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How do you calculate hypochlorite concentration

from available chlorine?


My solution of alkaline hypochlorite is said to have 0.06% (w/v) available chlorine, but I need
to know the molarity of hypochlorite.
Best Answer
jonal answered 3 years ago
Sodium hypochlorite, as labeled on bleach bottles in the 21st Century, is NaClO
Relative molecular mass of NaClO = 74.5
Relative atomic mass of Cl = 35.5
w/v = weight per volume, given because the volume of bleach was measured, not the weight.
1cm^3 of bleach = 1 ml = 1 gm for low concentrations of NaClO, within experimental error
(0.1% for volumetric analysis using commonly available laboratory glassware)
NaClO = 74.5 / 35.5 times mass of Cl
NaClO = 2.059 x Cl
Cl = NaClO / 2.059
Stated Cl = 0.06% = 0.06 gm / 100ml = 0.6gpl
Calculated NaClO = 2.059 x 0.6gpl = 1.235 gpl = 0.12%
Molar Cl = 35.5 gpl = 1 relative atomic mass in grams per litre
Molar NaClO = 74.5 gpl = 1 relative molecular mass in grams per litre
Molarity of chlorine in the bleach
= 0.6 gpl / 35.5gpl = 0.0168 molar
= 0.017 molar for practical purposes.
Molarity of hypochlorite
= 1.235gpl / 74.5gpl = 0. 017 molar
Molarity, preparing solutions, w/v. w/w etc
http://www.sciencecompany.com/lab/test_s...
Source:
lab tech
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blackbeauty14 answered 3 years ago


One way to do this is assume it is sodium hypochlorite (NaClO, MW 74.5) which usually is
used in bleach. It contains one atom of chlorine (35.5 g). Thus 0.06 g of Cl will be present in
0.06*74.5/35.5 = 0.13 g. This amount of hypochlorite dissolved in 100 mL water will give you a
solution that contains 0.06% Cl in 100 mL. For one L it will be 1.3 g. To calculate the molarity,
just divide this with its molecular weight or 1.3/74.5 = aprox. 0.02 M.
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Paul answered 3 years ago


ClO- + Cl- + 2H+ -> Cl2 + H2O
so 1 mol chlorate(I) (hypochlorite is so 19th century) is equivalent to 1 mol of Cl2 or 71g.
0.06% w/v is a silly way of saying 0.06g in 100 cm3. so 0.6g per litre.
that would be 0.0085 mol Cl2 /L and so 0.0085 mol/L hypochlorite.

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