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Kelompok 11

DAFTAR ISI
Halaman
Lembar Pengesahan.......................................................................ii
Kata Pengantar.............................................................................iii
Daftar Isi.....................................................................................iv
Daftar Gambar dan Grafik..............................................................vii
Daftar Tabel.................................................................................ix
BAB I

KEHILANGAN TINGGI TEKAN PADA ALIRAN MELALUI PIPA................1


1.1 Pendahuluan..................................................................1
1.2 Tujuan ........................................................................2
1.3 Alat-alat Percobaan.........................................................2
1.4 Dasar Teori dan Penurunan Rumus........................................2
1.4.1 Prinsip Kerja Bangku Hidrolik......................................2
1.4.2 Rumus-rumus.........................................................4
1.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................24
1.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................24
1.7 Tabel Perhitungan..........................................................33
1.8 Grafik dan Analisis.........................................................38
1.8.1 Pada Pipa Lurus.....................................................38
1.8.2 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akibat Ekspansi.......................41
1.8.3 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akibat Kontraksi......................42
1.8.4 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akibat Tikungan......................42
1.9 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................43
1.9.1 Simpulan.............................................................43
1.9.2 Saran.................................................................44
1.10 Referensi....................................................................44

BAB II

TUMBUKAN AKIBAT PANCARAN FLUIDA.....................................45


2.1 Pendahuluan................................................................45
2.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................46
2.3 Alat-alat Praktikum........................................................46
2.4 Dasar Teori dan Penurunan Rumus......................................47
2.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................53
2.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................53
2.7 Tabel Data dan Analisis....................................................57
2.8 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................61
2.9 Referensi....................................................................61

Laporan Praktikum Mekanika Fluida dan Hidraulika

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Kelompok 11

BAB III OSBOURNE REYNOLDS.........................................................63


3.1 Pendahuluan................................................................63
3.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................63
3.3 Alat-alat Praktikum........................................................63
3.4 Dasar Teori dan Penurunan Rumus......................................64
3.4.1 Rumus Debit.........................................................64
3.4.2 Bilangan Reynolds (Re)............................................65
3.4.3 Faktor Gesekan.....................................................67
3.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................68
3.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................68
3.7 Tabel Data...................................................................70
3.8 Grafik dan Analisis.........................................................71
3.8.1 Grafik log f vs log Re..............................................71
3.8.2 Grafik f vs Re.......................................................71
3.8.3 Analisis...............................................................72
3.9 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................72
3.9.1 Simpulan.............................................................72
3.9.2 Saran.................................................................72
3.10 Referensi....................................................................72
BAB IV ALIRAN MELALUI AMBANG TAJAM DAN LEBAR............................73
4.1 Pendahuluan................................................................73
4.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................74
4.3 Alat-alat Percobaan........................................................74
4.4 Teori Dasar dan Penurunan Rumus......................................74
4.4.1 Debit Aliran (Q).....................................................74
4.4.2 Koefisien Pengaliran (C)...........................................76
4.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................78
4.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................79
4.6.1 Perhitungan pada Ambang Tajam................................79
4.6.1.1 Menghitung Debit yang Mengalir.......................79
4.6.1.2 Menghitung He1 dan He2.................................79
4.6.1.3 Menghitung Nilai C.......................................79
4.6.2 Perhitungan pada Ambang Lebar................................80
4.6.2.1 Menghitung Debit yang Mengalir.......................80
4.6.2.2 Menghitung He1 dan He2.................................80
4.6.2.3 Menghitung Nilai C.......................................80
4.7 Data Pengamatan..........................................................81

Laporan Praktikum Mekanika Fluida dan Hidraulika

Kelompok 11

4.7.1 Data Pengamatan Ambang Tajam................................81


4.7.2 Data Pengamatan Ambang Lebar................................83
4.8 Grafik dan Analisa..........................................................86
4.8.1 Grafik dan Analisa Ambang Tajam...............................86
4.8.2 Grafik dan Analisa Ambang Lebar................................90
4.9 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................94
4.9.1 Simpulan ............................................................94
4.9.2 Saran ................................................................94
4.10 Referensi....................................................................94
BAB V PINTU SORONG DAN AIR LONCAT............................................95
5.1 Pendahuluan................................................................95
5.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................95
5.3 Alat-alat Percobaan........................................................96
5.4 Teori Dasar dan Penurunan Rumus......................................97
5.5 Prosedur Percobaan......................................................106
5.6 Prosedur Perhitungan....................................................107
5.7 Contoh Perhitungan......................................................107
5.8 Tabel Data Percobaan....................................................113
5.8.1 Pintu Sorong (Debit Tetap)......................................113
5.8.2 Air Loncat (Debit Tetap).........................................114
5.8.3 Pintu Sorong (Debit Berubah)...................................115
5.8.4 Air Loncat (Debit Berubah)......................................116
5.9 Grafik dan Analisis........................................................117
5.10 Simpulan dan Saran......................................................125
5.10.1Simpulan...........................................................125
5.10.2Saran................................................................126
5.11 Referensi..................................................................126
LAMPIRAN

............................................................................127

Laporan Praktikum Mekanika Fluida dan Hidraulika

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