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AutoCAD

24

AutoCAD
24
-
- .
2004

681.3.06
32.973.26-018.2
49

49

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AutoCAD 2004. - .: -, 2004. - 976 .: .
ISBN 5-94I57-362-6
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AutoCAD 2004. , ,
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DXF , AutoCAD. AutoCAD,
"AutoCAD 2004: ".

AutoCAD
681.3.06
32973.26-018.2
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02429 24.07.00. 28.11.03.


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5000 N: 428
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ISBN 5-94157-362-6

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1. AutoCAD

25

AutoCAD 2004 AutoCAD 2002








25
27
28
28
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2.

36


File ()
Edit ()
View ()
Insert ()
Formal ()
Tools ()
Draw ()
Dimension ()
Modify ()
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Window ()
Help ()
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101
102
103
104
106
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107
108
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111
112
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158
159
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160
160
160
160
161
162
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163
163
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164
165
166
170
171
172
172
173

4.

174

AutoCAD
Startup ( )
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DWG-

174
175
176
178
181
183




DWG DXF
WBLOCK ()
INSERT ()

WMF
SAT
STL
EPS
DXX
BMP
3DS
DXB
DWF

XML
HTML
JPEG, PNG
PLT(HPGL)
TIFF

OLE-


ZOOM ()
Window ()
Center ()
()
()
Previous ()
Scale ()
Dynamic ()
Zoom ()
Zoom () View ()

183
185
185
186
1S6
186
187
188
188
188

1S8
188
189

19
189
189
190
190
190
190
190
191
191
193
195
195
196
196
197
197
199
199
199
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199
201
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201
202

5.

203

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205

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Intersection ()
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CAL ()



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UCS ()
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GRID ()
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POLAR (-)
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LWT(BEC)
MODEL/PAPER (/)

206
208
209
209
209
210
210
210
211
211
211
211
212
212
213
213
213
213
213
213
214
215
215
2!5
2!7
21S
220
221
222
222
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225
226
228
22S
230
231
232
232
232
233

7.

235



'ENTEXTS, ENTEXTS
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235
28!
281
281


'MACROTRACE, MACROTRACE
'RE-INIT, RE-INIT
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AUTOSNAP
BINDTYPE
CDATE
CECOLOR
CELTYPE
CELWE1GHT
CMDACTIVE
CMDECHO
CMLSCALE
COORDS
CPLOTSTYLE

CVPORT
DATE
DBMOD
DCTMAIN
DEFLPLSTYLE
DEFPLSTYLE
DELOBJ
DEMANDLOAD
DISPSILH
DRAGMODE
DWGCHECK
EXPERT
EXTNAMES
FACETRATIO
FILEDIA
FONTALT
FONTMAP
GFNAME
GRIPOBJLIM1T
HIDETEXT
HYPERL1NKBASE
INDEXCTL
INSUMTS
INTERSECT1ONCOLOR, INTERSECTfONDISPLAY
ISAVEPERCENT
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LUNITS
MEASUREINIT, MEASUREMENT
MENUCTL
MENUECHO
MTEXTED
OBSCUREDCOLOR, OBSCUREDLTYPE
OFFSETD1ST
OFFSETGAPTYPE

285
286
286
286
287
2S7
287
288
288
288
289
289
2S9
289
290
290
290
290
291
292
292
292
293
293
293
294
294
295
295
296
296
297
297
297
298
298
298
300
300
300
301
301
302
302
302
303
303
304
304


OSMODE
PALGTTEOPAQUE
PDMODE, PDSIZE
PERIMETER
P1CKADD
P1CKAUTO
P1CKDRAG
PICKSTYLE
PLINETYPE
PLOTROTMODE
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POLARANG
POLARDIST
POLARMODE
PROJECTNAME
PROXYNOTICE
PROXYWE SEARCH
PSLTSCALE
PSQUAL1TY
PSTYLEPOUCY
SCREENMODE
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XREFNOT7FY


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DIMALTU
DIMALTZ
DIMAPOST
DIMASSOC...

304
305
305
306
306
307
307
307
308
308
309
309
310
310
311
311
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311
312
312
312
313
313
314
314
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315
315
316
317
317
317
318
318
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319
320
320
320
321
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322
328
328
329
329
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D1MAZIN
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D1MCEN
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DIMJUST
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DIMLWD
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DIMTP
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D1MZIN

331
332
332
332
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334
334
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336
336
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362

364
364

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368
368
369
372

11.

374

374
374
377
377
378
378
380
380
380
380
385
385
386
386
387
388
389
389
390
390

12.

392


POINT ()
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392
392
393
394
395
395
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396

13.

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397
397
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402
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405

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PLINETYPE

407
408
410
412
413
414
416
417
418
419
419
426
426
427
427
429
431
432
432

15.

437

437
440
440

16.

442

442
446
447
450
452

17.

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463
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490
490
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529
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533
535
538
544

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548

548
554
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559
560
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565
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21.

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575
575
576
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588
590
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638
640
640
641
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642
642
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645
645
647
647
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650
650

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652
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654
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26.

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659
660
660
661
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662
663
663
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29.


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689
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697
697
697
697
698
698
698
699
700
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847
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, Windows.
.
BJ AutoCAD 20

senu u t i l i t i e s loaded.

365.19821738191.10000

1 SNAP GRID I POLAR | I TRACK LWT [

. 2.1. : 1 , 2 ,
3 (), 4 .
5 . 6 , 7 ,
8 , 9 ,
10 , 11 , 12 ,
13 , 14

. 2.1 , (
AutoCAD )
,

38

I.

AutoCAD. .
. 2.1 (
).
, ,
, , .

( 3), .
( ) , ,
, .


(. . 2.!)
,
, .

, ,
.

, 6 "AutoCAD 2004: ".


MENU
(), MENULOAD () M E N U U N L O A D (). .
(, DBCONNECT ()}
. ,
, .
Uli?l *i
( ).
- ,
:
, ("", . . ); , <4> <> <Enter>;
<Alt>, , , ;
<>.

2.

39

(. . , LISP),
. ctrl+N.
"" ( <CtH>+<N>)
.
, <Esc> ( . .).
. 2.1 , . :
File ();

Format ();

Modify ():

Edit ();

Tools ();

Express ();

View ();

Draw ();

Window ();

Insert ();

Dimension ():

Help ().

dbConnect ( )
(. . " dbConnect ( )").
dbConnect ( ) dbConnect.
Express () EXPRESS,
ACAD ( ). . 9 "AutoCAD 2004:
".
\/ EXPRESS.

//()
File () (. 2.2) ,
(
;
, ):
New

() -

NEW

():

Open () : OPEN
(); <Ctrl>+<0>;
Close () : CLOSE ();
Partial Load ( ) : PARTIALOAD ();
Save () : QSAVE ():
<Ctrl>+<S>;
Save As ( ) : SAVEAS (); <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<S>;
eTransmit ( )
, : ETRANSMIT ();

I.

4 1
Fte

Edit

View

Insert

Formal

New..

CUI+N

Open-

QikQ

Too

On
PalLal Load
Save

Oil+S

Save As...

Oil+Shift+S

eTransmt...
PubkhioWeb.
Export..
Page Setup...
Plota Manager.
Plot St^te Manager.
Pbt
ClrkP

Plot..
PU*th..
Drawing Utides
1

Send.
Drawing Properties.
1
- .
Exit

CtrkQ

. 2.2. File

L~) Publish to Web ( ) HTML-, : PUBL1SHTOWEB


();
L~l Export () -
EXPORT ();

Page Setup ( ) , , : PAGESETUP


( AM );
L") Plotter Manager ( ) , : PLOTTERMANAGER ();
3 Plot Style Manager ( )
: STYLESMANAGER ();
Plot Preview ( ) -
: PREVIEW ();

3 Plot () - , : PLOT
(); <>+<>;
d Publish ( DWF) DWF
: PUBLISH ();
3 Drawing Utilities () ;

2.

41

Send () ;
~3 Drawing Properties ( )
: DWGPROPS ();
D Exit () - , :
QUIT (); <Ctrl>+<Q>.
, Exit () , , Open and Save (/) Options (!
(. 9 "AutoCAD 2004: ").
File (): Publish ( DWF). <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<S> <Ctrl>+<0>.
New: .
,
, <Enter> (. 2.3).
jCommend
Publishes drawings to DWF files a plotter PUBLISH

. 2..

,
, j> , .
,
.
, , 4, 43
"AutoCAD 2004: ".

Drawing Utilities
Recovw...
Update Block Icons
Purge. .

. 2.4. Drawing Utilities

Drawing Utilities () (. 2.4) :


3 Audit () : A U D I T ();
3 Recover () : RECOVER
():

I.

Update Block Icons ( )


, : BLOCKICON ();
Purge () (, ): PURGE ().

Edit ()
Edit () (. 2.5,) ,
, , Windows:
Undo () : U (); <Ctrl>+<Z>;
Redo () UNDO () U (): REDO (); <Ctrl>+<Y>;
Edit View

h$eit

Undo
Redo

Format

Tools

Draw

DM

Cokz
Qil+V

Cut

CMC
Copy wilh die Point
cm.Snit-
Copy Link
CUI.V
Paste
Paste as Block
Cbb-SHft+V
Piite Hyperlink
Paste to Oiigmal Coordinat i
Paste Special

-Oeei
Select Al

Del

CbW

CLE Lk*t..
Find.

. 2.5. Edit

Cut () Windows
: CUTCLIP (); <Ctrl>+<X>;
() -
COPYCLIP (); <Ctrl>+<C>;

Windows:

Copy with Base Point ( )


: COPYBASE ();
<Ctr]>+<Shi(t>+<C>;
Copy Link ( )
Windows OLE-: COPYLINK
( );
Paste () Windows: PASTECL1P
(); <Ctrl>+<V>;

2.

43

Paste as Block ( )
: PASTEBLOCK (); <Ctrl>+<Shifl>+<V>;
Paste as Hyperliak ( ) : PASTEASHYPERL1NK ();
Paste to Original Coordinates ( )
,
: PASTEORIG ();
Paste Special ( )
Windows : PASTESPEC ();
Clear () : ERASE (). <Del>;
Select All ( ) , : AI_SELALL (AI_SELALL); <Ctrl>+<A>;
OLE Links () - ,
OLELINKS ();

OLE-:

3 Find () , ,
: F I N D ().
: <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<C>, <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<V>.

7()
View () , (. 2.6):
Redraw () -
R E D R A W A L L ();

3 Regen () : REGEN ();


Regen All ( )
: REGENALL ();
!) Zoom () (
);
3 Pan () ( );
G Aerial View (
DSVIEWER ();

) -

Aerial

View

):

Clean Screen ( ) (. 4): CLEANSCKEENON


() CLEANSCREENOFF (); <Cirl>+<0>;
Viewports ( ) ;
Named Views ( ) : VIEW ();

I.

44
-View Insert

Foimai

Tools

Redraw
Resen
ResenAII
Zoom
Pan

Aetial View
Clean Screen

-+

Viewports
' Named Views..
3D Views
3D Orb

Shade
fiendei
D splay
TooJban.

t
>

t
t

. 2.6. View

D 3D Views ( ) ;
3D Orbit ( )
: 3DORBIT (3-);
Hide ( ) -
: HIDE ();
Shade () :
3 Render () ;
3 Display () ;
Toolbars () ,
TOOLBAR ().

: Clean Screen ( ).
, View () . Zoom () (. 2.7)
:
Realtime ( ) : ZOOM
();
Previous () : ZOOM ();
Window () , :
ZOOM ();
Dynamic () ,
: ZOOM ();

2.

45

Scale () : ZOOM
();
3 Center () , ( ): ZOOM ();
3 In () : ZOOM
();
3 Out () : ZOOM
();
All () - : ZOOM
();
Extents () : ZOOM ().
Realtime
Previous
1

::.

Dynamic
5 tale

Lenta

In

Out
Al
Events

. 2.7, Zoom

ZOOM (), .
4.
Pan () (. 2.8):
Realtime ( )
: PAN ();
D Point () , : PAN
();
Left () 20% : PAN ():
Realtime
Point

Left
Right
Up
Down

. 2.8. Pan

I.

46

Right () 20% : PAN


();
D Up () 20% : PAN ();
Down () 20% ; PAN ().
PAN ().
Viewports ( ) (. 2.9) :
Named Viewports ( ) : +VPORTS (+);
New Viewports ( )
: +VPORTS (+);
3 1 Viewport (1 )
( ): VPORTS ();
2 Viewports (2 )
-VPORTS (-);
3 Viewports (3 ) (-);

-VPORTS

4 Viewports (4 ) : -VPORTS (-);


3 Polygonal Viewport ( )
: VPORTS ();
Object () , , , : -VPORTS
(-);
Join () : -VPORTS (-).
VPORTS ()
: -VPORTS (-) +VPORTS (+).

( . 3).
Nalned Viewports ..
New Viewports..
1 Viewport
2Vi&wports
3 Viewports
4 Viewports
Object
Join

. 2.9. Viewports

2.

. 2.10. 3D Views

3D Views (3M ) (. 2.10) (


" "):
Viewpoint Presets ( )
: DDVPOINT ();
D Viewpoint ( ) : VPOINT ();
Plan View ( ) :

Current UCS ( ) : PLAN ();

World UCS (MCK)


(MCK): PLAN ();
Named UCS ( ) : PLAN ();
() : V I E W ();
Bottom () : VIEW ();
Left () : VIEW ();
Right () : VIEW ();
Front () : VIEW ();
Back () : VIEW ():
SW Isometric ( ) -
: VIEW ();
3 SE Isometric ( ) -
: VIEW ();
NE Isometric (CB ) - : VIEW ();

48

\.

NW Isometric ( ) -
: VIEW ().
VIEW ().
35.
Shade () View ()
(. 2.11):
D 2D Wireframe (2M )
2-: SHADEMODE ();
3 3D Wireframe (3M )
-: SHADEMODE ();
Hidden ( ) : SHADEMODE ();
D Flat Shaded () : SHADEMODE ();
Gouraud Shaded ( ) : SHADEMODE ();
Flat Shaded, Edges On (, )
: SHADEMODE
();
Gouraud Shaded, Edges On ( , ) : SHADEMODE
().
20 Wireframe
3D Wireframe
Hidden
flat bbacad
Gouraud Shaded
Flit Stoded. Edges On
Gouraud Shaded, Edges Ori

. 2.11. Shade

SHADEMODE
().
Render () (. 2.12). :
Render () : RENDER ();
3 Scene () ();

SCENE

Light () - :
LIGHT ();

2.

49
Render
Scene..
Light..

Mapping...
Background .

Fog. .
Landscape New ..

ary.
Preferences...
Statistics.

. 2.12. Render

Materials () : RMAT
();
3 Materials Library ( ) : MATL1B ();
3 Mapping ( ) : SETUV
( );
3 Background () : BACKGROUND ();
G Fog () ( ) : FOG ();
0 Landscape New ( ) (, . .): LSNEW ();
Landscape Edit ( )
: LSEDIT ();
Landscape Library ( ) : LSL1B ();
1 Preferences ()
:
RPREF
();
Statistics () :
STATS (CTAT).
,
.
, View (),
Display () (. 2.13). :
DCS Icon ( ) -
(. 2.14):
On () :
UCSICON (); ;

I.

50

Origin () : UCS1CON (); (


);
Properties () ,
: UCSICON ();
UCSlcon
AllrbJe Display
eat Window

V On
^ Oiigiri
Properties. .

>
>
F2

. 2.13. Display

. 2.14. LJCS Icon

Attribute Display () (. 2.15):


Normal ()
: ATTDISP ();

On () - : ATTDISP ();

Off () : ATTDISP ();


Text Window ( ) (); <F2>.

: TEXTSCR

(. . " "
).
Normal

On
Off

. 2.15. Attribute Display

Insert ()
Insert () (. 2.16)
, , , , :
Block () :
INSERT ();
External Reference ( )
: ();
Raster Image ( )
: 1MAGEATTACH ();
Layout () ;

2,

51

3 3D Studio (3D Studio)


(

3D Studio: 3DSIN

ACTS File (ACTS) - AC1S: ACISIN ();


Drawing Exchange Binary (DXB) : DXBIN ();
Windows Metafile
();

(WMF) -

OLE Object ()
1NSERTOBJ ();

Windows:

WMFJN

Markup () RML-: RMLIN (,);


Xref Manager ( ) : XREF ();
Image Manager ( ) AutoCAD: IMAGE ();
Hyperlink ()
: HYPERLINK (); <Ctrl>+<K>.
Insert

Foimat

Tools

Draw

Qiniensio

Block.:.
Ertanal Reference

New Layout
Layout from Template...

30 Studio...

Layout Wizard

AQSFte...
Drawing Exchange Binary...
Windows Melafle.,.
OLE Object...
Markup ..
Xref Manager..
Image Manager
QrhK

. 2.16. Insert

Layout () (. , 2.16) :
3 New Layout ( ) : LAYOUT ();
Layout from Template ( ) ,
: LAYOUT ();
Layout Wizard ( ) : LAYOUTWIZARD ().

I.

Format ()
Format () (. 2.17) (, . .). (, , . .) . :
D Layer () : LAYER ();
Color () : COLOR ();
^ Linctype ( ) : L1NETYPE
();
Line weight ( ) ,
: LWEIGHT ();
0 Texl Style ( ) - ,
: STYLE ();

3 Dimension Style ( ) : DIMSTYLE ();


Plot Style ( ) : PLOTSTYLE
();
Point Style ( )
-: DDPTYPE ();
Multiline Slyle ( ) :
MLSTYLECWlCniFlb);
1 Units () ,
: UNITS ();
3 Thickness () : THICKNESS (
, ; . 7);
Famal

Tools

Dvaw

Layer..
Color...

Lnetype...
LineweighL..
Dimensio
PkiStyle...
* Slyle...
MiAifrie Slyle...
U nils...
hickneu
Drawing Limit)
Rename...

. 2.17. Format

53

2.

Drawing Limits () () , : LIMITS ();


Rename () RENAME ().

'

, , 17-28.

Tools ()
Tools () (. 2.18)
AutoCAD, .
:
Autodesk Website (Web- Autodesk) -
www.autodesk.com Web-: BROWSER ();
G CAD Standards ( ) ;
Spelling () ();

: SPELL

3 Quick Select ( ) : QSELECT ();


Display Order ( ) ( , );
Inquiry () ;
[] Attribute Extraction ( )
: ();
Properties () - :
PROPERTIES () PROPERTIESCLOSE (); <Ctrl>3 DesignCenter ( ) - , , . .: ADCENTER ()
ADCCLOSE (); <Ctrl>+<2>;
3 Tool Palettes Window ( )
TOOL PALETTES ( ): TOOLPALETTES
(), TOOLPALETTESCLOSE (); <Qrl>+<3>;
3 dbConnect ( ) AutoCAD : DBCONNECT () DBCCLOSE ();
<Ctrl>+<6>;
Load Application () , : APPLOAD ();

I.

54
Tods Draw

Dimension

Modify

Autodesk Website
CAD Stands*

>

Spelling
Quick Sefeel..
Display Qidei
Injury

>
>

Attibjte Exlracbon...
'. Pioperlies
DesignCentei

CW+1
Ot\*2

TodPaleltesWindo Qil+3
dhConnect

Ctil+6

Lead plication...
Rti Script...
Macro

>

AutcLISP

>

Display Image

Hamad UCS...

Drafting Settma5-..

. 2.18. Tools

Run Script ()
: SCRIPT ();
Macro () VBA {Visual Basic for Applications);
AutoLISP (AutoUSP) Visual LISP;
L~) Display Image () ;
Named UCS ( ) (): +UCSMAN (+);
3 Orthographic UCS ( ) ;
a Move UCS ( ) - : UCS ();
New UCS ( ) ;
Wizards () -- -
;
Drafting Settings ( ) , , : DSETTINGS ();

2.

55

Tablet () ;
3 Customize () ;
Options () ).

AutoCAD:

OPTIONS (-

AutoCAD 2002 : Today ( ),


Autodesk Point A (Autodesk Point A), Meet Now ( ).

: Autodesk Website (Web- Autodesk), Tool Palettes


Window ( ).
Tools () 11 . CAD
Standards ( ) (. 2.19):
Configure ()
: STANDARDS ();
Check () : CHECKSTANDARDS ( );
Layer Translator ( ) :
LAYTRANS ().
CAD Standards

Configure
Check...
Layer Translate.

. 2.19. CAD Standards

. . 28.
Display Order ( ) (. 2.20) :
G Bring to Front ( ) : DRAWORDER ();
3 Send to Back ( )
: DRAWORDER ();
Bring Above Object ( ) ; DRAWORDER ():
Send Under Object ( )
: DRAWORDER ().
Display Order

BrinstoFrcnl
Serai to Back
ring Above Qbjed
Send Under

. 2.20. Display Order

I.

DRAWORDER ().
Inquiry () (. 2.21):
Distance () :
DIST ();
Area ()
: AREA ();
3 Region/Mass Properties ( )
: MASSPROP (-);
List ()
: LIST ();
3 ID Point () : ();
Time ()
: TIME ();
Stains () ,
: STATUS ();
\ Set Variable ()
: SETVAR ().
Distance
Area
Region/Mass ProcfflUei
LJil
ID Pant
Time
Status
SetVaiabte

. 2.21. Inquiry

Macro () (. 2.22). :
Macros ()<Alt>+<F8>;

VBA:

VBARUN

(VBARUN);

Load Project ( ) VBA AutoCAD: VBALOAD (VBALOAD);


Macros..

AIHF8

Load Pioisct...
VBA Manager...
Visual Baste Edta AWIl

. 2.22. Macro

2.

57

3 VBA Manager ( VBA) , , , ,


VBA: VBAMAN (VBAMAN);
3 Visual Basic Editor ( Visual Basic) Visual Basic:
VBAIDE(VBAIDE);<Alt>+<Fll>.
VBA
4 "AutoCAD 2004: ".
AuloLISP (AutoLISP) (. 2.23) LISP Visual LISP :
Load () - LlSP-: APPLOAD ():
Visual LISP Edilor ( Visual LISP) Visual LISP: VLISP (VL1SP).
Load..
Visial LISP Edilu

. 2.23. AutoLISP

Visual LISP 2
"AutoCAD 2004: ".
(. 2-24) Display Image ()
,
:
3 View () BMP, TGA TIFF: REPLAY
();
Save () ( ) : SAVEIMG ().
D MMM Image

View...

, 2.24. Display Image

brnp, tga tif,


.
Orthographic UCS ( ) (. 2.25)
, :
D Preset ( ) : +UCSMAN (+);
3 () : UCS ();
3 Bottom () : UCS ();

I.

58

Left () : UCS ();


Right () : UCS ();
Front () : UCS ();
G Back () : UCS ().
Preset..

Bottom
Left
Front
Back

. 2.25. Orthographic UCS

New UCS ( ) (. 2.26) ,


:
World (MCK) : UCS ();
Object ()
: DCS ();
3 Face () , : UCS ();
View () AT, : UCS ();
Origin () : UCS
();
3 Z Axis Vector (Zocb) Z. DCS ();
3 Point (3 ) X Y,
UCS ();
World
Object
Face

Origin
ZAmjVecta
3Poinl

X
Y
Z

. 2.26. New UCS

2.

3 X (X) X: UCS ();


V (Y) . UCS ();
Z (Z) Z: UCS ():
Apply ()
: UCS ().
UCS ().
Wizards () (. 2.27) :
D Publish to Web ( ) HTML-, : PUBLISHTOWEB
();
Add Plotter ( ) ;
3 Add Plot Style Table ( )
;
Add Color-Dependent Plot Style Table/Add Named Plot Style Table ( / ) / : R14PENWIZARD (14);
3 Create Layout ( ) , : LAYOUTWIZARD ();
Import Plot Settings ( ) - 2- :
PCINWIZARD ().
Publish to Web...
Add Plotter...
Add Plot Style abb..,.
Add Named Plot Style Table...
Create Layout.
Import Plot Settings.

. 2.27. Wizards

44.
Tablet () (. 2.28) :
3 On () - Tablet (): TABLET ();
Off () - Tablet (); TABLET ();
Calibrate () : TABLET ();
Configure () :
TABLET ().

I.

60
On

DIE
Calbrate

. 2.28. Tablet

TABLET (), (. 10 "AutoCAD 2004: npitio ").


Customize () (. 2.29) :
3 Menus () : MENULOAD ();
Toolbars () , ,
; :
CUSTOMIZE ();
Keyboard () : CUSTOMIZE ();
Tool Palettes ( ) , , : CUSTOMIZE ();
Edit Custom Files ( ) acad.pgp.
Menus.
Toobas-.
Keyboard Tod Palettes.
Cwrenl Menu
Progiam Parameters (acadpgp}

. 2.29. Customize

AutoCAD 2002 Tool Palettes


( ). , Edit Custom
Files ( ).
, , 6
"AmoCAD 2004: ", Tool
Palettes ( ) 20 . Edit
Custom Files ( ) (. . 2.29) :
Current Menu ( )
acad.mns: AI_EDITCUSTFILE (AI_EDITCUSTFILE);
Program Parameters (acad.pgp) ( (acad.pgp)) acad.pgp: AI_EDITCUSTFILE
(AI_EDITCUSTFILE).

2.

, ,
6 "AutoCAD 2004: ",
3 ,

Draw ()
Draw () (. 2.30) , ,
,
. :
Line (OTpejoK) : LINE ();
Ray () , : RAY
();
Construction Line () XLINE ();

Multiline () napaj : MLINE ();


Polyline () : PL1NE ().
Draw Dimension
Line

Ray
Construction Line
Multiline
Pdyliie
3D Polyline
Polygon
Rectangle

Circle
Donut
Spline
Ellipse
Block
Point
Hatch...
Boundary...
Region
Wipeout
Revision Cloud

Tent
Surfaces
Solid!

. 2.30. Draw

62

I.

3D Polyline (3M ) ,
: 3DPOLY (3-);
Polygon () -
: POLYGON ();
Rectangle () RECTANG ();

Arc () ;
Circle () ;
Donut () ();

DONUT

Spline () - (NURBS): SPLINE ();


Ellipse () ;
Block () ;
Point () ;
Hatch () -
: ();
!! Boundary ()
: BOUNDARY ();
3 Region () - ,
, -: REGION ();
Wipeout () : WIPEOUT ();
Revision Cloud () ,
: REVCLOUD ();
Text () ;
3 Surfaces () ;
Solids () .
: Wipeout () Revision Cloud ().
. Arc () (. 2.31):
3 Points (3 ) : ARC ();
) Start, Center, End (, , ) , : ARC ();
3 Start, Center, Angle (, , ) , : ARC ();
Start, Center, Length (, , )
, : ARC ();

2.

' S

Sral, Centet. End


Start.Center.Ant^e
Start. Centei. Length
Slal. End. Angle
Slat, End. Direction
Start, End. Radius
Centei. Stait. End
Center. 5 tart. Angle
Center. Starl. Length
Continue

. 2.31. Arc

Start, End, Angle (, , ) ,


: ARC ();
Start, End, Direction (, , )
, : ARC ();
L~| Start, End, Radius (, , ) , : ARC ();
3 Center, Start, End (, , ) , : ARC ();
Center, Start, Angle (, , ) , : ARC ();
D Center, Start, Length (, , )
, : ARC ();
LI Continue () , : ARC ().
ARC ()
Circle () (. 2.32):
Center, Radius (, ) :
CIRCLE ();
Center, Diameter (, ) . CIRCLE ();
G 2 Points (2 ) :
CIRCLE ();
3 Points (3 ) : CIRCLE ();
L") Tan, Tan, Radius (2 , )
!, : CIRCLE ();
Tan, Tan, Tan (3 ) ,
: CIRCLE ().

I.

64
Centei. Radius
Cent EI. Diameta
2 Point s
3PoitH5

Tan. Tan, Radius


Tan, Tan. Tan

. 2.32. Circle

CIRCLE ().
Ellipse () (. 2.33). :
Center () - : ELLIPSE
();
Axis, End (, ) - :
ELLIPSE ();
Arc () : ELLIPSE ().
Cenlei
Ms, End

Arc

. 2.33. Ellipse


().

ELLIPSE

Block () (. 2.34) :
Make () : BLOCK
();
Base ( ) :
BASE ();
Define Attributes ( ) - :
ATTDEF ().
Make.
Base
D aline AHiibutes..

. 2,34. Block

,

. 29 30.
Point () (. 2.35) :
Single Point () -- -: POINT
();

2.

Multiple Point () -: POINT


();
Divide ()
: DIVIDE ();
Measure () i
: MEASURE ().
Singl
Muliple PoirJ
DMde
easure

, 2.35. Point

AutoCAD, , ii ,
(, . .).
Text () (, 2.36) :
G Multiline Text () ;
( );
Single Line Text ()
: TEXT ().
MulUine T d...
Single Line !

. 2.36, Text

, .
Surfaces () (. 2.37) :
^ 2D Solid (2M ) : SOLID
();
3D Face ( ) : 3DFACE (3-);
3D Surfaces (3M ) :
~3 Edge () : EDGE
();
3D Mesh ( ) :
3DMESH (3-);
3 Revolved Surface ( )
: REVSURF (-);
3 * 428

!.

3D Face
30 Surfaces.
Edee
3D Mesh
RevoJved Surface
Tabtteted Surface
Ruled Surface
Edge Surface

. 2.37. Surfaces

Tabulated Surface ( )
: TABSURF (-);
3 Ruled Surface ( ) , : RULESURF (-);
Edge Surface ( )
: EDGESURF (-).

.
, , . (. 37).
, Draw (),
Solids () (. 2.38), .
:
Box () : BOX
();

. 2.38. Solids

2.

67

Sphere () : SPHERE ();


Cylinder () - '
C Y L I N D E R ();
Cone () : CONE ();
Wedge ()
, X: WEDGE ();
Torus (Top) : TORUS (TOP);
Extrude () & : EXTRUDE ();
L] Revolve ()
: REVOLVE ();
Slice () : SLICE ();
!] Section () :
SECTION ();
Interference () ,
, : INTERFERE ();
Setup ()
, :

Drawing () , SOLVIEW (-): SOLRDAW (--);

View ()
: SOLVIEW (-);
Profile () : SOLPROF (-).

Dimension ()
Dimension () (. 2.39) , , . :
3 Quick Dimension ( )
QDIM ();
Linear () : DIMLINEAR ();
Aligned () -
DIMALIGNED ();
Ordinale () : D1MORDINATE
();

/.
Dimension Modify

Expie?!

Quick Dimension
Linear
Qnfnate
Radius
Diameter
Angutai
Baseline
Cortrue
Lea;eTolerance.
Centei Uatk
Obiqu

Override

Lett

Update

Cenlei
Right

ReasSDciate Dirnansions

. 2. 39. Dimension

"3 Radius () : DIMRADIUS ( );


Diameter () : DIMDIAMETER
();
Angular () : DIMANGULAR ();
3 Baseline () , : DIMBASEL1NE ();
Continue () , : DIMCONT1NUE ();
Leader () : QLEADER
();
G Tolerance () : TOLERANCE ();
3 Center Mark ( )
: D1MCENTER ();
Oblique

() -

Align Text ( ) :

() :
();

2.

Angle () : DIMTEDIT
();

Left () : DIMTEDIT ();


Center () ;;: DIMTEDIT ();
Right () : DIMTEDIT
();
Style () ();

Override () -
DIMOVERR1DE ();

DIMSTYLE
:

Update () : -DIMSTYLE (-);


Reassociate Dimensions ( )
: DIMREASSOC1ATE
().

4//()
Modify () ('. 2.40) ,
( ).
:
Properties () - :
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB);
3 Match Properties ( )
: MATCHPROP ();
Object () (
, , , ., , , , , );
Clip () ,
, , ;
~3 Xref and Block Editing ( )
;
Erase () : ERASE ();
D () : COPY ();
Mirror ()
();

MIRROR

3 Offset () , : OFFSET ();

I.

70
KPIBSS Window
Properties
Ma>ch Properties
Object -

>

DIP

Xiel and Block Editing '


Erase
Cooy
Minoi
Offset

Move
Rotate
Scale
Lengthen

Trim
Extend
Break
Ciiacrlei
Filet
3D Qpaation
Solids Editng

. 2.40. Modify

Array ()
: A R R A Y ():
Move () : MOVE ();
Rotate () -- : ROTATE
();'
Scale () X, Y Z. SCALE ();
Stretch () : STRETCH
();
Lengthen ()
: LENGTHEN ();
Trim () ,
: TRIM ();
3 Extend ()

: EXTEND ();

Break () -

:
BREAK ();

2.

Chamfer () : CHAMFER ();


Fillet () : FILLET ();
3D Operation (3M ) ;
Solids Editing ( ) ;
Explode () --
: EXPLODE ().
Exte

Hatch...
Polyline
Spline
Multiline...
Aiubute
Block Description...

Tent
. 2.41. Object

.
Object () {. 2.41). :
3 External Reference ( )
(. 2.42):

Bind () : X B I N D ();

Frame ()
: XCLIPFRAME;
Adiusl...
Quality
Transparency
Fiame

. 2.42. External Reference

. 2.43. Image

Image () (. 2.43):
Adjust () ,
: 1MAGEADJUST ();

Quality () :
IMAGEQUAUTY ();

72

Transparency () : TRANSPARENCY ();

Frame () : 1MAGEFRAME ();

Hatch () :
HATCHEDIT ();
3 Polyline () : PEDIT ();
Spline () : SPLINED1T ();
D Multiline () : MLEDIT ();
Attribute () (. 2.44):
Single ( ) :
EATTED1T ();

Global () -ATTEDIT (-);

Block Attribute Manager ( ) : BATTMAN ();

Block Description ( ) : BLOCK ();


Single.

Ed...

Global

Scale

Block ..

Justify

. 2.44. Attribute

. 2.45. Text

Text () (. 2.45):

Edit () ( )
: DDED1T ();

Scale () - :
SCALETEXT ();

Justify ()
: JUST1FYTEXT ().
, Modify (), Clip () (. 2.46).
, :
3 Image () : IMAGECLIP ();
^ Xref ()
, : XCLIP ();
3 Viewport ( ) : VPCL1P ().

2.
Image
Xref
Viewport

. 2.46. Clip

Xref
and Block Editing ( ) ( 2.47) ( In-place Xref
and Block Edit ( )).
Qpen Reference
Edit Reference I -1
Add to Waking set
Remove from Waking set
Save Reference Edits
Close Reference

. 2.47. Xref and Block Editing


:
Open Reference ( ) ,
: XOPEN ();
^ Edit Reference In-Piace ( ) -
:
REFEDIT ();
3 Add to Working set ( ) REFEDIT (): REFSET
();
3 Remove from Working set ( )
REFEDIT () :
REFSET ();
[D Save Reference Edits ( ) REFEDIT (): REFCLOSE
();
Close Reference ( )
REFEDIT (): REFCLOSE ().
: Open Reference ( ).
, AutoCAD
.

(. . , , ) ,
, (. 31).

74

I.

3D Operation (3M ) (. 2.48).


:
3 3D Array ( ) : 3DARRAY (3-);
3 Mirror 3D ( ) : MIRROR3D (3-);
Rotate 3D ( ) : ROTATE3D (3-);
Align () : A L I G N ().
3D Array
Minor 3D
Rwale 3D
Aign

. 2.4. 3D Operation

Solids Editing ( ) (. 2.49)


, :
Union () - : U N I O N
();
3 Subtract ()
: SUBTRACT ();
Intersect ()
: INTERSECT ();
Extrude faces ( )
: SOLIDEDIT ();
3 Move faces ( )
: SOLIDEDIT ();
D Offset faces ( ) : SOLIDEDIT ();
Delete faces ( )
: SOLIDEDIT ();
Rotate faces ( )
: SOLIDEDIT ();
Taper faces ( )
: SOLIDEDIT ();
Color faces ( ) : SOLIDEDIT ();
Copy faces ( )
ACIS-: SOLIDEDIT ();

2.
Union

-. ; -
Inter seel
ExUiide laces
Move laces
Offset faces
Delete laces
Rotate faces
Taper lace?
Color face?
Copy face?
Color edges
Copy edges
Imprint
Clean
Separate
Shell
Check

. 2.49. Solids Editing

Color edges ( ) :
SOLIDEDIT ();
D Copy edges ( )
, , , : SOLIDEDIT ():
Imprint () () : SOLIDEDIT ();
3 Clean () : SOLIDEDIT ();
Separate () , , : SOLIDEDIT ();
Shell () : SOLIDEDIT ();
Check () , ACIS-: SOLIDEDIT ().
38.

Express ()
Express () .
Express Tools, AutoCAD. AutoCAD 2004
Express Tools 2004
, AutoCAD.

I.

9 "AutoCAD 2004: ".


Express () :
3 Layers () ;
3 Blocks () ;
3 Text () ;
Layout tools ( ) ;
Dimension ()
;
L~t Selection tools ( ) ;
Modify () ;
Draw () ;
^ File tools ( ) ;

Web tools ( Web) U R L ;


Tools () , ;
!!J Web Links (Web-) Autodesk;
Express Wtido

Help

Layers
Blocks

Layout iciols
D intension
Selection tool?
Modify
Draw
File lools
Web ioois
Tod!

>
I

>
>
t
*
I

WebLiiks
'
E*prsiJ Tods FAQ
Help

. 2.50. Express

2.

Express Tools FAQ (Express Tools ) Express Tools;


L~J Help () Express
Tools.
Express () .
Layers () (. 2.51) (
AutoCAD, Express Tools 2004):
Layer Manager ( )
: LMAN;
Layer Walk ( ) , : LAYWALK;
Layer Match ( )
: LAYMCH;
Change to Current Layer ( )
: LAYCUR;
Copy Objects to New Layer ( )
, : COPYTOLAYER;
G Layer Isolate ( ) , : LAYISO;
3 Isolate Layer to Current Viewport ( } : LAYVPI;
Layer Off ( ) :
LAYOFF;
r Manager .
Layer V/dk...
l_ay Malch
Change to 1 Layer
Copy Objects to New Layei
Layer Isolate
Isolate Layer to Current Viewport

Layer Off
TumAllLajBisOn
Laya Fteeze
Haw All Layejs
Layer Lock
Layer Unlock
Layer Merge
Lays Delete

. 2.51. Layers

I.

78

Turn All Layers On ( ) : LAYON;


Layer Freeze ( ) : LAYFRZ:
Thaw All Layers ( ) :
LAYTHW;
^ Layer Lock (
LAYLCK;

) -

"3 Layer Unlock ( ) :


LAYULK;
Layer Merge ( )
, : LAYMRG;
Layer Delete ( )
: LAYDEL.
Blocks () (. 2 52) :
List Xref/Block Properties ( )
, : XL1ST;
Copy Nested Objects ( ) , : NCOPY;
Trim to Nested Objects ( ) , , : BTRIM;
Extend to Nested Objects ( )
, ,
: BEXTEND;
Explode Attributes to Text (
) , , : BURST;
3 Convert Shape to Block ( ) , : SHP2BLK;
LiSXief.'BlockPicpeliei
& Nested Qtiects
Tim lo Netted 0 feeds
Extend ID Nested Object!
E.plodeAtlnbules lo Text
Convat Stepe to Block
Export Attribute I nfotmaticn
Import Attribute Infotmalion
Convert block to hier1
Replace block with another block

. 2.52. Blocks

2.

79

1 Export Attribute Information ( ) ,


: ATTOUT;
Import Attribute Information ( ) , , : ATT1N;
Convert block to xref ( )
: BLOCKTOXREF;
^ Replace block with another block ( )
: BLOCKREPLACE.
Text () (. 2.53) :
Remote Text ( ) -,
DIESEL,
: RTEXT;
Text Fit ( ) :
TEXTFIT;
3 Text Mask ( )
,
: TEXTMASK;
Unmask Text ( )
: TEXTUNMASK;
Explode Text ( )
: ;
D Convert Text to Mtext ( ) : 2;
Arc-Aligned Text ( ) , : ARCTEXT;
Justify Text ( ) ,
, ,
: TJUST;
Rotate Text ( 7) , ,
, :
TORIENT;
Enclose Text with Object ( )
(, )
, : TC1RCLE;
] Automatic Text Numbering ( ) --
, : TCOUNT;

I.
Remote Text

Text Mask
Unmask Text
Explode Tent
Corwert Text to Mte
Arc-Aligned Text
Tent
Rotate Text
Enclose Text wfcri Obiect
Automatic Text Nurhermg
_. ___ _ __ . _____ . _
Change Te*( Case

. 2.53. Text

3 Change Text Case ( )


, : TCASE.
Layout tools ( ) (. 2.54) :
1 Change Space ( )
, : CHSPACE;
Align Space ( ) , , ,
, : ALIGNSPACE;
Synchronize Viewports ( )
: VPSYNC;
List Viewport Scale ( ) : VPSCALE;

D Merge Layout ( )
: LAYOUTMERGE.
Cnange Space
Align Space
Synchronize
Liil Viewport Scale
Merge Layout

. 2.54. Layout tools

Dimension () (. 2.55) :
Leader Tools ( ) , :
Attach Leader to Annotation ( ) (., );
: QLATTACH;

2.

81

Detach Leaders from Annotation ( ) : QLDETACHSET:

Global Allach Leader to Annotation (


) (, ):
QLATTACHSET;

3 Dimstylc Export ( ) dim: DIMEX;


Dimstyle Import ( ) dim: DIMIM;
Reset Dim Text Value ( )
, : DIMREASSOC.
Attach Leader to Annotation
Dimstjfe Espoil .

D "im

Detach Leaders from Antiotalion


Global Attach Leads to Annotation

Reset Dim Velue

. 2.55. Dimension

Selection tools ( ) (. 2.56) :


Get Selection Set ( ) , : GETSEL;
3 Fast Select ( ) , : FS.
Gel Selection Set
Fast Select

. 2.56. Selection tools

Modify () (. 2.57) :
Multiple Objecl Stretch ( )
: MSTRETCH;
Move/Copy/Rolate (//)
, , : MOCORO;
Extended Clip ( ) --
, , , , , , , ,
: CLIPIT;
Convert Shape to Block ( ) , ( Blocks ()): SHP2BLK;

I.

82

Multiple Copy ( ) ,

DIVIDE () MEASURE (): COPYM;
Extended Offset ( ) (.)
, : , , : EXOFFSET
Multiple Object Stiadi
Move/Copy/R otate
Extended Op
Convert Shape to Block

Entended if set

. 2.57. Modify

Draw () (. 2.58) :
Break-line Symbol ( )
DWG-:
BREAKLINE;
Super Hatch ()
, , : SUPERHATCH.

. 2.58. Draw

File tools ( ) (. 2.59).


:
Move Backup Files ( -) -: MOVEBAK;
3 Convert PLT to DWG ( PLT DWG)
PLT-, HPGL:
PLT2DWG;
Edit Image ( )
: IMAGEEDIT;
Redefine Path ( ) , , , RTEXT ( ): REDIR;
Update Drawing Property Data ( ) , , : PROPULATE;
Save All Drawings ( )
; :
SAVEALL;

S3

2.
Move Backup Files
Convert PLT to DWG
Redefine Path
Update Drawing Properly Data
Save AIF Djewrgs
Owe All D r=M'ig?
QutkEBit
Revert to Origind

. 2.59. File tools

Close All Drawings ( )


: CLOSEALL ();
3 Quick Exit ( ) ,
, AutoCAD: QQU1T;
Revert to Original () ,
, : REVERT.
Web tools ( Web) (. 2.60):
Show URLs ( URL)
URL (Universal Resource Locator):
SHOWURLS;
Change URLs ( URL) URL-: CHURLS:
3 Find and Replace URLs ( URL)
URL- : REPURLS.
Show URLs
Change URLj
Fmdeid Replace URU

. 2.60. Web tools

Express () (. 2.61). :

Tools ()

Command Alias Editor ( ) ,


AutoCAD, ,
acad.pgp: AL1ASEDIT;
System Variable Editor ( ) , : SYSVDLG;
Make Linetype ( ) lin: MKLTYPE;
Make Shape ( ) shp: MKSHAPE;

I.

Real-Time UCS ( ) : RTUCS;


3 Attach Xdata ( ) : XDATA;
List Object Xdata ( )
, : XDL1ST:
Full-Screen AutoCAD ( ) AutoCAD
, , CLEANSCREENON
(), ; FULLSCREEN;
Extended Plan ( )
( PLAN ()):
EXPLAN.
Cnnrna nd Alias Editor.
System Variable Edta .
Make Lmelype
MakeSliapa

Real-Time UCS
Attach Xdala
LJstObjeO Xdata
Ful-Screen AutoCAD
Extended Ran

. 2.61. Tools

Express ()
Web Links (Web-) (. 2.62) :
Express Tools Web site ( Express Tools) Web- www.autodesk.com/expresstools,
Express Tools;
^ Express Tools Newsgroup ( Express Tools) -
Web- news://
discussion.autodesk.com/autodesk.exprcsstools, Express Tools;
Autodesk Products and Support Website ( Autodesk ) - Web-
www.autodesk.com/products,
Autodesk.
Ttxjts VebsSe
Teds Neivsoraup
Autodesk Pioducli and Support Website

. 2.62. Web Links

2.

85

Window ()
Window () (. 2.63}
() .
Wiidow Help
Close
Close All
Cascade
Tie Honjontdlj'
Tie Vertically
Icons

dwg

. 2.63. Window

:
L! Close () : CLOSE ():
3 Close All ( ) -- : CLOSEALL
();
alAuloWD 2004
File Vie* I Famat 4 D;drt Mcdly Enpaat Wr"iiw

s . "

-*

^ * *

,'J!PIN-GXB'-:Kt-EF: :iE.(F40N-i,FrGHTSOE hi

u t e r an option [Cascede^tile Horizon C a l ' t i le Vertical Arrange icons]


otHf.nd

.1050115. 70E-W8 .0000)

"' SNAP adiD IOHTHO POIAR: osrw oifwa LWI:|MODEL

. 2.64.

I.

Cascade ()
(. 2.64): SYSWINDOWS ();
Tile Horizontally ( )
: SYSWINDOWS ();
Tile Vertically ( )
: SYSW1NDOWS
();
Arrange Icons ( )
: SYSWINDOWS ().
,
( . 2.63 Drawingl.dwg
Oil Module.dwg).

Help ()
Help () (. 2.65) .
:
Help () : HELP (): <F1>;
Active Assistance () (. 6),
( ) : ASSIST ();
Developer Help ( ) -
;
New Features Workshop ( )
AutoCAD 2004;
Help
Help
Active Assistance
Developer Help
eadaes Wwkshop

About

Protbcf Support
flailing
Custorraialiori
Aulodesk User Group Inlenational

. 2,65. Help

Online Resources (-)


Autodesk Point A;

Product Support ( ) Web- : AI_PRODUCT_


SUPPORT_SAFE(AI_PRODUCT_SUPPORT_SAFE>;

2.

87

Training () Web- , Autodesk : AI_TRAINING_SAFE;

Customization () Web- , AutoCAD: AI_CUSTOM_SAFE;

Autodesk User Group International ( Autodesk) Web- Autodesk:


BROWSER ();

About ( ) ,
: ABOUT ().
AutoCAD, ,
, .
Autodesk User Group International (AUGI)
Autodesk.
(www.augi.com). Help () , ,
AutoCAD.

dbConnect ( )

DBCONNECT () dbCoitnect ( ) Tools ().
dbConnect ( ) (. 2.66) ( , , ):
3 Data Sources ( ) ;
3 Templates () ;
Queries () ;
ctoComecl Wndow H
DaiaSoucet
Templates

Out ..
Link)
Labels
View Data
Sjrohjonize...
Link Corvasion.

. 2.66. dbConnect

I.

Links () ;
Labels () ;
View Data ( ) ;
3 Synchronize () : DBCSYNC:
Link Conversion ( ) AutoCAD: DBCLINKCONVF.RSION.
Data Sources ( ) (. 2.67) :
Configure () GURE;

DBCCONFI-

3 Connect () : DBCCONNECT.

. 2.67. Data Sources, dbConnect

Templates () (. 2.68) :
!] New Link Template ( )
DBCDEFINELT;
New Label Template ( ) : DBCDEFINELLT;
3 Edit Link Template ( )
: DBCEDITLT;
Edit Label Template ( ) : DBCEDITLLT;
3 Delete Link Template ( ) :
DBCDELETELT;
New Link Template,.,
New Label Template...
EditLrt Temo'ate...
Edit Label Template.,.
Delete Link Template...
Delete Label Template.,.
Import Template Set...
Export Template Set..,
LinkTerrjplate Properties...
Label Template Properties.,.

. 2.68. Templates, dbConnect

2.

1 Delete Label Template ( ) :


DBCDELETELLT;
Import Template Set ( )
: DBCIMPORTTS;
Export Template Set ( )
dbt: DBCEXPORTTS;
Link Template Properties ( )
: DBCPROPSLT;
Label Template Properties ( )
: DBCPROPSLBLT.
Queries () (. 2.69):
Execute Query ( ) : DBCEXECUTEQRY.
3 New Query on an External Table ( ) : DBCNEWQRYTABLE;
New Query on a Link Template ( )
: DBCNEWQRYLT;
"3 Edit Query ( ) :
DBCEDITQRY;
! Delete Query ( ) : DBCDELETEQRY;
Import Query Set ( )
DBQ-: DBCIMPORTQS;
Export Query Set ( )
dbq: DBCEXPORTQS.
Execute Query.,,
New Query on an External Table...
-Jev* Query on a Link Template,,.
Edit Query..,
Detete Query.,.
Import Query Set.,.
Export Query Set,,,

. 2.69. Queries, dbConnect

Links () (. 2.70) :
Link Select ( ) ,
: DBCSELECTLINKS;
Delete Links ( ) : DBCDELETELINKS;
Export Links ( )
: DBCEXPORTLINKS;
Link Manager (
DBCLINKMANAGER.

) -

I.

90

. 2.70. Links, dbConnect


:

Labels () (. 2.71)

^ Reload Labels ( ) --
: DBCRELOADLABELS;
[D Show Labels ( ) : DBCSHOWLABELS;
Hide Labels ( ) : DBCHIDELABELS;
Delete Labels ( ) : DBCDELETELABELS.
* Eitanal Table..
Edit External Table.,,
View tirtsd Table,..
Edit Linked Table.
Eiecute Query...

. 2.71. Labels,
dbConnect

. 2.72. View Data,


dbConnect

, View Data ( ) (. 2.72) :


View External Table ( )
" ": DBCV1EWTABLE;
Edit External Table ( ) : DBCEDITTABLE;

View Linked Table ( )


: DBCVIEWLINKEDTABLE;
ID Edit Linked Table ( ) : DBCEDITLINKEDTABLE;
Execute Query ( ) : DBCEXECUTEQRY.
. 12 "AutoCAD 2004: ".


( ) LISP- menugroup, menucmd.
6 "AutoCAD 2004: ".

2.


( 2 . 2.1) , , AutoCAD.
,
LISP-.
, ,
, ( !
. . 2.3).
, (, ),
, ( )
(. 2.73).
.jCDmmaild
Properties Toofoar

. 2.73. Properties

AutoCAD ACAD,
, 29 :
3D Orbit (3M ) (. 2.74);
3 CAD Standards ( ) (. 2.75);
Dimension () (. 2.76);
Draw () (. 2.77);
Draw Order ( ) (. 2.78);

. 2.74. 3D Orbit

. 2.75.
CAD Standards

\:
. 2.76. Dimension

X - " 0

. 2.77. Draw

"
. 2.78. Draw Order

92

I.

. 2.79. Inquiry

. .80. Insert

-...,\ -. *,0'
. 2.81. Layers

\
. 2.82. Layouts

. 2.83. Modify

Inquiry () (. 2.79);
Insert () (. 2.80);
Layers () (. 2.81);
Layouts () (. 2.82);
Modify () (. 2.83);
Modify (- 2) (. 2.84);
Properties () (. 2.85);

Object Snap ( ) (. 2.86);


Refcdit ( ) (. 2.87);
Reference () (. 2.88);
Modify II

Object Snap

. 2.84. Modify II

t Properties
| f" . = .:

. .85. Properties

M
,\
i
-LJ
1 ^J ] BvLaye.
Li 1

^xl

. 2.86. Object Snap

. |3th ifoor plan

i la

. 2.87. Refedit

r '. ^'14& *
. 2,88. Reference

2.

'? * JS hi,
V *"

SB fc. i' ^

Q%^aa

. 2.89. Render

. 2.90. Shade

-Si

. 2.91, Solids

Solids Editing

SD ' gf

P fg
. 2.92. Solids Editing

-.
. 2.93. Standard

3 Reader () (. 2.89);
^ Shade () (. 2.90):
Solids () (. 2.91);
Solids Editing ( ) (. 2.92);
Standard () (. 2.93);
Styles () (. 2.94):
Surfaces () (. 2.95);
3 Text () (. 2.96);
UCS () (. 2.97);

[Siarvlad

3 ^(25

. 2.94. Styles

1
. 2.96. Text

, 2.95. Surfaces

15
. 2.97. UCS

I.

94

UCS II (-2) (. 2.98);

View () (. 2-99);
Viewports ( ) (. 2.100);
3 Web (Web) (. 2.101);
Zoom () (. 2.102).

' '.
. 2.99. View

. 2.98. UCS II

Viewports

: 1:1

. 2.100. Viewports

. 2.101. Web

. z.102. Zoom

: Draw Order ( ), Layers (),


Styles (). Object Properties ( )
Properties ().
. 6 "AutoCAD 2004: ".
EXPRESS .
:
D ET: Blocks (ET: ) (. 2. );
: Layers (ET: ) (. 2.I04);
ET: Standard (ET: ) (. 2.105);
ET: Text (ET: ) (. 2.106).
|1: Layers

I*
. 2.103. ET: Blocks

. 2.104. ET: Layers

2.

. 2.105, : Standard

. 2.106. : Text

dbConnect .
,
. 2.74106,
, . 2.1.
, , Windows.

. ,
(. 2.107) .
.
( ) [|.

Jt.

. 2.107.

, , Properties (), Viewports ( ) ., , (, . .).


.
. (. , Mj
Standard ()). , , .
,
.



( . 2.I08 ACAD),

() .

96

/.
3D Oibil
CAD Standards
. Dimension
v- Draw
Draw Older
!nqiny
Insert
f Lavas
Layouts
/ Modily
Modily II
Dbiect Snap
^ Properties
Reted*
R efef ence
Render
Shade
Solids
S olios Editing
Stavjard
rf Styles
Surfaces

ucs
UCSII
View

Web

Zoom
'
. 2.108. ACAD

, .
. ( ,
) .
, .
. 2.109
EXPRESS. .

. 2.109. EXPRESS

2.

-.


(. 2.110) ,
, .
.
(. , dbConnect),
.

, 2.110.

Toolbars ()
Customize () (. 2.111).

Coramarid; Toolbar* | Properties | keyboard | ToolPateHe

;CAD Standards
._: Dimension

-s ' _'_' Dra Order


_ Insert
/ Layer
Layouts
'_ Modify
; Modify! I

. : :: - i:

Large buttons

I* Slion ToolTip!ori toolbars


ff Show sbortaJl kwt in Tooffps

Rdedii
^Relei^nce

: -::
Help

. 2.111. Customize, Toolbars

Menu Group ( ) . Toolbars () , .


, , , . Customi/e
4 428

98

I.

() CUSTOMIZE (),
, Toolbars ()
View () (. . 2.6). Customize | Menus
( | ) Tools () Customize
() (. . 2.1 08
2.110).


AutoCAD , -
, . , mns (, acad.mns)
( ).

TOOLBAR () ,
: TOOLBAR ().
:
Enter toolbar name or [ALL]:
( []:)
ALL (), :
Enter an option [Show/ Hide]:
( [/]:)
Show ()
, , .
acad.mns . Hide ()
.
,
Enter toolbar name or [ALL]: ( /]:)
, : Layers ET:_Text.

,
(, , 3D Orbit), (, 3D_Orbit).

:
Enter an option [Shotv/Hide/Left/Right/Top/Bottom/FIoat] <Show>:
( [/// / / / /
<>):

2.

99

:
Show () ,
;
Hide () :
Left () ;
~3 Right () :
3 () ;
3 Bottom () ;
Float () --
.
Left (), Right (), () Bottom ()
:
Enter new position (horizontal, vertical) <0,0>:
( (, ) <0,0>:)
,
. , ~ . , ,
, .
Float ()
Enter new position (screen coordinates) <0,0>:
( ( ) <0,0>:)
( )
( , ).
, ( ).
:
Enter number of rows for toolbar <I>:
( < 1 >:)

,
( 1 , . . ).

.

acad.mns, Edit Custom Files | Current
Menu ( | ) .

wo

I.


: PROPERTIES (), DES1GNCENTER (
), DBCONNECT MANAGER ( ) TOOL PALETTES ( ). . 2.112 PROPERTIES ().

ByLayer
Lnetype scale 1
Plot style

ByLayer

Lineweight

ElyLayer

Hypeilnk
Thickness

G comet iv
CenlaX
CerteY

153 3547

Ce-iterZ

0
33 675
S735

. 2.112.
PROPERTIES

. 2.113.
PROPERTIES

, , (
, ).
AutoCAD
AutoCAD (
. 2.1 TOOL PALETTES ( ) ).
.
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(. 2.113),
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2.

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TOOL PALETTES ( ) . 20.


( 11 . 2.1) , AutoCAD. ( .
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()
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,
COMMAND LINE ( ) (. 2.114).
.
and properties
and line
Bpecify f ir^t po].nt
Specify next point or [ U n d o ]
Specify next point or [Undo]
Specify next p o i n t or [Close/Undo]
S p e c i f y next point or [Close/Undo]
Command

..

||

. 2.114. COMMAND LINE



, , , is AutoCAD 2004. -

02

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Windows (, ,
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AutoCAD.
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AutoCAD .

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(. 2.115),
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Recent Commands
Copv
Ccp^j Hisloiy
Paste
CmdLrie
Option*^.

. 2.115.

( ):
Recent Commands ( ) , (
);
()
;
Copy History ( )
: COPYHIST ();
Paste () ;
Paste To CmdLine ( )
Windows ;
Options () AutoCAD: OPTIONS
().

2.

Recent Commands ( ) , .
,
History ( ) ( ,
, ) ,
( . ).

OPTIONS (). 9 "AutoCAD 2004: ".


( 8, 9 10 . 2.1) ,
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(), ORTHO (), POLAR (-), OSNAP (),
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(. 2.116). .
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MODEMACRO (. 7)
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Options (), OPTIONS () (. 9 "AutoCAD 2004: "),
Window Elements ( ) Display screen menu { ).

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. . 2.121 (
Screen Menu ( )).

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AutoCAD
FILE
EDIT
V1EW1
VIEW 2
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IDOLS 1
TOOLS 2
DRAW1
DRAW 2
DIM I ON
MODIFY1
MODIFY?
HELP

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106

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AutoCAD
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2.

107


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(. 2.123) (. 2.124).

. 2.123.

. 2.124.

UCS
Icon ( ) (. 2.!25),
Display | UCS Icon | Properties ( j )
View () Properties ()
UCSICON () ( . 3).

^^^HHi^HMEHEJ

UCS Icon

Preview

UCS icon style -

" 2D

|7

f 3D

Line width

ji _-J

FO

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UCS icon color ~


I ayout lab icon color;

Modd space icori color


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UCS icon size

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Cancel

Help

. 2.125. UCS Icon

UCS icon style ( ),


, 2D (2)
(. . 2.I24) 3D () (. . 2.123).
Preview ().
3D () Cone (), , .
Line width ( )

108

I.

( , . . ),
1, 2 3.
UCS icon size ( )
( 5
95). ,
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UCS icon color ( )
. , Model space icon color ( ) Layout tab icon color { ) , , .
UCS Icon ( ) (. . 2.125) UCSICON
() ,
.


,
,
, - , , - .
Edit () (. 2.126):
G Repeat Command ( Command)
( Command );
Cut () Windows
: CUTCLIP ();
() -
COPYCLIP ();

Windows:

3 Copy with Base Point ( )


: COPYBASE ():
3 Paste () Windows: PASTECLIP
();
Paste as Block ( )
: PASTEBLOCK ();
Paste to Original Coordinates ( )
,
: PASTEOR1G ():
Undo () : U ();

2.

109
Repeal UNDO

Cut
Copy
Copy with Base Point
Paste
Paste as Block
Paste to Original Coordinates
Undo
Redo

Pan
Zoom
Quick Select...
Find.
Options..

. 2.126.

Redo () -- UNDO () U (): REDO ();


Pan () ( ): PAN ();
Zoom () : ZOOM ();
Quick Select ( ) : QSELECT ():
~! Find () , ,
: FIND ().
Options () - AutoCAD: OPTIONS ().
, , 3, 21.


.- (. 2.127), Model (),
( ). , . ( ), .
|

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. 2.127.

I.

110

,
. , , .
Model ()
( ), , .
. 41.
7]- , , , : , "
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, (. 2.128),
( ):
New layout ( ) LAYOUT ();

From template ( ) ,
: LAYOUT ();
G Delete () : LAYOUT ();
Rename () : LAYOUT ();
Move or (/)
: LAYOUT ();
Select All Layouts ( )
;
Activate Previous Layout ( ) , ;

Activate Model Tab ( ) --


Model ();
New layout
From template...
Delete
Rename
Move 01 Copy...
Select All Layouts
Activate Previous Layou
Activate M odel Tab
Page Setup..

Plot...

. 2.128.

2.

111

Page Setup { ) : PAGESETUP


();
Plot () : PLOT ().
Activate Previous Layout ( ) Activate Model Tab (
).


<F2> Display | Text
Window ( | ) View ()
(. 2.129), .
AutoCAD Text Window - Drawingl
Edit
rn and
Command _open
Command .
A u t o m a t i c save to . '-Documents and Set tings^Administartor^Local

Command

"Cancel*

Command
Command
Command _rectang
Specify irst corner point or
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]
Command
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify

_spline
irst point or [Object}
nest point:
next point or [Close/Fit tolerance} < start tangent > :
next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] < start tangent > :
next point or [Close''?! t tolerance] < start tangent > :

Specify start tangent


Specify end tangent
Command

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.1.1..

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. 2.129.

<F2> .
[].
TEXTSCR (),
GRAPHSCR ().
.
.
.

; 12

I.

(. LIST ())
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(400 ).
Edit () (. 2.130).
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(. . 2. 115).
Receri Co
Copy
Cow History
Pasta
Paste To CmdLine
Options..

. 2.130. Edit


LISP- textscr textpage, graphscr.


( ) .
CURSORSIZE (
. 7) Crosshair size ( ) Display () Options (), OPTIONS () ( . 9
"AutoCAD 2004: "). , , .
100.
, , <>. User Preferences () Options (), OPTIONS (),
(. 9 "AutoCAD 2004:
").
MBUTTONPAN (. 7).

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. 3.1 AutoCAD 2004,
. , . , EXPRESS dbConnccl ( Express dbConnect), a
,
.
. 3.2
. ,
.

I.

: BUYONLINE, DWFOUT,
ENDTODAY, MEETNOW, TODAY.
. 3DCONFIG, 3DORBITCTR, CLEANSCREENOFF, CLEANSCREENON, HLSETTINGS, JPGOUT, MREDO, PNGOUT, PUBLISH,
QNEW, REVCLOUD, SECURITYOPTIONS, SETIDROPHANDLER, SIGVALIDATE,
TIFOUT, TOOLPALETTES, TOOLPALETTESCLOSE, TRAYSETT1NGS, WIPEOUT,
XOPEN, EXPRESS.
. . 3.3.
3.1. AutoCAD

3D


()

3DARRAY

3-

3DCLIP

3-

3DCONFIG

3DCORBIT

3-

3DDISTANCE

3-

3DFACE

3-

3DMESH

3-

3DORBIT

3-

3DORBITCTR

3-

3DPAN

3-

3DPOLY

3DSIN

3D Studio

3DSOUT

3D Studio

3DSWIVEL

3-

3DZOOM

3-

3.

115

3.1 ()

ABOUT



AutoCAD

ACADINFO
(Express)

ACADINFO .

AutoCAD.

ACETUCS-BACK
(Express)

ACETUCS-BACK

ACETUCS-BOTTOM
[Express)

ACETUCS-BOTTOM

ACETUCS-FRONT
(Express)

ACETUCS-FRONT

ACETUCS-LEFT
(Express)

ACETUCS-LEFT

ACETUCS-RIGHT
(Express)

ACETUCS-RIGHT

ACETUCS-TOP
(Express)

ACETUCS-LEFT

AC1SIN

ACIS-

ACISOUT


AutoCAD ACIS

ADCCLOSE

ADCENTER

ADCNAVIGATE


AutoCAD
,

ADDVAR2SCR
(Express)

ADDVAR2SCR



SCR-.

Al_BOX

AI_BOX

AI_CIRCTAN

AI_CIRCTAN

AI_CONE

AI_CONE

Al CUSTOM SAFE

Al CUSTOM SAFE


Web-, .

I.

116

3.1 ()

AIDIMPREC

AIDIMPREC

AIDIMSTYLE

AIDIMSTYLE

Al DIM TEXTABOVE

Al DIM TEXTABOVE

Al DIM TEXTCENTER

Al DIM TEXTCENTER

Al DIM TEXTHOME

Al DIM TEXTHOME

AIDIMTEXTMOVE

AIDIMTEXTMOVE

Al DISH

1 DISH


( ).

Al DOME

i DOME


( ).

Al EDITCUSTFILE

Al EDITCUSTFILE

acaci.mns acad.pgp.

Al FMS

Al FMS


MODEL/PAPER (/)
MODEL ().

Al MESH

Al MESH

Al MOLC

Al MOLC

Al PRODUCT SUPPORT

Al PRODUCT SUPPORT


Autodesk
.

3.

117
3.1 ()

AI_PRODUCT_
SUPPORT SAFE

AI_PRODUCT_
SUPPORT SAFE


Web-, .

AI_PSPACE

AI_PSPACE


MODEL/PAPER (/)
PAPER ().

AI_PYRAM!D

ALPYRAMID

ALSELALL

AI_SELALL

A!_SPHERE

AI_SPHERE

AI_TILEMODE1

AI_TILEMODE1

Mode!
().

AJ_TORUS

AI_TORUS

AI_TRAINING_SAFE

AI_TRAINING_SAFE


Web-, .

AI_WEDGE

AI_WEDGE

ALIASEDIT
(Express)

ALIASEDIT


acad.pgp

ALIGN

ALIGNSPACE
(Express]

ALIGNSPACE

AMECONVERT

POKKOHBEPT


(AutoCAD R12)

AutoCAD 2000

APERTURE

APPLOAD

I.

3.1 ()

ARC

ARCTEXT
(Express)

ARCTEXT



ARCALIGNEDTEXT

AREA

ARRAY

ARX

ARX

, ARX-
3

ASSIST

.
{Express]

ATEXT

ARCTEXT

ATTACHURL

ATTDEF

ATTDISP

ATTEDIT

ATTEXT

ATTIN
[Express]

ATTIN

ATTOUT
(Express)

ATTOUT

,

ATTIN

ATTREDEF

ATTSYNC

AUDIT

3.

119
3.1 ()

BACKGROUND

BASE

BATTMAN

BCOUNT
(Express)

BCOUNT

BEXTEND
(Express)

BEXTEND

EXTEND.

BHATCH

BLIPMODE

BLOCK

BLOCK?
(Express)

BLOCK?


LISP-

BLOCKlCON


,
AutoCAD

BLOCKREPLACE
(Express)

BLOCKREPLACE

BLOCKTOXREF
(Express)

BLOCKTOXREF

BMPOUT


BMP

BOUNDARY

BOX


()

BREAK

BREAKLINE
(Express)

BREAKLINE

BROWSER

BROWSER2

BROWSER2

I.

120

3.1 ()

BSCALE
(Express)

BSCALE

BTRiM
(Express]

BTRIM

TRIM.

BURST
(Express]

BURST

CAL



()

CAMERA

CATALOG

Windows-
DIR /W.

CDORDER
(Express)

CDORDEfl

CHAMFER

CHANGE

CHSPACE
(Express)

CHSPACE

CHECKSTANDARDS

CHPROP

CHURLS
(Express]

CHURLS

CIRCLE

()

CLEANSCREENQFF

CLEANSCREENON

CLIPIT
(Express]

CLIPIT

, ,
, , , ,

,

3.

.
3.1 ()

CLOSE

CLOSEALL


AutoCAD

COLOR

COMPILE


PostScript

CONE

CONVERT

, AutoCAD R13

CONVERTCTB

CONVERTPOLY

CONVERTPSTYLES

COPY

COPYBASE

COPYCLIP

COPYHIST


( )

COPYLINK

COPYM
(Express)

COPYM


ARRAY, DIVIDE,
MEASURE

COPYTOLAYER
[Express)

COPYTOLAVER

I.

/22

3.1 ()

CUSTOMIZE


" "

CUTCLIP

CYLINDER

DATE
(Express)

DATE

DBCCLOSE

DBCCONFIGURE
(dbConnect]

DBCCONFIGUR

DBCCONNECT
(dbConnect)

DBCCONNECT

DBCDEFINELLT
(dbConnect)

DBCDEFiNELLT

DBCDEFINELT
(dbConnect)

DBCDEFINELT

DBCDELETELABELS
(dbConnect)

DBCDELETELABELS

DBCDELETELINKS
(dbConnectj

DBCDELETELINKS

DBCDELETELLT
(dbConnect)

DBCDELETELLT

DBCDELETELT
(dbConnect)

DBCDELETELT

DBCDELETEQRY
(dbConnect)

DBCDELETEQRY

DBCEDITLINKEDTABLE
(dbConnect]

DBCEDITLINKEDTABLE

DBCEDITLLT
(dbConnect)

DBCEDITLLT

DBCED1TLT
(dbConnecl)

DBCEDITLT

DBCEDITQRV
(dbConnect)

DBCEDITQRY

DBCEDITTABLE
(dbConnect]

DBCEDITTABLE

3.
3.1 ()

DBCEXECUTEQRY
(db Connect)

DBCEXECUTEQRY

DBCEXPORTLINKS
(dbConnect)

DBCEXPORTLINKS

DBCEXPORTQS
(dPConnect)

DBCEXPORTQS

DBCEXPORTTS
(dbConnect.)

DBCEXPORTTS


DBT-

DBCHIDELABELS
[dbConnect)

DBCHIDELABELS

DBCIMPORTQS
(dbConnect)

DBCIMPORTQS

DBCIMPORTTS
[dbConnect!

DBCIMPORTTS

DBCLINKCONVERSION
(dbConnect)

DBCLINKCONVERSiON


AutoCAD

DBCLINKWANAGEH
(dbConnect)

DBCLINKMANAGER

DBCONNECT

AutoCAD

DBCNEWQRYLT
(dbConnect)

DBCNEWQRYLT

DBCNEWQRYTABLE
(dbConnect)

DBCNEWQRYTABLE

DBCPROPSLBLT
(dbConnect)

DBCPROPSLBLT

DBCPROPSLT
[dbConnect)

DBCPROPSLT

DBCRELOADLABELS
(dbConnect)

DBCRELOADLABELS

DBCSELECTLINKS
(dbConnect)

DBCSELECTLINKS

CBH3L1

DBCSHOWLABELS
(dbConnect)

DBCSHOWLABELS

DBCSYNC
(dbConnect)

DBCSYNC

DBCVIEWLINKEDTABLE
[dbConnect)

DBCVIEWLINKEDTABLE

I.
3. 1 ()

DBCVIEWTABLE
[dbConnect)

DBCVIEWTABLE

DBLCLKEDIT

DBLIST

DDEDIT

DDPTYPE

DDVPOINT

DEL

DEL

DELAY

DETACHURL

DIM


(
AutoCAD)

DIM1


(
AutoCAD)

DIMALIGNED

DIMANGULAR

DIMBASELINE

DIMCENTER

DIMCONTINUE

DIMDIAMETER

DIMDISASSOCIATE

DIMEDIT

DIMEX
(Express)

DIMEX

3.

125

3.1 ()

DIMIM
(Express)

DiMIW

DIMLINEAR

DIMORDINATE

DiMOVERRIDE

DIMRAOIUS

DIMREASSOC
(Express!

DIWREASSOC

DIMREASSOCIATE

DIMREGEN

DIMSIO
(Express)

DIMSIO


( )

DIMSTYLE

DIMTEDIT

DIR

_ '-

Windows-
DIR.

DIST

DIVIDE

DONUT

DRAGMODE

DRAWORDER

DSETTINGS


, ,

DSVIEWER

Aerial View ()

I.

126

3,1 ()

DTEXT


( TEXT]

DVAUTOVIEWOBJECTS
(dbConnect)

DVAUTOV1EWOBJECTS

DVAUTOVIEWRECORDS
[dbConnect)

DVAUTOVIEWRECORDS

DVCLEARMARKS
(dbConnect)

DVCLEARMARKS

DVFIND
(dbConnect)

DVFIND

DVFORMAT
(dbConnect)

DVFORMAT

DVIEW

DVLINK
(dbConnectl

DVLINK

DVLINKPLACE
(dbConnect)

DVLINKPLACE

DVLINKTOOBJECT
(dbConnect)

DVLINKTOOBJECT

DVPLACE
(dbConnecl)

DVPLACE

DVPRINT
(dbConnecti

DVPRINT

DVPRINTPREVIEW
(dbConnecl)

DVPRINTPREVIEW

DVREPLACE
[dbConnect)

DVREPLACE

DVSETTINGS
(dbConnect}

DVSETTINGS

DW1EWLOBJECTS
(dbConnect)

DVV1EWLOBJECTS

DW1EWLRECORDS
(dbConnect)

DWIEWLRECORDS

DWGPROPS

DXB1N

3.

127

3.1 ()

EATTEDIT

EDGE

EDGESURF

(
]

EDIT

edjt.com
(MS-DOS).

ELEV

ELLIPSE

EPLOTEXT

EPLOTEXT


( )

ERASE

ETBUG
(Express)

ETBUG


Express Tools.

ETRANSMIT

EXECUTETOOL

EXECUTETOOL


( )

EXIT

EXIT

QUIT

EXOFFSET
(Express)

EXOFFSET

OFFSET,


OFFSETGAPTYPE

EXPLAN
(Express)

EXPLAN

PLAN,

EXPLODE

EXPLORER

EXPLORER

Windows.

EXPORT

I.

128

3.1 ()

EXPRESSMENU
(Express)

EXPRESSMENU

EXPRESS

EXPRESSREG
(Express)

EXPRESSREG

Windows.

EXPRESSTOOLS
(Express)

EXPRESSTOOLS

Express
()

EXTEND

EXTRIM
(Express!

EXTRIM


(, ,
, , , !

EXTRUDE

FASTSEL
(Express)

FASTSEL

RLEOPEN

FILL

FILLET

FILTER

FIND

, ,

FINISH

FINISH

FLATTEN
(Express)

FLATTEN

FOG

FS
(Express)

FASTSEL

3.

29

3.1 ()

FSCREEN
(Express]

FSCREEN


( )

FSMODE
(Express)

FSMODE


FASTS EL (

)

FULLSCREEN
(Express)

FULLSCREEN



AutoCAD LI

FULLSCREENOFF
(Express)

FULLSCREENOFF

AutoCAD

FULLSCREENON
(Express)

FULLSCREENON


AutoCAD,

FULLSCREENOPTIONS
(Express)

FULLSCREENOPTIONS


AutoCAD

GATTE
(Express)

GATTE

GETSEL
(Express!

GETSEL

GOTOURL


()

GRAPHSCR

GRID

GROUP

( ]

HATCH

HATCHED!!

HELP

HIDE

5 3ac42S

I.

130

3.1 ()

HLSETTINGS

HYPERLINK

HYPERLINKBACK

HYPER LINKFWD

HYPERLINKOPEN

HYPERLINKOPEN

HYPERUNKOPTIONS

HYPERLINKSTOP

I-DROPMANAGER

I-DROPMANAGER


( )

IMAGE

IMAGEADJUST

306

IMAGEAPP
(Express)

IMAGEAPP




IMAGEEDIT

IMAGEATTACH

IMAGECLIP

IMAGEEDIT
(Express)

IMAGEEDIT

IMAGEFRAME

IMAGEOVERLAP
(Express!

IMAGEOVERLAF



,
SUPERHATCH.

3.

131
3.1 ()

IMAGEQUALITY

IMPORT

AutoCAD

INSERT

INSERTOBJ

INTERFERE

INTERSECT

ISOPLANE

JPGOUT

JPEG

JUSTIFYTEXT

LAYCUR
(Express)

LAYCUR

LAYDEL
[Express]

LAYDEL

LAYER

LAYERP

LAYERPMODE

LAYFRZ
(Express)

LAYFRZ

LAYISO
(Express)

LAYISO


(
)

LAYLCK

LAYMCH

IAYLCK
(Express)
LAYMCH
(Express)

I,

132

3.1 ()

LAYMRG
(Express)

LAYMRG

LAYOFF
(Express)

LAYOFF

LAYON
(Express)

LAYON

LAYOUT

LAYOUTMERGE
(Express)

LAYOUTMERGE

LAYOUTWIZARD

LAYTHW
(Express)

LAYTHW

LAYTRANS

LAYULK
(Express)

LAYULK

LAYUNISO
(Express)

LAYUNISO

, LAYISO

LAYVPI
(Express)

LAYVPI


(
)

LAYVPMODE
(Express)

LAYVPMODE


LAYISO, LAYFRZ LAYOFF

LAYWALK
(Express)

LAYWALK


( ). ,

LEADER

LENGTHEN

LIGHT

LIMITS

3.

133
3. 1 ()

LINE

LINETYPE

, v

LIST

LMAN
[Express]

LMAN

LMANMODE
(Express]

LMANMODE

LOAD

LOGFILEOFF

LOGFILEON

LSEDIT

LSLIB

LSNEW

LSP
(Express]

LSP


LISP

LSPDUMP
(Express]

LSPDUMP


LISP.

LSPSURF
(Expres^l

LSPSURF

LISP-,

LSP-

LTSCALE

LWEIGHT

MASSPROP

MATCHPROP

MATLIB

I.

134

3.1 ()

MEASURE

MEETNOW

MENU

MENULOAD

MENUUNLOAD

MINSERT

MIRROR

M.1RROR3D

3-

MKLTYPE
(Express!

MKLTYPE

MKSHAPE
(Express)

MKSHAPE

M LED IT

MLINE

MLSTYLE

MOCORO
(Express)

MOCORO

,
MOVE, COPY, ROTATE
SCALE

MODEL



Model ()

MOVE

MOVEBAK
(Express)

MOVEBAK

MPEDIT
(Express)

MPEDIT

MREDO

MSLIDE

3.

135
3. 1 ()

MSPACE

MSTRETCH
(Express)

MSTRETCH

STRETCH,


MTEDIT

MTPROP

MTPROP

MULTIPLE

MVIEW

MVSETUP

NCOPY
(Express)

NCOPY

NEW

NOTEPAD

NOTEPAD

Notepad () .

OFFSET


()

OLELINKS

,
OLE-

OLESCALE


OLE-

OOPS

OPEN

OPTIONS


AutoCAD

ORTHO

(!

136

I.
3.1 ()

OSNAP

OVERKILL
(Express)

OVERKILL

PAGESETUP

PAN

(
]

PARTIALOAD

PARTIALOPEN

PASTEASHYPERLINK

PASTEBLOCK

PASTECLIP


Windows

PASTEQRIG

,
,
,

PASTESPEC


Windows

PBRUSH

PBRUSH


Microsoft Paint.

PCINWIZARD

- 2-
Model ()

PEDIT

PFACE

PLAN

13?

3.

3.1 ()

PLINE

PLOT

PLOTSTAMP

PLOTSTYLE

PLOTTERMANAGER

PLT2DWG
(Express]

PLT2DWG

HPGL

PNG OUT

PNG

POINT

POLYGON

PREVIEW

PROPERTIES

PROPERTIESCLOSE

PROPULATE
(Express)

PROPULATE


DWG-

PSBSCALE
[Express]

PSBSCALE

PSELECT

PSELECT

PSETUPIN

PSFILL



PostScript

PSOUT

EPS-

PSPACE

I.

138

3.1 ()

PSTSCALE
(Express)

PSTSCALE

PUBLISH

DWF-

DWF

PUBLISHTOWEB


HTML

PURGE


(, . .)

QDIM

QLATTACH
(Express)

QLATTACH

QLATTACHSET
[Express)

QLATTACHSET


,
( ,
R13)

QLDETACHSET
(Express)

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LINETYPE

an

DDGRIPS

-LTYPE

-LINETYPE

BHATCH

LW

LWEIGHT

HATCH

MOVE

HATCHEDIT

MA

MATCHPROP

HI

HIDE

ME

MEASURE

INSERT

'.'.

MIRROR

-I

-INSERT

ML

MLINE

IAD

IMAGEADJUST

MO

PROPERTIES

3.

169
3.4 ()

MS
....

MS PACE

REA

REGENALL

MTEXT

REC

RECTANGLE

".

MVIEW

RECTANGLE

RECTANG

OFFSET

REG

REGION

OP

OPTIONS

REN

RENAME

OPENURL

OPEN

-REN

-RENAME

ORBIT

3DORBIT

REV

REVOLVE

OS

OSNAP

RM

DDRMODES

-OS

-OSNAP

RO

ROTATE

PAN

RPR

RPREF

-PAN

RR

RENDER

PA

PASTESPEC

STRETCH

PAINTER

MATCH PROP

SAVEURL

SAVE

PARTIAL-OPEN

-PARTIALOPEN

SC

SCALE

PE

PEDIT

SCR

SCRIPT

PL

PLINE

SE

DSETTINGS

POINT

SEC

SECTION

POL

POLYGON

SET

SETVAR

.,-,

OPTIONS

SHA

SHADEMODE

PRCLOSE

PROPERTIESCLOSE

SHADE

SHADEMODE

PRE

PREVIEW

SL

SLICE

PREFERENCES

OPTIONS

SN

SNAP

PRINT

PLOT

SO

SOLID

PROPS

PROPERTIES

SP

SPELL

PS

PSPACE

SPE

SPLINEDIT

PTW

PUBUSHTOWEB

SPL

SPLINE

PI)

PURGE

ST

STYLE

-PU

-PURGE

STA

STANDARDS

Pi

REDRAW

SUBTRACT

RE

REGEN

su

REDRAWALL

MTEXT
-MTEXT

170

3.4 /)

TABLET

VIEWPORTS

VPORTS

THICKNESS

VP

DDVPOINT

TILEMODE

-VP

VPOINT

TILEMODE

WBLOCK

TOOLBAR

-w

-WBLOCK

TOL

TOLERANCE

WE

WEDGE

TOR

TORUS

EXPLODE

TOOLPALETTES

XA

XATTACH

XB

XBIND

DDUCS

-XB

-XBIND

DDUCSP

XC

XCLIP

UNITS

XL

XLINE

-UNITS

XR

XREF

UNION

-XR

-XREF

VIEW

ZOOM

-UCP

'
-

-V

-VIEW


acad.pgp
AutoCAD acad.pgp, Documents and
Sellings, (, Notepad ()).
AutoCAD
Tools () Customi/e j Edit Cuslom Files |
Program Parameters (acad.pgp) (
(acad pgp)).
Tools | Command Alias Editor (
) Express ().
ALIASEDIT AutoCAD Alias Editor (
} (. .().
Command Aliases ( ) , Shell Commands ( ) .

3.
ILJC: i - . ^

\;

. \hasFcli

....

File Edit Help


Command Aliases | Shel Commends]
- AutoCAD commanJs entered iiom shortcut -

Has

3DO

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:

3P

OAD

.] nrt

'1

--

AutoCAD Command
3D ARRAY
3DORBIT
3DFACE
3DPOLV
ARC
REA
DBCONWECT
ttl ru~k-

_^|

gdd
Remove

Edil

.
]

tr

- - - -

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OK

Cancel

Afiply

, 3.10. AutoCAD Alias Editor, Command Aliases

PGP-
acad.pgp
AutoCAD. acad.pgp AutoCAD
, , RE1NIT ().
Re-initialization () PGP File
(PGP-,']) (. .) .
Re-ini!ializalion
I/O Foil Irntiafeaiim
" r^igi'.izer
Device and Fie Iriioateatio

Cancel

. 3.11. Re-initialization

acad.pgp
RE-1NIT 16 (
. 7).

172


, (, ..). ( - , ):
1. <Emer>,
AutoCAD ;
, AutoCAD HELP ().
2. AutoCAD.
, .
3. .
4. , acad.pgp.
5. , .
6. . SETVAR ()
.
7. , acatl.pgp. AutoCAD.
8. , .
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( ) , ,
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AumCAD SCRIPT
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RESUME () ;

3.

173

RSCRIPT () ;],
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(, , ) .



.
AutoCAD . . " AutoCAD" 2
"AutoCAD 2004: ".
LISP- vlax-add-cmd , .
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, command vl-cmdf , .
command vl-cmdf ,
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vlax-add-cmd.
, .
,
AutoCAD.


() 2004
DWG ( . dwg, DWG-). DWG
, AutoCAD 2004
(AutoCAD 2002 .).
AutoCAD 2004 Drawing
(AutoCAD 2000, 20001, 2002)
AutoCAD 2004 Drawing.
SAVCAS () (. . "" ).
AutoCAD
DWG- ( ).

AutoCAD .
AutoCAD
(, . .).

AutoCAD
AutoCAD
, Startup ( ) (. 4.1).
AutoCAD 2002 Today ( ).
, Startup ( ) (. 4.2),
General Options ( ) System ()
Options (), OPTIONS ()
Options () Tools
().

175

4.

DefauS Setting!-
Imperial (teet and inches)
ff Melfc

TipUses Ihe default metric settings

Cancel

. 4.1. Startup ( Start from Scratch)

, 4.2. Startup

, . 4.2, Do not
show a startup dialog ( ),
, Drawing).dwg
.
Show Startup dialog box ( ),
, . 4.1. . 9 "AutoCAD 2004: ".
STARTUP

Startup ( )
Startup ( ) (. . 4.1)
: Open
a Drawing ( ), Start from Scratch ( ), Use
Template ( ) Use a Wizard ( ). .
Start from Scratch ( ),
Imperial (feet and inches) ( ( )) Metric
().

I.

176


( ) NEW (), . ,
(. . Show Startup dialog box
( ) F1LEDIA 1), Create New Drawing ( )
Open Drawing ( ).
(. . 4.2) Do not show a startup dialog ( ), FILEDIA I (
), (, 4.3) Template ( Documents and Settings ). Select template (
) . , AutoCAD, dwt ( ).
f* Select template

Lot* re | ^"template

t-

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Im

il3

111 PTWTernpl.ates
^acsd -Named Plot Styles

33 KE

ilJacad

33KB

AutoCAD Ter

j^acaoTSO -Named Hot St. .,

34 KB

AutoCAD

^acadsD

33 KB

lutoCAO TH

."5 ANSI A (portrait) -Color. . .

37 KE

AotgCAD let

ii ANSI A (portr ait) -Name. .

3?KB

AutoCAD Ter

i5>ANSI A -Color Depende,

37KB

AutoCAD

ill ANSI A -Named Hot Styles

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AutoCAD

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AutoCAD TH

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37 KB

AutoCAD TH

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38KB

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38 KB

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38

AutoCAD ^

'

Preview

AutoCAD Tet

>J

File :
Files of type. JDiawig Template

. 4,3. Select template

FILEDIA 0, NEW
() ,
, :
Enter template file name or /. (for none)] <...>:
( [. ( 6ei )] <... >:)

4.


, pax
Template. ,
.
NEW (),
, New () File (),
<Ctrl>+<N>.
.
(
), :

;
Startup ( ) Create New Drawing (
) Start from Scratch ( ).
(
), :

dwt;
Startup ( ) Create New Drawing (
) Use a Template ( ).
,

Startup ( ) Create New Drawing
( ) Use a Wizard ( ).
- : Quick Setup ( ) Advanced Setup ( ). .
AutoCAD 2004 QNEW ().
QNEW () [QJ
, , Files ()
OPTIONS (). Drawing Template Settings
\Default Template File Name for QNEW ( \
) (. 4.4).
QNEW ()
None (), F1LED1A. 1,
Create New Drawing ( ) Start
from Scratch ( ),

I.

, Select template ( ) (. . 4.3),


.
jg PiawingTemclaieSettings
V ^^ Diawng Template File Location
- Default Template File Name for QNEW
s:\dacijrrienls and sftflingsVpoleschukMocal seHings^pplicalion data^

. 4.4. QNEW

FILEDIA 0. QNEW () ( NEW ()).

AutoCAD 2004
:
LD QSAVE () [3J Standard
Toolbar () Save () File ();
3 SAVEAS () Save As (
) File ().
(SAVEALL) Express (). .
SAVEAS () Save
Drawing As () (. 4.5), , , . QSAVE () . ,

Drawingl.dwg ( Drawing2.dwg, Drawings.dwg . .),
. ,
, DWGTITLED ( ,
, 1, ).
, . 4.5,
, History (), (My Documents), Favorites (), Desktop ( ).
,
www.buzzsaw.com FTP-.
QSAVE ()
<Ctrl>+<S>.
SAVE () SAVEAS ()
.

4.

179

r*Savfi Drawing As

-!

X '. :

>fts -

. 4.5. Save Drawing As

, , Files of type (
) (. 4.6) Save Drawing As ():
AutoCAD 2004 Drawing (*.dwg);
AutoCAD 2000/LT2000 Drawing (*.dwg);
G AutoCAD Drawing Standards (*.dws);
AutoCAD Drawing Templaie (*.dwt);
AutoCAD 2004 DXF (*.dxf);
^1 AutoCAD 2000/LT2000 DXF (*.dxf);
D AutoCAD R12/LT2 DXF (*.dxf).
R13 R14. DXF
R12 ( . 4.6 ).
FSes ot lype

JAUoD 2004 Drawing [' dwgl


AutoCAD 2000'LT2000 Drawing [".dwg]
oCAD D racing Sfdrd^rdi (".dws)
oCUD Dr^wins Templale |'.oV*(|
AutoCAD ?004 DXF C.dnf]
itor_AD2000/LT2000DXF|'d>H

. 4.6.

180

I.

DWG-, DWT- DWS-, DXF-.


DWG ,
, . DXF
(DXF- ,
DWG-).
DXF, .
DWT ,
Use a Template (
).
DWS ,
, 28.
, . 4.5,
Tools (), Options (), Saveas Options ( } fa (. 4.7). , DXF
.
' -f Saves* Options
DWG Dpi* j DXF QpUo |
W 5a images of cijsfori objects
Index lype;

'.

Save all drawings as: | AutoCAD 24 Drawing 1' d^gl ^J

Cancel

Help

. 4.7. Saveas Options

, 7 INDEXCTL.
(. . " "
). , .
SAVEAS () SAVE ()
, FILED1A
( . 7).

4.

181

DWG-
AutoCAD 2004
.
, , ,
. , ,
AutoCAD.
,
SECURITYOPT1ONS () Security
Options ( ) (. 4.8).
Security Options ( )
Tools () Save Drawing As (Co) (. . "4.5).
|i* Security Options
Pasfwmt | Digital Signatue |
Password or phrase to open (hi! drawing:

pr..,..j

Encrypt dr a wig properties

Current encryption lype:


Microsoft Base Cryptograph Provider vl.Cr

Advarced Options...

OK

:. .

Help

. 4.8. Security Options, Password

. Password ()
Password or phrase to open Ihis drawing (
) . Encrypt
drawing properties ( ), Drawing
Properties ( ) (. . " " ) },
.
Password or phrase lo open this drawing (
) ( . 4.8 Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider vl.O). Advanced Options (
) (. 4.9),
Security Options ( ).
,
Security Options ( ) Digital

182

I.

Signature ( ), Attach
signature after saving drawing ( ). ,
.
Advanced Options
e: Ermyption provider* vary depending on operating system and country. Before changing the
jncrypoon provider you should confirm that (he intended recipient of fcN? drawing has a computer
wih the encryption provider you choose.

Choose an encryption provider:


4, Microsoft Base D55 and dffie'HeHrfiJTi Cryptographic Provider
FLC4, Microsoft DH SChamel Cryptocrashic Provider

Choose a key length: F^Q

Tj

Cancel

help

. 4.9. Advanced Options

Security Options ( ) Confirm Password ( ) (. 4.10),


, .
, ,
(. 4.11).
AutoCAD .
INSERT ()
XREF () .
,
[jj|], ;i [|. .
SIGVALIDATE ().

conform Password
ReerJer password lo open this cbawing-

Enlei password to open drawing


D. Memp^ajiwoidT. dwg

Cauteri: It you lose forget the password cannot be


lecovered It la advisable to keep a lisl of paiswcrds and
then CMiesporidnp dialing in a sale place Drawii
pass^ycuds are not ease sensitfva

OK

, 4.10.
Confirm Password

0^

Cancel

. 4.11.

4.


AutoCAD
( ,
bak). -
dwg AutoCAD.
ISAVEBAK 1 0.
Express Tools 2004 MOVEBAK,
-. File tools | Move
Backup Files ( | -)
Express ().


OPEN (), [ittj Standard (),
Open () File (),
<Ctrl>+<O>. Startup ( ) AutoCAD.
SD1 ( 0)
AutoCAD , , . 1 SDI : ,
.

. SYSWINDOWS ()
Window () (. 2).
, AutoCAD
(. 4.12). Files of type ( ) :
DWG, DXF, DWT DWS ( ,
).
,
, Open
():
Open () ( ):
Open Read-Only ( ) ;
Partial Open ( ) ,
;

I.

184

Partial Open Read-Only ( ) , .

Look in_!_U(tveX
_1 Database Connectivity
J DesignCenter
liVBA
E?8tn floor furnlure
E? 3th floor hvac

CP^urn'net Elevalsin
C?MKIMPIan
E?dl Module
E?Ptot Screenirtg ar
CspCi S*e Plan
K'Sladium North Ele

l?eth fkm. bghtlr-g


08th floor plan
E5sth f foor plumbing

E? 8th (Ion power

E3 Taisei Detai Plan

E^colorwh

?Tarsei Interior Elv

Hotel Model

?WeHmo.FixtijreM

ffpetn floor

Pjevie*

6?St3diLm Plan
trStaditm South Ele

Jj

Ffle name
Res of Ijpe.

JDiawmg [' dwg]

Opai
-Open Pead-Onh/
Partial Open

. 4.12. Select File

OPEN () PARTIALOPEN (), . OPEN () (. . 4.12),


Partial Open ( ) (. 4 13).
, , ,
. , , , . , Partial Open ( ). View geometry ( load ( ) Layer geometry to load ( ).
.
.
PARTIALOAD () Partial Load ( )
File ().

4.

185

Impartial Open

HE!

View geomelry to toad -


jt*lerlts'

_...

Layer Qeomelry to toad

Last"
8th Floor Flan
I

'

Layef Name
0
2U-FURN-P-PHWL-3E
A CASE
A'CASE-LPPEF
A. COL
ACOOR
A-GLiZINGINl
A-PFIXT
A-RAILING
A-SOFFIT
A-ST4JR-RAIL
A-STAIR-T

Load Geonefty

.....

[7

1'

Index stalus-- " Use spatial index


Layer ride*

.
Load All

.,.
Cle* \

Wo

Opel

f~ Urdoed Xiels on )en

~|

Cancel

Help

. 4.13. Partial Open

Express Tools 2004 REVERT,


CLOSE ()
Close () File ()
Window ().
(
AutoCAD) CLOSEALL Close All (
) Windows ().
.
AutoCAD :
QUIT (), EXIT;
QQUIT ExpressTools 2004.
.

DWG DXF
AutoCAD
DWG- DWG-.
WBLOCK () INSERT ().

1S6

I.


Windows
(. Edit () 2).
DWG
DXF ( ).

WBLOCK ()
WBLOCK (), 29,
Write Block (
) , ,
DWG- ( ).
EXPORT (),
(, DXF).
WBLOCK ()
,
, "": (, ,
. .).

INSERT ()
INSERT (), 29, Browse ()
Insert ( ) DWG- .


, AutoCAD
, EXPORT ()
IMPORT ().
Export () File ().
EXPORT () Export Data ( ) (. 4.14).
Files of type ( )
, .
:
Metafile (*.wmf);

DXX Extract (*.dxx);

d ACIS (*.sat);

Bitmap (*.bmp);

a Lithography (*.stl);

3D Studio (*.3ds);

3 Encapsulated PS (*.eps);

CJ Block (*.dwg).

4^

187

ADS sal]
Encapsulated PS I" ep&]
DXX Extract ( dim]
Bilinap

brpp]
_

. 4.14. Export Data

IMPORT () Import File (


). :
Metafile (*.wmf);
ACIS (*.sat);
3D Studio (*.3ds).
( ,
EXPORT () IMPORT () ).

WMF
Windows (WMF) EXPORT (),
WMFOUT (.).
WMF- IMPORT (.),
W M F I N () Windows Metafile (WMF)
Insert ().

188

I.

SAT
SAT ( ACIS)
EXPORT (),
ACISOUT ().
SAT- IMPORT (),
ACISIN () ACIS File (AC1S) Insert ().

STL
STL () EXPORT (),
STLOUT (). .

EPS
EPS (Encapsulated PostScript
Adobe) EXPORT (), PSOUT ().
, EPS-
PSFILL(nC3AKP).

DXX
DXF, .
EXPORT ().
.

BMP
(Bitmap) . BMP EXPORT
(), BMPOUT ().
SAVEIMG (), . .
BMP- ,
IMAGE ()
. 32.
REPLAY () BMP-.

3DS
3DS (3D Studio) EXPORT (),
3DSOUT ().

4.

189

- IMPORT (),
3DS1N () 3D Studio (3D Studio)
Insert ().

DXB
DXB- ( , AutoShade .) DXBIN ().
DXF.

DWF
(Drawing Web Format),
AutoCAD ( , Web-).
PLOT
() DWF6 ePioi (
).
.
PUBLISH ()
( ) DWF-.
PUBLISH () Publish Drawing Sheels
( ) .
dsd.
PUBLISHTOWEB ()
AutoCAD DWF.

HTML-

DWF- : Autodesk
Express Viewer ( AutoCAD 2004), Volo View
Volo View Express. .

XML
XML (Extensible Markup Language).
AutoCAD 2002 XML WBLOCK (),
xml, INSERT ().

HTML
AutoCAD PUBLISHTOWEB (), HTML-.
HTML- , AutoCAD,
DWF, JPEG PNG (. 1!
"AutoCAD 2004: ").

190

/.

JPEG, PNG
JPGOUT ()
PNGOUT ().
JPEG JPGOUT (),
PNG PNGOUT (). .
PUBLISHTOWEB () HTML JPEG {JPG-).
PNG.
IMAGE () JPEG PNG
.

PLT (HPGL)
Express Tools 2004 PLT2DWG.
File tools | Convert PLT to DWG ( PLT DWG) Express () PLT-, HPGL.

TIFF
TIFOUT ()
TIFF.
IMAGE () TIFF.


DWG- , . , .
( . 31).

OLE-
OLE. AutoCAD, , . . 33.

4.

, ,
(. 4.15), (
).

. 4.15.


( . 26).

AutoCAD
L: :
3 A U D I T ();
3 RECOVER ();
1 BLOCKICON ();
-] PURGE ().
,
Drawing Utilities () (. . 2.4) File
().
AUDIT () .

AUD1TCTL 1, AUDIT
() ,
adt.
, AUDIT (),
RECOVER ().

1.

192

8LOCKICON () , AutoCAD
(R14 ).
PURGE ()
(, , . .),
, , .
Purge ( ) (. 4.16), , .
BpPurae
( View items you can purge
* View ilems you camol pui
llems not used in df
llg RIorKS

!_^ Dimension s^les


-^S byers
-vr. _201__0_

:-i _ETO_I_:_

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3$ _210_2?00_0_
Sir Linelypes
bS CENTERS
^ DASHDOT
ZZ DASHDOT2
^ Mline ilylei
HI Plot styles
li; Shapes
^ ftypeshp
^hx
fi# !
styles

P Conftrn each a to be pugsd


PufBe nested ienis

Puge

Purge Al

Close

Help

. 4.16. Purge


.View items you can purge ( , ).
Items not used in drawing (, ) R .
Purge All ( ),
, (Blocks (),
Dimension styles ( ). Layers (), Linetypes ( ),

4.

Mline styles ( ). Plot styles ( ), Shapes (),


Text styles ( )) ,
Purge ().
, <Ctrl> ( ) <Sliift>
( ).
, CATALOG (),
TYPE, DEL, DIR, EXPLORER, .


. DXVGPROPS (),
,
Drawing Properties ( ) File ().
Drawing Properties ( ),
.
General ()
(, . .).
Summary () (. 4.17) :
Title ();

Keywords ( );

Subject ();

Comments ();

Author ();

Hyperlink base ( )

, .
. ,
( ).
Statistics () .
(Custom () . 4.IS)
. Name () ,
Value () .
.
: , AutoCAD 2004,
Windows.
, PROPULATE, Express Tools,
DWG-.
7 .42!

I.

194
h> Hotel Model dwg Piopeilies
General SmmiaijF

Statues | Cutlorn]

Title:
Subject
Author;
Keywords:

CCrtHnents:

j|
Hyper ir*
bus:

OK

Caned

Help

. 4.17. Drawing Properties, Summary


'-t: Hotel Model.duoPiopeities
GeneraJ ] Summay ] Slad^ics

Cusfom

OjsTOfn propeibes;
Nome:

-:-

Value.

'

. 4.1. Drawing Properties, Custom

4.

___

795



.
,
.

PAN (), ,
{. . 3.5 3.6), (
).
,

1, Standard ().
PAN () . , ,
( }.
, , .
. , . , ( - , - ). , ,

. , , AutoCAD:
Press SC or ENTER to exit, or right-click to display shortcut menu.
< - <ESC> <ENTER>
.)
.
<Esc> <Enter> . , PAN (. 4.19) : Exit (), Pan (), Zoom (), 3D Orbit (3M ), Zoom Window ( ), Zoom Original ( ), Zoom Extents (
), . , ,
PAN (), (. ). 3DORBIT (3-), 3D Orbit () , 35.
ZOOM (), .

196

I.

. 4.19. PAN

PAN () Pan () View () (. . 2.8).



.
PAN ().

, Standard (), ,
.
, . . , ,
. , ,
. ,
, . . <Esc>, <Enier>
( ,
. 4.19) .

ZOOM ()
ZOOM () '
.
.
ZOOM () :
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP),
or [All/'Center/Dynamic/'Extents/'Previous/Scale/Window] <real 1ime>:
( , ( ),
[/////// <,1 >:)
:
(), ();
G (II), Center ();

4.

197

3 D (), Dynamic ();


D (), Extents ();
(), Previous ();
3 S (), Scale ();
, X
( , X (!), ; 5.2,
4.23; , X ,
), Scale ();
W (). Window ();
( ), Window ();
G <Enter>, ;
( ) .
,
.

Window ()
Window () AutoCAD (
) , . ;
Specify first corner:
( :)
(. 4.20);
Specify opposite corner:
( :)
, . 4.21 (
).
( )
ZOOM () Window (), . AutoCAD
.

Center ()
Center ()
, . AutoCAD

I.

198
11 Ffc Ed* Vie* InMlt !

'

.DWH Modly Winto* HJ

1^4^ HI in !

' Vi'ridou] !

____

f i r s t corner
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. .

Specily opposite

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. 4.20. ZOOM
- [D WutoCADZOOHSjnipk-Ulolcl Model dg|
P fto Ed Vv* Insw Fonm

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Modi'^

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Express Wrttoi- Heb

|-

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2]

SpeciEy opposite corner

4! OSrW| DI.MCK; L W T ' M O D L

. 4.21. ZOOM Window

4.

799

, .

Extents ()
Extents ()
( ),
, . ,
,

()
All () Extents (),
, .
, , .

Previous ()
Previous () ZOOM () , AutoCAD.
, . .
. Previous () || Standard ().

Scale ()
Scale ()
X ( ). Center (), (), . ( ),
( ). X (), . X .
(),
(. 41).

Dynamic ()
Dynamic () . , . 4.22,
All (), ( . 4.22 )
( ,
), .

I.

200
AutoCAD 7004 - [D:\AiiIaCAn200USMVleU)il MmUe.diMl
W :.> Ei- Wndo* Hcfc
Ffe Eat V*rt Inwt Fom* D

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. -

H I t ^ " ' 1 | ^ ' . - ' ' = ; 1 : . ; 7 | 1 iBI.^

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. 4.22.
AutoCAD ;004 - [D. WutoCAD20M\3anu(t;10il Module dug

Tvtt

'

4 > kl \| JRPIKG (B^CXtLEH tICt jhpifi'r 1.-1- il 'i .QSCMET'J_<)

peciiy corner of pind

enter a scale f a c t o r fnS

. 4.23.

4.

201


( ?
, "*").
, (. 4.23),
<Enter> (
).

Zoom ()
Zoom () (. . 2.I02) :
- Zoom Window ( );
- Zoom Dynamic ( );

- Zoom Scale ( );
- Zoom Center ( );
- Zoom In ();

- Zoom Out ();


- Zoom All ( );
- Zoom Extents ( ).

ZOOM () . .
'*. , [ J . .

Zoom ()
1/()
Zoom () (. . 2.7), View (), Zoom (), (
).

CLEANSCREENON ().
CLEANSCREANOFF (), FULLSCREEN Express
Tools.
CLEANSCREENON ()
AutoCAD, (. 4.24).

!.

202

!>UP Gfuc! OBIHO O-WA

. 4.24.

,
CLEANSCREENOFF (). Clean Screen ( ) View () <Ctrl>+<0> .
FULLSCREEN Full-Screen AutoCAD
( ) Express ()
AutoCAD ,
Windows .
FULLSCREEN .


( , . .), 35.


. : , , . .
, ,
, ( . 6). , .
(
, ).


,
. ,
LINE () , ,
<Etiter>, .
, , ,
. ,
( ,
, <F6> ).
ORTHO (),
. SNAP (),
10 ( ) ( . 6).


, :
92,-81.04

__

204

/.

: X = 92 ,
Y= 81.04 . ,
.
. , 0, 0. ( ,
, 0 , ).
, Y, :
92,-81.04,45.1

Z, ELEVATION.
|

, , , (. ), .

.


,
, :
815,-32
, ( (@)), X
+ 15 (. . 15 ) Y 32 (. .
32 ). .
, , .
Z, :
@15,-32,180

, ,
0 .


, :

5.

, (<). . , 283.6
(. . ), ,
, 135
( , ). ,
.
, Z. . ,
:
,? 450 , ,
, 2,6
135 X.

(. ).


(, LINE ()) ,
( ). .

, ( . 5 I
,
LINE ()).
:
Relative ();
Absolute ();
().
, ( <F6>).
. 5.1 , . .
LINE () ,
, .

. 5.1.

206

I.

,
.
.


. (. 5.2),
Object Snap ( ) (. . 2.85),
.

Endpoinl
Midpoint
I Dissection
Apparent InlMsect
Extension

XY

.xz
.vz

Center
Puadrani
Tangent
Perpendicular
Paiallel

Note
Insert
Nearest
None
Qmap Settings...

. 5.2.


<Shift>.
, , . .
(
Object Snap ( ):
Temporary track point ( )
(^j), ():

5.

20?

From () () (1 ),
FROm ();
D Point Filters ( )
( );
Endpoint () (/^), ENDpoint
();
Midpoint () (>), ();

MIDpoint

Intersection () - (|XJ),
INTersectkm ();
Apparent Intersect ( )
( X ), APPint ();
Extension () - (
EXTension ();

}, -

Center () - (|@j),
CENter ();
Quadrant (} ( ,
0, 90, 180 270 ) (['), QUAdrant ();
Tangent () ( _ ) , TANgertt
();
Perpendicular () (
PERpedicular ();
Parallel ()PARallel ();

Insert () , ,
INSert ();
Node ()

), -

}, NODe ();

3 Nearest ()
NEArest ();

None () (|),
- NONe ();
Osnap Settings ( ) (), OSNAP ().

, (,

208

I.

endpoint). , , ,
(. . endpoint end).
(endp, endpoin, endpoi, endpo).
, .
OSNAP (), ( ). ,
,
.
.

Endpoint ()
,
, , , , , , , ,
, ,
.
, , .
LINE () Specify first point: ( :)
Endpoint ().
of ( , ). , .
,
, ( ) Q (. 5.3), ,
Endpoint () (,
, ).

. 5.3. Endpoint

5.

209_

, , . AutoCAD ( ),
, .
Specify next point or [Undo]: ( [!'.)
End point (),
.
' Specify next point or [Undo]: ( . {]:)
<Enter>, LINE ().

, " " (. .
)
.

Midpoint ()
,
, , , , , , , , , ,
.
.

Intersection ()
(, , , , , , , , ,
, , ,
).
,
X , ,
Extended Intersect ( ),
1 X...- , .

Apparent Intersect
( )
,
, XY
( . ).
, ,
.
,

I.

^. , , Extended Apparent Intersect ( ), ,


^,._. , .
, . , . .
.

Nearest ()
(, , , , , , , ,
, , , ,
), (
, Nearest
() ).
^[.

From ()

. :
Base point:

( :)
.
:
<Offset>
(<,>)

(. @so,35 @68.8<12.9).
(@) , , .
From () LASTPOINT, ( (@)).

Temporary Tracking Point


( )
,
0, 90, 180 270 ( , -

5.

211

, POLARMODE). . 6.

Extension ()
, . , ,
+.
,
(. 5.4).

Extension1 G75723< 16*


. 5.4. Extension

Center ()
, , , , . (,
. .).
, ,
.
.

Quadrant ()

, () AutoCAD .
, , .
, ,
. .

Tangent ()

( , , ).

I.

. , , ,
, Tangent ()
: , .
.
,
, , .

Perpendicular ()
,
.
, , , , , , , , , , ,
. ,
^_.
(, )
( Perpendicular () ).

Parallel ()
( , )
.
Parallel (), , , .
, ^.
,
,
(. 5.5).

. 5.5. Parallel

5.

213

Insert ()
, , ,
. [^.

Node ()
(
AutoCAD) ^. . /2.

None ()
(
, ).

Osnap Settings ( )
OSNAP ()
,
( . ).


osnap ( , , ). 1
(osnap p t l "__end,_mid")

ptl Endpoint
() Midpoint () .
OSMODE OSNAP
() (. 7).

1_()
CAL (), , . ,
CIRCLE () 'CAL ('). :
Expression:
f :)

214

I.

, , 12.5*2.7835, 12.5 2.7835 .


,
(+), (}, (/) (*) ( , ,
).
,
, : (12.6,345.0,98.1044).
,
.
()
(&), (*), (+) () .
(*) (/) .

CEN, END 1NS. . 5.6 ,
3,
( 1) ( 2).

. 5.6.

'CAL ('), (cen+end)/2. , CEN (), END ( ).


, , , " Y. , , ,
, .

. :
@83<21<40

5.

215

: , XY, , 21
X,
40
83 .


Point Filters ( ) (. . 5.2)
:
.X, .Y, .Z, .XV, .XZ, .YZ. .
- .
, (, )
, .X (
). AutoCAD ,
.
(need YZ): (( YZ):)
( ,
).


, XY ( ,
),
().
UCS (). "user coordinate system" (" "). , , . ()
. UCS () X Y, Z,
/ Y, .

UCS ()
UCS () : UCS () (.
. 2.97) UCS II (-2) (. . 2.98).
UCS (). L, UCS () :

216

!.

Current acs name: *WORLD*


( : **)
( - ). :
Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/Apply/?/World]
<World>:
/ [/////
///?/1
<>:)
:
New () ;
Move () ;
3 orthoGraphic () ;
Prev () ;
0 Restore () ;
Save () ;
Del () ;
~3 Apply ()
( . 35);
1 ? (?) ;
3 World () .
New ().
AutoCAD :
Specify origin

of new

UCS or [ZAxis/3poinl/OBject/Face/View/X/Y/Z]

<0,0,0>:

( {7,0<:/3(>///Bud/X/Y/Zj <0,0,0>:)

:
origin of new UCS ( ) X \\ ;
ZAxis (ZOcb) , Z;
3point () ,
X Y;
OBject () ;
Face () ;
View () -
( ), ;

5.

217

3 X X;
^ Y ;
U Z Z.
3point ().
:
;
3 X;
3 Y .
.
, , , : * is. 83,-23.7,9.126.
.
. . " " 2.
{ Save () UCS ()) , Restore (). , UCSMAN ().

5 ()
UCS () (. . 2.97) ,
( ) UCS ().
, UCS () .
UCS ():
UCS ()
( );
UCS ()
;
;
;

;
12] XY,
();
L. ;

218

I.


Z;
- (
);
- X;
;
- Z;
.

t/CS//(nCK-2)
UCS II (-2) (. . 2.98), , , UCS
().
_ UCS (), UCSMAN
(), UCS () (. 5.7).

CunenlUCS. World

Detail

OK

Cfncel__

Help

. 5.7. UCS. Named UCSs

: Named UCSs ( ), Orthographic UCSs ( ) Settings (). Named UCSs


( ) Set Current (). Details
() UCS Details ( )
(. 5.8).

5.

219

fffUCS Detail!

"

"

Name: BAT
-Oiigin--

O.OD

; : (

'

' YAj

' Y

: 0.00

Z0.ro

Z 1.00

-ZAiK-

: & -

1 00

| Y: 000

Z' 000

! 2 .

P'i i-e 1:

| ilWoHd

j-j
OK

. 5.8. UCS Details

Orthographic UCSs ( ) UCS ()


(. S.9) . Depth ()
Z
, Depth (), , Depth (), Orthographic UCS depth (
) (. 5.10), .

NamedUCSt fMwerapto; UCSs | Sellings]


Cwient UCS: World
S el Cure*

Denth

Narr.e

Detail;

f Front
r?Ba;k
|1 Led
HP Right

...

iJV'u.J

Cancel

Help

. 5.9. UCS, Orthographic UCSs


* Oflhogiaphic UCG depth
Top

QIC

. 5.10. Orthographic UCS depth

220

I.

Settings () UCS () (. 5.1!)


.
UCS Icon settings ( ) :
3 On () ;
3 Display at UCS origin point ( ) (
, , );
Apply to all active viewports ( )
.

NamedllCSsj Ortbgraihic UCSs Sellings ]


UCS Iran sellnss

17 On
I

Display a( UCS origin pojn!

" Apply !a aD active viewports

-UCS settings
P SaveUCS win viewport
" Update view to Plan when UCS is changed

OK

Cancel

Help

. 5.11. UCS, Settings

UCS settings ( ) :
^ Save UCS with viewport ( ) ;
Update view to Plan when UCS is changed ( ) XY
.
UCS ()
(. 35).


LISP
UCS. tbisearch tblnext . , (tblnext "ucs" ) ;

5.

221

[ ( . "UCS") '(2 . " u s e r c s l " ) (70 - 0) (10 230.0 67.0 -34.55)


(11 -0.951831 -0.268821 0 . 1 4 4 2 5 ) (12 -0.220751 0.934598 0.278919)
(79 . 01 (146 . 0 . 0 ) )

DXF- , ; - , , X,
12 Y. DXF , 11 12 . DXF- . 9
2 "AutoCAD 2004: ".


AutoCAD : ,
- , , ,
(, ).

.
CIRCLE ()
.
: (, ),
.
.
CIRCLE (), .
TEXT ()
P L f N E () .


, . , .


AutoCAD , . ,
, , , , - .
(. 4) , , - .
: () (
) (. . 4.1).
, , . . . , ,
, , (, )
, ,
. LUNITS ( . 7).

UNITS (), Units () Format (). ,
.
UNITS () Drawing Units ( ) (. 6.1).
Length (), , . ()
:
.Architectural ();
G Decimal ();

6.

223

Engineering ();
Fractional ();
Scientific ().

Lenglh
:

Angle

.
JDftcmal
Piecision

Clo
Diag-anddrcp scate .....
IJmU to icafe diag-ond-drop conle^t

Sample Qutpu)
12-.
3<4E.O

. 6.1. Drawing Units

LUNITS (
7). Decimal (). , ,
Sample Output ().
Precision ()
, . LUPREC.
Angle (),
Drawing Units ( ),
. () :
Decimal Degrees ( );
3 Deg/Min/Sec (//);
Grads ();
D Radians ();

Surveyor's Units ( ).
AUNITS, , Precision (), AUPREC Clockwise ( ) (
).

I.

224

Direction (), , Direction Control ( ) (. 6.2),


, .
Dncfioa Central
~ Base Angle
East

North

3D

West

180

South
'<? Dihs

270

Pick /Type

Caned

. 6.2. Direction Control

Base Angle ( )
:
East ();

South ();

~3 North ();

Other ().

West ();
, ,
Other (), ,
, ( (_;]}.
Drag-and-drop scale ( )
Drawing Units ( ) (. . 6.1)
,
(i-drop) ,
Web-.


, :
. , , , ( SNAP ()):
(lisNAF - ) (|?NAF - ). , : [[MODEL] ||PAPER).
, , ,
, .

6,

225

GRID ()
GRID () !,
, , (. 6.3 6.4).
v
1 - -

1
1

tb^-->- X - 1

<

. Hi\ Model X Lay X LeyoutS /

. 6.3.

. 6.4.


LIMITS () Drawing Limits
() Format () (. . 2.17).
GRID () , SNAP () (. . " SNAP ()"
). GRID ()
<F7>, GRID ().
GRID ()
Drafting Settings ( ), DSETTfNGS (), Settings
() GRID () (. 6.5).

. 6.5. GRID

Drafting Settings ( ) (. 6.6)


, GRID ()
SNAP () Grid On ( )
, . Snap type & style ( )
: Rectangular snap () Isometric snap ().
X Grid X spacing ( X) Grid Y spacing ( Y)
8 . 428

226

/.

Grid (). ,
. Grid Y spacing (
Y) ,
, , " 30 150 . Grid X spacing ( X)
,
X.
t!R Dialling Settings
Sridp and Qrid

Rdar Tracking ] Obiect Snap |

EnapOnF3!

Grid On (FT)

Snap

Grid

Snap X spacing

Grid X ipacrig"

1 n 3D : j3 - 1 g

End V ipacina;

fio

"
:

Angle

[o
_-_ , . Snap tjce style

Xbase.

In

Ybase.

jo

^ Gtidsnap
f+ F[ecJangiitar sr\
^ Jsometiic snap

Pdar spacing
Polar distance.

Oplions...

l1^

PolifSnac

Of.

Cancei

Help

. 6.6. Drafting Settings Snap and Grid

, Angle () Snap () , X base ( X) Y base (


Y) .
GRIDUNIT.
SNAPSTYL. SNAPANG SNAPBASE.
GRIDMODE ( . 7).
Options (), Drafting
Settings ( ), Options (), (. 9
"AutoCAD 2004: ").

SWAP ()

SNAP () (
, )

6.

227

( ). SNAP ()
<F9>, SNAP
().
, 'SNAP (), , , GRID (),
Y.
SNAP () Snap
and Grid ( ) Drafting Settings ( )
(. . 6.6). Settings () SNAP () (. 6.7).

. 6.7. SNAP

Snap and Grid ( ) (. . 6.6) Snap On


( ) , . Snap
( ), Polar spacing ( ) Snap type & style (
)
SNAP ().
SNAP (), : .
Snap type & style ( ) Grid snap ( ), ; PolarSnap ( ) .
,
,
Snap type & style ( )' Rectangular snap () Isometric snap (). , X
, Snap X spacing ( X)
Snap Y spacing ( Y) Snap (). , Snap Y spacing ( Y), .
Polar distance () Polar
spacing ( ). ,

X.
POLARDIST.
( . . " OTRACK (-)" ). PO1AR (-

228

_^^______

/.

), OTRACK (-) ,
.

SNAPUN1T, SNAPTYPE, SNAPSTYL, SNAPANG SNAPBASE,
SNAPMODE ( . 7).

ORTHO ()
ORTHO () .
, AutoCAD
. : ORTHO (), , <R>, ORTHO (OPTO).
.
ORTHO ()
GRID () (. . 6.5), Sellings () .
ORTHOMODE.

POLAR(-)
POLAR (-), ,
ORTHO ()
( , ). <F10>,
POLAR (-), GRID
() (. . 6.5).
Polar Tracking () Drafting Settings ( ) (. 6.8).
GRID
().
. Increment angle ( )
: 5, ), 15, 18, 22.5, 30, 45, 90. (, 17.5).
, (. .
17.5 0, 17.5, 35, 52.5, 70, 87.5 ..).
(. 6.9).
, . (. .
),
.

6.

229

I Drafting Settings
SnapandGnd P*"Tiaeking | ObjetfSnap]
1

P Polar T
Peter Angte5eHaigs
1
increment anglft

~3

Obiect Snap Trac


^ Track orthogondfp only
(* Tcadt using all polar angle

* Additional arijles

~
Pdai Angle roeasmemenl
< UtaM.e
Relative fo la?l wgrnenl

Options..

OK

Cancel

1-.

. 6.. Drafting Settings, Polar Tracking

. 6.9.

, -
( ), Additional angles ( ) New (), ( ). Delete
()
.
Polar Angle measurement ( ) : Absolute () Relative to last segment (
). X , .

I.

230

POLARANG, POLARADDANC, POLARMODE, AUTOSNAP, TRACKPATH (. 7).

5()
OSNAP () (
). AutoCAD (. . . .). <F3>. OSNAP ().
Object Snap ( )
Drafting Settings ( ) (. 6.10).

GRID ().
I*; Dialling Sellings
Snap and Grid | ! Tiacbng Jbiect
Object Snap TuckrigOn (Fit)

]7 Obtea Snap On (F3t


Pb|ecl Snap modes
;

'

S elect AP

D 17 EndpoH

hb I

f7 Widpoiiit

h. ~ Perpendicular

" Centef

^ P Tergenl

i P Node

Apparehf infersecfion

Quadrar*

--"

Insertion

Clear AH

Nsaesl

Parallel

F~ Exlensicn

II

Totisck from anOsnappoinl. psuseover (he Point ^hile in a


A tracking veclot appears ^beri you move the cursor
Tc ifop rrackli^. pauseover Ihe pomlagar

Can

. 6.10. Drafting Settings, Object Snap

, , .
5.
.

6.

231

, - - ( 5),
.

/ (-)
OTRACK (-) AutoCAD ! , . OTRACK (-), <11>
Object Snap Tracking On ( )
Object Snap ( ) Drafting Settings (
) (. 6.10). OSNAP ().
Polar Tracking () Drafting Settings ( ) (. . 6.).
Object Snap Tracking Settings (
) :
(Track orthogonally only ( ))
(Track using all polar angle settings ( )).
: , ,
OSNAP () ,
(. 6.11).

. 6.11.

, . 6.11, . , [ -

232

I.

___^_

. "" , (
90 . .' Endpoint 78.6923<90.0 '.
AUTOSNAP, POLARANG, POLARADDANG, TRACKPATH.

LWT(BEC)

LWT () . ,
. . 25.
. 6.12 , ,
LWT (): , .

. 6.12. LWT

Settings () LWT ()
Lineweight Settings ( ), (. 25).

MODEL/PAPER (/)
MODEL/PAPER (/)
(. 41). MODEL
() (
), PAPER () , .


,
.
TRAYSETTINGS ()
(
. 9 "AutoCAD 2004: "].

6.

233



<F1> HELP (), Help
(), ASSIST (). Active
Assistance () Help ().
ASSIST () Active Assistance ().
,
. Windows
\\, . Settings ()
Active Assistance Settings (
) (. 6.13).
Active Aimlance Settingi
" Show ora slat
Activation:
f* commands
<

New and enhanced commands

*~ Dialogs on^
*~~ On demand

DK

Cancei

. 6.13. Active Assistance Settings

Show on start (
). (
ASSIST ()).
Activation () , :
All commands ( );
D New and enhanced commands ( );
Dialogs only ( );
3 On demand ( ).
, , , |ffi| .

I.

234
llajAulaUD 2004 - [Diawing! .dwg]
J5 He

EcB View

..!-:,'

Insert

Famal

Tools

1]
Dfaw

Dimeniion

:-.

Modify

Window

J,- *

|I"i

Hefci

frl-

_-l5J2if

J M--~

_JI

_xj

/ ^

Creates a polyline of sequential


arcs ID form cloud flidpe
^Hela on RfVCLOUD
To Create a revn^n r|,-,ij,j Irom .crotch
To convert 3 flowed obiect to a rtvi^an
iloud
To chanqe th^_^f^u!t values for arj
lenoth^ in r^vi<i(TFT doud
To edit the indivjdual lenaths of .PCS or
chords in i>vi*inn cloud

oi-/
:-lr

a^r

|
.
1

>

^^-^

p,
^

\ Model Layout 1 /

ISpecit ^ tart point or [Arc length/Ob] ecv '

.1

!<l

I .1
_______

'Ob]ecE>

JjGuide crosshairs along cloud path


S453K 154

" "

.
*l

" SNAP GRID DRTHO PJLflR DSWAP |1 fLWT [!

_J
' -

^J
*

. 6.14. REVCLOUD

. 6.14
REVCLOUD ().


AutoCAD (, , , . .) (, Autodesk ). ,
Windows .
SETVAR
() ,
SETVAR ().


. 7.1 ( ), , , , .
ASCII-, , , , ,
"AutoCAD 2002", " ".
, " ",
SETVAR ()
LISP- setvar. AutoCAD
. "" , , .
, SETVAR (),
, [ getvar. ,
, ( ) . 0 1 OFF ON.

I.

236

: CLEANSCREENSTATE,
GFANG, GFCLR1, GFCLR2, GFCLRLUM, GFCLRSTATE, GFNAME, GFSHIFT,
GRIPHOVER, GRIPOBJLIMIT, GRIPTIPS, HPASSOC, INTERSECTIONCOLOR,
INTERSECTIONDISPLAY, LOCALROOTPREFIX, MTEXTFIXED, MTJIGSTRING,
MYDOCUMENTSPREFIX, PALETTEOPAQUE, PEDITACCEPT, REPORTERROR,
ROAMABLEROOTPREFIX, SIGWARN, STANDARDSVIOLATION, STARTUP,
TPSTATE, TRAYICONS, TRAYNOTIFY. TRAYTIMEOUT, XREFNOTIFY.
: ACISOUTVER, CECOLOR,
CHAMFERA, CHAMFERB, CHAMFERC, DWGCHECK, FILLETRAD, MAXSORT,
MIRRTEXT, OBSCUREDCOLOR, PROXYWEBSEARCH, SAVTIME, SORTENTS,
ZOOMFACTOR.
: PLOTID, PLOTTER, STARTUPTODAY.
. 7. 1 , AutoCAD,
"AutoCAD 2002" (
" "). , , , .
, . 7.I
,
.
, DIM
, . 7.6 . " "
7. 1. ,

-ADCSTATE



DESIGNCENTER (
): 0 ,
1 -

"AUXSTAT

.
:
-32 768 32 767

*AXISUNIT

(0.0, 0.0)

'CPUTICKS


( )

7.

237
7.1 ()

* STATE



DBCONNECT MANAGER
( }:
0 , 1


0, 1 2
( . )

"ENTEXTS

ENTMQDS

*ERRNO




( . )

*FORCE_P AGING

'GLOBCHECK

. 03

*LAZYLOAD

. : 0, 1

*MACRO TRACE


DIESEL:
0 ,
1
( . )

"MAXOBJMEM

MILLISECS

.
( )

-NODENAME

"acS"

*OPMSTATE


PROPERTIES
(): 0 ,
1 -

"

I.

238

7.1 ()

"AutoCAD"

'PHANDLE

'PRODUCT

-PROGRAM

'

"QAFLAGS

.

LISP--

,
(,
alert)

'QAUCSLOCK

RE-INIT

( 0 21)

^
( . )

*SPACESWITCH


PAPER ()
MODEL ()



0 , 1

'TPSTATE


TOOL
PALETTES ( ):

. -

0 , 1

-USEACIS

USER!1,*USERI2,
'USERI3. "USERI4,
'USERI5


( 0 11



*
(

USERI1 .
USER12, USERI3,
USERI4, USERI5)

7.

239

7.1 ()

USERR1.
'USERR2,
'USERR3,
'USERR4,
'USERR5

- 0.0




(

USERR1,
USERR2, USERR3,
USERR4, USERR5)

*USERS1.
'USERS2,
-USERS3.
"USERS4,
-USERS5



(

) (

USERS1 ,
USERS2. USERS3,
USERS4, USERS5)

'WHIPTHREAD

(03)
,

( )

'ADLM
Network..."

MJNFO

*_PKSER

*_SERVER


(0 1)

* TOOLPALETTEPATH

"C:\Documents
and Setiings\
<username>\
Application
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,
<username>
, <lang>
(,
"en ", "")

*_VERNUM

:.
,

"V.O. ..."


AutoCAD

240

I.

7.1 ()

ACADLSPASDOC


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7.2 ()

99

100

setvar

101

102

entnext

103

104

105


R12

*MACROTRACE, MACROTRACE
DIESEL (,
)
.
MACR.OTRACE 'MACROTRACE 1 ( 0).
7.1.
i 7.1. DIESEL-
Command: Eval: S (IF, S {and, S (getvar, oprnstate), 1) , !
Eval: 5 (AND, S{getvar,opmstate). 1;
Eval: $(GETVAR, opmstate]

Eval: S i T F , S!and,5{getvar,adcstate) , 1) , !.)


Eval: SiAND, $ {getvar, adcstate) ,
E v a l : S(GETVAR, adcstate)
===>

===>

Eval: S ( I F , S (and, S (getvar, dbcstate) , 1 ) , ! . ;

Eval: S (AND, S (getvar,dbcstate), 1]


Eval: S(GETVAR, dbcstate)

===>

===>

286

I.

*RE-INIT, RE-INIT
. ( 0 21)
:
D 1 / ;
0 4 ;
1 16 acad.pgp.
REINIT ().

*WHIPTHREAD, WHIPTHREAD
. , ()
.
:
| 0 (
); ;
1 ;
2 ;
3 ,
.
( 2 3)
, DRAWODER (), . .
*WHIPTHREAD
WHIPTHREAD .

AUTOSNAP
, , .
, " ():
I ;
3 2 ;

7.

4 ;

8 POLAR (-) ( );

287

3 1 6 - OTRACK (-) ( );
32 .
: , 0.
AUTOSNAP .
AUTOSNAP , ( ).

BINDTYPE

(, . .) . (
New.dwg. Light):
("New|Light" "New$(l$Light"; ,
"NewSlSLight", "NewSlSLight" . .);
\ ("New|Light" 8 "Light").

CDATE
,
.
.. ,
20020926.18254762,
18 25 47.62 26 2002 . , , . ( ) .
,
CDATE .

CECOLOR
. : "I", "2", ... "255", "BYLAYER", "BYBLOCK",
,
, : "RGB:51,1,222", 51,
1 222 RGB- ( 1 255).
COLOR (),
CECOLOR,

288

.^___

I.

"BYLAYER" "BYBLOCK" , , "256" "",


"" "" ( ).
getvar (. . " " )
.

CELTYPE

. "BYLAYER" "BYBLOCK".
LINETYPE ()
CELTYPE, "BYLAYER"
"BYBLOCK" , , "" "" (
). getvar
.

CELWEIGHT
, , (, 2
CELWEIGHT 200). : 0, 5, 9, 13, 15, 18, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 50, 53, 60, 70,
, 90, 100, 106, 120, 140, 158,200 2 1 1 .
, CELWEIGHT :
-1 - "BYLAYER" (""};

-2 "BYBLOCK" ("");

-3 - "DEFAULT" ("").
"DEFAULT" ("") LWDEFAULT.

CMDACTIVE

, LISP-. , ():
3 1 () ;
3 2 ;
4 ();
8 :
16 LISP DDE;

7.

289

G 32 LISP { ARX-);
64 , ObjectARX.

CMDECHO
, - command, - vl-cnidf.
- , , AutoCAD,
.

CMLSCALE

. 1,
, . (
CMLSCALE).
.

COORDS
:
;
1 ;
2 ,
, .

CPLOTSTYLE
( ).
PSTYLEPOLICY.
PSTYLEPOLICY 1 (. .
), CPLOTSTYLE
" " "BYCOLOR" (""). PSTYLEPOLICY 0 (. . ), CPLOTSTYLE
( " B Y L A Y E R " ("")):
"BYLAYER" ("");
"BYBLOCK" ("");
10 . 428

I.

290

"NORMAL" ("");
(SlB-, ).

, " ", ( ,
, ).

CVPORT
CVPORT
:
,
;
~3 , , - ;
.

DATE
CDATE. DATE , , . .
DATE .
( DATE) MJD (Modified
Julian Date) ,
1 4713 ( ).

,
DATE

( DATE) . 12 0.50000000 .
86400.0, , .

:
2002 .

2452470.25000000 6

14

,
DATE .

DBMOD
, . -

7.

291

,
:
1 ( );
4 (, ):
8 ;
16 .
, DBMOD 29 (29 = 1 + 4 + 8 + !6).
0.

DCTMAIN
,
.
. 7.3 .
7.3. DCTMAIN

""

"cs"

"da"

"de"

( (1)

'ded"

( li)

""

( ]

"ens"

( , ise)

"enu"

( )

"enz"

( , ize]

"es"

( )

"esa"

( )

"fi"

"fr"

( )

"fra"

( )

"it"

'

( )

292

!.
7.3 ()

"nls"

( )

""

(bokmal)

""

(nynorsk)

"pt"

(!

"plb"

(!

""

( )

"rui"

( )

"sv"

DEFLPLSTYLE
,
. PSTYLEPOLICY
PSTYLEPOLICY 1 (. .
),
DEFLPLSTYLE " " "BYCOLOR"
(""). PSTYLEPOLICY 0 (. .
),
DEFLPLSTYLE ,
PLOTSTYLE (I ] "N >RM .!. "))

DEFPLSTYLE
, .
PSTYLEPOL1CY. PSTYLEPOLICY 1 (. . ),
DEFPLSTYLE " "
"BYCOLOR" (""). PSTYLEPOLICY 0 (. . ), DEFPLSTYLE , CPLOTSTYLE ( "BYLAYER" ("")).

DELOBJ
AutoCAD
. , , :
3 , ( REGION
()};

7.

293

, Spline (),
( SPLJNE ());
( EXTRUDE
() REVOLVE ()).
DELOBJ 1 ( ),
, 0 .

DEMANDLOAD
AutoCAD ARX-. :
, , ;
;
1 ; , , ;
3 2 , ; ;
3 , , .

DISPSILH
HIDE (). 1,
.

DRAGMODE

, , . :
;
1
DRAG ; AutoCAD _DRAG (
);
2 .

294

I.


.

Command: (:)
SETVAR () DRAGMODE, , :
Enter new value [ON/OFF/Auto] <Auio>:
( [//] <Aemo>:)
ON, OFF Auto 0, 1/ 2 DRAGMODE. _DRAGMODE.
DRAGMODE
. , , 2, CIRCLE
()
"" | i

i ",'

-..I I ' ;

"

- ' '"

'

' . - . -.:;-..- .....

', .

DWGCHECK
, DWG , , AutoCAD AutoCAD LT. :
;
1
, AutoCAD AutoCAD LT.
;
2 ;
3
, AutoCAD AutoCAD LT, a

.

EXPERT
. :
;
1 : About to regen, proceed? ( ?)
Really want to turn the current layer off? (
?);

7.

2 , 1, : Block already defined. Redefine it? ( .


?) BLOCK () A drawing with this name already
exists. Overwrite it? ( . ?)
SAVE (), SAVEAS ( ) WBLOCK
();
3 , 2, LINETYPE () ,
, ,
;
4 , 3, UCS () ( Save ()) VPORTS ()
( Save ()), ;
5 -- , 4,
, Save () DIMSTYLE
(-), .
EXPERT ,
.
, EXPERT
(), , LISP-.

EXTNAMES
, (, . .):
AutoCAD 1 4 ( 31 , ,
, );
1 -- AutoCAD 2000 ( 255 , , , ,
, ,
Windows AutoCAD).
, - .
LISP-
snvalid.

FACETRATIO


. 0 1:
N*l ( );

296

I.

D 1 N x M ( , ).

FILEDIA

, . :
0 ( );
1 .
,
F I L E D I A , : BMPOUT (), IMPORT (), MENULOAD (), MENUUNLOAD (), NEW
(), OPEN (). PARTIALOAD (), PSETUPIN
(), QNEW (), RECOVER (BOCCTAH), SAVEAS (), SCRIPT (). VBALOAD, VSLIDE (), WBLOCK
(), XREF ().
,
(~).
( )
.

FONTALT
AutoCAD , ,
,
FONTALT. , Alternate Font ( ):
3 R13, FONTALT
; ( TrueType, shx PostScript):
R14 ,
FONTALT ;
( shx
PostScript); TrueType AutoCAD
TrueType.
, .
FONTALT TrueType (, Times New Roman Bold), (, timebd.tif).

7.

297

FONTMAP
AutoCAD
. acad.fmp (
Support Documents and Sellings
).
FMP- , ( )
, , :
txt.ahx;eskd.shx

, ,
txt.shx eskd.shx.
FMP- TrueType, :
cibt;CITYB

-TTF

FONTMAP
, ,
, , - ,
FONTALT.

GFNAME
, . :
3 1 ;
2 ;
3 ;
3 4 ;
3 5 ;
6 ;
1 :
8 ;
9 .

GR1POBJLIMIT
,
(
). ( GRIPOB.ILIM1T),

298

I.

. 32767.
, 2, , , , , ,
.
, ,
, .

HIDETEXT
: (OFF) 1
(ON). I HIDE () . .
, HIDETCXT 1,
SHX- , HIDE
() , , -.

HYPERLINKBASE
,, AutoCAD
HYPHRLINKBASE.
(. . ""),
l)WG PREFIX.

INDEXCTL

. :
;
] -1 ;
2 ;
3 , .

SAVEAS ()

SAVEAS () (
Save As (, ) File ()). Save Drawing As ( )
Tools () Options (), Save as Options ( ) (. 7.1).

7.

Filet of

type

299

AuloCAD 20D4 Drawing (

. 7.1. Save Drawing As Saveas Options

Index type ( ) : Layer (), Spatial () Layer & Spatial


() .
( ).
.

. AutoCAD , .
,
.
(
)
.
TREESTAT () : (nodes),
, . .
80 . ,
. TREEDEPTH .

300

I.

INSUNITS
,
,
AutoCAD. :
0 ;

11 ;

3 1 ;

12 ;

2 ;

3 ;

14 ;

4 ;

15 ;

5 ;

16 ;

17 ;

7 ;

18 ;

8 ;

19 ;

9 ;

20 .

10 ;

INTERSECTIONCOLOR, INTERSECTIONDISPLAY
( )
INTERSECTIONDISPLAY I ,
HIDE ()
SHADEMODE () .
INTERSECTIONDISPLAY
.
INTERSECTIONCOLOR, 257. 1 255
AutoCAD. 0 256 "ByBlock" ("")
"ByLayer" (""), 257 "ByEmity" ().

ISAVEPERCENT

,
. .

, .

7.

301

0 100. , 50 ,
50% .
, , 1SAVEPERCENT.
.
1SAVEPERCENT , AutoCAD .

LAYOUTREGENCTL
-. ,
-
.
:
0 -
;
3 1
; ; - ;
2 : -, .
LAYOUTREGENCTL 1 2,
, Model () , .

LUNITS

, .
( 127,34):
1 (, 1.2734+02);
2 (127.34);
3 ('-7.34");
4 ('-7 87/256");
5- (127 11/32).

302

MEASUREINIT, MEASUREMENT
MEASUKE1NIT ,
. . :
, ANSI;
1 , ISO.
MEASUREIN1T
MEASUREMENT,
.

MENUCTL
0 1. ]

( ). 0
.
, .
,
AutoCAD ( , . .).
.

MENUECHO
MENUECHO
- . :
1 - (
^ );
2 ;
4 - ( );
8 (
DIESEL-).
, .

7.

303

MTEXTED
, (). MTEXTED "Internal" ("") , AutoCAD . MTEXTED
("") ( <1>,
).
80 , ?( LISP- ( "tlisped"}.

OBSCUREDCOLOR, OBSCUREDLTYPE
HIDE ()
, .
OBSCUREDLTYPE . 0, HIDE ()
. 1 I I ,
:
1 ;
^ 2 ;
3 ;
4 ( );
1 5 ( ):
3 6 ( );
7 ( );
3 8 ( );
~] 9 ( ):
10 ;
II .
( ,
OBSCUREDLTYPE 0). OBSCUREDCOLOR, 0 257, 0 > "BYBLOCK"
(""), 256- "BYLAYER" (""), 257

"BYENTITY" (""). AutoCAD.

304

I.

OFFSETDIST
OFFSET (). .
, Through (),
OFFSETDIST -.
OFFSET () ,
Through
(), .

OFFSETGAPTYPE

() .
0, OFFSET
() :
.
I, (
, ) ( ). , , .
OFFSETGAPTYPE 2,
( , ) ( ). ,
, .

OSMODE
, (
) OSMODE.

, (
):
1 Endpoint ();
2 Midpoint ();
1 4 Center ();
D 8 - Node ();
3 16 Quadrant ();
3 32 Intersection ();
64 Insert ();

7.

__

305

128 Perpendicular ():


3 256 Tangent ();
512 Nearest ():
1024 - Quick ();
3 2048 Apparent Intersection ( );
3 4096 Extension ();
8192 Parallel ().
None () - 0.
OSNAP (),
OSMODE 16384. 32767 ( , 16384, ;
).
OSMODE
. ,
,
OSMODE .

PALETTEOPAQUE
TOOL
PALETTES ( ).
, ,
AutoCAD.
,
. :
;
1 ;
2 , ;
3 .

PDMODE, PDSIZE
PDMODE
AutoCAD, ( POINT (), DIVIDE (), MEASURE ()). : , 1, 2. 3, 4, 32.
33, 34, 35, 36, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100.

306

I.

0 4:
( );

3 ( );

1 ( );

4 - ' ( ).

2 + ( );
32 , 64 , 96 .

PDSIZE. ( )
5% .
PDSIZE
(, ,
PDMODE 0 I). ,
10,


PDSIZE 20 .

PDSIZE , ( )
PDSIZE. , PDSIZE 200.0,
.

PERIMETER
AREA () PERIMETER. LIST (), ,
( , , ). , DBLIST ().

PICKADD

(, ).
0 1.
PICKADD 0 (. .
- ),
( , , ,
) (
)
(). (PICKADD 0)
, , <Shift>.
PICKADD 1 (
), .
<Shift>, .

7.

307

PICKAUTO
Command: (:) Select objects:
( :) , , PICKAUTO ( 0 1).
PICKAUTO 1, , .
:
Specify opposite corner:
( :)

(
, , ,
).
PICKAUTO U.
.

PICKDRAG
: . 0 1.
PICKDRAG 0, . ( ).
PICKDRAG 1, . ,
, ; , .

PICKSTYLE

. :
^ 0 ;
1 ;
2 ;
D 3 .
,
,

308

/.

( ,
).
,
, ,
.

PLINETYPE
, PLINE ( ) , , . AutoCAD () ( POLYLINE) (
) (
LWPOLYLINE). .
, .
.
PLINETYPE:
1 0
; PLINE () ;
1
; PLINE () ;
[32 ; PLINE () .

[ ) CONVERT () CONVERTPOLY ().
PLINETYPE , PEDIT
() ( ), BOUNDARY () ( , ), POLYGON (-), DONUT () SKETCH ()
( SKPOLY 1). PLINETYPE
, RECTANG () REVCLOUD
() .

PLOTROTMODE

( ,
, ).
, (

7.

309

). PLOTROTMODE :
3 0 , (
0, 90, 180 270 ;
); Y, ; ' , Y
;
1
, Y 1
; , Y ;
2 , ( 0, 90, ISO 270 ); X , ; , PLOTROTMODE, X Y
( ,
).

POLARADDANG
.
POLARADDANG.
, , (:
"15;24.55;111.7"). 25 .
, AUNITS AUPREC (
POLARADDANG
AUN1TS AUPREC).

POLARANG
,
. ,
, POLARANG, . , 30, 0, 60,
90, 120, 150, 180, 210, 240, 270, 300 330 .

310

I. ^

POLARANG
ADMITS AUPREC.
,
POLARANG : 90, 45, 30,
22.5, 18, 15, 10 5. (
), 0360 . , 41.15, : 0, 41.15, 82.30,
123.45, 164.60 . .

POLARDIST
. , ,
' , ,
POLARDIST.
1,
SNAPTYPE.

POLARMODE

.
POLARMODE 0, , :

;
3 , 90 :
^ (
);
, , ( ).
POLARMODE (
15) :
1 () ;
2
( 90);
D 4 ( );
8 , ,
<Shift>.

7.

311

PROJECTNAME
,
AutoCAD . , ,
. , ,
AutoCAD.

OPTIONS () ( Files ()
Options ()).

PROXYNOTICE
-. , () , -. - ,
- .
:
- ;
1 - .

PROXYWEBSEARCH
, , ARX- , Autodesk (, Object Enablers), .
PROXYWEBSEARCH .
\

i :

: ij 1 1

0 ;
3 I ,
.

PSLTSCALE

, ,

312

I.

.
. LTSCALE.
PSLTSCALE :
, (
) ( LTSCALE), , , ;
1 ( )


;
LTSCALE.

PSQUALITY

PostScript.
0 PostScript. ( 32768)
AutoCAD, PostScript. ( 32767) .

PSTYLEPOLICY
.
PSTYLEPOLICY , , AutoCAD ( 2000). :
; , DEFPLSTYLE; ,
DEFLPLSTYLE;
1 .

SCREENMODE

:
;
1 ;
2 ;

7.

313

3 ( ! 2),
,
3.

SDI
- .
0 3:
3 0 (
);
1 -- (
);
2 , , . . , ; 2 ;
^ 3 , . . SD1 1, a n AutoCAD ,
; , ; 3
I .
0 1.
2 3 (
" ").

SHORTCUTMENU
, .
0,
<Enter>, AutoCAD
R14.
SHORTCUTMENU :
D 1 (, o^fa );
2 -- (,
);
4 (,
- );

314

I.

8 (,
- , ).

(. 9 "AutoCAD 2004: ").

SNAPANG,SNAPBASE
SNAPANG , GRID (), SNAP ()
.
SNAPBASE.
SNAPANG getvar
( setvar).
SNAPANG
, AUN1TS (, , ANITS 0). SNAPANG
.
, SNAPANG, ( ).
SNAPANG -ARRAY (-), . .
.

SORTENTS

. OPTIONS () User Preferences () Options (). SORTENTS :
1 ;
32 ;
3 4 ;
8 MSLIDE ();
16 REGEN ();
32 ;
64 PSOUT ().
.

7.

375

SPLINESEGS
, AutoCAD PEDIT () ( Spline ()), .
SPLINESEGS .
-327678
32767 (0 ).
, . ( ), . SPLINESEGS
.
,
.
, Endpoint () ""
. ,
SPLINESEGS, Center ()
"" .

STARTUP
Startup ( )
(. . 4.1), Create New Drawing ( ) Select Template
( ) AutoCAD NEW
() QNEW () ,
FILEDIA 1 ( F1LEDIA ). :
, Files ()
OPTIONS (),
Select Template ( ), ;
3 1 -- Startup ( )
AutoCAD Create New Drawing ( )
NEW () QNEW ().

SYSCODEPAGE

, acad.xrnx.
DWGCODEPAGE. , , . 7.4. "ANSI_1251".
. 7.5.

I.

376

7.4.

ASCII

DOS860

DOS932

IS08859-7

BIG5

DOS861

GB2312

IS08859-8

DOS437

DOSB63

ISO8859-1

IS08859-9

DOS850

DOS864

ISO8859-2

JOHAB

DOS852

DOS865

IS08859-3

KSC5601

DOS855

DOS866

IS08S59-4

MAC-ROMAN

DOS857

DOS869

IS08859-6

7.5.
ANSI

932

Shift-JIS

936

()

GB2312-80

949

(Wansung)

KS -5601-1987

950

(]

BJg-5

1361

(Johab)

KSC-5601-1992

TEXTEVAL
, Command:
(:) , LISP.
TEXTEVAL
, -TEXT (-) - (-) (. . , , ).
:
0 ;
1 , "(" "!",
LISP.
, TEXT () Enter text: ( :) i v e r ) <Enter>,
TEXTEVAL. 0

7.

_____^____

317

iver), 1 visual LISF


2000

(eni-

-ATTDEF (-)
-ATTEDIT (-), -INSERT (-), -LAYOUT (-) .

TRACKPATH
AutoCAD
. TRACKPATH
. :
3 0 ;
1 --
;
2 ;
3 .

TREEDEPTH
. -32768 32767.
0 . , .
( SORTENTS
).
. , (
4 5 ).
( Z ).
.
TREEDEPTH .

TREEMAX

( ),
.

318

I.

,
TREEDEPTH.
TREE MAX ' . 15000
.
, AutoCAD, TREEMAX .
AutoCAD , TREEMAX, , . TREEMAX
.

UCS1CON

. 0 3:
; ;
1 ;
3 2 - , ,
, ;
3 , ,
.

, * 1 2.
UCSICON ().
, , .
SETVAR () LISP- setvar.

UNDOCTL
UNDO
(), . :
1 ;
2 ;

7.

3/0

^ 4 Auto ();
8 .
.
Auto () UNDO ()
.

VIEWMODE
,
, . .
:
1 1 ;
2 ;
"3 4 ;
8 ;
^ 16 .
16 ,
FRONTZ. 16 , FRONTZ ( ). ,
(. . 2).

VISRETAIN
PSTYLEPOLICY 0 (. .
), VISRETAJN
, , ,
,
. :
3 0 ,
, ;
' , : , , , , ; ;
3 1 ,
, ; ;
.

320

__^_

I.

VSMAX
, ,
.
, AutoCAD
.

WMFBKGND, WMFFOREGND

:
3 AutoCAD Windows ( WMFOUT
() EXPORT ());
AutoCAD Windows
Windows , Microsoft Word ( COPYCLIP ());
AutoCAD
Windows.
WMFBKGND, WMFFOREGND
.
WMFBKGND :
(. . AutoCAD), a
WMFFOREGND;
1 AutoCAD ( , ), .
WMFFOREGND ,
WMFBKGND 0. WMFFOREGND:
, , ;
1 , , .
W M F B K G N D WMFFOREGND
ON () OFF
(), 1 0.

WORLDVIEW
3DORBIT (3-), DVJEW () VPOINT
() , -

7.

321

( ) WORLDV1EW;
0 ;
I ( ).

XLOADCTL, XLOADPATH
XLOADCTL
. :
G O ;
,

;
3 1 ; (
);
D 2 ; , , XLOADPATH; rl.dwg,
rl$0$.ac$; ,
, .
XLOADCTL 2, (
XLOADPATH). XLOADPATH , AutoCAD.

XREFNOTIFY
,
. :
;
1
;
;
2
; , .
11

3as 428

1.

322


. 7.6 .
7.6.

DIMADEC

(08)
-1
(
DIMDEC)

DIMALT

: 0 , 1

DIMALTD

(0 8)

DIMALTF

0.0393701

DIMALTRND

0.0

DIMALTTD

(08)

DIMALTTZ

(015)

( . )

DIMALTU

(18)

( )

DIMALTZ

(015)

( )

DIMAPOST

,

(. DIMASSOC)

(02]

( . )

DIMASO

DIMASSOC



( . )

7.

323

7.6 ()

DIMASZ

2.5


(
, . .
DIMTSZ 0]

DIMATFIT

(03)
.


' . )

DIMAUNIT

(04)

( . )

DIMAZIN

(03) !'

( . )

DIMBLK

,


( . )

'

DIMBLK1

,.,.

,
, -
OIMSAH 1
(
DIMBLK)

,
,
DIMSAH 1
(
. DIMBLK)

DIMBLK2

D1MCEN

2.5



( )

DIMCLRD

(0256) , ,
0
"BYBLOCK" ("").
256 - "BYLAYER"
("")

D1MCLRE

( 0 256)

DIMCLRT

( 0 256)

324

I.
7.6 ()

DIMDEC

(08)
!

0.0

,

,

3.75

( "")

D1MDLE

DIMDLI

DIMDSEP

,


( . )

DIUEXE

1.25

D1MEXO

0.625

DIMFIT

1- . .

,

05;
DIMATFIT
OIMTMOVE

DIMFHAC

, DIMLUNIT
4 5:
0 .
1 ,
2
(, 3/4)

DIMGAP

0.625

{ . )

(04)
( )

DIMJUST

DIMLDRBLK

DIMLFAC


( re ,
4ToyDIM8LK)

1.0



( . )

7.

325

7.6 ()

DIMLIU


""
( DIMTP
01):0()-,
1 (ON) ;
DIMLIM
DIMTOL
(. . 7.9)

QIMLUNIT

(16)

( . )

DIMLWD

_2

,
-3 21 1
{ . )

-2

,
3 21 1 (
.
DIMLWD)

D1MLWE

DIMPOST

DIMRND

0.0

DIMSAH


:
0-!1_,
1 -H3DIMBLK1 HDIMBLK2

D1MSCALE

10

,


( ,
,
. )
( . )

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:
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:
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I.

326

7.6 ()

:
i. -

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:
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(
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7.

327

7.6 (" I

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: 0 .
1 . 2

DIMTP

0.0


, DIMTOL DIMUM
1

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,

, ;
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DIMTVP

0.0


,
DIMTAD 0 (
. )

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DIMTXSTY

I.

328

7.6 ()

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. 7.6.

DIMALTTZ
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, ;
1 , .
2 ;
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i 7.

329

DIMALTTZ 0 15. , , ,
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DIMALTU
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DIMALTZ
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3 3 ;
3 4 (. 0.3500
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75.1000 75.1);
G 12 ,
(, 0.3500 .35).
D1MALTZ 0 15. , , ,
, , .

DIMAPOST
,
( , ) , .

330

DIMAPOST : "Prcflx[JSLifTix", "Prefix"


OD , "Suffix" .
"{]"- ,
.
SETVAR () , , (.). DIMAPOST setvdr, ("")
(".") (a DIMAPOST ).
("")
.

DIMASSOC
DIMASSOC , . AutoCAD 2000 DIMASO.
DIMASSOC
,
(, . .) ,
;
1 , , ,
( ); ;
;
2 ], ; I;
;

.
DIMASSOC .
(,
, ).

DIMREASSOCIATE ().
.

ASSOCIATE ().

D1MDIS-

DIMASO
0 I, 0 I
DIMASSOC. , , -

7. ?

331

, , ,
, ( STRETCH
()).
, AutoCAD 2002/2004,
AutoCAD, DIMASSOC,
AutoCAD 2002/2004, .
AutoCAD 2002/2004
DIMASSOC
DIMASO.
, QDIM (), :.
DIMREASSOCIATE ()

DIMATFIT

, -
- .
:
0 -- , ;
1 1 -- ,
;
2 , :
3 3 - ( ,
).
DIMTMOVE 1.
. . 7 2
DIMATFIT.

DIMATFIT =

DIHATFIT = 1

EIMATFIT = ?.

DIMATFIT = 3

. 7.2. DIMATFIT

332

I.

DIMAUNIT
DIMAUNIT . ;
;
1 //:
2 ;
3 .

DIMAZIN
. :
:
1 (,
0.3500 .3500)
2 (, 75.1000 75.1);
3 ,
(, 0.3500 .35).

DIMBLK
,
, DIMSAH
0. DIMBLK:
("") ( );
1 ("_CLOSEDBLANK") :
[^ ("_CLOSED") ;
("_DOT") ;
0 ("__ARCHTICK") ;
(".OBLIQUE") - ;
S3 ("_OPEN") :
("_OR1GIN") ;
El ("_ORIG1N2") -2;
("OPEN90") ;
("_OPEN30") 30 ;
[*] ("_ DOTS MALL") ;
^ ("_DOTBLANK") ;

333

[oj ("_SMALL") .
("_BOXBLANK") - :
@ ("_BOXFILLED") ;
0 ("DATUM LAN ") - ;
("_DATUMFILLED") ;
0 ("JNTEGRAL") - ;
("__NONE") (. . ).
,
SETVAR {) LISP- setvar ("."). , ,

DIMCEN
DIMCENTER ( ),
DIMDIAMETER () DIMRAD1US ().
DIMD1AMETER () DIMRADIUS () ,
. DIMCEN .
D1MCEN 0,
, .
, , DIMCEN.
, , ,
DiMCEN.
DIMCEN
. 7.3.

DIMCEN =

DIMCEN >

DIMCEN <

. 7.3. DIMCEN

DIMDSEP
,
( )
. LISP- setvar -

334

I.

.
.

DIMGAP
,
.
,
LEADER (). DIMGAP ,
AutoCAD .
DIMGAP
.
AutoCAD , DIMGAP.
,
, , DIMGAP.
(DIMASZ + DIMGAP).

DIMJUST
( ). :
, ;
I , ;
3 2 , ;
3 ;
4 .
. 7.4 DIMJUST.
200

DIMJUST =

DIMJUST = 1

DIMJUST = 2

DIMJUST = 3

DIMJUST = 4

. 7.4. DIMJUST

7.

335

DIMLFAC

{ , ).
.
DiMLFAC
DIMRND. DIMTM DIMTP.
DIMLFAC , .
DIMLFAC . DIMLFAC 1.0.
- DIMLFAC
,
.

DIMLUNIT

. ( 127,34):
3 1 (, I.2734E+Q2);
2 (127.34);
3 - (10'-7.34");
3 4 (10'-7 87/256");
3 5- (127 11/32);
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, ).

DIMLWD

CELWEIGHT, . , ,
(, 1 DIMLWD 100).
: 0, 5, 9, 13, 15, 18, 21), 25, 30,
35. 40, 50, 53, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 106, 120, 140, 158, 200 2 1 1 .
. DIMLWD :
-1 - "BYLAYER" ("");
-1 - "BYBLOCK" ("");
3 -3 - "DEFAULT" ("").

336

I.

"DEFAULT" ("") LWDEFAULT.


: 3 - "BYLAYER" ("").

DIMPOST
,
( , ) .
DIMPOST : "PrefixOSuffix", "Prefix"
, "Suffix" -- .
"<>" ( ). , .
SETVAR () , , (.). DIMPOST
setvar, ("")
(".") ( DIMPOST ). ("")
.
, .

DIMSCALE

(, ,
, . .). , ,
, ,
. ,
( , , . .).
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, . .),
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DIMSCALE , LEADER
() QLEADER ().
DIMSCALE 0.0, AutoCAD
,
. 6 0 , 1.0.
DIMSCALE
. , -

7.

337

, , DIMSCALE.
1, , 2,5 ,
DIMSCALE 2.5 , (. 7.5).
400

DIMSCALE = 1

DIMSCALE = 2.5

. 7.5. DIMSCALE

DIMSOXD
, - . :
L! (OFF) ;
1 (ON) .
, DIMTIX
1, . D1MTIX, DIMSOXD 1,
,
.
DIMTIX 0. DIMSOXD .
. 7.6
DIMSOXD.

= 0

DiMSDXD - 1
DIMTIX = 1

DIMSDXD = 1
DIMTIX = 0
. 7.6. DIMSOXD

DIMSTYLE
. "ISO-25" "Standard", , -

33S

I.


acadiso.dwt acad.dwt.
AutoCAD DIMSTYLE
,
DIMSTYLE ().

DIMTAD

.
:
^ 0 ;
1 ( , , DIMTIH 1, . . ); DIMGAP;
2 , .
3 - JIS
(Japanese Industrial Standards).
DIMTAD
. 7.7.

DIMTAD =
DIMTAD = 1
DIMTAD = 2

DIMTAD = 3

4,4

. 7.7. DIMTAD

DIMTIH
. 7.8 D1MT1H
.

7.

339

310,69

D1MTIH =

DIMTIH = ]

. 7.8. DIMT1H

DIMTM
,
( D1MTOL 1)
"" ( DIML1M 1}. "" , D1MTM ( ), .
DIMTP. DIMTM
DIMTP , (. 7.9).

t-8
407,85-12
DIMTM =

12

415,85
.395,85.
DIMTM = L2

DIMTP = 8

DIMTP = 6

DIMLIM =

DIMLIM = 1

DIMTQL = 1

DIMTDL = 0

. 7.9. DIMTM DIMTP


( DIMLIM DIMTOL)

DIMTMOVE
. :
:
1 ;
2 ~ .

DIMTOFL
, ,

I.

340

( DIMTIX, 0) (), ().


:
(OFF) ,
;
1 (ON) ,
.
DIMTOFL . 7.10 7.11.
113,23
- =

DIHTDFL = 1

. 7.10. DIMTOFL

DIMTDFL =

DIMTDFL = 1

. 7.11. DIMTOFL
( DIMTIX, 0)

DIMTOH
. 7.12 DIMTOH
.

212,04

1 -

DIMTOH = 1

. 7-12. DIMTOH

7.

341

DIMTP
,
( DIMTOL 1)
"" ( DIMLIM I). "" , D1MTP ( ), .
, .
. 7.9.

DIMTVP

. . DIMTVP , DIMTAD .
( DIMSCALE)
DIMTXT DIMTVP. DIMTVP 1.0 DIMTAD.
DIMTVP 0.7. .

DIMTZIN
.
( 0 3 ,
4 12 }:
D O , ;
I , ;
D 2 ;
3 ;
4 (, 0.3500
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75.1000 75.1);
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D1MTZ1N 0 15. , , ,
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342_

I.

DIMZIN
. 0 3 .
:
3 0 , ;
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, Express Tools 2004
SYSVDLG, .
Tools | System Variable Editor ( ) Express ().
SYSVDLG System Variables ( ) (. 7.13), .
,
, :
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3 Initial Value ( );
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. New Value ( ) AutoCAD 2004 , . 7.1, .

7.

343

NewVakje JO
PKSER
..'ERNUM
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LISP
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CELTYPE, CMDECHO,
DATE,
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II

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9.

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11.
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348

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DIML!NEAR{P3MTIHHEHHbIH);

TEXT ();

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TOLERANCE ();

18();
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TRACE ();
X L I N E ().

Draw ()
(. . 2.77) Dimension () (. . 2.76), Draw
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/020.
, . REGION () 37.



AutoCAD ,
,
. :
ALIGN ();

CHAMFER ();

ARRAY ();

COPY ():

BREAK ();

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8. ,
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345

D MOVE ();

EXTEND ();

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a FILLET ();

SCALE ();

LENGTHEN ();

STRETCH ();

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Modify () (. . 2.83)
Modify () (. . 2.40). 21.
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a MLEDIT ();

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.
, ,
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,
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DIST ()
(
AREA () (
MASSPROP (-)
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LIST ()
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ID () (
. LiST (), .

II.

350

DBL1ST ().
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Caitrol point V 242.5645
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06205

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. 8.1.



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8. ,

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9.2 ()

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359

3 OBJECTS , ;
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310

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330

-1

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360

9.3 ()

360

370

410

420

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430

440

: 3DFACE, 3DSOLID,
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MLINE, MTEXT, OLEFRAME, OLE2FRAME, POINT, POLYLINE, RAY,
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VERTEX, VIEWPORT, WIPEOUT, XLINE (an. &mey 1 "AutoCAD 2004: "). DXF-
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DXF-
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:
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BLOCK_RECORD - ;
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9. DXF-^

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365

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) . :
D Window () , ,
, (. . );
Last ()
;
3 Crossing () , , , (. .
);
BOX () ,
;
ALL () ( A1_SELALL,
, <Ctri>+
Fence () ()
,
;

366

II.

WPolygon (-) , ic , ,
;
CPolygon (-) ,
, ;
3 Group () ( ,
GROUP (), . )',
3 CLass () , ;
3 Add ()
( );
G Remove ()
( );
3 Multiple () ,
;
3 Previous () , AutoCAD ;
Undo () -
;

AUto () ,
, ,
, . . BOX ();
Single ()
, , .
AUto () Add () . ,
<Shift> Add ()
Remove (), .
Add () Remove () , .
, , Remove () .

QSELECT ()
QSELECT ()
( , , . .),

. QSELECT () Quick Seleet ( ) (. 10.6).

10. .

367

t* Quick Relec

""

TJ

Object type [Polyline

J& j

jJ

Properties:
^ nelype
.inelype scale
lyte
Jnew&ght
Hyperlink
Thickness
Vertex
VeiteHY
Start segrnenl width
I rid ^egrnerJ widlh
j lob el width
Operalot: j = Equals
Value:
How lo apply:
i

f* Include In nevJ selection set


Endude from selection sel
f~ Append to cuierrt sdeclicr set
Caned

Help

. 10.6. Quick Select

, , = Equals (= ), Not Equal {<> }, > Greater than


(> ), < Less than (< !, * Wildcard Match (* ), Select All ( ).
Operator (). , :
G Apply to () - , (Entire
drawing ( ) Current selection ( ),
, ):
Object type ( ) (Line (), Polyline () . .) ,
Multiple () , ;
Properties () ,
(Color (), Layer (), Linetype (
), Linetype scale ( ). Plot style ( ),
Lineweight ( ), Hyperlink () .); - ,
(Area (), Closed ().
Thickness (!, Global width ( ) . .);

368

II,

[3 Value () , ;
(,
Color () ).
How to apply ( ) ,
,
.
FILTER (),
,

Express Tools
Express Tools 2004 ,
:
GETSEL ,
( Express () Selection Tools | Get
Selection Set ( | ));
FASTSEL ,
( Express () - Selection
Tools | Fast Select ( );
FASTSEL FSMODE;
^ SSX
.


:
GRIPCOLOR >,
( );
!) GROPHOVER ,
( );
3 GRIPHOT -- ,
( ).
GRIPHOVER .


LISP
ssget, , SELECT () QSELECT (),
.

10. .

369

, (ssget "_X" ' J { 0 . "LWPOLYLTNE") (62 . 251)1) , ,


251.
128.
entsel.

, . .
GROUP ().
Object Grouping ( ) (. 10.7).
I Object Qioupma
Selectable

Group Identification
Group Kerne:

GREENOBJ

HignighK

Find Name <

I Include Unnamed

Qeate Gioup
17 Sdectable

Unnamed

Change Group
Remove <

Add <

Rename
Explode

Re-Qidai..
Sejedabte

Cancel

. 10.7. Object Grouping

.
: Group Name ( ) Selectable (). (
, $, - () _ () 31 ; ), ,
: Yes () No ().
.

370

________

It.

, , .
, Object Grouping ( ),
. , Group
Identification ( ) Group Name (
) Description (). Create Group
( ) Selectable ()
New (). AutoCAD
Object Grouping ( ) , .
<Enter>.
,
.
.
New () Unnamed ( )
Create Group ( ). ,
(*1, *2, * . .).
,
Group Identification ( ) Include
Unnamed ( ).
Group Identification ( )
. Find Name ( ) , .
Object Grouping ( ) . ,
Group Member List ( ) (. 10.8)
, .
[Group Member List
1GREENOBJ
1-A1

. 10.8. Group Member List

Highlight () Group Identification (


) Object Grouping ( ) (. . 10.7) , ,
.

10. .

371

Change Group ( ) , - . :
Remove () ;
Add () ;
Rename ()
Group Name ( ) Group Identification (
);
Re-Order () ;
3 Description () Description () Group Identification ( );
Explode () HJ ( ,
, );
Selectable () .
Re-Order () Order Group (
) (. 10.9),
,
Older Group
oup Name

Desertion
-

Remove (ram poalco CO - St


Enter new posiion number lor the object (0 Number of objects [] -61
Re-Orda

Highlight

Revetse Qrtfef

Cancel

. 10.9. Order Group

0
. (,
).

II.

372

, . 10.9, ( , ),
.
,
Highlight (). Order Group
( ) Object Grouping (
). 0. Next () 0
1. (. 10.10).
<|( Grouping

Previous

Object. I

. 10.10. Object Grouping

Next () Previous ()
, ,
Order Group (
).
Reverse Order ( ) Order Group (
) .
- ,
Remove from position ( ), Enter
new position number for the object ( ) .
,
( 05). (Number of objects ( )) ( ). Re-Order ()
.
.
,
WBLOCK () INSERT ().


ACAD_GROUP.
LISP- namedobjdict, dictsearch,
dictnext, dictadd, dictremove dictrenatie.

10. .

373

GROUP,
OBJECTS. . 10.1 DXF-,
GROUP.
10.1. DXF-, GROUP

OBJECTS

("GROUP")

102

,
"{ACAD_REACTORS"

330

ACAD_GROUP

102

, "}"

330

100

("AcObGroup")

300

70

(1 .
!

71

(1 . )

, ()

340

11


( ), ( ), .
AutoCAD, , , .
.
,
AutoCAD:
3 ;

;
3 ;

, , , .

.

. LINE (). . "


" 3. SKETCH (), 14,
. SKPOLY
( ).

LINE (), ,
\^\ Draw () (. . 2.77) -

11.

375

Line () Draw () (. , 2.30).


, . <Enter>, . ,
.
, L I N E (),
( ).
, LINE ():
Specify first point:
(flepeax :)
AutoCAD :
Specify next point or [Undo]:
( [];)
Undo (), AutoCAD . , . LINE ()
.
(. . ),
:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
( [/!:)
, Undo (), Close (). Close () AutoCAD , (. 11.1).
,
LINE (), <>, .
<Enter> , LINE
() , . <Enter> , (, ), ,
:
No line or arc to continue. Specify first point:
( , , . :)
, ,
(, ), AutoCAD

II.

376

. ., , . ,
,
. , , , AutoCAD
, ,
:
Length of line:

( :)
,
, AutoCAD . ,
.
ISlAuloCAD 2UD4 - (Drawing!, dug)
Mctffy

Express

Window

Help

4_;3,-. f

lornniand _ l i n e Specify f i r s t point


S p e c i f y next point or [Undo]
S p e c i f y next point or [Undo]
x
S p e c i f y ncKt point or rClose Undo]

P GflID ORTHOj POURlfoSNAP DTRACK LWT MODEL

. 11.1.

, LINE (.)
.
<Enier> .

11.

3.7

LIST ()
: , . . ( 11.1).
| 11.1.
LINE

Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 2D
from point, X= 376.6639 Y= 172.1923 Z=
0.0000
to point, X= 403.7803 Y= 60.8077 z= 0.0000
Length = 95.3229, Angle in XY plane =
287
Delta X = 27.1164, Delta Y = -1.346, Delta =
0.0000

(LINE) ,
( . 24). ,
(Model space ). Handle ( ).
. ,
LUPREC.
: i.encth
, Angle in XY Plane
X , Delta x (Delta Y, Delta z) ~
X ( Y , Z).

(, . .). ,
"BYLAYER" ("").

.

(. . 21).


entget DXF-, . 1 1 . 1 . DXF . 9.
11.1. DXF-,
LINE ENTITIES

100

("AcDbLine")

( )

39

II.
11.1 ()

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF: /

30

DXF: Z

11

( ).
DXF: X ( YaZ
21 31).
:

21

DXF: Y

31

DXF: Z

210

( , , ). DXF: 0;
DXF: X ( Z
: (, , 1)
220 230).
:

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

,
.

RAY ().
Ray () Draw ()
(. . 2.30). :
Specify start point:
( :)
AutoCAD
, (. 11.2):
Specify through point:
( :)

379

1'.
AutoCAD 20 IDiamngl.dwy
3 File Edil Vie^ Insert Pcamal lod? Diaw Dinenacm M&ify Exptess Wmdijw Hdp

, .-' ,v' --%_^_1

'*\*.^. -^ESlEt el
'

lonmand
~ouand. _ray Specify start point
Specify through point
cify through point
-'Specify through point

SB!DJ DRTHOi _POU*njfoSMAP ^' I

. 11.2.

<Enler> (
<Enter> ).
, LIST (),
11.2.
11.2.
RAY

Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 2E
base point, X- 206.3390 Y= 75.7308 Z =
unit direction, X=
0.9190 Y=
0.3942
angle in XY plane =
23

0.0000
Z=
0.0000

:
RAY ;
D base point ;
unit direction , (
);

380

li

fj angle in XY plane X.

.

(. 21).


entget DXF-, . 11.2. DXF . 9.
11.2. DXF-, RA Y
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbRay")

( ).
DXF: X ( Y Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

20

DXF: 2

11

( ).
DXF: X
( 7 21 31).
:

21

DXF:

3!

DXF: Z

- .

XLINE (), || Draw () (. . 2.77)


Construction Line () Draw () (. . 2.30).

11.

381

:
Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:
( ILIII [/////:)
( ), AutoCAD ,
.
, , :
Specify through point:
( :)

(. 11.3).

{^AutoCAD 2004 - [Diawmgl.dwg]


Edil View Insert

Formal

Toote Dfaw Dimerson Modify Excess Window

Help

d
/\
/'<%

; +

<;

;--/

|
!
ir
'oBimand _! Specify point or ['' Ver/ Ang'' Bisect /Of f set ]
Specify through point
specify through p o i n t
Specify through point

Specify through point


10U533<!D

10

GRID- OHTHO P01AR,|o5N

. 11.3.

<Enter> .
, ,
: (
()); (Ver ()); (Ang ()); -

382

II.

,
(Bisect ()); , . . ,
(Offset ()).
() :
Specify through point:
( :)

, '1 .
Vcr () (. 11.4).
IIS? AutoCAD MM [Diaviingl .dwg]
File

Edtf View Insert

Formal

- - I 5 ..
11
_UI
[

Ell

Toolfi

Diaw

Dimension

Modrfy Expiess Window

J, ', b
-

.11

11

Hefci

.-|g.f x|

d^l'-"-

.M

_ J | - ~ -

-]

_J-

...

'

0 O
Qi^^'[\

- f

J
i

.
-

>X
r]r < Model X Lavoutl iLavouB/

J
1

,:i KLIHE Specify e point or [Hor-'VerxA.ngyBisect-'Oif set]


| specify through point
!;3 Specify through point:
& apeciiy through point:

\-^ Specify through point


.4J2.79S9.l'o0.571B._OJMM

"

-'
1
-^
'

" . SNAP! GRID' ORTHO

POLAR IQSNAP OTRAC;: LWi [MODEL

!'5.

. 11.4.

Ang () :
Enter angle ofxtine (0) or [Reference]:
( (0) [ !:)
, X. <Enter>, . ( ,
) .

11.

383

:
Specify second point:
/' :)

, AutoCAD
X.
Reference ( ), AutoCAD :
Select a line object:
( :)
(, ), .
Specify through point; (
:) ( ),
.
Bisect () , , , ()
. :
Specify angle vertex point:
( :)
:
Specify angle start point:
( :)
:
Specify angle end point;
( :)

(
<> ), , ,
. . .5 .
.
Offset () , ,
. :
Specify offset distance or [Through] <Through>:
( {) <>:)
,
, <Enter>,

II.

384

Through ()
( , ),
().
AutoCAD 2004 - [Diawingl dwg]
File

EcW Vie*-

"3

Insert Formal
:

Took Diaw

-> " ^ ^> ^* i"1^ -

Dimension

Modify Expieas Window

'* J* -''

Met

j- ^ F^l (** '

r^ C\
oO--/

Zommand _! Specify point or [ PCH'"Ver''Ang''B].3ect^Of f set ]


Specify angle vertex point
Specify angle start point

Specify angle end point


!136.3309<99 '

3
,jJ

SNAP SRI[) ORTNQ POL4R 05NAP OTftflCK LWT MODEL

. 11.5.

, :
Select a line object:
( :)
, . :
Specify side to offset:
( :)
, , , . AutoCAD ' ,

11.

386

.
, <Enter> ( ) XLINE ().
Offset () Specify offset distance or
[Through]: ( //:) (), AutoCAD
:
Select a line object:
( :)
nonpocirr ,
:
Specify through point:
( :)
,
Select a line object: ( :), ( <Emer> ).
, LIST (),
11.3.
11.3.
XLIME

Layer:

""

Space: Model space


Handle = 2E
base point, X= 269.0457 Y= 137.5000 Z=
unit direction, X=
0.9060 Y=
0.4232
angle in XY plane =
25

0.0000
Z=
0.0000

11.3 , XLINE. (. 11.2).

.

(. 21).


entget DXF-, . 11.3. DXF . 9.
13 428

386

II.
11.3. DXF-, XLINE
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbXIine")

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30].
:

20

DXF: Y

30

DXF: Z

11

( ).
DXF: X
( ZnflyTnofl 21 31].
:

21

DXF:

31

DXF: Z

(), . , , . .

TRACE (), . :
Specify' trace width <1.0000>:
( <1.0000>:)
. :
Specify start point:
( :)
. :
Specify next point:
( :)

11.

387


<Enter>. . 11.6.
.

. 11.6.

, LIST (),
11.4.
i 11.4.
TRACE
Layer: ""
Space: Mode 1 space
Flandle = 2C
from point, X= 352.9847 Y= 137.4146 Z= O.OOOC
ar.c point, X= 389.1544 Y= 34.; Z= O.OOCC
to point, X- 413,25^ Y= 105.16 Z- O.OOOC
and point, X= 415.4234 Y- 1C2.P931 Z- 0.000:

11.4 , TRACE.
(
), (
).

\ . (.
21). (. 11.7).

. 11.7.

388

II.


entget DXF-, . 11.4. .
11.4. DXF-, TRACE
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbTrace")

39

( )

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF: /

30

DXF:

11

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
21 31).
:

21

DXF: /

31

DXF: ZaTopou

12

( ).
DXF: X ( / Z
22 32).
:

22

DXF: /

32

DXF: Z

13

( ].
DXF: X ( / Z
23 33).
:

23

DXF: /

33

DXF: Z

210

( , , ),
DXF: X ( / Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (, , 1)

220

DXF: /

230

DXF: ZeeKTOpa

11,

389

SOLID ().
:
Specify first point:
( )
:
Specify second point:
( :)
:
Specify third point:
( :)
, ( ).
.
Specify fourth point or <exit>:
( / <>:)
<Enter>,
. ,
.
,
<Enter>, .
. 11.8,

. 11.8.

, SOLID (), .
, LIST (),
11.5.

II.

390
11.5.
SOLID

Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle - 35
from point, X= 53.6091 Y= 213.6533 7.=
and point, X= 74.1464 Y= 177.2692 =
to point, X= 128.3793 Y= 266.1154 Z=
and point, X= 208.8811 Y= 217.8846 Z=

O.OODO
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

SOLID. .
, ,
.

. (.
21).


entget DXF-, . 11.5.
11.5. DXF-, SOLID
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbTrace")

39

( ]

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Y\A Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: Z

11

( ).
DXF: X ( Y Z
21 31).
:

21

DXF:

11.

391
11.5 ()

31

DXF:

12

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
22 32].
:

22

DXF:

32

DXR

13

( ].
DXF: X ( Z
23 33).
:

23

DXF: ^

33

DXF: Z

210

( , , ).
DXF: X ( Z
220 230).
:

220

DXF:

230

DXF: 2

: 0;
: (, , 1 ]

, TRACE SOLID (. . 11.4 11.5) ("AcDbTrace").

12


, , AutoCAD, . ,
Node ().

.

AutoCAD
POINT (). , DIVIDE
() MEASURE ().


,
. ,
, (,
).
DDPTYPE
() Point Style ( ) Format ()
(. . 2.17). Point Style ( ) (. 12.1).
, .
(). ( Point Size ( )),
(Set Size Relative to Screen ( )), (Set Size

393

12.

in Absolute Units ( )) , . 12.1: 5%


. , . , AutoCAD
(., , . 11.5).
[ Point Slyle

\^-\

D D

ba

Point S !t:

ffi
^

H H

J5 0000

( Sel SIM Relative to Saeen


SetSzeinAbscJiJte Unite
OK

DjF5C6l

Help

. 12.1. Point Style


Node () ( . 5).
PDSIZE, PDMODE. . 7.

POINT ()
POINT () :
Current point modes: PDMODE=3 PDSIZE^O.OOOO
Specify a point:
( : PDMODE=3 PDSIZE^O.OQOO
:)
( , 5). ,
PDMODE PDSIZE.
POINT (), Draw () (. . 2.77) j~-J.

394

II.

Draw () Point () (. , 2.30 2.35).


Single Point () POINT
() , Multiple Point ()
.
POINT
(), <Esc>.

DIVIDE ()
DIVIDE ()
. ,
, Point | Divide ( ) Draw ().
DIVIDE ():
Select object to divide:
( :)
- . :
Enter the number of segments or [Block]:
( {!:}
Block () , ( . 29). , 8. DIVIDE ()
8 7 ( , Point Style ( )) (. 12.2).

. 12.2. DIVIDE

-- , , , ,
( ).
, , .
( ).

12.

395

MEASURE ()
, , MEASURE (). ,
, Point I Measure (
) Draw (). ;
Select object to measure:
( :)
, . ;
Specify length of segment or [Block]:
( ILUI l}:)

AutoCAD , ,
(. 12.3)

. 12.3. MEASURE

Block () , .
MEASURE () ,
DIVIDE () .


LIST () ( 12.1).
12.1.
POINT
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 63
at point, X= 378.2022 Y= 112.7110

2=

0,0000

, POINT

II.

396

. (. iiaey 21).


entget DXF-, . 12.1.
12.1. DXF-, POINT
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbPoinl"!

39

( !

( ].
DXF: X ( YuZ
20 30).
:

DXF:

DXF: ZTOMKH

210

( 0, 0, 0).
DXF: X ( 2
220 230).
:

DXF: 0:
: (0, 0, 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: /

X , (,
PDMODE 0)

13



, .

, .

() CIRCLE
().

CIRCLE () 10 Draw () (. . 2.77) . Draw (), Circle


() (. . 2.32).
CIRCLE () AutoCAD :
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
( [3T/2T/KKP ( )/:)
, , :
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter/:
( /]:)
, . (AutoCAD
).
Diameter (), :

II.

398

Specify diameter of circle:


( :)
AutoCAD 2004 - [Oiawingl .dug]
FPe

Edit Vrew

inwl Pmal

Teds

D'BW

DimefiSffln

Mo(tfy Evpre^s

Window

':m
~BvL.jy.jr

_-j j- Bfiijfi

T] I ByL
-

0 0

"liJ

H \J-fcdel

__circle Specify center point [QI Lircle CT [3P'"^P'Ttt (ten iftn

J
3

Specify rfldiua ot circie or [Pie

7J 750D< 228

. 0 0000

: smp GRID DRTHO POLAB [DSNAP OTRACK; twr [MODEL


. 13.1.

( AutoCAD

). (. 13.1).
, . (), AutoCAD . ,
, ( ) .
2 (2), , ,
(
). AutoCAD janpocbi:
Specify first end point of circle's diameter:
( :)

13.

399

Specify second end point of circle's diameter:


( :)
Ttr (KKP), , . .
:
Specify point on object for first tangent of circle:
( , :)
, , AutoCAD !) ,. Deferred
Tangent ( ). ,
( , }.
:
Specify point on object for second tangent of circle:
( , :)
:
Specify radius of circle:
{ :)
,
. , ( ,
). . 13.2.

. 13.2. ,

400

II.

, (,
).
AutoCAD , , .
.
Draw () Circle | Tan, Tan, Tan ( | 3
). CIRCLE
(), (),
Tangent
().
LIST () ( 13.1).
! 13.1.
CIRCLE

Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 3 1
center point, X= 212.8744
radius
63.2663
circumference 397.5137
area 12574.6055

Y=

35.7986

2=

O.OOOC

(center point) (radius), (circumference)


(area). CIRCLE.



Tangent ()
, . .
,
.
LINE (). .
|| Tangent (), (. 13.3). AutoCAD , ( ).
. , .

13.

401

. 13.3. ,

LINE (). ,
, Tangent (). AutoCAD
( , ) .
.
Center (), []
Object Snap ( ).
Center ()
, (. 13.4).
, Center ()
, , ( ,
).

. 13,4. ,

- ,
, , . Quadrant () ( |^>| Object Snap ( )).

, .

402

!!.

.
(.
21).


entget DXF-.
. 13.1. DXF . 9.
13.1. DXF-. CIRCLE
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbCircle"]

39

( )

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: 2

40

210

( , , ).
DXF: X ( Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (0. , 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

, .

ARC ).
, f Draw () (. . 2.77) Arc () (.
. 2.30 2.31) Draw ().

13.

___

403

(
Draw ()).
ARC ():
Specify start point of arc or [Center]:
( []:)
Center ().
<Enter>,
( , ) AutoCAD ,
. (
):
Specify end point of arc:
( :)
,
(. 13.5).

. 13.5. ,

Specify start point of arc or [Center]: (


[!:) , AutoCAD :
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]:
( I /}:)
, :
Specify end point of arc:
( :)
, .
Center (), AutoCAD
:
Specify center point of arc:
( :)
:
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:
( // ]:)

404

II.

, AutoCAD ,
{ . 13.6 ;
,
).
(Diawingl.dwg)
Fie View Insert FonnaJ Took Draw Dimension Modify Express Wirefow Kelp
:

;j'O'to^a,>'-<3fti

: -? -t "1^'

_arc Specify start point of arc 01 [Center]


second point of arc or [Center/End],
center paint of arc::
nd point of arc cr [ingleXchord Length]
.

SNflgRID|ORTHO

OTB4CC LWJ; [MO

. 13.6. (, , )

: Angle () chord Length ( ). Angle ()


:
Specify included angle:
( :)

.
chord Length ( ),
:
Specify length of chord:
( :)
, (
-

13.

405

). (
) .
.
^ Arc () Draw () (. . 2.31).
LIST ()
( 13.2).
13.2.
ARC

center
radius
start
end
length

Layer: ""
Space; Model space
Handle =- 2D
point, X= 328.5662 Y= 107.0994
52.6286
angle
162
angle
318
143.0274

7,=

0.0000

(center point) (raoius), (lenqt.-.), (start


angle) (end angle). ARC.

. (.
21).


entget BOJBpauiaeT DXF-,
. 13.2.
13.2. DXF-, ARC
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbCircle")

39

( ]

10

( ).
DXF; X (
20 30).
:

II

406

13.2 ()

20

DXF:

30

DXF: ZTOHKH

40

("")

50

51

100

210

( , , ).
DXF: / ( 2
220 230).
:

220

DXF:

230

DXF; ZaeKTOpa

DXF: 0;
: (, , 1)

.
("AcDbCirdc"), ("AcDbArc").

14


, , (. 14.1). AutoCAD (, ).

. 14.1.

,
, . 37.

,
: PLINE (), RECTANG
(), POLYGON (-), DONUT (), BOUNDARY
(), SKETCH (), REVCLOUD (), BREAKLINE.

408

II.

REVCLOUD (), BREAKLINE.


AutoCAD : (POLYLINE) (LWPOLYLINE).
,
.
,
,
.
( . .)
, (
).

PLINE ()
PL1NE ( ) , , , ~? Draw () (. . 2.77) Polyline ()
Draw () (. . 2.30).
:
Specify start point:
( :)
. :
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/HalJwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
( 0.0000
[////]:)
, . , PLINE () , PLINEWID . AutoCAD
Current line-width ( .)
, , ,
.
MOMCFIT , .
AutoCAD ,
Close ():
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Haijwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
( luu (//1 ///!:)
, , , (-

14.

). , :
Arc () ;
Close () , ( PLINE ()!:
3 Halfwidth () ,
(. . 10, , , 5);
3 Length () , ,
;
Undo () - PLINE
();
"3 Width () -
( ,
);
,
() .
( Arc ()) AutoCAD
:
Specify endpoint of arc or
[AnKle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Haljwidth/Line/Radius/Secondpt/Undo/Width]:
(
{. I// / . / upi/ / //
/ leiiuiii /]:)
AutoCAD
, . :
3 Angle () :
CEnler () ;
3 CLose () ;
Direction ()
;
Halfwidth () :
Line () :
Radius () ;
Second pt () ;
3 Undo () PLINE
();
3 Width () .

410

II.


ARC ().
,
.
. . 14.2.

. 14.2.


:
,
(, );
;

( . .).

RECTANG ()
RECTANG () , : . Draw () (.
. 2.77) Rectangle () Draw () (. . 2.30).
:
Specify firs! corner point or [Chamfer/'Elevation/'Fillet/Thickness/Width]:
( ////'/']:)
, ,
AutoCAD :
Specify other corner point or [Dimensions]:
( [/:)

14.

411

, (. 14.3). Dimensions (),


, :
Specify length for rectangles <0.0000~>:
( <0.0000>:)

Specify width for rectangles <0.0000>:


( <Q.OOOO>:)

. 14.3. , RECTANG

AutoCAD
, () , .
RECTANG ():
3 Chamfer () , ;
D Elevation () , 7. ( . 36):
3 Fillet () :
D Thickness (-oia) , ZTpexMepHoro ( ,
. 36):
3 Width () ,
.

- ,
RECTANG (), :

412

II.

Current rectangle modes: Chamfer^ 15.0000 10.0000 Elevation=l 00.0000


nictwess=45.0000
( : = 15..0000 10.0000 =100.0000
=45.0000)

Current rectangle modes: =22.0000


( : 22.0000)

,
. - , ( -
).

POLYGON (-)
POLYGON (-) , . _ Draw () (. . 2.77) Polygon
() Draw () (. . 2.30).
POLYGON (-):
Enter number of sides <4>:
( <4>:)
3 1024. ,
POLYGON (-) (
POLYS1DES); 4.
:
Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:

( ILIII [/:)
Edge (), AutoCAD
.
, , :
Eater an option {Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] </>;
{ / /
! <>:)
Inscribed ()
, Circumscribed () -

14.

_____

. ,
:
Specify radius of circle:
( :)
. 14.4 ,
POLYGON (-).

. 14.4.

DONUT ()
DONLJT () ,
,
. , ,
Donut () Draw () (. . 2.30). :
Specify inside diameter ofdonut <10.0000>:
( <JO.OOOO>:)
, ,
, . :
Specify outside diameter of donut <20.0000>:
( <20.QOQQ>:)
. ,
AutoCAD :
Specify center ofdonut or <exit>:
( <>:}
AutoCAD
(. 14.5).
<Enter> .

414

II.

. 14.5.

, , DONUTID DONUTOD
DONUT (). DONUT1D ,
DONUTOD, AutoCAD .

BOUNDARY ()
B O U N D A R Y () ( ) ,
. Boundary
() Draw () (. . 2.30).
Boundary Creation ( ) (. 14.6),
20
Boundary Hatch ( ) (),
.

, , , , .
Object type ( ) Polyline () ( Region ()).
Boundary set ( )
:
Current viewport ( ) , ;
Existing set ( ) .
, ,

New ()
- .
Island detection method ( ), :
Flood () ;
Ray casting ( ) .

14.

415

VJKBoundaiy Creation

i^HH^^^HOTAl

Advanced |

J$| Pick Ports

J 1

||1!

xii

-,

_J -.-"
I

.ZJ

Boundtay set
. jCurreril viewporl

*j

J^.1 Kew

' 1 stand deteclion melhod


1

ff

Recasting

; . .--

Flood

.;

Cml

Help

, 14.6. Boundary Creation

, , -> Pick Points ( ). :


Select internal point:
( :)
,
( , ).

. 14.7. BOUNDARY

416

II.

,
<Enter>, .
. 14.7 . BOUNDARY
(). , .
.

SKETCH ()
SKETCH ()
,
.

SKPOLY: 0, , 1 . .
:
Record increment < 1.0000 >:
( <1.0000>:)
,
(
,
). SKETCHING.
:
Sketch. Pen eXil Quit Record Erase Connect
(. )
, ,

(. 14.8). (
)
. .
,
(I ,
2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ).
( ):
() ( );
3 eXit () ;
3 Quit () ,
,- ;

14.

417

. 14.8. SKETCH

3 Record () ,
;
Erase ()
( );
3 Connecl () ( ).
(). Record (), eXit ().

.

REVCLOUD ()
REVCLOUD ()
. .
REVCLOUD () J Draw () (. . 2.77) Revision Cloud () Draw () (. . 2.30).
:
Minimum arc length: 15 Maximum arc length: 15
Specify start point or [Arc length/Object] < Object >:
( : 15 : 15
// // <>:)
( , Windows).
Arc length ( ) . Object ()
.
14 428

418

II.

,
. , ,
.
, .
Object (), .
:
Reverse direction [Yes/No] <No>:
( [/] < >:)
DIMSCALE. . 14.9
DIMSCALE I, 2.

. 14.9.

BREAKLINE
BREAKLINE, Express Tools,
.
Draw | Breakline Symbol ( ) Express ().
BREAKLINE
DWG-
(. 14.10).

. 14.10.

14.

419


(. 21),
PEDIT ().
EXPLODE (),
CHAMFER () FILLET ().

PEDIT ()
PEDIT () .
,
( ) .
. Modify II
(-2) (. . 2.84), Object Polyline ( ) Modify ().
PEDIT ():
Select polyline or [Multiple]:
( []:)
() ,
AutoCAD :
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]:
( [ / / / / / /
//]:)
, , Open ().
Multiple (),
:
Enter an option [Close/Open/Join/Width/Flt/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]:
( [//////
f // /:)
, Close ()
Open (), Edit vertex ().
:
Close () , ;
Open () ,
;
3 Join () ;

420

II

Width ()
;
Edit vertex () ( , , , . .);
Fit () ;
Spline () , ;
Decurve ( ) , Fit () Spline ();
Ltype gen () (
);
Undo () ,
PEDIT ().
, <Enter> ( ) PEDIT ().
Close () , ,
.
,
. ,
, . . 14.11
, : , . 1 2 ,
Close ().

. 14.11.

Open () :
.
Join () (. . " " ).
Width ()
, .
, , .

14.

Fit {} ,
. . 14.12
( ) ( ).

. 14.12. Fit

. 14.13 ,
Spline (). ,
.

. 14.13. Spline

Decurve ( ) , Fit () Spline ().


. , .
Ltypc gen () ,
( AutoCAD CONTINUOUS}. ' :
Enter polyline linetype generation option [ON/OFF] <OFF>:
( //] <>:)
( , ). . 14.14
"" Ltype gen=OFF (=0), . 14.15 Ltype gen=ON (=).
. 14.14 Ltypc gen=OFF (=} , , .
( ,

422

II

) . Ltype
gen=ON (=), . 14.15, , , , . , .

. 14.14. Ltype gen=OFF

. 14.15, Ltype gen=ON

Edit vertex (),


, ,
, , . AutoCAD :
Enter a vertex editing option
[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/eXil]
(
(///////
/'/} <>:)

<N>:

(. 14.16), ,
. , .
:
Next () ;
3 Previous () ;
Break () , ;

14.

423

. 14.16.

Insert () ;
Move () ;
Regen (1') - ()
;
Straighten () , ( );
Tangent ()
Fit ();
3 Width () ,
;
eXit ()
.
Next () Previous ()
, ,
.
Break () . ,
:
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>:
( f///] <>:)
(
, ),
Go (). , .
, , (
),
Next () Previous () ,
, Go (). . 14 17
, , .

Insert (). , -

424

, .
Insert ().
AutoCAD :
Specify location for new vertex:
( :)

. 14.17.

, .
. 14.18 , , .

. 14.18.

.
Move () , . :
Specify new location for marked vertex:
( :)
(. 14.19).
Regen () , PEDIT (), () .

. 14.19.

14.

- , [(
Straighten (). , ,
Break (): Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>:
( [///] <>:). , , , Next ()
Previous (). Go () .
. 14.20 ,
, .
.

. 14.20.

Tangent ()
Fit (),
. Tangent ()
:
Specify direction of vertex tangent:
( :)
.
(. 14.21).
, Fit ().

. 14.21.

Width () , . :
Specify starting width for next segment:
( :)

II.

426

( ).
, ;! AutoCAD
.
. :
Specify ending width for next segment <srarring width >:
( < >:)
,
. .
eXit () :
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]:
( [//'/'//'/'fLiauii/
/ / bj:j

MPEDIT
Express Tools MPED1T, ,
Multiple () PED1T ().
t

EXPLODE ()
.
, .
EXPLODE (),
Modify () (. . 2.83),
Explode () Modify () (. . 2.40).
, . .
( . 14.22 , ).

. 14.22. EXPLODE

14.

127

(, . .).
,
XPLODE (), .

CHAMFER ()
FILLET ()
CHAMFER () FILLET () 21.
.
CHAMFER () ,
, . AutoCAD
. ,
( ).
FILLET ().
CHAMFER () FILLET ()
.



. , LINE (), .
PEDIT (), .
PEDIT () PED1TACCEPT.
PEDIT () Select polyline or [Multiple]:
( []:) ,
AutoCAD , , ,
PEDITACCEPT 0, :
Object selected is not a polyline
Do you want to turn it into one? <Y>:
( .
? <>:)

428

II.

<Enter> Y (), ( . 14.23)


.
PEDITACCEPT 1.
.

. 14.23.

:
Enter an option I Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Ftt/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]:
( [//'/'///
/ / /:)
Join (). :
Select objects:
( :)
( . 14.23)
<Enter>. AutoCAD
:
4 segments added to polyline
(4 )
AutoCAD Enter an option [Close/Join/Width
/Edit vertex/Fa/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: ( [/ / / / // //}:),
<>, PEDIT
().
Join ()
, , ,
, , .

14.

429

( }.


AutoCAD ""
, POLYLINE. ,
VERTEX ( ).
, ,
, LWPOLYLINE.
, . VERTEX
.
, PEDIT ()
( Fit () Spline ()), .
.
. , , LIST ().
14.1 14.2 , LIST () ,
.
.

1-

I 14.1.
POLYLINE Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 2B
Open
starting width
O.OOOC
ending width
O.OOOC
area 2410S.265C
length 421.0770
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 2C
at point, X= 118.2106 Y= BO.8077
starting width
0.0000
ending width
0.0000
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 2D

Z=

430

II.

at point, X= 247.8610 Y= 160.3462 Z=


starting width
0.0000
ending width
0.0000
bulge
-0.2600
center X= 313.4250 Y= 53.4745
radius 125.3801

start angle

0.0000

63

end angle
122
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 2E
at point, X= 369.8848 Y= 165.4231
starting width
0.0000

ending width

Z=

Z=

0.0000

Z-

0.0000

0.0000

VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model,space
Handle = 2F
at point, X= 444.4550 Y= 45.2692
starting width
0.0000
ending width
0.0000
END SEQUENCE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
PlotStyleName: ByLayer
Handle = 30

: POLYLINE, VERTEX E N D SEQUENCE.


SEQEND, ,
LIST () .
:
(Open) (Closed), (starting width ending width),
(area) (length perimeter).
, at point, .

.
(bulge), , .
,
.
, , , .

431

14.

14.2.
LWPOLYLIWE Layer: "0"
Space : Model space
Handle = 2

Constant width
O.OOOC
area
24108.2650
ler.gr:
421.0770
at point X= 113.2106 Y= 80.8077
at point X= 247.3610 Y= 160.3462
bulge
-0.2600
center X= 313.4250 Y= 53.4746
radius
125.3801
start angle
122
end angle
63
at point X= 369.8848 4= 165.4231
at point X= 444.4550 Y= 45.2692

Z=
Z=

0.0000
0.0000

Z-

0.0000

Z=
Z=

-0000
.

, , 14.2, 14.1, ().

PLINETYPE
AutoCAD , PLINE
(), PLINETYPE, :
3 0
; PLINE () (
);
1
; PLINE ()
;
3 2 ; PL1NE () .
PLINETYPE , BOUNDARY (), POLYGON (-), DONUT
() SKETCH (). PLINETYPE
, RECTANG () REVCLOUD
() .

II,

432


. , CONVERTPOLY
(). :
Enter polyline conversion option [Heavy/Light] <Light>:
( I/] < >:)
,
. .
, .
, . CONVERT ().
:
Enter type of objects to convert [Hatch/Polyline/All] <All>:
( [//] <>:)
Hatch () , AutoCAD R 1 3 , , . Polyline () (, ). All () .
Polyline () :
Enter object selection preference [Select/All] <AH>:
( I/ ] <>:)

Select ()
, .


entget DXF, . 14.1. DXF .
9.
14.1. DXF-, LWPOLYLINE
ENTITIES

100

{"AcDbPolyline")

90

70

(1 ; 128
, )

14.

433
14.1 ()

43

.
(. -4041)

38

39

( )

10

( ). , .
DXF: X ( 20).
:

20

DXF:

40

. ,
. (. DXF- 43)

41

. ,
. (. DXF- 43)

42

(bulge) , -
: 0 ,
1 . ,
. ,

210

( , , ).
DXF: X ( y n Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (0,0, 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

entget , . 14.2. , 3DPOLY (3-), ,


3DMESH (3-). POLYLINE.
14.2. DXF-. POL YUNE
ENTITIES

100

("AcDb2dPo1yline" "AcDb3dPolyline")

10

DXF:0
: , X
0, Z (
, )

434

^_______

.
14.2 ()

20

DXR 0

30

DXF: ,

39

( )

70

(1
, ; 2 Fit () PEDIT () ; 4 Spline
() PEDIT (] ; 8 ; 16 ; 32 N; 64 ; 128
, )

40

41

71

72

73

74

75

.
: 0 , 5 -;
6 -; 8

210

( , , ).
DXF: X ( Z
220 230).
;

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

DXF: 0;
: (, , 1)


"AUTOCAD^
POSTSCRIPT_FIGURE",
PostScript.

POLYLINE.
64 DXF- 70. DXF- 71 - , DXF- 72 .

14.

435

()
PFACE ()
POLYLINE VERTEX, , .

14.1, POLYLINE VERTEX, . 14.3.


14.3. DXF-, VERTEX
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbVertex", "AcDb2dVertex"
"AcDbSdPolylineVertex")

10

( ,
s ).
DXF: X ( ZiiflyT
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: Z

40

41

42

(bulge) , -
: 0 .
1 . ,

70

(1 -
, Fit () PEDIT
() : 2 Fit (]: 8
, Spline () PEDIT
(); 16 : 32 ; 64 ; 128
). 4

50

Fit ()
PEDIT (]

71

72

73

74

436

II.

VERTEX ,
64 128, DXF- 10, 20 30 .
VERTEX ,
123 64 DXF- 10, 20 30 . DXF- 7174 . , , ,
' , .
, PFACE (),
, AutoCAD .

VERTEX n
SEQEND, . 14.4. SEQEND ( INSERT).
14.4. DXF-, SEQEND
ENTITIES

-2

: ( POLYLINE
INSERT)

15

,
() . AutoCAD
, .

AutoCAD ELLIPSE (), , ,



Draw () (. . 2.77)
Ellipse Axis, End ( , ) Draw () (. . 2.30 2.33).
:
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center];
( [/']:)
, :
Specify other endpoint of axis:
( :)

. AutoCAD ( ). :
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:
( []:)
, .
, ,
.

II. ^

438

Rotation
(), , XY (, )
. : 0 89,4 (
, ).
.
Center ()
Ellipse | Center ( | )
Draw () (. . 2.30 2.33). AutoCAD :
Specify center of ellipse:
( :)
AutoCAD :
Specify endpolnt of axis:
( :)
,
(Specify distance to other axis or {Rotation]: ( []:)). . 15.1.

. 15.1.

ELLIPSE ()
Arc ().
Draw (), Ellipse | Arc { [ ) Draw () (. . 2.30 2.33).
AutoCAD:
Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center]:
( //:)
:
Specify other endpoint of axis:
( :)

15.

439

:
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:
( {}:)
:
Specify start angle or [Parameter];
( [];)

( , ).
:
Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included angle]:
( I/ }:)
, Included angle ('
), () . . 15.2.

. 15.2.

(Parameter),
:

() = + a cos () + b sin ().


, b (, ,
b ); // .
,
.
LIST ()
( 15.1 15.2).
I 15.1.
ELLIPSE
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = ?B
: 978^.5616

II.

440

Circumference:
Center:
Major Axis:
Minor Axis:
Radius Ratio:

385.5679
X = 299.1279, Y - 134,54, 2 - 0.0000
X = -80.0782, Y - -5.9231, Z = 0.0000
X - 2.8612 , Y = -38.6819, Z = 0.0000
0.4831

15.1 :
(center), (Major Axis)
(Minor Axis). : (),
(Circumference), (Radius Ratio).
! 15.2.
ELLIPSE

Layer: ""

Space: Model space


Handle = 2C
Length: 203.8B17
Center: X = 474.1135, Y = 204.7692, Z = O.OOOC
Major Axis: X = -58.4698, Y - -7.1923, Z = 0.0000
Minor Axis: X = 4.1412 , Y = -33.6655, 2 = 0.0000
Start Point: X = 488.2738, Y = 172.8479, Z = 0.0000
End Point: X = 416.4363. Y = 206.1276, Z = 0.0000
Start Angle: 107
End Angle: 352
Radius Ratio: 0.5758

,
(start Point) (End Point) ,
(start Angle) (End Angle) . ,
Length.

ELLIPSE.


. (. 21).
, .


entget
DXF-, . 15.1.
DXF . 9.

15.

441

15. 1. DXF-, ELLIPSb


ENTITIES

- DO

("AcDbEllipse")

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
:

DXF:

:.

DXF: ZTO4KH

11

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
21 31).
:

Her

21

DXF; /

31

DXF: Z

40

41

( 0)

42

(
2')

6.28319

210

( 0, 0, 0}.
DXF: X
( Z 220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (0,0, 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

10

16

,
,
, . AutoCAD
, -
(NURBS). - ( ) SPLINETYPE (. 7).

,
.
.
SPLINESEGS (. , 7).

SPLINE ()
, , , Spline () PED1T
(). , , \-* Draw () (. . 2.77) Spline
() Draw () (. . 2.30)
SPLINE ():
Specify first point or [Object]:
( []:)
Object (), AutoCAD
Spline

16.

443

() PEDIT ()
:
Select objects to convert to splines...
Select objects:
( ...
:)
()
, DELOBJ ! (
),
. DELOBJ 0. , .
SPLINE ()
, :
Specify next point:
{ :)
:
Specify next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] <start tangent>:
( [/] < >:)
, Close (), Fit
tolerance (). <Enier>,
.
, ,
(fit points). , (control points).
( ),

( ).
,
SPLFRAME 1 ( 0
).

. , . ,
. .
<Enter>. AutoCAD :
Specify start tangent:
( :)

II.

444

( Close ()},
( ,
, ):
Specify!

tangent:

( :)
, (. 16.1).

. 16.1.

<Enter>,
.
(. . Close ()), (. 16.2):
Specify end tangent:
( :)

. 16.2.

. 16.3.
( SPLFRAME
, 1).

16.

445

. 16.3. ( )
, .
LIST ()
( 16.1).
] 16.1.
SPLINE
Layer: '0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 7F
Length: 4 2 0 . 2 4 3 6
Order: 4
Properties: Planar, Non-Rational, Non-Periodic
Parametric Range: Start
O.OODC
End 386.2491
H limbec of control points: 7
Control P o i n t s : X = 30. 9297, Y = 96.0385, Z = 0. 0000
X = 20. 3272, = 120.5248, Z = .0000
36. 3812, Y - 188.2281, ' = .0000
:
X =
.5127, Y = 120.8968 , z
.
X = 21S .1169, Y = 29.2552, z = .
X = 353 .7842, Y = 14.8091, z = .0000
X =
.0054, Y = 48.6533, z = .
Number of fit points: 5
User Data: Fit Points
X = 30.9297, Y = 96.0385, Z = 0.0000
X - 8 1 . 7 7 2 9 , Y = 156.9615, Z = 0.0000
X = 186.0016, Y = 111.2692, Z = O . O O O C
X = 2 4 3 . 6 2 4 0 , Y = 42.7308, Z = 0.0000
X = 347.0054, Y = 4 8 . 6 5 3 8 , Z = 0.0000

446

II.
Fit point tolerance:

1.0000E-1C
Start Tangent
X = -0.3782, Y = 0.9257 , Z = 0 . 0 0 0 0

End Tangent
. - -0.1964, Y = 0.9S05 , Z - O.OOOC

( SPLINE) (fit points) (control points).


(tolerance),
(start Tangent) (End Tangent) . .
Planar Non-Planar.

, (. 21), SPLINEDIT ().


S P L I N E D I T () (^
Modify II (-2) (. . 2.84) Object] Spline (
) Modify (),
:
Select spline;
( :)
. ,
Spline () PED1T (). . AutoCAD :
Enter an option [Fit data/Close/Move vertex/Kefine/rEverse/Undo]:
(
[/ / t i/ / / / /:)
,
, ) (. 16.4).
:
Fit data () ;
Close () :
G Move vertex () ( );
Refine () ;
rEverse () - (
);
Undo () .

16.

447

. 16.4.

, <> .
, Close () Open
().


Fit data () (. 16.5) . , , .

, 16.5.

:
Enter a fit data option [Add/CIose/Detete/Move/Purge/Tangents/toLerance/i'Xit] <eXit>:
( time [ / / / n/ /
//]
<>:)
:
3 Add () ;
Close () ;

448

__

II.

Delete ()
;
D Move () ;
3 Purge () .
;
CD Tangents () ;
toLerance () ,
;
eXit () .
Add ()
:
Specify control point <exit>:
<>:)
,
( : ,
fit point ( )). AutoCAD ,
, (. 16.6).
. :
Specify new point <exit>:
( <>:)

. 16.6. ,

<Enter> . ,
(. 16.7).
( ), . .
. <Enter> .

16,

449

. 16.7.

, ,
, (
). ,
AutoCAD :
Specify new point or [After/Before] <exit>:
( / [// <>:)
Before ()
.
Close ()
(. 16.8) Open ().

. 16.8.

Delete () .
:
Specify control point <exit>:
( <>:)
Li 3at42S

450

II.

,
.
Move () . AutoCAD :
Specify new location or [Next/Previous/Select Point/eXit] <N>:
( . [// /} <>:)
.
,
() , .
Purge () . (
).
Tangents () . :
Specify start tangent or [System default]:
( n.iu [no ]:)
, ,
<Enter> >. :
Specify end tangent ar [System default]:
( / ]:)
. AutoCAD . , Tangent () .
toLcranee () ,
.
. . . :
Enter fit tolerance <1.0000-10>:
( <1.00QOE-10>:)
.
<Enter>.
eXit () .


:
Enter an option [Fit data/Close/Move
(

vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo]:

j / // / / . //:).

16.

45_1_

Fit data () Close (). .


Move vertex ()
. :
Specify new location or [Next/'Previous/'Select Point/eXit] <N>:
( //'/' /} <>:)
AutoCAD .
,
() , .
() Refine () . :
Enter a refine option (Add control point/Elevate order/Weight/eXit] <eXit>:
(
[ / /'// <>:)
Add control point ( )
, ,
. :
Specify a point on the spline <exit>;
( <)>:)
AutoCAD
.
Elevate order ( ) .
:
Enter new order <4>:
( <4>:)
, . 26.
Weight () (. . ) :
Enter new weight (current = 1,0000) or [Next/Previous/Select point/eXit] <N>:
( ( = 1.0000) I// // <.
.
.
eXit () Refine ().
rEverse ()
.
Undo () SPL1NEDIT
().

452

II.

.
, .
SPL1NED1T () Fit data
():
Enter an option [Close/Move vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo]:
( [/////]:)


entget
DXF-, . 16.1.
DXF . 9.
16.1. DXF-, SPLINE
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbSpline")

70

(1 ;
2 ; 4 ; 8 ; 16 (
)!

71

72

73

74

( )

42

(knot tolerance)

0.0000001

43

0.0000001

44

0,0000000001

40

. , .0.0

41

. , . , , 1

1.0

10

( ). ,
.
DXF: ( Z
20 30).
:

16.

453
16.1 ()

20

DXF: Y

30

DXF; Z

11

( ). ,
.
DXF: X ( YuZ
21 31).
:

21

DXF: /

31

DXF: Z

12

( ).
DXF: X ( Y 2
22 32).
:

22

DXF: /

32

DXF: Z

13

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
23 33).
:

23

DXF: /

33

DXF: Z

210

( , , ).
.
DXF: X ( / Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (, , 1)

220

DXF: /

230

DXF: ZseKTOpa

(knots)
.

17


( , Express
Tools). ,
AutoCAD Windows.


( ) TEXT ()
TEXT (), ,
. TEXT.
DTEXT ()
TEXT ().


TEXT () [
Text () (. . 2.96) Tcxl | Single Line Text ( [ ) (. . 2.36) Draw (),
TEXT ()
, , :
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5000
( : "Standard" : 2.5000)
( ,
. .). .
( )
Standard. , AutoCAD

17.

(
2,5 ). :
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
( {/]:)
( ) : Justify () Style (). , ,
( , ). Juslify ()
,
. .
,
. ,
( , ,
: g, , , . .).
:
Specify height <2.5000>;
( <2.5000>:)
( )
, AutoCAD . :
Specify rotation angle of text <0>:
( <0>:)
, X (
0). (, ). :
Enter text:

( :)
, ,
1. (, ).
. <Enter> ( <> ).
(. 17.1) AutoCAD Enter text: ( :). ( )
.
<Entcr>, TEXT (). ,
, .

456

II.

PHROU 171

. 17.1.

. 17,1 , , .
(, ) , , 3 %%nnn nun (nnn ) Windows (, %%082
082, . . R);
%% / ;
%% / ;
%% "";
%% - "";
D %% - :
%%% "%",
. .
. 17.2.


. 17.2.


Unicode, : \U+2205 , \U+OOBO .
\U+OOBl "-".

457

17.

( ,
), ,
Justify ():
Enter an option
[Align/Fn/CeiUer/Middle/Risht/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]:
( {/// l-'/
/////////]:)
Right (), :
Specify right endpoint of text baseline:
( :}
, .
Middle (), :
Specify middle point of text:
( :)
.
( , Right () Middle ()) . 17.3.

.
R , R R i n
h t.
_f
**.

-i _
n dCUt?

. 17.3. ,

(BL (), (). MR (), TR ()


. .) Bottom (), Middle (),
(), Left (), Center (), Right ().
. 17.4 "",
( ,
. .). ,
, , . , .

458

II.

. 17.4.
TL, , TR. ML, , MR. BL, BC, BR, Right Center

TL (), (), TR (),


- ML (), (). MR (), - BL (), <), BR
().
Align () Fit (),
(. 17.5).
Align () AutoCAD
, , , . Fit () , , AutoCAD ,
, 1 , .

. 17.5. Align Fit

LIST () , Fit (), ( 17.1).


17.1.
TEXT

Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 2B

17.

459

Style = "Standard"
Font tile = txt
f i t between point, X= 224.1341 Y= 118.8846 Z=
and point, X= 396.1539 Y= 180.6533 Z=
height
42.0523
text
(rotation angle
20
width scale factor
0.5015
obliquing angle
0
generation normal

TEXT,
17.1.
style , Font file
( txt.shx).
fit between point, " ,
". , Fit ().
: (height), (text),
(rotation angle), /
(width scale factor), (obliquing angle), (generation
normal), . . .
/ 1 - Fit ().


,
( , . .).
. (. 27)
.

, Styles () icw.
. 2.94).
STYLE
(), fy Text () (. . 296)
Styles () (. . 2.94} Text Style ( )
Format () (. . 2.17). STYLE ()
Text Style ( ) (. 17.6).

. Standard.
, -

460

: , ( . .) . (, . .).
,
Apply (), , .
|# Texl Style
Apply
5>andarrl

"T|

Ne

Rename .

Delete

rFonl

Close
Help

Fort Style:

Foti Name:

Height:

; |#*

Use Eia Font


Effects
" Upddedown

Backnads

Preview
Widlh Factor:
Qbbque Angle

_AaBfoCcD_
AaBbCcD

Preview

. 17.6. Text Style

New ()
. New Text
Style ( ) (. 17.7),
. stylel, .
* N e w Ten! Sliile
Style Name:

:=: -

. 17.7. New Text Style

,
stylel. NewA (
, , ) <Enter>.
AutoCAD . , , ( -

17.

461

Standard). ,
Text Style ( ) (. . 17.6) , AutoCAD (. 17.8).

Fort Nt

. 17..
1

, ,
AutoCAD, Fonts
AutoCAD, shx. , ^, TrueType,
Windows. .
Standard, txi.shx
, Delete (),
Rename (). (
). , ,
, .
, , NewA.
Font Name ( ) (. . 17.6) Arial Cyr (
Sample AutoCAD True Type.dwg,
). Font Style (), txt.shx. : Italic (), Regular (), Bold () Bold
Italic ( ).
TrueType. Bold Italic (
).
Height () , .
TEXT ()
, . ,
, .
.
, -

462

_.

,
.

AutoCAD shx, Use Big Font ( ), .
Font Style () Big Font (
). , - . .
, (,
).
Effects ()
, Upside down () . Backwards ( ) ( ). Vertical
() , . . ,
.
, , .
Vertical () .
Width Factor ( ) ,
.
1 , 1 .
Oblique Angle ( ) ( ). , . , , ,
, 15 , Oblique Angle
( ) 15. , Italic () Bold Italic ( ) , .
85 +85 .
Text Style ( ) Preview () Preview ().
Preview () ,
( ), Preview (). , ft ,
Preview (),
.
Apply (), , . []. .

17.

^^____

463

. . 17.9
, NewA ( Aria! , Bold Italic ( )).

-
. 17.9. , Arial , Bold Italic

, 27,
DWG-.

. Delete (),
Text Style ( ) (. . 17.6). ,
- ( ),
Standard .
PURGE (), . "" 4,
.



, 2! ( PROPERTIES ()).
AutoCAD . Text () (. . 2.96).
fe'| Text
() Object) Text | Edit ( ) Modify
(), DDMDIT () ( , : , , )
:
Select an annotation object or [Undo]:
( []:)
, Edit Text ( ) (. 17.10). ,
- ,
.
Text () ,
. (, ,
. .) .

II.

464
'-frrdit Text
!:
OK

_|

Cancel

Help

. 17.10. Edit Text

Text () FIND (),



.

SCALETEXT ().
. :
Select an annotation object or [Undo]:
( {]:)
(
, , 30).
.
<Enier>. :
Enter a base point option for scaling
[Existins/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]
(
I // / /
/////////]
< >:)

<Left>:

, , . TEXT ().
, , ,
(, ), (, ). Existing () , ,
. :
Specify new height or [Match object/Scale factor] <15>:
( [/] <15>:>
,
Match object ()
(), :
Select a text object with the desired height:
( :)
Scale factor () :

17.

65

Specify scale factor or [Reference] <2>:


( / };)
Reference ( ) ,
SCALE () (.
21).
SCALETEXT ()
, (
, , ).
JUSTIFYTEXT (),
S
Object
Object I Text Justify ( | )
Modify (). , , (, , , Fit ()). ( ), .
; Select
objects; ( :).
:
Enter a justification option
fLeft/Align/Fir/Center/Middle/Righl/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BRJ
<Left>:
( [/////
</////////<>:)
,
. .
, . . 17.11
, ,
.

. 17.11.

TEXTFIT, Express Tools,


.
Text () 1 SPACETRANS (), . 41.
,
AutoCAD, CHANGE (), -

466

II,

. . Select objects: ( :).



<Enter>. :
Specify change point or [Properties]:
( []:)
Properties () (. 27).
,
.
. <Enter>, :
Specify new text insertion point <no change>:
( < >:)
<Enter>,
. :
Enter new text style <Standard>:
{ <Standard>:)
( Standard).
, <Enter>.
, (
):
Specify new height <33.5000>:
( <33.5000>:)
( 33.5).
, ( ). ,
<>. :
Specify new rotation angle <30>:
( <30>:)
(
30). <Enter>.
:
Enter new text <... >:
( <...>:)
. . AutoCAD
.
, PROPERTIES (OKHOCB), 27.

17.

467

SPELL (), Spelling () Tools () (. . 2.18). ,


.
EXPLODE ()
.
, Express Tools:
TSCALE ;
2 ;

.

MIRRTEXT
M I R R O R
() (. 21) MIRRTEXT. 1 ( ), , .
, , .
MIRROR (),
MIRRTEXT.
, .


QTEXT 1, ( ).


SHX-,
(
Z thickness).
HIDETEXT 1,
HIDE () .
SHX- ,
HIDE () . ( . 36.)


entget DXF, . 17.1. DXF .
9.

II.

468

17.1. DXF-, TEXT


ENTITIES

100

("AcDbText")

( )

39
1

()

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Y Z
20 30).
;

20

DXF; V

30

DXF; Z

40

50

0.0

41

1.0

51

0.0

Standard

71


(2 ( ),
4 ( ))

72

: , 1 ,
2 , 3 ( 0),
4 ( 0),
5 ( )

73

: 0 ,
1 , 2 , 3

11

( ).
, DXF- 72 73 .
DXF: X ( 2
21 31).
;

21

DXF:

31

DXF: /

210

( , , ).
DXF: X ( Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (, , 1)

469

17.

17.1 ()

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

100

("AcDbText")

DXF 72 73. . 17.2 .


tblnext tblsearch

DXF-, . 17.3.
17.2. DXF- 72 73
TEXT

72

73

Left
()

Center
()

Right
()

Aligned
()

Middle
()

FI
()

BL ()

()

BR ()

ML ()

()

MR ()

TL ()

()

TR ()

17.3. DXF-, STYLE


TABLES

100
2


("AcDbTextStyleTableRecord")

70

(1 ,
; 4 ; 16 ; 32
( 16); 64 )

40

(0, )

41

50

II.

470

17.3 ()

71
42


(2 (
); 4 ( )]

( , )

DXF-, . 17.3,
. 17.1, (. 50).


( ) ,
, .
(), -
MTEDIT (). ,
.
( , , . .).


() , .
, , Microsoft Word.
() || Draw () Text () (. . 2.96), Text | Multiline Text ( |
) Draw ().

() , , , :
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5
Specify first corner;
( : "Standard". : 2.5
:)

17.

471

, (. 17.12),

MTJIGSTRING (
. 17.12 "abc"):
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line spacing/RoTalion/Style/WlttthJ:
( //
/
////:)

'-

. 17.12.

(. 17.13),

AutoCAD. . .

. 17.13.

- , .
,
Windows. ,
(. 17.14).

II.

472

!
, /,
-
11
'.... :
J _
. 17.14.

Text
Formatting ( ) (. 17.15),
.
llcKt Formatting

dl^

jd I2

Ami

33 ; - * f [i

. 17.15. . Text Formatting

Text
Formatting ( ) <Ctrl>+
+<Enter>, AutoCAD , (. 17.16).

|J Us 6*1 Vex lm

-j

_-j
__j

71

A AI f/

!
;
, ,
-;
,
;

O'D
1---

Q'-

, I t | KjVjajel / "
o*and _* CufrenT te^t style
"Standard" h e i g h t ^ 2 S
peciEy : _ I E M comer.
;i.Ey_opFasite -: or LHeight/Jus.t t ij'I-n* spacing^Rciiation^St
.UOOOa

SS/.P GRID B4IHD [po

. 17.16.

17.

473

, Text Formatting ( )
:
[Standard

jj| - ; ;

"*And

_]| -
; ;
- ; ,
;

- ( TrueType);
_l_j - (
TrueType);
| - ;
*

- ;
- ;
- , ;
- .

,
. ( ,
. .), .
rV ( SHX AutoCAD) - ( Windows TrueType). He
, . ,
, .
.

,! ,
( ), .
, ,
: /, ' #. .
. 17.17 , ;
,
, .

474

II.

V-

5
.
1
. 17.17.


(
).
,
AutoStack Properties ( ) (. 17.18).
|1* AuloStack Properties
Do you want lo autamatcally stack the tent
eKpjesiions /, xtty, axJ as you type?

v-

^ feftdbte AutoStackingj
f? Remove leading blank 1 ^ betomesl?
Speciy how "n/y" should stack
f Convert it to a diagond fraction
<* Conveit it to a horizontal Fraction

" Don't show this dialog again; Always use


fhe^e sellings

OK

Cancel

. 17.18. AutoStack Properties

:
Do you want to automatically slack the text expressions x/y, x#y and x"y as you type?
(Xomume nu /, # "
?)

, :
"3 Enable AutoSlaeking ( );
Remove leading blank ( ,
);
Convert it to diagonal fraction ( !;
3 Convert it to horizontal fraction (
);
Don'l show this dialog again, always use these settings (He , ).
/ ( ). ,
AutoStack Properties ( ).
(. , 17.17)
.
. 17.19 , ^
.
Fir ;1 521

. 17.19.

.
,
i..
,
<> ( Microsoft
Word, , ,
).

, .

, . 17.20.
Indents and Tabs...
Set -Rext Width,,.

. 17.20.

II.

476

Indents and Tabs ( ) (. 17.21),


, , .
10 Indents and Tabs
Tab stop position

-Indentation i Fist Ins:

I 24.069+

i i

Paragraph:

. 17.21. Indents and Tabs

. Indentation ()
First line ( ) ,
Paragraph () .
Tab stop position ( ) .
Set (). Clear () .
Set Mtext Width ( ) (. . 17.20)
. Set Mtext Width ( ) (. 17.22), , Width ().
1* Set MlPHt Width
Width; j 92.9954
OK

Cancel

. 17.22. Set Mtext Width


, . 17.23.
:
1 Undo () ;
3 Redo () ;

17.

477

Undo
Redo
Cut

Paste
Indents andTabs...
Justification
Find and Replace..,
Select All
AutoCAPS

UPPERCASE
lowercase

Remove Formatting
Combine Paragraph?
5yrrbol
Import Text,..
Help
. 17.23.

Cut ()
;
() ;
Paste () ;
Indents and Tabs ( )
(. . 17.21);
"3 Justification () (. );
Find and Replace ( ) --
(Replace) ;
Select All ( ) , ;
Change Case ( )
(UPPERCASE) (lowercase)
;
AutoCAPS ()
(
Caps Lock);
3 Remove Formatting ( ) -
(, , )
;
Combine Paragraphs ( ) ;
Symbol () ;

478

II.

Import Text ( )
rtf ( 32 ).
Justification () (. 17.24) .
, .
/ Top Left

TL

Middle Left
BottomLeft

ML
BL

Top Cent

TC

Degrees

Mddle Center MC
Bottom Cent BC

Diameter

fight
Mddle Right

MR

Non-breetong Space

Bottom Right

BR

Top

TR

. 17.24. Justification

Other,,.

. 17.25. Symbol

Symbol () (. 17.25) :
Degrees () ;
Pius/Minus (/) ;
Diameter () %%, ;
Non-breaking Space ( ) ;
Other () Windows (. 17.26)
( ,
; ,
Windows).
,
():
Rotation () \

Line spacing ( )
.
:
Enter line spacing type [At least/Exactly] <At Ieasi>:
( //] <>:)
At least () ,
, .
Exactly () , (
).

479

17.
|

( Sjcrtbol

V
5
. 3
]
1

it
'
.-.
_

^J

&

3 ',

; :- 1

: 12

= .-. : :
.
N :: 8 F Z . , .' ;; 77 V _

i i. i 1 : i

CJ

: i

<

'

' 11

'

' ,

+
~

IX

S : L

- - 11

. -- f
_
_
'

|!

*
: ci- : 0x21

'

-< V

?
-

V
Th

<S.

-1

. 17.26.

:
Enter line spacing factor or distance <}x>:
( <1>:)

, .

, 1,66. (, 1.5,
) (, 2.25, 2,25 ).
0.0833 (0.25) 1.3333 (4).

(, , ).

() Text Formatting ( ). .
LIST () ( 17.2).

480

II.

17.2.

Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle - 2

Location:
X= 98.7207 Y= 2 3 2 . 2 6 9 2 Z= 0.0000
Hidth:
50.0000
Normal:
X0.0000 Y=
0.0000 Z=
1.0000
Rotation:
0
Text style:
"Standard"
Text height:
2.5000
Line spacing:
Multiple (l.OOOOOOx =
4.1667)
Attachment:
TopLeft
Flow direction: ByStyle
Contents:
{\fTimes New Roman C y r | b O | i O | c 2 0 4 I p l B ;
, ,
, .!
:
Location , width , Normal , Rotation , Text style
Text height , Line spacing

, attachment , Flow direction , Contents .


DDEDIT ()
, MTEDIT ()
(. 17.14),
, .
.
,
. ,
, . 17.23.

MIRRTEXT
MIRROR
() (. 21) MIRRTEXT. 1 ( ), , .
,
MIRRTEXT, , .

17


MTEXTED ,
() (,
MS Word).

.
MTEXTED "Internal" (""), AutoCAD.
":lisped" Visual LISP,
80 . . 17.27 Edit MTcxt ( ),
().
EdilMTexl
Contents1

[ -

cri

Full editor. .

. 17.27. Edit MText


-, acmted.arx.
, ,
ARX.

SHX-

. .
upoi . mtextmap.ini,
. acad.fmp, .
. FONTMAP 7.


entget DXF, . 17.4.
16 * 42

482

17.4. DXF-,
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbMText")

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
;

20

DXF:

30

DXF: Z

, 250 .
DXF- ,
. , 3,
250 ( DXF- 1)

( 250 ) ,
DXF-

( )

40
41
7

Standard

71

:
1 /; 2 /; 3 /;
4 /; 5 /; 6 /;
7 /; 8 /; 9 /

72

:
1 ; 3 ; 5 , . .

11

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
21 31).
: .
(DXF- 50)
(DXF- 11, 21 31),

21

DXF:

31

DXF; /

42

.
DXF- 41. ( )

43

.
( )

50

17.

483
17.4 ()

73
44

: 1 ,
; 2 ,

( 0.25 4.00)

1.0

210

( , , ).
DXF: X ( Yvi Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (, , 1)

220

DXF: /

230

DXF: Z


DCO15, .

,
Express Tools
Express Tools, AutoCAD 2004,
.

ARCALIGNEDTEXT
ARCTEXT, Text | ArcAligned Text ( :
) Express ()
Text (ET: ),
, .
ARCALIGNEDTEXT.

RTEXT
RTEXT, Text | Remote Text (
) Express (), -.
- RTEXT, .
, ,
DIESEL, .
,
Express Tools.

484

II.

RTED1T ;
REDIR ,
: , , , , ;
REDIRMODE REDIR;
RTEXTAPP ,
.



Express Tools,
:
:
TEXTFIT :
TEXTMASK
,
;
D TEXTUNMASK
;
TORIENT , , ;
TCIRCLE (, ) , ;
TCOUNT , ;
TCASE , ;
TJUST , , , .

18


, () , Dimension () (.
. 2.39), Dimension () (. . 2.76).
, .
, (. 7). .

,
AutoCAD, ,
.

,
, ,
Dimension (). , DIM.
. " " "
" 7.


D1MLINEAR () Dimension
.
() Linear () Dimension ().

II.

456

, ,
. DIML1NEAR
():
Specify first extension line origin or <seleci object>:
( < >:)
. AutoCAD:
Specify second extension line origin:
( :)
. AutoCAD
, :
Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:
(
[/// / / ]:)
AutoCAD , ( ) . , , ,
(. 18.1), .
DIMENSION.

EXPLODE ().
510.75

. 18.1.

(,
), DIMSCALE ( . 7) (
. ).

(. 18.2). AutoCAD ,
.

IS.

487

510,75

. 1. 2.

,
:
Horizontal () ;
3 Vertical () ;
Rotated () - () ;
AutoCAD : Specify angle of dimension line: (
:},
,
;
Angle () ;
Text () , , ;
Mtext () , (, ).
, , <select object> (<
>), ,
<Enter>. 1
Select object to dimension:
( :)
. AutoCAD
.

DIMALIGNED ()
Dimension () Aligned () Dimension ().

.
. 18.3.

I!.

488

4-75

. 18.3.


DIMORDINATE ()
(
). ;? Dimension ()
Ordinatc () Dimension ().
:
Specify feature location:
( :)
, . :
Specify leader endpoint or [Xdatunt/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/AngleJ:
( [////!:)
, .
, , ,
( ) .
. IS.4.

157,77
. 18.4.

:
Xdatum () , ;
Ydatum () , ;
!TJ Angle () ;
Text () ;

(S.

489

Mtext ()
.

D1MRADIUS () <) Dimension () Radius () Dimension ().



:
Select arc or circle:
{ :)
:
Specify dimension line location or [Mtexl/Text/Angle]:
( Ujiit [//]:)
,
, (. 18.5).

. 18.5,

DIMDIAMETER () . !$) Dimension ()


Diameter () Dimension ().
!.: . 18.6.

. 18.6.

II.

490


DIMANGULAR ()
(
).

Dimension () Angular () Dimension ().
:
Select arc, circle, line, or <specijy vertex>:
( , , < '?:)
, ,
( ,
), (
). <Enter>, AutoCAD
, .
. . IS. 7.

. 18,7.


QDIM () ( . ~ ,
DIMBASELINE () DIMCONTINUE
()). QDIM () _
Dimension () Quick Dimension ( )
Dimension ().
:
Associative dimension priority = Endpoinl
Select geometry to dimension;
( .
:)

18.

491

, . , , , Endpoint
() ( Intersection ()).
settings ()
.
:
Specify dimension line position, or
[Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/Radius/Diameter/datumPoini/Edit/
seTtings]< Continuous >:
(
////////
/ < >:)
, :
Continuous () ;
3 Staggered () ( , . , 18.8);
Baseline () ;
Ordinate () ;
Radius () ;
Diameter () ;
~1 Diituiii Point () ui:> LLKV . i ,KS ^ ;- ;
D Edit () (AutoCAD
, );
sellings ()
(Endpoint () Intersection (), ).

. 18.8.

II.

492


DIMBASELINE ()
(. 18.9).
321,04

. 18.9.

DIMBASELINE (), ,
Dimension ()
Baseline () Dimension ().
,
:
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/'Select] <Select>:
( //} <~>:)
, () . ,

. <Esc>.

Undo
()

DIMBASELINE (), Select'()


.
!
.


DIMCONTINUE () (. 18.10).
DIMCONTINUE (). ,
Dimension ()
Continue () Dimension ().
DIMCONTINUE ()
. . Undo () one-

18.

493

DIMCONT1NUE (), Select () .


268,13

316,21

. 18.10.

AutoCAD , , ( ) .
QLEADER ()
QLEADER () ( LEADER). ty
Dimension () Leader () Dimension ().
QLEADER ();
Specify first leader point, or [Settings] <Settings>:
( [] < >:)

, :
Specify text width <0>:
( <0>:)
( ,
). :
Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>:
( <>:)
<Enter>, ,
, :
Enter next line of annotation text:
( :)
<Enter> (. 18.11).

494

II.

. 18.11.

, ,
Settings ()
<Enter>. Leader Settings (
) (. 18.12).

HHHHHBBHMH^I^KT^

I Ht* leader Settings

Arinotationjj Leadet Line i Ariow

Attachment |

. .,0^:-

Annotation Type

fi-

'. 1

^ Iterance
P Efock Reference

Frame te>-t

Annotation Reuse
None

P None
i

f? Prompt for width


!~ Always left justify

(~ Copy an Object

<~ Reuse Went

[ f Reuse Cureiit
_ ^

OK |

C^ncfH

Hdp

. 18.12. Leader Settings, Annotation

. Annotation () . Annotation Type ( )


:
Mtext ();
Copy an Object ( );
Tolerance ();
Block Reference ();
None ().
MText options ( ) :
Prompt for width ( );
Always left justify ( );
Frame text ( ).

18.

495

Annotation Reuse ( )
:
None ();
3 Reuse Next ( );
Reuse Current ( ).
Leader Line & Arrow ( )
(. IS.13).
1 ^Leader Settings

Ainot ilnn ; Leads LfieSAii;j Attachment]

-la.*Ja Line

i - Arrowhead

ff

r bftlme

\W- Closed tilled

-Numbel of Points
No Unit

" 1
j

-]
'

Angb Constraints
Firet Segment
Maximum

OK

Second

Segment:

Cancel

|ftny angle
|

gte

an

_
|

Help

. 18.13. Leader Settings, Leader Line & Arrow

Leader Line (-) :


Straight ();
Spline ().
Number of Points ( )
. No Limit
( ), , <Enter>.
Maximum () (,
).
Arrowhead () .
(. 18.14).
Angle Constraints ( )

496

II.

( . 18.15 Firs)
Segment ( ) Second Segment ( )).
< . 18.14.

Arrowhead

* " - : : : Closed blank


i Closed
t? Architectural tick
Oblique
Open
_ Origin indicator
^ Origin indicator 2

=F C jht - _:_ Open 30


S Dot small
K5 Do! blank

Any angle

3 Dot small Hank


SBo*

Horizontal
90'

:
'

Box filed

15'

<3 Datum triangle


Datum triangle filled

. 18.15.

Angle Constraints

75 Integral
User Arrow...

Attachment ()
(left)
(right) (. 18.16).

Annotation] LeadLiriel Arrow Atlachment


'

"

Mullt-line Text Attachment -

Text on left side

_ -~,

Test or right fide

Middle d top line

r
r

Middle of multi-line tent

Middle of bottom Ine

Bottom of bottom ine

ff

Top of top line

" nder lire bottom Sns

OK

Can,:el

. 18.16. Leader Settings, Attachment

18.

497


LEADER (), .
,
().
(. 21).
Express Tools
Dimension | Leader Tools ( | ) Express
()
.
:
Attach Leader to Annotation ( )
(. ); : (
QL ATTACH);
Detach Leader from Annotation ( ) ( QLDETACHSET);
Global Attach Leader to Annotation (
) ( QLATTACHSET).

TOLERANCE () ( ). Dimension () Tolerance ()


Dimension ().
TOLERANCE ()
Tolerance ( ) (. 18.17).

Geometric

,
. ,
. ( 13 ). , , TOLERANCE.
.
,
, . Sym

498

II.

(), Symbol () (. 18.18),


.
!fr Geometric Tolerance
5ytt\~ ? Tolerance 1

- Tolerance 2

Da<unn 1 - - Datum 2 - Datum 3

~
Height'

Picketed Tolerance Zone:

Datum Identifier.
Help

Cancel

. 18.17. Geometric Tolerance

. 18.18. Symbol

. 18.19. Material Condition


Tolerance 1 ( 1} Tolerance 2 ( 2),
. ,
. Tolerance 1 ( 1) Tolerance 2 ( 2)
Material Condition ( ) (. 18.19).
. TOLERANCE (.) . 18.20.

005

0.005
1,000
. 18.20. TOLERANCE

18.

499

QLEADER () ( Tolerance () Annotation (), . . 18.12).


DIMCENTER () . 1 Dimension () Center Mark ( ) Dimension ().
(. DIMCF.N
7) , . 18.21.

. 18.21.

(Dimension) , .
DIM (!
DIM1 (!), .




\. , ,
. , \,
(. 18.22).
D1MTVP.

34

. 18.22.

II.

500


Dimension () , . Dimension ().
DIMEDIT (). []
Dimension (), , . ( ) Oblique () Dimension ().
:
Enter type of dimension editing [Bome/New/Botate/Oblique] <Home>;
( [///}
< >:)
. New () (. 18.23).
DDEDIT ()

. 18.23.

,
, ,
, .
, .
Rotate () . :
Enter lext angle:
( :)
Select objects: ( :), ,
.
<!> .
() , Rotate (), .
Oblique () , , :
Enter oblique angle (press ENTER for none):
( ( ENTER, ):)

18.

501

. . 18.24
70 .
DIMTED1T (), <,\ i a Dimension () Align Text ( ) Dimension
(), .
,
:
Specify new location for dimension text or [Left/Righl/Center/Home/Angle]:
( [////]:)
, ,
.
, . . 18.25 , . 18.24.

48.34
448,34

. 18.24.

. 18.25.

Left (), Right (), Center ()


, . Angle
()
. ()
.
DIMREASSOC, Dimension | Reset Dim
Text Value ( ) Express
(),

( . 7). , ( ,
, . .) ,
,
D1MSCALE.

? .

502

II.

Dimension () |^ , Dimension () Update ().


.
, ( DIMSCALE
).
Dimension ()
(. 18.26),
( . ).

||-25

. 18.26. Dimension

. 18.26 , , ISO-25.


AutoCAD 2002 2004,
, , . - ,
. ,
.
DIMASSOC, DIMASO. DIMASSOC :
0 ,
(, . .) ,
;
1 , , ,
( ); ;
;
2 , ; 1:
;

.
DIMASSOC .

18.

503

, , . .
, .
(. . ,
) DIMREASSOC1ATE ( ) Reassociate Dimensions ( ) Dimension ().
:
Select dimensions to reassociate...
Select objects:
( ...
:)
, :
Specify first extension line origin or [Select object] <next>:
(
1 ] <>:)

: ]

(. 18.27), X ~~ .
, , <Enter> .
, (. .
)

. 18.27.

DIMDISASSOCIATE (), .

//.

504


, LIST
(). 18.1 .
i 18.1.
DIMENSION Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 2C
associative: yes
type: aligned
1st extension defining point: X= 234, "3028 Y= 68.9615 Z=
2nd extension defining point: X= 388.5274 Y= 112.1154 Z=
dimension line defining point: X= 388.5274 Y= 140.5731 Z=
obliquing angle:
90
text angle:
35
default text position: X= 309.165 Y= 127.0213 Z =
0.0000
default text
dimension style: "ISO-25"
dimension style overrides:
DIMSCALE
4.0000

O.OOOC
O.OOOC
0.0000

,
DIMENSION. associative ( yes) . (type) aligned (),
horizontal (), vertical () rotated ().
,
. obliquing angle
X, a text angle
.
(default text position) (default text). dimension style
, , , ISO-25
(
DIMSCALE, 4.0).

( 18.2),
18.2.
DIMENSION Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = FO

18.

505

associative: nc
type: Y ordinate
feature
defining point: X= 48.5592 Y= 61.1685 Z=
0.0000
leader
defining point: X= 141.0482 Y- 142.3992 Z=
O.OOOC
feature UCS defining point: X=
0.0000 Y=
0.0000 Z=
0.0000
default text position: X= 156.0482 Y= 148.6492 Z=
0.0000
default text
dimension s t y l e : "ISO-25"
dimension style overrides:
DIMSCALE
3.0000

18.1.
type (). radius,
diameter.
18.3 .
;

| 18.3.
DIMENSION Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 1 4 6
associative: no
type: arc
1st extension defining point: X= 2 4 3 . 7 2 2 2 Y= 307.7762 Z=
2nd extension defining point: X= 306.4450 Y= 221.4685 Z=
arc center
defining point: X= 180.1517 Y= 227.3916 Z=
dimension arc defining point: X= 276.2616 Y= 253.9198 Z=
default text position: X= 276.0057 Y= 271.0514 Z=
0.0000
default text
dimension style: "150-25"
diraension style overrides:
DIMSCALE
3.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
O.OOOC

arc, , arc center ( ) dimension arc defining point (


).
.
LEADER, . 18.4 .
18.4.

LEADER
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 154

506

II.

associative : no
Normal :
.
Horizontal direction: X=
l.OOOC
X= 184 .3898 Y= 119
Vertex :
X= 247 .1126
Vertex :
f= 203
Vertex:
X=
Y= 201
Hook Line: Off
ftrrow:
On

son

Y=
.

O . O O O C 7,~
1.0000
0.0000 7
D.DOOO
.0839 Z=
0 .0000
6993 Z=
0. 0000
,160 Z=
.
=

Path type: Straight


Associated to:
MTEXT
Handle = 15S
dimension style: "ISO-25"
dimension style overrides:
DIMGAP
0.6250
DIMSCALE
3.0000
DIMTAD

MTEXT
Space :

Layer: "0"

Model space

Handle = 155
Location:
Width:
Normal :
Rotation:
Text style:
Text height:
Line spacing :
Attachment:

X= 341.3767
72.0478
X0.0000

Y= 24.9108
Y=

O.OOOC

--

0.0000

7,=

"standard"
7.5000
Multiple (1 .OOOOCCx

12.5000)

TopLeft
Flow direction : LtoR
2
Contents:

: (vertex) ,
(Hook Line: O f f ) , CO (Arrow: On), (path type:

straight). Associated to ( ), 155,


.
TOLERANCE ().
!8.5.
18.5.
TOLERANCE Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 2F
location X= 343.2449 Y= 148.0388 Z=
0.0000
text {\Fgdt;b)%%v{\Fgdt,-n} .005SvAUv%vUv
1.000{\Fgdt;P}
dimension style: "ISO-25"

18.

, location .
text (, { \Fgdt ;} , %%v ) .
, , .


DXF-, DIMENSION, ,
, . DXF- ( ENTITIES)
. 18,1. , , . DXF . 9.
18.1. DXF-,
DIMENSION ENTITIES

100

("AcDbDimension ")

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
;

20

DXF: V

30

DXF: ZonpefleflflioiMeu

11

( ).
DXF: X ( YwZ
21 31).
:

21

DXF:

31

DXF: Z

70

(06),
(32, 64 128).
: 0 , ; 1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ;
5 ; 6 .

II.

508

18.1 ()

(.)

: 32 , ( DXF- 2) ( ,
R13); 64 [1 X,
Y), 6; 128 ,

71

(). 1 /; 2 /;
3 /; 4 /; 5 /;
6 /; 7 /; 8 /;
9 /

72

: 1 ,
; 2 ,

41

( 0.25 4.00)

1.0

42

( )

, .
, . " " (),
: "" ;

53

0.0

51

X X .

210

( , , 0).
DXF: X ( Z
220 230).
:

DXF: ;
: (, , 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

,

"ACAD" ( . 2 "AutoCAD 2004: "), . ,
entget, :

(-3 ("ACAD" (1000


(1070 . 40) (1040
11070 . 71| (1070
11002 . " ) " ) ) )

"DSTYLE")

3.0)
1)

(1002

18.

509


DXF-,
(1070 , 1040 . .),
: (
, . ), . DIMSCALE ( 40) 3.0, a DIMTOL ( 71) 1.
DXF- 10, 13, 14 15 , , 11, 12 16 .
. 18.2 DXF-, .
18.2. DXF-, DIMENSION

100

("AcDbAlignedDirnension "1

12

( ] ,
.
DXF: X ( Yu Z
22 32].
:

22

DXF:

32

DXF: 7

13

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
23 33).
:

23

DXF:

33

DXF:

14

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
24 34).
:

24

DXF:

34

DXF: .?

. 18.3 DXF-,
.
,
DXF- 100.

II.

5/0

18.3. DXF-, DIMENSION

100

("AcDbAlignedDimension")

( ) .
.

12

DXF: X ( Z
22 32).
;
22

DXF:

32

DXF: ZTO4KH

13

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
23 33).
:

23

DXF:

33

DXF: Z

14

( ).
DXF: X { Z
24 34),
:

24

DXF:

34

DXF; Z

50

52

{ 50)

100

("AcDbRolatedDimension")

. 18.4 DXF-. .
18.4. DXF-, DIMENSION

100

("AcDbRadialDimension"
"AcDbDiatnetricDimension")

( ).
DXF; X ( Z
25 35).
:

15

18.

__

___

51

18.4 (!

25

DXF: Von

35

DXF: Z

40

. 18.5 DXF-. .
18.5. DXF-, DIMENSION

100

("AcDbSPointAngularDimension"]

13

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
23 33).
:

23

DXF:

33

DXF: Z

14

( }.
DXF:: X

( 2


24 34).
:

24

DXF:

34

DXF: Z

15

( ).
DXF: X ( / Z
25 35),
:

25

DXF:

35

DXF: Z

16

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
26 36).
:

26

DXF:

36

DXF: Z

512

_^__^__

II.

. 18.6 DXF-, .
18.6. DXF-, DIMENSION

100

("AcDbOrdinateDimension")

13

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
23 33).
;

23

DXF: /

33

DXF: KoopflHHaTaZonpeflenaoiueM

14

( ).
DXF: X (
24 34).
;

24

DXF:

34

DXF: 2

DIMASSOC OBJECTS
. . 18.7 DXF-,
.
18.7. DXF-, DIMASSOC
OBJECTS

("DIMASSOC")

102

("{ACAD_REACTORS}")

330

100

("AcDbDimAssoc")

330

90

:
1 , 2 , 4 , 8

70

(/)

71

(, )

78.

513

13.7 ()

1
72

331

("AcDbOsnapPointRef")

(Start, End, Mid, Cen a . .]

, -

73

(, )

='

Gs- ()

301

()

40

Near

10

X ( )

20

( )

Z ( )

(/)

92

Gs- ()

(!

hasLastPoinlRef (/)

30
332

302
75


( . 7). DIMSTYLE (),
Dimension () (. . 2.76)

Styles () (. . 2.94). Style ()
Dimension () (. . 2.39) Dimension Style ( )
Format () (. . 2.17). .
. , , Dimension () Styles () (. . 18.26).
,
. , , ISO-25. (. 27)
.
DIMSTYLE () Dimension Style
Manager ( ) (. IS. 28).
17 428

II.

574
Iffe Dimension SI vie Manage

Preview of. SQ-25

14,11

Sel Current
New...

'

Li*
lAli'jltef

Clos

. 1.23. Dimension Style Manager

Current Dimslylc ( ) , (), -


. Styles (). List ( ).
All styles ( ) Styles in use ( ).
Don't list styles in Xrefs ( -)
, (
. 31).
Preview of ( )
, . , Description (), .
:
Set Current ();
New ();
^ Modify ();
3 Override ();
Compare ().
11 ,
Styles (), Set Current
(). .
, New ().
Create New Dimension Style (
) (. 18.29).

18.

515

IrSfCieale New Dimension Style


New Sl^e Name:
Start With:

Use for
Contrme

;'4

KTEISiE

d
3

l$Q-5
All dimeniiois
Cancel

Help

. 18.29. Create New Dimension Style

New Style Name ( ) . ISO-25, Copy of ISO-25 ( ISO-25).


, ,
Start With ( )
.

, Use for ()
dimensions (Rce ). : Linear
dimensions ( ), Angular dimensions ( ), Radius
dimensions (), Diameter dimensions (), Ordinate dimensions (Op ) Leaders and Tolerances ( ),
, ,
! , . .
Create New Dimension Style (
)
Continue (). New Dimension Style
( ), . , Lines and Arrows ( ) (. 18.30).
, . Dimension Lines ( ) :
Color ();
Lineweight ( );
Extend beyond ticks ( );
Baseline spacing ( );
Suppress Dim Line I (2) ( 1- (2-) ).
. "ByBlock" (""),
.

516

II.
ll New Dimension Style:
Lines and Airows j Text
D"

j Fit

j Primary Unils | Alternate Units j Tolerances |

1"

Color

^ d

" "

Uneweight:

14 U

1 '1:
[3~75

Suppress: " Dim Line 1

~ Din Lint 2

/tv

Extension Lines

^ V

i \/ J 3/ \ \

Baseline spacing-

. Color:

-_j

Extend beyond ticks-

!ByBlock

Lineweight:

Arrcwheads
~
1s^
* L-ioied hll^d

" '1
v

SyBlock

Extend beyond dim lines:

25

Qlfset (rom origin

JOK5

Suppress: " Line 1

'

-^
Ext Line 2

Leader'

-j

'

,
1 ,

fP Lioseo rilled

TJ

| IS Closed fiBed

_-J

Arrow size-

125

Center Marks IfflQrcle;


Type:

Mark

OK

_^J Size:

Cancel

-~j |
~~

j^5

Help

. 18,30. New Dimension Style, Lines and Arrows

Extension Lines ( ) ,
:
Color ();
Uneweight ( );
Extend beyond dim lines ( );
Offset from origin ( );
Suppress Ext Line 1 (2) ( 1- (2-) ).
Arrowheads () , ,
:
1st (1-);
2nd (2-);
Leader ();
Arrow size ().
Center Marks for Circles ( )
,

18.

577

. :
();
Size ().
Text () (. 18.31) New Dimension Style (
) .

11!^1

P'-fr Hew Dimension Slule.


Lines snd Airowa Text

| Fit

| Primary Unite Alternate Units j Toleiances j

_j_ri ^
14 U ,
1

Tertstjte
Text color:

Stardad

,lJ .ill

ByBlock

Textto#

-] i

./. \

J*

'.

>/-- \ >

J2.5

Diaw Irame around lent

'-.Te*l Placemen!

ent AUgnmenf

Verlicd;

Above

_^J

" Hctfi^onlal

Haizonlal:

Centered

f* A&^ied with dimension Jine

~j

ISO Standad

0 lisattrom din 5na:

\->

JO 625

OK-

Cancel

He,p

. 1.31, New Dimension Style, Text

Text Appearance ( ) :
^ Text style ( ) ;
0 Text color ( ) ;
1 Text height ( ) ;
Fraction height scale ( ) -
.

, Draw frame around text ( ), .


Text Placement ( ) : Vertical ( ) (
Centered ( ), Above ( ). Outside (), JIS

518

II.

( JIS)) Horizontal ( ) ( Centered


( ), At Ext Line 1 ( 1- ), At Ext Line 2 ( 2- ).
Over Ext Line I ( 1- ), Over Ext Line 2 ( 2- )),
orciyna Offset from dim line ( ).
Text Alignment ( ) , : Horizontal (),
Aligned wilh dimension line ( ) ISO Standard (
ISO).
Fit () (. 18.32) New Dimension Style
( ) R ,
.
ll-New Dimension Style:
Lines and Arrows | Tetf

Fit

| Primary Units j Alternate Unto | Tolerances |

; Fit Options
IF there isn't enough mom to place both text
and arrows inside extension lines, Ifie list
. thing to move outside the extension lines is:
i & Either the 1 / the arrows,
whichever lits best
: AirOWS
Text
i 8oHi led and aiiow
! P ^ keep text between ! lines

Scale (or Dimension Features -

j Suppress arrows they don't hi iiside


the extension lines

( Use overall scale of1


<~ Scde dimensions to layout (papers-oat:*]

' When tew is not in the d(aJt position, claee *

Fine Tuning

(" Beside the dimension Itne


: f"4 Ovef the dimension Jine, with n leaoa
i Ovei dimension line, vjithod a leader

" Place letf manually when dmensioniig


i
p1 AJways dfa^ din line between ent lines

OK

Cancel

HelB

. 18.32. New Dimension Style, Fit

Fit Options ( ) If there isn't enough


room to place both text and arrows inside extension lines, the first thing to move
outside the extension lines is: (
, \ :) ;
3 Either (he text or the arrows, whichever fils best ( ,
( });

_18.

519

Arrows ();
D Text ();
Both text and arrows ( );
Always keep text between cxt lines ( ).
Suppress arrows if they don't fit inside the
extension lines ( , ).
Text Placement ( ) When text is not in
the default position, place it ( )
:
3 Beside the dimension line ( );
^ Over the dimension line, with a leader ( ):
Over the dimension line, without a leader (He ).
Scale for Dimension Features ( ),
DIMSCALE, Use overall scale of ( ),
, ,
, Scale dimensions to
layout (papcrspace) ( ), -. ( . . 4J.)
Fit () Fine Tuning (
) : Place text manually when dimensioning ( } Always draw dim line between cxt lines ( ).
Primary Units ( ) (. 18.33)
.
Linear Dimensions ( ) is :
Unit format ( );
Precision ();
3 Fraction format ( );
3 Decimal separator ( );
Round off ();
Prefix ();

Suffix ().

, Linear Dimensions ( )
. Measurement Scale ( ) Scale factor (),

520

II.

. , Apply to layout
dimensions only ( ).

Lines and Arrows] ) ] R

Primary Unto Alecnafc Uretf ] Tolerances j

L
Linear D'intensions

Unit fcurnat;
Precision

[Decimal

*"|

J o 00

_^J

14 11

^
<n

: Fraction fixrnal
1

j Decimal separator.

, [Comma]

T! :-

. Roundoff

. 0

-4

Pieftt

Suffix:

Scale factor.

' p1 Trailing

'
-*4 v \

\U
XD*
vT*

Angular Dimensions

jl

Feet
~ Inches

Unils format:

j Decimal Degrees

'r\

Precision

[0

'j

^J :

- " AppJy to 1 dimensions only


- Zoo Suppression
1 1 Leafing

;^- ' 5

Measuemenl Scale
'

Zero Suppression l~ Leading


l~ Trading

OK

Cancel

Help

. 18.33. New Dimension Style, Primary Units

Zero Suppression ( )

, 0 0 :
3 Leading ();
Trailing ();
3 0 Feet (0 );
0 Inches (0 ).
Angular Dimensions ( )
. .
Alternate Units (, ) (. 18.34).
,
, -

18.

521

. ,
Display alternate units ( ).
If New Dimension Style: CtunaH
Lines and Anows j Tent

j Ftt

[ Pi imaiji Units

Alternate Unite jlolerances]

P Display alternate units

- Alternate links Unit format:

Decimal

Precision

0.000

Multiplier for <ft units:'


Rouni distances

! -<%

0\

jj

,f
/
&

[-^
1

to

JO

..jr m,ss<]

*]

I]
* /

Placemen -

' Prelj*

^ Alter pi imafy value

. SiAc

l~ Below piirnay value

Zero Suppression
. f~ Leading

{ 0 Feet

i " "[tailing

ff 0 Indies

OK

Cancel

. 18.34. ^ New Dimension Style, Alternate Units

Alternate Units ( ) , , , . :
L!) Unit format ( ):
Precision ();
3 Multiplier for alt units ( );

Round distances to ();


3 Prefix ();
Suffix ().
Zero Suppression ( ) Primary Units ( } (. . 18.33). Placement () After primary
value ( ) Below primary value ( )
.

II.

522

Tolerances () (. 18.55) .
iFssNew Dimension S Me:
Lines and Arrow;) Text j Fit

| Primary Unis j Aleinate Units Tolerances |

Tolerance Foimaf
Method'
'' Precision

Limits
0

Upper value:

JO

: Lower valus:

|0

Scaling for height:


Vertical po5ilion

J1
JBoltom

Zero Suppression
Leading
^ Trailing

_^J .

4j

-it. . . ,11

jj

TJ

'5?2>

uS
*?\y

_u

-j-j
_^J !
!

^,

A]leirHte Unit 1
Precision

JOOOD

_^J

Zero Suppression
f? 0 Fee!
1

P 0 Inches

" Leading
Trsrling

OK

F Q Feel
P Olnche?

Caned

Help

. 18.35. New Dimension Style, Tolerances

Tolerance Format ( ) :
3 Method () ;
Precision () ( )
;
Upper value ( )
;
!) Lower value ( ) ;
Scaling for height ( )
;
Vertical position () .
, Zero Suppression ( )
.

18.

Method (), Tolerance Format ( ), :


3 None () ;
3 Symmetrical () ( Upper value ( ), "=L");
3 Deviation () , ;
3 Limits ( ) ,
;
Basic ()
, .
Method ()
AutoCAD, , , .
Symmetrically (),
Lower value ( ) .
Vertical position () :
1 () >:
Middle () ;
Bottom () .
Alternate Unit Tolerance ( ) Precision () Zero Suppression
( ) ,
.
. New Dimension
Style ( ) Close ().
Modify () Dimension Style Manager ( ) (. . IS. 28)
. Modify
Dimension Style ( ),
New Dimension Style ( )
.
,
New Dimension Style ( ), .
Modify () Dimension Style Manager ( } (. . 18.28) Override

524

II.

(), Override
Current Style ( ).
Dimension Style Manager ( ).
Compare () Dimension Style Manager ( ) (. . 18.28)
Compare Dimension Slyles ( ) (. J8.36).
# Compaie Dinieniion Styles

Vflth

AutoCAD found 3 difference;


OetcripHanll 1 Variable ..~~T C_T.>H~]Ts 0-Z5
Alternate units
DIMALT
On
OK
Oveiallscale
DIMSCALE
20C
1.0000
Tol limits
DIMLIM
On
Off

Close

Help

. 18.36. Compare Dimension Styles

,
Compare () With (Co )
.
<> (<>), .
, AutoCAD.
AutoCAD .
, , DIM.
Compare Dimension Styles ( ). . 18.8 ( ),
.

18.

525

18.8.

ISO-25

DIN

JIS

DIMADEC
(]

DIM ALT
()

Off ()

Off ()

Off ()

DIMALTD
(!

DIMALTF
(!

25.4000

0.0394

0.0394

.4

DIMALTRMD
()

00000

0.0000

0. 0000

0.0000

DIMALTTD
()

DIMALTTZ
()

DIMALTU
()

DIMALTZ
()

DIMAPOST
()

DIMASZ
()

0.1800

2.5000

2.5000

2.5000

DIMATFIT
()

DIMAUNIT
()

DIMAZ1N
()

DIMBLK
()

ClosedFilled
ClosedRlled
ClosedFilled
ClosedFilled
( ( ( (
)
)
]
)

ANSI

Off (!

II.

526

18.8 ()
ISO-25

DIMBLK1
(1)

Closed Filled
ClosedFilled
ClosedFilled
( ( (

)
)
)

DIMBLK2
(2)

ClosedFilled
ClosedFilled
ClosedFilled
ClosedFilled
( ( ( (

)
)
)
)

DIMCEN
()

0.0900

2.500

2.500

DIMCLRD
()

ByBlock
()

ByBlock
()

DIMCLRE
()

ByBlock
()

ByBlock
()

ByBlock
()
ByBlock
()

DIMCLRT
()

ByBlock
()

ByBlock
()

ByBlock
()

ByBlock
()

DIMDEC
()

DIMDLE
()

0.0000

0.0000

00000

DIMDLI
[}

0.3800

3.7500

3.7500

7.0000

DIMDSEP
()

DIMEXE
()

0.1800

1.2500

1 2500

1.0000

DIMEXO
()

0.0625

0.0625

0.0625

1 0000

DIMFRAC
(5)

DIUGAP
[)

0.0900

0.6250

0.6250

0.0000

DIMJUST
()

DIULDRBLK
(5)

ClosedFilled
ClosedFilled
ClosedFilled
CiosedFilled
( ( ( (
)
)
)
)

DIMLFAC
(]

1.000

ANSI

0.0000

DIN

JIS
ClosedFilled
(
)

'

ByBlock
()
ByBlock
(]

1.000

1.000

1.000

18.

527

18.8 (!

ANSI

ISO-25

DIN

JIS

DIMLIM
()

Off ()

Off [)

()

Off ()

DIMLUNIT
()

DIMLWD
()

-2

_2

DIMLWE
()

-2

-2

-2

-2

DIMPOST
()

D1MRND
()

0.0000

0.0000

0 0000

0.0000

DIMSAH
()

Off (}

Off ()

DIMSCALE
()

1.0000

DIMSD1
(1]

Off ()

D1MSD2
(2)

' 1 0000

' ()

Off ()

1.0000

1.0000

Off ()

()

()

Oft ()

Off ()

Off ()

()

DIMSE1
(1)

Off ()

Off ()

()

()

DIMSE2
(2)

Off ()

Off ()

Oft ()

()

DIMSOXD
()

Off ()

Off ()

()

On ()

DIMTAD
()

DIMTDEC
()

DIMTFAC
()

1 .0000

1 .0000

1 .0000

1 .0000

DIMTIH
()

On ()

()

Off ()

()

528

II.
18.8 ()

ANSI

ISO-25

DIN

JIS

DIMTIX
()

Off ()

Oft ()

Off ()

On ()

DIMTM
()

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

DIMTMOVE
()

DIMTOFL
()

- Off ()

On ()

On ()

On ()

DIMTOH
()

On ()

Off ()

Off ()

Off ()

DIMTOL
()

Off ()

Off ()

Off ()

Off ()

DIMTOLJ
[)

DIMTP
()

0.0000

00000

0.0000

0.0000

DIMTSZ
()

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

DIMTVP
()

0.0000

00000

0.0000

0.0000

DIMTXSTY
()

STANDARD

STANDARD

STANDARD

STANDARD

DIMTXT
()

0.1800

2.5000

2.5000

2.5000

DIMTZIN
()

DIMUPT
[)

Off ()

Off ()

Off ()

Off ()

DIMZIN
()


7.

.

IS.

529

. , , DIMSCALE, BBI Command: (:) DIMSCALE,


AutoCAD (
):
Enter new value for DIMSCALE <1.0000>:
( DIMSCALE <1.QOQO>:)


PURGE (),
. "" 4.
, - (
), .


, 27,
DWG-.
Express Tools DIMEX DIMIM, , , dim DIM- .


TABLES D1MSTYLE,
(. 17).
tbinext rbisearch
DXF-, . 18.9. .
18.9. DXF-, DIMSTYLE
TABLES

100

("AcDbDimStyleTableRecord")

2
70


(16 ;
32 ( 16);
64 )
DIMPOST

II.

530

18.9 ()


01MAPOST

DIMBLK (, )

DIMBLK1 (, )

DIMBLK2 (, )

40

DIMSCALE

41

DIMASZ

42

DIMEXO

43

DIMDLI

44

DIMEXE

45

DIMRND

46

DIUDLE

47

DIMTP

48

D1MTM

140

DIMTXT

141

DIUCEN

142

DIMTSZ

143

DIMALTF

144

DIMLFAC

145

DIMTVP

146

DIMTFAC

147

DIUGAP

148

DIMALTRND

71

DIMTOL

72

DIULIM

73

DIMTIH

74

DIMTOH

75

DIMSE1

76

DIMSE2

77

DIMTAD

78

DIMZIN

18.

53?
18.9 ()

79

DIMAZIN

170

DIMALT

171

DIMALTD

172

DIMTOFL

173

DIMSAH

174

DIMTIX

175

D1MSOXD

176

DIMCLRD

177

D1MCLRE

178

DIMCLRT

179

DIMADEC

270

DIMUNIT (, DIMLUNIT DIMFRAC)

271

DIMDEC

272

DIMTDEC

273

DIMALTU

274

DIMALTTD

275

DIMAUNIT

276

DIMFRAC

277

DIMLUNIT

278

DIMDSEP

279

DIMTMOVE

280

DIMJUST

281

DIMSD1

282

DIMSD2

283

DIMTOLJ

284

DIMTZIN

285

DIMALTZ

286

DIMALTTZ

287

DIMFIT (, DIMATFIT DIMTMOVE)

288

DIMUPT

,
18.9 {)

289

DIMATFIT

340

DIMTXSTY ( STYLE)

341

DIMLDRBLK ( BLOCK)

342

DIMBLK ( BLOCK)

343

DIMBLK1 ( BLOCK)

344

DIMBLK2 ( BLOCK)

371

DIMLWD ( , )

372

DIMLWE ( , )

19


, , . , ,
2 16. , , ,

M L I N E ().
Multiline
() Draw () (. . 2.30).
MLINE () Draw ().

(). , . , , , . AutoCAD CMJUST. CMSCALE CMSTYLE
paj :
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 20.00, Style = STANDARD
( : = , = 20.00,
= STANDARD)
:
Specify start point or [Justi/ication/Scale/STyleJ:
( ///]:)
, , . . AutoCAD

534

II.

Undo (), Close ().


Close (), <Enter> (. 19.1).

. 19.1.

. ,
Justification () (),
Bottom () Zero (). Scale (), 1, , ;
. STyle ()
( ).
( STANDARD) .
, . " " , mln.
LIST () . 19.1 .
19.1.
MLINE
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 4 8
Justification - Top, Scale = 20.00, Style = TRIPLE
Vertex 0: X= 110.4112
0.
99 .1537
Vertex 1: X- 567.4035
. oooc
443 ,7901 Z=
Vertex 2: X-1133.2759 Y= 446 .1244 z=
0. 0000
Vertex 3: X=11S1.9824 -
0000
9 .6086 z=
Vertex 4: X= 433.7962 f= -51 0834
- 0. oooc

(MLINE), (style), (scale),


(Justification). -

19.

535

, . .


(. 21). MLEDIT ().
MLEDIT () Object | Multiline (
) Modify ().

Modify II (-2).

MLEDIT () Multiline Edit Tools


( ) (. 19.2).
Multiline Edit Tools

. 19.2. Multiline Edit Tools

() 12 , , .
, , .
. 19.2 (Qosed Cross (
)). , ,
( ), .
, ( ). ,
.
Closed Cross ( ) (
Select first mline:
( :)

) :

536

II.

, , () ( ). . :
Select second mline:
( :}
, .
(. 19.3).

. 19.3. Closed Cross

:
Select first mline or [Undo]:
( {/:)

<Enter> . Undo () .
Cross ( ) (
,

.
Merged Cross ( )
, .

Closed Tee ( ) (
Open Tee ( ) (
[~~i
Merged Tee ( ) (- () .
.

19.

537

Comer Joint ( ) (|J;;J)


,
.
J

Add Vertex ( ) (| Jj)


.

, , ( ).

, .
, , (. 19.4).

. 19.4.

Delete Vertex ( ) ([/}[ J)


.
( ) .
AutoCAD .
Cut Single ( ) (|i'j||) ,
. BREAK (), , , .
AutoCAD .
Cut All ( ) ( |f J) , . , , , AutoCAD .
, Weld All ( ) (|* |).
.
EXPLODE ()
. ,
.

538

II.


MLSTYLE
(), Multiline Style ( )
Format () (. . 2.17).
MLSTYLE () Multiline Styles
( ) (. 19.5).
Mullilme Styles
. MuHilne Sljite
Cunenl

STANDARD

i Name:

3 TAN-DARE
1

Description

Load...

Save...

Rename

Elemenl Properties ..
Multiline Properties...

Cancel

. 19.5. Multiline Styles

Multiline Style ( )
. Current ()
. , .
Name ()
.
Description () , 255 ,
.
, Multiline Styie ( )
:
Load ();
Save ();
3 Add ();
Rename ( ).

19.

539

Load () Load Multiline Styles ( } (. 19.6).


Load Multiline Si vies

. 19.6. Load Multiline Styles

mln,
.
acad.mln,
AutoCAD. AutoCAD
,
. ,
() File (). , . , .
.
acad.mln mln Multiline Styles ( ) (. . 19.5) Save (). Save
Multiline Style ( ) (. 19.7),
rain Save ().
() .
, , Name ( ) (. . 19.5)
, , Rename ( ).
Add () .
.
Element Properties ( ) Multiline Properties (
) , , , . Multiline
Styles ( ) (. 19.8)
, .
. , ,
STANDARD, .

540

II.

|?|

;Save Mullihnc Style


Save in. j._j Support

Tools '

L "

| .

' j Cok*

2 1.03 200320' 22

2203200311 08

. "*> ProlJes
'_3 FlegislaedTools
:^ ToolPala^e
j^ acad


>

21.03200320-23

AutoCAD Multiline D.

2911199523.17

acadrnln

Fie name

JJ

Files ol (:
. 19.7. Save MuJtiHne Style

Multiline SMes
Mdtilme Sty
Cuirenl:
] Name;
Description:
Load...

11.09200312-35

TRIPLE
TRIFLE

Save..

Rename

ESemeiit PiopertFes...

Multiline Prepertes...
Cancel

. 19.8.

Save

541

19. SAX

Name () STANDARD , . Triple (


).
Description () ,
. Name () Triple
(TRIPLE). Add ().

[STANDARD TRIPLE), TRIPLE (.
. 19.8). , ,
( ) STANDARD. , ,
, . . .
.
Element Properties ( ). Element Properties ( ) (. 19.9).
Element Properties
Elements:

Offset
1-0.5

Goto

Llype

I jj'dliV!i J :B
AVER

. 19.9. Element Properties

.
Elements () ,
. : Offset (), Color (), Ltype (). TRIPLE ,
STANDARD. 0.5 -0.5, . .
.
2 , -1 .
, 0.5, Offset
(), Elements (), 2. ,
.
Elements ()
, -0,5 .

542

2, Offset (). Offset ()


, . . 0,5 .
Offset () 1.
, .
, BYLAYER () . , Color () . .
.
Add (). ,
: , BYLAYER ()
ByLayer (). , , . . , ,
Linctype ( ). .
(, Batting ()). . Element Properties ( ) .
.
Multiline Styles (
), , , ( ) (. 19.10).
Multiline Sluice
- Jblme StjJs
CuEent

TRIPLE

Name

TRIPLE

Descriptor!.

Load

Save..

Rename

Element
Mullilne Properties...

. 19.10.

543

19.

, ,
.
,! , Multiline
Properties ( ).
Multiline Properties ( ) (. 19.11).
1 Mulliline Piopeilies
F Display pint:

Caps
Slat

End

bne

OulM are

InnB SCE

Angle

- ra

--

, F On

1.

|
|

Cancel

BYLAYER
Help

. 19.11. Multiline Properties

:
Display joints ( );
Caps ();
Fill ().
Display joints ( ), .
Caps () () .

( Line ()), ( Outer are ( )).
Inner arcs ( ) , . , , Angle (). Fill ()
,
On () .
Display joints ( ),
,
. 45 . Fill () , . .
.
Multiline Properties ( ),
. ,

544

II.

, Multiline Styles ( ).
MLINE () . . 19.12.

. 19.12. ,


PURGE (),
. "" 4.
, - ( ),
STANDARD, .


entget DXF-
( ENTITIES), . 19.1.
DXF . 9.
19.1. DXF-, MLINE
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbMline")

!-:?!

( 32 ). MLINESTYLE

STANDARD

MLINESTYLE

40

20.0

70

: 0 (), 1 Zero (!,


2 Bottom ()

2
340

71

: 1
( DXF- 72 ); 2 :
4 ; 8

19.

545
19.1 (!

72

Her

73

1C

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: Z

11

( ). ,
( ].
DXF: ( YuZ
21 31).
;

21

DXF:

31

DXF: Z

12

, ( ). ,
.
DXF: X ( Z
22 32).
:

22

DXF:

32

DXF; Z

13

() ( ].
, .
DXF: X ( V Z
23 33).
:

23

DXF:

33

DXF; Z

71


( ]

41

(
DXF- 74)

75


( )

42

( 75)

18 . 428

546

___

II.

19.1 ()

210

( , , ),
DXF: X ( Yu Z
220 230).
;

DXR ;
: (, , 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: Z

41 , .
DXF- 41
.
, .
. . 41.
42 , 41, .
MLINESTYLE, OBJECTS. . 19.2 DXF-,
.
19.2. DXF-, MLINESTYLE
OBJECTS

("MLINESTYLE")

102

f"{ACAD_REACTORS")

330

-. ACAD_MLINESTYLE

102

("}")

100

("AeDbMlineStyle")

( 32 ).

"STANDARD"

:
1 ; 2 ; 16
; 32 ;
64 : 256
; 512 ; 1024

2
70

19.

547
19.2 (!

( 255 )

62

256

51

90.0

52

90.0

49


( )

62


( !


( )

"BYLAYER"
("")

2 MLINE
ML1NESTYLE. DXF- 340, MLINESTYLE,
DXF- 350, .

20


, ,
. ,
, ().


(),

Draw () (. . 2.77),
Hatch () Draw () (.
. 2.30).
() HATCH (),
.
() ,
(), , . ,
. Boundary Hatch and
Fill (/ ),
(. 20.1).
I/
( Fill ()) Quick
(), a Hatch (). Gradient ().
( ) (), () .
() Hatch ()
:

20.

549

Predefined ();
User defined ( );
Custom ().
intBoundary Hatch aid Fin

^
^

^
^
^

"
T
T
x
l

Hatch (Advanced) Gradient]


- j Predefined
Pattern:

4j I

.T.I

pic^ ^

jU Select Objects

IS011V/10Q ^jjj

R emove 1 bland s

Custom palterrr

toDfe: 1"

zJ

Scale 1

^J

1 V -Sefe
^_p
.* I inherit Prc(ieEei

f~ Relative lo paper space

Spacing: i
ISO pen width:

Double
Composition

jj

f*" Associalrve
1" Nonassodalive

Preview

QK

Cancel

Help

. 20.1. Boundary Hatch and Fill, Hatch

AutoCAD .
Pattern
(), .
, Hatch Pattern Palette ( ), . ANSI (. 20.2) ISO
(. 20.3) ANSI (American National
Standards Institute) ISO (International Standards Organization), AutoCAD.
Other Predefined ( ) (. 20.4) ,
. Custom () , .
Pattern (), Swatch () Boundary Hatch and Fill
( ) (. . 20.1).
SOLID, , (
). Swatch
() Boundary Hatch and Fill ( ).

550

II.
|* Hatch Pa Item Palette
/

iNSi JISQ

| Oltia Predefined ] Custom j

z2

ANSI32

ANSI35

AN5I36

ANSI33

ANSI37

OK

Cancel

ANSI34

ANS13E

Met

. 20.2. Hatch Pattern Palette, ANSI

HSHdtth Pattern Palette


ANSI

ISO

ISOOWIOO

| Other Predefined] Oslo

IS003W100

ISD04W100

ISOOTWOO

isooew'ioc

IS01CW100

IS011W100

IS012W100

ISOUWIOO

IS015W100

OK

Cancel

IS005WKM

ISQ1WIOQ

Help

. 20.3. Hatch Pattern Palette, ISO

55!

20.

ANSI I ISO

SOLID

AH-BS9

OBieiPr&dehned

ANGLE

AR-BRELM

Custom]

AR-B816

AR-B816C

AR-BRSTD flR-CONC

AR-HBOflE

AR-PARQI

ARRROOF

AR-RSHKE

AR-SAND

BOX

BRASS

BRICK

OS.

Cancel

Help

. 20.4. Hatch Pattern Palette, Other Predefined

() User defined ( ), , ( Spacing ()).



. .
, .
ISO, ISO pen width ( ISO).
Relative to paper space ( )
(. 41).
Boundary Hatch and Fill (
) .
[_ tj (Pick Points ( )) , AutoCAD (
) (. 20.5).
<Enter>.
[_ J (Select Objects ( )) , .
.

552

II.

. 20.5. Pick Points

J (Remove Islands ( ))
. |j J (View Selections ( )} Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ) ,
, . (), .
|| (Inherit Properties ( ))
.
Double (-),
, ,
90 .
Composition
( ). (Associative ())
(Nonassociafive ()) (). ,
. .

Advanced () (. 20.6).
,
, Island detection style ( ), Advanced (). Normal ()

. Outer () , .
Ignore () , . . 20.6.

20.

553

^]

| Boundaiy Hatch and FLU


Hatch Advanced | Gradient j

j$\ Pick Points

1 sland detection style

| Select Obiect: '

"\
ff Harnal

f'l
Outer

W
V
Remove Islands
^X )

Ignore

Object type

'^1 View Selection!

Retain boundaries
*^ 1 IrJiei^ Properties

- Boundary set
1

! Current viewport

'! JM New
' Ij

Double

- Island detection metkid-

Composition ~ ~

<* Hood

1^ Associative

" Ray casting

Preview

<~ Nonassooativfi
OK

Csncfl

Help

. 20.6. Boundary Hatch-and Fill, Advanced

, , Retain boundaries ( } Object type ( ) .


, ( . 37).
BOUNDARY (), 14.
Island detection method ( ) ( Flood () Raj casting ( )).
Pick Points ( ) , AutoCAD, ,
,
(, , ).
| -4| New () Boundary set ( ).

Preview (), Hatch ()
Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ). ,
.
, \
. ,

554

II.

( ) -~ ,
. 20.7.

. 20.7. ,

. 20.8. ,

. 20.7 ,
(. 20.8).
HATCH,
.
,
EXPLODE (). , .
_LIST () ( 20.1).
20.1.
HATCH
Layer: ""
Space; Model space
Handle = SE
Hatch pattern STARS
Hatch scale
4.0000
Hatch angle

associative

(pattern)
STARS, (scale) 4.0 (angle) 0.


, ,
, ELEVATION,
, . . . . ( . 36.)

20.

555


SOLID Other Predefined ( ) (.
. 20.4} , . . , .
. 20.9.

. 20.9.

AutoCAD .
Gradient ()
Boundary Hatch and Fill (/ ) (, 20.10).
: One color ( ) Two color ( ). ( |1|11|1 1, ),
(Tint ()) (Shade ()). [~],
Select Color ( ), .
Index Color ( ) (. 20.11} jona
AutoCAD ( 1 255)
.
True Color ( )
Color model ( ) : HSL RGB. (. 20. !2) Hue (), Saturation () Luminance ().
. , Luminance () -
. == , .

II.

556
\1 Boundary Hutch and
Hatch j Advanced

Pick Ports
<* Ons coloc
Ssled Object!

^ Two color

Tin

Shade

Remove Islands
View Selections
Inherit Properties

ff Centered

E,WL,t-ffi

Composition
( Aisoaative

Nonassociative

Preview

. 20.10. Boundary Hatch and Fill, Gradient

Index Coloi

True Gobi

Cola Books

AutoCAD Cob Index (AOL

Cob

Caned

Help

. 20.11. Select Color, Index Color

20.

557

, .
RGB
(Red (), Green () Blue ()) ( . 20.12
: 64, 189, 191).
Sclent Coloi
Index Color
Hue:

TtueCota

SaluaHon:

Color Books

Lurfrgiance:

Color model:

Tine Color Stored


as RGB:
Red
64
Gieen. 189

Blue.

191

Cot*:
64.189.191

OK

Cancel

Help

. 20.12. Select Color, True Color ( HSL)

Color mode] ( ) RGB. , . 20.13.


Color Books ( ) (. 20.14) Select Color ( ) ,
() ( . 9 "AutoCAD 2004:
").
. 20.15 .
LIST () ( 20.2).
I 20.2.
HATCH
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 3 6
Hatch pattern GRADIENT
Gradient Angle
0
gradient Hot Centered
Associative

55S

II.

20.2 , , , HATCH, GRADIENT,


SOLID.

True Color

Cotor Books
Color model:

I RGB

Jj

Tiue Cotor Stored

a? RGB

Red:
64
Green: 1
Blue: 191

Color

Cancel

Help

. 20.13. Select Color, True Color ( RGB)

[a]Select Color
Index Colt

True Cotar

Color Book!

Goto book.
PANTONEIR] pastel coaled
RGB Equivalent

PANT ONE Yellow 0131

Red:

PANTONE Red 0331

Giewr
Blue

PAN Maaenrs OE

4
13
191

PANTOMFViolet0631
. PANTONE Blue 0821
PANTONE Green CJ21

Canoel

. 20.14. Select Color, Color Books

20.

559

. 20.15.


AutoCAD 2004 TOOL PALETTES ( ),
, ( ).

. 20.16. TOOL PALETTES

TOOL PALETTES ( ) (. 2.16) , . . ,


. , _
Standard
TOOLPALETTES (),
() <Ctri>+<3>. -

560

__ //.

,
TOOLPALETTESCLOSE(HHCTPnAjlOTKjl).

(
) TPSTATE.

I 1 . .
TOOL PALETTES ( )
, : ISO Hatches ( ISO), Sample office project ( ), Imperial Hatches
( ). , 20.16 TOOL PALETTES ( ) ISO Hatches (
ISO).
.


( ), , . . 20.16 . .
, (. 20.17), :
Cut () Windows
;
()
Windows ;
D Delete Tool () ;
Rename () ;
Properties () .

. 20.17.

. 20.18 Tool Properties ( ) Office trim carpet.

561

20.
\\3\Tao\ Piopeiiies
Image

Name.
JQffice turn carpet
Description

Predefined
Pattern name
Angle

SOLID
0

Scate
Spacing

1
1

ISOpenwidth

1.00mm

- '--'- '-

No

Cob

Layer

-- use current

.111.

Pattein properties

Cancel

Help

. 20.18. Tool Properties Office trim carpet

]1 Piopeitres
Image.

Name.
10 Idee trim carpet

lype

Predefined

Angle

Scate

Spacing -

150 pen width

1.00mm

Double

Mo

30.111,93

Col
Layer

use current

Specifies the pattern name of the hated

OK

I_ ...

Help

. 20.1.

562

II.

Properties () . - . Pattern () , General ()


(, . .). - 29.
, ( , ). . . 20.19
SOLID BOX. Image
() . .
TOOL PALETTES ( )
.
.

TOOL PALETTES ( ), ,
(. 20.20).
Allow Dockng
Aulc-lnda
Tianspaenty...
Vew Options...
Paste
Hew Tool Palette
Delete Tool Paleite
Rename Tool Palette
Custorce...

. 20.20. TOOL PALETTES

:
Allow Docking ( ) ;
Auto-hide ( )
, ;
Transparency ()
TOOL PALETTES ( );
;
;

20.

563

View Options ( ) (
);
;
Paste () Windows;
New Tool Palette () ;
3 Delete Tool Palette () ;
Rename Tool Palette () ;
Customize () ,
TOOL PALETTES ( ) (,
, , ).
() TOOL PALETTES ( )
,
(. 20.21).
Move UP
Move Down
View motions...
Paste
New Tool Palette
Delete Tool Peletle
Rename Tool Patetle

. 20.21. TOOL PALETTES

:
Move Up () , ;
Move Down () .
,
. 20.20.



( 27).
-, ,
(DWG-) - -, ,
. TOOL PALETTES (
) , . , ,
. "" ( ) Windows.

564

II.

pat,
,
- -.
()
Tool Properties ( ) (. . 20.18).
. 20.22
, .

. .

. 20.22. TOOL PALETTES



- Palettes,
Documents and Settings . Palettes
*_TOOLPALETTEPATH : "C:\Documents and Settings
\<iisername>\App!ication Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2004\R16.0\eiui\support\ToolPa!
ette", <usemame> .
ISO Hatches: ISO Hatches__32322FE6E913-40AA-BF5F-AE0375B22FF9.atc. ate
XML-, Extended Markup Language.

20.

565


xtp, . Tool Palettes ( ) Customize (), CUSTOMIZE (), Customize | Tool Palettes ( [ ) Tools ().


Autodesk www3.autodesk.com/adsk/files/3369003_
line_atc.zip lines.ate, , , , . LINE ().
, lines.ate
Windows
(, Total Commander) TOOL
PALETTES ( ).
Images line.png.
20.3. line.atc
<Tool>
<ItemID idValue="{FOD064BC-6C66-4E6C-BBAA-CFCDBD15BE78}" />
<Properties>

<ItemName>Line</ItemlJame>
<Images>
<Image cx="16" cy="16" src="Images\line.png" />
</Irr,ages>
<Time createdUniversalDateTime="2002-ll-28T01:28:32"
modifiedUniversalDateTime= n 2002-ll-26T01:28:32" />
</Properties>
<Source />
<StockToolRef idValue="(2AE7120B-CEE4-47A5-9B50-EF9F3ADE24RC|" />
<Data>
<Macro>"C"C_line</Macro>
</Data>
</Tool>

line.atc XML-, <>


AutoCAD, <irrage> , .
. 20.22 lines.ate. lines.png
Line () Draw ().

566


Modify II (-2)
, HATCHEDIT ().
Object | Hatch ( )
Modify ().
:

Select associative hatch object:


( :)
, Hatch Edit
( ) (. 20.23).
Boundary Hatch and Pill
(/ ) (. . 20.1),
. . AutoCAD () .
)' ().
, , , , . .
.

Hatch Advanced] Gradient!

PatternSvratch:

Predefined
BRICK

_^| ;. - P..-t.-.

_^j
_J.J

Jl\ "

~l1 . ' . ' i . ' . ' . '

' i j i . i_i

Sode:

-- i

zl
1

"

_X| L:"'"--

JJ
Angle:

^ j Inherit Properties

z]

- -.' ''-,:--:- -,;


.: -:

Composition -

Jj

: & Auociative
(~ Nonassociitive

Pisview

OK.

Cancel

. 20.23. Hatch Edit

Help

:'35 20

567

Express Tools SUPERHATCH,


Draw | Super Hatch ( )
Express ().
,
, , .
. 20.24 ,
.

. 20.24.


AutoCAD ,
10000 . ,
MaxHatch (
100 10000000), : (setenv "MaxHatch" "200000").
entget HATCH.
, , . ,
. , , .
. 20.1 DXF- ( ENTITIES) . DXF . 9.
MPOLYGON,
, , .

568

II.
20.1. DXF-, HATCH
ENTITIES

("AcDbHalch")

10

, ( ).
; X ( Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF;

30

DXF: Z

100

70

(1 , ).
MPolygon

63

MPolygon

71


(1 , 0 ).
Mpolygon
(1 , )

91

()

(, . 20.2).
DXF- 91

75

:
, 1 , 2

76

:
0 , 1 , 2

52

0.0

41

73

Mpolygon
(1 , 0 !

77

:
1 -, 0

78

(. . 20.8).
78
47

,
,

20.

569

20.1 ()

98

11

Mpolygon

99

Mpolygon ,

10

( ].
, 98.
DXF: X ( 20).
1

20

DXF;

450

: 0 (SOLID). 1
(GRADIENT).
DXF- 450 ,
DXF- 451453, 460462, 470.
DXF- 450 ,
451-453, 460-462, 470.

451

452

(
): 0 , 1

453

: 0 - SOLID, 2 - GRADIENT

460

0.0

461

:
0.0 , 1.0

462

, 0.0
( ) 1.0 ( ). , DXF- 452 1

0.0

463

( ,
1)

421

(RGB-)

470

"LINEAR"

210

( , , ).
DXF; ( Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (0,0, 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: 2

II.

570

. 20.2 (
DXF- 78, . 20.1).
20.2. DXF-,
HATCH

:
, 1 , 2 ,
4 , 8 , 16

. . 20.3

93

72

, ;
1 , 2 , 3 , 4

-.7

330

. . 20.4-20.7

.
, 97

. 20.3 , (.
DXF- 92, . 20.2).
20.3. DXF-, ,

(bulge)

93

1C

( ). ,
93.
DXF: X ( 20).
:

::

DXF: /

-',2

(bulge)

20. _

":

. 20.4 , (.
DXF- 72 . 20.2).
20.4. DXF-, ,

10

( ).
DXF: X ( 20).
:

20

DXF:

11

( ).
DXF: ( 21).
:

21

DXF:

. 20.5 , (. DXF- 72 . 20.2).


20.5. DXF-, ,

10

( ),
DXF: ( 20).
:

20

DXF:

40

60

51

73


(1 , 0 )

. 20.6 ,
(. DXF- 72 . 20.2).
20.6. DXF-, ,

10

( ).
DXF: ( 20).
:

II,
20.6 /)

20

DXF:

11

( ).
DXF: X ( 21).
:

21

DXF:

40

( )

50

51

73


(1 , 0 )

. 20.7 , (.
DXF- 72 . 20.2).
20.7. DXF-, ,

94

73

74

95

96

40

. ,
95

10

( ). ,
96.
DXF: ( 20).
:

20

DXF:

42

{)

1.0

. 20.8 (. DXF- 78
. 20.1).

20.

573

20.8. DXF-,

53

-:

-..,

45

46

79

49

(, . 79)

21


,
AutoCAD.
Modify () (. . 2.83)
Modify () (. . 2.40).

, .
.
.

ERASE ()
ERASE (), \.\ Modify () Erase () Modify (), , . ,
:
Select objects:
( :)

.
<Enter>
.
( ERASE ()) , <Delete>,
ERASE () - , (-

21.

575

, !.
,
AutoCAD, f Standard
(), U () UNDO ().
|_^j , . 'V
Standard () , , |*|, .
MREDO ().

OVERKILL
OVERKILL, Express Tools,
.
R , ,
.

COPY ()
COPY (), l^j
Modify () () Modify
(), , .
, .
,
:
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]:
( , []:)
.
, (, ).
, , ,
X
, Y .
:
Specify second point of displacement or <use flrsl point as displacement:
( < >:)

576

II.

. , - (. 21.1).

-~-N

. 21.1.

<Enter>, .
, .
, - 85 X 42,3
Y, 85,-42.3 <Enter>.
Multiple ()
. AutoCAD
( , ).
<Enter> .

Express
Express Tools .
:
COPYTOLAYER ;
COPYM ,
DIVIDE () MEASURE
();
MOCORO , , ;
CHSPACE ;
NCOPY .

21.

57

MIRROR ()
MIRROR (), ^
Modify ( ) Mirror () Modify (), () , .
AutoCAD :
Specify first paint of mirror line;
( :)
, , ,
():
Specify second point of mirror line:
( :)
(. 21.2).

. 21 .2. .

, ( ):
Delete source objects? f Yes/No] <7V>.'
(Ydoiiumb ? I / j <H>:)
-, No ()
<Enter>. Yes (). MIRROR
() .

,
, .
npvi , MIRRTEXT 0 ( 1).
, , . 7.
19 . 42S

578

OFFSET ()
OFFSET (), & Modify () Offset () Modify (Pc), , () (, , , , , ,
). : () .
:
Specify offset distance or [Through] <Through>:
( [] <>:)
(
OFFSET ()), , Through (). ,
,
, (AutoCAD
). :
Select object to offset or <exit>:
( <>:)
, . AutoCAD ,
(
):
Specify point on side to offset:
( , :)
,
, . . 21.3
( ),
.

. 21.3.
( OFFSETGAPTYPE 0)

21.

579


. <Enter>.
OFFSET ()
Specify offset distance or [Through]: ( iwu //:) Through (), AutoCAD :
Select object to offset or <exit>:
( <>:>
:
Specify through point;
( :)
, ,
. . . Through () <Emer>.

OFFSETGAPTYPE

, - , , , .
OFFSETGAPTYPE,
:
( );
I ;
D 2 , .
0, OFFSET
() :
(. . 21.3).
1, ( , ) , (. 21.4). , , .
OFFSETGAPTYPE 2,
( , ) ( ,
. 21.5). , ,
.
, , , ,
, (. 21.6).

580

II.

. 21.4. OFFSETGAPTYPE,
1

. 21.5. OFFSETGAPTYPE,
2

,
( 1 2) ( 3) OFFSET ().

. 21.6. ,

21.

581


OFFSET () , . . , .

EXOFFSET
EXOFFSET Express Tools () , : ,
, .

ARRAY ()
ARRAY (), [] Modify () Array () Modify (). ,
.

f* RectangiJai Array

C~ Polar Array

I Seied objects
1 objects selected

Rows

; Column!:

Offset distance and direction Row offset


Column offset:
Angle of aray:
_ j)
j
I

By default, if the row offset is negative.


rows are added downward. IE the
column offset is negative, columns are
added 10 the left

. i: ' =

Preview
Help

. 21.7. Array, Rectangular Array

Array () (. 21.7),
(Rectangular Array f ) Polar Array ( )), -

582

, .
AutoCAD 2000 .


. 21.7 Array () Rectangular Array ( ).
A R R A Y () ,
Rows (), Columns
(), Row offset ( ), Column offset ( )
Angle of array ( ) , ( X).
( ), ,
I - J Select objects ( ),
. , .

. |_ , , , . |^|,
, (
).
, \\
Y. ( , ).
Preview () Array ()
ARRAY (),
. . 21.8 Array () (
, ). , Accept (),
Modify (), , . 21.7.
100000. , ( ).
-ARRAY (-)
SNAPANG
.

21.

583

. 21.8. ARRAY


, Polar Array ( ).
. 21.9 Array () Polar Array ( ).
31

[
| Select obpds

t* Polar Array

i~ Rectangular

3 ohects selected
Center port

X:p23

~ Y: [223

Jjd

- Method end values' -

U -x.

Meltrod
! Total number of ilens Angle to fill

Total number ct ilems:

Jg

AtiflletoH

p58

*"]

a
'

Jfl

" $^
^

Angle between iems:

Tip

ni
r
counterclockwise rotation. A negative value
!Decifies cJockwise rolation.

OK
Cancel

1
[? Rotate kerns as copied

Preview <
Help

- Object b.sse pout '


! r-SelBobiect'sdetaull
: Baiepcir* .

X: 1^46733 Y: |2001C47"

^1
"1 '

. 21.9. Array, Polar Array

II.

564

( Center point
()) Method ()
:
Total number of items & Angle to fill ( );
L] Total number & Angle between items ( );
Angle to & Angle between items ( ).
,
: Total number of items ( ), Angle to fill ( ) Angle between items ( ).
, .
Rotate items as copied ( ), . Object base point ( ) Set to object's default ( ),
, , ( ,
). , Base point ( ) .
. 2!.9 Object
base point ( ), Less (),
More ().
,
Less ().
. 21.10 ARRAY ()
.

'

. 21.10.

__

585

MOVE ()
MOVE (), [] Modify () Move () Modify
(), , .
COPY ().
:
Specify base point or displacement:
( :)
. :
Specify second point of displacement or <u$e first point as displacement:
( ILIII < >:)

(. 21.11). <>,
.

. 21.11.

ROTATE ()
ROTATE (), ||
Modify () Rotate () Modify
(),
.
ANGDIR
ANGBASE, :
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwse ANGBASE=0
( : ANGDIRnpomite / ANGBASE=0)

II.

556

:
Specify base point:
( :)
, .
:
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]:
( / !:)
(. 21,12).

. 21.12.

Reference
( ). .
(. 21.13) I , , 1 2, .

<

. 21.13.

, .
ROTATE () .
Select objects: { :)
<Enter>. Base point: ( :)

21.

587

1. Specify rotation angle or f Reference}:


( tain / ]:) R (). :
Specify the reference angle <0>;
( <0>:)
. 1 (
) Specify the second point: ( :) 2. . AutoCAD
:
Specify the angle:
( :)
0.
.

SCALE ()
SCALE (), Modify () Scale () Modify (), (. . )
.
. 21.14 ,
! .

. 21,14.

SCALE () :
Specify base point:
( :)
(, ).
:
Specify scale factor or [Reference]:
( f ]:)

588

II. ^

1, 1.
(, 3/7),
Reference ( ). AutoCAD
:
Specify reference length <1>:
( <!>:)
7.
Specify new length:
( :)
3, (
). ( , ,
, ).

ALIGN ()
ALIGN () MOVE
(), ROTATE () SCALE ().
Modify (). 3D Operation | Align ( | ) Modify () (. . 2.40, 2.48).
:
Specify first source point:
( :)
, . :
Specify first destination point:
( :)
( , ).
.
,
( ),
.
, ( ).
, -

21.

S89


.
:
Specify third source point or <conlinue>:
( <>:)
<Enter>.
, , , :
Scale objects based on alignment points? [Yes/Noj <N>:
( ?[/I <>:)

(
SCALE ()).
(
<Enter> ). , , . . .
, ALIGN () , ;
;
3 ;
3 .
. 21.15 ALIGN ()
( ) . 1 2 , 11
22 .

. 21,15.

II.

590

STRETCH ()
STRETCH (), [[\|
Modify () Stretch () Modify
(), .
(
, , ),
, ,
. STRETCH ()
,

, :
Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon...
Select objects:
( ...
:)
. 21.16 , .

. 21.16.

, ,
.
<Enter>. :
Specify base point or displacement:
( :)
.
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement^
( < >:)
(. 21.17).
,
, , , , .

21.

591

. 21.17. STRETCH

, ( ), STRETCH () ,
(, , ) MOVE ().
STRETCH ()
(. 21.18), (
).

. 21.18.

MSTRETCH

,
MSTRETCH Express Tools.

LENGTHEN ()
LENGTHEN (), Lengthen
() Modify (). .
(
).

592

. ^

, LENGTHEN (), Modify ().


:
Select an object or [DElta/PercenJ/Total/DYnamic];
( [///]:)
, AutoCAD , (
, ). :
DElta () ():
Percent () ;
3 Total ()
;
DYnamic () , . .
, .
DElta () AutoCAD :
Enter delta length or [Angle] <0.0000>:
(t/ I] <0.000(:)
( ),
AutoCAD :
Select an object to change or [Undo]:
( []:)
Undo () . , ( ,
), ,
. ,
<Enter>.
Angle (), (
):
Enter delta angle:
( :)
( )
.
LENGTHEN ().
. 21.19 DYnamic (-

21.

533

). " " .
" " ( ) .
AutoCAD ,
.

. 21.19. DYnamic LENGTHEN

Total (),
.

TRIM ()
TRIM (), -/- Modify () Trim () Modify (),
() ()
.
, EXTEND ().
TRIM ():
Current settings: Projection = UCS Edge = None
Select cutting edges...
Select objects:
( : =
...
:)
, .
. 21.20, , .
.
" " - - .
<Enter>. :
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo]:
( <Shift>
[//]:)

594

II.

. 21.20-

, ( ),
, .
. 21,20 ,
.

( Undo ()). Project
() AutoCAD :
Enter a projection option [None/Ucs/View] <Ucs>:
( [//] <>:)
,
, , ( Ucs ()),
( View ()). . None () (. .
).
Edge () :
Enter an implied edge extension mode [Extend/No extend] <No extend>:
(
f / ] < '?:)
,
. Extend ( )
, .
No extend ( )
.

, . , , .
TRIM ().

21.

. ,
, , .
TRIM ()
EXTEND (), .
, Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Project/ Edge/ Undo): ( <Shifi> [/ / }:)
* <Shift> , , .
, . AutoCAD 2000
.
TRIM () ( ) <Enter>,
. (
<Shift>) .
EDGEMODE, 0, 1, () , ( ),
, ( , ). ()
, .
PROJMODE , (0 ,
1 , 2 ).


TRIM ()
,
. BTR1M,
Express Tools, .

EXTRIM
EXTRIM Express Tools ( POLYLINE, LWPOLYL.INE, LINE, CIRCLE, ARC. ELLIPSE, IMAGE TEXT)
.

EXTEND ()
EXTEND (), [ ]
Modify () Extend () Modify
(). " ", -

II,

596

, .
, TRIM
().
, . .
.
(,
TRIM ()) ,
:
Current settings: Projection = VCS Edge = None
Select boundary edges...
Select objects:
( :
...
:)
, . :
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or [Project/Edge/Undo]:
( <Shift>
(LIU l// ]:)
,
,
, .
. 21.21 , ,
.

. 21.21.

, AutoCAD
:
No edge in that direction.
( .)
EXTEND () TRIM (), ,

21.

^__

537

<Shift>, , EXTEND (), , .


EXTEND ()
( ) <Enter>,
.
( <Shifl>) .
EDGEMODE, 0, 1, () , ( ),
, ( , ). ()
, .
PROJMODE , (0
, 1 , 2
).


EXTEND () ,
. BEXTEND, Express Tools, .

BREAK ()
BREAK () . Modify () . BREAK () . .
. :
Select object:
( :)

,
. :
Specify second break point or [first point]:
( / /:)
. , . 21.22 ( , ;
).
,
(,

598

//.

).

First point ( ),
( ):
Specify first break point:
( :)
.
Specify second break point:
( :)
, .
@, ,
. ,
( , ).

. 21.22,

|| (Break at Point ( )) BREAK () ,


, .

CHAMFER ()
CHAMFER (), \^~\ Modify () Chamfer () Modify (Pe),
(, , ) ( ), ,
. , , ( ).
CHAMFER ()
, :

2.
(TRIMmode) Current chamfer Distl = 0.0000, Disl2 = 0.0000
Select first line or [Polyline/'Distance/'Angle/Trim/'Method/mUltipleJ:
(( ) : ! = 0.0000, 2 =0.0000
[ / ////' /:)
( 0 ) ,
.
. Distance (),
:
Specify first chamfer distance <0.0000>:
( <0.0000>:)
, 75 . :
Specify second chamfer distance <75.0000>:
( <75.0000>:)
, 75 . , AutoCAD,
:
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltipIe]:
[//// / /:)
. AutoCAD :
Select second line:
( :)
. . 21.23
: ,
.

. 21.23.

600

II.

Trim () :
Enter Trim mode option [Trim/No trim] <Trim>:
( ( / ] <C >:)
. Trim
( ). No trim ( )
, , , ,
, .
- FILLET
().
TRIMMODE.
CHAMFER () Method (). :
Enter trim method {Distance/Angle] <Distance>;
( [/] <>:)
. Distance (), , . Angle (), ,

. AutoCAD CHAMFERA, CHAMFERS ( Distance ()) CHAMFERC,
CHAMFERD ( Angle ()),
CHAMMODE ( . 7).
CHAMFER
(). CHAMFER ()
Distance (), Angle () Method ().
CHAMFER () , ( ).
, .
,
( ).
, . .
PEDIT
(),
.
CHAMFER () ,
, . AutoCAD

21.

. ( ).
, .
Polyline ().
. . 21.24
( No
trim ( )).

. 21.24.


CHAMFER () :
(
. 38).
,
. :
Base surface selection...
Enter surface selection option [Next/OK (current)] <OK>:
( ...
// ()/ <>:)
, (. 21.25), ,
.

. 21.25.

602

//.

, <Enter>,
, Next (),
, . .
, :
Specify base surface chamfer distance:
( :)
. :
Specify other surface chamfer distance:
( :}
,
:
Select an edge or [Loop]:
( I]:)

, , Loop () . :
Select an edge loop or [Edge]:
( {]:)
, Edge
() .
<Enter>,
. .
. 21.26 .
, CHAMFER
(). .

. 21.26.

21.

603

FILLET ()
FILLET (), \f~\
Modify () Fillet ()
Modify (), (, , )
.
CHAMFER ().
, FILLET (),
:
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.0000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim]:
( : ~ , - 0.0000
u.iu [///:)
, .
Radius ()
.
.
:
Select second object:
( :)
, AutoCAD
, , . . 21.27
( , ). ,
, .

. 21.27.

Trim () (
CHAMFER ()). No trim

604

II.

( ), ( ), .
Trim ( ), . . 21.27
.
Polyline () .

AutoCAD FILLET () .

FILLET () ,
,
. AutoCAD
.
( ).
.
, .


CHAMFER (), FILLET () ( .
38).
, :
Enter fillet radius:
( :)
,
. :
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius]:
( /]:)
, Chain ()
,
.
<Enter>,
. .
. 21.28 .
, - FILLET
(). .

21.

605

. 21.28.

EXPLODE ()
EXPLODE (), \^~\ Modify () Explode ()
Modify (). ,
, .
(, . .).
, XPLODE (),
.


10, ,
.
.
. .
.
AutoCAD 2004: , ,
.
( , " "), .
.
: (, ,
LUPREC). AutoCAD :
** STRETCH**
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXitJ:
(** **
/'/'/]:)

606

II.

.
(. 21.29),
, 5. AutoCAD , STRETCH ().

. 21.29.

<Enter> <>,
AutoCAD , MOVE
(). <Enter> ROTATE (),
SCALE (), - MIRROR (),
STRETCH ().
.
.
()
, Base point ( ) .
, , AutoCAD , . (. 21.30). ( ).

. 21.30.

21.

607

!
.
( XLINE)
.
() , ,
, ,
(. 21.31).

. 21.31.

( RAY). : , . ,
() .
( CIRCLE) :
(. . , , ). ,
, (. 21.32).

. 21.32.

608

II.

( ARC) : . ,
, (. 21.33).

. 21.33.

' ( POLYLINE,
LWPOLYLINE) . ,
(. 21.34).

. 21.34.

(
.

M L 1 N E ) -

( TEXT, )
, .

(. 21.35). (Fit ()
Aligned ( ))
.

21.

639

. 21.35.

Dimension () (. . 2.39) DIMENSION (), LEADER () TOLERANCE (). , .


, ,
. ,
, , (. 21.36).
IS, ,

. . 18.

. 21.36.

DIMENSION ,
. (
).
20 42

6/0

II.

( HATCH) , . . ()

(, , ).
, 20.
, .
(
ELLIPSE) .
. . , (. 21.37),
. . AutoCAD .

. 21.37.

( SPLINE)
,
(. 21.38).

. 21.38.

( -- TRACE),
(. 21.39). ( SOLID).

21.

611

. 21.39.

( POINT)
.
. (. .
) , , . 21.40.

Move
Mirroi
Rotate
Scale
Stretch
ase Point
Copy
Reference
Undo
Properties
Exit

. 21.40.

:
Enlcr - ' <Enter> (
);
Move () ( MOVE ());
Mirror () ( MIRROR ());
Rotate () ( ROTATE ());
Scale ()
( SCALE ());

612

II.

Stretch () ( STRETCH ());


Base Point ( )
STRETCH ();
() ;
^ Reference () Reference ( )
ROTATE () Reference ( )
SCALE ();
Undo () ( U ()):
Properties () ( PROPERTIES () - . 27);
Exit () .
(
!
, ,
. 21.4].
Repeal Line
Cut

Cony
Copy with Base Point
' Paste
Paste as Block
Paste to Original Coordinates
Erase
Move
Ow Section
Scale
Rotate
Deselect Al
Quick SelecL.
Find...

. 21.41.


(. . 21.40) , , (Move () . .), , , Erase (), .

. ,
Polyline Edit ( ).

21.

613

,
.
Properties () PROPERTIES (OKHOCB)
, .
Deselect All ( ) , . . <Esc>.
,
, .
Quick Select ( ) QSELECT
() Quick Select ( ) (. 10), ( , , , .)
. .
Find () (. . 21.41)
FIND () ,
(, , ) , . .
Windows, ,
(,
AutoCAD 2004 ).
Cut () CUTCLIP ()
() . (),
COPYCLIP (), ,
. Copy with Base Point (
) COPYBASE (.), ( ). Paste () PASTECLIP () . Paste as Block ( ) ,
( PASTEBLOCK ()).
Paste to Original Coordinates ( )
, ,
, ( PASTEORIG ()),
29.
[, , . 2.41, Hyperlink ()
:
Open () , ( );
Copy Hyperlink ( )
Windows;

614

II,

Add lo Favorites ( )
Favorites ();
Edit Hyperlink ( ) --
.
. 26.

Tools () Options () (. . 2.18),


AutoCAD. OPTIONS ()
Options () , ,
.
OPTIONS () 9 "AutoCAD 2004: ", ,
Options (), , Selection () (. 21.42).
Option
Current fuolile

Unnamed Profile

!gj Current drawing;

DrswingZdwg

Files 1 Display} Oped and Save | Plotting} System j Ulet Preference! j Drafting Selection j Profiles]
ize

Crip Size

-SelectionModes -

GlipS

F Noun/verb selection

Unielecled grip color

F Use Shift to add to selection

( Color" 160

~ Press and drag

ft implied windowing
P Object grouping
" Associative Hatch

Selected grip color

! [HRed

~~3

Hover griped01
[jBSreen

_J

i 17 Enable grips
P Enable grips wafun blocks
! P" Enable grip lips
Object sefeclKJri Iknit for display of grips

OK.

Cancel

Apply

Help

. 21.42. Options Selection

. -,
, Enable grips (

21.

6)5

). -,

Unselected grip color ( ), Selected grip color ( ) Hover grip color ( ). Grip Size
( ) .

, , , . .
,
. , ,
(, QSELECT () . 10).


PROPERTIES ()
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB), 8,
PROPERTIES ()
, .
. 21.43 PROPERTIES () .
, , ( , , Normal X ( X)). X ,
Center X ( X). , .
, - ,
. 21.43.

<>, . ( ) Pfe], . AutoCAD
:
Pick a point in the drawing.
( .)
, ,
.
PROPERTIES ().
,
Radius (), -

616

II.

Diameter (), Circumference ( ) Area ().


PROPERTIES () 27.

Color

ByLaya

Layer

Line-type

ByLayer

Lmelype scale 1
Plot style

ByLayer
ByLayei

hyperbk
Thickness

CerUaY

1J8.536B

CenlerZ

0
14 S444
21.76
63176003

0
" Normal Y

Normal Z

Specify the X, Y, Z coorfkale Df (he eerier


ol Ihe circle or use the Pick Pont but Ion t

. 21.43. PROPERTIES

III

22.
23.

24.
25.
26.

27.

28.

22

AutoCAD, ,
. ,
, , , , , , . , , LIST (.), ]
Inquiry () Inquiry I List ( | ) Tools ().
, ,
Properties (). . 22.1
; Standard () Layers ().
[Properties

i ____

__
. Rii| -,.,0,

.._

_. _

-, \ 1

. 22.1. Properties

Color Control (),


Linetype Control ( ), Lincweight Control ( ) Plot Style
Control ( ). Plot Style Control ( ) 44, . ,
,
,
. Format () (.
. 2.17) .
Properties ()
Object Properties ( ) .
Layers ().

'II.

620


.
( )
Properties () (. . 22.1) Color Control ().
. ByLayer (), ,
. ,
"" 0
White (),
( ,
). . 24.
,
, , Color Control ()
(. 22.2).

D Yellow
E3 Gieen
Q Cyan
Blue
Magenta
White
Select Color .

. 22.2. Color Control Properties

,
(, ). . , ,
.
,
Select Color ( ) Color Control
(). Select Color ( ) (. 22.3),
, AutoCAD. Index Color ( )
, , .
. 20.
Color () Format () (. . 2.17) .
COLOR (), , . - Select
Color ( ).

621

22.
[]Select Color
Index Color

TiueCob

Cotor Books

AutoCAD Cola lndes(Adf

ByBlock

__

lima

OK

Caned

Halt

. 22.3. Select Color, Index Color


COLOR ().
CECOLOR.
.


Color Control () Properties
()
. ,
( ),
(. 22.4).
. , Color Control () .
<Esc> ,
.
, , Color
Control () .
CHPROP
(), CHANGE () PROPERTIES (OKHOCB),
27.

622

III.

ffl AutoCAD 2004 - [! dwg|


File f(W View in=eri Fonntf Draw DimtnEicn Modify Entrees V/indo*v

(, :-j ,.= ,-,-> - Q_ -> -

:-;*,* "-

h
' '
Red

Q Cyan
" :l:

H While

Ja
;

'-

t ~\1

- -' LC'Lh. IJ

land.

i . oooo

stw 6, ORIHO PCLIR osw [

. 22.4. Color Control


AutoCAD 1 255,
Select Color ( ) (.
. 22.3) Index Color ( ).
:
1 ;

5 ;

2 ;

6 ;

3 ;
4 '

1 /
( ).

0 ByBlock (),
256 ByLaycr (). ,
, 29 24. (, INTERSECTIONCOLOR)
257, BVENTITY ().
Select Color ( ) :
True Color ( ) Color Books ( ).

22.

623

Select Color ( )
20.
, , :
(, "red");
3 Index Color ( ), 8 255 (
17 );
^ , RGB- (, "179,230,127"); "RGB.";
(, "PANTONE Violet 0631 ").


, entget, DXF- 62. (24- ), DXF- 420, 62 (
).
24- DXF- 420:
3373607 = (4 (* 16 3 6 16 16 51) " 16 16 122) 3 9 ) ,

. . ":51,,39".


AcCmcolor. ActiveX, :
(setq tr_color (vlax-creste-object "AutoCAD.AcCmColor.16"))
, "ByLayer" (""). DXF-
. 9.
CECOLOR .
command vl-cmdf
COLOR () -COLOR (-) .

23


. , ,
Linetype Control ( )
Properties (), Color Control ()
(. , 22.1).


Linetype Control { ) , ,
(. 23.1). ,
ByLayer () ByBlock (), ,
Continuous,
.
By Layer

Bl'Blcck
Continuous
Other..

. 23.1. Linetype Control

, Linetype Control (
) Other (). Linetype Manager
( ) (. 23.2).
.
, . . , .

23.
1

625

^ -

inelvpf

--

Manager
-, |

jShcwallliraTi-pes

_^J

" Invert filter

i
^

! '

'

De]ete

J
'
I Show defaJs

Cunent

Current Linelype 8yL^^


L'netype

1 Appearance

luftlnrt

1 Description

OK

Cancel

Hefc

. 23.2. Linetype Manager

, Load (). Load or Reload Linetypes


( ) (. 23.3).
} -* I uad at Reload Lmetypc
File...

F3EJCT!

Available L:ii elopes


Ljielnie
1MD 150100
10,0 ISQ03W100
MSD IS004W10C
iCAD IS005W100
fiCAD ISaDEW'CO
1CAD ISDO?\V1DO
1CAD IS008V/100
4CADJS009W100
\CAD IS010W1CO
\CD IS011W10Q

Descriciion
SO dash
ISO da* spac?_
SO long-dash dol
SO tong-dash doiible-dol __
SO long-dash iriple-dol
.
ISO dol
....
SO long-dash short-dash.
.SO long-dash double-short-dash
ISO dash dol
._
._
ISO double-dash dol
.

*j
|
._ >
^.

;-"
-"."
.
._

];

^
DK

Cance!

Help

. 23.3. Load or Reload Linetypes

(acadiso.lin), . -

626

III.

, lin (. 8 "AutoCAD 2004: "). File ()


, ,
.

, DASHDOT (). Linetype Manager (
). , ,
Load or Reload Linetypcs ( ) ,
, . , (. 23.4). Select.
All ( ). Clear All ( ) .

. 23.4.

Select All ( )
AutoCAD , . Linetype
Manager ( ).
Lineiype Manager
( ) Linetype Control ( )
Properties ()
.
Line type Manager (
) Linetype ( ) Format ()
(. . 2.17) LINETYPE ().
Load () -LINETYPE (-).
, 27,
DWG-.
. 8 "AutoCAD 2004: ".


Linetype Control ( ) Properties
() , , , ZIGZAG (). -

23.

627

, , Properties () (. 23.5).

. 23.5. ,
ZIGZAG

Linetype Manager ( ) (. . 23.2).


, ,
Current ().
Set () -LINETYPE (-).
CELTYPE.
.


,
Linetype Control ( )
Properties () ( Color () ). Linetype Control (
) ,
.

CHPROP (), CHANGE () PROPERTIES (OKHOCB),
27.



. Delete () Linetype Manager ( ) (. . 23.2). , - ( ),
Continuous, ByBlock ByLayer .

628

III,

PURGE (), . "" 4,


.


.
-
(, , . .),
, . 1
. . 23.6
, .

\
_.

. 23.6.
f -ft I jnelype Manage!
load...

" Invert Filter

| S how all

Currant

Delele
jj Hkte delate

'GASJjSf
I Appaarartce
ByBlock
ACADJSOtKWIOO
ACUD_ISOD4W1 DO
ACADJS009JJ100
ACADJSOtBWlOO
flCADJSOOTWIOO

-- ISO dash
ISO dash space
_
- ISO long-dash dot
- - ISO long dash double-dot
ISO long-daihlriBle-dot_
ISO doi

Global scale I actor


CuirenJ ob(ecl scale
Usepaper spacsunit^ for

OK

Cantel

. 23.7.
Linetype Manager

23.

629

: . , .
(Global scale factor
( ) Current object scale ( ))
, Show details ( )
Linetype Manager ( ) (. . 23.2),
Details () (. 23.7). Hide details (.
).



.
, 1, 2,
(, . .)
.
AutoCAD
() .
Global scale
factor ( ) Details ()
Linclype Manager ( ) (. . 23.7). LTSCALE
(), , .
LTSCALE
( . . 7).



. Current object scale ( ) Details () Lineiype Manager ( ) (,
. 23.7).
CELTSCALE.

630

_111.



: CHPROP (), CHANGE
() PROPERTIES (OKHOCB).
27.



PSLTSCALE (
, 41). LTSCALE.
PSLTSCALE :
3 0 , (
) ( LTSCALE),
, , ;
~1 1 ( )


;
LTSCALE .


,
antget, DXF- 6. , "BYLAYER" ("").
48.
DXF- . 9.

LTSCALE.
LISP- command vl-cmdf LINETYPE () -L1NETYPE (-) .
LTYPE ( LTYPE TABLES). tblobjname, tblnext

23.

31

tbisearch DXF-, . 23.1 (. ).


23.1. DXF-, LTYPE
TABLES

100

("AcDbUnetypeTableRecord")

2
70


(16 ; 32
( 16): 64 )

72

( 65, ASCII )

73

40

49

, ( )

74

, SHX- ( 0).
: 1 50 ( , ); 2 ; 4

75

, 74 . 74 , DXF- 75

340

STYLE ( , 74
]

46

(]

50

()

44

X ( )

45

( )

( 74 2)

tblnext tbisearch DXF- 74, 75, 340. 46. 50, 44, 45 9.


tblobjname.

.1

24

1,,
.
, AutoCAD.
. ,
(), , , , .
NNN, ,
NNN.
1/ Layers ().
Layers () (. 24.1)
Layer Control () . Object Properties ( ).

:
. 24.1. Layers


LAYER (),
Layers () Layer () Format ().
LAYER () Layer Properties Manager
( ) (. 24.2).

24.

633

i Properties Manager
Named layer fitew
jShow !1 layers

; " Invert filer,


-' Apply to layers toobar

Orient Layer 0
Name

i1 TolaHayers

New

Delete

Cuirent

Show details

Save stale...
On I Freeze . I L j Goto
:'J White

I Luieljipe
_Contiriinu!

I Uneweighl
_~^rr

Slate Manager...
I Plot Style

I Plot I

1 Layer t displayed
QK

Cancel

. 24.2. Layer Properties Manager

.
Named layer filters ( ) , ,
, , (. .
).
:
Show all layers ( );
Show all used layers ( );
3 Show all Xref dependent layers ( ).
,
.
, - ,
( . 29 3]).
[ 1 Named Layer Filters
( ) (. 24.3) , .

III.

634
If* Named LaiieiFilteu _^^^_-^
filer name:

^J

Add

Delete

L^ernarae.

Ecth

~]

B-Ah

_-j

viewport

Bolh

_-J

New viewpott

Both

Lock/Unlock:

Both

^j

Plot:

E:th

ReseJ
Delete All

Freeze/Thaw:
1

Cola:
Lrieweiglit:
Linetype:
Plol style
Close

Help

. 24.3. Named Layer Filters

Filter name ( )
Add ().

:
Layer name ( );

Plot ();

On/Off (/);

Color ();

Freeze/Thaw (/):

Lincweight ( );

Current viewport ( );

Linetype ( );

D New viewport ( );

Plot style ( ).

Lock/Unlock (/);
, ,
.
Delete () Reset () , ,
,
. Close ()

24

635

Named Layer Filters { ), Help ()


.
Layer Properties Manager ( ) (. . 24.2). Invert filters ( ) Apply to layers toolbar ( ) ,
,
Layer Control () Layers ().
().
Named layer filters ( ):
Current Layer:

( : 0)
, .
:
1 New () ;
Delete () ( , );
Current () ,
CLAYER;
Show details ( )
;
Save state ( )
las ;
3 State Manager ( ) , II , las.

(). 0, . , .
, , , ,
. ,
Maximize column headings ( ).
,
.
:
Name () , 1 255 ;
On () ( );

ill.
Freeze in all VP ( )
( );
Lock () ( );
Color () ,
ByLayer ();
Linetype ( ) ,
ByLayer ();
D Linewcight ( ) ,
ByLayer ();
3 Plot style ( ) , ;
Plot ()
( ).
. On (). * ( ), , V ( ) .
Freeze in all VP ( ).
( ),
, w ( ) .
Lock (),
' ( ), ,
ie> ( ) .
Color () ,
ByLayer ().
Linetype ( ).
, , ByLayer ().
Plot style ( ) ,
.
Plot () ,
, . ( )
, , (
) .

. ,
(. 41).

24.

637


1 255
( , ). , , .
. Layer
Properties Manager ( ) (. . 24.2) New (), Layerl
(!) (
). (. 24.4).
% Layer Pmneities Manaqei
. -Named layer filters
:

(Shew

aU layers

* 77 " Invert liter


1

-* " Appfc ' layers

Curent Layer 0

New

Cuirent

Delete
Show detafc

Save stale..

Slate Manage.. I

I Lays'! (Ssplayed
Cancel

Hi':)

. 24.4,

, . , .
, Layerl (!) ,
. ,
0, . 24.4 , .

638

III.

, New Layer ( ) (. 24.5),


Layer Properties Manager (
).

New Layei
Select All
Cleat All
S elect all but current
Invert selection
Irweii layer Idler
Layei litters
Save layer

. 24.5.

, 27,
DWG-
.


, ,
Layer Control
() Layers () (. 24.6),
.
.

, , .
Layer
Properties Manager ( ) (. . 24.2). , , Current ().
Make Current
( ) , . 24.5.
, ,
. . Layers (). Al^MOLC, ,
.

633

24.

--:) _8_0_2_
' __0_0_
0 1

_-1$112_0__
_-11225__0_
-11337 0_0_

|_-2$225_0_0_.
I _-2$33_0__
|_-2$337_0_0_
| -2 0_0_
;

|_-3$225_0.0_

[ _-225_0__
j Q S t j s'r- _-4_0_0_

_-5$112_0_0.

_-5$225_0_0_
_-51338_0_0_
".-5_0_0_

. 24.6. Layer Control

:
Select object whose layer will become current:
( , :)
.
Layers () [^,
LAYERP ().
( , ).
LAYERP () LAYERPMODE
(), :
Enter LAYERP mode [ON/OFF] <ON>:
( //] < >:)
ON () LAYERP (), OFF
() .

640

III.

LAYERP () :
3 , ;
3 ;
.


(. . ), Layer Control ()
Layers () ( , ),
Color Control (), . Layer Control ()
, .
: CHPROP (), CHANGE ()
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB). 27.


, , . Layer
Properties Manager ( ) (. . 24.2)
*, . , , .
.
AutoCAD , , ,
( ).
Layer Control () Layers () :
,
. , .
. ,
, , ( , ).

24.

641


, , (
'-&), ( ,
). , , .
, ,
, .

Layer Control () Layers
() Layer Properties Manager (
).



. Lock ()
. , .

Layer Control () Layers
() Layer Properties Manager (
).


,
, . . ,
ByLayer (). Layer Properties Manager (
)
, Select Color (
), (. . 22.3). , ByLayer () ( Select Color ( )).
Layer
Control () Layers ().
, , ,
ByLayer (), , ,
.

21

. 428

642

III.


Layer Properties Manager ( )
( Continuous) , Select Linetypc ( )
(, 24.7), .
I Selecl Unetype
Loaded (retypes
i.. _.|. .
ACADJSOHWI00
ACADJS015V/100
BATTING
ORDER
BORDER?
BQRDEPX2
CENTER
CENTER2
CENTERX2

arance

Description _
- ISO dashliiple-dot_..._
ISCdOLible-da5hlri[>le-(tot_
\ /
BaltingSSSbSSSSSSSSSS
Bopdw
.
.
Bordei (5x] _._._._,_..
Bordei(2H)
. _
Center
..
Center (.5x)

. 24.7. Select Unetype

, Load ().
, ByLayer (), , .
, , ,
ByLayer (), ,
, .


Layer Properties Manager ( )
(. . 24.2)
( Default ()),
Lineweight ( ) (. 24,8),
. ,
ByLayer (), ,
.
, , ,
ByLayer (), , ,
.

24.

643
Select Plot Slule
^Toi styles
Normal

r-

f. Lmcwcmht

^-

xl

"

0.10 mm

Q 25 rnm

Original

Notmal

New:

Style 1

Active pig) style table.


Original:

Default

New:

Defaul

Or;

jacadslb

-]

Editm...

Cartel

Help

Attached lo Model
Cancel

Heki

OK

. 24.8.
Lineweight

. 24.9,
Select Plot Style


,
Layer Properties Manager ( ) (. . 24.2) (
Normal ()}. Select
Plot Style ( ) (. 24.9),
. ,
ByLayer (),
, .
, , , ByLayer (), , ,
.


, ,
.
*.
.

III.

644

, ,
.


Layer Properties Manager ( ) (. . 24.2), ,
. ( . 24.4), .
<Enter>.
RENAME (),
Rename ( ) (. 24.10).
Rename
() Format ().
] ename
flamed Obtecli

Items
Live

. : _ .Plot styles
Text styles
UCSs
Viewports
Views

Qld Name
ft ename To:

. 24.10. Rename

Named Objects ( ) , :
Blocks ();

Text styles ( );

Dimension styles ( );

UCSs ();

Layers ();

Viewports ( );

Linefypes ( );

Views ().

Piot styles ( );
( ) , .

24.

645

Named Objects ( ) Layers (), Items () ( 0). ,


( . 24.10 Layerl),
Old Name ( ).
( Attachment) Rename To ( ).


, .
Delete ()
Layer Properties Manager ( ) (. . 24.2)
PURGE (), 4.
0, , , .



: , , , . .
Layer Properties Manager ( ) (.
. 24.2) : Save state ( ) State
Manager ( ).
Save Layer States ( ) (. 24.11).
New layer state name ( ) .
, .
Layer states ( ) Layer properties ( ) , , .
State Manager ( ) Layer
States Manager ( ) (. 24.12),
.
:
Restore () --
;
3 Edit ()
;

III.

646

Rename () ;
Delete () ;
Import () LAS-;
G Export ()
LAS-.
.
-fc Save Layer States
New layer state name:
jstateOOl
Lajer pmpertie!

l- states '

' On / OK
!

W Goto

Frozen / Thawed
Lacked I Unlocked

Lineweight

Rot stjte

FWNoRot
\7 WewVPFioMn/ Thawed

OK

Cancel

Help

. 24.11. Save Layer States

(* Lauer States Managei


Layet states

dose
Help

. 24.12. Layer States Manager

24.

647

ByLayer ()
(, ,
) ByLayer ().
, (, , ) () ,
ByLayer (), , ,
.
, Desk
ByLayer (). Desk 3 (), DASHDOT (),
.
, ,
Desk. ,
5 (), Continuous,
, .
Desk, ByLayer () .
,
ByLayer (). ,
.


, .
( ) , .
, .
(. 24.13):
Current VP Freeze ( ) ;
G New VP Freeze ( )
( ).
: "<& , .

III.

648
Properties Manager
- Warned 1 fiBeit

No

" invert litter


" */ to laye.i l

Current

details

Save s

Attachment
:-

["On j Fioc^g jn all VP | Lock..!.. Cola _|._Lra(tfpa _.__!..


-J ^While _Conlimjoub
" White CaHinuous
! Red
Cartniaui

e Manager..

..FVitj_Cuienf VP Fiifrze '


Defaiiil
Default

Hoaae

CsnCe

Help

. 24.13. Layer Properties Managers

:
, .
,
.
(
, , .
. 41.


LAYER () , -LAYER (-), :
Enter
an
option
[?/Make/Sel/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/LWeight/Plol/PStyle/Freeze
/TTiaw/L Ock/Unlock/stAie}:
( [?/'//'/'//'/
/
//^//-///^]:)

24^

649

:
3 ? (?) :
3 Make () ; ,
;
3 Set () ( , ); ;
New () ;
3 ON () ;
3 OFF () :
Color () ;
(3 Ltype ( ) ;
3 LWeight ( ) , 0 2,11 ;
, (. CELWEIGHT 7):
Plot () ;
3 PStyle () ( , );
3 Free/.e () :
3 Thaw () ;
3 LOck () ;
3 Unlock () ;
3 stAte ()
(, , . .).
,
, ,
(, , ii stAte ()).
, , (: Shopii,shop85,Pipe4q), {*, shop*, shop?? . .).
( Color ()) .
,
.
Set (), OFF (), Freeze (), LOck
() Unlock ()
<Enter> , .
VPLAYER ().
:

650

III.

Enter an option [?/Freeze/Thaw/Reset/Newfrz/ypvisdflt]:


( [?//:// /
]:)
:
? (?) ,
;
Freeze ()
;
Thaw ()
;
Reset () , , ;
Newfrz ( ) , ;
Vpvisdflt ( ) , () ii .
,
, .

Express Tools
Layers () Express () 15 .
. " Express
()" 2.


, ertget, DXF- 8. DXF- . 9.
LISP- command vi-cmcf LAYER () -LAYER (-) .

LAYER ( LAYER TABLES). tblobjname, tblnext
tblsearch DXF-, . 24.1.
SAVEAS ( ) : , ,
Continuous.

24.

651
24.1. DXF-, LA YER
TABLES

100

("AcDbLayerTableRecard")

70

(1 ;
2 ; 4 ;
16 ; 32
( 16); 64 )

62

( , )

6
290


(1 , 0 )

370


( CELWE1GHT)

390

( plotstyleName)

25


,
AutoCAD 2000. ,
( ).
, .
,
: , ,
, (), TrueType,
( . 32).


,
LWT () , . . 25.1
,
, , .

AutoCAD

AutoCAD

. 25.1.

25.

653


, ,
Lineweight Control ( )
Properties () (. 25.2),
Line type Control ( ), 23.

ByEllock
Default
Q.Mmro
05 mm
.
013mm
015 mm
0 IE mm
JO mm
0.25mm
030mm
0.35 mm
040 mm

' "tr l.incHtfiqhl Sellings


Ltneweighls

350mrr
053mm
i 060mm

ByBlock
Default

070 mm
I OSOmm

000 mm
005 mm

090mm
1 00mm
I 1 OE mm
1.20mm
| 1 40 mm
1.53mm
i ? OQ mm

QOSmm
013mm

U nil? fw Listing
( Misnaters (mm)

Inches (in)

P Display LineweigM
Deiault

]- 0.25 mm

Adiust Disolav Scale


I

Min

* Lineweiaht

OK

BjUiyer
Cancel

Help

I 2.11 mm

. 25.2.
Lineweight Control

. 25.3. Lineweight Settings


LWEIGHT () Lineweight ( )
Format () (. . 2.17). LWEIGHT
() Lineweight Settings ( ) (. 25.3).
Settings () LWT ().
(
2,11 ). Display Lineweight ( ) LWT (). Default ( )

654

II!

DEFAULT () ( .
).

(. 44).

CELWE1GHT, LWT () LWDISPLAY (. 7).

, Lineweight Control ( )
( Color Control () , ).

: CHPROP (), CHANGE ()
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB). 27.

DEFAULT ()
DEFAULT () ,
. ,
0,25 (0,01 ). DEFAULT
() LWDEFAULT.


,
entget, DXF- 370. ,
1,
"BYLAYER" (""). DXF- 370 ( 100
). DXF- . 9.
command vi-ondf
LWEIGHT () -LWEIGHT (-) .

26

,
, ,
(URL), AutoCAD ,
Web-. : , , .


HYPERLINK (.), Hyperlink ()
Insert () (. . 2.16), <Ctrl>+<K>.
, HYPERLINK (),
Standard ().
, , , Insert Hyperlink ( )
(. 26.1).
Text to display ( ) ,
, . . 26.2 ^,, _49_1)_0_ ( , AutoCAD).
56 . , ,
.

656

III.
:f:lnseil Hyperlink
Lmkto:

Type the File, or Web page name:


Browse for:

Or select from list:


Recent
Files

n Browsed
Pages
Inserted
Links

(d:J

Fife,..

?nts and
Ttt p : ftw *vw , arnazori . com
p: //www. bhv.ru
Tttp : #ww . dies assistant . ru
itlp : /Jwww.rusches5.com
ittp : / w . objectarx , com
hi: tp:/Awnv3. auto desk, cwn

Tar gel,.

Path:
r- . ..

1 object selected.
0 object* with hyperlinks .
Cancel

. 26.1. Insert Hyperlink Existing File or Web Page

. 26.2.

, ,
Link lo ( )
Insert Hyperlink ( ), :
3 Existing File or Web Page ( Web-);
View of This Drawing ( -j );
E-mail Address ( ).
Insert Hyperlink ( ) , Link to ( ) .
. 26.1 Existing File or Web Page ( Web-).
Type the file or Web page name ( Web-), -

657

26.

.
Browse for ():
3 File () Browse the Web Select Hyperlink (
Web ),
Web- (. 26.3);

m*

Brome the Web - Select llupeilinfc


Views

Lookirt Lj Sample
ActiveX
Database Connectivity
_3DesignCenta
dVisualLISP
Slh floor
8lh floor
'
^Slhfloorlivae
8th floor lighting
9h flea plan
3 Sth floor plumbing
8th Floor power
JScolorwh

File;

Toojs

3 ablet
jT^er
E) Hotel Model
'3 Hotel Model
|j .1 tlevatior
ilSLinew sights
jp Plan
^jMKMStd
Oil Module
S3F1ot Screening an<J Fill Patterns

Sla^ei Detail Plan


jTaiseiDooi Window She
4 i
r-i
JTaiseilnlernjr Elv
5 TrueType
S Welding Fture-l
jV/elding F'xiufe-l
Welding F'Xluie Model

SPCA Site Plan


13SPCA Site Plan
'ISStadium North Elevation
4 Stadium Plan
^ Stadium South Elevation

']

fie narne:

Open

'

AIF'es("."

. 26.3. Browse the Web Select Hyperlink

Web Page (Wcb-) Browse the Web ( ), URL- Web-;


Target () DWG- Select Place in Document ( ) , , (. . 26.4, DWG-
Model,
).
Web-
select from list ( ) (. . 26.1),
( ):
Recent Files ( ) ;

658

III.

Browsed Pages ( Web-) ;


Inserted Links ( ) .
* Select Place in Document
Select an existng pjaca in the document;
D:UUnCAD20(M\5amoMOil Module,
II Model
-- ISOMETRIC
FRONT
RIGHT SIDE
BUCK
- LEFT SIDE
PIPING ISO
PIPING - LEFT SIDE
PIPING - RIGHT SIDE
EACK&LEFTSIDE
WONT a RIGHT 5 IDE
ISOMETRIC
PIPING

Cancel

Help

. 26.4. Select Place in Document


, Path ()
. Use relative path for hyperlink ( ),
( , ).
, , HYPERLINKBASE.
Insert Hyperlink ( )
View of This Drawing ( ) (. 26.5) Select
a view of this ( ) , .
Insert Hyperlink ( )
E-mail Address (. ) (. 26.6) . E-mail address ( ) Subject ().
Recently used e-mail addresses ( ).

26.

659

nsert Hyperlink
lext to diplay.'
Select a view of this
If-.-i Di\AutoCA02Q04\Sample\OJModuli5.dg
3 Model
BACK E.IEFT SIDE
FRONTS. RIGHT SIDE
ISOTCTRIC
PIPING

1 object selected
0 obtects with hyuelrt
Cancel

Help

. 26.5. Insert Hyperlink View of This Drawing


^Insert Hyperlink
Unkto:

- leJltodisplay: fmafto:poleshchuWupeterhnk.ru
I i-mail aettess;
Subject;

[
Recently used e-mal addresses;

1 oblt selecEed.
0 objKts with byperlnki.
Help

. 26.6. Insert Hyperlink E-mail Address


HYPERLINK ()
, ,
Edit Hyperlink ( ). -

660

ill.

Insert Hyperlink ( ),
, .
Remove link ( ), .
DETACHURL ( )
.

Express Tools
Express Tools
.
CHURLS , , . Web (ools | Change
URLs ( Web URL) Express ().
REPURLS
. Web
tools | Find and Replace URLs ( Web | URL) Express
().




, , .
HYPERLINKOPTIONS ().
.
HYPERLINKOPTIONS ():
Display hyperlink cursor and shortcut menu ? [Yes/ No] < Yes >:
( ,? I / } <>:)
No (), ,
, ( , ). , ,
Hyperlink () ( .
).
Yes (), :
Display hyperlink tooltip? [Yes/ No] <No>:
( ? [/] <~>:)
No () () .

661

26.


, , , (. . , , ,
),
, ,
. Hyperlink () (. 26.7).
Repeal QNew
Edit Block m-pface
Cut

Copy
Copy with ase Poinl
Paste
Paste as Block
Paste lo Original Coordinates
Erase
Move
Copy Selection
Scale
Rotate
Deselect All
Quick Setecl..
Fhd...
Ptopeities
Open '"
Copy Hyperlink
ftdd to Favorite?..
Edit Hyperlink...

. 26.7. .

Open () Hyperlink () AutoCAD , "" (


, ).
:
Copy Hyperlink ( )
Paste as Hyperlink ( )
Edit () (. . 2.5);

662

Add to Favorites ( )
Favorites (), ;
L) Edit Hyperlink ( ) .
,
GOTOURL () , .



PASTEASHYPERLINK
(). Paste as Hyperlink
( ) Edit () (. . 2.5).
AutoCAD Microsoft Word
, PASTEASHYPERLINK (} .
, ,
.



-HYPERLINK ()
. :
Enter an option [Remove/Insert] <fnsert>:
( /// <>:)


Insert () (
- , ). :
Enter hyperlink insert option [Area/Object] <0bject>:
( /// <0>:)
: .

26.

663


Object ().
:
Enter hyperlink <current drawing>:
( < >:)
, , <Enter>, (. .
). :
Enter named location <none>:
( <>:)
(. .
DWG- ),
<Enter>, . :
Enter description <none>:
( <>:)
. <Enter>,
, .


, Object
() Area ().
HYPERLINK (), .

j I

. 26.8. ,

,
, Z. first corner: ( :) Other
corner; ( :)- , URLLAYER, . -

664

III.

POLYLINE ( ),
ByLayer ().
.
(. 26.8).
XY.

ATTACHURL ()
ATTACHURL () Express Tools
-HYPERLINK (-},
( ).


-HYPERLINK (-)
Remove (), . .
AutoCAD ( ) , :
/.
2.
3.
4.

(Third link)
()
( 308)
c:\temp\ss.lxt ()

.
, , .
:
Enter number, hyperlink, or * for all:
( , * ():)
.
. * .
, Area (), , URLLAYER.

,
SELECTURL , .
SHOWURLS Express Tools, *j : Standard (ET: ) Web tools | Show

26.

665

URLs ( Web | URL) Express (),


.

(
) .
: , -
. ,
(, ) .
. .
.



PE_URL. er.tget, , "PEJJRL", :
ientget ehl ' ( " ' " ) ) ,
ehl .

!(- . <Entity name: 40067 (0 . "POLYLINE"! (330 . <Entity name:
4QQ67cf8 [5 . "47") (100 . "AcDbEntity" 1 (67 . 0) (410 . "Model")
!3 . "CRILAYLR") ilOO . "AcDb3dPolyline") (66 . 1) (10 0.0 0.0 0.0) (70 . ;
. 0.0) (41 . 0.0) (210 0.0 0.0 1.0) (71 . 0) (72 . Ot (73 . 0) (74 . 0!
(75 . 0) (-3 ("PEJJRL" (1000 . "') (1002 . "{") (1000 . "3d link")

;iooz . " ) " ) ) ) )

(
DXF- -), DXF- 1000 ,
, DXF- 1000 .
, ( 1002,
1002} .
(,
isometric from NW Opera.dwg), :

III.
(1-1 . <Entity name: 4QQ67eb8>) (0 . "LINE") (330 . <Entity name: 4Q067cf8>)
(5 . "57") (100 . "AcDbEntity"! (67 . ) (410 . "Model") (8 . "0")
!100 . "AcDbLine") (10 -10.5318 1^4.04 0.0] (11 104.975 134.098 0.0)
[210 0.0 O.D 1.0) (-3 ("PE_URL" {1COO . "C:\\ACAD\\Sample\\Opera.dwg")
;1002 . "{"! (1000 . "C:\\ACAD\\Sample\\Opeca.dwqftisoiiietric from ")
;iOOO . "isometric from NW") (1002 . "}"))>]

, ,
DXF- 1000 .

27


(, , ),
,
Layer Control (), Color Control (), Linetype Control ( ). Line weight Control ( ) Properties () (. . 22.1). AutoCAD ,
,
, : (. 44), (. 36).


PROPERTIES (OKHOCB) , . ?J Standard () (. . 2.93)
Properties () Tools () (. . 2.18),
Properties () Modify () (. . 2.40)
<Ctrl>+<!>.
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB)
PROPERTIES () (. 27.1).

PROPERTIES () ( , ). DBLCLKEDIT ()
.
PROPERTIES () ,
. , No selection ( ) .
, PROPERTIES ()

668

III

, (, Line, Circle,
Polyline, XLine . .). ,
;!, , , (, Line (3)), All
(, All (6)).

No lection

Color

ByLayei

Layer
Linetype

ByLayer

LirietiJpe scale
ByLayer
Thickness

Center X

321531

Cents Y

1485

Center Z
HeigH

0
237

Wiott

430619

DCS icon On

Yes

UCSiconal.

Yes

psr vrewi. Yes


UCS Name

. 27.1. PROPERTIES ( )

. 27.2. PROPERTIES
( )

- ,
.
vi AutoCAD,
PROPERTIES () .
(. . 27.1)
1 (. 27.2). , , ,
.
, '
.
PROPERTIES ()
.

27.

669

.
. , PROPERTIES (), (. 27.2) .
: General (), Piot style
( ) . . .
.
PROPERTIES ().

- Quick Select ( ) (. . 10.6); QSELECT ()
-

- ;
- . PICKADD 1 0; PICKADD 1, PROPERTIES () , ,
0 ; PICKADD
0, (
PICKADD 0 1).

PICKADD 0,
,
<Shift> (.
PICKADD 7).
, }'.
,
, ,
(. 27.3):

. 27.3. PROPERTIES

Close () ;
3 Undo () ;
D Description () .

III.

670

, , , (. 27.4). .

. 27.4. PROPERTIES

:
Move () ;
Size () ;
Close () ;
Allow Docking ( ) ;
Auto-hide ( ) ;
G Description () .
Description ()
, , (,
Layer () Specifies the current layer of the object (
)). ( ),
.
- , . , , (, Color ())
(. 27.5).
PROPERTIESCLOSE () .
I Standard ().

27.

671
7

Layer
Linetype
Linelype scale Yelow
Green
Ptot style
Cyan
Lineweghl
i ,.
Hypwlmt
Magenta
Thickness
While
E3 Select Color
VsrteK
Verte.X
VertesY
1733471
Start segment 0
End segment. 0
Global width
Etevatkjn
Aiea
Length

0
0
235S2216
20 8647

Ret JIB ibe Irue color Di Ihe obieet

. 27.5.

CHPROP ()
CHPROP ()
.
:
Enter property to change [Color/LAyer/LType/ltScale/LWeight/Thickness/PLolstyle]:
( [// // /
/ ]:)
, , , ,
, , , . ( Zero ).

CHANGE ()
CHANGE ()
. ,
. ( ,

672

ill.

. 34).
. :
Specify change point or [Properties]:
( /]:)
,
(, ). Properties () :
Enter property to change
[Color/Elev/LAyer/LType/ltScale/LWeight/Thickness/PLoistyle]:
( I/// //
// ]:)
() Elev ().
XY ( Z).
36.


AutoCAD , - MATCHPROP (). [7], , Standard () (.
. 2.93). Match Properties
( ) Modify () (. . 2.40).
:
Select source object:
( :)
, . MATCHPROP ():
Current active settings:
( :)
, .
Property Settings ( ) (. 27.6): Color
(), Layer (), Linetype ( ), Linetype Scale { ), Lineweighf ( ), Thickness (), PlotStyle ( ).
Dimension (), Text (), Hatch (), Polyline (.)
Viewport ( ). ,
Special Properties ( ) ,
(, ), ,

27.

673

(,
).
|irt; Property Sellings
Base Properties
F Cob
F

Layei

45.122.8

15 Linetyne

BjLjiei.

F Linelree Scale

Lineweighl

Bjlayer

Thickness

PtolSlvIe

BvLajie

Help .

Special Properties" "


F

Dimension

F Text

Polyline

F Viewport

Hatch

. 27.6. Property Settings

:
Select destination object(s) or [Settings]:
( () []:)
,
Microsoft Office. ,
, Settings (). Settings () Property
Settings ( ) (. . 27.6).
, , . , <Enter>.


AutoCAD ,
, .
DESIGNCENTER ( )
(. 27.7), ADCENTER (), |
Standard () (. . 2.93)
DesignCenter ( ) Tools () (.
22 428

674

III.

. 2.18).
<Ctrl>+<2>-

Foldas
Folder Lsi
g 8 flow furniture d^
j * fboc hvae dwg
j Sth ftoa liglHiigdwg
, Btocks

f* E-DEVC-
jlsSEJBOX-TEXT
; : iSE-UTE-CIRC-EXST

.|E-LITE-RXT

Layouts
Linetypes

!i

"i

'.I

fca

11?! *
P*5n dwg
[! 8th flow pi
' filh fhv nrwui rinin

Nf

'"'"..-1

>

. 27.7. DESIGNCENTER, Folders

DESIGNCENTER ( )

, ADCCLOSE (),

.
DESIGNCENTER ( )
. .
, :
Folders () , Windows, , . .;
Open Drawings ( ) ;
History () ;
DC Online () .
. 27.7 DESIGNCENTER ( ) Folders ().
,
,
. , .

27,

675

J Load () (
),
;
Back () ;
Forward () :
Up () ;
Stop () ;
Refresh () ;
Search () (, . .);
Favorites () Favorites ();
() , ;
Tree View Toggle ( )
DESIGNCENTER ( ) ;
Preview ()
( , );
Description () (,
);
" Views () -
DESIGNCENTER ( ):

Large Icons ( );
Small Icons ( );
List ();

Details ().


AutoCAD
DESIGNCENTER ( )
, .
DESIGNCENTER ( ) , ,
, [

DESIGNCENTER ( )
,

ill.

676

, :
3 Blocks ();

Linetypes ( );

Dimstylcs ( );
Layers ();

Textstyles ( );
Xrefs ( ).

D Layouts ();
, , .
, DESIGNCENTER
( ), .
, , ,
-.

(. 27.8).
Explore
Search .
Add to Favorites
Organize Fa varies.
Create Tool Palette ot Btocks
Set as Home

. 27..

,
. :
Explore () ;
Search () Search () (. 27.9)
(, , . .);
"3 Add to Favorifcs ( ) Favorites ();
Organize Favorites ( ) Favorites
();
Create Tool Palette of Blocks ( ) ;
Set as Home ( ) .
DESIGNCENTER ( ) , .

27.

677

1 ^Search

BE3I
B-owse...

Lookior |HatchPattans

f Sear en lubtdders
Hatch Patterns 1
SeatchWcw 1
Search foi Ihe name

j|

1
Ne^Seach j
Help

Name

In

File S^e ! > i

\ File Mjjdbd

. 27.9. Search

ADCNAVIGATE () '
.
, .



ADCSTATE.

28


, ,
, . . .
AutoCAD 2002 2004 . SAVEAS (), 4,
DWS , AutoCAD 2002. , DWS-,
, :
;
3 ;
;
.
CAD Standards ( ) (. . 2.75). :
- STANDARDS (), ;
] - CHECKSTANDARDS (), ;
- LAYTRANS (), .

28.

679


MKMPlan.dwg, Sample AutoCAD. MKMStd.dws, .
AutoCAD, , ,
, , ,
.
MKMPlan.dwg, .
:
3 36 - S-ANNO-DIMS, S-ANNO-NOTE, S-ANNO-NPLT,
S-BEAM, S-BEAMS, S-DEMO, S-DETL-ANNO, S-EXST-WALL, S-JO1S
. .;
3 6 - CONTINUOUS, DOT2. HIDDEN. HIDDEN-3, HIDDEN2,
FANTOM2;
8 - , , 1, 48, 96, ROMANO,
STANDARD, TXT10;
2 24, 48.
STANDARDS ()
Standards () Configure Standards ( )
(.28.))-

Standards
Stmdaids files associated with Ibe cutrenl drawing

Description.
Standard? File
D VuioCAD2004\Sample
MrlKMStddws
Title
MKMStd dwi
Comment*
CAD Standards sample standaid file
Latt Modified
35 2003
Last Saved By

Dieck Standards ..

Saltings...

OK

Cancel

Heip

. 28.1. Configure Standards, Standards

Standards () ,
. . ,
, , .

III.

680

, -
(, , ) (, , )
. ,
(, . .) ,
.
, , .
, . 28.1,
( J*jt> ( -^_), (
, ). (
Select standards file ( ), dws.
, .
. 28.2 Plug-ins () Configure
Standards ( ).
|nConriguieSl.anclards
Slandads

PbJQ-'rs \

lugins used when checking standards.

Description

0*ODirnensran Styles
0 ^ Layers
E| -.-.- Linelynes

Purpote
Checks (hat names and properties of dimension
styles BI a drawing match Those in afi associated
standards file

0 4-, lexl Styles

s~ Veision
2.0
Pubuther
Autodesk. Inc.
hUp:*V*wvj autodesk.com

Check Standards. -

Sellbgs..

OK

Cancel

Help

. 28.2. Configure Standards, Plug-ins

Dimension
Styles ( ), Layers (), Linetypes ( ), Text Styles
( ).
Check Standards (), ,
CHECKSTANDARDS ().
CHECKSTANDARDS () .

681

28.

Check Standards ()
(. 28.3).
* Check Standards
Problem.
Dimstyle 431
are non-standard

Replace with
Dimii^le

1 ElandadsFfe

1&STAWDA4D

8th floor
MKHSW

> 43
Starvlwd

MKMSId

Preview of charges
Prooalii
Ted color (DIMCLRT

CurrenlVaiue
Red

j StandardValue
Colo. 256

Matk this problem as ignored

S etlings -

Close

Help

. 28.3. Check Standards

UJL
.
:
Problem ();
0 Replace with ( );
1 Preview of changes ( ).
Problem () ( . 28.3 Dimslyle 'MKM48'
( MKM4S), Properties are non-standard ( )). Replace with ( ) ,
48 MKMStd.dws. Preview of changes
( ) ,

682

III.

( Red () 256).
,
Fix (), Mark this problem as
ignored ( ).
Next (),
Check Standards ()
.
Checking Complete ( ) , (. 28.4): Problems found: 10 ( : 10), Fixed
Automatically: 0 ( : 0), Fixed Manually: 5 (
: 5), Ignored in current check: 0 ( : 0),
! Checking Complete
Checking ii complete.

10
0
5
0

Problem: found:
Fixed Automatical
Rxed Mjnudly
Ignored in cuirert check:

. 28.4. ChecK Complete

Settings (), Check


Standards () (. . 28.3), CAD Standards
Settings ( ) (. 28.5).
^ 5landaidi Selling!

aUe stanqbfds notificalions


pJty atert upon standards viobli
ai icgn

Check Standafdi settings


~ Aufoinaric3ll>i(F*nar-5landdidptop*rl*E
P S how igrwfed problem!
P;eJ&red standees fit |. for replacements;

_OK_

Cancel

. 28.5, CAD Standards Settings

23.

683

Notification settings ( ) , ( STANDARDSVIOLATION):


Disable standards notifications ( );
CD Display alert upon standards violation ( );
Display standards status bar icon ( ).
Check Standards settings ( )
;
Automatically fix non-standard properties ( )
;
Show ignored problems ( ) , ;
Preferred standards file to use for replacements (
) , .
AutoCAD
DwgCiieckStandards.exe, ,
AutoCAD,
. Batch Standards Checker ( ) . 28.6. | (Start Programs) cmim Windows, Batch Standards Checker (
) Autodesk | AutoCAD 2004.
chx (
. 28.6 Check2.chx),
.
LAYTRANS ()
( ). Layer Translator
( ), , . 28.7.
Translate From ( )
. ^, ^. , ,
. , Selection
Filter () (, S-*).
Translate To ( ) . .
New (),

684

.
Batch Slandaids Checker - D:\AutoCAD2004\Sampfb\Chect.2
Re

Check Help

Diarangs | Standard* | Pfug-int | Note? | Progress j


Drawings lotheck:

Description'

3!h I Igor

4-

Drawing
D.WutoC
.MKWPIsn dwg
TiUe
^uslo
Coinmenlt
CAD Slaidsrds EKlension Sample
diawtig
Note.
This drawing has been extensivet'
altered to
conflict with !he associated DWS
lie lor
rtsf Modified
2003 .

" Clieck external references of laled drawing

. 28.6. Batch Standards Checker

TranTiaicr

BDl

Translate From

Translate To

DEFPOINTS

1 |

9 S-AMNO^JPLT
1

Selection Filter
L.

S-"

Select

eE'DEVC-TEXT
^E-LITE-CIRC-NEWW
E-LITE-FIXT
*f-LirE-SWCH-NEWW
|
E^OWR-CIRC-NEWA'

Maps ime j .

Load

New .

Lajier Translation )1;


Old Layer Name
SANNO-NDTE
S-BEAM

New Layer Nafi^e


E-LITEflXT
E-POWR-CIRC-NE

Color
2
10

Linetyp_e
CONTL
CONTI

Linewei...
0.25 mm
030mm

Rot style
ByCotw
BjjColor

Edit. .
Settings...

Translate

Remove
|

. 28.7. Layer Translator

Cancel

Save. .
HelB

28.

685

New Layer ( ),
( , , . ).
Load (), -, .
DWG-, DWT- DWS-.
Translate From ( ) Translate To ( ), Map (), Layer Translation Mappings ( )
(Old Layer Name), (New Layer Name),
(Color (), Linetype ( ), Lineweight (), Plot
style ( )). Map same () , (
Translate From (
) Translate To ( )).
Layer Translation Mappings ( ) (. . 28.7 )'.
Edit () ;
Remove () ;
Save () .
Save () AutoCAD
DWS- DWG- LAYTRANS ()
Load ().
Settings ()
(. 28.8), , :
Force object color to ByLayer ( );
Force object linetype to ByLayer ( );
Translate objects in blocks ( );
Write transaction log ( ):
D Show layer contents when selected ( ).
Layer
Translator ( ) (. . 28.7) Translate
(). ,
. .
Settings () (. . 28.8)
Write transaction log ( ) , , , -

III,

686

log. ,
(Layers Translated)
(Layers Not Translated).
!* Settings
17 Force object cobr to ByLay
(5 Force c&ject Imetjipe to E
P Tiansiate objecti in Wock
& Wrile tansadion ing
" Showla^ierctiiVeiiijwhe
Canset

Help

. 28.8. Settings

IV

29.

30.
31.

32.

33. OLE-

29


.
, , AutoCAD . ,

. , (. ). ,
, .
. , .


.
, .
( 1 )
10x10 .
.
. Object^!. . 29.1
, .
,
BLOCK ().
Draw
() (. . 2.77) Block Make ( | )
Draw ().
BLOCK () Block Definition (
) (. 29.2). .

IV.

690

. 29.1. , Qbject_1

|* Block Definition

ObjectJ

Objects

-Basepobt""

Qetain

<* Convert lo block


z |o

3 objects selected

- Pieview icon '


f* Docot indiide an icon
' ff Deate con fraro

Deicription:
i.ji-.d

OK

Cancel

jjelp

. 29.2. Block Definition

Name ()
( ) , Ohject_l.
,
(, ).
AutoCAD . ,
. 3] . EXTNAMES I ( 0),
255 ( . -

29.

691

7). , AutoCAD,
, .
. AutoCAD.
, : DIRECT, LIGHT, AVE_RENDER, RM__SDB, SH_SPOT OVERHEAD.
Base point ( )
( ). (, . .), . .
, X, V Z. ,

i (Pick point ( )),
Block Definition ( ). , . , X, V
Z Base point ( )
.
Objects () ^ ,
. - (Select objects (
)) 1& (Quick select ( )) ,
.
, Select
objects ( ), , , :
Retain () ,
;
Convert to block ( )
;
^ Delete () .
, , Convert to block (
).
No objects selected ( )
Objects () ... objects
selected (... ), 1.. .
Preview icon ( ) ,
. :
Do not include .an icon (He );
Create icon from block geometry ( ).

692

IV.

AutoCAD
.
Drag-and-drop units ( )
, . Millimeters ().
Description ()
. .
Hyperlink () .
Name () Object__l.
, .
Objects () Convert to block (
), , , . ( ) , . .
(, . .).
EXPLODE ().


.
INSERT (),

Draw () (. . 2.77) Block () Insert
() (. . 2.16). , Uj]
Insert () (. . 2.80).
tjajj ,

, , (
Insert ()). INSERT ().
,
i! INSERT (),
Insert ( ) (. 29.3).

( DWG DXF.
XML-, AutoCAD 2002,
AutoCAD 2004.
Name () .
. (. . 29.3) Object^!,

29.

693

. Browse ()
Path () ,
.

Part
Insertionpoinl "
" SpecJy Gn-scieen

^Scale
. " Specily On-screen

Angb:

. X:

z FT

[5

jl

Explode

. i Rotation
-

Uniform Scale
Caned

Help

. 2.. Insert

Insertion point ( )
, .
Specify On-screen ( ),
. ,
X, V Z,
. .
Z .
Scale () , .
( X, Yv\ Z) 1,
, , . - 1,
, 1
.
( ).
Specify On-screen ( ) ,
, ( )
.
Uniform Scale ( ), Y Z
, , X. .
Rotation ( ) ( ).

IV.

694

, . Specify On-screen ( ) , .
Angle () .
Explode ()
.
.
(. . ).
Insert
( ) . Insertion point (
) Specify On-screen ( ), Insert ( ) AutoCAD :
Specify insertion point
(

or [Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotafe/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]:
1///2/////2/]:)

, , , (
. 29.4).

. 29.4.

(
,
), ( ).

:
Scale ()
;
X (X) X;
V (Y) Y,

29

695

(Z) Z;
Rotate ()
, .
, (. .
I, 0)
. :
3 PScale ()
;
3 () \
3 () ;
3 PZ (flZ) Z:
3 PRotate () .
,
( ,
):
Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or [Corner/XYZ] <7>:
( X, [/XYZj < 1 '>:)
,
X.
,
. ,
3,4 X, 1,22
0 Z.
: 3.4, 1.22, 1.0. ,
Z , . . I.
Corner () .
XYZ .

(
Insert ( )):
Specify rotation angle <0>;
( <0>:)

INSERT
INSERT ( ).
. 29.5 Objeci_l, .

696

IV.

. 29.5. Object_1

29.1 ,
LIST () .
. 29.1.
BLOCK REFERENCE

Layer:

"0"

Space: Model space


Handle = 7F
"Object_l"
at point, X= 243.5410 Y= 114.6166' Z=
X scale factor
-1.0000
Y scale factor
2.5000
rotation angle
20

z scale factor

0.0000

1.0000

(INSERT)
BLOCK REFERENCE. . , X,
Y, , Z.
INSERT
(-INSERT (-)),
, . . .
XLIST Express Tools, Blocks |
List Xref/Block Properties ( j )
Express ().

29.


INSERT, , (COPY ().
SCALE () . .). ,
(.
21).
, , INSERT .
,
, () , .
EXPLODE (). ,
.

( . .).

ByBlock ()
, , ByBlock (),
, ,
. ,
Object_l ByBlock (), ,
.
,
ByBlock (), DASHDOT, INSERT ( Object_l) DASHDOT.


, 0
By Layer (),
, (. . ,
, ).


,
BLOCK ()
. ( REFEDIT () " ") 31.

IV.

698


,
. MINSERT (). , (
A R R A Y ()). MINSERT () , INSERT (), .
. 29.6. ,
MINSERT (), (
INSERT) EXPLODE ().

. 29.6.

, LIST
() , ,
.

,

REFEDIT () , , MINSERT (). .


INSERT () , . Insert (
) (. . 29.3) Browse (), .
( dwg dxf), .
, d:\proektl44a
\part55.dwg. AutoCAD
PART55, Path () Insert (

29.

699

) d:\proekt144a.
-
.
,
INSBASE.
Insert ( )
Explode (), , .
( Y Z ).



(. 27) , . .
. AutoCAD
DesignCenter, Sample. 16 , .
. 29.7 , Landscaping.dwg.
' \ ^ - "*- it. . A ' * *i[l] 15!:JLJ i "
Folders | Qpm Drawings j History j D_C Online]
~ai -??dan ^ide^ CkimpcJ Tiees or Bu5h_^

Folder List

Hot Tub

Kitchens dwg
Landscaping dwg
Blocks
Dmstyles
Layers
Layouts

. Lamp - oudJooi efeva^ic

Pcmc Tdble - pLa, Shrib - elevation

, Sprinkler Head degrees3 Sfone - henac


, SiAiimmirig Pool ;^ Tree - deciduous plan

"SI

eit styles
lii ' Fittings, dwg
l.-i SE2 Plant Process dwg
[z Welding dwg

I VBA
I VisuaLlSP
|C3 8th floor funiture.d^q

Jj _.._!__

. 29.7. DESIGNCENTER,

700

IV.

TOOL PALETTES ( ),
TOOLPALETTES (), | Standard () (. . 2.93) Tool
Palettes Window ( ) Tools () (.
. 2.18), .
.
, . .
, :
Specify insertion point:
( :)
.
. . 20 27.
I/ , Web-,
SETIDROPHANDLER ().


/*()
, ,
Snap to Insert (
), ! i Object Snap ( ) (. . 2.85).

WBLOCK ()
(, ) WBLOCK () .
Write Block ( ) (. 29.8).
Source ( )
, :
Block ()
, ;
3 Entire drawing ( )
( -

7: i;

29.

,
, , . .);
Objects () , .

Source

nJiie drawing

pen! ~

Objects

Pels port

HI

I SelecJ objects
f~

etain

f~ Delete bom ttawing

! 2 |o

'14 Ho objecl! selected

Desfinalkn ~

Eite name and path


^] ... | I

s and Se

OK

Cancel

Help
^

. 29.8. Write Block

Objects (), Base point ( ) Objects (), Block Definition ( ), (. . 29.2). Base point (
) (. . 29.8) ( ,
).
INSBASE. BASE ()
INSBASE.
Objects () [^ jj ^j , ,

WBLOCK ():
Retain ()
, ;

702

IV.

Convert to block ( )
( Destination ()), - ;
Delete from drawing ( )
.
Objects () , ( ).
Destination () , , :
File name and path ( )
( new block.dwg) ; ( ) ,
Objects () Convert to block ( ); dwg dxf (
DWG DXF); ] ;
3 Insert units () ,

.
Write Block ( ) AutoCAD .
,
, DWG DXF
( ) .
XML.


AutoCAD
Standard () Windows, .
, ,
. , AutoCAD (: "A$C41FAOFB9").
, , .
i; 2
Edit ().


( . 31) , . . ,
, . -

29.

703

XCLIP (),
Reference () (. . 2.88) Clip | Xref ( | ) Modify ().
.
,
. <Enter>. :
Enter clipping option
[ON/'OFF/'Clipdeplh/'Delete/generate Polyline/New boundary]
(
[-/////' !

<New>:
<>:)

:
ON () , (
);
OFF () , ;
Clipdcpth ()
XY, ( ),
XY, . .
Z;
D Delete () ;
generate Polyline ()
;
New boundary ( ) .
New boundary ( ),
, .
, :
Delete old boundary(s)? [Yes/No] < Yes>:
( ?{/] <>:)
Yes ().
:
Specify clipping boundary:
{Select polyline/Polygonal/Rectangular] <Rectangular >:
( :
/ /'/'/ <>:)
Select polyline ( ) , . , AutoCAD
. Polygonal () .

704

IV.

,
. Rectangular () ,
.
, , . 29.9.
, : .

. 29.9.
i.. %| Reference () (. . 2.88). AutoCAD
XCLIPFRAME (0 1 1 0). 1 , 0 .
,
MINSERT ().
.

Express Tools
Express Tools AutoCAD 2004 , .
3 CLIPIT , ,
, , , , , , .' . @ : Blocks
(: ) Modify | Extended Clip (
) Express ();
BCOUNT ;
BLOCK? , ;

29.

705

BLOCKREPLACE ;
BLOCKTOXREF ;

BSCALE ;
PSBSCALE .


entget, INSERT ( ), .
( . 30). entnext , ,
SEQEND (
. 14.4,
).
. 29.1 DXF-, INSERT. . 9.
29.1. DXF-, INSERT
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbBlockReference")

66
2

(1 , 0 )

10

( ).
DXF: X ( \ Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: ZTOHKH

41

1.0

42

1.0

43

1.0

50

0.0

70

71

23 428

IV.

706

29.1 ()

44

0.0

45

0.0

210


( 0, 0, 0).
DXF: /(" ( YuZ
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (, 0, 1)

220

DXF: /

230

DXF: Z

BLOCK__RECORD, TABLES
DXF- , ,
.
BLOCKS.
tblobjname, tblnext t b l a e a r c h BLOCKS,

( ) "BLOCK".
tblobjname.
. 29.2 DXF-. BLOCK
BLOCKS.
.
29.2. DXF-, BLOCK

BLOCKS

("BLOCK")

-.

, "{",
: "{ACAD_HEACTORS"

102

, "}"

330

100

("AcDbEntity")

102

29.

707
29.2 (}

("AcDbBlockBegin")

70

,
(1 , ..; 2 (
);
4 ; 8 (overlay] ; 16
; 32
; 64
)

10

( ).
DXF: X ( \2
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: Z

100
2

( !

BLOCK DXF- 2
(), .
entnext. nil, entnext .
*Model_Space, *Paper_Space *Paper_SpaceO , , ,
.
*Paper_Spacel, *Paper_Space2 . .

30

,
. , ,
,
.
(, ).


AutoCAD , .
, (
) , .
( , ).
ATTDEF (), Block | Define Attributes ( )
Draw () (. . 2,30, 2.34). ATTDEF
() Attribute Definition ( )
(. 30.1).
.
Mode () :
Invisible () - (
ATTDISP () . };

Constant () () , ;
Verify () ;

30.

709

1 OK Attribute Deli nit ion


Mode

Atlr nule "

f" invisible

' lag

[PROCESSOR

~ Constant

rrof pi-

Insertion Point "


Pick Poirt <

* 1fr 1

.:

;!

1
'i "-

|-

Text Options
Justification
TextStyte

1 Center

[Standard

Height <

\ |5

Relation <

J JO

^J !

!~ Align b^ow previous attribute definition


OK

Cancel

Help

. 30.1. Attribute Definition

3 Preset ()
( ),
EATTED1T () - . .
Attribute () :
Tag () ( );
D Prompt () ,
( AutoCAD , );
3 Value () .
Insertion Point
( ), Text Options ( )
, .
Justification (), ( ) .
Align below previous attribute definition ( ) , ()
,
,
.

LIST ().
ATTDEF ( ) .

710

IV.

\ 30.1.
-RIBUTE DEFINITION Layer: ""
space: Model space
Handle = 2D
Style = "Standard"
Font file = txt
start point, X= 407.1699 Y= 146.8077
height
18.6154
default 66
prompt
tag W2
rotation angle
0
width scale factor
1.0000
obliquing angle
0
f l a g s nonnal
generation normal

Z=

0.0000

30.1 ,
, . default ( ), prompt ()
tag ().



. ,
.
Computer, (, 40x30 ,
5 ). .
, .
,
, Attribute Definition ( ) ATTDEF ().
PROCESSOR RAM.
Mode (), . Prompt () , , . -3 800 256 .
, Justification () Center
(). 5 .

30.

AJign below previous attribute definition


( ).
, , .
, , , , . 30.2.

PROCESSOR
RAM
. 30,2.

BLOCK
() . Computer
(. . 30.2).


INSERT () Computer.
, . AutoCAD
:
<-3 800 >:
:
<256 >:
,
, . . 30.3
Computer .

="-4 533

-3 800
256

. 30.3.

712

IV.

30.2 , LIST
() , .
! 30.2. ,
I
BLOCK REFERENCE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 7B
"Computer"
at point, X= 475.0750 Y= 270.3523
X scale factor
1.0000
f scale factor
1.0000
rotation angle
0
Z scale factor
1.0000

Z=

ATTRIBUTE Layer: "0"


Space: Model space
Handle = 7C
Style = "Standard"
Font file = txt
start point, X= 474.0827 Y= 253.7121
height
5.0000
value P-3 800
tag PROCESSOR
rotation angle
0
width scale factor
1.0000
obliquing angle
0
flags normal
generation normal
ftTTRIBUTE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 7D
Style = "Standard"
Font file = txt
Start point, X= 482.5358 Y= 250.0047
height
5.0000
value 256
tag RAM
rotation angle
0
width scale factor
1.0000
obliquing angle
0
flags normal
generation normal
END SEQUENCE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 7E

0.0000

Z=

0.0000

Z=

0.0000

30.

713

, INSERT ATTR1B ( ATTRIBUTE).


SEQEND ( END

SEQUENCE).



.
,
, .
.
.
,
01._^ ,
,
Modify II (-2) (.
. 2.84) Object Attribute | Single ( j | ) Modify ().
EATTEDIT () Enhanced Attribute
Editor ( ) (. 30.4). (
Attribute ())
. 30.3 Computer .
, , (
) .
Value () Apply ()
.
* Enhanced Attribute Editor
took Computer

Select btock

Tag: RAM

AllribUe JTert Options) PEoperties |


_J ag
_j Prompt
_ . Value
PROCESSOR
>-2 200
RAM
4

Value: [64 Mfl

Apply

OK

Cancel

. 30.4. Enhanced Attribute Editor, Attribute

Text Options ( ) Enhanced


Attribute Editor ( )

714

IV,

(, . .), Properties () , , , . .
ATTEDIT ()
EATTEDIT ().
ATTEDIT ()
, . . -ATTEDIT (-), Object | Attribute | Global
( [ ) Modify (),
,
(,
), (, . .).



PROPERTIES (OKHOCB), 27.
DDEDIT (), 17, . AutoCAD
Select an annotation object or [Undo]:
( [/:)
, Edit
Attribute Definition ( ) (. 30.5).
IrS Edit Attribute Definition
Tag

- i

Ronpt:

Default:

|p era
OK

Cancel

Hefc>

. 30.5. Edit Attribute Definition

Tag (). Prompf


(), Default ( ).


Mode () Attribute Definition ( ) (. . 30.1) .
, .

30.

715

ATTDISP ()
, .
:
Enter attribute visibility setting [Normal/ON/OFF] <Norma\>;
( /HopMO.ibnoe/BK.i/OmiciJ <>:)

ON () , OFF () ,
Normal () , .
Display | Attribute Display ( | ) View ().
(), ATTDISP ().
, ,
BATTMAN (),

Modify II (-2) (. . 2.84)


Object | Attribute | Block Attribute Manager ( | ) Modify ().
Block Attribute Manager ( ) (. 30.6).
1 Block Attribute Manager
j Selectbtock
Tea

? |

lock: (Compute!

' Piaript

Detaull

RAM

jj
Modes

51 2

Sine
Move Up
Move ^ j

Ed,l.

Remove
; Found in drawing. 4
Settings..

Found in model spate: 4


Apuly

OK

Cancel

^
^
J

. 30.6. Block Attribute Manager


( . 30.6 Computer).
Block (),
|_ |].
(Tag (), Prompt (),
Justification (), Height () ..).
Sellings () (. 30.7),
Settings ().
Block Atlribule Manager ( ) (.
. 30.6) ( Move Up ().

716

IV.

Move Down ()), ( Edit ()), (


Remove ()). Sync () ( ).
ATTSYNC (),
*| Modify II (-2) (. . 2.84).
If* Settings

BBl

i~Disp!ayin Est

1? Tag

17 Pjompl

" Justification

F Default

j ' P" Mode*


i

" SMe

" Layer

Haght

~ Linetype

Halation

" Cola

WicSh Facta

~ Lineweiflht

" QbliqueAnoJe

" Ptat style

I
SelsctAS

Clear All

W Emphasise duplcale tags


P^ Apply changes lo existing references

OK

Cancel

Help

. 30.7. Settings


XCLIP (). J Reference () (. . 2-88) Clip | Xref ( )
Modify (), ,
, .


, . (),
[j J Modify II (-2) Attribute
Extraction ( ) Tools (), .
AutoCAD.
() -
.

717

30.

(}. Attribute Extraction ( ) (. 30.8).


Rr Attribute Extraction
Fie Pomial
< CommaDeEmitedFile(CDF)
<" Space Detailed Fie (SOP)
Kff Ferns! Extract File (1
Setect Objects i

Number found 1

Template File. .

; -

Ouloul File..

jComputeila.M
Cancel

Help

. 30.8, Attribute Extraction

File Format ( )
:
CDF - - ,
, ;
SDF-- ,
;
DXX , DXF-,
.

,
Template File ( ). .
(DXX) . dxx.
CDF SDF
30.3.
;

"

"

! 30.3.
L_P

"":
TYPE
UDN

N001000
004000
012000
^009000

718

MAT
MASS
AREA

IV^
020000
CO14000
N007001
N006003

,
. , N . ,
,
( ).
, , , "BL:". :
BL:NAME ;
BL:LEVEL ;
1

BL:X ;
BL:Y ;
BL:Z Z ;
BL:NUMBER - ;
BL:LAYER - ;
BL:ORIENT ;
3 BL:XSCALE ";
3 BL:VSCALE ;
BL;ZSCALE Z;
BL:XEXTRUDE X ;
BL:YEXTRUDE :
BL:ZEXTRUDE / .
Select Objects ( ) Attribute Extraction
( ) (. . 30.8) . ,
Output File ( ).



EXPLODE (), & Modify () (. . 2.S3) Explode ()
Modify () (. . 2.40),
( ! BURST ).

30/

^^^

7/9

Express Tools
Express Tools .
Express Tools,
:
BURST - EXPLODE (), ,
. ( : Blocks
(: ) Blocks | Explode Attributes to Text ( |
) Express ();
ATTOUT , .
Blocks | Export Attribute Information ( | )
Express ();
ATT1N , , . Blocks | Import Attribute Information
( ) Express ();
GATTE . Blocks | Global
Attribute Edit ( ) Express
().


entget DXF, . 30.1. DXF .
9.
30.1. DXF-, ATTDEF
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbText")

39

( )

0.0

10

( ).
DXF: X ( V Z
20 30).
:

20

IV.

720

30. 1 ()

30

DXF:

40

50

'.

41

!.0

51

"STANDARD"

71


(2 ( );
4 ( ))

72

: 0 , 1 ,
2 . 3 ( 0),
4 ( 0),
5 ( 0)

I I

( ). ,
DXF- 72 74 0.
DXF: X ( Z
21 31).
:

21

DXF:

31

DXF: Z

210

( 0, 0, 0).
DXF: ( \ Z
220 230).
:

DXF; 0;
: (0,0,1)

220

DXF; V

230

DXF: Z

100

(" Ac Db Attribute Definition")

()

70

: 1 ,
2 , 4 , 8

73

{ )

74

: 0 ,
1 , 2 ,
3 .
DXF- 73 TEXT

30.

. 30.2 DXF- ( ATTRIB), .


30.2. DXF-, A TTRI8
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbText")

39

( )

0.0

10

( ).
DXF: / ( 2
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: ZTOMKH

40

("AcDbAttribute")

()

70

: 1 ,
2 , 4 , 8

73

( )

50

0.0

41

1.0

0.0

"STANDARD"

1
100
2

51
7
71

(2
( !; 4
( ))

72

: 0 , 1 ,
2 , 3 ( 0),
4 ( 0),
5 ( 0)

74

: 0 ,
1 , 2 ,
3 .
DXF- 73 TEXT

11

( ). ,
DXF- 72 74 0.
DXF: X ( Z
21 31).
:

722

IV.
30.2 ()

21

DXF: /

31

DXF: Z

210

( , , ).
DXF: X ( Z
220 230).
:

DXF: 0;
: (, 0, 1)

220

DXF:

230

DXF: ZeeKTOpa

DXF- 66 INSERT 1, ,
. ATTRIB
INSERT,
SEQEND. entnext.

31


INSERT ()
, , , . .
.

. , ( ). ,
AutoCAD , , ,
-. , -
. , INSERT
(), , . .

.
, ,
.


(),
Reference () (. . 2.88)
External Reference ( ) Insert ()
(. . 2.16).
Select Reference File (
), . , ,
Sample Oil Module.dwg Open (!,).
, External Reference (
) (. 31.1).

IV.

724
I * External Reference
'|

Name

Bfowse...

Found ri

D.AutoCAD 2004^ ampleVOJ Module diie

Saved paUi:

0 V*utoCAD200J\Safnple\Clil Module dwjg

i-Refaence Type ! <? Attachment


- Insertion point
" Specif? On-scieen
X:

; -Palhlype-f Overlap
bcale
T S f ecify 0 rrscreen

O 00

Z: looo

JFulpath
- Rotation " Specify On-sneen

1 00
" Y.

::

100

Cancel

Help

. 31.1. External Reference

, Insert
( ) (. . 29.3).
Name ()
. Browse ().
Found in ( )
, Saved path ( ) . ,

,
PROJECTNAME, .
Retain Path ( )
Path type ( ).
, , Path type ( ), :
3 Full path ( ) - ,
;
Relative path ( )
,
, PROJECTNAME ; , ;
i

31.

725

No path ( ) , .
Reference Type ( )
:
Attachment ();
Overlay ().
Attachment ()
, (. . ,
). Overlay ()
.
Insertion point ( ), Scale () Rotation ()
(.
. 29.3).
. , , Oil Module
, 2 , 0. , 0.
|*;|. AutoCAD , , , , [
AutoCAD .
, . (INSERT).

, .
( ) .

LIST (), 31.1,
(. 29.1).
! 31.1.
BLOCK REFERENCE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 30
"Garage"
External, reference
at point, X= 374.1218 Y= 151.8846
X scale factor
0.0100
Y scale factor
0.0200
rotation angle
0
Z scale factor

Z=

0.0000

726

IV.

External reference (
).
.


, ,
(, . .).
( ). ERASE
() .
, .
REFEDIT () .
, ()
, , .

ByBlock ()
- ByBlock (), (, PROPERTIES (OKHOCB), CHPROP ()
CHANGE ()) ( ) , .
.
,
, ByBlock (), .
ByBlock
() .

0. , 0 ,
ByLayer (),
, ,
(. . ,
INSERT, ).

727

31.


XREF ()
. ,

, ' Insert () (. . 2.80), Reference () (. . 2.88), Xref
Manager ( ) Insert (). ,
Draw () ,

XREF () Xref Manager ( ) (. 31.2).


IrS Xref Manager

Reference Name

| Status

\ See

j Type

Dale

-f

^ 3th floor n vac

v Loaded 402KB Attach 02/01/0312.3558

1^0
Bih MOM plan

Loaded

253KB

Attach

02/01/03 12:3547

8th floor furniture d^g


6th floor hvacd^g

| V

Loaded

235KB Attach

02/01/03 12:3607

8th floor lighting dwg

Loaded

236KB

02/01/0312:3623

Eth floor plandi^g

Attach

Sth floor plumbing J- Loaded 115KB Attach 02/01/03 123634


fli 6th floor potver

Attach..

I Saved Palh

Stli floor furniture

* Loaded 214 Altaoh

02/01/0312:36.44

3th floor plumbing d,vg


8th floor power dwg
I

Detach
Reload
Unload
Bind...

Open

Xr ei Found At-Brtwse ..

D AutoCAD 2004^6 ample\aili floor lighting. dwg

OK

Cancel

Save Path |

Help

. 31.2. Xref Manager ( ]

(, , . .). , .
8th floor.dwg, Sample AutoCAD.
(. . 31.2)
(. 31.3).

<F3> <F4>,
[ (List View (F3) ()) (Tree View (F4) ()).

728

IV.

_J

Attach..

Bih floor plan


DeLach

8th plan
g S3 8th floor plumbing

Reload

Sth floor plan

UrJoad

-. S3 3th floor power


fe 8th floor plan
i=:

3th floor furniture


@j Eth floor plan

Open

-Xrei Found At
[D'WitcCAD20[W.San-()le\()lli floor lighting dg

Browse...

OK

Caned

Save Palh

Help

. 31.3. Xref Manager ( )

(. . 31.2)
( - , ):
Reference Name ();

();

Status ();

Date ();

Size ();

Saved Path ( ).

. .
Status () :
G Loaded () ;
3 Unloaded () ;
Unreferenced (He ) ,
;
Not Found (He ) ;
3 Unresolved (He ) ,
;
G Orphaned () , , .
Loaded ().
( ). .

31

729

() : Attachment ()
Overlay (). ,
. , , .
Xref Found At ( ) ,
, . Browse ()

. , Save Path (Coxp. ).
Xref Manager ( )
:
Attach ();

Unload ();

3 Detach ();

Bind ();

Reload ();

Open ().

. Attach ()
,
, .
Detach () ,
Xref
Manager ( ). Reload () ( ,
, , , ). Unload () ,
.
Bind () .
Open () .


,
, . ,'! ,
.
:
Resolve Xref "Garage": C:\Temp\Garage.dwg
"Garage.dwg" cannot be found.
( "Garage": C:\Temp\Garage.clwg
"Garage.dwg".)
, -
.
.

IV.

730

Xref Manager ( ) (.
. 31.2 31.3) Bind (),
. ( ), , , ,
,
, . ,
Oceaiiarium,
Oceanarium|Cables Oceaiiarium (Center, -
Cables Center.
: ( , ) (
-).
Bind () Bind Xrcfs ( ) (. 31.4),
.
1^-ffindXrefi
Bind Type
ff

Bind

Insert

OK

Caned

. 31.4. Bind Xrefs

Insert () (,
, , )
, -. , INSERT ()
.
Bind ()
blockname|symbolname blocknameSnSsymbolname,
0 ( , AutoCAD
I, 2 ..). Oceanariuni. Oceanarium[Cables OceanariumSOSCables, Oceanarium]Center Oceanarium$0$Center.
Bind Xrefs ( )
,
, , ,
.
,
. X B I N D ().
XB1ND ()
Reference () (. . 2.88) Object External Reference I

31.

731

Bind ( j ) Modify ().


Oceaiiarium.
Xbind ( ). ,
Xrefs ( ) Xbind
( ) Oceanarium, ,
(. 31.5).

E? Qceanaiurn
( Z& Block
: ^ Dimslvle

<- Remove

-^

OK

Cancel

. 31.5. Xbind

, , , ()
Layer (), , . Add (), Definitions to
Bind ( ) .
( Remove
()), .
, ,
, .


REDIR, Express Tools File
Tools | Path Substitution ( )
Express (), , , , RTEXT
( ).


, ,
- {
).

732

___

IV.

XLOADCTL, :
G 0 - ;
;
;
1 ; (
);
2 ; , , XLOADPATH; rl.dwg,
ri$0.ac$; , ,
.


EXPLODE ()
. ,
.
,
INSERT ().



AutoCAD
.
( ) ( ), . : , , BLOCK (),
-
XOPEN (), , . ,
MINSERT ().
XED1T I ,
. , , XEDIT 0.

31.

733

,
X (,
).

REFEDIT (), & , Refedit
( ) (. . 2.87), Xrcf and Block
Editing | Edit Refereace In-Place ( | ) Modify ().
REFEDIT ():
Select reference:
( :)
( ), Reference Edit ( ),
Identify Reference ( )
(, Polylines) (. 31.6). ,
.
Reference Edit ( )
.
* Reference Edit
IdercffiyReference (Settings)
Reference name'

Preview

:... -

13. d2004|Ph<

J
Path

D:VTemp\Poie!.dwg

t~ Aulomalnai^ select all neite


( Prompt to select nested objects

Cancel

. 31.6. Reference Edit, Identify Reference

Identify Reference ( ) Preview


() . -

734

IV.

Path (), ,
:
Automatically select all nested objects ( );
3 Prompt to select nested objects ( ).
.
Settings () Reference Edit ( ) (. 31.7) , :
Create unique layer, style, and block names (
, );
Display attribute definitions for editing ( ) ;
Lock objects not in working set ( ,
).
^ Reference Edit
Identify Reference

Sellings j

P" Create unique layer, slyle, and block names


" Display attibote definitions It ecilmg
1^ Lock objects no* in ^diking set

- -^

Heb

. 31.7. Preference Edit, Settings

(.
, ).
,
. , .
:
Select nested objects:
( :)

31.

735

(, ), . AutoCAD :
2 items selected
Use REFCLOSE or the Refedit toolbar to end reference editing session.
( : 2


.)
Refedit ( ) Polylines (. 31.8). , . (
, )
, .

Polylines

. 31.8. Refedit

,
(, ).
,
Polylines ( ^
), 0 Refcdit ( )
Xref and Block Editing | Save Reference Edits (
| ) Modify (). REFCLOSE () . , AutoCAD
(. 31.9).

references edfts will be s^ved.


- To save reference change;, dckC*.
- To cancel tne crarmand, dick Cancel.

. 31.9. REFCLOSE

. Polylines,
Refedit ( ) .
(,
).

736

IV.

Refedit ( ) , . :
2li ,
;
- ,
;
REFCLOSE ()
.


, , , . .
, . XCLIP {), ^ ( Reference ())
Clip | Xrcf ( ) Modify ().
. " " 29.

( Reference () ). AutoCAD XCLIPFRAME (0
1 I 0). 1
, 0 ( . 7).

Express Tools
Express Tools 2004 , .
CL1P1T , ,
, , , , , , . ; : Blocks
(: ) Modify | Extended Clip (
) Express ();
XLIST - ,
. 01
: Blocks (: ) Blocks | List Xref Block Properties ( ) Express ();

31.

737

NCOPY -- ,
. j, !! : Blocks
(: ) Blocks | Copy Nested Objects ( j ) Express ().


INSERT,
29.

.,.

32


, (), . AutoCAD

( ). AutoCAD , , , ---. *"1-"1'
. -wu vv"
1
"----.-.*

32.

7S9

CALSl (ret, gp4, mil, cal, cg4), FLIC (flc, fli), GEOSPOT (bii), [G4 (ig4), IGS (igs),
JF1F (jpg), PCX (pcx), PICT (pet), PNG (png), RLC (rlc), TGA (tga), TIFF (tif,
tiff).
GIF ( gif).
Name () Image ( ),
Path (). Insertion point (
), Scale () Rotation ( )
(. 31). Details ( ') Image
( ) .

Name:

Browse.

[\VcildM ap

|7 Retain Peth

Path.
j- Insertion point - -

-j p

] X:

-Rolatbn|7 Epeciy on-screen

1^ Sperfv on-screen

" Sfecly orrscresn


0

$T

i Y:

DIC

Cancel

Help

Detail

. 32.1. Image

Image ( ) AutoCAD , Specify on-screen


( ), .
, AutoCAD ,
(. 32,2).
, ,
, . . 32.3
( 39 ). .
,
IMAGE. ,
LIST (), 32.1.

IV.

740

. 32.2.

. 32.3.

: 32.1.
IMAGE
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle - 2
Image;
Watch
Insertion:
x= 91.9995, Y= 220.96, Z=
Scale:
207.3233
Rotation angle: 0
Brightness:
SO
Contrast:
50
Fade:
0
Show image:
Yes
Show non-ortho: Yes
Transparency:
Off
Clipping:
Off
Clip boundary type: Rectangular

0.0000

32.

741

Number of boundary points: 4


at point, X* 91.9595, Y= 220.3617, Z= 0.0000
at point, X= 91.9995, Y= 454.0893, Z= 0.0000
at point, X= 29.3229, Y= 454.0893, Z= 0.0000
at point, X= 299.3229, Y= 220.9617, Z= 0.0000

: image ( ),
Insertion ( ), Scale ( ), Rotation angle ( ), Brightness ( ), contrast ( ). Fade ( ), show image ( , ), Show non-ortho ( ), Transparency ( ), clipping
( ), clip boundary type ( ), Number of
boundary points ( ).



Image Manager ( ) (. 32.4), IMAGE (). Reference () Insert () (. . 2.88) Image Manager
( ) Insert () (. . 2.16).
] Image Manager

Image
|!jf

Ste us
Loaded
Loaded

Size (Tyre
133kB JFIF
SOkB
JFIF

Da*e
D3 /26/03 OH: 31 2B
/2/03 03'3Z5C

Saved Path
D VPholos^b! JPG
DVFhdosSWJPG

Attach...
Detach
Reload
Unload
DetaSs..

-1
; Image lound at

JPG

OK

Caned

Help

. 32.4. Image Manager ( )

,
.
, . 32.4, (. 32.5).

742

IV.
{ajlirK^jeMonagei

EE3i

SP
1 JS Ciiren!

Atlach...

Deiach
Reload

Unload

Delete ..
-

^ Image found at " '

i JD VPtaosW JPG

Erowse... j

OK~~]

Cancel

Save Path

Help . j

. 32.5. Image Manager ( )



- List View (F3) () - Tree View
(F4) (), <F3> <F4>.
(. . 32.4) :
a Image Name ();
Status ();

();
Dale ();

Size ();

Saved Pa(h ( ).

( ).
Status () :
Loaded () ;
Unloaded () - ;
Not Found (He )
, ;
Unreadable (He ) , (, GIF,
).
() .
Image found at ( ) , , . Browse () .
, Save
Palh (. ).

32.

743

Image Manager ( ) :
3 Attach ();

Unload ();

Detach ();

d Details ().

Reload ();

Details () Image File Details ( ) (. 32.6), (, , , . .).
allmage File Details
f

Pteview ~

Image name: bl
Saved path

D:VPhotos\b1JPG

Active path:

D:\PhotosSbrjPe

Re cteeSon date:

096 08-31:28

Resize:

133kB

Fie type: JF1F

Cota:

RGB

Color depth: 24

-Si;e

Pixel wtWn

1374

Resolution.

300.00 pei hch

Height

910

Defauisize 4.59 ? 3.03 inches

. 32.6. Image File Details

Image Manager ( ) (. . 32.4 32.5)


. Attach () Image (
) (. . 32.1), . .
Detach () Image Manager ( ) (. . 32.4 32.5) ( <Ctrl>
<Shift>, (
Windows)).
Reload () ( , , ). Unload () , .
.

IV.

744


REDIR. Express Tools, File
Tools | Path Substitution ( | )
Express (), , , , RTEXT.


,
. DRAWORDER (), BJ Modify II (- 2) (. . 2.84)
Display Order ( ) Tools (),
.
, ,
, 32.3. DRAWORDER (),
. , ,
<Enter> . :
Enter object ordering option [Above object/Under object/ Front/Back] <Back>:
( [ / /
/ mew] <>:)
Front ( ). AutoCAD ,

, (. 32.7).

. 32.7.

32

745

DRAWORDER () Draw Order ( ) (. . 2.78).


.
- ( );
- ( ):
- ,
;
- ,
.
DRAWORDER ()
, .
CDORDER Express Tools
.


1MAGECLIP (),
Reference () (. , 2.88) Clip | Image ( ] ) Modify (), .

. 32.8.
1MAGEFRAME (),
Reference () (. . 2.88) Object | Image |
Frame ( | | ) Modify ().
TFRAMES Express Tools
, .
CLIPIT Express Tools, @^_
: Blocks (ET: ) Modify | Extended Clip ( | ) Express (),
, , , , , , , ,
.

IV.

746

. 32.8.



AutoCAD
, , . .
IMAGEADJUST (),
Reference () (. . 2.88) Object | Image | Adjusl ( | ) Modify (),
, , .
,
Image Adjust ( ) (. 32.9).
,
: Brightness (), Contrast () Fade ( ) 0 100.
, .
Fade ( ) 100, . Resef ()
(50, 50 0).
IMAGEQUALITY ()
. Reference
() (. . 2.88) Objecl | Image | Quality ( | | ) Modify ().

32.

747

FajLmage Adjml

Daik

' ' " '

Low

High

Max

I"

Fade

Min

V"

'

Resel

Cancel

Help

. 32.9. Image Adjust

I MAG EQUALITY () :
Enter image quality setting [High/Draft]:
( [/]:)
Draft () , . High ().
,

. TRANSPARENCY ()
. ! Reference () (, . 2.88) Object | Image ] Transparency ( | 1 ) Modify ().
, :
Enter transparency mode [ON/OFF]:
( [/]:)
ON () , OFF
() . .
, .

( SOLID)
(
SOLID).
.

IV.

748

SAVEIMG ()
AutoCAD (
, . 35} .
SAVEIMG ()
Display Image | Save ( | ) Tools ().
Save Image ( )
(, 32.10).

^]

Save Image

Portion

~ FoJma* ^ "
;

r BMP

JWve viewport

size

K*W

Offset

i TGA

Size

i-

1 TIFF

[ [58^J X: [l27^J

Options... J

OK

'

Re!

Cancet

| Y ' IILJ Y' I!J

Help

1'

. 32.10. Save Image

, Format () (BMP, TGA, TIFF),


(
). TGA TIFF Options (), Format (). TGA
Options ( TGA) TIFF Options ( TIFF), ,
( ,
).
Portion () , . Size
() () . Offsel () , ,
, X , = 0. Size ().
\ X , . Active viewport ( ), -

32.

749_

(.
. 32.10).
Reset ()
, .
AutoCAD
Image File ( ), (bmp, tga tif) (BMP, TGA TIFF'i,
. ,
.



3
, , .
D DCL- , ,
MSLIDE ().
3 , SUPERHATCH Express Tools,
. BE : Standard (: ) Draw |
Super Hatch ( | ) Express ().



AutoCAD
. PBRUSH Paint Windows, , , , , .

IMAGEEDIT Express Tools, File Tools | Image
Edit ( | ).

, AutoCAD 2004 Express Tools WIPEOUT, .

750

1.1^

, ,
AutoCAD. ,
, .
WIPEOUT (),
Wipeout () Draw ().
WIPEOUT ():
Specify first point or [Frames/Polyline] <Pofyline>;
( [/}: <>:)
, . Frames () ,
Polyline () ,
,
. . 32.1] , .

. 32.11.

,
,
.
32.2
WIPEOUT, LIST ().
32.2.
WIPEOUT
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 5F
Number of boundary points: 6
at point, X- 518.2867, Y= 171.0539, Z=
at point, X= 470.1589, Y= 168.39<P, Z=

0.0000
0.0000

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at
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point,
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Z-

Z=

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Z=


. 32.1 DXF-, IMAGE
WIPEOUT ENTITIES. . 9.
32.1. DXF-,
IMAGE WIPEOUT ENTITIES

100

("AcDbRasterlmage" "AcDbWipeoul")

90

10

( ().
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: Z

11

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280

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281

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50

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340
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DXF- 340 IMAGE IMAGEDEF
OBJECTS. DXF- . 32.2.
32.2. DXF-, IMAGEDEF
OBJECTS

("IMAGEDEF")

102

( "{ACAD_REACTORS")

330

ACADJMAGEJDICT

330

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102

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100
90
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, AutoCAD.
DXF: (
21).
:

21

280
281

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DXF- 360 IMAGE IMAGEDEF_REACTOR


OBJECTS. DXF- . 32.3.
32.3. DXF-,
IMAGEDEF_REACTOR OBJECTS

("IMAGEDEFJ4EACTOR")

100 ("AcDbRasterlrnageDef Reactor")

90

(2 R14)

330

IMAGE

33

OLE-
AutoCAD OLE (Object Linking and Embedding), Microsoft, , (,
Microsoft Office), , ,
() AutoCAD. OLE Microsoft Word.
, Volo View Autodesk.

Microsoft Word
INSERTOBJ ()
, Windows.
:+> Insert ()
(. . 2.80) OLE Object ( OLE) Insert
() (. . 2.16).
INSERTOBJ () (Insert Object) (. 33.1), Windows
.
(Object Type) Windows,
OLE-/ ( ). : . , , . ,
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33. OLE-

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. 33.1. ( )

AutoCAD , Microsoft Word. (Insert Object} (. . 33.1)


: (Create New)
(Create from File). , , AutoCAD
Microsoft Word. (Create from File) ,
.
(Insert Object) ,
. 33.2.
,
(File) ,
(Browse),
. (Link) ,
, .
(Create New), .
(Create New) (Object Type) (Insert Object) (. . 33.1) Microsoft Word (Microsoft Word Document), (Display
as Icon) (
, Microsoft Word
).

756

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. 33.2. ( )

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Microsoft Word.
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Microsoft Word , ( ),
OLE Properties ( OLE) (. 33.5).
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HeightResel
Scale
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J97S

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Tent size~~
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OLE plot quality |.. teti document)

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. 33.5. OLE Properties

755

IV.

:
Size () , ,
Height () Width (); Reset
() ;
Scale ()
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Text size ( ) - ( )
(
) ( ).
OLE plot quality ( OLE)
, .
Display dialog when pasting new OLE objects (
)
OLE Properties ( OLE) OLE-.
OLE Properties ( OLE).
.

, Microsoft Word .
, .
AutoCAD
, Microsoft Word
AutoCAD.
<Ctrl>,
- (. . ),
( ).
, INSERTOBJ (),
OLE2FRAME
LIST (), " ".
DBLIST ()

OLE
AutoCAD Windows
OLE-. Edit () (. . 2.5):

33. OLE-

759

Copy Link ( )
OLE- (
COPYLINK (), . 35);
Paste Special ( )
( PASTESPEC ().


Edit () OLE-.
OLE Links () (. . 2.5), ,
OLE-CBsun ( OLEL1NKS ())
OLE Links () ,
. OLELINKS
() (Links) (. 33.6}. , Windows, .
, ,
- ( (Links)),
( ()) ( (Update)).

, . .
, ; : (Automatic) (Manual).

AutoCAD 2004 doc



...

: DSTerrd\HoeeKOMaHiU)iBAutoCM)2004.doc
:

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. 33.6.

(Update Now) . (Open Source)


- ,

IV.

760

AutoCAD. (Change Source) , . (Break


Link) , - .

(Convert) (. 33.7), ,

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Undo
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v Euro to Front
Send to Back
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. 33.8. OLE-

(Convert) (. . 33.7)
- .
(Current Type) .
(Object Type) , .
(Convert)
:
(Convert to) .
;

33. OLE-!

76?

(Activate as)
.
(Display as Icon)
AutoCAD , .
(Change (con).
(Result) (Convert).


. 33.1 DXF- OLE2FRAME,
ENTITIES .
33.1. DXF-, OLE2FRAME
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbOle2Frame")

OLE

70
3

10

( ).
DXF: X ( 2
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF: Z

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11

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21 31).
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21

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DXF: ZTOHKH

71

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72

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90

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310
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762

IV.

RML
RML1N () Markup () Insert ()
. (, , , . .)
RML (Runtime Markup Language) Volo View
Autodesk. RML- XML,
, .
, ,
_Markup_. , .
.
RMLIN ()
mil,
.
RMLIN ()
Markup ( ) (. 33.9).

Markup to Drawing Mappings


Markup

Remove
Model

Made!

Remove All
Markup layout! in
lisl will b* inserted
ito drawing.

Map Additional Layouts


Markup Layouts

Drawing Layouts

Unmapped
maikup labours
wi not be
inserted into
drawing

OK.

Layout!
Layouts
Modd

Cancel

Help

. 33.9. Map Markup

Map Markup ( ) (. . 33.9) . RML-

33. QLE-

,
.
:
D Markup to Drawing Mappings ( )
. Remove () Remove All ( )
;
G Map Additional Layouts ( ) () . Map ()
Markup to Drawing Mappings ( ). ,
,
.
AutoCAD 2004 , : -RMLIN (-).


34.
35.
36.
37. , ,
38.
39.
40.

34


AutoCAD
XY ,
, .
, AutoCAD
(, . .), , .

( ).
,
(
5), .

Z
XY ()
. ( Z) . , . . 35.
(. 34.1).
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UCSICON (), .
" " 2.
2D W ( )
.

, . , LINE ()

768

V.

From point: ( :) : 25,130,80 , :


= 25, Y= 130 Z= 80 (, AutoCAD
, ). LINE () point;
( :) : 207.3,52.1,94.76, ,
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. 34.1.
( 3D)

. 34.2.
( 2D]

, 5,
, : @14,0,53.4
" 14 , Y 0 , Z 53,4 .

. , .


, , . , . , XY
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, , (, , ). , ,
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, Z ,

34.

769

Z Z ( Z Z).
,
, AutoCAD , Z .
Z
ELEVATION. Z 0 (
),
XY .
Z ( ,
Z) , Z
(, ARC ()
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.

.
DCS () UCSMAN (),
. " " 5.
ELEVATION, Z.
WORLDUCS , . UCSORG, UCSXDIR
UCSYDIR (
Y).


XY, YZ ZX
. , ,
AutoCAD .
orthoGraphic () UCS () , ,
Orthographic UCSs ( ) DCS (.) (. 34.3),
UCSMAN ().
19 UCS () (. . 2.97) Named
UCS ( ) Tools (). , , : (), Bottom (), Front (), Back
(), Left () Right (), -- Set
Current ().

Z. , Front () 25 3as. 42f

V.

770

Z,
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{,
X Bottom () X () . .).

Named UCSs UCSs | Sellings |


CutrentUCS: WorW
Depth

...:

00000
00000

Relative IH
t World

OK

Cancel

. 34.3. UCS, Orthographic UCSs

Relative to () ,
. World ( ), . , , UCSBASE.
Depth () Z
Orthographic DCS Depth ( ) (.
. 5.10), Depth (), Depth () .
,
, . 34.3.


Save
() UCS (). ,
Named UCSs ( ) UCS

34.

771

() (. . 5.7). .

.
. UCSNAME.

Express Tools
RTUCS Express Tools .
Tools | Real-Time UCS ( 1 ) Express
().


. " " J DXF-.

AutoCAD. . 34.1 DXF- UCS,
TABLES. DXF
. 9.
34. 1. DXF-, UCS
TABLES

100

("AcDbUCSTableRecord")

70

: 16
; 32 ,
( 16);
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10

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, , .
, ,
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,
, ( ),
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AutoCAD, (. . 7 XY ).
. VIEWDIR. TARGET ( , , . . (, , ).

VPOINT ()
VPOINT () .
3D Views | Viewpoint ( | ) View ().
:
*** Switching to the WCS ***
Current view direction: VIEWDIR= ...
Specify a view point or fRotaieJ <display compass and tripod>:
(*** ***
: VIE\DIR= ...
// < >:)

774

V.

, . Rotate (),
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display compass and tripod ( ), (. . <Enter>),
(. 35.1).

. 3S.1.

,
, , .
( ),

DDVPOINT ()
DDVPOINT () .
3D Views | Viewpoint Presets (3M ) View ().
DDVPOINT () Viewpoint
Presets ( ),
(. 35.2). , .
Set Viewing Angles ( )
, , :
3 Absolute to WCS ( );
Relative to UCS ( ).
, .
From: X Axis (: X)
From: XV Plane (: XY),

35.

775

ii (
From: X Axis (: X), From: XY
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90'
135'

30"

4 . x'

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30'

315'

270'

Fiom1

Rom

X&\&.
Sei to Plan View

. 35.2, Viewpoint Presets

Set to Plan View ( )


, PLAN ().

PLAN ()
PLAN (), 3D Views | Plan View
( | ) View () (. . 2.10), , .
2 , :
Enter an option [Current ucs/Ucs/World] <Current>:
( //''/''/ < ^:)
, ( ), .
UCSFOLLOW 1, .

776

V.

EXPLAN
EXPLAN Express Tools
.

DVIEW ()
( ,
) DVIEW (),

.
:
Select objects or <use DVIEWBLOCK>;
( < DVIEWBLOCK>:)
( , ), . <Enter> . :
Enter
option
[CAmera/TArgel/DiMnce/POims/PAn/Zwm/TWst/CLip/Uide/Off/Undo]:
( {///////
///]:)
:
()
-, ;
TArget () , ;
Distance () ,
(. 35.3);
16 16
;
3 POints () ;
() , ;
Zoom () 1,
;
3 TWist ()
;
CLip () ;
Hide () ;

35.

777

. 35.3.

Off () , Distance ();


Undo () DVIEW
().

Target ().

. . 35.5, ,
- .
, CLip (), , , .
. 35.4 (
, . 35.3).
. " " &,

. 35.4.

_77S

V.

3DORBIT (3-)
3DORBITCTR (3-)

3DORBIT (3-),
3D Orbit ( ) (. . 2.74), 3D
( ( ) View ().
Standard Toolbar
().

.
- ,
. (
).
3DORBIT (3-)
,
(. 35-5).

. 35.5.

, . , 3DORBIT
(3-) 3DORBITCTR (3-),

35.

779

, 3DORBIT
(3-).
3DORBITCTR (3-)
.
,
.
, - (dp).

.
,
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,
.
,
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,
.
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3DORBIT (3-) <Esc>
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:
a Exit () - 3DORBIT (3-);
Pan () ,
;
Zoom ()
, ;
Orbit ()
, ;
More ( ) :
Adjust Distance ( );

Swivel Camera ( );

780

V.

Pan

Zoom

^_
Projection

Shading Modes >


Visual Mi

Reset Ve
Preset Views

tfuit D istance
Swivel Camaa
Continuous Dibit
Zoom Wmd DW
Zoofn Extents
OibilMainlairisZ

Adiusl Clipping Planes


Fiont Clipping On
Back Clipping On

. 35.6. 3DORBIT

Continuous Orbit ( );
Zoom Window ( );

Zoom Extents ( );

Orbit Maintains Z ( Z);

Orbit uses AutoTarget ( );

Adjust Clipping Planes ( );


Front Clipping On ( );
Back Clipping On ( );
Projection () :
Parallel ();

Perspective ();

Shading Modes () :
Wireframe ();
Hidden ( );
Flat Shaded ();
Gouraud Shaded ( );
Flat Shaded, Edges On (, );
Gouraud Shaded, Edges On ( . );
Visual Aids ( ) :
Compass ();
Grid ();
UCS Icon ( );

35.

781_

Reset View ( ) , ;
D Preset Views ( )
.
,
DVIEW (). .
() Continuous Orbit ( ) More (
)
. :
"1 ;
3 ;
3 ,
;
.
( , ).
, 3DORBIT (3-).
Visual Aids ( )
, . -
() ,
. Compass () , (XY, YZn XZ). Grid () ,

. 35.7.

782

V.

XY. UCS Icon ( )


: X
, , Z ( ). . 35.7 .
Shading Modes () ^
. 39.


3DORBIT (3-) ,

DVIEW () (, ,
3DORBIT (3-)).


3DCLIP (3-) Adjust Clipping Planes (
) (. 35.8)
.

- 35.8. Adjust Clipping Planes

35,

753

( ) . .
,
:
;
;
- (
);
;
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. 35.8 , .
, .

, ( 3DCORBIT (3-)
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.
BACKZ
FRONTZ, () VIEWMODE.
. 7.

,
. (
Previous ()
ZOOM ()).
, ,
Opera.dwg (. 35.9)
.
Sample AutoCAD 2002.
Model (),
( . 41).
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) (. . 35.9),
Model () (. 35.10).

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35.

785


VIEW
(), View () (.
. 2.99) Named Views ( ) View () (.
. 2.6),
View (), VIEW ().
Named Views ( ) (. 35,11). Orthographic & Isometric Views ( ) . "
" .

Named Views j Qjthogiaphk; Msomeliic Views]


Curretil View. Cuirent
Name

Set Cerent

uometlic from ME
isometricIrcmtJ

Model
Modd

*) World Olf
idWoild Oil

iscmetiiclowfromSE
perspective from E al parking level
perspective (mm NW showing dowtown

Model
Model
Model

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i^Woild On
EWorld On

perspective From SW al watei level


perspective horn SW through bridge
plan-openirig

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Model

EWorld On
} Wcild On
4$ World Oil

plan-region

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Details

Cancel

Help

. 35.11. View, Named Views

, ,
:
Name () ;
Location () , (
Model () . 41);
UCS () , :
3 Perspective () .
, .
, (. 35.12).

V.

786

. 35.12.

View () Current ().


(. . ),
, View ()
Named Views ( ) New (),
New View ( ) (. 35.13),
! New View
View name:

l" Cunert display

Define window

; UCS Settings |P Save UCS with view


i UCS name:

World

..

Help

. 35.13. New View

( View name ( )),


( Current display ( )
Define window ( )). UCS Settings ( ) UCS name ( )
Save UCS with view ( ). , (. . )
JKpaife New View ( ) View ().
Details () View () (. . 35.11)
(. 35.12) View Details ( ) (. 35.14).
Area () , Target () Direction () .
Clipping ( ) .

35.

787

, . Perspective ()
( ).
,1-frView Details
Name: perspective horn SW through tuidge
D "fiction
X. -364.37

Area '
Width: 327.0100

Target
'X: -113.1280

Height 311.0035

iY: -81.1080

Y: -32.3850

Twist: Q 0000

:Z: 2.0730

Z' 1.1810

Perspective"
! From Offset 0.0000 Off

, Lens Length 50 GOOD On

\ Back. Offset: 0.0000 Oft


Relative to:

. 35.14. View Details

View () Set Current () (.


. 35.11) (. . 35.12).

Delete () . View ()
, ,
Rename () , . ,
( , Windows).
VIEW (), , :
Enter an

option

[7/Orthographic/Delete/Restore/Save/Ucs/Window]:

( [?///1//]/ ']:)

:
? ;
' Orthographic () ;
Delete () ;
Restore () :

788

V.

3 Save () ;
Ucs () ;
Window ()
.
? . 35.1
, Opera.dwg.

\ 35.1, Opera.dwg
Saved views:
View name
"isometric from HE"
"isometric from HW"

Space
M
M

"isometric low from SE"

"perspective from E at parking level"


"perspective from HW showing downtown"

M
M

"perspective from SW at water level"

"perspective from SW through bridge"


"planopening"
"planregion"

M
M
M

! AutoCAD /DIM [D MliiL'


Ej "'!

E* View Jrn faitvrl

To* Drw Dimenion Hcd^y *yeta Winii" Help

3ylayet

-j j

ES'.*e

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. 35.15. Opers.dwg ( )

-.

35.

789

35.1 ,
, ,
:
() Model Space ( );
3 () Paper Space ( ).
. 35.15
"perspective from SW through bridge". , , .


(Orthographic & Isometric Views ( )) View () (. 35.16) .
(View
NamedViews r
Cunert View Current
Sei Current
_ i Bottom
front
~ ft Right
Southwest Isometric
Southeast Isometric
Northeast Isomelric
Ncfthiwest Isometiic
Relative to
%) World

_^

f? ReiloreorthographicUCS with View

OK

Cancel

Hefc

. 35.16. View, Orthographic & Isometric Views

AutoCAD
. View (), View () (. . 2.99),
:
- Named Views ( );
- Top View ( ):

790

V.

- Bottom View ( );
- Left View ( );
- Right View ( );
-

- Front View ( );
- Back View ( );
- SW Isometric View (- () );

'

- SE Isometric View (- () );
- NE Isometric View (- () );
- NW Isometric View (- () );
- Camera ().

View (), ( CAMERA (),


, Camera ()
DV1EW (1). . ,
.
Orthographic & Isometric Views (
) View () (. . 35.16)
Relative to () ( . .),
. Restore orthographic UCS with View ( )
( UCSORTHO).


. 35.1 DXF- VIEW, TABLES. APF DXF . 9.
35.1. DXF-KOftoe, VIEW
TABLES

100

("AcDbViewTableRecord")

: 1 npocrpai 1; 16 ; 32
, (
16); 64

"

35.
35. 1 ()

40

, ()

10

( ),
DXF: ( VufleT 20).
:

20

DXF:

41

, (|

11


{ ).
DXF: X ( Vn Z
21 31).
:

21

DXF:

31

DXF: 2

12

( ).
DXF: ( Z
22 32).
;
,

22

DXF:

32

DXF: ZTOHKH

42

43

44

50

71

, : 1 ; 2
; 4 ; 8 ; 16 .
16 , FRONTZ.
, FRONTZ
(
). ,
(. . 2).
VIEWMODE

281

: 0 ; 1
; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ;
S ; 6

792

V.
35.1 ()

72


(0 , 1 )

110

( ).
DXF: X ( 2
120 130).
:

120

DXF;

130

DXF:

111

X ( ).
DXF: X ( Z
121 131).
:

121

DXF:

131

DXF: ZseKTopa

112

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
122 132).
:

122

DXF:

132

DXF: Z

:
1 (), 2 Bottom (), 3 Front (),
4 - Back (), 5 Left (), 6 Right ()

146

345

346


( 79 0). DXF-
79 0,

79

DXF-, 110 346, ,


72 1.



, .

35.

793

( ,
41).


AutoCAD ( ) ,
.
VPORTS (),
Viewports ( ) (. . 2.100) Viewports | New
Viewports ( \ ) View (),
.
New Viewports ( )
Viewports ( ) (. 35.17).
-fc Viewpoits
Ne* Viewports | Named Viewports |
New name:

|
Preview

Standard viewports:
'Active Model Conligmation"
Single
Two: Vertical
wo. Horizontal
Three. Right
Three: Left

SE Isometric

Thet Above
Three Below
Three Vertical
Tluee. Horizontal
Fou. Equal
Four- Ri^it
Four Leit

"Top-

:
j Display

_IJ J3D

Tionf

hanae view la
JSE l^ometnc

Cancel

. 35.17. Viewports, New Viewports

New name ( )
. , AutoCAD,
, , . . , -

794

V.

( ), (. . , . .
).
Preview () ( ), Standard
viewports ( ). Apply to
() , , :
D Display ( );
Current Viewport ( ).
,
.
Setup ()
:
3 2D (. . , ,
) ;
^ 3D , AutoCAD .
, ,
(
). Change view to (
) , (
,
"Current* ('*)).

. . 35.18
( Three: Above (: ,
Setup () 3D, Change view fo ( )
SE Isometric ( ).
.
. 35.IS
, ,
( ). .
, .
, , :
Viewport configuration "" already exists. Replace it? <N>
( "" . ? <>)

35.

795

- 1||- dug!

iit Vi*v* Insert

Fnrwil 1

0;O

tr
III

" : SN/J1. GRID OR1HO P01AB OSNSP Q'RSO: LWI iOOEL

. 35.18.

Y () ,
N () .

, .
-VPORTS (-), , :
Enter an
(

option [Save/Sestore/Delete/Join/Sfngle/?/2/3/4J <3>:


[/////?/2/3/4]<3>:)

VPORTS ().

1 -VPORTS (-). 35.2 .
35.2.
Curcent configuration:
idl 2
corners: 0.0000,0.5000 1.0000,1.0000

V.

796

id# 3
corners: 0.0000,0.0000 0.5000,0.5000
id# 4
corners: 0.5000,0.0000 1.0000,0.5000
Configuration "":
0.0000,0.0000 0.5000,0.5000
0.5000,0.0000 1.0000,0.5000
.0000,0-5000 1.0000,1.0000
Configuration "2":
0.0000,0.5000 1.0000,1.0000
0.0000,0.0000 1.0000,0.5000


. (0, 0),
(1, I). .
35.2 (current configuration),
(
, id# ).
2 (id# 2),
(, 0.5), (I, 1). , .
3 ,
4 .
. : ( ) 2 (
),
, , VPORT.

VIEWPORT
{. 41).



, ,
, (VPORTS) Viewports
( ). New Viewports ( ) (. . 35.17)
Single (), Apply to
() Display ( ). Viewports | 1 Viewport ( |

35.

797

1 ) View () U (]
Viewports ( ) (. . 2.100).
Named Viewports ( ) (. 35.19) Viewports ( )
, .
IrftViewooils
NewViewportE

!
Named Viewports j

Cunenl name:

TPBK

.ire; le p:r ;

'Aclive Model Conliguralion'


BOK
KOR
PB
PSH
TBK

......

Review - -

.
1

TZ
:

OK

Cancel

Hdp

. 35.19. Viewports, Named Viewports

,
, , ( Rename ()) ( Delete ())
.
.
New Viewports ( )
Viewports ( ) (. . 35.17) Viewports | 2 (3, 4)
Viewports ( | 2, 3, 4 ) View ().
. , 35.18
,

.
Viewports | Join ( | ) View ()
Join () -VPORTS (-).

798


! I.ISP- vports.
AutoCAD
VPORT. TABLES. . 35.2
DXF- VPORT.
DXF . 9.
35.2. DXF-, VPORT
TABLES

100

("AcDbVJewportTable Record")

2
70

: 16
; 32 ,
( 16); 64

10

.
DXF: X ( 20).
:

20

DXF:

11

.
DXF: ( 21).
:

21

DXF:

12

, ().
DXF: ( 22).
:

22

DXF: /

13

.
DXF: X ( 23).
:

23

DXF:

14

.
DXF: ( 24).
:

24

15

.
DXF: ( 25).
:

35.

799
35.2 ()

25

DXF: V

16


( ).
DXF: X ( V Z
26 36).
:

26

DXF: Y

36

DXF: 2

17

( ).
DXF: ( Z
27 37).
:

27

DXF;

37

DXF: .?

40

41

42

43

(
)

44

(
)

50

51

68

69

71

, : 1
; 2
; 4 ;
;
16
.
16 , FRONTZ.
, FRONTZ
(
). ,
(, . 2).
VIEWMODE

72

BOO

V.
35.2 ()

73

74

75

SNAP () (1 , 0 ]

76

GRID () (1 . )

77

(.
SNAPSTYL)

78

(.
SNAPISOPAIR)

: 0 , 1
, 2 , 3 , 4 ,
5 , 6

UCSVP
( 1, )

110

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
120 130).
:

120

DXF:

130

DXF: Z

111

X ( ).
DXF: X ( Z
121 131).
:

121

DXF: /

131

DXF: Z

112

( ].
DXF: X ( V n Z
122 132),
:

122

DXF:

132

DXF: Z

;
1 (), 2 Bottom (). 3 Front (),
4 - Back (), 5 Left (], 6 - Right ()

281

65

79

146

80!

35.

35.2 ()

345

346


( 79 0). DXF-
79 0,

DSVIEWER ()

, Aerial View ( ). , (,
). . 35.20 Aerial View ( ), , , .

j];.

f,

'I 4* 1 L'ltitUMS

_j, ^ JCOTOSJJOO _]

..".|"7" J] S.NWJ BRJD! O_RTHO| POLAR

. 35.20. Aerial View


76 3ai. 428

802

V.

DSVIEWER
() Aerial View ( ) View (). . Aerial View ( ),
^ (. Dynamic ()
ZOOM (), . " " 4). .
Aerial View ( )
[] Windows, Aerial View
( ) View ().

36


,
XY .
,
.
Z
. , .

(, ), ( ZCKO).

34,
ELEVATION ,
. , Z .
ELEV ()
, . ( ):
Specify new default elevation <0.0000>:
( <O.OQOO>;)
,
ELEVATION, ( ):
Specify new default thickness <0.0000>:
( <0.0000>:)

V.

804

THICKNESS.

( - ,
0, ). . 36.1 150 , . 36.2 200,
. 36.3 200.

. 36.1.

. 36.2.
200

. 36.3.
-200

Z
( ).
CHANGE ()
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB), 27.
MOVE
() (. 21),
, ZCKO

THICKNESS.

, ELEV (),
Thickness () Format ().

Z. , . . 36.4
, ( XY )
( , ).
CHPROP
(), CHANGE () PROPERTIES (OKHOCB), 27.

36.

805

. 36.4.

, 36.5.

. : , , ,
, , , .
, ,
, , .
.
. 36.5 .
(. .
" 12),
. . 36.5
PDMODE 35.

"

, ,
ZTOH ,
, , , ,
Z. . 36.6 , .
. . 36.7 ,
XY, Z.
YZ . ( . 36.6 ).

.-.
. 36.6. ,
XV

. 36.7. ,
XV

806

V.

, SHX-,
(. 36.8 "AutoCAD" ).

, 36.8. SHX-


PXF-, .
/ ENTITIES DXF- 39.

37

, ,

,
.


,
,
. POLYLINE, ,
14, , , 3DPOLY (3-), 3D Polyline (3M ) Draw ().

3DPOLY (3-):
Specify stan point of polyline:
( :)
, . :
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:
( j]:)
, . . :
Specify endpoint of line or [Close/Undo]:
( {/]:)

V.

808

L
. 37.1.
<Enter>, Close
(). . 37.1 .


PEDIT (), . >, Modify II (-2) (. . 2.84), Object | Polyline ( ) Modify (),
:
Eater an option [Close/Edit vertex/Spline curve/Decurve/UndoJ:
( [/// /]:)

. 37.2.

37. .,

S09

,
14. . 37.1 37.2 .


37.1 , LIST ()
i 37.1.
POLYLINE

Layer; ""
Space: Model
Color: 1 (white)
Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle = 37
Closed space
Points not coplanar. No area calculated.
length 1199.3763
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model, space
Color: 7 (white)
Linetype: "BYIAYER"
Handle - 38
Space
at point, x= 200.0000 Y=
0.0000 Z= 250.0000
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Color: 7 (white)
Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle = 39
Space
at point, X=
0.0000 Y= 120.0000 Z= 250.DOOC
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Color: 7 (white)
Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle =
Space
at point, X=
0.0000 Y= 120.0000 Z= 150.0000
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Color: 7 {white!
Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle =
Space
at point, X=
0.0000 Y= 350.0000 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Color: 7 (white)
Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle = 3C
Space

V.

at point, X= 0.0000 Y= 150.0000 Z=


0.0000
VERTEX
Layer; "0"
Space: Model space
Color: 7 (white)
Linetype: "BYIAYER"

Handle = 3D
Space
at point, X= 200.0000 Y=
0.0000 Z= 150.0000
END SEQUENCE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Color: 7 (white)
Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle = 3E


(. 14.1).
VERTEX SEQEND. (bulge), . space.
, . , : Spline
control point Inserted by spline fitting.


, , POLYLINE, DXF- . 14.2. 8 DXF- 70.
DXF- VERTEX, POLYLINE,
. 14.3.

( )
, .

3DFACE (3-),
Surfaces () (. . 2.95) Surfaces | 3D Face ( ) Draw (), .
3DFACE (3-) :
Specify first point or [Invisible]:
( //:}

37, , ,

811

Invisible (), ,
, ( ).
AutoCAD .
, :
Specify second point or f Invisible]:
( []:)
Invisible () , . :
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>:
( [] <>:)
<Enter>, .
:
Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-sided face>:
( // < >:)
<Enter> (. . ).
, . . (
).
, . . . 37.3 .
.
39. , .

. 37.3.

812

V. ^

, , .
LIST
() ( 37.2).
37.2.
3D FfiCE
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 4
first point, X= -31.4155 Y= 2D1.639" Z= 10.0000
second point, X=
0.0000 Y=
O.OOOC 2* 10.0000
third-point, X=-264.5B<10 Y= -:1.57Q9 Z=
0.0000
fourth point, X=-243.6250 f= 111.0625 Z=
0.0000

3DFACE. 37.2,
. .
. .


, 21.
Properties (), PROPERTIES (OKHOCB).
.
EDGE
(), " Surfaces
() (. . 2.95) Surfaces | Edge ( )
Draw ().


( 3DFACE) entgst ,
. 37.1. DXF . 9.
37.1. DXF-, 3DFACE
ENTITIES

100

("AcDbFace")

( ).
DXF X ( YwZ
20 30).
:

10

3J7. ,

813
37.1 ()

20

DXF: V

30

: 2

11

( ).
DXF: ( Z
21 31).
:

21

DXF:

31

DXF: Z

12

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
22 32].
:

22

DXF;

32

DXF: Z

13

( ); ,
.
DXF: X ( YwZ
23 33).
:

23

DXF: /

33

DXF: .?

70

;
1 , 2 ,
4 , 8


POLYLINE,
, (). .

, ,
(),
(N).
- N-. ,

V.

814

( 1) (N 1). () .
, . , - ,
PEDIT (), . .
, .

3DMESH (3-)
3DMESH (3-), Surfaces () (. . 2.95) Surfaces | 3D Mesh ( ) Draw (), .
:
Mesh M size:
( :)
2 256, (, 3). :
Mesh N size:
( N:)
2 256, N (, 4). 12 . 0 I 0 N 1, .
AutoCAD :
Vertex (, ):
( (, ):)
(, 1).
(, 2), (0, 3). (1, 0), (], 1), (1, 2), (I, 3), (2, 0), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3).
. 37.4.

. 37.4. 3x4

, N .

37. , ,

815

3DMESH (3-CETbj
.


3D
(), Surfaces ( 3D Surfaces (
) Draw (). 3D Objects ( ) (. 37.5).

, 37.5. 3D Objects

9 (Box3d ( ), Pyramid (),


Wedge (), Dome (), Sphere (), Cone (), Torus (Top), Dish
() Mesh ()),
. () .
( 3- 10-) Surface () (, , , ,
, , , ).
, , .
( ): AI_BOX, A1_CONE, ALDISH, A]_DOME, AI_PYRAMID, AI_SPHERE,
AI__TORUS, AI_WEDGE.
3D ().
, , , -

V.

816

. AI_DISH, :
Specify center point of dish:
( :)
:
Specify radius of dish or [Diameter]:
( /]:)
( ) :
Enter number of longitudinal segments for surface of dish <16>:
( <16>:)
,
.
Enter number of latitudinal segments for surface of dish <S>:
( <8>:)

( ),
. 37.6,

, 37,6.

REVSURF (-)
Surfaces () ,
.

37. , ,

817

REVSURF (-), 6-tM


Surfaces | Revolved Surface ( )
Draw (), , . . 37.7
, Z .

. 37.7.

(. . )
SURFTAB1 SURFTAB2.
,
. . 37.7
STJRFTAB1 = 6 SURFTAB2 = 6.
, ,

TABSURF (-)
TABSURF (-), SS
Surfaces () Surfaces I Tabulated Surface ( ) Draw (), , .

RULESURF (-)
RULESURF (-). (&'
Surfaces () Surfaces | Ruled Surface ( | ) Draw (),
,
.

818

V.

EDGESURF(n-KPOMKA)
EDGESURF (-), (PJ
Surfaces () Surfaces | Edge Surface ( [ ) Draw (), ,
. , .


37.3 , LIST () POLYLINE,
.
! 37.3.
POLYLINE

Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle - 10D
3x4 mesh
VERTEX
Layer: "0"

Space: Model space


Handle = IDE
Mesh
at point, X200.0000 Y= 0.0000
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 10F
Mesh

at point, x=-196.1571 Y=

Z=

0.0000

0.0000 2= 39.0181

Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle =110

VERTEX

Mesh
at point, X=-184,7759 Y=
0.0000 2= 76.5367
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle =111
Mesh
at point, X=-U1.4214 =
0.0000 1 = 141.4214
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle =112
Mesh
at point, X184.7759 Y= -76.5367 Z=
0.0000
VERTEX
Layer: "0"

Space: Model space


Handle * 113

37. , ,

819

Mesh
at point, X=-1B1.2255 Y= -75.0661 Z= 39.0181
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 11-3
Mesh
at point, X=-l"70.7107 Y= -70.7107 Z= 76.5367
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 115
Mesh
at point, X=-130.6563 Y= -54.1196 Z= 141.4214
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle - 116
Megh
at point, X= -76.5367 Y=-184.7759 Z=
0.0000
VERTEX
Layer: "0"

Space: Model space


Handle =117
Mesh
at point, X

75.0661

VERTEX

Layer: "0"

Y=-1B1.2255

Z<=

.0181

Space: Model space


Handle =.118
Mesh
at point, X= -63.6379 Y=-153.6356
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle =119
Mesh
at point, X= -42.5215 Y=-102.6560
END SEQUENCE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 11A

Z= 111.1140

3= 166.2939

3x4 , space
Mesh.

, PEDIT (),
:
Enter an option [Edit vertex/Smooth surface/Desmooth/hfclose/Nclose/Undo]:
( (// ///
]:)

820

V. ^

:
D Edit vertex () ;
Smooth surface ()
-, - ;
SURFTYPE;
Desmooth ( ) ,
Smooth surface ();
Mclose () ;
Nclose () N;
Undo () ,
PEDIT ().
Mclose ()
(), N Nclose
() Nbpen (),
Edit vertex (),
:
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Left/RigHt/Up/Down/Move/REgen/eXilJ <N>:
(
(////////
] <>.)
. , , .
, , .

. 37.8.

EXPLODE (), 14, ,

37. , ,

831

( ). . 37.8 , .


, , POLYLINE, DXF- . 14.2.
16 DXF- 70.
32, N.
DXF- VERTEX, POLYLINE,
. 14.3.


( ) , .
PFACE ().

PFACE()
, ,
(. . ).
, ,
.
, .
.
PFACE ():
Specify location for vertex J:
( 1:)
:
Specify location for venex N or <define faces >:
( N < >:)
<Enier>.
:
Face I, vertex I.Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]:
( 1, I:

[/]:)

822

(
, ).
, , .
:
Face J, vertex 2;
Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <nextface>:
( l, 2:
/// < >:)
( <Enter>
) . . 37.9 .

. 37.9.

LIST ()
37.4.
I

"'

\ 37.4.
POLYLINE

Layer: ""
Space: Model space
Handle = 2B

Polyface mesh
VERTEX
Layer:

"0"

Space: Model
Handle - 2C
Polyface vertex
at point, K= 76.4911 Y=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model
Handle = 2D
Polyface vertex
at point, X* 123.7820 Y=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model
Handle = 2E

space

146.6985

Z=

0.0000

Z=

0.0000

space

212.5582
space

"31

823

37, , ,
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 252..Q2B3 Y= 174.9240 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle - 2F
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 168.6682 Y= 99.6556 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle - 30
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 106.1481 Y= 92.4491 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 31
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 122.9804 Y= 57.2171 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 32
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 191.1113 Y= 47.6084 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 3 3
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 229.5852 Y= 74.8331 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model apace
Handle = 34
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 331.3807 Y= 92.4491 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle =35
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 384.2823 Y= 144.4964 Z=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle - 36
Polyface vertex
at point, X= 301.7237 Y= 55.6157 2=
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 37
Polyface face record
Face vertices: 1 8 3 9

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

O.OOOC

0.0000

0.0000

O.OOOC

0.0000

0.0000

824

V.
VERTEX

Layer: ""

Space: Model space


Handle = 39
Polyface face record
Face vertices: 7 8 6 2
VERTEX
Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle = 3 9
Polyface face record
Face vertices: 4 8 5
END SEQUENCE Layer: "0"
Space: Model space
Handle =
POLYLINE
Polyface vertex . ,
Polyface face record ( )
(Face vertices) ,
.


POLYLINE,
DXF- . 14.2.
64 DXF- 70.
DXF- VERTEX, POLYLINE,
. 14.3. , ,
.

~- , ,
, .
(,
). . (
, ).
, .
.
- . ' 11 i

REGION ()
BOUNDARY ().

37, , , ^

825

REGION ()
(, ,
)
REGION (),
Bi Draw () (. . 2.77)
Region () Draw ().
REGION ()
. (, , , ), .
, . . 37.10
, .
, . . (
BOUNDARY
()).

. 37.10.

DELOBJ 1, .

BOUNDARY ()
BOUNDARY () . ""
14.
, .
, Object type
( ) Boundary Creation ( ) (.
. 14.6) Region ().
BOUNDARY () , . 37.10 .

826

V.

, .
Solids Editing ( ) (. . 2.92), (. 38).
. 37.11 ( , - ).
UNION (), \W\ Solids Editing | Union ( | ) Modify ().

. 37.11.

. 37.11 , . .
(
).
. 37.12 .

. 37.12.

. (
).
. SUBTRACT (),

38

, ,
. ,
.

(, , , .), ,
( ).
. .
AutoCAD .
(, ),
.


Solids () (. . 2.9!)
.
,
:
- BOX ();
- SPHERE ();
Uj - CYLINDER ();

|-CONE ();
- WEDGE ();
- TORUS (TOP).

BOX
(), Solids
() Solids | Box ( ) Draw
(). .

V.

830


- ( ).
BOX ():
Specify corner of box or [CEnter]<0,t),Q>:
( [] <0,0,0>:)
<Enter>, ( ) .. CEntcr () , . :
Specify corner or [Cube/Length]:
( [/!:)
. Cube () ( , ).
Length (). :
Specify length:
(:)
400. :

Specify width
(:)
350. , :
Specify height:
(:)
200.
()
. 38.1-

, 38-1.

831

38.

100
150 . CYLINDER (),
Solids () Solids | Cylinder () Dr.iv/ (), :
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4
Specify center point for base of cylinder or [Elliptical] <0,0,0>:
( : ISOLINES4
[] <0,0,0>:)
(200, 175, 200). :
Specify radius for base of cylinder or [Diameter]:
( []:)
100.
Specify height of cylinder or [Center of other end]:
( [ ]:)
150.

(. 38.2).

. 38.2.

. 38.3.

AutoCAD ,
() ISOLINES
(. CYLINDER ()). 28.
ISOLINES 28 Regen
() View () (. . 2.6)
REGEN (). . 38.3 , ,
.

V.

832


(), . . Face () UCS () [ky UCS (). AutoCAD :
Select face of solid object:
( :)
. ] i i i A t k ' v \ ;
, :

i 1=, -

Enter an option [Next/Xflip/Yflip] <accept>:


( [//] <>:)
,
. 38.4, <Enter> .
,
Xflip () Yflip () . , Next () ' .

. 38.4.

. 38.5. ,

BOX () , (100, 0, 0), (300, -170, 0), ,


50 (). (. 38.5).
3DSOLID.


, , ,
. , . 38.5,
UNION () SUBTRACT ()

38.

833

, .
. 38.6 (
255 ).

. 38.6.

INTERSECT ()
, INTERFERE () ,
.
Solids () Interference () Solids () Draw ().


21 CHAMFER () FILLET () ,
. . 38.7 40 * 40
75 ( ).

. 38.7.
27 . 42?

834

V.


.
EXTRUDE (), Ql! Solids ()
(. . 2.68) Solids | Extrude ( ) Draw
(), REVOLVE (), " 5J Solids ()
Solids | Revolve ( ) Draw ().
EXTRUDE ().
- .
CIRCLE ()
100 80. REGION ()
. SUBTRACT ()
(. 38.8).

. 38..

. 13.| UCS () 90 (, Y).


:
(0, 0) (0, 500), , (100, 600), , (1000, 600) (
Z ). EXTRUDE ().
.

835

38.
:
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]:
( []:)
Path (). :
Select extrusion path;
( :)

. ( ; . 39)
. 38-9.

. 38.9.

. 38.10.

Path ()
Z (, 600), :
Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:
( <0>:)
, , .
, . ,
, , ( , ) .
. 38.10 500 , 5 . , ,
. .

536

V.


,
, .
SLICE (), ^- Solids () Solids Slice ( ) Draw
(), , , .
(. . 38.9).
UCS () . SLICE
() . :
Specify first poinl on slicing plane by [Object/Zaxis/VJew/XY/YZ/ZX/3poMK] <3points>:
( j06beKm/Zocb/Bud/XY/YZ/ZX/3mo4Kiij
, :
Object () , (, , , , , );
Zaxis (Zocb) (. .
7) ;
View ()
;
XV XY
;
YZ YZ
;
ZX ZX
;
3points () .
<Enter>, . , , :
(100, -50, 100), (-100, 80, 100) (300, 0, 600). , :
Specify a point on the desired side of the plane or [keep Both sides]:
( [ ]:)
keep Both sides ( ). ,
. (,
) .
. 38.11. (. 39).

38.

837

. 38,11.

SECTION (), \&\ Solids () Solids | Section ( ) Draw (), , , . ,


SLICE ().


. , .
.
EXPLODE (),
, (, )
BODY.
SOLIDEDIT (), , , ,
Solids Editing ( ) (. . 2.92)
Solids Editing ( ) (. . 2.49) Modify (Pe).
Solids Editing ( ) , :
- ;
- ;

838

V.

-
;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- , , ,
;
- ;
- ( ) :
- ;
- ( ) ;
- ;
- , .
SOLIDEDiT (),
, :
Solids editing automatic checking; SOLIDCHECK=1
Enter a solids editing option [Face/Edge/Body/Vndo/eXit] <eXit>;
( : SOLIDCHECK=1
I// AClS//]
<>.)
SOLIDCHECK, , , . 1,
, 0 (
SOLIDEDIT ()).
SOLIDEDIT () :
Face () ;
Edge () ;
Body ( ACIS) (, . .);

38.

839

3 Undo () ;
3 eXit () .
Face () AutoCAD :
Enter a face editing option
[Extrude/Move/Rotate/Offset/Taper/Delete/Copy/coLor/Undo/eXil]
<eXit>:
( /////
/////]
<>:)
,
Solids Editing ( ),
.
.
SOL1DEDIT ()
Edge (), :
Enter an edge editing option [Copy/color/Undo/eXit] <eXif>:
( (/// I
<>:)
( , , , ) .
SOUDEDIT () Body
( ACIS), :
Enter a body editing option
flmprint/seParate solids/Shell/clean/Check/Undo/eXit]
<eXit>:
(
[//////]

<>:)

,
Solids Editing ( ).
. 38.1238.14
. , . .
. 38.12 ( )
15 . .
. 38.13 ( ). 20 .
.
. 38.14 .
( , -

840

V.

) ( ,
.

. 38.12.

. 38.13.

. 38.14.


. 38.15
20 230 (
). .

38.

841

. 38.15.

(, j i' i
:
Remove faces or [Undo/Add/ALL];
( ii.ni [//]:)
,
,
. .
( ). , "" , .
"",
, , :
2 faces found, 2 removed.
(2 , 2 .)
:
Remove faces or [Undo/Add/ALL]:
( [//}:)
, . Add (). :
Select faces or [Undo/Remove/ALL]:
( [//}:)
( , ,
,
}. :
2 faces found.
(2 .)

842

V.

, ( , ). :
Select faces or [Undo/Remove/ALLJ:
( [//]:)
^

( ).
,
Remove ().
, [ ,
<Enter>. :
Enter the shell offset distance:
( :)
20 <Enter>.
, . 38.15.


, !,
LIST (), ( 3S.1).
i 38.1.
3DSOLID
Layer: ""
Space: Model space
"olor: 2 (yellow]
Linetype: "BYLAYER"
Handle = 8 1
Bounding Box: Lower Bound X = 214.4, Y = -301.3662, Z = 0.0000
Upper Bound X = 446.9978, Y = -.3673, Z = 232.49S9

3DSOLID ,
37.4 . , , (Bounding Box).

BODY,
.


3DSOLID BODY
DXF-, (. . 37.2).
1 3.

38.

843

38.2 LISP-, 1 .
(Reini
Urban) xarch.tu-graz.ac.at/autocad/wiki/DecodeAcis


www.autocad.ru. . . . ,
ACIS (www.cad.bmstu.ru/projcct/research/pogrcbinsky
/sat.htm)
:

| 38.2. read_acis
; .., 2003
; 3DSCLID, BODY, REGION
;defun read__acis (ae / wle wile wstr wll w!2 wltemp}
;
(setq vile (entget ae) 1
; , DXF- 1
; wile
Isetq wile
;mapcar 'cdr (vl-rerrave-if-not
function (lambda (w) (= 1 (car w} } ) )
wle))]
;
[while wile
[setq wstr (car w i l e ) )
; str
(setq wll (vl-string->list w s t r ) )
(setq w!2
Imapcar
1
(lambda {w)
(setq w (if (= w 32) 32 (boole 6 w 95) ) )
(if (< w 32) {setq w (+ w 6-3)) w)

wll
(setq wltemp
(append wltemp (list (vl-list->string w!2)))!
(setq wile (cdr wllel)
];wlle
; ; wltemp
wltemp

(, , 0), 100
30 :

844

V.

("20600 26 2
"16 Autodesk AutoCAD 17 ASM 6.0.2.7023 NT 24 Wed Aug 06 21:45:42 2003 "
"1 9.9999999999999995e-007 le-010 "
"asmheader S-l -1 @12 20S.0.2.7023 fl"
"body $-1 -1 S-l $2 $-1 S-l ft"
"lump S-l -1 5-1 $-1 S3 SI #"

"shell S-l -1 S-l S-l S-l S4 S-l S2 n"


"face S-l -1 S-l S5 S6 S3 S-l S7 forward single #"
"face S-l -1 S-l S8 S9 S3 S-l 510 forward single #"
"loop S-l -1 5-1 Sll 312 S4 #"
"cone-surface $-1 -1 S-l 0 0 15 0 0 1 100 0 0 1 1 I 0 1 100 forward I I I I #"
"face S-l -1 'S--1 S-l 513 S3 S-l 514 forward single #"
"loop S-l -1 S-l 5-1 S15 S5 #"

"plane-surface S-l -1 S-l 0 0 0 0 0 - 1 - 1 0 0 forward_v I I I I #"


"loop S-l -1 5-1 5-1 S16 S4 ft"
"coedge S-l -1 S-l S12 512 S15 $1'' reversed $6 5-1 ft"
"loop S-l -1 S-l S-l $18 S8 #"
"plane-surface S-l -1 S-l 0 0 30 0 1 1 0 0 forward_v I I I I ft"
"coedge S-l -1 S-l S15 $15 312 517 forward S9 S-l ft"
"coedge S-l -1 $-1 S16 S16 S18 319 reversed Sll S-l #"
"edge 5-1 -1 S-l S2Q 0 S20 6.2831853071795362 515 521 forward (17 unknown #"
"coedge S-l -1 S-l S18 SIB S16 519 forward 513 S-l #"
"edge S-l -1 S-l S22 0 S22 6.28318^3071795862 513 S23 forward @7 unknown #"
"vertex S-l -1 S-l S17 $24 ft"
"ellipse-curve S-l -1 S-l 0 0 0 0 0 - 1 100 0 0 1 I I #"
"vertex S-l -1 S-l S19 S25 #"
"ellipse-curve S-l -1 S-l 0 0 30 0 0 i 100 0 0 1 I I #"
"point S-l -1 S-l 100 0 0 ft"
"point S-l -1 S-l 100 0 30 #"i

39

, , , . AutoCAD ,
, , ,
.
, ,
.
AutoCAD
.

SHADEMODE ()
SHADEMODE ()
.
Shade () (. . 2.90) Shade () View
().
SHADEMODE ()
:
Enter option [2D wireframe/3D wireframe/Hiddeit/Flat/Gouraud/fLat+edges/
gOuraud+edges] <2D wirejrame>:
( [2 / //// / ]:)
, .
3DORBIT (3-), . "
" 35, -

V.

846

, Shading Modes (),


. 39.1.
Exit

Pan
Zoom
/ Orbit
More

Projection

Wireframe

= - = Aid;

>

Flat Shaded

Reset View
Preset Views

Hidden

>

Gouraud Shaded
Flat Shaded, Edges On
Gouraud Shaded, Edges On

. 39.1. Shading Modes 3DORBIT

,
, SHADEMODE
().

2D Wireframe (2M )
AutoCAD,
,
, OLE-. . 39.2
.

. 39.2.

39.

847

DASHED (), . .
1 COMPASS,
Compass ()
3DORBIT (3-) (, . " " 35)
.
Shade () (. . 2.90).

3D Wireframe (3M )
(. 39.3) ,
OLE-. . .

. 39.3.

%, Shade
() (. . 2.90}.

Hidden ( )
(. 39.4)
, .
Shade

() (. . 2.90). HIDE ().

848

V.

. 39.4.

Flat Shaded ()

, (). (. 39.5).

. 39.5.

%* Shade
() (. . 2.90).

Gouraud Shaded ( )
, (. 39.6).

39.

349

, ,
,
( ).

. 39.6.

[jj] Shade
() (. . 2.90).

Flat Shaded, Edges On


(, )

, nepe'j (. 39.7).

. 39.7.

350

V.

& Shade
() (. . 2.90).

Gouraud Shaded, Edges On


( , )

(. 39.8).

. 39.8.


, Shade () (. . 2.90).

HIDE ()
HIDE (), | Render () (. . 2.89) Hide ()
View (),
,
SHADEMODE ().
, HIDE
() .
. 39.9 , . 39.4, .
( ).
HIDE ()
REGEN

39.

851

(), Regen ()
View ().

X
. 39.9. HIDE

I DISPSILH, HIDE
() .
HLSETTINGS ()
.
HLSETTINGS () Hidden Line Settings i ) (. 39.10),
.
IHiHtdripn I ine Spllinns
- Obscured Ines
1-

, - Face intersections - Shod Dash

"1
_!

Display intersections

Cola

ByErMy
Hate gap percentage
0

100

Low (single)
tjjgh [doUjle

Include teKt in HIDE onerolions

OK

Cancel I I f " ""Help " "-I


____v__ _i L^^-^__^^.J

. 39.10. Hidden Line Settings

852

V.

.
:
G Obscured lines ( ) ; OBSCUREDLTYPE OBSCUREDCOLOR (. 7);
Face intersections ( ) ( );
INTERSECTIONDISPLAY INTERSECTIONCOLOR (. 7);
Halo gap percentage ( ) (
),
; HALOGAP (,
7);
Hide precision ( ) ; HIDEPRECISION
(. 7).
HIDE ()
Include text in HIDE operations ( ),
HIDIZTEXT (. 7).

DVIEW ()
DVIEW (), . " " 35,
Hide () .

40

. , , , . .
( ). AutoCAD Auto Vision.
.
Render () View (), Render (), . 2.89.
(
AutoCAD):
-
( HIDE (), J9);

( RENDER ());
- ( SCENE ()):
( (LIGHT));
( RMAT ());
- ( MATLIB ());
( ,
SETUV ());

854

V.

( BACKGROUND ());
( FOG ());
( , ,
. ., LSNEW ());
<*

( LSEDIT ());
( LSL1B
());
( RPREF ());

( STATS (CTAT)).


RENDER () ,
Render ()
(. 40.1).
Render ()
.

Rendering Type:
Scene toflender

- Rendering Procedufe
" Query foi Selections
| Crap Window
-" Skip Retxte Dialog

Rendering DpUons

Light Icon Scale.

Smoothing Angle1

(45

Destination

|7 Smooth Shade

jFile

|7 Apply Mateiiats

11 1 [Beit]

Width : 640
Height : 480
Colas : S-bit:

" Shadows
f~ Render Cache

Sub Sainpltrig

M ore 0 ptions

Eachgiound..

Fog/Depth Cue..

Render

Cancel

. 40.1. Render

40.

855

Rendering Type ( ) . :
Render ();
Photo Real ();
Photo Raytrace ( ).

Scene to Render ( ) ( ) . Rendering Procedure ( ) ,


:

Query for Selections ( ) ;


Crop Window ( )
( ,
Destination () Viewport ( )) (. 40.2);
Skip Render Dialog ( ) , .

. 40.2.

Light Icon Scale ( ) Render


() (. . 40.1) , , Smoothing Angle ( ) , AutoCAD ( 45 ).
Rendering Options ( )
:
Smooth Shade () -
( );
Apply Materials ( )
;
*GLOBAL* ('*);

V.

Shadows ( ) :
Phoio Real () Photo Raytrace ( );
Render Cache () -
, .
More Options (),
, . Destination ()
:
3 Viewport ( ) ;
Render Window ()
Render ();
File () .
More Options ()
File Output Configuration ( ) (. 40.3) , , .
IFile Output CoWiquiuliun
- ite Type

TGA Options
1^ Cornppesse^
J^j

Aspecl Ratio:
Colors

I nlerlace

|1 0333
PostScriptOpliors

ff

| 24Bjts
:

" BottcfnJJp

32 Bits
Cancel

. 40.3. File Output Configuration

File Type ( )
: BMP, PCX, PostScript,
TGA, TIFF. ^
: 320 200 (CGA/MCGA
color), 6 4 0 x 2 0 0 (CGA Monochrome), 6 4 0 x 3 5 0 , 640x400, 6 4 0 x 4 8 0 (VGA),

657

40.

720 540, 800 600, 1024 768, 1152 900 (Sun Standard), 1600 1280 (Sun hires), 2048 1366, 2048 1536, 4096 2736, 4096 3072, User Defined ().
X, Y
Aspect Ratio (), .
Colors () , (
32- ). ( TGA PostScript Options ( PostScript)) TGA
PostScript, .
Sub Sampling () Render () (.
. 40.1) : 1:1 ( , ) 8:1 ( , ).
Background () ,
Fog/Depth Cue (/) .
Rendering Type ( ),
, . . 40.4
Photo Real ().

. 40,4.

More Options () Rendering Options (


) , , Rendering Type ( ) (. . 40.1).
Render () Render Options
( ), Photo Real () Photo Real Render Options (
), Photo Raytrace ( ) Photo
Raytrace Render Options ( .).
,

858

V.

, , . .
, , ,
, , , .


LIGHT (), S* Render () (. . 2.89) Render | Light ( |
) View (), , :
;
-3 ;
;
.
, , .
.
s ,
.
, , .
,
.
(, ).
, ,
. , ,
,
. (
, [ ) 0 160 .
( ) (. 40.5).

DL

5L

. 40,5. ,
,

40.

859

bghls;

(^
112

Select Indexed..

01 th Location .

. 40.6. Lights

LIGHT () Lights ( )
(. 40.6).
Ambient Light ( ) ( Intensity ()) ( Color
()) .
Lights ()
. Modify (), Delete () Select (), , ,
, .
New () .
, .
Point Light ();
CD Distant Light ();
Spotlight ().
New () New
Point Light ( ) (. 40.7).
Light Name ( ) ( 8 ). Intensity ()
. Position () Show ()
. Modify
(), New Point Light ( ) ,
.

860

V.
[Hew Point Light
Lig il Name'

Attenuation

" f

hit nskjr

630.01

*.
Position

. jnversa Souate

Madb> <

Shew...

S hadows:

Cofcn

Red
Green;

None

^tj ! ( Invetse Lbeai

jl

| -li

jl

| A!

|i

~| jj

Blue:
]

_liJ

Shadow On
Shadow Options...

. IM
1

Select Cotoi ..
S elect Indexed...

Cm :e

Help

. 40.7. New Point Light

Color () . (,
), ( Select Color ( )) AutoCAD,
Select Indexed ( ).
Attenuation () ,
.
:
3 None () , . .
, ;
Inverse Linear ( } ;
3 Inverse Square ( ) .
Shadows () Shadow On (),
.
Shadow Options ( ), Shadow Options ( )
(. 40.8).
Shadow Volumes/Ray Traced Shadows ( /
) ,
,
.
.

40.

861
bhddow Options

~
Shadow Map SE
Shadow Softness:

]3

| _il

_i

Shadow Bounding Qbiecl! <


I

OK

Cancel

. 40.8. Shadow Options

Shadow Volumes/Ray Traced Shadows ( /


) ;
Shadow Map Size ( )
( , 64 4096); ,
, ;
Shadow Softness ( )
, 1 10, 2 4.
Shadow Bounding Objects (
), ,
.
. 40.9
, .

. 40.9.

New Point Light (


) Lights ( ) (.
. 40.6). Distant Light (-

862

V.

). New ()
New Distant Light ( ) (. 40.10).
New Distant Light
Light Name
intensity.

Cancel

. 40.10. New Distant Light

Light Name ( ). Intensity () Color


() Shadows () New Point Light ( ) (. . 40.7).
Sun Angle Calculator ( ) (. . 40.10) Sun Angle Calculator ( ) (. 40.11),
.
Geographic Location ( ) ,
, Geographic Location (
) (. 40.12)
.
.
Azimuth () Altitude () New
Distant Light ( ) (. . 40.10) . Light
Source Vector ( )
.
Lights ( ) (. . 40.6) Spotlight (),

40.

863

New () New Spotlight ( ) (. 40.13).


ISunAngte Calculator

jq/71
1 "
!ll^_J

Dale
. Clock Time.

l^sn^J
,| 1

'I

'

\
Azimuth

-121

.5

Uaj*a(it iaiwigj

. /

34.

AlliSude:

...

jf

Latitude
j Longitude.
j North

_^J |West

_^J
|

Geogiachic Location. .

OK

' Solar Time

Cancel

1*:57

Help j

. 40.11. Sun Angle Calculator

.Geographic Location
City
Sarajevo Bosnia
Stockholm Sweden,
SiLiltgarlGejmany
The5?alcirnki Greecb
11 ana Albania
Tunis Tunisia

Sant Petersbwg Russ


Latitude:
Longtude:

F30 2

. 40.12. Geographic Location


(. . 40.7 40.10).
Hotspot ( ) Falloff ( ).
, . ,

864

V.

, , .
44 , 45.
0 160 .
Spotlight

x]
^
Holspot
44

Light Name:
Intensify:

S630.C1

_i:

' JJ

-J

Al

Modify <

Show...

JJ

" None

Red.

|i

i -li

i'Qreere

|i

[JJ

_ij

(i

| .if

t>f

~_ .

( lnver?e Lirteal

-i*J

11

Bk*-

JJ

45

Attenuation

rCobf
1

-1J FaU:

i Position '

^
^

Sdecl Cob .

i (~ InvtrEeSuuare
"Shadows:
: Shadow On
Shadow Opboni...

Seectmaenea...

OK

Cancel

Het J

. 40.13. New Spotlight

Lights ( ) (. . 40.6) North Location ( ).


, .
North Location ( ),
.

, , .
SCENE (),
Render () (. . 2.89) Render j Scene ( ) View (), Scenes
() (. 40.14). .
.
Scenes () . ,
*NONE* ("*),
, .

40.

865

Modify () Delete () , , . New ()


New Scene ( ) (. 40.15),
.

. 40.14. Scenes

, 40.15. New Scene

Views () , Lights ()
.
<Ctrl>, . Scene Name ( ) , .
Render () Scene to Render
( ) (. . 40.1).


RMAT (), Render () (. . 2.89) Render | Materials ( I ) View (), . Materials ()
(. 40.16).
Materials () , . ,
*GLOBAL* ('*), , , . MATLIB
() Materials Library ( ), Materials Library ( ) (. 40.17).
, .
Purge ()
28 42

V.

866

mli ( Save As ( ) Current


Drawing ( )).
Current Library ( ) ,
. AutoCAD render.rnli. , Open ().
Materials
Modily..

'GJH3AL'

Duplicate

PURPLE METAL

New...
| Standard

"jJ

Attach <

fbphi

Dslach<

Materials Ltomy...
Select <

By Layer

Cancel

. 40.16. Materials
[Materials Library
Cuier* Di

Ciurent LSxaiy -

AMOEBA PATTERN
AQUA GLAZE
PURPLE METAL

50CELTEXMAP
4WAYBAR PATTERN
AMOEBA PATTERN
-APE BUMP
AQUA GLAZE
BEIGE MATTE
BEIGE PATTERN
BEIGE PLASTIC
BLACK MAT
BLACK PLASTIC
Open...

Save As..
Delete

S eve As...

Cancel

. 40.17. Materials Library

40.

667


Preview () ,
, .
Sphere
() Cube (), , Preview (). . 40.17
3D CEL .
. ,
Import () .
- ( ), Export (). Save ().
Delete () , .

Materials Library ( ) .
AutoCAD Materials () (.
. 40.16).
Materials ()
Preview ().
Modify ()
Modify Standard Material ( ) (. 40.18) .
koiiiiy Slanted Mdlenal

AMOEBA PATTERN"]

hi e 15 Name.
AUiibutet

: !? Color/Pattern
. 1 -

j ByACi

' Peflecbon
i f Roughness

Tiansp&ency

Refaction

Green

[OOP | * i i

Blue

[OOP "1 -iLJ

CobcS}4lern:

J|

Review

l^i-h

Bitmep Blend
Bump Map

FiteName:
0^

115^] -

JPAT01Q7TGA
Cancel

. 40.18. Modify Standard Material

868

V.

. Attributes ()
:
Color/Pattern (/)
( ); Value ()
Color ();
Ambient () , ; Value () Color ();
Reflection () ; Value () Color
();
Roughness () ( );
Transparency () ;
Value (); File Name ( )
;
Refraction ()
( ):
Value ();
Bump Map () ;
Pile Name ( ).
Duplicate () Materials () (.
. 40.16)
. New () New Standard Material (
) .
Modify Standard Material (
) (. . 40.18). File Name (
) , .
,
New ()
Materials () (. . 40.16): Standard (), Granite (), Marble (), Wood (). ,
(, ).
, , Modify
Standard Material ( ) (. . 40.18)
(, Granite ()
Modify Granite Material ( )).
Select ()


Materials ()

Materials () (. . 40.16)
, .
AutoCAD
. -

40^

S69

Materials (), : , .
,
Attach (). AutoCAD Materials () .
<Enier> AutoCAD
Materials () .

, Detach ().
. 40.19
LITEWOOD SH1NGLS. .

. 40.19.

: .
By ACI ( ) AutoCAD ()
, By Layer ( ) .
SETUV (), jjjjji Render () (. . 2.89) Render I Mapping ( | ) View (),
(, . .) .

BACK-GROUND (),
Render () (. . 2.S9) Render ] Background
( ) View (), Background ()
(. 40.20).
, :
Solid () ( AutoCAD);
Gradient () ;

870

V.

Image () ;
Merge ()
( ,
. 40.1)
Viewport ( ));
.


Render () (.
Destination ()
,

Background
( Gradient

ScSd

Me.ge

Image

CotocsTop

Color System

RG3

Red:

Middle

Giesn

Bottom

Blue.

p1 AutoCAD Background

Jl

elect Cofoi

. Image .
Name;

|050j| jj

Name1
Find File

Adjust Bitmap.

find File...
(7 Use Background
~OT

Cancel

Height:

JO 33 | jj _J

Rolatiat
Help

_j

pT _ |_jj

_J

. 40.20. Background

. 40.21
.

. 40.21.

40.

871

FOG (), 1| Render () (. . 2.89) Render j Fog ( | ) View (), .


Fog/Depth Cue (/) (. 40.22).
, ,
Enable Fog ( ),
. .
Fog / Depth Cue

" Fog Background

zl
[aso"]

Jj

[50~|

_LJ

_l!

|050 |

_j

jj

Select Cota..

j !

Select Irideied..

Neat Distance

[DO

Fa Distance

jl DO

Heal
Far Fog Percentage

Canoe

. 40.22. Fog/Depth Cue


LSNEW (), *
Render () (. . 2.89) Render I Landscape
New ( ) View (),
( ,
, , ). Landscape New
( ) (. 40.23).

872

V.

: rerdeil
Bush ttl
IdCtuS

|1
: astern F

iy Maple, Fill
^eople tt1
^eople W2
Quaking Aspen
^ddd S^n

Preview

- Geometj'
HeigN:

ff Single Face
dossing Faces

^J

J20.Q

Posiaon <
Cancel

. 40.23- Landscape New

.
Preview () .
( Geometry ())
( Height ()).
Position ()
.
, .
. . 40.24 .

. 40.24.

LSEDIT (), j/| Render () (. . 2.89) Render | Landscape Edit

40.

873

( ) View (),
,
LSLIB () , ,
.
Render () (. . 2.89) Render
Landscape Library ( ) View ()


RPREF (), Render () (. . 2.89) Render | Preferences
( ) View (),
,
Render () (. . 40.1) ,
Render ().
STATS () Statistics () . | Render () (. . 2.89)
Render ( Statistics ( | ) View ().

VI

41.

42.

41

: ( Model () ) ( ).
(
) , (), .
, AutoCAD,
, , . . .
.

() ,
, ( ).
, () AutoCAD. (,
). ,
,
.



Layoutl (!) Layout2 (2).
Layoutl (1), AutoCAD ( )

878

VI.

Page Setup ( ).
Layout Settings () (. 41.1).

* sdup

Layout iwne
(Layout!

j ; Select page setup la apply>

Plot Device Layout Set&igs


- size and pepf* units"
Ptot device .

-DrawingoiienlatBri
f

^ HP DeikJet 400 (Monochiome]

Papasse
f* mm

Plol scale- -

( Layout

Shade plot

Zl
mm

" Pfot upside-down


Shaded viewport options -

1-1

. |l

Extents

jl

units

Qto

|N3,l

^J

. " Ecate Imeweight!

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j
f

mchies

27.2285

- Plotaea --

View

'

: ^ Landscape

Pf JrtabFe area:

Portia

Rdlopfions

; PbloliseE-

P Plo( obiect lin^irVebNs

Center the plnl

Plot wtih plot styfes

P Display when cresting

]? Plol pspsiEpace last


Y:

Jnrm

Hr^
nhjft-i
paperspac*
Djucii

Plot

Csncef

Help

. 41.1, Page Setup, Layout Settings

Plot (), Plot Settings ( ) (. 43).


. , , : (
), , , . . .
,
,
. -
, AutoCAD Layoutl
(!) (. 41.2).
. . . ,
.
.

879

41.
a AutoCAD 20(
1

File

Etft View

Insert

Focinaf

Tools

Draw

. <. i& ; < --^ ft x f -

Modfy

ti-pess

Window

H&to

: -^ *. *; " < 0 nii:

J-j |

ft
rf

r> [i

>

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!
;
foi -.'

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II < I M \MaJdK =,;1 s.,ou-2/

|?J

- cacliinq vievporls
""[ SMAP, GftlD. ORTHD POLAR OSNAP DTRAOC1 LWT fpAPER

. 41.2. Layoutl

AutoCAD,
, , (
). VIEWPORT. .
, Model ().
.
, (. .
" " 35).
,
.
, , , . . , AutoCAD.
, .
. ( ,
).
. 41.3 ,
, (. . 38.7).

880

VI.

- 41.3. ,


(, . .),
,

T1LEMODE: I
, 0 .
MODEL ()
.
, , LAYOUT (), .

: ,
, . . LAYOUT ().

LAYOUT ()
LAYOUT ().
Layouts () (. . 2.82) Layout | New Layout ( ) Insert (), :
Eater layout option [Copy/Delete/New/Template/Rename/SAveas/SeT/?] </>;
[/////
//?] < >:

41.

881_

() ,
- . :
Enter name of layout to copy <Layoutl>;
( <Layoutl>:)
. ,
, <Enler>. :
Enter layout name for copy <LayoutI (2)>:
( <Layoull (2)>:)
(
).
,

(. 41.4).

. 41.4.

Delete () , ,
.
. ,
(. . Model
() , , ).
New () .
Template () , . LAYOUT () Template ()
bJ Layouts () (. . 2.82) Layout | Layout from Template ( | ) Insert
(). (
dwt) (. 41.5).

Template AutoCAD.
SAVEAS () . .
,
Insert Layout(s) ( ) (. 41.6), . , <Ctrl>,
. .

VI.

882

(, Layout6-).

.
? beJect Template from File

-. * X -

Look m: )_J T

_J PTWTemplstes

l^acad -Naned Plot Style!

?ecad

AutoCAD T*fJ4jlate
AutoCAD Template
AutoCAD Template

^acadI5O -Named Plot Styles


i^acadiso

33 KB

AutoCAD Tsmplflte

ANSI A (portrait) -Color Dependent Plot St/l.s

AutoCAD Template

I; 5*N5i A (portrait! -Name) Plot Styles

37KB

AutoCAD Template

-.-ANSI A -Named Plot Styles

37
-.

AutoCAD TernpWe

- ANSI -UamM Plot Styles


*4 4H5I -1 Dependent Plot Slyles

AutoCADTemplsle

/^ANSr -Named Plot Styles

:~ - .
KB

^ANSIO -Cotf Dependent Plot Styles

36 KB AutoCAD Template

' "

"T

AutoCAD TemtWe

*SAN5I A -Color Dependent Hot Styles

File *.

*"1 - Toojt

-Preview

AutoCAD Twdete
AutoCAD Template
AutoCAD Template

^
"I

[ANSI -Color Depended Pfol St>4e$

. 41.5.
1 Insert Layout(s)
Layout name|s)
ISO A3 Title Block
."
Lazuli (2}
Layoul2

Cancel

. 41.6.

Rename () LAYOUT () . ,
, . ,
.
SAveas ()
( dwt,
).

41.

883

Set () . .
LAYOUT ()
. 41.1
.
41.1.
Active Layouts:
Layout; Architectural Plan
Layout; Electrical Plan
LayouC; Lighting Plan

Block name: * Paper__Space,


Block name: *Paper_Spacel,
Block name: *Paper_5paceO.

(Architectural Plan,
Electrical Plan, Lighting plan).
,
(*Paper_Space, *Paper_Spaeel, 4Paper_SpaceO).


,
(. 41.7).
New layout
From terretete...
Delete
Rename
Hove or Copy...
Select All Layouts
Activate Previous Layout
Activate Model Tab
Page Setun...
Hot...

. 41.7.


: Activate Previous Layout ( )
Activate Model Tab ( ).
:
New layout ( ) ;
From template ( } ;
Delete () ;
Rename () ;

884

VI.

Move or (/)
;
Select All Layouts ( ) ;
d Activate Previous Layout ( ) -
;
Activate Model Tab ( )
Model ();
3 Page Setup ( ) ;
Plot () .
LAYOUT
(). Delete () .
,
. , <Shift>
<Ctrl>
Windows.
Rename () .
Move or Copy (/) Move or Copy (/), Before
layout ( ) ,
, (
<Ctrl> <Shift>).
(move to end) (( )),
.
Select All Layouts ( )
,
, .
.
Activate Previous Layout ( ) Activate
Model Tab ( ) .
Page Setup ( )
PAGESETUP (), Page
Setup ( ) (. . 41.1), . , (. .
). .
Plot () Plot () .

41.

885

Layouf(JlncT) Insert ()
Layout () Insert () (. . 2.16) :
Now Layout ( ) ;
1 Layout from Template ( ) ;
Layout Wizard ( ) .
. LAYOUTWIZARD ()
, . . ,
- .



(. . " AutoCAD"
27).


ACAD_LAYOUT, diet search, dictnext.

layoutiist, (
Model ()).
LAYOUT,
OBJECTS. . 41.1 DXF-,
LAYOUT. DXF . 9.
41.1. DXF-, LAYOUT
OBJECTS

("LAYOUT"]

,
"{ACAD_REACTORS"

330

ACAD_LAYOUT

102

, "}"

330

VI.

886

41.1 ()

100

("AcDbPlotSettings"]

100

("AcDbLayout")

: 1
PSLTSCALE, ; 2 LIMCHECK,

71

. ,
Model ()

10

(
LIMMIN ].
DXF;
( 20)
:

20

DXF;

11


( LIMMAX ).
DXF:
( 21).
:

21

DXF:

12

( INSBASE
).
DXF: ( '\ Z
22 32).
:

22

DXF:

32

DXF: Z

14


( EXTMIN ).
DXF: ( Z
24 34).
:

24

DXF:

34

DXF:

857

41.

41.1 ()

15


( ).
DXF; X ( Z
25 35].
:

25

DXF:

35

DXF: Z

13

.
DXF: ( YviZ
23 a 33).
:

23

DXF:

33

: ZT04KH

16

X .
DXF: X ( a Z
26 36).
:

26

DXF:

36

DXF: Z

17

.
DXF: X ( Z
27 37].
:

27

DXF:

37

DXF: 2

146

76

: 0 ; 1
(], 2 Bottom (), 3 Front (], 4 Back
(], 5 - Lett (), 6 - Right ()

330

331

, ,

345

AcDbUCSTableRecord,
. ,

346

AcDbUCSTableRecord,
( 76
0). , 7S ,

888

VI.


VIEWPORT,
-
Autodesk.
. 41.3 ,
, AutoCAD .
, , . MODEL ()
PAPER ().
:
, , . . ,
, , ,
. ( , )
.

, .
, , , ERASE ().
,
.
,
PAPER (). , PAPER (), (. 41.8).

. 41.8. PAPER


Viewports ( ) (. . 2.100). ,
, (.
. " " ).

VPORTS (), 35 , MVIEW

41.

8S9

(). MVIEW () -VPORTS (-),


.
. Q Viewports ( ).
VPORTS (-)
:
Specify corner of viewport or
[ON/OFF/Fn/Hidepht/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4]
<Fii>:
( iuu [//''//
///(/2/3/4]
<>:)

, . :
Specify opposite corner-:
( :)
, (. 41.9).

. 41.9.


.
. 41.10.
,
(
- ,
. . , , ). ,

VI.

890

,
.

fi

!st
f*

i
i
i

.i
I
. 41.10.

-VPORTS (-) ( MVIEW ()):


1 ON () ,
OFF ();
OFF () ;
1 Fit () ;
Shadeplot () (, , , );
3 Lock () ;
Object () , (, , , );
Polygonal () ( );
Restore () ipynny , ;
2 ;
3 ;
4 .

891

41.

AutoCAD 2004 Hideplot () Shadeplot


().
() , . .
VPORTS (). i ,i
Viewports ( ) (. . 2.100).
Viewports ( ) (. 41.11).
1 ! ^ Viewports
New Viewports
Current name:

hi : Above

Standaid viewports1

,-Pr

'Active Model Configuration


Single
Two: Vertical
Two. Honzonlal
Three: Right
Nee: Left

. 41.11. Viewports, New Viewports

, . 35.17. New name ( ) Apply to ()


Viewport Spacing ().
Viewport Spacing () , , .
Standard viewports ( )
, -

VI.

.
Named Viewports ( ).
Viewports ( ) View ()

.
MVSETUP ()
( , . .).

.

:
^ ;
G ;
3 ;
(
, , , . .).
.


. AutoCAD ,
, . .
PolygonaH ) MVIEW ().

Viewports ( ) (. . 2.100).
AutoCAD :
Specify starl point:
( :)
. :
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo];
( [///]:)
, ( <Enter>). ,
, ,
.
PEDIT () .

41.

893

j| Viewports ( ) Object
() MVIEW () ,
, .
AutoCAD :
Select object to clip viewport:
( :)
, .
PAPER (), .
, ,
.
.
. 41.12 () .

. 41.12.


VPCLIP (). [Jjjej Viewports ( ),
.
:
Select viewport to clip:
( :)
(
, ).

894

VI.

:
Select clipping object or [Polygonal/Delete] <Potygonal>:
( [// <>:)
Delete () , ,
. .
Polygonal () , :
Specify start point:
( :)

:
Specify next point or [Arc/Length/Undo];
( [//OmMenumbj:)
Close ().
Close (),
<Enter>.
,
.

AutoCAD ,
. . 41.12 .


ON () OFF () MVIEW () , , . , .

PROPERTIES (), PROPERTIES (OKHOCB)
<1|>+<1>.

MODEL ()
PAPER
(), MODEL (). ,
,
, (. 4U3). , PAPER ()

41.

895

. . SPACESWITCH ( 7).

. 41.13. MODEL

, , .
,
. , ,
. , ,
. (, ).
MODEL ()
. ,
.
, , ,
. MODEL () .
MODEL/PAPER (/) (MODEL () PAPER () ). :
MODEL (),
- PAPER ().
MODEL () PAPER () MSPACE
() PSPACE ().

VI.

896


R
MODEL () ZOOM () Scale
(). ()
( X , , , ), . , -
1:10, MODEL (),
ZOOM ()
Scale (). AutoCAD :
Enter a scale factor (nXor nXP):
( (nX ILILI nXJt):)

O.IXP o.ixp. . 41.14 1:10 .

viewports

. 41.14.

Viewports ( )
(. 41.15).
Viewports
Scale to fit
11
1.2
1

- --.
1 20

1 10

. 41.15. Viewports

897

41.

,
.
AutoCAD : Scale to fit (), 1:1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:10,
1:16, 1:20, 1:30, 1:40, 1:50, 1:100, 2:1, 4:1, 8:1, 10:1, 100:1.
. , 1:5,
1:5 0.2, <Enter>, .
, Viewports
( ) (., , . 41.14).
Express Tools VPSCALE ( ),
Layout tools j List Viewport Scale ( ] ) Express () VPSYNC
( ), Layout tools | Synchronize Viewports ( ( ) Express ().


Lock () MVIEW () -VPORTS (-)

.

PROPERTIES (), PROPERTIES ().


LIST ()
( VIEWPORT). 41.2 ,
.
41.2.
.
VIEWPORT Layer: ""
Space: Paper space
Layout: 16
Handle = B3
Status: On and Active
Scale relative to Paper space:
center point, X= 186,1151 Y= 146.2031

width
height

Q.lOODxp
a= 0-0000

111.0905
79.4644

Layout , status ( ). Scale relative tc


29

. 428

898

VI.

Paper space (
ZOOM ()). ,
(center point) (width) (height),
.
41.3 , (. .
).
; 41.3.
I
LWPOLYLINE

Layer: ""

Space: Paper space


Layout: 16
Handle =
Closed
Constant width
0.0000
5535.2372
area
perimeter
288.8512
at point:
141 .5532
87 ,3325
0 .0000
3 .0000
= point X= 174 4674 Y= 108 .3647 Z=
. point X= 224. 4970 Y=
.3850 z=
0 ,0000
at point
223. 838"?
IB 3209 z=
0 .0000
-- 30 1515
at point . 154, 7189
- 0 .0000
Clipping entity for viewport with handle = AF
VIEWPORT Layer: "0"
Space: Paper space
Layout: 16
Handle = SF
Status: On and Active
Scale relative to Paper space:
O.lOOOxp
Clipping is on, clip entity handle = B9
center point, X= 183.0251 Y= 63.342B Z= 0.0000
width
82.9439
height
90.0438

(LWPOLYLINE) .
Clipping entity for viewport with handle *= AF, , VIEWPORT
AF.
, : Clipping is on, clip eiuity handle = B9 ( ,
).

41.

899


, . MODEL () 3D Views (3M ) View () View () (. . 2.99) .
. 41.16.

. 41.16. MODEL

.
. 42.
(. .
) . ,
.
.



, ,
. .
(MODEL) ,
- i Layers () Layer ()
Format (). Layer Properties
Manager ( ) (. 41.17).
, . , , ,
, . Plot () , .

900

VI.

lfLayer Properties Manager

BE[

: Named layer fiHeis

Ne~

| Shorf all layers

.j '
" Apply 10 lavas toolbar

jCunent Layer: 0
Wame

On

rent
Save slate. .

Freeze in all VP

Lock I Cola I kHiervce 1 Line^doli'


wll
"'1
B i
ton
ous
-

Delete
Show detail*
Slale Mariayer... 1

PlolSMe | Plot Current VP Freeze I Nt^VF Freeze

Default
ag
J

. 41.17. Layer Properties Manager


,

:
Current VP Freeze ( )
(
);
New VP Freeze ( ) (
).
:
:
v3 ^ .
( ) .
Current VP Freeze ( ) , , - .
, ,
.
.
New VP Freeze ( ) , (. . , ) .
-J Layers
() (. . 2.81). .
, , -
,
, .
. 41.IS , . .
,
, ,

901

41.

, .

". '

. 41.18.


, ,
(. 41.19).

. 41.19.


. , , (
, ). , , , ( ).


, ,
.

902

VI.

, PAPER (),
.
. 41.20 ,
.

. 41.20.

,
. , .
,
( , ).
SPACETRANS (), [jpf
Text () (. . 2.96), ,
() , ,
, .
Model ().


MAXACTVP (
). 2 64. 64.
,

.


entget
( VIEWPORT ENTITIES) DXF-,
. 41.2. DXF . 9.

41.

903

41.2. DXF-, VIEWPORT


ENTITIES

100

("Ac Do Viewport")

10

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
20 30).
:

20

DXF:

30

DXF:

40

( )

41

( )

68

: 1 ,
,
MAXACTVP; 0 ; 1 . 2 ( )

69

12

( ).
DXF: X ( Y
22),
:

22

DXF: /

13

.
DXF: (
23).
:

23

DXF:

14

.
DXF: X ( 24).
:

24

DXF:

15

.
DXF: X ( 25).
:

25

DXF:

16


( ).
DXF: X ( 2
26 36).
:

VI.

904

41.2 ()

26

DXF:

36

DXF: Z

17

( ),
DXF: ( Yv\Z
27 37),
:

27

DXF:

37

DXF: 2

42

43

(
)

44

(
)

45

50

51

72

( ): 1 ; 2 ; 4 ; 8
; 16 ; 32
; 64 ; 128 ; 256
; 512 ; 1024
; 2048 ; 4096
; 8192 ( 4096,
); 16384 ; 32768
; 65536 ; 131072

, ( )

331
90

340
1
281


: 0 , 1
, 2 , 3 , 4 ,
5 , 6

41.

905
41.2 ()

71

:
; 1

74

110

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
120 130).
:

120

DXF;

130

DXF: ZTO4KH

111

X ( ).
DXF: X ( Yu Z
121 131).
:

121

DXF: Y

131

DXF: ZeeKTopa

112

( ).
DXF: X ( Z
122 132).
:

122

DXF:

132

DXF: ZBeKTopa

345

346


( 79 0). QXF-
79 0,

:
1 - (), 2 - Bottom (), 3 Front (),
4 Back (), 5 - Left (], 6 - Right ()

146

170

: 0 , 1 , 2 , 3

79


41 45.
DXF- 170.

906

VI.

WBLOCK ()

WBLOCK () Write Block (
) (. . 29.8), ,
. Source ( )
Entire drawing ( ), ,
, .
Objects (), ( , )
- , .
Windows.

INSERT ()

INSERT (), 29,
. , .
, Windows.

42



AutoCAD ,
.
Solids () (. . 2,91) ,
,
.
Autodesk Mechanical Desktop.

SOLVIEW (-)
SOLVIEW (-),
Solids () Solids | Setup | View ( | ) Draw (), . ,
. , .
, . 38.7. ,
. Layout 1
(1), ( ,
).


SOLVIEW (-):
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/SecTionJ;
( ////]:)
<Enter> .

VI.

90S

:
Ucs () ;
Ortho () , ;
Auxiliary () ;
D Section () .
Ucs (). :
Enter an option [Named/World/?/Current] <current>:
( ///?// <>:)
World () , . . . :
Enter view scale <1.0>:
( <1.0>:)
, 0.2 (. . 1:5). AutoCAD
:
Specify view center:
( :)
.

(. 42.1).

. 42.1.

(,
).

42.

90S

, <Enter> :
Specify view center <specify viewport>:
( < >:)
, <Enter>.
.
<Enter> :
Specify the first corner of viewport;
( :)
:
Specify the other corner of viewport:
( :)

:
Enter view name:
( :)
(, ). AutoCAD
(. 42.2).

. 42.2.

;
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]:
( [///]:)

VI.

910


, , , Ortho ().
:
Specify side of viewport to project:
( :)
( Midpoint ()) (. 42.3).
, . .
( ).

. 42.3.

, , ,
.
. . (. 42.4).
Ortho () SOLVIEW (- )
, .
VPORTS {) MVIEW
() . ,
(. 42.5).
SOLVIEW (-)
. -

42.

911

, , LAYER () Layer Properties Manager ( )


(. 42.6).

. 42.4.

. 42.5.

. 42.6 , VPORTS.
( , ). (, , ),
, : DIM, HID VIS.
: DIM
, V1S , HID . SOLDRAW (-).

912

VI.

Ir^-iayer Properties Manager


Mairi&d l?yei filters
'
Show aB layefi
i

iri-.-ni

i
|

j
1

INVHI

1
1

,Cur.enl 1
Name

/PORTS
leepny-DIM
Zjsepxy-HID
iBepxti'VIS
Inepeuii-DIM
"-
InepeflH-VIS
-DIM
-HID
Irpaea-VIS

On 1 Freeze, i L

?
-1
,'
; !
.

J
J1

Cole
Whlle
White

'!'i White

'G While

'-n

>.
'ii
;
sj
)
J
*j(

White
While
White
White
While
White
White

Linerupe
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous

New

Delete

Current

Show details

Save state...

Slate Manager. .

I Lineweigril
Default

| Plot Style
' -,

DeiaJI
DelaJt
DelaiA
DefaJt
Defaiit
DefaJt
- Delault
DefaJt
Default
Detau

- '
i -- '
Cjc-- '
:
.;... "
[ vu '
Ly~~ -'
L,)._. -'
LIMT .'
Cs!-,rJ

Plot |
i#
Ss
^ .
&,
^
^ .
eg
(a
^
& ,
aS

. 42.6. , SOLVIEW


Auxiliary () SOLVIEW (-) , (
).
,
:
Specify first point of inclined plane:
( / :)
:
Specify second point ff inclined plane:
{ :)
. 42.7 ,
. AutoCAD
, :
Specify side to view from:
( :)
, ,
.
. . 42.7 , AutoCAD , -

42.

913

, ,
.

. 42.7.

. 42.8 * .

MOVE () . ,
, .

. 42.8.

Section () SOLVIEW (-)


.
, Auxiliary ().
30 428

VI.

914

HAT,
.

SOLDRAW (-)
SOLDRAW (-), Solids () (. . 2.9I) Solids | Setup | Drawing
( [ ) Draw (), , SOLVIEW
(-).
SOLDRAW (-) , .
Select viewports to draw...
Select objects:
( ...
:)
, .
AutoCAD ,
, , SOLVIEW (-) (, -VIS ,
-HlD ). .
. . 42.9
, . 42.5,
SOLDRAW (-).

. 42.. SOLDRAW

42.

915

, SOLVIEW (-),
, .
() SOLVIEW (-).
SOLDRAW (-).

SOLPROF (-)
SOLPROF
(-), Solid;;
() Solids | Setup | Profile ( )
Draw ().
SOLPROF (-)
( SOLVIEW (-)). . MODEL () . ,
, :
Display hidden profile lines on separate layer? [Yes/No] < Y>:
( ?/// <>:)
Yes ()
(, PV-7A -7 , 7
, , , LIST ()).
Yes (). :
Project profile lines onto a plane? [Yes/No] <Y>:
( ?[/] <>:)
Yes () No () , ,
( ). :
Delete tangential edges? [Yes/No] <Y>:
( ? {/} <>:)
Yes () ,
.
-42.10 SOLPROF (-).

.

916

VI.

- 42.10. SOLPROF

MVSETUP ()
- MVSETUP (),
.
.
.
,
.
, , . , 20,
420 297, , 20 :
(0, 0) (8400, 5940).

, ,
MVSETUP () ( 1:20).
MVSETUP () .
:
Enter an option [Align/Create/Scale viewports/'Options/Title block/Undo]:
( {/////]:)
:
Align ()
;
Create () .
!D Scale viewports () ;
Options () ;

42.

91 ?

Title block ()
;
Undo () ().

MVSETUP


MVSETUP ()
mvsetup.lsp, Support AutoCAD. , .
mvsetup.dfs, c:\Program Files\Common Files\Autodesk Shared. 42.1 (
). , , .
! 42.1 . mvsetup.dfs
NAMES
None
ISO 4 Size (mm) ,iso_a4.dwg, (22.0 48.0 0.0) , (198.0 278.0 0.0) , mm
ISO A3 Size (mm) , iso_a3.dwg, (27.0 48-0 0.0) , (408.0 285.0 0.0) ,mm
ISO A2 Size(mm},iso_a2.dwg, (27.0 48.0 0.0} , (582.0 408.0 0.0) ,mm
ISO Al Size (mm} , iso_al.dwg, (27.0 b B . O 0 . 0 } , (819.0 572.0 0.0) ,mm
ISO Size (mm) ,iso_a0.dwg, (27.0 58.0 0 . 0 ) , (1167.0 819.0 0 . 0 ) ,mm
ANSI-V Size(in) ,ansi_v.dwg, (0.505 2.125 0.0), (7. 995 9.5777 0.0), in
ARSI-A Size (in) ,ansi_a.dwg, (0.375 2 . 2 5 5 0 . 0 } , (10. 625 6.9477 0 . 0 ) , in
AHSI-B Size ( i n ) ,ansi_b.dwg, ( 0 . 7 4 5 0.505 0 . 0 ) , (10. 005 10.495 0 . 0 } , in
fiHSI-C Size (in) ,ansi_c.dwg, ( 0 . 6 2 5 0.875 0 . 0 ) , (15.125 16.125 0.0) , in
ANSI-D Size (in) ,ansi_d.dwg, (1.125 0.625 0.0) , (25.255 21.375 0.0) , in
ANSI-E Size(in) ,ansi_e.dwg, ( 0 . 6 2 5 1.125 0 . 0 ) , (35. 755 32.875 0 . 0 } , in
Arch /Engineer ing (24 x 36in) .archeng.dwg, (1.0 1.0 0 . 0 ) , (30. 5 23.0 0 . 0 ) , in
D size Sheet (24 x 36in) ,gs24x36,dwg, (1. 625 1.375 0 . 0 ] , (33. 625
22.625 0 . 0 ) ,in

DATA

None

[princ)
END_ITEM

An ISO A4 size sheet with Title block and revision bar.


fill points are in paperspace units at a scale of 1 mm.

918

VI.

ISO AS Size (ran)


[command "_.ZOOM" "_W" "-80, -5" "330, 300")
; ; ; Trimming marks
(command " -LINE" "0,5" "0 ,0" "5,0
)
[command " -LINE" "205,0" "210,0" "210,5
)
[command " .LINE" "210,292 " "210, 297" "205,297" "")
(command " .LINE" "5,297" "0,297" "0,292
}

Drawing sheet frame


onmand " .LINE" "20,10" "200,10" "200,287" "20,287" "_C")
Title block
Horizontals
(command " .LINE"
[command " .LINE"
(command " .LINE"
(command " .LINE"

"95,20"
"20,30"
"20,40"
"20,46"

; ; ; Verticals
(command " .LINE"
[command " .LINE"
(command " .LINE"
(command " .LME"
[command " -LINE"
(command "__.LINE"
[command "_.LINE"
(command "_.LINE"
[command " .LINE"

"33,40" "33,46
"50,30" "50,46
"75,30" "75,40
"95,10" "95,30
"125,30" "125,40
"150,30" "150,46
"165,10" "165,20
"180,10" "180,20
"180,30" "180,40

"200,20
']
"200,30" "")
"200,40
)
"200,46
}

)
)
)
)
)
]
)
;
)

;;; Text
[command " .STYLE" "ADESK2 " "isccp" "0" "1,0" "0'
")
[command "_.TEXT" "21,42" "2.5" "0" "Itemref")
(command "_.TEXT" "34,42" "2.5" "0" "Quantity")
(command " .TEXT" "51,42" "2.5" "0" "Title/Name, designation, material,
dimension etc")
(command " .TEXT" "151,42" "2 . 5 " "0" "Article No . /Reference" )
(command " -TEXT" "21,36" "2.5" "0" "Designed by")
(command " .TEXT" "51,36" "2.5" "0" "Checked by";
[command " .TEXT" "76,36" "2.5" "0" "Approved by date")
(command " .TEXT" '126,36" "2.5" "0" "Filename")
(command " .TEXT" "152,36" "2.5" "0" "Date")
[command "_.TEXT" '181,36" "2.5" "" "Scale";
[command "_.TEXT" '21,26" '2.5" "0" "Owner")
(command "_.TEXT" '96,26" 2.5" "0" "Title/Name")
{command " .TEXT" 96,16" '2.5" "C" "Drawing number")

42.

919

Revision bar
Horizontal
command "_.LINE" "20,280" "200,280" '
Verticals
[command "_.LINE" "30,280" "30,287
[command "_.LINE" "151,280" "151,287"
(command "_.LINE" "171,280" "171,287"
[command " -LINE" "186,280" "186,287"

;;; Text
(command
I command
[command
[command
(command
END ITEM

_.TEXT"
_.TEXT"
_.TEXT"
_.TEXT"
.TEXT"

"21,282.5" "2.5" "0" "RevNo")


"31,262.5" "2.5" "0" "Revision note")
"152,282.5" "2.5" "0" "Date"}
"172,282.5" "2.5" "0" "Signature")
"167,282.5" "2.5" "0" "Checked")

NAMES , END__NAMES. Add


() ( Title block ()) MVSETUP
() .
DATA LlSP- . NAME (NAME - iso
size (mm)) ENDJETEM. LISP-
.
,
LISP- .

Express Tools
Express Tools ,
,
:
CHSPACE
. Layout tools j
Change Space ( ) Express
();
ALIGNSPACE , , , -

920

VI.

, . Layout
tools | Align Space ( )
Express ();
VPSYNC . Layout tools | Synchronize Viewports
( | ) Express
();
VPSCALE . Layout tools | List Viewport Scale (
) Express ();
LAYOUTMERGE -
. Layout tools | Merge Layout ( | );
PSBSCALE ;
PSTSCALE
.

VII


43.
44.

43

.
"" , . "". ,
,
.
.
44.


( ), AutoCAD,
() AutoCAD. (. . AutoCAD) , .
, AutoCAD, , ,
OPTIONS (), 9 "AutoCAD 2004: ". OPTIONS (),
Options () Tools (), Options (), , AutoCAD. Plotting
() (. 43.1), .
Default plot settings for new drawings ( ) , . -

Vti

924

: Use as default output device


) Use last successful plot settings (
).
, ,
AutoCAD (. 43.2).

-fc Options
CuiJent prctfe:

JJ Cunren) oVaWing1

Unnamed Prcfie

DfawirgLd^g

Ffei [ Display j Open and Save Pbltrg j Systetn [ [Jrei References | Drying j Selection | Proffes |
- DefauD plof seftngs fa new (kawingi

Default plot style benavicr for new drawn

Use as default outpuf device

& Use cctoi dependenl plot sJ;4es

j^HP DeskJet 400 (;

riarrifid pJol atyies

f Uielastsuccs^sfJploI :ettirigi
Jacad ctb

Add or Configure Pfotlen..


Ge.nerai r>lo* options
When changing tne plot device:
f Keep Ihe layoul papei
1

Use Ihe plol device paper six

Default ploJ il>He (or objects.

System pf irder spool alert

Add a E* Style Tablei.

[Afwa^s alt Jarrf log errorsj

OLE plot fluaJiiy

.
j

Use Page Setup to change tlie plat style table


lor Jhe current layout r the current drawing.

Text |e g. led docuroenlj

)OLE

objects
" Hide ^slem pihters

Cance

Apply

. 43.1. Options, Plotting

Jseas default output device


^HPDeskJfit JOQiMored-irofne)
mantec Slsrterj:
JPublishTov'^bjFt [
fPublishToWebPNG pc5
^ Default Wridi^ws ^vs!em Pnnler.pc?

. 43.2.

, , . , Windows,
DWF ( , AutoCAD
), -

43.

925

.
, ,
DWG.
, AutoCAD
, Windows,
DWF,
JPEG. PNG.
, Add or Configure Plotters ( )
Plotters AutoCAD
(. 43.3).
UP Plotter-:
File

Edt

View

Favontes

Tools

Help

l_
"

Plotteis
Add-ft-Plotlet Wizard

DWF6ePlot

Default
j Windows 5y...

PuolishToWeb
JPS

PNG

: 13,03.20038:33
i:336 bytes

jj
J My Computer

. 43.3. Plotters

,
.
General plot options ( )
Options () (. . 43.1)
. When changing the plot
device ( ) :
Keep the layout paper size if possible ( ( )
);
Use the plot device paper size ( ).
.
System printer spool alert ( ) , . . -

926

__^_

VII.

, , " ". , ,
,
.
.
OLE plot quality ( OLE) Use
OLE application when plotting OLE objects ( OLE- OLE) ,
(Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel . .).
Hide system printers ( )
, Windows.
Default plot style behavior for new drawings (
) ,
. . 44.
Plotting ()
Apply (), .
AutoCAD , . AutoCAD
,
Hewlett-Packard, XESystems, CalComp, (JPEG, BMP, PNG, TGA . .)
PostScript, .


Autodesk Plotter Manager ( Autodesk).
PLOTTERMANAGER ()
Plotter Manager ( ) File ().
PLOTTERMANAGER (), Windows,
Plotters (. . 43.3), .
: Windows Control Panel ( !)
Autodesk Plotter Manager ( Autodesk).
Plotters
. _^ ( ), .^ft
.

43.

927

Wizards | Add Plotter (


Tools ().

Add Plotter
Introduction Page ( ) (. 43.4).

The wu&d provides you wth the lo configure ahei an e*isti


system plotter, a ne non-Windows system plotter. he configuration ir
wl be saved m a PCS fie The PC3 file wil be added as a plotter ton lhat can be
selected Irom the Autodesk Pkjtta Manager.

Yaj can choose to impai I configuration inloimai.iori from a PCP a PC2 file, Ihen add
that irtQrmation to the new plotter configuration fit yoy ae crealino

-"

|1>

. 43.4. Add Plotter Introduction Page

AutoCAD ,
2, AutoCAD. (Next) , Add Plotter Begin ( ) (. 43,5).
:
] My Computer ( ) , Windows;
Network Plotter Server ( ) ;
L! System Printer ( ) , Windows
.
, . ,
.
System Printer ( ),
. (Next) -

928

VII.

Add Plolter System Printer ( -,


) (. 43.6). (, HP DeskJet 400 (Monochrome))
(Next).
Add Plotter - Begin
ToconVigure Anew ploller. select one of Ihe fcllowmg
Network Plotter
System Print
Roller Model
Select Dinner
Irrport Pep or Pc2
Pali
Plotter
Fmh

My Computer
uli settings wiH be configured by an Autodesk Heidi*
plc'la ctivar. and managed by lhis computer
(~ Network Fbller Server
AJI setiiiBji will be configured by an Autodesk Herdi
plotter driver, and managed a plol lei server.

USE a configured Windows sysfem pnrVa dnver. and a


differenl deiaJI vabes for UulctAD 20(M vs olbet

<

I __ > _]

. 43.5. Add Plotter Begin


ftdd Plotter - System Printer

Network Holier
System Printa
Plotter Model
Select Driver
Import Pep or Pc2
Ports
Plotier Nam*
Fmith

S fleet Pram die list of siitem ploltHi that arc idert*ieor by Ihe
cmrenl Operaling System.

To add a new Windows syitem ptotler. chouse Ihe WrxJows


Adcf Prir I|H appicalior from Ihs piinleis folder m Ihe Windavjs
CcntroJ Panel

* >

. 43.6. Add Plotter System Printer

Add Plotter Import Pep or Pc2 ( 2} (. 43.7). , -

43.

929

AutoCAD, (Next), Add Plotter Plotter


Name ( ) (. 43.8)
lAdd Pfotbet - Import Pep or PC

NdworkPlotlei
System Peril
Plotter Model
Sdecl Oliver
^.Import Pep of Pc2
Port!
Plotter Name
Fnsh

To import ptaflef specific information from a previously taved


PCF> or PC2 Me, choose Import File. Paper size, pbl
optimization level, network share names. and port names can
be imported into tb- new PC3 .

Imporl Fiie.
NOTE- Use the Add Plot StyleTatte wiiaid lo import pen
alignment informaliwi Use the Import PCWPC2 SeftrflS
wiJard IQ irrport PCP rjt PC2 page sel^j r^ormatton.

. 43.7. Add Plotter Import Pep or Pc2

Add Hotter - Plotter Name


T

Network Ploltei
System Prinler
Ptottei Model
Sdecl Driver
Import Pep a PcZ
Ports
PlMra Name
Frish

he rnodel nacrie you ielected is the default pJotlei


-ontiguraJion name. You can accept Ihe default rare 01
enter a new rtame lo identity the new PC3 tde you have
created The name you apply wi be displayed in the Page
Setup ond Plot dialog, bo*es.

Plotter

- Server name' HP DeskJet 400 [Monochrome]

. If you enlei a name that is the same as a Syslem


Pimlet's name, you will mt see the S^aan Prrte faMd in Bie
AutoCAD 2004 PW 01 Page Selup dialog boi<es.

<

>

. 43.8. Add Plotter Plotter Name

, (
Printers () Windows),

930

VII.

,
AutoCAD. Add Plotter Finish (
) (. 43.9).
Add Plotter - Finish
I The pbtler HP DeskJet 4 (Monodvtme) has been instated
with its deJault configuration settings. To modify the default
" settnas. choose Ed* Plotter Conltguation.

Begin
Network plotter
System Prrtet
Plotla Model
Select Driver
Import Pep or Pc2
Potts

Edit Roller Conriguralioii.

Plotter Name

Optionally. !o perform plot oabbration lest on the ne+y


configured plo<1e(. arid verily thai your drawing Foeasuemertti
piot accurately, choose Plotter.

Caftn ate Plotter ..

<:

. 43.9. Add Plotter Finish

(Done), .
: Edit Plotter Configuration ( ) Calibrate Plotter ( ).
Plotter Configuration Editor (
) (. 43.10), (, ).


Calibrate Plotter ( ) Add Plotter Finish
( ) (. . 43.9) ,
, ,
(. . ,
).
Calibrate Plotter Begin ( - )
(. 43.11).
. , 1:1,
.
,

43.

931
IjCplottet Configuration Editor- HP DeskJet 400 (Monochrome)
Geneial I Pats

" '.

Device and Documert Settings

HP DeskJet 400 (Monochrome)


gf Media
' & Source and See <EcaA4>
Lfl 0 Media Destination <De[aut>
J^j Graphics

^H^HI
%
Usei-defried Paper Si?es & Calibration
|
^ Custom Paper Sizes
Modly Standard PaoeiSiasIPiintable Atea]
[J] FiNr Paper Si^es
S Plotter Calibration
!% PMP File Name ()
-Access Custom Distog
Pies! the iollowrig button to access the
device dEcver-spectfic usei-rterface.

Custom Properties..

Import.

jt-e -

Save As,

OK

Cancel

. 43.10. Plotter Configuration Editor


(Calibrate Plotter - Begin
Thui iwiiad provides you with the abity !o cafoiflte your
plotter by selling a lesl rnea suement Allei you iend a
lest pW ro HP OeskJg 400 P^onochfOnieV and measute
if, lh Vfl?ad comperes fh-? theortlical si^t of the pkJ lo
the rnea; jied sue, then compiles Ihe cocicclior for Fututfi
plots. The ccrrection fadoi is stated in a PMP fite
Selec1 a paper ^ lor yrjw te^l plot:
NOTE Char-igino the paper si en wizard also
changes lh* paper size ft* HP Deskjel 400
Papei Size

. 43.11. Calibrate Plotter Begin

932

VII.

. Files,
Plotters (. . 43.3),
,
. .
Plotter Configuration Editor (
) (. . 43.10).
,
Calibrate Plotter Rectangle Size ( ), Calibrate Plotter Measured Plot (
), Calibrate Plotter File name ( ).
Calibrate Plotter Finish ( ).
Check Calibration ( ).


AutoCAD, ,
Standard () (. . 2.93) Plot () File (). PLOT ().
PLOT () Plot () (. 43.12).

: , ,
. , ,
, .
Layout name ( ), , AutoCAD,
: Model (), Layoull (!) Layout2
(2), , (
. 41). Save changes to
layout ( ), .
Page setup name ( ) .
Add () User Defined Page
Setups ( ) (. 43.13),
.
Plot () (. . 43.12) Plot Device ( ) . Plotter configuration ( )

43.

- Layout name

- - Page selup name

MtxJd

(7 Save change! lo layoi*

Rot Device | plat Settings I


PlollH configuiation - Name-

|i0 HP DeskJet"400 [Monoctoome)

Pinner

HP OeslJel 4 [Monochromel - Winotews System Orivw - tv

Where1

LPT1i

Propeiles.

Description

! FW slyte 1 (pen asiigrrnenl!)


Name:

-Plot stamp

We* . I !

jacadolb

Qti

What to pW
Cuirentlab
Rat to file

S*ci?3t3b,
AHlayoUtabs
Number of copies'

Ful Preview..

Cancel

Paifial Preview..

. 43.12. Plot Plot Device

i- Usei Defined Page Setups


New page setup nacne.

Page sells'
Name

Long
Setupl

Location |
Model
Model

Cancel

Rename
Delete

Help_

. 43.13. User Defined Page Setups

934

VSI.


(, HP DeskJet 400 (Monochrome)). Properties
() Plotter Configuration Editor ( ) (. . 43.10),
( ). Hints () Plot () , .
Plot style table (pen assignments) ( (
)) Name ()
( . ). Edit () , New () .
Plot stamp (!. On () ( ), . pss.
, PLOTSTAMP (), . ,
Settings () ( . "" ).
What'to plot ( )
, :
Current tab ( );
Selected tabs ( );
All layout tabs ( ).
Number of copies ( ) .
Plot to file ( ) Plot to
file ( ) , pit,
AutoCAD ( , ). File name and path ( )
, . [7
Browse for Plot File ( ), .
Plot () Plot Settings ( ) (. 43.14),
Paper size and paper units ( ) . Plot device ( )
, .
Paper size ( )

935

43.

, . Printable area
( )
. (inches () mm ()).

PlolOevice PtotSettings |
~ Paper size and paper unils
.

Hoi devkM:

3** HP OesUel 400fMaioctome|

Papa sizei

\M

** Landscape

Pi'mlable area

276.29*20 1- mm

"Ptot area

nones

<^ mm

l~ Plol upside-down

_^J

Sliadeplot;

iScaledtoFit
1

tftrr

Emails

; .,.;,

^ Display

" p572

units

.. ,..,....!

:ff

fa

Wnd<

'

Quality:

|rJjrnid

|*'

'1 '
_^J i

P Plcf ob|ed l[neweighls

P1 Cailtr Ilie plot

]AC Displa^d

-Plot options

-Rot offset '

Vew

FuD Preview.

- FloT scale

<~ Limit!

Porliail

"'

JO.OO

mm

Y:

J42.90

mm

" Plot wilh fJol siyles


F -X^.M-^ocilKt

Partial Preview..

,-d . , . .1-

Cancel

, .

Help

. 43.14. Plot, Plot Settings

Drawing orientation ( ) . unii : Portrait () Landscape (). . 180 ,


Plot upside-down ().
Plot area ( ),
, ,
. , :
3 Limits () ;
3 Extents () , (
);

936

VII.

3 Display () -- ,
;
View () , (
. 35); View () , , ,
;
Window () -
.

Window ()
Window () (
).
AutoCAD :
Specify window for printing
Specify first corner:
(
:)
( )
. :
Specify opposite corner:
( :)
.
AutoCAD Plot ().
Plot scale ( ) .

: Scaled to Fit (), 1:1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:10, 1:16,
1:20, 1:30, 1:40, 1:50, 1:100, 2:1, 4:1, 8:1, 10:1. 100:1 . .
Model () Scaled to Fit (), 1:1. Scaled to Fit ()
,
, AutoCAD
. ,
, , .
, .

. ,
1:3.5, i (mm ()), 3.5 (units ( )).
Scale linewcights ( )
, .

43.

937

( .
25), .
Plot offset ( ) Center the
plot () (
X V). Center the plot () , AutoCAD ,
.
X Y ( ).
Shaded viewport options ( ) ,
, .
.
.
Shade plot ( ) ,
;
As Displayed () , (. . );
Wireframe () (
, );
G Hidden ( ) ( );
Rendered () ( ).
Quality () Shaded
viewport options ( )
, :
Draft ()
;
3 Preview () , 1/4 , 150 /;
Normal () , 1/2 , 300 /;
D Presentation () , , 600 /;
Maximum () , , /;
Custom () ,
DPI (/) (
).

VII.

938

Plot options ( ) :
3 Plot object lincweights ( ) ; Plot
with plot styles ( );
Plot with plot styles ( ) ;
3 Plot paperspace last ( ) ,
: ;
Hide paperspace objects ( ) .
Plot Device ( ) Plot Settings ( ),
,
Plot (). Partial
Preview ( ), Partial Plot Preview (
)
(. 43.15).
Trf: Partial Plot Preview

Paperiize- 208.97 mm x 33593 mm


PrintabteAiea: 200. S5 mm 276
Effective Area: 1.51 irnii.2
Warnings 0

UK.

. 43.15. Partial Plot Preview

,
, . , , .
:
Paper size ( );
3 Printable Area ( );

43.

939

L! Effective Area ( );
Warnings ().
,
.
* Partial Preview ( ) Full Preview ( )
Plot () (. . 43.14),
(. 43.16).

. 43.16.

,
. , ,
, , <Esc> <Enter>.
Q3
Standard () (. . 2.93) Plot Preview
( ) File (), PREVIEW ().
,
Plot () (. . 43.14)
. Plot Device ( )
Plot () Plot ( file (
), PLT.

,
On () Plot stamp () (, . 43.12),

VII.

940

PLOTSTAMP (). PLOTSTAMP ()


Plot Stamp ( ),
. 43.17.
Plot Stamp
i - Plol stamp (elds

R* Drawing name

r Preview

P Device name
.

W La^oul name
f5 Dale and Time

Papa sze
Pfolscalf

" Lcgiiname .
User defined folds
f
Add/E*
Ptot stamp parameter fie-C:\Auteried0^oCAD2nMSm6.0\em\supportU3mpsi

Advanced

Load

Of.

SaveAs

Hslp

. 43.17. Plot Stamp

Preview () ,
( . 43.12
).
, . .
( )
Plot stamp fields ( ) (. . 43.17):
1 Drawing name ( );

3 Device name ();

Layout name ( );

Paper size ( );

Date and Time ( );

L") Plot scale ( ).

Login name ();


. , .
, , User
defined fields ( ).
, .
Add/Edit (-

43.

941

/), User Defined Fields ( ) (. 43.18).


,
. Add ()
, Edit () , Delete () .

Lisa deimed fibdj

AdJ

Eik
Delete

OK.

Cancel

Help

. 43.18. User Defined Fields

, User defined fields ( ) (. . 43.17)


<> (<>).
Plot stamp parameter file ( )
pss,
( . 43.17 C:\Aiitodesk\AuloCAD 2004\R]6.0\enu\SLipport\T3ni-pss).

Load (). PSS- Save As ( ).
(, , ,
. .) Advanced (), Advanced Options ( ) (. 43.19).
Location and offset ( )
,
:
Location () ,
( Bottom

VII.

942

left ( ), Top left (Buepxy ), Top right ( )


Bottom right ( ));
Orientation () : Vertical ()
Horizontal ();
X offset ( X) X;
V offset ( no Y)

HHI

h: Advanced Options

Location and offset

TeKt properties ~
Font

Orientation1

Location:
[

. JHoiizcntuI

JTdtlDnla

_3J

'

Height.

P Stamp upside-down
X offset

Y offset

J2E4QO

125400

5.0SOO
~ Single fne plat stamp
-$

__
rlof stemp 1 -" "
Unite

<* Qflset relative to printable area


f Of Jset teJatJve to papej bender

Millimelas

_^j

Log file location


P" Cieate 1 fife
.

(Wise...

plot log

OK

Cancel

Help

. 43.19. Advanced Options

Stamp upside-down ( )
180 .
Location aod offset ( )
, ,
X\\Y:
Offset relative to printable area ( );
^ Offset relative to paper border ( ).
Text properties ( ). ( Font ()) (
Height ()). Single line plot stamp ( )
( ). , ,
.

43.

943

Plot stamp units ( ) ,


:
Inches ();
Millimeters ();
Pixels ().
, Log file location ( ) , ( Create a log file ( )), , .
PSS- ,
.


,
DWG-,
AutoCAD 2000 .
,
.
balchpH.exe,
AutoCAD 2004. AutoCAD Batch
Plot Utility ( AutoCAD) (. 43.20).
|%AutoEADBatchPlotUtility
File Options

help

. \ ^

Drying File

lotdkbdel dwg
Sledium Plan.dwg
TaiiD?(alPlandw

_____

"at l t@iiD|^ISi%!
Palti
1
0 AutoCAD 200 4\Sarriple\
0 ^AutoCuD2004\5ample\
D \AuloCAD 200A\Sarnple\
DMuwCAD JOO^SampleS

Layout
ModelTab
'CinrentTab'
Plan-Color
"Ciran* Tab-

PaoeSetupl
Oefaut
Ddajt
Default
Deiault

il

Plot Device
Default
Default
Dei suit
DetwJ

1 '.1

. 43.20. AutoCAD Batch Plot Utility

.
:
Drawing File ( ) ;
Path () ;
Layout () ;

VII.

944

Page Setup ( ) ;
Plot Device ( ) -
.
, . 43.20,
:
;
| - ;
- ;
- -;
( -*

);
- ( npoj
, ,
Logging (
;
Layouts (I

- Page


;

Plot Settings

Layers

'
Optioos '

44


, . , . , , .
.
. AutoCAD
,
.


;
;
.
, . , ( PSTYLEPOLICY
). .
STYLESMANAGER () Plot Style Manager
( ) File ().
Plot Styles AutoCAD (. 44.1).
|^ ( ctb) 'SBf) ( stb). ,

VII.

948

Add-A-Plot Style Table Wizard ( ), .

~~

1 ft Plot Style*
! Re

Favortes

Tools

*-- k + - [?J | ^(Search -^Folders : .<f Q| X


5

Ij ^

!S^-,

'^5J

acad

acad

Plot Styles
npoci-iorpeit
, BfctieniiTe .
. *:

DWF Virtue
Pens

'
1

'Sll^j

,_

Screening

5ci

1%

'; J5

^tljl

Add-*-Plot
Style ...

Autodesk-C, , . Autodesk-, . .

FiUPartem?


Hoe cereeoe

^
i
H

Help

25%

Grayscale

monochrome

monochrome

;^J

i!i;j

Screening
50%

Soeening

Temp

j40,9 KB

75%

Q, My Computer

. 44.1. Plot Styles

Tools () Wizards | Add Plot Style


Table ( | ) Wizards | Add Color-Dependent
Plot Style Table ( )
.
Plot Device ( ) Plot () (.
. 43.12) Plot style table (pen assignments) (
( )) Name ()
(, acad.ctb), Edit () , New () .


, 255 (
AutoCAD), , , . , .
, , ByColor (), ,
.
acad.ctb,
acad.ctb Plot Styles (. . 44.1). Plot

44.

949

Style Table Editor ( ), General ()


(. 44.2).
BSPlot Style Table Editor - acadctb
General j Table View | Form View j
Flo! slule table file name:

i~~
I * -^

:iC ;'t

Description

Fie :r formal ion


I

NurobetolSjiies. 255
Aacadclb

Paih C:\Docurtents and Setling5\PoleschukVApplication


Veisioti: 1 .0
1

Legacy (can be usedlo impcrl old DWG s]


Apply global scale iactm lo non-ISO Snetypes
Scale (actor

Save SCtose

Cancel

Help

. 44.2. Plot Style Table Editor, General

Apply
global scale factor to non-ISO linetypes (
, ISO), Scale factor () .
. Table View ()

(. 44.3).
(Color I, Color 2, ...), . :
Description ();
a

Color ();

Enable dithering ( );

VII.

950

Convert to grayscale ( );
Use assigned pen # ( );
Virtual pen # ( );
D Screening ();
Linctype ( );
Adaptive adjustment ( );
G Lineweight ( );
Line End Style ( );
3 Line Join Style ( );
Fill Style ( ).
1 ID Plot Style Table Editor - aradctb
( eneral

TcbJeView iFojmView

Object Color

H Color 1

color

Color 3

Use object color

Use obiect color

Use abject color

n
tf

Description
Color
Enable dithering
Convert to grayscale

'

Use assigned pen t

Automatic

Automata

Automatic

Virtual pen

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

1DO

,00

Screening
Linetype
Adaptive adjustment

loo

Use object linetype

Use object linetype

Jse object Inetype

jnewaght

Use obiect Imeweight Use object ineweigbt Ue object lineweighl

.jne End Styte

Use object end style Use object end style Use object end style

Line Join Style

Use object jam style Use obiecl loin style Use object join style

Fi style

^j

Use object f 1 style

Use object Frl style

i dit Lirekveighl? . 1

Save & Close

'

Cance

Use object Ffl style

SeyeAs...

Help

. 44.3. Plo! Style Table Editor, Table View

.
. Automatic ().

44,

951

, ,
. AutoCAD
.
.
Edit Lineweights ( )
Edit Lineweights ( ) (. 44.4), 28
.
Line weights

HZ 1

Liiewei^Js:
Value

Unib fa Listing
:
I In Use -l i (* Miltmetefs (mm)

10000
1.0600
1 2000
1.4000
1.5800
20000

f Inches (in)

I -

~\

QK

\
\

Edit LmewetgW
Sort Uneweighte

Cancel 1 I
Hdp
_j [^^^^^^

. 44.4. Edit Lineweights


( Edit Lineweight ( )). . Sort Lineweights
( ) .
Save As ( ) Plot Style Table Editor ( ) (. . 44.3)
.
Plot Style Table Editor (
) Form View ()
(. 44.5).
Table View ().
Save &
Close ().


,
, , , .
Normal ()
, , .

VI/.

952
1 1 Plot Style Table Editor -
General! Table View FormViecj
Reticles.

- Properties
401

W '

D Use object color.

i Color 2

L) hM

011

" '

Grayscale:

Color 5
Cola 6
Cola 7
Color 6
Color 9
Colo, 10
11
Color 1 2
Cob 1 3
Cola 14

virtual pen B:
,

jj

ZJ ;

jgif

,j

JAutornatic

-H

^^_^_^^^^__^Mta______^ !

leenna: |

-j-j

.rwvpe:

Uie obiec, |ltletjl^j [

Adapbve
.

J0|1

,J

Use obiect bneweighl *J


Line e a styB;

description.
^J

Line | Hi style:

_ Use ob|ec, e|ld stjlte ^|


(

-* style: j

Useobiectioiislyle _^j |
Use object fla^le

_>|

f-dd .

Iiefe-e^!:

E il Lmeweights... j

SaveECtoie

Cancel

Save As .

Kelp

. 44.5. Plot Style Table Editor, Form View


, Properties () (. . 2.86).
.




( 1 PSTYLEPOL1CY).
, Default plot style behavior for new drawings (
) Plotting () Options () (. . 43.1) Use named plot styles ( ) Default plof style table ( ) STB-,

44.

953

( 0 PSTYLEPOLICY).


CONVERTPSTYLES () {. . ).



CONVERTCTB ().
, - , STB .

CONVERTPSTYLES ()
.
.


!
"AutoCAD 2004" " ". AutoCAD AutoCAD. ,
, AutoCAD, "AutoCAD 2004: "
" ", . , .

poleshchuk@pcterlink.ru.

ModcLSpace 707
*Papei_Space 707
*Paper_SpaccQ 707

3D
3D Studio 188
5- 188

ACAD_GROUP 372
ACAD_LAYOUT S85
ACADVar 343
ACIS 188
ARG- 35
- 564
AUGI 87
Autodesk:
28
28
Autodesk Express Viewer 189
Autodesk Point A 86
AutoVision 853

- 82, 183
BIL- 739
BLOCK REFERENCE 696
BLOCK RECORD 706

BMP- 188, 738


BMP- 748
Bulge 430
Buzzsaw 178

ByBlock 287, 288, 300, 622, 697, 726


ByColor 948
ByEntity 300, 622
ByLayer 287, 288, 300, 377, 620, 622,
623, 630, 641-643, 647, 654, 664,
697, 726
- 442, 820
C> 42
442

CADm;istcr 28
CALS1- 739
CAL- 739
CDF- 717
4- 739
- 947

DBQ- 89
DBT- 89
DCL- 749
DEFAULT 642, 654
DIB- 738
DIESEL.79
Documents and Settings 26
DSD- 189 -


DWF- 189
DWG- 174, 685, 692
DWG- 26, 180, 702
DWS- 678, 685
DWS- 180
DWT- 180
DXB- 165, 1S9
DXF- 221, 351, 353, 377, 380, 385,
388, 390, 396, 402, 405, 432, 440, 452,
467, 469, 481, 507, 529, 544, 546, 567.
630,631,650,665, 705,719, 737,751,
761, 771, 790, 798, 806, 810, 821, 824,
827, 842, 885, 902
DXF- 692
DXF- 180, 353, 702
DXX-
DXX- 717

EPS- 188
Express Tools 29
Extensible Markup Language 189

FLC- 739
FLlC- 739
FU- 739
FMP- 297
- 178

GEOSPOT- 739
GIF- 739
4- 739

H
HTML- 189

i-drop 224
4- 739
IGS- 739
Internet Explorer 28

957

JFlF- 739
JIS 338
J PC- 190, 739

LAS- 635, 646

Mechanical Desktop 907


Microsoft Woid 754
MlL- 739
MLN- 534

N
Normal 643
NURBS 442

Object
OLE 754
OLE- 190
OLE- 754

Paint 749
2- 59
- 944
- 59
- 739
PCX- 739
PE_URL 665
PGP- 164
PICT- 739
PLT- 82, 190, 939
- 932
PNG- 190
PNG- 739
PostScript 188
PSS- 934, 941

958

R
RLC- 739
RLE- 738
RML- 762
RST- 739

SAT- 188
SDF- 717
- 806
STB- 947
STL- 188

- 739, 748
TIFF- 739, 748
TIF- 739
TOOL PALETTES 559

Unicode 456
URL 83
URLLAYER 663

Volo View 189, 754, 762


Volo View Express 189

w
Windows 2000 25
Windows 95 28
Windows 98 28
Windows ME 28
Windows NT 25
Windows XP 25
WMF- 187

XML- 564
XML- 762
- 565

286
193
32
311
29
106
50, 53, 78, 708
714
64, 708
713
719

:
53, 483
210
:

865
699
383
165
78, 567, 689, 749
702
692
64, 689
702
718
697
691
906
Windows 42, 102, 186, 320, 613,
702, 758
925

:
S 221
221

204
:
805
221
25

726
52, 652, 846
654
451
:
775
916
912
789, 910
783
67
35
789, 910
908
786
647, 792, 879, 888
897
894
90!
900
793
80, 896, 90S, 916, 919
879
879
893, 901
916
892
162, 880
754
78, 82, 190, 319, 321,
567, 650, 723, 731
71, 287, 730
3 725
725
730
67
781
:
456, 478
456
698
689, 695
700
67, 74, 805, 834
647
164
68, 80, 493
494
74, 457, 588
411, 671, 803, 806
355
52
74, 832

959

665
191, 193, 298, 613, 655, 692
658
655, 662
3 663
658
663, 665
663
3

660, 664

660
770
:
281
45, 199
65, 74, 810, 821
837
838
838
838
5 837
838, 839
839
5 838
838, 839
838
106
307, 369
370

351
:
394
65
5 792
317
416
Autodesk 926
377
306
37
38
286
68, 497
926
473
79, 402, 483
376

960

222, 300

83, 85, 185


548, 555, 562, 747
555
900
35
:
161
162
163
107
160, 296
163
Z 769
:
101
225
44, 196, 320

:
629
70
186
459
311
:
474
474
180, 298, 317
!80, 298
560
LISP 316
36
:
858
858
58
858

930
776


48
400, 403
71
401
:
<Alt> 38
<:> <Ctrl> 193, 743, 758, 865, 881, 884
5 <Del> 43, 787
<Delete> 574
<Enter> 38, 112, 113, 158, 195, 196,
313, 574
J <Esc> 39, 158, 159, 195, 196, 613
<Fi> 86, 233
0 <FIO>22S
1 <FII>231
<F2> 50, 111
0 <F3> 230, 727, 742
0 <F4> 727, 742
0 <F6> 103, 203
S <7> 225
0 <F8> 228
0 <F9> 227
0 <Shift> 193, 206, 306, 366, 595, 597,
669, 743, 884
<>475
< > 113
' 39
:
<AU>+<F1I> 57
<Ah>+<F8> 56
<CtrI>+<0>43, 202
<Ctrl>+<!> 53, 350, 667
<Ctrl>+<2> 53, 674
<Clrl>+<3> 53, 559
<Ctrl>+<6> 53
<Ctrl>+<A> 43, 365
<Cirl>+<C> 42
<Ctrl>+<Enter>472
; <Ctrl>+<K> 51, 655
<Ctrl>+<N> 39, 177
- <Ctrl>+<O> 39, 183
: <Ct:-]> + <P> 40
<Clrl>+<Q> 41
<Ctrl>+<S> 39, 178
Q <Clrl>+<Shift>+<C> 42
0 <Ctii>+<Shift>+<S> 39
0 <Ctrl>+<Shift>+<V> 43
0 <Ctr]>+<V> 42
!> <Ctrl>+<X>42
S <Ctr]>+<Y>42
C- <Ctrl>+<Z> 42


839
75
:
95
112, 158, 313, 574
:
164
281
413, 834
778
38, 113
3D 173, 815
3DARRAY74
3DCLIP782
3DCORBIT783
3DFACE65, 810
3DMESH 65, 814
3DORBIT 44, 320, 778, 782, 783, 845
D 3DORB1TCTR 778
3DPOLY62.433, 807
3DS1N 51, 189
3DSOUT 188
ABOUT 87
ACISFIN 1SS
} ACIS1N 51
AC1SOUT 188
ADCCLOSE 53, 674
ADCENTER 53, 673
ADCNAVIGATE 677
1_ 815
A1_CONE815
A1_CUSTOM_SAFE 87
AI_DISH 816
AI_DOME815
AI_EDITCUSTFILE 60
AI_MOLC 638
A1_T'RODUCT_SUPPORT_SAFE86
ALPYRAMID 815
5 AI_SELALL 43, 365
S A1_SPHERE 815
AI_TORUS815
AI_TRAIN!NG_SAFE 28, 87
AI_WEDGE815
ALIASEDIT83, 170
ALIGN 74, 588
ALIGNSPACE 80, 919
APPLOAD S3, 57
ARC 63, 402, 769
ARCTEXT 79, 483
AREA 56, 306, 349
ARRAY 70, 314, 581, 698

961

ARX481
ASSIST 86, 233
ATTACHURL664
ATTDEF64, 708
ATTD1SP50, 708, 715
ATTEDIT714
-ATTEDIT72
717
ATTIN 79,719
ATTOUT79, 719
ATTSYNC 716
AUDIT 41, 191, 355
BACKGROUND 49, 869
BASE 64, 701
BATTMAN 72, 715
BCOUNT704
BEXTEND 78, 597
62, 414, 548
BLOCK 64, 72, 295, 689, 697, 7 1 1 , 732
5 BLOCK? 704
BLOCKICON 42, 192
BLOCKREPLACE 79, 705
BLOCKTOXREF 79, 705
BMPOUT 188, 296
BOUNDARY 62, 308,414, 431, 553,
825
BOX 66, 829
BREAK 70, 537, 597
BREAKL1NE 82, 41S
BROWSER 53, 87
5 BSCALE705
BTR1M 78, 595
BURST 78, 719
CAL213
CAMERA 790
CATALOG 193
J CDORDER745
CHAMFER 71, 427, 598, 833
CHANGE 465, 621, 627, 630, 640, 654.
671, 726, 804
CHECKSTANDARDS55, 678, 680
CHPROP621,627, 630, 640, 654, 671,
726, 804
CHSPACE80, 576,919
CHURLS 83, 660
CIRCLE 64, 221, 294, 397, 768, 834
CLEANSCREENOFF 43, 302
CLEANSCREENON 43, 84, 201
CLIPIT81, 704,736, 745
. . 962

962

(.):
CLOSE 39, 85, 185
CLOSEALL83, 85, 185
COLOR 52, 287, 620, 623
CONE 67, 829
CONVERT 308, 432
CONVERTCTB 953
CONVERTPOLY 308, 432
CONVERTPSTYLES 953
COPY 69, 575
COPYBASE42, 108, 613
COPYCL1P42, 108, 320, 613
COPYHIST 102
COPYLINK 42, 759
COPYM 82, 576
5 COPYTOLAYER 77, 576
: CUSTOMIZE 60, 98, 565
CUTCLIP42, 108,613
CYLINDER 67, 829, 831
5 DBCCLOSE53
DBCCONFIGURE88
DBCCONNECT88
DBCDEF1NELLT88
DBCDEFTNELT 88
DBCDELETELABELS 90
DBCDELETE LINKS 89
DBCDELETELLT 89
DBCDELETELT 88
5 DBCDELETEQRY 89
DBCEDITLINKEDTABLE 90
DBCED1TLLT88
DBCEDTTLT 88
s DBCEDITQRY 89
DBCEDITTABLE 90
DBCEXECUTEQRY 89, 90
DBCEXPORTLINKS 89
DBCEXPORTQS 89
DBCEXPORTTS 89
DBCHIDELABELS 90
DBCIMPORTQS 89
DBCIMPORTTS 89
DBCLINKCONVERSION 88
DBCLINKMANAGER 89
DBCNEWQRYLT89
DBCNEWQRYTABLE 89
u DBCONNECT53, 87
DBCPROPSLBLT89
DBCPROPSLT89
DBC RELOAD LABELS 90
DBCSELECTL1NKS 89

DBCSHOWLABELS 90
DBCSYNC 88
DBCVIEWLINKEDTABLE 90
DBCV1EWTABLE90
DBLCLKEDIT667
DBLIST 306, 350, 758
DDEDIT 72, 463, 480, 500, 714
DDPTYPE52, 392
DDVPOINT47, 774
DEL 193
DELAY 172
DETACHURL660
DIM 499
DIM! 499
DIMALIGNED67,487
D1MANGULAR 68, 490
DIMBASEL1NE 68, 492
DIMCENTER68, 333,499
DIMCONT1NUE 68, 492
D1MDIAMETER 68, 333, 489
DIMD1SASSOCIATE 330, 503
DIMEDIT68, 500
DIMEX81.529
D1MIM81.529
DIML1NEAR67, 485
D1MORD1NATE 67, 488
DIMOVERRIDE69
DIMRADIUS 68, 333, 489
DIMREASSOC81, 501
DIMREASSOCIATE 69, 330, 503
DIMSTYLE52, 69, 295, 338, 513
-DIMSTYLE69
D1MTEDIT69, 501
DIR 193
DIST 56, 349
DIVIDE 65, 82, 394, 576
DONUT 62, 308, 413,431
DRAGMODE 294
DRAWORDER 56, 286, 744
DSETTINGS54, 162, 225
DSVIEWER43.802
DTEXT454
DVIEW 320, 776, 782, 790, 852
DWGPROPS 41, 193
DXBIN 51, 165, 189
EATTEDIT72, 709, 713
53, 716
EDGE 65, 812
EDGESURF66, 818
ELEV803, 804

ELLIPSE 64, 437


ERASE 43, 69, 574, 726, 888
ETRANSMIT39
EXIT 185
EXOFFSET82, 581
EXPLAN 84, 776
EXPLODE 71,426, 467,486, 537, 554,
605, 692, 698, 718, 732, 820, 827, 837
EXPLORER 193
EXPORT 40, 186, 320
EXTEND 70, 595
EXTRIM595
EXTRUDE 67, 293, 834
FASTSEL 368
FILLET 71, 427, 603, 833
FILTER 368
FIND 43, 109,464,613
FOG 49, 871
FS81
FSMODE368
FULLSCREEN 84, 202
GATTE719
GETSEL81, 368
GOTOURL662
GRAPHSCR 111
GRID 225
GROUP 366, 369
HATCH 548
HATCHEDIT72, 566
HELP 86, 172, 233
HIDE 44, 293, 298. 300, 303, 467, 847,
850
HLSETT1NGS 851
HYPERLINK 51, 655, 659, 662
HYPERLINKOPTIONS660
ID 56, 349
IMAGE 51, 188, 190, 741
1MAGEADJUST71.746
1MAGEATTACH 50, 738
IMAGECL1P 72, 745
1MAGEEDIT82, 749
1MAGEFRAME 72, 745
IMAGEQUALITY71, 746
IMPORT 187, 296
INSERT 50, 165, 182, 186, 189, 356.
372,692,711,723,730,732,906
INSERTOBJ 51,754
INTERFERE 67, 833
INTERSECT 827, 833
JPGOUT 190

963

JUSTIFYTEXT 72, 465


LAYCUR 77
LAYDEL78
LAYER 650
LAYER 52, 632, 648, 911
LAYERP 639
LAYERPMODE 639
LAYFRZ 78
LAYISO77
LAYLCK78
LAYMCH77
LAYMRG 78
LAYOFF 77
LAYON 78
LAYOUT 51, 110, 880
LAYOUTMERGE 80, 920
LAYOUTWIZARD 51,59, 885
LAYTHW 78
LAYTRANS 55, 678, 683

LAYULK 78

LAYVPI 77
LAYWALK77
LEADER 334, 336, 497
LENGTHEN 70, 591
LIGHT 48, 858
LIMITS 53, 225
L I N E 61, 156, 203, 205, 208, 374, 400,
767
L1NETYPE 52, 288, 295, 626, 627,630
LIST 56, 112, 306, 349, 377, 379, 385,
387, 389, 395, 400, 405, 429, 439, 445,
458, 479, 504, 534, 554, 557, 619, 6%,
698, 709, 712, 725, 739, 750, 758, 812,
818, 822, 827, 842, 897, 915
LMAN 77
& LSEDIT 49, 872
LSLIB49, 873
u LSNEW49, 871
LTSCALE 629
LWEIGHT 52, 653,654
MASSPROP 56, 349
MATCHPROP69, 672
MATLIB 49, 865
MEASURE 65, 82, 395, 576
MENU 38
& MENULOAD 38,60, 296
MENUUNLOAD 38, 296
MINSERT698, 704, 732
MIRROR 69, 467,480, 577, 606, 611
. . 964

964

(.)'.
MIRROR3D 74
MKLTYPE83
MKSHAPE83
MLEDIT 72, 535
MLINE61, 533, 544
MLSTYLE52,538
MOCORO8I.576
MODEL 880
MOVE 70, 585, 588, 606, 611,804, 913
MOVEBAKS2, 183
MPEDIT426
MREDO 159, 575
MSLIDE314, 749
MSPACE895
MSTRETCH 81, 591
MTED1T480
65, 316,470
MULTIPLE 160
MV1EW 888, 910
5 MVSETUP892,9I6, 917
NCOPY 78, 576, 737
NEW 39, 176, 296
NOTEPAD 164
OFFSET 69, 304, 578
OLEL1NKS 43, 759
OOPS 159
OPEN 39, 183, 296
OPTIONS 55, 102, 104, 109, 112, 162,
174, 311,314,315,614,923
ORTHO228
OSNAP207, 213, 230
OVERKILL 575
PAGESETUP40, 111, 884
J PAN 46, 109, 158, 195
PARTIALOAD 39, 184, 296
PARTIALOPEN 184
PASTEASHYPERL1NK43, 662
PASTEBLOCK 43, 108,613
PASTECL1P42, 108, 613
PASTEORIG 43, 108, 613
PASTESPEC 43, 759
PBRUSH 164, 749
PC1NW1ZARD 59
PED1T 72, 308, 315, 419, 427, 442,
446, 808, 814, 819, 892
5 PEACE 435, 436, 821
5 PLAN 47, 84, 775
PL1NE61, 221, 282,408, 769
PLOT 40, 111, 189,932

PLOTSTAMP934, 940
PLOTSTYLE 52
PLOTTERMANAGER 40, 926
PLT2DWG 82, 190
PNGOUT 190
POINT 64, 393
POLYGON 62, 308, 412, 431
PREVIEW 40, 939
PROPERTIES 53, 69, 350, 466, 612,
615, 621, 627, 630, 640, 654, 667, 714.
726, 804, 812, 894, 897
PROPERTIESCLOSE 53, 670
PROPULATES2, 193
PSBSCALE 705, 920
PSETUPIN 296
PSFILL 188
PSOUT 188, 314
PSPACE 895
PSTSCALE920
PUBLISH 40
PUBL1SHTOWEB 40, 59, 189. 190
PURGE 42, 192,463, 529, 544, 628,
645
QDIM67, 331,490
QLATTACH 80, 497
QLATTACHSET81,497
QLDETACHSET8L497
QLEADER 68, 336, 493, 499
QNEW 177, 296
QQU1T83, 185
QSAVE 39, 178
QSELECT53, 109, 366, 613, 669
QUIT 41, 185
R14PENWIZARD 59
RAY 61, 378
RECOVER41, 191,296
RECTANG62, 308, 410, 431
REDEFINE 163
RED1R 82, 484, 731, 744
REDIRMODE484
REDO 42, 109, 159
REDRAWALL43
REFCLOSE 73, 735
REFED1T 73, 697, 698, 726, 733
REFSET73
REGEN 43, 314, 831, 850
REGENALL43
REGION 62, 292, 825, 834
REIN1T 171, 286
RENAME 53, 644

a
3

&

RENDER 48, 854


REPLAY 57, 188
REPURLS 83, 660
RESUME 172
REVCLOUD 62, 234, 308,417, 431
REVERT 83, 185
REVOLVE 67, 293, 834
REVSURF65, 817
RMAT 49, 865
RMLIN 51,762
ROTATE 70, 585, 588, 606, 6 1 1
ROTATE3D 74
RPREF49, 873
RSCRIPT 173
RTEDIT484
RTEXT 79, 483
RTEXTAPP 484
RTUCS 84, 771
RULESURF66, 817 '
SAVE 295
SAVEALL82, 178
SAVEAS 39, 178, 295, 296, 298, 353,
357,650,678, 881
SAVEIMG 57, 188, 748
SCALE 70, 465, 587, 588, 606, 611
SCALETEXT 72, 464
SCENE 48, 864
SCRIPT 54, 172,296
SECTION 67, 837
SECURITYOPTIONS 181
SELECT 364
SELECTURL664
SETIDROPHANDLER700
SETUV49, 869
SETVAR 56, 172, 235, 294
SHADEMODE 48, 300, 845, 850
SHELL 165
SHOWURLS 83, 664
SHP2BLK78, 81
S1GVALIDATE 182
SKETCH 308, 374, 416,431
SLICE 67, 836
SNAP 227
S O L D R A W 9 1 I , 914
SOLID 65, 389
SOL1DED1T74, 837
SOLPROF67, 915
SOLRDAW67
SOLVIEW 67, 907
SPACETRANS 465, 902

965

a
3

3
5
a

SPELL 53, 467


SPHERE 67, 829
SPLINE 62, 293, 442
SPLINEDIT72, 446
SSX 368
STANDARDS 55, 678
START 165
STATS 49, 873
STATUS 56
STLOUT 188
STRETCH 70, 331. 590, 606, 612
STYLE 52, 459
STYLESMANAGER40, 947
SUBTRACT 826, 832,834
SUPERHATCH 82, 567, 749
SYSVDLG 83, 342
SYSW1NDOWS 86, 106, 183
TABLET 60
TABSURF66, 817
TCASE 80, 484
TCIRCLE 79,484
TCOUNT 79, 484
TEXT 65, 162, 221,316, 454, 461,464
TEXTFIT 79, 465, 484
TEXTMASK 79, 484
TEXTSCR50, 1 1 1
TEXTUNMASK 79, 484
TFRAMES745
TIFOUT 190
TIME 56
TJUST 79, 484
TOLERANCE 68, 497
TOOLBAR 44, 98
TOOLPALETTES 53, 559
TOOLPALETTESCLOSE 53, 560
TORIENT 79, 484
TORUS 67, 829
TRACE 386
TRANSPARENCY 72, 747
TRAYSETTINGS 232
TREESTAT299
TRIM 70, 593
TSCALE467
2 79, 467
79, 467
TYPE 193
U 42, 108, !59, 575,612
UCS 54, 57, 59, 215, 295, 769, 832, 836
UCSICON 49, 107, 318, 767

. . 966

966
(.)\
UCSMAN 54, 57, 162,217,218, 769
UNDEF1NE 163
UNDO 42, 109, 159, 318, 575
UNION 826, 832
UNITS 52, 222
VBAIDE 57
VBALOAD 56, 296
VBAMAN 57
VBARUN 56
5 VIEW 43, 48, 162, 785
5 VL1SP57
VPCLIP 72, 893
6 VPLAYER649
fr VPOINT47, 320, 773
VPORTS 46, 162, 295, 793, 888
VPSCALE 80, 897, 920
VPSYNC 80, 897, 920
VSLIDE296
WBLOCK 186, 189, 295, 296, 372,700,
906
WEDGE 67, 829
WIPEOUT 62, 750
WMF1N51, 187
WMFOUT 187, 320
50, 723
XBIND71, 730
XCL1P72, 703, 716, 736
S XDATA84
XDLIST84
XLINE61,380
XLIST 78, 696, 736
XOPEN 73, 726, 732
XPLODE 427, 605
5 XREF51, 182,296,356,727
ZOOM 45, 109, 153, 196, 783, 802,
896, 898
113
164, 165
113
5 348
113
Q 160
159
160
348
:
102
781, 847
71

414
71, 72, 752
745
67
67
835
203
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203
203
204
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676
69
638, 673, 676
676
673, 676
74
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397, 850

45, 225
196
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911, 915
911, 915
303
80, 881
378

39, 113, 565


> accdRegCmds 173
68, 499
79, 81, 484, 567, 704, 736
70, 74
698
584
582
:
885

948
926

916
629

936

629
355, 624, 628
0
3i 1, 630
630
629
70, 587
865
868
302
dbConncct 87
Dimension 67
Draw 61
Edit 42
File 39
Format 52, 619
Help 86
Insert 50
Modify 69
Tools 53
View 43
Window 85
38, 39, 91
38
41
95/102, 108, , 158,
195, 206, 225, 313, 475, 480, 611, 612,
626, 653, 660, 661, 747, 758, 779, 785.
797, 846, 883
38
39
5 38
38
38
104
Windows 187, 320
354, 361
286
412
160, 173
( ) 47,
215, 767
533
470

53, 81, 109, 281, 363, 615


456

967

AutoCAD 27
68
301
363
212
678

74, 414, 824, 834

75, 840
70, 78, 593, 596
74, 832
427
:
AcCmColor623
363
768

768
0 320
> 364
206, 902
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5 PROPERTIES 667
TOOL PALETTES 559
106
5 100
100, 559
86
69
111
86
397
412
412
228
53
916
183
5 184
AutoCAD 2004 25
575
75
577
69, 74
374

968

:
231, 287, 310
228, 287, 309, 310
310
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172
562
559, 676
91
98
45, 195, 320
66
69, 82, 578
26, 181
acad.pgp 171
:
/ 340 / 34
/nologo 35
/ 35
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/s 34
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35
32
:
ACADCFG 34
ACADCFGW 34
582
MaxHatch 567
70, 74
81, 585
:
163
508, 515
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5 66, 817
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3DSOLID 832, 842
ARC 405, 595, 608
5 ARCALIGNEDTEXT483
ATTDEF709, 719
ATTR1B 713, 721, 722
BLOCK 706
BODY 837, 842
CIRCLE 400, 595,607
D1MASSOC512
DIMENSION 486, 504, 507, 609
ELLIPSE 440, 595, 610
GROUP 373
HATCH 554, 558, 567, 610
IMAGE 595, 739, 751
IMAGEDEF 752
IMAGEDEF_REACTOR 753
INSERT 695, 698, 705, 713, 722, 725,
726, 737
LAYER 650
LAYOUT 885
LEADER 493, 505,609
5 LINE 377, 595, 768
LTYPE 630
LWPOLYL1NE 308, 429, 595, 898
ML1NE 534, 608
MLINESTYLE 546
3 MPOLYGON567
479, 480, 505, 608
OLE2FRAME 758, 761
PLOTSETTINGS 944
POINT 395, 611, 768
POLYLINE 308, 429, 430, 595, 664,
807, 810, 813, 818, 821, 824
RAY 379, 607
REGION 827
RTEXT483
SEQEND 282,430, 436, 705, 713, 722,
810
SOLID 390, 610
SPLINE 446, 610
TEXT 454, 459, 595, 608
TOLERANCE 497, 506, 609
TRACE 387, 391, 610
UCS771

969
VERTEX 429, 430, 435, 810, 821, 824
VIEW 790
a VIEWPORT 879, 888, 897, 902
5 VPORT282, 283, 796, 798
D WIPEOUT749, 751
XL1NE 385, 607
923
365
191
78
910
305, 562
72

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:
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68, 492
67, 490
68, 489, 510
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67, 485, 509
69, 501
67, 488, 512
487, 509
67
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68, 489, 510
68, 490, 511

68

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529
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68
485
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70, 82, 418, 597
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5 363, 365
307, 363, 365
48, 845
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53, 81, 82, 567,
704, 731, 736, 738, 847
70, 81
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71, 78, 605
84, 483, 508
354, 359, 361
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69
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659
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72, 419
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Windows 30, 102
:
GRID 225, 314
LWT652
MODEL 888, 894, 896, 899
ORTHO 203, 228, 343
OSNAP 230
OTRACK 231,287
PAPER 888, 894, 902
POLAR 228, 287
SNAP 203, 226, 314
846
183, 313
183, 313
848
= 849
3 847
848
850
847
183
297, 349, 362, 605, 713

29
Autodesk 53
29
74
53
619
5 193
754
429
777
358
a BLOCKS 706
ENTITIES 359, 507, 544, 567, 751,
761, 806, 902
a OBJECTS 373, 512, 546, 752, 753, 885,
944
TABLES 360, 529, 630, 650, 706,771,
790, 798
295
781
65, 419, 813
434, 821
813
821
815

67, 913
730
456
69, 74
577
:
767
5 803
5 769
83, 160, 172, 235
-JTOOLPALETTEPATH 564
"ERRNO281
_PKSER31
ACADVER 31
ADCSTATE 677
5 ANGBASE 585
ANGDIR585
AUDITCTL 191
ADMITS 223, 309, 310, 314
AUPREC223, 309,310
AUTOSNAP 230, 232, 286
BACKZ 783
BINDTYPE287
CDATE 287, 290
CECOLOR 287, 621,623
CELTSCALE 629
CELTYPE 288, 627
CELWEIGHT 288, 649, 654
CHAMFERA600
CHAMFERB 600
CHAMFERC 600
CHAMFERD600
CHAMMODE 60(1
CLAYER635
CLMSCALE 289
CMDACTIVE 288
CMDECH0289
CMJUST533
5 CMSCALE 533
CMSTYLE 533
COMPASS 847
COORDS 289
S CPLOTSTYLE 289
290
CURSORSIZE 112
CVPORT290
DATE 290
DBMOD 290
DCTMAIN 291
DEFLPLSTYLE 292, 312
DEFPLSTYLE 292, 312

971

DELOBJ 293, 443, 825


DEMANDLOAD 293
DIMALTTZ 328
DIMALTU 329
DIMALTZ329
DIMAPOST 329
DIMASO 330, 502
D1MASSOC330, 502
D1MATF1T33!
DIMAUN'IT 332
DIMAZIN332
DIMBLK332
DIMCEN 333, 499
DIMDSEP333
D1MGAP334, 338
DIMJUST334
DIMLFAC335, 336
DIMLIM 339, 341
DIMLUNIT335
DIMLWD 335
DI.MPOST336
D1MRND 335
DIMSAH 332
DIMSCALE 336, 341, 418. 486, 501,
509, 519,529
6 D1MSOXD337
DtMSTYLE 337
DIMTAD 338, 341
DIMTIH 338
D1MTIX337, 340
DIMTM 335, 339, 341
DIMTMOVE 331, 339
D1MTOFL 339
DIMTOH 340
DIMTOL339, 341
DIMTP335, 339, 341
DIMTVP341, 499
DIMTXT341
D1MTZIN 341
DIMZIN 342
DISPSILH 293,851
DONUTID4I4
DONUTOD414
DRAGMODE 293
DWGCHECK294
DWGPREFIX298
DWCT1TLED 178
EDGEMODE 595, 597
ELEVATION 204, 554, 769, 803
. . 972
!)

972


ENTEXTS281
ERRNO 281
EXPERT 294
EXTNAMES 295, 690
FACETRATIO 295
FILED1A 160, 176, 180, 296, 315
FONTALT296, 297
FONTMAP297,481
FRONTZ 319, 783
GFNAME 297
GRIDMODE226
GR1DUN1T226
ORIPCOLOR368
5 GRIPHOT368
GRIPOBJLIM1T 297, 364
GROPHOVER 368
HALOGAP 852
HIDEPRECISION 852
H1DETEXT 298, 467, 852
HYPERLINKBASE 298, 658
INDEXCTL180, 298
INSBASE 699, 701
INSUN1TS 300
5 1NTERSECTIONCOLOR 300, 852
1NTERSECTIONDISPLAV300, 852
ISAVEBAK183
ISAVEPERCENT 300
ISOLINES831
LASTPOINT210
LAYOUTREGENCTL301
LOCALROOTPREF1X 31
LOG1NNAME 31
LTSCALE312, 629, 630
LUNITS 222, 301
LUPREC 103. 223, 377, 605
LWDEFAULT 288, 336, 654
LWDISPLAY654
MACROTRACE 285
MAXACTVP902
MBUTTONPAN 112
MEASUREINIT 302
MEASUREMENT 302
MENUCTL 104, 302
MENUECHO 302
MIRRTEXT 467, 480, 577
MODEMACRO 104
MTEXTED 303, 481
MTJ1GSTRING 471
MYDOCUMENTSPREFIX 31

~j

u
!)

OBSCUREDCOLOR 303, 852


OBSCUREDLTYPE 303, 852
OFFSETDIST 304
OFFSETGAPTYPE 304, 579
ORTHOMODE 228
OSMODE 213, 304
PALETTEOPAQUE 305
PDMODE 305, 393, 805
PDS1ZE 306, 393
PED1TACCEPT 427
PERIMETER 306
P1CKADD 306, 669
PICKAUTO 307
P1CKDRAG 307
PICKSTYLE 307
PLATFORM 31
PL1NETYPE 308, 431
PL1NEWID408
PLOTROTMODE 308
POLARADDANG 230, 232, 309
POLARANG 230, 232, 309
POLARD1ST 227, 310
POLARMODE 211, 230, 310
POLYSIDES412
PRODUCT 31
PROGRAM 31
PROJECTNAME 311, 724
PROJ MODE 595, 597
PROXYNOT1CE 311
PROXYWEBSEARCH 311
PSLTSCALE311, 630
PSQUALITY 312
PSTYLEPOLICY 289, 292, 312, 947,
952
QTEXT467
RE-INIT 171,286
SCREENMODE 312
SDI 183, 313
SHORTCUTMENU 313
SKETCHING 416
SKPOLY 308, 374, 416
SNAPANG 226, 228, 314, 582
SNAPBASE226, 228, 314
SNAPMODE 228
SNAPSTYL 226, 228
SNAPTYPE228, 310
SNAPUNIT 228
SOLIDCHECK838
SORTENTS 317
SPLFRAME 443