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Prefixes and Suffixes and Base Words Commonly Used

in Biology
a not
archaea very old
atmos referring to air
auto self
but
four
bio
life
centi one hundredth
chemo referring to chemical
chloro green
chromo chromo
cyto relating to cell
deci one tenth
deka/deca ten
di
two
eco
relating to envt
endo within
epi above
eu true or correct
geo relating to Earth
glycol relating to sugar
hecto hundred
hepta seven
hexa six
helio relating to Sun
hetero (humza)
homo same
hydro water
hypo above
hyper above
kilo one thousand
lyso

centric
dermis

macro very big


meta
micro very small
milli one one thousandth
mono/monos
nano one billionth
octa eight
osmo referring to sald
oligo few
osteo bone
pent five
photo light
poly many
pro for
stoma
tetra four
thygmo touch

glycemic referring to sugar


gram unit of mass
karyote nut, kernal
litre unit of volume
logy study of
lysis to cut
meter unit of measure for distance
phagy/phage eater
plasm material
plastid small structure
porosis hole or pore
reticulum network
sacchar/saccharide sugar
sapiens wise
scope/scopic gaze or look
sol
some/somatic referring to cell
sphere round
stasis steady state
synthesis to make
taxis a movement
tonic/tonicity
troph feeding level
tropic movement