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Transportation Systems

System Description

Az S 350 U
Microcomputer Axle Counting System

(Amended for use on Indian Railways)


Date of Amendment: 7th November 2006

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Transportation Systems

Confidentiality: None
Issuing department: TS RA SD 7

Author of Springorum TS RA SD 73
German
document

Translation Argiel TS RA SD 75 2004-09-30 sgd. Argiel


released by

Translation Dawson TS RA SD 75 2004-09-29 sgd. Dawson


checked by
Translation Argiel TS RA SD 75 2004-09-28 sgd. Argiel
prepared by
Name Department Date Signature

For the original signatures see Verification Record with the number
M0110340606,A.

Note
The contents of this translation correspond to the German document with the
number M0110044940,B.

The text following this symbol indicates changes / adaptation of the


document for use on Indian Railways to achieve the suppression of trolley
wheels, rail dolly, motor trolley, etc.

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Transportation Systems

Contents

1 Introduction ............................................................................................................5
1.1 Principle of Track Vacancy Detection......................................................................6
1.2 Principle of Axle Counting........................................................................................7
1.3 Wheel Detection Equipment ....................................................................................8
1.4 Data Flow between Components...........................................................................10

2 System Overview .................................................................................................12


2.1 Connection to Any Type of Interlocking.................................................................12
2.2 Flexible Configuration ............................................................................................13
2.3 Procedure-protected Data Transmission...............................................................15
2.4 Double Usage of Counting Heads .........................................................................16
2.5 Transmission of Operator-specific Information......................................................18
2.6 System Compatibility..............................................................................................19
2.7 Fail-safety...............................................................................................................20
2.8 Easy Configuring....................................................................................................21
2.9 Multiple-axle Counting Method ..............................................................................22
2.10 Reset Options.........................................................................................................22
2.11 Flexible Power Supply............................................................................................25
2.12 Maintenance...........................................................................................................25
2.13 Applications ............................................................................................................26
2.13.1 Application Variant with One Counting Head per Evaluation Computer ............................................... 26
2.13.2 Application Variant with One Track Vacancy Detection Section and more than One Counting Head27
2.13.3 Application Variant with Two Track Vacancy Detection Sections Detected by One Evaluation
Computer......................................................................................................................................................... 27
2.13.4 Application Variant with Two Track Vacancy Detection Sections (Points) and Jointly Used Counting
Head................................................................................................................................................................. 28

3 Structure and Mode of Operation of Az S 350 U ..............................................29


3.1 System Structure....................................................................................................29
3.2 Outdoor Equipment ................................................................................................31
3.2.1 ZP 43 Wheel Detection Equipment ............................................................................................................. 31
3.2.2 DEK 43 Double Wheel Detector .................................................................................................................. 32
3.2.3 Connecting Cables......................................................................................................................................... 32
3.2.4 Trackside Connection Box............................................................................................................................ 32
3.2.5 External Power Supply for ZP 43 (Optional).............................................................................................. 35
3.2.6 Double Usage for ZP 43 (Optional)............................................................................................................. 35
3.2.7 Overvoltage Protection for ZP 43 ................................................................................................................ 35
3.2.7.1 Overvoltage Protection for ZP 43 E............................................................................................................. 36
3.2.7.2 Overvoltage Protection for ZP 43 V............................................................................................................. 37

3.3 Indoor Equipment...................................................................................................38


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3.3.1 Az S 350 U Axle Counting Cabinets ........................................................................................................... 38


3.3.2 Axle Counting Cabinet S25552-J605-U1 ................................................................................................... 39
3.3.3 Axle Counting Cabinet S25552-J605-U2 ................................................................................................... 41
3.3.4 Overview of Boards........................................................................................................................................ 43

4 Brief Description of Az S 350 U Boards ............................................................45


4.1 VAU Board..............................................................................................................45
4.2 STEU Board ...........................................................................................................46
4.2.1 Normal Display................................................................................................................................................ 46
4.2.2 Statistics Functions / Diagnostics ................................................................................................................ 47

4.3 BLEA12 Board........................................................................................................48


4.4 SIRIUS2 Board.......................................................................................................51
4.5 VESBA Board.........................................................................................................52
4.6 DIGIDO Board ........................................................................................................54
4.7 SVK2150 Board......................................................................................................55

5 Diagnostics / Maintenance..................................................................................56

6 Standards and Guidelines...................................................................................59

7 Technical Data......................................................................................................60

8 Contact ..................................................................................................................64

9 References ............................................................................................................65

10 List of Abbreviations ...........................................................................................66

List of Figures......................................................................................................68

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1 Introduction

The safety of rail operations is based on the safety of many individual


components. This is ensured by the use of signalling and safety systems and
devices that interoperate smoothly.

Track vacancy detection systems provide reliable information on the clear and
occupied states of track sections and thus make a decisive contribution
towards virtually trouble-free operation.

This System Description describes the Az S 350 U microcomputer axle


counting system from Siemens (referred to as Az S 350 U in the following).

The microcomputer axle counting system offers outstanding cost-


effectiveness, compactness and easy extendibility of functions.

It provides a universal interface for connection to any interlocking system. The


interface is a parallel interface using floating relay contact outputs and
optocoupler inputs.

This document describes the system base and is thus not application-specific.

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1.1 Principle of Track Vacancy Detection


Automatic track vacancy detection systems provide continuous and reliable
information on the clear and occupied states of points, crossings or track
sections and supply the necessary output information in the form of binary-
coded electric signals (yes / no statements). There are different track vacancy
detection systems in use for vacancy / occupancy detection on railway lines.
The decision on which is the most efficient system in a special case depends
on technical and economic criteria.

Technical criteria of decisive importance are the topography of the track (e.g.
the number of track vacancy detection sections to be established, length of the
sections) and the state of the track (e.g. ballast, insulating capacity of the
permanent way, type of sleeper).

There are two different technical systems in use:


· Track circuits
Track circuits transmit electric energy from a transmitter to a receiver via
the two insulated rails of a track section. While current is flowing (i.e. if no
train uses the track section), a track section is indicated as being clear. If
the track section is occupied or used by a train, the circuit is short-circuited
via the vehicle axles and the current does not reach the receiver.
· Axle counting systems
Axle counting systems are based on the principle of axle counting. There
are counting heads at the beginning and end of each track section to be
detected. These units are connected to an evaluation computer which
processes the information generated by the counting heads. If the number
of axles counted in matches that counted out, the respective track section
is indicated as being clear. Axle counting systems can be used for points,
crossings and station and open-line tracks.

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1.2 Principle of Axle Counting


Axle counting systems are based on the principle illustrated below:

TVDS

equipment
ZP 43 wheel detection ZP 43 wheel detection

Outdoor
equipment equipment
(double wheel detector TCB TCB (double wheel detector
and TCB incl. cable) and TCB incl. cable)

Indoor equipment
Evaluation computer
Generates axle counting data from WDE
signals, compares axle counting results
and issues a track clear or occupied
indication

TCB = Trackside connection box WDE = Wheel detection equipment


TVDS = Track vacancy detection section

Fig. 1 Principle of axle counting

Az S 350 U is employed for the automatic detection of open-line tracks (block


sections) and station tracks (routes). The clear and occupied states of track
vacancy detection sections (TVDS) and points are detected.

Az S 350 U includes ZP 43 wheel detection equipment (counting heads). The


counting heads are installed at the limits of a track vacancy detection section.
Each counting head comprises a double wheel detector (two transmitter and
two receiver sections) and a trackside connection box which together form a
single functional unit. Any wheels using the track section are detected by the
double wheel detector mounted on a rail.

The evaluation computer


· evaluates the signals transmitted from the counting heads,
· compares the number of axles counted into a track vacancy detection
section with the number of axles counted out,
· monitors the track vacancy detection sections and generates a track clear
or occupied indication.

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Compared with track vacancy detection via track circuits, the use of an axle
counting system permits the detection of much larger track sections.

Az S 350 U can also be used for track vacancy detection on lines where trains
come to a halt. The evaluation computer is able to identify axles oscillating
over a double wheel detector, thus avoiding any counting errors.

1.3 Wheel Detection Equipment

Rx1 Rx2
Tx1 Tx2
Connecting
cables DEK 43

Generator
43 kHz Receiving amplifier
VDC Filter ZP 43

Amplifier

DC Rectifier
Voltage
DC converter
V V Voltage-frequency
f f
converter
Band-pass filter
V DC
T f1 f2
TCB
Signalling cable, VDC
paired or Vf1
star-quad Vf2

Evaluation computer

Key:
DEK 43 = Double wheel detector VDC = Supply voltage
Rx1, Rx2 = Receivers Vf1 = Signal voltage f1
T = Transformer Vf2 = Signal voltage f2
TCB = Trackside connection box ZP 43 = Wheel detection equipment
Tx1, Tx2 = Transmitters

Fig. 2 Block diagram of the ZP 43 wheel detection equipment

The ZP 43 wheel detection equipment operates according to the proven


method of electromagnetic wheel detection. When a wheel enters the sensing
range of the double wheel detector, it modifies the strength of the alternating
electromagnetic field, thereby generating pulses. These pulses are transmitted
via cable to the evaluation computer located in the interlocking.

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When a wheel enters the sensing range of the double wheel detector, the
magnetic coupling between the transmitter and receiver increases.
Consequently, the induced voltage in the receiving coil increases. The receive
voltages are transmitted via the connecting cable to the two receiving
amplifiers in the trackside connection box. After filtering, the amplitude of the
interference-free receive signals is raised to the appropriate level in the
downstream amplifier and the signals are rectified.

Up to this point, both channels operate identically. The voltage-frequency


converter generates a square-wave voltage whose frequency depends on the
amplitude of the rectified receive voltages. The downstream band-pass filters
only let the fundamental wave of this square-wave voltage pass. This
corresponds to the idle state of the system (no wheel within the sensing range
of the double wheel detector).

If a wheel enters the sensing range of the double wheel detector, the
increased magnetic coupling between transmitter and receiver makes the
receive voltage rise above the quiescent voltage (voltage when no wheels are
passing). The voltage-frequency converter reacts by increasing the frequency
beyond the upper band limit of the band-pass filter. The band-pass filter
attenuates the signal. This corresponds to the occupied state of the double
wheel detector.

The subsequent transformer combines the signals of both channels and feeds
them into the signalling cable. In addition, the transformer separates the
supply voltage received from the interlocking from the signals to be
transmitted to the evaluation computer.

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1.4 Data Flow between Components

Interlocking

OUTPUTS INPUTS

Indoor equipment
Clear / occupied indications (Cl, ¬Cl), Axle count reset
reset restriction (RR), (AzGrT + AzGrH, vAzGrT),
reset acknowledgement (RA), user-defined information
user-defined information (e.g block information)
(e.g. block information) Service PC

Null modem cable < 15 m


(optional)

BLEA12 BLEA12 BLEA12


board board board

Az S 350 U Az S (M) 350 B,


or Az S 350 U Az S 350 U Az S 350 U Az S (M) 350 M
Az S (M) 350 T or
SIRIUS2 SIRIUS2 SIRIUS2 SIRIUS2 Az S 350 U
board board board board

FASIT Digital double usage


Data transmission via FASIT FASIT Cable £ 12 m
Modem Modem Modem Modem
null modem cable £ 30 m (TTL level)
Remote data transmission Remote data transmission

Outdoor equipment
Modem

max. max. max. max. max.


CH 5 CH 5 CH 5 CH 5 CH 5

R R R R

R R R R

AzGrH = Auxiliary axle count reset button


AzGrT = Axle count reset button
CH = Counting head
FASIT = Fail-safe single-channel transmission of status information
R = Section with remote counting heads (via FASIT)
vAzGrT = Preparatory axle count reset button

Fig. 3 Data flow between components

Az S 350 U transmits the track vacancy detection section data to the


interlocking circuits via a parallel interface. Information is transmitted via the
BLEA12 board (block input / output board). The process uses floating relay
contacts and optocouplers for information input and output.

In addition to the dual-channel track clear / occupied indications (CI, ¬CI), a


single-channel reset restriction (RR) and reset acknowledgement (RA) are
issued for each track vacancy detection section.

The process data (passage of a wheel) is collected by the ZP 43 wheel


detection equipment, evaluated and transmitted to the VESBA board at two
signal frequencies (amplitude and frequency – f1, f2).

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In the interlocking, a dual-channel reset is issued via the AzGrT or vAzGrT


reset procedure. There is an optional auxiliary axle count reset button (AzGrH)
connected via two channels, which, on dual-channel activation, cancels the
reset restriction. By means of single-channel activation of the AzGrH button,
various statistical and diagnostic functions can be called up.

User-defined binary-coded data can be exchanged between systems. This


data (e.g. block information) is transmitted from one evaluation computer (EC)
to another in transparent form, i.e. there is no evaluation by the respective
axle counting system. Information input / output is performed via the BLEA12
board.

The FASIT data transmission procedure (fail-safe single-channel transmission


of status information) provides the connection between the Az S 350 U
systems. The transmission software enables the exchange of safety-related
status information between the communication partners. Information is
exchanged regularly and in both directions.

The FASIT data transmission method connects the Az S 350 U systems via a
modem link (any length, restricted only by transmission medium). Over a
shorter distance, two Az S 350 U systems may also be connected via a cable
(£ 15 m) without modem. The evaluation computer is connected via the
SIRIUS2 board.

Each Az S 350 U evaluation computer is equipped with a SIRIUS2 (serial


computer interface universal) board with two V.24 interfaces for remote data
transmission between evaluation computers.

When the double-usage function is used, the WDE data of a counting head
can be processed by more than one evaluation computer. There are two types
of double usage: analogue double usage and digital double usage.

A service PC can be connected to the indoor equipment. Data is transmitted


via the V.24 interface of the SIRIUS2 board. The connection is established via
modem or, as an option, via a null modem cable (£ 15 m).

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2 System Overview
Az S 350 U from Siemens Transportation Systems meets the highly
demanding requirements of many main-line and mass transit operators
regarding safety, reliability and economic efficiency.

Az S 350 U has been designed for main-line, regional and industrial railways
as well as light-rail transport systems and offers outstanding cost-
effectiveness, compactness and easy extendibility of functions.

It can be used:
· on main and secondary lines and in station areas
· on single- and multiple-track lines
· on lines with and without a block system
· with all types of traction and all common vehicle types
· on track sections of any length
· for speeds of up to 400 kph

2.1 Connection to Any Type of Interlocking


Az S 350 U provides a universal interface for connection to any interlocking
system. All inputs and outputs to and from the interlocking circuits are done
via a parallel interface using floating relay contact outputs and optocoupler
inputs. Az S 350 U transmits the data of the track vacancy detection sections
(TVDS) to the interlocking circuits. Information is transmitted via the BLEA12
board (block input / output board).

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2.2 Flexible Configuration


TVDS A TVDS B TVDS C TVDS D

CH 1 CH 2 ZP 3
CH CH 4 CH 5

Az S 350 U
TVDS TVDS
AzGrT, AzGrH (A) AzGrH Auxiliary axle count reset button
vAzGrT (A) A D
TVDS TVDS AzGrT Axle count reset button
Cl, RR, RA (A) B C (D)
CH Counting head
Cl Clear / occupied indication
RA Reset acknowledgement
(C)
RR Reset restriction
(B)
TVDS Track vacancy detection section
vAzGrT Preparatory axle count reset button

Fig. 4 Configuration with one computer

One of the key features of the Az S 350 U evaluation computer is its ability to
process the signals of up to five directly connected ZP 43 counting heads. Up
to four track vacancy detection sections per evaluation computer can be
detected.

AzGrH Auxiliary axle count reset button


AzGrT Axle count reset button
CH Counting head
Cl Clear / occupied indication
EC Evaluation computer
RA Reset acknowledgement
TVDS F
RR Reset restriction
TVDS Track vacancy detection section TVDS D
TVDS B
vAzGrT Preparatory axle count reset button

TVDS A TVDS C TVDS E TVDS G

Example: CH 2 is a
"remote" CH
CH 1 CH 2 CH 3 CH 1 CH 2 ZP 3
CH CH 4 CH 5 CH 1 CH 2 of EC 2 CH 3

£ 18 items of information each £ 16 items of information each £ 22 items of information each


(e.g. block information) (e.g. block information) (e.g. block information)
EC 1 EC 2 EC 3
TVDS GFM TVDS TVDS TVDS GFM
AzGrT, AzGrH (A) A G C F G G
vAzGrT (A) TVDS TVDS TVDS TVDS GFM GFM
Cl, RR, RA (A) B C D E D E
SIRIUS2 SIRIUS2 SIRIUS2

Modem Modem Modem


Data transmission (max. length £ 15 m) Remote data transmission
(Extension) (Extension)

Fig. 5 Configuration of an overall system consisting of more


than one computer

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Each Az S 350 U can be connected to two other evaluation computers via two
serial V.24 interfaces (SIRIUS2 board). The WDE data of up to six “remote”
counting heads can be evaluated by interconnecting evaluation computers.

“Remote” counting heads are counting heads whose data is transmitted via
the serial interfaces of the “adjacent” evaluation computers.

For data transmission (without modem), the evaluation computer is connected


to its “left-hand” and “right-hand” partners using front connectors. When using
modems (remote data transmission), the track vacancy detection section
length is unlimited. This permits very long track vacancy detection sections to
be detected.

By configuring three evaluation computers to form an axle counting system,


the signals of up to 15 counting heads can be evaluated in one evaluation
computer and up to 12 track vacancy detection sections can be detected.

CH 1 CH 5 CH 1 CH 5 CH 1 CH 5 CH 1 CH 5

Az S 350 U Az S 350 U Az S 350 U Az S 350 U

(Extension) (Extension)
Modem Modem Modem Modem Modem Modem Modem Modem

Fig. 6 Cascading of Az S 350 U systems

Any number of Az S 350 U systems can be linked by cascading. This permits


the evaluation of information from direct neighbours.

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2.3 Procedure-protected Data Transmission


Two Az S 350 U evaluation computers can be linked via the modem
connected to each computer (serial V.24 interface). The modem-to-modem
connection may be implemented via a copper cable, fibre-optic cable or radio-
relay system.

Data is exchanged between the modem-connected axle counting systems via


the FASIT method.

The single-channel bidirectional point-to-point connection allows status


information to be transmitted between both evaluation computers. The status
data is transmitted in the form of telegrams at a transmission rate of
9,600 bit/s or 1,200 bit/s and is protected by a 64 bit error detection suffix
(Hamming distance 9).

WDE signals and operator-specific, binary-coded data (user-defined, e.g.


block information) as well as status information are transmitted using the
FASIT procedure.

The behaviour of Az S 350 U for a broken connection is configurable. Either


the track section information can be updated or a permanent track occupied
indication can be issued on the restoration of data transmission. In the event
of a permanent occupied indication, the section must be cleared by an AzGrT
operation.

In closed transmission systems, the FASIT procedure can be used without any
restrictions. EN 50159-1 specifications for operator-provided closed
transmission systems rule out the possibility of non-authorised access to the
transmission system.

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2.4 Double Usage of Counting Heads


When using the double-usage function, the WDE signals of one counting head
are jointly used by two adjacent evaluation computers. This function results in
fewer counting heads, ensuring at the same time continuous track vacancy
detection.
There are three types of double usage:
· analogue double usage
· digital double usage
· double usage via SIRIUS2 board

Analogue double usage

The connection of a counting head (outdoor equipment) to two evaluation


computers (indoor equipment) is called analogue double usage. A
supplementary board in the trackside connection box of the counting head
permits the analogue WDE signals to be transmitted to both evaluation
computers. An additional cable is required between the counting head and the
second evaluation computer.

Digital double usage

For digital double usage of a counting head (outdoor equipment), digitised


WDE signals are transmitted between two interconnected evaluation
computers (indoor equipment). By interconnecting evaluation computers, the
signals of a counting head can also be used by a second evaluation computer.
No additional cabling between indoor and outdoor equipment is required for
this multiple usage of WDE signals.

The following evaluation computers can be interconnected for digital double


usage:
Sending EC Receiving EC Remark

Az S 350 U Az S 350 U Via internal connector 22


(Az S 350 U)
Az S 350 U Az S (M) 350 Via internal connector 22
Version B (Az S 350 U)
or
Az S (M) 350
DIGIDO board (optional)
Version M

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Az S (M) 350 Version B Az S 350 U Via DIGIDO board


Az S 350 B1 (optional)
Az S 350 B5
Az S (M) 350 Version M Az S 350 U Not possible, as the sending
Az S (M) 350 systems do not generate test
pulses

Digital double usage is implemented by connecting a “sending evaluation


computer” to a “receiving evaluation computer”. The evaluation computer to
which the counting heads are directly connected and which transmits the WDE
signals to the receiving evaluation computer is called the “sending evaluation
computer”. The “receiving evaluation computer” evaluates the digital WDE
signals transmitted by the “sending evaluation computer”.

TVDS A TVDS B

Three further CH possible Three further CH possible


(max. 5 CH can be (max. 4 CH can be
CH 3 connected) connected)
CH 1 CH 2 CH 3 CH 1
CH 4 CH 5
CH 2 CH 4

Az S 350 U Az S 350 U
2nd VESBA

Connector 20
5thVESBA

(sending) (receiving) Connection of CH 5 via


digital double-usage
TVDS TVDS function; 5th VESBA
A B board is not required!
AzGrT, AzGrH (A) CH 5
vAzGrT (A)
Cl, RR, RA (A) Connector 22
Connector 22
2
CH 2 is jointly used (signal as TTL level)

Length £ 12 m

Fig. 7 Digital double usage between two Az S 350 U

The counting heads are connected to the “sending evaluation computer” via
internal connector 20. Five counting heads can be directly connected to the
“sending evaluation computer”. The “sending evaluation computer” and the
“receiving evaluation computer” are interconnected using internal connector
22. As an option, the evaluation computers can also be interconnected via the
DIGIDO board (see table above). When using the double-usage function, the
number of counting heads that can be directly connected to the “receiving
evaluation computer” is lower. If, for example, one counting head is jointly
used, only a maximum of four counting heads can be directly connected to the
“receiving evaluation computer“. This, however, also reduces the number of
VESBA boards required. The WDE signals are transmitted at TTL level using
a two-core shielded cable (£ 12 m).

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Double usage via SIRIUS2 board

WDE signals can also be jointly used by connecting two evaluation computers
via a SIRIUS2 board (V.24 interfaces). In addition to the WDE data of up to
five directly connected counting heads, this mode of connection permits the
WDE information of up to six counting heads of an adjacent evaluation
computer to be also used.

2.5 Transmission of Operator-specific Information


In addition to WDE and TVDS data, Az S 350 U is able to transmit binary-
coded data (operator-specific data, user-defined, e.g. block information) in
both directions.

The input and output of binary-coded data is performed via the BLEA12 board.
If the outputs are not required for track vacancy detection sections, a
maximum of 12 user-defined, operator-specific items of information can be
transmitted (first pair of BLEA12 boards).

If fitted with the maximum possible number of boards (optional second pair of
BLEA12 boards), Az S 350 U can transmit up to 24 user-defined binary-coded
data items (input / output), provided that no outputs are required for track
vacancy detection sections.

The table below shows the number of user-defined operator-specific items of


information possible (with the optional second pair of BLEA12 boards
inserted):

Quantity First pair of BLEA12 Second pair of BLEA12 Use of two pairs of
boards boards (optional) BLEA12 boards
Track vacancy detection Total number of user- Additional user-defined items Total number of user-
sections defined items of of information defined items of information
information

0 12* 12 24*
1 10 12 22
2 8 12 20
3 6 12 18
4 4 12 16
*Note: With 12 or 24 user-defined operator-specific information items, no TVDS output is possible!

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The information is read in via floating optocoupler inputs and output via
floating relay contacts.

In an overall evaluation computer system, operator-specific information is


transmitted bidirectionally.

2.6 System Compatibility


Az S 350 U is functionally compatible with the following axle counting systems:
· Az S 350 U
· Az S (M) 350 Version B
· Az S (M) 350 Version M
· Az S 350 B1
· Az S 350 B5

An Az S 350 U evaluation computer is connected to another Az S 350 U


evaluation computer using internal connector 22. Az S (M) 350 Version B / M
is connected to the Az S 350 U evaluation computer via either internal
connector 22 or the DIGIDO board. The Az S (M) 350 Version B and
Az S 350 B1 / B5 axle counting systems can be connected to the Az S 350 U
evaluation computer using the DIGIDO board only.

The redundant reset function of Az S (M) 350 Version B is also implemented


in Az S 350 U. This compatibility permits the replacement of Az S (M) 350
Version B by Az S 350 U.

Az S 350 U also provides a redundant track clear indication output and reset
option for a second (additional) interlocking.

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2.7 Fail-safety

Micro- Process data input Micro-


computer A computer B

Input Input

Data Data
ex- ex-
change change

Processor Processor
and and
memory Synchro- Synchro- memory
nisation nisation

Compa- Compa-
rison rison

Output Output

Channel 1 Channel 2

Fig. 8 SIMIS 2-out-of-2 configuration

Az S 350 U is operated as a fail-safe computer in a 2-out-of-2 configuration on


the basis of the proven SIMIS® fail-safe microcomputer system from Siemens.

This microcomputer system has been specially developed for all tasks
involving fail-safety issues, as they are required, for example, in railway
signalling systems. It checks all safety-related indications and processes them
using two channels.

The SIMIS fail-safe microcomputer system from Siemens comprises two


independent microcomputers of identical structure. The microcomputers are
supplied with the same input information which, because they run the same
programs, process in an identical manner thus generating the desired output
information on two channels.

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Only if the output information is the same in the two independent comparators
is it output to the follow-on circuitry. A cut-off unit is connected downstream of
the comparators for this purpose and de-energises the output circuits if the
output data does not agree.

The SIMIS system includes test programs which ensure in-time failure
detection. The SIMIS on-line test program, SOPP, is a background program
with low priority. It is interrupted by an interrupt for processing. SOPP is
responsible for continuously checking all SIMIS functions on a channel-by-
channel basis.

The system's safety is based on the fact that the dual-channel SIMIS principle
is applied to all safety-related subsystems.

2.8 Easy Configuring


DIP (dual in-line package) configuration switches allow Az S 350 U to be
flexibly configured, providing a wide range of applications. The DIP switches
are located on the BLEA12 board.

The functions of the set DIP switches are determined by the software of the
axle counting system. During computer start-up, the system reads the DIP
switch positions and performs a plausibility check. If the plausibility check fails,
the evaluation computer adopts a safe state.

The DIP switches can also be used to perform modifications during operation
(e.g. when modifying or extending the system) rapidly and at low cost.

The DIP switches provide the following configuration options for example:
· setting of system parameters, such as data transmission and oscillation
behaviour
· output of track clear and occupied indications (Cl and ¬Cl) of up to four
detected track vacancy detection sections with additional output of reset
restriction (RR) and reset acknowledgement (RA)
· configuring of direction information
· input of immediate or preparatory axle count reset (by actuating the AzGrT
or vAzGrT button) per evaluation computer

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2.9 Multiple-axle Counting Method


The multiple-axle counting method evaluates batches of several axles, thus
being less susceptible to faults.

The multiple-axle counting method permits trains to pass at a speed of up to


vmax = 400 kph with wheel diameters of d ³ 865 mm.

With the multiple-axle counting method, the evaluation of more than one axle
at a time improves interference suppression and increases the availability of
Az S 350 U.

2.10 Reset Options


Axle counting systems must allow reset of a track vacancy detection section to
the clear state.
Two methods are used for resetting the system:
· immediate axle count reset
· preparatory axle count reset

With immediate axle count reset, the track vacancy detection section is
immediately indicated as being clear after the axle count reset button (AzGrT)
has been pressed, provided that no reset restriction (RR) is active. A reset
restriction is active if the last axle registered by the axle counting system has
been ‘counted in’. If a reset restriction is active, operation of the AzGrT button
has no effect. The reset restriction can be cancelled by a relief operator action
using the auxiliary axle count reset button (AzGrH). Subsequently, the track
can be given a clear indication by pressing the AzGrT button. Actuation of the
AzGrT button must be preceded by track clear proving. The respective
procedure is to be specified in the operator regulations.

With preparatory axle count reset, the track vacancy detection section in
question is not immediately indicated as being clear after pressing the
preparatory axle count reset button (vAzGrT). It only causes the axle count of
the track vacancy detection section to be reset to 'zero'. A clear indication is
issued only after the track vacancy detection section has been subsequently
passed by a train. The passage of the train must comply with the relevant
railway operator’s regulations.

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The following can be configured for the preparatory axle count reset:
· After an axle count reset operation, the train must pass at least two
different counting heads in order to establish the clear status for the
respective section.
· After an axle count reset operation, the train must pass all counting heads
at the beginning and end of the track vacancy detection section in order to
establish the clear status for the respective section. This may involve
several individual train passages.
· After an axle count reset operation, the train must pass all counting heads
passed during the last train passage in order to establish the clear status
for the respective section.

Inputs per TVDS

Az S 350 U
Channel 1

Channel 2

Channel 1

Channel 2

Dual-channel Dual-channel

Fail-safe input: Fail-safe input:


AzGrT AzGrH AzGrH
AzGrT
(can (can
or or
vAzGrT cancel RR) cancel RR)
vAzGrT
User-defined binary-coded information, AzGrT only
e.g. block information (operator-specific) (not for vAzGrT)

Outputs per TVDS

Az S 350 U
Channel 2
Channel 1

Channel 2

Channel 1

Single-
Dual-channel Single-channel channel

Non-fail-safe Non-fail-safe
Fail-safe output: Fail-safe output: output: output:
clear indication (Cl) occupied indication (¬Cl) reset restriction reset acknow-
(RR) ledgement (RA)
User-defined binary-coded information,
e.g. block information (operator-specific)

Fig. 9 Inputs and outputs per TVDS

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In addition to the fail-safe, dual-channel output of clear or occupied


indications, AzGrT or vAzGrT operation is input, for each track vacancy
detection section, in a fail-safe manner via two channels. The AzGrT or
vAzGrT button is electrically isolated from the computer core via floating
optocoupler inputs on the BLEA12 board. As different applications use
different operating voltages, there is a wide range of possible input voltages. If
neither of the AzGrT and vAzGrT buttons are pressed, the input has to be
voltage-free. If one of the buttons is pressed, the output directed towards the
computer system makes the voltage rise from 0 V to +5 V. Az S 350 U
provides terminals for the axle count reset buttons. The operator must connect
these terminals to the interlocking circuits.

The operator may also request an output about track vacancy detection
section resettability to be generated (reset restriction active?). For each of the
max. four track vacancy detection sections to be detected by the evaluation
computer, a non-fail-safe relay output for the reset restriction can be provided
(not with vAzGrT). Cancellation of the reset restriction by means of a dual-
channel operation of the AzGrH button can also be provided.

The operator has the option to output information on whether the AzGrT or
vAzGrT button has been operated successfully. Pressing the axle count reset
buttons triggers a reset acknowledgement. Az S 350 U acknowledges the
reset operation and this reset acknowledgement is indicated in the
interlocking. As the reset acknowledgement is non-vital, it is provided on a
single-channel basis (channel 1) as a freely connectable relay contact. The
output is permanently through-connected and is only interrupted during AzGrT
or vAzGrT operation. The reset acknowledgement is available for each track
vacancy detection section to be detected.

As this information is only used for indication purposes, it is provided by the


BLEA12 board on a single-channel basis. The corresponding output signal
switches a freely connectable floating relay contact on channel 2. This contact
may be open or closed (both variants possible) as long as there is a reset
restriction in the Az S 350 U system.

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2.11 Flexible Power Supply


Az S 350 U can be flexibly adapted to the existing power supply system due to
a large input voltage range from 24 V DC to 60 V DC. The SVK2150 power
supply board generates the following operating voltages required by
Az S 350 U:
· 5 V DC for internal operation
· 70 V DC for external operation of max. five counting heads

As an option, the counting heads can be supplied with power directly from an
on-site voltage source via an additional band-pass filter board for external
supply (in the ZP 43 wheel detection equipment).

2.12 Maintenance
As the hardware components used are highly reliable, the system requires
only little maintenance.

The front panels of the boards are fitted with light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
indicating the status or cause of possible faults of the axle counting system. In
addition, the LEDs provide statistical information, e.g. the number of track
section occupancies or the number of axles having passed a counting head.

With its additional service PC, the system enables maintenance activities to be
carried out in a most effective manner.

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2.13 Applications

2.13.1 Application Variant with One Counting Head per


Evaluation Computer

Station A TVDS A (long track vacancy detection section) Station B

ZP 1
CH 3 ZP 1
CH 3

Az S 350 U 10/22* user-defined inf. 12/24* user-defined inf.


EC 1 Az S 350 U
TVDS EC 2
AzGrT (A) A
vAzGrT (A)
Cl, RR, RA (A)

Modem Modem
Remote data transmission

* Number of user-defined items of information


when using one pair (left figure) or two pairs
(right figure) of BLEA12 boards

Fig. 10 Application variant with one counting head per evaluation


computer for long track vacancy detection sections

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2.13.2 Application Variant with One Track Vacancy Detection


Section and more than One Counting Head

TVDS A

CH 1 CH 2 ZP 3
CH CH 4 CH 5 ZP 1
CH 3

Az
Az SS 350
350 UU Az S 350 U
10/22* user-defined inf. 12/24* user-defined inf.
EC 1 EC 2
TVDS
AzGrT (A) A
vAzGrT (A)
Cl, RR, RA (A)

Null modem cable (£ 30 m)

* Number of user-defined items of information


when using one pair (left figure) or two pairs
(right figure) of BLEA12 boards

Fig. 11 Application variant with one track vacancy detection


section and more than one counting head

2.13.3 Application Variant with Two Track Vacancy Detection


Sections Detected by One Evaluation Computer

TVDS B

TVDS A

ZP 1
CH 3 ZP 2
CH 3 ZP 3
CH ZP 4
CH 3

Az
Az SS 350
350 UU
EC 1
TVDS TVDS
AzGrT (A) A B
vAzGrT (A)
Cl, RR, RA (A)

Fig. 12 Application variant with two track vacancy detection


sections detected by one evaluation computer

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2.13.4 Application Variant with Two Track Vacancy Detection


Sections (Points) and Jointly Used Counting Head

TVDS B
TVDS A

ZP 1
CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 ZP 4
CH 3 ZP 5
CH 3

Az
Az SS 350
350 U
U
EC 1
TVDS TVDS
AzGrT (A) A B
vAzGrT (A)
Cl, RR, RA (A)

Fig. 13 Application variant with two track vacancy detection


sections (points) and jointly used counting head

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3 Structure and Mode of Operation of


Az S 350 U

3.1 System Structure

equipment
TVDS A TVDS B TVDS C TVDS D

Outdoor
ZP 43 ZP 43 ZP 43 ZP 43 ZP 43

Az S 350 U
1st VESBA 2nd VESBA 3rd VESBA 4th VESBA 5th VESBA

Indoor equipment
DIGIDO Internal connector 22

SIMIS SIMIS
Channel 1 Channel 2
Two-core shielded cable

STEU STEU
Optional
VAU VAU AzGrH Auxiliary axle count reset button
SIRIUS2
AzGrT Axle count reset button
1st BLEA12 pair Cl Track clear / occupied indication
1st BLEA12 2nd BLEA12 RA Reset acknowledgement
Via RR Reset restriction
modem 3rd BLEA12 2nd BLEA12 pair 4th BLEA12 TVDS Track vacancy detection section
vAzGrT Preparatory axle count reset button
Null modem cable ZP 43 Wheel detection equipment (counting head)
locking

Inputs: Inputs and outputs:


Inter-

Other Other Outputs:


Az S 350 U Service AzGrT, vAzGrT; Cl, ¬Cl, RR, RA user-defined
Az S 350 PC
systems systems AzGrH information

Fig. 14 Az S 350 U system structure

Az S 350 U consists of two main components:


· outdoor equipment
· indoor equipment

The outdoor equipment is the ZP 43 wheel detection equipment (counting


head) comprising a double wheel detector and a trackside connection box.
Counting heads are installed at the limits of a track vacancy detection section.

The indoor equipment consists of the evaluation computer.

The process data (passage by a wheel) is acquired by the counting head,


evaluated and transmitted to the VESBA board of the evaluation computer.

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Following electrical isolation, the VESBA board forwards the WDE data via
two independent channels. If the signal exceeds a defined limit after band-
pass filtering (this is the case if the counting head is not passed – closed-
circuit principle), a trigger stage responds and generates a digital "high" signal
at the output of this board. In the case of wheel passage or signal failure, a
"low" signal is generated.

The STEU control and diagnostic board receives the signal data. It temporarily
stores the WDE signals and transfers them to the VAU processing and
monitoring board. The SIMIS C microcomputers process and evaluate the axle
counting data and forward the results to the higher-level interlocking circuits
via the BLEA12 input / output board (relay outputs).

The SIRIUS2 (serial computer interface universal) board is used to transmit


WDE signals between two Az S 350 U.

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3.2 Outdoor Equipment

3.2.1 ZP 43 Wheel Detection Equipment


The ZP 43 wheel detection equipment (counting head) is installed at the limits
of a track section. It comprises:
· DEK 43 double wheel detector with connecting cables to the trackside
connection box (approx. 5 m long, optionally 10 m)
· trackside connection box

The ZP 43 wheel detection equipment is connected to the evaluation


computer via two wires of a star-quad railway signalling cable. This cable is
used to transmit the WDE signals to the evaluation computer and to supply the
counting head with power (if it is not supplied from an external voltage
source).

The ZP 43 wheel detection equipment has the following main features:


· detection of all wheels with dimensions conforming to the German Railway
Building and Operation Regulations (EBO)
· compatibility with all common rail profiles
· integration of lightning protection elements
· high mechanical stability
· reliable operation even with very short detection times (train speeds of up
to 400 kph for wheel diameters of 865 mm)
· fault-free operation at an ambient temperature range from –40°C to +80°C
as well as under conditions of ice, snow and humidity (including flooding)
· immunity to effects of magnetic rail brakes and eddy-current brakes

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3.2.2 DEK 43 Double Wheel Detector


The DEK 43 double wheel detector (IP68) consists of two electronic sensors.
Each sensor has a transmitter and a receiver section. The transmitters and
receivers of both sensors are accommodated in one housing each. The
transmitter housing is located on the outer side and the receiver housing on
the inner side of the rail. In order to reduce interference from the rail, e.g.
through traction return currents, the transmitter and receiver are provided with
a reducing plate on the side facing the rail. The reducing plate is shaped to
match the rail profile and extends from the base of the rail across the web to
underneath the rail head. The double wheel detector is attached by means of
two mushroom-head screws through centred holes in the neutral zone of the
rail web.

3.2.3 Connecting Cables


Shielded connecting cables are used to connect the double wheel detector
and the trackside connection box. The connecting cables have a unilateral
permanent connection with the parts of the double wheel detector and form a
unit. They are approx. 5 m long (alternatively 10 m). This results in maximum
distances between the double wheel detector and the trackside connection
box of approx. 4.2 m and approx. 9 m respectively.

3.2.4 Trackside Connection Box


Two variants of the trackside connection box are available, variant E (cast-
aluminium housing) and V (plastic housing). Both variants of the trackside
connection box are air-tight (IP67) and have a removable, lockable cover. For
trackside installation, pipe supports of various heights are available. The
connection box is equipped with cable glands of various diameters to allow
cables to be led into or brought out of the box. A mounting rack is installed in
the trackside connection box. The electronic components required for
controlling the double wheel detector and pre-processing the detector
information are accommodated on plug-in circuit boards.

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Frequency tuning board


1: Connection for WDE service equipment
2: Lightning protection board (core-to-core)
or jumper board
3: Generator board
4: Band-pass filter board or
band-pass filter board for external supply

f2

6,52 5: Supplementary board


for WDE double usage
Si1
f1 0,1 A

3,6

Fig. 15 Board arrangement of ZP 43 E (cast-aluminium housing)

Location Used for Function


1 Plug-in connection for WDE Commissioning and test measurements
service equipment
2 Lightning protection board or Limits overvoltage induced in connecting cable to
jumper board (for older counting harmless levels (core-to-core) or replaces lightning
heads) protection board (without overvoltage protection)
3 Generator board Transmitting generator, conditioning of signals from
receiver
4 Band-pass filter board (with / Band-pass filters, power supply
without external supply)
5 Supplementary board Reserve location for boards required for WDE double
usage

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1: Wiring backplane including overvoltage protection


and tuning components (core-to-core)
2: Connection for WDE service equipment
3: Band-pass filter board or band-pass filter board
for external supply
4: Generator board with adjusting controls for
signal frequencies
5: Supplementary board for WDE double usage

2 3 4 5

1
Adjusting control for signal frequency 2 (6.52 kHz)
Rotary switch (S1) for transmitter frequency (43 kHz)
Adjusting control for signal frequency 1 (3.60 kHz)

Fig. 16 Board arrangement of ZP 43 V (plastic housing)

Adjusting control for signal frequency 2 (6.37 kHz)


Adjusting control for signal frequency 1 (3.50 kHz)

Location Used for Function


1 Backplane (double-layer) Limits overvoltage induced in connecting cable to
harmless levels (core-to-core)
and tuning elements (rotary switch S1) for the 43 kHz
transmitter frequency
2 Plug-in connection for WDE Commissioning and test measurements
service equipment
3 Band-pass filter board (with / Band-pass filters, power supply
without external supply)
4 Generator board Transmitting generator, conditioning of signals from
receiver
5 Supplementary board Reserve location for boards required for WDE double
usage

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3.2.5 External Power Supply for ZP 43 (Optional)


The wheel detection equipment can also be supplied externally with DC
voltage or AC voltage. External supply is required if evaluation computer and
wheel detection equipment are a great distance apart. In this case, the wheel
detection equipment cannot be supplied via the core pair which carries the
WDE signals. Power must be supplied via a second core pair or a different
cable. It must be uninterruptible.

3.2.6 Double Usage for ZP 43 (Optional)


Using a supplementary board (mounting location 5) in the trackside
connection box, the analogue WDE signals are provided twice, allowing wheel
detection equipment to interoperate with two neighbouring evaluation
computers, i.e. double usage of the wheel detection equipment is possible.

3.2.7 Overvoltage Protection for ZP 43


Some users of axle counting systems have particularly high electromagnetic
interference, due to atmospheric conditions, e.g. thunderstorms, and technical
conditions, such as traction currents. The overvoltage protection units already
available in the wheel detection equipment (overvoltage protection in
connecting cables – core-to-core) can be supplemented by additional
overvoltage protection measures (core-to-earth).

When using axle counting systems in regions with frequent thunderstorms, we


recommend the installation of an additional core-to-earth overvoltage
protection system. This is also recommended when the cable between
counting head and interlocking is very long or the cable is routed above
ground. The effectiveness of overvoltage protection depends on a good earth
connection and is thus restricted at installation sites with poor earthing
conditions (e.g. rocky ground).

Irrespective of whether or not the additional overvoltage protection system is


used, the trackside connection box must always be earthed. Overvoltage
protection components are available for both variants of ZP 43 equipment.

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3.2.7.1 Overvoltage Protection for ZP 43 E

Lightning protection
module 4
V25131-A1-A282
Block varistor
V25131-A1-A403

Retaining clip

Basic terminal
block
C25165-A63-B70
Mounting rail

Module holder

Fig. 17 Lightning protection unit for ZP 43 E

The additional lightning protection components are accommodated in the type


4 lightning protection module and the block varistor. The lightning protection
modules are plugged onto basic terminal blocks. The entire assembly is called
the lightning protection unit. The basic terminal blocks are locked onto a
mounting rail which is mounted to a support in the ZP 43 E wheel detection
equipment via a module holder. The lightning protection unit can be retrofitted
to existing ZP 43 E wheel detection equipment.

The existing cable to the evaluation computer for WDE signal transmission
and WDE power supply can be connected to the basic terminal blocks. These
terminal blocks are connected to earth or the railway earthing system. If
cables for external supply and / or WDE double usage are to be connected,
additional lightning protection modules must be provided.

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3.2.7.2 Overvoltage Protection for ZP 43 V

Lightning protection module board

Fig. 18 Lightning protection module board in the ZP 43 V


trackside connection box

The lightning protection elements are accommodated on an additional


lightning protection module board. The board is attached to the rear of the
wiring backplane in the ZP 43 V trackside connection box. The lightning
protection module boards can be retrofitted to existing ZP 43 V wheel
detection equipment.

The cables to the evaluation computer for WDE signal transmission and WDE
power supply as well as for external supply and / or WDE double usage can
be directly connected to the lightning protection module board.

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3.3 Indoor Equipment


The evaluation computer is the heart of the Az S 350 U axle counting system.
It consists of the proven SIMIS fail-safe microcomputer system from Siemens
which is used in many electronic interlockings. As to safety, Az S 350 U
complies with the Technical Principles for the Approval of Safety-related
Systems for Signalling (Mü 8004) of the German Federal Railways Office
(EBA) and is provided with an EBA-authorised safety case.

3.3.1 Az S 350 U Axle Counting Cabinets


The cabinets accommodate the required number of evaluation computer
mounting frames (EC MF). Optional components such as ventilator
subassemblies, compartment bases and terminal modules are installed
depending on the cabinet type. The cabinet types are listed in the table below:
EC cabinet S25552-J605-U1 S25552-J605-U2
Siemens code number
Cabinet type Knürr; type Miracel with Knürr; type Miracel with
door, side panels (optional) door, side panels (optional)
Dimensions 600 x 600 x 2200 mm 600 x 600 x 2200 mm
(width x depth x height)

EC MF (quantity) Max. 6 Max. 9


Ventilator 1 (from 3 EC MF) 1 (from 3 EC MF)
subassembly (quantity) 2 (from 6 EC MF)
Compartment bases Possible from < 6 EC MF Possible from < 9 EC MF
for accessories,
optional
(use of compartment bases
depends on number of EC
MF)

Terminals Terminals for WDE


connection -
(quantity depends on number of EC
MF)

Terminal modules Terminal blocks for inputs


(MOKAU) and outputs of BLEA12 -
(quantity depends on number of EC
MF)

Terminal strip Connection of supply Connection of supply


voltage, additional units voltage, additional units
Terminal strip - For connecting cable, CH
(optional) to intermediate distribution
rack

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3.3.2 Axle Counting Cabinet S25552-J605-U1

Fig. 19 Axle counting cabinet S25552-J605-U1

The cabinet type Miracel / 19'' from Knürr corresponding to IEC 297 is used for
Az S 350 U. The components such as evaluation computer mounting frames,
ventilator subassembly, compartment bases, cabling and terminal strip can be
easily installed thanks to a very flexible modular system.

The cabinet can accommodate a maximum of six evaluation computer


mounting frames. The SIPAC-Inch modular system is used for board
installation. The SIPAC-Inch modular system has a standardised and flexible
design. It complies with the requirements of the current standards of
interlocking and control technology.

A ventilator subassembly is required when using more than two evaluation


computer mounting frames. The mounting frames in the middle of the cabinet
can be replaced with compartment bases to accommodate modems,
multiplexers, etc. The mounting frames and compartment bases to be installed
in a cabinet are specified on a project-specific basis.

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The counting heads and BLEA12 boards are connected via terminals located
on a mounting plate in the lower part of the cabinet. When installing max.
three evaluation computer mounting frames in a cabinet, the plate is mounted
in the front area of the cabinet. Two mounting plates are required when
installing more than three evaluation computer mounting frames. The second
mounting plate is installed at the same level as the first one, but is accessible
from the rear of the cabinet.

Connection of counting heads:


Within the cabinet, connecting cables lead from the backplane connectors of
the evaluation computer mounting frame to the counting head terminals on the
mounting plate. The cable connection to the intermediate distribution rack is
made during installation on site.

Connection of BLEA12 boards:


Within the cabinet, connecting cables lead from the front connectors of the
BLEA12 boards to terminal blocks (MOKAU). On the MOKAU modules, there
are fuse holders for the outputs of the BLEA12 board. The cable connection
from the terminal blocks to the intermediate distribution rack is made during
installation on site.
The front connectors for connection to the first pair of BLEA12 boards have
four optional buttons for connection of the auxiliary axle count reset button
(AzGrH) – for each configured track vacancy detection section. The front
connectors for the second pair of BLEA 12 boards have no buttons. All
modules and cables can be coded and are project-specific.

The terminal strip in the lower part of the cabinet is used to provide the supply
voltage for the max. six mounting frames and the additional units (e.g.
ventilators, modems). All cable shields of the connecting cables are connected
to cabinet potential using a contact bar on the rear.

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3.3.3 Axle Counting Cabinet S25552-J605-U2

Fig. 20 Axle counting cabinet S25552-J605-U2

The cabinet type Miracel / 19'' from Knürr corresponding to IEC 297 is used for
Az S 350 U. The components such as evaluation computer mounting frames,
ventilator subassembly, compartment bases, cabling and terminal strip can be
easily installed thanks to a very flexible modular system.

The cabinet can accommodate a maximum of nine evaluation computer


mounting frames. The SIPAC-Inch modular system is used for board
installation. The SIPAC-Inch modular system has a standardised and flexible
design. It complies with the requirements of the current standards of
interlocking and control technology.

A ventilator subassembly is required when using more than two evaluation


computer mounting frames, two ventilator subassemblies are required when
using more than five evaluation computer mounting frames. The mounting
frames in the middle of the cabinet can be replaced with compartment bases
to accommodate modems, multiplexers, etc. The mounting frames and
compartment bases to be installed in a cabinet are specified on a project-
specific basis.

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Two variants for connecting counting heads:

The first variant permits connection via cables with backplane connectors
directly to the intermediate distribution rack. Ready-made connecting cables of
different lengths are provided, which are connected to the intermediate
distribution rack during on-site installation.

For the second variant, the counting head connections are run via an optional
terminal strip in the lower part of the cabinet using backplane connectors
already during cabinet assembly. The cable connection to the intermediate
distribution rack is made cost-effectively during installation on site.

Connection of BLEA12 boards:

Ready-made connecting cables with front connectors in the required cable


lengths permit the BLEA12 boards to be directly and cost-effectively
connected to the intermediate distribution rack (different cable variants for the
first and the second pair of BLEA12 boards).
The front connectors for connection to the first pair of BLEA12 boards have
four optional buttons for connection of the auxiliary axle count reset button
(AzGrH) – for each configured track vacancy detection section. The front
connectors for the second pair of BLEA 12 boards have no buttons. All
modules and cables can be coded and are project-specific.

All cable shields of the connecting cables are connected to cabinet potential
using a contact bar on the rear.

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3.3.4 Overview of Boards

Fig. 21 Front view of Az S 350 U evaluation computer (including


slot numbers)

The plug-in circuit boards are accommodated in a single-tier mounting frame


with wiring backplane. Dummy boards are inserted in free slots for optional
boards.

The SIRIUS2 (serial computer interface universal) board enables


communication between the connected evaluation computers. It provides two
serial, bidirectional interfaces for data transmission, each equipped with a
V.24 output. The SIRIUS2 board is used on one channel only.

All inputs and outputs (CI, ¬CI, AzGrT or vAzGrT, RR, RA, user-defined block
information) to and from the interlocking are done via the BLEA12 block input /
output board. Two BLEA12 boards (first pair of BLEA12 boards) are required
for the dual-channel Az S 350 U, one for channel 1 and one for channel 2. A
second, optional pair of BLEA12 boards can be inserted.

Each computer channel has a STEU control and diagnostic board, which
evaluates the WDE signals received (counting head- and section-specific
data).

The VAU processing and monitoring board, a CPU board, constitutes the fail-
safe microcomputer system (SIMIS C computer core). The VAU board
provides monitoring and comparator functions for synchronous dual-channel
microcomputer operation.

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Each directly connected counting head requires one VESBA amplifier, trigger
and band-pass filter board (numbering of counting heads: CH 1 to CH 5). It
provides electrical isolation between indoor and outdoor equipment (counting
head). The VESBA board splits the signal frequencies f1 and f2 into two
independent channels and filters, amplifies, rectifies and evaluates (trigger)
the data transmitted from the counting head.

The DIGIDO digital double-usage board is used if WDE information is to be


jointly used by two evaluation computers.

The SVK2150 power supply board provides 5 V for the evaluation computer
and 70 V for the counting heads.

Az S 350 U consists of the following components:


Quantity Short name Designation Order no.
1 MF Mounting frame S25552-C605-U1
2 VAU* Processing and monitoring board S25552-B600-U1
2 STEU* Control and diagnostic board S25552-B601-B1
2 or 4 BLEA12* Block input / output board S25552-B603-D1
0 or 1 SIRIUS2 Serial computer interface universal board S25395-B171-A3
0 to 5 VESBA Amplifier, trigger and band-pass filter board S25552-B604-C1
0 or 1 DIGIDO Digital double-usage board S25552-B699-U1
1 SVK2150 Power supply board S25552-B651-C1
*Computer core: boards for channel 1 and channel 2; at least two BLEA12 boards necessary

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4 Brief Description of Az S 350 U Boards

4.1 VAU Board


Processing and monitoring board

VGL
VGL = Comparator (yellow LED)
SPW
PAB
SPW = Voltage controller (red LED)
ANL

PAB = Program-controlled shutdown (red LED)

ANL = Start-up (red LED)

Red button = System reset

Fig. 22 Front view of VAU board

The two VAU processing and monitoring boards with their 2 MHz 8085
microprocessors are the central circuit boards of the microcomputer system.
They have an 8 kB RAM and a 32 kB EPROM. Due to the dual-channel layout
of the evaluation computer, there is one VAU board per channel.

The VAU board is a SIMIS C CPU board, in which two independent MES80
microcomputers are connected without additional circuits to form a clock-
synchronised dual-channel microcomputer system providing SIMIS core
functions.

Each VAU board monitors and compares the synchronous and identical
operation of both microcomputers and, in case of a fault, transmits a switch-off
control signal (SCS) in order to disconnect the connected signalling and safety
peripherals. After a system reset, the standard sequence of operations starts
on the VAU boards.

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4.2 STEU Board


Control and diagnostic board

The STEU control and diagnostic board buffers the signals transmitted by the
counting heads. Due to the dual-channel layout of the evaluation computer,
there is one STEU board per channel. The LEDs on this board display the
following:
· normal display: display of the operating states of the four track vacancy
detection sections (during operation; operating state display)
· statistics display (diagnostics): display of operating states for a certain
counting head or track vacancy detection section (switchover / selection
via AzGrH button)
· display after emergency shutdown: display of operating states in case of
emergency shutdown

4.2.1 Normal Display


x x
2 x 2 x
0 0
1 1
2 Display 2 Display
3 3
4 TVDS 1 4 TVDS 2
5 5
6 6
7 7 TVDS 4 not configured
8 Display 8 Display
9 9 Display of
10 TVDS 3 10 TVDS 4
11 11 telegram transmission state
Diagn. Diagn.

STEU 1 STEU 2
Channel 1 Channel 2
(left board) (right board)

Lit LEDs Lit LEDs


x
2 x 0 - System reset performed, 0 - As for LEDs 0 to 5 of TVDS 1
0 pressing of AzGrT required 1- "
1 1 - Minus axle blocking effective; 2- "
Meaning of LEDs

Meaning of LEDs

2 counting capacity exceeded; 3- "


undefined counting pulse 4- "
for TVDS 2
for TVDS 1

3
4 2 - Count monitoring 5- "
5 3 - Faulty telegram transmission between
6 evaluation computers or the second
7 evaluation computer is shut down
8 4 - Reset restriction (RR) effective
9 5 - Section occupied, axle count not equal to
10 0 or another LED is on
11
Diagn.
6 - As for LEDs 0 to 5 of TVDS 1 6 - As for LEDs 0 to 5 of TVDS 1
7- " 7- "
Meaning of LEDs

Meaning of LEDs

8- " 8- "
9- "
for TVDS 3

for TVDS 4

9- "
10 - " 10 - "
11 - " 11 - "

TVDS 4 not configured


7 - LEDs 7 to 9:
8 - Display of telegram
9- transmission state

Fig. 23 Front view of STEU board; display of operating states for


TVDS 1 to 4

The two STEU boards display the operating states for track vacancy detection
sections 1 to 4 (normal display). STEU 1, channel 1 displays TVDS 1 and
TVDS 3. STEU 2, channel 2 displays the states of TVDS 2 and TVDS 4.

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4.2.2 Statistics Functions / Diagnostics

Select with
AzGrH button
x x
2 x 2 x
display of results

0 0
1 1
2 2 LEDs for
LEDs for

3 3
4 4 object selection
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8 LEDs for statistics
9 9
10 10 function selection
11 11
Diagn. Diagn.

STEU 1 STEU 2
Channel 1 Channel 2 Re
(left board) (right board)
su
lt

xx x
2 2 x
0 0
1 1
2 2 Display of selected object
3 Display of result 3 (CH, TVDS, block information
4 4 or system information selectable)
5 for selected 5
6 6
7
statistics 7
8 function 8
Display of selected
9 9
10 10 statistics function
11 11
Diagn. Diagn.

STEU 1 STEU 2
Channel 1 Channel 2
(left board) (right board)

Fig. 24 Front view of STEU board; statistics display

For example, the following statistical and diagnostic data can be displayed:
· WDE-related data
- total number of axles since the last system start-up and number of
axles detected by the counting head
- total number of supply voltage failures since the last system start-up
· TVDS-related information
- operating state for a TVDS
- total number of occupancies since the last system start-up
· block information
- distribution of block information (contents defined by the railway
operator)
· system information (e.g. software version, software variant)

Note
For more detailed information, see Az S 350 U Maintenance Instructions;
A25552-C605-U1-*-7620.

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4.3 BLEA12 Board


Block input / output board with 12 relay outputs

T1

T2

T3

T4

Fig. 25 Front view of BLEA12 board (left); front connector with


buttons (right)

The BLEA12 board is the input / output interface of Az S 350 U. It has 12


floating relay outputs and 12 floating optocoupler inputs. Inputs and outputs
are made via a 48-pin connector on the front panel of the board.

The BLEA12 board is a single-channel board. For the dual-channel


Az S 350 U, two BLEA12 boards (first pair of BLEA12 boards) are required –
for channel 1 and channel 2.

A maximum of four track clear / occupied indications (non-equivalent and


equivalent) with the associated reset restriction (RR) and reset
acknowledgement (RA) are output. The remaining inputs and outputs can be
used for user-defined, operator-specific information (e.g. block information). If
the outputs are not required for track vacancy detection sections, a maximum
of 12 user-defined, operator-specific items of information can be implemented.

The four buttons (T1 to T4) on the front connector of the first pair of BLEA12
boards permits connection of the AzGrH button.

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The relay output concept provides for dual-channel output of the track clear
and occupied indications, which can be configured as a normally open contact
chain or a normally closed contact chain:

Channel 1 Channel 2

C1 C2 C3

C4

Non-equivalent output

Channel 1 Channel 2

C1 C2 C3 C4

Equivalent output

Fig. 26 Output variants for track clear / occupied indications

In the dual-channel Az S 350 U, four relays contribute to each fail-safe output


(track clear / occupied indications and user-defined, operator-specific
information).

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Interlocking Az S 350 U
Indications: BLEA12 board
clear / occupied
e.g. relay circuit

V = 60 V DC

Channel 2
V
Channel 1

0V

Fig. 27 Example of a relay circuit with double-cut

The outputs have to be linked and evaluated by the higher-level interlocking


system, i.e. they have to be checked as to their equivalence or non-
equivalence, depending on the configuration.

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4.4 SIRIUS2 Board


Serial computer interface universal board

SST 2

SST 1

Fig. 28 Front view of SIRIUS2 board (left), front connectors with


sockets

For controlling the transmission system (data transmission between evaluation


computers), Az S 350 U has a SIRIUS2 board. The SIRIUS2 board provides
two bidirectional serial interfaces (SST 1 / SST 2), each equipped with a V.24
output. Interface SST 1 has two control signals (RTS1 and CTS1). The
SIRIUS2 board contributes to fail-safety by providing reliable electrical
isolation between peripherals and hardware core. For the transmission of fail-
safe data, the procedure-protected data transmission procedure FASIT (fail-
safe single-channel transmission of status information) is used.

On the front panel, there is a 48-pin connector providing the connection for all
interface signals. An optional front connector with two 9-pole sub-D sockets is
used for modem connection. A service PC can be directly connected via a
two-pole diagnostic socket.

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4.5 VESBA Board


Amplifier, trigger and band-pass filter board

Counting head fuse (0.2 A)

Counting head (systems 1 and 2 of double wheel detector)


Si 1
System 1
0,2A
.. LED (yellow) lights up if system 1 of double wheel detector is being passed or is occupied
(or V1 < 1.3 V DC)
U
Potentiometer for voltage adjustment V1 = 3.0 V DC ± 0.10 V
F/U Measuring socket for signal frequency f1 = 3.60 kHz ± 0.05 kHz (frequency adjusted at CH)
0V Measuring socket for voltage V1 = 3.0 V DC ± 0.10 V
F/U 0 V measuring sockets for both systems
.. System 2
U
Measuring socket for signal frequency f2 = 6.52 kHz ± 0.10 kHz (frequency adjusted at CH)
Measuring socket for voltage V2 = 3.0 V DC ± 0.10 V
LED (yellow) lights up if system 2 of double wheel detector is being passed or is occupied
(or V2 < 1.3 V DC)
Potentiometer for voltage adjustment V2 = 3.0 V DC ± 0.10 V

Fig. 29 Front view of VESBA board

The functions of the VESBA amplifier, trigger and band-pass filter board are
as follows:
· connection of ZP 43 E / V wheel detection equipment (counting heads)
· supply of power (from SVK2150) to counting heads

The counting head is connected to Az S 350 U via a two-core cable. There are
additional outputs on the VESBA board allowing set-up of a digital double-
usage interface.

The VESBA board provides electrical isolation between outdoor equipment


(counting head) and indoor equipment. The VESBA board splits the signal
frequencies f1 and f2 into two independent channels and filters, amplifies,
rectifies and evaluates (trigger) the signals transmitted from the counting
head.

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On the front panel, there are measuring sockets for fault diagnostics as well as
LEDs for displaying the state of passage and a potentiometer for adapting to
different cable lengths and setting the transmission level. When the yellow
LEDs on the front panel light up, they indicate that a train is passing the track-
installed wheel detector. In normal operation, these LEDs light up for a brief
period depending on the train speed.

The counting heads are protected via fuse Si 1, which is mounted directly on
the front panel, and another fuse on the printed circuit board.

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4.6 DIGIDO Board


Digital double-usage board

Fig. 30 Front view of DIGIDO board

The optional DIGIDO board is used to connect Az S 350 U to other Az S 350


systems for digital double usage of counting heads.

Using the DIGIDO board, it is possible to transmit the WDE data of an


Az S 350 U (sending EC) to an Az S (M) 350 Version B / M (receiving EC) for
joint usage of the digital WDE data. For other applications, see Section 2.4
“Double Usage of Counting Heads” on page 16.

The DIGIDO board performs two functions:


· The digital WDE signal (TTL level) coming from the VESBA board
(Az S 350 U) is inverted, decoupled via an optocoupler and forwarded to
the STEU board of the Az S (M) 350 Version B / M via an IMA module.
· The digital axle signal (TTL level) coming from the VESTI board
(Az S (M) 350 Version B / M) is inverted, decoupled via an optocoupler
and forwarded to the STEU board of the Az S 350 U.

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4.7 SVK2150 Board


Power supply board

12 V Yellow LED: 12 V Not used in Az S 350 U

5V Yellow LED: 5 V Computer voltage present

70 V Yellow LED: 70 V WDE supply voltage present


Vin
Yellow LED: Vin Input voltage present

0,2 AF
Fuse: 0.2 A (fast)

I
ON/ On/Off switch for
0 OFF power supply board
SVK2150

Fig. 31 Front view of SVK2150 board

The SVK2150 board transforms the interlocking voltage into controlled


voltages (5 V DC for computers, 12 V DC (used for predecessor systems only)
and 70 V DC for counting heads). All voltages are monitored by voltage
controllers. Input and output voltages are electrically isolated.

The SVK2150 power supply board supplies voltage for up to five connected
counting heads. It electrically isolates indoor and outdoor equipment. The
SVK2150 board is ready for operation when voltage is applied to the switching
input. This is indicated by the yellow LED "Vin". When the switch on the front
panel is set to "I", the yellow LEDs "5 V" and "70 V" ("12 V" is not used) on the
front panel indicate the presence of the voltages.

An undervoltage causes the output voltages to be disconnected. In the case of


overvoltage, the control-circuit fuse (0.2 A, fast) blows. The unit can then only
go back into operation after this fuse has been replaced. If there is no voltage
at all, the input fuse on the printed circuit board (8 A fuse; slow-acting) has to
be checked.

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5 Diagnostics / Maintenance
Outdoor equipment-related adjustment and control measurements are
performed with the help of WDE test equipment. ZP 43 E / V provides a
mounting location for this purpose. The equipment is connected via a plug-in
connection for diagnostic purposes.

In case of failure when rapid and precise fault location is requested, the
above-mentioned test equipment has proved to be especially helpful as tests
can be performed without having to alter any of the Az S 350 U components,
i.e. without disconnecting cables or removing boards. Functional tests can be
performed in brief out-of-service periods.

Note
The test equipment may only be used by authorised staff according to the
operating instructions. In the operating instructions, all measuring and
adjusting values are specified. For mounting, commissioning and
adjustment, the installation instructions and adjusting instructions apply.

The following test equipment is used:


· Test adapter board
The test adapter board can be used during commissioning and
maintenance for testing and adjusting work on the wheel detection
equipment. The necessary voltage and frequency measurements can be
performed using a commercially available multi-meter. The front panel of
the board has measuring sockets arranged in pairs to which the multi-
meter can be connected. The test adapter board is inserted in the
corresponding mounting location in the trackside connection box of the ZP
43 E / V wheel detection equipment.
· FTGS / GLS / AZS (PEGA 1211) test set
The test set is connected to the wheel detection equipment via the
supplied WDE adapter. Being microcomputer-controlled, the test set
permits the measurement of AC and DC voltages and frequencies. The
test set is easy to use. The user is guided through the menu via keyboard

and display. Not provided and used on Indian Railways

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For diagnostic purposes, the Az S 350 U indoor equipment is fitted with LEDs
on the STEU board (see Section 4.2.2 “Statistics Functions / Diagnostics” on
page 47.

It is also possible to connect a service PC to Az S 350 U.

Service
PC
Converter
(USB < > serial)

Fig. 32 Service PC connected to an Az S 350 U

Using the service PC, the information of up to nine evaluation computers can
be evaluated. For this purpose, the service PC is connected to the serial
interface (SIRIUS2 board) of the evaluation computer. Eight evaluation
computers can be serially connected via a converter. The ninth evaluation
computer is connected directly to the free serial interface of the service PC.

A standard PC is used as the hardware platform. A PC or a laptop can be


connected, depending on the environmental conditions on site.

The following information of the connected evaluation computers is displayed


via the diagnostic software:
· all nine ECs: clear / occupied state of each TVDS
· one EC at a time: TVDS, CH, axle count, error count

Remote diagnostics via modem is also possible with the service PC. The
relevant information is transferred to a maintenance centre for analysis by

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maintenance staff. The mode of visualisation is the same as on the service PC


on site.

Note
For evaluation computer maintenance, see Az S 350 U Maintenance
Instructions, A25552-C605-U1-*-7620.

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6 Standards and Guidelines


The Az S 350 U axle counting system described in this document meets the
requirements of the following standards, as far as applicable to this system:
Number, edition Title Comments
Mü 8004 German Federal Railways Office: Technical
Principles for the Approval of Safety-related
Systems for Signalling
EN 61000-6-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Generic
VDE 0839 Part 6-2; standards - Immunity standard for industrial
2002-08-01 environments, German version
DIN EN 61000-6-4, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Generic
VDE 0839 Part 6-4; standards - Emission standard for industrial
2002-08-01 environments, German version
DIN EN 50121-4, Railway applications - Electromagnetic
VDE 0115 Part 121-4; compatibility - Emission and immunity of the
2001-05-01 signalling and telecommunications apparatus,
German version EN 50121-4:2000
EN 60721-3-0; Classification of environmental conditions - Classes of climatic
1994-06-01 Classification of groups of environmental conditions:
parameters and their severities - Introduction (IEC 1k2, 2k2, 3k6
60721-3-0:1984 + A1:1987); German version EN
Classes of mechanical
60721-3-0:1993
conditions: 3M4, 2M2
DIN ISO 9001 Quality systems - Model for quality assurance in
design / development, production, installation and
servicing

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7 Technical Data

Counting capacity 32,767 axles per TVDS


Maximum number of connectable counting 5 counting heads, direct connection
heads per computer 6 counting heads, remote connection,
including
3 counting heads of left partner system,
3 counting heads of right partner system
Maximum number of track sections 4
Typical control distance 6.5 km
Control distance with special measures £ 21 km
Output information 0 to 4 clear / occupied indications (CI),
via floating relay contacts equivalent or non-equivalent
Max. 24 items of operator-specific information
(e.g. block information)
Reset restriction (RR), non-fail-safe
Reset acknowledgement (RA), non-fail-safe
Types of traction All electric and non-electric types
Speed £ 400 kph with wheel diameter d³ 865 mm
£ 360 kph with wheel diameter d³ 830 mm
£ 250 kph with wheel diameter d³ 350 mm
£ 220 kph with wheel diameter d³ 300 mm
Wheels
Material Steel, cast iron
Diameter

³ 300 mm 720 mm on Indian Railways


Width ³ 115 mm
Wheelbase ³ 700 mm
Track
Sleepers Wood, concrete, steel
Ballast resistance 0 W to ¥ W
Rail profiles P6, S49, S54, S64, UIC60, R65
(others on request)
Protective device Deflector (optional)

ZP 43 E / V wheel detection equipment


Operating frequency 43 kHz
Attachment of double wheel detector Against rail web between sleepers
(over sleeper on request)

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Distance between DEK 43 double wheel detector Approx. 5 m


and trackside connection box (optionally 10 m)
Dimensions of trackside connection box ZP 43 E: 360 mm x 360 mm x 210 mm
(without pipe support cable gland) ZP 43 V: 241 mm x 241 mm x 174 mm
Ambient temperature range -40°C to +80°C
Test voltage ³ 10 kV DC to rail
WDE supply voltage at counting head 30 to 72 V DC
Option for external supply at counting head 42 to 50 V AC
WDE power consumption Approx. 2.5 W (without cable losses)
IP rating (DIN 40 050) DEK: IP68
TCB: IP67
Signal frequency f1
3.60 3.50 kHz (detector not passed)
Signal frequency f2
6.52 6.37 kHz (detector not passed)
Cable type Star-quad, shielded signalling cable

Evaluation computer
Cabinet system Knürr, type Miracel
Cabinet dimensions (width x depth x height) 600 x 600 x 2200 mm
Modular system Single-tier frame for circuit boards:
SIPAC-Inch (19" plug-in modules)
Supply voltage Uninterruptible
Evaluation computer 24 V DC to 60 V DC
Tolerance range +20 % / -10 %
WDE fuse protection 200 mA
Power consumption (2-out-of-2 computer, without £ 10 W (per TVDS)
CH)
Ambient temperature range -25°C to +70°C

Outputs for track clear / occupied indications


Output contacts One floating NC or NO contact chain per
channel
Switching voltage £ 72 V DC
Inrush current £3A
Continuous current £2A
Minimum currents 100 mA at 5 V, 10 mA at 10 V,
1 mA at 24 V
Switching power £ 20 W

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Indications (reset restriction) One channel with a floating NC or NO contact


chain
Switching voltage £ 72 V DC
Inrush current £3A
Continuous current £2A
Minimum currents 100 mA at 5 V, 10 mA at 10 V,
1 mA at 24 V
Switching power £ 20 W
Indications (reset acknowledgement) One channel with a floating NC or NO contact
chain
Switching voltage £ 72 V DC
Inrush current £3A
Continuous current £2A
Minimum currents 100 mA at 5 V, 10 mA at 10 V,
1 mA at 24 V
Switching power £ 20 W
Axle count reset button One digital input per channel
Input voltage 21.6 V DC to 72 V DC
Power consumption 0.1 W to 1.1 W

Outputs for block information


Output contacts One floating NO contact chain per channel,
partially also configurable as an NC contact
chain
Switching voltage £ 72 V DC
Inrush current £3A
Continuous current £2A
Minimum currents 100 mA at 5 V, 10 mA at 10 V,
1 mA at 24 V
Switching power £ 20 W

Inputs for block information One dual-channel digital input per block input
Type of input Optocoupler
Input voltage 21.6 V DC to 72 V DC
Power consumption 0.1 W to 1.1 W

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Modem transmission
system
Direction of transmission
For axle counting In both directions
indications
For block indications In both directions
Transmission Full duplex, asynchronous
procedure
Transmission rate 9,600 bit/s or 1,200 bit/s
Transmission Hamming distance = 9,
reliability 64 bit error detection suffix
Modem – evaluation Interface as per CCITT recommendation
computer connection V.24/V.28 and DIN 66020, sheet 1
Modem – modem Two-wire line / fibre-optic cable
connection
Telegram Byte-oriented
Data 8 bits
Stop bit 1 bit
Parity bit 0 bits
Altitude 2,000 m above MSL

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8 Contact
Please send your suggestions concerning the improvement of products or
documentation directly to:

Siemens AG

P.O. Box 33 27

D-38126 Brunswick, Germany

E-mail: transportation.systems@siemens.com

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9 References
Mass transit
Railway operator Number Number of Commis-
of EC CH sioned in
AKN Eisenbahn AG (AKN), 5 25 2003
Kaltenkirchen, Germany
Stadtwerke München GmbH (SWM), 8 30 2003
Munich, Germany,
- Rotkreuzplatz metro station
Tranz Rail, 3 14 2003
Auckland, New Zealand

Main-line services
Railway operator Number Number of Commis-
of EC CH sioned in
Liuzhou Railway Bureau, 20 52 2003
Liuzhou City, China,
- Linan line
Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn AG, 34 50 2003
Brig, Switzerland,
- Furka tunnel
Department of Infrastructure, 28 91 2003/
State of Victoria, 2004
Melbourne, Australia
Rede Ferroviária Nacional (REFER EP), 20 60 2003
Lisbon, Portugal,
- Linha de Cascais line
State Railway of Thailand (SRT), 32 128 2004
Bangkok, Thailand

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10 List of Abbreviations

AC Alternating current
Az S 350 U * Microcomputer axle counting system from Siemens (universal)
AzGrH * Auxiliary axle count reset button
AzGrT * Axle count reset button
BLEA12 * Block input / output board with 12 relay outputs
CH Counting head
Cl Track clear indication
¬Cl Track occupied indication (inverted track clear indication)
DC Direct current
DEK * Electronic double wheel detector
DIGIDO * Digital double-usage board
DIP Dual in-line package
EBA * German Federal Railways Office
EBO * Railway Building and Operation Regulations
EC Evaluation computer
EMC Electromagnetic compatibility
EPROM Erasable programmable read-only memory
FASIT Fail-safe single channel transmission of status information
LED Light-emitting diode
MACM Multiple-axle counting method
MF Mounting frame
MOKAU * Terminal module
MSL Mean sea level
NC Normally closed (contact)
NO Normally open (contact)
PS Power supply
RA Reset acknowledgement
RAM Random access memory
RR Reset restriction
SCS Switch-off control signal
SIMIS * Fail-safe microcomputer system from Siemens
SIRIUS2 * Serial computer interface universal board

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SOPP * SIMIS on-line test program


STEU * Control and diagnostic board
SVK2150 * Power supply board
T Transformer
TCB Trackside connection box
TTL Transistor-transistor logic
TVDS Track vacancy detection section
USB Universal serial bus
V.24 Serial interface
VAU * Processing and monitoring board
vAzGrT * Preparatory axle count reset button
VESBA * Amplifier, trigger and band-pass filter board
VESTI * Amplifier and trigger board
WDE Wheel detection equipment
ZP 43 E / V Wheel detection equipment from Siemens with 43 kHz generator
frequency, version E (cast-aluminium housing) or version V (plastic
housing)

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List of Figures
Fig. 1 Principle of axle counting .........................................................................................7
Fig. 2 Block diagram of the ZP 43 wheel detection equipment.........................................8
Fig. 3 Data flow between components.............................................................................10
Fig. 4 Configuration with one computer ...........................................................................13
Fig. 5 Configuration of an overall system consisting of more than one computer ..........13
Fig. 6 Cascading of Az S 350 U systems ........................................................................14
Fig. 7 Digital double usage between two Az S 350 U .....................................................17
Fig. 8 SIMIS 2-out-of-2 configuration...............................................................................20
Fig. 9 Inputs and outputs per TVDS.................................................................................23
Fig. 10 Application variant with one counting head per evaluation computer for long track
vacancy detection sections ....................................................................................26
Fig. 11 Application variant with one track vacancy detection section and more than one
counting head.........................................................................................................27
Fig. 12 Application variant with two track vacancy detection sections detected by one
evaluation computer...............................................................................................27
Fig. 13 Application variant with two track vacancy detection sections (points) and jointly
used counting head................................................................................................28
Fig. 14 Az S 350 U system structure .................................................................................29
Fig. 15 Board arrangement of ZP 43 E (cast-aluminium housing)....................................33
Fig. 16 Board arrangement of ZP 43 V (plastic housing) ..................................................34
Fig. 17 Lightning protection unit for ZP 43 E .....................................................................36
Fig. 18 Lightning protection module board in the ZP 43 V trackside connection box.......37
Fig. 19 Axle counting cabinet S25552-J605-U1 ................................................................39
Fig. 20 Axle counting cabinet S25552-J605-U2 ................................................................41
Fig. 21 Front view of Az S 350 U evaluation computer (including slot numbers) .............43
Fig. 22 Front view of VAU board........................................................................................45
Fig. 23 Front view of STEU board; display of operating states for TVDS 1 to 4...............46
Fig. 24 Front view of STEU board; statistics display .........................................................47
Fig. 25 Front view of BLEA12 board (left); front connector with buttons (right)................48
Fig. 26 Output variants for track clear / occupied indications............................................49
Fig. 27 Example of a relay circuit with double-cut .............................................................50
Fig. 28 Front view of SIRIUS2 board (left), front connectors with sockets .......................51
Fig. 29 Front view of VESBA board ...................................................................................52
Fig. 30 Front view of DIGIDO board ..................................................................................54

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Fig. 31 Front view of SVK2150 board................................................................................55


Fig. 32 Service PC connected to an Az S 350 U...............................................................57

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