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TUTORIAL 4.

ARCH BRIDGE
Summary 1
Analysis Model and Load Cases / 2

File Opening and Preferences Setting 5


Enter Material and Section Properties 7
Structural Modeling Using Nodes and Elements 10
Generate the Arch Ribs / 10
Generate the Hangers / 11
Generate the Main Girder and Duplicate the Arch Frame / 14
Generate the Cross Beams / 16
Generate the Bracings / 17

Enter Structure Boundary Conditions 22


Boundary Conditions for Beam End Connections / 24 Generate
the Cross Beam Group / 25

Enter Moving Traffic Loads and Static Loads 27


Enter Load Cases / 27 Define Static
Loads / 28 Define Moving Traffic
Loads / 30

Perform Structural Analysis 36

Verify and Interpret Analysis Results 36


Load Combinations / 36
Verify Deformed Shape / 37
Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams / 38
View Influence Lines Results / 39

TUTORIAL 4.
ARCH BRIDGE



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MIDAS/Civil ( 1). , ,
. MIDAS/Civil
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. 4.1 .
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50
2
14

. 4.1

7
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(a)

(b)
. 4.2.
( , )

:
1: 90 / (
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2: 6 / (
)
3: (S20-44, S20-44L)

MIDAS/Civil. , ,


( )

Save.


Status Bar, .
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1.
2.
3.

>>
).
(.
4.3.).

. 4.3.

4* When moving the


added toolbars, catch
and drag the title bar of
the toolbar with the
mouse (Fig. 4.4 (a)-).
For those toolbars
already positioned,
place the mouse cursor
over Fig.4.4 (a)-and
move it to the desired
location.

. 4.4

(a)

(b)
. 4.4 c




1: A36 ,
2.: A572-50 , ,
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2.
3.
4.
5.
6.


S 2100x600x10/10
I 1540x500x14/27
TS 600x600x16/14
I 600x400x12/16
TSS 600x500x10/14
W 16x100 &

1 5 .
.
DB AISC,
6.

. 4.5.

. 4.6.

1.


(. 4.5. -)
2.
3. 1 (. 4.6. -)
4.
5. ASTM(S)
6. A36 DB.
7.
8. 2
9.
10. ASTM(S)
11. A572-50 DB.
12.

1.


(. 4.5.)
.
2.
.
3. 1 ID DB/User (.
4.7.)
4.
5. ( . 4.7.)
6. User DB.
7. 2100 ().
8. 600 .
9. 10 tw.
10. 10 tf1.
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it

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.

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3-11 2 5.
6 ID.
& .
I-Section (. 4.7.-).
DB DB User AISC
.
17. W 16x100
Scroll Bar (), .
18.
19.
.
20.
.

it Convert the unit system


from mm to m for
structural modeling.

. 4.7. cx

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(. 4.8)


(/
/

)


/.


,
1,


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(. 4.8)

1.

> >
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2.
1
/*.
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10 .
4.
50 .
5.
10 .
6.
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7.
() .
8.
2A572-50 .
9.
3: .
10.
0,0,0 .
11.

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12.

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13.
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. 4.8.


Extrude Elements ( )
. , ,
(. 4.9).



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(
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,
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(. 4.10, .

on-line.

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(. 4.9).

.

2 10,
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.

.
2A572-50 .
4: .
.
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PI .
-, 1
11.
.

(.
4.9.-).


(. 4.9.-).

.
90 .


Shrink (C) (.4.10-)
Hidden (C) (
. 4.10-) (), .


. 4.9.

. 4.10

it In this example, Point


Grid is not used. To
avoid confusion while
assigning the nodes
with the mouse, toggle
off
Point Grid and I
Point Grid Snap.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

.

Iso.

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/
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2: A572-50 .
1: .
0
() .
.
-, 1 11.

.


.
.

.
0,14,0 dx, dy, dz.
1 .

16.

(. 4.11)

. 4.11.


Extrude Elements ( )
, .

4* The Direction
represents the Direction
of Projection.

1.
2.




(. 4.12-)
1 11 20.
3. -

4.
5. 1: 36
6. 2:
7.
8.
9. P1 .
-, 21
31 .
10. .
11.

. 4.12


.


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1.
2.
3.
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5.


()


/

6. 1: A36
7. 6: / .
8. 0
9. ( ) .
10. ,
(. 4.13-).
11. .
-, 59
60 .
12.
() (. 4.13).

. 4.13

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7.
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15.

/

C .
1:A36
6: C &C C
.
-, 1 43, 43 21
.




, 4.

5,0,0 dx, dy, dz.


4 .






.
.
Y-Z x.
-, 16
25.

16.

(. 4.14)

. 4.14.

,
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Inverse Active
(
)

,

,


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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.



(.4/15)


1: A36
5: .
0
.
-, 4 24,
5 25,6 26, 7 27 6 28 (. 4.15)

.4.15 -



,
ESC.
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1.


5
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2.

3.
()
4. /
C .
5. 1: A36
6. 6: /
7. 0
8.
9. .
-, 111 115
.
10.
().
11. .
-, 4 53, 24 53,5 54, 25 54,54
7, 54, 27, 55 8, 55 28 (.4.16)

. 4.16


,
(.4.2().).

1.
2.

3.
.
4.


5.
1 D-ALL
6.

7.
11 Dy Dz.
8.

9.
21 DX DZ.
10.

11.
31 Dz.
1.

. 4.17



(. 4.18).

it Refer to On-line Manual


or Getting Started &
Tutorials for
explanations on
Filtering Selection.
it Click Display to
select Local Axis of the
Element tab for
checking the element
coordinate axes.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

13.
14.
15.
16.

it Select
__________Intersect
selects the elements
intersecting the
specified lines drawn
with the mouse.

17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

:
ECS z.
:
ECS y z.
.
ECS y z.


.
/ .
(. 4.18) Z

.
() Mz i j
.

.
(.4.18) .


(. 4.18).
.
6: &C .

.
-
13. ( () My Mz i j
).

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2:
.

.


.
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()


59 69.

.

.

80 90 (. . 4.18)
(Enter).
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2.
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4.
5.

I

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3.

4.


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. 4.18.


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7.
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15.
16.

2: .

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()
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1.

2.


59 69.
1
.
80 90 (. 4.19)
.
2.

()


ISO

. 4.19.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.





(. 4.20).
(D) .

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(D) .

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9.

. 4.20


( 1 2).
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(. 4.21)

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1: .

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.

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Z .
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0,1 90 x1, x2, w .

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Z .
.
.
0,1 -6 x1, x2, w .

.

. 4.21


(. 4.22).







-
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. (
,


70
90,

)

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9.

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>
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1 .
4,5 .
0,173 .

.
1
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2 2 ,
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-, 1
11.

OK.



2 .
13. 8,1 .
0,173 .

.
2
.
.
2 2 ,
.
-,
1 11.

OK.

20.

. 4.22

MIDAS/CIVIL

, AASHTO,
Caltran
..


. 4.23.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

>
.


.
AASHTO

HS20-44

HS20-44L

OK

,
/

,

,

,

.. (.
on-line)

. 4.23

.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

>
.


.
HS20
.
HS20-44 HS20-44L ,

.

OK
.

. 4.24.



,


.



,

(. 4.25)
1.

>
.
2.

.
3. MVL
.
4.
.
5. VC:HS20
.
6. 1 .
7. 1 . .
8. 2 . .
9. 1 2


.
10.
OK

11.
OK
.
12.
.

. 4.25


(. 4.26).




,



.
,

,

.
Pivot ,


.
Quick ,



/
.
(.


on-line)

1. >
.
2. * .
3.
OK
4.
.

. 4.26



,
3 ( , ,
), .
, ,
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,
.
> 1 (LCB1): 1.0 ( +
+ ).

. 4.27

> ,
(. 4.27)
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

> .
LCB1 .
.


C (ST) .

ST .

MVL (MV) .
1 .

.



(. 4.28):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.



.
Bmin: LCB1 /.
DXYZ .
()
.


.
.
() .

.

.

. 4.28

,



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. ,

X-Z (. 4.29)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.



XZ .
, XZ
( ).

.

iiMVmin: The minimum


member force resulting
from the vehicle load
applied to the structure.
MVmax: The maximum
member force resulting
from the vehicle load
applied to the structure.

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

(. 4.29)*
Mvall: MVL /
My .
5 Line Fill
2.0
()

. 4.29 ( XZ )

it Refer to On-line
Manual for details in
influence lines.


. . 4.29
B1 ( 1).
1.
2.

it After reviewing the


animation, click Close
to restore the original
screen (Fig.4.31-).

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.



/ (. 4.30)
1 / .
1 .
1.0 .
FZ .
.

10.

. 4.30
,
(. 4.31).
1.
2.
3.

4.

(. 4.31).

. 4.31

. 4.32 .

it Mouse Editor may be


used for the Key Node
field to select the nodes
directly.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.





/ (. 4.32).
1 /
15 *
2.0 .
DZ .
.

. 4.32

1. /
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

/.(. 4.33).
1 /
.
23 .
2,0 .
i .
My .
.

. 4.33

it Moving Load Tracer


can be applied to the
results obtained from
the structural analysis
related to Moving
Vehicle Load. It
displays the results like
the influence line
(surface) by tracking
the loading state of the
vehicle.


(.4.34).
,

. (),
.
1.

.
2.

.
3.

XY
1.

4.
5.
6.


.
.
>
> .
7.
MVmax: MVL
.
8.
1 .
9.
1,0
.
10.
FZ .
11.
, ,
.
12.

.

. 4.34 ,

,
,

,
, i
28
1.


.
>
><< /
.
MV.:MVL
.
28 .
1,0
.
i .
My .

.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

. 4.35 ,


,
.
,
MCT.
MCT
,
.

. 4.36