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# Kelompok 11

DAFTAR ISI
Halaman
Lembar Pengesahan.......................................................................ii
Kata Pengantar.............................................................................iii
Daftar Isi.....................................................................................iv
Daftar Gambar dan Grafik..............................................................vii
Daftar Tabel.................................................................................ix
BAB I

## KEHILANGAN TINGGI TEKAN PADA ALIRAN MELALUI PIPA................1

1.1 Pendahuluan..................................................................1
1.2 Tujuan ........................................................................2
1.3 Alat-alat Percobaan.........................................................2
1.4 Dasar Teori dan Penurunan Rumus........................................2
1.4.1 Prinsip Kerja Bangku Hidrolik......................................2
1.4.2 Rumus-rumus.........................................................4
1.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................24
1.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................24
1.7 Tabel Perhitungan..........................................................33
1.8 Grafik dan Analisis.........................................................38
1.8.2 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akibat Ekspansi.......................41
1.8.3 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akibat Kontraksi......................42
1.8.4 Kehilangan Tinggi Tekan Akibat Tikungan......................42
1.9 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................43
1.9.1 Simpulan.............................................................43
1.9.2 Saran.................................................................44
1.10 Referensi....................................................................44

BAB II

## TUMBUKAN AKIBAT PANCARAN FLUIDA.....................................45

2.1 Pendahuluan................................................................45
2.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................46
2.3 Alat-alat Praktikum........................................................46
2.4 Dasar Teori dan Penurunan Rumus......................................47
2.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................53
2.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................53
2.7 Tabel Data dan Analisis....................................................57
2.8 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................61
2.9 Referensi....................................................................61

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Kelompok 11

## BAB III OSBOURNE REYNOLDS.........................................................63

3.1 Pendahuluan................................................................63
3.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................63
3.3 Alat-alat Praktikum........................................................63
3.4 Dasar Teori dan Penurunan Rumus......................................64
3.4.1 Rumus Debit.........................................................64
3.4.2 Bilangan Reynolds (Re)............................................65
3.4.3 Faktor Gesekan.....................................................67
3.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................68
3.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................68
3.7 Tabel Data...................................................................70
3.8 Grafik dan Analisis.........................................................71
3.8.1 Grafik log f vs log Re..............................................71
3.8.2 Grafik f vs Re.......................................................71
3.8.3 Analisis...............................................................72
3.9 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................72
3.9.1 Simpulan.............................................................72
3.9.2 Saran.................................................................72
3.10 Referensi....................................................................72
BAB IV ALIRAN MELALUI AMBANG TAJAM DAN LEBAR............................73
4.1 Pendahuluan................................................................73
4.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................74
4.3 Alat-alat Percobaan........................................................74
4.4 Teori Dasar dan Penurunan Rumus......................................74
4.4.1 Debit Aliran (Q).....................................................74
4.4.2 Koefisien Pengaliran (C)...........................................76
4.5 Prosedur Percobaan........................................................78
4.6 Contoh Perhitungan........................................................79
4.6.1.1 Menghitung Debit yang Mengalir.......................79
4.6.1.2 Menghitung He1 dan He2.................................79
4.6.1.3 Menghitung Nilai C.......................................79
4.6.2.1 Menghitung Debit yang Mengalir.......................80
4.6.2.2 Menghitung He1 dan He2.................................80
4.6.2.3 Menghitung Nilai C.......................................80
4.7 Data Pengamatan..........................................................81

Kelompok 11

## 4.7.1 Data Pengamatan Ambang Tajam................................81

4.7.2 Data Pengamatan Ambang Lebar................................83
4.8 Grafik dan Analisa..........................................................86
4.8.1 Grafik dan Analisa Ambang Tajam...............................86
4.8.2 Grafik dan Analisa Ambang Lebar................................90
4.9 Simpulan dan Saran........................................................94
4.9.1 Simpulan ............................................................94
4.9.2 Saran ................................................................94
4.10 Referensi....................................................................94
BAB V PINTU SORONG DAN AIR LONCAT............................................95
5.1 Pendahuluan................................................................95
5.2 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................95
5.3 Alat-alat Percobaan........................................................96
5.4 Teori Dasar dan Penurunan Rumus......................................97
5.5 Prosedur Percobaan......................................................106
5.6 Prosedur Perhitungan....................................................107
5.7 Contoh Perhitungan......................................................107
5.8 Tabel Data Percobaan....................................................113
5.8.1 Pintu Sorong (Debit Tetap)......................................113
5.8.2 Air Loncat (Debit Tetap).........................................114
5.8.3 Pintu Sorong (Debit Berubah)...................................115
5.8.4 Air Loncat (Debit Berubah)......................................116
5.9 Grafik dan Analisis........................................................117
5.10 Simpulan dan Saran......................................................125
5.10.1Simpulan...........................................................125
5.10.2Saran................................................................126
5.11 Referensi..................................................................126
LAMPIRAN

............................................................................127

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