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Prepared by: Frishela Claudio Camid-eng

Principles tend to form a


philosophical framework within
which programs are organized and
activities develop.
CHRONOLOGICAL
PRESENTATION OF SOME BASIC
PRINCIPLES IN GUIDANCE

1. Guidance is based on a true concept of the client.


2. Guidance is designed to provide assistance to a
person in crisis in solving it through self-discovery
and self-direction.
3. Guidance is a learning process.

4. Guidance is helping client understand


himself.

5. Guidance leads one to make


intelligent chores, move on to a
decision or adjust to any situation at
hand.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

1. Every aspect of an individual’s


complex personality patterns
constitutes a significant factors of his
total display of attitude and
behaviors.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?

By Crow and Crow:

2. Although all human beings are similar


in many ways, individual differences
must be recognized.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

3. The function of guidance is to


help a person:
(a) formulate and accept stimulating
worthwhile , and attainable goals of
behavior
(b) apply these objectives in conducting
his affairs
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

4. Existing social, economic and political


unrest is giving rise to many
maladjustive factors that require the
cooperation of experienced guidance
workers.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

5. Guidance is a continuous process.

6. Guidance is not limited to a few.

7. Guidance is education, but not all


education is guidance.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

8. Generally accepted areas of guidance


include concern with the extent to
which an individual’s physical and
mental health interferes with his
adjustment to home, school, and
vocational demands.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

9. Guidance is fundamentally the


responsibility of parents in the home
of teachers in the school.

10. Specific guidance problems in any


age level should be referred to
persons trained to deal with particular
areas of adjustments.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

11. Programs of individual evaluation


and research should be conducted,
and progress and achievement made
accessible to guidance workers.
12. The guidance program should be
flexible in terms of individual and
community needs or else it will lose
its value.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

13. Responsibility for the management


of a guidance program should appear
in the attitudes toward the program
of all who are associated with it.

14. Continuous or periodic appraisals


should be made.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

15. Guidance is preventive rather than


curative.

16. Test have their place


in guidance.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Crow and Crow:

17. The phase is an individual’s


development history does not exhibit
a unitary problem.

18. Individuals tend to be different or


like one another.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By J. Anthony Humphreys

1. Take time to solve problems and make


decisions.

2. Let the counselee develop his own


insights.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By J. Anthony Humphreys

3. Consider most individuals as average,


normal persons.

4. Problems arise from situations.


What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By J. Anthony Humphreys

5. Problems are interrelated.

6. The integration of effort is essential.

7. Guidance must be an integral part of the


organization.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Lefever and his associates

Three Groups:
1. Principles related to basic assumptions
2. Principles related to outcomes projected
for the students
3. Principles related to the proper
functioning of the guidance program
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Lefever and his associates

PRINCIPLES RELATED TO BASIC


ASSUMPTIONS
a) Guidance is primarily dedicated in
implementing the essential concern of
democracy for the dignity and worth of
the individual.
b) Guidance is a lifelong process.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?

By Lefever and his associates


PRINCIPLES RELATED TO OUTCOMES
PROJECTED FOR THE STUDENTS

a) Guidance seeks to assist the individual in


becoming progressively more able to guide
himself.

b) The guidance should be extended to all,


not simply to the obviously maladjusted.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Lefever and his associates

PRINCIPLES RELATED TO OUTCOMES


PROJECTED FOR THE STUDENTS

c) Guidance deals with the whole person,


but any respect of guidance may serve as
an avenue of approach or means of
developing report.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Lefever and his associates

PRINCIPLES RELATED TO OUTCOMES


PROJECTED FOR THE STUDENTS

d) Since guidance is a unitary process,


provision must be made for all
interrelated aspects.

e) Guiding in the absence of data is


quakery.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Lefever and his associates

PRINCIPLES RELATED TO THE PROPER


FUNCTIONING OF THE GUIDANCE
PROGRAM

a) Guidance worker need special


preparation.

b) Guidance worker should rigorously


observe a code of ethics.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Lefever and his associates
PRINCIPLES RELATED TO THE PROPER
FUNCTIONING OF THE GUIDANCE
PROGRAM
c) One staff member in the school
should be responsible for the
guidance of each students.
d) When two or more staff members are
engaged in guidance, someone should
coordinate the work.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Lefever and his associates

PRINCIPLES RELATED TO THE PROPER


FUNCTIONING OF THE GUIDANCE
PROGRAM

e) The guidance worker should become


thoroughly acquitted with all available
guidance agencies or service.
f) Guidance activities are of two kinds group
and individual: not all workers equally
competent in both.
What principles are considered in
guidance work?
By Madali, et al.

1. Guidance places emphasis on the dignity,


worth and individuality of the child as a
means of promoting the democratic way of
life.
2. Guidance should not be limited to the few
who are obviously maladjusted; it should be
extended to every one who can benefit from
it.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Madali, et al.

3. Guidance services help the individual to


become increasingly competent in self-
direction and self-help.

4. Guidance is a continuous process of service


to the child.
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Madali, et al.

5. Guidance aims to promote the all around


growth and development of the individuals
and group evaluation and research should be
organized and utilized.

6. To have an effective guidance, a system of


individual and group evaluation and research
should be organized and utilized
What principles are considered
in guidance work?
By Madali, et al.

7. On effective guidance program have


personnel who had special preparation and
adequate training for the work.

8. Guidance services are an essential phase of


the administrative and supervisory
responsibility of school officials.
CONCLUSION
 Whenever of the guidance principle is to be
adopted, they should serve to direct the
attitudes activities of the person engaged in
guidance work. They have value for the
person engaged in guidance work. They have
value for the person being guided. They serve
to promote a smoothly functioning program of
guidance
in the schools.