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Name ___Charlie Adams_____ Date ______10-6-14_____ Period ___3_

Finals Study Guide



Vocabulary:

Anti-Semitism- Prejudice or hostility against Jews

Culture- the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively

Diaspora- The Jews living outside of Israel

Ethnic Group- a community or population made up of people who share a common cultural background
or descent

Holocaust- Destruction or slaughter on a mass scale

Jihad- The spiritual struggle within oneself against sin

Oil Choke Point- By volume of oil transit, the Strait of Hormuz, leading out of the Persian Gulf, and the
Strait of Malacca, linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans, are two of the world's most strategic chokepoints

Religious Group- A set of individuals whose identity as such is distinctive in terms of common religious
creed, beliefs, doctrines, practices, or rituals

Sultan- A Muslim sovereign

Taliban- A fundamentalist Islamic militia in Afghanistan

1. Zionism- A movement for (originally) the re-establishment and (now) the development and protection
of a Jewish nation in what is now Israel. It was established as a political organization in 1897
under Theodor Herzl, and was later led by Chaim Weizmann



Possible Questions:

Who is the founder of Judaism? ABRAHAM

Which of the main religions of the Middle East is the oldest? JUDAISM

What are the main religions created in the Middle East? JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, ISLAM

What are the main holidays for each of these religions? HANNAKKAH, CHRISTMAS, EID-AL-FITR

What are the sects of Islam? SUNNI, SHIA

Jews worship in a building called a SYNAGOGE?

Muslims worship in building known as a...? MOSQUE
Name ___Charlie Adams_____ Date ______10-6-14_____ Period ___3_

The holy text of Judaism is a book known as what? TORAH

The holy text of Islam is a book known as what? QURAN

Who is the founder of Islam? MUHAMMAD

Who is the founder of Christianity? JESUS CHRIST

What is the most common ethnic group in the Middle East? ISLAM

What is the most common language spoken by members of the Islamic faith? MUSLIM

What is the language most commonly spoken by Persians? FARSI

What modern day country do most Persians live in? IRAN

Who created the Ottoman Empire in 1299? OGHUZ TURKS

What war brought about the end of the Ottoman Empire? WW1

Britains proclamation they would support the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine was known as the, what?
BALFOUR DECLARATION

What year was the present day country of Israel created? 1948

What international group helped in the creation of Israel? ANTI-SEMITISM

Written Response:

What are the two main sects of Islam and what is the main difference?

SUNNI SHIA
BELIEVE ALLA HAS ARLREADY COME BELIEVE THAT ALLA HAS SOON TO COME



What are the Five Pillars of Islam? (Be able to write them)
FASTING
GIVING 2.5% OF ONES SAVINGS TO THE NEEDY
PILGRIMAGE
PRAYER
FAITH

Map:

Afghanistan Iraq Iran Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Qatar Turkey Saudi Arabia

Yemen


Name ___Charlie Adams_____ Date ______10-6-14_____ Period ___3_

Arabian Sea Dead Sea Euphrates River Jordan River Persian Gulf Red Sea

Straits of Hormuz Suez Canal