You are on page 1of 2

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
DAFTAR ISI ........................................................................................................ i
DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ......................................................................................... iv
I.

PENDAHULUAN
A. Latar Belakang .........................................................................................
B. Rumusan Masalah ....................................................................................
C. Batasan Masalah .......................................................................................
D. Tujuan Penelitian .....................................................................................
E. Manfaat Penelitian .....................................................................................

1
3
4
4
4

II. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


A. Bambu
1. Bambu di Indonesia dan Jenis-jenisnya ................................................ 6
2. Karakteristik Bambu ............................................................................. 7
B. Silika.......................................................................................................... 10
C. Keramik Silika........................................................................................... 13
D. Metode Sol-Gel ......................................................................................... 15
E. Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIR)
1. Pengertian FTIR ................................................................................... 17
2. Prinsip Kerja FTIR ............................................................................... 18
3. Keunggulan Spektrometer FTIR .......................................................... 18
F. Differential Thermal Analysis/Thermogravimetry Analysis (DTA/TGA)
1. Pengertian DTA/TGA .......................................................................... 18
2. Prinsip Kerja DTA/TGA ...................................................................... 20
3. Aplikasi DTA/TGA .............................................................................. 21
G. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
1. Pengertian SEM..................................................................................... 21
2. Prinsip Kerja SEM ................................................................................ 22
3. Aplikasi SEM ........................................................................................ 24
H. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD)
1. Pengertian XRD ................................................................................... 24
2. Prinsip Kerja XRD ............................................................................... 24
3. Aplikasi XRD ....................................................................................... 25

III. METODE PENELITIAN


A. Waktu dan Tempat Penelitian ................................................................... 26
B. Alat dan Bahan Penelitian
1. Alat ....................................................................................................... 26
2. Bahan .................................................................................................... 27
C. Preparasi Sampel
1. Preparasi Daun Bambu .......................................................................... 27
2. Preparasi Silika Sol ............................................................................... 28
3. Pembentukan Silika Gel ........................................................................ 28
4. Kalsinasi ............................................................................................... 29
D. Karakterisasi Sampel
1. Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIR) .............................29
2. Differential Thermal Analysis/Thermogravimetry Analysis (DTA/TG) 31
3. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) ................................................. 31
4. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) ...................................................................... 32
E. Diagram Alir Penelitian
IV. HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN
A. Hasil Preparasi Daun Bambu .................................................................... 35
B. Hasil Ekstraksi Silika Daun Bambu Dengan Teknik Sol-Gel ................... 37
C. Hasil Karakterisasi
1. Hasil Karakterisasi DTA/TGA .............................................................. 41
2. Hasil Spektrum FTIR Keramik Silika ................................................... 43
a. Spektrum FTIR Keramik Silika Sebelum Kalsinasi... 43
b. Spektrum FTIR Keramik Silika Kalsinasi Pada Suhu 500 oC ......... 45
c. Spektrum FTIR Keramik Silika Kalsinasi Pada Suhu 600 oC ........... 47
d. Spektrum FTIR Keramik Silika Kalsinasi Pada Suhu 700 oC .......... 49
3. Hasil Karakterisasi Struktur Kristal Keramik Silika ............................. 51
a. Struktur Kristal Keramik Silika Sebelum Kalsinasi... 51
b. Struktur Kristal Keramik Silika Sebelum Kalsinasi 500 oC ............. 53
c. Struktur Kristal Keramik Silika Sebelum Kalsinasi 600 oC .............. 54
d. Struktur Kristal Keramik Silika Sebelum Kalsinasi 700 oC .............. 56
4. Hasil Karakterisasi Mikrostruktur Keramik Silika ................................ 59

V. KESIMPULAN
LAMPIRAN
DAFTAR PUSTAKA

ii