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2012

94(100-87)
63.3(5)
45

I .
1999 .

45

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, 2012. 359 .
ISBN 9785756706383
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94(100-87)
63.3(5)
ISBN 9785756706383

. ., 2012

, 2012


www.aspectpress.ru

............................................................................................................ 5

1.
...................................................................10
2.
() .........................................................................28
3. (19391948 .) ...............................47
4. - 19481949 ......................................63
5. ...................................72
6. ...........................................94
7. 1956 .......................................................101
8. (
1950- 1960- ) ....................................................118
9. (1950-
1960- ) ...................................................................................123
10. , 1967 ................150
11. ..................................................168
12. 1973 ..........................................................182
13. (19731977 .) .........................195
14. - -
...............................................................................207
15. 1980- ........................................................215
16.
(19841988 .) ................................................................................229
17. 19881992 ................235
18.
..............................................................................................248
19. : .......................................256
20. . . ...........264
21. .
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22. . ........................................................275

23. . (20012006 .) ...........................................280


24. (20062009 .) ..............................299
25. .................308
........................................................................................................322
............................................................................................326
......................................................................332
.......................................................................................................342
Summary

.........................................................................................................359


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205


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Summary
The State of Israel has a relatively short history: it was declared an independent state on 14 May, 1948. The struggle for its establishment began much
earlier it was pursued by the leaders of political Zionism, who succeeded in
materializing a concept that seemed utopian at that time. Israel was a product
of ideas generated by European liberalism and nationalism, which were welcomed and carried through by the Jewish nationalist movement shaped in the
context of diverse ideological trends ranging from Marxism to right-wing
theories.
Israel is justifiably considered to be a nation of immigrants. Immigrants
from around the world, who arrived in Palestine within the framework of the
Zionist movement, have created the quasi-state institutions and facilitated the
structural, military-political and economic formation of a Jewish community
in Palestine and subsequently of a state. Until the present day, immigration is
an important resource for a demographic growth.
In this research, the author has made a special emphasis on the regional
and international context within which the emergence of the state took place.
The problem of Palestine has a domineering importance for the political processes underway in the region, it exerts a powerful influence on the global
international environment. Finally, the milestones in the Israeli history to a
large extent reflect the phases of the Middle East conflict periods of crisis
and search for settlement.
The history of the State of Israel sets us on a course of thinking over many
problems that have a universal dimension: the mobilizing effect of political
movements, role of national elites, relationships between the state and religious institutions, ethnicity and demography, conflicts and conflict resolution, fight for independence and acts of terrorism.
While working on this book, the author has tried to adhere to an academic approach, putting aside all emotionally-tinged, ideological and imbalanced assessments. Ultimately, the general laws governing all developments
throughout the epoque that we can witness in the history of other states can be
traceable in the history of Israel as well, and there are no grounds to apply any
other criteria in dealing with it.
This monograph can be of interest not only to the expert community, but
also to a broader reading audience, and it can be used in the learning process
by students.




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E-mail: info@aspectpress.ru; www.aspectpress.ru.
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