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Microsoft

Windows XP
Professional
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Microsoft Windows XP Professional
, ,

IT Professional

Microsoft

William R. Stanek

Microsoft4

Windows XP
Professional

Press

Microsoft"

Windows' XP
Professional
2-

2003

004.738.5
32.973.202
76
76

.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional. ./. . 2- . .: -
, 2003. 448 .: .
ISBN

5-7502-0177-5

Windows XP, , Windows, , ,


, , , .
Windows 2000,
, , , Windows XP
.
14
.
004.738.5
32.973.202
Microsoft Corporation, , , .
Active Directory, BackOffice, FrontPage, JScript, Microsoft, Microsoft Press,
MS-DOS, Visual Basic, Visual FoxPro, Windows Windows NT Microsoft Corporation,
.
, , , , , , , .

, William R. Scanek, 2001


,
Microsoft Corporation, 2002
ISBN 0-7356-1381-8 ()
ISBN 5-7502-0177-5

, .-
, 2003

XII

;


,

XIII
XIII
XIV
XV
XVI

I

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

1
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Professional






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2



WMI


,


General

2
3
3
6
8
8
1C
11
13
14
17
17
18
20
21
22
23
23
2-1
25
25
26
28
31
37
38
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45
53
53

VI

Computer Name
Hardware
Advanced
System Restore
Automatic Updates
Remote

54
55
56
66
70
70


71

71
Computer Management . 73
Computer Management
73
. . . 75
Device Manager
75

77

78

79

81
,

82

82

83

83

85

85

86

86

88

89

98
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99

100

100

101
102
4 , ... 103
Windows XP
103

Start
103
Start
104
Start
107

109

114

114
^
114
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116

116

117

120



Quick Launch
Show Desktop

VII
121
122
123
124

5 ... 125
:
125

128

128

130

131

132

132

133

134

137

137

139

139

140

141

143

143

144

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

153

6

154

154
154

158 . *
160

161

162

163

163

164
Microsoft .NET
167

168

168


169

169
..171

172

173


173
... 174

VIII


Remote Assistance
Remote Desktop

174
174
176
177

? ... 180

180

181

185

190
.. 191

192

193

193
Docked Undocked
194
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195

196
IP-
196
IP-
198

200




'
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Group Policy
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*

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200
200
201
202
203
204
204
206
207
207
208
211
212
221
221
223
225
226

229
231
232
233
234
234
235
236
236
236

IX

,
240
Active Desktop
242

243
Windows
245

246

248

248


249

254
.. .255
' . . .256

263

263
NTFS
265

267

268

269

270

272

273

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

275

10
276
URL-
276
URL- ,

276
Favorites Links
278

281

281

282

Internet Explorer
285

287

289
Group Policy
290

292

295

295
.
Group Policy
299
Group Policy
300
Internet
300
Local Intranet
302
Trusted Sites
303
Restricted Sites
304

305


11 TCP/IP,
308

308

308
TCP/IP
309

310
IP-
311
IP-
IP-
313

315
DNS
316
WINS
320

322

322
,

323

324

325

325

326

326
DHCP
327
DNS
328

330
12 ... 333

333

336

337

34.3
1
- '
345

346
,

346
-

349

352


354

355


356


358

360

362

Internet Connection Firewall
365

366

366

369

370

IV

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

XI

373

13 Microsoft Windows XP Professional


374
Windows XP
374

374

375

376
,
377

378

379

379

381
NTFS
383

384

387
Windows XP
390

392

392

393
Scheduled Task Wizard
394

398

399

400

400

400
14 Microsoft Windows XP Professional .. 401

401

401

403

406

407

409
,

410

410

410


413

414

415
System Restore
415

-118

419

421

427


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Microsoft Windows XP
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Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. 1-1.
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panel ( ).
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Windows XP Professional



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. 1-2.

2. Start Menu ( ) .
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experience
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(usability), .
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Automatic Updates ( )
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Background Intelligent Transfer Service ( ) .

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Help and Support ( )



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MS Software Shadow Copy Provider ;
Volume Shadow Copy ( )
System Restore
Service ( ).
NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing
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Remote Desktop Help Session Manager ( )
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System Restore Service ( )
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Volume Shadow Copy ( )
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System Restore Service.
Windows Installer ,
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Windows Management Instrumentation, WMI ( Windows)
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Windows XP.

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Computer Management.
1. Start (), Programs () All Programs ( ),
Administrative Tools () Computer Management ( ).
2. Computer Management ( ) Connect to another com-

10

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

puter ( ). ,
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Services and Applications ( ), ,
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. 1-5.
Windows XP.



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. , (ventative maintenance) . :
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Windows XP Professional

11


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Start Help and Support ( ).
(. 1-6)
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Get support, or find information
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, 1-6.
.

12

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

for assistance ( ) . ,
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Information ( ) . 2,
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Help and Support SVCHOST.EXE,
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14

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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Windows XP Professional

15

HELPHOST.EXE HELPSVC.EXE
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1. Start (), Help
and Support ( ), .
2. Pick a Task ( ) Use tools to view your computer information
and diagnose problems ( ).
1. My Computer
Information ( ). View the status of my system
hardware and software (
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( ) My

16

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Computer Information ( ) .

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Help and Support ( ). , , . Services () Computer
Management ( )
Services ():
, Control Panel ( )
Services ();

, Performance and Maintenance ( -

Windows XP Professional

17

), Administrative Tools () Services ().


Services , . Services, , Help and Support.
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Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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2. Enable Error Reporting ( ),
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system ( Windows) Programs
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4. , A l l programs (
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Windows XP Professional

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Word, Excel PowerPoint.
Microsoft Office
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Windows Components ( Windows) Windows, Fax Service ( ),
Indexing Service ( ), -

20

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

gement and Monitoring Tools (


), Internet Information Services, Message
Queuing Services ( ), Networking
Services ( ),
Script Debugger ( ),
6. , , Add ().
Add Program (
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1. System ()
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Error Reporting ( ).
2. Disable Error
Reporting ( )
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Automatic Updates ( )
. ,
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Windows XP Professional

21


Automatic Updates.
,
( ) , .
.
. , ,
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, . , ,
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. , . Web- Windows, http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com.
,

. , , Automatic Updates ( ).
.
, Add/Remove
Programs ( ) Install/
Uninstall ( ). Automatic Updates
, . .

.

22

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


.
1. System () . System Properties (
) Automatic Updates ( ) (. 1-10).


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Download the updates automatically and notify me when
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Notify me before downloading any updates and notify
me again before installing them on my computer ( ,
, -

Windows XP Professional

23

) , .
, .
Turn off automatic updating. I want to update my computer manually ( . ) .
3. .

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24

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

1. Add/
Remove Programs ( ).
Add Or Remove Programs ( ) Install/Uninstall
( ).
2. Change/Remove (/). .
3. Close ().
.

.
1. System.
System Properties ( )
Automatic Update (
).
2. Restore declined updates (
), .
3. Windows XP ,

. AutoUpdate ( ) , .

()
Microsoft
Windows XP. , .
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WIN.INI, System () .


(Help and Support Services)
,
.
My Computer Information ( ) .
Status ( ) , ,
.
Advanced System Information (
) .

.
Windows
(Windows Management Instrumentation, WMI).
, WMI -

26

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. W M I WMI Control ( WMI).


My Computer
Information, Advanced System Information WMI. . 1.

My Computer Information (
) .
.
.
1. Start (),
Help and Support ( ).
2. Help and Support Center
Pick a Task ( ) Use Tools
to view your information and diagnose problems (
).
3. Tools ()
My Computer Information ( ).
4. What do you want
to do ( )
:
View general system information about this computer
( ) , ;
View the status of my system hardware and software
(
) ,
, , , (
. 1).
Find information about hardware installed on this computer ( ) -

27

(, ,
, , , , USB, ),
, .
View a list of Microsoft software installed on this computer ( ) ,

Microsoft,
Dr. Watson ( ), , .
My Computer Information WMI, . (. 2-1):

. 2-1.
.

28

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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(BIOS);
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Detailed
system information. View detailed system
information ( )
MSINFO32.EXE System Information ( ).
(. 2-2).
Hardware Resources ( )
/, (IRQ), , (DMA)
Plug and Play. Conflicts/Sharing (/ ) ,
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Components ()

USB-. Problem
Devices ( ) , .

29

Software Environment ( )
.
. , , ,
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Internet Settings ( )
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Microsoft Internet Explorer. Internet Explorer, , , Web-.
Applications
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Microsoft Office Environment
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Microsoft Windows XP Professional


System Summary ( ) System Information ( ), , My
Computer Information. WMI.
Advanced System Information ( ) .
1. Start (),
Help and Support ( ).
2. Help and Support Center (
) Pick a Task ( ) Use Tools to view your information
and diagnose problems ( ).
3. Tools ()
Advanced System Information ( ).
4. .
View Detailed System Information [ (Msinfo32.exe)!
MSINFO32.exe,
.
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View Running Services (
) , ,
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View Group Policy settings applied ( ) ,
, .
.

31

View the error log (


) , . ,
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View information for another computer ( ) .
.
1. Advanced
System Information ( ).
What do you want
to do ( ) View Information For Another Computer (
).
2. View Remote Computer (
) .
3. .
, , WMI, ,
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WMI

WMI Windows XP , .
WMI
.
WMI

WMI WMI Control


( WMI).
1. Start\Programs(iuiH All Programs)\Administrative
Tools [\ ( )\]. Computer Management ( ).

32

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2.
Computer Management
Connect to another computer (
). .
3. Services and Applications (
), W M I
Control ( WMI)
Properties ().
4.

WMI Control Properties (:


WMI) WM1
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WMI.

33

Logging ( ) WMI , WMI.


%SysemRoot%\System32\
Wbem\Logs.
, .
Backup/Restore ( ) WMI , %SystemKoot%\System32\Wbem\Repository. .
.
Security () ,
WMI. Administrators (),
Everyone ()
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Advanced ()
WMI.
WMI,
WMI-. , Change (), .
,
WM1 .
40 , (25-30 ) .
, WMI

WMI
.
.
1. WMI Control Properties (: WMI).

34

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. General () . <rently Logged On User> ( < ^ .


3. Change (), WMI Logo\i ( WMI).
4.
, Log on as
current user (
). .
5. .
WMI

WMI ,
WMI.
%SystemRoot%\System32\
Wbeni\Logs. :
FRAMEWORK.LOG WMI;
MOFCOMP.LOG ,
MOF- (Managed Object: Format) ;
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MOF WMI. MOF- CIM- ,

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MOF 1-.

SETUP.LOG W B E M (Web-Based Enterprise Management Web-);


WBEMCORE.LOG ,
WMI WBEM,
;

35

WBEMESS.LOG ,
WMI
;

WBEMPROX.LOG
DCOM- ;

WINMGMT.LOG
WINMGMT.EXE;

WMIADAP.LOG WMI-;

WMIPROV.LOG WMI-.

W M I
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. 2-4.
WMI.
2. Logging ( ) .

36

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

3. ,
.
Disabled () WMI, WMI.
Errors Only ( )
. .
Verbose [ (
)! , WML WMI, .
4. Maximum
size [ ()]. 65 536 (65 ).
5. WMI %System% \System32\Wbem\ Logs. , Browse ()
Browse for folder ( )
,
6. .
WMI

WMI
WMI.
%5#semffoo%\System32\Wbem\Repository. WMI .
MAINSTAGE.DAT. WMI .
,
.
1. WMI Control Properties (: WMI)
Backup/Restore ( ).
2. Back up now (). Specify a Name ( -

37

)
Open ().
3. Backup in progress ( ). .; . 6-15 .
WMI .
1. WMI Control Properties
Backup/Restore (
).
2. Restore now (), Specify a backup file to restore (
)
. Open.
3. Restore in progress
(), .
.
4. WMI .
. General
() WMI Change ()
WMI Logon ( WMI) .
WMI .

- , WMI . 30-60 .


Windows XP.
Tools
() System Information ( ).
,
Help and Support Center ( ) Pick a Task ( ) Use Tools to view your information and diagnose
problems (
).

38

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Tools () .
Backup ( ) Windows XP ( . 14).
Disk Cleanup ( )
,
, .
, ,

.
Disk Defragmenter ( )
, . ( . 13).
Network Diagnostics ( ) , , .
TCP/IP DNS, a
,
( . 11).
Remote Assistance ( )
( . 14).
Offer Remote Assistance ( ) ( . 14).
System Configuration ( )

: , .
System Information . Tools
().
DirectX Diagnostic Tool ( DirectX)
DirectX , -

39

.
Dr. Watson ( ) Dr. Watson,
.
Documents and
Settings\All Users\Documents\DrWatson. , , \\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\DrWatson.
File Signature Verification ( )
. .
,
%SystemRoot%\SlGVERlF.TXT.
Net Diagnostics ( ) ,
. ,
TCP/IP DNS, ,
.
System Restore ( )
,
( . 14).

,
.
1. Tools ()
Disk Cleanup ( ). Disk Cleanup. Select Drive ( ).
CLEANMGR.EXE, ,
, Start
Run (), CLEANMGR.EXE Open

40

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

() Run ( )
.

2. Drives ()
.
, ,
, .
, .
Disk Cleanup (. 2-5).
.
Downloaded Program Files ,
, ActiveX
Java-; .
Temporary Internet Files , Web-,
Web-; .
Recycle Bin () ,
. .

Temporary Files ( )
Temp;
.
Temporary offline files ( )
, ,

.
Web Client/Publisher Temporary Files (
Web Client/Publisher) , . , .
Compress old files ( ) ,
, .
50 , ,
Compress old files (
) (Options).
.

41

Catalog files for the content indexer ( ) .

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Files to delete ( )
.
.
Dr. Watson
Dr. Watson ,
:

;

USER.DMP, Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\DrWatson;

DRWTSN32.LOG, Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\DrWatson.

42

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Dr. Watson.
1. Tools ()
System Information (MSINFO32.EXE)
Dr. Watson ( ).
Dr. Watson (. 2-6).
[**|

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Watson DRWTSN32.EXE, : Start () Run (), DRWTSN32.EXE Open () Run ( ) .

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2.
Dr. Watson.
Log file path ( ) ,
.

Everyone () -

43

, Dr. Watson
.
Crash dump ( ) , .
, Everyone () , Dr. Watson .
Wave file ( .wav)
Microsoft .wav,
: Sound Notification ( ) ( ).
Number of instructions ( ) -

, Dr. Watson
.
Number of errors to save ( ) ,
Dr. Watson .
.
Crash dump type ( ) , :
Full () , Mini (),
NT 4
Compatible Full (, NT 4)
, Windows NT 4.
, Windows NT 4.
Dump symbol table ( ) , ,
Dr. Watson
. - .
Dump all thread contexts ( ) , , (-

44

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

) , ( ).
5

^ ]

Dr. Watson
Number of instructions (
) Number of errors to save (
).

Append to existing log file ( ) :


( )
().

.
Visual Notification ( )
, ( )
() Dr. Watson, . .
Sound Notification ( )
, ( )
( ) . ,
Wave file ( .wav).
Create crash dump file (
) , ( ) ()
.
,
\\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\DrWatson Windows.

3. , .


. , . -

45


File Signature Verification (
).
1. Tools ()
System Information (MSINFO32.EXE)
File Signature Verification ( ).

SIGVERIF.EXE, : Start ()
Run (), SIGVERIF.EXE
Open () Run ( } .

2. Start (), . , , %Sy stem Root%\SIGV ERIF.TXT.


3. . , , .
,
.
4. %Sy$temRoot%\SlGVE'RlF.TXT
(Notepad) ,
.
,

System Configuration ( )
. :
;
- SYSTEM.INI, WIN.INI BOOT.INI;
, ;
.
,
(Help and Support Center) Pick a Task
( ) Use Tools to view your

46

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

information and diagnose problems (


) Tools
() My Computer Information ( ).

:
Normal startup ( )
. , , , .
Diagnostic startup ( )
. . .
Selective startup ( )
.

, .
.

.
1-.
Pick a Task ( ) Use Tools
to view your information and diagnose problems, System Configuration Utility ( ).
Open system
Configuration Utility ( ), System Configuration Utility ( ) (. 2-7).


System Configuration MSCONFIG.EXE,
: Start ()
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47

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-
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Process SYSTEM.INI file (
SYSTEM.INI) /
SYSTEM.INI;
Process WIN.INI file ( WIN.INI)
/ WIN.INI;
Load system services (
) / Windows; ,
, Services ();
Load startup items ( ) / ,

(Startup) Start ().
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,
BOOT.INI.

48

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

3. , . , . , .


, :
AUTOEXEC.BAT;
CONFIG.SYS;
SYSTEM.INI;
WIN.INI.


. Windows XP , , Windows.
(%SystemRoot%) ,
. SYSTEM.INI WIN.INI ,
Windows XP.
. / , System
configuration ( ) SYSTEM.INI
WIN.fNI ,
. , ,
, .
Notepad (). (SysEdit),

.
1. Start () Run ().
2. Open () sysedit .
3.
.

49

4. Yes
(), .

BOOT.INI
. BOOT.INI ASCII-
Notepad,
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( ).
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BOOT.INI System Configuration (. 2-8). ,
BOOT.INI:
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.

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;

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50

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Move up ()
;
Move down () ;
Timeout ()
, .
.
/SAFEBOOT . ,
: , , (dsrepair).
.
/NOGUIBOOT
Windows.
Windows .
/BOOTLOG ,
.
/BASEVIDEO VGA.
, ,
.
/SOS Windows .

, , , ? :
. , , -

51

. ,
, .
1. Start (), '
Help and Support ( ).
2. Help and Support Center (
) Pick a Task ( ) Use Tools to view your information
and diagnose problems ( ). Tools
() System Configuration ( ), Open
system configuration utility ( ).
3. Startup (), ,
(. 2-9).

1 : SYSTEM, WJN.INl ' BOOT. IhO '- I


. 2-9. ,
, .

4. , '
.

52
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Microsoft Windows XP Professional

! ,
, .
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, - Windows,
.

, , . System Configuration ( ) . , , ,
, .
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and Support Center) Pick a Task ( ) Use Tools to view your information
and diagnose problems ( ). Tools
() System configuration,
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utility.
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(. 2-10) ; , , .
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54

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

;
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55

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57

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( )

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; .
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. (
). .
1. System ()
Advanced () Settings
() Performance ().
Performance options ( ).
2. Advanced.

58

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

3. Processor scheduling (
) :
programs ()
; Windows ;
background services (,
) ; ( Windows XP).
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programs () ;
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system cache ( )
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59

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()]
;
;
Paging file size for selected drive (
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Total paging file size for all drives (
)

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60

Windows XP , ,
. . (
).
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61

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62

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

user variable ( )
New system variable ( ) .
2. Variable name ( ) ,
Variable value ( )
.
3. .
.
1. User variables ( ) System variables ( ).
2. Edit ().
Edit user variable (
) Edit system variable
( ) .
3. Variable value ( )
.
4. .
,
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, .

Startup and Recovery ( ) (. 2-16): Advanced () System Settings ().
System
startup ( ) .
, Default operating system ( , ). BOOTJNI.

63

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, . ,
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64

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, :>
.

System failure and write debugging information ( ) ( STOP):


Write an event to the system log ( ) , Event Viewer ( );
Send an administrative alert ( ) ;
(Automatically restart)
.


. ,
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Write debugging information ( )


, :
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Windows;
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,

65

;
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, , .
%SyslemRoot%\
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66

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


. , Microsoft,
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Advanced ()
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Windows XP System Restore ( )
, Windows,
. , , ,
. ,

67

,
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, ,
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, .

68

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
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.
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.
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Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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, / Turn
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, Available drives ( ) Settings ().
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Automatic Updates ( )
.
, ,
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.
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. .
: CD-ROM, DVD, Zip. : , , .

72

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, .
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. . ,
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Berry.
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73

.
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, , . ,
.
1.
. , .
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4.
, , , ,
.


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Computer Management ( )
.
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74

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, Control Panel ( ), Performance and Maintenance ( ), Administrative


Tools ().
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, ,
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( ),
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) System tools (
).
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.
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, ,
.
.

77

, ,

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.
:
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,
, , , .
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,
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.
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. ) ,
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82

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

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83

4. , .
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.
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84

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


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85


, , .
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.
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.
.
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:
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:
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,
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hardware yet (, ) Next, Finish;
( -

86

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

) :
.
3. Next.

. Finish. :

,
( , )
;

, , .
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2. ,
Properties ().
3. General () Troubleshooter ().



.

Keyboard ()
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-

87

. , .
Repeat Rate ( ) .
,
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, .
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. ,
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.
,
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Properties (: ) (. 3-7).

88

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. Hardware () Properties (). Driver ().


Mouse
() (. 3-8). :
-, Buttons ( ) Switch primary and secondary buttons ( );

, , Buttons Turn on clicklock ( );

,
Schemes () Pointers ();
, , Doubleclick speed ( );
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Options ( );
, Display pointer trails
( ) Pointer
Options.
, ,
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(: ) (. 3-8).
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Driver ().

39

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91

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,
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audio properties ( ).
Place volume icon in the taskbar .
,

, Volume ().

92

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

1. Sound and audio devices ( ) .


2. Sounds and Audio Devices
Properties (: )
Volume ().
3. Advanced ()
Device Volume ( ). Volume Control ( ).
4. Options () Properties
() .
5. Show the following volume controls (
)
.

1. Sound and audio devices ( ) .
2. Sounds and Audio Devices
Properties (; )
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93

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devices ( )
, ,
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Speaker Setup ( )
.
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, .
Speaker Setup No Speakers { ).

,
.

94

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

1. Sound and audio devices ( ) .


2. Sounds and Audio Devices
Properties (: )
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4. Left () Right (),
.
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Hardware acceleration ( )
;

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, .
.
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2. Sounds and Audio Devices
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( ).
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Advanced Audio Properties ( ) Performance ( ) (. 3-12).

95

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. 3-12.
,
.

4. Hardware Acceleration ( )

.
( ):
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, ;
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DirectShow.
5. , , Sample rate conversion quality (-

96

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

). (
):
Good ( )

;
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, ;
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,

.
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2. Sounds and Audio Devices
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Sounds () (. 3-13).
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Sound scheme ( ).
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Program Events ( )
( ).
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Program Events ( ),
Sounds ()

97

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.
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.
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98

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
Default Device ( ) .
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. , Default Device ( )
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99

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, .


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Time Zone ( ) Date
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tor daylight saving changes ( ).
, .

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, . ,
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100

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


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.

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101

Windows , .
Updatelnterval FrequencyCorrectRate, \HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\
CurrentControlSet\Services\W32Time\ Config.

SNTP UDP (User Datagram Protocol), 123.


,
.


, . Windows XP
, 123 UDP
. Windows .
1. Date and Time ( )
Internet
Time ( ).
2. , Automatically synchronize with an Internet time server ( )
. , Services () ,
Windows .
3. , Automatically synchronize with an Internet time server.
4. .
, , .

. ,
.

102

Microsoft Windows XP Professional



, . . , , - 123 UDP.

.
1. Date and Time Internet Time.
2. ,
(
).
Internet Time ( ) .
1. , . .
2. Update Now ( ), .
3. , ,
,
Windows.



.

,
.
, , Windows XP. , , . 5.

Windows XP
Start ()
.
, ,
. ,
.

Start
1, Windows XP
Start (): (Classic)
(Simple). Start ,
Windows. Start , .

104

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. ,
, .
Start
.
1. Start ()
Properties ().
2. Start Menu (
), , Classic Start Menu ( )
.
3. .
.

Start
Windows XP
Start
.
, Control Panel ( ), Network Connections (), Printers and
Faxes ( ) ,
/ .
Start.
1. Start ()
Properties (),
2. Customize () Classic Start Menu.
Customize Classic Start Menu ( ) (. 4-1).
3. Advanced
Start menu options (
).
4. .
Start ,
Start
(. 4-1).

105

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""

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. 4-1.
.
. 4-1.

Start.

Display Administrative
Tools (
)

Administrative Tools ().


,
Programs ().

Favorites ().
,
Start. ,

Favorites.
Logoff
( ). ,
Start.
Logoff
Ctrl+Alt+Del.
Run
().
Start.

Display Favorites
(
)

Display Logoff
(
)

Display Run
(
)

106

. 4-1.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

()

Enable Dragging
and Dropping
( )
Expand Control Panel
(
)


.
,
.
.
Control Panel ( )

Control Panel ( ).
Control Panel ,
.
, Expand Control Panel,
My Documents ( ).

Expand My Documents
(
*)
Expand My Pictures
(
)
Expand Network
Connections (
)
Expand Printers
(
)
Scroll Programs
(

)

, Expand Control Panel,


My Pictures ( ).
, Expand Control Panel,
Network Connections (
).
, Expand Control Panel,
Printers ().

Programs
.

,
29 38 .
.

Show Small Icons


In Start Menu (
)
Use Personalized Menus , Windows XP
(
)
. Programs

, .
, -
Programs.

j\

10/

Scroll Programs Use personalized menus


. : .

Start
, Start
() ,
.
Start.
1. Start ()
Properties ().
2. Customize () Start
Menu ( ). Customize Start Menu ( ) (. 4-2)
""

;
. -fji - - "" .

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0

j Interne! Enplo

. I Outlook Expr

. 4-2.

3. General ().
Select an icon size for programs
( )
.
, , -

108

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Small Icons ( ).
Large Icons
( )
.
Programs () ,
Start. 0-30.
,
Clear List ( ).
Show on Start menu (
)
-. Start,
.
4. Advanced ()
. .
Open submenus when I pause on them with
my mouse ( ) :
,
. .
Highlight newly installed
applications ( ), .
Start menu items (
)
Start.
, , Display as link (
), Display as menu ( )
Don't display this item (He ).
, (,
) ,
, , ,
Start.

109

List my most recently opened documents ( )


, . , Clear list ( ).
5. Start, .

Windows XP Start
Start Menu ( ),
% UserProfile%\Start Menu
(% /ser/Jra/i7e%\ ).
Programs (). Programs .
Programs Start ,
. : Start .
Start

Start () , .
1. Start ()
(Programs), Start,
(All Programs) .
2. , .
3. .
4.
. ,
. ,
, .
5. ,
.
. Start.
, ,
.

110

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Start .
,

Pin to Start menu ( ),
,

Remove from this list (
).

Programs () :
, .
. , , , Programs () . , .
Programs.
1. Start ()
Properties ().
2. Classic Start menu
( ) Customize ().
3. Customize Classic Start Menu ( ) Sort
(), .
4. Start, Start Menu (
) .
.
, .
1. Start
Programs All Programs ( ) .
2. , , Sort
by name ( ).

111

,
, Start
() . Start Menu (
) , Start
Explore (). Windows Explorer
%7/,serPro/i7e%\Start Menu (%[/$/#%\ ),
.
Start Programs ()
. Startup () .

Programs.
,
Start.
. Start,

Rename (). .
Start.
. ,
Start,
Delete ().

!
Startup , .
Windows XP.

Start
Windows XP .
, Programs () . ,
Start.
1. Start ()
Explore (). -

114

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

(). Customize ClassicStart Menu ( ).


3. Use personalized menus
( ) Advanced
Start menu options (
) .
4. Start, Start Menu (
) .
.


Taskbar ( ) Windows,
, Windows.


(toolbars), (. 4-3).
, . , . Web
. Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel,
Microsoft PowerPoint .
Address (), , . ,
,
Go (). Address ,
.

. , Windows .
, ,
, ,

115

. 4-3. Windows
.

. ,
,
. , .

. , , , . ,
,
.
.
Windows, , - , , Start.
, , , .

116

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,


. Auto hide (
) ,
.
.

. , , .
1.
Properties ().
2. Taskbar and Start Menu Properties
( )
Taskbar ( ).
3. Lock the taskbar (
), Auto-hide the taskbar (
) Keep the taskbar on top of other windows
( ).
4. .
/Ik

. . ,
,


Windows XP. ,
. ,
, , , .
,

(. 4-4).

117

. 4-4.

.

/
.
1.
Properties ().
2. Taskbar and Start Menu Properties
( )
Taskbar ( ).
3. Group similar taskbar buttons ( ).
4. .

(notification area),
,
, .
(ScreenTip)

118

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
. , .
, /
, .

, , ,
Startup () ,
Users . ,
. . .
/ .
1. Start () Explore All Users (
).
Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu.
2. Programs (), Start Menu (
), Startup ().
3. , ,
Startup.
/ .
1. , Start () Explore ().
,
%UserProfile%\Stait Menu (%f/serPro/i/e%\DiaBHoe ).
2. Programs, Start Menu,
Startup.

119

3. , ,
Startup.
I


,
, Documents and Settings, .
.


.
Windows , , Windows Update
. , , .
(, )
, . , ,
Windows XP ,
.
.
1. it
Properties ().
2. , Hide
inactive icons ( ) .
3.
Hide inactive icons Customize (). Customize Notifications
( ) (. 4-5).
4.
, ,
, .
Name () ,
Behavior () -

120

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
Behavior
:
Hide when inactive (, );
Always hide ( );
Always show ( ).

V&tdowt *
ijeenaMne*s,
^
, nosefltHHK
t 1
\

f , 25 . ... , *
jj)Windows Messengei - ,

. 4-5.
.
5. ,
.
Taskbar and Start
Menu Properties ( )
Hide inactive icons, Customize Notifications :
, Customize Notifications ( ).


.
Quick Launch
( ), -

121

Windows.

.


Windows XP .
Address () URL Web-, . ,
.
Links () Favorites ().
, Web- ,
Links.
Delete
() , Yes ().
Desktop ( )
,
Show Desktop ( ) Quick
Launch.
Quick Launch ( ) . , .
/ , .
1. . .
2. Toolbars ( )
.
/

( Quick
Launch). , Show
title ( ).

122

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Quick Launch
Quick Launch ( ) , Windows, Web (. 4-6).
, Quick
Launch. ,
. ,
Microsoft Office Microsoft Outlook
Microsoft Outlook
Express. .

. 4-6.
.

Quick Launch.
1. , ,
2. Quick Launch.

123

Quick Launch .
1.
Delete
().
2. Yes (), .

Show Desktop
Quick Launch Show Desktop
( ).
Windows ,
,
.
Show
Desktop . .
Windows XP Quick
Launch %&rserPro/i7e%\AppIicatmn Data\
\ficrosoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch. , , Show Desktop
ShowDesktop.scf ( -scf),
Application Data .
, Tools () Folder Options ( ), View (), Show hidden
files and folders ( )
.
Show Desktop , ShowDesktop.scf (
oKiia.scf)
. .
1. Notepad () :
[shell]
Command=2
IconFile=explorer.exe,3
[Taskbar]
Command=ToggleDesktop

124

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. File () Save ()
% UserProfile%\A.pp\ication Data\
Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch.
ShowDesktop.scf.
%UserProfile%,
set userprofile.
, D:\Documents and SettingsWVrstanek.


, .
. ,

CorpData, ,
UserData, , .

.
.
1. ,
Toolbars ( ) New toolbar (
). .
2. Choose a folder (
) , .
3. .
. .
. . ,
, .

Microsoft Windows XP
.

, :
;
;
;
;
;
.



, , , ( 5-1).
. 5-1.

F10
Esc
Alt+F4
+4
Ctrl+C

126

. 5-1.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

(]


CTRL

CTRL + SHIFT

Ctrl + X









My computer ( )
(Windows Explorer)

F6
Delete
Shi ft+Delete
Alt+Enter
ShifL+FlO
Alt+
\:\

Alt+

Ctrl + Esc



Ctrl+Shift
-
Ctrl+ -

+-*

Ctrl- -

Ctrl+ -

-

Start ()

Ah+Esc

. 5-1.

27

()



My Computer ( )
(Windows Explorer)

-
Alt+
Ctrl+V
Shift
F5
F2
F3
Ctrl+A
Alt+Tab

Ctrl+Z
Backspace


(. 5-2).
. 5-2.





,

Save As ( )
Open ()

F1
II

Enter
Alt+
Shift-rTab
Ctrl+Shift+Tab

Ctrl+Tab
Backspace

-*

128

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Microsoft Natural Windows, .


(. 5-3).
5-3.

Windows.



Search for Computers
( )

Windows+Tab
Windows+Fl
Ctrl + Windows+F

Search for Files


or Folders ( )

Run ( )

Start ()

System Properties ( )

Windows+F
Windows-^-R
Windows
Windows+Break

Utility
Manager ( )

Windows+U

Wmdows+L

My Computer ( )

Windows+E
Shift+
Windows+M
Windows+D

Windows+M


(Desktop theme)
, ,
.


Windows XP ,
. .

129

1.
Properties (). Display
Properties (; ) (. 5-1.).

:;

- , ,
,

1

___________

! [...]

'-Li'--'-'-"-'

. 5-1. ,

2. Themes () Theme () .
Web- Windows Media Technologies,
More Themes Online ( ).
Internet Explorer
. .
3. Sample ()
. , .
.
1. ,
Properties ().
2. Display Properties (: )
Windows XP .

130

Microsoft Windows XP Professional



. , (, ) . ,
.
.
,

Properties (). Screen Saver
() .
, (None) [()],
, Sounds and Audio Devices ( ) ,
Sounds () Sound Scheme
( ) . , Windows Default. ( Windows). ,
No Sounds ( ).

Mouse () .
Pointers ()
Scheme () . , (None)
|()] Windows Default ( Windows).
,

(Properties). Appearance () Windows and Buttons (
).
, Windows Classic ( ).
,
Properties. Appearance -

131

Color Scheme ( ). Default (blue) [ ()], Windows XP. , Windows


Standard ( Windows). : Windows and Buttons .
.
1.
Properties (). Display Properties (: )
(. 5-1).
2. Themes () Save As
(). .
. () .theme.
3.
.
*:;!


.
.


, , Web-
Windows Media Technologies,
.
.
1.
Properties ().
2. Themes () Delete (). Windows .
/Ik

Windows
%MnD/r%\Resources %t7serProffie%\Application DataVMicrosoft\Windows\Themes. , -

132

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, , .
.


-,
.
, . , .
- ,
.
,
.


1.
, Properties
(). Desktop ( )
(. 5-2).
2. , Background (
). ,
Browse () .
/,

%WinDir%
%W/nD/r%\Web\Wallpaper. - .bmp, .gif .jpeg Background.

3. Position () :
Center ( )
; , , ;
Stretch () ,
;
;

133

Tile ()
; .

; | : -

. 5-2.
.

4. Color () 16 Other () () .
5. , .


Start ()
My Documents ( ), My Network Places ( ), My Computer ( ) Recycle Bin (). Start . .

, ,
Windows, / ,

134

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

1.
Properties
(). Desktop ( ).
2. Customize Desktop ( ).
3. Desktop Icons ( )
. ,
.
4. .

Windows
,
. Windows XP .
,

Delete (). Customize Desktop
( ).


Web-
.
,
.
. Web-
, .


.
, .
. ,
.
-* . .

135

,
.
, .
1.
Properties
(). Desktop ( ).
2. Customize Desktop ( ) Web ()
Desktop Items ( ) (. 5-3).

- , (

"", -
" "
-.


- , .
[

. 5-3.
.

3. Web Pages (-) Web-.


, ,
.
4. ,
New (). Web- Web- Microsoft Desktop Gallery .

136

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Desktop Gallery,
Visit Gallery ().
. ,
Yes ()
. ,
.
,
URL- Location () , Browse
(). , Web- , . ,
,
URL- Web, intranet.yourorganization.com.

5.
Add Item to Desktop (
). URL- .
,
Customize (),
. Web .
. 9.

Web- %WinD/r%\Offline Web Pages. ,



,
Web-.


,
, <<- Close (). .
1.
.

137

2. , -
,
Customize My Desktop ( ).
Desktop ( ) Customize Desktop (
). Desktop Items ( ).
3. Web () Web Pages (-) .
4. Delete (). .
5. .




, .
1.
.
2. Arrange desktop
items by ( ) Lock
Web items on desktop ( - ).



.
.
1.
, Properties
().
Desktop ( ).
2. Customize Desktop ( ). Desktop Items ( ) Run desktop cleanup wizard
every 60 days (
60 ).
3. .

138

*"s]

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Unused Desktop Shortcuts
( ).
, , .

.
1.
.
2. Arrange icons
by ( ) Run desktop
cleanup wizard ( ).
3. Next (), Shortcuts () (. 5-4).
*

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, ^ .

!'

[ ( Inteiriel Enptae

21.052002

i_jfci?S^l_J I

. 5-4.
.

4. Unused Desktop
Shortcuts. , .
5. Next Finish ().

139


. ,
. , .

.

.
, .
.
1. ,
Properties (). Screen Saver () (. 5-5).
;
! ! !


"".

. 5-5.
, .

140

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. Screen Saver. (None) [()] .


, , ( ), . ,
3D FlowerBox ()
3D Pipes (),
99-100%.
, , .

3. , On Resume, Password Protect ( ).


. Wail. () . 1015 .
5. .


Windows -, (, ),
, 3D FlowerBox 3D Pipes. - , Blank ( ). ,

.
.
1. Properties ().
Screen Saver ().
2. , Screen
Server () Blank Windows XP.
3.
, Settings (). Setup
(), Complexity (), Speed
() ,

141

. Complexity (), (), Min () (. 5-6).


' 3

\~~]
[_]
:>&.

. 5-6.
, .

4. ,
.


, . ,
.
, .
.
1. Properties ().
Screen Saver (),

142

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. Power (). Power Option Properties (: -

) (. 5-7).
Power , .
, .


, r r jk

[
.^


.
(? .

-v,,

. 1 5
:

! 3D

^ : 23
: I 3']

. 5-7.

.
3. Turn off
monitor ( ) ; Plugged in ( ) Running on
batteries ( ). .
Plugged in (
).
QJ

15-30 . -

143


7 , 15 . 5 10 .
4. .



Windows XP
. , , . , ,
,
.


: ( ),
. Windows ,
1. Properties ().
Appearance ().
2. Windows and Buttons ( ) ,
. Windows Classic ( ) .
3. Color Scheme ( ) , , ,
, . Windows Classic Windows
Standard () , Windows. , . , .

144

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

4. , ,
, Advanced ().
Item () , , ,
. ,
, .
5. Font Size ( )
, ,
. ,
, , , . : Normal (), Large
( ) Extra Large ( ).
6. , Apply ().
, Save As ()
Themes ().
.


,
, ,
.

. , Windows XP . ,
, .
, Windows XP
.
.
Plug and Play
, ,
. , , , .

145

.
1. Properties ().
Settings ().
2. Display () . : <_>
< _>. NVIDIA GeForce2 MX 100/
200 (. 5-8):
:
:! ; ! !

:
NVIDIA GeForcoJ MX 100/200

, 5-8.
.

:

, . ;
, . .
, Display Properties
(: ).
S-56B2

146

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
Display Properties , .
,
. . , .
- , .
,
.
( ).
. ,
Windows XP.
.
.
, , .
(. . ), ,
, Web- .
,
Web- .
.

(SETUP.EXE).
,
.
1. Properties ().
Settings ().
2. Advanced (). Monitor and Drivers Properties (: ).

147

3. Adapter ().
Adapter Type ( )
Adapter Information ( ). Properties ().
4. Driver () Update
Driver (). Hardware Update
Wizard ( ).
5. Install from a list
or specific location ( )
Next ().
6. Don't search. I will
choose the driver to install (He .
) Next.
7.
.
, .
,
Show compatible hardware ( ). , , Models () .
,

Have disk ( ).
, .
8. , Next,
. , Finish (). /
.

, . Plug and Play, Windows XP . ,


,
.
,

148

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, , ,
.
1. Properties ().
Settings ().
2. Advanced (). Monitor and Drivers Properties (: ).
3. Monitor ().
Monitor Type ( )
Properties ().
4. Driver () Update
Driver (). Hardware Update
Wizard ( ).
5. Install from a list
or specific location ( )
Next.
6. Don't search. I will
choose the driver to install Next.
7.
.
, .
, Show compatible
hardware ( ).
, Models
() .
,

Have disk ( ).
, .
8. , Next. Finish.

, , . , -

149

. , .
640x480, 800x600
1024x768, - 1280x1024, 1600x1200,
2048x1536 . ,
, . , 1280x1024,
. , Microsoft
Word, ,
800x600,
.
. 16
VGA- 16 (32 ) . , . ,
16-, 24- 32- , . ,
, . , , (
) (
). , . , 32
1024x768 32- , 1280x1024 24-
1600x1200 16-.
.
1. Properties ().
Settings ().
2. Screen resolution ( ) , 1024x768 .
3. Color Quality ( ) , High Color (24-bit)
[ (24 )].

150

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

4. . ,

Windows XP . .
.
, Yes
(), No ()
.
. 4
.
. ,
Advanced Settings Compatibility ()
.
,

. , , .

, .
, . , (
72 ) , .
-. ,
Adapter Default ( ),
,
Optimal Setting (). . ,
,
. ,
.
1. Properties ().
Settings ().

151

2. Advanced (). Monitor and Drivers Properties (: ).


3. Monitor (. 5-9).
, ,
, Refresh frequency ( ).
: 1.1 ) NVIDIA GeForce.
! : !

- -Mfi-

,

, ,
*

. 5-9.
. ,
,
.

4. . , Windows XP
. . . , Yes (),
(), .

152

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


.
(), ( )
.
. . , , .
,
, .
1. Properties ().
Settings ().
2. Advanced.
Monitor and Drivers Properties.
3. Color Management (
). Color profiles ( )
,
.
%WinDir%\System32\Spool\Drivers\Color. //
:
,
Add () Add Profile Association ( )
;
,
Remove ();

, Set as
default ( ).
4. .

II

Microsoft Windows XP
Professional


. 6
Windows XP, ,
. 7 ,
,
. 8 , . , . 9 , 8.

Microsoft Windows XP
.
,
.
: .
,
, , . , . ,
, , , .


Windows XP
(
). (user accounts)
,
(group accounts), (groups), .
,
,

Windows XP .

155

(local user
accounts) .

,
. Local
users and groups ( ).
(domain user
accounts) Active Directory. . Active Directory Users and
Computers ( Active Directory).
, . Windows XP :

,

.
, WRSTANEK, MICROSOFT,
Windows XP - MICROSOFT\wrstanek. WRSTANEK
,
MICROSOFT, ( ) .

, @.
, WRSTANEK technology.microsoft.com WRSTANEK@tecbnology.niicrosoft.com.

Windows XP ,
(security identifier, SID). SID
,
. Windows XP ,
. SID ,

156

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, , -, , -,
, , -
, .
, Windows XP SID.
SID . , ,
SID.
. (password) . (public certificate) , .
, - .
Windows XP
.
, Windows.
Administrator ()
, , .
. Active Directory

.
.
Guest () ,
.

,
, -
.
HelpAssistant ,
,
. , Terminal Services ( ).
Support Help and Support ( ).

157

HelpServicesGroup
, . Support_<iW>, <id>
, Support_388945aO.
,
:
. . ,
HelpServicesGroup,
Support, Help and Support.
, Windows XP ( )
. ,

. ,
. .

LocalSystem
. Log on
as a service ( ).
. .
, ,
LocalSystem NetworkService;
LocalService ,
. , , Log on as a service
Change the system time ( )
Generate security audits ( ). Alerter
(), Messenger ( ), Remote
Registry ( ), Smart card (-),
Smart card helper ( -), SSDP
discovery service ( SSDP), TCP/IP
NetBIOS Helper ( NetBIOS
TCP/IP), Uninterruptible power supply ( ) WebClicnt (-);

158

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

NetworkService ,
. LocalService,
, ,
Log on as a service Change the system time
Generate security audits. : Distributed
Transaction Coordinator (
), DNS Client (DNS-), Performance Logs
and Alerts ( )
Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator [ (RPC)].

, Windows XP
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
,
. :
, . Active Directory ,

<_>\<_> <_>\<__>, Technology\Gmarketing GMarketing ( ) Technology.
Windows XP :
(local groups) ; Local Users and Groups (
).
(security groups) ; Active Directory Users and Computers
( Active Directory).
(distribution groups) ;
SID ; Active
Directory Users and Computers.

159

,
(SID).
,
SID.
,
.
Administrators ()
. , , ,
. .
Backup Operators ( ) / /

.

,
.
. ,
.

Guests () :
,
.
Network Configuration Operators (
) ,
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol) ;
Power Users ( ) , , Users, , , ,

. , Windows XP -

160

11

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, Microsoft ,

.
Remote Desktop Users ( )
Terminal Services
( ) Remote Desktop (
).
, .
Administrators (,
,
).
Users () Windows XP.
, :
,
, .

Users, Power Users Administrators.
:
Restricted User ( ), Standard User ( ) Other/Administrators (/).



Windows XP. User
Accounts ( ),
, .
,
, . . -

161

. .

Windows XP .
,
.
, Windows.


, ,
.

. , User
Accounts ( ).
Windows XP
:
(standard): Power Users ( )
,
,

;
(restricted):
Users , ,
;
(other): ; , Administrators
( ).

, ,
.
,
.

162

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional



User Accounts. , , ,
.
1. User Accounts. (. 6-1).
?.


:' ,
.
:

1*

:
.

WWW

1 I

' Guest.

. 6-1.
.
2. Add (). Add New User Account ( ).
3. User Name ( ) Domain ()
,
. , Browse
() .
Next ().
4. : Standard User ( ), Restricted User ( )
Other (). Other

163

, .
, . Administrators,

.
5. Finish ().
Local users and groups
( ).


User Accounts
, .
Local users and groups ( ), (. ).
.
1. User
Accounts.
2. Users for this computer (
)
Properties ().
3. Group
Membership ( )
: Standard User ( ), Restricted User ( ) Other ().
4. .
Local users and groups.


1. User
Accounts.
2. Users for this computer (
) .
Reset password ( ).

164

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

3. Reset password ( ) .
.
1. Local users and groups Users
(). Set Password ( ).
2. .
.
3. Account is disabled (
) Account is locked out (
).


Windows XP
Web-.
(key ring),
,
.
, . , .

.
, .

:
. -

165

,
.
.
1. User
Accounts.
2.
Advanced () Manage
passwords ( ).
Stored user names and passwords (
).
3. Add ()
Logon Information Properties (
) , (. 6-2), .
Server () ,
.
, , technology.microsoft.com , ,
*.microsoft.com.

, www.microsoit.com, ftp.microsoft.com,
smtp.microsoft.com extranet.microsoft.com.
User Name () , . .
Windows
: Technology\WRSTANE ,
WRSTANEK@msn.com.
Password () , .
,
,

.
:7{

Windows XP
.

Change () Logon Information Properties (. ).

166

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

1;>>
, i-
,

11

. 6-2. , ,
.

4. .

,
,
, .
.
1. User
Accounts.
2. Advanced () Manage passwords ( ).
3. Stored User Names and
Passwords ( )
. Properties
().
4. , .
\

167

Change (). ,
.
, .
, ,

1. User
Accounts.
2. Advanced Manage passwords.
Stored User Names and Passwords,
.
3. Remove
(). , .
, , ,

.

Microsoft .NET
,
, MSN Messenger Service. ,
Microsoft .NET Passport, MSN,
MSN Messenger Service, Web-
, .NET.
,
.
.NET ,
, , .NET.
.NET , ,
. .NET .NET Passport Wizard.
1. User
Accounts.

168

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. Advanced .NET Passport


Wizard ( .NET).
.NET

.NET .
.NET.
,

.NET.
MSN .NET.


Windows XP
Ctrl+Alt+Del. ,
,
. (Secure Logon), . Ctrl+Alt+Del, , .
1. User Accounts. Advanced ().
2. ,
Require users to press Ctrl+Alt+Del (
Ctrl+Alt+Delete ).
.


.
. ,
, , .

169


.
1. User
Accounts.
2. Users for this computer (
)
Remove ().
3. , Yes ().




,
. ,
, ,
, . .


Local users and groups ( ).
1. Start\All Programs ( Programs)\Admmistrative Tools [\ ( )\] Computer Management ( ). Local users and groups: Administrative Tools, Computer Management.
2. Computer Management
Connect to
another computer ( ).
Windows XP,
.
3. System Tools ( )
Local Users and Groups ( ).
4. Users ()
New User ( ).

170

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

(. 6-3) :
User Name ()
;
, ;
Full Name ( )
, William R. Stanek;
Description () ;
, Web-, ;
Password () ; ;
Confirm Password ()
;
User must change password at next logon ( ) ,
;

; William Stanek

0 *'

DriyiitwiTb 1

. 6-3.

.

171

User cannot change password ( ) ,


;
Password never expires (
) ;
;
Account is disabled ( )
;

.
5. , Create
().


Local users and
groups.
1. Start\All Programs ( Programs)\Administrative Tools [\ ( )\] Computer Management ( ).
Local users and groups:
Administrative
Tools, Computer Management.
2. Computer Management
Connect to another computer ( ).
Windows XP,
.
.
3. System Tools ( )
Local Users and Groups.
4. Groups () New Group ( ). (. 6-4).
5.
Add (). Select Users
(: ).

172

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

f
I sydocalPiib Team
''

. 6-4.
Windows XP.

6. , , Check
Names ( ). , .
,
.
.
7. New Group . ,
, Remove ().
8. , Create ().


1. Computer Management Local
users and groups Groups (). .
2. Add (),
. Select Users (: ), Check Names ( ).
,

173

.
, .
.
3. ,
Delete ().
4. .


. , , ,

. ,
. .
1. Computer Management Users
( ).
2. Account is disabled ( ),
3. .
.
1. Computer Management Users.
2.
Account is disabled ( ).
3. .


, (SID) ,
. .
1. Computer Management Users
Groups ().
2.
Rename (-

174

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

).
.


.
.
, SID.

,
. , Del
Delete ().
f;:-i


Windows XP , .



1 2, Windows XP
. (Remote Assistance)
, .
Remote Desktop ( )
. , .
Remote Assistance. Remote Desktop
.
Remote Assistance
Remote Assistance (help desk) , . , . -

175

,
.
,
,
, . , , , .
,
.
30 .
. , 30 , .
29 . , , , 1 .
, .
.
1. System
() Remote (
).
2. , Allow remote assistance invitations ( ) .
.
3. , Allow remote assistance invitations. Advanced ().
Remote Assistance Settings ( ) (.6-5).
4. Allow this computer to be controlled remotely ( ): , .
, .

176

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

II

. -

130

-.

. 6-5.

.
5. Invitations () , , . 30 ( ).
6. , .

Remote Desktop
Remote Desktop ( ) .
,
, ,

, . , . ,
.

, ,
Windows,
. -

6.

177

. ,
, .
Remote Deskt6p , ,
,
. Remote Desktop Administrators ().
,
.
1. System
() Remote (
).
2.
, Allow users to connect remotely
( )
. .
3. , Allow users to connect remotely
( ).
Select remote users ( ).
4.
, Add (). Select Users (: ).

Check Names ( ).
,
.
, . .
5.
, Remove ().
6. ,
.


7-562

178

II

Microsoft Windows XP Pralessional

Windows.
it Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Terminal
Services ( )
.
Microsoft Windows .NET
Server , Administrators ()
. Windows XP ,
.
1. Start\All Programs ( Programs)\Accessories\Commumcations [\ ( )\\]] Remote Desktop Connection (
). Remote Desktop
Connection ( )
(. 6-6).

. 6-6.

.
2. Computer () ,
. ,
Browse for more
( ), .
3.

Windows XP , . , Options () User Name (), Password ()


Domain ().

179

4. Connect. (). . , . .
Remote Desktop
Connection Options (), ,
, ,
,
,
,
.

, . , ,

.
. TCP/IP 12, 9.


,
,
:
Power schemes ( ) ; ,
;
Alarms () ,
;
;
Power meters ( ) ,
;

181

Behaviors ()
; ,

; ;
Hibernation ( ) ,
.
/|1


, .
, .



:
Turn off monitor ( ) , , , , ;
Turn off hard disks ( ) , , , ,
- ;
System standby ( ) ,
, , ,
& ;
System hibernates ( ) ,
, , ,
.
,
,
. ,

. ,

(, 20-30 )
.

182

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, .

.

.
. ,
.
.
, .
( )
,
,
.

.
Home/Office Desk (/)
. ,
. 20
.
.
Portable/Laptop ()
,
. ( ).
Presentation () , , .

fju

183

,
:

.

Always On ( ) , .
, .
Minimal Power Management ( ) , . ,
,
.
5 .
Max Battery ( ) .
20 45 .
,
2 .


,
. / .
1. Power Options ()
, Power
Options Properties (: ) (, 7-1).
2. Power Schemes (
) ,
.

184

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

: .
*

or


, 15

'

:: 20
: \ 45

-^;

;-Ml

wj

w i 1

. 7-1. :

.

3. When computer is plugged in (


) ,
,
. ,
Never ().
4. When computer is running on batteries (
) ,
.
. ,
15 ,
10.
5. , Save As ( ), . , . -

185


Power Schemes.
I

4|


. ,
, , ,
.
! Microsoft Windows XP
.
,
.

1. Power Options ()
, Power
Options Properties (: ).
2. Power Schemes
Delete ().
3. , Yes (). :

.


. : Low battery alarm ( ) Critical battery alarm (
). , ,
, 10%
. . , , 5% . , 3 , 5% 9 .
, , -

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
, ,
, . .


, . .
,
.
1. Power Options ()
,
Alarms () (. 7-2).
: :)

'i

i *

&
I^O -^^ - <*;*'! -1/1 ^.

* .

*
:

.
1: . '
;1

3ani4C*

. 7-2.
.
2.

, Lo\v battery alarm ( ) Activate low battery alarm when power

187

level reaches ( ),
. Alarm Action (),
( .
).
/|\


10-11%. .
, , , 12-15%. ,
( )
.
,
20
.

3. ,
Activate low battery alarm when power level reaches.
4. .


.
, . ,
,

.

,
.
1. Power Options ()
,
Alarms ().
2. ,
Critical Battery Alarm ( ) Activate critical
battery alarm when power level reaches (
), -

188

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. Alarm action
(), ( . ).
/.



6-8%.
.
,
. .
, ,
, .
,
6-8 .

3. ,
Activate critical battery alarm when power
level reaches Critical battery alarm.
4. .

1. Power Options ()
,
Alarms.
2. . Alarm action , .
(. 7-3).
3. Notification () :
( ), Sound alarm
( ) / Display message ( ).
4. Power level ()
.

, When the alarm goes off,
the computer will ( ) -

189

: Stand by (
), Hibernate ( )
Shut down ( ).
; .<,1 (

[v=] * ,

[__!

. 7-3.
, .

5. , ,
, . Force stand by or
shutdown even if a program stops responding ( ,
).
- .
6. Run a Program ( )
.
, Configure program ( ).
, . ,
, .
7. , .

190

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional



Windows Power Options Properties.
,
.
.
.
,
, Power Meter
( ) (. 7-4),
.
, Always show icon on the taskbar ( ), .

, Show details for each battery ( ),
, . .
.
Power
meter ( ). . , , ( ), . (
) ( ).

Power Options (). ,
Power Meter ( ). , , , . , Advanced ()
Always show icon on the taskbar (
).

191

Ci/a-

I 3

.
.


-!

,
.

. 7-4.

.



1. Power Options () .
2. Advanced ()
,
, () . .
3. ,
. When I close the
lid of my portable computer (
): Do nothing ( ), Stand by ( ) Hiber-

192

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

nate ( ).
, Do nothing.
4.
.
When I press the power button on my
computer ( ): Do nothing, Ask me what to do (
), Hibernate Shut down ( ).
IT)


.

Shut Down Windows ( Windows),
, , , . , , Cancel ().

5. Sleep . When I press


the sleep button on my computer (
) Do nothing,
Ask me what to do, Hibernate Sbut down.
6. , .


.
. /
, Power Options
() Hibernate ( )
/ Enable hibernation (
).
,
. , 512
, -

193

. .


Windows XP
, . , (docked),
(undocked). .
,
,
.
:
;
Administrators (), ,

, .


,
System () Hardware () Hardware Profiles ( ). Hardware Profiles
(. 7-5), :
, Available hardware profiles ( ): ;

,
Wait until I select a hardware profile ( );
, :
Select the first
profile listed if I don't select a profile in (

194

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, )
( 30 ).

4JIP

*
EI
,


Profile 1 (,

Windows :


(*) , /

. 7-5. Windows XP
.
.

Docked Undocked
1. System (),
Hardware ()
Hardware Profiles ( ).
2. Available hardware profiles ( )
().
3. Copy Profile ( )
Docked.
4. Properties
().
5. This is a portable computer ( ) The computer is docked ( ).
6. Always include this profile as an option
when Windows starts (
Windows) .

195

7. Available hardware profiles


().
8. Copy Profile ( )
Undocked.
9. Properties.
10. This is a portable computer The computer is undocked
( ).
. Always include this profile as an option
when Windows starts .
12. ,
(
) .
, .
, (
), / .
, , .

,

1. System,
Hardware Hardware Profiles.
2. Available hardware profiles , . (Current) [()]. ,
:
() ,
;
Rename () ;
Delete () ; .

196
*::'!

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. ,
, .

3. .




: , ( ).
IP- DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). IP-
,

.
, .
Windows , ,
Windows XP . DHCP,
DHCP- (, ) . .

IP-
DHCP IP- TCP/IP. DHCP-
IP- , TCP/IP-,
IP-:
1. Start\All Programs ( Programs)\Accessories\
Communications\Network Connections [\ ( )\\\ ] .

197

2. Properties () Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [ (TCP/


IP)J, Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) Properties [: (TCP/
IP)] (. 7-6). ,
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.
: (TCPflPJ

IP ,
El
)

IP-aapec

DNS-
DNS-

. 7-6. DHCP,
IP-.

3. Obtain an IP address automatically ( IP- ).


DNS- , Obtain
DNS server address automatically ( DNS ). DNS- , Use the following DNS server addresses (
DNS-) () DNS.
4. ,
IP- WINS
(Windows Internet Naming Service).

198

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

IP-
DHCP IP- ,
DHCP- IP-
. IP 169.254.0.1169.254.255.254 255.255.0,0.
IP- , DNS WINS,
IP-
.
IP- DHCP-,
.
,
. ,
IP-.
,
IP-, DNS-, .
1. Start\All Programs ( Programs)\Accessories\Communications\Network Connections [\ ( )\\\
] .
2. Properties () InterneC Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties [: (TCP/IP)],
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [
(TCP/IP)]. IP-, Alternate
configuration ( ) (. 7-7).
3. Alternate configuration User configured ( ) IP Address (IP-) . IP-, .
IP- 10.0.0.110.255.255.254,
172.16.0.1-172.31.255.254 192.168.0.1-192.168.255.254.

199

: (fCPflP)

,
IP
1-

IP-

2 .168. 15

! 255

255 .255

I 192

1S8

DIMS-:

! 12 168. 15

10

* DNS-cepnep:

! 192

20

WINS :

15

168
.

50 '

15
.

WINS-:

. 7-7.
IP- .

4. Subnet Mask ( ) . Windows


,
, . , .
5. TCP/IP,
,
. Default Gateway ( )
IP- .
6. DNS-.
DNS.
7.
Windows WINS, WINS-.
8. , .

, , . , .

, .
, , .
Active Directory.
, . , .
Microsoft Windows 2000, Microsoft Windows XP
Windows .NET.


: , . ,
.

(
):
- Microsoft Windows NT 4 (NTCONFIG.POL);
;

201

;
;
;
.
, ,
. , . ,
.
.
1. , Windows XP .
. .
2. Windows XP . :
.
, .
3. , Ctrl+Alt+Del. , Windows XP .
4. Windows XP
.
.
5. Windows XP
. , . , Netlogon,
.
6. Windows XP , .

Windows XP
, %SystemRoot% \Systcm32\GroupPolicy. -

202

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


Group Policy ( ).
1. Start ()
Run () Run ( ).
2. Open () mmc
.

3. File () Add/Remove
Snap-in ( ).
.
4. Stand-Alone ( ) Add ().
5. Add Snap-in ( ) Group Policy ( ) Add.
Select Group Policy Object (
).
6.
Local Computer ( ).
, Browse () .
7. Finish, Close ().
8. .
(. *).
,
,
. , Group Policy ( ),
.
Active Directory,
. ,
%S#sem#oo%\Sysvol\Domain\Policies . .
Group Policy.

203

1. Active
Directory Sites and Services (Active Directory
), Group Policy (
).
2. Active Directory Users and Computers
(Active Directory ),
Group Policy.
3. ,
,
,
Properties (),
4. Group Policy ( ) New ().
5. ,
Edit () (.
).
6. ,
Up Down Group Policy
Object Links ( ).
Group Policy
Group Policy ( )
(. 8-1), :

Computer Configuration ( ) ,
;

User Configuration ( ) ,
, .
,
, .
, , .

(add-ons) . :

204

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Software Settings ( )
;
;
Windows Settings ( Windows)
, ;
Administrative Templates ( )
, Windows .

'!
LJ
'.'! -' Windaws

lKoHi|>rypaii*t
JutPMt^VPSHi'

. 8-1.
.



.
, Windows
.

Administrative Templates Group Policy ( -

205

) (. 8-2), , , , . Computer
Configuration ( ) User Configuration ( ). Group
Policy ( )
Windows.
Tlr^W iTmfr^^ """ '^iTjiifniwi nil

*: CJ *-"*

Tf Lj ^

,*-

.^.

. 8-2.
.

,
, :
HKKY_LOCAL_MACHINE,
HKEY_CURRENT_USER.
Administrative Templates Group Policy (
). :
Not configured (He ) ,
;
Enabled () ,
;
Disabled () , .

206

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
Group Policy ( ) ; Computer Configuration ( ) User Configuration
( ).
.
, , .
, .
1. Group Policy ( )
. Computer Configuration User Configuration (
) Administrative Templates ( ).
2. , .
.
3.
Properties ()
.
4. ,
. Explain (). ,

.adm.
5. Policy () :
Not configured (He ) ;
Enabled () ;
Disabled () .
6. ,
Policy Apply
().
7. Previous Policy ( ) Next
Policy ( ) .
8. , .

207


1. Group Policy ( )
, .
2. Computer Configuration ( ) User Configuration (
) ( ) Administrative
Templates ( )
Add/Remove Templates ( ).
(. 8-3).


.
20102001 1600
210.2001 16.00
58 2010.2001 16-00

. 8-3. .

3. , Add (),
Policy Templates ( ) Open
().
4. ,
Remove ().
5. , Close
().



. , ,
/
.

208

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


, ,
.
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Disk
Quotas ( \ \\ ).
(. 8-1).
. 8-1.

/
NTFS-TOMOB .
Enforce disk quota limit
.
(
, )

.
, Quota ()
NTFS-.
Default quota limit and
warning level (
.


)
.
Log event when quota l i m i t ,
exceeded (
,
,
)

.
Log event when quota
,
warning level exceeded
, (
.

)
Apply policy to removable

media (
NTFS-

. ,
)

.
Enable disk quotas
(
)


. -

209

NTFS .
t. Group Policy ( )
, ,
Computer Configuration\Administrative Tempiates\System\Disk Quotas ( \ \\ ),
2. Enable Disk Quotas.
. Setting () Enabled () Next Setting
( ). Enforce disk quota limit properties (:
).
3. NTFS-
, Enabled (), Disabled (),
(. 9).
4. Next Setting
Default Quota Limit and Warning Level Properties
(: ) (. 8-4).
Enabled.
5. Default quota limit ( ) .

.
, , 500-1000 . ,
, , ,
.
6. Setting () . 90% . ,
1000 , 900 .
8-5682

210

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

II

110 .

^ [^
jpoBett

, '
1

, -

:
. |

. 8-4.
.

7. Next Setting
Log Event When Quota Limit Exceeded Properties
(:
).
, Enabled.
8. Next Setting
Log Event When Quota Warning Exceeded Properties
(: ).
,
Enabled.
9. Next Setting
Apply Policy to Removable Media Properties (: Properties). NTFS , Disabled.

211

10. .
/|1

,
Computer ConfiguratiorAAdministrative Templates\System\Group Policy ( \ \\ ) Disk Quota Policy Processing ( ). Enabled,
Process even if the group policy
objects have not changed (, ) .


System Restore
. , . ( . 2).
System Restore Computer Configuration\Administrative TemplatesX,
System\System Restore ( \ \\ ).
Turn off system restore ( ) ,
System () (System Restore Wizard).

.
Turn off configuration ( ) . Settings (), . , Settings ,
.
.

212

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
1. Computer Configuration\Administrative
Templates\System\System Restore Group Policy
( ) .
2. / ,
Turn off system restore
( ).
Setting () Enabled ()
Disabled () .
3. /
, Turn off
configuration ( ).
Setting Enabled Disabled .



. , , , , , .

(. 8-2). , , .
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Offline Files ( \ \\ ) User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Offline Files ( \ \\
).

. 8-2.

213

Allow or disallow use


of the offline files
feature (

/


,

.

Prohibit user configuration of offline files


(
)


, / .

.

Synchronize all offline


files when logging on
(

)

Synchronize all offline


files before logging off
(


)

Synchronize offline
files before suspend
(

)



.
.

Default cache size


(
)

.

,

10% .

214

II

. 8-2.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

()

Action on server
disconnect (

)


. Work
Offline ( ) .

Remove Make Available Offline (



)

Prevent use of O f f l i n e
Files folder (

*)


Offline Files
( ).
,
,
, .


(Files not cached)

,

.

.

Administratively
assigned offline files
(

,

UNC-.

At logoff, delete local


copy of user's offline
files (



)

Event logging level


(
)

. 8-2.

21 ,

()

Subfolders always
available offline
(

)

Encrypc the offline files


cache (
)
\ Prohibit -?Make Avai lable Offline* for these
files and folders (


)



,
.


.

UNC-.

.
/ ,
,
, .
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Admmistrative Templates\ Network\Offline Files (
\ \\ ) User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Ot'flme Files ( \\ ).
2. ,
Allow or disallow use
of the offline files feature ( ). Setting ()
Enabled () Disabled () .
.
, -

216

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
3. ,
Prohibit user configuration of offline files ( ). Setting
Enabled

.
4. , , Prevent
use of Offline Files folder ( ).
Setting Enabled
, ,
.


.
. .
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\
Network\Offline Files ( \ \\ )
User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Offline Files ( \
\\ ).
2. , Remove <?Make available offline (
).
Setting

217

Enabled .
3. ,
, Administratively assigned offline files (
).
Setting
Enabled. Show () Show Contents ( ) UNC , \\corpserver\data (. 8-5).
*
:
*
"\\Seivertbocuiiients

. 8-5.
UNC- .
! , . ,
, , .


.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\ Network\Offline Files (
\\ ) User Configuration\Administrativc Templates\Nctwork\Offlinc Files ( \ \\ ).

218

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. ,
, Administratively assigned offline files (
).
Setting
Enabled, Show (),
Show Contents ( )
UNC- , \\corpserver\data.
3. ,
,
Prohibit Make Available Offline for these files and folders.
Setting Enabled,
Show, Show Contents
UNC- , \\corpserver\data.

, . 2.
4. , .


(Synchronization Manager).
. ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
Synchronization Manager.
.
. , , .
.
.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Adniinist-

219

rative Tcmplates\ Network\Offlinc Files (


\ \\ ) User Configuration\Adrninistrative Tcmplates\Network\Offline Files (
\\ ).
2.
Synchronize all offline files when logging on ( ),
Synchronize all offline files before logging off ( ) Synchronize offline files before suspend ( ). ,
,
Setting ()
Enabled ().
3. .

,
,
: ,

.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Offline Files (
\ \\ ).
2. , Default cache size ( .
). Setting Enabled
(. 8-6).
, 100, . . 1500 15% , .
;;:-]


, 10%
.

220

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

;
!
gji

-! n
, 1 2.5

* 1 0 1
12S3.

: .1000

; Microsoft Windows 2000


] 1 J

. 8-6.
.

3. ,
Files not cached ( ),
Enabled Extensions ()
, . .
*,wbk; *.tmp; *.lnk; *.ndx,
.
4.
Encrypt the offline files cache ( ) Enabled. ,
.

221


, (Remote Assistance). .


:
,
, , (LAN), TCP/IP , (. 8-3). Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Network Connections
( \
\ ) User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Network Connections ( \ \\ ).
. , . ,
.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer ConfigurationX,Administrative Templates\Network\Network Connections ( \ \\
).
2. .
Setting () Enabled ()
Disabled () .

222

II

, 8-3.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
Computer prohibit use of
Internet connection sharing
on your DNS domain
network (
.

.


.
DNS-)
,
Computer prohibit use of
internet connection firewall
on your DNS domain net- work ( - .
-

,
DNS-)
.
Prohibit installation and
/
configuration of network

bridge on your DNS do .
main network (
,


.
DNS-)
Prohibit access to proper-
ties of components of a
remote acctss connection

(


.
)
Prohibit TCP/IP advanced
configuration (


TCP/IP)
TCP/IP.
Prohibit access to proper-
ties of a LAN connection
(


)
.
Ability to change proper
ties of an all user remote
access connections
,
( - ) .


. 8-3.

223

()

Prohibit deletion of remote


access connections
(

)
Ability to delete all user
remote access connections
(

)
Ability to enable/disable
a LAN connection (

)



,


,

.

/
.


,
TCP/IP.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\Network Connections.
2.
Setting Enabled Disabled .


/
.
. , System
().
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Remote Assistance ( \ \\
).

224

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. Solicited remote assistance ( ).


Setting Enabled .
3. Permit remote
control of this computer ( ) :
Allow helpers to remote control this computer ( )
;
Allow helpers to only view this computer ( )
, - .
4. Maximum ticket time (value) [ ()] Maximum ticket time (units) [ ()]
(.8-7.).
30 .
5. Next Setting ( ).
Offer Remote Assistance
Properties (:
) Disabled
()
.
6. .

.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Rcmote Assistance.
2. Solicited remote assistance ( ).
Setting Disabled Next
Setting ( ).

225

; 3*
apaaff


\' - .
1 McBcwiwibHOB opwdO (): |J30
} [$

MicrosoHWindowsXPPiofessioiial

-;;-.:...1 !1 <

! i

. 8-7.
.
3. Permit unsolicited offers of remote
assistance ( )
Disabled Next Setting.
4. Offer Remote Assistance Properties
(: )
Disabled .




.
, :
;

;

226

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

;
.

Windows.
, Windows
, VBScript Jscript, Windows (WSH).


,
, ,
(. 8-4).
. 8-4.

Run logon scripts synchronously (



)




,

Windows.
, .


.

Run startup scripts


asynchronous ly
( )

Run startup scripts visible


(

)

Run shutdown scripts


visible (


)

Maximum wait time for


group policy scripts
(

)




.



( 600 , . . 10 ).

. 8-4.

227

()

Run legacy logon .scripts


hidden (


)

Run logon scripts visible


(

)
Run logoff scripts visible
(

)



,


(System Policy Editor)
Windows NT 4.

.



.

, ;
;
;

.
:
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Conn'guration\Adrnmistrative Templates\System\Scripts ( \\).
2. Run logon scripts
synchronously (
).
Setting () Disabled () Next Setting
( ).
3. Run Startup Scripts Asynchronously
Properties (:
) Enabled
() Next Setting.

228

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Run Startup Scripts Visible Properties


(: ) Disabled Next Setting.
Run Shutdown Scripts Visible Properties
(:
) Disabled Next Setting.
Maximum Wait Time for Group Policy
Scripts Properties (: ) Enabled Seconds ()
. (. 8-8), 60-120, 60 . .
: | .
j
$

I 0 so 320QO,

- MictosoH Windows 2000

. 8-8.
.
7. User Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Scripts ( \ \\).

229

8. Run legacy logon scripts


hidden (
).
Setting Enabled Next Setting.
9. Run Logon Scripts Visible Properties
(:
) Disabled
Next Setting.
10. Run Logoff Scripts Visible Properties
(:
) Disabled
.





.
, , ,
.
1.
Scripts\Startup ( ) Scripts\Shutdown
( ).
%SystemRoot% \Sysvol\Domain\Policies
%WinDir%\System32\
GroupPolicy\Machine Windows XP.
2. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Windows
Settings\Scripts ( \ Windows\CneHapHH).
3. , Startup () Properties ().
, Shutdown ( )
Properties. (. 8-9).

230

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
, .

. 8-9.
.

4. Show Files ( ).
, .
5. Add (). Add a Script ( ).
Script Name ( ) , Scripts\Startup Scripts\Shutdown.
Script Parameter ( )
, , ,
WSH-. , .
6. , .
Up () Down ()
.
7. ,
Edit ().

231

8. , Remove ().


.
, ,
,
/ .
1.
Scripts\Logon Scripts\Logoff.
%5y.vem.Ro0t%\Sysvol\Doinain\ Policies
%MnDir%\System32\ GroupPol icy\ Machine Windows XP.
2. Group Policy ( )
User Configuration\Windows Settings\Scripts ( \
Windows\CueHapHH).
3. ,
Logon ( )
Properties.
,
Logoff ( ) Properties.
(. 8-10).
4. Show files ( ).
, .
5. , Add. Add a Script. Script
Name ,
Scripts\Logon Scripts\Logoff. Script
Parameter ,
, ,
WSH-. ,
.

232

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
, .
.

, 8-10.
.

6. , . Up
Down .
7. ,
Edit ().
8. , Remove.


Windows XP ,
(. 8-5).
,
.
.

233

. 8-5. .

Don't display the Getting


Started welcome screen at
logon (He
*
)

Always use classic logon


(

)

.

Windows XP,
.

(
Windows XP)
Windows.
,
.

,
% SystemRout%,

.


,

.

, .
,

(System Policy
Editor)
Windows NT 4

/ Run these programs at


user logon (

)

/ Do not process the


run-once list
(He
,
)
/ Do not process the disable
legacy run list
(He

)


,

.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Logon ( -

234

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

\ 6\\ ).
2. Don't display the
Getting Started welcome screen at logon.
Setting () Enabled ()
.

Windows XP .
. .
\. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrativc Templates\System\ Logon.
2. Always use classic logon
( ).
Setting Enabled .
,


, ,
,

.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Logon.
2. Run these programs
at user logon (
).
Setting Enabled.
3. , , Show ().
Show Contents ( )

235

UNC- , D:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe \\DCServ01\


Apps\stats.exe.
4. .


, , .

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run HKEY_CURRENT_
USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run.
, ,
, .
HKEY_
LOCAL_MACHINE\SorLware\Microsoft\Windo\vs\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
.
1. Group Policy ( )
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templatcs\System\Logon User Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Logon.
2. Do not process the runonce list (He ,
).
Setting Enabled Next Setting (
).
3. Do not process the legacy run list (: He
) Enabled
.

. ,
,
.
Windows , . .
, .



Windows, My Computer (
) My Network Places ( ). ,

. , .

Windows (Windows Explorer) :
Start ()
Explore (). : Start\
All Programs ( Programs)\Accessories\Windows Explorer
|"(\ ( )\\-

237

].
.

(. 9-1) ().
Toolbar ( )
,
. View () Toolbars ( ) Customize (). ,
.
Explorer Bar ( )
. : Search (), Favorites (), History
(), Media (), Contacts (), Folders
() ( ), Tip of the Day
( ).
Contents ( ),
,
.
.

. 9-1. ,
.

238

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


.
, Explorer Bar ( ) View () : Search
(), Folders (), Favorites (), History
(), Media (), Contacts () Folders
(). , .
Folders ()
:
,
. ,
.
/ Make new folder ( ), Publish this
folder to the Web ( ) Share this
folder ( ).
My Computer ( ), My Documents ( ), Shared documents
( ) My Network Places ( ), (,
).
View.
Arrange Icon ( ) /
, , .

.
Choose Details ( )
, / ,
, , .
, , , / .
Details () /. , , , . Choose details (
).
Icons () .

239

List ()
.
Status Bar ( )
, .
Toolbars ( ) / .
Windows

, ,
.
Desktop ( ) , ,
Windows.
My Computer My Network Places,
Drives () . Microsoft Windows
,
-.
My Computer ( ) , .
My Documents ( ) ,
. My
Pictures ( ), .
My Network Places ( ) . .
Network Drives ( )
, .
Closed Folders ( ) , .
.
Open Folders ( ) , .
.
Recycle Bin () , , .

240

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
.
. User onfiguration\Administrative Templates\Windows Componcnts\Windows Explorer
( \ \ Windows\TIpOBOflHHK) (. 9-1).
. 9-1.

Windows.

Turn on classic shell


(

)

Active Desktop Web-,



,
.
Remove the Folder Options
item from the settings ,
(
,
)
.
Remove Map Network
/
Drive and -sDisconnect

Network Drive* Places
My Network Places.
( *-
.
*)
Remove Search Button
Search () from Windows Explorer
( (, My
Windows)
Computer).
Internet Explorer.
Remove Windows Explorer's
Default Context Menu
,
( -

.
Windows)
Hide these specified drives

in My Computer (
.

)
.

. 9-1.

; 1

{)

Prevent access to drives


from My Computer
(

)


, ,
Run (),
DIR ,
. ,
,
- .
Hardware (Remove Hardware Tab
( "
) :
)
/
.
DFS
Remove DFS Tab
( DFS)
Windows , , /
DFS.
No Computers Near Me*
,
in My Network Places

( ,
Windows

*)
My Network Places.
,
No Entire Network in

My Network Places
,
(

)
My Network Places.


.
1. Group Policy ( )
. User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Windows Explorer ( \ \ Wmdows\IIpOBOflHHK).
2.
:

9-5682

242

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Enabled () ,
;
Disabled () , ;
Not configured (He ) , .
3. .


Active Desktop
Active Desktop Windows XP Web. Active Desktop ,

(thumbnails), , Web.
Active Desktop
/ Active Desktop .
1. Group Policy ( )
User Configuration\Admimstrative
Templates\Windows Components\Windows Expl.orer ( \
Windows\npoBOflimK).
2. Turn on classic shell
( ) Enabled (),
, Disabled (), Active Desktop. .
,

Active Desktop, ,
. User ConfigurationVAd mini strati ve Templates\Desktop\Active Desktop ( \
CTonVActive Desktop). Turn on classic shell User ConfigurationVAdrninistrative TemplatesWVindows Com-

243

ponentsWVindows Explorer
Enable Active Desktop ( Active Desktop) Disable
Active Desktop ( Active Desktop),
User ConfiguratiorMdministrative TemplatesVDesktop\Active Desktop.

Active Desktop
. Windows Web-.
Active Desktop .
1. Tools ()
Folder options ( ),
2. General ()
Show common tasks in folders (
), ,
Use Windows Classic Folders (
Windows), Web-.
3. .

1. ,
.
2. Tools () Folder Options
( ). View ().
3.
, Apply to all folders (
).
4. ,
Reset all folders ( ).
f ;:



,
(DLL) .

244

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, .
1, , Tools ()
Folder options ( )
View () (. 9-2).

. .
. "" '1", .


IjJ
(v)
] , ^! is
(\
]
;
[5] * [
;
0
*
' " "
pi ain ci '
[v] BHit "! >?-

. 9-2.
.

2. , Show hidden files and folders (


).
3. ,
Hide extensions for known file types ( ).
4. ,
Hide protected operating system files (Recommended) [ ()].
5. Show encrypted or compressed

245

NTFS files in color ( NTFS ).


6. , Apply to all folders (
), .
Windows
, Hide these specified drives in My Computer
( )
Prevent access to drives from My Computer (
).

My Computer , . , Run () Map Network Drive ( ), D f R .
.
1. Group Policy ( )
Explorer () User Configuration\Administrative mplates\Windows Components ( \ \ Windows).
2. ,
Hide these specified drives in My Computer ( )
Enabled ().
, :
Restrict All Drives ( ), , ;
Restrict A and drives only (
), ;
Do not restrict drives (He ), .
3. .
4. ,
Prevent access to drives from My Computer (-

246

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

) Enabled.
, .
5. .

.

,

.
Folder options ( )
File types ( ) (. 9-3).
';-(. IGI!

I j


j
j^MP?/
(MPEG]
|^
.
(MPEG)
JMPE
[MPEG]

1:
"MPEG" - "
(MPEGJ"- ,
" (MPEQI", ""

. 9-3. ,
.

. ,

247

.bmp, .gif jpg. .


1. , Tools ()
Folder options ( ).
2. File Types ( ) . File Types ( ) . ,
, ,
.
3. . Details for <file_extension> extension ( <_>) ( ), .

1. , Tools ()
Folder Options ( ) File Types ( ).
2.
, . Change
(). Open with ( ),
3. .
4. . 2-3 , .
\

(
), Restore ().

, ,
.

, .

248

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


i

1. , Tools ()
Folder Options ( )
File types ( ).
2. , , Delete ().
3. , Yes.


: ,

, , ( ).

, , .
. 8.


, . , . . , ,
, .

X
.
. , .
,
,
: ,
.
,
- .
,
. , - ,

249

.
. (Synchronization
Manager). /
,
.
.
. 8.


. /.
/. ,
, , ,
. , .

Computer Management ( ).
, Computer Management, , ,
Microsoft Windows
2000 Windows .NET
Administrators () Server Operators ( ), Windows XP Workstation
Administrators () Power Users (
).
1:

Computer Management
.
1. Computer
Management ( )

250

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Connect to another computer


( ).
Select Computer ( )
.
2. System Tools ( ) Shared Folders ( ), Shares ( ). .
3. Shares ( ) New file share
( ).
(Create Shared Folder
Wizard) (. 9-4).

. 9-4.
.

4. Folder to share ( )
, , C:\Data\CorpDocuments,
Browse (O6;mp) .
/.

, .

5. Share Name ( )
: .
.

251

6. Share Description
( ).

Computer Management.
7. Windows Other File
Systems ( ), , , Microsoft Windows, Novell Netware Apple
Macintosh.
8. Apple Macintosh,
Apple, Macintosh share name ( Macintosh).
9. Next ()
(. 9-5).
All users have full control (
)
, . . /: ,
/. , NTFS .
Administrators have full control; other users have readonly access ( ,
)
. , , /.
Administrators have full control; other users have no
access ( , ) ,
. ,
,
.
' Customize share and folder permissions ( ) -

252

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
.
.

,
.

;^ o&itet*| >
,
*!
NTFS-

. 9-5.
.

10. f ; inish ().


2:

1. Computer Management ( )
Connect to another computer (
). Select Computer (
) .
2. System Tools ( ) Shared Folders ( ), Shares ( ).
3. . ,
. General () Caching ().
4. Caching Settings ( ) Allow caching of files in this shared folder
( ).
(. 9-6).

253


:
,

.
,
. ,

. 9-6. .
Automatic caching of documents ( )
, . .
,
. , .
Automatic caching of programs and documents ( ) , , , .

, ,
.
, - ,
.
|

! , ,
. , , , .

254

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Manual caching of documents (


)
, .
, . .
. .

.
5. .

, . . 8.

.
1. , Tools ()
Folder Options ( ).
Folder Options ( ).
2. Offline Files ( )
Advanced (). Offline Files Advanced Settings (
~- ) (. 9-7).
3. Add (). Offline Files Add
Custom Action ( ).
4. Browse ()
Browse for computer ( ) . Computer ().
5. When a network connection is
lost ( ) never allow my computer to go offline (
)-
6.
. , .

255

, , notify me and begin working offline ( ).


'1 . .,,
, JDJWHO ,
* /
.

* *

. 9-7. ,
.



. ,
.
, .
1. , Tools ()
Folder Options ( ).
2. Offline Files ( ) Enable offline files (
).
3. .

Synchronize all offline files when
logging on (
), Synchronize all offline files when logging on (

256

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

)
. ,
,
.
.
,
,
.
, .
.

4. Advanced (),
Offline Files - Advanced Settings ( ) (. 9-7).
5. Notify me and begin working offline (
) .
6. , Folder Options
( ).
.
1. , Tools ()
Folder Options ( ).
2. Offline Files ( )
Enable offline files (
) .


.

, , , .
1. , Tools ()
Folder Options ( ).
2. Offline Files ( )
View Files (). Offline Files

257

( ) (
).
3.
, File ()
Properties ().

,
.
1. , ,
. , .
2. File () Make available
offline ( .).
, .
Web-

, Web- .
Web- , .
,
. ,
,
.
1. Internet Explorer . , .
2. Favorites () Add to
favorites ( ).
Add favorite ( ).
3. Make available offline ( ) Customize (). (Offline Favorite Wizard).
Next ().
4. Set up the following page (
) Yes ()
(. 9-8).

258

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

or
:

Mciosrft Corporation Where Do V-ou We> , ,

URL


, xnr.ire

'?


,
'iHcno

|^

<

. 9-8. , ,
,
.

5. , .
Only when I choose
Synchronize from the Tools menu ( ).
, I would like to create a new schedule
( ).
6. , Every () Days at ( ) , 5 19:00.
.

(. 9-9).
, .
7. Yes, my user name
and password are (, ), Web- ,
.
8. Finish (), . , Favorites ().

259

, .
Name () ,
.
.
Synchronization (). , Stop (). .
IG|>
?
]1616

):

] -
,

. 9-9. .

Web-
.
1. Internet Explorer, Tools () Synchronize ().
Items to synchronize (
) (. 9-10).
2. Name () Web. ,
, Properties (). Properties ().
3. , Web Document ( )
Make this page available offline (
).

260

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

yf? *
w ,
^^ , ( *

*!

' g ,

* ..

-
:

^ Jlijj ...

. 9-10.
Web- .

Web, , Schedule () ,
Download () , .
Follow links outside of this page's Web site (
-)
,
. ,

.
Limit hard disk usage for this page to (
)
,
. 500 ;
When this page changes send e-mail to ( ) -

261

.
, .
5. , Close
().

, Web-
. .
1. Tools ()
Folder options ( ).
Offline Files ( ).
2. Synchronize all offline files when logging on
( ). , .
3. Synchronize all offline files when logging
on ( ).
.
4. .
Web- .
1. Tools ()
Synchronize ().
Items to synchronize (
).
2. Setup ().
Synchronization Settings ( )

Web-.
, , .
Web-

1. , Tools ()
Synchronize ().

262

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. Items to synchronize ( )
.
. - , Name ().
3. Synchronize (),
. Synchronize
. , Stop ().

.
, ,
(. 8) .
.
1. , Tools ()
Folder Options ( ).
Offline Files ( ).
2. , ,
. Amount of disk
space ( ), , .
3. , , Delete
files ( ). Confirm
File Delete ( ).
4." ,
Delete only the
temporary offline versions (
).
5. , ,
, Delete both the temporary
offline versions and the versions that are always available

263

offline ( , , ).
6. .


, ,
.
NTFS FAT FAT32.
(. 8). .

,
, ,
. .
/[ .

.
, .

.
, , . ,
.

.
,
. (),
(), (), (),
() (). -
. ,

264

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


20-100 , 5-20 .
, 95% .
, ,
. , ,

, . .
- .

. , .
,
. : , ,
Windows XP.
.
Administrators ().
. , . , , , ,
.
,
, Windows XP
(SID). ,
. -
SID, , SID , . ,

265

Active Directory. , . , ,
, , Refresh () F5.
NTFS
NTFS.
(. 8).

Computer Management ( ).
1. Computer Management (
)
Connect to
another computer, ( ).
Select computer ( )
.
2. Storage (
) Disk management ( ).
.
3. Volume list ( )
Graphical view ( )
Properties ().
4. Quota () (. 9-11)
Enable quota management ( ).
5.
, Limit disk space to ( )
.
Set warning level to (
)
. 90-95%
.
/.

,
-

266

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Quota Entries ( ).
,
, .
: Oate (;)
01

* . ! G; ' *

[^


Oils
<2! . 1

! :

sH


E2J

...1

. 9-11.

.

6. , , Deny disk space to users exceeding quota limit


(He ).

.
7.
,
Log event (
).
8. , . , Windows XP
.

267


,
, a .

, ,
, .
, ,
. , ,
.
.
1. Computer Management
( )
.
Connect to another computer (
). Select Computer (
) .

. 9-12.
,
.

268

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2.

Storage (
) Disk Management ( )
.
3. Volume list ( ) Graphical
View ( ) Properties ().
4. Quota () Quota entries
( ). (. 9-12)
Status () , : , .
.

,
, . ,
, . , , .
() ,

.
.
1. Computer Management ( ) Storage ( )
Disk management ( ). Volume List ( )
Graphical View ( )
^
Properties ().
2. Quota () Quota entries
( ). . , F5
Refresh () View ().
3. , , Quota ()

269

New quota entry ( ). Select users (: ),


4. Check names
( ). , . , .
5. , Add
new quota entry ( ) (. 9-13). : Do not limit
disk usage (He ),

, Limit disk space to ( ),
.

' 9

. 9-13.
.

6. .

1. Computer Management ( ) Storage ( )
Disk management ( ). Volume List (
) Graphical View ( )

Properties ().
2. Quota () Quota Entries
( ).
. , -

270

3.

4.

5.

6.

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

F5 Refresh ()
View ().
.
Quota settings for ( ),
(. 9-13).
Do
not limit disk usage (He
).
, Limit disk space to (
) .
.


, . . ,
.
.
1. Computer Management ( ) Storage ( )
Disk management ( ). Volume List ( )
Graphical View ( )
Properties ().
2. Quota () Quota entries
( ). . , F5
Refresh () View ().
3. Delete
Quota () New quota
entry ( ). Shift
Ctrl, .
4. .
, ( ).

2 7!

List files owned by (, )


(. 9-14) ,
.
( Shift Ctrl).
-.
Show folders only ( ) , . .
.
Show files only ( )

,
,

"!

,

> .
,

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. 9-14. , ,
.

272

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
Permanently delete files ( ) , ,
Del. , Yes ().
Take ownership of files ( )
, ,
Take ownership ( ).
Move files to ( ) , ,
Browse
() Browse for folder (
) .
Move ().
6. , Close (). , .

,
, .
NTFS.
.
1. Computer Management ( )
Computer Management ( )
Connect to another
computer ( ). Select Computer ( ) .
2. Storage (
) Disk Management (
).
.
3. Properties ().
4. Quota () Quota entries
( ). .

273

5. Quota () Export (). Export quota settings


( ). Save in
() , File name ( )
Save ().
1

-,
.
.

6. ,
Quota Close.
7. Computer
Management ( ).
Connect to another computer.
Select Computer ( )
,
.
8. Storage Computer Management.
- Properties.
9. Quota Quota entries. .
10. Quota Import ().
Import Quota Settings ( ) . Open ().
11. ( Yes)
( No).
, Do this for all quota entries ( ) Yes No.


(
10-568

274

II

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

), . .
.
. .
1. Computer Management (
)
Connect to another computer ( ).
Select Computer ( ) .
2. Storage (
) Disk Management (
).
,
3. Properties ().
4. Quota () Enable quota
management ( ).
, .

III

Microsoft
Windows XP Professional


Windows XP. 10
Microsoft Internet Explorer - , ,
. 11
TCP/IP- , . 12 , , .

10

Microsoft Windows XP Microsoft Internet Explorer


Web-, .
, , ,
.
.
Internet Options
( ) , Group Policy ( ). Internet Explorer Group Policy. Windows XP ,
.

URL-
Internet Explorer URL-, . Group Policy
.

URL- ,

,
. URL-.

10

277

1.

Group Policy ( ) , ,
User Configuration\Windows Settings\Internet Explorer Mamtenance\URLs ( 1\ Wmdows\HacTpofiKa Internet ExplorerXURL-).
2. Important URLs ( URL-),
, (. 10-1).

URL-
, *
arm "".
.

" (

rusedit i
'" /
HTML-.,

"1' KOMWwui '1**|( "*


URL-anoeci)

11 .

. 10-1. URL-
, .

3. Customize Home page URL (


) Home page
URL (URL- )
, http://intranet.microsoft.com/.
Internet Explorer () .
),

.
,
Web-.

278

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

4. Customize search bar URL (


) Search bar URL
(URL- ) , http://intranet.microsoft.com/
search.asp,
Search ().
||

! ,
,
. HTML-,
. ,
Web-,
.

5. Customize online support page URL


( )
URL- , http://intranet.microsoft.com/helpdesk/, Online Support (
) Help ().
6. .

Favorites Links
Favorites () (Links) ,
Internet Explorer
Favorites (), , ,
. Group Policy ( ) ,
, , ,
.
Group Policy: , .
])! .
1. Group Policy User Configuration\Windows Settings\Internet Explorer Maintenance-XL'RLs

10

279

( \ WindowsX
Internet ExplorerXURL-).
2. Favorites and Links ( ). Favorites () (. 10-2).
, .

"" "", . URL-. *
. tx *, ^
15
* .
/ ^
" & ,

- Ilijil '- j.tlL.

: = littp://www rusedil.ru
- ITBoc4t httpVAww.il

. 10-2.
.

3.
,
, Favorites (). Favorites and Links
Favorites (),
Add Folder ( ).
Name () Details () .
4. , Favorites (), Links () ,
Add URL ( URL).
Details ,
, URL , http://intranet.microsoft.com/exp_forms/,

280

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

.
.
/

,
: Test URL
( URL) Internet
Explorer. , , .

5. ,
Favorites ().
Place Favorites and Links at the top of the
list in the order specified below ( )
, . Up
() Down ()
.
. Delete existing Favorites and Links, if present
( ,
) , , .
Only delete the Favorites created by the Administrator (
) . ,

.
6. , .
, .
1. URL-, ,
Favorites ().
2. Group Policy User Configuration\Windows Settings\Internet Explorer Maintenance\URLs
( \ Windows\

10

281

Internet 1\1-)
Favorites and Links ( ).
3. Favorites and Links (. 10-2) Favorites, Links ()
, Import ()
Browse for folder ( ). . 1 . .
;-

URL- .

4. . 5 6, .



Internet Explorer
Browser User Interface ( ) Group Policy
( ):
, () Internet Explorer
.


Browser Title ( ) .

Microsoft Internet Explorer*, : My Home Page
Microsoft Internet Explorer.
Microsoft Internet Explorer provided by (Microsoft
Internet Explorer* :) : My Home Page Microsoft Internet Explorer : ABC Publishing.
.
1. Group Policy ( )
User Configuration\Windows Settings\Internet Explorer Maintenance\Browscr User Interface (
\ Wmdows\HacTpoHKa Internet
1\ )

282

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Browser title ( ).
(. 10-3).


, ^ Internet Explorer. =nat
"Miercsrfl Internet Explorer, 1^1'.
. Qu:fook Express e , >
0aOi4tluakE> press.
, "Acme" e , !
Mkroioft Tntet net Explore^ Acme
, ftme
$ ^
:
[internet

[]

. 10-3.
.

2. Customize title bars ( ) Title bar text ( ) .


3. .
-fr8!

Microsoft Outlook Express,


.



: . ,
,
. 22x22
38x38 .
Custom logo () ,
. , . ,

10

283

256 , Windows, 16 16- .


, . , ,
,
Internet Explorer.
Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK)
Animated Bitmap Creator (MAKEBMP.EXE) Animated Bitmap Prcviewer (ANIMBMP.EXE),
.
,
.
Group Policy
.
, .
,
.
Internet Ex'plorer.
1. Group Policy User Configuration\Windows Settings\Intcrnet Explorer Maintenance\Browser User Interface ( \ Wmdows\Hacpoa Internet 1\ )
Custom logo (). (. 10-4).
2. ,
Customize the static logo bitmaps ( ), ( ):
Small (22x2) Bitmap [
(22x22) ]
Browse () ;
Large (38x38) Bitmap | (38x38)
] Browse .

284

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

internet internet Es^wer


wi&nenort.
W !
* (22x22! '/WW: 4mage\lME_smallbmp
><8*38) ;

0.,

| Mmafle\lco\IE_large.bmD

Interact EiplsH E Me.riet Explorer


^6* , ( HaihM .
I' *)!

[38*38)

. 10-4.
.
, . ,
,
.

3. ,
Customize the animated bitmaps (
), :
Small (22x2) Bitmap

Browse ;
Large (38x38) Bitmap

Browse .
4. .
Group Policy.

10

285

Internet Explorer
, , , . .
( .cmd .bat) WSH- (Windows Script Host)
( js, .vbs .)
.
ICO-
, .
: 20x20 256 , 20x20 16 16x16 16 , 256- -
Windows 16- .
ICO- - ,
. - : 20x20 256 ,
20x20 16 16x16 16 , 256- 16-
Windows.
.
1. Group Policy ( )
User Configuration\Windows Settings\Internet Explorer Maintenance\Browser User Interface (
\ Windows\HacTpoUKa Internet
1\ )
Browser toolbar customizations ( ).
.
2. Buttons () Add () Browser toolbar
button information (
) (. 10-5).
3. Toolbar caption (required) [
( )] , - , .

111

286

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

^-
( );
jeRM~~
11
jWJer vVApp!4cim\ctm.ts(e
- 511 (1 );

- >wem " ( )!

|i" ^

. 10-5.
.
4. Toolbar action, as script file or executable
(required) [ ( )]
. , Browse () .
/,

5.

,
,
.
, ,
%SystemDrive%, , .

Toolbar Color Icon (Required) [


( )]
Browse,
.

6. Toolbar grayscale icon (required) [-


( ))
- Browse,
.
7. , This button should
be shown on the toolbar by default (

10

287

).
Customize toolbar.
View (),
Toolbars ( )
Customize ().
8. . , Buttons ()
Remove ().


,
.
HTML editor ( HTML)
HTML. Microsoft
Office Microsoft FrontPage Notepad ().
E-mail ( ) . Microsoft Office
Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft Outlook Express Hotmail.
Newsgroups ( )
.
Microsoft Office Microsoft Outlook Microsoft
Outlook Express.
Internet call ( ) . Microsoft NetMeeting.
Calendar ()
, Internet Explorer.
Microsoft Office Microsoft Outlook.
Contact list ( )
. Microsoft Office Microsoft Outlook
Address Book ( ).

Group Policy ( )
Programs () Internet Options (
). .
Group Policy.

288

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Group Policy ( )
User Configuration\Windows Settings\Internet Explorer Maintenance\Progranis ( \ Windows\HacTpOHKa Internet Explo\)
Programs (). (. 10-6).

^ , * . ,
Wrdom 1*.
vnwiaHHio ( oty*6 ;
., , -, ,

-
jje ! ! nporpam
'

BaTtl

1*!-'""* .1|,1?

. 10-6.
.

2. , Do not customize program


settings (He ) . .
3. Import the current program settings
( ) Modify settings ( ). Internet Properties (:
) (. 10-7).
4. Internet Programs ( )

.

10

289

,
Window!
HTML'

'

I Outlook Express

IQjBook Express

IwetMeelmg

Jvanemapb:
.

-.

0 , interne! Explore ^

. 10-7. .

, . , Internet
Explorer, Internet Explorer should check
to see whether it is the default browser (, Internet Explorer
).
6. .



.

( ).
R .
. Group Policy (
)
.

290

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Group Policy
Group Policy ( ) ,
(VPN). ,
/ .
-.
Automatic browser configuration ( ).

Group Policy.
1. ,
,
Group
Policy
(. 12)
VPN-.
Connection settings { ).
. ,
Group Policy.
2. Group Policy User Configuration\Windows Settings\Intcrnet Explorer Maintenance\Connection ( Windows\HacTpoUKa Internet 1\).

.
3.
Connection settings ( ) (. 10-8).
4. Import the current
connection settings from this machine (
).
,

10

291

Modify settings ( ) Internet Properties (: ), Connections ()


Internet Options ( ).
, , ,
. ,

, , .

! . !
. 4tQ(ai , '->*"
.
9
"". !
1 , tneco6ai; cnptoite.

'

' f" ^!
' * 1>111 SToroKorinbKitepa

. 10-8.
.

5. ,
Connection settings ( ) Delete existing dial-up
connection settings (
).
flfc ! , .

6. .

292

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


, Internet Explorer , Web : -

. , - .
- NAT (network address
translation ) , IP- . - HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), SSL
(Secure Sockets Layer), FTP (File Transfer Protocol), Gopher
Socks ( Microsoft Proxy).
Local area
network (LAN) Settings (
) Internet Options ( ):
Connections () LAN
settings ( LAN).
Group Policy ( ). Proxy Settings
( -) - (HTTP, SSL,
FTP, Gopher Socks) .
- IP-,
.
1. Group Policy ( )
User Configuration\Windows Settings\Internct Explorer Maintenance\Connection ( \ Windows\HacTpoHKa Internet Explorer\
) Proxy settings ( -).
2. Proxy settings (. 10-9)
Enable proxy settings ( -).
3. Proxy servers (-) IP- :
Address of proxy ( -)
IP- - ( ):

10

293

-
, IP- (
) , -; , -,
;
Port () ,
- ; - 80,
80 HTTP,
443 SSL ( Secure),
21 - FTP, 70 - Gopher 1081 - Socks;
Web- .

, . ?" -
(;).


) ,

. 10-9. -
Internet Explorer.

Use the same proxy server for all addresses ( - ) IP-


, HTTP, SSL, FTP, Gopher Socks.
:

294

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

-() , IP-
, ();

-, Use the
same proxy server lor all addresses
IP- .
5. Do not use proxy server for local (intranet) addresses
[He - () ] , .

, IP- .
6.
, ,
IP-
Exceptions (),
. (*)
, 192.*.*.*,
192.168.*.* 192.168.10.*.
7. .
, , ,
. , '
,
,
. .
1. Group Policy Computer Configuration\Admmistrative Templates\Windows Components\Internet Explorer ( \ Wmdows\ Inter net Explorer)

Make proxy settings per-machine (rather than per-user)
[ (
)].

10

295

2. Enabled () .
, .
1

, ,
Group Policy.



Web-, ActiveX,
, Java- , ,
. , ( IFRAME), .
Group Policy ( )
.

Web
. ,
.
,
. ,
: , .

(. 10-1).
.
Restricted Sites ( )
Web-,
.
High ().

296

til

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Trusted Sites ( )
Web-, . Low () , ActiveX
Java.
Local Intranet ( ) Web- ,
, , - UNC. Medium-Low ( ).
Internet () Web-, . Medium ().

ActiveX,
(plug-ins), Java- .
Logon (),
. ,
Web-
.
. ,
, ,

.

. 10-1.
.

File download
( )
Font download
( )
Access data sources across
domains ( )

10

297

. 10-1. ()

Launching programs and


files in an IFRAME
(
IFRAME)
Don't prompt for client
certificate (He
,
)

Display mixed content


( )
Submit nonencrypted form
data ( )
Drag and drop or copy and
paste files (
)
Navigate subframes across
Different Domains
(
)
Software channel permissions (
)

Allow meta refresh ( )


Installation of desktop
items (
)
Userdata persistence
(
)
Active scripting
( )
Scripting of Java applets
(
Java)

- -

298

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. 10-1. ()

A l l o w paste operations via


script (
)
Script ActiveX controls
marked safe for scripting
(
ActiveX, )
Download unsigned ActiveX
controls (
ActiveX)
Download signed ActiveX
controls ( ActiveX)
Run ActiveX controls and
plug-ins (
ActiveX
)
Initialize and script ActiveX
controls not marked as safe
(
ActiveX,
)

- -

Logon () , High.


. Medium Medium-Low
Local Intranet ( ), , (UNC) , -.
, -,
. Low , .

10

299


Group Policy

. .
Security zones: use only machine settings (
: ), Computer Configuration\Adminislrative Tempiates\Windows Components\Internet Explorer ( \ Wmdows\Internet Explorer),
,
.
, , ,
.
Security zones: do not allow users to change policies
( : ), Configuration\
Administrative mplates\Windows Components\Internct
Explorer,
. ,
Custom Level ()
Security () Internet Properties (: ) .
Security Zones: do not allow
users to add/delete sites ( :
)


Local Intranet ( ), Trusted Sites ( ) Restricted Sites ( ). Configuration\Administrative TernplaLes\Windows Components\Internet Explorer.
Disable the Security page ( ), User Configuration\Administrativc Tcmplatcs\Windows Components\Internet Explore r\Internct Control Panel ( \ \ Windows\

300

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Internet 1\ ),
Security () Properties
Internet. ,
.
Security zones: do not allow
users to change policies Security zones: do not allow users
to add/delete sites.

, ,
,
Enabled () .

Group Policy
Group Policy ( )
.
, Internet (),
Security zones and content ratings
( ).
1. , . Group Policy User
Configuration\Windows Settings\lnternet Explorer Mainlenancc\Security ( \ Windows\HacTponKa Internet 1\)
Security zones and
content ratings.
2. Import the current
security zone settings ( )
Modify settings ().
.
3. .
Internet
Internet ()
Web-, .
.
1. Control Panel ( ) Internet options ( -

10

301

) Security
() (. 10-10).
:
| ] f wio/imreibhQ
J]6uji

, .

...

, -!.
I
.

.
- ,
"".

' ".
I|

...

. 10-10. ,
2. Internet.
3. ,
Default Level ( ),
. .
4. Custom Level
() Security Settings
( ) (. 10-11).
5. ,
6. , Reset to ( ) [High
(), Medium (), Medium-Low ( ) Low ()], Reset (), .
7. .

302

ill

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


-:
roe ActiveXj


G
^ ActiveX



^ ActiveX
"-'

. 10-11.
.

Local Intranet
Local Intranet ( ) .
Medium-Low ( ). .
1. Internet Properties (: ) Security ()
Local Intranet. (.
Internet).
2. Sites (). Local Intranet ( ) ,
(. 10-12).
3. , ,
, -,
(UNC),
.

10

303


-, .

, ! !
&] >5, -
^ JUNC)

. 10-12.
.

4.
HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer
Protocol Secure) , Advanced (). Local Intranet, :
: Add this Web site to the
zone ( ) IP-
Add ();
: Web sites
(-) Remove ();
HTTPS:
Require secure verification (HTTPS:) for all
sites in this zone [
(https:)].
5. .
6. .

Trusted Sites
Trusted Sites ( ) Web-, .
Low (). .
1. Internet Properties (: ) Security ()
Trusted Sites ( ). -

304

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

III

(. Internet).
2. , , Sites ()
Trusted Sites ( ) (. 10-13).

- ^
. !
.

https: /Aww. microsoft. com


https: //www.mjn.ajni

[j^s

. i-

. 10-13. ,
.

3. , IP- Add this web site to the zone (


) Add ().
Web Sites (-)
Remove ().
Web .
4. HTTPS, Require secure verification (HTTPS:) for all
sites in this zone [
(https:)],
.
5. .
Restricted Sites
Restricted Sites ( )
Web- , . -

10

305

High ().
, .
1. Internet Properties (: ) Security ()
Restricted Sites ( ).
(.
Internet).
2. Sites ()
Restricted Sites ( ).
3. , Add this
Web site to the zone ( )
IP- Add ().
4. , Web Sites () Remove ().
5. .
, . ,
-
.



User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows
Componcnts\Internet Explorer (
\ Windows\Internet
Explorer) Group Policy ( ) (. 10-2),

Internet Explorer.
;

fc-|

() ,
User ConfigurationVAdministrative Templates\Windows ComponentsMnternet Explorer ( \ \ WindowsMnternet Explorer). , .

306

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. 10-2.

Disable Internet
connection wizard
(



(Internet Connection Wizard),
(Network
Connection Wizard).

Disable changing
connection settings
( - .

)
Disable changing

.
proxy settings
(
)
Internet cont- Disable the Security Security (rol panel (- page (
)
- Internet Options (
- )
), )
.
Internet
Disable the
Connections
control panel Connections page
()
(
Internet Options,

)
, ,

,
Internet
Disable the Prog
Programs
control
rams page
()
panel
(
Internet Options,

)
.
Internet
Disable the
Advanced
control
Advanced page
() panel
(
Internet Options,

) .


. 10-2.

10

307

()

Browser
menus
( )
Toolbars
( )

Hide Favorites menu Favorites


(
() *)
,
.
Configure toolbar
, buttons (


)
Internet Explorer.
,
File size limits for
(


)
.


.

Persistence
behavior
(
)

, , Enabled ()
.
, ,
.

11

TCP/IP,

, . ,
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), DNS (Domain
Name System) WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service).
DHCP IP. DNS
,
a WINS Windows.


TCP/IP (Transmission
Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). TCP/IP Windows XP
WAN-.
.



.
.
1. . ,

, .

TCP/IP,

11

309

2. , ,
.
3. Windows XP
. , . .
4. , 3.
5. , .

TCP/IP
Windows . TCP/IP
Network connections ( ). Administrator
().
1.

Start/Programs ( All Programs)/Accessories/


Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connections ( ).
.

2. Status (), Properties (). Local


Area Connection Properties (
) (. 11-1). TCP/IP
, .
Install ().
Protocol () Add ().
Select Network Protocol ( ), TCP/IP .
3. Local Area Connection Properties, , TCP/IP , .
4. .

310

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

>_

- > j*f

<(

:
i ^ 3CrmE*erLii*XMQfl 00 PCI For Ccmptele PC Manage

.
- ^ Mooseift
Micro..

-
',
t.-sai*TtweiS

] .

. 11-1. TCP/IP.


,

. , . ,
(.
*).
TCP/IP IP-. Windows XP IP-.
IP-, ,
, .
IP-
Windows.
.
DHCP- ( ) 1 - .

TCP/IP,

11

311

.
.

DHCP, a DHCP- , Windows IP-. IP-
169.254.0.1 169.254.255.254,
255.255.0.0. ,
IP-,
.

IP-
IP- IP, , .
IP- .
IP- ,
, . , 10.0.10.0
255.255.255.0 10.0.10.1
10.0.10.254. 10.0.10.255
(network broadcasts).
,
IP-, . ,
, IP- (. 11-1).
. 11-1.


10.0.0.0
172.16.0.0
192,168.0.0

255.0.0.0
255.240.0.0
255.255.0.0

10.0.0.0 -10.255.255.255
172.16.0.0 -172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 -192.168.255.255

,
.
ping

IP-, , -

312

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

DHCP. ping.
, ping,
IP-. , 10.0.10.12
:
ping 10.0.10.12
, IP- .
-, , IP-
.
, .
IP
IP .
1. Start/Programs ( A l l Programs)/Accessories/
Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connections ( ).
.
*:7]


. .

2. Properties (), Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [


(TCP/IP)]
Properties (). Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties [: (TCP/IP)] (. 11-2).
3. Use the following
IP address ( IP-)
IP address (IP-) IP-.
IP- .
4. . Windows XP
Subnet
Mask ( ). ,
, , .
5. TCP/IP,
,

TCP/IP,

11

313

. Default Gateway ( )
IP-
.
6. DNS .
() DNS-.
7. , . . IP-.
8. WINS (.
WINS).
; (TCP/IP)

IP ,
.
IP .
G IP-
IP-aepec:

ip-
- :
:

Dl^lTIIIjM";
[ 255 . 255 . 255 . {
| 12 168

2 . 1 J

" "-** sai.*; Dili-- !-;> -:- = ! = ?>!*-=- <


DNS -:
DN5-:

I 192 16

2 . 10 ;

ONS-1

' 12 . 168

20

. 11-2. IP-.

IP-
IP-
IP,
. .
1. Start/Programs ( All Programs)/Accessories/
Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connec-

314

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

tions ( ).
.
.
, ,
,
.
2. Properties (), Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [
(TCP/IP)]
Properties (). Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties [: (TCP/IP)].
3. Obtain an IP
address automatically ( IP- ).
Obtain DNS server address automatically (
DNS- ) Use the following
DNS server addresses (
DNS-).
() DNS-.
4. , . Alternate Configuration
( ) Automatic private IP address ( IP-). OK .
5. , . Alternate Configuration User configured ( ) IP address
(IP-) IP-.
(. . 11-1),
6. , DNS
WINS-. , .
f^\

. 7.

TCP/IP,

11

315



, . ,
. .
(, , )
. , Windows XP
.
. DHCP,

DHCP-. IP-
, .
1. Start/Programs ( All Programs)/Accessories/
Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connections ( ).
.
2. Properties (), Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [
(TCP/IP)]
Properties (). Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties [: (TCP/IP)].
3. Advanced ()
Advanced TCP/IP Settings ( TCP/IP) (. 11-3).
4. Default gateways ( )
, ( ).
Add () Gateway () .
5. Windows XP
. , Automatic metric (
) .
6. . ,
. 4-6.

316

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

\/

. 11-3. IP- .
DNS
DNS , IP- . , http://www.msn.com
http://www.microsoft.com, IP-,
192.168.5.102 192.168.12.68. DNS -
Windows XP.
, DNS . DHCP, DNS , DHCP-. IP DNS , DNS .
DNS

1. Start/Programs ( All Programs)/Accessories/


Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connec-

TCP/IP,

11

317

tions ( ).
.
2. Properties (), Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [
(TCP/IP)]
Properties (). Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties [: (TCP/IP)].
3. DHCP , DNS- DHCP-,
Obtain DNS server
address automatically ( DNS- ). Use the following DNS server addresses
( DNS-)
DNS-.
DNS
DNS
DNS Advanced TCP/IP Settings ( TCP/IP) (. 11-4).
* DNS server addresses, in order of use ( DNS-, ) IP DNS-, . IP- ,
Add (), Remove ().
Edit (). DNS .
.

,
DNS- . . , .
f :

TCP/IP , .
,
.

318

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

HI

IP | CNS

y/|NS

DNS-,

9
!1212.20

* ,
TCP/IP. :
0 11 DNS-ci|tp!tii:
0
Q -^ ( ).

DNS
* ONS

. 11-4.

DNS.

Append primary and connection specific DNS suffixes


( DNS- )
,
. , Gandolf
microsoft.com, gandolf.microsoft.com. , , , . Network Identification (
) System Properties ( ). .
Append parent suffixes of the primary DNS suffix ( . DNS-)
, .
, -

TCP/IP,

11

319

.

. , dev.microsoit.com
Gandolf, DNS gandolf.dev.microsoft.com. , DNS
gandolf.microsoft.com. . .
.
Append these DNS suffixes (in order) [ DNS- ( )] , DNS
.
, Add (), Remove (). Edit (). , .
, DNS . .
, .
DNS suffix for this connection (DNS- ) DNS- , DNS-,
. , , Network
Identification ( ) System
Properties ( ).
Register this connection's addresses in DNS ( DNS)
, IP- DNS
.
.

DNS
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server/.NET Server. Microsoft
Windows NT 4 Server .

Use this connection's DNS suffix in DNS registration


( DNS- DNS) IP-

320

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

DNS
.

WINS
WINS NetBIOS IP-. WINS .
WINS-, . WINS
Windows, Windows XP
.
Windows XP NetBIOS LMHOSTS.
: ,
. ,
WINS-, NetBIOS .
DNS, WINS . DHCP, WINS ,
DHCP-.
IP- WINS , WINS .
1. Advanced TCP/IP Settings
( TCP/IP)
WINS (. 11-5).
2. WINS addresses, in order of use (WINS-,
) IP- WINS,
NetBIOS. IP- ,
Add (), Remove (). , Edit ().
3. WINS-
,
. NetBIOS,
WINS- . . -

TCP/IP,

11

321


, .
WINS , . ,
.
TCP/IP
ilS j WINS | -]

( LMHOSTS ,
.
0 LMHOSTS

[" LMHOSTS...

NefBIDS
;
NelSIQS.
DHCP-. 1-.
QHCP-capeep NeffllOS,
NetBIOS
NotBIOS 1

. 11-5. NetBIOS-
WINS.
LMHOSTS,
Enable LMHOSTS Lookup ( LMHOSTS).
LMHOSTS,
Import LMHOSTS ( LMHOSTS)
. , LMHOSTS
,
.
|f

LMHOSTS , , LMHOSTS -

322

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

DNS WINS- .

5. WINS NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBIOS TCP/


IP). .
DHCP
, NetBIOS DHCP. Default: use NetBIOS setting from the DHCP
server ( : NetBIOS, DHCP-).
IP- DHCP NetBIOS,
Enable NetBIOS over
TCP/IP ( NetBIOS TCP/IP).
WINS NetBIOS, Disable NetBIOS
over TCP/IP ( NetBIOS TCP/IP).
NetBIOS,
.
6. .



. , ,
.

.
.
1. Start/Programs ( Alt Programs)/Accessories/
Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connections ( ).
2.
Disconnect ().

TCP/IP,

11

323

3. ,
Connect ().
,

Status () Local Area
Connection Status (
). ,
.
,
.
General () (. 11-6)
.
Status () .
, (Connected), Windows XP .
Duration () ,
. ,
.
4- ^ ...

01:25 4
/

431 719

. 11-6. .

324

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Speed () .
10.0 / 10 / 100.0 /
100 /.
.
Packets () TCP/IP-.
, .


Windows XP
.
Local Area Connection Status
( ).
I. Start/Programs ( All Programs)/Accessories/
Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connections ( ).
Status ().
4- .
*! ]

:
IP--

DHCP
192168.2H

255255 255.0

tunas.

19Z1 6820.1

. 11-7.
.

3.
Support () (. 11-7). Internet Protocol

TCP/IP,

11

325

(TCP/IP) [ TCP/IP] , (, DHCP ), IP-, .


4. ,
Details ()
Network Connection Details ( ) [ - (Media Access Control) ], DHCP-,
IP-, IP- DHCP- ( DHCP), DNS- WINS-.

ipconfig.
1. Start (), Run
(). Run ( ) Open () cmd
.
2. , ipconfig /all.

Windows XP
. , ,
Rename ()
. ,
.


, . .
, Repair (). . , DHCP,

326

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

DHCP- (. DHCP).
,
.



Windows XP , TCP/IP.



. TCP/IP ping.
ping <_>, <_> IP- ,
.
Windows XP
ping.
IP- , ,
ping . ,
ping -.
NetBIOS-
WINS NetBIOS-
NetBIOS-, WINS.
DNS- DNS
DNS- DNS.
.
,
,
Windows Explorer () My
Network Places ( ). , . ,

TCP/IP,

11

327

DNS- . , DNS.
DHCP
DHCP-
, IP-, ,
DNS- WINS-.
,
IP-. . DHCP-.
, .

DHCP-.
/ .
. IP- . IP,
.
, ,
DHCP-.
, .
DHCP- .
.
DHCP-.
1. Start/Programs ( All Programs)/Accessories/
Communications [/ ( )/
/] Network Connections ( ).
2. Status ()
Local Area Connection Status
( ).
3. Support (). DHCP-, Repair

328

111

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

(). ,
,
.
4.
.
4^'| , , . IP-,
. - , DHCP-. , ( ) ,
.

ipconfig.
1. Start () Run ().
Open () Run ( ) cmd .
2. , ipconfig /release.
3. , ipconfig /renew.
4. , ipconfig
/all.
DNS
DNS
DNS TCP/IP.
( IP- )
( IP-) . DNS , DNS . DNS-, .
DNS (Time to Live, TTL) , . , ipconfig /

TCP/IP,

11

329

displaydns. TTL ,
. TTL
, , , , .
, DNS
. , IP . ,
DHCP.
TTL DNS-,
,
. TTL ()
, DNS-.

TTL, ,

DNS DNS.
DNS- ,
DNS.
DNS Windows XP
DHCP- DNS . IP .
,
.
DHCP DNS-.
DNS ipconfig.
1. Start () Run ().
Open () Run ( ) cmd
.
2. DNS ipconfig /flushdns.
3. DHCP-
ipconfig/registerdns.

330

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

4.
ipconfig /displaydns.


,
,
. , Windows XP , :
;
:
, ;
,
;
DNS, DHCP WINS;
IP-.
, ,
IP-, .
.
1. Start () Help and Support
( ) Help and Support
Center ( ).
2. Pick a Task ( )
Use tools to view your computer information and diagnose
problems ( ).
3. Tools () Network Diagnostics
( ), Scan
your system ( ), .

.
ping-
,
, ,
. , .

TCP/IP,

11

331

(. 11-8). Not Configured (He


) Failed ().
, , . ,
.

. 11-8.
.
:]*;;)

. ,
DNS .
Ping- DNS- ,
.
, DNSServerSearchOrder .
, DNS, DHCP- IP-

332

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

DNS- . DHCP- DHCP DNS .


.
1. Set Scanning Options ( ) Options
().
2. Actions () , , . , Verbose ().
3. Categories ()
, ,
:
Domain Name System (DNS) [DNS-] DNS;
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) [DHCP
] DHCP
;
Default Gateways ( )
.
4. Save Options ( ).
5. , Scan your
system ( ).
, .

12


, . ,
(VPN). ,
.

DSL- (Digital Subscriber Line)
. , VPN, , ,
.



, , ()
.
(dialup connection) , , ,
,
. Microsoft
Windows 2000 Microsoft Windows .NET Routing and Remote Access ( ) () -

334

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
,
. , ,
, . ,

.
(. 12-1).
33,6 /. 8, 12 16 ,
, .
, . , , , . .
, , .

. 12-1.
.

,
,
(broadband connection)
(Internet service provider, ISP), -. DSL-
, ( ).

(Virtual Private
Network, VPN) (. 12-2).

12

335

DSL-

. 12-2.
VPN.

VPN-
. VPN , ,
.
, VPN-
. VPN (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)
L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol).
, L2TP,
IP- (IP Security,
IPSec). , L2TP : , , L2TP.
VPN .
(. 12-3).
VPN
,

336

41

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


. , .
.

. 12-3. VPN

.



, . , VPN. Microsoft Windows XP
.

12

337

Internet Connection Wizard ( ), ,


-, -
. , Internet Options
( ), Connections
() Setup ().

New Connection Wizard ( ),


, , () VPN-.
, Start\Programs ( All Programs)\Accessories\Communications\New Connection Wizard [\
( )\\\
],


Windows XP : - . , :

- Client for Microsoft Networks (


Microsoft) ;

, .

Client for Microsoft Networks


Microsoft Windows XP Windows. - Windows,
.

, .

, 12-5682

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

338

, . (dialing
location) Phone and
Modem Options ( ).

1. Phone and Modem Options ( ).


(. . 12-4).

,
,
"
!

095

812

. 12-4.

2. Locations () , ;
. .
3. ,
.
, Edit ().
.
, ,

12

339


.
.

, , . .
1. Phone and Modem
Options.
Dialing Rules ( ) New ().

,
:

'

:
- /, :'
- $ :
^
* :

:

. 12-5.

.

2. New Location ( ) (. 12-5).


General () ,
. -

340

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


,
,
;
, .
Area Code Rules ( )
, , .
, . ,
.
Calling Card ( ) , .
.
3. , Phone and Modem Options,
, .

1. Phone and Modem


Options ( ).
2. ,
, Delete (). , Yes ().
3. .

.
-, (point
of presence, POP) no ,
.
, *- - .

12

341

, () .
.

- ,
, .
, ,
.
.
1.
(. ).

, . . , . .
2. ,
Start\Programs ( All Programs)\Accessories\Communications\New Connection Wizard [\ (
)\\1\ ].
3. Next (), Network
connection type ( ) (. 12-6).
-, Connect to the Internet (
), Next, Set up my connection manually ( )
Next.
, Connect to the network at my workplace
( ) Next.
4. Connect using a dial-up modem
( ) Dial-up connection ( )
, Next.
,

342

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. ( 50 )
. Next.

Tun

<
<() -
.
^[ lid pad
[ nmtVPrJl,
, < .

) !1
" nooutwo .
' . .
''*' ; .

. 12-6.
.

5. Phone number ( )
, .
6.
(. 12-7). , .
,
, Use this account name and
password when anyone connects to the Internet from this
computer (
).
.
7. , , , . , Make this my default
Internet connection ( ).

12

343


[ ,
)
-

0
raoScrc
1(
0 /

. 12-7.
.

8. Internet Connection Firewall,


Turn on Internet Connection firewall
for this connection ( ). , .
, .
9. Next.
, Add a shortcut to this
connection to my desktop (
).
10. ,
Finish (). (. ).

()
, : , -

344

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
.

.
DSL . ,
.
. .
.
, -

.
.
1. Start\Programs ( All Programs)\Accessories\
Communications\New Connection Wizard [\ ( )\\\
].
2. Next ()
Network connection type ( )
(. 12-6). Connect to the internet ( ), Next, Set
up my connection manually ( ) Next.
3. ,
,
Connect using a broadband connection that is always on
( )
Next. Finish (). .
4. , , Connect using a broadband connection that
requires a user name and password ( ,
).
5. Next
, .

12

345

( 50 ), .
6. . 6-10
,.
/JL

DSL . , - (. ).

VPN-
(VPN) .
VPN- IP-
RRAS- (Routing and Remote Access Server
), . , .
1. , Start\Programs ( All Programs)\Accessories\Communications\New
Connection Wizard [\ ( )\\\ ).
2. Next () Connect to the
network at my workplace (
).
3. Virtual private network connection ( ) Next.
4. Next.
5. , Do not dial the initial
connection (He
). VPN

.
6. VPN

346

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, Automatically dial this initial connection


( ), .
7. IP-
, (, 192.168.10.50 external.microsoft.com).
RRAS-,
.
8. Next.
, Add a shortcut to this
connection to my desktop (
).
9. ,
(Finish).
(.
),


(, VPN) .
VPN-
, . VPN VPN-.
. VPN : VPN,
.

,

Windows XP , VPN-, (, Microsoft Internet Explorer) . Con-

12

347

nections () Internet Options


( ),
Never dial a connection ( )
;
Dial whenever a network connection is not present ( ) , , ,
;
Always dial my default connection (
)
,
(
).

.
Never dial a
connection. , ,
, .
, , , .
,
.
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: ) Connections () (. 12-8).
2. Never dial a connection ( ) .
,
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().

348

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

III

* I

| **! 1

^__
1/1- .
*>- i ,

t
<

mtu

'','^
1"\-!' : =
.'
.

""
- .


; ! '!o:^s


.

";" >.

LAN.

. 12-8. :
.
2. Dial whenever a
network connection is not present ( ),
. Always dial my default
connection (
), .
3. Dial-up and Virtual Private network Settings
(
) (, VPN). , , Set
Default ( ).
4. .

12

349

-

-
,
. , - , . - ,

.
(
)
, . , VPN
, VPN
.
- , .
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. Dia]-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (
) Settings
(). Settings () (. 12-9).
3.
, Automatically detect settings ( ).
4. ,
Use automatic configuration script (
)
URL . , % UserProfile%\proxy.vbs. URL- URL- , http://proxy.microsoft.com/pmxy.vbs.

350

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

' ,

L_

sroro (
).

. 12-9. -
.
5. ,
Use a proxy server ( - ).
6. .
.
1. Internet
Options Internet Properties Connections.
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings Settings.
(. 12-9).
3.

Automatically detect settings Use automatic configuration script, .

4. Use a proxy server. ,



. Bypass proxy server for
local addresses (He - ), .

5.

12

351

Advanced (),
Proxy Settings ( -) (. 12-10).
-

^m

1.!

5. Socks;

192,166,15.10

0 tin -

- ,
;
| 192. 16. L5.*;192, 166.1.*
(;).

. 12-10. -

-.
6. Servers () .
Proxy address to use ( -)
IP- -
. -
, ,
Web- . .
- ,
.
Port () , ,
- . 80.
80 HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), 443 SSL (Secure Socket Layer) (
Secure), 21 FTP (File Transfer

352

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Protocol), 70 Gopher 1081 Socks. Web-.


7. Use the same proxy server for all
protocols ( - ),
HTTP, SSL, FTP Gopher IP . - , IP-
( ) . -,
.
8. ,
, IP Exceptions (), .
(*), 192.*.*.*, 192.168.*.* 192.168.10.*.
9. .


: , . .
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (
)
Settings ().
3. Settings () (. 12-9) .
4. , .
5. .

, .
,

12

353

.
.
1. Internet
Options Internet Properties Connections,
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings Settings.
3. Settings Properties
(). .
4. Options () (. 12-11)
:
, , Display
progress while connecting ( );

, Prompt for name and password, certificate, etc ( , , . .);

; I . ," '_

)
0 , , ..
D Windows
(5)

: ! 3
.
:

11

> (

. 12-11.
.

354

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

, Include Windows logon domain ( Windows);


, Prompt for phone number
( ).

5. .


Windows XP 10
.
.
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (
)
Settings ().
3. Settings ()
Advanced ().
Advanced Dial-Up ( ) (. 12-12).
;1,|,)|>
^*1

! |[|

[5

*
:,

'..]9 * ! 20 .jjf! .
IjyOTCOgawtsTbCSi, . ; -. !

. 12-12.
,
.
:

Try to connect ... times (


... ) , , Windows XP

12

355

; 1;
Wait ... seconds between attempts ( ... .) ;
5;
Disconnect if idle for ... minutes (
... .) ,
, ^ - ; 3 , 20-30 ; , , , FTP;
Disconnect when connection may no longer be needed
(,
) ,
,
.
5. .
/,

.
, , . Idle time before hanging
up ( !.


, ; ,
.
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (

356

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

)
Settings ().
3. Settings ()
Properties (). .
4. Options ().
Redialing options ( ) :
Redial attempts ( )
,
;
, 0;
Time between reclial attempts ( ) :
1 second (1 ), 3 seconds (3 ), 5 seconds
(5 ), 10 seconds (10 ), 30 seconds (30 ), 1 minute (1 ), 2 minutes (2 ), 5 minutes (5 ) 10 minutes (10 );
Idle time before hanging up ( ) , Windows XP : Never () ( ), 1 minute (1 ), 5 minutes (5 )
10 minutes (10 ), 20 minutes (20 ), 30 minutes
(30 ), 1 hour (1 ), 2 hours (2 ), 4 hours
(4 ), 8 hours (8 ) 24 hours (24 );
Redial if line is dropped (
)
; , .
5. .



Windows XP . ,
, . (
) .

.

12

357

1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (
)
Settings ().
3. Settings ()
(Properties). .
4.
, Use dialing rules ( )
(. 12-13).
mm -
. '' \. '
:
Soflwaie Modem AMRJCOI
[^]

Jim :
[

|
|
| [7793

| [ "]

:
1

[7}

\(

[ I

, 12-13. ,
,
.

5. ,
Use dialing rules.
6. .

358

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional



: ,
.
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. : Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (
)
Settings ().
3. Settings ()
(Properties). ,
4. General () Phone number ( ) (. 12-13).
.
5. Alternates (). Alternate Phone Numbers (
). .
, Add ().
Add Alternate Phone Number ( ) Phone number
( )
. , 555-1234.
,
Use dialing rules ( ),
. .
,
, , -
, . , , .
, Phone
numbers ( ) Edit

12

359

() Edit
Alternate Phone Number ( ) .
,
Delete ().

* ,

:

"790-8793
555-9999

0
__

. 12-14. ,
,
.

6. , If number fails, try next


number (
). Move successful number to top
of list (
), ( ).
.
7. .

360

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional


, ,
, .
:
Allow unsecured password ( ) ( );
;
Require secured password ( ) ,
Windows Authentication;
Use smart card (-) -.
, . VPN .
Require secured password, , Windows . Windows ,
Windows.

Windows , . Require secured password Use smart card
,
.
.
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (
)
Settings ().

12

361

3. Settings ()
(Properties). .
4. Security () (. 12-15).

-i | | ([

( ]
:
I

Wndcwj ( , )

( !

m
"!
] .

. 12-15. ,

.

Security options ( )
Typical (recommended settings) [ ( )]
Advanced (custom settings) [ (
)]. Allow
unsecured password ( ), Require secure
password ( ) Use smart card ().
Require secure password,
,
. , Windows,
, .

162

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

7. -
, .
8. .

.
(Point-to-Point Protocol) SLIP
(Serial Line Internet Protocol), PPPoE (Point-to-point Protocol over Ethernet),
V P N - PPTP L2TP (. 12-1).
. 12-1.



Window,
SLIP


UNIX.



Ethernet.
VPN

VPN-npo

.
PPTP VPN VPN.

L2TP
L2TP VPN.
IPSec VPN ,
IPSec
,

: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) [ (TCP/


IP)], QoS Packet Scheduler ( QoS), File
and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks (
Microsoft) Client for Microsoft

12

363

Networks ( Microsoft).

(. 12-2). .
. 12-2.
.

-
-


VPN

Internet
Protocol
(TCP/IP)

-
.

DHCP (Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol).

QoS
Packet
Scheduler

File and
Printer
Sharing for
Microsoft
Networks

-


.


.

Windows Authentication
Windows;

.

Client for
Microsoft
Networks

.
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (: )
Connections ().
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (

364

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

)
Settings ().
3. Settings ()
(Properties). .
4, Networking () (. 12-16);
Type of dialup server I am calling (
);
Use these components with this connection
(, )
.
/,

- . 12-2
, ,
, Install ().
, Add () .
* -


1| ^

.
( wwVPN).
; ,

,
MiW ,
! .-- wswa

. 12-16. ,
.

DHCP , IP-, ,

12

365

, DNS- (Domain Name System) WINS-


(Windows Internet Naming Service).
IP- , Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties ().
TCP/IP (.
11).
6. .

Internet Connection Firewall
(Internet Connection Firewall) Windows XP,
. , , ,
.
Internet Connection Firewall
.
1. Internet
Options ( ) Internet Properties (; )
Connections ().
2. Dial-up and Virtual Private network
Settings (
)
Settings ().
3. Settings ()
Properties (). .
4. Advanced () Protect my computer and network by
limiting or preventing access to this computer from the
Internet ( ).
5. Settings (). .
Internet Connection Firewall .
1. Internet
Options Internet Properties Connections.

366

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

2. Dial-up and virtual private network


sellings Settings.
3. Settings Properties.
.
4. Advanced Protect
my computer and network by limiting or preventing access
to this computer from the Internet.
5. .


, , ,
VPN-
. . ,
(, Internet Explorer).



.
1.
.
Start (), StartVConnect to (\), .
Start (), Start\
Settings\Network Connections (\\
), . Connect () (. 12-17).
.7

, -
Start. : Start\
Programs\Communications ( All Programs)\Accessories\Network Connections [ ( )\\\> ] .

2.
, .

12

367

. 12-17. ,
, .

3. , Save this user name and


password for the following users ( ) Me only (
).
4. ,
,
Save this user name and password for the following users
Anyone who uses
this computer ( ).
,
.
5. Dial ()
. , .
6. Dial ().
, .

368

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
.
,
.
,
.
, . .

.
, ,
.
, , , . .

(,
). , , (.
),
.

Client for Microsoft Networks (
Microsoft). .
. ,
. ,
, ,
.

, .
No Dial Tone (
), , , , .

12

369

, . :
(Phone/In) (Line/Out) . . ,
. .
,
.
.

. 3.
.
- : , .


DSL-.
1. Start (),
Start\Connect to (\),
. Start
() Start\Settings\Network Connections
(\\ ).
2. , Connect ().
3.
, .
4. , Save this user name and
password for the following users ( ) Me only ( ).
5. ,
,
Save this user name and password for the following users
Anyone
who uses this computer ( ).
13-5662

370

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

6. Connect ().
, .

.
.
, DSL .

. .
(. ), , (.
),

.
- . .

.

Client for Microsoft Networks ( Microsoft). .


(VPN)
: ,
. VPN-.
1. Start\Programs ( All Programs)\Accessories\Communications\Network Connections [\ ( )\\\
].
2.
, -.
.

12

371

3. , Windows . , Yes ().


(.
).
4.
Connect ().
, , Connect ().
,
.
.
.
, DSL .
.
:
, externalOl.microsoft, com, , externalOl. ,
DNS.
IP-.
IP-.
IP-. , TCP/IP (. *-). , IP- ,
, . , .
(
L2TP) . . , ,
-, . ,

372

III

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

,
(. ).
.

File and
Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks (
Microsoft) (. ),
.
- : , .

IV

Microsoft
Windows XP Professional

Windows XP Professional. 13
, ,
. 14 , .

13

Microsoft
Windows XP Professional

Microsoft Windows XP . , . ,
.

NTFS .
,
.
.


Windows XP
. , .
, , ,
Windows XP.

, ,
.
.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

375

1. System (),
Advanced () Settings
() Performance ().
Performance OpLions ( ).
2. Advanced () Processor Scheduling
( ) programs ().
3. .

. (RAM), . ,
.

( ).
.
( )
. ,

, . . 128 256 .
1. System,
Advanced Settings Performance. Performance Options.
2. Advanced
Memory Usage ( )
programs ().
, .
3. Change (). Virtual Memory ( ).
4.
Custom Size ( ). Initial
Size ( ) Maximum Size (

376

IV

Windows XP Professional

) . ,
.
5. .
PAGEFILE.SYS.
6. System
Windows.


Windows XP
, .
,
.
1. System, Advanced
Settings Performance. Performance Options.
2. Visual Effects ( ). Custom ( ) :
Animate windows when minimizing and maximizing
( );
Fade out menu items after clicking (
);
Use drop shadows for icon labels on the desktop ( ).
Show window contents while dragging (
);
Show shadows under menus ( , );
Show translucent selection rectangle (
);
Show shadows under mouse pointer (
);
Slide taskbar buttons (
);
Slide Open Combo Boxes ( );

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

377

Fade or slide menus into view (


);
Fade or slide tooltips into view (
).
3.

. , Windows XP
. , Use
visual styles on windows and buttons ( )
Windowes XP, . Use a background image for each
folder type (
) Use Common Tasks In Folders ( ), .
4. .


Visual Effects Adjust for best performance ( ) ,
Windows.

,
Windows XP ,
,
.
.
1. Add/Remove Programs ( ) .
2. Change or Remove Programs ( ) , .
.
3. Windows, Add/Remove Windows Components
( Windows).

378

IV

Windows XP Professional

, ,
.
, , .
.
1. ,
. Start ()
Explore (), %UserPro/t7e%\Start Menu (%UserProfile%\TjiaBHoe ).
2. Programs (), Start
Menu ( ), Startup ().
3.
, Startup.
.
1. Start Explore All Users (
).
C:\Docurnents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu (C:\Documents and Settings\A13 \ ).
2.
Programs, Start Menu,
Startup.
3. ,
Startup.


,
. , .

.
FAT FAT32 NTFS -

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

379

Windows ,
.



, ,
. ,
Disk Cleanup ( ) ( . 2).



FAT, FAT32 NTFS
Check Disk ( ).
,
. , , , .
.
Check Disk

(, :):
chkdsk :

, . ,
:
chkdsk /f :

,
. .
, ,
Y.

380

IV

Windows XP Professional

;
CHKDSK [:[[],]] [/F] [/V] [/R] [/I] [/]
[/: ]]

:
;
_ ( FAT|FAT32) ,
;
/F ;
/V FAT/FAT32
; NTFS ( );
/R
( /F);

/L:\pa3Mep] ( NTFS)
;

/X ( /F)
/I ( NTFS) ;
/ ( NTFS)
.
Check Disk
Check Disk
Disk Management ( ).

.
1. Disk Management
Connect to another computer
( ).
Select Computer ( )
.
2. Storage (
) Disk Management. .

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

381

3.
Properties ().
Tools ()
Check now ( ).
Check Disk (. 13-1).
^ Data (E:)

. 13-1. ,

.

4. , ,
Start ().
5. , Start, :
Automatically fix file system errors (
) Windows XP
.
Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors ( ) Windows XP
.
6. ,
. Yes (), .
7. , .


.
, -

382

IV

Windows XP Professional

.
.
Disk Defragmenter ( ).
1. Computer Management.
,
Computer Management Connect
to another computer ( ). Select Computer ( ) .
2. Storage ( )
Disk Defragmenter.
3. (. 13-2).

. 13-2.
.
, .
4, ,
Analyze (). . .
5.
( ) , .

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

383

6. , Defragment (). . .
7. View Report ( ).
NTFS
Convert (CONVERT.EXE), Windows ,
FAT FAT-32 NTFS.
, . . . NTFS, , .
Windows XP
NTFS FAT. NTFS
FAT FAT.
Convert

Convert, :
CONVERT : /FS:NTFS [/V] [/CvtArea: ] [/NoSecurity]
[/X]

:
,
;
/FS:NTFS NTFS;
/V
;
/X ( );
/CvtArea
NTFS;
/NoSecurity
Everyone ();
, .

384

IV

Windows XP Professional

Convert
Convert ,

, . Intel 86-
NTFS,
,
.
NTFS . , , .
/U,

. : .

RISC-
,
. FAT,
NTFS.
Convert
. Convert 25% , . , 2
, Convert 500 .
Convert . , .
:
( , ).
,
, .

NTFS
Windows XP.
.
, . . -

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

385^

, , , .
f^\

. .
Windows XP

. : , Windows XP
,


, .
1. Disk Management ( ) ,
, Properties
().
2. Compress contents to save disk space
( ) .

,
/.
1. /,
,
Properties ().
2.

/
General () Advanced
(). Advanced Attributes ( ) Compress contents to save disk space ( ) (. 13-3). .
Windows XP
. Windows XP ,
. , Windows XP Confirm Attribute Changes ( ), . -

386

IV

Windows XP Professional

Apply changes to this folder, subfolders, and files (


)
. ,
, .
*^j


.
NTFS, .

(
6:-- ,
.

'.f.S*'*
(3 -

'(

. 13-3. NTFS
. .

1. Disk Management ( )
Properties ().
2. Compress contents to save disk space
( ) .
/ik

Windows .
, . , 1 , 700 ,

.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

387


1. /
Properties
().
2. General ()
Advanced (). Advanced Attributes
( ) Compress
contents to save disk space (
).
.
Windows XP
.
Windows XP .
, Windows XP Confirm
Attribute Changes ( ),
.
Apply changes
to this folder, subfolders, and files ( () .
/J1

Windows XP
Compact (COMPACT.EXE) Expand
(EXPAND.EXE) .


Windows XP , NTFS. , .

. , , ().
(Encrypting File System, EPS).
EFS , .

388

IV Windows XP Professional

,
EFS .
/|\

EFS DES
(Data Encryption Standard) 56- . Microsoft Enhanced CryptoPAK, 128- . , 128- ,
128- . (Recovery agents).


Windows XP / NTFS.
, ( ). ,
. ,
. ,
, .
, .
.
.
1. /, , Properties ().
2. General ()
/ Advanced ().
Advanced Attributes (
) (. 13-4.) Encrypt contents
to secure data ( ).
3. .
, Windows XP
. , Windows XP . -

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

3B9

, Windows XP Confirm Attribute Changes ( ),


. Apply changes to this folder, subfolders, and files (K
) .
NTFS , ,
FAT FAT32 , .

\ ..


>.i*e3f!!!**?e..45tlsauiHTb< ;

. 13-4.

";


1. /, ,
Properties ().
2. General Advanced. Advanced Attributes (. 13-4)
Encrypt contents to secure data (
).
3. .

390

IV

Windows XP Professional

, Windows XP .
, Windows XP
. , .
Apply changes to this
folder, subfolders, and files ( ) .
/

Windows XP
Cipher
(CIPHER.EXE).
.


Windows XP
Windows XP
, . Windows XP :
Application log () , ;
Security log () ,
;
;
System log () , , ,
.
:
Information () - ;
Success audit ( ) ,
;
Failure audit ( ) , , ;
Warning () ;
;

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

391

Error () , .
, ,
:
Source () , ,
;
Category () ; ,
;
Event () ;
User () , ;
Computer () ,
;
Description ()
;
Data () , .
.
1. Start\Programs\Administrative Tools
(\\) Event
Viewer ( ).
Event Viewer.
2.
.
,
Event Viewer
Connect to another computer (
). Select Computer
( ) .
3. (. 13-5).
Error () Warning ().
,
. .

392

IV

Windows XP Professional

. 13-5.
.


Task Scheduler ( )

.

, Windows Script Host (WSH)
. ,
Task Scheduler
.



Scheduled Task Wizard (
) AT, .
.

, ,

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

393

.
,
,
.
AT , ,
. AT
,
.
Scheduled Task ( ) .

(LocalSystem), . AT ,
. ,
;
.
.


Windows -. AT
Windows. ,
at/?,
Microsoft Windows 2000. *
( , 2002) Microsoft Windows .NET
Server. ( ,
2002).


Scheduled Tasks
( ).
, .
Scheduled Tasks .
1.
.
2. , Scheduled Tasks.

394

IV

Windows XP Professional

Scheduled Tasks . ,
.
Scheduled Task Wizard
1. Scheduled Task Wizard (
), Add Scheduled Task
( ) Scheduled Tasks.
(Next).
2. (. 13-6)
, . , , Disk Cleanup ( ) Synchronize (), .

,

"".
ijj
Windows
|
*JP
*
53

.2.
5.1 2600.0 (
5.1 2600.0 [* .
51.2600.0 (..
5 1,2600.0 [.

. 13-6. ,
. ,
.

3. Browse (), Select program to schedule ( , ).



WSH-.
4. , (. 13-7).

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

395

5. . (,
)
, ,
( ).

Window*

. 13-7.
.

6. Next .
.
7.
(. 13-8).
:
Every Day () ;
Weekdays ( ) ;
Every ... Days ( ... ) .
8.
(. 13-9) :
Start Time ( ) ;
Every ... Weeks ( ... )
( );

396

IV Windows XP Professional
Select the day(s) of the week below (
) () , , ,
.

.
. :


f* jgo (
" |1

. 13-8. .

I 3:44

"^

^J
|2
^j

" .!

. 13-9. .
9.

(. 13-10),
:
Start Time ( ) ;
Day () , ;
, 5, 5
;

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

397


- , , ;
of the month(s) ( )
, ' .

.
(:
3U6

< [

__

** ( I

_"j [ j^|


R*

4SW

" jm

S*

" $

!? nw

( *

?~ *"

^ "*

" "

< I > I

. 13-10. , .
10. One time only (
) (. 13-11) .

.
:

, -

. 13-11. .

398

IV

Windows XP Professional

11. ,
.
/\

,
,
.

12. , Next.
.
.
13.
, ,
Finish.
, , .
. ,

.


1. Scheduled Tasks. ,
.
,
. , Scheduled Tasks.
2. .
(. 13-12)
:
Task () ;
Schedule () ,
;
Settings () , ,

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

13

399

;
, ;
, .

( !
QK

. 13-12.
.
3. , .

, , , , .
1. Scheduled Tasks .
,
.
,
. , Scheduled Tasks.
2. . . Task ().

400

IV

Windows XP Professional

3. , Enabled
(), .
.


.
1. Scheduled Tasks.
2. Run ().


, .
1. . ,
Scheduled Tasks.
2. ().
3. ,
.
4. ,
Scheduled Tasks Paste ().
5. *! .
, , .
,
. 2
Cut (), .


1. Scheduled Tasks.
2. Delete ().

14


Microsoft Windows XP
Professional


Microsoft Windows XP. ,
,
Windows XP.



(Remote Assistance)

. Remote Assistance (. 6) (. 8).

Windows XP Microsoft Windows .NET Server
. , . , . , ( ) .

145682

402

IV

Windows XP Professional

, MSN Messenger.
. , ,
.
, RemoteAssist@<VMa_jcoMna>.. Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server , , ,
, .
MSRCIncident
(Microsoft Remote Control Incident) . , ,
. , , , , HelpDeskRequest (
) Assistance Invitations (
),
MSN, MSN
Messenger. MSN Messenger, , MSN. MSN Messenger
,
.
( ) . ,
, . , .

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

14

403

.
Remote Assistance
. TCP, 3389. , .
3389 , .


1. Start () Help and Support
Center ( ). Help and
Support Center ( ).
2. Ask for assistance ( ) Invite a friend to connect to your computer
with Remote Assistance (
).
3. Invite someone to help you (
) .
, ,
, Configure ( Outlook Express), .
Address Book
( ). Invite this person
( ).
From () (. 14-1). .
Message () .
Message .
4. , Save the invitation as a file (
). -

404

IV

Windows XP Professional

. From () .

**

' (, ^-*):
Atox

Q ;
J

. 14-1.
.

5. , 1 (. 14-2). , . Set the invitation to expire ( ). Continue (), .


6.
. Set password (
),
Password ( ) Confirm Password
( ).
jtjb

! Windows!

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

. 14-2.

14

405

7. ,
Send invitation ( ). , . , .
.
8. ,
Save invitation ( ). Save as ( ),
.
.msrcincident.

, .
*V!

XML-
.msrcincident, , , , IP- DNS-

406

IV

Windows XP Professional

,
. , .
, .

,
, ,
.
1. Start () Help and Support
""Center ( ). Help and
Support Center ( ).
2. Pick a Task ( )
Use tools to view your computer information and diagnose
problems ( ).

. 14-3. ,
.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional 14

407

3. Tools () Offer remote


assistance ( ).
4. DNS-
IP- (. 14-3), , wkstn01.microsoft.com
192.168.1.101. DNS-
.
5. Connect (), . Windows XP .
6.
.
; , .

, , .MSRCIncident. , .
1. , , .
2. Remote Assistance (
) (. 14-4).
Remote Assistance .
, .
,
From ().
! .
.
Expires on ( ) Expired, .
3. ( ) Yes (), .

408

IV

Windows XP Professional

: I Ate,
..: 2$22. 11*6:19
| ..

. : ( , .
?

. 14-4. ,
, .
4. ,
.
5. Invitation
accepted ( ) Yes (), .
, .
.

denis
^ .

?

. 14-5. ,
.
6. .
,
.
/|\


. , -, .

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

14

409


Windows XP
, .
1. Start Help and Support Center,
.
2. Ask for assistance ( ) Invite a friend to connect to your computer
with Remote Assistance (
).
3. View invitation status (
). (. 14-6):
Sent to ( ) ,
MSN Saved (), ;
Expiration time ( ) ;

. 14-6.
, .

410

IV

Windows XP Professional

Status () : Open
(), Closed () Expired ().
,


,
.

. , , , .
.
.
L Start Help and Support Center.
.
2. Ask for assistance ( ) Invite a friend to connect to your computer
with Remote Assistance (
).
3. View invitation status ( ).
.
4. Expire (), Resend ( ) Delete ().



, ,
.

-
, ,
, . , (Safe
Mode) -

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

14

411

. , .

Windows XP , , ,
, , . (Safe mode with networking), , .
1. .
Start () Shut Down (). Shut down windows ( ) Restart ().
2. ,
F8.
3. - Enter. .
Safe mode ( ) ,
, , ,
, . .
Safe mode with command prompt (
)
, . ,
Windows XP . .
Safe mode with networking ( ) , , ,
.
Enable boot logging ( ) .
Enable VGA mode ( VGA)
VGA, ,

412

IV

Windows XP Professional

.
Last known good configuration (
) ,
Windows XP .
4. ,

.
, .
5. , , , System Restore
( ) ( .
).
6. ,
(. 2).

.
1. . Start ()
Run ().
2. Open () msconfig .
System Configuration (
).
3. General ()
Normal startup ( ) .
4. Yes (), .

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

14

413



,
. ,
.

, .

1. Programs () All Programs (


) Start Accessories\ System Tools\Backup (\\\
).
2. Always start in wizard mode (
) Advanced
mode ( ). (Backup Utility).
3. Automated system recovery wizard ( ).
Next ().
4. .
A:\Backup.bkf.
5. ,
.
6. Windows . Next Finish ().

,
. :
, .

414

IV

Windows XP Professional

.
1. - Windows XP () .
.
2. .
Repair or recover ( ), R.
3. - Windows XP ( ).
4. , R,
:
,
,
;


,
.
5.

Windows*. -
Windows XP %5z/stem.tfoo%\Repair, . , , , ,

.
6. . .


Windows XP
Start () Shutdown (). Windows XP .

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

14

415

1. Ctrl+Alt+Del.
Windows Security ( Windows).
1
, . 5 .
2. Task Manager ( ) , . 1 , . 5.
3. End Task ( ).
4. ,

. End now ( ).
5. : Ctrl+Alt+Del, Shutdown
( ) ( Ctrl+Alt+Del,
).
*-i


. Check Disk ( ), , , . Check Disk , .


(Restore points)
System Restore ( ).
, , ,
.

System Restore
System Restore , . 1

}', , , . . .

416

Windows XP Professional

IV
S

. .

, .
My documents ( ).
System Restore .
,
. ,
. , , ,
, .
, ,
.
, , , .
, .
,
. , .
: , ,
, , . ( ) Windows XP.
:
24 ; ,
;

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

14

417


, .

. , . .


,
.
.

,
, . , , . .

^&

! ( )
. , ,
( ).
Add/Remove Programs ( ).

.
,

-( Add/Remove Programs).

. , .

418

IV

Windows XP Professional

. , .

.


.
,
.

.
. ,
.

, .

. , , ,
, .

.

1. System Restore Wizard ( ). Start\All Programs
( Programs)\Accessories\System Tools\System Restore
[ ( )\\\ ].
2. Create a restore
point ( ) Next ().
3. ,

.

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

14

419

4. Create (). ,
Close ().



1. System Restore Wizard ( ). Start\All Programs
( Programs)\Accessories\System Tools\System Restore
[ ( )\\\ ].
2. Restore my computer to an earlier time ( ) Next ().
3. ,
.
(. 14-7). . , - .

. 14-7.
.

420

IV

Windows XP Professional

4. , . ,
, Next ().
5. Next, Restore. Windows XP.
6."
System Restore. . Windows XP
, .
, , .


Active Desktop 242
Active Directory 158, 200, 202
Applications 29

Backup/Restore *,

Browser Title .
Computer Management
CONVERT.EXE 383

73

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) 196, 198, 308


DHCP- 327
DNS (Domain Name System)
308, 316

317
328

316
Dr. Watson 41
DSL 344
DSL- 333, 369

EPS (Encrypting File System) CM.



error reporting .

F
FAT 263, 378
FAT32 263, 378
FTP (File Transfec Protocol)

292

G
Group Policy 276. 290, 295
.
group .

HTTP (Hypertext transfer


Protocol) 292

i
Installation Restore Point CM.

Internet Connection Firewall 365
Internet Explorer 281
IP- 196
-ping 311
198
196, 313
196

311
310
310
311

L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling


Protocol) 335, 362
Logging .

Microsoft Internet Explorer


29, 275
Microsoft Office Environment 29
Microsoft Windows .NET 333
Microsoft Windows .NET Server
2, 178, 401
Microsoft Windows 2000 200, 333
Microsoft Windows 2000
Professional 2
Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
178
Microsoft Windows NT 4
Workstation 2
Microsoft Windows XP 154, 200
Microsoft Windows XP Professional 1

390
374
401
Microsoft Word 29
MSCOKFIG.EXE 46
MSINFO32.EXE 28

422

N
network broadcasts .
NTFS 263, 374, 378

Plug and Play 28, 83


(Point-to-Point Protocol)
362
PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol
over Ethernet) 362
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling
Protocol) 335, 362

Remote Assistance 174 .


Restore points .

SID (security identifier) 159, 264


.
SLIP (Serial Line Internet
Protocol) 362
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) 292
System Checkpoint .

System Restore 415
TCP/IP (Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol)
221, 275, 308, 328
TTL (Time to Live) 328

URL-

276

Web
- 276
29
292
- 121, 134. 242
257
261
- 11, 136, 164
- 295
261
Windows .NET 200
WINS (Windows Internet Naming
Service) 308, 320

WINS- 327
WMI (Windows Management
Instrumentation) 9, 14, 33
36
34
8

10
10
10
10

8, 20

23
22
21
- 23
23
13

313
313

33
155
33
365
125

33

144
376

Advanced 56
- Automatic Updates 70
Computer Name 54
General 53
Hardware 55
- Remote 70
System Restore 66

- 100, 101 .
99

154
158 158


158
290
Administrative Templates 204
Computer Configuration 203
- Disabled
205
- Enabled 205
Not configured 205
- Software Settings
204
- User Configuration 203
Windows Settings 204

216
232
208
- 202
- 201
204
211
202

240
- 202
200
221
225
229
223

207
207

212, 215
212, 219
212, 218
212

207
207

384
387

381
378

379

379
385
387

-NTFS 265

423

267
268
- 263, 269
269
273
263
270

272

77
218
14. 16
55, 75
183
154

161
163
162
161
161

146
147
79
78
82
79
81


281

12
139
140
139
295
- Group Policy 300
- Internet 296, 300
- Local Intranet 296, 302
- Restricted Sites 295, 304
- Trusted Sites 296. 303
295
299


155, 264

56
3
3

424

13

389
385
388

2
28

392

196
255
134
58, 253-254

Favorites 278
- Links
278
111
103
109
103
112
109
103
113
111

333
333, 344, 369
337
334
88

164
166
164
167

85
- 83
83
89
86
98

- 85
83
;;
8
( ) 25
- WMI 31
50
56, 377
69
28
49
62
25

44
374
374
38
25
53
, 156
17
18
17
65
39

58
57
58
114
116
117
-- 117
116


-
243
243
236

61
61
392

370
363
- 310, 322

325
325
349
346
333, 337, 366
358

362
355
356
360
340
- 362
366
333, 334,
343, 369
8
<1> 281
10
NTFS
383
379

- Windows
236

Arrange Icon 238
- Choose Details
238
-Details 238
- Icons
238
- List 239
- Status Bar 239
- Toolbars
239

- Closed Folders 239
- Desktop
239
- Drives
239
My Computer 239
My Documents 239
- My Network Places
239
Network Drives 239
- Open Folders 239
- Recycle Bin
239

- Contents
237
Explorer Bar 237
- Toolbar
237

245
29

57

425

2, 154
168
160
193
193
195
193
195

193
195
171

168

174


178
176
132
137
134
128

136
125
132
338
28

(VPN)
290, 333, 334, 345
326
333, 334
- 221, 275, 290
334
324
330
67
96
2
Help and Support 13
Remote Desktop Help Session
Manager 12
Windows Update 23
- W M I 26

426

Windows 100
8-9
178
13
192

3
. TTL

415

401

336
12
67

72
71
77
75
72
/ 71
75

156
154
administrators 159
backup Operators 159
guests 159
network Configuration
Operators 159
power Users 159
remote Desktop Users 160
users 160
158
159
158
173
158
174
352
154
administrator 156
guest 156
helpAssistant 156
support 156
155

163
155, 169, 173
173
174
157
LocalService 157
Local System 157
NetworkService 158


248
256
261
254

247
() 59
389
385
243
243
246
247
246
388
118
Windows
12


10, 11, 13. 25, 37


311

387
315

152
143
148
148

282
242

150


. (William. R. Stanek, win2000-consult!ng@tvpress.com) 15 .
.

,
. PC Magazine*,
Solutions*. 20 . Microsoft Windows
2000. , Microsoft Exchange
2000 Server. , Microsoft SQL
Server 2000. * Windows 2000
Scripting Bible*.
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