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SE#5(3).

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10/12/2005

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Page 40

, 32005

MATLAB
3. SPS-

,
,
.
1 2.

,
. . .

kaf21@aanet.ru


Power Electronics
SimPowerSystems
, : , .

.


Simulink SimPowerSystems. , , .
Diode
.
:
(. 1).

. 1. () ()
()

40

Ron, Lon,
Vf SW,
(. 1).
.
(UakUf)
()
. (
)
Iak, .
,
Snubber R C.
(
):
Resistance Ron (Ohm) (); Inductance Lon (H) (); Forward
voltage Uf (V) (); Initial current Ic (A) (). ,
, . ,
; Snubber resistance Rs
(Ohm)
(); Snubber capacitance Cs (F) ().
Diode
k, ,
m, Simulink . , .
1. RL- .
: 220
50 , 2 5 .
MATLAB :
Simulink Library
Browser
,
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SE#5(3).qxd

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10:38 AM

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, 32005


.
, 107
.
Lon

15 .

.

(. 2 2).

,
.

Thyristor,
Detailed Thyristor
)

)
. 2.
SPS- (),
(),

()
()

File/New/Model. .
Simulink,
SimPowerSystems
Electrical Sources (
).
Electrical Sources.
AC Voltage Source
. ,
RLC- Series
RLC Branch Elements ( ), Voltage Measurement
Current Measurement
Measurements (
).
Simulink
Scope Sinks ( ) Demux Signal
Routing (,
). (. 2), www.finestreet.ru

m Scope
Demux,
Simulink- ,
.
. , Scope
(. 2) Parameters
arameters Scope
General , Number axes.

220 , 50 ( AC Voltage Source),
2 , 5 inf
() (
Series RLC Branch).

. 2.
Snubber 1020 ,

, -

.
: . SimPowerSystem Thyristor Detailed Thyristor.

Ron, Lon, Vf SW,
(. 3 3).
.
(VakVf)
g .
Iak,
.

, (Ii ).
. -
(Tq).
.
. 3
.

RC-.

. , : Latching current
Ii (A) ();
Turn of time Tq (s) ().
.
m
Simulink-,
- .

41

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, 32005

Sinks Simulink); Ground () Connectors ()


SimPowerSystems,
.
Ground (input) Ground (output),
, ,
.
Terminator .

(. 4), ,
(Period) 0,02 ,
(Pulse Width) 5% ,
(Phase Delay) (90).

. 4.
. 4.

GTO Thyristor

. 3. (), SimPowerSystems ()
()

2. RL-
.
:
100 50 ; 2 5 , 90.


. 4 . 2.
: Pulse Generator, g;
m ( Terminator,

42


GTO.
: .

. 4. SPS- (),
()
(),
()

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SE#5(3).qxd

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, 32005

. 4. ,

.
GTO-
,

.
RC-
.
.
: Tf ( 0,1 )
Tt (
).

GTO-: Current 10% fall
time Tf (s) 0,1
(); Current tail
time Tt (s) (). ,
0,1 .
IGBT


.
, m,
Simulink-
-
-.
: .
IGBT- Ron, Lon, Vf SW, (. 5 5).
.
-, Vf , g . g
. -.
. . 5

IGBT-
.

. : Tf , 0,1
(Imax), Tt , .

IGBT
GTO .
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. 5. (), SPS- ()
()


MOSFET

.
m
Simulink-
-,
- .
:
.

MOSFET- Ron , Lon SW,


(. 6, 6).
.
- (g > 0) .
(g = 0). - ,
.
. . 6

. 6. MOSFET () ()
()

43

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, 32005
MOSFET .

MOSFET Diode .
Ideal Switch

.
: .
Ron
SW, .
.
(g 1) . (g = 0).
, .
Ideal Switch .

Universal Bridge

Diodes ;
Thyristors ;
GTO/Diodes
,
;
MOSFET/Diodes MOSFET-,
;
IGBT/Diodes IGBT-, ;
Ideal Switches .
Measurements .

Multimeter , Scope.
:
None ;
Device voltages ;
Device currents
;
UAB UBC UCA UDC voltages
;
All voltages and currents
.
Multimeter
:
Usw1, Usw2, Usw3, Usw4, Usw5, Usw6 ;
Isw1, Isw2, Isw3, Isw4, Isw5, Isw6
;
Uab, Ubc, Uca, Udc .


.
.

3.
R- .
: 380 50
90; 500 .
. 8

3-Phase Source ( Electrical Sources),

Universal Bridge ( Power Electronics),
R Series RLC Branch
( Elements),
Voltage Measurement ( Measurements)
Scope ( Sinks).
.
Stop time, 0,02,
Max step size (
auto) Simulation-Simulation parameters
.

, .
:
Phase-to-phase rms voltage (V) ;
Phase angle of phase A (deg)
();
Frequency (Hz) ()
;
Internal connection . : Y ; Yn ; Yg .

.
:
.

( 1 3), (, , , , IGBT- MOSFET-, ).
A, B
C ( ) (. 7).
: (. 7).
Number of bridge arms .
: 1, 2 3.
Port configuration .
. :
ABC as input terminals A, B
;
ABC as output terminals A, B C
.
Snubber resistance Rs (Ohm) ().
Snubber capacitance Cs (F) ().
Power Electronic device . :

44

. 7.
()
()

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SE#5(3).qxd

10/12/2005

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, 32005
)

)
. 8. (), ()
(), ()

Specify impedance using short-circuit level



.

.
Source resistance (Ohms) ();
Source inductance (H) ();
3-Phase short-circuit level at base voltage
(VA)
;
Base voltage (Vrms ph-ph)
.

,
;
X/R ratio ;


:

X = U2/Q,
Q ,
U ,
.
:

R = X/k,
k X R ( X/R ratio).
. 8.
, , .
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. 8.
. 8.
4. IGBT LC-
R- .
:
12 , 6 , 2 ,
1% (60 ), ( ) 100 .
(. 9)
DC Voltage
12 ,
Pulse Generator, g
, LC-,

-connector, Diode.
m Demux (
, )
Scope .
Scope1
.
.
, ,
. L ,
,
, R.
,

,
,
(
).


.

12 DC Voltage,
IGBT
(. 9), (. 9, 0,01 60%, 0,006 ), 2 . LC-
.

. ,
0,3 , 0,0002 .
,
(. 9).


. , Scope1
Parameters (. 2) Scope prameters
Data history Limit
date points to last.
(. 9)

(. 9).
L = 0,015

45

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. 9. (),
IGBT- () (), (, , , , )

= 0,02
0,12 (. 9)
(. 9), L.


(. 9)
(. 9).

46


Linear Transformer
.

: .
- . . 10.
:
Nominal power and frequency [Pn(VA) fn(Hz)]
() ();
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SE#5(3).qxd

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10:38 AM

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, 32005
Winding 1 parameters [V1(Vrms) R1(pu)
L1(pu)] .

(), (pu ) (pu . .) ;
Winding 2 parameters ( (),
pu pu );
Three windings transformer .

, , ;
Winding 3 parameters
(
(), (pu)
(pu) );
Magnetization resistance and reactance [Rm(pu)
Lm(pu)] (pu) (pu);
Measurements .
:
Winding voltages ;
Winding currents ;
Magnetization current ;
All voltages and currents
.
, .
:

R*= R/R,

. 10.

L*= L/L,
R* L* ; R L ;
R = U2/P ;
L = R/(2f) ;
U ;
f .

.

, .
, , 0,2%,
1/0,002 = 500 pu (. .).
5.

,
.
: 220 50 ,
4045 ,

25 , 15% (7 ).
(.11) AC Voltage 220 ,
Linear Transformer
(
.11), Diode, C-, R. m Demux Scope1
. Scope
.

220
50 AC Voltage, (. 11),
25 , 0,001 . ,
0,05 , 0,0002 . . 11
. 11 .

.11.
(),
(),

()
()

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47

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, 32005
:
SimPowerSystems processing Viprem_Transformator ...
Computing state-space representation of linear electrical circuit ...
(3 states ; 5 inputs ; 3 outputs ; 2 switches)
Computing steady-state values of currents and voltages ...
Build the Simulink equivalent circuit ...
(Circuit stored inside Viprem_Transformator/Voltage Measurement1
block)
Ready.

SimPowerSystems
Viprem_Transformator ...

(3 , 5 , 3 , 2 )


Simulink
( Viprem_Transformator Voltage Measurement)
.

Mutual Inductance

.
: , (. 12).
:
Winding 1 self impedance [R1(Ohm) L1(H)]

;
Three windings Mutual Inductance .
;
)

. 12.

Winding 2 self impedance [R2(Ohm) L2(H)]



;
Winding 3 self impedance [R3(Ohm) L3(H)]

;
Mutual impedance [Rm(Ohm) Lm(H)] ;
Measurements .
:
None ;
Winding voltages ;
Winding currents ;
Winding voltages and currents
.

:

R1, R2, R3 Rm,


L1, L2, L3 Lm.
( ,
) ,

,
( ) .

. .
6. , -
Mutual Inductance.
: 10 50
5 150 , 3 1,2 .
. 13.
Multimeter (
Measurements). AC
Voltage
5 , 150 10 , 50

. 13. Mutual Inductance ()


(), Multimeter ()
()

48

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, 32005
. :

,
. , .
(. 13).

. ,
Winding voltages, Multimeter.
2
(. 13).

Uw1, Uw2, Uw3,
.
>> ,
.
Plot selected
Measurements ( ) .

(. 13), , .

Saturable Transformer

.
: - . . 14.
Rm , Lsat .
- (. 15).
. (. 15).
:
Nominal power and frequency [Pn(VA)
fn(Hz)]
() ();
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. 14.

Winding 1 parameters [V1(Vrms) R1(pu)


L1(pu)] .
(), (. .) (. .) ;
Winding 2 parameters
.
(), (. .) (. .) ;
Three windings transformer .

, ;
Winding 3 parameters
.
(), (. .) (. .) ;
Saturation characteristic [i1(pu) phi1(pu);
i2 phi2; ]
;
Core loss resistance and initial f lux [Rm(pu)
phi(pu)] or [Rm(pu)] only
(. .)
(. .)
(. .);
Simulate hysteresis: . ;
Hysteresis Data Mat file , . Powergui;
Measurements .
:
Winding voltages ;
Winding currents ;
Flux and excitation current (Imag IRm)
;

Flux and magnetization current (Imag)


;
All Measurements (V, I, Flux) , .
,

.


, (0, 0).
:

I* = I/I,
* = /,
I* *
, I
, I = 20,5 ` P/U1 ,
=20,5 ` U1/(2 f) , P
;
U1
, f .
7. , , .
:
220 50 ,
36 , 5 .

(. 16) ,
Saturable Transformer, .
Saturable Transformer
(. 16)

. 15.
() ()

49

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. 16.
Saturable Transformer

(), ()


()

50

: [0 0; 0.2 0.4; 0.5 0.9;


1.1 1.2]. . 16.
3.
1. SPS-


, .
2. ,
,
.
3.

.
4.
, ,

.
5. ,
, ,
,
, IGBT- MOSFET-, .

1 3.

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