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The Mole

Chap. 11
No, not that mole!
I. Counting Particles
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
1. Pair
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
1. Pair = 2
2. Dozen
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
1. Pair = 2
2. Dozen = 12
3. Ream
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
1. Pair = 2
2. Dozen = 12
3. Ream = 500 sheets
4. Gross
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
1. Pair = 2
2. Dozen = 12
3. Ream = 500
4. Gross = 144
5. Scop (not really)
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
1. Pair = 2
2. Dozen = 12
3. Ream = 500
4. Gross = 144
5. Scop (not really) = 64
6. Mole
I. Counting Particles
A. There are common
units to count things
1. Pair = 2
2. Dozen = 12
3. Ream = 500
4. Gross = 144
5. Scop (not really) = 64
6. Mole = Avogadros #
Avogadros number
A value equal to
6.0221367 x 10
23
.
Well round it to: 6.02 x 10
23

I. Counting Particles
B. Converting with moles
1. Finding the number of
particles from moles.
Self Check Ex. 1

How many atoms are in
2 moles of helium?
Self Check Ex. 2

How many molecules
are in 7.5 moles of
carbon dioxide?
I. Counting Particles
B. Converting with moles
1. Finding the number of
particles from moles.
2. Finding the number of
moles from particles.
Self Check Ex. 3

A sample of lead
contains 1.5 x 10
24

atoms. How many moles
of lead atoms are there?
Self Check Ex. 4

A sample of zinc chloride
contains 2.150 x 10
18

formula units. How many
moles of zinc chloride are
there?
II. Massing a Mole
A. Different atoms have
different masses.
1 atom of carbon would
weigh ____ times more
than 1 atom of helium.
3
1 atom of carbon would
weigh ____ times more
than 1 atom of helium.
3
dozen atoms
dozen atoms
1 atom of carbon would
weigh ____ times more
than 1 atom of helium.
3
mole of
mole of
II. Massing a Mole
A. Different atoms have
different masses.
B. The mass on the P.T.
represents. . .
II. Massing a Mole
A. Different atoms have
different masses.
B. The mass on the P.T.
represents. . .
1. The mass of 1 atom (in amu)
II. Massing a Mole
A. Different atoms have
different masses.
B. The mass on the P.T.
represents. . .
1. The mass of 1 atom (in amu)
2. The mass of 1 mole of atoms
(in grams)
II. Massing a Mole
A. Different atoms have
different masses.
B. The mass on the P.T.
represents. . .
C. This value is called the
molar mass.
The mass of 1 mole of particles
If you weigh out 40
grams of argon you have
essentially counted
______________ atoms.
If you weigh out 40
grams of argon you have
essentially counted
______________ atoms.
6.02 x 10
23

II. Massing a Mole
D. Calculating with
molar mass
1. Using molar mass you can
convert from to .
II. Massing a Mole
D. Calculating with
molar mass
1. Using molar mass you can
convert from grams to moles.
Self Check Ex. 5

If a sample of aluminum
has a mass 81.0 g how
many moles are present?
II. Massing a Mole
D. Calculating with
molar mass
1. Using molar mass you can
convert from grams to moles.
2. You can also convert from
_____ to .
II. Massing a Mole
D. Calculating with
molar mass
1. Using molar mass you can
convert from grams to moles.
2. You can also convert from
moles to grams.
Self Check Ex. 6

What is the mass of 0.25
moles of chromium?
II. Massing a Mole
D. Calculating with
molar mass
E. Calculating the molar
mass of compound
One mole of CH
4
contains:
Example

1 mole of
carbon
moles of
hydrogen
One mole of CH
4
contains:
Example

1 mole of
carbon
4 moles of
hydrogen
One mole of CH
4
contains:
Example

1 mole of
carbon
4 moles of
hydrogen
weighs
12 g
weighs
______
One mole of CH
4
contains:
Example

1 mole of
carbon
4 moles of
hydrogen
weighs
12 g
weighs
4 x (1) g
One mole of CH
4
contains:
Example

1 mole of
carbon
4 moles of
hydrogen
weighs
12 g
weighs
4 x (1) g
= 16 g/mol
II. Massing a Mole
D. Calculating with
molar mass
E. Calculating the molar
mass of compound
1. Add the masses of each of the
atoms in the compound.
II. Massing a Mole
D. Calculating with
molar mass
E. Calculating the molar
mass of compound
1. Add the masses of each of the
atoms in the compound.
2. Remember to multiply each
atoms mass by the number
atoms in the compound.
Self Check Ex. 7

What is the molar mass
of lithium nitrate,
LiNO
3
?
Self Check Ex. 8

What is the molar mass
of calcium acetate,
Ca(C
2
H
3
O
2
)
2
?
III. Molar Volume of Gas
The volume of 1 mole of gas particles
when measured at STP
III. Molar Volume of Gas
A. This is determined at
specific conditions.
STP standard temperature (0C) and
standard pressure (1 atm)
III. Molar Volume of Gas
A. This is determined at
specific conditions.
B. Its the same for all
gases.
1 mole of gas at STP = 22.4 L
III. Molar Volume of Gas
A. This is determined at
specific conditions.
B. Its the same for all
gases.
C. Conversions
Self Check Ex. 9

What is the volume of 3
moles of carbon dioxide
gas at STP?
Self Check Ex. 10

How many moles of air
are in a 64 L that is at 1
atm and 0C.
IV. Multiple step conversions
J ust remember the mole is the central
unit
MOLE
Mass
(grams)
Volume
(liters)
particles
(atoms,
molecules,
formula units)
Self Check Ex. 11

What is the mass of 11.2
L of carbon dioxide
gas?
Self Check Ex. 12

How many molecules of
ammonia, NH
3
are in a
68-g sample?
IV. Mole ratios in chemical
formulas
IV. Mole ratios in chemical
formulas
A. The subscripts can give
a ratio of atoms in a
compound.
1 mole of N
1 mole of
ammonia, NH
3

mole of N
1 mole of N
1 mole of
ammonia, NH
3

3 mole of N
1 mole of N
1 mole of
ammonia, NH
3

1 mole NH
3
: 1 mole N
3 mole of N
1 mole NH
3
: 3 mole H
1 mole of N
1 mole of
ammonia, NH
3

1 mole NH
3
: 1 mole N
3 mole of N
1 mole NH
3
: 3 mole H
1 mole NH
3

1 mole N
1 mole NH
3

1 mole N
IV. Mole ratios in chemical
formulas
A. The subscripts can give
a ratio of atoms in a
compound.
B. Conversions
Self Check Ex. 13

How many moles of
hydroxide ions are in
1.2 moles of magnesium
hydroxide, Mg(OH)
2
?
Self Check Ex. 14

What is the mass of the
oxygen atoms in 4 moles
of sodium sulfate?
The end.

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