIN

PARALLEL

EDGE + POINT

3 POINTS

PERP EDGE

EDGE AT ANG

2PTS AT ANG

+ 2

2PTS PAR EDG


EDGE PERP PLANE
REFCRVS

. + 2
. . +

PLANE >> MAIN MAIN , .19,


MODEL.

. 19

PLANE >> PARALLEL ,


(.20).
(PICK FACE/PLANE), (OFFSET=). ,

19

. 20

(IND. DIRECTION), .
PLANE >> EDGE AT ANG / / (.21). ,

. 21

(PICK EDGE/AXIS) , , (FACE).


.22 . , -

20

, . ,
, .

-300

. 22
RESIZE . , .
.
<IC>. . ( , <I> ,
.) <I>.
- .
.
BLANK .

11.
: 21

( ).
MODELING ().
:
WIRE FRM
SOLID

SOLID (. )
.
EDIT
CREATE
DETAIL

DATUM
COPY

(. 10)

UTILITY

12.
, , 2D .
() XY
() MODEL ().
(. .19).
.

(
).

:
;
;
22

;
;
;
;
.
: CREATE
DETAIL.

12.1. CREATE
:
SELECT OPTION

EXTRUDE
REVOLVE
DRIVE
HOLE
SHAFT
SHELL
RIB

. .

.
EXTRUDE
REVOLVE
DRIVE
HOLE
SHAFT
SHELL
RIB

() .
.
.
: ( ) ( ).
().

.
, .

EXTRUDE ()

c :

23

SELECT

ADD
REMOVE

( ).
( ).

d :
PICK FACE/PLANE


, .

, , , <PICK>.
: .

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,
. .
, . , . ,
, <I>. , , , . .
, <I>, , , .
.

e , (, , ):
SELECT

OPEN CONTOUR
.

CLOSED CONTOUR
.


.
.
,
( ).

24

f
. Sketcher (). IND. 1ST POINT :
IND. 1ST POINT

DISPLAY

LINE

CORNER

ERASE

ADD GEOM

PREVIEW

EXIT

1-

..

LINE (),
. , , <PICK>.
- ,
( LINE), <PICK>
.

<SUBMENU> (. . 6).
DISPLAY , . , , .
,
. , 2,
. (
. 13), EXIT.
g , , ..
,
/:
INDICATE AREA
/.

, .

h Sketcher :
SELECT OPTION

DELTA
/.

THROUGH

25

FROM

TO

APPLY

DELTA . (. . 10).
, APPLY (). .
REVOLVE ()

c , (ADD)
(REMOVE) .
, .
d PICK AXIS/EDGE /,
(SKETCH) , (.23).
e PICK FACE/PLAN /,
. ,
+X.

. 23

f , (CLOSED CONTOUR)
(OPEN CONTOUR). , . (
.)
g IND. 1ST POINT /. 2D X . 26

h INDICATE AREA ,
, ,
/.
i SELECT OPTION: DELTA, FULL, FROM, TO ,
(.24).
TO:

. 24

, APPLY
().

DRIVE ()
CREATE

.
c , (ADD)
(REMOVE) . ,
.
d :
,
.
e :

,

.
27

. 26

. 25

f , :

(.25);
, (.26);
.27.
, , /,
,
g , :
/,
(1st TRAJECTORY),
;
. 27


;
.
28, 29.
HOLE (. .)
CREATE
: ( )
( ).
SHAPED STRAIGHT
.
.
Sketcher () 360.
SHAPED
STRAIGHT
AXIS

28

. 28

. 29

HOLE >> SHAPED


.
c PICK FACE OR PLANE ,
29

.
Sketcher.
d IND. 1ST POINT
:
IND. 1ST POINT

DISPLAY

POINT

CORNER

ERASE

ADD GEOM

PREVIEW

EXIT

1-

..

POINT .
, , , .
, EXIT. Sketcher.
e ( 360).
IND. 1ST POINT

DISPLAY

POINT

CORNER

ERASE

ADD GEOM

PREVIEW

EXIT

1-

..

, . ()

; (.30). Sketcher EXIT.
. . 13).

. 30

30

12.2. DETAIL ()
:
SELECT OPTION

ROUND
ROUND_EDGE_FACE
CHAMFER
EDGE_DRIVE
DRAFT
REPLACE_FACE

.
ROUND
ROUND_EDGE_FACE
CHAMFER
EDGE_DRIVE
DRAFT
REPLACE_FACE

.
.
.

.
( ).
.

ROUND

c , : (FIXED) (VARIABLE).
d , :
(ARC),
;
(CONIC), ;

P.
> 1,
. < 1, ,
. = 1,
, ARC.
e (EDGE), 31

( , ). :
( 31,32).

PICK EDGE
PICK EDGE

. 31

. 32

f , , ( ,
). ().
33, 34 (ROUND_EDGE_FACE) ,
.

. 33

. 34

13.
Sketcher (). ,
- . Sketcher
EDIT SKETCH.
32

Sketcher () ( !) . ,
, , .

, , AutoCAD , , .
Sketcher ,
, .
Sketcher "" ,
(,
, , , , ,
, .. ).
, INTERS

.
END

, ,
CENTER
,
+.
, .
Sketcher,
.
Sketcher:
IND. 1ST POINT

DISPLAY

LINE

CORNER

ERASE

ADD GEOM

PREVIEW

EXIT

1-

..

. LINE.

<PICK>. , , , <SUBMENU>.
(. . 6). , 33

<POP UP> .
Sketcher.
DISPLAY

CORNER

ERASE
ADD GEOM

, .

<PICK> , , .

: ,
. .
,
(, ). ,
( LINE).
BY IND (),
.
,
SAME AS (), ,
. , BY IND.
,
- ; .
(
), , ,

.
/ :
SELECT

REFERENCE EDGES

IND. +X AXIS

EDGES, :
PICK REF.EDGES - , <EXIT>. (.35).
+X AXIS,
X.
:
IND. ORIGIN - ( )
IND. +X AXIS - , (
).
<EXIT> (.36), Sketcher.

34

. 35
PREVIEW
EXIT

,
Sketcher.
Sketcher. ,
.

. 36
LINE

LINE
CIRCLE
ARC
SPLINE
POINT
SYMMETRY

, .

, :

35

USE-GEOM
PLACE
DIMENS
CIRCLE

POINT

SYMMETRY

USE-GEOM

.
. ,
. CENTER .
, <SUBMENU>,
: / ,
; (, ).

,
, .
.
. ,
, HOLE
CREATE.
(, , ). , , .
() . () ,
Sketcher, .. SYMMETRY , . .
,
.

, ,
, . ,
VIEWING (), , .. .
.
PICK EDGE/EXIT - ,
;
OFFSET
;
FLIP SIDE - .

36

DIMENS

DIMENS Sketcher :
PICK. PT/LINE/CIRC/DIM

DISPLAY

PICK
PT/LINE/CIRC/DIM

,
. ,
. . ,
:
,
,
, ,
( , ), (
).

.

IND.
POS/LINE/CIRC

IND
POSITION/EXIT

DIMENS

SHOW

ERASE

ADD GEOM

PREVIEW

EXIT

, . <TAB>
SIZE (),
<CR>. <PICK>,
.
DIMENS
OVER DIMENSIONED ( ), ERASE () (.37, ). ,
; , .
.


. 37

37

Sketcher
( ) . .
, ..
,
FULLY DIMENTIONED ( ). .37, .

14.
,
. EDIT
() :
SELECT FUNCTION

PARAMETERS
SKETCH
RELATION
DELETE
SUPPRESS
RENAME
REPLAY
TRIM

EDIT.
PARAMETERS
, , . :
PICK FEATURE

PICK DIMENSION
IND. DIM. POS/EXIT

SELECT FEATURE/EXIT
. /EXIT

(.38). .

<PICK>.
.
(VALUE) <CR>, <EXIT>.
,
.
<EXIT>.

<EXIT> .

(.39).

38

SKETCH

, ,

. 38

. 39

.
(SELECT FEATURE ), Sketcher.
DIMENS (), MODIFY () ERASE ().
DIMENS.
<PICK>, MODIFY.
DIMENS PARAMETERS, ,


(.40). MODIFY
(.41).

. 40

. 41

RELATION
.
39

. : .
. , L2=L32+5, , . . .
- , , (, L2 =
=L3 + L4, L2 ). .42
, . .43 L69
L80 ,
.

. 42

. 43

EDIT.
DELETE
SUPPRESS
RENAME
REPLAY

, .
.
.
("")
( ). , .

15.
. CAD/CAM Cimatron Windows 95(98) ,
, Cimatron 40

. ( :
unInstall ) :
ENTER FILE NAME
.

<EXIT>1,
.


ENTER. ( , <CR>.) , , ,
, , f:\cimit\tms\mtm47\ivan.pfm.
,
,
<POP UP>. , , , <PICK>.
- - - - - -
2. , "".
.
EXIT,
(. 16), .
: (CLOSE)
(OPEN) . CLOSE. : (SAVE ON FILE)
(ABANDON FILING). SAVE ON FILE.
: ENTER PART FILE NAME . <CR> ,
<CR>, .
ABANDON FILING ( )
.
Yes.
1

. 5.
Windows
2

41

. QUIT .

16.
(. 44), . 45. , : , 360o. .

. 44

. 45

, . <POP UP>
PICTURE, ISO.

,
:
SOLID >> DATUM >> PLANE >> MAIN ( . 46).
. :
SOLID >> DATUM >> AXIS >> 2 PLANES,

XOZ , X (. 47); RESIZE AXIS.


CREATE >>
REVOLVE. ,
( XOZ); (. 48).
. <POP UP> , PICTURE,
FRONT ( ,
42

, <POP UP> AW).

. 46

. 47

43

. 48

( !)
(.49), , DIMEN.
. 50 , .

.
. . 51



. 49

.
.
EXIT. XOZ . (.52).

44

CREATE >> HOLE >> SHAPED.


PICK FACE/PLANE

. 50

. 51

45

: IND. POINT.
,
(. 53).

. 53

. 52

.
, ,
EXIT (. 54).

. 54

. 55

, TOP,
,
(. 55). , . EXIT.
ISO (. 56).
capfa.pfm. FILE, SAVE PART , ,
; <CR>. .
-

46

SHADE. , (. 57).

. 56

. 57

, .

1.

2.
3.
4.

., .., .., .. Cirnatron /


. .. . - : , 1998.
166 .
Solidtron. . 8.0. BeePitron Ltd.,
.-.
.. -
CAD/CAM Cimatron // . - 1998. - 10.. 43-47, 49.
www.sapr2000.ru/pressa.html
- ..:
.: -, 1999. 144 .

47

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

3
CAD/CAM Cimatron ....................5
3D ...................................................7
...........................................................9
..............................................................10
...............................................................11
.................................................................13
..............................................14
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.........................................................................18
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metod32-281203.doc