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## General Physics Review

2
General Physics Review
Question 1
The displacement of an object for a round trip between two
locations
1. is always greater than zero.
2. is always less than zero.
3. is zero.
4. can be greater than or less than but not zero.
5. can have any value.
3
General Physics Review
Question 1
The displacement of an object for a round trip between two
locations
1. is always greater than zero.
2. is always less than zero.
3. is zero.
4. can be greater than or less than but not zero.
5. can have any value.
i f
x x x A
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General Physics Review
Question 2
Average velocity is defined as
1. change in distance divided by change in time.
2. position divided by change in time.
3. displacement divided by change in time.
4. displacement divided by time.
5. More than one of the above answers is correct.
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General Physics Review
Question 2
Average velocity is defined as
1. change in distance divided by change in time.
2. position divided by change in time.
3. displacement divided by change in time.
4. displacement divided by time.
5. More than one of the above answers is correct.
t
x
t t
x x
v v
i f
i f
A
A

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General Physics Review
Question 3
The slope of a straight line in a velocity vrs time graph is
1. the average velocity.
2. the average acceleration
3. the displacement.
4. the position.
5. not defined.
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General Physics Review
Question 3
The slope of a straight line in a velocity vrs time graph is
1. the average velocity.
2. the average acceleration
3. the displacement.
4. the position.
5. not defined.
t
v
t t
v v
a
i f
i f
A
A

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General Physics Review
Question 4
An object, located at the origin when t = 0, moves along
the x axis as shown. At which point is the object farthest
from its starting point?
1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D
5. E
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General Physics Review
Question 4
An object, located at the origin when t = 0, moves along
the x axis as shown. At which point is the object farthest
from its starting point?
1. A
2. B
3. C
4. D
5. E
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General Physics Review
Question 5
Which graph of v versus t best describes the motion of a
particle whose velocity is constant and negative?
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General Physics Review
Question 5
Which graph of v versus t best describes the motion of a
particle whose velocity is constant and negative?
12
General Physics Review
Question 6
The graph shows how the position of a particle depends on
time. Which choice is closest to the average speed of the
particle in the time interval between 0 and 6 s?
1. 0.40 m/s
2. 0.67 m/s
3. 0.75 m/s
4. 1.50 m/s
5. 2.22
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General Physics Review
Question 6
The graph shows how the position of a particle depends on
time. Which choice is closest to the average speed of the
particle in the time interval between 0 and 6 s?
1. 0.40 m/s
2. 0.67 m/s
3. 0.75 m/s
4. 1.50 m/s
5. 2.22
s m
s s
m m
t
x
v v 7 . 0
0 6
0 2 . 4
=

=
A
A
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General Physics Review
Question 7
The graph represents the displacement of a particle along
the axis as a function of time. The point where the
instantaneous velocity of this particle is the largest is
1. a
3. b
4. c
4. d
5. e
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General Physics Review
Question 7
The graph represents the displacement of a particle along
the axis as a function of time. The point where the
instantaneous velocity of this particle is the largest is
1. a
3. b
4. c
4. d
5. e
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General Physics Review
Question 8
When a particle moves in a circle with constant speed, its
acceleration is
1. constantly increasing
2. constant in direction
3. zero
4. constant in magnitude
5. constant in magnitude and direction
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General Physics Review
Question 8
When a particle moves in a circle with constant speed, its
acceleration is
1. constantly increasing
2. constant in direction
3. zero
4. constant in magnitude
5. constant in magnitude and direction
a
v
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General Physics Review
Question 9
A car going around a curve of radius R at a speed v
experiences an acceleration a. What is its acceleration?
1. v/R
2. v
2
R
3. v
2
/R
2
4. v
2
/R
5. None of the above.
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General Physics Review
Question 9
A car going around a curve of radius R at a speed v
experiences an acceleration a. What is its acceleration?
1. v/R
2. v
2
R
3. v
2
/R
2
4. v
2
/R
5. None of the above.
R
v
m ma F
r r ext net
2
, ,
= =
a
v
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General Physics Review
Question 10
A car experiences both a centripetal and a tangential
acceleration. For which of the following would this be true?
1. it is going around a curve at a constant speed
2. it is going around a curve and slowing down
3. it is going along a straight road at a constant speed
4. it is going along a straight road and increasing its
speed
5. it is going along a straight road and decreasing its
speed

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General Physics Review
Question 10
A car experiences both a centripetal and a tangential
acceleration. For which of the following would this be true?
1. it is going around a curve at a constant speed
2. it is going around a curve and slowing down
3. it is going along a straight road at a constant speed
4. it is going along a straight road and increasing its
speed
5. it is going along a straight road

a
c
v
a
t
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General Physics Review
Question 11
Acceleration ____________ velocity changes only the
magnitude of the velocity not its direction.
1. perpendicular to
2. in the direction of the
3. in the opposite direction to the
4. colinear to
5. None of the above.
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General Physics Review
Question 11
Acceleration ____________ velocity changes only the
magnitude of the velocity not its direction.
1. perpendicular to
2. in the direction of the
3. in the opposite direction to the
4. colinear to
5. None of the above.
a

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General Physics Review
Question 12
If, at an instant, an object is moving west, its acceleration
1. is north
2. is east
3. is west
4. is south
5. May be any direction.
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General Physics Review
Question 12
If, at an instant, an object is moving west, its acceleration
1. is north
2. is east
3. is west
4. is south
5. May be any direction.
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General Physics Review
Question 13
The component of a vector A in the x-direction, making an
angle u with the x-axis is
1. A*sin u
2. A*cos u
3. A*cos 2u
4. A*sec u
5. None of the above.
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General Physics Review
Question 13
The component of a vector A in the x-direction, making an
angle u with the x-axis is
1. A*sin u
2. A*cos u
3. A*cos 2u
4. A*sec u
5. None of the above.
u u cos cos A A
A
A
x
x
=
x
y
A
x
u
A
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General Physics Review
Question 14
Given vector A, the vector 3A
1. has a magnitude 3 times that of A
2. points in the same direction as A
3. has components each of which is 3 times those of A
4. makes the same angle with a given axis as does A
5. Is described by all of these.
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General Physics Review
Question 14
Given vector A, the vector 3A
1. has a magnitude 3 times that of A
2. points in the same direction as A
3. has components each of which is 3 times those of A
4. makes the same angle with a given axis as does A
5. Is described by all of these.
x
y
A
x
u
A
3A
3A
x
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General Physics Review
Question 15
Which of the following vector equations correctly describes
the relationship among the vectors shown in the figure?
1. A + B - C = 0
2. A - B + C = 0
3. A - B - C = 0
4. A + B + C = 0
5. None of these equations is correct
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General Physics Review
Question 15
Which of the following vector equations correctly describes
the relationship among the vectors shown in the figure?
1. A + B - C = 0
2. A - B + C = 0
3. A - B - C = 0
4. A + B + C = 0
5. None of these equations is correct
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General Physics Review
Question 16
Newtons Second Law states
The rate at which a bodys momentum changes is equal
to the ________ acting on the body
1. force
2. object force
3. net external force
4. internal force
5. None of the above
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General Physics Review
Question 16
Newtons Second Law states
The rate at which a bodys momentum changes is equal
to the ________ acting on the body
1. force
2. object force
3. net external force
4. internal force
5. None of the above
dt
p d
F

=
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General Physics Review
Question 17
Momentum is defined as
1. mv
2
2. (1/2)mv
2
3. mv
4. mv
5. None of the above.
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General Physics Review
Question 17
Momentum is defined as
1. mv
2
2. (1/2)mv
2
3. mv
4. mv
5. None of the above.
v m p

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General Physics Review
Question 18
A body moves with constant speed in a straight line. Which
of the following statements must be true?
1. No force acts on the body
2. A single constant force acts on the body in the
direction of motion
3. A single constant force acts on the body in the
direction opposite to the motion
4. A net force of zero acts on the body
5. A constant net force acts on the body in the direction
of motion
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General Physics Review
Question 18
A body moves with constant speed in a straight line. Which
of the following statements must be true?
1. No force acts on the body
2. A single constant force acts on the body in the
direction of motion
3. A single constant force acts on the body in the
direction opposite to the motion
4. A net force of zero acts on the body
5. A constant net force acts on the body in the direction
of motion
mass constant for a m
dt
p d
F

= =
constant and 0 then 0 If = = = v a F

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General Physics Review
Question 19
A velocity vector has an x component of +5.5 m / s and a y
component of -3.5 m / s. The diagram that gives the
direction of the vector is

1.
2.
3.
4.
5. none of these
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General Physics Review
Question 19
A velocity vector has an x component of +5.5 m/s and a y
component of -3.5 m/s. The diagram that gives the direction
of the vector is

1.
2.
3.
4.
5. none of these
s m
s m
x
y
5 . 5
5 . 3
tan

= u
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General Physics Review
Question 20
The system in the figure consists of a steel ball attached by
a cord to a large block of wood. If the system is dropped in
a vacuum, the force in the cord is
1. zero
2. equal to the difference of the masses of B and W
3. equal to the difference of the weights of B and W
4. equal to the weight of B
5. equal to the sum of the weights of B and W
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General Physics Review
Question 20
The system in the figure consists of a steel ball attached by
a cord to a large block of wood. If the system is dropped in
a vacuum, the force in the cord is
1. zero
2. equal to the difference of the masses of B and W
3. equal to the difference of the weights of B and W
4. equal to the weight of B
5. equal to the sum of the weights of B and W
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General Physics Review
Question 21
A boy holds a bird in his hand. The reaction force to the
weight of the bird is the force of the
1. earth on the bird
2. bird on the earth
3. hand on the bird
4. bird on the hand
5. earth on the hand
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General Physics Review
Question 21
A boy holds a bird in his hand. The reaction force to the
weight of the bird is the force of the
1. earth on the bird
2. bird on the earth
3. hand on the bird
4. bird on the hand
5. earth on the hand

, , , earth bird bird earth object agent
F F F

=
44
General Physics Review
Question 22
A projectile is fired at an angle of 45
0
above the horizontal.
If air resistance is neglected, the line in the graph that best
represents the horizontal displacement of the projectile as a
function of travel time is
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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General Physics Review
Question 22
A projectile is fired at an angle of 45
0
above the horizontal.
If air resistance is neglected, the line in the graph that best
represents the horizontal displacement of the projectile as a
function of travel time is
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
t v x t x
x
) 0 ( ) 0 ( ) ( + =
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General Physics Review
Question 23
A ball is thrown horizontally from a cliff with a velocity
v(0). A graph of the acceleration of the ball versus the
distance fallen could be represented by curve
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
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General Physics Review
Question 23
A ball is thrown horizontally from a cliff with a velocity
v(0). A graph of the acceleration of the ball versus the
distance fallen could be represented by curve
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
48
General Physics Review
Question 24
The kinetic energy of on object is
1. mv
2. mv
2
3. (1/2)mv
2
4. FAx
5. More than one of the above
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General Physics Review
Question 24
The kinetic energy of on object is
1. mv
2. mv
2
3. (1/2)mv
2
4. FAx
5. More than one of the above
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General Physics Review
Question 25
A body of mass m slides a distance d along a horizontal
surface. How much work is done by gravity?
1. mgd
2. zero
3. -mgd
4. One cannot tell from the given information
5. None of these answers is correct
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General Physics Review
Question 25
A body of mass m slides a distance d along a horizontal
surface. How much work is done by gravity?
1. mgd
2. zero
3. -mgd
4. One cannot tell from the given information
5. None of these answers is correct
}
-
b
a
x d F W

constant if F x F W

A - =
52
General Physics Review
Question 26
A body moves with decreasing speed. Which of the
following statements is true?
1. The net work done on the body is positive, and the kinetic
energy is increasing.
2. The net work done on the body is positive, and the kinetic
energy is decreasing.
3. The net work done on the body is zero, and the kinetic
energy is decreasing.
4. The net work done on the body is negative, and the kinetic
energy is decreasing.
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General Physics Review
Question 26
A body moves with decreasing speed. Which of the
following statements is true?
1. The net work done on the body is positive, and the kinetic
energy is increasing.
2. The net work done on the body is positive, and the kinetic
energy is decreasing.
3. The net work done on the body is zero, and the kinetic
energy is decreasing.
4. The net work done on the body is negative, and the
kinetic energy is decreasing.
i f
K K K W = = A
ext noncon con
W W W W + + =
54
General Physics Review
Question 27
The condition necessary for the conservation of momentum
in a given system is that
1. energy is conserved.
2. one body is at rest.
3. no external force acts on system.
4. internal forces equal external forces.
5. None of these is correct.
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General Physics Review
Question 27
The condition necessary for the conservation of momentum
in a given system is that
1. energy is conserved.
2. one body is at rest.
3. no external force acts on system.
4. internal forces equal external forces.
5. None of these is correct.
constant and 0 then 0 If
, ,
= = = = p
dt
p d
F
dt
p d
F
ext net ext net

56
General Physics Review
Question 28
Momentum is conserved in which of the following?
1. elastic collisions
2. inelastic collisions
3. explosions
4. collisions between automobiles
5. all of these
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General Physics Review
Question 28
Momentum is conserved in which of the following?
1. elastic collisions
2. inelastic collisions
3. explosions
4. collisions between automobiles
5. all of these
constant and 0 then 0 If
, ,
= = = = p
dt
p d
F
dt
p d
F
ext net ext net

Is energy conserved?
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General Physics Review
Question 29
A man in a spacecraft that is moving with a velocity V
0
in free space
runs forward and then stops. The center of mass of the system (that is,
the ship and the man)
1. slows while the man is running, then speeds up when he stops
2. slows while the man is running, then resumes its original velocity
when he stops
3. moves faster while the man is running, then slows when he stops
4. moves faster while the man is running, then resumes its original
velocity when he stops
5. continues all the while at its original velocity
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General Physics Review
Question 29
A man in a spacecraft that is moving with a velocity V
0
in free space
runs forward and then stops. The center of mass of the system (that is,
the ship and the man)
1. slows while the man is running, then speeds up when he stops
2. slows while the man is running, then resumes its original velocity
when he stops
3. moves faster while the man is running, then slows when he stops
4. moves faster while the man is running, then resumes its original
velocity when he stops
5. continues all the while at its original velocity
constant and 0 then 0 If
, ,
= = = = p
dt
p d
F
dt
p d
F
ext net ext net

60
General Physics Review
Question 30
If a body moves in such a way that its linear momentum is
constant, then
1. its kinetic energy is zero
2. the sum of all the external forces acting on it must be
zero
3. its acceleration is greater than zero and is constant
4. its center of mass remains at rest
5. the sum of all the external forces acting on the body is
constant and nonzero
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General Physics Review
Question 30
If a body moves in such a way that its linear momentum is
constant, then
1. its kinetic energy is zero
2. the sum of all the external forces acting on it must
be zero
3. its acceleration is greater than zero and is constant
4. its center of mass remains at rest
5. the sum of all the external forces acting on the body is
constant and nonzero
constant and 0 then 0 If
, ,
= = = = p
dt
p d
F
dt
p d
F
ext net ext net

62
General Physics Review
Question 31
The momentum vectors A1 and B1 of two bodies are
shown before collision. After the collision, body A is at
rest. The vector that correctly represents the momentum of
body B after the collision is
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General Physics Review
Question 31
The momentum vectors A1 and B1 of two bodies are
shown before collision. After the collision, body A is at
rest. The vector that correctly represents the momentum of
body B after the collision is
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
momentum net is where 0 0 P P P P
i f

= = A
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General Physics Review
Question 32
For a rigid body to remain in equilibrium it is necessary and
sufficient that
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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General Physics Review
Question 32
For a rigid body to remain in equilibrium it is necessary and
sufficient that
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
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General Physics Review
Question 33
A flat object resting on a horizontal frictionless surface is
acted on by forces of equal magnitude as shown. The
center of gravity of the object is indicated in each case. The
object is in translational equilibrium in figure(s)
1. 3 and 4
2. 1 and 2
3. 2 and 4
4. 1 only
5. 4 only
67
General Physics Review
Question 33
A flat object resting on a horizontal frictionless surface is
acted on by forces of equal magnitude as shown. The
center of gravity of the object is indicated in each case. The
object is in translational equilibrium in figure(s)
1. 3 and 4
2. 1 and 2
3. 2 and 4
4. 1 only
5. 4 only
68
General Physics Review
Question 34
If F is the force, x the displacement, and k a particular
constant, for simple harmonic motion we must have
1. F = -k/x
2
2. F = k/x
3. F = (k/x
2
)
1/2
4. F = -kx
2
5. None of these
69
General Physics Review
Question 34
If F is the force, x the displacement, and k a particular
constant, for simple harmonic motion we must have
1. F = -k/x
2
2. F = k/x
3. F = (k/x
2
)
1/2
4. F = -kx
2
5. None of these
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General Physics Review
Question 35
A mass m hanging on a spring with a spring constant k has
simple harmonic motion with a period T. If the mass is
doubled to 2m, the period of oscillation
1. increases by a factor of 2
2. decreases by a factor of 2
3. increases by a factor of
4. decreases by a factor of
5. is not affected

2
2
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General Physics Review
Question 35
A mass m hanging on a spring with a spring constant k has
simple harmonic motion with a period T. If the mass is
doubled to 2m, the period of oscillation
1. increases by a factor of 2
2. decreases by a factor of 2
3. increases by a factor of
4. decreases by a factor of
5. is not affected

2
2
t t
t t e e
2
2 2
2
2
1
2 2
T
k
m
k
m T
m
k
T
f
m
k
= = =
'
= = =
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General Physics Review
Question 36
The instantaneous speed of a mass undergoing simple
harmonic motion on the end of a spring depends on
a. the amplitude of oscillation
b. the frequency of oscillation
c. the period of oscillation
d. the time at which the speed is measured
e. all of these
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General Physics Review
) sin( ) (
) cos( ) (
t A
dt
dx
t v
t A t x
e e
e
= =
=
Question 36
The instantaneous speed of a mass undergoing simple
harmonic motion on the end of a spring depends on
a. the amplitude of oscillation
b. the frequency of oscillation
c. the period of oscillation
d. the time at which the speed is measured
e. all of these
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General Physics Review
Question 37
The top graph represents the variation of displacement with
time for a particle executing simple harmonic motion.
Which curve in the bottom graph represents the variation of
velocity with time for the same particle?
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. none of these
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General Physics Review
Question 37
The top graph represents the variation of displacement with
time for a particle executing simple harmonic motion.
Which curve in the bottom graph represents the variation of
velocity with time for the same particle?
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. none of these
) cos( ) (
) sin( ) (
) cos( ) (
2
t A
dt
dv
t a
t A
dt
dx
t v
t A t x
e e
e e
e
= =
= =
=
76
General Physics Review
Question 38
The kinetic energy of a body executing simple harmonic
motion is plotted against time expressed in terms of the
period T. At t = 0, the displacement is zero. Which of the
graphs most closely represents these conditions?
77
General Physics Review
Question 38
The kinetic energy of a body executing simple harmonic
motion is plotted against time expressed in terms of the
period T. At t = 0, the displacement is zero. Which of the
graphs most closely represents these conditions?
) ( cos
2
1
2
1
) (
) cos( ) (
) sin( ) (
2 2 2 2
t mA mv t K
t A t v
t A t x
e e
e e
e
= =
=
=
78
General Physics Review
Question 39
A system consists of a mass vibrating on the end of a spring.
The total mechanical energy of this system
1. varies as a sine or cosine function
2. is constant only when the mass is at maximum displacement
3. is a maximum when the mass is at its equilibrium position
only
4. is constant, regardless of the displacement of the mass from
the equilibrium position
5. is always equal to the square of the amplitude

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General Physics Review
maximun at
2
1
2
1
2
1
2 2 2
kA kx mv E
mech
= + =
Question 39
A system consists of a mass vibrating on the end of a spring. The
total mechanical energy of this system
1. varies as a sine or cosine function
2. is constant only when the mass is at maximum displacement
3. is a maximum when the mass is at its equilibrium position
only
4. is constant, regardless of the displacement of the mass from
the equilibrium position
5. is always equal to the square of the amplitude

80
General Physics Review
Question 40
A mass on a spring is vibrating in simple harmonic motion
about an equilibrium position indicated by the dashed line.
The figure that shows the body with maximum acceleration is
81
General Physics Review
Question 40
A mass on a spring is vibrating in simple harmonic motion
about an equilibrium position indicated by the dashed line.
The figure that shows the body with maximum acceleration is
ma kx F
net
= =
82
General Physics Review
Question 41
Which of the following statements is true?
1. Waves transmit energy but not momentum
2. Waves transmit momentum but not energy
3. Waves transmit both energy and momentum
4. Waves transmit neither energy nor momentum
5. Waves can transmit either energy or momentum but
not both

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General Physics Review
Question 41
Which of the following statements is true?
1. Waves transmit energy but not momentum
2. Waves transmit momentum but not energy
3. Waves transmit both energy and momentum
4. Waves transmit neither energy nor momentum
5. Waves can transmit either energy or momentum but
not both

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General Physics Review
Question 42
A longitudinal wave is distinguished from a transverse
wave by the fact that in longitudinal waves
1. the particle vibration is parallel to the direction of
propagation
2. the particle vibration is perpendicular to the direction
of propagation
3. energy is transported from one point in space to
another point
4. vibrations occur only in air or water
5. energy is not transported from one point in space to
another point
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General Physics Review
Question 42
A longitudinal wave is distinguished from a transverse
wave by the fact that in longitudinal waves
1. the particle vibration is parallel to the direction of
propagation
2. the particle vibration is perpendicular to the direction
of propagation
3. energy is transported from one point in space to
another point
4. vibrations occur only in air or water
5. energy is not transported from one point in space to
another point
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General Physics Review
Question 43
A pulse moves in a string
toward a free end (a ring on a
post) as indicated in the sketch.
On reflection, the pulse would
most nearly be represented by
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
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General Physics Review
Question 43
A pulse moves in a string
toward a free end (a ring on a
post) as indicated in the sketch.
On reflection, the pulse would
most nearly be represented by
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
88
General Physics Review
Question 44
A string under tension carries transverse waves traveling at
speed v. If the same string is under four times the tension,
what is the wave speed?
1. v
2. 2v
3. v/2
4. 4v
5. v/4

89
General Physics Review
v

2 2
4
= =

=
'
=
T T
v
T
v
Question 44
A string under tension carries transverse waves traveling at
speed v. If the same string is under four times the tension,
what is the wave speed?
1. v
2. 2v
3. v/2
4. 4v
5. v/4

90
General Physics Review
Question 45
A wave is traveling with a speed v along the x axis in the
positive direction. The upper graph shows the
displacement y versus the distance x for a given instant of
time. The lower graph shows the displacement y versus the
time t for any given point x. From the information in the
graphs, what is the wave speed v?
1. 8.0 m / s
2. 4.0 m / s
3. 6.0 m / s
4. there is not enough information
5. none of these is correct
91
General Physics Review

Question 45
A wave is traveling with a speed v along the x axis in the
positive direction. The upper graph shows the
displacement y versus the distance x for a given instant of
time. The lower graph shows the displacement y versus the
time t for any given point x. From the information in the
graphs, what is the wave speed v?
1. 8.0 m / s
2. 4.0 m / s
3. 6.0 m / s
4. there is not enough information
5. none of these is correct
T
( )
Hz
s T
f 2
2 1
1 1
= = =
s m v m Hz f 8 4 2 = = =
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General Physics Review
Question 46
In graph A, two waves are shown at a given instant. What
is the number of the curve in graph B that represents the
wave resulting from the superposition of the two waves?
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. the resultant is zero
for all values of x
5. none of these
Change graph to one from Student Workbook
93
General Physics Review
Question 47
Sketch A shows two identical
pulses traveling in opposite
directions along a string, each
with a velocity of 1.0 cm/s. After
4.0 s, the string will look like
which of these other sketches?
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
94
General Physics Review
Question 47
Sketch A shows two identical
pulses traveling in opposite
directions along a string, each
with a velocity of 1.0 cm/s. After
4.0 s, the string will look like
which of these other sketches?
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5
95
General Physics Review
Question 48
The figure shows several modes of vibration of a string
fixed at both ends. The mode of vibration that represents
the fourth harmonic is
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. none of these
96
General Physics Review
Question 48
The figure shows several modes of vibration of a string
fixed at both ends. The mode of vibration that represents
the fourth harmonic is
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. none of these
Fundamental
First harmonic
Second harmonic
Third harmonic
97
General Physics Review
Question 49
A stretched string is fixed at points 1 and 5. When it is
vibrating at the second harmonic frequency, the nodes of
the standing wave are at points
1. 1 and 5
2. 1, 3, and 5
3. 1 and 3
4. 2 and 4
5. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
98
General Physics Review
Question 49
A stretched string is fixed at points 1 and 5. When it is
vibrating at the second harmonic frequency, the nodes of
the standing wave are at points
1. 1 and 5
2. 1, 3, and 5
3. 1 and 3
4. 2 and 4
5. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
Second harmonic
First harmonic
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General Physics Review
Question 50
If the pressure and volume of an ideal gas are both reduced
to half their original value, the temperature of the gas is
1. unchanged
2. doubled
3. halved
4. increased by a factor of 4
5. decreased by a factor of 4
100
General Physics Review
Question 50
If the pressure and volume of an ideal gas are both reduced
to half their original value, the temperature of the gas is
1. unchanged
2. doubled
3. halved
4. increased by a factor of 4
5. decreased by a factor of 4
NkT
V p
NkT pV
2 2
=
101
General Physics Review
Question 51
At room temperature, which of the following diatomic
molecules has the greater average kinetic energy: carbon
monoxide (molar mass = 28 g/mol), nitrogen (molar mass
= 28 g/mol), or oxygen (molar mass = 32 g/mol)?
1. carbon monoxide
2. nitrogen
3. oxygen
4. both a and b are correct
5. All three have the same average kinetic energy.
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General Physics Review
Question 51
At room temperature, which of the following diatomic
molecules has the greater average kinetic energy: carbon
monoxide (molar mass = 28 g/mol), nitrogen (molar mass
= 28 g/mol), or oxygen (molar mass = 32 g/mol)?
1. carbon monoxide
2. nitrogen
3. oxygen
4. both a and b are correct
5. All three have the same average kinetic energy.
kT v m
3
2
2
1
2
= = c Thats why you can talk like a duck!
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General Physics Review
Question 52
Which of the following is an assumption that is made in the
kinetic theory of gases?
1. Molecules are not described by Newtons laws.
2. Molecules make up only a small fraction of the volume
occupied by a gas.
3. Molecules collide inelastically.
4. The total number of molecules is actually very small.
5. There are forces acting on the molecules at all times.
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General Physics Review
Question 52
Which of the following is an assumption that is made in the
kinetic theory of gases?
1. Molecules are not described by Newtons laws.
2. Molecules make up only a small fraction of the
volume occupied by a gas.
3. Molecules collide inelastically.
4. The total number of molecules is actually very small.
5. There are forces acting on the molecules at all times.
105
General Physics Review
Question 53
Aluminum has a specific heat more than twice that of copper. Identical
masses of aluminum and copper, both at 0
0
C, are dropped together into
a can of hot water. When the system has come to thermal equilibrium,
1. the aluminum is at a higher temperature than the copper
2. the copper is at a higher temperature than the aluminum
3. the aluminum and copper are at the same temperature
4. the difference in temperature between the aluminum and the copper
depends on the amount of water in the can
5. the difference in temperature between the aluminum and the copper
depends on the initial temperature of the water in the can
106
General Physics Review
Question 53
Aluminum has a specific heat more than twice that of copper. Identical
masses of aluminum and copper, both at 0
0
C, are dropped together into a
can of hot water. When the system has come to thermal equilibrium,
1. the aluminum is at a higher temperature than the copper
2. the copper is at a higher temperature than the aluminum
3. the aluminum and copper are at the same temperature
4. the difference in temperature between the aluminum and the copper
depends on the amount of water in the can
5. the difference in temperature between the aluminum and the copper
depends on the initial temperature of the water in the can
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General Physics Review
Question 54
Body A has twice the mass and three times the specific heat
of body B. They are supplied with equal amounts of heat.
Body A experiences a temperature change AT. What
change in temperature is experienced by body B?
1. AT
2. 3AT/2
3. 2AT/3
4. 6AT
5. AT/2
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General Physics Review
Question 54
Body A has twice the mass and three times the specific heat
of body B. They are supplied with equal amounts of heat.
Body A experiences a temperature change AT. What
change in temperature is experienced by body B?
1. AT
2. 3AT/2
3. 2AT/3
4. 6AT
5. AT/2
T mc Q
T
Q
m
c A
A
=
1
B A
B B B A B B
B B B B A A A A
T T
T c m T c m
T c m Q T c m Q
A A
A A
A A
= -
=
= = =
3 2
3 2
109
General Physics Review
Question 55
The specific heat of a gas is
1. the same for all gases
2. directly proportional to the absolute temperature
3. independent of constraints imposed on it while heating
4. a negligible quantity
5. greater at constant pressure than at constant volume
110
General Physics Review
Question 55
The specific heat of a gas is
1. the same for all gases
2. directly proportional to the absolute temperature
3. independent of constraints imposed on it while heating
4. a negligible quantity
5. greater at constant pressure than at constant volume
R c c
V p
+ =
p
p
T
Q
n
c
A
1

111
General Physics Review
Question 56
Heat is added to a substance at a constant rate. The substance starts as a
solid and is melted; the liquid is heated and vaporized; finally, the vapor
is heated. This process is shown in the graph. Which of the following
statements is correct?
1. The heat of fusion is greater than the heat of vaporization
2. The heat of vaporization is greater than the heat of fusion
3. The heat of vaporization is equal to the heat of fusion
4. The mass of the substance must be known before any statements
5. The relative sizes of the heats depend on the rate at which the heat is
112
General Physics Review
Question 56
Heat is added to a substance at a constant rate. The substance starts as a
solid and is melted; the liquid is heated and vaporized; finally, the vapor is
heated. This process is shown in the graph. Which of the following
statements is correct?
1. The heat of fusion is greater than the heat of vaporization
2. The heat of vaporization is greater than the heat of fusion
3. The heat of vaporization is equal to the latent heat of fusion
4. The mass of the substance must be known before any statements about
the heats can be made
5. The relative sizes of the heats depend on the rate at which the heat is
heat of fusion
heat of vaporization
v v
f f
mL Q
mL Q

113
General Physics Review
Question 57
When a substance goes directly from a solid state to a
gaseous form, the process is known as
1. vaporization
2. evaporization
3. condensation
4. sublimation
5. deposition
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General Physics Review
Question 57
When a substance goes directly from a solid state to a
gaseous form, the process is known as
1. vaporization
2. evaporization
3. condensation
4. sublimation
5. deposition