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APUSH Unit 2 Guide

Period 3: 1754-1800
AMSCO Chapters 4-6

Big Idea(s):
How did Britains victory over Frances in the Seven Years War lead to new conflicts?
How did the perceived and real constraints on the colonies economic activities and political rights spark a
colonial independence movement and war with Britain?
How did the Declaration of Independence reflect the colonists belief in the superiority of republican self-
government based on the natural rights of the people?
What were the major compromises of the Constitutional Convention and the major arguments for and against
the ratification of the Constitution?
Why did political parties develop and what positions did their members take on various economic, political,
social, and foreign policy issues?

Assessment Dates:
Reading Quizzes
o September 26
th

o September 30
th

o October 6
th

Unit Test
o October 21
st


Key Concepts:
3.1 British imperial attempts to reassert control over its colonies and the colonial reaction to these attempts
produced a new American republic, along with struggles over the new nations social, political, and economic
identity.
3.2 Traditional imperial systems are challenged by new ideas and experiments in democratic ideas and
republican forms of government, as well as new ideas in religion, economics, and culture.

Topics:
(French Indian War) Political and social causes of the French and Indian War; military engagements and
consequences of the French and Indian War; growing tensions between the colonies and Parliament over
taxation and representation
(American Revolution) diplomatic relations between the colonies, the British Parliament, and the French
strategies of both sides in the Revolutionary war, and the course of the battles
(Emerging nation) origins and structure of the Articles of Confederation; political, social and economic challenges
of the Critical Period; circumstances surrounding the Constitutional Convention and the structure of the
Constitution; and argument over ratification and the development of the Bill of Rights. The new nation: Birth of a
new nation and struggle for identity; growing pains of the New Republic; George Washington and the
development of the role of the President; the debate over the Bank of the United States, and the emergence of
political parties; foreign relations, including the Jay Treaty, the Pinckney Treaty, the XYZ Affair.

Vocabulary/Key Terms:
1. Salutatory neglect, Pontiacs Rebellion, Albany Plan of Union, Proclamation of 1763
2. T. Paine/Common Sense, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, Committees of Correspondence, Loyalists/Tories, Patriots,
Patrick Henry, Massachusetts Circular Letter, George Washington, Enlightenment, Deism, T.
Jefferson/Declaration of Independence, First Continental Congress, Olive Branch Petition, Second Continental
Congress, Lexington and Concord, Battle of Yorktown. Battle of Saratoga, Treaty of Paris, Articles of
Confederation
3. Spanish Florida, French Revolution, XYZ Affair, Proclamation of Neutrality
4. Articles of Confederation, Northwest Ordinance (17887), Land Ordinance (1785), Shays Rebellion, Whiskey
Rebellion
5. Annapolis Convention, Federalist Papers, Anti-Federalists, Constitutional Convention, 3/5 Compromise, Great
Compromise (NJ vs VA Plan), Bill of Rights, Alien and Sedition Acts, Kentucky/Virginia Resolutions, Judiciary Act,
Washingtons Farewell Address, Revolution of 1800


Concept Outline
1. Native American groups repeatedly reevaluated and readjusted their relationships with various powers.
- British expansion into the interior disrupted established French- Native relations
- French Indian war, resistance by the Natives
2. New pressures during the imperial struggles united the British colonies in resistance to GB, leading to the colonial
fight for independence.
- Massive debt after the French Indian war leads GB to focus on imperial control over North America and
a revisit to the Navigation Acts. (spilt loyalty and alliances of colonists)
- Colonial independence is achieved: there were disadvantages/advantages of each side
3. Domestic and international tensions lead the new nation to attempt to create foreign policies and assert
themselves internationally.
- European powers maintained a presences in North America, presenting security and economic
challenges to the new nation.
- The French Revolution began to shape dialogues in the new nation.
- George Washington warns about 4 dangers to the new nation in his Farewell Address-partisan debates
ensue.
4. New ideas of politics and society lead to debates over religion and governments leading to experiments with
government structures.
- Protestant evangelical religious and Enlightenment beliefs shaped new American ideals of individual
talent over hereditary privilege.
- The new nation is based on the belief of the superiority of republican self-government based on the
natural rights of the people: Common Sense and Declaration of Independence
- Articles of Confederation are created reflecting republican fears of both centralized power and excessive
popular power: AoC are severely limited in scope.
5. Limits of the Articles of Confederation lead to the writing of a new constitution based on federalism and
separation of powers, as well as a Bill of Rights to protect the individual.
- A series of compromises are made in the creation of the Constitution.
- A Bill of Rights is added for greater guarantees of rights- leads to ratification.
- Nation is still embroiled in debate under the new Constitution, leading to political parties: federal vs.
state power, economic policy, foreign affairs
6. Certain groups continued to face levels of oppression in the new nation.
- Increased awareness of inequalities lead to calls for abolition of slavery and greater political democracy.
- A solution to the problems of slavery and the slave trade is postponed and not dealt with, setting the
nation on a path of recurring conflicts over this.
- Ideals of the American Revolution begin to spread throughout the world: France, Haiti, Latin America