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2

SOP (start of packet) 1 , .

, 4
LLID (Logical Link Identificator) 2 ,

EPON.

CRC (ircle Redundancy Check) 1 ,

( P802.3ah).

DA (Destination Address) 6 , MAC-

.
(unicast), (multicast)
(broadcast).

SA (Source Address) 6 , MAC-

L/T (Length/Type) 2 ,

, .
PAD ()

FCS (Frame Check Sequence) 4 , ,

opcode (optional code) 2 , .

,
: GATE, OLT,
REPORT, ONT.

TS (Time Stamp) 4 , .
message 40 ,

, MPCP.

(a)
(b)

(c)

(d)

10

PON CO (

20 ).

PON .
PON ( 10 /c ->

IEEE P802.3av).

, PON

(
).

PON

,
.
PON
.

, PON

11

12

13

14

1.

OLT , ,
ONU
.
, , <transmission size> + <maximum
round-trip time> - <minimum round-trip time>, <transmission
size> (transmission window),
ONU .

2.

OLT GATE,

.
-, MPCP
, .

15

3.

ONU
GATE.
GATE, ONU
c GATE .

4.

, ONU
, ONU (REPORT
). REPORT ONU
, ONU,
REPORT.

5.

OLT REPORT ONU,


MAC- RTT. . 12, RTT
ONU REPORT,
OLT , REPORT.

16

17

18

19

1. ( MAC), MPCP

GATE ONU
: , ONU
.
2. MPCP ( OLT ONU) .
GATE MAC, MPCP
.
3. GATE MAC-, ONU
(GATE- ), ONU

. ONU ,
GATE , .

20

3.

, ONU , ,
. ONU
. ,
GATE.
4. GATE
, GATE, ONU
.
, ONU
.
Ethernet. ONU ,
.
,
.

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

REGISTER (): ,

SIP IP
URL, .

INVITE (): ,

ACK: .

CANCEL ():

, .

BYE: .
OPTIONS (): ,

38

INVITE sip:bbb@ itep.com SIP/2.0


Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 12.26.17.91:5060
Max-Forwards: 70
To: B <sip:bbb@ itep.com
From: A <sip:aaa@iae.com;tag=1928301774

Call-ID: a84b4c76e66710@12.26.17.91
CSeq: 314159 INVITE
Contact: <sip:aaa@iae.com>
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 142

39

( 1xx): .
(2xx): , .
(3xx): ,

(4xx):

(5xx):

(Global Failure: 6xx):

40

SIP/2.0 200 OK
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP server10.itep.com
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP bgb3.site3.iae.com
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 12.26.17.91:5060
To: B <sip:bbb@itep.com;tag=a6c85cf

From: A <sip:aaa@iae.com;tag=1928301774
Call-ID: a84b4c76e66710@12.26.17.91
CSeq: 314159 INVITE
Contact: <sip:bbb@itep.com>
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 131

41

42

43

:
SGCP, MGCP, MEGACO/H.248

44

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

(VCAT)

(LCAS)

(GFP)

60

61

(
) 100 ( 0,8 ),
41 1528,77 (196,1 )
1560,61 (192,1 );
50 ( 0,4 ),
81 .

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

73

74

75

76


100 / 100
(40 ) 2
. 10-9.

78

IP/ARP

802.2 llc
FDDI MAC
FDDI PHY
FDDI PMD

79

80

81

IEEE

UI

11000000

00000011

SAP SNAP 01010101

10101010

170

global SAP

11111111

11111111

255

null SAP

00000000

00000000

XID

11110101

10101111

175

XID poll/final

11111101

10111111

191

XID info
test

129.1.0
11000111

11100011

227

test poll/final 11001111

11110011

243
82

(TRT token
rotation time), ,
. TTRT
(target token rotation time). TRT TTRT
TRT> TTRT.
THT (token hold
timer).

83

84

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