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3

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1. ____________________________________________________________3
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1.2. (
)_______________________________________________ 4
1.
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2. _____________________________________________ 6
3.
4. _______________________________________ 16
5. __ 21
6.
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7. __________ 30
8. _______________________________________ 33
2. ___________________________________________________ 36
9. . _________________________ 36
10. __________________________ 39
11. ________________________________________________ 42
11.1. .
__________________________________________________ 42
11.2. , _________________ 43
12. _______________________________________ 46
13.
______________________________________________________________ 49
14. ______________________________________________ 52
14.1. _______________________ 52
14.2. ______ 53
15. _________________________________________________ 56
16. ______________________________ 58
3 ______________________________________63
17. ____________________________________ 63
18. ____ 68
19 .
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20 __________ 74
21. .
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22. .
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81
23.
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24. ,
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_________________________________________________________________103

1.
1.1.
,
.
,
, ,
.

.

, ,
.
,

,
.
,
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
,
,
, ,
.
,
, ,
, ( )
, .
,
,

. . , [3] , .. [13] . [10] .


.
,
, .

.

,
,
.

,
. ..
[6] , .. [8] , .. [11] .

. ..
[ 4]
.
1.2. (
)
,

. 1
,
.
.

. , . .
.
(. 0.1, ) :
, s ,
, . . , .
,
, . . s (. 0.1,6).

, ( q=
). , ,
s.

. 0.1.

,
. ,

.
. , q
(. 0.1,).

.


x ,

.
1932 . . [ 2]



,
.

. 0.2.
,
x
(. 0. 2):
x = az + by+c.

(0.1)

z
zoy, .
(0. 1)
.
,
.
(- ),
( )
( ) .

x .

x (
) () .
,

.
, .
, ,
,
, .

. ,
,
.
. 3.
.
.
.
,
.

.

1.

2.

x
.
. ,
.
:
. ,
, .

. , ,
,
, .
, . . ,
( = const) (1.1)

=Az+By+C,

(1.1)

, (0. 1)
, b , .
(1. 1) . 0. 2.
,
,
, .
,
:
z

M z = yds

M z = zds ,
( )

N x = ds
ds .1.1.
(. 1.1) ; ds ; ds ~
.
(1. 1) ,
M z = A zyds + B y 2 ds + C yds,

2
M y = A z ds + B zyds + C zds,
(1.2)

N x = A zds + B yds + C ds.

(1.3), ,
. zoy
, ,
, .
(1.2)

M z = BI z , M y = AI y , N x = CF0 .

(1.3)
(1.3),
, .
Jz, Jy ; F0
. (1.3) , ,
(1.1):
N
M
M
= X + X y Y z.
(1.4)
F0
IZ
IY
, (1.4) ,

.

10


E1 , E2 ,... En , ,

, Ei ,
, :

N i = i Ei f i

f i i - .
E1 ,
E
N i = i E1 i f i
E1

N i = i E1i f i .

(1.5)
, i
E1 , ,
i f i ,

i =

Ei
E1

(1.6)

( ).
i
;

..
(1. 5)

Nx Mz
M
+
y y z ,
F0
Iz
I y

= i

(1.7)

F0 , I z , I y , . .


(.1.2). 1.5
:
M
= zy
Iz

Iz =

Ry d .
2

11

.1.2.

y = Rcos

.1.3.

cos d = ,

I z = R 3 ,

, . . cos , :

Mz
cos .
R 2

MAX =

Mz
.
R 2


. , (. 1.3) ,
f .
oz (. . 1.3, )

z =

Mz
y
Iz ,

y =

My

(. . 3, )

Iy

y ,
y =

y
R

. 1.44

( )

f
.
R

I z = k Z R 3 , I y = kY R 2 . k Z kY .
1. 5 ( )

f
.
R

.
( = 0 ) ( f = 0 ) . 1.4 1.5
y = 0 k Z = kY = . kY

12

. 1.4 k Z .

. 1.5. y

13

3.


(. 1.6). q =
abdc (. . 1.6,).
, bd

, b cd

. . 1.6,6 ,
b

, N ab = ds
a

, b.
, Nx
= 0, Mv=0, Mz 0. (1.5)
Nab,
b
M
N ab = z y ds
Iz
a

.1.6.

N ab =

M y Sz
Ix

(1.8)

Sz = S z = y ds ab z.
a

abd

N ab
= q . (1.8) ,
x

14

N ab S z M x
=
,
x
I x x

M x
= Qy ,
x

q=

Qy Sz
Iz

(1.9)

Qy Sz
Iz

(1.10)

Qv . 1.6, .
,
, _

, ,
(1.10) ,

Sz

; QY I
z
.
S z QY I . , ,
z

.
Qz (1.10)

Qy Sz
Iz

(1.11)

ab (. . 1.6) .
, (1.5)
Qy Qz (1.10) ] (1.11)
.
. 1.7 S z . -
(. . 1.7, ), a
(. . 1.7, ) , =const.

15

1. (. 1.7,) =const
.

S x = y Rd .
0

y=R cos ,

Sz = R

cos d = R

sin .

, Sz sin Sz=0
=0 SZ= R2
= /2.
Sz

Qy

I x

, ,

.
, .
(. . 1.7, )
, . . ,
Sz .
2. (. 1.7,) =const
, :

S z = y Rd .
0

y = R sin ,

Sz = R

sin d = R (1 cos ) .
2

, Sz co s
Sz=0 =0 S z = 2 R 2
= . = 2 = 3 2 Sz = R 2 .

3. (. 1.7, ).
h
2

. S z = z0 ,
z0 ;
z0 , .
, Sz
( z0 = 0 ) S z = b h 2 ( z0 = b ).

16

. 1.7.

Sz

. Sz ,
b

h
2

:
b h
h y
Sz =
+ y0 0 .
2
2 2
0 ;
b0 ;
h y0

- z.
2 2
, 0 Sz
b h
h2
+
S z = b h 2
(0 = 0) S z =

2
8

17

(0 = /2)

S z = b h 2

(0 = h).
. Sz
. , .
Sz
Sy =const (. . 1.3)
f,
. Sz (. 1.8, )
:

S z = y Rd .
0

y T

y = Rcos ., Sz = R2 sin

, y .

1.4 f R . = 0 f
= 0 y = 0
S z = R 2 sin ,

. 1.7, .
Sy (. . 1.8,6)
, f

S y = R 2 ( cos + k s ) .

ks , . 1.9

. 1.8.

18

f.
= 0 . 1.9 ks=1.

S y = R 2 ( cos + 1) .

= Sy = 0, = 0 Sy=2R2 .

4.
, qds
Qy, q .
(. 1. 10) Qy
qds ( ):

Q y z = q ds.

(1.12)

qds, z
, l . (1.9),

z=

1
S z ds
I z l

(1.13)

, z Qy
. Q,

y=

1
S y ds .
I y l

(1.14)

,
z , y ,
q. .
, , ,
. z , y
,
. ,
,
. ,
,
.
,
, , .
, ,
.
, .

19

. 1.9.

. 1.10.

. 1.11.

20

.
(
) , , ,
(. 1. 11). ,
, .
, ,
(. . . 1.12, . 1.
12, ,), ,
. ,
cp =0,
(. 1.12, ).
.
;
, , ,
, , ,
,

.1.12.

x , .
.
, , ,

, .
(1.13) (1. 14).
: Sz
( Sy) . s.
.
1. (.
1.13) y = 0 , ,
z .

Iz =

R 2 ,

2
, ,

(1.15)

21

S z = R 2 cos d = R 2 sin ,
0

qds, ds = Rd ,
= R.
.
(1. 13) I z , Sz ,
1
z=
R 4 sin d .
(1.16)

3 l
R
2
,
.
2. (. 1.14) z. ,
z (1.13).

I z = R 2 ,

, ,

S z = R 2 (1 cos ) ,

(1.17)

qds - R.

. 1.13.

.1.14. z

(1. 13),
1
z=
R 4 (1 cos ) d .
(1.18)
3
R l
, (
2R .
3. (. . 1.7, )

22

h
h
b + ,
2
6
Sz . 0,
, .
1.15, ( , -,
). , .
(1.13)
b
z=
.
(1.19)
h

2 1 +
6b
(, z 0).
, (. 1.15,).
,
Iz =

. 1.15.

. 1.16.

, (1.14).
4.
f (. 1. 16)
. y , f
(.1.17)

. 1.17. y

23

(, )
(Z- ) 6 .
5.

,
(. 1.18, ) Qv. ,
, abd (. 1.18,6).
. 1.6, ,
, ,
( bd, )
.
.

. 1. 18.

, , b ,
, (
) s . b
q = q0 = 0 0 .
abd
N ab
= q q0 ,
x
-
b

N ab = ds.
a

q=

N ab
+ q0 .
x

24

(1.8), N =

M z Sz
, ,
Iz

q=

qy Sz
Iz

+ q0 = q + q0 .

Sz
b z.

q=

(1.20)
,

Qy Sz
Iz

, b,
.
q0
,

Mk =

q ds ,

(1.21)

,
, ,
,
. (1.20) (1.21),

Mk =

q ds + q ds.
0

q0 =

Mk

ds

q ds .
ds

,
( ).
,
. 1. 18, . , ds
.
,
.

,

.
, , /2,

M k q ds

.
(1.22)

, q :
1) ,
2) q , ,
,
q0 =

25

3)

q ds

,
4) (1.22) q0
,
5) (1.20) q
q q0 ,
q ds . Oz
Qy, = 0 (1.22)

q0 =

q ds

(1.23,)

1
q ds

(1.23)

q ds = 0,

(1.24)

q=q

.
, ,
M
q0 = k .


(1.20)

Mk
.
(1.25)


Qv z (. 1.19,),
, 2 .
z
q=q+

I z = 1,5 R 3 .


(. 1.19,):

ab, < ,
2

b,

3
2

S z = R 2 (1 cos ) , .

< < ,

S z = R 2 + 2 R 2 sin .
2

26

Sz ab .
, . 1.19,,

q=

Qy Sz
Iz

Qy Sz
1,5 R 3

.1.19.

( 0), (1.23,

q0 =

q ds

= 2 R 2 , = R, a ds = Rd .
2 ( + 1)
2,76 Q
q0 =
Qy = 2 y , :
2
R
3 R
, . 1.19, .
, . 1. 19,,
(1.23) q q0 .
| q ( 2 ).
,
,, . 1.20, ,
5
12 = 24 = 34 = ; 13 = 2 ; I z = c3 ,
4
. 1.20,6 q ;
,
q.
0,

27

q ds =

17
cQ y .
6

. 1.20.

q0 =

q ds =

17 Q y
.
24 c

q0 . 1.20, . . 1.20, .
.
,
,
;
. ,
.

,
. , .

, ,
, q = 0, (1.22)
q=

Mk
.

28


. (1.26) ,

.
. (1.26) ,

. 2.21.

, .
, Q , .,
.

.

(. 1.21), ,
, .
(. 1.21, ) ;

(. . 1.21,, . 1.12, ).
6.

, ,

.1.22.

(. 1.22).
,

29

. , ,
f .

f i yi2 .
.
Sz
f i yi . , ,
q. , q,
.
, .
, ;
, , .
, .

, (,
).
.
,
,
.
,
, ,
(. 1.22,6).
,
. z
(1.13).
fB f, . .
y0 =

fB
h
fB + fH

.
f B
f H :

fB
Iz = fB h
fB + fH

f Bh
fB fH 2
h + fH
h .
=
f
+
f
f
+
f

B
H
B
H

fB
Sz = f B h
fB + fH

f f
h = B H h.
fB + fH

Sz , ,
, ; Sz .
1.22, .
(1. 13) z

30

z=

1
Sz
S

ds
=
ds.
z
I z l
I z l

, z ; .
. (,
, , ).
ds , ,
l

, (. . 1.22,).
, 5 Jz,
z=

,
h

. . z
, , .

.1.23.
r

y ,
,
(. 1.23).
( Sz).
h ,
, ; ,
, b, 'b', b
b''. ,
b' ( 'b' b''); .
, ,
(1. 13),
.
, .

. 1.24, , . 1.20 , /,

31

2, 3 4 f=10c .
, , .
q . 1.24,. . 1.24,
.
0
29

q ds = 2 54Q c.
y


(1.22),
q0 =

137 Q y
.
c

q ds = 216

. 1.24, .
. 1.24, .

. 1.24.

, (Qy=0)
. ,

,
.

32

,
(. 1.25, ).
. 1.25, (
. 1.24,)
1

q ds = 2 2Q c. q
y

Qy
8 c

(. 1.25, ). q . 1.25, (

. 1.24, ).

.1.25.

7.

.
-
.
.

, ; s (.
1. 2). N= s
Q = qs.
,
:
L
N N dx
Q Q dx
ip = i p + i p .
(1.27)
EI
GF
0

33

ip

Pi ,
Np, Qp ,

i-

, Pi ,
N i , Qi , , i-
; F ; ; G - ;
L . , (1.27)
, N, Q F dN, dQ dF.
dN i = i ds , dNP = P ds, \ dQi = qi ds, dQP = qP ds, dF= ds.

L
L
qi q p

ip = i p dxds + & dxds ,
E
G
0
0
p ,
i,

qp

, ;

qi

, ,

i- . , q s.
(1.28).
:
1) p qP
;
2) ,
i qi .
3) (1.28).
, ,
(1.28)
n

k =1 0

N ki N kp dx
EFk

k = \, 2,..., ;
Nkl - k- , Nkp - k-
, Fk - k-vo .
,
, .
, , :

i = 0


1
qi = .

(1.26)

34

(1. 28)
d
dx,
dx
0

d
1
=
dx G

qp

dx

(1.29)

( , <=0)*.
( )
L,
, (1.29)
. ,
M k ,

Mk x

dx,

Mk
,

(1.30)

M k xl
,
G 2

(1.31)

qp =

( =const),
=

l .
(1.29)
6 (. . 25), , ,
L=8c, Qu, .
qp
(. . 1.25, ).
, ,
, .

q p ds

q p ds

q p ds

Q
QY 2c
= y,
8c
4

3QY c 3Q y
=
,
8c
8

Q
QY 2c
= y,
8c
4

5Q
5QY c
= y.

8c 2
16
2
, L = 8c, = c , L=8c Q=4c2,

q p ds

35

7Q y
8G c

, .
8.

z0y. ,
| | 0 dqjdx
(. 1.27).

. 1.27.

, 1
,

.
, . . , ,
o .
, .
(1.29),
(1.20)
qp =

Qy Sz
Iz

+ q0 ,

(1.22)
Q z Q
M
1
q0 = k q ds = y y S z ds.

I z

36

Qv z , z
Qy.
.
,
qp =

Qy Sz

Iz

Qy z

Qy
I z

S ds.
z

(1.29),
d Q y 1 S z
z ds
1
ds
=
ds +

S z ds .

dx G I z
I z


Qv(x), , :
1 Sz
z ds
1
ds
ds +

S z ds
= 0.

Iz
I z
,
z =

Sz

Iz

ds

ds

1
Iz

S ds.
z

(1.32)

, ,

y=

Sy

Iy

ds

ds

1
Iy

S ds.
y

(1.33)

z
.
, , z
. z
, .
, .
z z
;
. , , , , .

.

.
, ,
,
.
:
1) , ,
2) , .

37


, ,
. , ,
.
, ,
,
;
.

.
,
. 1.28, , .

, . . .

1.28.

,

(. . 1.22,).
,

Iz =

fB fH 2
h ,
fB + fH


f f
S z = B H h.
fB + fH
(1.32)
S z . 0, (
) S z , . 1.28,.
- ,

S ds = 0,
z

38

Sz=0, q=0.
(1.32)
z =

Sz

Iz

ds

ds

(1.34)

z . ,
Sz

ds =

f B f H h2
,
( fB + fH )2

l1
(1.34),
z=

ds =

l1

.
2 .
h + l1
1

2 = 1

z=

,
l

l (. . 1.28, ).
, ,
, .
(. 1.28, ),
, ;
(1.29),
x

1
=
Q y dx.
G 2 0
2.
9. . .
, ,
. ,
, :

. 2. 1.

39

)
1 ( , 1 );
10
5
) .
1 5 .
,
.
.
. h. ,
, . , ,
, z

.
, . .
h, .
1.
(. 2.2) .
2. z
,


. 2.2 1- .

3. .
, xz,
. 2.2. , ,
w '. ,
,
z , ',
. . 2.2 , '
:

u = z

tg =

w
w
w
, =
,u = z
.
x
x
x

(2.1)

, '

vz

w
.
y

(2.2)

,
, ,

xz

yz

. , ,

xz .

40


, z.
z . ,
, , ,
,

yz

xz = 0 .

xz yz .
, , ,
, .
(2.1) (2.2)
, ,
. , ,

xz

yz

u
dz .

z
0
z

u=
,

z = 0

u
u = z.
z z =0

u w
( xz ) x =0 = +
=0
z x x =0

w
u
=
x
z x =0

w .

u = z

w
.
x

(2.2).
.
:

x =

u
v
u v
, y = , xy =
+ .
x
y
y x

(2.1) (2.2),

41

x = z

w
w
w
,

z
,

2
z
.
=

y
xy
x 2
y 2
xy
2

,
:
x =

(2.3)

1
1
1
x y ) , y = ( y x ) , xy = xy .
(
E
E
G

(2.4)

10.

E
+ y ) ,
2 ( x
1

y =
+ x ) ,
2 ( y
1

E
xy = G xy =
xy .
2(1 + )

(1.3) :

x =

E 2w
2w
x =
+ 2 ,
1 2 x 2
y
E 2w
2 w
+
,
y =

1 2 y 2
x 2

E 2w

.
xy =
1 + xy

. 2.3.

(2.5)

(2.6)

42

,
,

; , xz yz (. 2.3).

Mx =

h
2

h
2

Ez 2 2 w 2 w
+ 2 dz.
2
2
y
h 1 x

x zdz =

h
2

w , w
z. ,
h
2

2w 2w
E w w
2
Mx =
+

z dz = D 2 + 2 . ,
1 2 x 2 y 2 h
y
x
2

D =

(2.7)

h2
,
12(1 2 )
h
2

2
2w
= xy zdz = D (1 )
.
xy
h

2w
2w
M y = y zdz = D 2 + 2 ,
x
h
y

M xy = M yx

(2.8)

,
xy z dMxy .
, , dxdy, . 2.3.
,
. ,
,

zx

yz . Qx Q y
, ,.
Qx =

h
2

h
2

zx

dz, Q y = yz dz.

(2.9)

,
, zx =

zx

= yz

yz
G
G .
,
zx yz . .

43

, z

, , , z .
, z . ,

u
w zx v
w yz
=
+ , =
+
.
z
x G z
y G
,
Qx Qy ,
, .
, ,
, z, .
,
.
, .
,
. ,
z ,
Q y
Qx
dxdy +
dydx + pdxdy = 0,
x
y

Qx Q y
+
+ p = 0.
(2.10)
x
y
, ,
,
M xy
M y
dxdy
dydx + Q y dxdy = 0,
x
y

M xy
x

M y
y

+ Q y = 0.

(2.11)

M yx
y

M x
+ Qx = 0.
x

(2.7), (2.8), (2.11) (2.12) :

(2.12)

44

Qx =
Qy =

M x M yx
w
w
w

= D 2 + 2 D (1 )
,
x
y
x x
y y
xy
2

M y
y

M yx
x

2w
2 w
2w

D
+

D
1

.
(
)

y y 2
x 2 x
xy

D , ,

2w
2w
Qx = D 2 + 2 ,
y
x
2w
2w
Qy = D 2 + 2 .
x
y

(2.13)

(2.13) (2.10),

4w
4w
4w p
+2 2 2 + 4 = ,
D
x 4
x y
y

4 w =

.

p
.
D

(2.14)

11. .
11.1. .

(2.14),
w=f(x, ) (2.6)
,
.
(2.14) , , ,
w = f(x,y), (2.14)

, ,
. ,
, (. 2.4)
. : x = 0

w = 0 ( )

w
= 0 (
x

ox.
, . . = 0 ,
y ,

45

xy , , . , oz, ,
.
(2.6) ,
:

y = 0 w = 0 ,

. 2.4.

E 2w
2w
2w
2w
y =
+

=
0

+ 2 = 0,

1 2 y 2
x 2
y 2
x
2
E 2w
= 0 w = 0
1 + xy
xy
w=f(x, ),
, , ,
xy = 0 . .,
, . .
.
, . .

xy =

x = yx = zx = 0.

(2.9) (2.10). , , . . =
E 2w
2w 2w
2w
2w
x =
+

=
+

=
0
,
=0

1 2 x 2
y 2 x 2
y 2
xy
E (h2 4 z2 ) 2w 2w 2w 2w
xz =
2 + y 2 = x x 2 + y 2 = 0.
2
8 (1 ) x x

, ,
, (1.9) (1.10)
, (
, , ),
.
11.2. ,
(. 2.4) ,
, -

46

. , ,
( ), .
, . . (, ) = = const .
.
, ,

x2 y2
+
1 = 0 ,
a 2 b2

(2.15)

x y .
.
2

x2 y2

w = w0 2 + 2 1 .
b
a

(2.16)

, , . . x = x y = y ,
(1.16) . (2.16)

. 2.5.

, , . .
. , ,

x2 y2
2x
w
= 2 w0 2 + 2 1 2 ,
x
b
a
a
x2 y2
2y
w
= 2 w0 2 + 2 1 2 ,
y
b
a
b
x = x y = y , ,
.
, .
,
, . , :
4w
w0 4 w
w0 4 w
w0
=
24
,
=
24
,
=
8
.
x 4
a 4 y 4
b4 x 2y 2
a 2b 2

47

(1.15),

24 16 24 p
w0 4 + 2 2 + 4 = .
ab
b D
a

(2.17)

(1.18) ,
, const, . .
, .
(2.17) = = 0, . .

w0 =

p
.
24 16 24
D 4 + 2 2 + 4
ab
b
a

(2.18)

w=f(x,y), . , , (2.6)
Ez 2 w
Ez 8w0 xy
xy =
=
,
1 + xy
1 + a 2b 2

E ( h 2 4 z 2 ) 3w 3 w
xz =
+

=
8 (1 2 ) x 3 xy 2
E ( h 2 4 z 2 ) w0
w0
=
24 4 + 8 2 2
2
ab
8 (1 ) a

x .

xz =

3 ( 3b2 + a 2 ) b2

( 3a

+ 2a 2b2 + 3b4 )

(h

4 z 2 ) x.

-
,

y =

4 Ew0 1
1
2 + 2 z,
1 a
b

y =

4 Ew0 1
1

z,
1 b2
a2

( = 0, y = b )
8Ew0
y = 2
.
b 1 2

.
, b = , . , ,

48

pa
w
, w = 40 ( a 2 r 2 ) ,

64 D
a

3 p 2
2

xz = 3 ( h 4 z ) x.

2h
4

w0 =

(2.19)

x 2 + y 2 = r 2 ,
,

3
2

x
h

xz| = p .
z =0

( a = )

y2

pb4
w = w0 2 1 , w0 =
,
b
24
D


, E I

D=

EI
1 2.

12.

,
; = (, ).
, . 2.6. ,

4w
4w
4 w p ( x, y )
+2 2 2 + 4 =
x 4
x y
y
D

(2.20)

2w
w |x =0 = 0, 2 |x =0 = 0,
x

2
w
w |y =0 = 0, 2 |y =0 = 0.

(2.21)

, ,
:
.2.6.

49

w=

m ,n =1

mn

sin

m x
n y
sin
,
a
b

(2.22)

.
, (2.20).

(, ) :

m x
n y
p ( x, y ) = amn sin
sin
,
(2.23)
a
b
m ,n =1
- amn
(2.23) sin
0 b.
a b

p ( x, y) sin
0 0

m x
n y
sin
0
a
b

k x y
m x n y k x y
sin
dxdy = amn sin
sin
sin
sin
dxdy.
a
b
a
b
a
b
m,n=1 0 0
a b

0, m n
m x
k x
0 sin a sin a dx = a
2, m = n,

a b
m x n y
amn = p ( x, y) sin
sin
dxdy.
(2.24)
a
b
0 0
w,
(1.22) (1.23) (1.20).
a

2
2
4
m 4
n y

m n n amn m x
sin
=0
sin
Amn

+ 2

+

a
a
b
b
D
a
b

m ,n =1


,
2

m 2 n 2 amn
Amn = 2 + 2
,
b
D
a

Amn =

1
amn
.
4
2
D m n 2 2
a 2 + b2

1
amn
m x
n y
w= 4
sin
sin
,
2
D m ,n =1 m 2 n 2
a
b
a 2 + b2

(2.25)

50

amn (2.24). (2.25) w



(, ).
,
: (, ) = 0, (2.23)

amn

4p
= 0
ab

a b

sin
0 0

m x
n y
16 p
sin
dxdy = 2 0 ,
a
b
mn

. .

w=

16 p0
6D

m x
n y
sin
a
b .
2
m2 n2
mn 2 + 2
b
a

sin

m ,n =1,3,5

(2.26)

, (2.26) ,
, .
.
, . 2.6,
, , .

wMAX =

16 p0
6D

m ,n =1,3,5

( 1)

m+n
1
2

m
n
mn 2 + 2
b
a
2

(2.27)

, ,
, .
, ,

.
,
, (2.26) (2.7) (2.8):

m2
n2
+

b 2
16 p0 a 2
m x
n y
Mx = 4
sin
sin
,
m ,n =1,3,5 m 2 n 2 2
a
b

a 2 + b2

2
2
m
n

a 2 + b2

16 p
sin m x sin n y ,
My = 40

m ,n =1,3,5 m 2 n 2 2
a
b
2 + b2

(2.28)

51

.
=
M xMAX = M yMAX = 0,0479 p0a 2

(1.6) (1.7) (1.8),


:
12 zM y
12 zM x
x =
,

=
.
y
h3
h3

z=


MAX = 0, 287 p0

a
2

a2
.
h2

13.
.

, .
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
.
, ,
, .
,
. . ,
, , ,
, ,
r

.2.7.

52

z w,
r (. 2.7, ).
, ,
r , ,
x (2.8) r . (. 2.7, )
r , r + - (dw/dr)z.
,

dw
1
dw

1
2 r + u z dr 2 r 2 r = r u dr .

du 1 w d 2 w
u dw z
r =
+

z
,

dr 2 r
dr
r dr r
2

(2.27)


r ,
, :
Eh
Fr =
1 2
Fr =

Eh
1 2

du 1 dw 2
du
+
+ ,
dr
dr 2 dr
u dw 2
du
+
,
dr
r 2 dr

(2.28)

d 2 w du
dw
d 2w
M r = D 2 +
,
M
=

D
+
.

r dr
r dr
dr 2
dr

Fr = M r = 0. . . 2.7,

, .
r . F M ,
F z . ,
d
F drd , M drd
. ,
,
d 2w
d 2w
dr
(

F
drd (

dr 2
dr 2
F drd dw/dr),
Fr rd

.
,
,

m = ( M

+ dM r )( r + dr ) d M r rd Frz d dr =

= M r drd + dM r rd M drd Frz d dr = 0


. d dr,

53

f r f 0 df r
+
= 0,
r
dr
Frz dFrz
d 2 w F dw
f x =0; p + r + dr + Fr dr 2 + r dr = 0,
(2.29)
M M
dM
m = 0; t r + dr r = Frz .
(2.29) (2.28) ,
Frz

= 0;

d 3w 1 d 2 w 1 dw
Frz = D 3 +
2
(2.30)
,
2
dr
r
dr
r
dr


(1.29)
d 4 w 2 d 3w 1 d 2 w 1 dw
d 2w
1 dw
D 4 +

+
=
p
+
F
+
F
. (2.31)
r

3
2
2
3
2
dr
r
dr
r
dr
r
dr
dr
r
dr

(2.28)
(dw/dr)2/2, Fr F w.
,
(2.28) (2.29), Fr F ,
(2.31) , w.
_ Fr = Fe = 0.

(2.28) (2.31).
. (2.31)

d 4 w 2 d 3w 1 d 2 w 1 dw
D 4 +
2
+ 3
(2.32)
= p.
3
2
dr
r
dr
r
dr
r
dr

w, = 0,
,

w = C0 + C1r 2 + C2 ln r + C3r 2 ln r.

(2.33)
(2.32),
w dw/dr M r Frz

.
.

, = 0. Fr = F = 0,

54
4

p0 r
,
64 D
(2.32), (1.33)

w=

p0 4
r + C1r 2 + C2 ln r + C3r 2 ln r.
64 D

(2.34)

(2.30)

dw
= Frz = 0
dr
r = 0

dw d 3w 1 d 2 w 1 dw
=

(2.35)
dr dr 3 r dr 2 r 2 dr
(2.34) w ,
p
C2 = C3 = 0, w = 0 r 4 + C0 + C1r 2 .
(2.36)
64 D
.
, r = ,
(2.28) r = a

w = Mr = 0

d 2 w 1 dw
w= 2 +
= 0.
dr
r dr
(2.36) w
0 C1 0 C1 (2.36),
5 + p0a 4
1 + p0 a 2
C0 =
, C1 =
,
1 + 64 D
1 + 32 D
(2.37)
p0 5 4 1 2 2 2 4
5 + p0a 4
w=
a
a r + r , w|r =0 =
.
64 D 1 +
1+
1 + 64 D

w (1.34), M r :
3+
3+
Mr =
p0 ( a 2 r 2 ) , M r|r =0 =
p0a 2 .
(2.38)
16
16
M M r = 0 M r ,
.
14.
14.1.

,
, = const N ().

55



4w
4w
4w
2w
D 4 + 2 2 2 + 4 = Nx 2 ,
(2.39)
x y
y
y
x
D - .
(1.15)
, .
, (2,39) .

w ( x, y ) = k ( x ) Wk ( y )

(2.40)

k =1

k ( x ) ) , Wk(y)
,
(2.39)
d 4Wk
d 4Wk
+ ( N xk 2bk )
+ ckW = 0,
ak
(2.41)
dy 4
dy 2
ak , bk , ck (2.39)
k ( x )
:
a

ak = D [ ( x )] dx, bk = D k ( x ) k ( x ) dx, ck = D [ k ( x )]2 dx. (2.42)


2

N k , , N(x),

a

N k = N ( x ) k ( x ) k ( x ) dx .

(2.43)

k ,
Wk ().
(2.41) ,
Wk(y) = 0, =1, ,
, .
,
.
(2.40)
.
( x ) .
:
14.2.

,

56

. ,
,
, dy
. ( x )
, .
.
) , -
, h P = Nd
(.2.8).


= x .
:
d
d
d3
pd2
2
2
a=Dxdx=D ,b=D( ) dx( ) =Dd(1),c=0,N . (1.44)
3
8
0
0

. 2.8.

d 4W P
6 d 2W
+
(1 ) 2 2 = 0.
(2.47)
dy 4 dD
d dy
, = 0, = I
. (2.47)
y
W = C sin
(2.48)
l
l .
, , ,
..
(2.48) (2.47),
4 P
6 2

6 (1 ) 2 2 = 0,
l 4 Dd
d l

P=

2 EI
6 EI
+ 2
.
2
2
l (1 ) d (1 + )

(2.49)

(2.49) = 0
.
,
.
)

57

,

( x ) . ,
:
2
d 4W A
d W
+
P

2
B

2 + CW = 0.
dx 4 Dd
dx

(2.50)

, , - , (2.42)
a

A = D dx, B = ( ) dx D ( ) dx, ( ) dx,


2

; d . ,

,
(2.50)
x
W = c sin
.
(2.51)

,
.
(2.51) (2.50),
A

A +
P 2 B + C = 0.
Dd

4

(2.52)

(2.52) , .
,
, (2.52)
. ,

= 4

A
.
C

(2.53)

P=

2 Dd

(B +

AC .

(2.54)

(2.54) ,
r2 =

Bl 2 4 Cl 4
,s =
.
A
A

(2.55)

(2.55) (2.53) (2.54),


=

l, P =

EF
h2
, 2 ( r2 + s2 ) .
2
6 (1 ) l

F ; h ; / .
, d
, (2.53), , l
(2.54) .
=0, = 1,
.
( )
(2.50)

58

.
\, 2, , 4.
,
( )
.
P1 , P2 , P3 ,..
.

:

x=0


x=d

rd
l2
0,87

s
d
97,55

d
0,99

1137
12,0

238,74
504

0,87
0,66

1
1 d2
P
EF h 2
3,29
4,48
5,76

15.

4w( x, y, t ) 4w( x, y, t ) 4w( x, y, t )


2w( x, y, t )
D
+2
+
, (2.56)
= p ( x, y, t ) h
4
2 2
4
2


, ;
, ;
; h .
(1.56) ,
, ,
.
,

w ( x, y , t ) = Wk ( x, y ) Tk ( t ), k = 1, 2.3...

(2.57)

Wk(x, )
, Tk(t), ,
.
k{t) , ,
. ,

.
, Wt (, ) (t = l, 2, 3,...,).

59

Wt (x, )

A1 = M x xi dxdy + M y yi dxdy + 2 H i dxdy .

(2.58)

M x , M y , H , xi , yi i
,
W\

2Wi
2Wi
2Wi
xi = 2 , yi = 2 , i =
.
(2.59)
x
y
xy
(2.58) ,
2 ,
.
Wt
:
2w
A2 = h 2 Wi dxdy + Wi dxdy.
(2.60)
t
,
.
(2.58) (2.60) .
, Ai+A2 = 0,
M xxi dxdy + M y yi dxdy + 2 H i dxdy
(261)
2w
W
dxdy
+
W
dxdy
=
0.

i
i

t 2
(2.57) , (2.61),

2w
2w
M x = D 2 + 2 = D ( xk + yk )Tk ,
y
k
x

2w
2w
M x = D 2 + 2 = D ( yk + xk )Tk ,
x
k
y
2w
H = D (1 )
= D (1 ) k Tk .
xy
k
(1.62) (1.60),
D (xk + yk )xi + (yk + xk )yi + 2 (1 ) k i dxdy Tk +
k

(2.62)

+h (WkWdxdy
)Tk Wdxdy
= 0.
i
i
k

aik =

h
D

(W W dxdy ),
k

(2.63)

bk = (xk + yk )xi + (yk + xk )yi + 2 (1 ) k i dxdy, (2.64)

60

1
Wi dxdy.
D
(2.63) :
ck =

a
k

T + bik Tk + ci = 0

ik k

(2.65)

(2.64) (2.65) i 1 ,
,
k.
,
k , , W,
.
,
w(x, , t) (2.60).
Wk ,

,

Wk ( x, y ) = k ( x ) k ( y ) ,

(2.66)
(2.65) .
,
.

16.
)
K ( x, s)
x
s .

( x, s, 2 )
x

s .

.
,
= 0 ,
.

1,2,3
.
, ,
. ,

61

( )
( x, s, 2 ) , ,
.
, 1,2,3
, 1,2 3 .
= 4,5,6 = 4,5,6 .
)

,


.
,
.
.
u = K ( x, s) ,
L (u ) = ( x s )
(2.67)
.
L(u )
, ( x s ) ,
, s ,
0, x p s
0 ( x s)dx = {1,xs ,
x

( x s )dx = { 0,x xsp, xs s ,

q( x ) ( x s)dx =

{()

0, x p s
q s , xs

.2.9.

( x s)dx
0

, (2.67) .
, K ( x, s) , , ,
s n 2
, n 1 .
( x, s) , ,
L(u) .

vL(u )dx = uL(v)dx ,

62

u, v - L(u ) = 0 .
K ( x, s) , ,
, .

q( x) Sint .

2u
L(u ) + m 2 = q( x) Sint
t

(2.68)

t u = v( x)Sint
L(v) 2 mv = q( x) .
q( x) + 2 mv = f ( x) .

v(x) =
x .

v( x) =

K ( x < s ) f ( s ) ds ,

K ( x, s)mv(s)ds + F ( x)

(2.69)

F ( x) = K ( x, s)q( s)ds .

K ( x, s) .
, ( x, s, 2 ) ,
(2.68)

v ( x) = ( x, s, 2 )q ( s )ds ,

( x, s , ) = K ( x, s ) +
2

K ( x, z )m ( s, z,

) dz .

( x, s, 2 ) K ( x, s) .
,
.. q( x) = ( x s) ,

v( x) = ( x, s, 2 ) ( s )ds = ( x, s, 2 ) .

, K ( x, s)
.

.

63

,

n 1 ( n ) ,
s .
n 1
.
,
.
).
,

.
x, y , .

h a b x y
,
, ,

d 4w
d 4w d 4w
d 2w
D 4 + 2 2 2 + 4 + 2 = ( x ) ( y )sint.
dx dx dy
dt
dx

d 2w
d 2w
= 0 x = 0, b
= 0 x = 0, a , w = 0
w=0
dy2
dx2
D =

(2.70)

(2.71)

Eh3
- ;
12 1 2

E - 1- ;
- ;
- ;
(x ) ( y ) - 1- ..
(1)

w x, y, , , = amn , , 2 sin
2

m=1 n=1

mx
ny
sin
.
a
b

,
ab
mx
ny
m n
(x ) ( y ) sin
sin
dx dy = sin
sin
,

a
b
a
b
00

m
n
sin
sin
4
a
b
amn =
2
2
2
ab 4 m n
D 2 + 2 2 h
b
a

64

, (2.70)


mx ny
m n
(x, y, , , 2 ) = w(x, y, , , 2 ) = Amn() sin sin sin
sin ,
(2.72)
a

m=1 n=1

Amn =

4
ab

(2.73)

m2 n 2
D 2 + 2 2 h
b
a
4

q( , ) sint
ab

W ( x, y) = x, y, , , 2 q( , )d d =
0 0

mx
ny
m
n
= Amn () sin
sin
sin

sin
q( , )d d.

a
b
a
b
m=1 n=1
0 0
, (x, y)
d 2 w( x, y)
d 2 w( x, y)
=
M x = D
+
2
dy2
dx

ab

ab
m2
n2
mx
ny
m
n

= D Amn 2 + 2 sin
sin
sin

sin
q( , )d d,
a
b
a
b
b
m=1 n=1
a
00
d 2 w( x, y)
d 2 w( x, y)
=
M y = D
+
2
dx2
dy

ab
n2
m2
mx
ny
m
n
= D Amn 2 + 2 sin
sin
sin
sin
q( , )d d.

a
b 00
a
b
a
m=1 n=1
b

d 3 w( x, y)
d 3 w( x, y)

=
N x = D
+
3
2
dx
dx
dy

(2.74)

(2.75)

a b

m3
n3
mx
ny
m
n
= D Amn 3 + 3 cos
sin
sin

sin
q( , )d d,

a
b
a
b
a
b
m=1 n=1

0 0
d 3 w( x, y)
d 3 w( x, y)
=
N y = D
+

3
2
dy
dy
dx

a
b
3
3

n
m
mx
ny
m
n
= Amn 3 + 3 sin
cos
sin
sin
q( , )d d.

a
b
a
b
b
a
m=1 n=1

0 0

,
H x = H y = H = D(1 + )

dw( x, y)
=
dx dy

(2.76)

(2.77)

(2.78)

65

mn
mx
ny
m
n
cos
cos
sin
sin
q( , )d d.
(2.79)

ab
a
b
a
b
m=1 n=1
0 0
q
(, ) = q = const.


4qab m2
n2
mx
ny
2 + 2 sin
M x ( x, y) = D Amn
sin
,
(2.80)

ab

= (1 + )D Amn

mn a
a
b
b

4q n2
m2
mx
ny
M y ( x, y) = D Amn ab 2 + 2 sin
sin
,
mn b
a
b
a
m=1 n=1
m=1 n=1

4qab m3 mn2
mx
ny
3 + 2 cos
N x ( x, y) = D Amn
sin
,
mn a
a
b
ab
m=1 n=1

4q n3 m2 n
mx
ny
M y ( x, y) = D Amn ab 3 + 2 sin
cos
,
mn a
a
b
a b
m=1 n=1

(2.81)

(2.82)
(2.83)

mx
ny
cos .
(2.84)
a
b
m=1 n=1

(2.73)

H x = H y = H = (1 + ) Amn 4qab cos

4 D m2 n 2
=
+
,
h a 2 b2
2
mn

3.
17.

. . ,
, ,


.

,
.
1. ,
,

, .
2. ,
.31.

,
.

66

3. .
4. .

R .

, R (.3.1,).
, ,
.

- ( x, ), .
x
, ,
.
0 x L , 0 2 ,
L - .

,
, 1 , 2
, 3 .
u,v w .
, ,
(.3.2).

.3.2.

67

T1 1 S
2u
+
+ P1 2 = 0,

x R
t

2
1 T2 S Q2
v

+ P2 2 = 0,
t
R x R

Q1 1 Q2 T2
2w

+
+ + P3 2 = 0,
x R
R
t

M 1 1 M 21

+
Q1 = 0,

x R

M 12 1 M 2

+
Q2 = 0.

x
R

(3.1)


T1 x = Const ,
T2 = onst ,
M 1 , M 12 , Q1 ,
x = Const ,
M 2 , M 21 , Q2 ,
= Const ,
P1 , P2 , P3 .

2u
2v
2w
3 , 2 , 2 ,
t
t
t
.

Q1 =

M 1 1 M 21
M 12
+
, Q2 =
.
x
R

68

T1 1 S
u
+
+ p1 2 = 0,

x R
t

1 T2 S 1 M 12 1 M 2
2v

2
+ p2 2 = 0,

R x R x
R
t

2
2
2
2

M1
1 M 1 1 M 2 T2
w

+
2
+
+
+
p

=
0.
3

R x R 2 2
R
x 2
t 2

(3.2)

(.2.3)
u
1 v w
,2 =
+ ,
x
R R

v 1 u
2w
= +
, 1 = 2 ,
x R
x

1 v 1 w
2 =
( +
),

R R R

2
1 1 v w

= (
+
).
R 2 x x

1 =

(3.3)

1 2 1 . 2 ,
, .. x .
1 3 ,
.

1 =

E
1
(

),

=
( 2 + 1 ), = G .
1
2
2
1 2
1 2

(3.4)

, ,

T1 =

E
E
E
( 1 + 2 ), T2 =
( 2 1 ), S =
.
2
2
2(1 + )
1
1

,
z

1 = z1 , 2 = z 2 .

69

M1 = 1zdF=
F

E
E
E
2
(

)
dF
=

)
z
dF
=

(1 + 2 ).
1

1
2
F
1 2 F
1 2
12(1 3)
3

E 3
M2 =
( 2 + 1 ) .
12(1 2 )

.3.3.

M 12 = M 21

E 3

=
12(1 + )


(3.3) (3.2)

70

u 1 u 1+ v
w
1 u
1

+
+

p
,
1

x 2 2 R 2 2
2 R x R x
E t 2
E

2
2
2
2
2
2
1+ u
1 v 1 v 1 w
1 v
1

+ 2
+
2

=
p2 ,
2
2
2
2 R x R
2 x
R
E t
E

2
2
2
2

w
1 w 1
u 1 v 2 2

2
+ w+ 2 +
=
p
.
3

R x R 12
R
E t 2
E

(3.5)

(3.5)
.

4w
1 4w
1 4w
w= 4 +2 2 2 2 + 4
.
x
R x
R 4
2


.
, .. x = 0, L
v = w = M 1 = T1 = 0 .
(3.3)
u
2w
1).v | x =0 = 0; 2).w | x =0 = 0 ; 3). | x =0 = 0 : 4). 2 | x =0 = 0 ;
x
x

u
2w
5).v | x =L = 0 ; 6).w |[ =L = 0; 7). |[ =L = 0; 8). 2 |[ =L = 0 .
x
x

(3.6)

u( ) = u( + 2k ) ; v( ) = v( + 2k ) ; w( ) = w( + 2k ) . (3.7)

u, v, w t
.
p1 ( x, , t ) , p 2 ( x, , t ) , p3 ( x, , t )
(3.5) (3.6), (3.7)
.

, .
18.
.
,
, (3.5) .
; , ,
, ,

71

,
. 2 = 0, v = 0;
w . R,
(3.5) :
2

2u w p1 (1 )

+
= 0,

x 2 R x
Eh

2
2
4

p
R
1
) = 0.
u w h R w
2 (

+

x R 12 x 4
Eh

(3.8)

, ; p1 = 0 .

u
w
= C1
x
R

(3.9)

C1 .

T1 (1 2 )
Eh

u
w

R
x

, Nx .

u
(3.8),
x

2
N
1

(
),
4w
x
4
+
4
w
=

x 4
Eh

=
4

3 (1 2 )
R 2h 2

(3.10)

. -

.

:

w = C1 q1x + C2 q2 x + C3 q3 x + C4 q4 x .
1 2, 3, C4 , a q1, q2, q3 q4

q 4 + 4 4 = 0.

. 1.4.

4q 2 2 ,

(q

+ 2 2 ) 4q 2 2 = 0.
2

q 2 + 2 2 = 2q ,
q = i

72

w = x ( C1i x + C2 i x ) + x ( C3i x + C4 i x ) .

f(x),
(2.10) :

w = x ( C1 cos x + C2 sin x ) + x ( C3cos x + C4 sin x ) , (3.11)

1( 2, 3, 4 .
,
, .
, . , 3.4, ,
z . T1 = 0, /() = 0.
; ,
, w . , (3.11) 3='4 = 0.

.
. 3. 4.

w = x ( C1 cos x + C2 sin x ) .

(3.12)

M 12 = S = 0,

Eh3
w
du
Eh3 d 2w
Eh3
d 2w
T2 =
( ), M1 =
, M2 =

(3.13)
12(1 2 ) R
dx
12(1 + ) dx2
12(1 + ) dx2
, N1 ,

u
w
= ,
x
R

N 2
Ehw
N2 =
.
R
(3.12),
Q1 =

dM 1
d 2w
= D 2 .
dx
dx


; = Q1 = P 2 . w

73

= 0;

dw
= 0 . 1 2
dx

dw
]x =0 = C1 + C2 = 0,
dx
d 2w
P
] = C1 + C2 =
.
2 x =0
dx
2D

C1 = C2 =

.
8 3 D
, w

w = p x

8 D
3

( sin x + cos x ) .

(3.14)

(3.14) (3.13), :

T2 =

Ehw
Eh
=, p x 3 ( sin x + cos x) ,
R
8 DR

d 2w
1
M1 = D 2 = p x
( cos x sin x) ,
dx
4
d 2w

M2 = D 2 = p x
( cos x sin x) ,
dx
4

(3.15)

d 3w
1
Q1 = D 3 = p x cos x.
dx
2
,
= 0 :

wMAX

pR 2
p
=
=
,
M
=
.
MAX
8 3 D
2 Eh
4
p

, , ,
x > . , ;
L = 2 , ,
,
(3.3):

1 =

12 M 1 z
T2
,

=
,
2
h3
h
h
2

= 0 z = : :

1MAX =

3p
T2
3
,

p
.
2VAX
2
2
2 h
h
2 h

74

19 .
.

(. 3.5),
, . ,
, T1 . T1
,
,
Nx,

d 2v
N x 2 dxd ,
dx
z
,
d 2w
N x 2 dxd ,
dx
dx db (3.2).
:
T1 1 S

+
= 0,

x R 1

1 T2 S 1 M 12 1 M 2
2v

2
+ T1 2 = 0, .
x
R x R x
R

2
2
2
2

M1
1 M 1 1 M 2 T2
w
+
2
+
+
+
=
0.
T
1

x 2
x 2
R x R 2 2
R

p1 , p2 , p3
, , v, w
(3.13).
= T1

1 2
,
Eh

75

2u 1 2u 1 + 2 v
w
+
+

= 0,

2
2
2
x
2 R
2 R x R x

1 + 2u
1 2 v 1 2v 1 w
2v

+ 2
+
2
2 = 0,
2
2
2 R x R
2 x
R
x

2
2

u 1 v 2 2
w
w

2
+ w + 2 2 = 0.

R x R 12
R
x

(3.16)

u=

C1
x + C2 , v = 0, w = C1.
R

2.
.
L;
(3.16) :

C1
m x
x + C1 + Amn cos
sin n ,
R
L
mn
m x
v = Bmn sin
cos n ,
L
mn
m x
w = C1 + Cmn sin
sin n .
L
mn

u=

(3.17)


; (3.17)
, ,
.
(3.17) (3.16)

m x
,
L

:
(1 ) n + C = 0,
1 2

Amn 2 +
n + Bmn
mn
2
2

(1 )(1 + )
1 + ) n
(
2
2
Amn
+ Bmn
+ (1 + ) n +
2
2

+Cmn n + n ( n 2 + 2 ) = 0,

2
2
2
2
2 2

Amn + Bmn 1 + ( n + ) + Cmn 1 + ( + n ) = 0.

(3.18)

76

h
12 R 2

, ,
. , ,
, . , ,
2 2.
, ;

(n
=

= +

+ 2 )

(n
=

1 )2
(
+
.

(n

+ 2 )

+ 2 )

, ,

d
= 0.
d

= 0.

1 2

MIN = 2 (1 2 ).

KP =

N KP
Eh
=
.
2
h
R 3 (1 )

(3.19)

(3.19)
, .
.
-
. , w
, .
.
20


.
, , p1 , p 2 p3 .

77

u 1 u 1 + v w
1 u

+
+

=
0,

x 2 2 R 2 2
2 R x R x
E t 2

1 + 2u
1 2 v 1 2v 1 w
1 2 2v

+ 2
+
2

= 0,
2
2
2
(3.20)
2 R x R
2 x
R
E t

u 1 v 2
w
1 2 2w

2
+ w + 2 +
=
0.

R x R 12
R
E t 2


.
(3.20)

2

mx
CosnCost ,
L
mx
v( x, , t ) = Bmn Sin
CosnCost ,
L
mx
w( x, , t ) = C mn Sin
CosnCost ,
L
(m = 1,2,..., ; n = 1,2,..., ).

u ( x, , t ) = Amn Cos

(3.21)

, (3.21) (3.6)
(3.7).
Amn , Bmn C mn
.
). (3.21) (3.20).

12 2 2 1+
mx
E R Amn + 2 mnBmn +mCmn Cos L CosnCost =0,

1
1
1
1 2 2
mx
[(m22 + n2 [ mnAmn +(n2 + m22
R )Bmn nCmn]Cos CosnCost =0,
(3.22)
2
2
2
E
L

12 2 2
mx
{mAmn nBmn [1+2(m22 +n2)2 +
R ]Cmn}Sin CosnCost =0,
E
L

=
).
Sin

R
L

, =
2

2
12 R 2

(3.22)

mx
m x
CosnCost Cos
Cosn Cost. .
L
L

Cos

mx
CosnCost ,
L

x
0 L , 0 2 t 0 2 .

78

mx
Cos 2 nCos 2tdxddt
Cos
L
2

Sin 2

mx
Cos 2Cos 2tdxddt
L

,

Amn , Bmn
C mn .

1 2 1 2 2 2
1+
(m +
n
R ) Amn +
m nBmn + mCmn = 0,
2
E
2

1
1

m nAmn + (n 2 +
m2 2
R 2 2 ) Bmn nCmn = 0,
2
2
E

1 2 2
m Amn nBmn [1 + 2 (m 2 2 + n 2 ) 2 +
R ]Cmn = 0,

(3.23)

(3.23)

1 2
1+
n .............
mn................m
2
2
1+
1 2 2

mn............, n 2 +
m ...............n
= 0.
2
2
m.................................n......................1 + 2 (m 2 2 + n 2 ) 2

m 2 2 +

1 2 2 2
R .
E

(3.24)

3 2 2 2 2
3 2 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 2
(m + n )] + [ 2
(m + n ) +
(m + n ) +
2
2
2
3 2 2 2
2(1 ) 2 2 2 2
+
(m + n ) 2 m22 + n2 ]
[(m + n ) + (1 2 ) 2 m44 ] = 0
2
2

3 [1 + 2 (m22 + n2 )2 +

(3.25)


, Amn , Bmn C mn
u, v w ,
.
2

79

( ) m, n (3.25)
,
. m n
,
.
21. .

.


,
(3.25).
, (3.20) ,

.
(3.5).

( )
. ,
, .
, ,
(3.23)

.
,
(3.25), , .
, ,
, m, n
.

( ,
), ( -
, )
.
(2.24)
(2j ) (m, n) = ( j ) (m.n)

E
(1 2 ) R 2

, ( j = 1,2.3)


(21) (m, n) (22 ) (m, n) (23) (m, n) ,

m, n (21) (m, n)
() ,
(22) (m, n) (23) (m, n) .

80

m, n ,
. (3.21) , m
, , n
(.3.5).
m n ,

.3.5.

,


.



. 3.5.
(3.25)

D() = 3 a1 (m, n) 2 + a 2 (m, n) a3 (m.n) = 0 ,

(3.26)

3 2 2
(m + n 2 ),
2
3 2 2
1
3 2 2
a2 (m, n) =
(m + n2 )3 +
(m 2 + n 2 ) 2 +
(m + n 2 ) 2 m22 + n 2 ,
2
2
2
2(1 ) 2 2
a3 (m, n) =
[(m + n 2 ) 4 + 2 (1 2 )m4 4 .
2
(.3.6)
,

(3.26) -
,
D() .

(3.26)
D() . ,


,

1
a1 (m.n) = 1 + 2 (m2 2 + n 2 ) 2 +

.3.6.

1 1 =

3 ( m, n )
.
2 ( m, n )

, ,
, .

81

2 (m.n) a3 (m, n) (3.26) ,



1 2 2 2 2 4
[ (m + n ) + (1 2 )m44
E
2
2 (m, n) = 2
. (3.27)
2
R (1 ) 2 3 (m22 + n2 )3 +1 (m22 + n2 )2 + 3 (m22 + n2 ) 2m22 + n2
2
2
2
3.7
(3.27)



m = 1
n .
f , ..
.

,

n = 3 .
.

.3.7.
, ,
, ,


.


. ,

2 (m, n) = (m, n) = (m, n) + P (m, n)



, ,
. .

,
n .
.. [ 4] ,
(9.15) .

.

82

1 2 2 2 2 4
1 2 2 2 2
2 4 4
m
n
m

[
(
+
)
+
(1

)
+
(m +n )(n 1)

E
2
E
2
(mn
, )= 2
, (3.28)
R (12)
m44 +n2(1+2m22) +n4
2

.

.
L R
2 =

R
L

(3.27) ,
.

(.3.8).

R
, 2 .

(3.27),

. ,
,

.

,
(3.28),


. , , .


,
.3.8.

, ,
.
,
,

83

+ 2 4

Ex
2 2
Ex
E 4 G

2
=
n + 4 (1 x ) + 2 n +
, (3.29)
2
E 4 E
2 2
(1 x ) R Ex
4
Ex

n +
2 n +

E
G

Ex , E , x , -

, G - .
22.
.


.
, ,
,
.

( x , ),
(.3.9).


, , 2

, 3
, , = 1,2,3
,
.

2
.3.9.
4 5
.
:
G(x,,,,2)
(x, )
, ( ,).
(, =
1,2,,5).
,

, :
G(x,,,, 2)5,=1

(3.30)

,
.

84


, ,

, :
G11(x,,,,2); G12(x,,,,2); G13(x,,,,2); G22(x,,,,2); G23(x,,,,2);
(3.31)
G33(x,,,,2).

(3.30)
.

G(x,,,,2)
G(x,,,,2) = g(x,,,,2) + L(x,,,,2),

(3.32)

g - ,

..;
L - ,
. :
L(x,,,,2) =D(x,,,,2).

(3.33)

,
:

1 2 2
r ( ) ( )
D =
h

(3.34)

D ,

U 1 2
+
+ ;
2
2 2
1 + 2
D=
;
2

U
;

1 + 2
;
2

2 1
+
+ ;
2
2 2

3
3
+ 2 (2 ) 2 + 3 ;

3
3
2

+ (2 ) 2 + 3

1+ 2 (

4W
4
4
2
)
+
+
4
2 2 4

D - , D.
:

(3.35)

r - , =

85

,= ,
r

h
1 2 2 2
r ; - ; E
h ; =
; =
12r 2
E
2

; - .

- , ,
0, ( x < ) x
0, ( x < )
0 ( x )dx = 1, ( x ) 0 Q( x) ( x )dx = Q( ), ( x )
x

(3.36)

(2.5) ,
- (2.7) ,


1
2
(, , , , ) =
Cosm ( )Cos ( )
(3.37)

)
m=0 n=0
mn

1
m ( x )
Cos
Cosn( )

)
L
m= 0 n =0
mn

( x, , , , 2 ) =

(3.37)

(3.38)

r
L

(3.38)

mn ( ) -

D.
2

mn ( ) =

Eh
1 2 2 2
( m + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) m 4 4 +
2

2 (1 ) 2

1 3 2 2 2 2 3

(m n ) (m2 2 +n2) m2 2 n 2 2(1+)m2 2 +


2 1

1 2 2
2 2
3

+
(m 2 2 + n 2 ) 2 +
(m 2 2 + n 2 ) 3
2
1
1 1

(3.39)

G(x,,,,2)
,
,
g(x,,,,2).

, ,

86
1)G3 ( x, , , , ) | x = 0, L = 0;2)G 2 ( x, , , , ) |x = 0, L = 0
2

2
1 2
2

G
(
x
,
,
,
,
)
|
+
[ 2 G2 ( x, , , , 2 ) | x = 0, L = 0
3
x = 0, L
2
2
x
r

4) G1 ( x, , , , 2 ) | x = 0, L + [ G2 ( x, , , , 2 )] |x = 0, L = 0
x
r

3)

(3.40)


,
2
.
,
1
mx
m
Cos
Cos
Cosn( ) ,
L
L
m = 0 n = 0 mn ( )

1 ( x, , , , 2 ) =

1
mx
m
Sin
Sin
Cosn( ) ,
L
L
m = 0 n = 0 mn ( )

2 ( x, , , , 2 ) =

1
mx
m
Sin
Sin
Cosn( ) ,
L
L
m = 0 n = 0 mn ( )

3 ( x, , , , 2 ) =


2 Eh
D 1 ( , , , , 2 ) = r 2 ( ) ( ) ,
2
1
2 Eh
D 2 ( , , , , 2 ) = r 2 ( ) ( ) ,
2
1
2 Eh
D 3 ( , , , , 2 ) = r ( ) ( ) ,
2
1

.
,

G ( x, , , , 2 ) ,
(3.40), ( , = 1, 2,3) :

mn
()

Amn () =
, (, =1,2,3)
(3.42)
mn ()
mn ( ) -
.

, [28] [29],
(3.43)
.
,
. , , ,

. ,
(3.41)
(3.43),

87

mx

Cosn( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx

22
G22 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D22 2 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Sin
Sin
Cosn( )
L
L
m =0 n = 0

mx
m
2
2
33
Sin
Cosn( )
G33 ( x, , , , ) = D33 3 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
L
L
m =0 n = 0

mx
m

21
G21 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D21 1 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Sin
Cos
Sinn( )
L
L
m = 0 n =0

mx
m

31
G31 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D31 1 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
Cos
Cosn( )
( )Sin
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx

12
Sin
Sinn( )
G12 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D12 2 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Cos
L
L
m = 0 n =0

mx
m
32
G32 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D32 2 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Sin
Sin
Sinn( )
L
L
m=0 n=0

mx
m

13
G13 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D13 3 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
Sin
Cosn( )
( )Cos
L
L
m=0 n=0


,
mx
m
23
( )Sin
G23 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D23 3 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
Sin
Sinn( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

11
G11 ( x, , , , 2 ) = D11 1 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Cos

Cos

G 4 ( x, , , , 2 ) = G 2 ( x, , , , 2 ) G 3 ( x, , , , 2 ) ,
r

G 5 ( x, , , , 2 ) = G 3 ( x, , , , 2 ),

2
2

G ( x, , , , ) = G ( , , x, , )

( , = 1,2,...,5)

(3.42)

(3.41)

(3.43)

m n ( )
mn () . 3.1 3.2.
3.1 n , 3.2
m. ,

mn
( )
A ( ) =
,
mn ( )

mn

1
2

(3.45)

88

mn ( ) -
.

nr

n
(2.1) (2.2), mn
.
b

mx

Cosn ( )
L
L
m=0 n=0

mx
m
2
24
G24 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Cosn( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx
m
2
34
G34 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Cosn( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx

44
G44 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Sin
Cos
Sinn ( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx
m
2
54
G54 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Cos
Cosn( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx

15
G15 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Cos
Sin
Sinn ( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx
m
25
( )Sin
G25 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
Sin
Sinn ( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

mx
m
35
G35 ( x , , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Cos
Sin
Cosn ( )
L
L

m =0 n =0


mx
m
45
G45 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Sin
Sin
Sinn ( )

L
L
m =0 n =0


mx
m
2
55
G55 ( x , , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Sinn( )

L
L
m =0 n =0


mx
m
2
41
G41 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Sinn( )

L
L
m =0 n=0


mx
m
2
42
G42 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Sinn ( )

L
L
m =0 n =0


mx
m
2
43
G43 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Sinn ( )
L
L
m =0 n =0


mx
m

2
51
G51 ( x, , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Sinn( )
L
L
m=0 n=0

mx

52
Sin
Sinn ( )
G52 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn
( )Sin
L
L
m =0 n =0


mx
m

2
53
G53 ( x , , , , ) = Amn ( )Sin
Sin
Sinn( )
L
L
m =0 n =0

14
( )Cos
G14 ( x, , , , 2 ) = Amn

Cos

(3.44)

89

90

91

92

93

23.



.



1 2
1 2

;
; ;
2
2

2
2

D=

1+ 2
1 2
2
2
2
3
3
2
2

; +
+
+
2(1

)
+
;
+
(2

)
+

2
2 2 2
2 2
2 3

(3.46)

3
3
2
;
+ 2 (2 ) 2 + 3 ; 1+ 2 2 + 2


4
4
1 2 2
6
4
6
4
4
2
2 2
D=
2(1
)
2
(1
)
4
+
+

+
+
+

+
+

4 2 2 2 6
4 2 2 4
2 2 2

3
2
2 3 2 2 1 2 2 3 2 2
2 1 2
+
+
+
+
+
+


2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2

2
2

2 3 2
2
2
2
+ 1 + 2 +

3
(3.47)
2+
2
2


2


1
( 2 + n 2 ) 4 2(4 2 ) 4n 2 82n4 2n 6 + (1 2 ) 2 4 + 4 2n 2 + n 4
n() = 2
2
3 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 3 2 2

2
( + n ) +
( + n ) +
( + n ) 2 2 + n 2 +
2
2
2

3 2 2

+ 2 1+ 2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 2 +
( + n ) 3
2


,
.
.
- - [37],
, , .. [43-46].
,

94

(3.46)
2 , 2 .
:
2
(1)
() =

1
( 2 + n2 )4 + (1 2 ) 2 4
2

3 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 3 2 2

( + n ) +
( + n ) +
( + n ) 2 2 + n 2 +
2
2
2
2

(3.48)

3 2 2 3

+ 2 1+ 2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 2 +
( + n )
2

- ,

(3.47).
.
:

(2)
n =

1 2 2 2 4
1 2 2 2
( + n ) +(1 2) 2 4 2
( + n ) .
2
2

(3.49)

- ,
:
2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2
2
(3)
= n (n 1) ( + n (n 1)) +

(3.50)
,

,
,
n ,

2n = n

Eh
r 2 ( 2 )

n ( ) = 0

(3.51)

(in) () = 0

(3.52)


.
-.
(3.26)

(1)
n = 0
13 + a12 + b1 + c = 0

(3.53)

32 + a22 + b2 + c + q = 0

(3.54)

1
2(4 2 ) 4 n 2 8 2 n 4 2n 6 + 4 2 n 2 + n 4
(3.55)
2
a
a

=
y

1
2 = y2 (3 53) (3.54)
1
3
3
3
y1 + py1 + q = 0
(3.56)
3
y2 + py2 + q + q = 0
(3.57)

95

2
q =

p =b

2a 3 ab
a3
q
=
+c
;
27
3
3

(3.58)


q
q 2 p3 3 q
q 2 p3
y1 = +
+
+
+
,
2
4 27
2
4 27
3

y2 = 3

q + q
( q + q ) 2 p 3 3 q + q
( q + q ) 2 p 3
+
+
+

+
,
2
4
27
2
4
27

y1 = 3

q 3
4 p3
4 p3
3 1+ 1+
1 1+
+
2
27 q 2
27 q 2

3
3
q
+

q
4
p
4
p
3 1 1+
y2 = 3
+ 3 1+ 1+
2
27(q + q )2
27(q + q) 2

(3.59)

(3.60)

, y1 , y2
. ,
4 p3
1 = 1 +
< 0,
27 q 2

2 = 1 +

4 p3
<0
27(q + q )2

,
y1 = 3

q 3
1 i 1 + 3 1 + i 1 ,

y2 = 3

q + q 3
1 i 2 + 3 1 i 2 ,

1 = 1

2 = 2 .

,
,

96

y1 = 2 3

2
2 3
1

q
(1 +
2

1
Cos (arctg 1 + 2k ),
3

2
q + q
1
2 3
y 2 = 2
1 + 2 ) Cos (arctg 2 + 2k ),
(
2
3
(k = 1, 2,...).
3


2
1
2 3 Cos (arctg + 2k )
2

y2 3 q + q 1 + 2
3
=

y1
2 1 + 12 Cos 1 (arctg + 2k )
1
3
, q >0. ,
, , , q<0. q q
, 2 > 1
1
1
Cos (arctg 1 + 2k ) > Cos (arctg 2 + 2k ) .
3
3
, ,
1

y2
q +q q 3
<3
= 1+
y1
q
q
q (2.33)

q
q
= 3
2a ab
q
+c
27 3

q , >0,
q q
<
q
c
(2.36)
q
2(4 2 ) 4 n 2 + 8 2n 4 + 2n 6 4 2n 2 n 4
=
q
( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + 2 (1 2 ) 4

q 2(4 2 ) 4n 2 + 8 2n 4 + 2n 6 4 2n 2 n 4
=
q
2 (1 2 ) 4

q
1
n 2 n 2
2
2
2
2
<
2(4 )n + (2n 1) 2 4 + 2

q
1 2

(3.61)

, ,
[6] ,
n ,

97

, .
n .
,
. ..
[8] .

(2)
n ( ) = 0 .

=

2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) 4
.
( 2 + n 2 )

n () = 0 ,

1
1
( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) 2 4 = 2
( 2 + n 2 ) 4 +(1 2 ) 2 4 ,
2
2
1
8 2n 4 + 2n 6 + 2(4 2 ) 4n 2 4 2n 2 n 4 =
2
2
,
2 1
2 4
6
2
4 2
2 2
4
8 n + 2n + 2(4 ) n 4 n n
=
2

1 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 2
1
( +n ) = ( +n ) + (1 2) 4

,
2
2

3 2
3 2

2
( + n 2 ) 3 +
( + n 2 ) 2 2 + n 2 =
2
2

2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) 4 2 3 2 2 3 3 2 2
2 2
2
=
(
+
n
)
+
(
+
n
)

+
n

2
2 2

,
( + n )
2
2
3 2

2 1+ 2 ( 2 + n 2 ) +
( + n 2 ) =
2

2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) 4
3 2

=
* 1+ 2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 2 +
( + n 2 ) ,

2
2 2
( + n )
2

2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) 4
=

( 2 + n 2 ) 2

, () .

3

, .
2.3
2

98

2.3

2(4 2 ) 4 n 2 + 8 2 n 4 + 2n 6 4 2 n 2 n 4
( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + 2 (1 2 ) 4
3 2
3 2

( + n 2 ) 3 +
( + n 2 ) 2 2 + n 2
2
2
1 2
( + n 2 ) 2
2
2 ( 2 + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) 4
3 2
[1 + 2 ( 2 + n 2 ) +
( + n 2 )]
1 2
2
2 4
( + n )

2n 2
+ 2
( + n 2 ) 2 (1 )

2 [ 2 ( 3 + n 2 ) 4 + (1 2 ) 4 ] 2
1
( 2 + n 2 ) 6

pp n 2
0

3
1
2 2
2

2
2
2
1 + n
1 ( + n 2 ) 2

(1 + ) 4
3 2
[1 +
( + n 2 )]
2
2 4
( + n )
2

(1 + ) 8
( 2 + n 2 ) 6

1
n2

4
n6

8
n 12

, ,
( pp n ) .

( ff 1 ) n .

,
.
.

(3n) = 0
1 = 2

2 = 2 n 2 (n 2 1) .

,
:
2

1 2 2 2
n (n 1) ,
2

1 2
1 2 2
[ + 2 n 2 (n 2 1)] =
[ + n 2 (n 2 1) ,
2
2
1 2
1 4

=
.
2
2

1 2 2
[( + n 2 ) 4 2(4 2 ) 4 n 2 9 2 n 4 2n6 + (1 2 ) 2 4 + 5 2 n 2 + n 4 ],
2
3 2
1 2
3 2
[ 2
( + n 2 )3 +
( + n 2 )2 2 n 2 (n 2 1) + 2 + n 2 +
n + 2 2 ] =
2
2
2
3

3
2

= 2 [ 2
( 2 + n 2 )3 +
( 2 + n 2 ) 2 n3 (n 2 1) + 2 + n 2 +
n + 2 2 ],
2
2
2
1
+

1
+

2 2
2 [
+ 2 ( 2 + n2 )2 +
( 2 + n 2 )] = 4 [
+ 2 ( 2 + n2 ) +
( + n )],
2
2
2
2
3 = 6 .

99

,
.
2 :
1 2 2 2
n (n 1) ,
2
1 2
1 2
[ + 2 n 2 (n 2 1)] = 2 n 2
(n 1)[ 2 + 2 n 2 (n 2 1)] ,
2
2
1 2 1 4 4 2

=
n (n 1)4 .
2
2

, ,
2 ,
2 0 .
.

1.

.
2.
.
3. , ,
-,
n ,
, .
n.
4.
<< n n >> 1 n .

.
5. ,
,

24. ,

,
,
- ,
.


.
, ,
,
,

100

.3.9.
h + . 2
, h .
2 / , .

.3.10.

,
, 1 , 2
, 3 .
, ,
x .

.
-

,
( x , )
, ( , ).

101

( x, , , , ) , G ( x, , , , ) K ( x, , )
,
.

,
.
, 1, 2 3,

1 2 4 5 .
, , = 1, 2,..., 5.
, , ,
, ( x, , , , 2 ) ,
2

( x, , , , 2 ) . t-
, , R ( x, , , , 2 ) .

,

R4 ( x, , , , 2 ) = R2 ( x, , , , 2 ) ,
R5 ( x, , , , 2 ) = R1 ( x, , , , 2 ) .

R4 ( x, , , , 2 ) = hR2 ( x, , , , 2 ) ,
R5 ( x, , , , 2 ) = hR1 ( x, , , , 2 ) .

( x, , , , ) =G ( x, , , , ) G ( x, , s, i , 2 ) R ( s, i , , 2 )ds +
4

=1 i =1 0

+ G 4 ( x, , s, i , 2 ) R2 ( s, i , , 2 ) ds
k

(3.62)

i =1 0
l

G 5 ( x, , s, i , 2 ) R1 ( s, i , , 2 ) ds.
k

i =1 0


( x, j , , , 2 ) = K11 ( x, s, 2 )R1 ( s, j , , , 2 ) ds,
0

( x, , , , ) = K ( x, s, )R ( s, , , , ) ds,
2

22

3.63)

102
L

3 ( x, j , , , 2 ) = K 33 ( x, s, 2 )R3 ( s, j , , , 2 ) ds
0
L

h K 35 ( x, s, 2 )R1 ( s, j , , , 2 ) ds,
0

4 ( x, j , , , 2 ) = K 44 ( x, s, 2 )R4 ( s, j , , , 2 ) ds +
0
L

+ h K 44 ( x, s, 2 )R2 ( s, j , , , 2 ) ds,
0

,

1 ( x, j , , , 2 ) = 1 ( x, j , , , 2 ) ( h + ) 5 ( x, j , , , 2 ) ,

2 ( x, j , , , 2 ) = 2 ( x, j , , , 2 ) + ( h + ) 4 ( x, j , , , 2 ) ,

(3.64)

3 ( x, j , , , 2 ) = 3 ( x, j , , , 2 ) ,

4 ( x, j , , , 2 ) = 4 ( x, j , , , 2 ) .

, (h+ )
,
.
(3.62) (3.64)
,

.
,
,
, 2 / , .
.
1. (
)

Amn ( ) cos
n =0

Amn ( ) sin
n =1

Bmn
( ) =

k 1
2 n
2 n

( j i ) = Bmn
( j i ),
( ) cos
k
k
n =0

k 1
2 n
2 n

( j i ) = Bmn
( j i ),
( ) sin
k
k
n =1

(3.65)

A ( ) .

mn + k

2.
2 nj
2 qj 0,n q k
nj qj 0,n q
cos
= k , sin
sin
= k ,
,
n
=
q
k
k
k
k
j =0
j =0
2
2 ,n = q
k
2 nj
2 qj
cos
sin
= 0, ( n, q, = 1, 2,..., k ) .

k
k
j =0
k

cos

(3.66)

103

G K
(3.62) (3.64)
(3.65) (3.66),


k

X 1pq = cos
i =1

k
2 qi
p s
2 qi
p s
2
pq
= sin
=
R
s
,

sin
,
X
cos
R2 ( s,i , , , 2 ) sin
,
(
)

2
4
i

k 0
L
k 0
L
i =1
i =1
k

pq
3

k
2 qi
p s
2 qi
p s
2
pq
R
s
,

cos
,
X
=
sin
R1 ( s,i , , , 2 ) cos
,
)

1 (
i
2

k 0
L
k 0
L
i =1

X 5pq = cos
i =1
k

X 7pq = sin
i =1

k
2 qi
p s
2 qi
p s
2
pq

R
s
,
,

sin
,
X
=
sin
R3 ( s,i , , , 2 ) sin
,
)

6
3 (
i

k 0
L
k 0
L
i =1
L

k
2 qi
p s
2 qi
p s
2
pq
=
R
s
,

sin
,
X
cos
R4 ( s,i , , , 2 ) sin
.
(
)

4
8
i

k 0
L
k 0
L
i =1
L

D pq ( ) = d pq
( )

, =1


pPv(co)
2 11
11
55
15

d 11
p ( ) + ( h + ) B 51
pq ( ) = B pq ( ) +
pq ( ) + B pq ( ) + ( h + ) B pq ( ) ,
k
12
52
54
14

d 12
pq ( ) = B pq ( ) ( h + ) B pq ( ) + B pq ( ) + ( h + ) B pq ( ) ,
13
52
25
45
d 13
pq ( ) = B pq ( ) ( h + ) B pq ( ) +
B pq ( ) ( h + ) B pq ( ) ,
21
d pq
( ) = B pq21 ( ) ( h + ) B pq41 ( ) + B pq25 ( ) ( h + ) B pq45 ( ) ,

2 22
24
p ( ) B pq
( ) ( h + ) B pq44 ( ) ,
k
23
23
43
24
d pq ( ) = B pq ( ) ( h + ) B pq ( ) , d pq
( ) = ( h + ) B pq44 ( ) ,

22
d pq
( ) = B pq22 ( ) ( h + ) B pq42 ( ) +

2 35
31
35
34
d 34
h p ( ) , d pq
( ) = B pq34 ( ) ,
pq ( ) = B pq ( ) + B pq
k
2
44
d pq
( ) = B pq41 ( ) + B pq45 ( ) , d pq42 ( ) B pq42 ( ) + B pq44 ( ) + h p44 ( ) ,
k
2
43
d pq
( ) = B pq43 ( ) , d pq44 ( ) = B pq44 ( ) + p44 ( ) .
k

104

,
, , D pq ( ) = 0.
,
- , , ,
. ,

d pq ( ) ( ) = 0, d pq ( ) , ( )
.
, , :

d pq
( ) = 0, ( = 1, 2,3, 4 )

, ,
, .
,
, .
,
, ,
.

,
, . ,

.
,
.
D pq ( ) = 0
.
B pq ( ) . , ,
, .

B pq
( ) =

A ( ) = resA

p ,q + k

s =1

p ,q + kZ s

ctgZ s

z, A ( ) ,
pq .
, .
,
,
. , , ,
. ,
,
,
.
,
, , ,

105

,
.

.3.11.

.
, ,
. 11.4%.
,

.
0.026 +0.026. 117
200 ,
()
.

1. .. . . .
. 1969. 494 .
2. .. , . .
. 1968.512 .
3. .. . , 7,8,9.
1932.
4. .. . . .14. . 1952.
5. -. . . . 1959.400 .
6. .. . . 1949
7. .. . . . 1958. 502
.

106

8. .. . . . 1953. 544
9. .. , . . . 1982. 507 .
10. .. . . . 1966. 508 .
11. .. . . . 1962. 431 .
12. .. , . . . 1971. 807

13. ... . .
.1949
14 .. ,
. , , 5. 1970. 6 .
15. .. . . 2007.149 .