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* Normal values established to be confirmed by each institution ** Depending on institutional policy, either 1.34 or 1.

39 is used
HEMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS ADULT
Parameter Equation Normal Range
Left Ventricular Stroke Work (LVSW) SV x (MAP - PAWP) x 0.0136 58 - 104 gm-m/beat
Left Ventricular Stroke Work Index (LVSWI) SVI x (MAP - PAWP) x 0.0136 50 - 62 gm-m/m
2
/beat
Right Ventricular Stroke Work (RVSW) SV x (MPAP - RAP) x 0.0136 8 - 16 gm-m/beat
Right Ventricular Stroke Work Index (RVSWI) SVI x (MPAP - RAP) x 0.0136 5 - 10 gm-m/m
2
/beat
Coronary Artery Perfusion Pressure (CPP) Diastolic BP-PAWP 60 - 80 mm Hg
Right Ventricular End-Diastolic Volume (RVEDV) SV/EF 100 - 160 ml
(RVESVI) 60 - 100 ml/m
2
Right Ventricular End-Systolic Volume (RVESV) EDV - SV 50 - 100 ml
RVESVI 30 - 60 ml/m
2
Right Ventricular Ejection Fraction (RVEF) SV/EDV 40 - 60%
OXYGENATION PARAMETERS ADULT*
Parameter Equation Normal Range
Partial Pressure of Arterial Oxygen (PaO2) 80 - 100 mm Hg
Partial pressure of Arterial CO2 (PaCO2) 35 - 45 mm Hg
Bicarbonate (HCO3) 22 - 28mEq/l
pH 7.38 - 7.42
Arterial Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) 95 - 100%
Mixed Venous Saturation (SvO2) 60 - 80%
Arterial Oxygen Content (CaO2) (0.0138 x Hgb x SaO2) + 0.0031 x PaO2 20.1 ml/dl
Venous Oxygen Content (CvO2) (0.0138 x Hgb x SvO2) + 0.0031 x PvO2 15.5 ml/dl
A-V Oxygen Content Difference (C(a-v)O2) CaO2 - CvO2 4 - 6 ml/dl
Oxygen Delivery (DaO2) CaO2 x CO x 10 1000 ml/min
Oxygen Delivery Index (DaO2l) CaO2 x Cl x 10 500 - 600 ml/min/m
2
Oxygen Consumption (VO2) (C(a - v)O2) x CO x 10 200 - 250 ml/min
Oxygen Consumption Index (VO2l) (C(a - v)O2) x Cl x 10 120 - 160 ml/min/m
2
Oxygen Extraction Ratio (O2ER) ((CaO2 - CvO2)/CaO2) x 100 22 - 30 (25)%
Oxygen Extraction Index (O2El) (SaO2 - SvO2)/SaO2 x 100 20 - 25%
Qs/Qt (CcCO2 - CaCO2)/(CcCO2 - CvCO2) 0.03 - 0.05%
CcCO2 (Hgb x 1.34** x Sat (1.0)) + (PaO2 x 0.003)
Parameter Equation Normal Range
BP Systolic (SBP) 90 - 140 mm Hg
Diastolic (DBP) 60 - 90 mm Hg
MAP SBP+2DBP/3 70 - 105 mm Hg
CVP 2 - 6 mm Hg
RAP 2 - 6 mm Hg
RVP Systolic (RVSP) 15 - 25 mm Hg
Diastolic (RVDP) 0 - 8 mm Hg
PAP Systolic (PASP) 15 - 25 mm Hg
Diastolic (PADP) 8 - 15 mm Hg
MPAP PASP + (2 x PADP)/3 10 - 20 mm Hg
PAWP 6 - 12 mm Hg
LAP 6 - 12 mm Hg
CO HR x SV/1000 4.0 - 8.0 L/min
CI CO/BSA 2.5 - 4.0 -L/min/m
2
SV CO/HR x 1000 60 - 100 ml/beat
SVI CI/HR x 1000 35 - 60 ml/beat/m
2
SVR 80 x (MAP - RAP)/CO 800 - 1200 dynessec/cm
5
SVRI 80 x (MAP - RAP)/CI 1970 - 2390 dynessec/cm
5
/m
2
PVR 80 x (MPAP - PAWP)/CO <250 dynes sec/cm
5
PVRI 80 x (MPAP - PAWP)/CI 255 - 285 dynes sec/cm
5
/m
2
NORMAL
HEMODYNAMIC
PARAMETERS ADULT
Valve Measurements
Aortic Valve Area 2.6 - 3.5 cm
2
Mitral Valve Area 4.0 - 6.0 cm
2
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