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Mughal Empire topics

Afnan Shahid

1. The origins of the Mughal Empire:
Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire
started when Babur triumphed India. He defeated Ibrahim Lodhi to
turn into the first of his custom. He founded the Mughal Empire in 1526.

The foundation of the Mughal Empire: Babur was a descendent of Timur
on his fathers side and to Chengiz Khan through his mother. His fifth
expedition to India was the Battle of Panipat, the first being the
expedition in 1519 when he captured Bhera.

India under Mughal Emperors: The Indian subcontinent was cemented
under the Mughals. They joined together a huge amount of little states
and made them into a considerable cemented space. All in all the
Mughals were tolerant with the people that they had predominated
over and allowed them to practice their religion and society the length
of they were devoted to the rulers.

Babur (1526-1530): was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan through
Timur and was the founder of the Mughal Empire after his victories at
the Battle of Panipat (1526) and the Battle of Khanwa, Babur was the
son of Umar Sheik Mirza the leader of a little state of Fergana in
Afghanistan. Babur conquered and India decided to stay and rule India.
Babur was welcomed by the legislative head of Punjab to defeat
Ibrahim Lodhi.

Humayun (1530- 1556):
Humayun was the son of Babur. He was made the ruler after the end of
his father. He was not a forceful ruler and was relocated by the afghan
general Sher Shah Suri. Humayun was simply prepared to recoup his
throne after the death of Sher shah.

Akbar (1556- 1605): Akbar was the Mughal Emperor from 1556 to up
until his death. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the
Mughal Empire. Akbar was only 13 when Bairam Khan represented him
independent. He married many Hindu princesses to keep control of the
empire. He changed religion, but then came back to the religion of

The Great Jahangir (1605- 1627): Jahangir was the crown leader of
Akbar. He went to the throne and managed after the death of his father.
He was a successful ruler and a strong official and his standard is
characterized as having been significantly capable. His wife Nur Jehan
who had a huge amount of effect over him helped him. Art reached
great heights during Jahangirs rule.

Mughal Empire topics
Afnan Shahid

Shah Jahan (1627-1658): Shah Jahan was the successor of his father.
Shahjahan was a strong and powerful leader who was open to all
subjects. He was very tolerant. Towards the end of his standard he
transformed into a fundamental Muslim and maintained Islamic laws
strictly. He is most well known for having produced the Taj Mehal as a
landmark to his dear wife Mumtaz.

Aurangzeb (1658- 1707): Shah Jahan's eldest son, the liberal Dara
Shikoh, became substitute in 1658, as a result of his father's illness.
However, a younger son, Aurangzeb, allied with the Islamic custom
against his brother, who supported a syncretistic Hindu-Muslim
culture, and ascended to the throne. Aurangzeb defeated Dara in 1659
and had him executed. Although Shah Jahan fully recovered from his
illness, Aurangzeb declared him incompetent to rule and had him
imprisoned. During Aurangzeb reign, the empire gained political
strength once more, but his religious conservatism and intolerance
undermined the stability of Mughal society. Aurangzeb expanded the
empire to include almost the whole of South Asia, but at his death in
1707, many parts of the empire were in open rebellion.

The Crisis of Mughal Empire: After Aurangzeb died; it became hard to
manage all the areas he had conquered. It was hard to control all of the
areas. The rulers after him were not that successful and had trouble.
They could not run such a huge area.

Mughal Art and Architecture: The Mughals loved craftsmanship and
making models. They developed various structures, for example the
badshahi mosque. Shah Jahan also made the Taj Mahal.