Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 12

V

, 1316 2007

.
-
IIIIV
,
. ,
( . ), ( .
). ,
(. 50 . ..);
, ,
,
1. ,
, ( ),
( ) III , . ,

I. III
.
, ,
, ,
.
(. 150215) (. 185253). ,
, ,
.
.
, (. 150), 190 .
, ,
.
( )
,
, , , .
, , .
, , , ,
. , (II.
18):
1

C.H. Roberts, Manuscript, Society, and Belief in Early Christian Egypt (London 1979), pp. 49ff.
: B.A. Pearson and E.J. Goehring (eds.), The Roots of Egyptian Christianity (Philadelphia, 1968), and C.W.
Griggs, Early Egyptian Christianity: From its Origins to 451 C.E. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990).
.: G. Kretschmar, "Beitrge zur Geschichte der Liturgie, inbesondere der Taufliturgie, in gypten," in Jahrbuch fr Liturgik
und Hymnologie 8 (1963), 154; P. Bradshaw, "Baptismal Practice in the Alexandrian Tradition: Eastern or Western?" in LWSS, 82100; M. Johnson, Liturgy in Early Christian Egypt, Alcuin/GROW Liturgical Study 33 (Bramcote/Nottingham: Grove Books, Ltd.,
1995), 7-16; and, most recently, Juliette Day, The Baptismal Liturgy of Jerusalem: Fourth- and Fifth-Century Evidence from Palestine,
Syria, and Egypt (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2007.

. , ,
:
, . ,
.
. , ,
. ,
, , ,
. (
) ,
2.
,
(. 217), 3,
, , ,
, . ,
IV ,
(. 336)4.
, ,
. , (12) ,
[] , ,
5.
, ,
. , ,
, ,
230- .
6. ,
, II, , III 7;
, , ,
.
, ,
, .
,
, ,
. , , (6. 25,
26):
2

Ante-Nicene Fathers (hereafter, ANF) II, 368 [ . . .].


, , ,
, .: Paul Bradshaw, Maxwell Johnson, and L. Edward Phillips, The Apostolic Tradition; A Commentary, Hermeneia
(Minneapolis; Fortress Press, 2002).
4
. : Paul Bradshaw, The Canons of Hippolytus , Alcuin/GROW Liturgical Study 50 (Bramcote/Nottingham: Grove
Books, Ltd., 1987). (Christoph Markschies) ,
IV V . .: Christoph Markschies, Wer schreib die sogenannte Traditio
Apostolica? Neue Beobachtungen und Hypothesen zu einer kaum lsbaren Frage aus der altkirchen Literaturgeschichte, in W.
Kinzig, C. Markschies, and M. Vinzent, Tauffragen und Bekenntnis. Studien zur sogenannten 'Traditio Apostolica'" zu den
"Interrogationes de fide" und zum "Rmischen Glaubensbekenntnis" (Berlin/New York: Walter de Bruyter, 1999), 8-11, 63-9.
5
Bradshaw, Canons, 19 [ . . .].
6
Pierre Nautin and P. Husson, Origne: homlies sur Jrmie, SC 232 (Paris: ditions du Cerf, 1976), I. 100112.
7
. 1 (ANF VI, 269). ,
, .
3

. , - IIIiV

, .
, . ,
: ; ...
, .
, [ 4. 5],
, . , , ,
[ 81. 6]. : [ 5. 2, 15; 7. 24],
[ 6. 4; 10. 32], [ 1. 17; 7. 11], [ 3. 5; 5. 26].
, ; ,
; ,
, .. .
; , ?8

,
(
35)9. I:21 6 , (,
) ,
10. 6
, .
. ,

, ,
(. 1. 111)11.

,
. , Mar Saba Clementine Fragment,
, mystikon euangelion ( ),

, 12. ,
13. 10. 3234 10. 3545 (
, )
Clementine , ,
, :
. , , . , ,
: , . . ,
, , ,
- . , . , ,
, , . ,
, . , ,
8

. : Thomas Finn (ed.), Early Christian Baptism and the Catechumenate: Italy, North African,
and Egypt, Message of the Fathers of the Church (hereafter, MFC), 6 (Collegeville: Michael Glazier, 1999), 186 [ . .
.].
9
Ecologae propheticae 56.
10
ANF II, 333.
11
.: Talley, The Origins of the Liturgical Year, 117ff.
12
(Morton Smith) Mar Saba ( ) 1958 .,
. .: Clement of Alexandria and a Secret Gospel of Mark (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press,
1973).
13
Ibid., 446; . : Talley, The Origins of the Liturgical Year, 207.

. , ,
, . ,
. , , 14.
,
( )
, , , , , (Thomas
Talley) ,
. , ,
( 1. 1) ( 1. 911) 6
, , ,
(. 1. 1213),
. , ,
,
15.
, , (X .)
, ,

, ,
11. 145 . ,
, Mar Saba Clementine Fragment16.
, .. Mar Saba Clementine Fragment
. ( )
, , , ,
17. ,
, ,
. ,
(1999)18 (2000)19 ,
, .
, ( )
,

. ( )
, (), (
), , 20.
14

Ibid., 447; . : Talley, The Origins of the Liturgical Year, 207208.


. : "The Origin of Lent at Alexandria," in Thomas Talley, Worship: Reforming
Tradition (Washington, D.C.: The Pastoral Press, 1990), 87112 (= Maxwell E. Johnson (ed.), Between Memory and Hope: Readings
on the Liturgical Year (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, Pueblo, 2000), 183206).
16
Ibid., 211214. , . :
Gabriel Bertonire, The Sundays of Lent in the Triodion: The Sundays Without a Commemoration, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 253
(Rome: Pontifical Oriental Institute, 1997), 34ff.
17
.: Stephen Carlson, The Gospel Hoax: Morton Smiths Invention of Secret Mark (Baylor: Baylor University Press, 2005).
. : Larry W. Hurtado, Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003), 433-4;
: Peter Jeffrey, The Secret Gospel of Mark Unveiled: Imagined Rituals of Sex, Death, and Madness in a
Biblical Forgery (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007).
18
Scott G. Brown, The More Spiritual Gospel: Markan Literary Techniques in the Longer Gospel of Mark (Ph.D.
dissertation, University of Toronto, 1999).
19
Scott G. Brown, Marks Other Gospel: Rethinking Morton Smiths Controversial Discovery, ESCJ 15 (Ontario: Wilfrid
Laurier University Press, 2005).
20
Clement, Paedagogus I.6.34.3; I.6.36.1; I.6.45.1; I.6.50.3-52.2. .: Edward Kilmartin, The Baptismal Cups Revisited,
in Ephrem Carr, et. al. (eds.), Eulogma: Studies in Honor of Robert Taft, S.J., Studia Anselmiana 110, Analecta Liturgica 17 (Rome:
15

. , - IIIiV

.
, , I II ., ,
, ,
21, / .
, , ,
,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
,
, 6.
, , ( 1), (
11. 8). ,
, , .
, [],
, (6. 11).
, []
. : , [ 19. 30; 20. 116].
: [ 33.
3; 1. 28] (6. 13).
, , ,
. . ,
, ; ,
(16. 8)22.
, :
, ,
(11. 11)23.
, 4. 8 ,
, , ,
. (, , ) , , :
? ,
, , ,
(6. 17).
.
,
, , ,
.
, 24, (
Pontificio Ateneo S. Anselmo, 1993), 265-66; Georg Kretschmar, Die Geschichte des Taufgottesdienstes in der alten Kirche, in
Leitourgia; Handbuch des evangelischen Gottesdientes 5 (Kassel: J. Stauda-Verlag, 1970), 108; Johannes Betz, Die Eucharistie als
Milch in frchristlicher Sicht, Zeitschrift fr katholische Theologie 106 (1984), 125, 169185.
21
: Everett Ferguson, Christian and Jewish Baptism According to the Epistle of Barnabas, in
Stanley E. Porter and Anthony R. Cross (eds.), Dimensions of Baptism: Biblical and Theological Studies, Journal for the Study of the
New Testament Supplement Series 34 (London/New York: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002), 207223.
22
, : Andreas Lindemann and Henning Paulsen, Die
Apostolischen Vter (Tbingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1992).
23
. . .
24
SC 71. .

)
.
(. 1 10. 15),
.
:
,
, ,
[],
. []
, .
,
. , , , , ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
.
. , , ,
.
,

, ,
, 25
,
6, ,
26, ,
. ,
, , ,
6 .
27, 28.
, (
), 6

IV 29. ,
, ,
, 30.
. ,
. ,
6.
25
John Laporte, "Models from Philo in Origen's Teaching on Original Sin," in LWSS, 113115.
. : C. Blanc, "Le Baptme d'aprs Origne," Studia Patristica 11 (1972), 113124; H. Crouzel, "Origne et las
structure du sacrement," in Bulletin de littrature ecclesiastique 2 (1962), pp. 8192; Jean Danilou, Bible and Liturgy (Notre Dame,
Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1956), 99113; Jean Danilou, Origen (New York: Sheed and Ward, 1955), pp. 5261; Everett
Ferguson, Baptism according to Origen, Evangelical Quarterly 78, 2 (2006): 11735.
26
. MFC, 6.
27
. . . : Ibid., 195ff.
28
PG XIV. . : Caroline
P. Hammond Bammel, Der Rmerbriefkommentar des Origenes: Kritische Ausgabe der bersetzung Rufins, Buch 13 (Freiburg:
Verlag Herder, 1990).
29
. : Liturgy in Early Christian Egypt, note 8, p. 7.
30
McDonnell, The Baptism of Jesus, 203.

. , - IIIiV


31.

. -, ,
( , ?.. ..)
. , ,
,
( )
32. , , .
, , ,
33:
, ,
, ,
,
,
. .
-, ,
, IV . ,
. ,
( ), ;
,
34. ,
, ,
.
, ,
35.
-,
:
, ; , .
, ; ,
, , 36.
, , .
, (12) IV .
( [] , ,
), ,
, , , ,
, ,
. , ,

,
.
31

.: Ibid., 203-206. . : Laporte, Models for Philo in Origens Teaching on Original Sin, 116117, note 88.
E. Lanne, La confession de foi baptismale Alexandrie et Rome, in A. M. Triacca and A. Pistoia (eds.), La Liturgie
Expression de la Foi, Conferences Saint-Serge XXVe Semaine dtudes Liturgiques (Rome 1979), 213228).
33
DBL, p. 135
34
. : Bradshaw, Baptismal Practice, 97.
35
.: Bryan Spinks, Early and Medieval Rituals and Theologies of Baptism: From the New Testament to the Council of Trent
(Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate, 2006), 35
36
. . . : Talley, The Origins of the Liturgical Year, 192 [ . . .].
32

, III . ,
.
, .
, , , ,
, , ,
. , :
,
. , ,
, 37.

,
. ,
, , ,
. , , , ,
(. 2. 27)38.
III .
, , ,
, .
:
1. : ( )
( );
2. ,
( 3. 5) ,
, ;
3. ,
;
4. , ,
;
5. , .

, , ,
39.
II. IV
, ,
IV V 40. ,
, (. 336)
(. 350), , -
, 41,
, , ,
6.
37

Homilies on Leviticus 8.3; . : Johannes Quasten, Patrology, vol. 2, (Westminster: The Newman Press, 1964), 83.
Laporte, Models from Philo in Origens Teaching on Original Sin, LWSS, 112113.
39
Kretschmar, "Beitrge zur Geschichte der Liturgie," 36, 4748.
40
.: Georg Kretschmar, "Beitrge zur Geschichte der
Liturgie, insbesondere der Taufliturgie, in Aegypten," in Jahrbuch fr Liturgik und Hymnologie 8 (1963) 154; Paul Bradshaw,
"Baptismal Practice in the Alexandrian Tradition: Eastern or Western?" LWSS, pp. 82100; Maxwell E. Johnson, Liturgy in Early
Christian Egypt, Alcuin/GROW Liturgical Study 33 (Bramcote/Nottingham: Grove Books, Ltd., 1995), chapter 2.
41
.: Maxwell E. Johnson, The Prayers of Sarapion of Thmuis: A Literary, Liturgical, and Theological Analysis, Orientalia
Christiana Analecta 249 (Rome: Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1995).
38

. , - IIIiV


III , .
, , ,
.
( )

, (19)
:
, , , , ,
,
, ,
, , ,
, ,
, :
, , -?
, , 42.
, ,
.
, ,
.
, , apotaxis syntaxis43,
,
44,
. (313398), ,
,
45. 15-
-
46. :
, , ,
,
, , ,
, , ,
47.
10- , ,
, ,
:
, , .
. .
; .
, 48.
42

Bradshaw, The Canons of Hipploytus, (Bramcote, Nottingham: Grove Books, Ltd., 1987), 21.
Ibid, 22; Johnson, The Prayers of Sarapion of Thmuis, 57, 126134.
44
.: Emmanuel Lanne, "La confession de foi baptismale Alexandrie et Rome," in A.M. Triacca and A. Pistoia
(eds.), La liturgie expression de la foi, Bibliotheca "Ephemerides Liturgicae" Subsidia 16 (Rome: C.L.V. Edizione Liturgiche, 1979),
23.
45
De Trinitate 2.15.
46
Bradshaw, Baptism in the Alexandrian Tradition, LWSS, 92.
47
DBL, 126.
48
Ibid, 126.
43


( 3) ,
.
IV , .
, 7-
, , :
.
. ,
, , ,
, .
, , , ,
, ,
, .
, , ,
[] . ,
, , 49
, ,
(19), ( 16), ,
. ()
50.
,
, ,
, , , .
51 ,
IV . ,
. :
() ,
. , ,
, -
,
, ,
. , .
, ,
, .
, , , , , .
52.
,
, , , , ,
,
IV . , , ,
, .
, .
, ( 385412 .)
IV .

49

Idid, 125.
Ibid., 127.
51
Kretschmar, "Beitrge zur Geschichte," 43ff.
52
Bradshaw, Baptismal Practice in the Alexandrian Tradition, LWSS, 97.
50

10

. , - IIIiV


( , ) 53,
, ,
, . ,
,
, ,
.
, ,
,
/ . 15-
, , :
, ,
, , , [
], . , , ,
, ,
54
III.
III IV
, .
,
, .
.
( 3) ( 6),
, .
,

55.
?
, ,

, , , .
. 56
57 1974 . ,
,
. ,
V ., IV-,
, . ,
,
, , ,
IV , 58.
53

.: Bryan Spinks, "Sarapion of Thmuis and Baptismal Practice in Early Christian Egypt: The Need for a Judicious
Reassessment," Worship (May, 1998), 25570. . : Maxwell E. Johnson, "The Baptismal Rite and Anaphora in the
Prayers of Sarapion of Thmuis: An Assessment of a Recent 'Judicious Reassessment,'" Worship 73, 2 (1999): 140168.
54
DBL, 126 [ . . .].
55
.: Bradshaw, Baptismal Practice, 10.
56
Geoffrey Cuming, Egyptian Elements in the Jerusalem Liturgy, Journal of Theological Studies 25 (1974): 117124.
57
Bryan Spinks, The Jerusalem Liturgy of the Catecheses Mystagogicae: Syrian or Egyptian? Studia Patristica 18 (1989):
391-395.
58
Day, The Baptismal Liturgy of Jerusalem, 138139.

11

,
, .
, ,
, 59 ,
! ,
, .

59

J.M. Hanssens, La Liturgie d'Hippolyte, Ses documents, son titulaire, ses origins et son charactre, 2nd edition, Orientalia
Christian Analecta 155 (Rome 1965), 463470.

12