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2.0

2010

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-737:
- Assumed Temperature (ATM) ,
, .
25% .
- Fixed Derate FMC .
-737-400 Derate 1 22k,
Derate 2 20k. -737-800 Derate 1 26k, Derate 2 - 24k.
- Fixed Derate Assumed Temperature.
FAR Part 25 25.101, 251521
21.1581.
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2007 .
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Reduced Thrust ,
.

FCTM.
SOP GloBus , Assumed Temperature.
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Normal Procedure. FOM Continental:

THRUST MANAGEMENT
Reduced Thrust Takeoff

Reduced takeoff thrust is to be used by Continental Airlines on all takeoffs as standard operating
procedure. Reduced thrust takeoffs using the assumed temperature method are the normal
procedure whenever performance limits and noise abatement procedures permit. Reduced thrust
takeoffs lower EGT, which will extend engine life.


.
Reduced Thrust for increased benefits. Margins in takeoff performance.
,
, .
.


Reduced Takeoff Thrust,

assumed temperature,

. ?
Boeing
?
AFM B-737 :
Operations at reduced takeoff thrust based on an assumed temperature higher than the actual ambient
temperature is permissible if the airplane meets ALL applicable performance requirements at the planned takeoff
weight and reduced thrust setting
.., Assumed Temperature ,
(Regulatory Performance
Requirements):
:
- 115% 2- ;
- ;
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:
- ;
- ;
- .

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assumed temperature assumed thrust?
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:

(OAT).
(IAS), (TAS)
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N1 ( OAT).

Assumed Temperature (),


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(assumed temperature);
(assumed takeoff thrust) , ,
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Assumed Temperature. ,
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1. OAT Assumed Temperature ,


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. -737800, OAT 15 , 70300 .

Assumed Temperature 38 .

Assumed Temperature
:
38

15
Assumed 38

V1 (KIAS/KTAS)

142/148

142/142

Vr (KIAS/KTAS)

144/150

144/144

V2 (KIAS/KTAS)

151/157

151/151

V1,

23855

24061

206

Vr,

19833

20019

186

V2,

19857

20034

177

7000

6507

493

7000

6507

493

115% 2 ,

6942

6464

478

, , Assumed Temperature
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( ).
ATM ,
:
1. ( ) .
(.2) -737-800, OA 15 , 0, 7000
, , 5,
70300 .
, Assumed Temperature 30
ATM 139 ,
30 . 38
206 .

.2 Assumed Temperature ,

2. ATM ,
OAT, (.3)

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3. , ,
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(. 4).

.4 Assumed Temperature .

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Assumed Temperature. ,
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(.5).

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(.6).
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MCP, Altitude Acquire ,
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V2 ( ).


assumed temperature
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assumed temperature.

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.8 V1, Vr V2.
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.9 Assumed Temperature (IAS).

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, , assumed temperature
, V1, Vr , V2 .

Runway Takeoff Analysis
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Runway Analysis. ,

, ,
V1, Vr, V2. /
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. , +50.
, FMC +50
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+50, +54.
Overspeed ( ).
Overspeed Lower assumed temperature, Overspeed Maximum
assumed temperature.
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, , , Vr V2.

, . V1, Vr
, V2 .

Overspeed

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. 9 assumed temperature
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10. assumed temperature .

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, V2
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. 11 assumed temperature

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(.11). ,
Overspeed Lower temperature ,



assumed temperature ,
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Runway Analysis
!
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Takeoff Speeds FCOM,
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(margin)
.
:
:
- ;
- Bleeds Off
:
- Improved Climb;
- V1 (unbalanced)

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.12

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Improved Climb
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Improved Climb
Runway Analysis, .

Improved Climb
, ATM.
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) ( ).
, V1 Vmbe
(maximum brake energy). Vmbe
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.13 Improved Climb


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( SOP):
- , , , ;
- nti-skid ;
- PMC .

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SOP.

-737 ,
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N1
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PF ,
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: TO/GA
N1.

Fixed Derate
Fixed Derate.
, , FMC
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, Fixed Derate .
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, AFM, FCOM +
QRH Runway Analysis. , FCOM
QRH .
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Fixed Derate (.14)

.14 Fixed Derate

, .14, -737-800, c
70300 , 5, . ,
Fixed Derate N1, ,
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.15 N1 Fixed Derate

.15
N1, , (, ,
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Fixed Derate, , .
Fixed Derate :

N1, , ;
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;
Anti-skid;
Fixed Derate ,
V1(MCG) ( ,

. V1 V1(MCG));

(loadability) -
;

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Fixed Derate N1
.

N1 Fixed Derate, ,
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Fixed Derate
Assumed Temperature.
FMC

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, N1 Fixed Derate .

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ATM.
Runway Analysis. ,
, FCOM, Performance Dispatch Takeoff QRH.
, 2000 ,
9000 , .
-737-400 23.5, = 14 , 53000 .
, 10 , , 5.
.

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.15 .

, (
FCOM, ). , Slope
Corrected Field Length 9000 .
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+ .
, 10 . ,
9000 10 ,
9320 .
, Takeoff Field & Climb Limit Weights Dry Runway
2000 (.16).
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(, 2.4). .
9320.

.16.
(2.4)

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60600.
! ,
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1000! 825
53000 .
!
Assumed Temperature
QRH, Performance Inflight General
( 737400/CFM56-3_23.5K). Fixed Derate,
23.5.
(.17) Assumed Temperature
( , , 25%,
).

.
14
15 &
BELOW.


1000
.

assumed
temperature, 56.

FCOM,
Takeoff Field &
Climb Limit Weights Dry
Runway 2000
(.16).

53000
.


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.17 Assumed Temp
N1

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, , 53 , 42
. Assumed Temperature . ,
, , 25%,
.
, , FMC 42 CDU
SEL TEMP (selected temperature). FMC
.

N1.
CDU ,

FMC

N1

QRH.

.18 N1 Assumed
Temp OAT

Table2 (.17)
Assumed Temperature .
42 2000 , 96.4%. , assumed
temperature ,

Assumed Temperature OAT (.18).
42-14 = 28 .
, , N1 4.3%
N1. 96.4 4.3 = 92.1% -
.
, .
N1 1%.
, .
, QRH, Performance Inflight General (.19).
, .

, ,
. COLUMN REFERENCE. (2000),

Assumed
Temperature (42).
D.
.
53


55 50 . , ,
.

V1
, Vr V2 .

,
V1.
, ,

V1(MCG) - minimum control on ground.
, ,
V1 V1(MCG)),
, V1
Vr (Vr
V1, V2

Vr V1(MCG))
. ,
V1 = 134, Vr = 140, V2 = 146.

ATM.
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. .., obstacle
limit. ,
.
Fixed Derate
Fixed Derate ,
.
,
.
FCOM,
. , Derate 1 -737400 22, Derate 2 20K.


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!

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

FCOM B-737
QRH B-737
FCTM B-737
SOP GloBus
AFM B-737
Reduced Thrust For Increased Benefits. Margins in takeoff performance. Moscow Conference,
September 2007.

http://www.fs-proteam.com/files/ReducedThrustMoscow9-07.pdf

6. Advisory Circular. US Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration http://www.fsproteam.com/files/AC25-13.pdf