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SURVIVAL

RUSSIAN

RH

"biIKY qAZYk
KUFl8Y

. .

iUlI

6- ,

2006

N. B. Karavangva

SURVIVAL
RUSSIAN
A Course in
Conversational
Russian
6st edition. stereotype

RUSSKY Yi>Z'fK
KURSY

Moscow
2006

808.2-5(075.8)-054.6
81.2-923
21

. mm ()

. .

21

!: (

). 6- ., .- .:
. , 2006.- 304 .
ISBN 5-88337-038-1
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77.99.02.953..000603.02.04. 03.02.2004 .
29.03.2006. 6090/16.
'. . . 19. 1000 . N'2 624
. .
125047, , 1-.11 - ., 18
./: (495) 251 0845

E-mail: kursy@on!ine.ru; www://rus-lang.ru/eng/


. .
117623, , . , . 10

ISBN 5-88337-038-1

. . , 1997
. . ., 2001

()

. . .

Survival Russian


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Prelace

Survival Russian: Course in Conversational Russian is intended

for very wide audience ofRussian language students. It can used


those studying Russian at the beginning, intermediate, or advanced lev
els, and also business l who have little time for intensive study
of the language. It wi11 help l who have little or knowledge of
Russian to quickly m proficient. l who already knowRussian
well wi11 also find much that is new and interesting.
In this textbook, we have addressed the deficiencies of many Rus
sian language textbooks. First, few Russian language textbooks contain
cultural commentary. One can speak Russian well, but still end in
awkward situations because of lack of cultural knowledge (phone eti
quette, being guest, etc.). his textbook wi11 not only supply with
background etiquette and traditions, but will teach the vocabulary
and grammar to put your cultural knowledge to use.
Next, this textbook is divided into chapters not about grammar, but
about themes covering the most essential aspects of everyday life, such
as meeting l, getting around the city, shopping, etc. Each lesson
includes the following material given theme:

cultural commentary;

vocabulary list;

grammatical tables, commentary and exercises;

thematic dialogues using the given vocabulary and grammar;

quizzes to test your knowledge.

At the beginning of the textbook there is short English-Russian


thematic dictionary with the most popular nouns, verbs, adjectives, and
phrases used when conversing given theme. So if you have little time
for studyingRussian, can focus these materials. If you would l
more detai1ed explanation of Russian grammar or phonetics,
refer to the chapters at the end of the textbook.
he textbook is laid out very clearly and simply. In the exercises and
dialogues, wi11 not find anything that has not been presented first in

PREFACE

the vocabulary and grammar sections. The dialogues use real, practical
speech, with none of the rare expressions frequently found in language
textbooks. The vocabulary and grammar increase gradually from chapter
to chapter, so that by the end of the book, you will have acquired a large
vocabulary and a basic introduction to Russian grammar, and you will be
able to converse with and be understood in a variety of situations. Study

ing with Survival Russian, you will have the pleasure of seeing concrete

results with every day of practice. This textbook is intended to be used


either with a teacher or independently.
This textbook was written by an author with many years experience
teaching foreigners of different nationalities. She has published metho
dological and scientific articles, and a Russian language textbook for for
eigners. The author is very familiar with problems faced by foreign stu
dents of Russian, and is convinced of the benefits of this type of text
book. The material in this textbook has been tested at Moscow State Uni
versity and other universities in Moscow on students of a variety of na
tionalities and with business people from many parts of the world. The
translation for this textbook was done not by a Russian translator, but by
a native English speaker who has lived in Russia for several years. This
experience has improved the accuracy of the vocabulary, grammatical,
and cultural translations.
We recommend this textbook to everyone connected with Russia. If
you are studying Russian language in your country, it will be very useful
before your trip to Russia. If you already work or study in Russia, it will
help you quickly become proficient on a variety of everyday themes. Fi
nally, if you are simply interested in Russia, you will learn about Russian
traditions, holidays, and etiquette for different situations.
We wish you the best of luck!

PyccHMM aniiJaBMT The Russian Alphabet

Printed

Handwritten

Aa

~a

E6

Name of
Lettet

Sound

Similar English
Sound

[a]

like a in "far"

?5o'

63

[6]

like b in "but"

BB

IJ~

B3

[B]

like v in "voice"

rr

J-v

r3

[r]

like g in "got"

):{3

[.A]

like d in "day"

[ib]

like ye in "yet"

[ifo]

like yo in "your"

JIC~

)1(3

[)I(]

likes in "pleasure"

33

J;r

33

[3]

like z in "zone"

MH

lfu

[H]

like ee in "meet"

Mil

lla

short H

[if]

like y in "boy"

KK

/[IV

Ka

[K]

like k in "skate"

Jln

vlh

3Jl

[n]

like 1 in "look"

MM

Jj.A.b

3M

[M]

like m in "may"

HH

ltl1/
Oo
JTrv

3H

[H]

like n in "not"

[o]

like or in "port"

II3

[rr]

like p in "spoon"

)J;.A

Ee

Ee
)I(

)I(

Oo

IIrr

rr
{e
{.e

11

THE RUSSIAN ALPHABET

Pp

3p

Cc

3C

[c]

like s in "smoke"

TT

T3

(T]

like t in "tie"

Yy

[y]

like oo in "moon"

<l>cp

3cp

[ct>]

like fin "foot"

Xx

xa

[x]

like ch in Scottish
"loch"

~u

!l3

[u]

like ts in "boots"

like r in "rock"

qq

'V

q3

[q]

like ch in "chair"

lllm

Ub

rna

(III]

like sh in "shell"

I.l.\Il{

1414-

Il{a

[Il{]

like sh ch in "Danish
charter" pronounced
as one word

'])

'0

hard sign

ld

I:Jf/

ld

(LI]

like i in "kick"

soft sign

33

J~

[3]

like e in "bet"

10

[iiy]

like you in "youth"

[iia]

like ya in "yard"

1010
Jig

10

s~

AHrno-pycCHHH TeMaTH'IeCHHH cnoBapb


Vocabulary Reference List
People

e ni6AM

Clothes DAeJHAa

Parts of the Body llcfCTM Tena

blouse
boots
boots
cap
coat (long)
coat (short)
coat, jacket
dress
dress shoes
fur coat
pants
raincoat
scarf
shirt
shorts
skirt
slippers
socks
stockings
suit
gloves
hat
jeans
tie
tights
T-shirt

cheeks
ears
eyes
eyebrows
eyelashes
face
forehead
hair
hand, arm
head
leg
lips
nose
teeth

apple
beer
beet
bread
butter, oil
cabbage
cake
candy
carrot
cheese
coffee
cucumber
egg

boy
girl
man
person
woman
young boy
young girl

Family

MMh'!HK
p;esylliKa
M)')K'IHHa
'!eJIOBeK
)l(euw.uua
MMh'!HK
p;eBO'IKa

e CeMbH

brother
children
daughter
father
granddaughter
grandfather
grandmother
grandson
husband
mother
parents
sister
son
wife

6paT
p;eTH
)J;O'lh
OTeQ
BHY'!Ka
p;ep;ylliKa'
6a6ylliKa
BHYK
MY'K
MaTh
pO.L\HTeJIH
cecTpa
Ch!H
)Kena

W.eKH
ymu
maJa
6pOBH
peCHHQhi
JIHQO
JI06
BOJIOChl
pyKa
rOJIOBa
nora
ry6hi
HOC
3}'6hi

6JiyJKa
canorli
60THHKH
IminKa
rraJihTO
KYPTKa
IIH}J;)ll:l:lK
nmiThe
Tyqmu
IIIy6a
6piDKH
nJiaw.
lliap<P
py6alliKa
TPYChi
I66Ka
TlliiO'!KH
HOCKH
'!YJIKH
KOCTIDM
nep'!llTKH
IIImina
)J;)l(llu Chi
rarrcryK
KOJirOTKH
MllHKa

Food npoAJHTbl
H6JIOKO
IIHBO
cseKJia
XJie6
MllCJIO
KanycTa
TOPT
Kou<PeThi
MOpKOBh
Chip
K6<Pe
orypeQ
HHQO

VOCABULARY REFERENCE

fish
fruit
ice cream
juice
kefir
meat
onion
orange
pastry
pie
potato
salt
sausage
sugar
tea
tomato
vegetables
vodka
wine

LIST

pbi6a
<i>PYKTbi
MOpO)I(eHoe
COK
Ke<i>H:p
MJico
JiyK
aneJibCHH
nHpO)I(HOe
nHp6r
KapT64>enb
COJib
Kon6aca
caxap
qaJl:
TIOMH,D.Op
OBO~H

BO,D.Ka
BHHO

Reading and Writing


e IITeHMe MDMCbMd
book
dictionary
envelope
letter
magazine
newspaper
notebook
paper
pen
pencil
postcard
stamp
textbook

KHHra
CJIOBapb
KOHBepT
TIHCbMO
)l(ypHan
raJ eTa
TeTpR,D.b
6yMara
pyqKa
KapaH.n.arn
OTKpbiTKa
MapKa
yqe6HHK

Home AoM, Haapr.tpa


alarm clock
apartment
armchair
bag
balcony
bathroom
bed
bedroom
bedside table

6y.D.HJibHHK
KBapTHpa
Kpecno
cyMKa
6aJIKOH
BaHHa.ll
KpOBaTb
CTIMbH.ll
TyM60qKa

13

blanket
briefcase
carpet
ceiling
chair
chandelier
corridor
couch
cupboard, dresser
curtain
desk lamp
dining room
door
floor
furniture
house, building
kitchen
living room
mirror
pillow
pillow case
radio
room
sheet
shower
suitcase
table
tape recorder
telephone
television
thing (clothing)
umbrella
VCR

wall
watch
window

o.n.dno
nopT<Penb
KOBep
TIOTOJIOK
C'fYJI
JIIOCTpa
KOpH,D.Op
,D.HBaH
lliKa<P
lliTopa
HaCTOJibH!UI
miMna
CTOJIOB!UI
,D.Bepb
TIOJI
Me6enb
,D. OM
KYXH.ll
fOCTHHa.ll
JepKano
no.n.yrnKa
HliBOJIOqKa
pa,D.HO
KOMHaTa
npocTI:.nui
.n.yrn
qeMO,D.RH
CTOJI
MarHHTO<i>OH
Tene<P6H
TeJieBHJop
Be~b

30HT
BH,D.eOMarHHTO<i>OH
CTeHa
qachi
OKHO

Kitchen KyxHH
coffee grinder
cup
dishes
food processor

KO<i>eMOJIKa
qarnKa
nocy.n.a
KYXOHHblH
KOM6aJl:H

AHrnO-PYCCKHR TEMATH'IECKHA cnOBAPb

14
fork
frying pan

BiiJIKa
CKOBOpO,D;a
(CKOBOpO,D;Ka)
CTaKaH
Ti:\pKa
HO)I(
CaJI<lJeTKa
TapenKa
xonO,D;HnbHHK
Kac-rpromi
6ni6AQe
pllKOBHHa
no)I(Ka
nnHTa
CKaTePTb
'laHHHK

glass
grater
knife
napkin
plate
refrigerator
saucepan
saucer
sink
spoon
stove
tablecloth
teapot

Bathroom BaHHaJI
BaHHa
m;i:\TKa
pacqecKa
KpaH
waMnyHb
AYW
MbinO
3y6H!iJI IIJ;eTKa
Jy6H!iJI nacTa
nonoTeHQe
BO,D;a

bathtub
brush
comb
faucet
shampoo
shower
soap
toothbrush
toothpaste
towel
water

City

e ropOA

avenue
building
city
country
elevator
entrance
entrance code
floor
house, building
square
stairs
street

Transport
airplane
bus

npocneKT
JAaHHe
r6poA
CTpaHa
nH<lJT
no,D;'be3A
KOA
3T~

AOM
nn6m;Mb
neCTHHQa
ynHQa

TpaHCDOPT
caMoneT
aBT66yc

car
electric train
metro
taxi
train
tram
trolley

Maw:fiHa
:meKTpHl!Ka
Me-rp6
TaKCH
n6e3A
TpaMBaH
-rpOJmeti6yc

Sports CnopT
athlete (f.)
athlete (m.)
ball
basketball
competition
hockey
soccer
stadium
swimming
team
tennis
volleyball

CllOPTCMeHKa
CllOPTCMeH
MJI'l
6acKeT66n
copeBHOB!iHHJI
XOKKeH
4JyT66n
CTa,li;HOH
nnaBaHHe
KOMaH,D;a
TeHHHC
Boneti66n

Culture KynbyYpa
actor
actress
architecture
artist
ballet
composer
culture
exhibition
guitar
literature
movies, movie
theater
mUSIC
painting
piano
picture
play
show
singer (f.)
singer (m.)
theater
work, product
writer

aKTep
aKTpHca
apXHTeKTYpa
xy,D;6)1(HHK
6aJieT
KOMll03HTOp
Kynbrypa
BhlCTaBKa
rHTapa
nHTeparypa
KHH6, KHHO
TeaTp
MY3biKa
)I(HBOllHCb
llHaHHHO
KapTHHa
nbeca
cneKT!iKnb
neBHQa
neBeQ
Tea-rp
npOH3Be,D;eHHe
nHcaTenh

15

VOCABULARY REFERENCE LIST


Nature

npMpo,qa
nn1ua
o6naKo, o6naKa
none
UBeTOK, UBeTbl
nee
ca.n;
nyHa
OKeaH
peKa
Mope
He6o
COJIHUe
3Be3.n;a
.n;epeBo

bird
cloud, -s
field
flower, -s
forest
garden
moon
ocean
river
sea
sky
sun
star
tree

Animals

IKMBOTHble

bear
bull
cat
chicken
cow
dog
duck
elephant
fox
goose
hen
horse (mare)
horse (stallion)
lion
pig
piglet
rabbit
ram
rooster
sheep
tiger
wolf

Me,n;Be,n;h
6biK
KOIIIKa
llhiTineHOK
KopoBa
co6aKa
YTKa
cnoH
mka
rych
KypHua
JIOIIIMb
KOHb
neB
CBHHh1i
nopoceHoK
KpOnHK
6apaH
neTyx
OBI.la
THrp
BOnK

Months MeCHI.lbl
January
February
March
April

.IIHBapb
l}leapanb
MapT
an penh

Mali
HIOHb
m6nh
aBryCT
ceHT116ph
OKT1i6pb
Ho116ph
.n;eKa6pb

May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Days of the Week


AHM He.Q~nM
date
day
days of the week
week
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

'H!cno
.n;eHb
AHH He.n;enH
He.n;emi
noHe.n;enhHHK
BTOpHHK
cpe.n;a
qeTBepr
n1iTHHI.la
cy66oTa
BOCKpeCeHhe

When?
on Monday
on Tuesday
on Wednesday
on Thursday
on Friday
on Saturday
on Sunday

Kozoa?
B noHe.n;enhHHK
BO BTOpHHK
B cpe,n;y
B qeTBepr
B ruiTHHllY
Bcy66ory
B BOCKpeceHbe

Weather

cold
degree
hot
minus
plus
rain
snow
temperature
warm
wind

noro,qa
xono.n;Ho
rpa.n;yc
)l(apKO
MHHYC
nmoc
)l;O)I()l;b
cHer
TeMnepaTypa
Tenno
Berep

16

AHrnO-PYCCHHI TEMATH'IECHHI cnOBAPb

Numerals 'IMcntirenbHble
Cardinals KontillleCTaeHHble IIIMcntirenbHble
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30
40
50

O,l{HH
):{sa
TpH
qe1'h1pe
llHTb
rneCTb
ceMb
s6ceMb
,l{eBHTb
,l{eCHTb
O,l{HHHa.l{UaTb
ABeHa.AuaTb

TPHH~UaTb
qeThJ:pHa.l{UaTb

llHTH~UaTb
IIIeCTH~UaTb
ceMH~UaTb
BOCeMH~UaTb
,l{eBHTH~UaTb
,l{B~UaTb
,l{B~UaTb O.l{HH
,l{B~UaTb ,l{Ba
TPHAUaTb
c6poK
llJITb,l{eCHT

60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
2 000
3 000
4000
5 000
6 000
1 000 000
2 000 000
5 000 000
1 000 000 000

IIIeCTb,l{eCHT
CeMb,l{eCJIT
s6ceMb.l{ecxT
,l{eBHHOCTO
CTO
,l{BeCTH
TpHCTa
qe1'hipecTa
llHTbCOT
IIIeCTbcOT
ceMbCOT
BOCeMbC6T
,l{eBHTbC6T
TbiCH'Ia
,l{Be ThiCH'IH
TpHThiCH'IH
'IeTidpe ThiCH'IH
llJITb ThiCH'I
IIIeCTb TldCH'I
MHJIJIH6H
,l{Ba MHJIJIH6Ha
nHTb MHJIJIHOHOB
MHJIJIHap.l{

Ordinals e nopJfAHOBble IIIMcnMTenbHble


1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
lOth
11th
12th
13th
14th
15th
16th

nepBbiH
BTOp6H
TPeTHH
'IeTBepTbiH
nHTbiH
IIIeCTOH
ce.l{bM6H
BOCbMOH
.AeBHTbiH
.l{eCHTbiH
o.l{HHHMUaTbiH

,l{BeH~UaTbiH
TpHH~UaTbiH
qenitpHMUaTbiH

nHTH~UaTbiH
rneCTH~UaTbiH

17th
18th
19th
20th
21st
22nd
30th
31st
40th
50th
60th
70th
80th
90th
lOOth

ceMH~UaTbiH
BOCeMH~UaTbiH
,l{eBJITH~UaTbiH
ABMUaTbiH

AB~UaTb nepBbiH
,l{B~UaTb BTOp6H
TPHAUtlTbiH
TPHAUaTb nepBbiH
COpOKOB6H
nHTH,l{eCHTbiH
IIIeCTH,l{eCHTbiH
CeMH,l{eCHTbiH
BOCbMH,l{eCHTbiH
.l{eBHH6CTbiH
cOTbiH

17

VOCABULARY REFERENCE LIST

Time e BpeMH
qac
MHHyTa
OAHH qac
ABa qaca
TPH qaca
'ieTLipe qaca
n-'ITb qac6s

hour
minute
1:00
2:00
3:00
4:00
5:00

1 minute
2 minutes
3 minutes
4 minutes
5 minutes

OAHa MHHyTa
ABe MimyThi
TPH MHHYTbi
'ieTidpe MHHYTbi
n-'ITb MHHYT

What Time Is It? CHonbHO apeMeHM?


1:05
2: 10
3: 15
4:30
5:40
6:45
7:00

OAiiH qac nub MHHYT (nub MH$ BTOp6ro)


ABa qaca AeC-'ITb MHHYT (Aecub MHHYT T}leThero)
TPH qaca mnHaAuaTb MHHYT (rruHA,nuaTb MHHYT 'ieTsepToro)
'ieTLipe qaca TpH.nuaTb MHHYT (rronoBHHa mhoro, rromuhoro)
ll-'ITb 'iaCOB c6poK MHeyT (6e3 ABa.l{QaTH weCTb)
wecTb qac6s c6poK nub MHHYT (6e3 nuHA,nuaTH ceMb)
ceMb qac6s

At What Time? (When?) e Bo CHOnbHO? (KOrAl?)


at
at
at
at
at

12:00
12:30
12:40
1:00
1:15

B ABeHA,nuaTh qac6s
nonnepsoro
6e3 .[IBaAuam qac
B T})HHA,nQaTb 'iaCOB
n-'ITHllAI..laTb MHHYT BTop6ro

Common Verbs HaMGonee ynorpeG.trenbHble rnaronbl


to be
to become tired
to be ill
to be interested
to buy
to call
to congratulate
to drink
to eat
to give (as a gift)
to go (on foot)
to go
(by transport)
to invite
to lie,
be situated
to listen
to meet
2-629

6biTb
ycTaTh
6oneTb
HHTepeCOBllTbC-'1
KYIIHTb
3BOHHTb
II03ApaBHTb
IIHTb
eCTb
rroAapliTb
HATH
exaTh
rrpHrnacHTh
Jie)KaTh
cnywaTb
BCTpe'iaTbC-'1

to play
to read
to repeat
to rest
to sell
to sleep
to stand, be
situated
to study,
work on
to take
to talk
to teach
to wait
to walk, stroll
to wish
to work
to write

HrpaTb
'iHTaTb
IIOBTOpHTb
OTAbiXaTb
npoAaTb
cnaTb
CTOJITb
3aHHMllTbC.ll
83-'ITb
rosopHTh
Y'iHTh
)l():(aTh
ryJIJiTh
)KenaTh
pa66TaTb
IIHCaTb

AHrnO-PYCCKMM TEMATMLIECKMA tnOBAPb

18

Common Adjectives HaMtionee ynorpeti.trenbHble


bad
big
cold
cool
famous
good
hot
ill
important
interesting
long

rrnox6H:
6onhiiiOH
xon6AHhiH
rrpoxmi,nHhiH
H3BeCTHbiH
xop6IIIHH
ropi'IHH
6onbHOH
BIDKHhiH
HHTepecHbiH
,nnHHHhiH

low
narrow
new
old
pretty
short
small
tall (high)
warm
wide
young

npMnar~renbHble

HlhKHH
Y3KHH
HOBhiH
cniphiH
KpaCHBblH
KOpOTKHH
ManeHhKHH
BbiCOKHH
T~hmhiH

IIIHpOKHH
Mono,n6H:

Colors Uaera
beige
black
blue
brown
gray
green
navy blue
pink
purple
red
white
yellow

6e)KeBhiH
qepHhiH
rony66H:
KOpH':IHeBbiH
cepbiH:
JeneHhiH
CHHHH
p630BbiH
<l>HoneTOBhiH
KpacHhiH
6enhiH
)KenThiH

common Pronouns HaMtionee ynorpeti.ttenbHble MeaoMMeHMH


I

.s1

you
he
she
we
you
they

Tbl
OH
OHa
Mbl
Bbl
OHH

my
your
his
her
our
your
their

MOM

TBOH
er6
ee
Haiii
Baiii
HX

Greetings &Farewells ClpiJbl npM aape11e HpacaaaiHHH


Hello!
Hi!
Good morning!
Good afternoon!
Good evening!
Goodbye.
Bye.
See you soon.

3,npaBCTByiiTe!
IIpHBeT!
)J;66poe 9-Tpo!
)J;66phlif ,neHh!
)J;66pbiH Be':lep!
)J;o cBH,naHH.si.
IloKA.
,ll;o BCTPem.

19

VOCABULARY REFERENCE LIST

Polite Phrases IIJpifJbl JrMHera


Thank you.
You're welcome.
Excuse me.
No problem.
May I ... ?
Do you know ... ?
I don't know.
Can you, please, tell me ... ?
Repeat, please, ....
Please tell ....
Please give me ... .
Please show me ... .

Cnac:H6o.
Ilo)l(arryiicTa!
lf3BHHHTe.
HH'Ier6.
MO)I(HO ... ?
BLI He 3HaeTe ... ?
..R He 3Hll10.
CKa~Te, no)l(li.r.IyiicTa, ... .
IlOBTOpHTe, llO)I(MyHcTa, ... .
Ilepe~aHTe, llO)I(MyiicTa, ... .
)l;aiiTe, no~yiicTa, ....
Ilox~Te, no)l(arryiicTa, ....

Common Questions HaMIIdnee ynorpellthenbHble aonpdCbl


Who is it?
What is it?
Where? (location)
Where? (motion)
When?
How?
From where?
Why?
How many? (How much?)
Which?
Whose?
How do you say in Russian ... ?
What is your name?
How are you?
How is your family?
How is your health?
Where do you work?
Where do you study?
Where are you from?
What is your nationality?
Do you speak Russian?
Do you speak English?
Do you have ... ?
Where do you live?
How do you get to ... ? (on foot)
How do you get to ... ? (by transport)
Where is ... ?
How much is ... ?
How old are you?
What is today's date?

Km 3m?
qm 3m?
r~e?
Ky~a?
Kor~a?

Kax?
Oncy~a?

IloqeM)I'?
CKOJibKO?
Kax6ii?
qeif?
Kax no-pyccKH ... ?
Kax sac 30ByT?
Kax ~ena?
Kax ceMMi?
Kax 3~op6Bbe?
r~e Bbl pa66TaeTe?
r~e Bbl Y'IHTeCb?
0Txy~a Bbi npHexanH?
Km Bbl no HaUHOHMbHOCTH?
Bbi rosop:HTe no-pyccxH?
BLI rosop:HTe no-aHfJIHHCKH?
Y sac ecTb ... ?
r~e Bbl )I(HBere?
Kax ~oiim ~o ... ?
Kax ~oexaTb ~o ... ?
r~e HaxO~HTCJI ... ?
CKOJibKO CTOHT ... ?
Cx6JibKO saM neT?
Kax6e cer6~HJI 'IHCJI6?

20

AHrnO-PYCCKMI TEMATHIIECKMI cnOBAPb

What day is today?


What time is it?
When will our lesson be?
When should I call?
Do you like Moscow?
What are your hobbies?
When is your birthday?

KaK6i1 cer6,n;H.SI ,n;eHb?


CK6n~:.Ko BpeMeHH? (KOT6pbli1 qac?)
Kor.n;a 6y,n;eT yp6K?
Kor.n;a no3BOHHTb?
BaM HpliBHTc.a MocKBa?
KaK6e y Bac x666H?
Kor.n;a Bam ,n;eHb po)l(,l(eHHH?

Summary of Russian First Names pYccKHe HMeHI


Feminine Names

Masculine Names
Full Name

Short Name

Full Name

Short Name

AneKcliH.n;p
AneKcei1
AHaT6nHH
AH,n;pei1
AHTOH
Eopuc
BaneHTHH
BacnnHH
Bna,n;HMHp
reHHli.n;HH
,l(MHTpHH
EBreHHH
HBliH

Cama, III)'pa
Anema, Jlema
T6M
AH,n;p!6ma

AneKcliH.n;pa
Anna
AHHa
BaneHTHHa
Bepa
ranuHa
EBreHHH
EKaTepnHa
EneHa
3HHaH.n;a
HpnHa
Jlro66Bb
Jlro.n;Miina
MapnHa
MapH.a
Ha,n;e)l(,l(a
HaTMH.SI
HuH a

Cawa, III)'pa

Hrop~:.

KoHCTaHTHH
MHXaHn
HHKonai1
Oner
ITeTp
Ceprei1
10pui1

E6p.a
Ban.a
Bac.a
Bon6,n;g, B6Ba
reHa
,[(liMa, MHT.a
)l(eHH
BliH.a
K6cT.a
Muma
K6n.a
lleTH
Cepe)Ka
IDpa

On~:.ra

CBeTnaHa
C64J~:..a

TaTb.siHa

AH.SI
Ban.a
ran.a
)l(eHH
KaT.a
JleHa
3HHa
Hpa
JI!66a
JI!6.n;a, Muna
Marna
Hli.n;H
HaTawa
On.a
CBeTa
C6HH
TaH.SI

YpOH 1

Lesson 1

[TepeOTHnbl odllleHHH

Russian Forms of Address

HOMMeHTapHH

Commentary

In every language, there is a standard group of expressions used in


greetings and farewells. These expressions are universal; they are used
regardless of the subject of conversation. In this lesson, we will review
the most typical forms of greeting, farewell, inquiry, apology, and mak
ing requests.
You should pay particular attention to the following: in Russian, there
are two ways of addressing other people: formally

(mbl).

and informally

(6bl)

Which form is used demonstrates the level of closeness, age diffe

rence, ease of conversation, and length of acquaintance.


How should you address your Russian acquaintances? Here are a
few guidelines: you will find that Russian young people tend to move
very quickly to the informal

mbl

when speaking with each other, even

with people they do not know well. Children and teenagers can be ad
dressed using

mbl.

meet, and move to

Adults typically use the formal

mbl

6bl

when they first

as they become better acquainted.

Introducing yourself to others and getting acquainted will be covered


in Lesson 2.

22

YpoK1. CTEPEOTMnbl

06utEHM~

neHCHHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

3,LJ;paBCTByH. I
3,LJ;paBCTByHTe.
IIpHBeT!
,D;66poe YTPO!
,lJ;66phiH ,LJ;eHb!
)l;66pbiH Beqep!
6qeHb pa,LJ; Bac (Te65i) BH,LJ;eTh. 2
6qeHh pa,LJ;a Bac (Te65i) BI1,LJ;eTh.
.5I TO)I(e PM
.5I TO)I(e pa,LJ;a.

Hello! (mbz form)


Hello! (BbZ form)
Hi!
Good morning!
Good afternoon!
Good evening!
I'm very glad to see you. (m.)
I'm very glad to see you. (f.)
I'm glad to see you too. (m.)
I'm glad to see you too. (f.)

TO)I(e
6qeHh

also
very

KaK ,LJ;ena?
KaK Baum ,LJ;emi?
KaK TBOH ,LJ;emi?
0TJIHqHO.
Xoporn6.
HopManhHO.
Bee B rropJi,LJ;Ke.
HHqer6.
I1JI6xo.

How are you?


How are you? (BbZ form)
How are you? (mbz form)
Very well.
Good.
Fine.
Everything is well.
Not bad.
Bad.

,lJ;o CBH,LJ;aHIDI.
IIoKa.
,D;o 3aBTpa.

Goodbye.
Bye.
See you tomorrow.

Crracl16o.
IJO)I(MyHCTa.
113BHHHTe.
113BHHH.
HHqer6.
M6)1(H0 ... ?
Ilo)l(anyncTa, ....

Thank you.
You're welcome.
Excuse me. (BbZ form)
Excuse me. (m&z form)
No problem.
Is it possible ... ?
Please ....

3opaBcmByu is used when addressing someone using the familiar mbz. 3opaBcmeyume
is used when addressing someone (or a group) using Bbl. llpuBem is used in more casual

settings, among friends or young people who are well acquainted.


01.1eHb pao Bac Buoemb - Bbl form. Used when addressing someone or a group using
Bbl. 01.1eHb pao me6R Buoemb- mbz form. Used when addressing someone using mbz.

23

Lesson 1. RUSSIAN FORMS OF ADDRESS

.QHanorH Dialogues
Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1) Conversation between two colleagues or acquaintances.

- 3.z:tpaBCTByHTe, BHKTop!
- 3.z:tpaBCTByHTe, HaTarna!
-KaK.z:tena?
- CrracH6o, xopowo. A KaK BaiiiH
.z:tena?
- To)l(e xopowo.
- .[J;o CBH.z:taHHji,
- .[J;o CBH.z:taHHji.

Hello, Viktor!
Hello, Natasha!
How are you?
Good, thanks. And how are you?

- I'm good too.


-Goodbye!
-Goodbye!

2) Conversation between two good friends.

- IIpHBeT, AHTOH!
- IIpHBeT, BHKTOp!
-KaK.z:tena?
- HopManbHO. A KaK TBOH .z:tena?
-HH'iero.
-IIoKa!
-IIoKa!

-Hi, Anton!
- Hi, Viktor!
- How are you?
-Fine. And how are things with you?

-OK.
-Bye!
-Bye!

3) Conversation between two people well-acquainted.

- ,D;o6pbiH .z:teHb, Hpa!


- ,D;o6pMH .z:teHb, Om1! O'ieHb pa.z:ta Te6H BH.z:teTb.
- 5I TO)I(e.
- KaK TBOH .z:tena?
- CrracH6o, xopowo. A TBOH?
- To)l(e.
- IIoKa!
- IIoKa!

- Good afternoon, Ira!


-Good afternoon, Olya! I'm very
glad to see you.
- I'm glad to see you too.
- How are you?
- Good, thanks. And you?
- Good.
- Bye!
- Bye!

4) Conversation between a supervisor and employee, or between two acquain-

tances who are middle-aged or older.

- ,D;o6pbiH Be'iep, HBaH IIeTpoBH'i.


- ,D;o6pbiH Be'iep, Cepreii HBaHOBH'i.
- O'ieHb pa.z:t Bac BH.z:teTb.
-JI TO)I(e.

- Good evening, Ivan Petrovich.


-Good evening, Sergei Ivanovich.
- I'm very glad to see you.
- I'm glad to see you too.

24
- KaK Banm .n;ena?
- Crracu6o, omuquo. A Banm?
- Crracu6o. Bee B rrops.n;Ke.

YpoK1.CTEPEOTMnbl O&utEHMH

- How are you?


- Very well, thanks. And you?
- Everything is well, thanks.

5) Conversation between an American and a Russian ofapproximately the same


age.

,ll;o6poe yTpo, ,ll;*OH.


,ll;o6poe yrpo, Carna.
,lJ;)I(OH, KaK TBOH ,n;ena?
Crracu6o, HOpMan&Ho. A TBOH?
To)l(e HOpMan&Ho.
)J;o CBH.D;aHHJI.
,ll;o 3aBrpa.

-Good morning, John.


- Good morning, Sasha.
- How are you doing, John?
- Fine, thanks. And you?
-Also fine.
-Goodbye.
- See you tomorrow.

6) Conversation between a student and teacher, or two people who don 't know
each other very well.

- ,ll;o6p&IH .n;eH&, MaiiKn!


- ,ll;o6p&IH .n;eH&, IOpa! QqeH& pa.n;
BaC BH.D;eTb.
- Crracu6o, H TO*e pa.n;. KaK Barno
.n;ena, MaiiKn?
- Crracu6o, xoporno. A Barno?
- To*e.
- )J;o CBH,ll;aHHJI.
- ,ll;o 3aBTpa.

- Good afternoon, Michael!


- Good afternoon, Yura! I'm very
glad to see you.
- Thanks. I'm glad to see you too.
How are you, Michael?
- Good, thanks. And you?
-Good.
-Goodbye.
- See you tomorrow.

7) Conversation between a student and teacher, or an employee and his supervisor.

- 3.n;paBCTBYHTe, Cepreii IIeTpoBuq! Mo)I(HO BORTH?


- IIo*anyiicTa.
-Crracu6o.

- Hello, Sergey Petrovich. Can I


come in?
- Yes, certainly.
-Thank you.

8) Requesting permission to step out of class or a meeting.

- H3BHHHTe, MO)I(HO B&IHTH?


- IIo*anyiicTa.

- Excuse me, may I leave the


room for a moment?
-Yes, certainly.

9) Requesting to make a phone call.

- H3BHHHTe, MO)I(HO rro3BOHHT&?


- IIo*anyiicTa.
- Crracu6o.

- Excuse me, may I use your telephone?


- Yes, certainly.
-Thank. you.

25

Lesson 1. RUSSIAN FORMS OF ADDRESS

10) Apology.
-J1:3BHHHTe.
-HHqero.

-Excuse me.
-No problem.

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.

1)
-KaK.n;ena?

7)

2)
-

QqeHL pa.n;a BaC BH,lleTL!

3)
-

)l;o CBH,llaHHH.

Mo:lKHo no3BOHHTL?

5)
-

-fipHBeT!

8)
- KaK TBOH .n;ena?

9)

4)
-

6)
-fiOKa!

3.n;paBCTByH, QJijJ!

-H3BHHHTe.

10)
-CnacH6o.

2. Fill in the questions.

6)

1)
-

jJ

TOX<e pa.n;.

-IToKa!

7)

2)

-fipHBeT!
-

)l;o CBH,llaHHH.

8)

3)
-

3.n;paBCTByHre, HaTawa.

CnacH6o, xopowo. A TBOH?

9)

4)
- IToX<anyilcTa.
5)

- CnacH6o, xopowo. A BamH?


10)
-

ToX<e HopMaJILHo.

CnacH6o, xopowo.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 1.

YpOH 2

Lesson 2

3HaHOMCTBO. npeaCTaBneHHe

Getting Acquainted. Introductions

HOMMeHTapMi

Commentary

When meeting people, it is necessary and interesting to know the


rules of communication. In Lesson 1, you discovered the difference be
tween mbl and 6bl. In this lesson, you will learn how to introduce your
self, your friend or colleague, and how to answer questions when getting
acquainted.
Russian names. Russians have three names: first name (UMJl); pat
ronymic (omtteCm6o); and last name (aMWZUJl). J1MR is the given name:
Anton, Viktor, Petr, Anna, Maria, Natalia.
Omllecm60 is derived from the father's first name, with the added
ending -ovich/-evich for sons and -ovna/-evna for daughters. For exam
ple, if the son's name is Anton, and the father is Viktor, the son will be
Anton Viktorovich. If a daughter is named Anna, and her father is Ivan,
then she will be Anna Ivanovna.
cPaMWZUJl also has different endings for males and females: Sergei
Ivanov, Anna Ivanova. Most Russian women take their husband's last
name, but there are certainly exceptions.
Addressing others. A few guidelines in addressing people: for
friends, use their first name or shortened name; for other adults, use their
UMJl + omttecm60 unless they request otherwise. In such a case, they will
use the phrase }.fa6a u Ha mbz? or MO:JICHO Ha mbl? ('Let's start using mbl'
or 'May we use mbz').
In Russian, most first names have a shortened version: Mikhail be
comes Misha, Irina becomes Ira, etc. (see listing on page

20).

In other

languages where shortened names are not as common, it is difficult to get


used to calling Russians by shortened names instead of full names. Short
ened names are used without the patronymic. Also, when using the full
first name (Mikhail, Irina) instead of the shortened version, the patro
nymic should technically be used, although you will hear exceptions.

27

Lesson 2. GETTING ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS

Introductions. If you are introducing adults in a formal setting, use


their full UMR, omiJecmeo and paMWIUIO. For example: "I would like you
to meet Anton Viktorovich Sergeev". In business meetings, the job title
and responsibility would be added. When introducing young people, you
should use the UMR + paMWIUJl.

neKCMKa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

KaK Bac 3oByr?


MeHH 30Byr ...
KaK Banm <jJaM:H:rrmi?
Mo}]: <jJaMHJIHH ...
KaK Barne 6rt~ecrno?
Moe 6necrBo ...
KaK B<hne HMH?
Moe :liMH ...

What is your name?


My name is ...
What is your last name?
My last name is ...
What is your patronymic?
My patronymic is ...
What is your first name?
My first name is ...

,l];a.
Bac 3oByr ,lJ;)I(oH?
,l];a, MeHH 30Byr ~OH.
Her, MeHH 30Byr ,l];)I(HM.
Barna <jJaM:lirrHH ,l1;)1(6HcoH?
Her, MOH <jJaM:lirrHH CMHr.

Yes.
No.
Is your name John?
Yes, my name is John.
No, my name is Jim.
Is your last name Johnson?
No, my last name is Smith.

,lJ;aBaiire II03HaKOMHMCH! 1
'
'
rr03HaKOMbrecb,
IIO)I(aJiyHcra
... 2
I103HaKOMbCH, IIO)I(MyHCra ... 3
6qeHb npHHTHO.
MHe ro)l(e.
,n:pyr4
no,n:pyra 5
Korrrrera
npeno,n:aBarerr&

Let's get acquainted.


Let me introduce you .. .
Let me introduce you .. .
Very nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you too.
friend (m.)
friend (f.)
colleague (m. or f.)
teacher (m. or f.)

Her.

3
4

PaBau is used when speaking to a person using the informal mbt. jJaBaume is used
when speaking to a person or group using Bbl.
flo3HaKoMbmecb is used with Bbl.
flo3HaKOMbCJl is used with mbl.
ppyz is the masculine form of 'friend'.
floopyza is the feminine form of 'friend'.

28

YpoK2.JHAHOMCTBO.nP~CTABnEHHE

cry.l{eHT
CT)'.ll;eHTKa

student (m.)
student (f.)
it
Who is that?
That is my friend. (f.)

)TO

Kro3To?
3ro MO.H IIO.llp:Yra.

you
he
she
it
we
you (plural or formal)
they

TLI

OH
OHa
OHO
Mbl

BLifBLI
OHH

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Gender or Nouns
In Russian, there are three types of nouns: masculine, feminine and
neuter. Masculine nouns end in consonants: opyz, cmyoenm, BuKmop. Feminine nouns end in -a and -R: noopyza, cmyoenmKa, TaHR. Nouns ending in
-b can be either masculine or feminine: npenooaeame.Jlb (m.), mempao& (f.).
Neuter nouns end in -o, -e, -MR: om~ecmeo, ympo, Mope, UM.R.
E x c e p t i o n: 1) the gender of several nouns ending in -a or -R
depends on whether they refer to a man or a woman: On KO/Uleza, ona
KOMeza; 2) male names ending in -a or -R decline like feminine nouns.

Table 1
GENDER OF NOUNS

Masculine
On
,llpyr,
CTy,lleHT

Feminine
On a
IIO.z:qJyra
cry,lleHTKa

Bet~ep

<!>aMHJIIDI

.l{eHL
rrperro.l{aBaTeJI&
AHTOH

TeTpa,llb

1 Bbl

TaH.si

HaTama

is the plural, Bbl is the singular, formal.

Neuter
Ono

yrpo
OTtJ:eCTBO
Mope
yrrpiDKHeHHe
HMH

29

Lesson 2. GETI'ING ACD.UAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS

Table 2

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

my

Masculine
Singular
MOH

Feminine
Singular
MOX

Neuter
Singular
MOe

MOH

your (singular)

TBOH

TBOX

TBOe

TBOH

his, its/her

ero/ee

ero/ee

ero/ee

ero/ee

our

Ham

Ham a

Harne

HalliH

your (plural)

Bam

Barna

Bame

BalliH

their

HX

HX

HX

HX

Plural

Possessive pronouns agree in number, gender and case with the nouns
they modify: .MOU opyz, MOR noopyza, MOe omt~ecmBO, mBOU npenooaBameJlb, mBOR pa.MWlUR, mBoii UMR, etc.

Cases
In Russian there are 6 cases: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Instrumental, Prepositional. There are 2 numbers: Singular and Plural. For a detailed explanation of cases, see A Short Introduction to
Russian Grammar.
Table 3

NOMINATIVE AND ACCUSATIVE CASES1


OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Nominative: il czy.n;eHT.
Accusative: MeHH 30BYT ,[.I;:>KoH.
Nominative- Accusative Nominative- Accusative
X-MeiUI
1-me
Mhl-Hac
we-us
Thl-re6x
you-you
BLI-BaC
you-you
OH-ero
he-him
oHa-ee
she-her
OHO-ero
it-it
OHH-HX
they-them
1

The verb 36am& requires the accusative case: MeHR 3oeym, eii 3oeym, etc.

30

YpoK2.3HAKOMCTBO.nP~CTABnEHME

Table 4
FORMATION OF RUSSIAN LAST NAMES

Masculine

Feminine

HsaHOB

HsaHoBa

fle'rpos

Ile'rposa

ArreKcees

ArreKceesa

ITymKHH

ITymKHHa

Typ6HH

Typ6HHa

Table 5
FORMATION OF RUSSIAN PATRONYMICS

Masculine

Feminine

HBaH

HBaHOBHq

HsaHOBHa

AHTOH

AHTOHOBHq

AHToHoBHa

BHKTOp

BHKTOpOBHq

BHKToposHa

Cepreit

CepreesHq

CepreesHa

ArreKceit

ArreKceesHq

ArreKceesHa

Father

Learn the following full and shortened Russian first names.

Masculine Names
HBaH-BaiDI
ArreKcaH,D;p Cepreit -

Feminine Names
Onr.ra- OIDI

Cama

Cepe)l(a

HpHHa-Hpa
MapiDI- Mama

lOpHit-IOpa

HaTaJIL.JI -

HaTama

MHXaHJI- MHma

TaT&$1Ha- TaHg

EopHc-Eopg

fanHHa- fang

HHKOJiaH- Komi

JliO,AMHJia -

JliO.z:ta, MHJia

31

Lesson 2. GETTING ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS

YnpaiHHeHMH Exercises
1. Using the charts above, place the words in parentheses in the correct
form.
a) (51) 30BYT JleHa. (Tbi) 30BYT Carna. (OH) 30BYT ,l.{)KOH. (OHa) 30BYT
I1pa. (Mbi) 30BYT AHTOH H I1roph. (Bbi) 30BYT HaTarna. (OHM) 30BYT
CBeTa H On.H.
6) (51) <PaMHJIH.H IleTpoB. (Tbi) <lJaMHJIH.H CseTJIOB. (OH) <PaMHJIH.H
,l.{)I(OHCOH. (OHa) <PaMHJIH.H I1BaHoBa. (Bbi) <lJaMHJIH.H MaKees.
B) (51) OTqecTBO I1BaHOBJ1q. (Tbi) O~eCTBO IleTpOBJ1q, (0H) OTqeCTBO
CepreeBHq, (OHa) oTqecTBO EopHCOBHa. (Bbi) OTqecTBO IleTpOBHa.
r) (51) HMH TaHH. (Tbi) HM.H I1pa. (OH) HMH ,l.{)I(HM. (0Ha) HMH Marna.
(Bbi) HM.H Oner.

2. Using the vocabulary for Lesson 2 and the charts above, fill in the
blanks.
MeH.H ... AHTOH. Mo.H ... IleTpos. Moe ... CepreeBHq. 3To ... .r~pyr.
.. . 30BYT ,l.{)I(OH .... <PaMHJIHj! CMHT. 3TO ... rro.r~pyra .... 30BYT HaTarna .
... <PaMHJIH.H Csemosa. A KaK ... 30BYT? KaK ... <PaMHJIH.H? KaK ... o~ecTBo?

3. Give positive and negative answers to the following questions.


Example:

- Bac 30BYT Carna?


-.[{a, MeH}l 30BYT Carna.
- HeT, MeH}l 30BYT AHTOH.

Barna <PaMHJIH}l CepreeB? Ee <PaMHJIJ1j! CBeTnoBa? Ero 30BYT ,l.{)KoH?


Te6j! 30BYT I1pa? Ero OTqecTBo I1BaHosHq? Ee oTqecTBO IIeTpoBHa? TBoe
OTqecTBo CepreeBHq?

4. Fill in the blanks with the proper pronoun: Moii, mBoii, Bam
... .r~pyr, ... rro.r~pyra, ... oTqecTBO, ...
... HM}l, ... <lJaMHJIH}l.

rrperro.r~aBaTeJih,

... Konnera,

5. Give positive answers to the following questions.


Example:

- 3To TBOH .r~pyr?


,D;a, :no MOM .r~pyr.

3To TBO}l rro.r~pyra? 3TO ee .r~pyr? 3TO Ham rrperro.r~aBaTenb? 3TO Barn
Konnera? 3TO ero rro.r~pyra? 3TO ero .r~pyr?

32

YpoK2.3HAHOMCTBO.nPEACTABnEHME

6. Answer the question Kmo 3mo?

Kro 3TO?
Kro 3TO?
Kro 3To?
Kro 3To?
KTo 3To?
Kro 3TO?

3ro ... no.Apyra.... 30Byr Hpa.


3ro ... npeno.AaBaTeJIL .... 30B)'T HHKOnau HBaHOBHq.
3ro ... KOJIJiera.... 30B)'T OnLra fleTPOBHa.
3ro ... cty.AeHT.... 30B)'T .L{>KoH.
3ro ... Cty.AeHTKa.... 30Byr MapTa.
3ro g, ... 30B)'T BHKTOp.

7. Formulate Russian patronymics from the following names.

Example:

liBaH: HBaHOBHtJ:, HBaHOBHa

AH,D;peu, AHTOH, EopHc, AneKceu, MHxaHJI, HHKonan.

AManorM Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- 3.ApaBCTBYHTe! )::t;aBaHTe no3HaKOMHMCg! MeHg 30Byr HaTama. A Bac?
- A MeHg Hpa.
- OtJ:eHL npHnHo.
- MHe TO)I(e.

- Hello! Let's get acquainted. My


name is Natasha. And yours?
- My name is Ira.
-Nice to meet you.
-Me too.

2)

- ,ll;o6pLIH .AeHL! )::t;aBaHTe no3HaKOMHMcg, MeHg 30Byr AHTOH BHKTOpOBHl:l CepreeB. A


Bac?
- MeHg 3oByr fleTp MBaHoBHq
MRKeeB.
- OtJ:eHL npHnHo.
- MHe TO)I(e.
3)
- ):{>KoH, ll03HaKOMLCg, llO)I(aJiyHCTa, 3TO MOH .Apyr. Ero 30BYT
,lJ;HMa.
- OtJ:eHL npHgTHO. A MeHjJ 30Byr
,ll;)I(OH.
- MHe TO)I(e otJ:eHL npHnHO.

- Good afternoon! Let's get acquainted. My name is Anton Viktorovich Sergeev. And yours?
- My name is Petr Ivanovich Makeev.
-Nice to meet you.
-Me too.
- John, let me introduce you, this
is my friend. His name is Dima.
-Nice to meet you. My name is
John.
-Nice to meet you too.

33

Lesson 2. GEmNG ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS

4)

- II03HaKoMbTecb, nO)KaJIYHcTa,
3TO MOH KOJIJIera EOPHC HHKo
JIaeBHq POMaHoB.
- OqeHb npHHTHo. A H MroPb
AJIeKceeBHq IIeTpoB.
- OqeHb pa,n;.

5)

- Let me introduce you, this is my


colleague Boris Nikolaevich
Romanov.
-Nice to meet you. I am Igor Ale
kseevich Petrov.
-Nice to meet you.

- BHKTOP, 3TO TBOH ,npyr?


-,ll;a, 3TO MOH ,npyr.
- A KaK ero 30BYT?
-Ero 30BYT MHlIIa. A 3TO TBOH
no.npyra?
-,ll;a, 3TO MOH no,npyra. Ee 30BYT
JIeHa.

- Viktor, is this your friend?


- Yes, it's my friend.
-And what is his name?
-His name is Misha. And is this
your friend?
- Yes, this is my friend. Her name

- ,ll;06pbIH ,neHb! MeHH 30BYT


AH,npeH.
- OqeHb npHHTHo. AH,npeH, a KaK
BaIIIa <paMHJIHH?
- MOH <paMHJIHH MBaHOB.

- Good afternoon! My name is


Andrei.
-Nice to meet you. Andrei, what
is your last name?
- My last name is Ivanov.
- And your patronymic?
- My patronymic is Petrovich. I
am Andrei Petrovich Ivanov.

6)

-A wqecTBo?
- Moe OTqeCTBO - IIeTpoBHq.
j! -AH.npeH IIeTpoB MBaHOB.

7)

is Lena.

- 3,npa BCTBYHTe! j! Balli npe


no,naBaTeJIb. MeHH 30BYT AJIeK
ceH MBaHOBHq.
- OqeHb npHHTHo. A KaK Ballia
<paMHJIHH?
- MOH <paMHJIHH CH,n0POB. A KaK
BaC 30BYT?
- MeHH 30BYT OH, MOH <paMH
JIHH CMHT.
-A MeHH 30BYT BHKTOPHH, MOH
<paMHJIHH CBeHcoH.
- OqeHb npHHTHo, OH H BHKTOpHH.

- Nice to meet you. What is your


last name?
- My last name is Sidorov. And
what is your name?
- My name is John. My last name
is Smith.
- My name is Victoria, my last
name is Swenson.
-Nice to meet you, John and Vic
toria.

-KT03TO?
- 3TO Halli npeno,naBaTeJIb.
- A KaK ero 30BYT?

- Who is that?
- That's our teacher.
- What's his name?

8)

3-629

- Hello! I am your teacher. My


name is Aleksei Ivanovich.

34

YpOK 2.

- Ero 30Byr BHIcrOP ITeTpOBHtI.


- A KaK ero 4>aMHJIHs?
- Ero 4>aMHJIHS CepreeB.

3HAKOMCTBO. nPEACTABnEHME

- His name is Viktor Petrovich.


- What's his last name?
- His last name is Sergeev.

9)
- ,lJ;o6poe yrpo! ,lJ;aBaiiTe n03Ha
KOMHMCS.
- MeHs 30Byr MaHKJI.
- A MeHS - MHXaHJI. MO)l(HO
MHma.
- OtIeH)) npHHTHO.
- MHe TO)I(e. MaHKJI, KaK BamH
,ZJ;eJIa?
- CnacH60, OTJIHtIHO. A BamH?
- CnacH60, BCe B nops,ZJ;Ke.

- Good morning! Let's get ac


quainted.
- My name is Michael.
- And mine is Mikhail. You can
call me Misha.
- Nice to meet you.
- Me too. Michael, how are you
doing?
- Very well, thank you. And you?
- Everything is fine, thank you.

2. Tell your first and last name, and the first name, last name, and patro
nymic of your teacher.

3. Make up similar dial ogues:


a) ask one another your first and last names;

b) introduce your teacher to your friends;

c) introduce your friends to your teacher;


d) introduce a new colleague to your co-workers;
e) introduce yourself to your new colleagues.

TeCT. Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1)

- KaK ero 30Byr?

5)
- KaK ero oTtIeCTBo?

2)

6)

- KaK ee 4>aMHJIHS?

- KaK Bama 4>aMHJIHS?

3)
- IT03HaKOM))TeC)), 3TO BHKTOp.

4)
- KaK Bac 30Byr?

7)
- OtIeH)) npHSTHO.

8)
- OtIeH)) pa,ZJ;a.

35

Lesson 2. GETTING ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS

11)
3TO HX KOJIJiera?

9)
- 3To Barn .n;pyr?

10)
3To Barna no.n;pyra?

12)
-KTo:no?

2. Fill in the questions.


1)

7)

- Ero <PaMHJIHH CBeTJioB.


2)

- MeHH 30BYT ,ll;)I(OH.


3)

- .5I TO)I(e.
9)

- Ee OTqecTBo IleTpoBHa.
4)

- QqeHb npH51THO.
5)

- ,ll;a, 3TO MOM KOJIJiera.


11)

- MoH <PaMHJIHH MaKeeB.


6)

- )J;a, :no MOM .n;pyr.


12)

3TO MOH no.n;pyra.

MHe TO)I(e.

8)

Ee 30ByT Mpa.
10)

)J;a, ee 30ByT Marna.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 2.

YpoH 3 Lesson 3

npoiiJeCCHJI Professions
neHCHHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

r,ne Bhl pa66TaeTe?


R pa66TaJO B}'HHBepcHT6Te.
Kro BLI?
Kro oH?

Kro BLI (no npo<PeccHH)?


Kro oH (no npo<l>eccHH)?
Kro oHa (no npo<l>eccHH)?

Bpaq
HH)KeHep
mo<I>ep
nepeB6.l('tJHK
fH,l(

10pHCT
y'ti:HTenL
ceKperapL
)KypHanHCT
3KOHOMHCT
noc6n
6H3HeCMeH

qT03TO?
yHHBepCHT6T
HHCTHTYT
6onLHHUa
<l>:HpMa
mK6na

Where do you work?


I work at the university.

What do you do?


(What is your position?)
What does he do?
(What is his position?)
What does she do?
(What is her position?)
What is your profession?
What is his profession?
What is her profession?
doctor
engineer
driver
interpreter/translator
guide
lawyer
teacher
secretary
reporter
economist
ambassador
businessman
What is that?
university
institute
hospital
company
school

37

Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS

bank

6aHK
3aB6.D;
n6tna
IIOC6JibCTBO

factory
post
office embassy

y-'iHTbCH
f.D;e Bhl )l'qHTeCb?
.5 yqycb B HHCTH$e.

to study
Where do you study?
I study at the institute .

BDI czy.D;eHT?

Are you a student?


Yes, I am a student.
No, I am not a student, I am a doctor.

~a, .~~ czy.D;eHT.


HeT, .11 He czy.D;eHT, .11

Bpati.

T6>Ke

also
or

HJIH

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Table 6
PLURAL NOUNS

Singular

Plural
Masculine
czy.D;eHTbi
3aBO,ll;bl
HHCTHTYTbl
HH>KeHepDI
6aHKH
rrperro.D;aBaTeJIH

czy.D;eHT
3aBO,ll;
HHCTHTYT
HH)KeHep
6aHK
rrperro.D;aBaTeJib

Feminine
i>HpMa
WKOJia
6oJibHHUa
czy.D;eHTKa
IIO.D;pyra
i>aMHJIHH

i>HpMDI
WKOJihl
60JibHHUbl
CTy.D;eHTKH
IIO,ll;pYfH
i>aMHJIHH

Neuter
OTtJeCTBO
IIOCOJibCTBO
MOpe
yrrpa>KHeHHe

OT'lleCTBa
IIOCOJibCTBa
MOpH
ynpa>KHeHHH

38

YpoK 3. nPOCIIECCMJI

Remember:
1. Masculine nouns in the plural have the ending -bl or -u (-u only
after the letters K, 2, x, ut, :JIC, tt, Ul, or in place of b). Example: cmyoeHmcmyoeHmbz, epatt - epattu.
2. Feminine nouns in the plural have the endings -bl or -u (-u only
after K, 2, x, ut, :JIC, tt, Ul, or in place of b, and R). Example: rftup.Ma rjJupMbl, noopy2a - noopy2u.
3. Neuter nouns in the plural have the ending -a if the singular nouns
end in -o: omttecmeo - omttecmea. If the singular noun ends in -e, the
plural will end in -.R: .Mope - .Mop.R.
4. Several nouns in the plural have the ending -b.R: opy2- opy3b.R.
5. Several masculine nouns have the endings -a, -.R: aopec- aopeca,
yttume.Jlb - yttume.Jl.R.

Table 7
PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF SINGULAR NOUNS

Nominative
l.fmo smo?
3TO YHHBepCHTeT.
3To HHCTHTYT.
3TO M8ra3HH.
3TO IIIKOJia.
3TO i>HpMa.
3TO IIOCOJibCTBO.
3TO 3aBO,ll.
3TO IIOlfTa.

Prepositional
roe?
B yHHBepcHTeTe
B HHCTHTYTe
B M8ra3HHe
BIIIKOJie
B i>HpMe
B IIOCOJibCTBe
Ha3aoo.n;e
Ha IIOlffe

Remember:
The Prepositional case is required when answering the question2oe?
A majority of nouns in the Prepositional have the ending -e and are used
with the prepositions e or Ha.

39

Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS

Table 8
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS IN THE PLURAL

mine, my
yours, your
his, hers, her
ours, our
yours, your
theirs, their

MOH
TBOH
ero, ee
Hanm
BaillH
HX

Verbs
1. In Russian there exists an unchanging, undefined form of verb the infinitive- which signifies action or condition, but does not define
the time, the speaker or the number. A majority of Russian verbs in the
infinitive end in -mb, considerably fewer end in -mu, and very few end in
-I.Jb. Reflexive verbs in the infinitive have the additional ending -cfl after
consonants or -cb after vowels.
2. Russian verbs have three tenses: present, past and future (simple
and compound).
3. Verbs in the present tense change by the person and number, receiving different endings for each form. There are two types of Conjugation: Conjugation I and Conjugation II. A majority of Russian verbs fall
into Conjugation I. These are verbs ending in -amb, -Rmb (Class I); -emb'\
(Class II); -oBamb, -eBamb (Class Ill), -Hymb (Class IV). All of these verbs
have in their paradigm an -e and the 3rd person plural ends in -yml-10m.
Verbs ending in -umb fall into Conjugation II. They have an -u in their
paradigm, and the 3rd person plural ends in -ami-Rm. But there are of
course exceptions. You can read more about this in A Short Introduction to Russian Grammar.

Present Tense of Verbs


The present tense of verbs is fom1ed using the base ofthe infinitive
and the appropriate ending.

40

YPDII 3. RPOCIIECCMJI

Table 9
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS PA60TATh (FifE?),
yqHThCH (F,l(E?) IN THE PRESENT TENSE

Con.i~gation I
a I I.
pa6oTaJO
pa6oTaemL
pa6oTaeT
pa6oTaeM
pa6oTaeTe
a60TaiOT

Jl:lOOI

Tbl
OH,OHa
Mid

Bbl
OHH

Conjugation II
~

'1111 I.CU

Tbl
OH,OHa
Mid

Bbl
OHH

yqyc~>

)"'HWLCH
)"'HTCH
)"'HMCH
yt~nTecL

li8TCH

YnpaHIHeHHH Exercises
1. Flll in the blanks with the proper form of the verbpa6omam or y11um6CR.
a) ~:>KOH ... B <l>HpMe. Jl ... B }'HHBepCHTeTe. f,D;e Tbl ... ? f,D;e OHH ... ?
Mbi ... B Mara3HHe. BLI ... B 6aHKe?
6) OH ... B mKone. f,D;e Bhl ... ? Jl ... B YHHBepcHTeTe. f,D;e OHH ... ? Tbl
... HJIH ... ? MLI ... B HHCTHyYTe.

2. Complete the sentences by putting the word in parentheses in the proper


form.
MeHH 30Byr AHroH. Jl czy,D;eHT. Jl yqycL B (HHcTmyr). A 3TO MOH
,D;pyr Cama. OH TO:>Ke czy,D;eHT. OH )"'HTCH B (}'HHBepcHTeT). Ero no,D;pyra
Hpa pa60TaeT Ha (noqya). HBaH IlerpOBHll H Cepreii HBaHOBHll pa60Taror
B (<l>HpMa). Hx ,D;pyr BHKTOp CepreeBHll pa60TaeT B (6aHK).

3. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.


a) Example:

- BLI cTy,D;eHT?
-

,Zl;a, a czy,D;eHT.
HeT, a He CTY,D;eHT, a Bpat~.

OH 3KOHOMHcT? 0Ha npeno,D;asareJib? Jl ropHcT? TLI mo<l>ep? BLI


6H3HecMeH? 0HH pa6oTaroT? MLI )"'HMca? Bhl pa60TaeTe?
6) Example:

- 3To mKona?
-~a,

3TO illKOJia.
HeT, 3TO He mKona, 3TO HHCTHT)'T.

3ro llO'l!Ta? 3TO }'HHBepCHTeT? 3TO <i>HpMa? 3TO 3aBO,D;? 3ro 6aHK?
3ro Mara3HH?

41

Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS

4. Form the plural of the following nouns.

MH)KeHep, 3aBOJ];, npenoJ];aBaTem., Bpaq, no,ll;pyra, CT}',ll;eHT, MaraJHH,


6aHK, HHCTHT}'T, ,ll;pyr, 6H3HeCMeH, CT}',ll;eHTKa, qmpMa, lliKOJia.
S. Fill in the blanks with the proper possessive pronoun in the plural

... ITO,ll;pyrH, ... ,ll;py3MI, ... KOJIJierH, ... npeiTO,ll;aBaTeJIH, ... CT}',ll;eHTLI,
... qmpMLI, ... HHCTHT}'TLI.
6. Answer the questions.

fJ];e BLI )"'HTeCL? f)l;e )"laTCH BalliH ,ll;pyJLH? fJ];e pa60TaeT Balli nperro,ll;aBaTeJIL? f)l;e pa6oTaroT HH)KeHepLI? f)l;e pa6oTaiDT Bpa"'H?
7. Fill in the blanks with words from Lesson 3.

Jleua .... Oua pa6oTaeT ... .


AHTOH .... OH )"'HTCH ... .
MHXaHJI IleTpOBH"' .... Ou pa60TaeT ....
IOpa HliopH .... 0HH pa6oTaroT ....
MLI .... MLI Y"'HMCH ....
R .... R pa6oTaro ....
TLI ... ? TLI pa6oTaelliL .. . ?
BLI ... ? BLI pa6oTaeTe ... ?

llHanont Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- 3,ll;paBcrnyiiTe!
- ,ll;o6pLIH ,ll;eHL!
- ,ll;aBanre noJHaKoMHMCH. MeHH
30BYT CnaBa.
- QqeuL npHHTHO, a MeHH- HaTallla.
- HaTiliiia, KTO BLI no npocpeccHH?-

-Hello!
- Good afternoon!
- Let's get acquainted, my name
is Slava.
-Nice to meet you, I am Natasha.

- R Bpaq. A BLI?
- R HH)KeHep.

- Natasha, what do you do for a


living?
- I am a doctor. And you?
- I am an engineer.

2)
- IloJHaKOMLTecL, 3TO MapTa.
Oua Bpaq. Oua pa60TaeT B6oJI])HHUe.

- I'd like you to meet Marta. She


is a doctor. She works in a hospital.

42

- QqeHh npiUITHO. A Memi 30BYT


Mpa . .H HH)KeHep . .H pa60Taro Ha
3aso.n;e.
3)
- ,lJ;HMa, Bhl nepeBO):("::HK?
- HeT, g He nepeso.n;"::HK, .s~ npeno.n;asaTenh.
-A r.n;e Bhi pa6oTaeTe?
- .H pa6oTaro B yH:nsepcnTere.
4)
- MeH.s~ 30BYT AHTOH . .H cry.n;eHT.
- AHTOH, a r.n;e Bhi yquTech?
- .H yqych B HHCTHTYTe. A Bhl?
- .H TO)Ke cry.n;eHT. .H YlJYCh BYHHBepCHTeTe.
5)
- HaTama, no3HaKOMhC.H, no)KanyifcTa, 3TO MOH .n;pyr. Ero 30BYT ,ll;)KOH.
- QqeHb npH.HTHO, ,ll;)KOH, a KTO
Bhl no npo<J?ecc:uu?
- _H 6H3HeCMeH. _H pa60TaiO B
<J?upMe. A Bhi?
- _H 3KOHOMHCT. _H TO)Ke pa60TaiO
B <J?npMe.
6)
- BHKTOp, Thl pa6oTaemh unu
YlJHIIIhC.H?
- .H pa6oTaro.
- A r.n;e Thl pa6oTaemh?
- _H IOpHCT. _H pa6oTaiO B 6aHKe.
- A TBO.H no.n;pyra TaH.s~? 0Ha pa6oTaeT HHH YlJHTC.H?
- 0Ha TO)Ke pa6oTaeT.
7)
- )J;o6phlH: .n;eH~>!
- ,ll;o6p~>IH .n;eHh!
- Il03HaKOMbTeCb, llO)KanyHCTa,
3TO Ham nepeBOA"::HK. Ee 30BYT
On.s~.

YpoK 3. nPOCIIECCHSI

-Nice to meet you. My name is


Ira. I am an engineer. I work in
a factory.
- Dima, are you an interpreter?
-No, I am not an interpreter, I am
a teacher.
- Where do you work?
- I work at the university.
- My name is Anton. I am a student.
- Anton, where do you study?
- I study at the institute. And you?
- I am also a student. I study at
the university.
- Natasha, I would like you to
meet my friend. His name is
John.
-Nice to meet you, John. What
do you do for a living?
- I am a businessman. I work in a
firm. And you?
- I am an economist. I also work
in a firm.
- Viktor, do you work or study?
- I work.
- And where do you work?
- I am a lawyer. I work in a bank.
- And your friend Tanya? Does
she work or study?
- She also works.
- Good afternoon!
- Good afternoon!
- I'd like you to meet our interpreter. Her name is Olya.

43

Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS

- QqeHL npmrrHo. A MeiDl 30Byr


IlLep.
- IlLep, a KTO BLI no npo<t>ecCHH?
- Jl 3KOHOMHCT.
- BLI pa6oTaeTe B 6aHKe?
- HeT, H pa6oTaiO Ha 3aoo.n;e.

-Nice to meet you. My name is


Pierre.
- Pierre, what is your profession?
- I'm an economist.
- Do you work at a bank?
-No, I work at a factory.

8)

I1rOpL, 3TO TBOH .n;py3L.R?


,[(a, 3TO MOH ,n;py3LH.
0HH pa6oTaiOT HflH yqaTC.R?
Carna pa6oTaeT. OH HH)I(eHep.
JleHa TO)I(e pa6oTaeT. 0Ha ceKpeTapL B <l>HpMe. A Mmna H
TaiDI CTY,n;eHTLI. 0HH yqaTCH B
YHHBepcHTeTe.

Igor, are these your friends?


Yes, they are my friends.
Do they work or study?
Sasha works. He's an engineer.
Lena also works. She is a secretary at a firm. And Misha and
Tanya are students. They study
at the university.

2. Ask each other about your professions and where you work or study.

Tecr Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1)

6)

- KTo BLI no npo<t>eccHH?

- f.n;e OHH yqaTC.R?

2)

7)

- f.n;e oHa pa6oTaeT?

- 3To IIIKona?

3)

8)

-0HBpaq?

-KTOoHa?

4)

9)

- BLI pa6oTaeTe?

- f.n;e BLI yqHTeCL?

5)

10)

- I1H)I(eHep pa60TaeT Ha 3aoo.n;e?

- f.n;e pa60TaiOT BaiiiH .n;py3LH?

2. Fill in the questions.

1)

2)

- OH 3KOHOMHCT.

- HeT, oH He CTY.D;eHT, OH opaq.

44

YpoK 3. nPOCIIECCMJI

3)

7)

- .H yqycL B HHCTH'I)'Te.

- 0HH pa60TaroT aa noqTe.


8)

4)
-

Oaa pa6oTaeT a <l>HpMe.

MoH APY3LJI spaqH,

6)
-

,l(a, OH yqHTCJI B WKOJie.

9)

5)

,l(a, 3TO 3aBO,U.

10)
,l(a, OH HH:>KeHep.

-MDI pa6oTaeM.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 3.

YpoH 4 Lesson 4

HaqHoHanbHOCTb Nationality
neHCHHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.
KTO BLI no HaUHOHMLHOCTH? 1
pyccKHH - pyccKWI - pyccKHe
aMepHK!iHeU - aMepHKaHKa aMepHKflHULI
KHnleU- KHTruiHKa- KHTaHULI
KOpeeu- KOpeHHKa- KOpeHULI
$1IIOHeU - $1IIOHKa - $1IIOHULI
HeMeU- HeMKa- HeMULI
HTaJILHHeU - HTaJILHHKa HTaJILHHUhl
aHrnHtJaHHH- aHrnHtJaHKaaHrnHtJaHe
Q>paHUY3 - Q>paHu}'iKeHKa Q>paHu}'3LI
IJlBe~ - IJlBe~Ka - IJlBe~LI
KaKou Balli po~H68 rop6~?
Mou po~H68 rop6~ ...
f~e BLI ceifqac iKHB~he?
Ceifqac jJ iKHBY B ...
f~e BLI iKHnH paHLWe?
PaHLwe jJ iKHn B ...
ManeHLKHH
6onLW6H
CTapLIH
HOBLIH
KpacHBLIH
6LITL
1

What is your nationality?


Russian
American
Chinese
Korean
Japanese
German
Italian
English
French
Swedish
In what city were you born?
I was born in ...
Where do you live now?
I am living in ...
Where did you live before that?
I used to live in ...
small
big
old
new
pretty
to be

PyccKuii is the masculine form; pyccKaJI is the feminine form; pyccKue is the plural
form. All the nationalities listed follow this format. The gender used must agree with
the subject of the sentence.

46

YpoK 4. HAIUtOHAJibHOCTb

rpaMMaTMHa Grammar
Table 10
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB )J(HTh (FifE?)
IN THE PRESENT TENSE
H :>KHBY
Tbl :>KHBeiiib
OH, OHa :>KHBi:!T

Mbl :>KHBeM
Bbl :>KHBi:!Te
OHH :>KHBYT

Past Tense of Verbs


The past tense of a majority of Russian verbs is formed from the
infinitive stem, adding the suffix -fl (m.), -fla (f.), -flo (n.) or -flu (pl.). For
example, :JICUmb - :JICU!l, pa6omamb - pa6omafl. Reflexive verbs add
the particle -cR (-cb). For example, y'lumbCR - YllU!lCR.
Table lOa
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS )J(HTh AND EMTh
IN THE PAST TENSE
il\111 h

Tbl, OH )I(HJI
H, Tbl, OHa :>KHJia
Mbl, Bbl, OHH )I(HJIH

Uhllh

Tbl, OH 6bm
H, Tbl, OHa 6I>ma
Mbl, Bbl, OHH 6bmH

H,

H,

Table 11
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS PAEOTATh AND yqHThCH
IN THE PAST TENSE
pafio 1 a 1 h

Tbi, OH pa60TaJI
H, Tbi, oHa pa6oTana
Mbi, Bhl, OHH pa6onum
H,

~1111 t.CSI

Tbi, OH yqHnCH
H, Tbl, OHa yqHnaCb
Mbl, Bbi, OHH yqHJIHCb
H,

Adjectives
Russian adjectives in the nominative case have the following endings.
Masculine Singular: -ou (if syllable stressed), bzu, -uu (soft root,
after 1<, z, x, ll, 'l and also after Ut, :JIC).

47

Lesson 4. NATIONALITY

Feminine Singular: -aR (hard root), -flfl (soft root)


Neuter Singular:
-oe (hard root), -ee (soft root)
Plural:
-bze (hard root), -ue (soft root)
Masculine adjectives answer the question KaKou?, feminine KaKaR?, neuter- KaKoe?, plural- KaKue?
Table 12

ADJECTIVES: MASCULINE SINGULAR, FEMININE SINGULAR,


NEUTER SINGULAR AND PLURAL

KaKoii?
pOAHOH

KaKaH?
pOAHWI

KaKoe?
pOAHOe

KaKHe?
pO.L{Hbie

6oJiblliOH

60JiblllaJI

6oJILllloe

6oJILIIIHe

HOBbiH

HOB WI

HOBOe

HOBbie

CTapbiH

cTapax

cTapoe

cTaphle

KpaCHBbiH

KpaCHBWI

KpaCHBOe

KpaCHBbie

pyCCKHH

pyccKax

pyccKoe

pyccKHe
Table 13

PREPOSITIONAL CASE: NOUNS ENDING IN -HH

qTO 3TO?
PoccHH

r,L{e?
B PoccHH

<l>paH!:~HH

BO <l>paH~HH

fepMaHHH

B fepMaHHH

YlTaJIHH

B Y!TaJIHH

AHrnHH

BAHrJIHH

JirroHHH

BJ!IIOHHH
but:

MocKBa

B MocKBe

AMepHKa

BAMepHKe

KHTaM:

Bl<HTae

Kopex

B Kopee

48

YpoK 4. HAIUtOHAIIbHOCTb

YnpamHeHHJI Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper adjectival ending.

60Jibiii ... ropo.n;, HOB .. , JaBO,ZJ;, KpaCHB ... <l>paHI.J;)')KeHKa, CTap ... llOlJTa,
pO,ll;H .. , ropo.n;, pyccK .. , CTy.n;eHTbi, aMepHKaHCK .. , 6aHKH, HTaJIM.IHCK .. ,
YHHBepCHTeTbl, KpaCHB ... no.n;pyra, MaJieHbK... <I>HpMa, HOB ... .n;pyr, CTap ...
.n;py3I>H, IIIBe,ZJ;CK.. , llOCOJibCTBO.

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb 31CUmb.
Ceifqac H ... B MocKBe. PaHI>IIIe H ... B AMepuKe. f.n;e MI>I ... ? JleHa ...
B Poccuu. PaHI>IIIe MI>I ... B MocKBe, ceifqac Mbl ... B KneBe. f.n;e OHH ... ?
,L(:>KoH paHI>IIIe ... B AHrnHH, ceifqac ... B fepMaHHH. f.n;e BI>I ... ?

3. Place the words in parentheses in the proper form, and fill in the blanks
with the proper word.
BaH :>KoBer B (KuTaii). OH ....

.5I :>KHBY B (illBei.J;HH) . .5I ....


JliOlJHH :>KHBer B (lfTaJIHH). 0Ha ....
<l>pu.n;pHX H faHU :>KHBYT B (fepMaHHH). 0HH ....
Tbi :>KHBeiiii> B (AMepuKa)? Tbi ... ?
MI>I :>KHBeM B (PoccHH). MI>I ... .
BI>I :>KHBere B (AHrnnH)? BI>I ... ?
)l(aH :>KHBeT Bo (<l>paHUHH). OH ... .
TI>I :>KHBeiiii> B (.51noHnH). Tbi ... .

4. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.


a) Example:

- BI>I 6I>IJIH B AMepuKe?


-

,D;a, H 6I>m B AMepuKe.


HeT, H He 6I>m B AMepuKe.

TI>I 6I>ma B MocKBe? JleHa u AHTOH 6biJIH B HTannu? ,L(:>KOH 6biJI B


fepMaHHH? HaTaiiia 6I>ma B illBeu;uu? Bl>I paHI>IIIe 6I>IJIH B MocKBe? BaiiiH
.n;pyJI>H 6biJIH B Poccuu? BnKTop 6I>m B KHTae?
6) Example:

- Tbi aMepuKaHeu;?
-

,ll;a, H aMepuKaHeu;.
HeT, H He aMepnKaHeu;, H pyccKHH.

OH aHrJIHtiaHnH? 0Ha IIIBe.n;Ka? 0HH HeMUI>I? BI>I pyccKuii? .5I


KHTaeu? TI>I <PpaHUyJ? MI>I pyccKne? MaPTa HeMKa? Po6ePT aMepuKaHeu;?
0HH KOpeHI.J;bi?

49

Lesson 4. NATIONALITY

B) Example:

- 3To 6oni>rnoi1: ropo.n?


-

,[(a, 3To 6oJihiiiOH ropo.n.


HeT, 3To He 6onhiiiOH ropo.n.

3TO HOBbiH YHHBepCHTeT? 3TO 60JibiiiM qmpMa? 3TO CTapM lilKOna?


3TO ManeHbKHH 3aBO.L{? 3TO HOBbie Mara3HHbi? 3TO 60Hbli1He 6aHKH?
3TO CTapbie qmpMbi? 3TO ManeHbKHe HHCTHryTbi?

5. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb 6blmb.
Tbi ... B ITapmKe? HaTarna ... B EepnHHe? r.ne Bbl ... ? 5I ... B
yHHBepcHTeTeo 0Ha .. B AMepHKe? Mbi .. B qmpMe? 0HH .. Ha 3aBo.ne.
OH ... Ha rrotiTeo
0

6. Put the words in parentheses in the proper form.


- r.ne Bbl ()I(HTb)?- 5I ()I(HTb) B MocKBe, a paHblile jJ ()I(HTb) B
JlOH,L{OHe.
- r.ne OH (pa6oTaTb)?- OH (pa6oTaTb) B 6aHKe, a paHblile (pa6oTaTb) B HHCTHryTe.
- 0Ha (yqHTbCji) HHH {pa6oTaTb)? - PaHblile OHa (yqHTbCji), a ceiiqac (pa6oTaTb )o
Ceiiqac Mbi ()I(HTb) H (yqHTbCjl) B PoccHH, a paHI>rne Mbi ()I(HTb) H
(pa60TaTb) B fepMaHHHo A r_ne OHH ()I(HTb) H (yqHTbC.R:) cenqac? f,ne OHH
()I(HTb) H (yqHTbC.R:) paHblile?

7. Place the pronouns in the proper form.

{5!) po.LJ:HOH ropo.n ITapH)I(o (OHa) po.nHoii ropo.n Ilpara. {Mbi) po.nHoii
ropo.n MocKBa. KaKoii (Tbi) po.nHoii ropo.n? KaKoii (Bbi) po,nHoii ropo.n?
(OH) po.nHoii ropo.n EepnHHo (OHa) po.nHoii ropo.n HbiO-HopK.
8. Place the words in parentheses into the proper form.
3.npaBCTBYHTe! MeH.a 30BYT ,L()I(OHo {5!) <!JaMHnH.a CMHTo 5I aMepHKaHeuo (5!) po.nHoii ropo.n liH:t<aro. PaHblile .a ()I(HTb) 11 (yqHTbCH) B AMepHKeo A ceiiqac .a ()I(HTb) H (pa6oTaTb) B MocKBeo ITo3HaKOMbTeCb, 3TO (.a)
.npyr BHKTOpo OH pyccKHHo (OH) po.nHoii ropo.n CaMapao Ceiiqac OH
()I(HTb), (pa6oTaTb) H (ytiHTbc.a) B MocKDe. A 3To (.a) .npy3b.a <llpH,npHx H
reni>Myr. 0HH HeMUhi. (OHH) po.nHoii ropo.n EepnHHo 0HH TO)I(e ceiiqac
(pa6oTaTb) B MocKBe. A KTO Bbl ITO HaUHOHallbHOCTH? r.ne Bbl ()I(HTb)?
f.ne Bbl (yqHTbCH) HHH {pa60TaTb)? I1 r,ne Bbl ()I(HTb), {pa6oTaTb) H (yqHTbC51) paHI>rne?
4-629

50

YpoK 4. HAUHOHAJlbHOCTb

11HanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)

- ,[t;aBaH:Te no3HaKOMHMCR. MeHR


30BYT ,z:t;,KOH . .51 aMepHKaHeu;.
- QqeHb npHRTHO. A MeHH 30BYT
AHTOH . .51 pyccKHH.
- AHTOH, a KaKoH: Barn pO.[{HOH
ropo.[{?
- MoM: pO.[{HOH ropo.[{ - MocKBa. A Barn?
- A Moil: - lfuKaro.

-Let's get acquainted. My name


is John. I am an American.
-Nice to meet you. My name is
Anton. I am Russian.
- Anton, in what city were you
born?
- I was born in Moscow. And
you?
-Chicago.

2)

- ITo3HaKOMbTeCb, no:lKa.rryH:cTa,
3TO <f>paHqecKO.
- QqeHb npHHTHo. A MeHH 30BYT
11pa.
-11pa,BbipyccKaH?
- ,[t;a, H pyccKaH. A KTO Bhl no HaU:HOHaJibHOCTH?
~.51 HTa.JibHHeu:. PaHr,rne H :lKHJI B
PuMe, a ceH:qac :lKHBY B MocKBe. 11pa, a Bbl 6biJIH B11Ta.JIHH?
- Her, He 6I.ma. <I>paHqecKo, a Bhl
pa6oTaeTe HJIH yqHTeci> BMocKBe?
- 5I yqyci> B yHHBepcuTeTe.
3)
- 3.[{paBCTByii, BHKTopuH!
- 3.[{paBCTByH:, HaTarna!
-KaK,[{ena?
- CnacH6o, xoporno. A KaK TBOH
,[{ena?
- CnacH6o, TO:lKe xoporno.
- BHKTOpHH, Tbi rnBe.[{Ka?
- ,[t;a, H rnBe,[{Ka.
- A KaKOH TBOH po.[{HOH ropo.[{?
- Moil: po.[{HOH ropo.[{ CToKrOJibM.
- 3TO KpaCHBbiH ropo.[{?

- I would like you to meet


Francesco.
- Nice to meet you. My name is
Ira.
-Ira, are you Russian?
-Yes, I am Russian. And what is
your nationality?
- I am Italian. I used to live in
Rome, and now I live in Moscow. Ira, have you ever been to
Italy?
-No, I haven't. Francesco, do you
work or study in Moscow?
- I study at the university.
- Hello, Viktoria!
-Hello, Natasha!
- How are you?
-Fine, thanks. And how are you?
-

Also fine, thank you.


Viktoria, are you Swedish?
Yes, I am Swedish.
And in what city were you born?
I was born in Stokholm.
Is it a pretty city?

51

Lesson 4. NATIONALITY

- .lJ:a, :no KpaCMBbiM, 6oJiblliOM M


cTapbiM ropo,ll. A Tbi 6bma B
CTOKrOJibMe?
- HeT, He 6bma.
4)
- .lJ:aBaifTe no3HaKOMMMCj!. MeHj!
30Byr BMKTop . .si pyccKMM.
- QqeHh npmnHo. A MeHji 30BYT
Po6epT. .si aHrJIMqaHMH.
- Po6epT, Bhi )I(MBeTe BMoeRBe?
- .lJ:a, ceifqac H )I(MBY Mpa6oTaiO
B MocKBe.
- A r,lle Bbi pa6oTaeTe?
- .si pa6oTaiO B qmpMe.
- A KTO Bbl DO npo<t>ecCMM?
- .sJ: 3KOHOMMCT.
- A r,lle Bbi )I(MJIM paHbiiie?
- PaHbiiie H )I(MJI B AHmMM. Moif
po.n;Hoif ropo,ll JloH,llOH. Bbi 6biJIM BJlOH,llOHe?
- .lJ:a, 6hiJI. 3TO oqeHb KpaCMBbiM
ropo.n:.
- MocKBa TO)I(e oqeHh 6oJihiiiOM
MKpacMBbiM ropo,ll. BMKTop, a
MocRBa Barn po,llHOM ropo.ll?
- Her, MOM po,llHOM ropo.n: CMoneHcK. Ho ceifqac H )I(MBY M
yqych BMoeRBe.
- A r.n:e Bbi yqMTech?
- .sJ: yqycb BMHCTMTyre.
5)
- Carna, 3TO TBOM .llPY3bH?
- .lJ:a, 3TO MOM ,n;py3bH. Il03HaROMbCH, no)l(aJiyMCTa. 3TO MapTa. 0Ha HeMKa. 0Ha )I(MBeT M
yqMTCH BMocKBe. 3TO )KaH. OH
<i>paHUy3. Ceifqac OH TO)I(e )1(11BeT B MocKBe 11 yqMTCH B YHMBepcHTeTe. 3TO Po6epT. OH aHrnMqaHMH. Po6epT pa6oTaeT B
<i>HpMe. OH 3ROHOMMCT.

-Yes, it's a pretty, bigandoldcity.


Have you been to Stockholm?
-No, I haven't.
- Let's get acquainted. My name
is Viktor. I am Russian.
-Nice to meet you. My name is
Robert. I am English.
- Robert, do you live in Moscow?
-Yes, now I live and work in
Moscow.
- And where do you work?
- I work at a firm.
-And what is your profession?
- I am an economist.
- And where did you use to live?
- I used to live in England. I was
born in London. Have you been
to London?
-Yes, I have. It is a very pretty
city.
- Moscow is also a very big, pretty city. Viktor, were you born in
Moscow?
-No, I was born in Smolensk. But
now I live and study in Moscow.
- And where do you study?
- I study at the institute.
- Sasha, are these your friends?
-Yes, they're my friends. Let me
introduce you. This is Marta.
She is German. She lives and
studies in Moscow. This is Jean.
He is French. He is also living
in Moscow and studying at the
university. This is Robert. He is
English. Robert works in a firm.
He is an economist.

52
-

QqeHL rrpHHTHO. MeHH 30BYT


JlHH . ..si KHTaeu. Ceti:qac H To:>Ke
:>KHBY H pa6oTaiO B MocKBe.
QqeHL rrpHHTHO, JlHH. A r.ne BLI
:>KHJIH paHLIIIe?
PaHLIIIe H :>KHJI B IIeKHHe.
IIeKHH Baiii po,nHoti: ropo.n?
HeT, MOM po,nHoti: ropo.n Xap6HH.

YpoK 4. HAitMOHAIIbHOCTb

Nice to meet you. My name is


Lin. I am Chinese. I am now living and working in Moscow.
-Nice to meet you, Lin. And
where did you use to live?
- I used to live in Peking.
- Is Peking where you were born?
-No, I was born in Harbin.

2. Ask each other about your nationalities, your native city, where you used
to live, in what cities you have been.

Tecr Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1)
- KTo OH no HaUHOHaJILHOCTH?

2)
-

7)
0Ha pyccKaH?

KaKoti: Baiii po,nHoti: ropo.n?

f.ne BLI :>KHJIH paHLIIIe?

f.ne BLI pa6oTaeTe?

3)
-

0HH :>KHBYT B MocKBe?

9)

5)
-

f.ne oH :>KHBeT ceti:qac?

8)

4)
-

6)
- 3TO 60JILIIIOH ropo,n?

OH 6Lm B JloH,noHe?

10)
f,ne OHH yqHJIHCL?

2. Fill in the questions.

1)
-

3)
HeT, OH He aMepHKaHeu, oH HeMeu.

2)
-

..si :>KHBY B AMepHKe.

4)
0Ha IIIBe,nKa.

PaHLIIIe OHH :>KHJIH B MTaJIHH.

53

lesson 4. NATIONALITY

8)

5)
-

,lJ,a, OHM aHrJIH"'aHe.

,[l,a, 3TO CTapbiH ropo.n;.

Ceuqac oH :>KHBeT B MocKBe.

HeT, H He 6I>m B JloH.n;oHe.

10)

7)
-

9)

6)

ReT, 3TO MaJieHbKHH ropo.n;.

Moil po.n;Hoil ropo.n; KHeB.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 4.

YpoH 5 Lesson 5
fl3biH

Language

neHCHHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

rDBOpMTb
qnTaTb
IIMcclTb
IIOHMMclTb

to speak
to read
to write
to understand

BLr roBopi1Te no-pyccKn?


Bbr roBop11Te no-aHrrrMH:cKn?
,[(a, g roBopi6 rro-pyccKn
(no-aHrJIMHCKM MT. ,n:.).
HeT, g He roBopi6 rro-pyccKn
(no-aHrJIMHCKM MT. ,n:.)

Do you speak Russian?


Do you speak English?
Yes, I speak Russian (English, etc.)
No, I don't speak Russian (English,
etc.)

.5I HeMH6ro roBopi6 no-pyccKM.


.5I xopom6 roBopi6 rro-pyccKn.
.5I rm6xo roBopi6 rro-pyccKM.

I speak a little Russian .


I speak Russian well .
I speak Russian poorly.

MO% (+ UHpwmmu6)
BLr MO)I(eTe qnTaTb rro-pyccKn?
.5 MOry qMTclTb rro-pyCCKM.
.5I He Mory qnTaTb no-pyccKn.

to be able (+ infinitive)
Are you able to read Russian?
I can read Russian.
I am not able to read Russian.

KaK6H Bam po,n:H6i1: H3hiK?


MoH: po,n:H6H H3hiK ...

What is your native language?


My native language is ...
of course
but

55

Lesson 5. LANGUAGE

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Table 14
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
lfHTATh, IIOHHMATh, FOBOPHTh, IIHCATh
IN THE PRESENT TENSE
tutatt.

.II

Thl

uotllntalt.

'iHTRIO

.II

'iHTaewh

Thl

llOHHMRIO
llOHHMReWh

ou, oua

'iHTaeT

OH, OHR

llOHHMaeT

Mhl

'iHTReM

Mhl

llOHHMaeM

Bhl

'iHTaeTe

Bhl

llOHHMReTe

OHH

'iHTRIOT

OHH

llOHHMRIOT

I OB0p111 h

.II

Thl

IIIIC:l I h

fOBOpiO

.II

fOBOpHWh

Thl

nHwy
nHwewh

ou,oua

fOBOpHT

ou,oua

llHWeT

Mhl

fOBOpHM

Mhl

llHWeM

Bhl

fOBOpHTe

Bhl

llHWeTe

OHH

fOBOp.IIT

OHH

llHW)'T

Table 15
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
lfHTATh, IIOHHMATh, FOBOPHTh, IIHCATh
IN THE PAST TENSE
'lllllllh

.11, Thl, OH

.s:, Thl,

'iHTaJI

IIOIIII~I:llt.
.11, Thl,

0~

llOHHMaJI

oua

'iHTaJia

.11, Thl, OHR

llOHHMaJIR

Mhl, Bhl, OHH

'iHTaJIH

Mhl, Bhl, OHH

llOHHMaJIH

1 onop111 h

.11, Thl, OH

fOBOpHJI

.11, Thl, OHR

fOBOpHJIR

Mhl, Bhl, OHH

fOBOpHJIH

I mea 1"

.11, Thl, OH

.s:, Thl,

llHCaJI

oua

nHcana

Mhl, Bhl, OHH

llHCaJIH

56

YpoK S. Jl3biH

Table 16
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB MOqh
IN THE PRESENT AND PAST TENSE

Past

Present
.II

Mory
MO)Kelllh

Tbl
OH,OHa

MO)KeT

Mbl

MO)KeM

Bbl

MO)KeTe

OHH

.11, Tbl, OH

MOr

.11, Tbl, OHa

Morna

Mbl, Bhl, OHH

MOrJIH

MoryT

Remember:
Ka~<:oii HlldE'f

roBOPHTb,DHC8Tb,'IHT8Tb

pyccKHH .113b1K

no-pyccKH

aHrJIHHCKHH .113hiK

no-aHrJIHHCKH

!l>paHUy3CKHH .113b1K

no-!l>paHUY3CKH

HeMeUKHH .113b1K

no-HeMeUKH

KHTaHCKHH .113b1K

nO-KHTaHCKH

.llfiOHCKHH .113b1K

nO-.IIfiOHCKH

KOpeHCKHH .113b1K

no-KopeitcKH

IIIBe~CKHH .113b1K

nO-IIIBe~CKH

HTaJih.IIHCKHH .113biK

nO-HTaJih.IIHCKH

Ynpaa~HeHHH

Exercises

1. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.

Example:

- B&I roBopHTe no-pyccKH?


-

~a, g roBopiO no-pyccKH.

HeT, g He roBopiO no-pyccKH.

KaKou R3&liC? means 'What language?' as in 'What languages do you know?' or 'What

is your native language?'

Lesson 5. LANGUAGE

57

OH 110HHMaeT 11o-aHrJIHHCKH? Bbi 'IHTaeTe 110-HeMen;KH? 0HH


rOBOpHT 110-lf?paHUY3CKH? MLI 110HHMaeM 110-pyccKH? l:lpa MO)I(eT 11HCaTL
110-KHTaHcKH? ,ll;*OH H Po6epT MOryT roBopHTL 110-HTaJILHHCKH? TLI
MO)I(eiiiL 'IHTaTL 110-IIIBe,li;CKH?

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs in parentheses.
PaHLIIIe H 11rroxo (roBopHTL) 110-pyccKH, a cei1:qac (roBopHTL) xopoiiio.
PaHLIIIe BHKTOp 11rroxo ('IHTaTL) 110-aHrrrHHCKH, a cei1:qac ('IHTaTL) xopoiiio. PaHLIIIe JleHa HeMHoro (110HHMaTL) 11o-Q?paHn;y3cKH, a cei1:qac
(110HHMaTL) O'leHL xopoiiio. Cei1:qac Mbl (11HCaTL) 110-HeMeU:KH OTJIH'IHO,
a paHLIIIe (11HCaTL) 11JIOXO. )J;)I(OH H JlHH cei1:qac XOpOlllO (rOBOpHTL) 110pyCCKH, a paHLIIIe OHH He (roBopHTL) 110-pyccKH. TLI cei1:qac xopoiiio
(110HHMaTL) 110-aHrrrHHCKH? A paHLIIIe TLI xopoiiio (110HHMaTL) 110aHrrrHHCKH? PaHLrne H He (Mo%) roBopHTL 110-pyccKH, a cei1:qac (MO'IL).
0Ha (MO'IL) 11HCaTL 110-KHTaHCKH? A paHLme oHa (Mo%)? BLI (Mo%)
'IHTaTL 110-IIIBe.n;cKH? A paHLrne BLI (Mo%)?

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb .MOIIb and the proper
pronoun.
AHTOH ... 11HCaTL 110-pyCCKH. )TO ... po,n;HOH H3LIK.
TLI ... 'IHTaTL 110-HeMen;KH? 3ro ... po.n;HoH H3LIK?
Jl ... rOBOpHTb 110-lf?paHUY3CKH. 3ro ... pO,li;HOH H3LIK.
,lJ;)I(OH H ,lJ;)I(HM ... rOBOpHTb 110-aHrJIHHCKH. 3TO ... po.n;HOH H3LIK.
MLI ... 'IHTaTL H 11HCaTL 110-HI10HCKH. 3To ... po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK.
BLI ... roBopHTL 110-HTaJILHHCKH? 3ro ... po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK?

4. Fill in the blanks with the proper words .


.5I aMepHKaHen;. Moi1: po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK .... KoHe'IHO,

H Mory roBopHTL H
11HCaTL ....
)KaH Q?paHn;y3. Ero po.n;Hoi1: H3biK .... KoHe'IHO, oH MO)I(eT 'IHTaTL H
11HCaTL ....
MapTa HeMKa. Ee po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK .... KoHe'IHO, oHa 110HHMaeT ... .
MLI KHTaHULI. Ham po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK .... KoHe'IHO, MLI roBopHM ... .
BLI IIIBe.n;? Bam po.n;Hoi1: H3:&IK ... ? B:&I 'IHTaeTe ... ?
JleHa H Calli a pyccKHe. l:lx po.n;HoH H3LIK .... 0HH 110HHMaiOT H roBopHT ....

5. Place the verbs in parentheses in the proper form.


MeHH30BYT ,ll;)I(OH . .5I aMepHKaHeu. Cei1:qac H (*HT:&) H (pa6oTaTL) B
MocKBe. PaH:&me H He (Mo%) roBopHT:& 110-pyccKH. A cei1:qac H HeMHoro
(roBopHT:&) H HeMHoro (110HHMaT:&). Ho ('IIHTaT:&) H (11HCaT:&) 11rroxo. Moi1:
.n;pyr BHKTop - pyccKHH. PyccKHH ero po.n;Hoi1: H3:&IK. KoHe'IIHO, OH
OTJIH'I{HO (rOBOpHTL, 'IIHTaTL, 11HCaTL) 110-pyCCKH. MoH .n;py3:&H <l>paH'IIeCKO

58

YPOH 5. H3biK

H JliO'IHH XOpOillO (IIOHHMaTb) IIO-pyCCKH, HeMHOrO (11HTaTb H IIHCaTb)


IIO-aHrJIHHCKH H, KOHe'IHO, OTflH'IHO (rOBOpHTb) IIO-HTaflbHHCKH.

lJ.HanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)

- .ll:HMa, Bbi rosopHTe rro-pyccKH?


- KoHe'IHO, H rosopro rro-pyccKH.
3TO MOM po,n;HOH H3biK.
- A Bbi rosopHTe rro-aHrnHHCKH?
- ,n:a, H rosopro rro-aHrnHHCKH, HO
O'leHb rrnoxo . .5! xopomo rosopro rro-cppaHQY3CKH H HeMHOrO
IIOHHMalO IIO-HeMeQKH.

- Dima, do you speak Russian?


- Of course I speak Russian. It is
my native language.
- And do you speak English?
-Yes, I speak English, but very
poorly. I speak French well, and
understand a little German.

2)

- .lJ:)l(OH, Bbl IIOHHMaeTe rro-pyc- - John, do you understand RusCKH?


sian?
- .lJ:a, H HeMHOrO IIOHHMalO H ro- -Yes, I understand and speak a
BOplO rro-pyccKH.
little Russian.
- A Bbi MO)l(eTe 'IHTaTb H rrHcaTb - And are you able to read and
write in Russian?
rro-pyccKH?
- .lJ:a, ce:H11ac H Mory 'IHTaTb H -Yes, now I can read and write in
Russian. But I used to be unable
rrHcaTb rro-pyccKH. Ho paHbme
to speak, read or write in RusH He MOr rOBOpHTb, 'IHTaTb H
sian.
IIHCaTb rro-pyccKH.
- A KaKOH sam po,n;Ho:H H3biK? KTO -And what is your native language? What is your nationality?
Bbl ITO HaQHOHaflbHOCTH?
- Mo:H po,n;Ho:H H3biK aHrnHHCKHH. - My native language is English.
.5! aMepHKaHeQ . .5! )l(Hfl B AMeI am an American. I lived in
pHKe HrosopHn rro-aHrnHHCKH.
America and spoke English. But
now I live and work in Russia,
Ho ce:H11ac H )l(HBY Hpa6oTaro B
and I speak Russian.
PoccHH H rosopro rro-pyccKH.
3)

- .lJ:asa:HTe II03HaKOMHMCH. MeHH


30BYT HaTama.
- QqeHb rrpHUHO. A MeHH30BYT
f'aHC.
- f'aHc, Bbi rosopHTe rro-pyccKH?
- .lJ:a, H HeMHOro rosopro rro-pycCKH . .5! )l(HBY H yqycb BMocKBe.

-Let's get acquainted. My name


is Natasha.
-Nice to meet you. My name is
Hans.
- Hans, do you speak Russian?
-Yes, I speak a little Russian. I
live and study in Moscow.

Lesson 5. LANGUAGE

- A KaKoii Bam po,lUIOH H3biK?


- Moii po,lUIOH H3biK ueMeQKHH.
-Bbl HeMeQ?
- ,[{a, H ueMeQ. A Bbi roBopHTe rroueMeQKH?
- ,[{a, H rOBOpiO H IIOHHMaiO IIOHeMeQKH.
- Bbi 6hiJIH BT'epMaHHH?
-,[{a, H 6hlrra B T'epMaHHH . ..si pa6oTarra B:SeprrHue.
- :SeprrHu- :no MOH po,D;HOH ropo,D;.
- Qqeub KpacHBbiH ropo,11;!
- HaTama, a KTO Bbi rro rrpo<t>ecCHH?
- ..si ropHcT. A Bbi cry,D;euT?
-,[{a, H cry,D;eHT, H yqych B yuHBepcHTeTe.
4)
- Il03HaKOMbTeCb, IIO)KaJiyHCTa,
3TO MOH ,D;pyr JlHH.
- Qqeub rrpHHTHO. A MeHH 30BYT
Cama.
- Bbi pyccKHii?
-,[{a, H pyccKHH. JlHH, a Bbl rOBOpHTe IIO-KHTaHCKH?
- Kouequo, H roBopro H mrury rroKHTaHCKH . ..sJ KHTaeQ. KHTaHCKHH- MOH po,lUIOH H3biK. Cama,
a Bbl I'OBOpHTe IIO-KHTaHCKH?
- HeT, H ue roBopro rro-KHTaHCKH.
A Bbi roBopHTe rro-aurrrHHCKH?
- lOBOpiO, HO oqeub IIJIOXO.
- Ho Bbi OTJIHquo roBopHTe rropyccKH.
5)
- 3,D;paBCTByH, BHKTOpHH! Ilo3HaKOMbCH, 3TO MOH IIO,D;pyra
JliOqHH.
- Qqeub rrpHuuo, JlroqHH. Tbi
HTaJibHHKa?

59
-And what is your native language?
- My native language is German.
- Are you German?
-Yes, I am. And do you speak
German?
-Yes, I speak and understand
German.
- Have you been to Germany?
-Yes, I have been to Germany. I
worked in Berlin.
- Berlin is my native city.
- A very beautiful city!
- Natasha, what is your profession?
- I am a lawyer. Are you a student?
-Yes, I am a student. I study at
the university.
- Let me introduce you. This is
my friend Lin.
- Nice to meet you. My name is
Sasha.
- Are you Russian?
-Yes, I am Russian. Lin, do you
speak Chinese?
- Of course I speak and write in
Chinese. I am Chinese. Chinese
is my native language. Sasha, do
you speak Chinese?
-No, I do not speak Chinese. Do
you speak English?
-Yes, but very poorly.
- But you speak Russian very
well.
- Hello, Victoria! Let me introduce you to my friend Lucia.
- Nice to meet you Lucia. Are you
Italian?

60
-

.[{a, g HTaJibHHKa. A TLI?


5I lllBe.n;Ka.
TI:.I *HBelllb B MocKBe?
,ll;a, ceifqac g )KHBY H yqyci:. B
MocKBe. A paHI:.llle *Hna B
IllBe~HH. A TI:.I?
5I TO)Ke yqyc~> B MocKne. A
paHLllle *Hna B PHMe. 3ro MOH
po.n;Hoii ropo.n;.
JlroqHj!, a TLI rOBOpHlllb IIO-aHrJIHHCKH?
HeT, He roBopro. A TLI roBopHlllb IIO-HTanhHHCKH?
HeT, g He roBopro rro-HTanLHHCKH.
Ho MLI roBopHM H rroHHMaeM
rro-pyccKH!

YpoK 5. H3biK

-Yes, I am Italian. And you?


- I am Swedish.
- Do you live in Moscow?
-Yes, I am now living and studying in Moscow. I used to live in
Sweden. And you?
- I am also studying in Moscow. I
used to live in Rome. It is my
native city.
- Lucia, do you speak English?
-No, I don't. And do you speak
Italian?
- No, I do not speak Italian.
- But we both speak and understand Russian!

2. Ask your friends what foreign languages they know. What is their native
language?
3. Tell how you speak and read Russian. How did you speak and read before? What is your native language?

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1)

- KaKOH ero po.n;HoH H3hiK?

5)
- BLI xopomo rrHmeTe rro<!>paH~Y3CKH?

2)
- 0Ha rQBOpHT IIOpyCCKH?

6)
- KaKoii Balli po.n;Hoii H3LIK?

3)
- 0HH MOryT 'I:IHTaTb IIO-aHrnHH
CKH?

- BLI MO)I(eTe tiHTaTL rro-pyccKH?

4)
- PaHbllle oH rroHHMan rro-HeMe~
KH?

- PaHLme BLI MornH roBopHTb rropyccKH?

7)

8)

61

Lesson 5. LANGUAGE

2. Fill in the questions.

1)

5)

-)];a, ,lJ;)I{OH rosopHT no-pyccKH.

2)

6)

HeT, H He Mory qHTaTb no-rnse,n;CKH.

3)

7)

- Ee po.n;HoH HJhiK aHrJIHHCKHH.


4)

KoHeqHo,
KHTaHCKH.

noHHMaro no-

0HH xoporno nHIIIYT no-

Cetiqac Mbi HeMHoro rosopHM


no-pyccKH.

8)
-

PaHbiiie JleHa He Morna rosopHTb no-<PpaHUYJCKH.

-)];a,

H rosopro

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 5.

no-<PpaHUYJCKH.

YpoH 6 Lesson 6

0 cede About Yourself


neHCMHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

CKOJibKO BaM neT?


MHe 20 neT.
CKOJibKO eMy neT?
EM:Y 30 neT.

CK6JibKO e:H neT?


E:H 25 neT.
Bbi )l{eHaTbi? 1
OH )l{eHh?
,[(a, H ( OH) )l{eHh
HeT, H (oH) He )l{eHaT.
.5I (OH) XOJIOCT~
Bbi 3aMyx<eM?
OHa 3aMyx<eM?
JI (oHa) 3aMyx<eM.
JI (oHa) He 3aMyx<eM.
Y Bac ecTb ceMMi? 3

,[(a, y MeiDl eCTb CeMMI.


HeT, y MeiDl HeT ceMbH.
po,nH:TeJIH

OTeu (rrarra)
MaTb (MaMa)
M)')K

)l{eHa

How old are you?


I am 20 years old.
How old is he?
He is 30 years old.
How old is she?
She is 25 years old.
Are you married?
Is he married?
Yes, I am (he is) married.
No, I am not (he is not) married.
I am (he is) single .
Are you married?
Is she married?
I am (she is) married.
I am (she is) not married.
Do you have a family?
Yes, I do.
No, I don;t.
parents
father
mother
husband
wife

is the masculine form of 'to be married'.


is the feminine form of 'to be married'.
3 When Russians ask this question, they mean kids/spouse, not your parents/siblings.
1 )[(eHam

2 3a.MyJK:e.M

63

Lesson 6. ABOUT YOURSELF

children
son
daughter
brother
sister
grandmother
grandfather

)l;eTH
CbiH
,ll;O'Ib

6paT
cecTpa
6a6yiiiKa
.n;e,n;yiiiKa

rpaMMaTMKa Grammar
Table 17
PERSONAL PRONOUNS IN THE DATIVE CASE1

Nominative
.si
Tbl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bhl
OHH

Dative
MHe
Te6e
eMy, e:H
HaM
BaM
HM
Table 18

SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE DATIVE CASE

Masculine

Feminine

Kmo?

KoMy?

AHTOH
BHKTOp
6paT
CbiH
MY)I(
OTeQ
AneKce:H:
Mroph

AHTOHY
BHKTopy
6paTy
ChiHY
MY)KY
OTQY
AneKceiO
I1rop10

Kmo?

Mpa
Harania
cecTpa
)KeHa
TaH.si
Mapmr
,n;oqh
MaTh

Used when asking and answering questions about your age.

KoMy?

Mpe
HaTarne
cecTpe
)KeHe
TaHe
MapHH
,n;oqepH
MaTepH

64

YpoK 6. 0 CEliE

Remember:
When a masculine noun in the nominative case ends in -ii or -b, the
ending in the dative case becomes -10: AHopeu-A1lope10, Hzopb- Hzop10.
If the feminine noun in the nominative case ends in -uR or -&, the
dative form will end in -u: MapUR - Mapuu, Oottb - oo11epu.
Remember:
1 (O,AHH) ro,n
2 (,nBa), 3 (TpH), 4 (tieThlpe) ro.na
5 (rum,), 6 (rnecn,) ... neT
Table 19
PERSONAL PRONOUNS IN THE GENITIVE CASE 1

Nominative
X

Tbl
OH
OHa
Mbl
Bhl
OHH

Genitive
yMeHX
yTe6x
yHero
y Hee
y HaC
yBaC
YHHX
Table 20

SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE GENITIVE CASE


WITH THE PREPOSITION Y

Masculine
YKozo?
Kmo?
y AHToHa
AHTOH
y BHKTopa
BHKTOP
y My>Ka
MY>K
6paT
y 6paTa
y AneKcex
AJieKCeH
rrperro,naBaTeJII> y rrperro,naBaTeJIX
yMrop.si
Mropb
1

Feminine
YKozo?
Kmo?
Mpa
yliphl
JleHa
y JleHhl
y ceCTPI>I
cecTPa
>KeHa
y >KeHhl
y
HaTaliiH
HaTarna
TaHX
yTaHH
6a6yrnKa
y 6a6yrnKH

Used with the prepositiony to convey possession.

65

Lesson 6. ABOUT YOURSELF

Masculine
Nominative: 3TO AHToH.
Genitive:
Y AHToHa ecn. )KeHa.

This is Anton.
Anton has a wife.

Feminine
Nominative: 3TO Hpa.
Genitive:
Y Hphl ecT& M)')K.

This is Ira.
Ira has a husband.

Remember:
If a masculine noun in the nominative case ends in -u or-&, then the
ending in the genitive case becomes -R.
If a feminine noun in the nominative case ends in -R or -&, and also
after the letters K, z, x, ut, x, "'~ 'l, the ending in the genitive case becomes -u.
Table 21
SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE GENITIVE CASE
(AS USED IN THE NEGATIVE)

Nominative

Genitive
Masculine

Y MeiDI HeT 6paTa.


Y MeiDl HeT My)Ka,
Y MeiDl HeT ChlHa.
Y MeiDl HeT OTI.(a.

Y MeiDl eCTb 6paT.


Y MeHB: eCTb M)')K.
Y MeiDl eCTb ChlH.
Y MeiDI ecT& oren.
Feminine

Y MeiDI ecn. cec1pa.


Y MeiDI ecT& )KeHa.
Y MeiDl eCTb CeMbH.
Y MeiDl eCTb ,D;O''Ib,
Y MeiDl eCTb MaTb.
Y MeiDl ecT& 6a6ywKa.

Y MeiDI HeT cec1phl.


Y MeiDl HeT )KeHhl.
Y MeiDl HeT CeMbH.
Y MeiDl HeT ,li;OtlepH.
Y MeiDl HeT MaTep}l.
Y MeiDl HeT 6a6yWKH.

Remember:
:V MeHR ecm& Oemu. - :V MHJl Hem Oemeu.
:V MeHR ecm& pooumenu. - :V MeHR Hem pooumeneu.
5-629

66

YpoK 6. 0 CE6E

YnpaHCHeHMH Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper word zoo, zooa or llem.

EMy 21 .... Eli 24 .... MHe 18 .... Te6e40 .... BaM 32 .... JleHe 20 ....
llpe 36 .... Bmcropy 54 .... MaMe 60 .... IIarre 65 .... CbrHy 3 .... ,ZJ;oqepn

4 ....
2. Place the words in parentheses in the proper form.

(.5I) 19 neT. (OH) 43 ro.n;a. (HaTarna) 12 neT. (Thr) 40 neT. (,Zl;)J(HM) 34


ro.n;a. (Bbr) 50 neT. (MaTb) 68 neT. (SpaT) 13 neT. (OHa) 16 neT. (CecTpa)
23 ro.n;a. (BHKTop) 45 neT. (ArreKceii) 36 neT. (:>KeHa) 25 neT. (IIperro,n;aBaTeJib) 32 ro.n;a.
3. Formulate questions for the following phrases.

Example:

- AHTOHY 17 neT.
-

CKOJibKO neT AHToHy?

JleHe 20 neT. EpaTy 21 ro.n;. MHe 16 neT. Mapre 48 neT. CI>rHy 1 ro.n;.
Ea6yrnKe 65 neT. ,Zl;e.n;yrnKe 80 JieT. Te6e 8 JieT.

4. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.


a) Example: - BHKTop )J(eHaT?
-

,Zl;a, BHKTOp )J(eHaT.


HeT, BnKTop He )J(eHaT. OH xonocT.

Barn .n;pyr )J(eHaT? Barna rro.n;pyra

3aM~eM?

,Zl;)J(OH )J(eHaT? MapTa

3aM~eM? Ero 6paT )J(eHaT? Ee cecTpa 3aM~eM? J[ )KeHaT? J[ 3aM~eM?

6) Example:

- Y Bac ecTb ceMb.SI?


-

,ZJ;a, y MeH.R: ecTb ceMb.SI.


HeT, y MeHH HeT ceMbH.

Y Bac eCTb 6paT? Y Hero ecTb MaMa? Y Hee ecn, 6a6yrnKa? Y HHX
eCTb po,n;nTenn? Y MeHH ecTb oTeu? Y BHKTopa ecTb )J(eHa? Y llpbr ecTb
M~? Y AHToHa H JleHbi ecTb ,n;eTn? Y Bac ecTb cbrH?
5. Put the personal pronouns into the genitive case with the prepositiony.
(Jl) eCTb cecTpa. (0H) eCTb CbiH H .L(O%. (Mbl) HeT 6a6yrnKH. (Bbr)
eCTb CeMbH? (Tbr) eCTb rro,n;pyra? (0Ha) HeT My)J(a. (0HH) HeT ,n;eTeH.
6. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case.
(HHHa) HeT (M~). (BHKTOp) HeT (po,n;HTeJIH). (CecTpa) HeT (,n;o%).
(EpaT) HeT (CbiH). (AH,n;peii) HeT ()J(eHa H .L(eTH). (TaHH) HeT (cecTpa H

67

Lesson &. ABOUT YOURSELF

6paT). (IOpHH: HBaHOBHq) HeT (6a6ymKa H.ne.n;yiiiKa). (EneHa IleTpOBHa)


HeT (ceML.H).
7. Place the pronouns in parentheses in the proper form.

(JI) 30B)'T IlaTPHK. (JI) 22 ro.n;a. (51) eCTI:. pO.ZJ;HTeJIH H 6paT. 3TO MO.H
no.npyra. (OHa) 30Byr K3pHH. (OHa) 25 neT. (OHa) eCTL Myx< H CI>IH. A
:rro MOH .npyr. (OH) 30B)'T ~:>KHM. (OH) 30 JieT. (OH) ecTI:. :>KeHa H.n;o%. A
KaK (BI>I) 30Byr? CKOJILKO (BI>I) neT? (BI>I) ecTI:. ceMI:..H?
8. Place the nouns in parentheses in the proper form.

3ro BHKTop. OH pa60TaeT (HHCTHT)'T). (BHKTOp) 35 neT. (BHKTOp)


eCTh CeML.H: :>KeHa, .ZJ;O% H CI:.IH. ()l{eHa) 33 ro.n;a, (ChlH) 10 JieT H (.ZJ;O%) 5
neT. A 3TO JleHa. 0Ha yqHTc.H (IIIKona). (JleHa) 14 JieT. (JleHa) eCTI:. po.n;HTeJIH, 6a6ymKa, .n;e.n;ymKa. (JleHa) HeT (cecTPa), HeT (6paT) H, KOHeqHo,
HeT (.n;eTH). (OTen;) 40 JieT. OH pa6oTaeT (6aHK). (MaT~>) 39 neT. 0Ha
pa60TaeT (3aBo.n;).

llHanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)

- AHToH, CKOJII:.Ko Te6e neT?


- MHe 20 neT. A re6e?
- MHe 22 ro.n;a.
- Y re6.H eCTI:. 6paT?
-EcTh.
-AcecTPa?
- To:>Ke ecTI:.. A y Te6.H?
- Y MeH.H HeT 6paTa, HO ecTL ceCTPa.
2)
- BHKTOp, TI>I :>KeHaT?
- HeT, .H He :>KeHaT. .5I xonocT.
- A CKOJII:.Ko Te6e neT?
- MHe 21 ro.n;. A Te6e?
- MHe 18 neT.
- A TI>I :>KeHaT?
- HeT, .H TO:>Ke He :>KeHaT.

- Anton, how old are you?


- I'm 20 years old. And you?
- I'm 22 years old.
-Do you have a brother?
-Yes.
- And a sister?
- Yes. And you?
- I don't have a brother, but I have
a sister.
- Viktor, are you married?
- No, I'm not. I'm single.
-And how old are you?
- I'm 21 years old. And you?
- I'm 18 years old.
-And are you married?
-No, I'm not married either.

68

YPOK 6. 0 CESE

3)

Omi, y Bac 6onbiiia.H ceMbJI?

- )];a, y MeHJI 6onbiiia5I CeMb5I. Y


MeHJI eCTb 6a6yiiiKa, ,n;e,n;yiiiKa,
po,n;HTemr, 6paT, cecTpa, My)!(,
,n;oqh.
- Y Te6JI ecTb ,n;oqr:,?
-)];a.

- Cr<onbKO el1 neT?


- El1 10 neT. 0Ha yqHTCJI B IIIKOne.
- A cr<onhKO neT 6a6yiiir<e H ,n;e,n;yiiir<e?
- Ea6yiiiKe 75 neT, ,n;e,n;yiiiKe 78
neT.

Olya, do you have a large family?


-Yes, I have a large family. I have
a grandmother, grandfather, parents, brother, sister, husband and
daughter.
- You have a daughter?
-Yes.
-How old is she?
-She is 10 years old. She's in
school.
-How old are your grandparents?
-My grandmother is 75, and my
grandfather is 78 years old.

4)

- JleHa, 3TO TBOJI rro,n;pyra?


- )];a, 3TO MOJI rro,n;pyra.
- A r<aK ee 30ByT?
- Ee 30BYT I1pa.
- A CKOJihKO el1 neT?
- El1 18 neT.
- 0Ha pa6oTaeT HJIH yqHTC5I?
- 0Ha yqHTC.R B YHHBepcHTeTe.
- 0Ha 3aM~eM?
-- HeT, oHa He 3aMyiKeM.
-- Y Hee eCTb pO,ll;HTeJIH, 6paT, CeCTpa?
- KoHeLmo, y Hee ecTb po,n;HTenH,
ecTh 6paT H HeT cecTpbi. EpaT
)!(CHaT. I1 y Hero eCTb CbiH.
Cr:,my 3 ro,n;a.

-Lena, is this your friend?


-Yes, this is my friend.
- And what's her name?
- Her name is Ira.
-How old is she?
- She is 18 years old.
- Does she work or study?
-She's a student at the university.
-Is she manied?
-No, she's not manied.
- Does she have parents, brother,
sister?
- Certainly, she has parents and a
brother, but no sister. Her brother is manied. He has a son. His
son is 3 years old.

5)

Tl03HaKOMbTeCh, IlO)l(aJiyHCTa,
3TO MOH ,n;pyr MaHKJI.
- QqeHb rrpH.RTHO. A MCH.R 30BYT
Caiiia. Mai1KJI, Bbi roBopHTe rropyccr<l1?
-)];a, 5I HeMHOrO rOBOpiO H IIOHHMaiO rro-pyccKH. Cama, a KTO Bbi
IIO rrpocj_)ecCHH?

-I'd like to introduce you to my


friend Michael.
-Nice to meet you. My name is
Sasha. Michael, do you speak
Russian?
-Yes, I speak and understand
Russian a little. Sasha, what is
your profession?

69

Lesson 6. ABOUT YOURSELF

- 51 Bpaq H pa6oTaro B 6om,mm:e.


ABbi?
-51 3KOHOMHCT, pa6oTaiO B 6aHKe.
- MaH:Kn, a cKonbKO BaM neT?
- MHe 35 neT. A BaM?
- MHe 37 neT.
- Carna, a y Bac ecTb ceMb.H?
- ,ll;a, y MeH.H eCTb )KeHa, CbiH H
.n;o%. Comy 12 neT H.n;oqepH 5
neT.
-A KTO Barna )KeHa?

- 0Ha npeno.n;aBaTeni>, pa60TaeT


B HHCTHryTe. A Bbi )KeHaTbi?
- ,ll;a, H TO)Ke )KeHaT. Y MeH.H ecTb
CbiH. EMy 5 neT.

I am a doctor. I work in a hospi-

tal. And you?


- I'm an economist. I work in a
bank.
- Michael, how old are you?
-I'm 35 years old. And you?
-I'm 37 years old.
- Sasha, do you have a family?
-Yes, I have a wife, son and
daughter. My son is 12, and my
daughter is 5 years old.
-And where does your wife
work?
- She is a teacher. She works in
the institute. And are you married?
-Yes, I'm also married. I have a
son. He's 5 years old.

6)

- ,ll;aBaH:Te no3HaKOMHMCH. MeHH


30BYT JlroqH.H. 51 HTanb.HHKa.
CeH:qac H )KHBY H pa6oTaro B
MocKBe.
- QqeHb npHHTHO. A MeH.H 30BYT
K3pHH. 51 rnBe.n;Ka. 51 TO)Ke pa6oTaiO B MocKBe.
- A r.n;e Bhl pa6oTaeTe?
- 51 pa6oTaro B qmpMe. A Bbi?
- A H - ByHHBepcHTeTe.
- JlroqH.H, a Bhl 3aM~eM?
- ,ll;a, H 3aM~eM.
- A y Bac ecTb .n;eTH?
- ,ll;a, y MeH.H ecTb .n;o%. EM: 7 neT.
A Bbi 3aM~eM?
- HeT, H He 3aM~eM Hy MeH.H HeT
.n;eTeH:. JlroqH.H, a Barn M~ TO)Ke
HTanMIHe.Q?
- HeT, OH aMepHKaHe.Q. EMy 30
neT. OH HH)KeHep Hpa6oTaeT Ha
3aBo.n;e.

- Let's get acquainted. My name


is Lucia. I'm Italian. I'm now
living and working in Moscow.
-Nice to meet you. My name is
Karen. I'm Swedish. I also work
in Moscow.
- And where do you work?
- I work in a firm. And you?
- I work at the university.
- Lucia, are you married?
-Yes, I'm married.
- Do you have any children?
-Yes, I have a daughter. She is 7
years old. Are you married?
-No, I'm not married and I have
no children. Lucia, is your husband also Italian?
-No, he's American. He's 30
years old. He's an engineer and
works in a factory.

2. Ask each other about your ages and families.

70

YpoK 6. 0 CE&E

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1)
- CKOnbKO neT JleHe?

CKonbKO BaM neT?

7)

2)
-

6)
-

Cama )KeHaT?

HaTarna 3aMy)KeM?

3)
- Y Hee eCTb CeMMI?

8)
- Y IIpbi eCTb cecrpa?

4)
- Y Bac eCTb .neni?

5)
- Y BHKTopa ecTD ceMMI?

9)
CKonbKO neT AHTOHy?

10)
OH xonocT?

2. Fill in the questions.


1)

5)
EMy 25 neT.

2)

- Y Hac HeT ,neTeii.


6)

- Y Memr Her 6paTa.


3)

- Y Hee 6onbrnru~ ceMMI.


7)

MHe 30 neT.

8)
-

AHTOH xonOCT.

,ll;a, y MeHH ecTb cecTpa.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 6.

YpoH 7 Lesson 7

TeneiiJOHHbiH pa3roaop
Using the Phone
KoMMeHtapHA Commentary
It is interesting to note that even foreigners who know Russian well
and who can explain themselves easily often have trouble when speaking
on the phone. It is not surprising that this happens, given that telephone
conversations have their own special rules that differ in every country.
How should one answer the phone? Should you introduce yourself? How
do you call the person you need to the phone? How does one request to
relay information? How do you recite telephone numbers? These are some
of the issues that we will address in this chapter.
You should be aware that Russians enjoy talking on the phone. This
is true for both personal and business conversations. Perhaps one of the
reasons for this is that in Russia, there is no time-based charge for calls
made within a city. Foreigners in Russia frequently notice Russians' tendency to decide problems over the phone. In many countries, it is uncommon to make work-related phone calls on the weekends or after work.
Such a custom does not exist in Russia. On the contrary, extended conversations with friends, relatives, and even colleagues and business partners are acceptable. This is true especially if your colleague himself gave
you his home telephone and suggested that you call.
You should note how telephone numbers are recited in Russia.
In many other countries, telephone numbers are recited separately, i.e.
251-70-45 = two-five-one, seven-zero-four-five. In Russia, telephone
numbers are recited in three sets (i.e. two hundred fifty one, seventy, forty-five). There are of course exceptions to this system; however you will
find that numbers are recited this way by a majority of Russians. This
system is especially difficult for foreigners learning Russian. We recommend that you practice reciting phone numbers. If you are unsure whether you understood a number correctly, ask the person with whom you are
speaking to repeat the number, or recite it back to them yourself.

72

YpoK 7. TEJIECIIOHHbiM PA3rOBOP

Let's review the different phases of telephone conversations. We'll


begin with business communication. If you place a call to a business, they
will usually identify the type of business and it's name when they answer
the phone .
lfHcmumym ... (name), utKOJza ... , 6aHK ... , fjJupMa ....
-Institute ... (name), school ... ,bank ... , firm ....

.-

If you hear only AJUw! (or Aile!, !(a! Ozywwo!) you should clarify
whether or not you have reached the intended party.
-

3mo uHcmumym ... ? 3mo utKOJla ... ? 3mo 6aHK ... ? 3mo
fjJupMa .. . ?

-Is this the institute ... (name), school ... , bank ... , firm ... ?
If you receive a confirmation, you should introduce yourself, adding
a form of greeting.
- 3opa6CmByume! or !(o6pblU oeHbl 3mo j(:JICOH CMum.
-Hello! or Good afternoon! This is John Smith.

A typical mistake that foreigners often make is to translate word by


word from their native language, saying:
- 3oecb CMum or Jl CMum.
-Smith here, or I'm Smith.

Often in business conversations, the impersonal construction is used when


the name of the speaker is not important. For example, one might begin with:
- 3mo zoBopRm U3 fjJupMbl ... or BaM 360HRm U3 fjJupMbl ....
-I'm calling from the ... company. (lit. You are being called from
the ... company.)

If you call a business not as a representative of an organization but as


an individual, you do not need to introduce yourself. You may simply ask
to speak to the person you are calling.
- Mo:JICHO Cepzefl H6aH06Ul/,a? or Eyobme oo6pbl, IlempoBa!
-May I, please, speak to Sergei Ivanovich? May I, please, speak to
Petrov?

When calling a business, it is customary to ask for someone using


their first name and patronymic, or if the organization you are calling is
large, just their last name. Asking for people using last names tends to be
done in large organizations where first names and patronymics may not
always be known to the person answering the phone. If you are calling
someone at home, you should address them as you normally would, either by first name and patronymic, or by first name only.

73

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE

After you have requested to speak to someone, you will likely hear
one of the following responses:
- ,[Ja I no:JK:a.Jlyucma I ooHy MUHymy I MUHymottT<.y.
-Yes I of course I one minute I just a minute.

If the person you are calling is not there, you will hear:
-

Ezolee Hem. Eyoem no3:JK:e. I Eyoem e 2 ttaca.


ttepe3 10 MuHym. I T..fmo eMyleu nepeoamb?

I Ilepe360Hume

-He/she is not here. He'll/she'll be back later. I He'll/she'll be back


at 2:00. I Call back in 10 minutes. I Would you like to leave a
message?
If asked to leave a message, you can give the following answers:
- Ilepeoaume, no:JK:a.Jlyucma, 11mo 360HWl ,[J:JK:oH CMum. Jl no360H10
eUfepa3.

-Please tell him that John Smith called. I will call back.
-

Ilepeoaume, no:JK:a.Jlyucma, 11mo6bz oH no360HWl ,[J:JK:oHy CMumy.

-Please ask him to call John Smith.


Cnacu6o, Huttezo. Jl no360H10 eUfe pa3 I noJ:JK:e.
-No, thanks. I will call him back.

Telephone conversations can be concluded just as any regular conversation, with various forms of saying goodbye.
- ,[Jo ceuoaHUR. Goodbye.
- ,[Jo Jaempa. See you tomorrow.
-Po ecmpe11u. See you soon.

As for non-business phone conversations, you can use a more free


manner of addressing, greeting, and saying goodbye.
- Ilpueem, 3mo Cauta! Hi, this is Sasha.
-A, Cauta-npueem! Sasha! Hi!
- Hy, noT<a! Well, bye!
- IloT<.a! 3eoHu! Bye! Call me!

Finally, a general comment about telephone etiquette. You need to


take the initiative when seeking or giving information over the telephone.
It is not customary in Russia to offer or seek explanations over the telephone. If the person being called is not in, offers to take messages are
few. So, you should not wait for 'May I help you?'; you should take the
initiative by asking to leave messages, finding out when the person will
return, etc.

74

YpoK 7. TEnEIIIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

neKCHKa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

Tene<lJ6H
H6Mep Tene<lJ6Ha
KaK6ii: Barn (y Bac) H6Mep Tene<P6Ha?
Moil: H6Mep Tene<iJ6Ha ....
.n;enaTI>/c.n;enaTb 1
3BOHHTb I II03BOHHTb
M6)1(HO IIeTp6Ba?
M6)1(HO IIeTp6By?
Ey.n;I>Te .n;o6p.h:r, lleTp6Ba!
Ey.n;I>Te .n;o6p.b:r, IIeTp6By!
Er6/ee HeT.
Kor.n;a oH (oHa) 6y.n;eT?
rr63)1(e/rrorr63)1(e
B 5 qac6B
qepe3 2 qaca
cer6.n;IDI
Bqepa
3aBTpa
YTPOM
,llHeM
BeqepoM
rDBOpHTb/CKa3llTb
CKa)I(HTe, rro)l(anyii:cTa, ...
IIOBTOp~TbfiiOBTOpHTb

liOBTOpHTe, IIO)I{MYHCTa, .. .
IIo3BOHHTe, rro)l{anyii:cTa, .. .
erne pa3
qTo eMy (eli:) rrepe.n;aTb?
IIepe.n;aii:Te, qTo ...
IIepe.n;aii:Te, qT66bi ...
1 For

telephone
telephone number
What is your telephone number?
My telephone number is ....
to do
to call
Petrov, please.
Petrova, please.
May I, please, speak to Petrov?
May I, please, speak to Petrova?
He/she is not here.
When will he (she) be in?
later I a little later
at 5 o'clock
in 2 hours
today
yesterday
tomorrow
in the morning
in the daytime
in the evening
to say, tell
Can you, please, tell me ...
to repeat
Can you, please, repeat ...
Please call ...
again
What message would you like to
leave?
Please tell him/her that ...
Please ask him/her to ...

an explanation verb pairs (imperfective and perfective), see section Grammar.

75

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE


~HHYTKYIMHsYTOqxy!

Cnyrnaro!
cnpaBoqHru~ 09
,[{aiiTe, nmdnyiicTa, H6Mep Tene4>6Ha ...
3llHHTO
rp6Mqe I norp6Mqe
oH yrnen (oHa yrnna)
OH BhliiieJI (OHll BhliiiJia)
3HaTL1
BLI 3HaeTe... ?
BLI He 3HaeTe... ?2

One minute I just a minute


Hello! (lit. I hear you)
information 09
Please give me the telephone number of ...
busy
louder I a little louder
he has left (she has left)
he stepped out (she stepped out)
to know
Do you know... ?
Do you know... ?

rpaMMaTMHa Grammar
Verb Aspects
Russian verbs have two aspects: imperfective (HecoBeprneHHLIH
(coBeprneHHLIH B~- CB). In dictionaries,
both aspects are usually shown. For example: deJZam& (HCB), cdeJZam&
(CB). The imperfective and perfective forms of a verb make up a verb
pair, such as nucamb (HCB) - Hanucam& (CB), 'lumam& (HCB) B~- HCB) and perfective

npo'lumam& (CB), 360Humb (HCB)- no360HUmb (CB).

Both imperfective and perfective verbs describe the same action, but
within this, imperfective verbs describe only the action(OeJZam&, 'lumamb,
nucamb, 3Bonum&), and perfective verbs describe the completion, ending,
or result of the action (cdeJZam&, npo'lumam&, nanucam&, no3Bonum&).

Compare:
.fl 'lUmaJZ KHuzy.
.fl npO'lUmaJZ KHUzy.

I read the book.


I finished reading the book.

.fl nuca;z nuc&Mo.


.flnanuca;z nuc&Mo.

I wrote a letter.
I finished writing a letter.

The verb 3Ham&lto know is conjugated like the verb ttumam&lto read: 11 3Ha10, m&l
3Haew&, oH 3Haem, etc.

Polite form.

76

YpoK 7. TEnECIIOHHbiM PA3rOBOP

Imperfective verbs exist in the present, past and future tenses: oeJza/0- oe!lan- 6yoy oe.namb. Perfective verbs do not have a present
tense, only past and simple future: coe!lan - coe!la/0.
For more details about imperfective and perfective verbs, see A Short
Introduction to Russian Grammar.

Future Tense of Verbs


In Russian there are two forms of future tense: complex future and
simple future. The complex future is formed with the verb 6blnlb plus the
infinitive of the imperfective form of the verb (6yoy IJumamb, 6yoy
nucamb). The simple future is formed from the perfective form of the
verb just as the present tense of imperfective verbs. For example:.R nuuty
(imperfective)- .R Hanuuty (perfective simple future); 5! IJumaiO (imperfective) - .R npoiJumaiO (perfective simple future). For more detailed
information on the future tense of verbs, refer to A Short Introduction
to Russian Grammar.
Table 22
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB EblTb IN THE FUTURE TENSE

6y.ll:y
Thi 6y.ll:eiiih
OH, OHa 6y,ll;eT
5!

Mbl 6y,ll;eM
Bhi 6y,ll;eTe
OHM 6y,ll;yT

Table 23
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
J(EJIATb/CJ(EJIATb (qTO?) AND 3BOHHTb/II03BOHHTb (KOMY?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

JJ.CJiaTb (HCB)
,ll;enaiO
Tbl ,ll;enaelllh
OH,OHa ,ll;enaeT
5!

Tbi, OH
Tbi, OHa
Mbi, Bbi, OHM
5!,

5!,

Mbl
Bbi
OHM

,n:enan
,n:enana
.n:enanM

CJJ.CJiaTb (CB)
I
Present tense
,ll;enaeM
Present tense for perfective verbs
,ll;enaeTe
does not exist.
,ll;eJiaiOT
Past tense
c,ll;enan
5!, Tbl, OH
C,ll;enana
5!, Thi, OHa
Mbi, Bbl, OHM C,ll;enanM

17

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE

Continued

(HCB)

JlCJI:lTb

CJlCJI:lTb

(CB)

Future tense
H

6y.n:y .n:enaTL

Tbl

6y,n:eiiiL .n:enaTL

Tbl

c,nenaro
c.n:erraeiiiL

OH,OHa

6y,n:eT .n:enaTL

OH,OHa

c.n:erraeT

Mhl

6y,n:eM .n:enaTL

Mbl

c.n:enaeM

Bhl

6y,n:eTe .n:enaTL

Bbl

c.n:erraeTe

OHH

c.n:erraroT

OHH

6y,n:yT .n:erraTL

31WIIItrh

(HCB)

II03BOIIIII h

(CB)

Present tense
H

3BOHIO

Mhl 3BOHHM

Tbl 3BOHHIIIb
OH, OHa 3BOHHT

Bhl 3BOHHTe
OHH 3BOHHT

Present tense for perfective verbs


does not exist.

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

3BOHHH

H, Thl, OH

1103BOHHJI

H, Thl, OHa

3BOHHJia

H, Tbl, OHa

1103BOHHJia

Mhl, Bbl, OHH

3BOHHJIH

Mbl, Bhl, OHH

1103BOHHJIH

Future tense
H

6y,n:y 3BOHHTb

Thl

6y,n:eiiib 3BOHHTb

Tbl

1103BOHIO
1103BOHHIIIb

OH,OHa

6y,n:eT 3BOHHTb

OH,OHa

Mbl

6y,n:eM 3BOHHTb

Mhl

1103BOHHM

Bhl

6y,n:eTe 3BOHHTb

Bbl

1103BOHHTe

6y,n:yT 3BOHHTb

OHH

OHH

1103BOHHT

1103BOHHT

Table 24
CONJUGATION OF THE PERFECTIVE VERBS
,aATh/IIEPE,aATh/CKA3ATh (KOMY? qTO?)

IN THE PAST AND FUTURE TENSES


;~an.

(CB)

IICflCJHllh

(CB)

ct-::uatt. (CB)

Present tense of perfective verbs does not exist.

Past tense
H, Thl, OH

.n:arr

H,Thl,OHa

.n:arra

Mbl, Bhl, OHH

,Z:{aJIH

H, Tbl, OH rrepe.n:arr
H, Thl, OHa rrepe.n:arra

H, Thl, OH

CKa3aJI

H, Tbl, OHa

CKa3aJia

Mbl, Bbl, OHH rrepe,n:arrH Mbl, Bbl OHH

CKa3aJIH

78

YpoK 7. TEJIECIIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

Continued
JJ.alh (CB)
H

Tbl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bhl
OHH

.n;aM
.n;aiiib
.n;acT
.D;a.D;HM
.n;a.n;nTe
.n;a.n;yT

IH.')JCJ(a fh

(CB)

Future tense
H rrepe.n;aM
Tbl rrepe.n;aurb
OH,OHa rrepe.n;acT
Mbl rrepe.n;a.n;uM
Bbl rrepe.n;a.n;uTe
OHH rrepe.n;a.n;yT

CI,<Harh

Tbl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bbl
OHH

(CB)

CKa:>Ky
cKa:>Keiiib
CKa:>KeT
CKa:>KeM
cKa:>KeTe
CKa:>KyT

Imperative
The imperative of Russian verbs has two forms: the second person
singular and the second person plural. The imperative is formed from the
stem of the present tense of the imperfective verb or the simple future
tense of the perfective verb. To form the imperative, you add -u if the
stem ends in a vowel, plus -me for the second person plural.
For example:

Infinitive

quTaTb (HCB)
rrpoquTaTb (CB)

Present tense
(stem)/Simple
future tense
(stem)
quTa-ro
rrpoquTa-ro

Imperative
(singular)

qunrn!
rrpoqnTan!

Imperative
(plural)

quTaiiTe!
rrpoqnTanTe!

If the stem ends in a consonant, add -u, plus -me for the second person plural.
For example:
Present tense
(stem)/Simple
future tense
(stem)
IIHCaTb (HCB) IIHIII-y
HarrucaTb (CB) HaiiHIII-y
3BOHHTb (HCB) 3BOH-IO
Infinitive

Imperative
(singular)

IIHiliH!
HaiiHliiH!
3BOHH!

Imperative
(plural)

IIHliiHTe!
HaiiHIIIHTe!
3BOHHTe!

79

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE

Table

25

FORMULATION OF THE IMPERATIVE

Infinitive
'li-naTh
pa6oTaTh
,[(enaTh
,[(aTh
rrepe,[(aTh
IIOBTOpHTb
Infinitive
3BOHHTb
IIHCaTh
rOBOpHTb
II03BOHHTb
CKa3aTb
IIOBTOpHTb

Stem ends in vowel


Imperative (singular)
'lHTaJ:i!
pa6oTai1!
,[(enaii!
,[(aii!
rrepe.[(aii!
IIOBTOpHH!
Stem ends in consonant
Imperative (singular)
3BOHH!
IIHIIIH!
rOBOpH!
II03BOHH!
CKa)KH!
IIOBTOpH!

Remember:
1. The verbs

360HUmblno3BOHUmb
36oHumb AHmoHy. llo360HUmb Jle1-1e.

Imperative (plural)
'lHTaHTe!
pa6oTai1Te!
,[(enaiiTe!
,[(aHTe!
rrepe.[(ai1Te!
IIOBTOpHHTe!
Imperative (plural)
3BOHHTe!
IIHUIHTe!
rOBOpHTe!
II03BOHHTe!
CKa)I(HTe!
IIOBTOpHTe!

require the dative case

(KoMy?).

Review the endings for dative case nouns in Lesson 6, Table 18.
2. The verbs cKaJambloamblnepeoamb also require the
(KoMy?). CKa3amb eMy. ,[Jaume MHe. flepeoaume AHmoHy.

dative case

Remember:
The dative case of Russian last names:
Male last names, like first names and patronymics, have the ending ;
-yin the dative case, used after the verb 360HUmblto call. 36oHumb J16aHo6y.
CKa:J/Cume llempoey. flepeoaume Tuxo1-1o6y.

Female last names end in -ou, while first names and patronymics
end in -e. 36oHumb H6aHo6ou. CKa:J/Cume flempo6ou. flepeoaume
TuxoHo6ou.

Compare:
-KoMy?
- lfBaHoey OJZezy lfBaHoButJy.
- HBaHoBou EJZeHe JfeaHOBHe.

80

YpoK 7. TEJIEIIIOHHbiA PAJrDBOP

Table26
ACCUSATIVE CASE OF ANIMATE NOUNS!
(USED IN PARTICULAR AFTER THE WORDS
MO)J(HO AND IiY/(hTE /(OliPM)

Masculine
Kmo?

AHroH
BHKTOp
HBaHOB
EopHc
IIeTPOBHti
CepreH:
ArreKceH:
Hrop:r.

Kozo?

AHToHa
BHKTOpa
HBaHOBa
EopHca
IIeTPOBHtia
Cepreg
ArreKceg
Hropg
Feminine

Kmo?

HpHHa
Maiiia
HBaHoBa
On:r.ra
II~oBHa

TaH.JI
Qng
KaT.JI

Kozo?

HpHHY
Maiiiy
HBaHoBy
On:r.ry
IIeTPOBHY
TaHIO
OJIIO
KaTIO

Remember:
The phrase "telephone number" requires the genitive case in the noun
(KozoltJezo?): HOMep meJZerjJoHa AHmoHa, HOMep meJZerjJoHa rjJupM&l. Review the genitive case noun endings in Lesson 6. Look at Tables 20, 21.

In Russian, the ending of accusative case nouns depends not only on the gender and
number of the noun, but on whether it is animate or not. Questions in the accusative
become Kozo? and 'lmo?

81

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE

Table 27
THE PAST TENSE OF THE PERFECTIVE VERBS
YHTH AND BhiHTH
yihn (CB)

TLI, OH ymeJI
TLI, OHa ymna
Mbi, Bbi, OHM YIIIJIM
H,

H,

Bhlii111

(CB)

Tbl, OH BbiiiieJI
Tbl, OHa BbiiiiJia
Mbl, Bbl, OHM BbiiiiJIM
H,

H,

Remember:
1 (O,ll;MH) qac
2 (,naa), 3 (TpM), 4 (qeTI>Ipe) qaca
5 (nHTb), 6 (mecTb) ... qacoB

1 (O,ll;Ha) MMHYTa
2 (.nae), 3 (TpM), 4 (qeTI>Ipe) MMHYTbi
5 (nHTb), 6 (mecTI>) ... MMHYT

Please note:
Word order in the numeral + noun constructions is very important.
B 2 tlaca means exactly at 2:00.
T..faca e 2 means approximately at 2:00.
T..fepe3 10 MUHym means in exactly 10 minutes.
MuHym tlepe3 10 means in approximately 10 minutes.

YnpaJHHeHHJI Exercises
1. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case.

Mo)I(HO (HaaH)? Mo)I(HO (HaTama)? Ey,ni>Te ,no6pLI, (Hropb CepreeBMq)! Ey,ni>Te ,no6pi>I, (HpMHa CepreeaHa)! Mo)I(HO (,[QKoH)? Mo)I(HO
(llleH:na)? Ey,ni>Te ,no6pi>I, (Jle6e,nea IOpMH: IleTpoaMq)! Ey,ni>Te ,no6pbi,
(Jie6e.l{eBa Oni>ra BacMJII>eBHa)! Mo)I(HO (TaHH)? Mo)I(HO (ArreKceH:)?
2. Put the words in the parentheses in the proper form.

0Ha 6y,neT qepe3 10 (MMHYTa). OH 6y,neT B2 (qac). Ilo3BOHMTe qepe3

2-3 (MMHYTa). Ilo3BOHM aeqepoM B 8 (qac). Ilepe,naii:Te, qro6I>I OH no3BOHMJI MHe B 5 (qac). CKa)I(MTe, no)l(anyii:cTa, qro eMy B4 (qac) 3BOHMJI
AHTOHOB. OHM 6y.nYT qepe3 30 (MHHYTa).
6-629

82

YpoK 7. TEJIECIIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb 6wm6 in the future
tense.
Cepreii ... B 10 qacoB. MLI ... qepe3 5 MHHyr. Kor,ZI;a oua ... ? JI ... B 2
qaca. Kor,ZI;a BLI ... ? TaiDI ... BeqepoM B 9 qacoB.

4. Change the word order in the following "numeral + noun" constructions.

Example:

-On 6y,ZI;eT B 2 qaca.


- On 6y,ZI;eT qaca B 2.

ITo3BOHHTe, no)l(a.JiyHCTa, qepe3 20 MHHyr. JI 3BOHHJia eMy YTPOM B


8 qacoB. TLI MO)I(emL no3BOHHTL Taue B 12 qacoB? BLI MO)I(eTe no3BoHHTL TIOTI03)1(e, qaca B 3? AlleKCeH 11BaHOBuq 6y,ZI;eT MHH)'T qepe3 5. IJepe,ZI;aifTe, qro6LI OH TI03BOHHJI MHe qacoB B 5. ranuua MBaHOBHa 6y,ZI;eT
qepe3 30 MHH)'T.

5. Put the words in parentheses in the dative case.


BnKTopuH 3BOHHT (no,ZI;pyra). ~)KeMMe no3BOHHJI (,ZI;pyr). KonH u
TanH 3BOHHT (,Z1;py3LH). JI 3BOHIO (AneKceii). TLI no3BOHHJI (HaTama)?
MLI 3BOHHM (po,ZI;HTenu). BLI 3BOHHJIH (MropL HnKonaeBuq)? ITepe,ZI;aHTe
(Eneua BacunLeBua), qro 3BOHHJI Eopuc. ITepe,ZI;aHTe (AHTOHOB BnKrop ITeTpoBuq), qro6LI on no3BOHHJI (H). CKa)I(HTe (on), no)l(anyiicTa,
qro H 6y,ZI;y B 5 qacoB. ITo3BOHHTe ( oua) qepe3 20 Mnuyr. Kor,ZI;a (BLI)
MO)I(HO TI03BOHHTh? (MLI) MO)I(HO 3BOHHTL BeqepOM. ,[(HeM H 3BOHHJia
(npeno,ZI;aBaTeJIL), no ero HeT. 3aBTpa H no3BOHIO (Jie6e,ZI;eBa IOJIHH MBaHOBHa).

6. Change the construction of the following phrases.

Example:

- ITepe,ZI;aiiTe, qro 3BOHHJI ~)I(OH.


-

ITepe,ZI;aiiTe, qro6LI on no3BOHHJI ~)l(ouy.

ITepe,ZI;aHTe, qro 3BOHHJia HaTama. CKa)I(HTe eMy, no)l(a.JiyHCTa, qro


3BOHHJI AHTHTIOB MuxauJI MBaHOBuq, ITepe,ZI;aHTe, qro 3BOHHJIH ee pO,ZI;HTeJIH. ITepe,ZI;aiiTe, qro 3BOHHJIH ero ,ZI;pY3LH Oner u Cama.

7. Give possible answers to the questions.

Example:

- Mo)I(HO Jleuy?
- MHHyrKy. I Ilo)l(anyifcTa.
- Ee HeT. I Oua ymna. I Oua BLimna.
Oua 6y,ZI;eT qepe3 10 MHHyr.
Oua 6y,ZI;eT B 2 qaca.

Ey,ZI;LTe ,ZI;o6pLI, MBana! Mo)I(HO A.rreKceH HnKonaeBnqa? Mo)I(HO Mpy


HJIH CepreH? Ey,ZI;LTe ,ZI;o6pLI, TaTLHHY EopucoBuy! Mo)I(HO ~oua?

83

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE

8. Put the words in parentheses in the genitive case.


3TO HOMep TeJie<t>oHa (JleHa). CKa:>KHTe, IIO:>KaJiyHCTa, HOMep TeJie<t>oHa (6oJILHHUa .N'!! 52). f'.ne HOMep Tene<PoHa (po,nHTeJIH)? )l;aihe, no:>KanyM:cTa, HOMep TeJie<t>oHa (IIIKOJia .N'!! 10). TLI 3HaeiiiL HOMep TeJie<t>oHa
(<I>e,nop HBaHOBHq)? BLI 3HaeTe HOMep Tene<PoHa (MapHg HHKOJiaeBHa)?
3TO HOMep TeJie<t>oHa (<I>HpMa)?

9. Place the verbs 3Bonumblno3oonumb in the past and future tenses.

Example:

- Ceil:qac g 3BOHIO BHKTOpy.


-

Bqepa g 3BOHHJI BHKTopy.


3aBTpa g no3BOHIO BHKTopy.

0Ha 3BOHHT Hpe. BeqepoM MLI 3BOHHM ,npy3Lj!M. TLI 3BOHHIIIL AHTOHy? Caiiia 3BOHHT TaHe B 9 qacoB. BLI 3BOHHTe po,nHTengM? )l;:>KoH H
)l;:>KHM 3B0Hj!T nperro,naBaTeJIIO.

10. Read these telephone numbers aloud.

252-44-18, 335-10-22, 151-30-16, 283-49-59, 483-17-91,


137-97-90,113-80-56,475-70-63,338-10-45.
11. Form the present and future tenses of the following verbs.

Example: qHTaTh - g qHTaiO - g 6y.ny qHTaTh


IJpoqHTaTh, IIHCaTL, IIOBTOpgTL, fOBOpHTb, rrepe.naTh, IIOBTOpHTh,
pa60TaTL, CKa3aTb.

12. Form the imperative of the following verbs.

Example: ,neJiaTL- .nenaM:! .nenaM:Te!


3BOHHTL,HaiiHCaTL,pa60TaTL,IIOBTOpgTL,CKa3aTL,qHTaTL,roBOpHTb,
c.nenaTh.

13. Answer the questions.


qTO BLI ceil:qac ,neJiaeTe? qTO BLI 6y,neTe .neJiaTL 3aBTpa? qTO BLI
.nenanH sqepa? qTo AHTOH .nenaeT yrpoM? qTo JleHa 6y,neT .nenaTL BeqepoM? qTo Hroph H Caiiia .nenanH .nHeM?

84

YpoK 7. TEnECSJOHHblit PA3rOBOP

lJ.ManorM Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)

- Amm, 3TO crrpaBO'iHaH?


- ,n:a.
- LI:awTe, IIO)KanyMCTa, HOMep Tene<PoHa 6onhHHU:hi .N2 52.
- 253-40-61.
- IIoBTOpHTe, IIO)KaJiywcTa.
-253-40-61.
- CrracH6o.
2)
- CrrpaBO'iHM.
- LI:o6phrw ,n;eHh, ,n;awTe, rro:>KanywcTa, HOMep Tene<PoHa
IIIKOnbi .N2 10.
-924-16-75.
-Crrac116o.

- Hello, is this information?


-Yes.
- I'd like the telephone number
for the hospital .N2 52, please.
- 253-40-61.
- Can you please repeat that number?
- 253-40-61.
-Thank you.
- Information.
- Good afternoon. I'd like the telephone number of school .N2 10,
please.
-924-16-75.
-Thank you.

3)

- Anno! 3,n;pascTBywTe! Mo)KHO


JleHy?
- MHHYTKY.
- JleHa?
- ,n:a, 3TO H.
- IIpHBeT, 3TO Hpa. KaK ,n;ena?
- 0TJII1'iHO. A TBOH?
-To:>Ke.
- iloKa. Ll:o BCTpe'iH.
- IIoKa.

- Hello! Lena, please.


-Just a minute.
-Lena?
-Yes, this is Lena.
- Hi, this is Ira. How are you?
- Great. And you?
-Me too.
- Bye. See you soon.
-Bye.

4)

-Anno!
- 3,n;pascTBywTe, MapHH HHKOnaeBHa! 3To Caiiia. Mo)KHO
TaHro?
-A, Caiiia! 3,n;pascTByw! TaHH
HeT. ITo3BOHH aeqepoM qacoB
B 8.
- CrracH6o.
- Ll:o CBH,ll;aHHH.

-Hello!
-Hello, Maria Nikolaevna! This
is Sasha. Can I speak to Tanya?
- Sasha! Hi! Tanya is not here.
Call back this evening about
8:00.
-Thank you.
-Goodbye.

_Le_B_on_7_._U_SIN_G_T_H_E_PH_O_N_E________________________________
8~

5)
-Anno!
- ,LI;o6pbiH .n;eHb! Mo:>KHO AHTOHa?
- Ero HeT. lim nepe.n;aTb?

- Ilepe.n;aifre, no:>KaJI}'H:cra, 1fl'O 3BoHHJI ,lJ;:>KOH. 5 TI03BOlllO BeqepOM.


- Xoporno. 5I nepe.n;aM. ,LI;o CBH.n;aHHH.
- ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH.

-Hello!
- Good afternoon. May I speak to
Anton?
- He is not here. May I take a
message?
-Please tell him that John called.
I will call back this evening.
- Fine. I'll tell him. Goodbye.
-Goodbye.

6)

-Anno!
- ,LI;o6pbiH Beqep! Mo:>KHO A.rreKceH CepreeBHqa?
- Ero HeT. OH Bbirnen.
- A Kor.n;a oH 6y.n;eT?
- MHHYT qepe3 5.
- CnacH6o. 5I no3BOHIO MHHYT
qepe3 5.
- 3BOHHTe! ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH.
7)
-Anno!
- 3.n;paBcTByifTe! Ey.n;bTe .n;o6pbi,
ranHHY MBaHOBHy!
- Ee HeT. liTo nepe.n;aTb?
- CnacH6o, HHqero. 5I no3BOHIO
no3:>Ke.
- ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH.
8)
- Anno! 3m Mropb?
- ,lJ;a, 3TO H.
- IlpHBeT, 3To OnH.
-KaK.n;ena?
- CnacH6o, xoporno.
- Mropb, Tbi He 3Haernb HOMep
TenecpoHa Onera?
- 3HaiO. 3anHrnH: 157-07-01.
- 157-07-01?
-,LI;a.
- CnacH6o. ,LI;o CBH.n;aHHH.
- ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH.

-Hello!
-Good evening! Aleksei Sergeevich, please.
- He is not here. He stepped out.
- And when will he be back?
- In about 5 minutes.
- Thank you. I will call in about 5
minutes.
- Please do. Goodbye.
-Hello!
-Hello! May I please speak to
Galina lvanovna?
- She is not here. May I take a
message?
-No, thank you. I will call later.
-Goodbye.
-Hello! Is this Igor?
-Yes, it is.
- Hi, this is Olya.
-How are you?
- Good, thanks. And you?
-Igor, do you know Oleg's telephone number?
-Yes. Write it down: 157-07-01.
- 157-07-01?
-Yes.
- Thank you. Goodbye.
-Goodbye.

86
9)
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe! 3TO 6aHK7

- ,n;a.

- Mo)I(HO Jie6e.n;eBa IlaBna <l>e.n;opoBHqa?


- Ero ceifqac HeT. OH 6y.n;eT qepe3 qac. LITo rrepe.n;aTb?
- Ilepe.n;ailTe, rro:>KanyilcTa, qTo
3BOHHJI 3pHK XaHceH . ..si rrepe3BOHIO em;e pa3.
- Xoporno . ..si rrepe.n;aM. ,[l;o CBH.n;aHHH.
- ,[l;o CBH,I:(aHHH.
10)
-J1HCTHzyT ...
- Ey.n;oTe .n;o6pbi, llOJIHKOBY AHey
BacHJibeBHy.
- 0Ha Y:>Ke yuma. ll03BOHHTe 3aBTPaYTpOM.
- CrracH6o. ,[l;o CBH.n;aHHH.

YpoK 7. TEIIEGIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

-Hello! Is this the bank?


-Yes.
-Pavel Feodorovich Lebedev,
please.
- He is not here right now. He will
be here in an hour. May I take a
message?
- Tell him, please, that Erik Hansen called. I'll call back.
-Fine. I'll tell him. Goodbye.
-Goodbye.
- Institute ...
- May I, please, speak to Anna Vasilievna Polyakova?
- She has already left. Call back
tomorrow morning.
- Thank you. Goodbye.

11)

- CnyrnaiO.
- Mo:>KHO Marny?
- Ee HeT. 0Ha 6y.n;eT BeqepoM. Llro
rrepe.n;aTo?
- IIepe.n;a:HTe, rro:>KanyifcTa, qTo
3BOHHJI IOpa H qTo6bi oHa rro3BOHHJia MHe. Moil Tene<PoH
475-05-18.
- IlOBTOpHTe, IIO:>KaJiyHCTa.
- 475-05-18.
- 0Ha II03BOHHT BaM BeqepOM.
- CrracH6o. ,[l;o CBH.n;aHHH.
12)
- Anno! Cepe:>Ka?
-,[l;a.
- 3ro Oner. IlpHBeT!
- IlpHBeT!
- Tbl 3BOHHJI AHTOHy?
- 3BOHHJI, HO TaM 3aHHTO. Il03BOHIO em;e pa3 MHHYT qepe3 10.

-Hello!
- Masha, please.
-She's not here. She'll be here in
the evening. May I take a message?
- Please tell her that Yura called,
and ask her to call me. My telephone number is 475-05-18.
- Can you repeat the number?
-475-05-18.
-She'll call you in the evening.
- Thank you. Goodbye.
-Hello! Sereozha?
-Yes.
-Hi! This is Oleg.
-Hi!
- Did you call Anton?
- I called, but his line is busy. I' 11
call again in about 10 minutes.

87

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE

- A JleHe TLI noJBOHHn?


- ,ll;a. Ho ee HeT. 0Ha 6y,ZJ;eT Be'tlepoM qacoB B 8. A TLI KOMY 3BOHHn?
- j! 3BOHHn Hpe, HO ee TO)Ke HeT.
3BOHHn Kone, OH BLimen, 6y,ZJ;eT
MHHYT qepe3 15.
- Hy, 6y,ZJ;eM JBOHHTL HM ew;e pa3!
-IloKa.
-IloKa.

- And did you call Lena?


-Yes, but she's not there. She'll
be there this evening about 8:00.
And to whom did you call?
- I called Ira, but she's not there
either. I called Kolya. He left, and
will be back in about 15 minutes.
- Well, we will call them again!
-Bye.
-Bye.

2. Call information and find out the telephone number for the store "Moscow".
3. Call information and find out the telephone number for the Pushkin museum.
4. Call your teacher and find out when your next lesson will be.
5. Call your friends and find out how they are doing.

Tecr Quiz
1. Indicate which ofthe following phrases are correct and incorrect.

Mo)I(Ho JleHy?
fOBOpHT ~OH CMHT.
3,ZJ;ecL HBaHOBa Mama.
Hy, noKa, IleTp HuKonaeBH'tl.
ny,ZJ;LTe ,ZJ;o6pLI, CepoBa.
j! -llleitrra ToMCOH.
Ero HeT, noJBOHHTe nOJ)Ke.
IIpuBeT, Mapm1 MuxaiinoBHa.
IloJBOHHTe MHHYT 'tlepe3 10.
0Ha 6y,ZJ;eT B3 qaca.

2. Match the questions on the left with the answers on the right.

1) How do you introduce yourself

- MHHYTKY

on the telephone?
2) How do you answer the phone?

- IloJBOH.HTe, no)KanyiicTa, nonoJ)Ke.

88

YpoK 7. TEJIEIIIOHHbiB PAJrOBOP

3) How do you convey the absence

of a colleague?
4) How do you call someone to

noman:yHcTa, ':IT06LI OH MHe ll03BOHHJI.

Ilepe~a8Te,

- Crryrnaro! Am:Io! MHCTHzyT!

phone?
5) How do you ask someone to hold

- Ero ceuqac HeT.

the line?
6) How do you ask someone to call

- 3To CepoB Ilaserr MBaHOBH':I.

back later?
7) How do you ask to take a

-liy~Lre ~o6pLI, ~oHa

CMHTa.

message saying that you called?


8) How do you leave a message

asking someone to call you


back?

Ilepe~anTe, ':ITO 3BOHHJia HHKQ-

rraeBa.

3. Fill in the answers.

1)

5)

- qTo eMy nepe~aTL?

- TLI 3HaeWL HOMep TeJie<t>oHa


AHroHa?

2)

- ,ll;anTe, noman:yncTa, HOMep Terre<t>oHa My3es IlyrnKHHa.

6)

liy~Te ~o6pLI,

3)

7)

- Mo)KHO lleHy?

- 3To HHCTHT)'T?

4)

IlonoBa.

8)
Kor~a

oH 6y~eT?

-KaKOU Bam HOMep Terre<t>oHa?

4. Fill in the questions.

3)

1)

Be HeT. 0Ha BLimrra.

2)

4)

- Il03BOHHTe 3aBTpa yTpOM.

Ilepe~anre,

':ITO 3BOHHJia MaMa.

Be HoMep rerre<t>oHa 233-10-83.

89

Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE

5)

8)

-MHH)'TKy!

6)

9)

3anHIIIHTe: 118-14-40.

7)
-

IloX<anyiicTa.

IIosropHTe em;e pa3, noX<anyHcTa.

Hrop:& HHKonaeBHl:l 6y~e-r MHHyr 1:1epe3 20.

5. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 7.

YpoH 8 Lesson 8

OpMeHraQMJI a ropoae
Getting Around the City

KOMMeHTIPMM Commentary
Russia's cities have a well-developed system of public transport:
buses, trolleys, trams. In Moscow and other major cities, the most popular form of public transport is the metro. The metro in these cities is
not only convenient and fast, it's also a type of underground museum.
Most metro stations are beautiful, with sculptures, mosaics, and paintings created by the best architects and artists.
To travel by metro, you need to first buy a :JK:emmt, or token, at one
of the metro ticket booths. The price of a token does not depend on how
far you are travelling in the metro; a one-way trip anywhere by metro
costs a flat fee. If you are going to use the metro frequently, it is recommended to buy a npoe30Hoit 6UJZem, or monthly pass. They are for sale
at the end of the previous month at the metro ticket booths and city
kiosks.
For trips on the buses, trolleys or trams, you need to buy tickets.
Like the metro, there is a flat fee per trip, regardless of how far you are
travelling on that particular bus, trolley, or tram. You can buy individual tickets, or books of 10 tickets for each type of transport. Like the
metro, you can also buy a monthly pass which is good on any bus, trolley, or tram.
If you use several types of transport on a regular basis, such as the
metro and buses, it is advisable to buy a eowtbzit npoe3oHoit 6UJZem, or
single monthly pass. This single pass is good for a month's travel on
any form of transport: metro, bus, trolley, or tram. It will not only save
you money, it will also save time not having to buy tokens or tickets for
individual trips. Like the npoe30Hoit 6UJZem, it is for sale at the end of
the previous month at the metro ticket booths.

Lesson 8. GETIING AROUND THE CITY

91

In addition to the above forms of transport, there are also express


buses and fixed-route taxis. Express buses run, for example, from airports to the nearest metro station, or they will travel along city bus routes
making fewer stops than the regular buses. Fixed-route taxis are usually
vans that accommodate 10 people that travel along set routes and usually cost 2-3 times more than regular buses. The fees for these taxis are
paid to the driver.
And of course there are also regular taxis. The number of official
taxis in the major cities is relatively low. Therefore, it is common in
Russia to use private cars as taxis. One can hail both private cars and
official taxis the same way: by simply extending one's arm as you stand
on the side of the street. You will need to agree upon a price with the
driver. Private cars will frequently be less expensive than taxis.
And finally, how do you find your way around a city? In all major
cities (and at all train stations and airports), there are kiosks marked
CnpaBKU, or Information. Here you can find out the address or telephone number of a company, university or museum, and how to get
there. If you get lost, you can ask passersby H3BUHume, zoe ... or KaK
ooumu oo ... , KaK ooexam& oo ... You will usually get the information
you need.

92

YpoK 8. OPMEHTAIUtH B rDPOAE

neKCHKa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

YJIHI.{ai
rrpocrreKT
IIJI OllUl)J;L
l{eHTP

street
avenue
square
center

f';:J;e Hax.O;:J;HTC.H ... ?


CKIDKiire, IIO)KWiyHCTa, r;:J;e Hax6;:J;HTCH ... ?
BLI He CKll)KeTel, :r;n;e Hax.O;:J;HTC.H ... ?

Where is ... located?


Tell me, please, where ... is located?

... Haxo;:J;HTCH Ha TBepcK6i1 ynHI.{e,


Ha JleHHHCKOM rrpocrreKTe
TaM
TYT
pH)];OM

6JIH3KO
;:J;aJieK61He;:J;aJieK6
CJieBa/crrpaBa
HaJieBO/HarrpaBO
IIpHMO
HaiipOTHB
aBT66yc
TpaMBaH
TPOJIJiei16yc
M~O

MaiiiHHa
OCTaHOBKa aBT66yca,
TPaMBaH,Tponnei16yca

Can you, please, tell me where ... is


located?
.. . is located on Tverskaya street,
on Leninskiy prospect
there
here
near, next to
close to
far/not far
on the left/on the right
to the left/to the right
straight
opposite
bus
tram
trolleybus
metro
taxi
car
bus stop,
tram stop, trolleybus stop

In Russian with the words YJIU'Ia, npocneKm, TlJIOUiaOb the adjective form of the street
name is used, i.e. TBepcKaR yRulla, Kymy3oBcKuii npocneKm, KpaCHaR TlJIOUiaob or a
noun in the genitive case:yRuila Kozo? f/JaoeeBa (m.), PacKoBoii (f.), npocneKm MapwCllla

Bbl He cKa:J/Ceme is a more polite way to begin a question or ask a favor than CKa:JICume...

)[(yKoBa, TlJIOUIQOb FazapuHa.

93

Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY

CTllHUH.H MeTp6
CTOHHKa TaKCH

metro station
taxi station

H.l{TH
H.l{TH neiiiK6M
exaTb
exaTb Ha aBT66yce
HaTpaMaae
Ha TPOJIJieif6yce
Ha MeTP6
Ha TaKCH
Ha MaiiiHHe

to go, to walk
to go on foot
to go (by transport)
to go by bus
by tram
by trolleybus
by metro
by taxi
by car

nepecli.l{Ka
.l{enaTI>/c.l{enaTb nepecli.l{Ky
nepex6.l{
BXO.l{
BLIXO.l{
BbiXOMTb/BLIHTH
BI>I ceifqac BhlX6.l{HTe?

a transfer
to make a transfer
crossing
entrance
exit
to exit, to get out
Are you getting out (at the next
stop)?
Yes, I'm getting out.
No, I am not getting out.

,ll;a, BbiXO)I()f.
HeT, He Bhlxo)l()f.
KaK .l{OHTH .l{O ... ?
KaK .l{oexaTb .llO ... ?
CKa)K:HTe, no*anyifcTa, KaK .l{OHTH
.l{O ... ?
Bhl He CKll)KeTe, KaK .l{OOxaTb .l{O ... ?

How can I get to ... ? (on foot)


How can I get to ... ? (by transport)
Tell me, please, how to get to ... ?

MJBHH:HTe, 11 He JHaro.

Can you, please, tell me how to get


to ... ?
Sorry, I do not know.

HYx<Ho H.l{TH .. .
HYx<Ho eXaTb .. .
M6)KHOH.l{TH ... .
M6)KH0 exaTb .. .
nyqiiie
UOT6M

you need to go ... (on foot)


you need to go ... (by transport)
you can go ... (on foot)
you can go ... (by transport)
better
then

CK6JibKO OCTaH6BOK (CTllHUHH)


HYx<Ho exaTb ):{0 ... ?

How many stops (stations) are


needed to get to ... ?

94

YPDK 8. OPMEHTALUUI B rOPOAE

train station
airport
hotel
dormitory
restaurant
store
house
apartment
embassy
theater
movie theater
park
exhibit

BOK3M
a3porr6pr
rocn1:mm:a
o6rn;e)l(firue
pecropaH
Mara3HH
.l(OM
KBapTilpa
ITOCOJU>CTBO
Tearp
KHHOTeaTp
rrapK
BbiCTaBKa

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Table 27
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS HJ(TH AND EXATh
(KYJ(A? J(OKYJ(A?) IN THE PRESENT TENSE

ntnt (HCB)
~
H.IJ:Y
Tbl uJJ;ernh
OH,OHa H)J;eT

Mbl H,n:eM
Bhl u,n:eTe
OHH H.IJ:YT

cxan. (HCB)
~ e.n:y
Tbl eJJ;ernh
OH,OHa eJJ;eT

Mhl eJJ;eM
Bhl eJJ;eTe
OHH e)J;yT

Imperative
HJJ;H!

li.l(HTe!

e3)1(ail:!

Table 28
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB BblXOJ(HTb (FJ(E?)
IN THE PRESENT TENSE
(IICB)
BbiXO)I(y
Mbl BbiXO)J;HM
Tbl BbiXO.l(Hillb Bbl BhlXO)J;HTe
OH, OHa BbiXO)J;HT
OHH BbiXO)J;HT
BhiXOIUITJ.

95

Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY

Table 29
THE ACCUSATIVE SINGULAR OF INANIMATE NOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Accusative Case
Nominative Case
Kyoa Bbt uoeme? /Where are
qmo :Jmo? /What is it?
you going? (on foot)
Kyoa Bbl eoeme? /Where are you
going? (by transport)
Masculine
u;eHrp
B JJ;eHrp
rrpocrreKT
Ha rrpocrreKT
BOK3a.JI
Ha BOK3a.JI
6aHK
B 6aHK
Mara3HH
B Mara3HH
KHeB
sKHeB
JlOH,D;OH
B JlOH,D;OH
Feminine
ynHu;a
Ha ynHu;y
pa60Ta
Hapa6oTy
IIIKOJia
B IIIKOJIY
lj>HpMa
B lj>HpMy
IIJI ollla.n;h
Ha IIJIOllla,D;b
MocKsa
B MOCKBY
but:
CTaHJJ;HH
Ha CTaHJJ;HIO
PoccHH
s Poccmo
AHrJIHH
BAHrJIHIO
Neuter
IIOCOJibCTBO
BIIOCOJibCTBO
06llle:>KHTHe
B 06llle:>KHTHe

Remember:
Inanimate masculine and neuter nouns do not change in the accusative singular.
Feminine nouns in the accusative singular have the ending -10 if
the nominative of the nouns ends in -fl (cmaHt~Ufl- Ha cmaHt~UIO}. Feminine nouns that end in -b in the nominative do not change in the accusative singular (nllOUjaOb- Ha nJZOUjaob).

96

YpoH 8. OPMEHTALIMJI B rOPOAE

Table 30
NOMINATIVE, GENITIVE, ACCUSATIVE AND PREPOSITIONAL
CASES OF SINGULAR NOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Nominative

Genitive

Accusative

Prepositional

qmo:Jmo?
What is it?

Homu, examb
ooKyoa? Go to

Homu, examb
Kyoa?

HaxooumbcR
UJlU 6blmb zoe?

(noun)?

Go where?

To be located
or to be where?

,l{oumu,
ooexamb (oo
KQKOZO .Mecma)

Go to (noun)?
Masculine
qeHT})

.l{O qeHT})a

B l{eHT})

B l{eHT})e

npocneKT

.l{O npocneKTa

HanpocneKT

Ha npocneKTe

BOK3a.JI

.1:{0 BOK3a.Jia

Ha BOK3a.JI

Ha BOK3a.Jie

HHCTHT)'T

.1:{0 HHCTHT)'Ta

B HHCTHTYT

B HHCTHTyTe

Mara3HH

.1:{0 Mara3HHa

BMafa3HH

B Mara3HHe

My3eH

.1:{0 My3eH

B My3eH

B My3ee

JlOH.l{OH

.1:{0 JlOH.l{OHa

B JlOH.l{OH

B JlOH.l{OHe

a3ponopT

.l{O a3ponopTa

B a3ponopT

B a3ponopT)'

ynHI..{a

.l{O ynHI..{bi

Feminine
Ha ynHI..{Y

Ha ynHI..{e

IIIKOna

.1:{0 IIIKOHbl

B IIIKOny

B IIIKOne

pa6oTa

.l{O pa6oThl

Hapa6oTY

Hapa6oTe

lj>HpMa

.l{O qmpMLI

s<JmpMy

B lj>HpMe

MocKs a

.l{O MocKBhl

BMOCKBY

B MocKse

nnOI.lla.l{b

.l{O nnOII..{a.l{H

Ha nnOI.llMb

Ha ITnOll{a.l{H

CTaHQHH

.1:{0 CTaHI..{HH

Ha CTaHI..{HIO

Ha CTaHI..{HH

PoccHH

.l{O PoccHH

s PoccHIO

B PoccHH

Neuter
noconLCTBO

.l{O noconLCTBa

B noconbCTBO

B noconbcTse

o6m;e)I(HTHe

.1:{0 o6m;e)I(HTHH

B 06ll{e)I(HTHe

B 06ll{e)I(HTHH

):{OM

.l{O.l{OMa

Remember:
.l{OMOH

.l{OMa

97

Lesson 8. GEmNG AROUND THE CITY

Remember:
?

CKOJihKO OCTaHOBOK ...

0,1:\HR OCTRHOBKa (but: exaTb O.l\HY OCTRHOBKY)


,1:\Be, TpH, qen.Ipe OCTRHOBKH
DHTh, me en, ... OCTaHOBOK
CKOJihKO MeTpOB (KHJIOMeTpoB) ...

0,1:\HH MeTp
,1:\Ba, TpH, qenipe MeTpa
DHTh, IIIeCTb ... MeTpOB
CKOJihKO CTRHQHH

0,1:\Ha CTRHQHH

(but:

exaTh O.l\HY CTRHQHIO)

,1:\Be, TpH, 'ieThipe CTaHQHH


DHTh, IIIeCTb ... CTRHQHH

Table 31
NOMINATIVE, GENITIVE, ACCUSATIVE
AND PREPOSITIONAL CASES OF SINGULAR ADJECTIVES
(MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Nominative
KaKou?

Genitive
Accusative
Masculine
Po KaKozo?
B KaKou?
Ha KaKou?

6oJihiiiOH

Prepositional
B KaKoM?
Ha KaKoM?

,l\0 60JihiiiOrO

B 6oJihiiiOH

B 60JihiiiOM

HOBhiH

,l\0 HOBOrO

B HOBhiH

B HOBOM

XOPOIIIHH

.l\O xopomero

B XOPOIIIHH

B xopomeM

KaKa.R?

Feminine
B Kazyro?

Po KaKou?

Ha KaKvro?
60JihiiiaH

B KaKou?
Ha KaKou?

.l\0 60JihiiiOH

B 6onmyro

B 60JihiiiOH

HOBRH

,l\0 HOBOH

B HOBYIO

B HOBOH

XOPOIIIRH

.l\O xopomeif

B xopomyro

B xopomeif

Neuter
KaKoe?

Po KaKozo?

B KaKoe?
HaKaKoe?

B KaKoM?
HaKaKoM?

6onmoe

.l\O 6onmoro

B 60JihiiiOe

B 60JihiiiOM

HOBOe

,l\0 HOBOrO

B HOBOe

B HOBOM

.l\O xopomero

B xopomee

B xopomeM

xopomee
7-629

98

YpoK 8. OPMEHTAUMH B rOPDAE

Remember:
Masculine adjectives with a soft root and a root with w, :JIC have
the genitive case ending -ezo, and the prepositional case ending -eM
(xopowuu- xopmuezo, xopotue.M}. In the accusative case, masculine
adjectives have the same endings as in the nominative case if the adjective is used with an inanimate noun (xopowuu).
Feminine adjectives with a soft root and a root withtu, :JIC have the
genitive case ending -eu and the prepositional case ending -eu. In the
accusative case, for roots ending in tu, :JIC, the ending is -y10 (xopoutaRxopotuy10).
Neuter adjectives have the same genitive and prepositional case
endings as masculine adjectives. The accusative case endings for neuter
adjectives are the same as in the nominative case, since neuter nouns are
inanimate (xopowee).
Table 32
OVERVIEW OF NOMINATIVE, GENITIVE, ACCUSATIVE
AND PREPOSITIONAL CASES OF SINGULAR NOUNS
AND ADJECTIVES (MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Nominative
T..Jmo3mo?

Genitive
Accusative
Kyoa?
/JoK)loa?
tao r<ar<ozo Mecma
Masculine
Eom.IIIOH Tea-rp 11.0 Eom.moro
BEoJibiiiOH rea-rp
Tea-rpa
HoBhrn Ap6aT1 JJ.OHOBOro
Ha HoBblli Ap6aT
Ap6ara
EeJiopyccKHH:
11.0 EeJiopyccKoro Ha EeJiopyccKHH:
BOK3aJI
BOK3aJia
BOK3aJI
Feminine
TBepcKWI ymn~a JJ.OTBepCKOH
Ha TBepcKyro
ymn.J,bi
ymuzy
aMepMKaHCKWI JJ.O aMepMKaHCKOH BaMepHKaHCKYIO
qmpMa
qmpMbi
<lJHpMY
KpacHWI
HaKpaceyro
11.0 KpacHoii
IIJIO~a,z:u,

IIJIO~a,zul

The name of a street in the center ofMoscow.

IIJIO~aJJ.b

Prepositional
(Foe?

BDOJILIIIOM
rea-rpe
HaHOBOM
Ap6aTe
Ha EenopyccKOM
BOK3aJie
Ha TBepcKoH
YJIH~e

BaMepHKaHCKOH
<iJHpMe
HaKpaCHOH
IIJIO~aJJ.H

gg

Lesson B. GETTING AROUND THE CITY

Continued
Nominative
tfmo:Jmo?

IIIBe,ll;CKOe
IIOCOHbCTBO
Ca.n;oBoe
KOnbU:01
:SanTHHCKoe
MOpe

Accusative
Genitive
/(01<yiJa?
KyiJa?
fiJo KaKozo Mecma
Neuter
.n;o IIIBe.n;cKoro
B IIIBe.n;cKoe
IIOCOHbCTBO
IIOCOHbCTBa
.n;o Ca.n;oBoro
Ha Ca.n;oBoe
KOHbllO
KOHbllR
Ha
:SanTHHCKoe
.n;o oaJITHHCKoro
MOpe
MOPH

Prepositional
roe?

B IIIBe,ll;CKOM
IIOCOHbCTBe
Ha Ca.n;oBOM
KonLu:e
Ha :SanTHHCKOM
MOpe

YnpaiHHeHMH Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs uomu and exam b.
Ky.n;a Thl ... ? Jl ... B My3eH. BaM H)')KHO ... IIpHMO, IIOTOM HarrpaBO.
YT}JOM OH ... Ha MeTpO B HHCTHl)'T. BeqepOM Mbl ... rreiiiKOM ,ll;OMOH. ,lJ;)KOH
H JleHa ... Ha T}JRMBae. Ky.n;a Bbl ... ? Mbi ... B KHeB. YTpoM H ... Ha pa601y
Ha MaiiiHHe. 0Ha ... B qmpMy Ha TaKCH. 0HH ... B Mara3HH rreiiiKOM. Te6e
H)I)KHO ... )l;O CTaHU:HH MeTpO 0KTH6pbCKRH.

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb BblXoOumb.
BLI ceH:qac ... ? )J;a, H .... OH ... Ha JiecHoH ynHu;e. MLI ceH:qac He ....
Tbi ... Ha CTRHU:HH MeTpo ,ll;HHaMO? AHTOH H Oner ... Ha rrpocrreKTe
MHpa. f.n;e OHa ... ? Jl ... Ha CTRHI.{HH MeT}JO YHHBepCHTeT. f.n;e OHH ... ?

3. a) Put the noun into the genitive, accusative and prepositional cases.
(Mara3HH, My3eH)
KaK .n;oexaTb .n;o ... ?

JIH.n;yB ....

JI6Lm B ....

( qmpMa, IIIKona)
KaK .n;oexaTb .n;o ... ?

OH e.n;eTB ....

OH pa60TaeT B ....

(rroconLCTBO, o6J.Qe)KHTHe)
KaK .n;oexaTb .n;o ... ?
Mbi e.n;eM B ....

The name of a group of streets that encircles central Moscow.

Mbi 6blnH B ....

100

YPOK 8. OPMEHTALIMSI B rOPOilE

6) Put the nouns and adjectives into the genitive, accusative and prepositional cases.
(MOCK08CKHH yHH8epCHTeT)
KaK ,ZJ;oexaTJ> ,ZJ;O ... ?
0HH e,ZJ;yr 8 .. . .

OHH yqaTc.s~ 8 ....

{T8epcKM yJmua)
KaK ,ZJ;OHTH ,ZJ;o ... ?

Bbi pa6oTaeTe Ha ... ?

Bhl H,ZJ;eTe Ha ... ?

( aMepHKaHCKOe IIOCOJibCTBO)
KaK ,ZJ;oexaTb ,ZJ;o ... ?
TJ>I e,ZJ;emb 8 ... ?

Tbi 6bm 8 ... ?

4. Put the words in parentheses in the accusative case.


Ky,ZJ;a 8bi H,ZJ;i:!Te? .H H,ZJ;y (Mara3HH). MoH po,ZJ;HTeJIH yrpoM H,li;Yf (pa6oTa), a MOM 6paT (yHH8epcHTeT). Ky,ZJ;a OHH e,ZJ;yr? 0HH e,ZJ;yr (tlmpMa) . .H
H,ZJ;y (KpaCHa.si IIJIOJ:Ua,ZJ;b), IIOTOM (T8epCKa.si }'JIHUa), a IIOTOM e,ZJ;y (JieHHHCKHH npocneKT). BeqepoM MOH ,ZJ;PY3b.si H,li;Yf (:SoJIJ>moli: reaTp). Cry,ZJ;eHTbi e,ZJ;yr (o6J:Ue)KHTHe). Mhl e,ZJ;eM (IieJiopyccKHH 80K3aJI). YTpOM
CTe$aH H,ZJ;i:\T (m8e,ZJ;cKoe nocoJIJ>CT80), 8etiepoM (,ZJ;oM). HaM H~o exaTb
(a3ponopT).

S. Put the words in parentheses in the prepositional case.


:SoJibillOH TeaTp Haxo,ZJ;HTC.si (TeaTpaJibHM IIJIOIUa,ZJ;b). focTHHHUa
CnopT Haxo,ZJ;HTC.si (JleHHHCKHH npocneKT). f,ZJ;e Haxo,ZJ;HTCH Mas3oJieH
JleHHHa? OH HaXO,ZJ;HTC.si (KpacHa.si IIJIOIUa,ZJ;b). Bhl :>KH8i:!Te (EaJITHHCKM
yJIHUa)? OH pa6oTaeT (aMepHKaHcKoe nocoJibCTBo)? MoH ,ll;py3J>.si 6bmH
(EoJibmoli: TeaTp). Tbi 6bm (6aHK H Mara3HH)? KHHOTeaTP IIporpecc
Haxo,ZJ;HTC.si (JloMOHOC08CKHH npocneKT). Ero po,ZJ;HTeJIH )KH8Yf (Ca,ZJ;o80e KOJibUO). 0Ha 6J>ma (BeJiopyCCKHH 80K3aJI), a IIOTOM (l13MaHJI08CKHH napK). Cry,ZJ;eHThl )KH8Yf ( o6J:Ue)KHTHe). Mo.s~ ceCTPa pa60TaeT (,ZJ;oM).

6. Put the words in parentheses in the genitive case.


CKa)KHTe, IIO:>KaJiyHCTa, KaK ,ZJ;OeXaTb ,ll;O {Kyry308CKHH npocneKT).
Bhl He 3HaeTe, KaK ,ZJ;OHTH ,ZJ;O (KpacHM IIJIOIUa,ZJ;b)? ,ll;o ( o6IUe:>KHTHe)
MO)KHO H,li;TH IIeillKOM. ,lJ;o ( aHrJIHHCKOe IIOCOJibCT80) HY:>KHO exaTb Ha MeTpo. BaM HY:>KHO exaTb ,ll;O (JiecHa.si YJIHUa), a IIOTOM MHH)'T 5 H,li;TH nemKOM. CKa)KHTe, CKOJIJ>KO OCTaH080K H~O exaTb ,ll;O (EenopycCKHH 80K3aJI)? KaK ,ZJ;oexaTJ> ,ZJ;O (a3ponopT lliepeMeTJ>e8o-2). ,ll;:>KHM xopomo
3HaeT, KaK ,ll;OHTH ,ll;O (Ca,ZJ;080e KOJIJ>UO), ,ll;O (nOJibillOH TeaTP), ,ll;O (My3eH
IlymKHHa). ,ll;o (6aHK) Ha,ZJ;o exaTb MHHY'f 15. Ee ,ZJ;O% H,ZJ;eT ,ZJ;o (mKoJia)
10 MHH)'T, a CbiH ,ll;O (HHCTHTyr) e,ZJ;eT 30 MHH)'T.

Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY

101

7. Put the words ocmaHOBKa and cmaHl{UR in the proper form.


,D;o o6~e)I(HTHH H)')KHO exau. 3 (ocTaHOBKa) Ha TpaMBae. ,D;o M!Y'
H)')KHO exaTh 5 (CTaHQHH) Ha MeTpO. Bbl He CKa:>KeTe, CKOHbKO (OCTaHOBKa)
H)')KHO exan, J(O ll3MaunoBCKoro napKa? Tbi He 3HaeiiiL, CKOnbKO (cTaHQHH) HY:>KHO exaTL J(O EenopyccKoro BOK3ana? ,D;o pa6oTbi MHe H)')KHO
exaTL 4 (ocTaHOBKa) Ha TPOnneH:6yce HnH 2 (cTaHQHH) Ha MeTpo. ,D;o QeHTpa BaM MO:>KHO exaTb 6 (OCTaHOBKa) Ha TpaMBae, 2 (OCTaHOBKa) Ha aBT06yce HHH 1 (CTaHQHH) Ha MeTpO. }J;o J(OMa en exaTb 1 (OCTaHOBKa) Ha
aBTo6yce.

8. Give negative answers to the questions.

Example:

- CKa)I(HTe, MeTpo J(aneKo?


-

HeT, MeTpo 6nH3KO.

H)')KHO H.rlTH HanpaBo? llHCTHT)'T HaxOJ(HTCH cneBa? OcTaHOBKa aBT06yca TaM? H)')KHO exaTL npHMo? 06~e:>KHTHe cnpaBa? MeTPO HanpoTHB? CKa:>KHTe, J(O M!Y exaTb 6nH3Ko?

9. Answer the questions.


!J(e Bbi :>KHB(he? !J(e HaXOJ(HTCH Baiii yHHBepCHTeT? KaK J(oexaTb
J(O yHHBepcHTeTa? CKonLKO CTaHQHH MeTpo BaM H)')KHO exaTb J(O J(OMa?
CKonLKO MHHYT Bbi HJ((he J(O MeTpo? !J(e HaXOJlHTCH KpacHaH nno~a,Z:(b?
KaK MO:>KHO J(OexaTb J(O KpacHon nno~a.f(H? BLI 6LmH B EonLIIIOM TeaTpe?

10. Put the words in parentheses in the proper form.


5I aMepHKaHeQ. MeHH 30BYT Po6epT. 5I :>KHBY (MocKBa), ( o6~e:>KH
THe). 06~e)I(HTHe HaxoJ(HTCH (JloMOHOCOBCKHH npocneKT). 5I yqycL
(MocKOBCKHH rocyJ(apcTBeHHbiH yHHBepcHTeT). ,D;o yHHBepcHTeTa H eJ(y
Ha Tponnei1:6yce 2 (OCTaHOBKa), a ITOTOM HeMHOro HJlY neiiiKOM. Mou
Jlpyr }J;:>KOH pa6oTaeT {aMepHKaHCKaH <l>HpMa). <I>HpMa HaXOJ(HTCH (TBepCKaH ynHQa). A :>KHBeT }J;:>KOH (Kyry30BCKHH npocneKT). }J;o (pa6oTa) OH
eJ(eT Ha MeTpo. )];HeM }J;:>KoH pa6oTaeT, a H yqycL. A Be'lepoM Mbl OTJlbiXaeM. MLI )')Ke 6LmH (EonLIIIOH TeaTp), (KpacHaH nno~aJ(b ), (My3eH IIyiiiKHHa). 3aBTpa Mbl HJ(eM (ManbiH TeaTP) E~e Mbl XOTHM noexaTb (fhMaHnOBCKHH napK), HO Mbl He 3HaeM, r,Z:(e OH HaXOJ(HTCH. Bbl He CKa:>KeTe,
KaK J(OexaTb J(O (ll3MaHnOBCKHH napK)?

11. Tell a story about yourself similar to the paragraph 10. (Who you are,
where you live, where you have been, where you would like to go.)
1

MrY- MocKOBCKHH rocy.D;apcTBeHHbiH yHHBepcHTeT- Moscow State University.

102

YpoK 8. OPMEHTALIMJI B rOPOAE

l\Manont Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)

CKa:>KHTe, rro)l(anyikTa, r)J;e HaXO,ll;HTCH MaB3orreii JleHHHa?


- MaB3orreii JleHHHa HaXO,ll;HTC
Ha KpacHOH rrrror.u;MH.
- Crracn6o.

- Tell me, please, where is the Lenin Mausoleum located?


-The Lenin Mausoleum is located on Red Square.
-Thank you.

2)

l13BHHHTe, Bbl He CKa:>KeTe, r)J;e


HaxO,ll;HTCH rDCTllHHlla MlfHCIO>?

fOCTHHH[{a MHHCK HaXO,ll;HTCH Ha TBepcKOH yrrnn;e.


- Crracn6o.

- Excuse me, can you, please, tell


me where the hotel "Minsk" is
located?
- The hotel "Minsk" is located on
Tverskaya street.
-Thank you.

3)

l13BHHHTe, Bbl He 3HaeTe, r,ll;e


HaXO,ll;HTCH ,[{OM KHHrn?
- ,[{OM KHHrH>> HaXO,ll;HTCH Ha
HoBoM Ap6aTe.
- A KaK ,ll;oexaTO ,ll;O HoBoro Ap6aTa?
- H)')I(Ho exaTo Ha MeTPo ,ll;O CTaH[{HH Ap6aTCKM.

- Excuse me, do you know where


"Dom Knigi" is located?
- "Dom Knigi" is located on the
New Arbat.
-And how do you get to the New
Arbat?
-You need to go by metro to station "Arbatskaya".

4)

CKa:>KHTe, rro:>KaJiyHCTa, KaK ,ll;OexaTO ,ll;O MfY?


H)')I(Ho exaTL Ha M~o ,ll;O cTaHU:HH YHHBepCHTeT>>, a ITOTOM
H,ll;TH ITeiDKOM 10 MHH)'T.

- Tell me, please, how do you get


toMGU?
- You need to go by metro to the
station "University", and then
it's a 10-minute walk.

CKa:>KHTe, rro:>KarryiicTa, KaK ,ll;OexaTo ,ll;O Eorromoro TeaTpa?


- Ha Tporrrreii6yce.
- A r,ll;e ocTaHOBKa Tporrrreii6yca?
,[{aneKo?
- HeT, He,ll;aJieKo. BoT OHa.

- Tell me, please, how do you get


to the Bolshoi Theater?
- On the trolleybus.
-And where is the trolleybus
stop? Is it far?
-No, it's not far. There it is.

5)

6)

Boi He 3HaeTe, r,ll;e MeTPo?

- Do you know where the metro


is?

Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY

- M;:vne npHMO, noToM HaneBo.


- 3To ,n;aneKo?
- HeT, 3TO 6JIH3KO, MeTpOB 100.

103
- Go straight ahead, then to the
left.
-Is it far?
- No, it's close. About 100 meters.

7)

- Boi He 3HaeTe, KaK .n;oexaTo ,n;o


rOCTHHH~bl MOCKBa?
- MmKHO ,liOMTH nernKOM. 3To
p5IJJ:OM. M.n;HTe npHMO, IIOTOM
HanpaBo.

- Do you know how to get to the


hotel "Moskva"?
-You can get there on foot. It's
near. Go straight, then to the
right.

8)

- CKa:/KHTe, KaK ,n;oexaTo .n;o rocTHHH~bi KOCMOC?


- H)')KHo exaTh Ha MeTpo ,n;o cTaH~HH IlpocrreKT MHpa, noToM
c,n;enaTo rrepeca.n:Ky H ,n;oexaTf
,n;o CTaH~HH MeTpo B~HX .
TaM Bbl BbiXO,liHTe. rocTHHH~a
KOCMOC HaiipOTHB MeTpO.
9)
- IOpa, Tbi He 3Haerno, r,n;e HaxoJJ:MTC5I Mara3HH MeJIO,liH5I?
- 3HaiO. Ha JleHHHCKOM npocneKTe.
- A KaK .n;oexaTo .n:o JleHHHCKoro
npocrreKTa?
- Hy)I(HO exaTo .n:o craH~HH MeTpo 0KT5I6poCKa5I, a IIOTOM
HY)I(HO MJJ:TH ,n;o Mara3HHa MHHyT 15. MnH MO)I(HO .n:oexan Ha
TpOJIJieil:6yce 2 OCTaHOBKH.

-Tell me, please, how do you get


to the hotel "Cosmos"?
-You need to go by metro to station "Prospect Mira" and then
make a transfer and go to station "VDNK.h". There, you exit.
The hotel "Cosmos" is opposite
the metro.
- Yura, do you know where the
store "Melodiya" is located?
-Yes. It's on Leninskiy prospect.
- And how do you get to Leninskiy prospect?
-You need to go by metro to "Oktyabrskaya", and then it's 15
minutes on foot. Or, you can go
2 stops on the trolleybus.

10)

- OnH, me Toi )I(HBerno?


- .5I )I(HBY Ha BamHMCKoil: ynH~e.
-A p5I,liOM ecTo MeTpo?
-~a, p5I,liOM MeTpO COKOJI>>.
- 3TO 6onoiiia5I ynH~a?
- HeT, 3To He6onorna5I ynH~a.
- A .n:o BamHMCKOM ynH~bi MO)I(HO ,n;OeXaTb TOJibKO Ha MeTpo?
1

- Olia, where do you live?


- I live on Baltiyskaya street.
- And the metro is nearby?
-Yes, metro "Sokol" is nearby.
-Is it a major street?
-No, it's a small street.
-Can you get to Baltiyskaya
street only by metro?

B,[{HX- BbrcTaBKa .l\OCTH>KeHHif Hapo,l\Horo X03liHCTBa- The Exhibition ofthe People's Economic Achievements, formerly an exhibition park near the metro.

104
- Her, MO:>KHO .noexan. Ha 1'pOWieH6yce N!! 12 HJIH Ha'IpaMBae N!! 23.

YpoK 8. OPHEHTAIUtH B rOPOAE

-No, you can take trolleybus


number 12 or tram number 23.

11)

- H3BHHHTe, BLI He 3HaeTe, KaK


,D;oexaTL ,D;O aMepHKaHCKoro nocorrLcTaa?
- H3BHHHTe, H He 3Haro.
12)
- JleHa, TLI He 3HaemL, r.z:te Haxo,D;HTCH pecTOpaH )J;eJIH?
- 113BHHH, H He 3HaiO.
13)
- BLI ceiiqac BLIXO.z:tHTe?
- )J;a, BLIXO:>Ky.

- Excuse me, do you know how


to get to the American Embassy?
- I'm sorry, I don't know.
- Lena, do you know where the
restaurant "Delhi" is located?
-I'm sorry, I don't know.
- Are you getting out now?
-Yes, I'm getting out.

14)

- H3BHHHTe, BLI ceiiqac BLixo.z:tHTe?


- Her, He BLIXO:>Ky.

- Excuse me, are you getting out


now?
-No, I'm not getting out.

15)

CKa:>KHTe, KaKaH 3TO cTaHQHH


Merpo?
- 3TO lierropyccKaH.
- A KaK ,D;oexaTL ,D;O CnopTHBHOH?
- HY:>KHO exaTL .z:to CTaHQHH flapK
KyJILTYPLI, TaM C,D;eJiaTL nepeCa,D;Ky, a TIOTOM exaTL ,[.{0 CTaHQHH CTIOPBHaH.
-Cnacu6o.

- Can you tell me what metro station this is?


-It's "Belorusskaya".
- And how do you get to "Sportivnaya"?
-You need to go to station "Park
Culturi" and there make a transfer, and then go to station
"Sportivnaya".
-Thank you.

16)

- Hpa, CKOJILKO MHHYT TLI e.z:temL


,[.{0 pa60TLI?
- )J;o pa60TLI H e,D;y 30 MHHyr.
- A r.z:te TLI pa6oTaemL?
- J.I pa6oTaro Ha JleHHHrpa,D;CKOM
npocneKTe, a :>KHBY Ha Ca.z:tOBOM
KOJILQe.
- TLI e.z:temL Ha Merpo?
- )J;a, Ha Merpo H eme HMHOTO
H,D;ynemKOM.

- Ira, how long does it take you to


get to work?
- It takes 30 minutes.
- And where do you work?
- I work on Leningradskiy prospect, and live on the Garden
Ring road.
- Do you go by metro?
-Yes, by metro, and then a short

walk.

Lesson 8. GEmNG AROUND THE CITY

105

17)

- CKIDKHTe, KaK .n:oiiTH .n:o KHHOTeaTpa POCCIDI?


- Hyxmo HJJ:TH npBMO, noTOM Haneso, nOTOM Hanpaso.
- 3TO .n:aneKo?
- ,n:a, .n:aneKo. Jlyqwe .n:oexaTL Ha
TpaMBae 3 OCTaHOBKH.

- Tell me, please, how do you get


to the movie theater "Rossiya"?
-You need to go straight, then
left, then right.
-Is it far?
- Yes. It's better to go by tram 3
stops.

18)

- BuKTOpHB, TLI 6Lma BEonLWOM


Tearpe?
- liLina. A TLI?
- ..sJ: He 6LIJia, HO B 3Hal0, qTO
DOJILWOH TeaTp HaXO,l{HTCil B
n:eHTpe MocKBLI.
- OH Haxo.n:HTCB Ha TeaTPanLHoii
ITJIOIUa,z:J;H. TaM HRXO,l{HTCB eme
ManLiii TeaTP H U:eHTPanLHLIH
,l{eTCKHH TeaTP.
- A KaK .n:oexaTL .n:o TeaTpaJILHOH
nnoma.nu?
- Hy:>KHO exaTL .n:o CTaHU:HH MeTpo TeaTpanLHRB. TeaTp HanpoTHB MeTpO.

- Victoria, have you been to the


Bolshoi Theater?
- Yes. And you?
- I haven't, but I know that the
Bolshoi Theater is located in
central Moscow.
- It's located in Theater Square.
The Small Theater and the Central Childrens' Theater are also
located there.
- And how do you get to Theater
Square?
-You need to go to station "Teatralnaya". The theater is opposite the metro.

19)

- Cawa, MocKBa- saw po.n:Hoii


ropo.n:?
- HeT, MOH po.n:Hoii ropo.n: Tyna.
Ho ceiiqac B xmsy H yqycL B
MocKBe.
- TLI xmsewL s o6me)KHTHH?
-,n:a.
- A r.n:e oHo HaXOJJ:HTCB?
- 06me)KHTHe HaXO,l{HTCil Ha
ITpo!Pcoi03HOH ynun:e.
- TLI e.n:ewL .n:o o6me)KHTHB Ha
MeTpo?
- ,n:a, nyqwe exaTL Ha MeTpo .n:o
CTaHU:HH I1po!PCOI03HaB, HO
MO)KHO HHa Tponneii6yce.
- A CKOJILKO MHHYT Thi e.n:ernL .n:o
HHCTHTYTa?

- Sasha, is Moscow your native


city?
- No, my native city is Tula. But I
am now studying and living in
Moscow.
- Do you live in a dormitory?
-Yes.
-And where is it located?
-The dormitory is located on
Profsoyuznaya street.
- Do you get to the dorm by
metro?
- Yes, it's better to go by metro to
station "Profsoyuznaya", but
you can also go by trolleybus.
- How long does it take you to get
to the institute?

106
- MHHyr 30-35.

YpoK 8. OPMEHTALIMJI B rOPDAE

-About 30-35 minutes.

20)

~aBaiiTe rro3HaKOMHMCH. MeHH


30BYT )l(aH. JI $paHQy3.
- A MeHH 30BYT MaJ>Ta. JI HeMKa.

- MaJ>Ta, BLI pa6oTaeTe HJIH yq:HTecL?


- JI )"'YCL BHHCTIIT)'Te.
- A B KaKOM HHCTHT)'Te?
- B Me,n;HQHHCKOM. A BLI?
- JI pa6oTaiO BO $paHQY3CKOM
rrocoJILCTBe. JI rrepeBo,n;qHK. A
r,n;e Haxo,n;HTCH Barn HHcnnyr?
- Ha EOJILrnoii: IlliporoBcKOii: YJIHn;e. M o6II.J;e)KifTHe pH,n;oM. ~o
HHcnrryra MO>KHO ,n;oii:TH rrernKOM. A me BM )KHBere?
- JI )KHBY Ha TBepcKoii: ynHn;e. ~o
pa60TLI e,n;y Ha MaiiiHHe.

- Let's get acquainted. My name


is Jean. I am French.
- My name is Marta. I am German.
- Marta, do you work or study?
- I study at an institute.
- What institute?
- The medical institute. And you?
- I work at the French Embassy. I
am a translator. And where is
your institute located?
- It is on Bolshaya Pirogovskaya
street. And the dormitory is
nearby. You can walk to the institute. And where do you live?
- I live on Tverskaya street. I get
to work by car.

2. Take a map of Moscow and ask each other where theaters, museums, etc.
are located, and how to get there.
3. Ask your partner where he (she) lives, how he (she) gets to the institute
or to work.

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.

1)

4)

- KaK ,n;oexaTL ,n;o KpacHoii: rrnoII.J;a,n;H?

- BM ceii:qac BLIXO,n;HTe?

2)
- r,n;e HaxO,D;HTCH Barne IIOCOJILCTBO?

5)
- 3ro ,n;aneKo?

3)
- M3BHHHTe, BM He 3HaeTe, r,n;e
MeTpo?

6)
- KaK ,n;oii:TH ,n;o Mara3HHa?

107

Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY

7)
-

9)
MmKHO .L{Oexan:, Ha TpaMBae

KaK .L{OexaTb .L{O rocTHHHJ:lbi

HHH Ha MeTpo?

10)

8)
-

Cnopr?

CKOHbKO MHHYT HY)I{HO H.L{TH

l,L{e Bbl )I{HBeTe?

nernKoM?

2. Fill in the questions.

6)

1)
-

MHHYT

5-10.

Hy)I{HO H.L{TH npHMO, IIOTOM


HaneBO.

7)

2)
-

H)')KHo exaTb Ha MeTpO .L{O CTaH-

M3BHHHTe, H He 3HaiO.

IlHH MMKOBCKM.

8)

3)
-

OH Haxo,L{HTCH Ha TBepcKo:H

Mo)I{HO .L{oexaTb Ha aBTo6yce.

ynHqe.

9)

4)
-

HeT, H He BbiXO)I{y.

HeT, :no He.L{aneKo.

10)

5)
-

..si )I{HBY Ha ynHqe BaBHnoBa.

H~Ho exaTb

3. Make up dialogues similar to those of Lesson 8.

3 ocTaHOBKH.

YpoH 9 Lesson 9

B Mara3HHe In the Store


HoMMeHtapHi Commentary
The system of trade in Russia exists in three forms: state, private and
that of the collective farm.
Food products can be bought in general food stores calledllpodyKmbz
or FacmpmwM. There are also several types of specialized stores: }(;ze6
(Bread), Ey;zoiJltafl (Bakery), Pbz6a (Fish), MRco (Meat), Oeott~u
ifJpymbz (Vegetables- fruits) and others. In addition to these stores,
there are also commercial kiosks on the streets which sell products such
as drinks, chocolate, candy, etc. Most Russians buy food products at local
markets (pbzHoK) in addition to stores. There are markets in every major
city where you can buy fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, and dairy products.
In major cities you will also find fruits and vegetables for sale on the
streets.
Manufactured goods can be bought at stores such as YHuBepMaz (Department Store), JipoMmoeapbl (Manufactured Goods). There are also
specialized stores such as 06yeb (Shoes), Ode:JK:da (Clothes), TKaHU (Fabric), Me6e;zb (Furniture), etc.
In Moscow, the most well-known and popular stores are FYM
(FocyoapcmeeHHblU yHueepcan.bHblU Maza:JuH- State Department Store),
l.JYM (l.JeHmpan.bHblU yHueepcan.bHblU Maza:JuH - Central Department
Store) and !JemcKuit Mup- Children's World.
In the major cities of Russia, quite a few stores run by foreign firms
have begun to appear, as well as supermarkets similar to those in the
west.
Products in Russian stores, kiosks and markets are sold for cash.
Credit cards are accepted mostly in big stores and western-type supermarkets, You can exchange foreign currency at currency exchange booths
which are located in banks, many stores, and near metro stations.

109

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

neHCHHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

rrpo,ll;yKThi
TOBaphi (rrpOMTOBaphl)
npo,ll;OBOJihCTBeHHhiH Mara:31fH
npOMTOBllpHhiH Mannrm
ymmepMar
6yJioqmm
KO H,lJ:}fTepCKM
KYJIHHapHH
1YM (1ocy,~J;apcTBeHHhiH yHHBepcliJihHhiH Mara3HH)
QYM (L(eHTpMhHhiH ymmepcliJihHhiH Mara3HH)
,[(eTCKHH MHp
,[(OM KHHrH

groceries, food
goods
grocery store
manufactured goods
department store
bread store
candy store
cookery, cooking
GUM (State Department Store)

KHH)KHbiH Mara3HH
OT,ll;eJI/CeKQHH Mara3HHa
pbiHOK
KIIOCK

book store
department/section of a store
market
kiosk

noKynaThiKynliTh
npo,ll;aBhh/npo,ll;aTb
noKynaTeJib
npo,ll;aBeQ
,ll;oporo/He,ll;6poro

to buy
to sell
buyer
seller
expensive/not expensive (adverb)
inexpensive (adverb)
expensive/not expensive (adjective)
inexpensive (adjective)
how much, how many
How much does ... cost?
Bread costs .. .
Fruit costs .. .
How much do I owe? (conversational)
You owe ... rubles.
How much do you want? (conversational)

,~J;emeBo

,ll;opor6ii/He,ll;opor6H:
CKOJibKO
CKOJibKO CTOIIT ... ?
XJie6 CTOIIT ...
<I>pyKTbl CTOHT ...
CKOJibKO c Memi? (pa32.)
C Bac ... py6Jiei1.
CKOJihKO BaM? {pa12.}

TsUM (Central Department Store)


Childrens' World
House of Books

110

YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

MHe 200 rpaMM.


fAe MO>KHO KYIIHTb ... ?

I would like 200 grams.


Where can I buy ... ?

COBerOBaTb/IIOCOBeTOBaTb
llocoBeryihe, rAe MO>KHO Kyrr:HTI>
KHHrH?
IIocoBeryH:Te, qTo M6>KHo KYIIHTb
MaMe?
Crrac:H6o 3a coBeT!
He 3a qTo!

to advise, counsel
Advise me, where can I buy books?
Advise me, what can I buy for my
mother?
Thank you for the advice!
You're welcome!

Ha3biBaTbCH
KaK Ha3biBaeTcH Mara3:HH?
rroqeMy
IIOTOM)fqTO
qTo Bbi xornTe?
.5I xoqy Kyrr:H:Tb (rrocMOTpeTb) ...
.5I xOTen 61>1 1 Kyrr:HTb (rrocMOTpeTb) ...
,lJ,aH:Te, rro>KanyH:cTa, ...
IIoKa>KHTe, rro>KanyH:cTa, ...
IIocMoTP:HTe, rro>KanyiicTa, ...

to be called
What is the store called?
why
because
What would you like?
I would like to buy (look at) .. .
I would like to buy (look at) .. .

6paTb/B3HTb
Bo3bMHTe, rro>KanyiicTa, ...

to take
Take it, please. (Here you go.)

Kacca
rrnaTHTb B Kaccy
qeK
c,[{aqa
HpaBHTbCHfiiOHpaBHTbCH

cashier
to pay at the cashier
receipt
change
to like

MHe HpaBHTCH
BaM HpaBHTCH
cyBeHHp
pyCCKHe cyBeHHphl
IIO,[{apoK

I like

:hOT, :ha, 3TO, 3TH


TOT,Ta,TO,Te

this, these
that, those

1A

more polite form than .R xot~y.

Give me, please .. .


Show me, please .. .
Have a look ...

you like
souvenir
Russian souvenirs
gift

111

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

some, some kind of

66yBI:.
nocy.l(a
pa3Mep
UBeT
KaK6H pa3Mep (UBeT) BI:.I xonhe?

thing
clothes
shoes
tableware, dishes
size
color
What size (color) do you want?

o6:bJqHO
qacTo
Bcer,l(a
MHOr,l(a
pe.l(KO

usually
often
always
sometimes
rarely

6yT:biJIKa
naqKa
IIaKeT
6aHKa
unyKa

bottle
pack
bag
jar
piece, thing

Bern~:.

o,l(e~a

llnH cnpaaoK Reference


npOAYHTbl

e Foods
Feminine

Masculine

Neuter

xne6

bread

Kon6aca

sausage

MaCJIO

6eJII:.IH
xne6
(6aTOH)
qepHI:.IH
xne6
(6yxaHKa)
caxap
qaif
COK

white
bread

p:b16a

fish

MRCO

black
bread

BOJ(a

water

MOpO)I(eHoe ice
cream

sugar
tea
juice
chocolate
sauce

BOJ(Ka
COJib
Myd
MKpa
KYPMUa

vodka
salt
flour
caviar
chicken

neqeHI:.e
MOJIOKO
IllfBO
Kocpe
BMHO

IIIOKOJI~

c6yc

oil,
butter
meat

cookies
milk
beer
coffee
wine

112

YpoK

9. B MArA3HHE

OAeJKAa, oliyab Clothes, shoes

Masculine
Imam;
raincoat
KOCTJ6M suit
TIH,l{)KaK coat, jacket
fMCTYK tie
scarf
map<l>
xanlh
robe
CBliTep
sweater

Feminine
jacket
KYPTKa
my6a
fur coat
py6amKa shirt
skirt
I66Ka
6ny3Ka
blouse
IIIanKa
cap
rumina
hat
T-shirt
ManKa

TiaJibTO
nmiTe

Neuter
overcoat
dress

ApyrHe roaapbl Other goods

Masculine
KapllH,ll;am
pencil
6JIOKHOT
notebook
yqe6HHK
textbook
dictionary
CJIOBapb
)K)'pHM
magazine
envelope
KOHBepT
TeJieB:~hop
television
tape-recorder
MarHHTO<l>OH
iron
YTIDr

Feminine
pyqKa
pen
notebook
TeTJ>Mb
OTKpf!ITKa
postcard
MapKa
stamp
ra3eTa
newspaper
cyMKa
purse
Kacc6Ta
cassette
nJiaCTHHKa
record

Cy~etTBHTenbHble,

Olibi'IHO ynorpelinHeMble BO MHOJKeaBeHHOM 'IHtne


Nouns usually used In the plural

IlpotJ;yKTbl
fruit
<l>PYKTbi
lrm.)
OBOUJ;H
vegetables
(m.)
opexH (m.) nuts

Ot~:eX(,!I;a, ofiys~o

60THHKH
[(m.)
TY<l>JIH (f)
canorH:
(m.)

boots
(short)
shoes
boots

.IJ:pyrue Tosapbl
flowers
UBeThi
[(m.)
cHraperI cigarettes
(f)
nanHpOCbl cigarettes
I(J.)

KOH<l>eTbl
(f)
COCHCKH
(f)

candy

HOCKH (m.) socks

qach'I
(pl. only)

hot dogs

qyJIKH (m.) stockings oqKJi


(pl. only)

watch,
clock
eyeglasses

113

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

Continued

II

.H:itua (n.)

0~ KTLI

canned
food
eggs

pants
jeans
shorts
tights

HaHiionee ynorpeliHTenbHble npHnararenbHble


The more frequently used adjectives
M)I)KCKOH, -a.R, -oe, -He
:>KeHCKHH, -a.R, -oe, -He
.n;eTCKHH, -a.R, -oe, -He
MO~HI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me
T~hiJIMH, -a.R, -oe, -Me
JierKHH, -a.R, -oe, -He
BKYCHI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me
CBe:>KHH, -a.R, -ee, -He
Ha-rypannHI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me
rrone3HMH, -a.R, -oe, -Me
xop6nmit, -a.R, -ee, -He
IIJIOXOH, -a.R, -oe, -He
.n;opor6it, -a.R, -oe, -He
.n:erneBI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me
opHrHHMbHbiH, -a.R, -oe, -ble
HHTepecHI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -I>Ie

men's
women's
children's
fashionable, stylish, popular
warm

light, easy
delicious
fresh
natural
useful, helpful, healthy
good
bad
expensive
inexpensive
original, different
interesting

[OIIeTaHHJI CyiQ,eCTBHTenbHbiX CnpHnaraTenbHbiMH BHMeHHTenbHOM naAeiHe


Combinations of noun/adjective phrases In the nominative case
Masculine
My:>KCKOH rrmlii(
:>KeHCKHH rrmuu
~eTCKHH IIJiali(
BKYCHbiH xne6
TcnJibiH CBHTep
8-619

Feminine
Neuter
My:>KcKa.R KYPTKa My:>KCKOe IIaJibTO
:>KeHcKa.R KYPTKa :>KeHCKOe IIaJibTO
~eTcKa.R KYPTKa ~eTCKOe IIaJibT6
BKYCHa.R Kon6aca BKYCHOe MOJIOK6
Temme rrnaTne
TeiiJia.R ruY'6a

Plural
My:>Kclilie HOCKH
:>KeHcKHe Hoclili
~eTcKHe HocK:Ii
BKYCHI>Ie 6BOlllH
TeiiJible CaiiOrH

114

YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

Uaera e Colors
KpaCHbiH, -WI, -oe, -Lie
6eJILIH, -WI, -oe, -Lie
qepHLIH, -WI, -oe, -Lie
3eneH~>~H, -WI, -oe, -~>~e
CHHiiH, -IDI, -ee, -He
rony66n, -WI, -oe, -Lie
)l(eJITLIH, -aJI, -oe, -hie
opaH)l(eBI>IH, -aH, -oe, -ble
p630BLIH, -WI, -oe, -hie
cephiH, -WI, -oe, -l>le
Kop:HqHeBhiH, -aJI, -oe, -hie
PyccHHe cyaeHHPbl Russian souvenirs
MaTpeiiiKa
caMosap
rranexcKaJI IIIKa'IjnKa
)l(OCTOBCKHH IIO,li;HOC
opeH6yprCKHH nnaTOK
rraBJIOBOrrOca,li;CKHH nnaTOK
r)l(em, (H3)J;eJIHJI H3 [)l(enu)
xoxnoMa (H3)J;eJIHJI H3 XoxnoMLI)

red
white
black
green
blue (dark)
blue (light)
yellow
orange
pink
gray
brown
nesting doll
samovar
Palekh lacquer box
Zhostov tray
Orenburg scarf
Pavlovoposad scarf
Gzhel (articles of Gzhel)
Khokhloma (articles of
Khokhloma)

rpaMMaTMKa Grammar
Table 33
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB
IIOKYIIATh/KYIIHTh (qTO? KOMY? FI{E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
IWI\~ua1t.

(II('B)

1-:~ 1111 n. ( C B)

Present tense
noKynaiO
MLI noKynaeM
Perfective verbs have
OH, OHa noKynaeT
BLI noKynaeTe
no present tense.
TLI noKynaem& OHH IIOKYIIaiOT
Past tense
H,TLI,OH noKynan
H, TLI, OH Kynun
H,TLI,OHa noKynana
H, TLI, OHa Kynuna
Mbi, BLI, OHH noKynanu
MLI BLI, OHH KYIIHJIH
H

115

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

Continued
11 111~~ 11 a 1 h ( H C

B)

~~ 1111 I h (CB)

Future tense
jJ

Thl

jJ

6y1J.Y noKynan.

6y~em1> noKynaTI>

KYITJIIO

Thl

KynHmb

OH,OHa

6y~eT noKynaTI>

OH,OHa

Mhl

6y~eM noKynaTI>

Mbl

KynHM

Bbl

6y~eTe noKynaTI>

Bbl

KynHTe

OHH

6y;zyr noKynaTI>

KynHT

OHH

KYITJIT

Imperative
noKynaii! noKynaiiTe!

KYITH! KYITHTe!

Table 34
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB
COBETOBATb/HOCOBETOBATb (qTO? KOMY?)

IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

COBl' IIIB:I I ..

(II

c B)

IIOCOBl'IOB:tiJ. (CB)

Present tense
Jl COBeTYJO
Tbl COBezyemi>
OH, OHa COBeTYeT

Mbl COBezyeM

Perfective verbs have


no present tense.

Bbl COBezyeTe
OHH COBeTYIOT

Past tense
JI, Thl, OH COBeTOBaJI

JI, Tbl, OH

JI, Tbl, OHa COBeTOBaJia


Mhl,

Bbl_~_ OHH

COBeTQBaJIH

nocoBeTOBaJI

JI, Tbl, OHa

ITOCOBeTOBaJia

Mbl Bhl OHH

ITOCOBeTOBaJIH

Future tense
jJ

Tbl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bbl
OHH

6y1J.Y COBeTOBaTb

jJ

6y~emb COBeTOBaTb
6y~eT COBeTOBaTb

6y~eM COBeTOBaTb
6y~eTe COBeTOBaTb
6y~yT COBeTOBaTb

Tbl

nocoBezyro
ITOCOBezyemb

OH,OHa

ITOCOBeTyeT

Mbl

ITOCOBeTyeM

Bbl

ITOCOBezyeTe

OHH

nocoBeTYIOT

Imperative
COBeTYH! COBeTYHTe!

ITOCOBeTYH! ITOCOBeTYHTe!

116

YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

Table 35
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB EPATh/B3HTh (qTO? F~E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

upa1b (HCB)

B3HTh

(CB)

Present tense
TLI 6epemn
OH, OHa 6epeT

Perfective verbs have


no present tense.

MLI 6epeM

H 6epy

BLI 6epeTe
OHM 6epyT

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

H, Tbl, OH

6parr

B3HJI

H, Tbl, OHa

6parra

H, Tbl, OHa

B3HJia

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

6parrM

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

B3HJIM

Future tense
H

Tbl

6y11.y 6paTb

Tbl

6yll.ellib 6paTb

B03bMY
B03bMeillb

OH,OHa

6yll.eT 6paTb

OH,OHa

B03bMeT

Mbl

6y11.eM 6paTb

Mbl

B03bMeM

Bbl

6y11.eTe 6paTI>

Bbl

B03bMeTe

6Yll.YT 6paTb

OHM

B03bMYT

OHM

Imperative
6epM! 6epMTe!

B03bMM! B03bMHTe!

Table 36
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB HPABHThCH/llOHPABHThCH
(KOMY? qTO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

upaBn 1t.l'U (IICB)

uoupaiHJI hen (CB)

Present tense
[/mo?

KoMy?
MHe

HpaBHTCH

Te6e

HpaBMTCH

ro6Ka

eii

HpaBMTCH

rrnaTI>e

eMy

HpaBMTCH

rarrCTyK

KOCTIOM

MHe

HpaBHTCH

6p10KM

Te6e

HpaBUCH

OliKM

HaM

HpaBUCH

t~aci>I

BaM

HpaBHTCH

cyBeHMpbl

MM

HPaBaTca

cMrapeTbi

Perfective verbs have


no present tense.

117

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

Continued
npaBIHhCSI

(IICB)

IIOHpaBIHhCU

(CB)

Past tense

KoMy?
HpaBHJICH
MHe HpaBHJiaCb
HpaBHJIHCb

l.Jmo?

KoMy?

l.Jmo?

ropo.n;
IIOHpaBHJICH
MocKBa
MHe
IIOHpaBHJiaCb
CyBeHHpbi
IIOHpaBHJIHCb
Future tense

The future tense oj'HpaBHTLC.si'


is practically never used.

KoMy?
MHe

ropo.n;
MocKBa
CyBeHHpbi

l.Jmo?
IIOHpaBHTCH
IIOHpaBHTCH

rro.n;apoK
rro,n;apKH

Table 37
THE NOMINATIVE AND ACCUSATIVE CASES
OF THE DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS 3TOT AND TOT
Nominative case
Masculine.- KaKou?
3TOT qepHbiH
KOCTIOM
TOT 6onhiiiOH CJIOBapb
Feminine -KaKaR?
3Ta
60JibiiiM cyMKa
Ta
CHHHH
I06Ka
Neuter- KaKoe?
3TO
IIaJibTO
6erroe
TO
KpacHoe rrnaTLe
Plural- KaKue?
qepHbre
3TH
KOCTIOMbl
Te
6onLIIIHe CJIOBapH
3TH
KpaCHBbie CYMKH
Te
I06KH
CHHHe
3TH
6enLre
IIaJibTO
Te
KpacHLre IIJiaTLH

3TOT
TOT
3TY
TY
3TO
TO
3TH
Te
3TH
Te
3TH
Te

Remember:
CKonLKO py6rreH: ... ?
O,D;HH py6Jib
,n;Ba, TpH, qeTLrpe py6mr
IIHTb, IIIeCTb ... py6neH
CKOJILKO rpaMM ... ? (KHnorpaMM)
O,D;HH rpaMM
,D;Ba, TpH, qeTLipe rpaMMa
IIHTb, IIIeCTb ... rpaMMOB

Accusative case
Masculine- KaKou?
qepHhlH
KOCTIOM
6onLIIIOH CJIOBapb
Feminine - KaKyJO?
60JILIIIYIO cyMKY
I06Ky
CHHIOIO
Neuter- KaKoe?
6enoe
IIaJibTO
KpacHoe
rrnaTbe
Plural- KaKue?
qepH~>re
KOCTIOMbl
6onLIIIHe CJIOBapH
KpaCHBbie CYMKH
CHHHe
I06KH
IIaJibTO
6enLre
KPaCHhle
rrnaTL.si

118

YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

CKomKo 6aHoK ... ? (Ho: ,n;a:HTe o,n;Hy 6aHKy)


o,n;Ha 6aHKa
,ll;Be, TpH, "<JeTbipe 6aHKH
IDITb, liieCTb ... fiaHOK
CKOJibKO TbiCH"lJ ... ? (HO: CTOHT O,n;Hy Tb!CH"<~Y)
O,ll;Ha TbiCH"lJa
,n;Be, TpH, "lleTbipe TblCH"lJH
IDITb, liieCTb ... TbiCH"lJ
CKOJibKO 6yrMJIOK ... ? (Ho: ,n;aHTe o,n;Hy 6yrnmKy)
O,n;Ha 6yrbiJIKa
,ll;Be, TpH, "<JeTbipe 6yrbiJIKH
IIHTb, liieCTb ... 6yrniJIOK
CKOJibKO rra"<~eK ... ? (Ho: ,n;a:HTe o,n;Hy rraqKy)
o,n;Ha rraqKa
,ll;Be, TpH, "lJeTbipe rra"l!KH
IDITb, rnecTb ... rraqeK
CKoJibKO liiTYK ... ? (Ho: ,n;a:HTe o,n;Hy liiTYKY)
o,n;Ha rnryKa
,n;Be, TpH, "<JeTbipe liiTYKH
IIHTb, liieCTb ... liiTYK

Remember:
After the numerals 2, 3, 4 the genitive singular is required. After 5,
6... , and also after words that signify amounts (cKO!lbKO, MHOZO, MaJlO,
HeMHozo), the genitive plural is required.
Table 38
THE GENITIVE CASE OF PLURAL NOUNS

Nominative

Genitive singular
(2, 3, 4)

Masculine
KOCTIOM
raJICTYK
yqe6miK
CJIOBapb
KapaH,n;arn
My3eH
repoil

Masculine
KOCTIOMa
raJICTyKa
yqe6HHKa
CJIOBapH
KapaH,n;arna
My3eH
repoH

Genitive plural
(5, 6, quantitative
words)
Masculine
KOCTIOMOB
raJICTYKOB
yqe6HHKOB
CJIOBapeH
KapaH,n;arne:H
My3eeB
repoeB

Genitive plural nouns end in -eu if the noun in the nominative singular ends in Ul, :JIC, tt, Ul Genitive plural nouns end in -e6 if the noun in the

119

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

nominative singular ends in -u. Genitive plural nouns end in -oB in all
other cases.
Feminine

Feminine

Feminine

ra3eTa
KacceTa
KHHra
IIJiaCTHHKa
py6aiiiKa
pyqKa
TeTPa.zu,
Bell{L
CTaHQH.sl
ay.n;HTOPH.sl

ra3eTLI
KaCCeTLI
KHHrH
IIJiaCTHHKH
py6aiiiKH
pyqKH
Terpa,lUi
Bell{H
CTaHQHH
ay)J;HTOPHH

ra3eT
KaCCeT
KHHr
IIJiaCTHHOK
py6aweK
pyqeK
Terp~eH

Bell{eM
CTaHQHH
ay,lU{TOPHH

Genitive plural nouns end in -eK if the root of the noun in the nominative singular ends in w, :JIC, tt. If the noun in the nominative ends in -b,
then the genitive plural will end in -eu. If the nominative singular noun
ends in -UR, then the genitive plural will be -uu. If there is a combination
of consonants except for w, :JIC, tt, the genitive plural will be -oK. In all
other cases, genitive plural nouns have no ending.

Neuter

.siHQO
IIHCLMO
OKHO
IIOCOJILCTBO
MOpe
o6Il{e:>KHTHe
yrrpa:>KHeHHe
IIJiaTLe

Neuter

.siHQa
IIHCLMa
OKHa
IIOCOJILCTBa
MOp.H
o6Il{e:>KHTH.si
yrrpa:>KHeHH.si
Exception:
IIJiaTL.si

Neuter

.siHQ
IIHCeM
OKOH
IIOCOJILCTB
MOpeH
06Il{e:>KHTHH
YIIPa:>KHeHHH
IIJiaTLeB

Neuter nouns ending in -o do not have genitive plural endings. An -o


is inserted between the consonants if the first one is hard, and an -e is
inserted between them if the first one is soft. If the neuter noun ends in
-e, then the genitive plural will be -eu. If the neuter noun ends in -ue, the
genitive plural will be -uu.

120

YpoK 9. B MArA3HHE

YnpaJKHeHMJI Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsnoynamb and ynumb.
r.n:e Mbl o6bJqHO . XJie6? CKa:aune, r.n:e MOJKHO COK? JleHa Bcer.n:a
... Ha pbiHKe OBOII.lM H QJPYI<Thl. 06hJqHo H . MOHOKO B Mara3HHe. liTO
OHM Bqepa B KHOCKe? Bhl qaCTO ... ITHBO H BHHO? Mhl BCer.n;a ... cyBeHHpbl B fYMe

HnH

IJ;YMe. Carna .

rraqKH Macna. HaTarna, ... MHe, rro-

JKanyiicTa, aHrno-pyCCKHn CHOBapb. PaHhiiie OH ... CHrapeThl B KHOCKe, a


cenqac .... B Mara3HHe. Mbl ... KpaCHBhle pyqKH .... COKH, OHM oqeHh I10ne3Hhle.

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs coeemoeamb and
nocoeemoeamb.
Mon .n:pyr ... MHe KYITHTh pyccKHe cyBeHHphL KaKHe cyBeHHphi Shi
... HaM eyiTHTh? .5I

... BaM KYITHTh MaTpernKH. MoM po.n;HTenH .. MHe yqHTh-

cH B Me.D:HI.J.HHCKOM HHCTHryTe, a H yqych s rre.n:arorHqecKOM. IOpa, ... ,

rroJKanyncTa, r.n:e MOJKHO KyrrHTh oqKH? lim Thi ... KYITHTh .n:py3hHM? Mhi
scer.n:a ... rroKyrraTb KaKHe-HH6y.n;h cyseHHphi. JieHa eMy ... KYITHTh KHHrH, AH.n;pen . eyrrHTh KacceThi, a

Oner

H IOpa ... KYITHTh rrnacTHHKH.

AHHa HHKonaesHa, ... , rroJKanyncTa, KaKHe yqe6HHKH HYJKHO KyrrHTh?

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the wordpy6Jlb.


KapaH.n;arn CTOHT 2

... , a pyqKa 21 .... KHnorpaMM Chip a CTOHT 90 ....


140 .... 3TH MaTpeiiiKH CTOHT 200 ... , a 3TH700 .... ilaKeT MOHOKa CTOHT 18 .... DHOKHOT CTOHT 23 .... KHHrH CTOHT
210 .... 3Ta CYMKa CTOHT 1240 .... C sac 10 050 ....

liacbl CTOHT

500 ....

C sac

4. Answer the questions.


CKonbKO CTOHT Barna pyqKa? CKonhKO cTOHT Barn yqe6HHK? CKonh-

KO CTOHT rraqKa CHraper? CKOHhKO CTOHT 3TOT KOCTIOM? CKOHhKO CTOHT


3Ta KacceTa? CKonhKO CTOHT ero qacbi? CKonhKO CTOHT 3TH 60THHKH H Te

ryljlnH?
5. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the words na'la, naem,
6ymbmKa, 6ana, mmya.
)];anTe MHe, ITOJKanyncTa,

5 ...

KyiTHTb

3 ...

BHHa,

5 ...

cHrapeT? O.n;Ha ... CTOHT

2 ...

2 ... qaH, CKOHhKO CTOHT .. COKa? .5I B03hMY


10 py6nen . .5I KyrrniO 7 .... HyJKHO

MOHOKa. 0.n;HH KapaH.n;aiii CTOHT

MYKH;

3 ...

MOHOKa.

ITHBa,

10 ...

BO,D;hl. CKaJKHTe, CKOHbKO CTOHT ...

20 py6nen. )];anTe 1 .... Mhl KYITHnH 1 ... Macna,

121

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

6. Provide questions for each phrase.

Example:

MapTa KynHna MaMe MaTpeiiiKy.


-

KoMy MapTa KynHna MaTpeiiiKY?


qTo MapTa KynHna MaMe?

a) BHKTop KynHn JleHe UBeThi. IIeTp MBaHOBH'I KynHn 6pary qacJ:.I.


,[{)I(OH KynHn po,n:HTemiM cyBeHHpbi.
6) AHTOHY HpaBHTCH 3TOT coK. HaM noHpaBHnacr:. MocKBa. AHHe
IIeTpOBHe HpaBHTCH 3Ta 6ny3Ka.
B) 5I coBeryro Te6e KYDHTJ:. ,n:py3hHM no.n:apKH. Mroph nocoBeTOBan
HaTaiiie, r.n:e MO)I(HO KYDHTJ:. cnoBapH. IIpeno,n:aBaTenr:. coBeTyeT ,[{)l(oHy,
KaK nyqiiie ,n:oexaTr:. ,n:o ueHTpa.

7. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the demonstrative pronouns
3momormom

... CflOBapb H KynHna B Mara3HHe KHHrH. f,n:e Bbl KYDHflH ... cyBeHHpbi? ... MaTPeiiiKa MHe o'IeHr:. HpaBHTCH. BaM HpaBHTCH ... nnaTr:.e? ... yqe6HHKH He,n:oporHe. CKa)I(HTe, cKonr:.Ko CTOHT ... rancryK? 0Ha KynHna ...
I06KY B fYMe. ilOKa)I(HTe MHe, llO)I(anyiicTa, BOT ... CYMKy.... rycpnH ei1:
He HpaBHTCH.... MOpO)I(eHOe O'IeHJ:. BKYCHOe. EMy HpaBHTCH ... KOCTIOM, ...
cyMKa H ... nanr:.TO. Jl B03J:.MY ... IIIaDKY H ... IIIapcp. ,[{afi:Te, llO)I(anyi1:cTa,
He ... TeTpa,n:r:., a .... 5I B03J:.MY He ... cnoBapr:., a ....

8. Fill in the blanks with the proper adjectival endings.


My)I(CK... py6aiiiKa, )l(eHCK ... nanr:.To, BKYCH ... KOHcpeTr:.I, CBe)l( ... xne6,
KpaCHB ... 106Ka, cppaHUY3CK ... BHHO, ,n:opor... cyBeHHpbl, MY)I(CK ... BeiUH,
MO,Z:{H ... O'IKH, Tenn ... CBHTep, OpHrHHanJ:.H ... 'IaCJ:.I, ,Z:{eTCK ... KHHra, CBC)I( .. .
OBOIUH, HeMeUK ... nHBO, xopoiii ... cHrapeTr:.I, ,n:eiiieB ... KYPTKa, )l(eHcK .. .
'IYflKH, ,Z:{eTCK ... HOCKH, none3H ... npo,n:yKThl, BKYCH ... MHCO, ManeHJ:.K .. .
6nOKHOT, 6onr:.III ... TeTpa,n:b, pyCCK ... HapO,n:H ... HCKYCCTBO, KpaCH ... nnaTJ:.e, 6en ... IIInHna, 'IepH ... KOCTIOM.

9. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case.


IIoKa)I(HTe, no)l(anyi1:cTa, ('IepHaH cyMKa). IIocMoTpHTe (3TH cHHHe
,Z:{)I(HHCJ:.I). 5I B03J:.MY (cepaH ro6Ka) H (6emUI 6ny3Ka). AneKceH: MBaHOBH'I
KynHn (6onr:.IIIoi1: aHrno-pyccKHH cnoBapr:.), (6onr:.IIIaH TeTpa,n:r:.) H {KpaCHBM pyqKa). ilOKa)I(HTe, DO)I(anyi1:cTa, ()l(enToe nnaTr:.e). AHTOH DOCOBeTOBan KYDHTJ:. ,npy3J:.HM {pyCCKHe CaMOBapr:.I) H (naneXCKHe IIIKarynKH). ,[{ai1:Te, llO)I(anyHCTa, (rony6aH MY*CKM py6aiiiKa). ilOCMOTpHTe (3TO
qepHoe nanr:.TO).

122

YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

10. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case.

Y MeiDl ecn, 2 ... H 2 ... (pyqKa, 6nOKHOT).

Y Hero MHOI'O ... H ... (KOCTIOM, py6amKa).


B Mara3HHe H Kyn:un 5 ... , 6 ... , 7 ... (KHHra, TeTPML, KapaH,nam).
,[(oMa y HaC eCTL 1 ... , 2 ... H MHOrO ... (TeneBH30p, MarHHTO<l>OH,
KacceTa).
Y Hee HeT ... (qacLI, oqK:u).
MropL Kyn:un HaTame MHoro ... (uBen.I).
3TOT Mara3HH npo,naeT MHOrO ... H ... (OBOIUH, <l>PYKTLI).
OH 6Lin B My3ee 2 ... :u 30 ... (qac, MHHYTa).
,[(aifre, no:>KanyH:cTa, 3 ... :u 5 ... (caMoBap, MaTpemKa).
CKonLKO y Te6.a ... :u ... (yqe6HHK, cnoBapL )?

11. Make up dialogues using the following example:


-

Bqepa H Kyn:un yqe6HHKH.


CKonLKO yqe6HHKOB TLI Kyn:un?
,[(Ba yqe6HHKa.

,[(:>KoH Kyn:un KapaH,nam:u, TeTpa,n:u :u pyqK:u. B KOMHaTe npeno,naBaTen:u H cry,neHTLI. 0Ha xoqeT KynHTL OBOIUH H <i>PYKTLI. Y AIITOHa eCTL
KOCTIOMLI, py6amKH :u rancryKH. Y Mam:u ecTL nnaTMI, I06KH, 6ny3KH,
KYPTKH.

12. Ask the question CKOJlbKo using the nouns below. Answer the question
using the numbers 2 and 5.

Example:

yqe6HHK
-

CKonLKO yqe6HHKOB?
2 yqe6HHKa.
5 yqe6HHKOB.

Cry,neHT, rancryK, Mara3HH, KOCTIOM, :>KypHan, 3aBo,n, aBTo6yc.


fepoH, TpaMBaH, My3eH.
CnoBapL, KapaH,nam, Bpaq, npeno,naBaTenL, py6nL.
TeTpa,nL, nnoma.nL, BeJUL.
MHHYTa,cTpaHa,KH:ura,ra3eTa,KacceTa,no.npyra.
Cry,neHTKa, OTKpLITKa, KYPTKa, BLICTaBKa, manKa.
Py6amKa, MaTPemKa, pyqKa, ,neBymKa.
Mope, o6me:>K:uTHe, noconLCTBO, OKHO.
CTaHUHH, neKUHH, ay,n:urop:u.a, ynpa:>KHeH:ue.

123

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

llManont Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)

- CI<a)I(HTe, IIO)I(aJiyifcTa, y Bac


eCTb aHmo-pyccKHH CJIOBapb?
-~a, ecTI>.
- Mo)I(HO nocMorpen?
- IlO)I(aJiyifcTa.
- CKOJII>Ko CTOHT 3TOT cnoBapb?
-

500 py6neu. IlJiaTHTe B Kaccy,


IIO)I(aJiyHCTa.

- Tell me, please, do you have an


English-Russian dictionary?
-Yes, we do.
- May I look at it?
- Certainly.
- How much does this dictionary
cost?
- 500 rubles. Please pay at the
cashier.

2)

- qTO Bbl XOTHTe?


- 5l xoqy eynHTh OTKPI>ITKH. IIoKa)I(HTe, IIO)I(aJIYHCTa, BOT 3ry.
- IIo)l(anyifcTa, nocMOTPHTe.
- 5[ ee B03bMY Heii(e BOT 3ry, IIO)I(aJiyHCTa.
- B Kaccy 20 py6neu.
3)
- IlOI<a)I(HTe MHe qepHyro CYMI<y.
-3Ty?
- ~a, 3ry. CI<a)I(HTe, CKOJII>Ko oHa
CTOHT?
- 820 py6neu.
- 3To oqeHI> .n;oporo. 5l xoTeJia 6I>I
KynHTh py6neu 3a 500.
- IlOCMOTpHTe BOT 3ry. 0Ha CTOHT 480. QqeHI> xopomWI CyMI<a.
- 5l B03I>MY ee.
- IlO)I(aJIYHCTa, IIJiaTHTe B Kaccy.

- What would you like?


- I would like to buy some postcards. Can you show me that
one?
- Certainly.
-I'll take it and also that one,
please.
- 20 rubles at the cashier.
- Show me the black purse.
-This one?
-Yes, that one. Tell me, how
much does it cost?
- 820 rubles.
- It's very expensive. I would like
one for about 500 rubles.
- Look at this one. It costs 480
rubles. A very good purse.
-I'll take it.
- Pay at the cashier, please.

4)

- 3.n;paBCTByHTe! qTO Bhl XOTHTe?


- 5l xoqy KYIIHTI> .n;pyry xopomHH
maplj:l. KaKOU Bhl IIOCOBeryere?
- 5 COBeryiO BaM BOT 3TOT. QqeHb
KpaCHBhlH H MO.D;HhlH maplj:l.

-Hello! What would you like?


- I would like to buy a nice scarf
for my friend. What would you
advise?
- I advise you to buy this one. It's a
very pretty and fashionable scarf.

124

YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

- OH rnepcnmoif?

-,n:a.

- CKOflbKO OH CTOHT? ,z:t:oporo?


- HeT, He,ll;oporo. 310 py6neif.
-BOT, 350 py6neif.
- Bo3bMHTe C,ll;aqy, rro:>KanyifcTa.
5)
- MapTa, H xoqy KyiTHTb pyccKHe
cyBeHHpbi. "l!TO Te6e HpaBHTC.si?

- I t is wool?

-Yes.
-How much does it cost? Is it
expensive?
-No, it's inexpensive. 310 rubles.
-Here's 350.
- Take your change, please.
- Marta, I would like to buy Russian souvenirs. What do you
like?
- I like nesting dolls. And you?

- MHe HpaBHTCH MaTpernKH. A


Te6e?
- MHe HpaBHTCH caMoBapbi. OHM - I like samovars. They are very
oqeHb opHrHHanbHbie.
original.
- 5I Kyrrmo MaTpeiiiKH MaMe H -I'll buy nesting dolls for my
mother and my friend.
rro,ll;pyre.
-And I'll buy a samovar for my
- A H KyrrniO caMOBap 6paTY.
brother.
- ,z:t:aifTe, rro)l(anyifcTa, ,ll;Be MaT- - (To salesperson) Give me 2 nesting dolls and a samovar, please.
pernKH H CaMOBap.
- IIo)l(anyH:cm.
- Certainly.
YKaccbl

6)
-

500 py6neif, rro)l(anyifcTa.


B KaKOH OT,ll;en?
CnoBapH.
IIo)l(anyifcTa, B03bMHTe qeK H
c,ll;aqy.

7)
- 20 py6neif B OT,ll;en 0TKpbiTKH.
- Bo3bMHTe qeK H C,ll;aqy.
8)
- 2 TbiCHqH, ITO)I(anyifcTa.
- B KaKyiO ceKD;HIO?
- CyBeHHpbi.
- "lleK, rro:>KanyifcTa.
9)
- TaHH, CKa)I(H, rro)l(anyifcTa, r,ll;e
MO)I(HO KyrrHTb CYBeHHpbi?

At the cashier

- 500, please.
- In which department?
- "Dictionaries".
- Here is your check and change.
20 rubles in the "postcards" department.
- Here is your check and change.
-

2000 rubles, please.


In which department?
"Souvenirs".
Here's your check.

- Tanya, tell me, please, where


can I buy souvenirs?

125

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

KaKHe cyBeHHpbi Thi xoqeiiib?

5I He 3HaiO, H xoqy IIOCMOTPeTb

KaKHe-HH6y.ru, He oqeHh ,n;oporne.


CyBeHHpbi MO)l(HO KYIIHTh B
rYMe, B IJ;YMe, a TaK)l(e B Mara3HHe PyCCKHe cyBeHHpbi.
- A r,n;e Haxo,n;HTCH 3TOT Mara3HH?
- Ha KyTy3oBCKOM rrpocrreKTe.
-A KaK ,n;oexaTh ,n;o Mara3HHa?
- H~o exaTb Ha MeTpo .no cTaHUHH KyTy30BCKaR, a IIOTOM
H.UTH rreiiiKOM MHHYT 5-7.
- CrracH6o.
10)
- CnaBa, KaKHe pyccKHe cyBeHHpbi
Tbl IIOCOBeTyeiiib MHe KyrrHTb?
- KoHeqHo, MaTpeiiiKH. H erue H
coBezyro Te6e KYIIHTh rranexcKHe IIIKaryJIKH, HO OHM CTORT
oqeHb ,n;oporo.
-A qTo TaKoe rranexcKa!i?
- ITanex - 3TO .uepeBHli, B KOTopotf ,n;eJiaiOT 3TH IIIKaryJIKH.
- Hx ,n;enaiOT TOJihKO B ITanexe?
-,[(a. 3To opHrHHaJihHoe Hapo,n;Hoe HCKYCCTBO.
- QqeHb HHTepeCHO.
- EcTh 6oJibiiiHe H MaJieHhKHe
IIIKaTyJIKH, HO BCe oqeHh KpaCHBbie.
- 5I o6H3aTeJihHO Kyrrnro rranexCKYIO IIIKaTynKy. CrracH6o 3a
CO BeT!
11)
- Caiiia, Thi He 3Haeiiih, r.n:e MO)l(HO KYIIHTh py6aiiiKy? Bqepa H
6hiJI B Mara3HHe, HO MHe TaM
py6aiiiKH He IIOHpaBHJIHC:b.
- ITaTpHK, ecT:h oqeHb xopoiiiHH
Mara3HH. OH Ha3:biBaeTCH PycnaH. TaM MO)l(HO KYIIHT:b M~-

What kind of souvenirs do you


want?
- I don't know. I want to look at
some that aren't expensive.
- Souvenirs can be bought at
GUM, at TsUM, and also at the
store "Russian Souvenirs".
-And where is the store located?
-On Kutuzovskiy prospect.
- And how do you get to the store?
-You need to go by metro to station "Kutuzovskaya", and then
about 5-7 minutes on foot.
-Thank you.
-

Slava, what Russian souvenirs


would you recommend that I buy?
-Nesting dolls of course. And
also I recommend that you buy
Palekh lacquer boxes, but they
are very expens1ve.
-What is Palekh?
- Palekh is a village where they
make lacquer boxes.
-Are they made only in Palekh?
-Yes. It's an unique folk art.
-

Very interesting.
There are large and small lacquer boxes, but they are all very
pretty.
I will be sure to buy Palekh -lacquer boxe. Thank you for the
advice!
Sasha, do you know where I can
buy a shirt? Yesterday I was at a
store, but I didn't like the shirts
there.
Patrick, there is a very good
store. It's called "Ruslan". There
you can buy men's clothing:

126
CKHe Bern;u: KOCTIOMhi, py6amKH, ITaiThTO, KypTKH, faiTCTYKH,
HOCKH, 60THHKH.
- PycrraH? A rroqeMy Mara3HH
Ha3hiBaeTcg PycrraH?
- 3To pyccKoe MY)KCKoe HMj!. Tbi
quTarr IT03MY IIymKHHa PycrraH u JliO,nMHJia?
- ,[(a, quTarr. A B MocKBe ecTh u
Mara3HH JliO,nMHJia?
-,[(a, ecTh. TaM MO)KHO KyrruTJ>
)KeHcKue Bemu: rrrraTJ>g, 106Ku,
6rry3KH, IIaiTbTO, KypTKH, my6bl,
qyJIKH, TY<l>JIH.
- A r,ne Haxo,ngTcg 3TH MaraJHHbi?
- Mara3HH PycrraH Haxo,nuTcg
Ha CMorreHcKOH: IIJioma.n;u. Te6e
HY*HO exaTh )1;0 CTaHQHH MeTpO CMorreHcKag. Mara3HH
pg,nOM. JliO)J;MHJia HaXO)J;HTCg
Ha yrruQe 3eMrrgHoH: Barr. 3ro
cTaHQHj! MeTPo KypcKag. H
TaM HeMHOfO H)J;TH IIeiiiKOM.
- Cama, crracu6o 3a coBeT!
-He 3a qro!
12)
- CKa)KHTe, IIO)KaJiyH:cTa, xrre6
CBe)KHH?
- ,[(a, CBe)KHH.
- MHe, rro)KaJiyH:cTa, 6aTOH 6erroro u 6yxaHKy qepHoro.
- IIo)KarryH:cTa. Bo3J>MHTe c,naqy.
13)
- ,[(aH:Te, ITO)KaJiyHCTa, rraqKy
Macrra, ,nBa naKeTa MOJIOKa, 400
rpaMM KOJI6aCbi H 300 rpaMM
C.bipa. CKOJI.bKO CMeHg?
- C Bac 125 py6rreH:.
- IIo)KarryH:cTa, 150.
- Bo3.&MHTe c,naqy 25 py6rreH:.
-Crracu6o.

YPDK 9. B MArA31tHE

suits, shirts, coats, ties, socks,


shoes.
- "Ruslan"? And why is the store
called "Ruslan"?
- It's a Russian name. Have you
read the Pushkin poem "Ruslan
and Ludmila"?
-Yes, I have. And is there a store
in Moscow named "Ludmila"?
-Yes, there is. There you can buy
women's clothing: dresses,
skirts, blouses, coats (short &
long), fur coats, hose, shoes.
- And where are these stores located?
- "Ruslan" is located on Smolenskaya square. You need to go by
metro to the station "Smolenskaya". The store is next to the
metro. "Ludmila" is located on
Zemlyanoi Val street. That's
metro station "Kurskaya". And
then a little bit on foot.
- Sasha, thanks for the advice!
-You're welcome!
- Tell me, please, is the bread
fresh?
-Yes, it's fresh.
- I'll take a loaf of white bread
and a loaf of black bread.
-Here's your change.
- Give me a package of butter, two
containers of milk, 400 grams of
sausage, and 300 grams of
cheese. How much do I owe?
-You owe 125 rubles.
-Here is 150.
- Your change is 25 rubles.
-Thank you.

127

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

14)
- CKa)l(HTe, CKOJihKO CTOHT 3TH
QBeTbl?
- 70 py6neif o,n;Ha IIITYKa.
- MHe 5 IIITYK, IIO)l(aJiyifcTa.
-B03bMHTe.
- CrraCH6o.

- Tell me, how much do these


flowers cost?
- 70 rubles per stem.
- 5 stems, please.
- Here you are.
-Thank you.

15)

CKa)l(HTe, CKOJihKO CTOHT 3TH


516JIOKH?
- 30 py6neif KHJiorpaMM.
- ,LI;aifTe 2 KHJiorpaMMa.
- C Bac 60 py6neif.
-BoT 100.
- Bo3bMHTe c,n;aqy,
- Crracn6o.

- Tell me, how much do these apples cost?


- 30 rubles a kilogram.
- Give me 2 kilograms.
-You owe 60 rubles.
-Here is 100.
- Here is your change.
-Thank you.

16)

- IToKa)l(HTe, rro)l(aJiyifcTa, 3TY


KYPTKy.
-3ry?
-,LI;a,3ry.
- TaHH, Te6e HpaBHTCH 3Ta KYPTKa?
- ,LI;a, oHa oqeHb TerrnaH 11 Mo,n;HaH. Ho MHe He HpaBHTCH QBeT.
- ITOCMOTpH BOT TY KYPTKy.
- KpacHBaH. Ho 3TO He MOM pa3Mep.

Can you show me that coat,


please?
-This one?
-Yes, that one.
- Tanya, do you like this coat?
-Yes, it's very warm, and fashionable. But I don't like the color.
- Look at this coat.
- It's pretty, but it's not my size.

17)

- Po6epT, KaKHe pyccKHe cyBeHHpbi Thi 3Haeiiib?


- KoHeqHo, H 3HaiD MaTpeiiiKH,
caMoBapbi.
-Aem:e?
- Em:e KpacHBbre )l(eHcKne rrnaTKH. He 3HaiD, KaK OHM Ha3biBaIDTCH.
- ITaBJioBonoca.n;cKHe. rrnaTKH,
rroToMy qTO HX .n;enaiDT B ropo.n;e, KOTOpbiH Ha3biBaeTC51 llaBJIOB lloca.n;. Em:e ecTb opeH6yprcKHe IIJiaTKH. 0HH 6eJibie,

- Robert, what Russian souvenirs


do you know of?
- I know nesting dolls and samovars, of course.
- And what else?
-Also pretty women's scarves. I
don't know what they're called.
- Pavlovoposad scarves, because
they are made in a city named
Pavlov Posad. There are also
Orenburg scarves. They are white,
warm, and very light. They are

128
TenJII>Ie HoqeHb nerKHe. Hx .AeJiaiOT Bropo.Ae OpeH6ypre.
- ..si KYTIJIIO 3TH nnaTKH MaMe H
TIO.Apyre. A MOHM .APY3MIM HpaBHTCH HCKYCCTBO. flM MO:>KHO
KYTIHTb B MocKBe KaKHe-HH6y.AI> cyBeHHpbi?
- KoHeqHo, MO:>KHO. KynH :>KocTOBCKHe TIO):(HOCbl, H3):(eJIHH H3
f:>KeJIH H XoXJIOMbi HJIH nanexCKHe IIIKaTyJIKH. 3TO OpHrHHaJibHOe pyCCKOe HapO.AHOe HCKYCCTBO.
-A r.Ae MO:>KHo KynHTb Bce 3To?
- Mo:>KHO noexaTb B H3MaHJIOBCKHH napK. TaM 6oJII>IIIOH pbiHOK.
- A KaK ):(oexaTb .AO H3MaHJIOBcKoro napKa?
- HY:>KJio exaTb Ha MeTPO .AO CTaHU:HH, KOTOpaH Ha3hlBaeTCH fuMaHJIOBCKHH napK, a TaM nernKOM.
- CnacH6o 3a coBeT!

YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

made in the city of Orenburg.


- I will buy those scarves for my
mother and my friend. And my
friends like art. Can I buy them
some kind of souvenirs in Moscow?
- Of course you can. Buy them
Zhostov trays, Gzhel and
Khokhloma items, or Palekh lacquer boxes. This is original Russian folk art.
- And where can you buy all this?
- You can go to Izmailovskiy Park.
There is a big market there.
- And how do you get to Izmailovskiy Park?
- You need to go by metro to the
station called "Izmailovskiy
Park", and from there on foot.
- Thank you for the advice!

2. Tell which stores you have visited in Moscow, and what you have purchased.
3. Your friend wants to buy Russian literature. Give him advice on where
he can buy the books, how to get to the stores, and what phrases he should
use in the stores when shopping for the books.
4. What Russian souvenirs would you recommend buying for friends? Why?
5. Tell what national souvenirs you have in your country, where you can
buy them, and how much they cost.

129

Lesson 9. IN THE STORE

TeeT Quiz
1. Fill in the correct answers.

1)
-

6)
qTO BLI XOTHTe IcynHT:b B MocKBe?

- .H coBeTyro Te6e noexan B

KaKHe pyccKHe CYBeHHPLI BM


3Haere?

f,n;e MO:IKHO KynHT:b pyCCKHe


CyBeHHpLI?

BLI noKynaeTe npo.n:YKTLI B Mara3HHe HJIH Ha pLIHKe?

qTO BLI o6LI11HO nOicynaeTe Ha


pLIHKe?

2)
-

7)

3)
-

CKOJILKO CTOXT na11Ka MaCJia H


naKeT MOJIOKa?

9)

5)
-

CKa:IKHTe, no:~KaJiyifcTa, y Bac


eCT:b HTaJI:bXHCKO-pyccKHH CJIOBap:b?

8)

4)
-

fYM!

CnacH6o 3a coBeT!

10)
BaM HpaBXTcx pyccKHe npo.n:yKTLI? IloqeMy?

2. Fill in the questions.

6)

1)
-

C Bac 560 py6Jieif.

2)

IlOTOMY 11TO MHe HpaBHTCX


pyccKoe Mopo:~KeHoe.

7)
-

KHHrH MO:IKHO KynHTL B ,lJ;OMe


KHHrH Ha HoBOM Ap6aTe.

3)
-

06LI11HO X noKynaiO OBOIUH Ha


pLIHKe.

4)
-

5.[ XOTeJI 6LI KynHT:b KaKHe-

HH6y,n;L cyBeHHpLI.

9)
HeT, 3TOT KOCTIOM MHe He HpaBHTCX.

- 3ro naJILTO CTOHT 7000 py6JieH.


10)

5)
-

- 2 KHJIOrpaMMa, nO:IKaJIYHCTa.
8)

CnacH6o 3a coBeT!

-He3a11ro!

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 9 as if y~u were shopping in the following stores: Hpooy~<.mw, Cysenupw, Knuzu.
9-629

YpoH 10 Lesson 10

noroaa. BpeMeHa roaa. n10dMMoe apeMH roaa


111e Weather. 111e Seasons. Favorite Season of
the Year
neHCMHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

ro.n
speWI r6.na
KaK6e ceii11ac speWI r6.na?
speMeHa r6.na
3HMa
secHa

nero

6ceHL
Kor.na?

year
season of the year
What season of the year is it?
seasons ofthe year
winter
spring
summer
fall

3HMOH
BeCHOH
JieTOM
6ceHJ>IO

MeCJIU
KaK6ii ceii11ac MecJiu?
JIHBapL
cpespanL
MapT
anpen~.

Maii
HIDHL
HIDJIL
asrycT
ceHTR6pL
OKni6pL
HOR6pL
.ned6pL

When?

in winter
in spring
in summer
in fall

month
What month is it?
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

Kor,n;a?

131

When?
BjiHBape
B <J>eBpane
BMaJITe
B anpene
BMae
B HIDHe
BHI6ne
BaBryCTe
BceHTg6pe
B Oicrg6pe
B Hog6pe
B,n;eKa6pe

in January
in February
in March
in April
in May
in June
in July
in August
in September
in October
in November
in December

po,n;H:n.cg
Kor,n;a BLI po,n;HJIH:cL?
JI po,n;Hncg 3HM6H, BgHBape.
npHexan.
Kor,n;a BLI npHexanH BMocKBy?
JI npHexan B MaJYfe.

to be born
When were you born?
I was born in winter, in January.
to arrive
When did you come to Moscow?
I came in March.

KaK?

X6JIO,L{HO
Tenn6
)KapKO
npoxn{l.n;Ho

cold (adverb)
warm
hot
cool

KaK6ii?

xon6,n;HLIH
rennLIH
)KapKHH
npoxna,n;HLIH

cold (adjective)
warm
hot
cool

KJIHMaT
KaK6H KJIHMaT B Bameii CTpaHe?
plllHLIH
ror
CeBep
3ana,n;
BOCT6K
r.n;e?

Ha I6re
HaceBepe
Ha 3ana,n;e
Ha BOCT6Ke

climate
What kind of climate do you have
in your country?
varied
south
north
west
east
Where?
in the south
in the north
in the west
in the east

132

YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOllA. ntO&MMOE BPEMJI rOllA

KaKWI cer6.n;nH nor6.n;a?


Cer6,n;uH x6no,n;uo.
Cer6,n;HH xon6,n;uaH nor6,n;a.
Mue x6no.n;uo.
,n;eHb,,D;HH
KaKWI nor6,n;a 6y.n;eT B6niDKimmue
,r(HH?
nOCJie3aB1'pa
no3aBllepa
,D;O)KJ{b
H,n;er ,n;o)l(,l{b
cuer
u.n;th cuer
c6nuue
CBeTHT C6JIHlle
BeTep
.n;:YeT BeTep
clfn~>n~>Ili 1 cna6~>Ili BeTep
Mop63
:lKapa
TeMneparypa
IIJIIOC

MHHYC
rpli,n;yc
Cer6,n;HH + 12 (nn10c ,n;Beuli.n;uaTL
rpli,n;ycoB).
TeMnepazypa OT +5 .n;o + 10
IIepe,n;aBanu no pa,n;uo, liTO ...
Coo6lllHJIH no TeJieBH3opy, liTO ...
JII06HTL
JII06HMOe BpeMH r6,n;a
KaK6e Bame JII06ifMoe BpeMH r6.n;a?
Moe JII06ifMoe BpeMH r6,n;a ...
rrpup6,n;a
B63,n;yx
ue6o
nec 1
1

What is the weather today?


It is cold today.

The weather is cold today.


I am cold.

day, days
What will the weather be in the next
few days?
day after tomorrow
day before yesterday
rain
rain is falling, it is raining
snow
snow is falling, it is snowing
sun
the sun is shining
wind
wind is blowing, it is windy
strong I light wind
frost, intensely cold weather
heat
temperature
plus
minus
degree
Today it is+ 12.
temperature is from +5 to + 10
It was reported on the radio that ...
It was reported on the television

that...
to love
favorite season of the year
What is your favorite season of the
year?
My favorite season of the year is ...
nature
air

sky
forest

Remember: zyJZRmb zoe? s 11ecy. Several masculine nouns have the prepositional
ending -y.

133

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

JIMCT, JllfcTMI
.n;epeBo, .n;epeBMI
y.n;MBHTeJIJ:.HhlH
npeKpaCHhlH
30JIOTOH
KynaTJ:.CH 1 , TIJiaBaTJ:. 1
3aropaTh2
rymiTr:. 2
.Hro.n;a
rpM6
co6MpaTr:.2 .Hro.n;r:.1 MrpM6bi
JIOBHTJ:. pbJ:6y
.n;yMaTJ:.2

leaf, leaves
tree, trees
surprising
beautiful
golden
to swim
to sunbathe
to take a walk, stroll
berry
mushroom
to collect berries and mushrooms
to fish
to think
to go snow-skiing
ice-skating
sledding
it is impossible, not allowed
umbrella
(the) most
weather-forecaster
not yet
already
even

Ha KoHr:.Kax
Ha CaHKaX
HeJir:.3.H
30HT
caMJ:.IH
CMHOTITMK
ern;e He

}')Ke

.n;IDI<e

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Table 39
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
JI/0/iHTh (KOFO? qTO?) AND JIOBHTh (KOFO? qTO?)

IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES


JJIOOIITb

H mo6mo
Tbl JII06MIIIJ:.
OH, OHa JII06MT

(HCB)

JIOBII'I b

Present tense
Mbl mo6MM
.H JIOBJIIO
Bbl JII06MTe
Tbl JIOBMIIIJ:.
OHM JII06.HT OH, OHa JIOBMT

(HCB)

Mbl JIOBMM
Bhl JIOBHTe
OHM JIOB.HT

Kynam&cR carries a meaning of playing in the water or bathing. fl;weam& means swimming more as a sport.
These verbs decline like the verb 'lumam&.

134

YpoH 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niO&MMOE BPEMJI rOAA

Continued

moon n. (1-1 C B)

.TJOBIITL

(1-JCB)

Past tense
H, Thl, OH

mo6Hrr

H, Tbi, OH

JIOBHJI

H, Thl, OHa

mo6Hrra

H, Thi, OHa

JIOBHJia

Mbi, Bbi, OHH

mo6HJIH

Mbi, Bhl, OHH

JIOBHJIH

Future tense
H

Tbi
OH,OHa

6y.n;y JH06HTb

6y.n;eiiih mo6HTh
6y.n;eT mo6HTb

Mbi

6y.n;eM mo6HTb

Bbi

6y.n;eTe mo6HTb

OHH

Tbi

6y.n;y JIOBHTb
6y.n;eiiib JIOBHTb

OH,OHa

6y.n;eT JIOBHTb

Mbi

6y.n;eM JIOBHTb

Bbi

6y.n;eTe JIOBHTb

6y.n;yT JH06HTb

OHH

6y.n;yT JIOBHTb

Table 40
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
KYHAThCR (F/rE?) AND KATAThCR (HA Jlh])KAX, etc.) (F/rE?)

IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

1-;ynancn (HCB)

h:aJaJLCH

(I-ICB)

Present tense
H KyrraiOCb

Mbi KyrraeMCH

H KaTaiOCb

Mbi KaTaeMCH

Thi KyrraeiiibCH

Bhi KyrraeTech

ThiKaTaelllbCH

Bbi KaTaeTeCb

OH, OHa KyrraeTCH

OHH KyrraiOTCH

OH, OHa KaTaeTCH

OHH KaTaiOTCH

Past tense
H, Tbi, OH

KyrrarrcH

H, Thl, OHa

Kyrrarracb

Mbi, Bbi, OHH

KYIIaJIHCb

H, Tbi, OH

KaTaJICH

H, Thl, OHa

KaTarrach

Mbi, Bbi, OHH

KaTaJIHCb

Future tense
H

Thl

6y.n;y KyrraTbCH
6y.n;eiiib KyrraTbCH

Thi

6y.n;y KaTaTbCH
6y.n;eiiib KaTaTbCH

OH,OHa

6y.n;eT KyrraTbCH

OH,OHa

6y.n;eT KaTaTbCH

Mbl

6y.n;eM KyrraTbCH

Mbi

6y.n;eM KaTaTbCH

Bhl

6y.n;eTe KyrraThCH

Bbl

6y.n;eTe KaTaTbCH

OHH

6y.n;y_T K_yrraThCH

OHH

6y.n;yT KaTaTbCH

135

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

Table 41
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS P0,4HThCH (F,4E?)
AND IIPHEXATh (KY,4A?, KOF,4A?) IN THE PAST TENSE
poJOIIhcn (CB)

Tbl, OH PO.AMJICH
Tbl, OHa pO)l;MJiaCb
Mbl, Bbl, OHM O)l;MJIMCb
H,

H,

upucxa1t. (CB)
Tbl, OH npMeXaJI
TI>I, oHa npMexana
MeXaJIM
Mbl, Bbl, OHM
H,

H,

Remember:
1 (O)l;MH) rpa,n;yc
2,3,4,rpa.n;yca
5, 6 ... rpa.n;ycoB
0 (HOJib) rpa.AyCOB

Table 42
FORMATION OF THE LEVELS OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
Ad_jective
XOJIO)l;HbiH
TeiiJIIH
)l(apKMH
rrpoxna.n;HhlH
KpaCMBbiH
CHJibHbiH
6oJiblliOH
MaJieHbKMH
xopOiliMH
IIJIOXOH

Comparative
XOJIO)l;Hee,':leM
TeiiJiee,~:~eM
)l(ap~:~e, ~:~eM

rrpoxna,n;Hee,~:~eM

KpaCMBee,':leM
CHJII>Hee,lleM
6oJII>Ille, 11eM
MeHI>Ille, 11eM
JIY':IIlle, ':ICM
xy)l(e ~:~eM

Remember:
TeMnepayYpa oT .AO
OT HYJIH )l;O O)l;Horo rpa.n;yca
OT O)l;HOrO )1;0 )l;Byx rpa,n;ycoB
oT .AByx .AO TPex rpa.n;ycoB
oT TPex .AO lleThlpex rpa.n;ycoB
OT ':leTbipex )1;0 IIHTM rpa)J;yCOB
OT IIHTM )1;0 IliCCTM rpa,n;yCOB
OT ...j! )1;0 ...1:1 rpa,n;ycoB

Superlative
caMI>IH xoJIO.AHhlH
caMIH TeiiJIIH
CaMbiH )l(apKHH
CaMI>IH rrpoxna.n;HhlH
CaMbiH KpaCMBbiH
CaMbiH CHJibHbiH
CaMbiH 60JiblliOH
caMbiH MaJieHbKHH
caMhlH xopOiliMH
CaMbiH IIJIOXOH

136

YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niO&MMOE BPEMJI rOAA

Table 43
COMBINED TABLE OF ANIMATE AND INANIMATE
SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE ACCUSATIVE CASE

Animate noun -Kozo?

Inanimate noun- 11mo?

Masculine

mo6mo

6paTa

CHer

BHKTOpa

XJie6

repoH

Chip
Feminine

mo6mo

HaTamy

MocKBY

ceCTPY

npHpo,~J;y

llO)l;pyry

Korr6acy

TaHIO

uo: oceHh
llJIOW:a,IJ;h
Neuter
JieTO

JI

JII06JIIO

MOJIOKO
Mope

Note:
1) The endings for masculine animate nouns in the accusative case
are the same as in the genitive. The endings for masculine inanimate nouns
in the accusative case are the same as in the nominative case.
2) The endings for feminine animate and inanimate nouns in the accusative case are -y (or -10), except with nouns ending in -b. For these
words, the ending does not change from the nominative.
3) The endings for all neuter nouns in the accusative case are the
same as in the nominative case.

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

137
Table 44

COMBINED TABLE OF ANIMATE AND INANIMATE NOUNS


IN THE ACCUSATIVE PLURAL

Animate nouns- Kozo? Inanimate nouns- 11mo?


Masculine
H mo6mo

CT)',ZJ;eHTOB

rpH6bi

repoeB

:>KypHarrbr

npeno,ZJ;aBaTene:H

<i>PYKTbl

Feminine
H mo6mo

no,ZJ;pyr

KHHrH

,ZJ;eByiiieK

ra3eTbi
Neuter
llHCbMa

H mo6mo

MOpH

Remember:
.H mo6mo

,ZJ;py3e:H
,ZJ;eTe:H
pO,ll;HTeJieH

Note:
1) Masculine animate nouns in the accusative plural have the same
endings as those in the genitive plural. Masculine inanimate nouns in
the accusative plural have the same endings as those in the nominative
plural.
2) Feminine animate nouns in the accusative plural have the same
endings as those in the genitive plural. Feminine inanimate nouns in
the accusative plural have the same endings as those in the nominative plural.
3) All neuter nouns have the same endings in the accusative plural
as those in the nominative plural.

138

YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rDAA. n106MMOE BPEMJI rDAA

Table 45
COMBINED TABLE OF ADJECTIVAL ENDINGS
IN THE ACCUSATIVE CASE (SINGULAR AND PLURAL)

I Animate nouns -Kozo? IInanimate nouns -limo?


H

mo6mo

mo6mo

mo6mo

JII06JIIO

JII06JIIO

JII06JIIO

Masculine sin2ular
IKpacHBoro .n;pyra
IBKYCHbiM xne6
xopornero .n;pyra
XOPOII1HM ChiP
Masculine plural
IKpacHBbiX .n;py3eM
IBKYCHbie rpH6bi
xopornHx .n;py3eM
xopornHe *YPHaJibi
Feminine sin2ular
IKpacHBYID .n;eByrnKy
IBKYCHYID Kon6acy
xoporny10 .n;eByrnKy
xoporny10 noro.n;y
Feminine plural
IKpacHBbiX .n;eByrneK
IBKYCHbie Hro.n;bi
XOPOII1HX .n;eByrneK
xopornHe raJeTbi
Neuter sin2ular
I.BKYCHOe BHHO
Tennoe Mope
I
Neuter plural
I.BKYCHhle BHHa
TeTIJibie MOpH
I

Remember:
1) Endings of masculine accusative adjectives depend on whether
the adjective is being used with an animate or inanimate noun. If the
adjective is used with an animate noun, then the accusative plural endings will be the same as in the genitive plural. If the adjective is used with
an inanimate noun, then the accusative plural endings will be the same as
in the nominative plural.
2) Endings of feminine singular adjectives in the accusative case do
not depend on whether the adjective is being used with an animate or
inanimate noun: the endings will always be -y10 ( -1010). In the accusative
plural, adjectival endings will depend on the noun: if the adjective is
being used with an animate noun, then the accusative plural endings will
be the same as in the genitive plural. If the noun is inanimate, the accusative plural endings will be the same as in the nominative plural.
3) Endings of neuter adjectives in the accusative plural will be the
same as in the nominative plural.

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

139

Explanation: Indefinite Personal Construction


The indefinite personal construction is used when the focus of a sentence is an action by an undefined person. The identity of the acting body
is either unknown or unimportant to the speaker of the sentence. To form
a phrase suing indefinite construction, the verb is conjugated into the 3rd
person plural, and there is no subject.

Compare:
Personal construction:
Mou opy3bfl Mile 2060pWlU, ttmo 3UMOU 6 MocK6e XOllOOHO.

My friends told me that winter in Moscow is cold.


Indefinite personal construction:
MHe 2060pWlu, ttmo 6 MocK6e 3UMOU XOllOOHO.

I was told that winter in Moscow is cold.


Infinitive

Present tense Past tense

Future tense

coo6IIlan, (HCB)
nepe.n;aBaTL (HCB)
roBopHTb (HCB)
n.HcaTL (HCB)

C006IIlaiOT
nepe.n;aiOT
roBopu
ITHIIIYT

6y.n;YT C006IIlaTL
6y.n;YT nepe.n;aBaTL
6y.n;YT roBOpHTb
6y.n;YT ITHCaTb

coo6IIlanH
nepe.n;aBanH
roBOpHnH
nHcanH

Explanation: Impersonal Construction


In Russian there is a type of construction which has no subject. This
type of construction is called impersonal construction. It expresses:
a) the conditions of nature or environment
Ha YllUtfe XOllOOHO.
It is cold outside.
CezooHR :JK:apKo.
It is hot today.
b) the condition of a person, as expressed with the words: XOllOOHo,
menllo, uHmepecHo, mpyoHo, npUR.mHo and others. In such expressions,
the noun or pronoun representing the person whose condition is being
described is usually in the dative case.
M11e XOllOOHO.
EMy XOllOOHo.
BaM xollooHo.
BaM 6yoem uHmepecHo.
JleHe 6blllO mpyo11o.

I am cold.
He is cold.
You are cold.
It will be interesting for you.
It was difficult for Lena.

140

YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rDAA. niO&MMOE BPEMJI rOAA

Independent of will, the condition of the speaker may be expressed


using reflexive verbs xottemcR, Ka:JICemcR and others, plus the verb in the
infinitive .
.JI xotty zy.!lJlmb.
MHe xottemcR zy.!lJlmb.
OH xottem omobzxamb.
EMy xottemcR omobzxamb.

I want to take a walk.


He wants to relax.

c) necessity, possibility and impossibility as expressed using the adverbs uaoo, HY:JICHO, Heo6xoOUMO, MO:JICHO, He.Jlb3Jl and others.
MHe uaoo uomu 6 MQ2a3UH.
EMy He.JZb3R KynambcR.
MHe HY:JICHO ~rynumb nooapKU
opy3bflJI-t.

I have to go to the store.


He is forbidden to swim.
I need to buy presents for my
friends.

d) the absence of a subject or person using the word Hem, He 6bllto,


He 6yoem. In such expressions, the noun or pronoun representing the subject or person who is absent is in the genitive case.

Compare:
Personal sentence
Y~weHR

Impersonal sentence

Translation

ecmb :JICypHan. Y MeHR uem :JICypuana. I have (do not have)

a magazine.
Y MeHR 6bzn :JICypHan.

Y MeHR ue 6bzno :JICYP- I had (did not have)


uana.
a magazine.

Y MeHR 6yoem :JICYP- Y MeHR ue 6yoem :JIC)Jp- I will (will not) have
Hall.
uana
a magazine.
CezooHR uoem (ecmb) CezOOI-lJl Hem OO:JICOR.
oo:JICOb.

CezooHR 6yoem
OO:JICOb.

It is (is not) raining


today.

CezoouR He 6bzno
OO:JICOR.

It was (was not)


raining today.

CezooHR ue 6yoem
OO:JICOR.

It will (will not) rain


today.

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

141
Table 46

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB 4YMATh


IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
.llYMaTb

(HCB)

Present tense
}I

Tbl
OH,OHa

.D.yMaiO

Mbl

.D.yMaeiiib

Bbl

.D.yMaeTe

OHM

.D.yMaiOT

.D.yMaeT

.D.yMaeM

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

.ll.YMaJI

H, Tbl, OHa

.D.YMaJia

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

.ll.YMaJIM

Future tense
}I

Tbl
OH,OHa

6y.D.y .D.yMaTb

Mbl
Bbl

6y.D.eTe .D.yMaTb

OHM

6Y.D.YT .li.YMaTb

6y.D.eiiib .D.yMaTb
6y.[l.eT .li.YMaTb

6y.D.eM .D.yMaTb

Remember:
The verb oyMamb can be used in the following ways:
a) with the prepositional case:
OyMamb 0 KOM? 0 'leM?

Jl oyMmo 0 MaMe, 0 6pame. I am thinking about my mother, brother.

b) with the conjunction 'lmo:


OyMamb, 'lmO ...

Jl oyMmo, 'lmO 6yoem dOJICOb. I think that it will rain.

c) with the conjunction o moM, 'lmo:


OyMamb 0 mOM, 'lmO ...
Jl oyMmo o moM, 'lmo 6yoem 3aempa.

I am thinking about what will


happen tomorrow.

d) with questioning words: KaKou, KaK, Kyoa, zoe and others:


Jl oyMmo, KaKue cyeeHUpbl Kynumb. I am thinking of what souvenirs to buy.
Jl oyMmo, Kyoa OH uoem.
I am thinking about where
he is going.
e) memorize the following expression:
KaK 8bl oyMaeme? KaK mbl oyMaeLUb? What do you think?

142

YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rDaA. nto&HMOE BPEMR

rOAA

YnpaHIHeHMH Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbmo6um11

.5! ... nero. B1>1 ... nnaBaTI>? PaHI>IIIe oHa ... 3MMy, a ceJiqac ... BecHy.
OHM ... KaTaTI>CH Ha JibDKax. f.n;e Thi ... KaTaThcx Ha KOHI>Kax? PaHr:.IIIe Mbi
... JIOBMTb p1>16y, a ceJiqac He .... OH oqeHr:. ... KynaTbCH M 3aropaTr:.. 0Ha
... ero Bcer.n;a.

2. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case .


.5! mo6mo (3MMa M neTo). HaTaiiia KynMna (KpacMBax cyMKa). OH
mo6MT (cecTpa M 6paT). fuopb MAH.n;peH qMTaiOT (ra3eTbl M)KypHaJibi).
fiOKa)KMTe (3Ta 6ny3Ka M3TOT map<!>). OHM He JII06HT ( XOJIO.n;HaH noro.n;a).
,ll;aiiTe, no)KanyiicTa, (naqKa Macna M naKeT MOJIOKa). Mr:.1 nro6MM
(Tennoe MOpe M )KapKOe COJIHUe). TaHH JII06MT (BMKTOp), a BMICTOp
mo6MT (TaHx). IIocMoTpMTe (3TO qepHoe nani>TO M 3Ta cepax rnnxna).
B1>1 nro6MTe (cbip)? Tbi nro6Mrnb JIOBMTb (p1>16a)? AHToH nro6HT (KpaCMBJ:.Ie .n;eByiliKM).

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs pooumfiCR and
npuexam11 in the past tense.
a) f.n;e ... BMKTop? Koma Bbl ... ? .5! ... B MocKBe B anpene. MoM
po.n;MTeJIM ... B PoccMM. OHM ... oceHbiO? Kor.n;a Mr.n;e Tbl ... ? Ero .n;py3I>H
... B fepMaHMM. JleHa ... B BHBape.
6) Kor.n;a Bbi ... B MocKBy? Moii .n;pyr ... B PoccMJO B MapTe, a Mox
no.n;pyra ... B Mae. OHM ... BeCHOH . .5! ... B AMepMKY 3MMOH.

4. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs ynamfiCR or KamamfiCR.

JleTOM .Sl 06bJqHo ... B MOpe. Bqepa OH .. Ha Jlbi)Kax. 3MMOH OHM


o6x3aTeJII>HO ... Ha caHKax. Mpa ... M B qepHoM Mope, M B EaJITHHCKOM.
Tbi JI106MIIIb ... B MOpe? Mbi MO)KeM ... Ha Jlbi)Kax. f.n;e OHM o6J:.IqHo ... ?
Tbi ... Ha KOHI>Kax 3MMOH? 3asTpa H ... B MOpe.

5. Put the word zpaoyc and the numbers in the proper form.
CeJiqac B MocKBe -2 (rpa.n;yc). 3MMOH B CM6MpM OT -25 .n;o -35
(rpa.n;yc). CKonr:.Ko (rpa.n;yc) 6y.n;eT 3aBTPa? JieroM B JloH.n;oHe OT +15 .n;o
+22 (rpa.n;yc). B Hox6pe B MocKBe OT 0 .n;o -4 (rpa.n;yc). ITo pa.n;Mo nepe.n;asanM, qro B IIapM)Ke ceJiqac +4 (rpa.n;yc). KaiC Tbi .LlYMaerni>, CKOJibKO
(rpa.n;yc) cero.n;Hx? .5! .n;yMaJO, (rpa.n;yc) 2-3.

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

143

6. Put the adjectives in parentheses into the comparative form.


Cero.n;IDI BeTep (cHJibHbiH), qeM Bqepa. 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT (xoJIO.D:HbiH),
qeM cero.n;HR. KrrHMaT B I1TaJIHH (Tei1JibiH), qeM B PoccHH. MocKBa (6oJibrnoli), qeM BJia,n;HMHp. B ApHKe ()KapKHH), qeM B EBporre. 3m cyBeHHpbi (xopornHli), qeM Te. BecHoli (11poxJia.n;HbiH), qeM JieTOM. CMoJieHCK
(MaJieHbKHH), qeM MocKBa. 3ToT KOCTIOM (rrJioxoll:), qeM TOT. JleToM
(KpaCHBbiH), qeM 3HMOH?

7. Put the words in parentheses into the dative case.


(Bbi) XOJIO.D:HO? (0H) XOJIO.D:HO. (JleHa) 6biJIO XOJIO.D:HO. (Tbi) 6y,n;eT
Tei1JIO. (Mbi) 6y,n;eT HHTepeCHO. (51) oqeHb 11pHHTHO. (0HH) xoporuo?
(BHKTOp) H~HO exaTb Ha MeTpO. (0Ha) HMO H.D:TH B Mara3HH. (Bbi)
MO)KHO exaTb Ha MeTpo HJIH aBT06yce. (AH.n;peli) HeJib3H 3aropaTb.
(,[ijJy3bH) HeJib3H Ky11aTbCH.

8. Change the following personal expressions into impersonal ones.


a) Example: - Cero,n;HH H,n;eT ,n;o)K,n;b.
-

Cero.n;HH HeT .n:o)K,n;H.

Bqepa 6biJI cHer. Coo6maJIH 110 pa.n;Ho, qTo 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT ,n;O)K.l\b. Y
MeHH ecTb cecTpa. Y Hero 6bma HHTepecHaH KHHra. Cero.n;HH Mopo3. B
Mara3HHe 6biJIH cyBeHHpbi. 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT COJIHU:e.
6) Example:

- 5I xoqy ryJIHTb.
-

MHe xoqeTcH ryJIHTb.

0HH XOTHT OT.L\hiXaTb. 0Ha He xoqeT pa6oTaTb. Mbl XOTHM JieTOM


11JiaBaTb H 3aropaTb. 5I xoqy roBOpHTb 110-pycCKH 6biCTpO H 11paBHJibHO.
Tbi xoqerub rroexaTb B MocKBy? Bbi xoTHTe xoporno KaTaTbCH Ha Jibi)Kax?
AHTOH He xoqeT ryJIRTb B Jiecy. 0JIH He xoqeT 3BOHHTb 11o.n;pyre.

9. Change the expression into the indefinite personal.


a) Example: - MoH .n;py3bH roBopHJIH, qTo B PoccHH xoJio,n;Ho.
-

foBopHJIH, qTo B PoccHH xoJIO.D:HO.

ITo TeJieBH3opy CHHOI1THKH Bqepa coo6marrH, qTo 6y.n;eT +5. MoH


po.n;HTeJIH 11HWYT, qTo .n;oMa Bee B 110pH.n;Ke. ITo pa.n;Ho ceifqac CHHOI1THKH
6y.n:YT 11epe.n;aBaTb, KaKaH 11oro.n;a 6y.n;eT 3aBTpa.
6) Example:

- MoH .n:py3bH roBopHJIH, qTo B PoccHH xoJio,n;Ho.


-

foBopHT, qTo B PoccHH xoJio.n;Ho.

,.[QKOH rOBOpHJI MHe, qTQ B JlOH.L\OHe BCer,n;a H,n;eT .L\O)K.l\b. Ifpa 11HCaJia
MHe, qTo B CH6HpH Mopo3 .n:o -35. ITo TeJieBH3opy CHH011THK coo6marr,
qTo 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT cHer. ITo pa.n;Ho 11epe.n;aBaJIH, qTo B 6JIH)KaHrnHe ,n;HH
6y.n;eT Tei1JiaH rroro.n;a.

144

YpoK 10.

norQAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niOiiHMOE BPEMSI rOAA

10. Complete the sentences

.5! qacro .U}'MaiO o .. . . KaK Tbi .n}'Maelllb, KaKM .. . ? MoH .upy3MI


.ll}'MaiOT, KaKHe .... 3HMOH Mbl .llYMaJIH 0 ... , a neTOM 0 .... .5J: .ll}'MaiO,
qro .... KaK Bbi .u}'MaeTe, r.ue ... ? BM.ll}'MaeTe o ... ? Huor.n;a OHH .n}'MaiOT,
qro .... Mbi .n}'MaeM o TOM, qro .... Jleua .uyMaeT o ... , a Au.n;pe:H o ....
11. Put the words in parentheses into the proper form.

,[(aBa:HTe no3HaKOMHMCH! MeHH 30BYT Callla. .5! (po.UHTbCH) (Becua,


MaPT) (ror PoccHH). Ho Moe ni06HMoe BpeMH ro.ua- nero. (Jiero) oqeub
Tenno, .UIDKe X<apKO. Bee nHCTbH (3eneHb1H), MHOrO (qBeTbi, i>PYKThi, OBOIIlH). Mo)KHO eynaTbCH, nnaBaTb (Mope), noBHTh (pbi6a), 3aropaTb. MoX<HO
rynHTb (nee) HnH (napK), MOX<HO C06HpaTb (Hro.l(bl HrpH6bi). JleTOM HeT
(Mopo3 H CHer) . .5! nro6n10 (conuqe) H He nro6n10 (Mopo3 H cuer).
TeMneparypa neTOM (oT +20 .no +30), H o6bJqHo HeT (.llOX<.Ub). JleTOM
(xopolllo), qeM 3HMOH. 3HMOH H Bcer.ua .n}'MaiO (nero, Mope, conuqe).
Jlero (caMbiH xopomH:H) BpeMH ro.ua .

.QHanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
2)
-

llpa, KaKM cero.n;HH noro.n;a?


Cero.UHH Tenno.
A KaKM TeMneparypa cero.n;HH?
Cero.uHH +15.

- Ira, what is the weather today?


- Today is warm.
-What is the temperature?
-Today it is +15.

Callla, Tbi He 3HaemL, KaKaH


noro.n;a 6y.ueT 3aBTpa?
-ITo pa.n;Ho nepe.uaBanH, qro 6y.ueT xono.uHo. HoqbiO -12,
-15,.l(HeM-8,-10. CHnbHbiH
BeTep.
- A cuer 6y.ueT H.n;TH?
- HeT, cHera He 6y.ueT.
3)
- Cepre:H HHKonaeBHq, CKaX<HTe,
noX<any:HcTa, KaKaH noro.n;a
o6bJquo neToM B MocKBe?

- Sasha, do you know what the


weather will be tomorrow?
- It was said on the radio that it
will be cold. -12 to -15 at
night, -8 to -10 during the
day. And a strong wind.
- Will it snow?
-No, it will not snow.
-Sergei Nikolaevich, tell me,
please, what is the weather usually like in the summer in Moscow?

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

- 06LitiHO Tenno, +20, +22.


CBeTHT coJIH:Qe. B HIOJie HHor.n;a )KapKo, .n;o +30. B aBrycre
npoxna.n;Hee.
-AoceHLIO?
- OceHLIO Bcer.n;a npoxna.n;Ho.
qacro H.n;er .n;oQL. TeMnepa'I)'pa B ceHu6pe +10, +12, B
OKTg6pe }')Ke XOJIO.D;HO, OT 0 .D;O
-2. MHor.n;a H.D;fh cHer.
- A 3HMOH B MocKBe Bcer.n;a xoJIO.n;Ho?
- 06LiqHo 3HMOH xono.n;Ho. TeMnepa'I)'Pa OT -10 .n;o -20. qaCTO H.D;eT CHer, JzyeT CHJILHLIH
BeTep. Mop03 HHOr.n;a .D;O -30.
4)
- Po6epT, KaKM noro.n;a BJloH.n;oHe BeCHOH?
- B MaPTe npoxna.n;Ho, B anpene
Tenno, BMae )KapKo.
- foBopgT, qro BJloH.n;oHe Bcer.n;a
H.D;er .D;O)K.D;L.
- He Bcer.n;a, HO qacro. Ho MHe B
JloH.D;oHe Bcer.n;a xopowo. 3ro
MOM po.n;Hoii ropo.n;. TaM g mo6JIIO .IJ;a)Ke nnOXYJO noro.n;y.
5)
- JIJOq}fg, KaKM noro.n;a JieTOM B
MTaJIHH?
- JleToM BMTaJIHH oqeHL )KapKo.
CBeTHT conH:u;e. Ha 10re TeMnepa'I)'Pa .n;o -35, Ha ceBepe npoxna.n;Hee.
-A3HMOH?
- 3HMOH xopowM noro.n;a. HeMHoro npoxna.n;Ho. TeMnepaTypa 0,+2. YIHor.n;a H,D;eT
.D;O)K,D;L.
- A BMTaJIHH ecTL cHer?
- OtieHL pe.n;Ko.

10-629

145

-Usually, it is warm, about +20


to +22. The sun shines. In July
it sometimes gets hot, about 30 .
In August it is cooler.
- And in the fall?
- The fall is always cool. It often
rains. The temperature in September is 10 to 12 degrees, in
October it is already cold, 0 to
-2 degrees. Sometimes it snows.
- Is winter in Moscow always
cold?
-Winter is usually cold. The temperature ranges from -10 to
-20. Snow falls often, strong
winds blow. Freezing weather
sometimes down to -30.
- Robert, what is the weather in
London in the spring?
- In March it is cool, in April
warm, and in May hot.
- They say that it always rains in
London.
-Not always, but often. But London is always pleasant for me.
It is my native city. I love even
the bad weather there.
- Lucia, what is the weather in Italy in the summer?
- Summer in Italy is very hot. The
sun shines. In the south the temperature reaches 35, in the
north it is cooler.
- And in the winter?
- There is nice weather in the winter. It is a little cool. The temperature is 0 to +2. It sometimes rains .
- Is there snow in Italy?
- Very rarely.

146

YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rDAA. nto&MMOE BPEMR rOAA

- Bam KJIHMaT TeiiJiee, 11eM MocKOBCKHii.


- ,[{a, KOHe'IHO, Tennee.
6)
- IOpa, TI>I He 3Haemi>, KaKWI noro.n;a 6y.n;eT B6JIH>KaHmHe ,ll;HH?
- 5.1 KYITHJI ra3eTY. CeJiqac noCMOTpHM. TaK ... 3aBTPa 6y.n;eT
TeiiJio,.n;HeM+15, +18,.n;o>K.lVI He 6y.n;eT. IIocne3aBTpa 6y.n;eT e~e Tennee. Ho Mo>KeT
6I>ITh 6y.n;eT ,ll;O>K,ll;b.
- A TI>I He 3Haemi>, KaKWI TeMneparypa cero.n;HH?
-5.1 .n:YMaro, rpa.n;ycoB 10. A Thl
KaK ,ll;YMaemi>?
- 5.1 .n:YMaro, MeHI>me, rpa.n;ycoB
7-8.
7)
Coo6UJe1lue no paouo .
- 3aBTpa B MocKBe 6y.n;eT npoxna.n;Ho. Ho'll>ro 0, -2. ,[{HeM
+2, +4. B 6JIH>KalimHe .n;HH
6y.n;eT Tennee, .n;o +5, +7, BeTep cna6DIH, .n;o>K,lVI He 6y.n;eT.
8)
- IlpHBeT, ,[{>KOHl
- IlpHBeT, Carnal
- KRK.n;ena?
- He o'leHI> xopomo.
-IIo11eMy?
- CeJiqac B MocKBe O'leHI> xono.n;Ho, a y MeHH HeT TeiTJIOH
KYPTKH, manKH, nep11aTOK.
- TDI He 3Han, 'ITO B MocKBe 3HMOH XOJIO,ll;HO?
- KoHe'IHO, 3HaJI. MHe roBopHJIH.
Ho ceJiqac TOJII>KO HOH6pi>, a
y>Ke XOJIO,ll;HO. qTO >Ke 6y.n;eT
3HMOH?
- 3HMOH 6y.n;eT e~e XOJIO,ll;Heel

-Your climate is warmer than


Moscow's.
- Yes, it is warmer of course.
- Yura, do you know what the
weather will be in the next few
days?
- I bought a newspaper. We'll take
a look. Let's see ... Tomorrow
will be warm,+ 15 to+ 18 during the day, no rain. The day after tomorrow will be even
warmer, but it may rain.
- Do you know what the temperature is today?
- I think about 1oo. What do you
think?
- I think less, about 7 to go.

A radio report
- Tomorrow in Moscow will be
cool. 0 to -2 at night, +2 to
+4o during the day. The next few
days will be warmer, up to +5,
+7, mild winds, no rain.
-Hi,Johnl
-Hi, Sasha!
- How are you?
-Not very well.
-Why?
- It is so cold in Moscow now, and
I do not have a warm short coat,
hat, or gloves.
-Didn't you know that winter in
Moscow is cold?
-Of course I knew. I was told.
But, it's only November, and it's
already cold. What will the winter be like?
- Winter will be even colder! You

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

147

Te6e o6.~3aTem>Ho H)')KHO Kydefinitely need to buy warm


mn& Temi&Ie Bem;w: xopoume
clothes: good warm boots, a
wool sweater of course, a hat, a
Tenn&Ie 6oTHHKH, rnepcnmoii
CBHTep, KOHe'IHO, lllanKY, rnap<f>,
scarf, and a short or long coat.
KypTKy HHH llMbTO.
- 3HMOH H 6y.lly e3,llHTb TOHbKO B - During the winter I am only going to ride the metro, it is warm
MeTpo, TaM Tenno. A nernKOM
XO,llHTb He 6y,lly.
there. I am not going to walk.
- TI>I ceiiqac TaK .llyMaern&! Ky- -You think that now! Buy yournwrn& Tenn&Ie Bem;w, 11 Bee 6yself some warm clothes and
,lleT HOpManbHO. 3HMOH TO)I(e
you'll be fine. Winter is also
npHHTHaH noro,lla. B03.llyx cBepleasant. Fresh air, white, pret)I(HH, 6en&IH KpaCHBbiH CHer...
ty snow... You will like winter!
Te6e noHpaBHTCH 3HMa!
9)
- 3.llpaBcTByii, OnH!
- Hello, Olya!
- Hello, Kristina!
- 3.llpaBcTByii, KpHCTHHa!
-KaK,llena?
- How are you?
- 0TnH'IHO. A TBOH?
- Excellent. And you?
- To)l(e.
-Me too.
- Te6e He xono,llHO B MocKBe?
- I t isn't too cold for you in Moscow?
- HeT, MHe HHTepecHo . .5I po- -No, it is interesting for me. I was
.llHnac& 11 )I(Hna Ha rore <l>paHborn and lived in the south of
uHH, TaM HeT cHera. A BMocKFrance, there's no snow. And in
Be MHoro cHera. OtieHI> KpacwMoscow there is lots of snow. It
BO, KOr,lla 3HMOH CBeTHT COHHis very pretty when the sun
shines in winter. I did not know
ue. PaH&rne H He 3Hana, 'ITO TaKoe pyccKaH 3HMa, a ceiiqac
what Russian winter was like
3Haro.
before, and now I know.
- A Thl Kynwna Tenn&Ie Bem;w?
- Did you buy warm clothes?
- KoHetiHo, H KYnHna rny6y, Ten- - Of course. I bought a fur coat, a
nyro rnanKy, Tenn&Ie canorw. H
warm hat, warm boots. Now I
ceJiqac H Mory MHoro rynHTb.
can walk around a lot.
10)

- HpwHa MwxaiinoBHa, CKa)I(HTe,


KaKoii KnHMaT B Poccww?
- PoccHH otieHI> 6on&rnaH CTPaHa,
11 KnHMaT pa3HhlH. Ha ceBepe
06hl'IHO XOHO,llHO, ,lla)l(e neTOM
npoxna,llHo, TaM qacTo H,lleT
cHer. Ha rore, KOHetiHO, Tenno

- Irina Mikhailovna, tell me what


the Russian climate is like?
- Russia is a very big country, and
the climate varies. In the north,
it is usually cold, even the summers are cool. It often snows. In
the south of course, it is warm,

148

YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. ntO&HMOE BPEMR rOAA

H,[(aJKe JKapKO. 3HMa He XOJIO,[(Ha5l. Ha )J;anbHeM BocTOKe MopCKOM KJIHMaT.


- A KaKoif KJIHMaT B CH6HpH?
- B CH6HpH KOHTHHeHTaJibHbiM
KJIHMaT: oqeHb XOJIO,[(Ha5l 3HMa
H JKapKoe neTo.

even hot. The winters are not


cold. In the Far East, there is a
sea climate.
-What is the climate in Siberia?
- In Siberia there is a continental
climate: very cold in the winter
and hot in the summer.

11)

- AH,n:peti, Kor.n:a Tbi po,n:HJIC5l?


- Andrei, when were you born?
- 5I po,n:HJIC5l BeCHOM, B anpeJie.
- I was born in the spring, in April.
- Tbi po,n:HJIC5l B MocKae?
- Were you born in Moscow?
- HeT, 5I po,n:HJIC5l B ToMcKe.
- No, I was born in Tomsk.
- A r,n:e Haxo,n:HTC5l 3TOT ropo.n:?
- Where is that city located?
-B CH6HpH.
- In Siberia.
- fOBOp5IT, TaM oqeHb XOJIO,[(HO?
-They say it's very cold there.
- 3HMOM XOJIO,[(HO, a JieTOM JKap- -The winter is cold and the sumKO. HopMaJibHa5l noro,n:a. A r.n:e
mer is hot. Normal weather.
Tbl pO,[(HJiaCb, )l(aHHa?
Where were you born, Janna?
- 5I po,n:HJiaCb BMaJieHbKOM ropo- - I was born in a small city in the
,n:e Ha wre <l>paHI.\HH. OH Ha3bisouth of France. It is called Nice.
aaeTc5l HHI.\1.\a. Tbi 3Haeiiib 3TOT
Do you know this city?
ropo,n:?
- KoHeqHo, 3HaiO. TaM, HaBepHo, - Of course. The weather is probacer,n:a xopoiiiM noro,n:a?
ably always good there?
- HHI.\1.\a Haxo,n:HTC5l Ha Mope, Hy - Nice is located on the sea and we
HaC MOpCKOM KJIHMaT. llHor,n:a
have a sea climate. Sometimes
TeiiJIO, HHOr,n:a JKapKO, BeCHOM H
warm, sometimes hot, it rains freOCeHblO qacTO H.[(YT ,[(O)K,[(H.
quently in the spring and fall.
- HoB HHI.\1.\e, KOHeqHo, HeT cHe- -There is probably no snow in
ra?
Nice?
- KoHeqHo, HeT. A BCH6HpH MHO- - Of course not. And in Siberia is
ro cHera?
there lots of snow?
- 0qeHb MHOfO!
-Lots!
12)

CKaJKHTe, noJKanyifcTa, Kor.n:a H


r,n:e Bbl pO,[(HJIHCb?
- 5I po,n:HJIC5l JieTOM, B HIOJie.

-Ar.n:e?
- B lllBel.\HH, Bropo,n:e CTOKrOJibMe.
- f,n:e Bbi ceifqac JKHBeTe?

- Tell me, please, where and when


were you born?
- I was born in the summer, in
July.
-Where?
- In Sweden, in Stokholm.
-Where do you live now?

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

- Ceifqac .si )J(HBY B PoccHH, B


MocKBe.
- BI:.I pa6oTaeTe HJIH yqHTeci:.?
- 5. yqyc~:. B MrY.
- BaM HpaBHTC.si MocKBa?
- ,[(a, oqeHI:. KpaCHBI:.IH H HHTepeCHI:.IH ropo.z:l.
-A BaM HpaBHTC.si MOCKOBCKa.si
rroro.[la?
- BecHoH H oceHLIO MHe oqeHL
HpaBHTC.si BMocKBe. JleToM HeMHoro )J(apKo, Mana cBe)J(ero
B03.[lyxa. A 3HMOH HeMHOro xoJIO.[{HO. B CTOKroJII:.Me o6J:.IqHo
Terrna.si 3HMa H rrpoxna,[{Hoe
JieTO.

149

-Now I live in Russia, in Moscow.


- Do you work or study?
- I study at MGU.
- Do you like Moscow?
-Yes, it is a pretty and interesting city.
- Do you like Moscow weather?
- Spring and fall I like very much
in Moscow. Summer is a little
hot, and there's little fresh air.
And winter is a little cold. In
Stokholm, winter is usually
warm, and summer is cool.

13)

- MapHHa, KaKoe TBoe nro6HMoe


BpeM.si ro.[la?
- Moe nro6HMoe BpeM.si ro.[la, KoHeqHo, BeCHa.
- lloqeMy?
- BecHa - rrpeKpacHoe, Y.LlHBHTeJII:.Hoe BpeM.si ro.[la. He6o CHHee, CBeTHT conHQe. B Mae ~e
Bee .[lepeBI:..si JeneHI:.Ie, MHoro
IITHQ, QBeToB. EIQe He )J(apKo,
rroro.[la oqeHI:. rrpH.siTHa.si. BeeHOM Bcer.[la HaqHHaeTc.si HOBa.si
)J(H3HI:.!

-Marina, what is your favorite


season of the year?
- My favorite season of the year
of course is spring.
-Why?
- Spring is a beautiful, surprising
season of the year. The sky is
blue, the sun is shining. In May,
the trees are already green, there
are many birds, flowers. It's not
hot yet, the weather is very
pleasant. Spring is always the
beginning of new life!

14)

- 0JI.si, KaKOe TBOe JII06HMOe BpeM.si ro.[la?


- Moe nro6HMoe BpeM.si ro.[la 3HMa.
- Ho 3HMOH xono.[{HO.
- 3HMOH B03.Llyx XOJIO,[{HI:.IH, HO
CBe)J(HH. 3HMOH oqeHI:. KpaCHBO,
Bee 6enoe, H.LlST cHer. Mo)J(HO
KaTaTI:.C.si Ha JIJ:.I)J(aX, Ha KOHI:.KaX, Ha caHKax.

- Olya, what is your favorite season of the year?


- My favorite season of the year
is winter.
- But winter is cold.
- In winter the air is cold, but
fresh. Winter is very pretty, everything is white, snow is falling. You can snow-ski, ice-skate,
or go sledding.

150

YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. nt0611MDE BPEMSI rDAA

- A TI:.I MO)I(ellii:. KaTaTI:.CH Ha JII:.I-

- Do you know how to snow-ski?


)I(ax?
- ,L(a, H xoporno KaTarocL Ha JII:.I- -Yes, I can snow-ski well, ice)I(ax, HeMHOro Ha KOHI:.KaX, H,
skate fairly well, and of course
KOHeqHO, JII06JIIO KaTaTI:.CH Ha
I love to go sledding.
caHKax.
-Where do you go?
- A r.D:e TI:.I KaTaerni:.cH?
- 06I:.JqHo B rrapKe HJIH B Jiecy. -Usually to the park or the forPyccKaH 3HMa - 3TO rrpeKest. Russian winter is beautiful!
pacHo!
15)
- BHKTop I1BaHoBHq, KaKoe Barne - Victor Ivanovich, what is your
JII06HMOe BpeMH ro,ll;a?
favorite season of the year?
- Moe mo6HMOe BpeMH ro.D:a -My favorite season is fall. In the
oceHI:.. OceHI:.IO oqeHI:. KpacHBM
fall the nature is very pretty, the
npHpO,ll;a, JIHCTbH KpaCHI:.Ie H
leaves are red and gold, and
30JIOThie, MHOrO HrO,ll;, rpH60B,
there are many berries, mushcppyKTOB, oBom;eH: . .5I mo6mo
rooms, vegetables and much
ryAATb B Jiecy H C06HpaTI:. rpMfruit. I love to walk in the forest
6I:.I.
and gather mushrooms.
- Ho oceHI:.IO qacTo H.D:eT ,ll;O)I()l;b. - But it frequently rains in the fall.
- A H JII06mo ,ll;O)I(,ll;b. Y rrpH- - I love the rain. "Nature never has
po.D:I:.I HeT IIJIOXOH IIOrO,ll;bi.
bad weather".
- A em;e roBopHT: HeT rrJioxoH: - They also say: "There is no such
IIOrO,ll;bl, eCTb IIJIOXM O,ll;e)l(,ll;a.
thing as bad weather, only bad
clothes".
16)
- Mropi:., KaKoe TBoe JII06HMoe -Igor, what is your favorite season of the year?
BpeMH ro.D:a?
- Moe JII06HMoe BpeMH ro.D:a -My favorite season is summer.
JieTO.
- lloqeMy Tbl JII06Hllib JieTO?
- Why do you love summer?
- JleTOM oqeHI:. TenJio, ,ll;a)l(e )l(ap- -In the summer it is very warm,
Ko. Mo)I(HO KynaTI:.CH, 3aropaTI:.,
even hot. You can swim, sunIIJiaBaTI:., JIOBHTb pbi6y, ryJIHTb,
bathe, go fishing, take walks,
co6HpaTI:. HrO)l;I:.I ...
gather berries ...
- A r)l;e TI:.I o6I:.JqHo OT.D:I:.Ixaerni:. - And where do you usually vaJieTOM?
cation in the summer?
- 06I:.IqHo Ha Mope. Ho MO)KHO H -Usually by the sea. But you can
B MocKBe. 3.D:eci:. JieToM TO)I(e
also vacation in Moscow. The
xoporno.
summer is nice here too.
- A Tbl JII06HIIIb JIOBHTb pbi6y?
-Do you like to fish?

Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR

151

- He o'leHL . .5I mo6mo ryiDITL B -Not really. I like to walk in the


necy. B necy npoxna.n;Ho, 6eforest. In the forest it is cool;
white, yellow and blue flowers,
JILie, )l(eJITLie, CHHHe I.lBeTLI,
red berries, green leaves. It is
KpaCHLie jJTO,ll;LI, 3eJieHLie JIHCvery pretty.
TMI. 3TO O'leHL KpaCHBO.
- A Te6e He )l(apKO neToM?
- And you don't get hot in the
summer?
- HeT, MHe He )l(apKo . .5I po.n;HJICH -No, I don't get hot. I was born
B HIOJie H JII06JIIO JieTO.
in July and I love the summer.
2. Explain what the weather is today, and what it will be in the next few days.
3. Ask when people in the group were horn.
4. Tell about the climate in your country. What is the weather like in spring,
summer, fall and winter?
5. Ask your friends what their favorite season of the year is and why.
6. Tell about your favorite season of the year.

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.

1)
- CKOJILKO rpa.n;ycoB cero.n;HH?

6)
- KaKoti KJIHMaT B MocKBe?

2)
- 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT .n;o)I{)];L?

7)
- BamH .n;py3LH JIOBHT pLI6y?

3)
- BLI JII06HTe KaTarLcH Ha JILI)l(ax?

8)
- f.n;e BLI o6LI'IHO 3aropaeTe H
KYITaeTecL?

4)
- Kor.n;a BLI po,n;HJIHCL?

9)
- KaKoe Bame mo6HMoe BpeMH
ro.n;a?

5)
- KaKrur noro.n;a 6y.n;eT B 6JIH)l(aHIIIHe .n;HH?

10)
- KaKrur noro.n;a BaM HpaBHTcs?

152

YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niO&HMOE BPEMJI rDAA

2. Fill in the questions.

1)
-

6)
OceH~>ro o6MqHo H.ZJ:er .ZJ:O)K)J;~>,
.ZJ:yeTBeTep.

2)

OH He MO)KeT KaTaTI>C$.1 Ha KOHhKax.

7)

- Ee mo6HMoe BpeMH ro,ZJ;a -

MoH MaMa po.ZJ:HJiaci> B Mae.

3HMa.

3)
-

8)
ITo pa.n;Ho nepe,ZJ;aBanH, qTo 3aBTpa 6y.ZJ:eT Tennee.

4)

,ll;a, H nro6nro co6HpaTh HrO,ZJ;I>I


H rpH6bi.

9)
- .5I .ZJ:YMaiO o po.ZJ:HOM ropo.ZJ:e.
10)

Bqepa He 61>mo .ZJ:O)K)J;H.

Cero,ZJ;HH Tenno, CBeTHT coJIHQe,

+15.
3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 10.

YpoH 11 Lesson 11

3aopoabe. CaMo~o~yacraMe
Health. How You Feel
neKCHKa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

KaK Barne 3.n;op6Boe?


KaK TBoe 3.n;op6Boe?
KaK Bbi ce6H qyBCTByeTe?
KaK Tbi ce6& qyBcTByerni>?
5I qY"BcTBYJO ce6& xoporn6.
qTO CJiyqHJIOCb?
6oneToha6om~Th

5I 6onero.
qTO y BaC (y Te6&) 60JIUT?
HHqer6.
Y MeJci 60JIUT roJIOBa.
Y MeiDi 6onnT r6pno.
Y MeJci 60JIUT )I(HBOT.
Y MeJci 6oJIUT 3y6.
Y MeJci rpHITIT.
Y Melci aHrnHa.
Y MeJci HaCMOpK.
Y MeHH KallieJib.
MHe 66JII>HO.
MHe rrn6xo.
MHe eyqrne.
MHe xy)l(e.
5I 3.n;op6B.

How's your health?


How's your health?
How do you feel?
How do you feel?
I feel fine.
What happened? What is wrong?
1) to ache, hurt/to begin to ache,
hurt
2) to be ill
I am ill.
What hurts?
Nothing.
My head hurts.
My throat hurts.
My stomach hurts.
My tooth hurts.
I have the flu.
I have tonsillitis.
I have a cold.
I have a cough.
It is painful; it hurts.
I am not well.
I am better.
I am worse.
I am healthy.

154

YpoK11.3AOPOBbE.

npOCTy,[{HT.bCH

to catch a cold

5I npocry.[{:HncH.

I caught a cold.

HaBepHO
MO)KeT 6.biT.b
K CO)KaJieHHIO

probably
maybe
unfortunately

KaKful y sac (y Te6.si:) TeMneparypa?


Y MeHH B.biCOKaH

I have a high

(HOpMM.bHaH) TeMnepa'rYpa.

CAMO~YBCTBHE

What is your temperature?


(normal) temperature.

JieKllpCTBO
Ta6neTKa
BHTaMHH.bl
npHHHMaT.b/IIpHHHT.b
JieKapCTBa,Ta6JieTKH
IIHT.b/BbiiiHT.b
eCT.b/C'.beCT.b
cnaT.b
anTeKa
IIOJIHKJIHHHKa
6on.bH:Hu;a
H.[{rn/noih:H Kspaqy
CKOpee
6.blcrpee

medicine
tablet; pill
vitamins
to take medicine,
tablets, pills
to drink
to eat
to sleep
drug store
medical clinic
hospital
to go to the doctor
sooner
faster; quicker

CKopee B.bi3.[{opasnHsaihe!
IIonpasn.si:H:TeC.b 6.blcrpee!
Ey.[{.bTe 3.[{op6B.bi!

Get well soon!


Get better soon!
Stay well!

noqrn
COBCeM
IIOJTOMY
K;:i)K,[{.biH ,[{eH.b
2 pa3a s .[{eH.b

almost
quite; completely, entirely
therefore
everyday
2 times a day
before eating
after eating
if
something

n6cne e.[{LI
eCJIH
qTO-TO

155

Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL

rpaMMaTMHa Grammar
Table 47
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS EOJIETb/3AEOJIETb
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
6oJieTb

(HCB)

Ja6oJien

(CB)

Present tense
H 6one10

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Mbi 6oneeM

Tbi 6oneeiiib Bbi 6oneeTe


OH, oHa 6oneeT

OHH 6oJieiOT

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

6onen

H, Tbl, OH

3a6onen

H, Tbl, OHa

6onena

H, Tbl, OHa

3a6onena

Mbi, Bhl, OHH

6onenu

Mbl, Bbl, OHH

3a6onenu

Future tense
6y,D;y 60JieTb

j{

Tbl

j{

Thl

6y,D;eiiib 6oneTb

3a6onero
3a6oneeiiib

OH,OHa

6y,D;eT 6oneTb

OH,OHa

3a6oneeT

Mhl

6y,D;eM 6oneTh

Mhl

3a6oneeM

Bbl

6y,D;eTe 6oneTb

Bbl

3a6oneeTe

OHH

3a6oneiOT

OHH

6y,D;yT 6oneTb

Imperative
He 6onei1:! He 6onei1:Te!

He 3a6onei1:! He 3a6onei1:Te!

Table 48
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS IIHTb/BbliiHTb (qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

nnn (HCB)

BbiHIITh

(CB)

Present tense
j{

Tbl
OH,OHa

JlbiO

Mbl

Jib eM

rrbelllb

Bbl

rrheTe

OHH

Jib lOT

Jlbfu

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

ITHJI

H, Tbl, OH

BbiiTHJI

B, Tbl, OHa

nuna

H, Tbl, OHa

BbiiTHJia

Mbl, Bbl, OHH

ITHJIH

Mbl, Bbl, OHH

BbiiTHJIH

156

YpoK11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO~YBCTBME


Continued

(HCB)

IIIlTh

BhiniiTh

(CB)

Future tense
6y11,y ITHTb

Thl

Thl

6y11,elllb ITHTb

BbiiTbiO
Bhm&elllh

OH,OHa

BbiiTbeT

Mhl

6y11,eM ITHTb

Mbl

BbiiTbeM

Bhl

6y11,eTe ITHTb

Bbl

BhiiTheTe

OHH

BbiiTbiOT

OH,OHa

6y11,eT ITHTb

OHH

6y11,yT ITHTb

Imperative
ne.H! ne.HTe!

B&meii! B&meiiTe!

Table 49
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBSECTh/C'bECTh (qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
CCih

(HCB)

ChCcrh

(CB)

Present tense
H

eM

Mbl el1,MM

Thl elllb

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Bbl el1,MTe

OH, OHa eCT

OHHel1,HT

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

en

H, Tbl, OH

c'heJI

H, Thl, OHa

en a

H, Thl, OHa

c'hena

Mbl, Bhl, OHM

enM

Mhl, Bhl, OHM

C'beJIH

Future tense
H

Thl
OH,OHa

6y11,y eCTb
6y11,elllb ecTb

Tbl

C'beM
C'belllb
C'beCT

6y11,eTeCTb

OH,OHa

Mbl

6y11,eM eCTb

Mbl

C'bel1,HM

Bhl

6y11,eTe eCTb

Bbl

C'bel1,HTe

OHH

OHH

6Yl1.YT eCTb

C'hel1,HT

Imperative
elllb! elllLTe!

c'belllb! c'helllLTe!

157

Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL

Table 50
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB CHATb
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

cnaTb (HCB)

Present tense
}I

Tbl
OH,OHa

CIIJIIO

Mbl

CIIHM

CIIHlllb

Bbl

CIIHTe

OHH

CIIHT

CIIHT

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

CIIaJI

H, Tbl, OHa

en ana

Mbl, Bbl, OHH

CIIaJIH

Future tense
}I

Tbl

6y.ny crraTb
6y,nelllb crraTb

OH,OHa

6y,neT crraTb

Mbl

6y,neM crraTb

Bbl

6y.n;eTe crraTb

OHH

6y.n;yT crraTb

Imperative
CIIH! CIIHTe!

Table 51
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB HPOCTY,l(HTbCR
IN THE PAST TENSE
upoctyJUIIJ.CU (CB)

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

rrpOCTy,D;HJICH

H, Tbl, OHa

rrpOCTY,D;HJiaCb

Mbl, Bbl, OHH

rrpOCTY,D;HJIHCb

158

YpoH11.3AOPOBbE. CAMOqYBCTBME
Table 52

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB lfYBCTBOBATh (CEEJI) (KAK?)


IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
(HCB)

<tyBCTBOBaTb (cefiH)

Present tense
Jl

Thi

qyBCTBYIO ce6J~

Mhi

qyBcTByeM ce6J~

qyBcTByeiiih ce6J~

Bhi

qyBCTByeTe ce6J~

OHM qyBCTBYIOT ce6J~

OH, OHa qyBCTByeT ce6g

Past tense
Jl, Thi, OH

qyBCTBOBaJI ce6g

Jl, Thi, OHa

qyBCTBOBaJia ce6J~

Mhi, Bhi, OHM

qyBCTBOBaJIM ce6J~

Future tense
J1 6y,n;y qyBCTBOBaTb ce6J~

Thi 6y,n;eiiih qyBCTBOBaTh ce6J~


OH,OHa 6y,n;eT qVBCTBOBaTb ce6J~

Mbi

6y,n;eM qyBCTBOBaTb ce6J~

Bhi

6y,n;eTe qyBCTBOBaTh ce6g


6y,n;yT qyBCTBOBaTb ce6J~

OHM

Table 53
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS IIPHHHMATh/IIPHHJITh (KOFO?
lfTO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
HplllntMarb

(IICB)

IIJliiiiSil b

(CB)

Present tense
g

IIpMHMMaiO

Tbl npMHMMaeiiib
OH, OHa npMHMMaeT

Mbi npMHMMaeM
Bhi npMHMMaeTe
OHM npMHMMaiOT

Verbs in the perfective


aspect have no present
tense.

Past tense
Jl, Thi, OH

npMHMMaJI

Jl, Thi, OH

npMHJIJI

Jl, Thl, OHa

npMHMMaJia

Jl, Thl, OHa

npMHJ~Jia

Mhl, Bhi, OHM

npMHMMaJIM

Mhi, Bhi, OHM

npMHRJIM

Future tense
R
Tbi

6y,n;y npMHMMaTb
6y,n;eiiib npMHMMaTb

R
Tbi

npMMY
npMMeiiih

OH,OHa

6y,n;eT npMHMMaTb

OH,OHa

Mhi

6y,n;eM npMHMMaTh

Mbi

npMMeM

Bhl

6y,n;eTe npMHMMaTh

Bhi

npMMeTe

OHM

6y,n;yT npMHMMaTb

OHM

npMMeT

npMMYT

Imperative
npMHMMaH! npMHMMaHTe!

npMMM! npMMMTe!

159

Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL

Remember:
(o,n;HH) pa3
2 (.n;sa), 3, 4 pa3a
5, 6 ... pa3
CKOJibKO pa3?

Remember:
36,6- TpH,n;[(aTb rneCTb H IlleCTb
37, 1 - TpH,n;n:aTD ceMb H o,n;Ha
37,2 - TpH,n;[(aTb CeMb H ,ll;Be
37,3- TpH,n;n:aTD ceMb H TPH
etc.
Remember:
The dative case in Russian is used not only after verbs of the type
JBOHUmblnoJeoHumb KoMy?, noKynambiKynumb KoMy?, etc., but also af-

ter verbs of motion. In this case, the noun in the dative case is used with
the preposition K.
For example: uomu K epa'-ly
examb K noopyze

These phrases answer the question Kyo a? or K KOAty?


For example: - Kyoa (K KOMY) 8bl uoeme?
- Jl uoy K epa'-ly.

Review dative case noun endings in Lesson 6, Table 18.

Impersonal Construction (See Lesson 10 for an explanation)


The condition of the speaker may be expressed using the reflexive
verbs xo'-lemcR, Ka:JICemcR, and others, plus the main verb in the infinitive.
This construction expresses a condition that is independent of will i.e.
'I am sleepy'. Nouns or pronouns are used in the dative case.

Personal Construction
Jl xo'-ly cnamb.
Jl xo'-ly ecmb.
Jl He xo'-ly numb.

I want to sleep.
I want to eat.
I don't want to drink.

Impersonal Construction
MHe xo'-lemcR cnamb.
MHe xo'-lemcR ecmb.
MHe He xo'-lemcR numb.

I am sleepy.
I am hungry.
I am not thirsty.

160

YpoK 11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO'IYBCTBME

YnpaJHHeHHH Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs 6oJJembl3a6oJJemb.
- Bbi qac.To ... ? - HeT, H ... pe,n:Ko.- liTO cJiyqHJIOCb?- OH ....
3HMOH JleHa Bcer,n:a .... Mbi HHor.n:a ... JieTOM. Kor.n:a H ... , H MHoro crraJI.
Kor.n:a oHa ... , oHa II03BOHHJia Ha pa6ozy. 0HH ... )')ICe MeCHU. Ilo:>KaJiyH:CTa, ... ! PaH~oiiie Mbi ... qacTo, a ceH:qac ... pe,n:Ko.

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs numbleblnumb.
-liTO Bbi o6~oJqHo ... yrpoM?- 06~oJqHo H ... qaH:.- A qTO Bbi ... ?
- Mbi ... Ko<lJe. - Tbi mo6HIIIb ... coK? MHe nyqiiie, rroToMy qTo H ...
2 Ta6JieTKH .... 60Jibiiie COKOB, OHH oqeHb IIOJie3Hbie! 0Ha ... MOJIOKO H
IIOIIIJia Ha pa60T)'. Jl IIOTOM ... 3TH Ta6JieTKH. - Bbi He 3HaeTe, r,n:e MO)I(HO ... Ko<}le? 0HH ... 3TH neKapcTBa 3aBTpa. OH c'beJI KoJI6acy, a rroTOM ...
qaH:.- Tbi ... Ko<Pe?

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs ecmb!c'becmb.
- liTO Bbi o6~oJqHo ... BeqepoM? - BeqepoM Mbi o6~oJqHo ... Cbip H
KOJI6acy. -A qTo Tbi ... ? - JI ... cppyKTbi. M1.1 ... p~o16y. 0Ha ... KapToiiiKy, IIOTOM BbiiiHJia qai1: .... 60Jibiiie <lJpyKTOB H OBOI.UeH! Cei1:qac H He xoqy
... , H IIOTOM BCe .... Kor,n:a Mbl ... , II03BOHHJIH ,n:py3bH. 0HH BCer,n:a ...
oqeHb 6blcTpo. OH ... 3TH OBOIUH 3aBTpa.- T~o1 ... MHco?

4. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb cnamb.
- Kor.n:a Bbi ... ? - KoHeqHo, Mbi ... Hoq~oJO. -A Kor.n:a Tbi ... ? - JI
... Ha ypoKe.- CKOJibKO qacoa oHa o6~oJqHo ... ? Kor.n:a OH ... , II03BOHHJIH
po,n:HTeJIH. BaM H)')KHO ... 8 qacoa. EcnH Bbi 6oneeTe, ... 60Jibiiie! 3aBTpa
Mbi ... YTPOM, ,n:HeM H BeqepoM, rroToMy qTO Mhl 6oneeM. - BM cero,n:HH
rrnoxo ... ? - HeT, H ... HOpMaJibHO. 0HH acer.n:a xopoiiio ....

5. Read the following aloud.

36,6

37,2

38

37,5

39,1

36,9

37,4

38,7

39,9

6. Put the word pa1 into the proper form.

JI 6~om B MocKBe 2 (pa3). CKOJibKO (pa3) Bbi 6biJIH B JloH):(OHe? OH


rrpHHHMaeT 3TH Ta6neTKH 3 (pa3) B ,n:eHb.- T1.1 rr~oeiiib Kocpe 5 (pa3) B
,n:eH~o?- ReT, 4 (pa3). 0Ha 6Mna B PoccHH 1 (pa3). CKOJibKO (pa3) B
,n:eHb H)')KHO IIpHHHMaTb 3TO JieKapCTBO? 0HH 6biJIH B fepMaHHH MHOrO
(pa3).

Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL

161

7. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb npocmyoumbCR in the
past tense

.H ... , y MeH.s.r BLICOKrur TeMnepazypa. -

BLI ... ? - HeT, Bee HopManbHO. Omr MHoro KaTanacb Ha nLDKax H .... OH ... , noToMy 'ITO 3HMOH
B MocKBe O'IeHL xono,n;Ho. MLI He MO:>KeM npHiiTH Ha ypoK, noroMy 'ITO
MLI .... - ~OH, Tbl He 3Haemb, TIO'IeMY TLI ... ?

8. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs npunuMambl
npunRmb.

- BLI ... 3TH Ta6neTKH .n;o e,n;LI HnH nocne e,n;LI? - .H ... Ta6neTKH
nocne e,l{bi. OH ... neKapcTBO H 6y,n;eT cnaTb. 0Ha He mo6HT ... neKapcTBo.
BeCHOH MLI HHOr,n;a ... BHTaMHHLI. Kor,n;a OHH ... BHTaMHHbi, OHH 6I:.InH
3.n;opoBLI. EcnH BLI ... BHTaMHHbi, Bbi ro:>Ke 6y,n;eTe 3.n;opoBLI.... Ta6neTKH
3 pa3a B ,n;eHL! TLI ... neKapcTBo? OH ... neKapcTBo H nomen Ha pa6ooy.

9. Give positive and negative answers to the questions.

Example:

- BaM xo'IeTCB eCTL?


-

,l(a, MHe XO'IeTCB eCTb.


HeT, MHe He XO'IeTCB ecTh.

EMy xo'IeTcs ecTb? HaTame xo'IeTcB cnaTb? AHTOHY xo'IeTCB rynBTh? Te6e XO'IeTCB pa6oTaTb? HM XO'IeTCB TIHTb?

lO.Put the words in parentheses into the dative case with the preposition 1<.
- Ky.n;a Tbi H,n;emb?- .H HAY (.n;pyr). - BLI e,n;eTe (.n;py3LB)?- HeT,
MLI e,n;eM (po,n;HTenH). BLI npoCTy.n;HnHCb, H,l{HTe (Bpa'I). HaM HY:>KHO exaTh
(HaTama H Mropb).- K KOMY OHH npHeXanH?- 0HH npHeXanH (6paT H
cecTPa). MapTa npHexana B MocKBY (no.n;pyra).

11. Complete the sentences using the vocabulary in Lesson 11.


HaBepHo, .... Mo:>KeT 6biTh, .... .H AYMaK>, 'ITO .... K co:>KaneHHID, ....
j! C'ben MOpO:>KeHoe, TI03TOMY .... 0HH TIO'ITH .... 0H COBCeM ....

12. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb ~tytJcmtJotJamb.
PaHLme OH ... ce6B nnoxo, HO ce:Hqac eMy nyqme. KaK TLI ce6B ... ? .H
AYMaK>, 'ITO 3aBTPa ... ce6B nyqme. MLI ... ce6B OTHH'IHO. KaK BLI ce6B ... ? EcnH BLITibeillb 3TO neKapCTBO, ... ce6B nyqme. JleTOM OHH ... ce6B
xy:>Ke, 'IeM oceHLIO. KaK oHa ... ce6B B'Iepa?
11-629

162

YpoK 11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO'IYBCTBME

llHanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
2)
-

3.ll:paBCTByif, BHKTOp!
3,ll;paBcTByif, Carnal
KaK TBOH ,ll;ena?
CnacH6o, xoporno. A TBOH?
To)Ke xoporno.
KaK TBoe 3.li:OpoBhe?
Bee B nop5I.li:Ke. A TBoe?
To)Ke Bee B nop5I,li;Ke.

,IJ;o6phiH ,ll;eHh, JlroqH5J!


,IJ;o6pMH: ,ll;eHh, On5I!
JlroqH5J, KaK BamH ,ll;ena?
He oqeHb xopomo.
A qTO CJiyqHJIOCb?
- 5I 6one10.
- A qm y Bac 6oJIHT?
- Y MeH5I 6on5IT ronoBa H ropno.
Mo)KeT 6biTh, y MeH5I rpHnn.
- IIonpaBJI5IHTech 6hiCTpee!
-CnacH6o.
3)
- ~oH, KaK ce65I qyBCTByellib?
- CnacH6o, MHe ~e nyqme. 5I
noqTH 3,li;OpOB.
- KaKM y Te6.g TeMneparypa?
- HopMaJibHM, TOJihKO em;e HeMHoro 6oJIHT ronoBa.
- A Te6e MO)KHO rymiTh?
- ,IJ;a, ~e MO)KHO. CeH:qac oqeHh
Tenna5I noro,ll;a, H 5I rym110 Ka)K.ll:hiH ,ll;eHh.
4)
- 3,ll;paBcTByH:Te, HBaH IleTpOBHq!
- 3.ll:paBCTByliTe, Po6epT! KaK Bbl
ce65I qyBCTByeTe?
- 5I qyBCTBYIO ce65I He oqeHh xoporno. Y Memi HaCMOpK H Ka-

- Hello, Victor!
- Hello, Sasha!
- How are you?
-Good, thanks. And you?
-Also good.
-And how's your health?
- Well, thanks. And yours?
-Also well.
- Good afternoon, Lucia!
-Good afternoon, Olya!
- Lucia, how are you doing?
- Not too well.
- What happened?
- I am ill.
- What hurts?
- My throat and head hurt. Maybe I have the flu.
- Get well soon!
-Thanks.
-John, how do you feel?
- Thanks, better. I am almost well.
- What is your temperature?
-Normal, but I have a slight
headache.
- And can you get out?
-Yes, I can. Now the weather is
warm, and I take a walk every
day.
-Hello, Ivan Petrovich!
-Hello, Robert! How are you
feeling?
- Not very well. I have a cold and
a cough, and my throat hurts. I

163

Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL

menb, 6onHT ropno. JI ,ll)'MaiO,


'ITO .H npOC'fY,llHJIC.H.
- A TeMnepa-rypa BbiCOKaa?

think that I caught a cold.

- And do you have a high temperature?


-38,2.
-38,2.
- A KaK Bhl ,ll)'MaeTe, r,lle Bbi npo- - Where do you think you caught
a cold?
C'fY.llHJIHCb?
- Bqepa a KaTanca Ha Jibi:>Kax, H -Yesterday I went snow-skiing
MHe 6bill0 O'IeHb :>KapKO. Jl npHand I was very hot. I came home
exan ,llOMOH HC'beJI MOpO:>KeHoe.
and ate ice cream. That's probHaBepHo, no3TOMY a 3a6onen.
ably why I got sick.
- A 'ITO CKa3an Bpaq?
- What did the doctor say?
- Bpaq CKa3aJI, 'ITO HYJKHO 3 pa3a - The doctor said that I need to
B ,lleHb npHHHMaTb Ta6JieTKH,
take pills 3 times a day, get more
6oni>me cnaTI>, 6oni>me nHTb H
sleep, drink more liquids, and
MeHI>me ecTI>. Ho ecTh MHe coeat less. But I do not want to eat
at all.
BCeM He XO'IeTC.H.
- A Bbl elllbTe OBOIUH H !l>pyKThl, - Eat vegetables and fruit, drink
juice and hot tea. And get healthy
neHTe COKH H rop.H'IHH 'IaH. If
Bb13,llOpaBJIHBaHTe 6biCTpee!
soon!
- CnacH6o, MBaH IIeTpOBH'I.
-Thank you, Ivan Petrovich!
5)
- 3,llpaBCTBYHTe, ,llOKTop!
- Hello, doctor!
- 3,llpaBCTByHTe! qTO CJiyqHJIOCb? - Hello! What's wrong?
- JI He 3HaiO, 'ITO CJIY'IHJIOCb. - I don't know. I probably ate
HaBepHo, a c'bena 'ITO-TO HeCBesomething that wasn't fresh. I
:>Kee. MHe nnoxo, o':leHb 6onHT
feel bad and my stomach hurts.
iKHBOT.
- A 'ITO Bbl B':lepa enH?
- What did you eat yesterday?
- JI ena cblp, KOJI6acy, M.Hco, pb16y, - I ate cheese, sausage, meat, fish,
chocolate, candy. I drank milk,
illOKOJia,ll, KOH!l>eTbl. lbma MOJIO
coffee and tea.
KO, Ko<t>e, 'IaH.
- And where did you eat the fish?
- A me Bbi enH pb16y?
- ,lJ;oMa. Jl KynHJia ee BMara3HHe - At home. I bought it at the store
KynHHapH.H.
"Culinaria".
- TaK ... ,[{aBaHTe Bac nocMoT- -Well, let's take a look ... You
pHM ... Ey.lleTe npHHHMaTb 3TH
should take these pills. 3 times a
Ta6JieTKH 3 pa3a B,lleHb ,llO e,llbl.
day before eating. For now, do
IIoKa He neiire MOJIOKO HKo<t>e,
not drink milk or coffee. It's betnyqme neiiTe rop.H'IHH ':laH. If,
ter to drink hot tea. And of course
KOHe'IHO, noKa He emLTe pb16y,
do not eat fish, sausage or meat.
KOJI6acy H M.HCO.

164
6)
- 3,D;paBCTBYHTe, ,D;OKTOp!
- 3,D;paBCTByHTe! liTO CJI)"'HJIOCL?
- HasepHo, H rrpocTy,D;HJICH. Y
MeHH KailleJIL, HaCMOpK, oqeHL
6onHT ropno. MHe 6oJILHO eCTL
H,D;IDKe IIHTL. MHe xoqeTcH TOJILKO crran.
- KaKax y sac TeMrrepazypa?
- 38,1.
- TaK ... ,lJ;aBaHTe sac IIOCMOTpHM ... ropJIO oqeHL KpaCHOe. Y
BaC aHrHHa. IlpHHHMaHTe 3TH
TaMeTKH 3 pa3a B,D;eHL ,D;O e,D;LI
H 3TH Ta6JieTKH 2 pa3a B ,D;eHL
rrocne e,D;LI. BaM HYiKHO 6onLrne IIHTL, HO He ropxqHif, a TeiiJILIH qaif HJIH TeiiJIOe MOJIOKO.
CrrHTe CKOJILKO XOTHTe!
- CrracH6o, ,D;OI<Top!
7)
- Apzyp, rroqeMy TLI He 6LIJI B
YHHBepcHTeTe?
- 5I 6onen.
- A qTQ CJiyqHJIOCL?
- Y MeHH 6LIJI rpHIIII. 5J: pO,D;HJICH
H iKHJI Ha rore, y Hac ,D;aiKe 3HMOH He xono,D;Ho. A B MocKBe
XOJIO,D;HaH IIOro,D;a, y MeHH He
6LIJio TeiiJILIX BeiUe:H. Ho ce:Hqac BCe HOpMaJILHO. 5I 3,D;OpOB.
8)
- ,ll;o6pLiif ,D;eHL! MoiKHo Hpy?
K COiKaJieHHIO, ee HeT Ha pa6oTe. 0Ha 6oneeT.
- IIepe,D;aHTe, rroiKany:HcTa, qTo
3BOHHJI Mropr,. 5I rro3BoHro eiUe
pa3!
-

YpoK11.3AOPOBbE.

CAMO~YBCTBME

- Hello, doctor!
- Hello. What's wrong?
- I probably caught a cold. I have
cough, a cold, and my throat
hurts. It hurts to eat and even to
drink. I only want to sleep.
- What is your temperature?
- 38,1.
-OK, let's take a look ... Your

throat is very red. You have tonsilitis. Take these pills 3 times a
day before eating, and these pills
2 times a day after eating. You
need to drink more, not hot liquids, but warm tea or warm
milk. Sleep all you want.
- Thank you, doctor.
- Arthur, why weren't you at the
university?
- I was sick.
- What was wrong?
- I had the flu. I was born and
lived in the south, and we don't
even have cold winters. In Moscow the weather is cold, and I
didn't have warm things. But
now everything is fine. I'm
healthy.
- Good afternoon! May I speak to
Ira?
- Unfortunately, she is not at work.
She is sick.
- Please tell her that Igor called. I
will call back.

165

Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL

9)
- )J;o6pbiH ~eHb! 3TO HHCTH'I)'T?

- ,n;a.
- Mo:>KHO AneKceH HHKonaeBH'Ia?
- Ero ce:Hqac HeT. OH Ha ypoKe.
qTO rrepe~aTL?
- IIepe~a:HTe, rro:>Kany:HcTa, 'ITO
3BOHHJI 3pHK CBeHcoH . ..si 3a6onen. Y Mem rpHrrrr. H H He Mory
rrpHHTH Ha ypoK.
- Xoporno, H rrepe~aM. BLI3~opaBJIHBa:HTe 6biCTPee.
-CrracH6o.

- Good afternoon! Is this the institute?


-Yes.
- May I speak to Aleksei Nikolaevich?
- He is not here right now. He is
in class. May I take a message?
- Please tell him that Eric Swenson called. I am sick, I have the
flu. I won't be able to come to
class today.
-OK, I'll tell him. Get well soon.

-Thank you.

10)

- Tam,.KaK Thi ce6H qyBCTByernL?


- QqeHb IIJIOXO, H He MOry eCTb,
IIHTL, crraTL. MHe He xoqeTcH
ryJIHTb, 'lHTaTb, pa6oTaTb ...
- Y Te6H 60JIHT 3y6?
- ,ll;a!!!
- HY:>KHO HWH KBpaqy,
- O:H! ..si He xoqy H~TH KBpaqy, ..si
He MOry HWH KBpaqy, MHe He
HY:>KHO H~TH K Bpaqy, ..s! IIO'ITH
3~0pOBa.

- Tanya, how do you feel?


- Very bad. I can't eat, drink, sleep.
I don't want to go out, read,
work...
- Does your tooth ache?
-Yes!
- You need to go to a doctor.
- Oh! I don't want to go to the
doctor! I can't go to the doctor.
I don't need to go to the doctor.
I'm practically healthy.

2. Ask each other about your health, how you feel.


3. Call a friend who is sick, ask what is wrong, and wish him good health.

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the correct answers.

1)
- qTO y BaC 60JIHT?

2)
- KaK llYBCTBYIOT ce6H BaiiiH
pO~HTeJIH?

166
3)
-

YpoK 11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO'IYBCTBHE

7)
KaKaH y Bac TeMnepaTYPa?

IJoqeMy oH 3a6onen?

8)
- Y BaC eCTb Karnenb H HaCMOpK?

0Ha 3,li;OpOBa?

6)

10)

- Y HHX rpHnn?

4)
-

5)
-

Mo)KeT 6I>ITb, Bbi npocTy,n;HnHcb?

9)
0Ha nHna :no neKapcTBo?

qTo Bbi enH H nHnH YTPOM?

2. Fill in the correct questions.


1)

5)

- Y MeHH HOpManbHaH TeMnepa1J'Pa.

2)

6)

}J;a, OHM 3,li;Op0Bbi.

- Bee B nopH.n;Ke, cnacH6o.


7)

IIonpaBnHHTecb 6blcTPee!

3)
-

HaBepHo, H npocTY.n:Hnacb.

OH qyBCTByeT ce6H oTnHqHo.

4)

8)

- Y Hero 6onHT )KHBOT.

- Y Hero ecTb Karnenb H HeT


HaCMOpKa.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 11.

YpoK 12 Lesson 12

MoM .QeHb My Day

neKCMKa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

BCTaSaTb/BCTaTb
Kor.LJ:a (so cK6JihKO) shi o6hJqHo
SCTaeTe?
Kor.LJ:a (so cKOJibKO) shi scTanH
cer6.LJ:HH?
5I SCTaiO (SCTaJI) S 8 qac6s.
.LJ:enaTh/c.LJ:enaTh
qTO Sbl .LJ:eJiaJIH sqepa?
qTo Shi .LJ:enaeTe cer6.LJ:HH?
qTO Sbl 6y.LJ:eTe .LJ:eJiaTb 3aSTpa?
.LJ:enaTb/c.LJ:enaTb 3ap.H.LJ:KY
(rMMHaCTHKY)
YMbiBaTbcHIYMhiTbCH
qiJ.cTMTb/rroqiJ.CTMTb 3y6hi
6pHTbCH/rro6pHTbCH
O.LJ:eBaTbCH/O.LJ:eTbCH
rrpHHHMaTh/rrpHHHTb .LJ:yni
(saHHy)
IIpHqeCbiSaTbCH/IIpHqecaTbCH
3aBTpaKaTb/II03aBTpaKaTb
o6e.LJ:aThlrroo6e.LJ:aTh
y)I(HHaTblrroy)I(HHaTh
Ha 3asrpaK
Ha o6e.LJ:
Ha y)I(HH
H.LJ:TWXO.LJ:HTb Ha pa66ry

to get up, to stand up, to rise


What time do you usually get up?
What time did you get up today?
I get up (got up) at 8 o'clock .
to do
What did you do yesterday?
What are you doing today?
What will you do tomorrow?
to do exercises

to wash (one's hands and face)


to brush one's teeth
to shave
to get dressed
to take a shower (bath)
to brush one's hair
to have breakfast
to have lunch
to have dinner
for breakfast
for lunch
for dinner
to go to work (on foot)

168

H.zrn{/rrOHTH B YHHBepcHreT
exan,/e3,Z:(HTb Ha pa66zy
exaT&/rroexaTb BYHHBepCHT~
rrpHifni/rrpHexaT& Ha pa66zy
rrpHxo,Z:(Ifi&/rrpHe3:>KaT& B yHHBep-

YpoK 12. MOl AEHb

to go to the university
to go to work (by transport)
to go to the university
to arrive at work
to arrive at the university

CHT~

IIOHe,Z:(enbHHK
BTOpHHK
cpe,Z:(a
lJeTBepr
minmua
cy666Ta
BOcKpeceH&e
BbiXO,Z:(Hhle ,Z:(HH

Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
weekend, days off

Kor,Z:(a?
B IIOHe,Z:(en&HHK
BO BTOpHHK
Bcpe,Z:(y
BqeTBepr
BmiTHHUY
Bcy666zy
BBOCKpeCeH&e
B BbiXO,Z:(Hhle ,Z:(HH

When?
on Monday
on Tuesday
on Wednesday
on Thursday
on Friday
on Saturday
on Sunday
on the weekend

.KaKHe y Bac (y re6a) rrn~hl Ha 3~


TPa (Ha cy666zy)?
qTO Bbi C06HpaeTeCb ,!(MaT& 3~T
pa (B cy666zy)?
Cer6,ZUUI .SI co6Hparoc& no limB TeaTP.
C KeM Thl co6Hpaem&c.SI rroifm B
TeaTP?

What are your plans for tomorrow


(for Saturday)?
What are you planning to do tomorrow (on Saturday)?
Today I plan to go to the theater.

C,Z:(pY3baMH
C,Z:(pyroM
c IIO,I(pYroH

with friends
with a friend (m.)
with a friend (f.)

With whom are you planning to go


to the theater?

169

Lesson 12. MY DAY

TaHQeBaT:E,
ceywaT:E. Mj3LIK)'
CMOTp6'fL <!>HJILM, cneKTaKJIL ...
npHmawan,/npHmacHTL B r6cTH

to dance
to listen to music
to see a film, show...
to invite someone to visit

.H npHmawaro Te6}f (Bac) B r6cTH.


CnacH:6o 3a npHmaweHHe!

I invite you to visit.

rOT6BHTL/npHrOTOBHTL y:>KHH
CTHpaTL/noCTHpaTh
MLITL/DOMhlrL nocy~y
JIO:>KHThC.II/Jie% cnaTL

to fix dinner
to wash (clothes)
to wash dishes
to go to sleep, to go to bed

Kor~a

(Bo cK6JILKo) BLI o6LPIHo


JIO:>KliTeCL cnaTL?
Kor~a (Bo cK6JILKo) BLI Btiepa nerJIH cnaTL?
.H no:>K:YcL (ner) cnaTL B 11 qac6B.

What time do you usually go to


sleep?
What time did you go to sleep yesterday?
I go to (went to) sleep about 11
o'clock.

paHo

early
late
lit. owl (someone who goes to bed
late and gets up late)
lit. lark (someone who goes to bed
early and gets up early)

D03~HO

COBR
:>KaBOpOHOK
3HRlJHT
BMeCTe
nOMOfRTL/noMO%
MHe HeKor~a!
3aHHTH.II (yp6KH)
CT~HOH

UHPK
KaK 06hltiHO

Thank you for the invitation!

so, then
together
to help
I have no time!
lessons
stadium
circus
as usual

170

YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Table 54
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS BCTABATb/BCTATb AND
JIO)J(HThCHIJIEqh CIIATh IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

BcraBan. (HCB)

BCTan. (CB)

Present tense
a
Tbl

BCTalO

Mbl

BCTaeM

BCTaelllb

Bbl

BCTaeTe

OH OHa BCTaeT

a, Tbi, OH

OHH

BCTaBaJI

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.
a, Tbl, OH

BCTaJI

a, Tbl, OHa

BCTaBaJia

BCTaJia

Bbl OHH

BCTaBaJIH

BCTaJIH

a
Tbl

6y.Lly BCTaBaTb
6y):lelllb BCTaBaTb

BCTaHy

Tbl

BCTaHelllb

OH, OHa

6y):leT BCTaBaTb

OH, OHa

Mbl

6y,LleM BCTaBaTb

Mbl

BCTaHeM

Bbl

6y):leTe BCTaBaTb

Bbl

BCTaHeTe

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

OHa JIO)I(HTCa

a, Tbi, OH
a, Tbl, OHa

BCTaHeT

JIO)I(HJICa

a, Thi, oH

JIO)I(HJiaCb

nerna

Mbl Bbl OHH


a
Tbl

6y):ly JIO)I(HTbCa
6y):lelllb JIO)I(HTbCa

ner
nerJIH

a
Tbl

nary
Jia)l(elllb

OH, OHa

6y):leT JIO)I(HTbCa

OH, OHa

Jia)l(eT

Mbl

6y):leM JIO)I(HTbCa

Mbl

Jia)l(eM

Bbl

6y):leTe JIO)I(HTbCa

Bbl

Jia)l(eTe

OHH

171

Lesson 12. MY DAY

Table 55
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS YMhiBATbCHIYMhiTbCH AND
0,4EBAThCH/0,4EThCH IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
YlllhmathCH

(HCB)

ptbtl hCH

(CB)

Present tense
H YMhiBaiOch
Thi YMhiBaernhCH
OH, OHa yMhiBaeTCH

Mhi YMhiBaeMcH

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Bhi YMhiBaeTech
OHH YMhiBaiOTCH

Past tense
H, Thl, OH

H, Thl, OH

YMhiBaJICH

YMhiJICH

H, Thl, OHa

YMhisanach

H, Thl, OHa

YMhmach

Mhl, Bhl, OHH

YMhiBaJIHCh

Mhl, Bhl, OHH

YMhiJIHCh

Future tense
H
Thl
OH,OHa

Thl

6y11.ernh YMhiBaThCH
6yAeT YMhiBaThCH

Mhl

6y11.eM YMhiBaThCH

Bhl

6y11.eTe YMhiBaThCH

OHH

6y AY YMhiBaThCH

6YAYTYMhiBaThCH

YMOIOCh
yMoernhCH

OH,OHa

yMoeTCH

Mhl

yMoeMcH

Bhl

yMoeTeCh

OHH

YMOIOTCH

Imperative
YMhiBaiicH! YMhiBaiiTech!
OHCBaJt.CH

yMoiicH! yMOHTech!

(HCB)

OllCihCSI

(CB)

Present tense
o.nesaiOch

MhiO,l{eBaeMCH

Thi o.nesaelllhC

Bhi o.nesaeTeCh

OH, OHa O,l{eBaeTC

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

OHH O.l{eBaiOTCH

Past tense
H, Thl, OH

o.nesancx

, Thl, OH

o,neJic

H, Thl, OHa

o.nesanach

, Thl, OHa

o,neJiach

Mhl, Bhl, OHH

O.l{eBaJIMCb

Mhl, Bhl, OHM

o,neJIMCh

Future tense

Tbl
OH,OHa

6y,ny O,l{eBaTbCH

6y,neiiib o.nesaThCH
6y,neT o.neBaThC

Tbl

o,neHeTC
o,neHeMc

6y.neM o,neBaThC

Mhl

Bbl

6y,neTe o,neBaThC

Bbl

6y,nyT o.nesaThCH

o,neHeiiihCH

OH,OHa

Mbl
OHH

o,neHych

OHM

o,neHeTecb
O.l{eHYTCH

Imperative
o,neBaHcx! o,neBaHTech!

o,neHhC! o,neHbTecb!

172

YpoK 12. MOA AEHb

Table 56
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
IIPHqilCMBAThCH/IIPHqECAThCH AND liPHThCH/IIO/iPHThCH
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

(HCB)

IIJHI'ICChJBaJhCSI

ll!liiLJeCaThCSI

(CB)

Present tense
jJ:

npM'IeCbiBaiOCb
npM'IecbiBaeiiibCjJ:

Tbl
OH,OHa

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

npM'IeCbiBaeTCjJ:
npM'IeCbiBaeMCjJ:

Mbl
Bbl

npM'IeCbiBaeTecb
llPM'IeCbiBaiOTCjJ:

OHM

Past tense
g, Tbl, OH
g, Tbl, OHa
Mbl_, Bbl OHM

llpM'IeCbiBa.JICjJ:

g, Tbl, OH

npM'IeCbiBa.JiaCb
llPM'IeCbiBaJIMCb

g, Tbl, OHa
Mbl Bbl OHM

npM'Iecancg
npM'Iecarracb
llPM'IeCa.JIMCb

Future tense
jJ:

jJ: 6y.n;y llpM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ:


Tbl 6y.n;eiiib llpM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ:

Tbl

OH,OHa 6y.n;eT llpM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ:


Mbl 6y.n;eM npM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ:

OH,OHa

Bbl 6y.n;eTe npM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ:


OHM 6y.n;yT llPM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ:

..

..

flp111 hnl

npM'Ieiiiycb
npM'IeiiieiiibCjJ:
npM'IeiiieTcg

Mbl

npM'IeiiieMcg

Bbl

npM'IeiiieTeCb

OHM

llPM'IeiiiyTCg

Imperative
~

(IICB)

IIOOJliHhCH

(CB)

Present tense
g 6peiOcb
Tbi 6peeiiibCjJ:
OH 6peeTCg

Mbl

6peeMcg

Bbi

6peeTecb
OHM 6peiOTCjJ:

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Past tense
g, Tbl, OH
Mbl Bbl, OHM

g, Tbi, OH

6pMJICjJ:
6pMJIMCb

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

no6pMJICjJ:
no6pMJIMCb

Future tense
jJ:

jJ:

6y.n;y 6pMTbCjJ:

no6peiOcb

Tbl

6y.n;eiiib 6pMTbCjJ:

Tbl

no6peeiiibCjJ:

OH

6y.n;eT 6pMTbCjJ:

OH

no6peeTcg

Mbi

6y.n;eM 6pMTbCjJ:

Mbl

no6peeMcg

Bbl
OHM

6y.n;eTe 6pMTbCjJ:

Bbl

no6peeTecb
no6peroTcg

6Y.ll:YT 6pMTbCjJ:

OHM

Imperative
6peii:cg! 6peii:Tecb!

no6peii:cg! no6peii:Tecb!

173

Lesson 12. MY DAY

Remember:
HJJ;TH/exaTb -Kyoa? (accusative)
Ha pa6ory
B Tea'I'p
Ha crreKTaKJib
BKHHO
B pecTOpaH
Ha <j>HJibM
B KHHOTea'I'p
HaKOHUepT
Ha CTa.u;HOH
B IUKOJIY
Bq>HpMy
Ha BbiCTaBKY
Ha 3KCKypCHIO
Ha ,li;HCKOTeKy

Remember:
HJJ;TH/exaTh- omKyt)a? (genitive)
H3 Tea1pa
c pa60Tbi
H3 KHHO
co crreKTaKJUI
H3 pecTOpaHa
c <j>HJibMa
H3 KHHOTea1pa
C KOHUepTa
H3 lllKOJibl
CO CTa,li;HOHa
H3 <j>HpMbl
C BbiCTaBKH
C 3KCKypCHH
C,li;HCKOTeKH

Table 57
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF MASCULINE, FEMININE
AND NEUTER NOUNS1

Nominative
cry.u;eHT
.u;pyr
Cbip
xne6
ArreKceii
rrperro.u;aBaTeJib
1

Masculine
Instrumental singular
CO cry.u;eHTOM
c.u;pyroM
C CblpOM2
cxne6oM
c ArreKceeM
c rrperro.u;aBareneM

Instrumental plural
CO CTyJJ;eHTaMH
C ,u;py3bHMH

C rrpeiiO,ll;aBaTeJIHMH

In Russian, one of the meanings of the instumental case is to convey combination:


Here, the question becomes c KeM? (with whom?)
Jl uoy 8 I<UHO c opyzoM.
I am going to the movies with my friend.
Jl pa6oma10 eMecme c KOJIJlezaMu.
I work together with my colleagues.
Here, the question is KaKou?
Eymep6poo c c&zpOM.
Bread with cheese.
Coffee with milk.
Kof/Je c MOJIOKOM.

174

YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

Continued

Nominative
no.n:pyra
.n:esyrnKa
Kon6aca
phi6a
HaTarna
TaiDI
TeTJ)a.n:h
Nominative
llHChMO
MOJ10KO
MaCJIO
Mope

Feminine
Instrumental singular Instrumental plural
c rro.n:pyroi1
c rro.n:pyraMH
c n;esyrnKoi1
c .n:esyrnKaMH
c KOJI6acoi1
c phi6oi1
c HaTarnei1
c TaHeH
CTeTJ)a.[I)IMH
c TeTJ)a.D:hiO
Neuter
Instrumental singular Instrumental plural
C ITHChMOM
CITHChMaMH
CMOJ10KOM
C MaCJJOM
C MOpeM
C MOpHMH

Remember:
If a masculine noun in the nominative case ends in -b or -u, the
instrumental case ending will be -eM.
If a feminine noun in the nominative case ends in -R or has a root of
w, JIC, '1, Uf, the instrumental case ending will be -eu. If the feminine noun
ends in -b, the instrumental case ending will be -blO.
If a neuter noun in the nominative case ends in -e, the instrumental
case ending will be -eM.
In the plural, the instrumental ending will be -RMu for masculine
nouns ending in -b, -u, feminine nouns ending in -R, -b, and neuter nouns
ending in -e.
Table 58
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
H~THIIIOHTHIIIPHHTH (KY~A?)

IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES


IIJOH

(HCB)

IIOHTif

(CB)

npuli 111 (CB)

Present tense
MhiH,L{eM
HH.D:Y
Thl H,L{eillh Bhl H,L{eTe
OH, OHa H,L{h OHH H.D:YT
Thl, OH men
Thi, oHa rnna
Mhi, Bhl, OHH IllJ1H
H,

H,

Verbs in the perfecfive aspect have no


present tense.

Verbs in the perfective aspect have no


present tense.

Past tense
H, Thl, OH ITOilleJI
H, Thl, OH npHI1leJ1
H, Thi, oHa nornna
H, Thi, oHa npHrnna
Mhl, Bhl, OHH ITOillJIH Mhl, Bhl, OHH npHI1lJ1H

175

Lesson 12. MY DAY

Continued
lf)lJ II

Tbl
OH, OHa
Mbl
Bbl
OHH

(HCB)

noiiTn (CB)

Future tense

H noH.ny
Tbl noii:,neiiib
OH,OHa nOHAeT
Mhl noifAeM
Bbi noifAeTe
OHH noifl1.yT

6y11.y HIJ.TH
6y11.eiiib HIJ.TH
6y11.er HATH
6yAeM HATH
6yAeTe HATH
6YAYT HATH

upniint (CB)
H

Tbi
OH, oHa
Mbl
Bbi
OHH

DpHIJ.Y
npHil.eiiib
rrpHil.t:T
1IpHAeM
rrpHAeTe
IIPHIJ.YT

Table 59
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS EXATb/IIOEXATb/IIPHEXATb
(KYJJ,A?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
CX<llh

(I-ICB)

IIOCXal b

(CB)

Present tense

HJmcxa 11> ( CB)

HeAy Mbi eAeM Verbs in the perfective Verbs in the perfective


Tbi eAeiiib Bbi eAere
aspect have no
aspect have no
present tense.
present tense.
OH OHaeAer OHH eAYT

Past tense
Tbl, OH exa.rr
H, Tbi, oHa exa.rra
Mbl, Bbl, OHH eXa.JIH
H,

Tbi, OH rroexa.rr
H, Tbl, OH 1IpHeXa.JI
H, Tbi, oHa rroexa.rra
H, Tbi, oHa npHexa.rra
Mhl, Bbl OHH IIOeXa.JIH Mbl Bbl, OHH rrpHeXaJIH
H,

Future tense
H

Tbi
OH, oHa
Mhi
Bbl
OHH

6yAy exaTb
6yAeiiih exaTb
6yAeT exaTb
6yAeM exaTb
6yAere exaTb
6YAYT exaTb

Thl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bbl
OHH

rroeAy
rroeAeiiib
rroeAeT
rroeAeM
noeAeTe
rroeAYT

Tbl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bbl
OHH

npHeAy
npHeAeiiih
rrpHeAer
rrpHeAeM
rrpHeAeTe
rrpHeAYT

Remember:
The prefix no- in a verb of motion means the beginning of a movement or the beginning of a new stage of the movement.
Jl ooe.JlcR u notueJl Ha pa6omy.
I got dressed and went to work.
Jl tuibl npR.Mo, a nomoM noutiill I walked straight, and then went
Hanpa6o.
to the right.
The prefixnpu- in a verb of motion signifies the result of the movement.
Jl npuexaJZ Ha pa6omy.
I arrived at work.
Jl npueoy 6 MocK6Y JZemoM.
I will come to Moscow in the summer.

176

YpoK 12. MOA AEHb

For reference:
In Russian, there is a special group of verbs known as verbs of motion. When using these verbs, it is important to pay attention to the type
of movement involved:
a) whether or not there is an indication of direction;
b) whether the movement is in a single direction or in different directions.
Uni-directional verbs (uomu, examb and others) are used:
a) If at the moment of speaking, there is movement in one direction:

Jl uoy no yllu1e.
no YllU1e eoem MQUlUHa.

I am walking down the street.


A car is going down the street.

b) If a question is asked about movement at the moment it is occurring:


Kyo a 6bl uoeme?
Kyoa OHa eoem?

Where are you going (on foot)?


Where is she going (by transport)?

Multi-directional verbs (xooumb, e30umb and others) are used:


a) If at the moment of speaking there is movement in different directions:
Jboou xooRm no yllu1e.
People are walking down the street.
no YllU1e e30llm MQUlUHbl. Cars are going down the street.

b) If general questions about habitual or regular motions are asked:


Kyoa Bbl o6wmo xooume
neutKOM?
Kyoa Bbl o6bl'mo e3oume
omobzxamb?

Where do you usually go (on foot)?


Where do you usually go on vacation?

c) If repeat or habitual movement in different directions is discussed:


MaMa Ka;CObzu oeHb
XOOUm Ha pa6omy.

Mother goes to work every day.

or a single movement in two directions (there and back):


Bllepa R xoowza e meamp. Yesterday I went to the theater (there and

back).

Lesson 12. MY DAY

Table 60
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS XO/(HTh/E3/(HTh (KY/(A?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
XO!llllh

(IICB)

el;~ulh

(HCB)

Present tense
H

XOX<Y

Tbl

XO,li;Millh

e3X<Y

Thl

e3,li;MIIIh

OH,OHa

XO,li;MT

OH,OHa

Mbl

XO,li;MM

Mbi

e3,li;HM

Bhl

XO,li;MTe

Bbl

e3,11;me

OHM

XO,li;HT

e3,li;HT

e3,~J;HT

OHM

Past tense
H, Thl, OH

XO,li;MJI

H, Thl, OHa

XO,li;MJia

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

XO,li;MJIM

H, Thl, OH

e3,li;HJI

H, Thl, OHa

e3,li;MJia

Mhl, Bbl, OHM

e3,li;MJIM

Future tense
H

Tbl

6y,11;y XO,li;HTh

6y,~J;ye3,li;HTh

Tbl

6y,11;eiiih XO,li;HTh

6y,11;eiiih e3,li;HTh

OH,OHa

6y,11;eT XO,li;MTh

OH,OHa

6y,11;eT e3,li;MTh

Mbl

6y,11;eM XO,li;MTh

Mbl

6y,11;eM e3,li;MTh

Bbl

6y,11;eTe XO,li;HTh

Bbl

6y,11;eTe e3,li;MTh

6y,li;YT XO,li;MTh

OHM

6y,li;YT e3,li;MTh

OHM

Table 61
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS HPHXO/(HTh/HPHE3)J(ATh
(KY/(A?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
upuxo;~III t.

(IICB)

IIJllll'lfl>:t II.

(IICB)

Present tense
H

Thl
OH,OHa

IIpMXOX<Y
npMXO,li;Millh

Tbl

rrpMe3*RJO
npMe3X<aeiiih

npMXO,li;MT

OH,OHa

npMe3X<aeT

Mbl

npMXO,li;MM

Mbl

npMe3X<aeM

Bhl

npMXO,li;MTe

Bbl

npMe3X<aeTe

OHM

npMe3X<aJOT

OHM

npMXO,li;HT

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

IIpMXO,li;MJI

H, Tbl, OH

rrpMe3X<aJI

H, Tbl, OHa

IIpMXO,li;MJia

H, Tbl, OHa

npMe3X<aJia

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

ITPMXO,li;MJIM

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

npMe3X<aJIM

ll-619

178

YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

Continued
IIJHIXOJ.III'h

(IICB)

npHCJJKa rh

(IICB)

Future tense
6y.l{y llpHXO,l{HTb
.II 6y.l{y npHe3:>KaTb
6y.l{eiiib IIpHXO,l{HTb
Tbl 6y.l{eiiib rrpHe3:>KaTb
6y.l{eT llpHXO,l{HTb
OH,OHa 6y.l{eT rrpHe3:>KaTb
6y.l{eM rrpMXO.l{MTb
Mbi 6y.l{eM rrpMe3:>KaTb
Bbi 6y.l{eTe rrpMe3:>KaTb
6y.l{eTe rrpMXO,l{MTb
6y.l{yT IIpMXO,l{MTb
OHM 6y.l{yT rrpMe3:>KaTb
Imperative
IIPMXO.l{M! IIpMXO,l{MTe!
rrpMe3:>Kaii:! rrpMeT>KaiiTe!

.II
Tbl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bbl
OHM

Remember:
Verbs of motion with prefixes signifying spatial movement indicate
movement in a defined direction. For example, the prefix npu- indicates
the result of movement. Uni-directional verbs (such as uomu) with prefixes form verbs in the perfective. aspect. Multi-directional verbs with
prefixes maintain the imperfective aspect. These verbs form aspect pairs:
npuxooumblnpuumu, etc.

YnpaiHHeHHH Exercises
1.

~ill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs ocmaoamblocmamb
and noJJCumbcJl!ne'lb cnamb.

a) 06bil.JHO OH ... B 8 qacoB. Bqepa Mbi ... B 7 qacoB. Kor,l{a Tbi ... ?
Kor,l{a Tbi ... cero.l{H.II? Kor.l{a .11 He 6y.l{y pa6oTaTb, .11 ... II03.l{HO.... , Y:>Ke 10
qacoB! PaHbiiie oHa ... B 7 qacoB, a ceii:qac .. . B 8 qacoB. 3aBTpa HaM
HY:>KHO ... B 6 qacoB. Ero .l{PY3b.ll Bcer,l{a ... II03.l{HO.
6) B BOCKpeceHbe AHTOH ... Ol.JeHb II03,l{HO. 06bil.JHO Mbl ... B 12 l.JaCOB. PaHbiiie f'a.rr.11 ... B 11 qacoB, a ceii:qac ... B 10. Kor,l{a Tbi ... ? Kor.l{a Tbi
... Bl.Jepa? Koma MOM .l{py3b.ll He 6y.l{YT pa6oTaTb, OHM ... rro3,l{HO. Koma .11
... , II03BOHMJI MOM .l{pyr.... , Y:>Ke 12 qacoB!

2. Put the word in parentheses in the instrumental case, and add the necessary preposition.
a) qaH (JIMMOH), Ko<lJe (MOJIOKO), KaPTOIIIKa (M.HCO M MaCJIO), XJie6
(Cblp), cyrr (phr6a), M.HCO (OBOIUM), 6YTep6po.l{ (KOJI6aca).
6) I1.l{y (rro.l{pyra), pa6oTaro (KOJIJiem), e.l{eM (.l{py3b.a), rroe,D;y (.l{pyr),
o6e.l{aiO (po.l{HTeJIM), exaJI (rrperro,D;aBaTeJib).

179

Lesson 12. MY DAY

B) Tbi mo6HIIIb qepHbiH Ko<iJe HHH Ko<iJe {MOHOKO)? Ha 3aBTpaK OH


IIHH qaif (nHMOH H caxap). MHe HpaBHTCH MHCO (OBOIIlH). 0Ha Kyrruna
6yTep6po.n (cIp) u (Kon6aca). BuKTop u.neT B TeaTp (rro.npyra JleHa).
JleHa u.neT B TeaTp (.npyr BnKTop). Bhl qacTO o6e.naeTe (po.nnTenu)? BeqepoM OH BCer.na rynHeT (.npy3bH). Mbi e.neM Ha 3KCKypCHIO (AH.npeH,
HaTaiiia u OHH).

3. Put the words in parentheses in the dative and the instrumental case and
add the necessary preposition.

Example:

.5! u.ny (rro.npyra) .


.5! u.ny K rro.npyre .
.5! u.ny c rro.npyro:H.

M1>1 e.neM (.npy3H). JleHa rrpuiiina (.npyr). 0HH e.nyT (po.nnTenu). OH


rroe.neT (HaTaiiia u Oner). TI rro:H.neiii (JleHa u AneKce:H)? .5! xo.nun B
rocTH (Konneru).

4. Formulate a question from each phrase.

Example:

- BHKTOp IIOH,Z:(eT B KHHO C JleHOH.


-

C KeM OH IIOH,Z:(eT B KHHO?

AHTOH rro:H.neT B rocTn K Hpe. JleTOM Mhl rroe.neM K .npy3HM . .5! u.ny
B rocTu c MY:>KeM. 0Hu rrpuexanu B MocKBy. B1>1 )I(HBeTe B Poccuu. OH
e3.nun K po.nnTenHM c .npy3hHMH. 0Ha xo.nuna Ha BbiCTaBKy c Caiiie:H.

5. Put the words in parentheses in the accusative or the prepositional case,


and add the correct preposition.
B BOCKpeceHhe Mbl 06biqHQ XO,Z:(HM (TeaTp) HHH (BbiCTaBKa) . .5! H,Z:(y
(pa60Ta) rreiiiKOM. Tbi xo.nun (3KCKypcuH)? Bqepa Mbi 61>mu (cTa.nnoH).
Bbl XO,Z:(HHH B cpe.ny {My3eif)? HeT, H He XO,Z:(HH, H 6hm (My3eH) BO BTOpHHK. B IIOHe,Z:(eHbHHK OHH 6blnH (oOHbiiiOH TeaTp). MoH cecTpa yqHTCH
(IIIKona), a 6paT (yHuBepcuTeT). 3aBTPa OHH rro:H.neT (KoHuepT), a rroTOM
(.nHCKOTeKa).

6. Put the words in parentheses into the proper form.


YTPOM H (YMbiBaTbCH H qucTHTb 3y6b1), IIOTOM (3aBTpaKaTb) H (u.nTH)
B HHCTHTYT. Mniiia Bcer.na yTpOM (.nenaTD 3apH.nKy u rrpHHHMaTh xono.nHbiH ,Z:(yiii). TaHH BCer.na ,Z:(Onro (rrpuqecbiBaTbCH H O,Z:(eBaTbCH). 0HH pe.nKO ( o6e.naTh H ~HaTh) BMeCTe. CKOHbKO MHHyT Tbl (6pHThCH)? .5! (6pHTbCH) 10 MHHyT. Bbl ( rrpHHHMaTb BaHHY) Ka)I(,Z:(biH ,Z:(eHb? Mbl BCer.na (3aBTpaKaTh) B 8 qacoB.

180

YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

7. Alter the phrase, placing the present tense into the past tense, and changing the verbs from the imperfective aspect to the perfective aspect.

Example:

.5I )'MI:.IBai<;>Cb M qm11,y 3y61:.1.


5f )'MI:.InaCb M noqMCTMJia 3y61:.1.

OH 6peeTCH M )'MI:.IBaeTcH. OHM 3aBTpaKaiOT M M.L{YT Ha pa6ozy. M1:.1


o6e,L{aeM M e,L{eM B MHCTMTyT. 0Ha O,L{eBaeTCH M npMqeci:.IBaeTCH. Bbi
npMHMMaeTe .L{ym M 3aBTpaKaeTe. T1:.1 BCTaem~:. M .L{enaemi:. 3apH.L{Ky.

8. Put the words in parentheses into the proper form.


(Cy66oTa) Mhi noii:.L{eM B My3eii:. Cero.L{HH (sTopHMK). liTo TI:.I 6y.L{em~:. .L{enaTh (noHe.L{eJibHMK)? KaKMe y sac nnaHbi (cpe.L{a)? (Cpe.L{a) MI:.I

pa6oTaeM, a noToM M.L{eM B TeaTp. 0Ha noii:.L{eT K spaqy (qeTBepr). KaKMe


y Te6H nnaHI:.I ( cy66oTa M socKpeceHI:.e)? .5I npMmamaiO Te6H B rocTM
(cy66oTa). f.L{e OHM 6I:.InM (nHTHMI.I,a)?

9. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs uomulxooumb.
- Ky.L{a TI:.I ... ? - .5I ... Ha pa6ozy. - Ky.L{a TI:.I o6J:.JqHo ... B cy66ozy?
- B cy66ozy H o6J:.IqHo ... K .L{py3I:.HM. - TI:.I He 3Haemi:., KY.L{a OHM ceiJ:qac
... ? -OHM ... B Mara3MH. Bqepa MI:.I ... B U:MpK. KIDK,Il;I:.IH ,L{eHI:. H ... YHMBepCMTeT. TI:.I ... B YHMBepcMTeT neiiiKOM? Kor,L{a JleHa ... K MeTpo, oHa ysM.L{ena no.L{pyry. - B cy66ozy Bbi ... B rocTM?- HeT, H ... B rocTM B socKpeceHI:.e. Te6e HY)I(HO ... neiiiKOM MMHYT 5. TBOH 6paT ... B IIIKOJIY MJIM eme HeT?
06J:.JqHO seqepoM Caiiia ... Ha CTa,L{MOH. Kor,IJ:a Mrop1:. ... B MHCTMTYT, OH
ysM.L{eJI .L{pyra. Koma OHM ... Ha BhiCTaBKy, OHM yBM.L{eJIM .L{py3eii:.

10. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs examble3oumb.
- Ky.L{a TI:.I ... ? - .5I ... Ha BhiCTasKy. - BI:.I ... Ha pa6oTy Ha MeTpo
MJIM Ha asT06yce? - 06J:.IqHo H ... Ha MeTpo. Kor.L{a Hpa ... B TpaMsae,
oHa YBM;:J:ena no.L{pyry. JleTOM OHM .. . Ha IDr OT.L{I:.IXaTI:.. - A Ky.L{a Bhi
o6~:.JqHo ... OT.L{I:.IXaTI:.? - MI:.I ... B KpLIM. ,ll;o MeTpo Te6e HY)I(HO ... 10
MMHYT Ha TPOJineii:6yce. T1:.1 He 3Haeiiii:., Ky.L{a OHM ... ? OH ... B u:eHTp.
OceHhiO Bmrrop ... B KMeB, HaTaiiia ... B MMHCK, a KaTH M OnH ... B MoeKay. Kor.L{a Oner ... B MaraJMH, OH yBM,L{eJI .L{pyra. Koma OHM ... B MeTpo,
OHM yBM,L{eJIM .L{py3eii:. TI:.I ... Ha pa6ozy? B1:.1 ... K po.L{MTeJIHM?

11. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs noumulnoexamb.
a)- Ky.L{a BI:.I 3aBTpa ... ? - .5I ... Ha pa6ozy. - B1:.1 ... B TeaTp MJIM
HeT? - KoHeqHo, Mhi ... B TeaTp. 0Ha nocMoTpena <PMnhM, a noTOM ...
,L{OMOH. TI:.I He 3Haemi:., Ky,L{a OH ... ? B cy66ozy OHM ... Ha BI:.ICTaBKy. BMKTOp noo6e,L{aJI, a noToM ... B 6M6nMoTeKy. M1:.1 mnM npHMO, a noToM ...
Hanpaso.

Lesson 12. MY DAY

181

6) BeCHOH MOM .n;py3MI ... B fepMaHMlO. 0H ... Ha pa6ory Ha Mel'pO


MJIM Ha aBT06yce? 3aBTpa H ... K ,n;py3:&.R:M. 0JI.R: II03aBTpaKaJia M ... Ha
pa6ory. T:r:.I ... B MHCTMT)'T Ha MeTpo? AHTOH IIOCMOTpeJI CIIeKTaKJII:. M ...
.n;oMOH. B qeTBepr MI:.I ... Ha 3KcKypcMJO. A BI:.I ... ? ABTo6yc exan npHMO,
a IIOTOM ... HaJieBO.

12. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsnpuxooumblnpuiimu.
- Bo cKon:r:.Ko B:&I ... Ha pa6oTy? - 06I:.IqHo H ... B 9 qacoB. - A
Kor.n;a ... BaiiiM KOJmerM?- OHM ... TO)Ke B 9 qacoB. - CKa)KMTe, rro)KanyiicTa, Oner ... MJIM ern:e HeT? - OH ern:e He .... OH ... qepe3 qac.
- CKa)KMTe, rro)KaJiyiicTa, AHHa I1BaHOBHa M Cepreii IIeTpOBMq ... ?
- OHM ern:e He ... , oHM ... qepe3 30 MMHYT. PaH:r:.rne oHa ... .n;oMoii B
5 qacoB, a cei:fqac ... B 6 qacoB. - Kor.n;a B:&I ... K HaM B rocTM? - .H ...
K BaM B BOCKpeceH:r:.e. HaTarna ... )l;OMOH, II006e,n;ana M IIOIIIJia ryJIHTI:..
Marna, K Te6e ... rocTM! 06I:.IqHo M:&I ... c pa6oTI:.I B 7 qacoB. A Kor.n;a BI:.I
... c pa6oT:r:.I?

13. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs npue3:JICambl
npuexamb.
MapTa ... B MocKBY B MapTe, )J;)KOH ... B Mae, a IIaTpMK MPo6epT ... B
ceHTH6pe. 06I:.IqHo H ... B li>MPMY B 8 qacoB, MOM KonnerM ... B 9 qacoB. A
Kor.n;a BI:.I ... Ha pa6ory? Ka)KJJ:I:.IH .n;eH:r:. MMxaMJI HBaHOBMq ... B MHCTMTYT
Ha MaiiiMHe. - Kor.n;a ... BarnM po.n;MTeJIM? - OHM ... 3aBTpa. PaH:r:.rne oH
... M3 yHMBepcHTeTa B 6 qacoB, a cei:fqac ... B 7 qacoB. AneKceii ... .n;oMOH,
noo6e.n;an M nornen B 6M6JIMoTeKy. IIocne3aBTpa ... MOM .n;pyr. BI:.I ... K
HaM B rQCTM B cy66ory?

14.Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.


Oner Ka)K)l;I:.IH ,n;eH:r:. XO)l;MT ... CTa)l;MOH. 3aBTpa MI:.I IIOH)l;eM ... pa6oTY Kor.n;a B:&I npMexanM .n;oMoii ... MHCTMT)'Ta? .H npMrnna ... pa6oT:r:.I B 6
qacos. MoM po,n;MTeJIM noii.n:YT ... TeaTp B 6 qacos, a rrpMJJ:YT ... TeaTpa B
10 qacos. B socKpeceH:r:.e BI:.I noe.n;eTe ... KoHuepT MJIM ... 3KCKypCMJO?
Po6epT nornen ... li>MPMY B 8 qacos, a npMrnen ... !l>MpM:r:.I B 6 qacoB. Bo
CKOJII:.KO JleHa IIpMexana ... 3KCKYPCMM )l;OMOH?

15. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case and add the prepositions.
TaHH npMrnna (pa60Ta) no3.n;Ho. )J;)KOH npMexan B MocKBY (AMepMKa). BI:.I He 3HaeTe, Kor.n;a OHM npMJJ:YT (YHMBepcMTeT)? MI:.I npMe.n;eM (3KcKypcMH) B 7 qacos. Kor.n;a TI:.I npM.n;ern:r:. (TeaTp)? OHM npMIIIJIM (cTa.n;MoH) M nemM cnaT:r:.. (PecropaH) MI:.I noexanM .n;oMoii. JlJOqM.R: npMexana
(HTaJIHH), MapTa (fepMaHMH), a IIon:r:. (KaHa.n;a).

182

YpoK 12. MOA AEHb

16. Formulate a question from each phrase.

Example:

- MapTa npHexarra ,noMOH.


- Ky,na npHexana MapTa?

OH xo,nHn B !lHpK. 0Ha npmnna H3 HHCTHryTa. Cry,neHTbi e.nYT B


yHHBepcHTeT. !ami npmnna c BbiCTaBKH. Mbi noe,neM Ha CTMHOH. 5I e3,nHna Ha pa6ory. 5I npHexan c pa6oTbi. MoM ,npy3MI xo,nHnH Ha 3KCKypCHIO. ,ll;:>KOH IIpHeXa.JI B qmpMy. ,ll;:>KOH IIpHeXa.JI H3 qmpMbi.
17. Alter the phrase so that it answers the question omKyiJa?

Example:

MapHHa noexarra B HHCTMTYT.


MapMHa npHexarra H3 HHCTMTyTa.

Mbi noiiinH Ha pa6ory. HaTaiiia noexarra Ha BbiCTaBey. AneKceH: M,ner


B TeaTP. MoM ,npy3MI xo,nMnH B Mara.JHH. 5I e,ny Ha CTMHOH. Cry,neHTbi
e.nYT BYHMBepcHTeT. Tbi noii:,nernb Ha cTa,nHoH? 5I noe.ny B c)mpMy.

AHanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)

- CnaBa, qTo Tbi o6bJqHo ,nenaeiiib


YTPOM?
- 06hJqHO H BCTaiO B 7 qaCOB, ,nenaiO 3apH,ney, npHHHMaiO XOno,nHbiH .nYIII, qmu;y 3y6hl, 6perocb,
npHqecbiBaiOcb, o,neBaiOcb, 3aBTPaKaro MM.l(y BMHCTMryT. fipMXO:>Ky B MHCTMryT 06bJqHO B 9
qacoB.
- A BO CKOnbKO Tbi BCTaJI cero,nHH?
- To:>Ke B 7 qacoB.
- A qTo Tbi en MnMn Ha 3aBTpaK?
-

.5I en 6YTep6po,n CCblpOM HIIHn

Ko<Pe C MOnOKOM.
2)
- IIropb, qTO Tbi 6y,neiiib .nenaTb
3aBTpa YTPOM?
- Bee KaK o6bJqHo. BcTaHy B 8

- Slava, what do you usually do


in the rooming?
- I usually get up at 7:00, do exercises, take a cold shower, brush
my teeth, shave, brush my hair,
get dressed, eat breakfast, and go
to the institute. I usually arrive
at the institute at 9:00.
- And what time did you get up
this rooming?
-Also at 7:00.
-What did you have for breakfast?
- I ate bread and cheese and drank
coffee with milk.
-

Igor, what are you going to do


tomorrow rooming?
- Everything as usual. I'll get up

Lesson 12. MY DAY

qacoB, C,L{enaro 3ap.H.L{Ky, npHMY


Tenm>rii: .L{ym, noqm.uy 3y6LI,
no6perocL, npHqemycL, n03aBrpaKaiO Hnoii:.L{y Ha pa6ory.
3)
- Hpa, qTo BLI o6LiqHo .L{eJiaeTe
,[{HeM?
- ,[J;HeM .H o6LiqHo yqyc~> B YHHBepcHTeTe ,1:{0 2 qaCOB, nOTOM
o6e.L{aro, nocne o6e.L{a HeMHoro
ryJI.HlO HOT.L{biXalO, a nOTOM H.L{Y
B6H6JIHOTeKy.
- A KOr,L{a BLI npHe3)KaeTe .L{OMoii:?
- 06LiqHo .H npHe3)KalO .L{OMOH
qacoB B 5-6.
- A BLI e.L{eTe .L{OMOH Ha MeTpo
HJIH H,L{eTe neiiiKOM?
- 06LiqHo B yHHBepcHTeT H .L{OMOH .H e3~ Ha MeTpo.
4)
- Carna, qTo TLI o6LiqHo .L{enaernL
BeqepoM?
- BeqepoM .H o6LiqHo OT.L{Lixaro.
qHTalO )KypHaJILI H ra3eTLI,
CMOTplO TeJieBH30p, HHOr,L{a ryJI.HIO B napKe HJIH XO)Ky C .L{py3b.HMH Ha CTa,L{HOH. If, KOHeqHO,
Y)KHHaiO.
- A qTo TLI ernL Ha ~HH?
- HHor,L{a caJiaT H 6yrep6po.L{LI,
HHOr,L{a Karny.

A qTO Tbl nLeiiib?


IlblO COK HJIH BO.L{y.
A KOr.L{a TLI JIO)KHIIILC.H cnaTL?
06biqHO .H JIO)KYCL cnaTb B 11
qacoB.

5)
- 0JI.H, KaKHe y Te6.H nJiaHLI Ha
3aBTpa?

183
at 8:00, do exercises, take a
warm shower, brush my teeth,
shave, brush my hair, eat breakfast, and go to work.
- Ira, what do you usually do during the day?
- During the day I study at the
university until 2:00, then eat
lunch. After lunch I take a walk
and relax a little, and then I go
to the library.
- When do you get home?
- I usually get home about 5 or 6
o'clock.
- Do you go on the metro or do
you walk?
-Usually I ride the metro to the
university and home.
- Sasha, what do you usually do
in the evening?
- In the evening I usually relax,
read magazines and newspapers,
watch TV, sometimes walk in
the park, or go with friends to
the stadium. And of course I eat
dinner.
- And what do you eat?
- Sometimes a salad and sandwichs and sometimes cooked
cereal.
- And what do you drink?
- I drink juice or water.
- When do you go to sleep?
- I usually go to sleep at 11 :00.
- Olya, what plans do you have
for tomorrow?

184
- YTpoM H )(HeM g yqyc. A BeqepoM xoqy rro:Hm B EonbiiiOH
TeaTp.
-

A c KeM Thi rroit)(em B TeaTp?

5I IIOHJ(Y c IIOJ(pyroit.

A KaKOH crreKTaKnb Tbl 6y)(emb


CMOT}JeTh?
- EaneT )KH3en.
6)
- Cepreii HHKonaeBH'I, KaKHe y
Bac rrnaHbl Ha cpe)(y?
- YTPoM H )(HeM g pa6oTaro. A
Be'lepOM IIOe)(y Ha 3KCKypcHIO.
-

A c KeM BI rroeJ(eTe Ha 3KCKyp-

CHIO?
- C )KeHoii. MapHHa, a 'ITO Tbl
co6HpaemcJI J(enaT Bcpe)(y?
- YTpoM y MeHJI 3aHJITHJI, rroroM
g 6y)(y o6e)(aTb, OTJ(biXaTh, a
Be'lepOM 6y)(y TaHD;eBaTh BJ(HCKOTeKe.
7)
-IOpa, me Tbi 6m B'lepa?
- B11epa g 6hln Ha B,ll;HX.
- A 'ITO Tbi J(enan BBOCKpeceHbe?
- B BOCKpeceHe g e3J(Hn Ha 3KCKypcHIO B My3eH IIymKHHa, a
IIOTOM XOJ(Hn Ha KOHD;epT.
- Tbi nro6Hmb MY3biKy?
- ,D;a, O'leH.
8)
- JliO'IHJI, r)(e Bbl 6binH B cy66ozy? 5I 3BOHHn BaM MHOro pa3,
HO BaC He 6bin0 J(OMa.
- B cy66oTy g MHoro ryngna,
6blna Ha KpacHoii rrnoiD;MH, Ha

YpoK 12. MOl AEHb

- In the morning and afternoon I


am studying, and in the evening
I want to go to the Bolshoi theater.
- With whom are you going to the
theater?
- I am going with my friend.
- And what performance are you
going to see?
- The ballet "Giselle".
- Sergei Nikolaevich, what plans
do you have for Wednesday?
- In the morning and during the
day, I am working. In the
evening, I am going on an excursion.
- With whom are you going on an
excursion?
- With my wife. Marina, what are
you planning to do on Wednesday?
- In the morning, I have classes,
then I will have lunch, relax, and
in the evening I will go dancing
at a discoteque.
- Yura, where were you yesterday?
-Yesterday, I was at VDNKh.
- What did you do on Sunday?
- On Sunday I went on an excursion to the Pushkin museum,
and then went to a concert.
- Do you like music?
-Yes, very much.
- Lucia, where were you on Saturday? I called you many times,
but you weren't home.
- On Saturday I walked around a
lot, I was at Red Square, on the

Lesson 12. MY DAY

185

HoooM Ap6aTe, a oeqepoM xo,nHJia B ~HpK.


B KaKou ~HpK? Ha QoeTHOM
6yn&Bape HHH Ha JleHHHCKHX
ropax?
Ha JleHHHCKHX ropax. 3m HOB&IH ~HpK.
Te6e noHpaBHnoc&?
0'1eH&. 5I xoqy noiiTH e~e pa3.

New Arhat, and in the evening


went to the circus.
- Which circus? On Tsvetnoi Bulvar or in the Lenin Hills?

9)
MHe HeKozoa!
- Kor.na Tbi 6y,neiii& o6e,naT&?
- 5I He 6y,ny o6e,naT&. MHe HeKor.na!
- A Kor.na Tbi 6y,neiii& )')KHHaT&?
- 5I He 6y,ny )')KHHaT&. MHe HeKor.na!
- Ho Tbl, KOHe'IHO, 3aBTpaKana
cero,nm1?
- HeT, He 3rurrpaKana. MHe HeKor.na!
- Te6e HeKor,na? A 'ITO Tbi ,nenaeiii& YTPOM, ,nHeM H oeqepoM?

I have no time!
-When will you eat lunch?
- I won't eat lunch. I have no time!

- Lenin Hills. It is a new circus.


- Did you like it?
- Very much. I would like to go
again.

- When will you eat dinner?


- I won't eat dinner. I have no
time!
- Of course you ate breakfast today?
-No, I didn't eat breakfast. I have
no time!
-You have no time? What do you
do in the morning, afternoon and
evening?
- Ka>K,n&IH .neH& yTpoM, ,nHeM H - Every morning, afternoon and
oeqepOM H yqy pyCCKHH H3biK!
evening, I study Russian!
10)
- JleHa, Tbl ocTaeiii& paHo?
- Lena, do you get up early?
- ,[(a, o6bi'IHO paHo, qacoo B7.
-Yes, usually early, about 7:00.
-A no>KHIII&CH cnaT& TO>Ke paHo? - And do you go to bed early?
- ,[(a. BeqepOM MHe y)l(e XO'IeTCH - Yes. In the evening I already
CTiaTb. 11: H He MOry 'ITO-TO ,newant to sleep. And I can't do
naTb. 5I no>Kyc& cnaT& qacoo B
anything. I go to sleep about
10-11.
10:00 or 11:00.
- 3Ha'IHT, Tbl )l(aBOpOHOK?
- That means you are a lark.
- ,[(a, H )l(aBOpOHOK. A T&I?
- Yes, I'm a lark. And you?
- 5I COBa. 5I He mofuno paHO BCTa- - I'm an owl. I don't like to get
BaTb. 5I TI03.Z(HO HO~Cb cnaTb.
up early. I go to bed late. It's difficult for me to do anything in
MHe Tpy,nHo 'ITO-To .nenaT& YTpoM, a oeqepoM H Mory ,nenaT&
the morning, and in the evening
oce.
I can do everything.

186

YpoK 12. MOl AEHb

11)

- AHTOH, qTo TLI co6HpaemLCH


.n;ena:rL BeqepoM?
- .5! 6y.ey cnymaTL MY3LI:r<y. .5! KYIIHJI HOBbie KaCCeTLI. IlOTOM 6yJzy CMOTpeTL TeJieBH30p, )')KHHaTL, rrocne y:>KHHa rynHTL c
.n;py3LHMH.
- A qro 6y.n;eT .n;enaTL TBOH MaMa?
- 0Ha 6y.n;eT CTHpaTb, IIOTOM roTOBHTb )')KHH, IIOTOM MblTb 110cy.n;y, rroroM qro-ro ellle .n;enaTL.
- A TLI e:H He rroMo:>Kemi:.?
- .5! oqeHI:. xoqy e:H rroMo%! Ho
MHe HeKor.n;a!
12)
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe, TaHH!
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe, BHKTOpHH!
-KaK.n;ena?
- CrracH6o, Bee BrropH.n;Ke. A BamH?
- Bee HopMani:.Ho.
- BHKTOpHH, qro BLI co6Hpaereci:.
.n;eJiaTb B BbiXOJlHble JlHH?
- HHqero. B cy660Ty HBBOCKpeceHI:.e H OT.llbiXaiO.
- .5! xoqy rrpHmacHTI:. Bac B roc Ey.n;YT MOH .n;py3LH, MOH poJlHTeJIH H MOH 6paT.
- CrracH6o 3a rrpHmameHHe! .5!
o6H3aTeJII:.HO rrpH.n;y! A Kor.n;a?
- B cy66oTY, B5 qacoB.
- Jl.o BCTpeqH,
12a)
- BHKTOpHH, KaKHe y Bac IIJiaHLI
Hacy66QTY?
- B cy66oTY H H.ey BrocTH KTaHe.
- A KTO TaM 6y.n;eT ellle?
- Ee .n;py3LH, po.n;HTenH H 6paT.
- ABO CKOJibKO Thl MemL BroCTH?
-B 5 qacoB.

- Anton, what are you planning to


do this evening?
- I will listen to music. I bought
new cassettes. Then I'll watch
television, eat dinner, then after
dinner walk around with my
friends .
- And what will your mother do?
- She will wash, then make dinner, then wash the dishes, then
she will do something else.
- And will you help her?
- I really want to help her, but I
have no time!
-

Hello, Tanya!
Hello, Viktoria!
How are you?
Well, thank you. And you?

- All is well.
- Victoria, what are you planning
to do this weekend?
-Nothing. On Saturday and Sunday I will relax.
- I would like to invite you to my
house. My friends, parents, and
my brother will be there.
- Thank you for the invitation! I
will definitely come! When?
-Saturday, at 5:00.
- See you then!
- Viktoria, what plans do you
have for Saturday?
- On Saturday I am going over to
Tanya's house.
- Who else will be there?
- Her friends, parents and brother.
- What time are you going to visit?
-At5:00.

187

Lesson 12. MY DAY

2. Talk about what time you get up, eat breakfast, go to work or to class, eat
lunch, get home, eat dinner, and go to sleep.
3. Are you an owl or a lark? Why do you think so?
4. Explain how you spend your day, what you do in the morning, afternoon,
and evening.
5. What do you usually eat and drink for breakfast, lunch and dinner?
6. Ask your friends where they were yesterday, what they plan to do today,
and what plans they have for tomorrow.
7. Extend an invitation to your friends to come to your house.

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.

1)
-

6)
Kor.n;a BI>I o6I>JqHo o6e.n;aeTe?

KaKHe y Bac nnaHI>I Ha cpe.n;y?

Bhl npHHHMaeTe xono.n;HhlH


.n;yw?

qTO Bbl e,ZJ;HTe Ha )')KHH?

BI>I coBa HJIH )J{aBopoHoK?

2)
-

7)

3)
-

Kor.n;a BI>I BCTaJIH cero.n;HH?

9)

5)
-

Bo CKOJibKO BI>I no:>KHTeci> cnan,?

8)

4)
-

qTO BaWH .n;p)'3bH C06Hpa10TCH


.n;emrri> 3aBTPa?

Bhl xo.n;HTe Ha pa6ory newKoM


HJIH e3.n;HTe Ha MeTpo?

10)
Kor.n;a Bbi npHxo.n;HTe .n;oMoii?

2. Fill in the questions.

1)
-

2)
HeT, cero.n;HH H He o6e.n;an.

Ha 3aBTpaK H en 6yrep6po.n; c
CblpOM.

188

YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

3)

7)

-5! COBa.
4)

CrracH6o 3a rrpHrnarneHHe!

B cy66ozy 5I rroi:J:)J,y B rocTH.

6)
-

OH ner crraTb B 11 qacoB.

9)

5)
-

MHe HeKor)J,a!

8)

BeqepoM 5I cnyrnaiO MY3biKY H


CMOTpiO TeJ1eBH30p.

10)
5I IIOH)J,y B TeaTp c IIO)J.pyroi:J:.

HHor)J,a
II03)J,HO.

5I

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 12.

rrpHxmKy )J,OMOH

YpoH 13 Lesson 13

[BOdO.QHOe apeMJI. npMrnaweHMe B rOCTM,


a rearp

Free Time. Invitations to Someone's House,


to the Theater
KOMMeHTIPHH Commentary
Russian people, like people from all over the world, spend their free
time in varied ways depending on the interests of an individual or a family.
In Russia, people go to the theater, the movies, museums, attend exhibitions or sports events, go on tours or to the country. A particular favorite is going to the theater. In practically every major city, there is at
least one theater. In Moscow, there are nearly a hundred theaters. A favorite is the Bolshoi Theater, famous throughout the world for its shows
and actors. Other theaters that are especially popular are MKhAT, Maly
theater, the Leninskiy Komsomol theater, the Satire theater, and the Operetta theater.
Many Russians enjoy participating in sports or attending sports events
in their free time. In Moscow and other major cities, there are many stadiums, sports complexes and sports clubs that have classes for children
and adults. The most popular types of sports in Russia are soccer, ice
hockey, tennis and chess. The most well-known sports complex in Moscow is Luzhniki Stadium.
Art exhibitions and galleries are also popular among Russians. The
most famous in Moscow is the Tretyakov Gallery, where thousands of
works of art are exhibited, everything from Russian icons of the XI and
XII centuries to works of modem Russian artists. The Pushkin Museum
of Fine Arts is also very interesting. In addition to its permanent collec-

190

YpoK 13. CBO&OllHOE BPEMR. nPMrnAWEHME B rOCTM, B TEATP

tion, the Pushkin Museum has exhibitions from museums all over the
world.
Russia has a large number of museums. In Moscow, we recommend
visiting the Kremlin, the Armory, the Diamond Fund and the History Museum.
For vacations, many Russians like to relax at vacation spots in Central Russia or on the Black Sea. They also buy tour packages to countries
all over the world, cruises, etc. Frequently, Russians spend their vacations 3a zopoooM or in the country. When the weather is good, families
will go to the country or to the beach. Sports outings are also popular:
hiking, kayaking, mountainclimbing.
Probably the favorite place where Russians spend their free time is at
the dacha, which is a small house with a piece of land of about 400600 square meters. Many families have dachas where they relax, grow
flowers, fruits and vegetables. Most dachas are located not far from the
city so people can get there relatively quickly. If your Russian friends
have a dacha, they will most likely invite you for a relaxing weekend.

Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER

191

neHCMHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

CB060,n:HOe BpeMH
Y Memi eCTb CB060.LJ:HOe BpeMH.
Y Memi HeT (Mano) cBo66,n:Horo
BpeMeHH.
CB066,n:eH/CB060,n:HafCB060.LJ:Hbl
3llHHT/3amm}/3aHHTbl
Bbr cBo66,n:Hbi 3aBTpa BeqepoM?
BCTpeqaTbCHfBCTpeTHTbC~

f,n:e H KOr,n:a Mbl BCTpeTHMC~?


,ll;aBafi(-Te) BCTpeTHMC~
y MeTpO B 14 qacOB.
y.n:66Ho/Hey.n:66Ho
cornaceH/cornacHa/cornaCHbi
,IJ;orOBOpHnHCb!
,ll;aBaM(-Te) ITOM,n:eM BTeaTp!
C Y.ll:OBOHbCTBHeM!
6qeHb )l(anb!
B .n:pyr6i1: pa3!
5I Ha,n:bocb!
)I(.LJ:aTb
5I )I(.LJ:Y BaC (Te651) B MeTpO B 14 qaCOB.
HaqHHllTbCH
Kor.n:a (Bo cK6nbKo) HaqHHaeTc~
KOH[(epT?
KoHn:epT HaqHHaeTc~ B 19 qac6B.
Haqano KOHn;epTa B 19 qac6B.
Kor,n:a (BO CKOHbKO) KOHqaeTC~ KOHn;epT?
KoHn:epT KoHqaeTc~ B 22 qaca.
KoHen: KoHn:epTa B 22 qaca.
cne.n:yrom;HM
rrpOIIIHbiM
B cne,n:yrom;HM pa3

free time
I have free time.
I have no (little) free time.

free (m., f., and pl.)


busy (m., f., and pl.)
Are you free tomorrow evening?
to meet
When and where will we meet?
Let's meet at the metro
at 2:00p.m.
convenient, inconvenient
(I) agree (m., f. and pl.)
Agreed! All right!
Let's go to the theater!
With pleasure!
Too bad.
Another time.
I hope so!
to wait
I will wait for you at the metro at

2:00p.m.
to begin
What time does the concert begin?
The concert begins at 7:00p.m.
The beginning of the concert is at
7:00p.m.
What time does the concert end?
The concert ends at 10:00 p.m.
The end of the concert is at 10:00
p.m.
next
last
next time

192

YpoH 13. CBO&OAHOE BPEMJI. nPMrnAWEHME B rDCTM, B TEATP

B np6IIIJibiM pa3
Ha CJie.[{)'IOIUeM He,neJie
Ha np6IIIJioii He,nene
6mycK
KaHMKYJibi

last time
next week
last week
vacation
vacation (school vacation)

npOBO.[{MTb/npoBeCTM
KaK Bbi npos6,n:HTe cso66,n:Hoe spe-

to spend, conduct
How do you spend your free time?

MH?

How did you spend your weekend?


What do you like to do in your spare
time?
play
chess
tennis
soccer
hockey
basketball
guitar
piano
to draw
I draw well .
to sing
I sing well .
song

KaK Bhl nposenM: BI>Ixo,nlfhie ,n:HH?


qTO Bbi m66HTe ,neJiaTb B CB066,nHOe BpeMH?
HrpaTh
B IIIaXMaThl
B TeHHHC
B cpyT60JI
B XOKKeH
B 6acKeT66n
HarHn\pe
Ha nHaHMHO
pHCOBaTb
.H xopoiii6 pHcyiD.
neTb
.H xopoiii6 nom.
neCHH

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Table 60
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
BCTPEqAThCHIBCTPETHThCH (C KEM? KOFJ(A? FJ(E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
BCijlC'I:III.CU

(IICB)

IH.'IpCIIIII.OI

(CB)

Present tense
H

Tbl
oH, oHa
Mhl
Bbl
OHH

BCTpellaiOCb
BCTpeqaeWbCH
BCTPetiaeTcH
BCTPetiaeMCH
BCTpetiaeTeCb
BCTpetiaiOTCX

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

193

Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER

Continued
BC'I pctaThCU

(HCB)

BCTpcniThCU

(CB)

Past tense
BC'I'pe'l:aJIC.sl
BC'I'peqanacb

R, Tbi, OH

BC'I'peTHJIC.sl

R, Tbi, OHa

R, Tbl, OH

R, Tbi, OHa

BC'I'peTHJiaCb

Mbi, Bbl, OHH

BCTpe'laJIHCb

Mbi, Bbl, OHH

BCTpeTHJIHCb

Future tense
R

Tbl

6y.[(y BCTpe'laTbC.sl

Tbl

6y.[(eillb BCTpe'laTbC.sl

BCTpe'lyCb
BCTpeTHillbC.sl

OH,OHa

6y.[(eT BCTpe'laTbC.sl

OH,OHa

BCTpeTIITC.sl

Mbl

6y.[(eM BC'I'pe'laTbC.sl

Mbl

BC'I'peTHMC.sl

Bbl

6y.[(eTe BC'I'pe'laTbC.sl

Bbl

BCTpeTHTeCb

OHH

6y.[(YTBCTpe'l:aTbC.si

OHH

BCTpeTRTC.sl

Table 61
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB )J(J(ATh (KOFO? FJ(E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
11\JlaTt.

(IICB)

Present tense
R

Tbl

)KJ(y

Mbl

)K,[(erub

Bbl

OH,OHa )K,[(eT

OHH

)I{,[(eM

)KJ(eTe
)KJ(YT

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH

)K,[(aJI

H, Tbl, OHa

)I{,[( ana

Mbl, Bbl, OHH

)K,[(aJIH

Future tense
H

6y.[(y )KJ(aTb

Mbl 6y.[(eM )K,[(aTb

Tbi 6y.[(eiiib )K,[(aTb Bbi 6y.[(eTe )KJ(aTb


OH, OHa 6y.[(eT )K,[(aTb

OHH ~.[(yT )KJ(aTb

Remember:
The imperative of the first person plural of the perfective aspect is
formed using the word oa6aU or oa6aume and the perfective verb in the
first person plural.

,l{a6au(me) noiioeM 6 meamp!


,l{a6au(me) 6cmpemUMcJl 6 18 t~.aco6!
Jlaeau(me) nozyllJleM!
13-629

Let's go to the theater.


Let's meet at 18:00.
Let's take a walk.

194

YpoK 13. CB060AHOE BPEMSI. nPHrnAWEHHE B rDCTH, B TEATP

The imperative of the first person plural of the imperfective aspect is


formed using the word oa8au or oa8aume and the imperfective verb in
the infinitive.
pa8au(me) CMompemb pWlbMI Let's watch a movie.
pa8au(me) zy;mmbl
Let's take a walk.
Pa8au(me) maH1e8amb!
Let's dance.

Remember:
Xooumb (ryoa?) 8 zocmu.
Eblmb (zoe?) 8 zocmJIX.

To go to someone's house.
To be a guest at someone's house.

Table 62
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
IIPOBO/(HTb/IIPOBECTH (qTO? F/(E? C KEM?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
IIJHIBO)(IIIh

(1-fCB)

IIJ10BCCIII

(C8)

Present tense
5I rrpOBO:>K}'
Mbl IIpOBO,ll;MM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbl IIpOBO,ll;Mlllb Bbl IIpOBO,ll;MTe
have no present tense.
OH, OHa IIPOBO,ll;MT OHM IIPOBOMT
Past tense
51, Tbl, OH IIpOBO,ll;MJI
R, Thi, OH
rrpoBen
51, Thl, OHa rrpOBO,ll;MJia
R, Tbl, OHa
rrpoBena
Mbl, Bbl, OHM IIPOBO,ll;MJIM
Mbl, Bbl, OHM rrposenM
Future tense
5I 6y,n;y IIpOBO,ll;MTb
R rrpose,n;y
Tbl 6y,n;elllb rrpOBO,ll;MTb
Tbl rrpose,n;eiiib
OH,OHa 6y,n;eT IIpOBO,ll;MTb
OH,OHa rrpoBe,n;eT
Mbl 6y,n;eM rrpOBO,ll;MTb
Mbl rrpoBe,n;eM
Bbl 6y,n;eTe rrpOBO,ll;MTb
Bbl rrpoBe,n;eTe
OHM 6y,n;yr IIpOBO,ll;MTb
OHM rrpoBe,n;yT

Table 63
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Kmo?
5I
Tbl
OH
OHa

C KeM?
(co) MHOH
(c) T06oi1
(c) HMM
(c) HeM:

Kmo?

C KeM?

Mbl
Bbl
OHM

(c) HaMM
(c) BaMM
(c) HMMM

195

Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE, TO THE THEATER

Table 64
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS WITH THE SUFFIX-OBA (-EBA)
OF THE TYPEPHCOBATh (KOFO? qTO?), TAHI(EBATh (qTO? C KEM?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
JliiCOBath (HCB)

tamcnath

(IICB)

Present tense
g pMCYIO

Mhl pMCyeM

g TaHU:YIO

T&I pMcyeiii&

Bhl pMcyeTe

Thl TaHu;yeiiib

OH, OHa PMCYeT

OHM PMCVIOT

OH OHa TaHU:VeT

Mhl TaHll;yeM
Bbl TaHn;yere
OHM TaHU:YIOT

Past tense
g, Thl, OH

g,Thl,OH

pMCOBaJI

g, Thl, OHa

pMCOBaJia

Mhl, Bhl, OHM

pMCOBaJIM

TaHu;eBan

g, Thl, OHa

TaHu;eBana

Mhl Bhl, OHM

TaHU:eBaJIM

Future tense
g
Tbl

OH,OHa

6yJJ.Y pMCOBaTb
6yJ{eiiib pMCOBaTb
6yJ{eT pMCOBaTb

Thl
OH,OHa

6yJJ.y TaHll;eBaTb
6y.lleiii& TaHU:eBaT&
6yJ{eT TaHn;eBaTb

Mbl

6yJ{eM pMCOBaTb

Mhl

Bhl

6yJ{eTe pMCOBaTb

Bhl

6yJ{eTe TaHu;eBaT&

OHM

6y.l{yr PMCOBaTb

OHM

6y.l{yr TaHu;eBaTb

6yJ{eM TaHll;eBaTb

Table 65
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB IIETh (qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

m., (IICB)
Present tense
g

Mbl noeM

nOlO
Tbl noeiiib
OH OHa no~

Bhl no~e
OHM nOIOT
Past tense

g, Thl, OH
g, Tbi, OHa
Mhl, Bbl, OHM

nen
nena
neJIM

Future tense
g

6y.lly neT&
Thl 6yJ{eiii& neT&
OH OHa 6y,neT neTb

Mhl 6yJ{eM neT&


Bhl 6y.llere neT&
OHM 6y,nyr neT&

Imperative
noii! noiiTe!

196

YpoH 13. CBOiiOAHOE BPEMH. nPMrnAWEHME B rocnt, B TEATP

YnpaJHHeHMJI Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verb mt>amb.
ArreKceH: ... Omo 40 MHH)IT, HO OHa He rrpHIIIJia. - Koro TLI ... ? - .H
... rro.n;pyry. MLI ... Bac 3aBTpa B roCTH B 17 liacoB. 06LiliHO TaTMIHa HBaHOBHa ... CLIHa y IIII<Oili>I. r.n;e OHa ... Hrop.s~? CTY.n;eHTLI ... rrperro.n;aBaren.s~,
HO OH He IIpHIIIen, IIOTOMY liTO 3a6onen. ,[(oroBOpHnHCL! .H ... Te6H 3aBTpa B 12 liaCOB y YHHBepCHTeTa. BLI ... neHy? 0HH Bcer.n;a ... ee .n;onro.
MLI ... Te6.s~ B 14 liacoB.

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsBcmpe'lambCJl!BcmpemumbCR,

06LiliHO MLI ... y MeTpo. - BLI ... c KonneraMH y <PHPMLI?- HeT, .s~
... c HHMH B <i>HpMe. r.n;e H Kor.n;a MLI 3aBTpa ... ? PaHLIIIe .si liaCTO .. . c
.ZJ:PY3L.s!MH, a CeHliaC ... pe.n;KO, IIOTOMY liTO y MeHH ManO CB060.n;HOro BpeMeHH. TLI c HeH: ... KIDI<,ZJ;LIH .n;eHL? Kax<eTcH, MLI c BaMH ... paHLrne? C
KeM TLI ... Bliepa B HHCTHT)ITe? Kor.n;a TLI MO:>KeiiiL ... co MHOH? neroM
OHH ... Ka)K)l;LIH .n;eHL. 0HH ... B MeTPO H IIOeXanH Ha BLICTaBKy. neHa ... C
CarneH B 14 liaCOB, H OHH IIOIIIilH B rrapK. ,[(aBaH ... y Mara3HHa B 12
liacoB! .H mo6mo ... c .n;py3LHMH. ,l.l;aBaH:Te Bcer.n;a 3.n;ecL ... ! B cne.n;yroIQYIO cy660TY OHH ... H IIOH.ZJ:YT B TeaTp.

3. Alter the following phrases, changing the genitive case to prepositional,


and the prepositional case to genitive.

Example:

- y HHCTHT)ITa
- B HHCTHT)ITe

a) y Mara3HHa; B IIIKOne; y MeTPO; B 6aHKe; y TeaTPa; B YHHBepcHTeTe; y <!>HpMLI; B My3ee


6) OH )K)l;tsT ee y MeTpo . .H 6y.n;y )K)l;aTL Te6.s~ B YHHBepcHTeTe. ,ll;aBaH
BcTpeTHMCH y My3e.s~ B 14 liacoB. KonnerH Bcer.n;a BCTpeliaiOTCH B <!>HpMe.
0Ha )~()];ana ero B Mara3HHe.

4. Give antonyms of the following phrases.

Example:

- B cne.n;yroiQHH rroHe.n;enLHHK
-

B rrpornnLIH IIOHe.n;enLHHK

cne.n;yroiQee BOCKpeceHLe; rrpoiiiJILie BLIXO.ZJ:HLie; B cne.n;yroiQyro cy66oTY; rrpornnLIH BTOpHHK; Ha cne.n;yroiQeH: He.n;ene; rrpornna.s~ IIHTHHD;a; B
cne.n;yroiQHH pa3; rrpornnLIH lieTBepr; B cne.n;yroiQyro cpe.n;y; rrponmLIH
OTrrycK; cne.n;yiOIQHe KaHHKYilLI.

Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE, TO THE THEATER

197

5. Alter the following phrases, changing the verbs in the past tense to the
future tense, and vice versa.

Example:

- flpOI.IIJibiH qeTBepr Mbl npoBeJIH Ha BbiCTaBKe.


- Cne.[{yiDIUHH qeTBepr Mbi npoBe.[{eM Ha BbiCTaBKe.

B npoumyro cy66ozy Mbi XO.[{HJIH B TeaTp. B cne.[{yromee BOCKpeceHbe ,ll>KOH H Po6epT noe.[{yT Ha 3KCKypCHID. B npoiiiJibiH noHe,[{eJibHHK H
6r:,ma Ha pa60Te. B cne,[{YJOIUHe BbiXO.[{Hbie Bbi 6y.[{eTe .[{OMa? Ha cne.[{yIDIUeii He,[{ene 6y.[{eT xono,[{HO. B npoiiiJibiH pa3 Tbi e3.[{HJI Ha 3KCKypcHIO
B Cy3.[{aJib? KaK Bbi npoBe.[{the cne,l(YJOmYJO He,[{emo? Mbi BCTpeTHJIHCb
B npoiiiJibiH qeTBepr. Cne.[{yiOIUHH OTnycK H npoBe.[{y Ha Mope. ITpoiiiJibie
KaHHKYJibi OHa npoBeJia y 6a6yiiiKH B ,[{epeBHe.

6. Give positive and negative answers to the following phrases.

Example:

- ,l.(aBaJi BCTpeTHMCH y MeTpO B 18 qacOB, Tefie y,n;o6Ho?


-

,l.(a, MHe y.[{o6Ho. ,l.(oroBopHJIHCb!


HeT, Hey.[{o6Ho. ,l.(aBaii nyqiiie BCTPeTHMCH y TeaTpa B 19 qacoB.

1) ny.[{y )K,ll;aTb Te6H y HHCTHryTa B 14 qacoB, Te6e y.[{06Ho?


2) ,l.(aBaiiTe noe.[{eM Ha 3KCKypCHIO B Cy3.[{aJib. Br:,I comacHbi?
3) ,l.(aBaii noii.[{eM B cy66ozy B EoJibiiiOH TeaTp. Tbi comacHa?
4) Ey.[{y )K,ll;aTb Bac y My3eH. B 15 qacoB BaM y.[{o6Ho?
5) ,l.(aBaii noii.[{eM neiiiKOM. Tr:,I comaceH?

7. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsnpoBoOumblnpoBecmu.


KaK Bbl o6r:,IqHo ... cBo6o.[{HOe BpeMH? KaK Bbi ... npoiiiJioe BOCKpeceHr:,e? HBaH lleTpoBHq qacTo ... cBo6o.[{Hoe BpeMH .[{OMa y TeJieBH3opa.
AH.[{peii H Caiiia Beer,[{a ... cy66ory Ha CTa,[{HOHe. PaHbiiie Mbl ... CB060.[{HOe BpeMH Ha BbiCTaBKaX, a ceJiqac ... Ha 3KCKypCHHX. l,[{e Tbl ... CJie.[{yiOIUHe BbiXO.[{Hbie .[{HH? HaTaiiia Bcer,[{a HHTepecHo ... cBo6o.[{Hoe BpeMH.
,l.(aBaH ... 3TOT Beqep BMeCTe! .5[ Ha,[{eiOCb, qTo CJie,[{yiOmee BOCKpeceHbe
... Ha npHpO,[{e. C KeM Bbl OfiblqHo ... CB060.[{HOe BpeMH? ,l.(aBaHTe BCer,l(a
... CB060.[{HOe BpeMH HHTepeCHO! l,[{e Bbl ... CBOH OTTIYCK? .5[ ... OTITYCK B
HcnaHHH. !.[{e OHa o6r:,IqHo ... KaHHKYJibi?

8. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs pucoBamb,
maHI(eBamb, nemb.

a)pucoeamb
- Tbi xopoiiio ... ? - ,[(a, H ... xopoiiio. !.[{e Bbi mo6HTe ... ? "liTo
Bb! ... ? PaHbiiie oHa ... nnoxo, a ceiiqac ... nyqiiie. Koro OHM ... ? B cne.[{yIOIUHe BbiXO.[{Hbie Oner noe,[{eT B CoqH H TaM ... Mope.

198

YpoK 13. CBO&DaHOE BPEMH. nPMrnAWEHME B rocnt, B TEATP

6) maHt~eeamb
BeqepoM R noH,z:{y Ha ,D;HCKOTeKy H .... C KeM ... JleHa? - BLI xopoIllO ... ? -)];a, R ... Hennoxo. PaHLIIle OH ... nnoxo, a ceiiqac ... OTJIHqHo.
qro Bhl mo6HTe ... ? AneKceii H Hrop~:. ... c no,D;pyraMH. 3aBTPa Mhl noe,D;eM B rOCTH H TaM ....

B) nemb
KaTR xopolllo ... ? BLI mo6HTe ... ? - TLI ... no-pyccKH?- )];a, R ...
no-pycCKH. 3TOT aPTHCT ... npeKpaCHO. PaHLIIle OHH ... TOJI:bKO no-pycCKH, a cei{qac ... no-aHrJIHHCKH H no-<t>paHU)'3CKH. A CKOpO OHH ... TIOHTaJI:bRHCKH.

9. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verb uzpamb.
- TLI ... B TeHHHc? - HeT, R He ... B TeHHHC. Bqepa Callla H AHTOH
... B <l>YT60JI. 0Ha oqeH:b xopOII10 ... Ha TIHaHHHO. 3aBTpa BeqepOM Mhl ... B
IllaxMaThi. BLI MO)KeTe ... Ha rHTape? PaHLIIle BHKTop xopolllo ... B xoKKeii, a cei{qac ... TIJIOXO. JleTOM R ... B TeHHHC C.APY3LRMH. C KeM T:bl ... B
6acKeiDOJI? C KeM Bhl ... 06hlqHO B IllaXMaThi?

llttanont Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- CBeTa, cKa)KH, KaK Thl o6LiqHo
npOBO,Il;Hlll:b CB060,D;HOe BpeMR?
- B cy660TY H B BOCKpeceH:be R
06:biqHo XO)Ky B TeaTp, B KHHO
HJIH Ha BhlCTaBKH. lfHOr,D;a e3)KY
Ha 3KCKypcHH. HanpHMep, B
TipOIIlJIOe BOCKpeceHLe R XO,D;HJia B EoJILIIlOH TeaTp, CMOTpena
6aneT Jle6e.AHHoe 03epo, a B
cne.zzyrow;yro cy66oTY noe.Ay Ha
3KCKYPCHIO B HoBropo,D;.
- A qeM Thl HHTepecyelllLCR H
yBJieKaelllLCR?
- Jl oqeHL HHTepecyrocL pyCCKOH
HCTOpHeH H YBJieKaiOC:b M)'3hlKOH.
- A Thl HrpaelllL Ha nHaHHHO?
- )];a, g HipaiO Ha TIHaHHHO H HeMHOrO Ha rHTape.

Sveta, tell me how you usually


spend your free time?
On Saturday and Sunday I usually go to the theater, to the movies or to exhibitions. Sometimes
I go on excursions. For example, last Sunday I went to the
Bolshoi Theater and saw the
ballet "Swan Lake", and next
Saturday I am going on an excursion to Novgorod.
And what are your interests?

I am very interested in Russian


history and I like music.

-And do you play the piano?


-Yes, I play the piano and the
guitar a little.

Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER

199

2)

- Cepreii, r.n;e n.1 npoBeJI BLixo.n;HLie ,[{HH?


- B cy66oTY H BCTpeqancH c .n;py3bHMH. Mbi 6bmH BpecTOpaHe.
A B BOCKpeceHbe H XO,[{HJI Ha
CTa,[{HOH.
- Tbi YBJieKaeiiibCH cnopToM?
-,[(a, oqeHb . ..si mo6mo CMOTpeTb
pa3Hble COpeBHOBaHHH Ha CTa,[{HOHe.
- A Tbi 3aHHMaeiiibCH cnopToM?
- KoHeqHo . ..si Hrparo B <PYT6on H
BTeHHHC, KaTaiOCb Ha JlbDKaX H
Ha KOHbKaX. ,[(Ba pa3a BbiC'I)'TiaJI
Ha copeBHOBaHHHX TIO TeHHHCy.
3)
- Anno, Hpa?

- ,[(a, 3TO H.
- 3TO AHToH. Hpa, Tbi 3aBTPa BeqepoM cBo6o.n;Ha?
- ,[(a, cBo6o.n;Ha.
- ..sr xoqy npmTiaCHTb Te6H B TeaTp.
- CnacH6o 3a npHmaiiieHHe! ..sr c
y.n;OBOJibCTBHeM TIOH.n;y!
- r.n;e H Kor.n;a Mbl BCTPeTHMCH?
- ,[(aBaH BCTpeTHMCH y MeTpO B 18
qacoB.
- ,[(oroBOpHJIHCb!
- ,[(o BCTPeqH!

Sergei, where did you spend


your weekend?
- On Saturday I met my friends.
We went to a restaurant. And on
Sunday I went to the stadium.

- Do you like sports?


- Yes, very much. I like to watch
various competitions at the stadium.
-And do you participate in
sports?
- Of course. I play soccer and tennis, snow-ski and ice-skate. I
twice participated in competitions in tennis.
- Hello, Ira?
-Yes, it's me.
- This is Anton. Ira, are you free
tomorrow evening?
- Yes, I'm free.
- I want to invite you to the theater.
- Thank you for the invitation! I
would love to go to the theater!
- Where and when will we meet?
-Let's meet at the metro at 18:00.
-All right!
- See you later!

4)

- 3.n;paBCTByHTe, MapTa!
- 3.n;paBCTBYHTe, Hropb!
- MapTa, Bbi He 3aHHThi B cy66oTY?
-HeT,aqTo?
- ,[(aBaiiTe noe.n;eM B napK CoKOJibHHKH!
- ,[(aBaii:Te! TaM MO:>KHO HHTe-

- Hello, Marta!
-Hello, Igor!
- Marta, are you busy on Saturday?
-No, why?
- Let's go to Sokolniki Park!
-Let's go! There are interesting

200

YpoK 13. CB060AHOE BPEMJI. nPMrllAWEHME B rOCTM, B TEATP

peCHO rrpoBeCUI CB060JJ;HOe BpeMH. Mo)f(HO OTJJ;OXH)'Tb, rroryJUITb, noo6eJJ;aTb.


- A rJJ;e Mbl BCTpeTHMcH?
- .lJ:aBai:fTe BCTpeTHMCH y Merpo
COKOJibHHKH.
-A KOrJJ;a?
- 51.JzyMmo, qacoB B 10. BaMy,n;o6HO?
- .n;a, yJJ;o6Ho.
- .lJ:orOBOpiiJIIICb!
- .n;o cy66oTLI!
5)
- .lJ:)f(OH, qTO Tbl C06HpaeiiiJ>CH
JJ;eJiaTb B cneJJ;yrow;ee BOCKpeceHLe?
- HIIqero. B BOCKpeceHbe H cBo6oJJ;eH.
- 5I xoqy npHmacHTb Te6H B roc-

things to do there. We can relax, walk around, eat lunch.


- And where will we meet?
- Let's meet at metro "Sokolniki".
-When?
- I think about 10:00. Is that OK?
-Yes, that's OK.
-All right!
- See you Saturday!
-John, what are you planning to
do on Sunday?
-Nothing. On Sunday I am free.
-

I want to invite you to my house.

Til.

- CnacH6o 3a rrpiimaiiieHHe! 5I
o6H3aTeJibHO npiiJJ;y!
- Mbi 6yJJ;eM )f()J;aTD Te6H B 18 qacoB.
- .lJ:o BCTpeqii!
- .lJ:o CBIIJJ;aHHH!
6)
- HaTaiiia, H npHmaiiiaiO Te6H
3aBTpa B KOHCepBaTOpHIO.
- Cnacii6o 3a npHmaiiieHIIe, AH,n:peii. 5I Cy,D;OBOJibCTBHeM noil:JJ;y.
5I oqeHb JII06JIIO KJiaCCH'IeCKyiO
MY3biKy. A Bo CKOJibKO Haqano
KOHIJ;epra?
- Haqano B 19 qacoB. Mbi BCTpeTHMCH y Merpo?
- HeT, JJ;aBaii nyqiiie y KOHcepBaTOpiiH.
-A BO CKOJibKo? B 18.30 Te6e
yJJ;o6Ho?
- HeT, He oqeHJ>. Jlyqiiie B 18.45.

- Thank you for the invitation! I


will definitely come.
- We will wait for you at 6:00p.m.
- See you soon!
-Goodbye!
- Natasha, I want to invite you to
the conservatory tomorrow.
-Thank you for the invitation,
Andrei. I would love to go. I
love classical music. And when
does the concert start?
- I t starts at 19:00. We will meet

at the metro?
-No, let's meet at the conservatory.
-What time? Is 18:30 OK?
-No, better at 18:45.

Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER

- ,1J;oroBOp11JII1Cb, B 18.45 y KOHcepBaTOp1111.


- ,ll;o 3aBrpa!
7)
- Omi, H np11marnaro re6H 3aBrpa
Brearp.
- M3BHHH, K CO)KaJieHHIO, 3aBrpa
5I 3aH5ITa, 5I H.I(y B fOCTH K llO.I(pyre.
- QqeHb )KaJIIr! Hy, B .npyroH: pa3!
- Cnac116o 3a npHmarneHHe! M3BHHH ell(e pa3!
8)
- IOpa, Thl xoqernir noil:TH co
MHOH B U:HpK?
-Kor.na?
- Cero.nHH.
- M3BHHH, cero.nHH H oqeHJ:r 3aHHT
11, KCO)KaJieHHIO, He MOry llOHTH.
- Hy, HHqero.
- M3BHHH ell(e pa1!
9)
- CnaBa, xoqernb 3aBTpa noexaTb
Ha 3KCKypcHIO B Cy3.nanir?
- A Kor.na 3KCKypcHH?
- 3aBTpa B 10 qacoB.
- 3aBTpa B 10 qaCOB 51 He MOry. Y
MeH5I JieKU:HH.
- )l{anJ:r, Hy noe.neiiib B cne.nyroIl(HH pa3!

201

-All right, at 18:45 at the conservatory.


- See you tomorrow!
- Olya, I would like to invite you
to the theater tomorrow.
- Sorry, but unfortunately I am
busy. I am going to my friend's
house.
- Too bad. Well, another time.
- Thank you for the invitation!
Again, I'm sorry.
- Yura, do you want to go with me
to the circus?
-When?
-Today.
- I'm sorry, today I am very busy,
and unfortunately I cannot go.
- Oh well.
-Again, I'm sorry!
- Slava, do you want to go on an
excursion tomorrow to Suzdal?
- When is the excursion?
-Tomorrow at 10:00.
-Tomorrow at 10:00 I can't. I
have a lecture.
- Too bad. Well, next time.

10)

- MapTa, MO)KeT 6J:riTb, Mbi noH:.neM BnapK norynHTb?


- 5 He Mory, ,lJ;)KHM. Y MeHH MHOro pa6oTiri. Mo)KeT 6IriTb, 3aBTpa?
- ,ll;aBaH: 3aBTpa!
11)
- KapHH, Biri 3HaeTe, qTo B cpe.ny
6y.neT 3KCKypC115I?

-Marta, maybe we'll go to the


park for a walk?
- I can't, Jim. I have a lot of work.
Maybe tomorrow?
- OK, let's go tomorrow.
- Karen, did you know that there
will be an excursion on Wednesday?

202

YpoK 13. CBO&OAHOE BPEMR. nPMrnAWEHME B rornt, B TEATP

- HeT, He 3Haro. A K)'.n;a 3KCK)'pcmi?


-B Mf'Y.
- 0,3TOOqeHbHHTepeCHO.Jl.n;aBHO XOTeJia rroexaTb Ha 3TY 3KCKypCHIO. A Kor.n;a H r.n;e MLI
BCTpeqaeMCH?
- MLI BCTpeqaeMcH B 10 qacoB y
MeTpo YHHBepcHTeT.
- CrracH6o, qTo CKa3an, Carna.
-He3a qro!

-No, I didn't. An excursion


where?
-ToMGU.
- Oh, that's interesting. I have
wanted to go on that excursion
for a long time. When and where
are we meeting?
-We will meet at 10:00 at metro
"University".
- Thanks for telling me, Sasha.
-You are welcome!

2. Invite your friend to the theater, the movies, or to your house. Agree on a
time to meet.
3. You have been invited to someone's house and to the theater. Accept the
invitation, and thank your friend. Decline the invitation, explain why
you cannot go, say that you're sorry.
4. Ask your friends how they spent their week, and what they are planning
to do next week.
5. Tell how you spent last week, and what you are planning to do this week.

TeeT Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1)

5)

- f'.n;e Bbl IIpOBeJIH BbiXO){HLie


){HH?

- BarnH .n;py3LH xoporno TaHuyiDT?

6)
2)
- f'.n;e H KOr.n;a Bbl BCTpeTHTeCL C - KaKHe rrecHH BaM HpaBHTCH?
.n;pyroM?
3)
- qTO BLI JII06HTe ){eJiaTL B CB060){HOe BpeMH?

7)
- Ky.n;a BLI co6HpaeTecb rroiiTH Ha
cne.n;yiDIUe:H He.n;ene?

4)
- Bbi MO)KeTe pHcoBaTL?

- Bhl MO)KeTe HrpaTL BrnaxMaTLI?

8)

Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE, TO THE THEATER

203

9)

10)

- BLI o6LI'IHO BC'TpetiaeTecL c


JlPY3MIMH B Me'TpO HnH y MeTpO?

- Y Bac MHoro CBo6o,n;Horo


BpeMeHH? IIotieMy?

2. Fill in the questions.


1)
-

6)
,[{aBaH BCT}JeTHMC.H y MeTpO B 10
qacoB.

2)
-

OtieHL iKanL! Hy, B,n;pyrou pa3!

OH xo,n;Hn B My3eu IIywKHHa, a


BetiepoM B rocTH.

8)
KoHu;epT Ha'lHHaeTc.H B 19 qaCOB.

4)
-

C y,n;OBOnLCTBHeM!

7)

3)
-

,[{oroBopHnHCL!

9)
B npoWJiyro cy66ozy MLI e3,n;H-

HeT, MHe He otieHL y,n;o6Ho.

nH B Cy3,n;anL.

1~

-,[{a, .H Mory HrpaTL Ha nHaHHHO


H Ha rHTape.

M3BHHH, cero,n;H.H .H otieHL


3aH.HTa.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 13.

YpoH 14 Lesson 14

XoddM. Yane'leHMJI Hobbies. Interests


neHCHHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

3aHHMaTbCH
qeM Bbl 3aHHMaeTeCb BCB066,n;Hoe
BpeMH?
.513aHHMa10Cb CnOpTOM.
BH,n; cn6pm
KaK6ii Barn JII06MMI>IM BH.n; cn6PTa?
CMOTpeTh copeBHOBaHHH
BbiCTynaTb Ha copeBHOBaHHHX
copeBHoBaHHH
no <l>yr66ny
no TeHHHCY
HHTepeCOBaTbCH
qeM Bbi HHTepecyeTeCb?
.5I HHTepecyiOc& JIHTepazypoii.
yBnedThCH
qeM BI>I yBneKaeTec&?
.5I yBneKaiOc& TeaTpoM.
KaK6e y Bac (y Tefijf) x666H?
Moe x666H - KHH6.
KTO Balli (TBOH) JI106MMbiM KOMn03HTOp?
Moii JI106MMbiM KOMn03MTOp M6QapT.
aprncT/apTHCTKa
CnOpTCMeH/CnOPTCMeHKa
nHcllTeJib
no3T
xy,n;O:>KHHK
neBeQ/neBJiQa

to do
What do you do in your free time?
I play sports .

type of sport
What is your favorite type of sport?
to watch competitions
to participate in competitions
soccer competitions
tennis competitions
to be interested in
What are you interested in?
I am interested in literature .
to be fascinated by
What fascinates you?
I am fascinated by theater.
What are your hobbies?
My hobby is cinema.
What is your favorite composer?
My favorite composer is Mozart.
actor/actress
sportsman/sportswoman
writer
poet
artist
singer (m. and f.)

205

Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS

H3BeCTHbiH
JIHTeparypa
II033HH
CTHXH
np63a

famous
literature
poetry
poems
prose
work
by heart
to know poems by heart

HCKYCCTBO
>KHBOIIHCb
KapTHHa

art
pictorial art
picture

Te!iTp
6nepa
6aJI6T
KJiaccJiqecKaH MY3biKa
cospeMeHHaH M}'3biKa
KOHCepBaTOpHH
KYJILrypa
HCTOpHH

theater
opera
ballet
classical music
modem music
conservatory
culture
history

KOJIJieKqHOHHpOBaTb
KOJIJieKqHH
co6HphL/co6paTL
JI C06HpaiO MapKH
OTKpLITKH
tPOTOrpatPHH
asT6rpa<P
IIOJiyqaTb/IIoJiyqHTb aBTOrpa<P

to collect
collection
to gather, collect
I collect
stamps
postcards
photographs
autograph
to get a signature

roTOBHTb/npHroTOBHTb
.5I mo6m6 roT6BHTb.
.5I Mory xoporn6 roT6BHTb.

I love to cook.
I can cook well .

peqem
peqem 6m6,21;a
H TO, H ,21;pyr6e
He TOJILKO ... , Ho H ...
HMeHHO

to cook, prepare

recipe
recipe of a dish
national cooking
both
not only ... , but ...
namely

206

YpoK14.X066M.YBnE~EHMH

rpaMMaTHHa Grammar
Table 66
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
3AHHMATbCH/YBJIEKATbCH (KEM? r[EM?)

IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES


JaHHl\Ja 1 hen

(II CB)

YBJICI~~lThCH

(HCB)

Present tense
j{
TLI

j{

3aHHMaiOCL
3aHHMaeiiiLCj{

TLI

yBneKaiOCL
yBneKaeiiiLcg

OH,OHa

3aHHMaeTCj{

OH,OHa

MLI

3aHHMaeMcg

MLI

YBneKaeMcg

BLI

3aHHMaeTeCL

BLI

yBneKaeTecL

OHH

3aHHMaiOTCj{

OHH

yBneKaiOTCj{

YBneKaeTcg

Past tense
g, TLI, OH

JaHHMancg

g, TLI, OH

yBneKancg

g, TLI, OHa

JaHHManacL

g, TLI, OHa

yBneKanacL

MLI, BLI, OHH

3aHHManHCL

MLI, BLI, OHH

yBneKanHCL

Future tense
j{
TLI
OH,OHa

j{

6y.n:y 3aHHMaTLCj{
6y.n:eiiiL 3aHHMaTLCj{
6y.n:eT 3aHHMaTLCg

TLI
OH,OHa

6y.n:y yBneKaTLCj{
6y.n:eiiiL YBneKaTLcg
6y.ZJ:eT yBneKaTLCj{

MLI

6y.n:eM 3aHHMaTLCj{

MLI

6y.n:eMyBneKaTLCj{

BLI

6y.n:eTe 3aHHMaTLCj{

BLI

6y.n:eTe yBneKaTLCj{

OHH

6Y.ZJ:YT 3aHHMaTLcg

OHH

~.ZJ:YT YBneKaTLcg

Table 67
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB HHTEPECOBATbCH (KEM? r[EM?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
IIIIICJ>CCtiB:llhCSI

(1-JCB)

Present tense
g
TLI
OH, OHa

HHTepecyrocL

MLI

HHTepecyeMCj{

HHTepecyeiiiLCj{

BLI

HHTepecyeTeCL

OHH

HHTepecyiOTCj{

HHTepec_yeTCg

207

Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS

Continued
mnepeconaThCSI

(HCB)

Past tense
H, Tbi, OH

HHTepeCOBaJICH

H, Tbl, oHa

HHTepecoBanaco

Mbi, Bbl, OHH

HHTepeCOBaJIHCb

Future tense
H 6y)J;y HHTepeCOBaTbCH

Tbl 6y,ll;eiiib HHTepecoBaTbC}I


OH, OHa 6y,ll;eT HHTepeCOBaTbCH

Mbl

6y)J;eMHHTepeCOBaTbCH

Bbl

6y)J;eTe HHTepeCOBaTbCH

OHH

6y,ll;yT HHTepeCOBaTbCH

Table 68
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS FOTOBHTh/llPHFOTOBHTh (lfTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
f'OTOBIHh

(HCB)

II(JIII'OTOBIITh

(CB)

Present tense
H rOTOBJIIO

Tbl rOTOBHIIIb
OH, OHa rOTOBHT

Mbl rOTOBHM
Bbl rOTOBHTe

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

OHH rOTOBHT

Past tense
H, Tbi, OH

rOTOBHJI

H, Tbi, OH

npHrOTOBHJI

H, Tbi, OHa

rOTOBHJia

H, Tbl, OHa

npHrOTOBHJia

Mbl, Bbi, OHH

rOTOBHJIH

Mbl, Bbl, OHH

npHrOTOBHJIH

Future tense
H

Tbl

6y)J;y rOTOBHTb
6y,ll;eiiib rOTOBHTb

Tbl

npHrOTOBJIIO
npHrOTOBHIIIb

OH,OHa

6y)J;eT rOTOBHTb

OH,OHa

npHrOTOBHT

Mbl

6y)J;eM rOTOBHTb

Mbl

npHrOTOBHM

Bbl

6y)J;eTe rOTOBHTb

Bbl

npHrOTOBHTe

OHH

6y)J;YT rOTOBHTb

OHH

npHrOTOBHT

208

YPOK14.XO&&M.YBnEqEHMH
Table 69

INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS


(WITH THE VERBS HHTEPECOBAThCH, YBJIEKAThCR,
3AHHMAThCR- qEM?)

Nominative case

Instrumental case
Masculine

en opT

crropToM

cpyT60JI

cpyT60JIOM
TeHHHCOM

TeHHHC
XOKKeH

XOKKeeM

Feminine
MYJI>IKa

MY3biKOH

JIHrepazypa

JIHTepazypoH:

KYJII>Typa
HCTOpH11

KYJII>TYPOH
HCTOpHeH

:>KHBOITHCb

:>KHBOITHCblO

Neuter
HCKVCCTBO

HCKVCCTBOM

Plural
IIIaxMaTbi

rnaxMaTaMH

MapKH

MapKaMH

aBTOM06HJIH

aBTOM06HJI11MH

Table 70
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL ADJECTIVES

Nominative case

Instrumental case
Masculine

KaKou?

(C) KaKUM?

HOBbiH
COBpeMeHHbiH

HOBbiM

pyccKHH
aHrJIHHCKHH

pycCKHM
aHrJIHHCKHM

XOPOIIIHH

COBpeMeHHbiM

XOPOIIIHM

Feminine
KaKaR?

(C) KaKou?

HOBa11
COBpeMeHHa1!

HOBOH
COBpeMeHHOH
pyccKOH
xoporneH:

pyccKax
XOPOIIIaH

Neuter
KaKoe?

(C) KaKUM?

HOBOe

HOBbiM

209

Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS

Continued

Nominative case
coBpeMemme
pyccKoe
xopornee
KaKUe?

HOBhle
pyccKHe
xopoiiiHe

Instrumental case
COBpeMeHHbiM
pyccKHM
XOPOIIIHM
Plural
(C) T<.al<.UMU?
HOBhlMH
pyccKHMH
XOPOIIIHMH

Remember:
Masculine adjectives in the instrumental singular have the ending
-UM in cases where the nominative singular ends in -uu.
Feminine adjectives in the instrumental singular have the ending
-eu in cases where the base of the adjective is soft or if it ends in ut, ;)IC.
Neuter adjectives in the instrumental singular have the same endings as masculine adjectives.
Plural adjectives of all genders in the instrumental have the endings -blMU, or -UMu if the nominative plural ends in -ue.
Table 71
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL
ADJECTIVES AND NOUNS, AS AFTER THE VERBS
HHTEPECOBAThCH, YBJIEKAThCH, 3AHHMAThCH ([[EM?)

Nominative case

Instrumental case
Masculine
COBpeMeHHbiH CIIOpT
COBpeMeHHLIM CIIOpTOM
aHrJUIHCKHH ji3biK
aHrnHHCKHM ji3biKOM
pyCCKHH XOKKeH
pyCCKHM XOKKeeM
Feminine
COBpeMeHH~ llHTepaTypa
COBpeMeHHOH llHTepaTypOH
aHrnHHCK~ M)'3biKa
aurnHHCKOH MY3I>IKOH
IPYCCK~ HCTOPHjl
PYCCKOH HCTOPHeH
Neuter
COBpeMeHHOe HCKYCCTBO ~~~~peMeHHbiM HCKYCCTBOM
IpyccKoe HCKyccTBO
CCKHM HCKYCCTBOM
Plural
CTapbie MapKH
CTapbiMH MapKaMH
HOBbiMH aBTOM06Hllj!MH
HOBbie aBTOM06HnH
IpyccKHe rrHcaTenH
IpyccKHMH rrHcaTellj!MH
14-619

210

YpoK14.X066M.YBnE~EHMft

Table 72
PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF PLURAL NOUNS,
AS AFTER THE VERBS EhiTh (FJ(E?),
FOBOPHTh (0 KOM? 0 qM?), J(YMATb (0 KOM? 0 qM?)

Nominative case

Prepositional case

LJmo?

Toe? 0 KOM? 0 tteM?

TeaTphi
BhiCTaBKli
crreKTaKJIH
copeBHOBaHli5:!
,L\py3h5:!
pO,[(liTeJIH
CTPaHhi
IIliCbMa
KH11Tli

(B) TeaTPaX
(Ha) BhiCTaBKaX
(Ha) crreKTaKJIHX
(Ha)copeBHOBaHli5IX
(0) ,L\py3h5IX
(0) pO,L\liTeJIHX
(o) CTPaHax
(0) IIliChMaX
(o) KHHrax

Remember:
The ending -m: in the prepositional plural will be in words which end
in -u or -R in the nominative plural.
Table 73
PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF PLURAL ADJECTIVES

Nominative case
KaKue?

HOBbie
cTaphie
liHTepeCHbie
pyccKHe
MOCKOBCKHe
xoporrme

Prepositional case
(0, e, Ha) KaKux?
HOBhiX
CTapbiX
liHTepeCHhiX
pyCCKliX
MOCKOBCKliX
xoporrmx

Remember:
The ending -ux in the prepositional plural will occur when the nominative plural ends in -ue.

211

Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS

Table 74
SUMMARY OF PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF NOUNS
AND ADJECTIVES IN THE SINGULAR AND PLURAL

Nominative case

Prepositional case

HHTepeCHbie BbiCTaBKH
(Ha) HHTepeCHbiX BbiCTaBKaX
MOCKOBCKHe Tearpbl
(B) MOCKOBCKHX Tearpax
CIIOpTHBHbie COpeBHOBaHHH (Ha) CIIOpTHBHbiX COpeBHOBaHHHX
( o) xopornHx .n:py3hHX
xoponme .n:py3hH
HOBbie KHHrH
I ( o) HOBbiX KHHrax

YnpaJHHeHMJI Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms ofthe verbS3aHUMambCR, unmepecoaambCJI, yalleKambCJI.

a) 3aHUMambCfl
- Bbi ... crropToM? - ,ll;a, JI ... crropTOM. OH ... pyccKHM H3hiKOM
Ka:>K.[(biH )J,eHb. PaHhiiie Mhi ... pyccKoii JIHTeparypo:H:, a ce:iiqac He ....
lleM Tbl ... B CB060)J,HOe BpeMJI? - 3aBTpa Bbl ... aHrJIHHCKHM J13J:.IKOM?
- KoHeqHo, 3aBTpa H .. aHrJIHHCKHM H3biKOM. lleM Thi Bqepa ... ? 0Ha ...
MY3biKoii? MoH )J.py3hH ... TeHHHCOM, a paHI>rne OHH ... IPYT6onoM.

6) UHmepecoeambcfl
-lleM Bbi ... ? - .5I ... TeaTpOM. OH ... coBpeMeHHOH MY3biKOH. PaHhrne Mbi He ... pyccKHM HCKYCCTBOM, a ce:iiqac oqeHb .... lleM OHH ... ? Tbi
... KJiaccHqecKoii MY3biKoii? PaHbiiie aHa ... 6aneToM, a ce:iiqac He ... .

B) yelleKambcfl
I1ropb ... pycCKOH II033HeH, a era )J.py3bH ... pyccKHM HCKYCCTBOM.
- lleM Bbi ... ? - .5I ... HCTOpHeii. - Tbi ... crropTOM?- PaHbrne H . , HO
ce:H:qac HeT. JleHa ... KJiacc:HqecKo:H: MY3hiKOH. PaHbrne Mbi ... TeaTpoM, a
ce:iiqac ... KHHO.

2. Put the words in parentheses into the instrumental case.


B cBo6o)J,HOe BpeMH H 3aHHMaiOcb (crropT). HaTarna yBJieKaeTcH
(KJiacc:HqecKaH MY3biKa). Tbi HHTepecyernbCH (cpYT6on, xoKKeii)? Po6epT
3aHHMaeTcH (pyccKHH H3hiK), a AH.n:pe:H: (aHrJIHHCKHH H3biK). MI>I
HHTepecyeMCH (HTaJibHHCKaH JIHTeparypa H pyccKoe HCKyccTBO ). Bbi HHTepecyeTeCb (rnaxMaTbi)? ,ll;:>KHM 3aHHMaeTcH (pyccKaH HCTOpHH). Bhi
yBneKaeTeCb ( aBTOM06HnH)?

212

YpoK14. X066H.YBnE~EHHft

3. Answer the questions.


KTO Barn mo6HMhiH nHcaTeJih? KTo ero mo6HMbiH cnopTCMeH? KTo
ee mo6HMbiH xy.Ao:>KHHK? KTo Hx mo6HMbiH apTHCT? KaKaJI MY3biKa BaM
HpaBHTc.s~? KaKOH Barn mo6HMhiH BH.A cnopra? ~oHy HpaBHTC5! pycCKaJI JIHTeparypa? MapTe HpaBHTC5! HTaJib.IIHCKaJI :>KHBorrHCb?

4. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbzomoBumblnpuzomoBumb.


MaMa ... ,AeT.IIM 3aBTpaK H nornna Ha pa6ory. KTo ... o6e.A B cne.AyiOmee BOCKpeceHbe? Tbi MO:>Kernh ... ? 5I ... oqeHh BKYCHO. l1Homa Mbi ... Ha
o6e.A M.IICO c oBomaMH. PaHhrne MapHHa ... He oqeHh xoporno, HO ceifqac
OHa ... OTmrqHO. 1.JTO BaM ... Ha 3aBTpaK? MoH .D:PY3b.II BCer.n:a ... OpHrHHaJibHbie 6nro.n:a. Bbi xoporno ... ? 3aBTpa Ha Y:>KHH .11 ... pbi6y c coy coM.
KTO ... o6e.A B npornnoe BOCKpeceHhe? Ecmr HHHa He 6y.n:eT pa6oTaTh,
OHa Ka:>K,AbiH ,ll;eHb ... pa3Hbie 6JIIO,Aa.

5. Fill in the blanks.


a) Hropb HHTepecyeTC.II He TOJihKO TeaTpoM, HO H .... HaTarna JII06HT
He TOJibKO KJiaCcHqecKyiO, HO H .... MHe HpaBHTC.II He TOJibKO rrpo3a, HO
H .... Mbi HrpaeM He TOJibKO B XOKKeH, HO H .... 5I JII06JIIO He TOJibKO
onepy, HO H .... MoM .APY3b5! 3aHHMaiOTC.II He TOJibKO cnopTOM, HO H ....
MoH pO.D:HTeJIH 6bmH He TOJibKO B MocKBe, HO H .... 5I 6bm He TOJihKO B
EonhrnoM TeaTpe, HO H ....
6) On.II nro6HT He TOJibKO ... , HO H .... 0HH 3aHHMaiOTC.II He TOJibKO ... , HO H .... JleHa 6hma He TOJibKO ... , HO H .... Mbi KyrrHJIH He TOJibKO
... , HO H .... Cry.n:eHTbi OT.LJ:biXaiOT He TOJihKO ... , HO H .... B MocKBe
XOJIO,ll;HO He TOJibKO ... , HO H ....

6. Put the words in parentheses into the prepositional case plural.


Bhl 6b!JIH (3KCKypcHH) B Cy3.n:ane H CepmeBoM lloca,Ae? AHTOH
HHOr,Aa BhlcTynaeT (copeBHOBaHH.II) no TeHHHcy. Mbi roBopHJIH o noro.n:e
(pa3Hbie CTpaHbi). 5I qacTO .D:YMaiO (pO.D:HTeJIH H .APY3b.si). JlroqH.II 6biJia
(MOCKOBCKHe TeaTpbi). 0HH rOBOp.IIT (HOBbie KHHrH). ~:>KHM .LJ:YMaeT (Tpy.D:Hble ynpa:>KHeHH.II). Tbi q~:~TaJI KHHry (pyccKHe cnopTcMeHbi)? MapTa
HaiiHCaJia TeKCT (JII06HMbie apTHCTbi). Bbi 6biJIH (BbiCTaBKH) liJibH rna3YHOBa?

7. Answer the questions.

B KaKHX TeaTpax Bbi 6bmH? 0 KaKHX pyccKHX crropTcMeHax Bbi q~:~


TaJIH? Ha KaKHx 3KCKypCH.IIX 6bmH' Barn~:~ .n:py3b.s~? 0 KaKHX .n:py3h5IX Bbi
HarrHCaJIH rrHCbMO? B KaKHX Mara3HHax Bbi 6bmH? B KaKHX My3e.IIx 6biJIH
BarnH .APY3b.II? 0 KaKHX KHHrax Bbl rOBOpHTe?

213

Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS

.QHanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- BHKTop, qTo TLI mo6HIIIb .n;enaTb B CB060)J;HOe BpeMR?
- B cBo6o.n;Hoe BpeMR R mo6mo
cnyiiiaTL MY3LIKy.
- A KaKyro MY3biKY Tbi mo6HIIIb?
- oOJibiiie BCero Jl JII06JIIO KJiaCCHqeceyiO MY3I>Iey.
- A KTO TBOH mo6HMbiH KOMno3HTop?
- Moif nro6HMbiH KOMTI03HTop"llaHKOBCKHH.
- A coBpeMeHHM MY3biKa Te6e He
HpaBHTCJ!?
- XopoiiiM coBpeMeHHM MY3LIKa
MHe TO:>Ke HpaBHTCJI, HO MeHbIIIe, qeM KJiaccHqecKM.
- A r.n;e Tbi CJIYIIIaeiiib MY3biKy:
,ll;OMa HJIH B KOHCepBaTOpHH?

- B Bhlxo.n;HI>Ie .n;HH R o6LiqHo


XO:>KY B KOHCepBaTOpHIO HJIH B
TeaTp. ,[(oMa R TO:>Ke qacro cnyIIIaiO MY3biKy, y MeHR ecTb xopoiiiHe TIJiaCTHHKH.
2)
- HaTaiiia, qTo Tbi JII06HIIIb .n;enaTb B CB060)J;HOe BpeMR?
- JI JII06JIIO qHTaTb KHHrH.
- A qro Tbi 6oJibiiie JII06HIIIb qHTaTb: TI033HIO HJIH np03y?
- JI qHTaiO H TO, H .n;pyroe, HO
60Jibiiie MHe HpaBHTCJI TI033HJI.
- A KTO TBOH JII06HMbiH TI03T?
- Moif JII06HMbiH no3T - J1epMOHTOB.
- A Tbi 3Haeiiib ero CTHXH HaM3YCTb?

- Victor, what do you like to do


in your free time?
- In my free time I like to listen to
music.
-What kind of music do you like?
- Most of all I like classical music.
- Who is your favorite composer?
- My favorite composer is Chaikovskiy.
- Do you like modem music?
- I also like good modem music,
but less than classical.
- And where do you listen to music -at home or at the conservatory?
- On weekends I usually go to the
conservatory or the theater. At
home I also listen to music;
I have good records.
- Natasha, what do you like to do
in your free time?
- I like to read books.
- What do you like to read most
of all: poetry or prose?
- I read both, but I like poetry
more.
- And who is your favorite poet?
- My favorite poet is Lermontov.
- Do you know his poetry by
heart?

214
- KoHeqHo. 5I 3HaiO HmnycTb He
TOJibKO ero CTHXH, HO H CTHXH
,ll;pymx II03TOB.
- A coBpeMeHHyiO rro33HIO Tbi
JII06HIIIb 7
- ,ll;a, COBpeMeHHa.H II033HJI MHe
HpaBHTCJI. Ecn, oqeHb HHTepecHble CTHXH.
3)
- Cepreil EopHcOBHq, a qeM BI.I
3aHHMaeTeCb B CB060,!J;HOe BpeMJI?
- Y MeHJI, K CO:II<aJieHHIO, MaJIO
CB060)J;HOrO BpeMeHH, HO eCJIH
eCTb, Jl pHCYIQ, XO)I(y Ha BbiCTaBKH H BepHHCa)I(H.
- BI.I HHTepecyeTeci. )I(HBOIIHCI.IO?
- ,ll;a, )l(lfBOIIHCb MOe CaMOe 60JibIIIOe YBJieqeHHe.
-A KTO BaiiiH JII06HMI.Ie xy,ll;O)I(HHKH?
- MHe HpaBHTCJI PeM6paH,ll;T, JieoHap,ll;o ,ll;a BHHqH, HO 6oJII.IIIe
BCero MHe HpaBJITCJI pyCCKHe
xy,ll;O)I(HHKH: IIepoB, BacHe:uoB,
JleBHTaH, PerrHH H,ll;pyrHe.
- A coBpeMeHHM )I(HBOIIHCb BaM
HpaBHTCJI?
- MHe HpaBHTCJI M.n:I.H f'na3yHoB,
HO He BCe ero KapTHHbl.
- A a.BaHrap,ll;Hble rrpoH3Be,ll;eHHH?
- HeT, aBaHrap,ll; MHe He HpaBHTCJI.
4)
- AHTOH, qeM Tbi 3aHHMaeiiii.CJI B
CB060)J;HOC BpeMH?
- 5I 3aHHMaiOCb CIIOpTOM.
- A KaKHM BH,ll;OM crropTa TI.I 3aHHMaerni.cH?
-KapaT3.
-0, 3TO HHTepeCHO H, HaBepHO,
Tpy,ll;HO. A CKOJII.KO neT TI.I 3aHHMaeiiii.CJI KapaT37

YpoK14.X055H.YBnE~EHHH

Of course. I know not only his


poetry by heart, but the poetry
of other poets.
- Do you like modem poetry?

-Yes, I like modem poetry. There


are interesting verses.
-

Sergei Borisovich, what do you


do in your free time?

I have little free time, unfortunately, but when I do, I draw, go

to exhibitions and fairs.


- Are you interested in drawing?
-Yes, drawing is my favorite pastime.
- And who is your favorite artist?
-

I like Rembrandt, Leonardo da


Vinci, but most of all I like Rus-

sian artists: Perov, Vasnetsov,


Levitan, Repin and others.
- Do you like modem art?
-

I like Ilya Glazunov, but not all

of his pictures.
- And avant-guard works?
-No, I do not like avant-guard.
- Anton, what do you do in your
free time?
- I play sports.
-What kind of sports do you
play?
-Karate.
- Oh, that's an interesting sport, and
difficult probably. How many
years have you studied karate?

Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS

215

- Y)l(e 7 neT.
- 7 years already.
-A Tbi sblcTynan Ha copes- - Have you participated in competitions?
Hosamurx?
- KoHeqHo . ..si sblcrynan Ha 6onb- - Of course. I participated in a big
UIOM rypmrpe s MocKse, a cKotournament in Moscow, and
soon I'll go to an international
po noe.n;y Ha Me)l(.n;yHapo.n;HbiH
rypmtp s IIapH)I(.
tournament in Paris.
- A Tbl mo6HUib CMOTpeTb copes- - Do you like to watch competitions on television or at the staHosaHHH no TenesH3opy HnH Ha
dium?
CTa,l.l;HOHe?
- KoHeqHo, mo6mo, oco6eHHO -Of course, I especially like competitions in soccer and in hoccopesHosaHHH no ci>YT6ony Hno
key.
XOKKeiO.
5)
- Lucia, do you have a hobby?
- JiroqHH, y sac ecTb xo66H?
-Yes.
-,ll;a, ecTb.
-What?
-AKaKoe?
- Moe xo66H - TeaTp . ..si oqeHb - My hobby is the theater. I love
to go to the theater, watch
nro6n10 XO.n;HTb S TeaTPbl, CMOTshows, operas, ballets. I like
peTb cneKTaKnH, onepbi, 6aneTbi. MHe HpasHTCH pyccKHH 6aRussian ballet. And also I collect photographs of actors, theneT. A ern;e H co6Hparo cpororpaater posters and programs, evcpHH apTHCTOS, TeaTpanbHble
acpHUIH HnporpaMMKH, see-see
erything about the theater. I already have a big collection.
o TeaTpe. Y MeHH Y*e 6onbiiiaH
KOnneKQHH.
- A S MOCKOSCKHX TeaTpax Sbl - Have you been to Moscow the6bmH?
aters?
- KoHeqHo, 6Mna.
- Of course I have.
-AsKaKHX?
- Which ones?
- B Eoni>UIOM, s ManoM, s TeaT- - At the Bolshoi, Maliy, the Satpe caTHpbi H s .n;pyrHx . ..si ,l.l;a)l(e
ire Theater and others. I have
even been to the museum of the6I>ma s My3ee TeaTpani>Horo
HCKyCCTBa.
ater art.
- A qTo Sbl CMQTPenH s EonbUIOM - What did you see at the Bolshoi
Theater?
TeaTPe?
- Onepy EsreHHH 0HerHH H - The opera "Eugene Onegin" and
6aneT )I{HJeni>.
the ballet "Giselle".
- BaM noHpasHnocb?
- Did you like them?
- OqeHb. IIpeKpacHI>Ie aPTHCTbi, - Very much. Excellent performKpacHsaH MY3biKa!
ers, beautiful music!
- Bbi ceifqac co6HpaeTe H cpoTO- - Do you collect photographs of
rpacpHH MOCKOSCKHX aPCTOS?
Moscow actors?

216
- ,ll;a, co6Hparo. A He,ll;aBHO g rronyqHna aBTOrpa!)? H3BeCTHOrO
apmcTa. Ero xopomo 3HaiOT H
y Hac B HTanHH. H TerrepL g
KOnneK.UHOHHpyro He TOHLKO
!)?oro, HO H aBTOrpa!)?LI.
6)
- ,ll;HMa, y Te6g ecTL xo66H?
- Moe xo66H- KynHHapHjl.
- KynHHapHjl? MYJK'IHHa HKYHHHapHg? 3TO y)J;HBHTenLHO. ,
- HeT, 3TO He )')J;HBHTenLHO. XopomH:H KYHHHap HMeHHO MYJK'IHHa. 5I nro6nro roTOBHTL. H
Mory xopomo rrpHroTOBHTL pa3HLie 6nro)J;a.
- A TLI co6HpaemL KaKHe-HH6)')J;L
KYHHHapHLie peuerrTLI?
- ,ll;a, y MeHg YJKe ecTL 6onLmag
KonneKUHg,
- A KaKag HauHoHanLHag KyXHj!
re6e HpaBHTcg?
- KoHe'IHO, pyccKag, PyccKHe
6nro,ll;a O'leHL opHrHHanLHLie,
BKYCHLie H rrone3HLie.
- A 'ITO TLI nro6HmL roTOBHTL
6onLme Bcero?
- Jl mo6mo rOTOBHTL MjJCHLie
6niO,ll;a. TaK 'ITO rrpHmamaro B
rocTH!
- CrracH6o 3a rrpHrnameHHe!
Q6g3aTenLHO IIpH,ll;y!
7) l[mo mbl.MO:J/Ceutb oeJlamb?
- KocTg, TLI roBopHmL rro-aHrnHHCKH H rro-!)?paHUY3CKH. TLI
}"'HillL HCIIaHCKHH ji3LJK. qTO
TLI elll;e MO)KeillL ,ll;enaTL?
- Jl MOry HrpaTL BTeHHHC, MOry
rrnaBaTL, xopomo Hrparo B<l?YT6on H B XOKKeH, MOry KaTaTLcg
HanLI)Kax.

YpoK14.XO&&H.YBnE~EHHR

-Yes, I do. Not long ago, I got a


signature of a famous actor. He
is well-known also in Italy. And
now I collect not only photos,
but also autographs.
- Dima, do you have a hobby?
- My hobby is cooking.
..--- Cooking? A man who cooks?
That's surprising.
-No, it's not surprising. Men can
be good cooks. I love to cook. I
know how to prepare a variety
of dishes.
- Do you collect recipes?
-Yes, I already have a large collection.
- What national cooking do you
like?
-Russian of course. Russian
cooking is very unique, delicious and healthy.
- What do you like to prepare
most of all?
- I like to make meat dishes. So, I
invite you to come to my house!
- Thank you for the invitation! I
will definitely come.
What can you do?

- Kostya, you speak English and


French. You study Spanish.
What else can you do?
- I play tennis, swim, play soccer
and hockey well, and can snowski.

217

Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS

-0, Tbi cnopTcMeH! A qTo Tbl


e~e MO)Kerno .n;enaTo?
- JI Mory neTb, HrpaTb Ha rHTape
H Ha TIHaHHHO, MOry TaHIJ;eBaTb ...
- 0, Tbi apTHCT! A qm Tbi e~e
MO)Kerno .n;enaTb?
- JI MOry npHroTOBHTb OMJieT H
Ko<Pe.
-0, Tbl He )KeHaT?
- ,L(a, KaK Tbi .n;ora.n;ancH?

Oh, an athlete! And what else


can you do?
- I can sing, play the guitar and
piano, I can dance ...

An actor! And what else can you


do?
- I can prepare an omelet and coffee.
- Are you single?
-Yes. How did you guess?

2. Tell what you do in your free time. What are your interests? Do you have
any hobbies?
3. Do you like sports, literature, music? Which sport do you like? What
type of literature, music?
4. Who are your favorite writers, poets, performers, artists?
5. Ask your friends what their hobbies are. How do they spend their free
time?
6. Ask your friends if they know how to play tennis, the guitar, the piano?
What else do they know how to do?

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1)
- lJeM Bbl 3aHHMaeTeCb BCB06o.n;HOe BpeMH?

4)
- KTo Barn mo6HMbiH neBeQ H
Barna mo6HMaH neBHIJ;a?

2)

5)

- Y Bac ecTb xo66H?

BM 3HaeTe CTHXH HaH3YCTb?

3)
-

BM BbiCTYflaJIH Ha copeBHOBa-

HHHx?

6)
- lJTO Bbl MO)KeTe TipHroTOBHTb?

218
9)

7)
-

qeM BI:.I HHTepecyeTeCb?

BI:.I )'BJieKaeTecb pyccKo:H mnepazypo:H?

KaKOH BRIII mo6HMI:.IH BH,ll;


CllOPTa?

10)

8)
-

YpoK14.XO&&M.YBnE~EHMH

qTO BI:.I KOJineJmHOHHpyere?

2. Fill in the questions.

6)

1)
-

MHe HpaBHTCH H To, H .npyroe.

2)
-

Mo:H ,npyr yB.JieKaeTCB cnoproM.

3)

8)

-Moe xo66H- KHHrH.

4)

9)

OH co6HpaeT MapKH.

7)

Ee mo6HMI:.I:H KoMno3HTop qaHKOBCKHH.

MoH .npy3LB 6I:.IJIH BO MHomx


MOCKOBCKHX TeaTpax.

.5.
yBneKaiOCb
)I{HBOllHCbiO.

,!J;a, HHOr,na
BI:.ICTRBKH.

5)

10)

- HeT, H He Mory roroBHTh.

pyccKo:H

XO)I{y

HR

Mo)l{eT 6biTb, oHa HHTepecyeTcH pyccKOH HCTOpHeH HJIH


no33He:H.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 14.

YpoH 15 Lesson 15

npa3AHMHM. no3apaaneHMJI
Holidays. Congratulations
KoMMeHrapHit Commentary
In Russia, as across the world, there are state and national holidays
as well as family or personal ones. State holidays are: January 1 -New
Year's Day; March 8- International Women's Day; May 1-The Spring
Holyday of Labor; May 9 - World War II Victory Day; June 12- The
Day of Adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian
Federation (Independence Day); November 7 - The Day of Accord and
Reconciliation; December 12 -Constitution Day. Recently, religious
holidays have also been widely celebrated: January 7- Orthodox Christmas; in spring - Orthodox Easter. These are all non-working days in
Russia.
There are also many holidays to celebrate the work of individual
professions, such as Teachers' Day, Fishermen's Day, Geologists' Day,
etc. Russia also marks international holidays, such as International Day
of the Protection of Children, International Students' Day, etc. Russia
celebrates anniversaries of city foundings, social organizations, institutes
of learning, and factories. For example, the eight hundredth anniversary
of the founding of Moscow, the two hundredth anniversary of Moscow
State University, the fiftieth anniversary of the Likhachev auto factory
were all celebrated. On the eve of these holidays, there are usually ceremonial meetings, festivities, concerts. In Moscow, the largest ceremonial
gatherings are held at the Grand Kremlin Palace. Such gatherings are also
held in enterprises and academic institutions around the country.
There are also many family and personal holidays celebrated in Russia. Such holidays are celebrated both at home with family and at work
with colleagues. Weddings' anniversaries are actively celebrated, especially significant anniversaries like the 25-year "silver anniversary", and the
50-year "golden anniversary". Russians also celebrate retirement; women
have the right to retire at age 55, and men at 60. Russians celebrate with

220

YpoK15.nPA3AHMKM.nOJAPABnEHMR

family and close friends such events as graduating from school or universi-

ty, completion of a dissertation or moving into a new apartment.


Probably the most popular holiday in Russia is New Year's. Russians anxiously await and prepared for New Year's. They buy fir-trees to
decorate, and exchange gifts, much like Dec. 25th in the west. It is customary to bring in the New Year with family until late into the night. New
Year's is celebrated by everyone in Russia, whereas Orthodox Christmas
has begun to be celebrated only recently.
You should note that it is customary in Russia to exchange holiday
cards or telegrams in addition to gifts. The text of holiday cards is usually
fairly extensive, consisting of several sentences. Examples ofholiday greetings can be found in this lesson. You will learn about customary gifts and
things to take with you when you go to someone's house in the next lesson.

221

Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS

neHCMHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

rrpil3,ll;HI1K
rrpil3.D:HI1qHJ:,[H
.D:eHh po)I(,[(eHI1R
,[(eHb CBa.[(h6hi
I0611JieH 1
rO,ll;OB:W:MHa

holiday (noun)
holiday (adjective)
birthday
wedding day
anniversary celebration
anniversary

Po)I(,[(eCTB6
Ilacxa
H6BhiH ro.D:
8 MapTa - Me)I(,[(yHap6.D:HhiH
:>KeHCKI1H ,[(eHb

Christmas
Easter
New Year
March 8th - International Women's Day

HOBOCeJihe
II03,ll;paBmiThfii03,ll;paBI1Tb
II03,ll;paBJieHHe

housewarming party
to congratulate
congratulations

5I II03,ll;paBmiiO BaC Crrpa3,[(HI1KOM 2 !

Pa3pernMTe rro3.D:paBI1Th sac c rrpil3.D:HI1KOM!

I wish you a happy holiday!


Allow me to wish you a happy
holiday!

:>KenaTh/rro:>KemiTh
IIO:>KeJiaHI1e

to wish
wish (noun)

5I :>KenaiO saM cqacThR 113.D:op6sM.i!

I wish you happiness and health!


Allow me to wish you happiness
and health!
Accept my wishes for happiness
and health!
Extend my congratulations and
wishes to your wife!

Pa3pernMTe rro:>KenaTh saM cqacThR


11 3,ll;OpOBbR!
IIp11MMTe MOM rro:>KenaHHR cqacTMI
11 3,ll;Op0BMI!
Ilepe.D:ai1Te MOM rro3.D:pasneHI1R 11
IIO)l(eJiaHHR :>KeHe!
1

!06Uileu is used when referring to significant anniversaries, i.e. I 0, 20, 30 etc. (birth-

days, wedding anniversary, etc.).


The pronoun eac with a lowercase e is used when addressing a group of people. If you
are addressing one person with whom you are on Bbl, Bac should be written using a
capital B, as in Jl no3opae/1Jl/O Bac c npa30IIUKOM! (only in writing letters, postcards,
etc.)

222

YpoK15.

nPA3AHHKH.n03APABnEHH~

IIycn, ... !
IIycTh BBarn eM .n;6Me Bcer.n;a 6y.n;eT
cqacThe!

Let ... !
Let there always be happiness in
your home!

cqacThe
3,ll;Op0Bhe
pa.n;OCTh
66.n;pOCTh
mo66Bh
y.n;aqa
ycnex
xop6rnee HacTpoeHne
)l;OJirHX JieT :>KlbHH
KpenKHM
ilcKpeHHHM

happiness
health
joy
cheerfulness
love
good luck
success
cheerful, good spirits
a long life
strong
sincere

CyBa:>KeHHeM
c mo66BhiO

with respect
with love

ceMeMHaH :>KH3Hh
JIHqHaH :>KH3Hh
OT BCer6 cep.n;ua,
OT BCeM .n;yrnil
BCe CaMOe xop6rnee,
BCe CaMOe .n;66poe
Bee Hannyqrnee
.n;opor6i1:
yBa:>KaeMhiM
npe:>K.n;e Bcer6
Kp6Me Tor6

family life
personal life
with all one's heart

CnacH:6o 3a no3.n;paBneHHH!
CnacH:6o 3a no:>KenaHHH!
Bac TaK:>Ke!
BaM Tor6 :>Ke!

all the best


all the very best
dear
respected
first of all; first and foremost
in addition
Thank you for your congratulations!
Thank you for your wishes!
Same to you! 1
Same to youJZ

The answer "Same to you!" would be Bac maK:JICe! in response to Jlo3opae!lfll0 eac
C npa30HUKOMf

The answer "Same to you!" would be BaM mozo :JICe! in response to)f(e.Jia/0 BaM c'lacmbRI

223

Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS

rpaMMaTMKa Grammar
Table 75
FORMS OF CONGRATULATIONS

The most commonly used forms

Formulation of expressions

of congratulations

Il03.upasmno Te65I c
I1pa3,UHHKOM!
OT sceif .uyum rro3.upaBmreM
Bac c .UHeM po)I()J;eHHH!

(om eceu oywu, om ecezo


cepotJa) n03opae!l5110 +
accusative case of the pronoun
(Bac, Te6H) +preposition c +
instrumental case of the noun

0JI5I, CI1pa3,UHHKOM Te65I!


Official congratulations

Pa3peumTe rro3.upaBHTb Bac c


I06HneeM!
Pa3peumTe rro3.upaBHTb Bac c
Po)I()J;eCTBOM!
IlpHMHTe MOH HCKpeHHHe
I103,UpaBJieHH5I!

Formulation of expressions

pa3pewume n03opaeumb +
accusative case of the pronoun
(eac, me651) +preposition c +
instrumental case of the noun
npUMume (Mou, Hawu)
n03opae!leHU5l + preposition c +
instrumental case of the noun

IlpHMHTe HaiiiH I103,UpaBJieHH5I


c HoBhiM ro.uoM!
Extending congratulations

Formulation of expressions

to a third person

Ilepe.uaifTe MOM rro3.upasrreHH5I


BaiiiHM pO,UHTelliiM!

nepeoaiime (Mou, Hawu)


no3opae!leHU5l + dative case of
the noun

224

YpoH1S.nPA3AHMHM.nOJAPABnEHMH
Table 76

FORMS OF WISHES

Formulation of expressions
The most commonly used forms
of extending best wishes
)l(enaro BaM cqacTbH H ycnexoB! (om BCeU oyutu, om BCe20 cepOtfa)
;)fCeJZa10 + dative case of the
pronoun (BaM, me6e) +genitive
OT BceH: .llYIIIH )l(enaeM Te6e
case of the noun (adjective)
KpenKOrO 3,llOpOBbH!
HaTarna, cqacTbH re6e!
CepreH: MBaHOBHq, 3.llOPOBbH BaM!
An official form of extending
one's best wishes
Pa3pernHTe no)l(eJiaTb BaM
KpenKOrO 3,llOpOBbH H 60JibiiiOrO
cqaCTbH!

Formulation of expressions
pa3peutume no;)fCe.Jlam& + dative

case of the pronoun (BaM)+


genitive case of the noun
(adjective)

IlpHMHTe HarnH no)l(eJiaHHH Bcero npUMume (MOU, Hautu}


caMoro xopornero!
no;)fCeJZaHUR +genitive case of the
noun (adjective, pronoun)
Extending best wishes
Formulation of expressions
to a third person
Ilepe,llaHTe MOH no)l(eJiaHHH Bcero nepeoaume (Mou, Hautu}
caMoro ,llo6poro BarneH: MaMe!
no;)ICeJIQHUR +genitive case of the
noun (adjective, pronoun)+ dative
case of the noun (adjective,
pronoun)

225

Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULAnONS

Table 77
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS II031(PABJIHTh/II031(PABHTh
(KOFO? C qEM?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
IIOlJWaBJUilh

(HCB)

IIOMpaBIIlh

(C'B)

Present tense
jl

Tbl
OH,OHa

ll03~paBIDIIO

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

no3~paBIDienn,
no3~paBIDieT

Mbl

no3~paBIDieM

Bbl

no3~paBIDieTe

OHM

ll03~paBIDIIOT

Past tense
R, Tbl, OH

R, Tbl, OH

no3~paBmm

ll03~paBMJI

H, Tbl, OHa

no3~paBJIHJia

H, Tbl, OHa

n03~paBMna

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

ll03~paBJIHJIM

Mbl, Bbl, OHM

ll03~paBHJIM

Future tense
H

Tbl

6y~y ll03~paBJIHTb
6y~elllb n03~aBJIHTb

Tbl

OH,OHa

6y~eT ll03~paBIDITb

OH,OHa

Mbl

6y~eMll03~paBIDITb

Mbl

Bbl

6y~eTe no3~paBJIHTb

OHM

6y~YT no3~paBIDITb

Bbl
OHM

ll03~paBJIIO
ll03~paBMlllb

ll03~paBMT
ll03~paBMM
ll03~paBMTe
ll03~paBHT

Remember:
no3opaBJl.Rmblno3opasumb (c lle.M?)
C ~HeM pO)I{)J;eHHR!
C ~HeM CBMb6bi!

C Me)I{)J;YHapo~HbiM :>KeHCKMM ~HeM!(= C ~HeM 8 MaPTa!)


C npa3~HMKOM!
C Po)I{)J;ecTBOM!
C HoBbiM ro~oM!
C fO~OBin;MHOH CBMb6bi!
C I06HJieeM!
(' HOBOCeJibeM!
15-629

226

YpoK15.nPA3AHHHH.n03aPABnEHMH

Table 78
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS )J(ERATh/HO)J(EJIATh
(KOMY? qErO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
ii>cmtth

(IICB)

twiKl'.lllltt.

(CB)

Present tense
g

TLI

)KeJiaro

MLI )KeJiaeM

)KeJiaeiiiL

BLI )KeJiaeTe

OH,OHa )KeJiaeT

OHH )KeJiaiOT

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Past tense
H, TLI, OH

)Kenan

H, TLI, OHa

)KeJiaJia

MLI, BLI, OHH

>KeJiaJIH

H, TLI, OH

IIO)KeJiaJI

H, TLI, OHa

IIO)KeJiana

MLI, BLI, OHH

IIO)KeJiaJIH

Future tense
g

TLI

6y.n;y )KeJiaTL
6y.n;eiiiL )KeJiaTL

TLI

IIO)KeJiaiO
IIO)KenaeiiiL

6y.n;eT )KeJiaTL

OH,OHa

IIO)KeJiaeT

MLI

6y.n;eM )KeJiaTL

MLI

IIO)KeJiaeM

BLI

6y.n;eTe )KeJiaTL

BLI

rro)KeJiaere

OHH

6y.AYT )KeJiaTL

OHH

IIO)KeJiaiOT

OH,OHa

Remember:
me.namblnome.namb (11ezo?)
CqacTLH!
3.n;opOBLH!
bOJILIIIOrO CllaCTLH!
KperrKoro 3.n;opoBLH!
YcrrexoB!
bOJILIIIHX ycrreXOB!
Pa.n;ocm!
:So.n;pocm!
Xopoiiiero HaCTPOeHHH!
Bcero caMoro .n;o6poro!
Bcero HaHJiyqiiiero!
bOJILIIIOH JII06BH!
,lJ;OJirHX JieT )KH3HH!

227

Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS

Table 79
PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE, NEUTER AND PLURAL)

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Plural

Moii-BMoeM
TBOH- B TBOeM
ero-Bero
ee-Bee
HamBHameM
BamBBameM
HX-BHX

MOH-BMOeH
TBOH - B TBOeH
ero-Bero
ee-Bee
HamaBHameii
BarnaB Bameii
HX-BHX

MOe-BMOeM
TBOe- B TBOeM
ero-Bero
ee-Bee
HarneBHameM
BameBBameM
HX-BHX

MOH-BMOHX
TBOH- B TBOHX
ero-B ero
ee-Bee
HamHBHalliHX
BamHBBalliHX
HX-BHX

Table 80
DATIVE CASE OF POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE, NEUTER AND PLURAL)

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Plural

MOH-MOeMy
TBOH- TBOeMy
ero-ero
ee-ee
Ham-HameMy
Bam-BameMy
HX-HX

MOH-MOeH
TBOH-TBOeH
ero-ero
ee-ee
Hama-Hame:H
Bama-Bame:H
HX-HX

MOe-MOeMy
TBOe- TBOeMy
ero-ero
ee-ee
Harne- HameMY
Bame-BameMY
HX-HX

MOH-MOHM
TBOH-TBOHM
ero-ero
ee-ee
HalliH-HalliHM
BalliH-BalliHM
HX-HX

Table 81
ACCUSATIVE CASE OF POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE, NEUTER AND PLURAL)

Masculine
MOH-Moero
TBOH- TBoero
ero-ero
ee-ee
Ham-Hamero
Bam-Bamero
HX-HX

Feminine
MOH-MOIO
TBOH-TBOIO
ero-ero
ee-ee
Hama-Hamy
Barna-Barny
HX-HX

Neuter
Moe-Moe
TBOe-TBOe
ero-ero
ee-ee
Harne-Harne
Bame-Bame
HX-HX

Plural
MOH-MOHX
TBOH-TBOHX
ero-ero
ee-ee
HalliH-HalliHX
BalliH-BalliHX
HX-HX

228

YpoH15. nPA3AHHKH.n03APABnEHHH

Explanation: pronoun caoil


In Russian there is a possessive pronoun ceou (ceo.a, ceoii, ceou),
which shows possession of an object. It can be used in the first, second or
third person of speech. This pronoun is used only when the object to
which it relates belongs to the active subject of the sentence. If the object
does not belong to the active subject of the sentence, the pronounceou is
not used.

Compare:
1)

It is my brother.

3mo Mou 6pam.

JI no30paeu;z ceoezo (T. e.

Moe-

I congratulated my (own) brother.

zo) 6pama.
3mo eaut 6pam.

It is your brother.

JI n03opaewz eautezo 6pama.

I congratulated your brother.

3mo MOU pooume;zu . .JI no:JK:ellaJZ C60UM (T.e. MOUM) poOumellflM ciJacmbR u 30opo6bfl.

These are my parents.


I wished my (own) parents happiness and health.

3mo eautu pooume;zu . .JI no:JK:e!la!l eautuM pooumellRM ciJacmbfl u 30opo6bR.

These are your parents.


I wished your parents happiness and
health.

Ezo cecmpa :JICU6em 6 opyzoM


zopooe.

His sister lives in another city.

OH HanucaJZ nUCbMO ceoeu (T.e.


ezo) cecmpe.

He wrote a letter to his (own) sister.

Ee opy3bR UHmepecyiOmCfl ucKyccm60M.

Her friends are interested in art.

0Ha K)lnUJZa C60UM (T.e. ee) Opy3bRM cyeeHupbl.

She bought her friends souvenirs.

2)

3)

4)

1T.e.= mo ecmb =i.e.

229

Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS

The pronoun ceou is not used in the nominative case (as the subject
of a sentence). The exception to this rule is constructions which convey
ownership of a object, such as a car or house.

Y Hezo ecmb ceoR (T.e. co6cmBeHHa.R) MaUtuHa.

He has his (own) car.

Y HUX ceou (T.e. co6cmeeHHblU} OOM.

They have their (own) house.

The pronoun ceou changes in gender, number and case the same as
the pronouns MOU and meou.

YnpaJHHeHHH Exercises
1. Put the word in parentheses into the instrumental case, adding the preposition c.
Il03~pamuno Bac (Po:>K~ecTBo). M1:.1 rro3~paBJIHeM Te6H (~eHI:. po:>K~eHMH). Pa3peiiiMTe rro3~paBMTI:. Bac (ro6Mneii). IlpMMMTe HaiiiM rr03~paB
neHMH (rrpa3~HMK). MpMHa MBaHOBHa, Haiiia rpyrrrra rro3~paBnHeT Bac
(Me~yH,apo~HI:.IH :>KeHCKMH ~eHI:. 8 MaPTa). )J;opome OJIH M)l(eHH, rrpMMMTe HaiiiM MCKpeHHMe II03~paBJieHHH (~eHI:. CBMI:.6I:.I). }J;oporOH fuopi:.,
II03~aBJIHIO Te6H (HOBI:.IH ro~). TaMapa HMKOJiaeBHa M BMKTOp IleTpOBMqf Il03~paBJIHeM BaC (HOBOCeJII:.e).

2. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case.

5.I :>Kenaro Te6e (3~opoBJ:.e M cqacTI:.e). )l(enaeM BaM (6oJII:.IIIMe ycrreXM B pa60Te). Pa3peiiiMTe rro:>KeJiaTJ:. BaM (pMOCTI:., 6o~pocTI:. Mxopoiiiee
HacTpoeHMe). IIpMMMTe MOM MCKpeHHMe rro:>KenaHHH (Bee caMoe xopoIIIee M~o6poe). )J;oporne TaHH MAHTOH, :>KenaeM BaM (6oni:.IIIaH KperrKaH
nro6oBI:. MB3aMMorroHMMaHMe). ,[{opora.~~ Maiiia, :>Kenaro Te6e ( cqacTJ:.e B
JIMqHOH :>KM3HM My~aqa).
3. Put the pronouns in parentheses into the proper case.
Ilo3~paBJIHIO (TI:.I) c rrpa3~HMKOM! )l(enaro (TI:.I) Bcero caMoro xopoIIIero! Il03~aBJIHIO (BI:.I) C ~HeM po~eHMH! )l(enaiO (BI:.I) 60JII:.IIIMX ycrreXOB B pa60Te! Pa3peiiiMTe rro3~paBMTh (BI:.I) c ro6MneeM! IIepe~aiiTe
(oH) MOM II03~aBJieHMH! IJepe~aHTe (OHM) MOM IIO:>KeJiaHMH 3~0pOBJ:.H M
y~aqf J.I II03~paBMJI (oHa) C IIpa3~HMKOM M IIO:>KeJiaJI (oHa) cqaCTI:.H. MI:.I
II03~paBMJIM (OHM) C ~HeM CBa~J:.6J:.I M IIO:>KeJiaJIM (OHM) KpeiiKOH JII06BM.

230

YpOK15.nPA3AHHKH.n03APABnEHMH

4. Put the words in parentheses into the prepositional case, adding the
preposition B.
)l(enaeM eqaeTMI (Barna eeMeHHWI )I(H3HL). )l(enaro yenexoB (TBOH
HenerKWI pa6oTa). IIyeTL (Barn ,noM) Beer.na 6y,neT eqaene! Pa3peiiiHTe
no)l(eJiaTL BaM yenexoB (Bee BarnH .nena). IIepe,naHTe MOH no3,npaBJieHHH BaiiiHM po,nHTeJIHM. IIyeTL (Hx )I(H3HL) 6y,neT Bee xoporno! )l(enaiO
Te6e yeneXOB (Bee TBOH ,neJia). IlpHMHTe MOH HeKpeHHHe TIO)I(eJiaHHH
eqaeTLH (JIHqHWI )I(H3HL) H yeneXOB (Baiiia pa60Ta). )l{eJiaiO Te6e (HoBhlH ro,n) y,naqH! IlyeTL (Barna eeMLH) Beer,na 6y,neT JII060BL H B3aHMOTIOHHMaHHe!

5. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case.


li03,ZJ;paBJIHIO Te6H H (TBOH ,Z1;py3LH). Il03.npaBJIHeM Bae H (Barna eeMLH). Pa3pernHTe no3,ZJ;paBHTL Bae, (Barna )l(eHa, BarnH ,neTH) e npa3,nHHKOM! 0T BeeH ,ZJ;yrnH TI03,ZJ;paBJIHIO Te6H H (TBOH pO,ll;HTeJIH) e Po)l(,ll;eeTBOM!
Pa3peiiiHTe no3,npaBHTL Bae M (BarnH KOJIJierH) e I06HneeM pa6oTLI<i>HpMhl. IIo3.npaBJIHeM Te6H, (TBOH MaMa, TBOH OTeu) e HoBLIM ro,ZJ;oM! MLI
no3,ZJ;paBHJIH (Ham npeno,naBaTeJIL).

6. Put the words in parentheses into the dative case.


)l{eJiaiO BaM H (Barna eeMLH) 60JILrnOro eqaeTLH! )l{eJiaiO Te6e H (TBOH
.npy3LH) yeneXOB B yqe6e! Ilepe,naHTe MOH TI03.I{paBJieHHH (BarnH pO.I{HTeJIH). Pa3peiiiHTe no)l(eJiaTL BaM, (Barna )l(eHa, BaiiiH ,neTH) KpenKoro 3,ZJ;OpoBLH! IIepe,ZJ;aH HarnH HeKpeHHHe n03.npaBJieHHH (TBOH MaMa H TBOH
OTeu). Pa3pernHTe no)l(eJiaTL BaM H (BarnH KOJIJiern) HOBLIX yenexoB! MLI
HaTIHeaJIH TIHeLMO (Ham npeno,ZJ;aBaTeJIL).

7. Put the words in parentheses into the proper case.

J.l TI03.I{paBHJia e npa3.I{HHKOM (eBOH po,nHTeJIH). Thl TI03,I{paBHJI ( eBOH


eeeTpa)? qTo Bhl no)l(eJianH (eBoH ,ZJ;py3LH) B HoBOM ro,ny? Hpa HanHeana TIHeLMO ( eBOH 6paT). Po,nHTeJIH Beer,na TI03,npaBJIHIOT e ):{HeM po)I(,I{eHHH (eBoH ,neTH). ,l()I(OH KyTIHJI (eBoH )l(eHa) eyBeHHpLI. JleHa KynHJia
(eBOH eLIH) KHHry. AHTOH TI03,ll;paBHJI e HOBLIM rO,I{OM (eBOH eeMLH: eBOH
ehlH, eBOH ,noqy,, eBOH )l(eHa, eBOH 6paT, eBOH eeeTpa, eBOH MaMa H eBOH
nana).
8. Complete the sentences.
Il03.npaBJIHIO Te6H .... Pa3pernHTe TIO)I(eJiaTL BaM .... IlyCTL B BarneH
)I(H3HH .... IIepe,naifTe MOH no3.npaBJieHHH .... )l(enaeM Te6e .... ,l(oporne
JleHa H Bono,ZJ;H, n03,npaBJIHeM Bae .... YBa)l(aeMLIH MHxaHJI AH,ZJ;peeB}iq,
)l(eJiaiO BaM .... IIpHMHTe MOH HeKpeHHHe no3,ZJ;paBJieHHH .... IlpHMHTe
MOH TIO)I(eJiaHHH .... IlyeTL B BarneM ,I{OMe .... IlyeTL B BarneH eeMLe ....

231

Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATlONS

9. Complete the sentences based on the context


... no3.z:tpaw:uno Bac c npa3.z:tHHKOM! .. )Kenaro Te6e cqacTJ.x! IlpHMHTe MOH ... TIO)KeHaHHX KpenKOro 3,l{OpOBLX! Pa3pemHTe TIO)KenaTL BaM ...
cqacTLX H ycnexoB .... )l{enaro Te6e ... HacTpoeHHX .... MapHHa! C npa3.z:tHHKOM Te6x! ... IOpHH IlaBnOBHq! C HoBLIM ro.z:toM Bac! )l{enaeM BaM
3,!J;OpOBLX H ... mo6BH! IlyCTL ... BCer.z:ta 6y.z:teT C'laCTLe!

10. Listen, repeat and read aloud examples of holiday wishes used in postcards and letters.
1)
,[(oporax Hpa!
Ilo3.z:tPaBJIXID Te6x c .z:tHeM po)K.l{eHHX! OT Bcei:f .z:tymH )KenaJO Te6e
C'laCTLX, 3,l{OpOBLX, pa.z:tOCTH, ycneXOB B yqe6e.
TBoJl noopyza TaHR.

2)
,[(oporoi:f Carnal
Il03.z:tPaBn.HeM Te6x c HoBLIM ro.z:toM! )l{enaeM Te6e B HoBOM ro.z:ty
npe)K,l{e BCero C'laCTLX B HH'IHOH )KH3HH, KpenKOrO 3,l{OpOBLX, a TaK)Ke
6onLmHx ycnexoB B cnopTe.
TBou opy3&Jl Hamauta u Hzop&.

3)
YBa)KaeMLIH HHKonai:f HBaHOBH'l! Pa3pemHTe no3.z:tpaBHTL Bac c
BamHM ro6HneeM! IlpHMHTe HamH HCKpeHHHe TIO)KenaHHX ycnexoB B
Bamei:f pa60Te, .z:tonrHx neT )KH3HH, Bcero caMoro-caMoro xopomero.
Bautu l<OJlJlezu.

4)
YBa)KaeMax MapHX liiBaHOBHal
Ilo3.z:tpaBJixeM Bac c nepBLIM BeceHHHM npa3.z:tHHKOM - .z:tHeM 8
MaPTa. Pa3pemHTe no)KenaTL BaM pa.z:tocTH, cqacTLx, xopomero HacTpoeHHX, a TaK)Ke 6onLmHX ycnexoB B Bamei:f HenerKoH pa6oTe.
Bautu cmyoeHm&z.

5)

ranx

,[(opome
H Oner!
l103,l{paBn.HeM BaC C CaMLIM C'laCTnHBLIM ,l{HeM B Bamei:f )KH3HH .z:tHeM cBa,l{L6LI! OT Bcero cep.z:tn;a )KenaeM BaM 6onLmoro cqacTLX B ceMeHHOH )KH3HH, HI06BH, B3aHMOTIOHHMaHH.H!
Bautu pooumeJZu.

232

YpoH15. nPA3AHMKM.n03APABnEHMH

6)

,ll;opome MaMa H rrarra!


I1o3.[(paBIDIIO Bac c PmK.[(eCTBOM H c HoBbiM ro.[(oM! OT Bceii .[(ynm
)J(eJiaro BaM Bcero caMoro .[(o6poro H xopornero B HoBOM ro.[(y!
Baw cbm AHopeu.

7)

YBa)J(aeMI>Ie TaTb.SIHa ITeTpOBHa H AneKceii MHxaiiJioBHq!


Pa3pernHTe rro3.[(paBHTb Bac c HOBocem,eM! ITycTb B BarneM .[(OMe
Bcer.[(a 6y.[(YT pa.[(OCTb H cqacTbe!
Bawu T<OJZ!lezu.

8)

,lJ;oporoii AHTOH!
I1o3.[(paBIDieM Te6.sr c rrpa3.[(HHKOM! )l(enaeM Te6e HTBoeii ceMbe 6onbrnoro ceMeiiHoro cqacTb.II H xopornero HaCTPOeHH.II.
Teou T<O!l!lezu.

9)

YBa)J(aeMbiH KoHCTaHTHH BHKTOpOBHq!


Pa3pernHTe IT03.[(paBHTb Bac c ro6HneeM pa60Tbi B Harneii qmpMe!
)l(enaeM BaM HOBbiX ycrrexoB B pa6oTe, 3.[(0pOBb.ll, cqacTb.sr!
Pyr<oeooumeJZb rjJupMbl.

10)

,ll;oporoii Cepe)J(a!
ITo3.[(paBIDieM Te6.sr H TBOIO ceMbiO c Po)J(.[(eCTBOM! OT Bceii .[(ylliH
)J(eJiaeM Te6e, TBoeii )l(eHe One, TBOeMY CbiHY ,ll;eHHcy, TBoeii .[(oqepH Ha.[(e
Bcero caMoro-caMoro .[(o6poro. ITycTb BBarneii ceMbe Bcer.[(a 6y.[(eT JII06oBb, pa.[(OCTb H B3aHMOllOHHMaHHe.
Teou opy3bfl.

11. Offer your wishes to:

a) your friend on his birthday;


b) your teacher for New Year's;
c) your parents for Christmas;
d) your friend for graduation from the university;
e) your grandfather for his 70th birthday;
f) your friends on their wedding day;
g) your boss on a holiday;
h) your sister and her family on their new home.
12. Explain how you would express your best wishes to:

a) your mother on her birthday;


b) your friends on their wedding day;
c) your teacher on New Year's;
d) your boss on his birthday.

233

Lesson 15. HOUDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS

Tecr Quiz
1. Find the mistakes in the texts below.

1)
,[I;oporWI Omr!
Pa:1pem:u no3.l{paBHTb Te6H c npa3.l{HHKOM :u no)KenaTh re6e ycnexoB
B yqe6e :u 6on~>moii mo6B:u.
TBOR noopyza MapuHa.

2)
,[I;oporoii M:uxa:un Bna.n;:uM:upoBH'I!
IIo3.l{paBnHeM Bac c BamHM ro6:uneeM! )l{enaeM BaM cqacTbH, KpenKoro 3,l{OpOBbH, pa,l{OCTH.
C ll106oBb10, mBou l<OMezu.

3)
TaThHHa CepreeBHa!
C ,!{HeM po)K,l{eHHH Bac! 3.l{opoBLH BaM, 6o,l{pocm, ycnexoB!
Bawu cmyoeHmbz.

4)
YBa)KaeMWI Mama!
Pa:1pem:u TI03,l{paBHTb Te6H c npa3.l{HHKOM! IIpHMH HamH TIO)KenaHHH C'laCTbH B HH'IHOH )KH3HH H 60HblliOH nro6BH.
TBou iJpy3bR Cawa u JleHa.

5)
YBa)KaeMble HaTama :u AH.l{peii!
IIo3,l{paMHeM Bac c caMLIM npeKpacHbiM ,!{HeM Bameii )KH3HH ,!{HeM cBa,n;L6bi. Pa3pem:uTe no)KenaTb BaM cqacTLH B ceMeHHOH )KH3HH :u
B3aHMOTIOHHMaHHH.
C yBa;eeHueM, Batuu pooumenu.

2. Fill in the answers.

1)
-

3)
KonH, c npa3,l{HHKOM Te6H!

M:uxa:un HBaHOB:uq, c HoBLIM


rD,l{OMBac!

2)
-

Hpa, cqacTLH Te6e!

4)
Map:uHa HsaHOBHa, ycnexoB
BaM H }',l{aq!

234
5)
-

YpoK15. nPA3AHKKK. n03APABnEHKft

7)
Koro Tbi TI03,ll;paBHn c npa3,ll;HHKOM?

Pa3penmTe no3,ll;paBHTb sac c


npa3,ll;HHKOM 11 TIO)I(enaTb BaM
scero HaHnyqiiiero!

6)
-

qTO Tbl TIO)I(enan CBOHM ,ll;py3bHM B HosoM ro,ll;y?

3. Fill in the questions.

1)
-

5)
Cnac116o 3a xopoiiiHe TIO)I(enaHHH!

2)
-

Bac TaK)I(e!

6)
Mbi TI03,ll;paBHnH CBOHX po,ll;HTeneil:.

3)
-

BaM mro )l(e!

7)
Ilpe)I()J;e scero H no)l(enan HM
B3aHMOTIOHHMaHHH.

.Don~>IIIe scero H mo6mo HoBbiH


ro,ll; 11 Po)l(,ll;ecTBo.

4)
-

Cnac116o 3a no3,ll;pasneHHH!

4. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 15.

YpoH 16 Lesson 16

HAeM aroaM. Brocr1x Going to Someone's House


KOMMeHTIPMM Commentary
A few words about invitations to someone's house. For everyday
occasions, it is not customary in Russia to issue invitations in writing or
well in advance. Russians tend to invite farther in advance for birthdays
and holidays, and sometimes issue written invitations. Most often, however, Russians will issue an invitation in person or over the telephone
approximately three or four days in advance. Most invitations tend to be
for evening gatherings, and although the times can be varied, gatherings
tend to begin at six or seven o'clock.
It is not necessary to ask what you can bring when going to someone's house. If you ask a Russian, chances are they will say "Nothing at
all!" But that doesn't mean that you should go to someone 's house emptyhanded. First, you should bring the hostess some flowers or a box of
candy. Pay attention to the number of flowers; it should be an odd number,
because even numbers of flowers are brought only to funerals. So the
number of flowers usually tends to be 3 or 5. A single flower, while pretty, is usually not given. The host usually receives a bottle of liquor; however, this is not as necessary as the flowers. If your hosts have children, it
is polite to bring some chocolate or candy for them.
Russians usually sit down immediately at the dinner table, where
they will spend the entire evening. Therefore, since it is a seated dinner,
you should arrive on time when invited to someone's house. The idea of
food served buffet style is uncommon in Russia. If you have been invited
to a dacha, your host might make shashlik, meat with spices cooked on a
skewer over a fire. However, people will inevitably sit around a table.
The concept of standing and eating hors d'ouevres as in the West is unfamiliar to most Russians.
Now a little about the food. Foreigners who are invited to a Russian's house for the first time are always surprised by the number of different appetizers and salads served. Even in a family that is not wealthy,
your host will always make an effort to have a full table with several
varied dishes. The meal usually consists of appetizers, a main course and
tea/dessert. When guests arrive, the appetizers are already on the table, so
everyone helps themselves to what they want. Appetizers can include

236

YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTM. B rOCTJIX

various salads, mushrooms (salted & marinated), fish (salted & smoked),
caviar, sausage, ham and pirozhki (pastry shells stuffed with meat, cabbage or rice). Then, the main course is served: usually fish or meat with
side dishes. Then there might be a break while guests leave the table to
dance or smoke. After that, tea with pastries, jam or sweets.
You should not be surprised if there is far more food than you can
eat, because that is how Russian hosts typically serve guests. It is from
this custom that many foreigners regard the Russian people as extremely
hospitable and generous.
To drink, Russians will usually serve vodka, cognac and different
wines, in addition to mineral water and flavored soda or juice. Everyone
drinks what they want. Toasts are mandatory. They can be proposed to
the hosts, the guests, etc., and everyone raises their glasses together.
Such a dinner usually lasts 3-4 hours. At the end of the evening, it should
be the guests who signal that it is time to leave. Typical dinners usually end
before 11:00. Thank you notes for lunch/dinner are not customary. The hosts
are thanked at the end of the evening as the guests are leaving.
And finally, about gifts. When and what should you give? Ifthere is
no special occasion and you have just been invited to someone's house,
then take flowers or candy. Holidays, however, are special situations.
New Year's. Although this is the favorite holiday of Russians, there
is not a tradition of giving expensive gifts.
Christmas and Easter. Since these holidays were not celebrated for
a long time, traditions surrounding these holidays are just starting to form.
So, there are as yet no special gifts given on these holidays.
March 8 - International Women's Day. The Russian tradition is
to congratulate all the women at home and at work. Flowers and some kind
of small gift are usually given on this day.
Weddings. It is customary to give a nice gift to the married couple.
Birthdays. And of course Russians give gifts on birthdays more than
any other time.
What kind of gifts should you give? Russians have a saying: "It's not
your gift that is dear to me, it's your friendship". The cost of the gift is not
important, it's the symbol of attention, the expression of friendship. Therefore, try to learn the tastes and interests of the person to whom you are
giving a gift.
What should you give, for example, on someone's birthday? You
might give perfume, cosmetics, books, music, or Russian handicrafts. It
is not customary to give too practical gifts (i.e. pots and pans) because
they are considered inappropriate for the holiday atmosphere.
You should give whatever you think your friends will enjoy. The
important thing is that your friend feels like it came from your heart. That
for Russians is the most important thing.

237

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

neHCMHa Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

IIO.n;apOK,IIO):(apKH
.n;apHTb I no.n;apHTb
npHHHMaTL I npHmiTL no.n;apoK

gift, gifts
to give
to accept a gift

IIpHMHTe Ham cKp6MHbiH no.n;apoK!

Please accept this gift.

rDCTb, rOCTH
X03HHH, X03HHKa

guest, guests
host, hostess

IIpoxo.n;:H:! IIpoxo.n;:H:Te!
Ca.n;:H:cb! Ca.n;:H:TecL!
6naro.n;apeH, 6naro.n;apHa
Tp6Hyr, TP6Hyra
IIporny KcTony!

Come over!
Sit down!
thankful
touched
Dinner is ready!

yroi.QaTL I yrocTHTb
Yroi.QaifcH! Yroi.Qa:H:TecL!
CTeCH.si:TbCH
He cTecH.si::H:cH! He cTecH.si:HTecL!
np66oBaTL I nonp66oBaTL
IIonp66y:H:Te canaT!
ne)l(aTL I KnaCTb I nono~Tb
cTO.si:Tb 1 cTaBHTb 1 nocTaBHTb
HanHBaTb 1Han:H:Tb
npe.n;naniTL I npe.n:no~Tb TOCT
IIpe.n;naraiO TocT 3a ...

to serve (food)
Help yourselfl (to food)
to be shy
Don't be shy, embarrassed!
to taste (food)
Try the salad!
to lay/to put
to stand/to place
to pour
to offer, propose toast
I propose a toast to ...

TapenKa
BHnKa
ilO)I(Ka
HO)I(
piDMKa
6oKan
qarnKa

plate
fork
spoon
knife
wineglass
glass, goblet
cup

238

YpoK 16. HAEM B rocnt. B rOCTRX

glass
napkin
IIpmiTHoro annemTa!

Bon appetite!

Kyc6K,Kyc6qeK
BKYCHO, BKYCHLIH
3aMeqaTeJILHO, 3aMeqaTeJILHLIH

piece
delicious
excellent

KaK BKycuo!
KaKoil BKycnLIH canaT!
KaK6HTOpT!
CKOJILKO UBeroB!

How delicious!
What a delicious salad!
What a (delicious) cake!
So many flowers!

CaM, CaMa, CaMH


5I CaMa fOTOBHJia.
no-M6eMy
Mue Be3eT/noBe3n6.

myself
I made it myself.
in my opinion
I am lucky.

<t>oTorpa<l>:HpoBaTL/c<t>oTOrpa<t>:HpOBaTL
<t>oTOrpa<l>HH
fOTOB,fOTOBa,rOTOBO,fOTOBLI
Bee roT6Bo!
BnHManHe!

to photograph
photo
ready
Everything is ready!
Attention!

H,ZJ;eH
np8.B,ZJ;a
ynLI6aTLCH 1 yn~>I6u:YT~>cH
fOCTenpHifMCTBO
fOCTenpHHMHLIH

idea
truth
to smile
hospitality
hospitable

He HMeH 100 py6nei1, a HMeH 100


,ZJ;py3ei1 (pyccKaR nocllo8U1a).

It's better to have 100 friends than


100 rubles (Russian proverb).

Muenopa!
HaMnopa!
Cnac:H6o 3a npmiTHLIH Beqep.
Cnac:H6o 3a rocTenpHHMCTBO.
pe6.1iTa

It's time for me to go.


It's time for us to go.
Thank you for a pleasant evening.
Thank you for your hospitality.
boys, guys (conv.)

239

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

rpaMMaTMHa Grammar
Table 82
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS J(APHTbmO,l(APHTb
(liTO? KOMY?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
;J,apntb

(HCB)

IIOJJ,apHt h (CB)

Present tense
Mbl ,ZJ;apHM

B JJ;apro

Tbl ,ZJ;apHIIIb
OH, OHa ,ZJ;apHT

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Bbl JJ;apHTe
OHH ,ZJ;apBT

Past tense
B, Tbi, OH

JJ;apHJI

B, Tbi, OH

IIOJJ;apHJI

B, Tbi, OHa

,ZJ;apHna

B, Tbi, OHa

IIOJJ;apHJia

Mbi, Bbl, OHH

,ZJ;apHJIH

Mbi, Bbi, OHH

IIOJJ;apHJIH

Future tense
jl

Tbl

6yJJ;y ,ZJ;apHTb

jl

6yJJ;eiiiL JJ;apHTb

Tbl

IIOJJ;apiO
IIOJJ;apHIIIb

OH,OHa

6yJJ;eT ,ZJ;apHTb

OH,OHa

IIOJJ;apHT

Mbl

6yJJ;eM JJ;apHTb

Mbl

IIOJJ;apHM

Bbl

6yJJ;eTe JJ;apHTb

Bbl

IIOJJ;apHTe

OHH

6yJJ;yT JJ;apHTb

OHH

rro,ZJ;apu

Imperative
JJ;apH!

JJ;apHTe!

IIOJJ;apH!

rro.n;apHTe!

Table 83
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS IIPOEOBATbmOIIPOEOBATb
(liTO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

11pofioBa t h (1-ICB)

HOII(lOOoBa 1 h (CB)

Present tense
B rrpo6yro

Mbl rrpo6yeM

Tbl rrpo6yeiiib Bbi rrpo6yeTe


OH, OHa rrpo6yeT

OHH

rrpo6yiOT

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

240

YpoK 16. MA~M B rDCTM. B rDCTHX

Continued

npooomut. (HCB)

nonpoooBalh (CB)

Past tense
Tbl, OH rrorrpo6oBan
H, Tbi, OHa rrorrpo6oBana
Mbl, Bbl, OHH rrorrpo6oBaJIH
Future tense
g 6y.[{y rrpo6oBaTb
g rrorrpo6y10
Tbl rrorrpo6yernb
Tbl 6y,~J;ernb rrpo6oaaTb
OH,OHa 6y,~J;eT rrpo6oBaTb
OH,OHa rrorrpo6yeT
Mbl 6y,~J;eM rrpo6oBaTb
Mbl rrorrpo6yeM
Bbl 6y,~J;eTe rrpo6oaaTb
Bbl rrorrpo6yeTe
OHH rrorrpo6yroT
OHH 6y,~J;yT rrpo6oBaTb
Imperative
rrorrpo6yif! rrorrpo6yifTe!
rrpo6yif! rrpo6yifTe!

Tbl, OH rrpo6oBan
H, Tbl, OHa rrpo6oBana
Mbl, Bbl, OHH rrpo6oBaJIH
H,

H,

Remember:
The verbs Jle:HCamb I KJlacmb I nOJlo:HCumb.
The verb JleJICam& zoe? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun is used in
the prepositional case.
- Foe JleJICUm J<.Huza?
- Where is the book lying?
- KHuza JleJICum Ha cmoAe.
-The book is lying on the table.
The verb l<Jlacm& ~<.yoa? ttmo? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun is
used in the accusative case.
-Kyoa oH l<Jlaoem J<.Huzy?
- Where is he laying the book?
- OH l<Jlaoem J<.Huzy Ha cmoA.
- He is laying the book on the
table.
The verb noAoJICum& ~<.yoa? ttmo? in the perfective aspect+ a noun is
used in the accusative case.
-Kyoa oH noAOJICWZJ<.Huzy?
-Where did he lay the book?
- OH noAOJICUJl J<.Huzy Ha cmoJl. - He laid the book on the table.
Remember:
With every noun that you useJleJICamb, you can also use l<Jlacm& and
noAoJICUmb.

241

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

Table 84
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS JIE)J{ATh/KJIACThlllOJIO)J{HTh
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
JlemaTb (HCB)

KJ13CTL

(HCB)

IIO.JJOJI\11 rh

(CB)

Present tense
ne:>Ky
Tbi ne:>KJIIIIb
OH, OHa ne:>KIIT
Mbl rre:>KIIM
Bbi rre:>KJITe
OHII rre:>KaT
.~r

Tbi, OH rre:>Kan
Tbi, OHa rre:>Kana
Mbl, Bbl, OHJI ne:>KanJI
.If,

.~r,

.~r 6y~y

rre:>KaTb
rre:>KaTh
OH, OHa 6y~eT rre:>KaTb
Mbi 6y~eM rre:>KaTb
Bbi 6y~eTe rre:>KaTb
OHII 6y~YT rre:>KaTb
Tbi 6y~eiiib

rre:>KII! rre:>KMTe!

.If

Kna~y

Tbl Kn~eiiib
Verbs in the perfective
OH,OHa Kna~eT
aspect have no present
Mbl Kn~eM
tense.
Bbi Kn~ere
OHJI Kna~yT
Past tense
.If, Tbl, OH Knarr
.If, Tbl, OH IIOITO:>KIIIT
.If, Tbi, oHa Krrana
.If, Thi, oHa rrono:>KJirra
Mbl, Bbl, OHJI KnaiTII
Mbl, Bbl, OHJI IIOITO:>KJinli
Future tense
.If 6y~y KrraCTb
.If rrorro:>Ky
Thi 6y~eiiib KnacTh
Tbl IIOITO:>Kliiiib
OH, OHa 6y~eT KnaCTb OH, OHa IIOITO:>KJIT
Mbl 6y~eM KrraCTb
Mbl IIOITO:>KJIM
Bbi 6y~cre KnaCTb
Bbl IIOITO:>KIITe
OHJI 6y~yT KrraCTb
OHII rrorro:>KaT
Imperative
Krra~II! Krra~IITe!
IIOITO:>KJI! IIOITO:>KJITe!

Remember:
The verbs cmo.Rmb I cmaoumb I nocmaoumb.
The verb cmoflmb zoe? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun is used in
the prepositional case.
-Toe cmoum l!aua<.a?
-Where is the cup?
- tfaua<a cmoum Ha cmo!le.
-The cup is sitting on the table.
The verb cmaeumb limo? Kyoa? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun
is used in the accusative case.
- Kyoa oH cmaBum l!autKy?
-Where is he putting the cup?
- OH cmaBum ttautK)I Ha cmo!l. - He is putting the cup on the
table.
16-629

242

YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTM. B rDCTRX

The verb nocmaBumb eyoa? t~mo? in the perfective aspect+ a noun


is used in the accusative case.

-Kyoa oH nocmaBwz t~awey?


-Where did he put the cup?
- OH nocmaBwz t~awey Ha cmoll. - He put the cup on the table.
Remember:
With every noun that you use
and

cmoRmb,

you can also use

cmaBumb

nocmaBumb.
Table 85
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
CTOHTb/CTABHTbiiiOCTABHTh
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
c I OH I h

(II

c B)

ClaBIIIh

(JICB)

IIOCiaBIIIh

(CB)

Present tense
g

Thi

CTOIO
CTOHIIIL

Thi

CTaBJIIO
CTaBHIIIL

OH,OHa

CTOHT

OH,OHa

CTaBHT

Mhi

CTOHM

Mhi

CTaBHM

BLI

CTaBHTe

Bhi
OHH

CTOHTe
CTO.H:T

OHH

Verbs in the perfective


aspect have no present
tense.

CTaB.H:T

Past tense
.H:, Thi, OH CTO.H:JI

.H:, Thi, OH CTaBHJI

.H:, Thi, OH IIOCTaBHJI

.H:, Thi, OHa CTO.H:Jia

.H:, TLI, OHa CTaBHJia

.H:, Thi, OHa IIOCTaBHJia

MLI, Bhi, OHH CTO.H:JIH

Mhi, BLI, OHH CTaBHJIH

Mhi, Bhi, OHH IIOCTa.BH.JIH

Future tense
.H: 6y~y CTO.H:TL

.H: 6y~ CTaBHTh

.H: IIOCTaBJIIO

Thi 6y~eiiiL CTO.H:TL

Thi 6y~eJ.IJb craBHI'b

Thi IIOCTaBHIIIL

OH, OHa 6y~eT CTO.H:TL


Mhi 6y~eM CTO.H:TL
Bhi 6y~eTe CTO.H:TL
OHH 6y~ CTO.H:TL

OH, OHa 6y~eT CTaBHTh OH, OHa IIOCTaBHT


Mhi 6y~eM CTaBH'I'L

BLI 6y~ere cramm.


OHH 6y~ CTaBHTh

Mhi IIOCTaBHM
Bhi IIOCTaBHTe
OHH IIOCTaB.H:T

Imperative
CTOH! CTOHTe!

CTaBL! CTaBLTe!

IIOCTaBL!IIOCTaBLTe!

243

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

Table 86
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
HAJIHBATh/HAJIHTh (liTO? KY,lfA? KOMY?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

ua.Hma11> (IICB)

mw111 ~> (CB)

Present tense
Mhl HaJIHBaeM
H HaJIHBaiO
Thl HaJIHBaeiiib Bbl HaJIHBaeTe
OH, OHa HaJIHBaeT OHH HaJIHBaiOT

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Past tense
Thl, OH HaJIHBaJI
Thl, OHa HaJIHBaJia
Mhl Bhl, OHH HaJIHBaJIH

Tbl, OH HaJIHJI
Thl, OHa HaJIHJia
Mhl, Bhl, OHH HaJIHJIH
H,

H,

H,

H,

Future tense
j{

Thl
OH,OHa
Mhl
Bhl
OHH

6y.zzy HaJIHBaTb
6y,!J;eiiib HaJIHBaTb
6y,!J;eT HaJIHBaTb
6y,!J;eM HaJIHBaTb
6y,!J;eTe HaJIHBaTb
6y,!J;yr HaJIHBaTb

j{

Thl
OH,OHa
Mbl
Bhl
OHH

HaJibiO
HaJibeiiib
HaJibfu
HaJibeM
HaJibfue
HaJibiOT

Imperative
HaJIHBaH! HaJIHBaHTe!

HaJieH! HaJieHTe!

Explanation:

till, tllll, tlllll


If the word CaM (ca.Ma, ca.Mu) occurs after a noun or a personal pro-

noun, it means that the subject is acting without help, independently.

Jl ca.Ma npuzomoBwza M.R.co.


OH CaM oeJZaem ynpa:JICHeHWI..

Remember:

MHe
Te6e
eMY
eii
HaM
BaM
HM

I cooked the meat myself.


He is doing the exercises by himself.

Be3fu!
ITOBe3nO!
ITOBe3fu!

244

YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTH. B rOCTSIX

Table 87
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
tiJOTOFPAtiJHPOBATh/CtiJOTOFPAtiJHPOBATh (KOFO? qTO?)

IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES


!J>o ro1 p:uJmpoBa l'h (HCB)

c!JJOTorp:uJmpoBa u. (CB)

Present tense
H

Thl
OH, OHa
Mbi
Bbi
OHM

4>oTorpa4>MpyiO
4>oTOrpa4>Mpyeun,
4>oTOrpa4>MpyeT
4>oTorpa4>MpyeM
4>0Torpa4>MpyeTe

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.

Past tense
Thl, OH 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBa.JI
H, Thl, OH c4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaJI
H, Thl, OHa 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBa.Jia
H, Tbl, OHa c4>0TOrpa4>MpOBaJia
H,

Thl
OH, OHa
Mhl
Bbl
OHM

Future tense
6y,11;y 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb
x
6y,11;elll1> 4>0Torpa4>HpoBaTh
Thl
6y,11;eT 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb OH, OHa
6y,11;eM 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb
Mhl
6y,11;eTe 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb
6 ,11;

c4>oTOrpa4>Mpyro
c4>oTOrpa4>Mpyelllb
c4>oTOrpa4>MpyeT
c4>oTorpa4>MpyeM
c4>oTOrpa4>MpyeTe

4>oTorpa4>Hpyii!
iiTe!
Table 88
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS YJihiEAThCRIYJlhlEHYThCR
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
y.III.Jfiaii.CH

(IICB)

y.llhlfinyJM'U

(CB)

Present tense
H yJihl6aiOCb
Mhl yJihl6aeMCH
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Thl YJII>I6aelllbcx Bhl yJihl6aeTeC1>
have no present tense.
OH, OHa YJibi6aeTCH OHH YJibi6aiOTCH

245

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

Continued
~Jtbtoatt.CH

(IICB)

~ .I hi Oil~ I b

c !I

(c

B)

Past tense

SI, TLI, OH yJILI6aJICSI


SI, TLI, OHa yrrLr6ar.racL
MLI, BLI, OHH YJILI6aJIHCL

SI, TLI, OH yrrM6HyncSI


SI, TLI, OHa yrrLI6HyrracL
Mbl, Bhl, OHH YJILI6HyJIHCL
Future tense

Sl

TLI
OH,OHa
MLI
BLI
OHH

6y,ny ynbi6aTLCSI
6y,neUIL yrrLr6aTLCSI
6y,neT ynLI6aTLCSI
6y,neM YJILI6aTLCSI
6y,neTe ynbi6aTLCSI
6y,nyTYJILI6aTLCSI

Sl

Tbi
OH,OHa
MLI
BLI
OHH

YJILI6HyCL
yrrLr6HeUILcSI
yrrLr6HeTcSI
yrrLr6HeMcSI
ynLI6H~hecL

YJILI6HYTCSI

Imperative

yrrLr6aifcSI! yrrLr6aifTecL!

YJILI6HHCL! yrrLI6HHTecL!

Explanation
In Russian expressions of high levels of actions or conditions frequently use the pronouns: KaK, cKOllbKo, KaKou (-aR, -oe, -ue).
- KaK BKycHol (m.e. otteHb
6KJ'CHo)
- KaK R paoa! (m.e. otteH&
paoa)
-KaKoH uzpaem! (m. e. otteHb
xopotuo uzpaem)
CKOllbKO 16emo6 I (m. e.
OtteHb MH020)
- CKOJlbKO nooapKo6! (m.e.
OtteHb MH020)
-KaKou BKYCH&zu mopm!
- KaKoe Kpacu6oe nJZam&e!
-KaKou mopm! (m.e. otteHb
6KYCHbZU WlU KpacU6bZU)
- KaKaR nozooa! (m.e. otteHb
xopoutaR)

-How delicious! (i.e. very de1icious)


-How glad I am! (i.e. very glad)
-How he plays! (i.e. He plays
very well.)
-So many flowers! (i.e. very
many)
-So many presents! (i.e. very
many)
- Such a delicious cake!
- Such a pretty dress!
- What a cake! (i.e. very delicious
or pretty)
- What weather! (i.e. very good)

The pronoun KaK is used with adverbs or verbs and signifies a high
level of action or situation.
-KaKuHmepecHo! (m.e. otteHb
uHmepecHo)

- How interesting! (i.e. very interesting)

246
-KaT< R ycmaJZa! (m.e. otJeHb ycmaJZa)
- KaT< OH noem! (m.e. OlJeHb xopouw noem)

YpoK 16. HAEM B rotTH. B rOCTJIX

-How tired I am! (i.e. very tired)


-How he sings! (i.e. He sings
very well.)

The pronoun CKOllbKO is used with nouns in the Genitive plural and
signifies a high number.
-

CKOJlbKO zocmeu! (m.e. OlJeHb


MH020)
CKOJlbKO nooapK06! (m.e. OlJeHb
MH020)
CKOllbKO KHuz! (m.e. otteHb MHOzo)

So many guests! (i.e. very many)

-So many presents! (i.e. very


many)
-So many books! (i.e. verymany)

The pronoun KaKou (-aR, -oe, -ue) is used with adjectives and nouns
in the nominative case to signify a high level of sign. Please note that
KaKou is used only with a noun.
-KaKou 6K)'CHblU caJZam!
=KaKou caJZam!
- KaKoe Kpacueoe Mambe!
= KaKoe nllambe!
- KaKaR xopoutafl nozooa!
= KaKaR nozooa I

-What a delicious salad!


- What a pretty dress!
-

What beautiful weather!

It is important to distinguish between expressive-descriptive phrases


and questions. This is done through intonation.
- CKOllbKO f16emoe!
-/(a, otteHb MHozo.
- CKOllbKO f16emoe? -IlRmb.
- KaKue f16embll -/(a, 3aMettameJZbHble.
- KaKue f16embl? - Po3bl.
-KaT< OH uzpaem!- /(a, OmlluttHO.
-KaT< OH uzpaem? - Ilo-MoeMy,
He otJeHb xopouw.

-So many flowers!


-Yes, very many.
- How many flowers? -Five.
-What flowers!- Yes, splendid.
-What flowers?- Roses.
-How he plays! - Yes, excellently.
- How does he play? - In my
opinion, not very well.

Such expressive phrases are very common is Russian. Your Russian


will sound more natural if you use them in everyday conversation.

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

247

YnpaiHHeHHH Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verb oapumblnooapumb.
- qTO Thl ... CBOeH ITO):{pyre Ha ):{eHJ, pO)K):{eHHJI? - J! ... e:H pyCCKHe
cyBeHHphl. - JI He 3Haro, qTo ... ):{py3LJIM Ha Po)K):{eCTBO. - ... HM KHHm
o pyccKOM HCKyCCTBe. - qTo Bbi o6hlqHo ... po):{HTemrM Ha HoBhlH ro):{?
- 06biqHO Mbl ... KHHrH HJIH ITJiaCTHHKH. 0Ha )')Ke ... eMy aJib60M, KaCCeTbl, a Tenepb xoqeT ... qTQ-HH6y):{b HOBOe. PaHbille OH ... MaMe UBeTbi, a
ce:Hqac ... ):{yxH. - Ha 8 MapTa Bbi ... ):{eBymKaM UBeThl? - KoHeqHo,
Mbl ... HM UBeThl. 11HOr):{a pO):{HTeJIH ... CbiHY Ha npa3):{HHK ):{eHbrH. ,lJ;aBaH
... HaTame xopomHe qacbi! Bcema ... no):{pyraM UBeTLI! 3ro oqeHb xopomH:H ITO):{apoK!

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs Jle:HCamb!KJJacmbl
nOIIO:HCUmb,
Yqe6HHK ... Ha crone. 06hlqHo R ... B qa:H 2 KycKa caxapa .... MHe,
ITO)I(aJIYHCTa, HeMHOro CaJiaTa. Kor,l:{a OH .. Ha ):{HBaHe, OH ):{YMaJI 0 CBOeH
,l:{eBymKe. qTo Bhl o6hlqHo ... B CYMKY?- Tbi He 3Haemb, me MOH pyqKa?
- Mo)l(eT 6biTb, oHa ... B cyMKe? PaHbme oHa ... B Ko!l>e 3 KycKa caxapa,
a ce:Hqac ... O):{HH. He ... B qa:H MHoro caxapa! 3ro Bpe):{HO! 3aBTPa Mbi ...
yqe6HHKH H TeTpa):{H B cyMKH H no:ii):{eM B YHHBepcmeT. Ky):{a Thl ... MOH
KHHrH? Mbi BCer,l:{a ... CBOH BeiUH B illKa4>. - qTO Thl 6y):{eillb ,l:{eJiaTb
3aBrpa BeqepoM? - HHqero, ... Ha ):{HBaHe H qHTaTb. qTO ... Ha CTOJie?

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs cmoRmblcmaBumbl
nocmaBumb.
Ha OCTaHOBKe aBT06yca ... C'I)'.ll;eHTbi. 06biqHO H ... UBeThi B Ba3y.
0H ... y Merpo 2 qaca H )l(,l:{aJI ee ... , ITO)I(aJIYHCTa, Ha CTOJI qamKH. f'):{e y
Bac ... TeJieBH3op? Mbi Bcema ... Ha CTOJI caMbie KpacHBbie TapeJIKH. Ky):{a
u
Bbl ... CTYJibH ?.... BCer,l:{a BCe.. Ha MeCTO.ITT
,._.,aBaH
... UBeTbi B BO):{y.IJIeHa ...
proMKH, 6oKaJihl H 6yrhlJIKH Ha CTOJI. CnacH6o 3a UBeTbi! Ce:Hqac H ... HX
B BO):{y. Ky):{a OHa 06hlqHo ... KHHrH? f'):{e ... ee KHHrH?

4. Complete the sentences.

JI Bcema caM .... Hpa caMa .... Bbi CaMH ... ? HeT, oH He caM .... HeT,
Mhl He caMH .... Tbi caM ... ?
5. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs HartUBambluartumb.
CBeTa ... qa:H B qamKy H noJIO)I(HJia Ha TapenKy neqeHbe .... , no)l(any:HcTa, Ko!l>e! Ce:Hqac oHa ... BaM BO):{bi. He cTeCHHHTecL! ... BHHO, ITHBO,
qTO XOTHTe! Thl ... MHe KO!l>e HJIH H CaMa ... ? Kor,l:{a OHa ... BHHO B CTaKa-

YpoH 16. HAEM B rocnt. B rOCTHX

248

HLI, 3a3BOHHJI reneQ:>oH. Om1 scer~a ... B KoQ:>e HeMHoro MonoKa. Ky~a BLI
... qa,H? KoMy ... qaif, KOMY- KO<):>e?- liTO TLI ... B CTaKaH?- 5. ... BO~y.
KoQ:>e lzy)KHO ... MeMeHHO.

6. Fill ln the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs 6e:Jem, no6e:JIIO,
noBe:Jem.

MHe ... , H KyiiHJia 6HneTI:.I B EonLmoif TeaTp. EMy scema ... ! TaHe
He ... , oHa 3a6onena B csoif ~eHL po)l(,lleHHH. B cne~yrow;Hif pa3 BaM
o6H3aTenLHO .... 11M ... , y HHX oqeHL xopomHe ~py3LH. - Te6e ... ? QqeHL pe~Ko. Bqepa He ... , cero~HH He ... , MO)KeT 6LITL, ... 3aBTPa?

7. Read the following phrases and explain their meaning.


KaKRH KBaPTHpa? KaKRH KBaPTHpa! CKonLKO ~py3eif? CKoni:.Ko ~py3eif! KaK JleHa noer? KaK JleHa noer! KaKOH TOpT? KaKOH TOpT! KaKHe
UBeTLI? KaKHe UBeTLI!

8. Fill in the blanks with the proper punctuation.


-

KaKRH noro~a
KaKRH noro~a
CKonLKO rocTeif
CKonLKO rocTeif
KaK oH HrpaeT Ha TIHaHHHO_ _
KaK oH HrpaeT Ha TIHaHHHO_ _
KaKo:H KOCTIOM
KaKOH KOCTIOM
KaKoif canaT
KRKoif canaT

-TennRH.
- ):(a, npeKpacHRH.

-5.
- ):(a, oqeHI:. MHoro.
-He oqeHL xopomo.
-):(a, 3aMeqaTenLHO.
-llepHLIH.
- Ilpas~a, KpaCHBI:.IH.
-0BOID;HOH.
- ):(a, oqeHL BKYCHLIH.

9. Rephrase the sentences using the adverb shown in the example.


a) Example:

- QqeHL seceno!
-

KaK seceno!

QqeHL BKycHo. QqeHL pa~a sac BH~eTL. 5. oqeHL ycTana. OH HrpaeT


npeKpacHO. 0Ha noeT 3aMeqaTenLHO. BLI roTOBHTe oqeHI:. BKYCHO. TLI
rosopHmL no-pyccKH omHqHo.
6) Example:

- MHoro UBeTOB!
-

CKonLKO UBeTOB!

MHoro no~apKOB. MHoro KHHr. MHoro ~py3eif. Y sac MHoro )KypHanos. Y Te6H MHoro KacceT. MHoro rocreif.
B) Example:

- QqeHL KpacHBoe nnaTLe.


-

KaKoe KpacHBoe nnaTI:.e!


KRKoe nnaTLe!

249

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

QqeHb BKYCHbiH carraT. QqeHb MO,n;HI>IH KOCTIOM. BKycHoe Mopo:>KeHoe. KpacHBaJI .n;esyiiiKa. IIpeKpacHI>Ie :useTI>I. Y Te6H xopoiiiHe .n;py3I>H.
MHe rro.n;apmm xopoiiiHe rro.n;apKH. Cero,n;HH OTJmqHbiH ,n;eHI>.

10. Change the question to an expressive-descriptive phrase and the expressive-descriptive phrases to questions.
KaKOH rro.n;apoK? KaKOH CTOJI! CKOJII>KO rocTei1! KaKoe BHHO? CKOJII>KO
,n;eHer? KaK oH rroer! KaK Thi roTOBHIIIb? KaKHe :useTI>I! KaKaJI cero,n;HH
rroro.n;a? KaKaJI cry,n;eHTKa!
11. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs l}Jomozpal}JUposambl
cl}Jomozpal}Juposam b.

,ll;asai1Te H sac ... ! - Toi xopoiiio ... ? - ,ll;a, H ... Herrnoxo. qTo Tbi
JII06HIIIb ... ? ... , rro:>Kanyi1cTa, MeHH H MOIO rro.n;pyry! PaHI>IIIe oHa He
oqeHI> xopoiiio ... , HO cei1:qac ... OTJIHqHo. 3asrpa Mbi rroe,n;eM B Cy3,n;arri>,
H TaM H ... CBOHX ,n;py3eH. Bqepa OH 6biJI Ha ,n;He po:>K,n;eH:HH H MHOrO ....
Tbi He 3Haeiiii>, Koro o6I>IqHo ... TBOH .n;pYJI>H?

llHanorH Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)

Going to someone s house

HoiiM e zocmu

a)
- 3.n;pascTsyi1:, CseTa!
- 3.n;pascTByi1, Caiiia!
-KaK,n;ena?
- CrracH6o, OTJIHqHo. Y MeHH xopoiiiee HacrpoeHHe, rroToMy qro
cKopo MOH ,n;eHI> po:>K,n;eHHH.
- Ilo3,n;paBJIHIO!
- Caiiia, H rrpHmaiiiaiO Te6H B roCTH Ha MOH ,n;eHI> po:>K.n;eHHH.
- CrracH6o 3a rrpHmaiiieHHe, H
o6H3aTeJII>HO rrpH,n;y. A Kor.n;a?
- 15 HHBapH B 18 qacOB. 3TO cy66oTa.

Hello, Sveta!
Hello, Sasha!
How are you?
Excellent, thanks. I am in a good
mood because my birthday is
coming up soon.
- Congratulations!
- Sasha, I invite you to my house
on my birthday.
- Thanks for the invitation, I will
definitely be there. When?
-January 15 at 18:00. It's a Saturday.

6)
-

IlpHBeT, OJIH!
IlpHBeT, Mpa! KaK .n;ena?
CrracH6o, xopoiiio, HO ecTb rrpo6neMa. B cy66ory H H.n;y Ha .n;eHI>
po:>K.n;eH:HH K rro.n;pyre H He 3HaiO,
qTo ei1: rro.n;apHTb.

-Hi,Olya!
- Hi, Ira! How are you?
- Fine, thanks, but I have a problem. Saturday I am going to my
friend's house for her birthday,
and I don't know what to give her.

250
- A qeM oHa HHTepecyeTcB? KaKoe y Hee xo66H?
- 0Ha HHTepecyeTCB JIHTeparypoH,MY3hlKOH,TeaTpOM.
- Tor.n;a eH MO)KHO rro.n;apHTL xopomHe KHHrH, arrL60Mhl, rrrracTHHKH, yqe6HHKH ...
- KHHrn B ~e .n;apHJia, rrrraCTHHKH TO)Ke ... Mo)KeT 6LI'Th, rrpaB.n;a,
KyrrHTI> XOpOillHH yqe6HHK ITO
aHr.JIHHCKOMY B3LIKy? MJm aJII>6oM C<!Jororpa<lJMBMH apTHCTOB?
- XopomM H.n;eB! Bee 3To MO)KHO KYIIHTI> B ):(OMe KHHrH Ha
HoBOM Ap6aTe. TaM eme MO)KHO IIOCMOTpeTL qTO-HH6y.n;L HHTepeCHOe.
- CrracH6o 3a coBeT!
B)
- IlpHBeT, Carnal
- IlpHBeT, AHTOH!
- Thl H.n;emL KJleHe Ha .n;eHL po)K.n;eHHB?
- KoHeqHo, H.n;y. 0Ha MeHB rrpHmacHrra.
- A qro Thl eH rro.n;apHmL?
- .H KYIIHJI KpaCHBYIO Ba3Y H llBeThl. A Thl?
- A B rro.n;ap10 eH .n;yxH, KOHeqHo,
llBeThl, a eme rrpa3,ll;HHqHhlH
TOpT, Ha KOTOpOM 6y.n;eT HaiiHCaHO KpeMOM C .n;HeM po)K,ll;eHHB, 0Jljl!.
- Morro.n;ell! XopomHe rro.n;apKH!
2) flpu2llauteHue Ha 'lautKy 'lClfl
a)
- TaHB, qTo TI>I .n;erraemL cero.n;HB
BeqepoM?
- HHqero, B cBo6o.n;Ha.
- IlpHXO,ll;H KO MHe Ha qamKy qaB.
.H c.n;errarra rreqeHLe. Ey.n;eM IIHTh
qaH c rreqeHLeM.
- C )',ll;OBOJII>CTBHeM rrpH.n;y!

YPDK 16. MAEM B rOCTM. B rDCTJIX

-What is she interested in? What


are her hobbies?
-She's interested in literature,
music, theater.
- Then you can give her good
books, albums, records, textbooks ...
- I already gave her books, records
also ... True, maybe I could give
her a good English language textbook? Or an album with photographs of performers?
-Good idea! You can buy everything at "Dom knigi" on the
New Arhat. You may also see
something else interesting there.
- Thanks for your advice!
-Hi, Sasha!
-Hi, Anton!
-Are you going to Lena's for her
birthday?
- Of course I'm going. She invited me.
- What are you going to give her?
- I bought a pretty vase and flowers. And you?
- I will give her perfume, and
flowers of course, and also a
birthday cake which has "HapPY Birthday Olya" in icing on
it.
-Great! Those are good gifts!
Invitation for tea
- Tanya, what are you doing this
evening?
-Nothing, I'm free.
- Come by for tea. I made cookies. We'll drink tea with cookies.
- I'll be there with pleasure!

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

6)
- TaHR, rrpoxo,n;H, IIO)I(a.JiyiicTa, B
KOMHaTY. Ca,n;Hcb!
- CrracH6o.
- qaH: ~e roTOB. Ceiiqac R HaJibiO ero H rroJio)l(y rreqeHbe Ha
TapenKy. Te6e KaKoii qaii?
KperrKHH HJIH He oqeHb?
- He oqeHb. KaKoe rreqeHbe! M
KpacHBOe, HBKYCHoe. ,ll;aH:, rro)l(a.JiyiicTa, peuerrT.
- .5I qacTo .n;enaro 3TO rreqeHbe.
Ero MO)I(HO nerKo H 6blcTpo
rrpHrOTOBHTb. A BOT peuem. TaHR, KaK qaii, He oqeHb ropRqHH?
- HeT, xoponmH:.
- Em;e qarneqKy?
- HeT, cnacH6o. MHe rropa. CrracH6o 3a qaii H rreqeHbe!
-He 3a qTO! ,ll;o BCTPeqH!
B)
- Pe6RTa, npoxo,n;HTe! Ca,n;HTecb!
Ceiiqac 6y,n;eM IIHTb qaii. Mo)l(eT, KTO-HH6y,n;b xoqeT KO!l>e?
KoMy qaii? KoMy Ko!l>e?
- MHe qaii, IIO)I(a.JiyiicTa.
- A MHe KO!l>e.
- Oner, Te6e qaii c caxapoM, c
JIHMOHOM? KperrKHH?
- EcnH MO)I(HO, KperrKHH H c caxapoM.
- fuopb, a Te6e KaKOH KO!l>e? C
MOJIOKOM HJIH qepHbiH? C caxapOM HJIH 6e3 caxapa?
- C MOJIOKOM H 6e3 caxapa.
- Oner, TBOH qaii. BoT caxap.
I!OJIO)I(H CKOJibKO xoqernb.
Mropb, TBOH Ko!l>e. BoT MOJIOKO.
HaneH:, cKOJibKO HY)I(HO. Em;e
6epHTe rreqeHbe, BapeHbe, KOH!l>eni. lleqeHbe R caMa rrpHroTOBHJia.

251

- Tanya, come on into the room.


Have a seat.
-Thank you.
-The tea is ready. Now I'll pour
the tea and put the cookies on a
plate. How do you want your
tea? Strong or weak?
-Weak. What cookies! They're
pretty and delicious. Will you
give me the recipe?
- I often make these cookies. They
are easy and quick to make.
Here's the recipe. Tanya, how's
the tea? Not too hot?
-No, it's good.
- Do you want another cup?
-No, thanks. It's time for me to go.
Thanks for the tea and cookies!
-You're welcome. See you soon!
- Guys, come on in. Sit down.
We'll have some tea. Does
anyone want coffee? Who wants
tea and who wants coffee?
- I'll have tea, please.
- I'll have coffee.
- Oleg, do you want tea with
sugar? Lemon? Strong?
- Strong with sugar, if possible.
- Igor, how do you want your
coffee? With milk or black?
With or without sugar?
- With milk and without sugar.
-Here's your tea, Oleg. There's the
sugar. Use as much as you need.
Igor, here's your coffee. Here's
the milk. Pour as much as you
want. And take some cookies,
preserves, candy. I made the
cookies myself.

YpoK 16. MJl~M B rOCTH. B rOCTRX

252
-

KaK BK)'CHo!
KaKoe Bapem.e!
Yrom;aifTecb!
llpiDITHOro arrrreTHTa!
CrracH6o, Marna, Bee oqeHb
BKYCHO.

3) Ha oHe po:J~Coemm. (Y opy3eu)


a)
- JleHa, II03.n;paBnHeM Te6H C.D;HeM
po)I(J(eHHH! CqacTbH Te6e, mo6BH H Bcero caMoro-caMoro xopornero.
- CrracH6o, pe6na.
- IlpHMH HaiiiH CKpOMHbie IIO.n;apKH.
- 0, KaKaH Ba3a! KaKHe .n;yxH!
CKoni>KO UBeTOB! .5! oqeHb TpOHyra. IIpoxo.n;HTe,pe6HTa! IIo3HaKOMI>Tecb C MOHMH IIO.n;pyraMH.
- OqeHb rrpHHTHO, Carna, AHroH!
MI>I yqHMCH BMecTe c JleHoii B
YHHBepcHTeTe.
- raM, MapHHa. A Mbl BMeCTe c
JleHOH yqHnHCb B IIIKOne.
6)
- Pe6na, rrporny Kcrony. Ca.n;HTecb!
-0, KaKoii cron! KaK Bee KpaCHBo!
- tiro KOMY rronmKHTb? lJTo KOMY
HaHHTb?
-He cTeCHHHTeci>! Yrom;aifTeci>!
- IIorrpo6yi1Te 3TOT canaT.
- KaK BK)'CHo!
- OqeHb BKYCHbiH H opHrHHani>HbiH!
- Mo:>KHo xne6?
- llo:>KanyiicTa.
- Kna.n;HTe MHco, pi>I6y, OBOIIJ;H,
HaHHBaHTe BHHO.

- How delicious!
- What preserves!
- Help yourself!
-Bon appetite!
- Thank you Masha. Everything
was delicious.
A friends' birthday

- Lena, best wishes for your birthday. We wish your happiness,


love and all the very best.
- Thanks, guys.
-Please accept our gifts.
-

Oh, what a vase! And perfume!


So many flowers! I am very
touched Please come in guys.
Meet my friends.

- Nice to meet you, Sasha, Anton.


We study with Lena at the
university.
- Galya, Marina. We studied with
Lena at school.
- Dinner is served. Have a seat.
-What a table! It is so pretty!
-What can I serve everyone?
What can I pour for everyone?
-Don't be shy, help yourself!
- Try this salad.
-How delicious!
- Very delicous and unique.
- May I have some bread?
- Here you go.
- Serve yourself meat, fish, vegetables, pour some wine.

253

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE

- Mo:>KHO KycoqeK Kon6aci>x?


- A MHe KycoqeK CI>Ipa?

- Can I have a piece of sausage?


- Can I have a piece of cheese?

B)

Pe6HTa, H npe.[{nararo TOCT 3a


JleHy. JleHa, nyCTb BCer,[{a BTBOeM ,[{OMe 6y.[{eT TaK :>Ke XOpOIIIO
H Beceno, KaK cero,[{HH. IlycTI>
BCer,[{a pH.[{OM C T060H 6y.[{yT
.[{py3I>H!
JleHa, a H Te6e :>Kenaro cqacTI>H
BnHqHOH :>KH3HH!
A Mbi :>KenaeM Te6e ycnexoB B
yqe6e! 11 BCer,[{a 6biTb MOllO,[{OH
H KpaCHBOH! 11 qT06bi Thl BCer,[{a ynM6anaci>!
Pe6na, cnacH6o BaM 3a xopoIIIHe cnoBa, 3a no,[{apKH. IIpaB.[{y roBopHT: He HMeH: 100 py6neH:, a HMeH: 100 .[{py3eH:!
3a Te6H, JleHa!

r)
- Pe6HTa, ,[{aBaH:Te nocnyrnaeM
MY3I>IKY HnoTaHu;yeM.
- XopornaH H,[{eH! A noTOM 6y.[{eM
nHTb qaH: H Ko<)>e.
- A Oner MO:>KeT HrpaTb Ha rHTape.
-A KaK OH HrpaeT?
- 0TnHqHo, KaK aPTHCT.
- JleHa, CKOllbKO y Te6H KHHr!
- ,l(a, KHHrH- MOe X066H!
- KaK ranH TaHI.J;yeT!
- KaK Beceno!

- Everyone, I propose a toast to


Lena. Lena, may your house
always be as happy as today.
May you always have good
friends around you.
- Lena, I wish you happines in
your personal life.
- And we wish you success in
your studies. And that you
always remain as young and
beautiful, and always smile!
- Everyone, thank you for the kind
words and gifts. It's true what
they say: "Better to have 100
friends than 100 rubles".
-Here's to you, Lena!
- Everyone, let's listen to music
and dance.
- Good idea! And then we'll have
tea or coffee.
- And Oleg can play the guitar.
- How does he play?
- Very well. Like a musician.
- Lena - how many books you
have!
-Yes, books are my hobby.
- How Galya dances!
-How fun!

.[{)

Pe6HTa, .[{aBaH:Te c<)>oTOrpa<)>HpyeMcH Ha naMHTb!


- ,l(aBaH:Te! CMHTeCb no6nH:>Ke!
Yni>I6aH:TeCI>!
- 0TnHqHo! foTOBbi? BHHMaHHe!
- ,l(aBaHTe eme pa3! Carna, Tenepb Thl ca.[{HCI>! BHHMaHHe!
YnM6HHTeci>! foToBo!

- Everyone, let's take a picture.


-Let's! Sit closer. Smile!
- Excellent. Ready? Attention!
- Let's take another one. Sasha,
now you sit down. Attention ...
smile ... ready!

254

YpoK 16. HAEM B rocnt. B rOCTHX

e)

JleHa, HaM rropa. Y Te6.SI 6LIJIO


otieHL Beceno H xoporno. Crracw6o Te6e 3a rocTenpHHMCTBO.
- Crracw6o BaM! MHe rroBe3no, y
MeH.SI xopornwe .llPY3L.SI. Crracw6o 3a rrpH.SITHLIH Betiep! 5
otieHL BaM 6naro,llapHa 3a Bee.
)I()
- Carna, KaK TLI npoBen cy66ory?

-Lena, it's time for us to go. We


had a wonderful time. Thank
you for your hospitality.
- Thank you! I am lucky that I
have such good friends. Thanks
for a pleasant evening. I appreciate everything.
- Sasha, how did you spend Saturday?
- I t was great. I was at Lena's for
her birthday. Her old and new
friends were there. I met her
friends with whom Lena studied in school.

- 0rJIH'IHO. 5 6LIJI Ha ,llHe pO)I(,lleHH.SI y JleHLI. TaM 6LIJIH ee


CTapLie H HOBLie .llPY3L.SI. ~ rro3HaKOMHJIC.SI C ee IlO.llpyraMH,
OHH BMeCTe CJleHOH yqHJIHCL B
liiKOJie.
-Was it fun?
-ELmo Beceno?
-,[{a, otieHL. MLI rrenw, TaHu;e- - Yes, very. We sang, danced, and
BaJIH, Oner wrpan Ha rHTape.
Oleg played the guitar. Then we
took a picture to remember.
IlOTOM c<PoTorpa<lmpOBaJIHCL
Lena is a great hostess. She
Ha naM.SITL. JleHa npeKpacHa.SI
knows how to cook, and she's
xo3.SIHKa. KaK oHa roTOBHT! H
very hospitable.
O'IeHL rOCTerrpHHMHa.SI.
4) Ha oHe po:JICoeHUJl (y KOJIJlezu)
a)

A colleagues birthday

- YBa)l(aeMLIH BHKTOp CepreeBH'!!


Ilo3,llpaBJI.SieM Bac c 106wneeM!
Pa3pernHTe ITO)I(eJiaTL BaM ycrrexoB B Barneii HenerKoii pa6oTe,
CtiaCTh.SI H,llOJirHX JieT )I(H3HH.
- Cnacw6o 3a no3,llpaBJieHHe, Konnern! Ilpwmarnaw Bac cerO,llH.SI
BetiepOM KO MHe B rOCTH.
- C Y.llOBOJILCTBHeM rrpw,lleM.

- Respected Victor Sergeevich!


We congratulate you on your
birthday. We wish your success
in your difficult work, happines
and a long life.
- Thank you for the kind words. I
would like to invite you to my
house this evening.
-We'll be there with pleasure!

6)

- Eme pa3 c .llHeM po)l(,lleHH.SI Bac, - Again, happy birthday, Victor


BHKTop CepreeBH'I! IlpHMHTe
Sergeevich! Accept our very
HaliiH HaHJiyqliiHe IlO)I(eJiaHH.SI H
best wishes, and our gifts.
IlO,llapKH!

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE

- Eom,moe cnacH6o! Ilo3HaKOMbTecb, 3TO MOH )KeHa Onbra


MHXaiinoBHa, MOM CbiH Cepreif,
MOH )J;Oqb KaTH. A 3TO MOM KOnnerH.
- OqeHb npHHTHO. IIpoxo)J;HTe,
no)KanyH:cTa.
- KaKaH y Bac yroTHaH KBaPTHpa!
- )];a, oHa He6onbmaH, HO oqeHb
yromaH. M3BHHHTe, H nocTaBniO
UBeTbi BBa3y.
B)
- Ilpomy KCTOny!
-CnacH6o!
- Kna)J;HTe, no)KanyifcTa, canaT,
Kon6acy, cblp ... Cepreif, HanHBaH BCeM BHHO!
- Pa3pemHTe npe)J;nO)KHTb TOCT.
BHKTOP CepreeBHq, Mbi, BamH
KonnerH, oqeHb }'Ba)KaeM Bac 3a
6onLmyro Hcepbe3HYID pa6ory.
)l(enaeM BaM 3)J;OpOBbH H 6onbIliHX ycnexoB! 3a Bac!
- CnacH6o 3a Tennbie cnoBa.
-A H npe)J;nararo TOCT 3a X03HHKY )J;OMa! 3a Onbry MHxaifnoBHy! Bee oqeHb, oqeHb BKycHo. 3a ee 30nOTbie PYKH!
- jl oqeHb pa)J;a. Yrow;aifTeCb!
IIonpo6yifTe MHco, pbi6y... BaM
llOflO)KHTb MHCO?
- CnacH6o. 0)J;HH KycoqeK.
r)
- Ceifqac 6y)J;eM nHTb qaif HKo4Je.
KoMy qTO HanHTb?
- EepHTe TOpT, KOH4JeTM, BapeHbe.
- KaKoif TOpT! Bbi caMH roToBHnH?
- )];a, caMa. Ho KaTH TO)Ke noMorana.

255
- Thank you! I'd like to introduce
you to my wife Olga Mikhailovna, my son Sergei, and my
daughter Katya. These are my
colleagues.
-Nice to meet you. Come in,
please.
- What a cozy apartment you have!
- Yes, it's small, but comfortable.
Excuse me, I'll put the flowers
in a vase.
-Dinner is served!
-Thank you.
- Serve yourself salad, sausage,
cheese ... Sergei, can you pour
the wine?
- I'd like to propose a toast. Viktor
Sergeevich, we - your colleagues - have a great deal of
respect for your serious work.
We wish you good health and
much success. Here's to you!
- Thank you for the kind words.
- And I propose a toast to our
hostess. To Olga Mikhailovna!
Everything was extremely delicious. To her magic touch.
- I'm very glad. Have some more!
Try the meat, fish ... Shall I serve
you some meat?
- Yes, please, one piece.
-Now we'll have tea and coffee.
What would each of you like?
- Have a piece of cake, candy,
some preserves.
-What delicious cake! Did you
make it yourself?
- Yes, I did. But Katya helped me.

)];)

BHKTOp CepreeBHq, cKonbKO y


BaC nnaCTHHOK!

- Viktor Sergeevich, you have so


many records!

256
- ,ll;a, MY3I:.IKa- Moe yBne':leHI1e.
- A KaKyro MY3biKY Bbi nro611Te?
- Xopornyro. Ho 6onbrne Bcero
JII06JIIO KJiaCCI1':1eCKYIO.
-A KTO Barn nro611MbiH KOMII0311TOp?
- IIeTp Hnbl1':1 qa:HKoBCKI1:H. Y
MeHH eCTb KOJIJieKU11H BCeX ero
IIp0113Be.n;eHI1H.

YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTH. B rDCTHX

- Yes, I am very interested in music.


- What kind of music do you like?
- Good music. But, I like classical
music best of all.
- Who is your favorite composer?
- Petr Ilich Chaikovskiy. I have a
collection of all of his works.

e)

- Onbra M11xa:HJIOBHa, BI1KTop


CepreeBI1':1, 6onbrnoe crrac116o
3a rrpeKpacHbiH Be':lep, 3a rocTerrp1111MCTBO!
- Crrac116o BaM 3a rro,n;apK11 11 TerrJibie CJIOBa.

- Olga Mikhailovna, Viktor Sergeevich, thank you very much


for a wonderful evening, for
your hospitality.
- Thank you for your gifts, and
your kind words.

5) Jloo2omo61<.a 1<. 6cmpeq,e 2ocmeu


- Y)l(e CKOpo roCTI1! A eme H11':1ero He rOTOBO!
-Bee B rropH,n;Ke! BpeMH eme
ecTb. qTO MHe HY*HO ,n;enaTb?
- liOJI0)1(11 Ha CTOJI JIO)I(KI1, BI1JIKI1, H0)1(11, cani}JeTKI1, IIOCTaBb
piOMKI1, 60KaJibl, 6yrbiJIKI1.
- CKOJibKO 6y,n;eT rocTe:H?
-7.
- TaK, 3Ha':II1T, 7 JIO)I(eK, B11JIOK,
HO)I(eH, cani}JeTOK 11 7 piOMOK,
6oKaJIOB.
- A R rroKa rrp11roTOBJIIO canaT 11
MRCO.

Preparing for your guests


-The guests are coming soon!
And nothing is ready yet!
-Everything's OK. There's still
time. What do I need to do?
- Lay out the spoons, forks,
knives, napkins, put out the
wineglasses, glasses and bottles.
- How many guests will there be?
-7.
-That means 7 spoons, forks,
knives napkins and 7 wineglasses,
glasses.
- And I'll prepare the salad and
meat.

2. Guests have come to your house. What will you say to them as they come
in, and at the table?
3. You have gone to your friend's house for his birthday. What will you say
as you arrive, and at the table?
4. What toasts can you give?
5. What Russian saying talks about how important it is to have good friends?
What sayings about friendship do you have in your country?
6. Your friends are leaving your house. What phrases should you say to
them?
7. You are leaving a friend's house. What phrases should you say to your
friend?

257

Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE

Teet Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.

1)
-

qTO BI.I 06I.IqHo .n;apHTe CBOHM


.n;py3MIM Ha ,IleHI. po)l()l;eHIDI?

2)
-

7)
Kor.n;a Bhi o6hiqHo rrpHmarnaeTe rocTeii?

qTO BaM IIOJIO)I(HTI.?

8)
- Koro H qTo Bhi mo6HTe
cpoTorpaqmpoBaTI.?

KaKoe y JleHI.I rrnaTI.e!

9)
- Ky.n;a BI.I o6I.IqHo cTaBHTe
UBeTI.I?

3)
-

4)
-

6)
- KaKoii BaM qaif?

5)
- CKOJibKO rro.n;apKoB!

IlpHMHTe
rro.n;apoK!

Halii CKpOMHI.IM

10)
-

CrracH6o 3a rrpHHTHI.IM Beqep!

2. Fill in the questions.

1)
-

6)
CrracH6o 3a rro.n;apoK.

- 5I y)l(e rrorrpo6oBaJI. QqeHI.


BKYCHO!

2)
-

7)
IJOJIO)I(HTe MHe HeMHOrO MJICa.

3)
-

~aBaii

rro.n;apHM eMy qaci>I!

8)
HaneiiTe eii BHHa.

4)
-

He oqeHh KperrKHii, IIO)I(aJiyMcTa.

5)

06I.IqHo H KJia.n;y B qaif 2 KYCKa


caxapa.

9)
-

IJpaB.n;a, y H:pbi MHOro KHHr.

-MHe KOcpe.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 16.


17-629

HpaTHHM oqepH PYCCHOM

~OHeTHHH

A Short Introduction to Russian Phonetics


Vowels
There are 6 vowels in the Russian alphabet: a, o, y, u, 3, bl.
In Russian there are no long or short vowels.
2. The sound bl is particularly difficult. It is never used at the beginning
of a word, and is always combined with hard consonants.
3. Stress is particularly important in Russian phonetics, since the pronunciation of the vowels depends on the where the stress falls in a
word. In stressed syllables, the vowel keeps its quality. In unstressed
syllables the vowel sounds are reduced and sound differently. The
vowels a, o, 3 change significantly. Unstressed vowels u, y, bl, although they sound less long, their quality does not change, and therefore the transcription is depicted by the same symbols.
4. Stressed vowels are the rythmic center of a word. The pronunciation
of a vowel in a non-stressed position is defined by its place in the
word: the first unstressed, the second unstressed, the post-tonic, etc.
5. Reduction of a, o. In the beginning of a word and in the first unstressed syllable after the hard consonants, a, o sound alike, like [A],
that is, a short, weak [a]. For example: ooM [ooM], oOMa [oAMa], caM
[caM], caMa [cAMa]. In the remaining unstressed syllables a, o are
pronounced like [o], -that is, a more weak and short [a]. For example, ZOJl06a [Z'bllA6a], XOpOUUJ [X'bpAuto], Cll060 [Cll06'b], HQOO
[naoa], Kanumti.Jz [KDn 'umti.Jz], KapaBaH [KDpABan].
6. The unstressed masculine adjectival ending -ozo is pronounced like
[o6'b]. For example, H060ZO [H06'b6'b], oo6pozo [oo6po6'b].
7. The unstressed feminine adjectival ending -ou is pronounced like
[au]. For example, H060U [H06'bU], oo6pou [oo6pou].
8. The rules of reduction also apply to prepositions. For example, na
Mocmy [no MAcmy], o Bac [A Bac], 3a ooMOM [3A ooMoM].
9. Reduction of a, 3. After soft consonants, a, 3 appear as R, e: Mico
[M 'aca ], MeJZ [M 'ell]. In unstressed positions after soft consonants, a
and 3 are reduced and are closer to [u]. In transcription, this sound is
written as [ue]. For example, Becna [B'uecna], 63JI.Jla [63'uella]. In the
second pretonic syllable, and also in post-tonic syllables, the reduction is stronger, here being pronounced as a very short sound, close
to [ue], but still more weakly articulated. In transcription it appears
1.

A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN PHONETICS

259

as the letter [b]. For example, lleJT.oeeK [ti 'bllAeeK], lleMoiJaH


[ ll 'bMAOaH1 meneeti3op [m 'bll 'uee 'u3bp].
10. Unstressed masculine adjectival endings with a soft stem -ezo, -eMy,
-eM are pronounced like [beb], [bMy], [bM]. For example, pa1l1tezo
[paHH 'b6b], paHHeMY [paHH 'bMy], 0 paHHeM [ApclHH 'bM].
11. Unstressed feminine adjectival endings with a soft stem -eu are pronounced like [bu]. For example, cuHeu [cuH 'bu], paHHeU [paHH 'bu].
12. In the beginning of a word, after the vowels and after b, b, the letters
R, e, 10, e when stressed appear as two sounds R Ua ], e Uo ], 10 UY], e
[j3 ]. For example, icHo UacHb ], iillxa UollKb], ell U3ll]. In unstressed
syllables in these positions a reduction takes place. For example,
Jl3blK Uue3blK], RH6apb UueH6ap '], eoa UueiJa].

Consonants
1.
2.
3.

In the Russian alphabet there are 35 consonants.


Pronunciation of Russian consonants is less energetic than in English: all Russian consonants are articulated further forward in the
mouth with the tongue in the horizontal position.
There is no aspiration of Russian consonants.

Hard and SoH Consonants


1.

2.

3.

Most Russian consonants can be either hard or soft: [6 - 61, [n n1, [e- e'], [- '], [iJ- iJ1, [M- M1, [3- 3'], [c- c1,
[H-H1, [ll-ll1, [M-M1, [p-p1, [K-K1, [z-z'], [x-x'].
There are 15 pairs in all. These consonants are hard before the letters
a, 0, y, bl, b, and SOft before the letters R, e, 10, e, U, b.
Softening of consonants has semantic value. For example, Hoc [Hoc] =
='nose', while Hiic [H'oc] ='he was carrying';yzoJT. [))zM] ='corner' ,yzo!lb [fzM1 = 'coal'; llYK [llYK] ='onion' ,ll10K [ll YK] ='hatch',
etc.

The consonants ut, :JIC, 1-1 are always hard. The spellings after these
letters are written with the letters u, e, but are pronounced [bl ], [3].
For example, :JICU3Hb [:J1Cbl3 'H '], :JICeHcKuii [:J~ei'HcK 'bu], wumb
[utbzm 1. wecmb [ut3c 'm 1, !JUPK [~JbZpK], !JellblU [w3JT.bzu]. After the
consonants ut, :JIC, 1-1 all vowels in unstressed positions are pronounced
with reduction because of the rule of pronunciation of unstressed
vowels after hard consonants. For example, wocce [utAcc3]. The pronunciation of e should be isolated, which after tu, :JIC, 1-1 is pronounced
like [b]. This sound is close to [bz]. For example, z.uecmou [tubcmou],
:JICeHa [:JICbHa], ~JeHa [ ~JbHa].

260

KPATKMM O'IEPK PYCCKOM QJOHETMKM

The consonants t.t, ut are always soft. For example, t.tau [ t.t 'au],
npoutamb [npAUf 'am 1. The orthography after these consonants is
written with the letters a, y. Vowels in unstressed positions after t.t, ut
are reduced by general reduction rules after S<tft consonants. For
example, t.tacw [ t.t Vcw], Hat.tClllu [ Hat.t 'bJZ 'u], ute1l(JK [ut 'umiK].

4.

Unvoiced and Voiced Consonants


1.

2.

3.

In Russian, a majority of voiced consonants have an unvoiced pair:


[6- n], [e- ], [a-m], [3- c], [.?IC- tu], [2- K]. There are 4
that are only voiced sounds: JZ, M, H, p, and4 that are only unvoiced
sounds: x, t.t, 14, Uf.
Voiced and unvoiced consonants cannot be mixed, because it can
result in a change in the meaning of a word:
6ou - battle, nou - sing
ooM- house, moM- volume (of a book)
wap - ball, balloon, .?leap - heat
There are several rules associated with voiced and unvoiced consonants:
a) voiced consonants always become unvoiced at the end of a word:
20p00 -20po[m], o6eo- o6e[m], 3y6-3y[n], MOp03 -Mopo[c],
JZe6- JZe[ p], opy2 - opy[K], 3ma.?IC -3m a[ Ul ];
b) voiced consonants become unvoiced when placed before unvoiced consonants: 3aempa -3a[p]mpa, i66Ka- w[n]Ka, JZOOKaJZo[m]Ka, 6mnKo- 6ml[c]Ko;
c) unvoiced consonants become voiced when placed before voiced
consonants: ciJeJZClll- [3]iJeJZClll, eoK3aJZ- eo[z]3aJZ;
d) before the voiced consonants JZ, M, H, p, and e, unvoiced consonants do not become voiced: meou- [m]eou, cJZoeo - [c]JZoeo,
cpa3y- [c]pa3y.

Note:
A more detailed explanation of Russian phonetics, its rules, pronunciation of separate sounds and also Russian intonation can be found
in the book KoppeKmupoeot.tHblU Kypc poHemuKu pyccKa2o R3blKa by
N. B. Karavanova (Moscow, 1992).

KpaTHHH O'lepH PYCCHOH rpaMMaTHHH

A Short Introduction to Russian Grammar


Russian language has the following parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, numerals and auxiliary words (prepositions, conjunctions, particles).

Nouns
1. Russian nouns have:

-two classes: animate, inanimate;


-two numbers: singular, plural;
-three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter;
- declension in six cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative,
instrumental, prepositional.
In dictionaries nouns are given in the nominative singular.
Animate nouns answer the question 'who?' Kmo?
Inanimate nouns answer the question 'what?' 11mo?
2. Gender

Animate nouns have two genders: masculine and feminine. Inanimate nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
The endings of nouns indicate their gender:
a) consonant: indicates masculine gender: 6pam -brother, ypoKlesson, cmyoeHm - student;
b) endings -a, -R, indicate feminine gender: Ma.Ma - mother, ceMbfl - family, KHuza - book;
c) endings -o,-e, indicate neuter gender: nucbMO -letter, Mopesea, C!lOBO - word;
d) nouns ending in a soft sign (-b) may be either feminine (HO'Ib night, oo'lb - daughter) or masculine (oeHb - day, ooJICob -rain).

Exception:
1) Words indicating masculine kinship: nana - father, OROR - uncle a~e masculine in gender but decline like nouns of feminine gender.

262

KPATHMA OIIEPK PYCCKOA rPAMMATMKM

2) Proper male names: BaHR, Cauta are masculine in gender, but


decline like nouns of feminine gender.
3) Several nouns that end in -MR which are neuter (epe.MR- time,
UMR - name), do not decline like nouns of feminine gender.
3.Number

1) Words of masculine gender in the plural have the endings -bl, or


:JIC, tt, Uf or instead of&): cmyoeHm- cmyoeHm&z,

-u (after K, 2, x, ut,
epatt - epattu.

2) Words of feminine gender in the plural have the endings -bl or -u


(after K, 2, x, ut, :JIC, Uf, tt or instead of&, R): KOMHama- KOMHam&z, KHu2a- KHU2U, CeMbR -

CeMbU}.

3) Words of neuter gender in the plural have the ending -a for words
that end in -o in the singular: OKHo - OKHa, nuc&Mo - nuc&Ma. If the
neuter word had the ending -e, then the plural will end in -R: Mope MOpR, 30QHUe -

30Q1tUR.

4) Several masculine nouns that end in a consonant have the plural


ending -bR: 6pam - 6pam&R, JZucm - JZucm&R.
5) Some nouns are used only in the plural: ttac&z - watch, clock,
ottKu- eyeglasses.
6) Some nouns are used only in the singular: MOJZOKO - milk, MacJZO - butter.
4. Cases

Meaning and usage of the cases in Russian:


Nominative case is used to mean 'Who? What?'
1) to name an object

3mo cmyoeHm.

This is a student.
2) to indicate a subject of an action

CmyoeHm ttumaem.

The student is reading.


Genitive case is used with nouns 'Whose? Of what?' to express:
1) possession
(with nouns)

K11u2a cmyoeHma.

The student's book.

Y MeHR Hem KHU2U.

2) absence of something
(with negation)

I have no book, I do not have a book.

3) part of a whole

l(eHmp 2opooa.

Center of the city.

A SHORT INTRODUmON TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

4) quantity
(with numerals 2, 3, 4)
With numbers 2, 3, 4, genitive
singular is used.

/(Be KHU2U.
Two books.

5) quantity
(with numerals 5, 6, ... )
With numbers 5, 6, .. .
genitive plural is used.

llRmb KHUZ.
Five books.

6) dates - When?
(with ordinal numbers)

llep60ZO RH6apR.
The first of January.

7) to show approximate time

U3 oOMa- from home


HanpomuB uHcmumymaopposite the institute
oo Be'lepa -until evening
c nRmu oo tuecmu 'laCOBfrom 5 unti16 o'clock

and place (with prepositions


y, 00, U3, C, om, OKOJlO,
HanpomuB, HeOaJleKo om,
noCJle, c... oo...)
When? Where?

8) absence (with the preposition


6e3)

'lat1 6e3 caxapa tea without sugar


'lumaw 6e3 CllOBapR (I) Read without a dictionary

Dative case is used:


1) to indicate an object
of an action (with a list ofverbs,
including oamb, CK.Cl3amb,
no360HUmb)

CKaJICu cmyoeHmy. Tell the student.


/(au MHe. -Give it to me.
llo360HU Ma.Me. -Call mother.

2) to show the aim of motion

Jl UOy K opyzy. I am going to my friend's.

(with verbs of motion+ K, no).


Where to?

OH eoem no YllUije. He is going along the street.

Accusative case is used:


1) to show the object
of an action. Whom? What?

Jl nb10 'lau. - I am drinking tea.

2) to show the point of


destination (with prepositions
6 and Ha +verbs of motion).
Where?

Examb 6 MocKBy. To go to Moscow.


llputuiill Ha 60K3QJl.(I) Arrived at the station.

OH JICOem noopyzy. He is waiting for his girlfriend.

264
3) to show the time of an action
(with preposition IJepe3).

KPATHHA O'IEPK PYCCKOA rPAMMATMKM

'C/epe:J IJac. -

In an hour.

When?

Instrumental case is used:


1) to express the instrument
or agent of an action.
By whom? With what?

.fi nuwy PY'<T<oii.. -

I write with a pen.


IlucbMO HanucaHo 6pamoM. -

The letter is written by my brother.


2) with the preposition c = with

Kope c MOJZOT<OM. -

Coffee with milk.


F060pUll

opyzoM. -

(I) Spoke with my friend.


3) to show the approximate place
of an action
(with prepositions noo,
Hao, nepeo, pRooM c)

Ilepeo oOMoM -

In front of the house.


PROOM c MQ2a3UHOM -

Next to the store.


Iloo cmyJZoM -Under the chair.
Hao cmoJZoM -Over the table.

4) to express a period of time


(of day or year). When?

ympoM -in the morning


OHeM - during the day
6eiJepoM - in the evening
H01Jb10 - at night
JZemoM - in the summer
3UMoii. - in the winter
6ecHoii. - in the spring
oceHb10 - in the fall

Prepositional case is used:


1) to express the place
(position) of an object
(with prepositions of
position 6, Ha).

KHuza Ha cmoJZe. -

The book is on the table.


CJZo6apb 6 cyMT<e. -

The dictionary is in the bag.

Where?

2) to express time
(with prepositions 6, Ha).
When?

IlpuexaJZ 6 RH6ape. -

(I) Arrived in January.


IlpuexaJZ Ha 3moii. HeoeJZe. -

(I) Arrived this week.

265

A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

3) to show a topic
(ofthought, conversation, etc.)
(with the preposition o).

About whom? About what?

,l{yMa10 o 6pame. I am thinking about my brother.

Foeopumb 0 1\.HUZe. To talk about the book.

5. Types of declension are given in the appendix.

Adjectives
1. Adjectives in Russian have:

- three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter;


-two numbers: singular, plural;
- degrees of comparison;
- declension;
- 6 cases.
In dictionaries adjectives are given in the nominative singular masculine form. The gender, number and case of the adjective is determined
by the gender, number and case of the modifying noun.
2. Gender, number

Adjectives of masculine gender have -oii, -bzii, -uii endings.


Adjectives of feminine gender have -aJl, -5151 endings.
Adjectives of neuter gender have -oe, -ee endings.
In the plural all adjectives have the endings -bze, -ue in the nominative case.
3. There are descriptive, relative and possessive adjectives.

1) Descriptive adjectives denote the quality and features of an object: xopotuuii- good, n;zoxoii- bad, 6onbtuoii- big, MaJZeHbKuusmall, cmapbzu- old, HOBblu -new.
Descriptive adjectives have:
a) two forms: full (xopotuuu) and short (xopotu}. Short forms change
by gender and number (xopotu- m., xopotua- f., xopotuu- pl.), but
not by case.
b) degrees of comparison:
-analytical: HOBbzii- 6onee HOBblU- CaMblU HOBbzu;
- suffixal: HOBblU - Hoeee - Hoeeuwuii;
- suppletive: xopowuii - llyttwe- HaWlyttwuii;
c) adjective adverbs: xopowo- n;zoxo.

266

KPATHMA O'IEPK PYCCKOA rPAMMATMKM

2) Relative adjectives denote the characteristics relative to some


other object, action or attitude: llUMOHHblU coK - lemon juice, pa6o11uu
oeHb - work day, Oe.Jl060U 'le.Jl06eK - businessman. These adjectives
have no degrees of comparison.
3) Possessive adjectives denote ownership of an object: MaMUHo
Mambe-mother's dress, TaHuHa mempaob- Tanya's notebook. These
adjectives have no degrees of comparison.
4. Types of declension are given in the appendix.

Pronouns
1. Russian pronouns have:

-three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter;


-two numbers: singular, plural;
- declension;
- 6 cases.
2. There are several classes of pronouns.

1) Personal: R, mbz, oH, oHa, oHo, Mbl, Bbl, OHU. These pronouns change
by case.
2) Possessive: MOU, mBOU, ezo, ee, HaUl, 6aUl, UX, C60U.
The pronouns MOU, mBou, HaUl, BaUl, cBou change by gender, number
and case like adjectives.
3) Demonstrative: :Jmom, mom. They also change by gender, number
and case like adjectives.
4) Interrogative-relative: Kmo, 11mo, 'leu, KaKou, CKOllbKO, KaK, Kozoa,
zoe, omKyoa, Kyoa, no'leMy.
The pronouns Kmo, 11mo change by case. Pronouns 11eu, KaKou change
by gender, number and case. The remaining pronouns do not change.
5) Negative, indefinite: HUKmO, HU'ImO, HU'IeU, HUK020a, HUKaKOU,
Huzoe, HeKmo, He'lmo, HeKomopbze, Kmo-mo, 11mo-mo, Koe-Kmo, Koe-'lmo,
Kmo-Hu6yob, 'lmo-Hu6yob.

Note:
HU is never stressed.
He is always stressed.

The pronouns HeKmo, He'lmo, Huzoe, HUKozoa do not change. The


pronouns HUKmo, HU'Imo, Kmo-mo, 11mo-mo, Koe-Kmo, Koe-'lmo, KmoHu6yob, 'lmo-Hu6yob change by case, although only Kmo and 11mo part of

A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

267

the words changes. The pronouns llU~Jeii, llUKaKoii, HeKomopbze change


by gender, number and case like adjectives.
6) Definitive: tfe.tlblU, 6ecb, Ka:JJCOblU, mo6oii, 6CRKUU, CaMblU. These
pronouns change by gender, number and case like adjectives.
7) Reflexive: ce6R. It changes by case.
3. Types of declension are given in the appendix.

Verbs
1. Russian verbs have:

-two aspects: imperfective, perfective;


- three tenses: present, past, future;
- two conjugations in the present tense;
- forms of person and number in the present and future tense;
- forms of gender and number in the past tense;
- three moods: indicative, imperative, conditional.
2. In dictionaries verbs are given in the infinitive. Infinitives end in -mb:
~Jumamb- to read, nucamb- to write. Some verbs have the infinitive ending -mu: uomu -to go, Hecmu -to carry. Few verbs have the
infinitive ending-%: ne%- to bake, 6epe%- to care.

3. Present tense

The present tense is used when we speak of actions which:


a) are occurring at the present moment;
Ceii~Jac R nuwy

nucbMO.

Now I am writing a letter.


b) occur constantly;
3e.M.JlJl 6pautaemcR 60Kpyz CoJtHtfa.
The earth rotates around the sun.
c) repeat themselves;
Ka:JJCOblU oeHb R xo:JJCy 6 MaZa:JUH.

Every day I go to the store.


d) began earlier but are continuing in the moment of speaking;
OH :JICU6em 6 MocK6e y:JJCe 2 zooa.
He has lived in Moscow for two years already.
Only verbs in the imperfective aspect are used in the present tense.
Verbs in the present tense change by person and number, that is they are

268

KPATKMM OIIEPK PYCCKOM rPAMMATMKM

conjugated. Russian verbs are divided into two categories by type of conjugation: First Conjugation and Second Conjugation. Most Russian verbs
fall into the first category.
The productive classes of first conjugation verbs include verbs with
the infinitive ending -amb, -flmb (class 1), -emb (class 2), -oeamb, -eeamb
(class 3), -Hymb (class 4). Productive classes of second conjugation verbs
include only verbs with the infinitive ending -umb (class 5). Tables of
First and Second Conjugation verbs are given in the appendix.

Exception:
There are a few verbs ending in -amb (;ze:JICamb, Kpu'lamb, MO!l'lamb,
cmy'lamb, Cllblutamb, obzutamb, 2Hamb and others) and several ending in
-emb (cMompemb, euoemb, 20pemb, ee!lemb, HeHaeuoemb, mepnemb,
o6uoemb, cuoemb and others) who fall into the Second Conjugation ca-

tegory.
There is a small group of verbs in the First and Second Conjugations
that have unusual conjugations: :JICOamb, K!lacmb, noMo'lb, pe3amb and
others. These are considered unproductives classes. The conjugation of
these verbs should be memorized.
4. Past tense

There is only one form of the past tense. In the past tense verbs change
not by person and number, but by gender and number. The past tense is
formed from the root of the infinitive+ -ll (m.), -lla (),-flo (n.), -flu (pl.).
For example: IJumamb: 'lUma!l (m.)- 'lUma!la ()- 'lUma!lu (pl.).
This is how the past tense if formed in a vast majority of Russian
verbs whose stem ends in a vowel. Other verbs have pecularities in the
formation of the past tense.
5. Future tense

There are two forms of the future tense: the compound future and the
simple future. The compound future expresses incomplete, imperfective
action. The simple future expresses perfective, complete action. The compound future is formed from the imperfective aspect of the verb, by using
the verb 6blmb in the future tense and the infinitive of the imperfective
verb. For example: fl 6yoy IJumamb, mbl 6yoeutb 'lumamb, etc. The simple future is formed from the perfective aspect of the verb in the same
way as the present tense of verbs in the imperfective aspect.
Compare:
Present tense
Future tense
fl nuuty
mbz nuuteutb

fl Hanuuty
mbl Hanuuteutb

269

A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

6. Aspects of verbs

Russian verbs have two aspects: imperfective and perfective.


Dictionaries usually indicate the aspect of the verbs listed. For example,
tJumamb -imperfective, npotJumamb -perfective. These two verbs make
up an aspect pair. They indicate the same action, but with the following
differences: the imperfective aspect describes the action itself, while the
perfective aspect also indicates the completion or results of the action.
Verbs in the imperfective aspect are used in the present, past and future
tenses (tJummo- quma;z- 6yoy tJumamb). Verbs in the perfective aspect
exist only in the past and future tenses (npoquma;z- npotJumwo).
Usage ofthe imperfective aspect:

1)- lfmo mbz oe!laJZ etJepa?


- .fi tJuma;z KHuzy.

-What did you do yesterday?


- I read the book.

It is not important to the speaker whether or not there was a result of


the action.

2) -

Tbz oo!lzo tJuma;z KHuzy?

- .fi tJuma;z 2 tJaca.

-Did you read the book for a long


time?
- I read for two hours.

The action went on for a defined period of time, with the process of
the action being emphasized.
3) Bo epeMfl omnycKa Jl Ka:JICOblU oeHb IJUmaJl KHU2U.
During my vacation I read books every day.
The action was repeated many times.
4) .fi IJUmaJl KHU2Y U C!lYUW!l MY3bZKy.
I read a book and listened to music.
Kozoa fl tJuma;z KHuzy, cecmpa c!lyuta;za MY3bZKy.

When I read a book, my sister listened to music.


The actions occur simultaneously.
Uses of the perfective aspect:

1)- Tbz npotJuma;z 3my KHuzy?- Have you finished this book?
-,!{a, oaeHO npotJUmaJl.- Yes, I finished it a long time ago.
The result of the action is stressed.
2) CnopmcMeH npbl2HYll Ha 6 Mempoe.
The athlete jumped 6 meters.
A one-time action.

270

HPATHMA OIIEPH PYCCHOA rPAMMATMHM

3) Bllepa Jl. npOilUma.Jl KHUZY U noutiilz 6 KUHO.


Yesterday I read a book and went to a movie.
KoziJa R npol.luma.Jl KHuzy, R noutell 6 KuHo.

When I finished the book, I went to a movie.


Two actions occurring in succession, both with results.
In order to determine the aspect of the verb belonging to an aspect
pair, you need to know the formal indicators of aspects and the methods
of their formation.
Indicators of imperfective Indicators of perfective
aspect
aspect
1) Hanucam& - with prefix
1) nucam& - no prefix
2) cnpautu6am& - the suffix
2) cnpocum&- no suffix -u6a-u6a- (-bl6a-)
iJa6am& - the suffix -6a3) peutam&- the suffix -a4) K]JUI.lam& -the suffix -a5) 6pam& - various roots

(-&z6a-)
iJam& -no suffix -6a3) peutum&- the suffix -u4) KpUKHym&- the suffix -Hy5) 63Rmb - various roots

Many verbs do not have an aspect pair; they exist in either imperfective or perfective aspect.
7. Imperative

The imperative of Russian verbs have two forms: 2nd person singular and 2nd person plural. Imperatives are formed from the stem of the
present tense of verbs in the imperfective aspect or of the future tense of
verbs in the perfective aspect.
Formation of the imperative
1) If the stem ends in a vowel, -il is added for 2nd person singular and
-ilme is added for 2nd person plural.
l.lumam& - l.lumaro - l.lumail - l.lumailme
pa6omam& - pa6oma10- pa6omai1-pa6omai1me
maHI4e6am& - maH14Y10 - maH14yi1- maH14yi1me
iJam& - da.M - iJaii - iJailme

2) If the stem ends in a consonant, -u is added for 2nd person singular


and -ume is added for 2nd person plural.
CMompem& - cMompro - cMompu - CMompume
zo6opum& - zo6opro- zo6opu- zo6opume

8. Conditional mood

The Conditional mood is formed using 1) the past tense of the verb;
2) the particle 6&z, which can be placed after or before the verb; 3) in
complex phrases the conjunction ec/lu is used.

A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

271

Jl c yoo60JlbCm6ueM noutiill 6bz 6 KUH.o.


I would go to a movie with pleasure.

In complex phrases, 6bz is placed on both parts of the phrase.


EcJlu 6bz R rynUJl 6UJlembz, R nouliill 6bz 6 KUHO.

If I had bought tickets, I would have gone to the movie.


10. Reflexive verbs

There is a large number of Russian verbs with the reflexive particle


-cR (-cb) on the end.

Note:
-cRafter consonants: oOe6ambcR, yMbZ6ambCR
-Cb after vowels: ooe6a10Cb, YMbl6a10Cb
Reflexive verbs are divided into the following groups:
1) Proper reflexive verbs: The action is reflected to the active person. The meaning of the particle -cR in this case is synonymous with the
meaning of ce6R.
MyJICIJUH.a ooeBaemcR (m.e. ooe6aem CaM ce6R).

The man gets dressed (dresses himself).


/JeBOIJKa npuiJeCbZ6aemcR (m.e. npuiJecbZ6aem caMa ce6R).

The girl brushes her hair (brushes it herself).


2) Reciprocal-reflexive verbs: one and the same action, is occurring
with two or more people.
Iloopyzu BcmpemUJlucb u o6H.RJlUCb.

The girls met and hugged each other.


3) General reflexive verbs: indicate changes in movement, situation,
the beginning or end of an action.

011. ocmaH.a6UJlCR y Mempo.


He stopped near the metro station.
C!JUJlbM H.aiJuH.aemcR 6 2 IJaca.
The movie is beginning at 14:00 o'clock.

There are verbs which do not exist without the reflexive ending -cR:
CMeRmbCR, Yllbz6ambCR, H.aOeRmbcR, 6oRmbcR, cmapambcR, and others.
Reflexive verbs are conjugated using the regular First and Second Conjugations.

272

HPATHMA O'IEPH PYCCHOA rPAMMATMHM

Adverbs
The use of adverbs
1. The adverbs of manner, place and time of action denote:
a) the manner of action (how? l<aK?)
KaK- how, maK- thus, HUKaK- no way;
b) the place of action (where? zoe?)
30ec& - here, mCLM - there, pRiJoM - close, iJaJleKo - far,
HeiJaJleKo - not far;
c) the time of action (when? KoziJa?)
ceib1ac -now, nomOM- then, eceziJa- always, o6wmo- usually, uHoziJa- sometimes, peiJKo - seldom, y;)!Ce- already,
ett~e - yet, noC/le - after.

2. The adverbs of manner denote:

a) action (how? KaK?}


zpoMKo nem&, zoeopumb - to sing, speak loudly
6&zcmpo exam& -to drive quickly
b) feature:
O'leHb Kpacuea.Jl - very beautiful

c) objects:
KmjJe no-mype!iKU -

Turkish coffee

3. The adverb olleHb- very- is used with adjectives (olleHb KpacusaR)


and adverbs (olleHb Kpacuso).

4. Adverbs do not change by gender, number or case.

Numerals
1. Cardinals

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

O,llHH
,n;Ba
TPH
qeTLipe
miTL
llieCTL
ceML
BOCeML
,n;eBHTL
.D;eCHTL
O.D;HHHa,ZJ;QaTL
,ZJ;BeHa,ZJ;QaTL
TpHHa,ZJ;QaTL

14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30
40
50
60

qeTblpHa,n;QaTL
miTHa,ZJ;UaTL
llieCTHa,ZJ;UaTL
ceMHa.n;uaTL
BOCeMHa,ZJ;QaTL
.D;eBHTHa,ZJ;UaTL
.D;Ba,ZJ;QaTL
.D;Ba,ZJ;UaTL O.D;HH
.D;Ba,ZJ;UaTL ,ZJ;Ba
TpH.D;UaTL
copoK
nuL,n;ecu
mecTL,n;ecu

273

A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

70
80
90
100
200
300
400
500
600

CeMb,l{eCHT
BOCeMb,l{eCHT
,l{eBHHOCTO
CTO
,l{BeCTH
T}JHCTa
qeTbipecTa
ITHTbCOT
IIIeCTbCOT

700
800
900
1000
10000
100 000
1 000 000
1 000 000 000

CeMbCOT
BOCeMbCOT
.l{eBHTbCOT
TbiCHqa
.l{eCHTb TbiCjiq
CTO TbiCHq
MHJIJIHOH
MHJIJIHap,l{

1) Declension of cardinal numerals is characterized by absence of


the category ofnumber and gender (except 1: oouH (m.), ooHa (f.), ooHo
(n.), and 2: oea (m., n.), oee (f.).

Note: oouH, ooHa, ooHo =alone (adjective-pronoun);


m&zc.Rtta, MwuzuoH, Mwuzuapo are nouns.

The declension of 2, 3, 4, resembles that of plural possessive pronouns:


Nominative
.l{Ba, .l{Be
TPH
qeTblpe
Genitive
Jl:Byx
T}Jex
qeTblpex
Dative
Jl:BYM
TpeM
qeTblpeM
Accusative
Nom. or Gen. Nom. or Gen. Nom. or Gen.
Instrumental
Jl:BYMH
TpeMH
qeTbipbMH
Prepositional
o Jl:Byx
o Tpex
o qeTbipex
2) The declension of 5-20 is identical with declension of feminine
nouns ending in -&.
3) Usage of cases with numbers:
1 accusative (oouH ttac)
2-4 genitive singular (2 ttaca, 3 ttaca, 4 ttaca)
5, 6 ... genitive plural (5 ttacoe, 20 ttacoe)
2. Ordinals
1) Ordinal numbers are adjectives. All ordinals except for nepe&zu
(first) and emopou (second) are derived from the corresponding cardinals:
a) with the aid of suffixes:
third- mpemuu, fourth- ttemeepm&zu, fortieth- copoKoeou,
thousandth- m&zcRttH&zu;
b) or without suffixes, but with the ending -&zu:
fifth- nRm&zu, tenth- oec.Rm&zu.
18-619

274

KPATKMM O'IEPK PYCCKOM rPAMMATMKM

c) Seventh -

ceobMOU has a modified stem.

2) Only the final element of compound ordinal numerals has the special ordinal ending: 551-nRmbcom nRmboecRm nep6blU. Compare with
English: five hundred fifty first.
3. Ordinals change like adjectives by gender, number and case.

Auxiliary Words
1. Prepositions

1) The prepositions of place: 6 - in, IW - on, y - at/near, noo under, Hao- above/over, 3a- behind, nepeo- in front of, MeJICoybetween. They are used to express the place or position of an object and
answer the question 'where?' zoe?
- 6, Ha require the prepositional case: Ha cmo/le, 6 KOMHame
- y requires the genitive case: y cmolla, y uHcmumyma
- 3a, noo, nepeo, Hao, MeJICoy require the instrumental case: 3a
OOMOM, noo OOMOM, etc.
2) The prepositions of motion: 6 - to, Ha - into/at, K - to, noo under, Hao - over/above, 3a -behind, U3 - from/out, no -.on, c from above/after, om - from. These are dynamic prepositions, answering the questions 'where (to)?'- Kyoa?, 'from where?'- omK)loa?
- 6 , Ha, noo, 3a require the accusative case: Examb 6 yHu6epcumem
Ha ypoK. 3a!le3 noo email. CnpRma/lCJl 3a yzoll.
- K, no require the dative case: Hoy K Mempo. XoJICy no yllutfe.
- U3, om, c require the genitive case: HoiiM U3 utKOllbl. IlucbMO
om 6pama. Yutell c pa6ombz.

2. Conjunctions

1) Primary conjunctions: u- and, HO- but, a - andlbut, WlU- or,


Jlu6o-or.

2) Question words 1.1mo - that, KaK -as, Kozoa -when.


3) Prepositions of adverbial origin:
HecMompRHa (mo, 1.1mo)- in spite of the fact that.
nooo6Ho (mOMy, KaK) -like.
4) Compound conjunctions indicating reason:
nomoMy 1.1mo -because, U3-3a mozo, "lmo -because.

275

A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

3. Particles

1) Imperative particles:
nycmb -let
llycmb 6Cezoa 6 6aUU!M OOMe 6yoem C'laCmbe!

Let there always be happiness in your home!


oa6aU -let us, let's
j(a6au no3HaKoMUMCJl.

Let's get acquainted.


2) The particle 6bz:
Ha 6aute.M Mecme Jl 6bz noexaJZa 6 MocK6y.

Ifl were you, I would go to Moscow.


3) Interrogative particle:
JZu- if, whether (it is used to express doubt)
lfumaJZ JZU mbz llyutKUHa?

Have you read Pushkin?


JZu- if, whether (it is used to introduce indirect speech)

H cnpocU!la, 'IUmaJZ JZU OH llyutt<uHa.


I asked if he had ever read Pushkin.
4) Interrogative- emphasizing particles:
Hey:JICeJZU - really
Hey:JK:eJZU oH yexaJZ?

Has he really left?


pa36e- Is (it) ... ? Does (it) ... ?
Pa36e oHa pyccKaJl?

Is she really Russian?


5) Emphatic particles: )'JICe- already, oa:JK:e- even,

ett~e- yet.

6) Exclamative particles: Kat<!- How! Hy!- Come on!


7) The particles of agreement:
oa - yes; mat< - yes, so; KoHe'IHO - certainly
xopouto - well, fine, OK
8) The particles of rejection:
Hem -no, He- not, HU -not.

27&

HPATHMA O'IEPH PYCCHOA rPAMMATMHM

9) The particles used in negative and indefinite pronouns:


nu {HUlcmo- nobody)
ne (neKmo- someone)
Koe- (Koe-'lmo - something)
-mo (zoe-mo- somewhere)
-Jlu6o (Kmo-Jlu6o - anyone)
-nu6yo& (11mo-nu6yo& - anything)
Pronouns with -mo are used in the present and past tenses. Pronouns
with -nu6yo&, -Jlu6o are used in the future tense.

rpaMMaTMIIeCHMe radnMQbl
Grammar Tables
NOUNS- MASCULINE SINGULAR

Hard Stem
Animate

Case

Inanimate

Nominative (Kmo? 11mo?)

CTy,n:eHT

AHTOH

CTOJI

Genitive (Kozo? 11ezo?)

CTy,n:eHTa

AHTOHa

CTOJia

Dative (KoMy? 'le.My?)

AHTOHY
AHTOHa

CTOJIY
CTOJI

Accusative (Kozo? 11mo?)

cry,n:eHTY
cry,n:eHTa

Instrumental (KeM? 'leM?)

cry,n:eHTOM AHTOHOM

CTOJIOM

Prepositional (o KoM? o 'liiM?)

o czy,n:eHTe 06 AHTOHe

0 CTOJie

Soft Stem
Inanimate

Case
N.

rrperro.n:aoaTeJIL

aBTOM06HJIL

G.

rrperro,n:aoaTemi

aBTOM06HJUI

D.

rrperro.n:aoaTemo

aBTOM06HJIIO

A.
I.

rrperro,n:aoaTemi

aBTOM06HJIL

P.

Animate

rrperro,n:aoaTeJieM

aBTOM06HJieM

o rrperro,n:aoaTene

06 aBTOM06HJie

Stem withii
Animate

Inanimate

Case
N.

repo:H

AH.n;pe:H

TPaMBaH

G.

repoH

AH.n;peH

TPaMBM

D.

repo10

AH.n;peiO

TPaMBaiO

A.
I.

repoH

AH.n;peH

TPaMoa:H

repoeM

AH.n;peeM

TPaMoaeM

P.

o repoe

o6 AH,n:pee

OTpaMBae

278

rPAMMATM'IECKME TA&JIMI.Ibl

NOUNS- MASCULINE PLURAL

Hard Stem
N.
G.

D.
A.
I.

P.

Inanimate

Animate

Case

CTy,lleHTbl

CTOJibl

CTY.lleHTOB

CTOJIOB

CTY.lleHTaM

CTOJiaM

CTY.lleHTOB

CTOJibl

CTY.lleHTaMH

CTOJiaMH

o CTY.lleHTax

0 CTOJiax

Soft Stem
Case

Animate

Inanimate

N.

rrperro,llaBaTeJIH

aBTOM06HJIH

G.

rrperro,llaBaTeJieii

aBTOM06HJieH

D.

rrperro,llaBaTemiM

aBTOM06HJIHM

rrperro,llaBaTeJieii

aBTOM06HJIH

I.

rrpeiiO,llaBaTeJIHMH

aBTOM06HJIHMH

o rrperro,llaBaTeJIHX

06 aBTOM06HJIHX

Stem withu
Case
N.

Animate

Inanimate

repoH

TpaMBaH

G.

repoeB

TpaMBaeB

D.

rep OHM

TpaMBaHM

A
I.

repoeB

TPaMBaH

repOHMH

TPaMBMMH

0 repOHX

0 TpaMBMX

P.

279

GRAMMAR TABLES

NOUNS- FEMININE SINGULAR

Hard Stem
Case
N.

Inanimate

Animate
cec'rpa

Hpa

KOMHaTa

G.
D.

cecTpLI

Hpbi

KOMHaTLI

cecTpe

Hpe

KOMHaTe

A.

cec'rpy

Hpy

KOMHaTy

I.

ceC'rpOH

Hpoif

KOMHaTOH

P.

o cecTPe

o6Hpe

0 KOMHaTe

Soft Stem
Case
N.
G.

Animate

Inanimate

BaJUI

He.n;emi

Bwm

He.n;eJIH

D.
A.
I.

Bane

He.n;eJie

BaniO

He.n;eJIIO

Baneif

He.n;eJieif

P.

o Bane

o He.n;eJie

Case

Stem withb

Stem with,,
ending-s

Stem withu,
ending-s

N.
G.

Te'rpa.n;

ceMD.JI

<J>aMHJIIDI

Te'rpa,l{H

ceMH

<J>aMHJIHH

D.

Te'rpa,l{H

ceMbe

<J>aMHJIHH

A
I.

TeTpa.l{b

CeMbiO

<J>aMHJIHIO

Te'rpa.n;IO

ceMeif

<J>aMHJIHeH

P.

0 Te'rpa,l{H

o ceMe

0 <J>aMHJIHH

280

rPAMMATM'IECKME TA&nMI.Ibl

NOUNS- FEMININE PLURAL

Hard Stem
Animate

Case

lnaminate

N.

cecTpbi

.ZJ;eByiiiKH

KOMHaTbl

G.
D.
A.
I.

cecTep

.n;eByiiieK

KOMHaT

cecTpaM

.ZJ;eByiiiKaM

KOMHaTaM

cecTep

.n;eByiiieK

KOMHaTbl

cecTpaMH

.ZJ;eByiiiKaMH

KOMHaTaMH

P.

o cecTPaX

o .n;eByiiiKax

0 KOMHaTax

Case
N.

Soft Stem
He.n;enH

TeTPMH

G.
D.

He.n;enb

TeTPa.neH:

He.n;emiM

TeTPa.wiM

A.
I.

He.n;eJIH

T~a.ZJ;H

He.ZJ;eJUIMH

TeTPa,wiMH

P.

o He.n;emix

oTeTPa.nax

Case

Stem with b, ending -11

Stem with u, ending -11

(Ct!Mb11)

( f/lilMWIU11)

N.

ceMI>H

cpaMHJIHH

G.
D.

ceMeii

cpaMHJIHH

CeMb.SIM

cpaMHJIIDIM

A.

ceMI>H

cpaMHJIHH

I.

CeMMIMH

cpaMHJIIDIMH

P.

0 CeMb.HX

0 cpaMHJIIDIX

281

GRAMMAR TABLES

NOUNS- NEUTER SINGULAR

Case

N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
P.

Hard Stem

Soft Stem

Stem with
consonant,
ending -e

Stem with u,
ending-e

OKHO

MOpe

BOCKpeceHbe

3,ll;aHHe

OKHa

MOpH

BOCKpeceHbH

3,ll;aHHH

OKHY

MOpiO

BOCKpeceHbiO

3,ll;aHHIO

OKHO

Mope

BOCKpeceHbe

3,ll;aHHe

OKHOM

Mop eM

BOCKpeceHbeM

3,ll;aHHeM

06 OKHe

0 MOpe

0 BOCKpeceHbe

0 3,ll;aHHH

NOUNS- NEUTER PLURAL

Case

Hard Stem

Soft Stem

Stem with
consonant,
ending-e

Stem with u,
ending-e

N.

OKHa

MOpH

BOCKpeceHbH

3,ll;aHHH

G.
D.

OKOH

Mopeii

BOCKpeceHHH

3,ll;aHHH

OKHaM

MOpHM

BOCKpeceHbHM

3,ll;aHHHM

A.
I.

OKHa

MOpH

BOCKpeceHbH

3,ll;aHHH

OKHaMH

MOpHMH

BOCKpeceHbHMH

3,ll;aHHHMH

P.

o6 OKHax

0 MOpHX

0 BOCKpeceHbHX

0 3,ll;aHHHX

Nouns ending in MR
Case

N.
G.
D.
A
I.

P.

Plural

Singular
BpeMH

HMH

speMeHa

HMeHa

BpeMeHH

HMeHH

BpeMeH

HMeH

BpeMeHH

HMeHH

BpeMeHaM

HMeHaM

BpeMH

HMH

speMeHa

HMeHa

BpeMeHeM

HMeHeM

BpeMeHaMH

HMeHaMH

0 BpeMeHH

06 HMeHH

o speMeHax

o6 HMeHax

282

rPAMMATHIIECKME TA&nM~bl

ADJECTIVES- MASCULINE SINGULAR

Case
N. (KaKou?)
G. (KaKozo?)
D. (KaKoMy?)
A. (KaKozo?)
(KaKou?)
!. (KaKUM?)
P. (o KaKoM?)

Case

Hard Stem

Soft Stem

Stem with z, K, x

HOBLIH

CHHHH

MaJieHLKHH

HOBOrO

CHHero

MaJieHLKOrO

HOBO MY

CHHeMy

MaJieHLKOMY

HOBOrO

CHHero

HOBLIH

CHHHH

MaJieHLKOrO

HOBLIM

CHHHM

MaJieHLKHM

0 HOBOM

0 CHHeM

0 MaJieHLKOM

MaJieHLKHH

Stem with m, :HC, U(, 11


Unstressed stem
Stressed stem

N.

60JILIIIOH

ropH'IHH

G.
D.

6oJILIIIoro

ropgqero

60JILIIIOMY

ropH'IeMy

A.

6oJILIIIoro

ropgqero

6oJILIIIOH

ropH'IHH

60JILIIIHM

ropH'IHM

0 60JibiiiOM

o ropH'IeM

I.
P.

ADJECTIVES- FEMININE SINGULAR

Case
N. (KaKaR?)
G. (KaKou?)
D. (KaKou?)
A. (KaK)'IO?)
I. (KaKou?)
P. (o KaKou?)

Hard Stem

Soft Stem

Stem with z, K, x

HOBaH

CHHHH

MaJieH&KaH

HOBOH

CHHeH

MaJieHLKOH

HOBOH

CHHeH

MaJieH&KOH

HOBYIO

CHHIOIO

MaJieHLKYIO

HOBOH

CHHeH

MaJieHLKOH

0 HOBOH

0 CHHeH

0 MaJieH&KOH

283

GRAMMAR TABLES

Case
N.
G.
D.

Stem with "'' m, 114, 11


Unstressed stem
Stressed stem
6oni>IIHUI

ropxqrur

6oni>IIIOH

ropxqeif

6oni>IIIOH

ropxqeif

A.

6oni>IIIYID

ropxqy10

I.
P.

6oni>IIIOH

ropxqeif

0 6oni>IIIOH

o ropxqeif

ADJECTIVES- NEUTER SINGULAR

Case
N. (KaKoe?)
G. (KaKozo?)
D. (KaKoMy?)
A. (KaKoe?)
l. (KaKUM?)
P. (o KaKoM?)

Case

Hard Stem

Soft Stem

Stem with z,

HOBOe

CHHee

ManeHbKOe

HOBoro

CHHero

ManeHI>Koro

HOBO MY

CHHeMy

ManeHbKOMY

HOBOe

cHHee

ManeHbKOe

HOBI>IM

CHHHM

ManeHbKHM

0 HOBOM

0 CHHeM

0 ManeHbKOM

Stem with "'' m, 114, 11


Stressed stem
Unstressed stem

N.

6oni>IIIoe

ropxqee

G.
D.
A
I.

6oni>IIIoro

ropxqero

6oni>IIIOMY

ropxqeMy

6oni>IIIOe

ropxqee

6oni>IIIHM

ropxqHM

o 6oni>IIIOM

o ropxqeM

P.

K,

284

rPAMMATM'IECHME TA&JIMI.lbl

ADJECTIVES- PLURAL
(Identical for masculine, feminine and neuter)

Hard Stem

Case
N. (KaKue?)
G. (KaKux?)
D. (KaKUM?)

Soft Stem

HOBbie

CHHHe

Stem with z,

K,

MaJieHbKHe

HOBhlX

CHHHX

MaJieHbKHX

HOBhlM

CHHHM

MaJieHbKHM

A. (KaKUx?)
(KaKue?)

HOBbiX

CHHHX

MaJieHbKHX

HOBbie

CHHHe

MaJieHbKHe

l. (KaKUMU?)
P. (o KaKux?)

HOBbiMH

CHHHMH

MaJieHbKHMH

0 HOBbiX

0 CHHHX

0 MaJieHbKHX

Stem with m, :HC, 114, 11


Unstressed stem
Stressed stem

Case
N.
G.
D.
A.

(KaKue?)

6on&ll1He

ropHtiHe

(KaKux?)
{KaKUM?)

60JiblllHX

ropHtiHX

60JiblllHM

ropHtiHM

(KaKUX?)
(KaKue?)

60JiblllHX

ropHtiHX

6oJiblllHe

ropHtiHe

60JiblllHMH

ropHtiHMH

0 60JiblllHX

0 ropHtiHX

l. {KaKUMU?}
P. (o KaKux?)

PERSONAL PRONOUNS- SINGULAR

N. (Kmo?)

Tbi

G. {Kozo?)

MeHH

Te6H

ero (y Hero)

D. (KoMy?)

MHe

Te6e

eMy (K HeMy) e:H (K He:H) eMy (K HeMy)

A. (Kozo?)

MeHH

Te6H

ero (B Hero)

ee (B Hee) ero (B Hero)

l. (KeM?)

MHOH

To6o:H

HM (c HHM)

e:H (c He:H) HM (c HHM)

P. (o KoM?)

o6o MHe o Te6e OHeM

OH

OHa

OHO

ee (y Hee) ero (y Hero)

o He:H

OHeM

285

GRAMMAR TABLES

PERSONAL PRONOUNS- PLURAL

N. (Kmo?)
G. (Ko2o?)
D. (Ko.My?)
A. (Ko2o?)
I. (Ke.M?)
P. (o Ko.M?)

Mbl

Bhl

OHM

Hac

Bac

MX (y HMX)

HaM

BaM

MM (K HMM)

Hac

BaC

MX (B HMX)

HaMM

BaMM

MMM (c HMMM)

0 HaC

0 BaC

0 HMX

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Masculine

Case
N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
P.

Case
N.
G.
D.
A
I.
p

Feminine

Neuter

Plural

MOM 1

MOH

MOe

MOM

Moero

MOeM

Moero

MOMX

MOeMy

MOeM

MOeMy

MOMM

Moero, MOM

MOIO

MOe

MOMX,MOM

MOMM

MOeM (-e10)

MOMM

MOMMM

0 MOeM

OMOeM

0 MOeM

0 MOMX

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Plural

Haul

Harna

Harne

HarnH

Harnero

HarneM

Harnero

HarnHX

HarneMy

HarneM

HarneMy

HarnMM

Harnero, Harn

Harny

Harne

HarnMX, HaiiiH

HarnMM

Ham eM

HaiiiMM

HarnMMM

o HarneM

o HarneM

o HarneM

0 HarnHX

The pronouns meou, meoR, meoe, meou and ceou, ceoR, ceoe, ceou are declined like the
pronouns ..wou, .MOR, ..woe, ..wou.
2 The pronouns eatu, eawa, eawe, eawu are declined like the pronouns Hatu, Hatua,
1

Hatue, Hatuu.

286

rPAMMATHIIECKHE TA&nHQbl

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS 3TOT, TOT

Masculine

Case

Feminine

Neuter

Plural

N.

3TOT,TOT

3Ta,Ta

3TO,TO

3TH, Te

G.

3Toro,Toro

3TOH, TOH

3Toro,Toro

3THX, TeX

D.

3TOMy, TOMY

3TOH, TOH

3TOMy, TOMY

3THM, TeM

A.

3Toro,Toro

3TY,TY

3TO,TO

3THX, TeX

3TOT,TOT

3TH, Te

I.

3THM, TeM

P.

06 3TOM, 0 TOM o6 no:H, o TOH 06 3TOM, 0 TOM 06 3THX, 0 TeX

3TOH, TOH

3THM, TeM

3THMH, TeMH

DEFINITIVE PRONOUN BECh

Case

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Plural

N.
G.
D.

BeeL

Be.si

Bee

Bee

Beero

Beeii

Beero

Beex

Bee My

Beeii

BeeMy

BeeM

A.

Beero,BeeL

BeiO

Bee

Beex,Bee

I.
p

Be eM

Beeii

Be eM

BeeMH

o6o BeeM

o6o Beeii

o6o BeeM

o6o Beex

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN CE.6H

N.
G.

ee6.sr

D.
A
I.

ee6.sr

P.

o ee6e

ee6e
eo6oii

287

GRAMMAR TABLES

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS KTO, qTO

N.

KTO

qTo

G.
D.
A.
I.

Koro

qero

P.

KOMY

qeMy

Koro

qTO

KCM

qeM

OKOM

oqeM

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN KAKOH

Case
N.
G.
D.
A.
I.

P.

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Plural

KaKOH

KaKaH

KaKoe

KaKHe

KaKoro

KaKOH

KaKoro

KaKHX

KaKOMY

KaKOH

KaKOMY

KaKHM

KaKOrO,KaKOH KaKyiO

KaKoe

KaKHX,KaKHe

KaKHM

KaKOH

KaKHM

KaKHMH

OKaKOM

0 KaKOH

0 KaKOM

0 KaKHX

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN qif

Case

Feminine

Masculine

Neuter

Plural

N.

qe:H

qJ:.jJ:

%e

qJ:.H

G.
D.

q~:.ero

%e:H

q~:.ero

qJ:.HX

qJ:.eMy

%e:H

%eMy

qJ:.HM

A.

q~:.ero,

qJ:.JO

%e

qJ:.HX,qi:.H

I.

qJ:.HM

%e:H

qJ:.HM

qJ:.HMH

P.

oqJ:.eM

o %eM

oqJ:.HX

qe:H

q~:.e:H

288

rPAMMATHIIECHME TA&nMltbl

VERBS- FIRST CONJUGATION

.H qHTRIO

.H ryn.Hro

Tbl qHTaeiiih

Tbl ryn.Heiiih

OH,OHa qHTReT

.H
Thl

6onero
6oneeiiib

OH,OHR ryn.HeT

OH,OHR

6oneeT

Mbl qHTReM

Mbl ryn.HeM

Mbl

6oneeM

Bbl qHTaeTe

Bhl ryn.HeTe

Bbl

6oneeTe

OHH qHTRIOT

OHH ryJI.HIOT

OHH

6oneroT

.H
Tbl

pHcyiO
pHcyeiiih

.H
Tbl

TRHUYIO
TaHuyemb

.H

OT,l{OXHY
OT,l{OXHeiiib

Tbl

OH,OHR

pHcyeT

OH,OHR

TaHuyeT

OH,OHR

OT,l{OXHeT

Mbl

pHcyeM

Mbl

TaHuyeM

Mbl

OT,l{OXHeM

Bbl

pHcyeTe

Bhl

TRHUyeTe

Bhl

OT,l{OXHeTe

OHH

pHCYIOT

OHH

TRHUYIOT

OHH

OT,l{OXHYT

VERBS- SECOND CONJUGATION

.H
Tbl

roBopro
rOBOpHIIIb

.H
Tbl

yqy
yqHIIIb

.H
Tbl

JII06JIIO
JII06HIIIb

OH,OHR

rOBOpHT

OH,OHR

yqHT

OH,OHR

JII06HT

Mbl

rOBOpHM

Mbl

yqHM

Mbl

JII06HM

Bbl

rOBOpHTe

Bbl

yqHTe

Bbl

OHH

roBopu

OHH

yqaT

OHH

JII06HTe
JII06.HT

289

GRAMMAR TABLES

VERBS OF MOTION

19-629

Uni-directional
JmTH - to go (on foot)
exaTh - to go (by transport)
6e)l(aTh - to run
IIJihlTh - to swim, to sail
neTeTh - to fly
6pecTH - to roam, to wander
IIOJI3TH- to crawl
ne3Th - to climb (into)

Multi-directional
XO,l{HTh
e3,l{HTh
6eraTh
IIJiaBaTh
neTaTh
6po,n;HTh
IIOJI3aTh
Jia3HTh

Uni-directional
HeCTH- to carry (in one's hands)
BeCTH - to lead
Be3TH- to carry (in a vehicle)
Taii.J;HTh - to carry, to drag
KaTHTh - to roll
rHaTh - to drive

Multi-directional
HOCHTh
BO,l{HTh
B03HTh
TaCKaTh
KaTaTh
rOHHTh

HniOIIH HynpaHCHeHHHM Key to the Exercises


YpoH 2
1.

2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.

a) Mem1. Te6H. Ero. Ee. Hac. Bac. 11x.


6) MoH. TaoH. Ero. Ee. Barna.
a) Moe. Tsoe. Ero. Ee. Bawe.
r) Moe. Tsoe. Ero. Ee. Bawe.
3osyT. <l>aMHJUIH. (}rqecTso. MoM:. Ero. Ero. MoH. Ee. Ee. Bac. Barna. Bawe.
-,[{a, MOH rpaMHJIHH Ceprees. - HeT, MOH rpaMHJIHH IleTpoB.
- ,[{a, ee rpaMHJIHH CseTJIOBa. - HeT, ee rpaMHJIHH 11Ba.HOBa.
-,[{a, ero 30BYT ,[{:>KoH. - HeT, ero 30BYT ,[{:>KHM.
-,[{a, MeHH 30BYT 11pa. - HeT, MeHH 30BYT Marna.
-,[{a, ero oTqecTBO 11saHosuq. - HeT, ero OTqecTBO IleTposuq.
-,[{a, ee QTqeCTBO IleTPOBHa. - HeT, ee mqecTBO 11BaHOBHa.
-,[{a, Moe oTqecTBO Cepreesuq. - HeT, Moe o~ecTso IleTposuq.
Moil: (TBOH, Balli) ,npyr, MOH (TBOH, Barna) no.npyra, MOe (TBOe, same) QTqeCTBO, MOH (TBOH, saw) npeno.nasaTeJIL, MOH (MOH, TBOH, TBOH, saw, sawa)
KOJIJiera, MOe (TBOe, Bailie) HMH, MOH (TBOH, Barna) rpaMHJIHH.
,[{a, 3TO MOH no,npyra. ,[{a, 3TO ee ,npyr. ,[{a, 3TO Halll npeno,naBaTeJib. ,[{a, 3TO
Haw (Moil:) KOJIJiera. ,[{a, 3TO ero no.npyra. ,[{a, 3TO ero .npyr.
MoH, ee. Haw, ero. Hawa, ee. Haw, ero. Hawa, ee. MeHH. Bac.
AH.npeesuq, AH.npeeBHa. AHroHosuq, AHTOHOBHa. Eopucosuq, .6opucosHa. AneKceesuq, AneKceesHa. MuxaM:nosuq, MuxaM:nosHa. HuKonaesuq,
HHKOJiaesHa.

YpoK 3
1. a) Pa60TaeT. Pa6oTaiO. Pa6oTaewL. Pa60TaiOT. Pa6oTaeM. Pa60TaeTe.
2.
3.

6) YquTcH. YquTecL. YqycL. YqaTcH. YqurnLCH HJIH pa6oTaewL. YqHMCH.


B HHCTHT)'Te. B yHHBepcHTeTe. Ha noqTe. B rpHpMe. B 6a.HKe.
a)- ,[{a, oH 3KOHOMHCT.- HeT, oH He 3KOHOMHCT, oH worpep.
-,[{a, oHa npeno.nasaTeJIL. - HeT, oHa He nperro.nasaTenL, OHa spaq,
-,[{a, H IOpHCT. - HeT, H He IOpHCT, H rH,n.
-,[{a, TLI worpep. - HeT, TLI He worpep, TLI HH:>KeHep.
-,[{a, H 6H3HecMeH. - HeT, H He 6H3HecMeH, H yquTeJIL.
-,[{a, OHH pa60TaiOT. - HeT, OHH He pa60TaiOT, OHH yqaTCH.
-,[{a, MLI yquMcH. - HeT, MLI He yquMcH, MLI pa60TaeM.
-,[{a, H pa60TaiO. - HeT, H He pa60TaiO, H yqycL.
6) -,[{a, 3TO noqTa. - HeT, 3TO He noqTa, 3TO lllKOJia.
-,[{a, 3TO yHHBepcHTeT. - HeT, 3TO He yHusepcuTeT, 3TO HHCTHT)'T.
-,[{a, 3TO rpHpMa. - HeT, 3TO He rpupMa, 3TO 6aHK.
- ,[{a, 3TO 3aso.n. - HeT, 3TO He 3aso.n, 3TO 6oJILHHI~a.
- ,[{a, 3TO 6a.HK. - HeT, 3TO He 6aHK, no rpHpMa.
-,[{a, 3TO Mara3HH. - HeT, 3TO He Mara3HH, 3TO 3aso.n.

KEY TO THE EXERCISES

4.

5.

291

HH)I(eHepbi, 3a.BO,nbl, rrperro.nasan:.rrH, BpaqH, rro.npyrH, CTY,neHTbl, Mara3HHbl, 6aHKH, HHCTHTY'fbl, ,npy3MI, 6H3HeCMeHbl, CTY,neHTKH, Q>HpMbi, WKOnbl.
MoH. Ee. TBoH. Ero. HawH. Mx. BawH.

YpoH 4
1. -OH, -biH, -aJI, -aJI, -OH, -He, -He, -He, -aJI, -aJI, -biH, -ble, -oe.
2. )I(HBy. )l(un. )I(HBeM. )I(HB~. )I(HnH, )I(HBeM. )l(uByT. )l(un, )I(HBeT. )I(HBeTe.
3. B KHTae. KHTaeQ.
B lllBeQHH. JllBe,n.
B MTanHH. MTanMIHKa.
B repMaHHH. HeMQbl.
B AMepHKe. AMepHKaHeQ.
B PoccHH. PyccKHe.
B AHrnHH. AHrnHqaHHH.
Bo <l>pauQHH. <l>pauey3.
B ..HnoHHH ..HnoHeQ.
4. a) - ,n;a, s 6hlna B MocKBe. - HeT, s He 6blna B MocKBe.
- )l;a, OHH 6blnH B MTanHH. - HeT, OHH He 6blnH B MTanHH.
- )l;a, ,ll;)I(OH 6Lm B repMaHHH. - HeT, ,ll;)I(OH He 6bm B repMaHHH.
- )l;a, HaTawa 6blna B lllBeQHH. - HeT, HaTawa He 6blna B lllBeQHH.
- ,n;a, pauLwe s 6hln B MocKBe. - HeT, pauLwe s He 6hln B MocKBe.
- ,n;a, MOH .npy3LH 6LmH B PoccHH. - HeT, MOH .npy3LH He 6blnH B PoccHH.
- )l;a, BHKTOp 6hln B KHTae. - HeT, BHKTOp He 6Lm B KHTae.
6) - )l;a, OH aHrnHqaHHH. - HeT, OH He aHrnHqaHHH, OH HeMeQ.
- )l;a, OHa WBe,nKa. - HeT, OHa He WBe,nKa, OHa HTMbHHKa.
- )l;a, OHH HeMQbi. - HeT, OHH He HeMQbi, OHH aMepHKaHQbl.
- ,ll;a, s pyccKHH. - HeT, s He pyccKHH, s wBe,n.
- )l;a, Bbl KHTaeQ. - HeT, Bbl He KHTaeQ, Bbl KopeeQ.
- )l;a, s !l>paHQy3. - HeT, s He !l>paHQy3, s HeMeQ.
- )l;a, Mbl pyCCKHe. - HeT, Mbl He pyCCKHe, Mbl WBe,nbi.
- )l;a, MapTa HeMKa. - HeT, Maprn He HeMKa, OHa !l>paHQ~eHKa.
- ,ll;a, Po6ePT aMepHKaHeQ. - HeT, Po6ePT He aMepHKaueQ, OH pyccKHH.
- )l;a, OHH KOpeHQbl. - HeT, OHH He KOpeHQbl, OHH HIIOHQbi.
B) - )l;a, 3TO HOBbiH yHHBepcHTeT. - HeT, no He HOBLIH yHHBepcHTeT.
- ,ll;a, 3TO 6on~>waJI !i>HpMa. - HeT, 3TO He 6onLwaJI !i>HpMa.
- )l;a, 3TO CTapaJI WKOna. - HeT, 3TO He CTapaJI WKOna.
- )l;a, 3TO ManeHLKHH 3aso.n. - HeT, 3TO He ManeHLKHH 3aso.n.
- )l;a, 3TO HOBble Mara3HHbi. - HeT, 3TO He HOBble Mara3HHbl.
- ,ll;a, 3TO 6onLwHe 6auKH. - HeT, 3TO He 6onLwHe 6aHKH.
- )l;a, 3TO cTapbie !i>HpMbi. - HeT, 3TO He cTapble !l>HpMbi.
- )l;a, 3TO ManeHbKHe HHCTHTYTbi. - HeT, 3TO He ManeHbKHe HHCTmyTbl.
5. Ebin. Ehlna. EhlnH. ELm. Ebina. EhlnH. EhlnH. Ehln.
6. )I(HB~e. )I(HBy. )l(un,
Pa6oTaeT.Pa60TaeT.Pa60Tan.
YqHTCH HnH pa6oTaeT. YqHnacb. Pa6orneT.

292

7.
8.

KlliO'IM K YnPAJHHEHMJIM

)I(HBeM H yqHMCR. )l(mm H pa60TaJIH.


)I(HBYT H yqaTCR. )I(HJIH H yqHJIHCb.
MoJ:i. Ee.l}aw. Taoii:. Barn. Ero. Ee.
MoR. Moii. )I(HJI. YqHJICR. )I(Hn 11 pa6oTan. Moii. Ero. )I(HaeT, pa6oTaeT 11
yqHTCH. MoH. Mx. Pa6oTaiOT. )I(Hafu'e. YqHTecb HJIH pa6oTaeTe. )I{H.JIH, pa6oTaJIH H yqHJIHCb.

YpoH 5
1. - }J;a, OH IIOHHMaeT IIO-aHr.JIHHCKH. - HeT, OH He IIOHHMaeT IIO-aHr.JIHHCKH.

2.

3.
4.

5.

-}];a, R qHTaiO rro-HeMeU:KH.- HeT, R He qHTaiO rro-HeMeU:KH.


-}];a, OHH roaopRT rro-<l>paHIJ:Y3CKH.- HeT, OHH He roaopRT rro-<PpaHIJ:Y3CKH.
- }J;a, MLI IIOHHMaeM rro-pyccKH. - HeT, Mbl He IIOHHMaeM rro-pyccKH.
-}];a, Hpa MO)!(eT rrHcaTL rro-KHTaiicKH.- HeT, Hpa He MO)!(eT IIHCaTL rroKHTaiicKH.
- }];a, }J;)!(OH H Po6ePT MoryT roaopHTL rro-HTaJILRHCKH. - HeT, OHH He
MOryT roBOpHTb IIO-HTaJILRHCKH.
- }J;a, R MOry qJ1TaTL IIO-lliBe)lCKH.- HeT, H He MOry qJ1TaTL IIO-lliBe)lCKH.
foBOpH.JI, roBOplO. qHTaJI, qJ1TaeT. IlOHHMaJia, IIOHHMaeT. IlHllieM, IIHCaJIH.
foaopHT, He roaopH.JIH. IloHHMaernL. IloHHMaJI. He Mor, Mory. Mo)!(eT. Morna. Mo)!(eTe. MomH.
Mo)!(eT. Ero. Mo)!(elliL. Taoii. Mory. Moii. MoryT. Hx. Mo)!(eM. Ham. Mo)!(eTe. Barn.
AHmniicKHH. IIo-aHmHikKH.
<l>paHU:Y3CKHii. IIo-<l>paHU:Y3CKH.
HeMeU:KHii. IIo-HeMeU:KH.
KHTaiicKHH. IIo-KHTaiicKH.
lllae)lCKHii. IIo-wae)lCKH.
PyccKHii. IIo-pyccKH.
)I(HBY H pa6oTalO. He MOr. fOBOpiO, IIOHHMaiO. qHTaiO, IIHlliy. fOBOpHT, qJ1TaeT, IIHllieT. IlOHHMaiOT. qHTaiOT, IIHlliyT. fOBOpHT.

YpoH 6
1. fo)l. fo)la. JleT. JleT. fo)la. JleT. JleT. fo)la. JleT. JleT. fo)la. fo)la.
2. MHe. EMy. HaTawe. Te6e. ,ll;)!(HMy. BaM. MaTepH. EpaTY. Eii. CecTPe. BHKTopy. AJieKceiO. )l(eHe. IIperro)laBaTeJIIO.
CKoJILKo neT JleHe? CKOJILKO JieT 6paTY? CKonLKO saM neT? CKOJILKO neT
MapTe? CKOJILKo neT CLIHy? CKOnLKO neT 6a6yrnKe? CKonLKO neT )le)lyrnKe?
CKOJILKO MHe neT?
4. a)- ,ll;a, Moii Jlpyr )!(eHaT. - HeT, MOM Jlpyr He )!(eHaT.
- }J;a, MOR IIO)lpyra 3aM)I)KeM. - HeT, MOR IIOJlpyra He 3aMy)!(eM.
- ,ll;a, ,ll;)!(OH )!(eHaT. - HeT, OH He )!(eHaT.
- ,ll;a, MaPTa 3aM)I)KeM. - HeT, oHa He 3aM)I)KeM.
- ,ll;a, ero 6paT )!(eHaT. - HeT, ero 6paT He )!(eHaT.
- ,ll;a, ee ceCTPa 3aMy)!(eM. - HeT, ee cecTPa He 3aMy)!(eM.
-}];a, BLI )!(eHaTLI. - HeT, BLI He )!(eHaTLI.

3.

KEY TO THE EXERCISES

5.
6.

7.
8.

293

- ,D;a, shl 3aMyx<eM. - He-r, shl He 3aMyx<eM.


6) - ,D;a, y MeiUI ecTL 6paT. -He-r, y MeiUI HeT 6paTa.
- ,D;a, y Hero ecTL MaMa. - He-r, y Hero HeT MaMhl.
- .n;a, y Hee ecTL 6a6ywKa. -He-r, y Hee HeT 6a6ywKH.
- ,D;a, y HHX ecTL po,z:tHTenH. - HeT, y HHX HeT po,z:tHTeneif.
- ,D;a, y sac ecTL OTeu. - He-r, y sac HeT OTUa.
- ,D;a, y BHKTOpa ecTL )l(eHa. -He-r, y BHKTOpa HeT )l(eHhl.
- ,D;a, y Mphl ecTL Myx<. -He-r, y Mphl HeT Myx<a.
- ,D;a, y AHTOHa H JleHhl ecTL .z:teTH. -He-r, y HHX HeT ,z:teTeH.
- ,D;a, y MeiUI ecTL ChlH. -He-r, y MeiUI HeT ChlHa.
Y MeiUI. Y Hero. Y Hac. Y sac. Y re6.11. Y Hee. Y HHX.
Y HHHhl HeT Myx<a. Y BHKTOpa HeT po,z:tHTeneif. Y ceCTPhl HeT .z:toqepH. Y
6paTa HeT ChlHa. Y AH.z:tpeJI HeT )l(eHhl H ,z:teTeH. Y TaHH HeT ceCTPhl H 6parn.
Y IOpHJI MsaHosHqa HeT 6a6ywKH H ,z:te,z:tywKH. Y EneHhl TI~osHb1 HeT
ceMLH.
MeiUI. MHe. Y MeiUI. Ee. Eif. Y Hee. Ero. EMy. Y Hero. Bac. BaM. Y sac.
B HHCTHryTe. BHKTOpy. Y BHKTOpa. )l(eHe. CLIHy. ,lJ;oqepH. B wKone. JleHe.
Y JleHhl. Y JleHhl. CecTPhl. EpaTa. ,D;ereif. Oruy. B 6aHKe. MarepH. Ha 3aso,z:te.

YpoK 7
1. MsaHa. HaTawy. Mrop.11 CepreesHqa, MpHHY CepreesHy. ,lJ;)I(oHa. llleifny.

2.
3.
4.

5.

6.
8.

9.
10.

Jle6e.z:tesa IOpHJI TI~osHqa, Jle6e,z:tesy OnLry BacHnLesHY. Ta.HIO. AneKceJI.


MHfiYT. qaca. MHfiYThl. qacos. qacos. qaca. MHHYT.
Ey,z:teT. Ey,z:teM. Ey,z:teT. Ey,z:ty. Ey,z:teTe. Ey,z:teT.
MHHYT qepe3 20. qacos s 8. qacos s 12. B 3 qaca. qepe3 5 MHfiYT. B 5
qacos. MHHYT qepe3 30.
llo.z:tpyre. ,n;pyry. ,lJ;py3LJIM. AneKcero. HaTawe. Po,z:tHTenJIM. Mropro HHKOnaesHqy, EneHe BacHnLesHe. AHTOHosy BHKTOpy TI~osHqy. MHe. EMy.
Eif. BaM. HaM. llpeno,z:taaarenro. Jle6e,z:tesoif IOnHH MsaHosHe.
qro6hl oH (oHa) no3sOHHn(a) HaTawe. qro6hl oH no3sOHHn AHTHnosy MHxaHny MaaHosHqy, qTo6LI oHa no3sOHHna po,z:tHTenJIM. qro6hl oH no3sOHHn
.z:tPY3LJIM - Onery H Came.
JleHhl. EonLHHUhl .N'!! 52. Po,z:tHTeneif. lllKonhl .N'!! 10. <l>e,z:topa MsaHosHqa,
MapHH HHKOnaesHhl. <l>HpMhl.
3soHHna. llo3sOHHT. 3soHHnH. llo3sOHHM. 3soHHn. Tio3sOHHWL. 3soHHn.
llo3SOHHT. 3soHHnH. llo3sOHHTe. 3soHHnH. llo3sOIUIT.
,lJ;BeCTH nJITL.z:tecJIT ,z:tsa, copoK qeTwpe, soceMHa,z:tUIITL; TPHCTa TPH.z:tUIITL nJITL,
,z:teCJITL, ,z:tsa.z:tuaTL ,z:tsa; cro nJITL,z:tecJIT O,z:tHH, TPH.z:tUaTL, wecTHa.z:tUarL; ,z:tsecTH SOCeMb,z:teCJIT TPH, COpOK ,z:teBJITb, llJITb,z:teCJIT ,z:teSJITL; qeTblpeCTa SOCeMb,z:teCJIT TPH, ceMHa,z:tUaTL, ,z:tesJIHOCTO o,z:tHH; cro TPH.z:tUIITL ceML, ,z:teBJIHOCTO
ceML, ,z:teBJIHocro; cro TPHHa,z:tUaTL, soceML,z:tecJIT, nJITL,z:tecJIT wecTL; qeThlpecTa ceML.z:tecJIT nJITL, ceML,z:teCJI'I:, wecTL,z:tecJIT TPH; TPHCTa TPH.z:tUaTL soceML, ,z:teCJITL, copoK nJITL.

294

HniO'IM H YnPAJHHEHMJIM

11. 5I npoqHTaiO. 5I ITHWy, H 6y,ny ITHCaTb. 5I ITOBTOpHIO, H 6y,ny ITOBTOpHTb. 5I


rosop10, H 6y.n;y rosopHTb. 5I nepe,naM. 5I noBTOpiO. 5I pa60TaiO, H 6y.n;y pa6oTaTh. 5I CKIDKy.
12. 3soHH. 3BOHHTe. Hanuwu. HanuwuTe. Pa6oTati. Pa60TatiTe. IIosTopti.
IloBTOpHtiTe. CKIDKH. CKIDKHTe. tinTaH. tiuTatiTe. foBopu. foBopuTe. C.n;enati. C.n;enatiTe.

YpoH 8
1. H.n;ewb. H.n;y. H.n;TH. E,neT. M.n;eM. E.n;YT. E,neTe. E.n;eM. E.n;y. E,neT. H.n:YT. ExaTb.
2.
3.

4.

5.

6.

7.
8.

10.

BI>Ixo,nuTe. BbiXo>Ky. Bhlxo,nuT. He BbiXO,D;HM. BI>Ixo.n;uwb. BbiXO.n;HT. BI>Ixo,nHT. BbiXO:>Ky. BbiXO,l{HT.


a) ,n:o Mant3HHa. B Mara3HH. B Mara3HHe. ,n:o My3eH. B My3eti. B My3ee. ,n:o
!lJupMbi. B !lJupMy. B !lJupMe. ,n:o WKOJibi. B WKony. B WKOJie. ,n:o nocoJihCTBa. B nocoJihCTBO. B nocoJibCTBe. ,n:o o6me:>KHTHH. B o6me:>KHTHe. B o6me:>KHTHH.
6) ,n:o MocKOBCKoro yHHBepcuTeTa. B MocKOBCKHH yHHBepcHTeT. B MocKOBCKOM yHnBepcHTeTe. ,n:o TBepcKOti ynHQbi. Ha TBepcKYIO ynuQy. Ha TBepcKoti ynuQe. ,n:o aMepuKaHcKoro nocoJihCTBa. B aMepHKaHCKoe nocoJihCTBO.
B aMepuKaHCKOM nocoJihCTBe.
B Mara3HH. Ha pa6ory, B yHnBepcuTeT. B !lJupMy. Ha KpacHyiO nnoma.n~>, Ha
TBepCKYIO YJIHQy, Ha neHHHCKHH npocneicr. B OOJibWOH TeaTP. B o6me:>KHTHe. Ha EenopyccKHH BOK3aJI. B wse,ncKOe nocOJibCTBO, ,noMoti. B a3ponop1'.
Ha TeaTPaJibHOH nnoma.nu. Ha neHHHCKOM npocneicre. Ha KpaCHOH ITJIOma.nu. Ha liaJITHHCKoti ynuQe. B aMepuKaHcKoM nocoJibCTBe. B EoJihWOM
TeaTPe. B 6aHKe H B Mara3HHe. Ha noMOHOCOBCKOM npocneicre. Ha Ca.n;oBOM KOJihQe. Ha EenopyccKoM BOK3ane, B M3MatinoBCKOM napKe. B o6me>KHTHH. tJ:oMa.
,n:o Kyzy3oBcKoro npocneicra. ,n:o KpacHoti nnoma.nu. ,n:o o6me>KHTHH. ,n:o
aHrJIHHCKOro ITOCOJibCTBa. .n:o necHOH YJIHQbl . .n:o EenopyccKoro BOK3aJia.
,n:o a3ponopl'a. ,n:o Ca.n;oBoro KOJihQa, .no Eon~>woro TeaTPa, .no My3eH IIywKHHa. tJ:o 6aHKa. tJ:o WKOJibi, ,D;O HHCTHryTa.
OcTaHOBKH. CTaHQHH. OcTaHoBoK. CTaHQHti. OcTaHOBKH, cTaHQHH. OcttHOBOK, OCTaHOBKH, CTaHQHIO. 0cTaHOBKY.
HeT, HY:>KHO H,D;TH HaJieBo. HeT, HHCTHTYT Haxo.n;HTCH cnpaBa. HeT, ocTaHoBKa aBro6yca zyT. HeT, HY:>KHO exaTh HaJieBo. HeT, o6me:>KuTue cneBa. HeT,
MeTPo cnpaBa. HeT, .no MfY exaTh .n;aneKo.
B MocKBe, B o6me>KHTHH. Ha noMOHOCOBCKOM npocneicre. B MocKOBCKOM
rocy.n;apcTBeHHOM yHHBepcHTeTe. 2 ocTaHOBKH. B aMepuKaHCKOH !lJupMe.
Ha TBepcKoti ynuQe. Ha Kyzy30BCKOM npocneKTe. ,n:o pa6oThi. B EoJihWOM
reaTPe, Ha KpacHoti nnoma.n;u, B My3ee IIywKHHa. B ManbiH TeaTP. B M3MatinoBCKHH napK. ,n:o M3MatinoBcKoro napKa.

YpoH 9
1. IloKYnaeM. KynHTb. IloKYnaeT. IloKynaiO. Kynunu. IloKYnaeTe. IloKYnaeM.
Kynw. Kynu. IloKynan, noKYnaeT. Kynunu. IloKynatiTe.

KEY TO THE EXERCISES

2.

295

TiocoBeToBan. llocoBezyeTe. Cosezy10. CoBeTOBaJIH. TiocoBe'I)'D. ITocoBezyewL (coBezyewL). CoBe'I)'eM. llocoBeTOBana, nocoBeTOBaJI, nocoBeroBaJIH. ilOCOBe'I)'DTe.
3. Py6nH,py6nL.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6rrR.
Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6nea.
5. flaqKH. llaKeT (6yn.mKa). llaKeTOB. lllzyK. EyTLinKH, 6yTLmoK, 6YTLIHOK.
llaqKa. llaqKa. llaqKY llaqKY, naKeTa, naKeTa.
6. a) KoMy BHKTOp KynHH l(BeTLJ? liTo BHKTOp KynHn JleHe? KOMY ne-rp MBaHOBHq KYnHH qacLI? llro lleTP MBaHOBHq KYnHH 6pazy? KoMy ,ll;:>KOH KYnHn
CyBeHHpLI? liTO KynHn )l;:>KOH pO.l(HTerrRM?
6) KoMy HpaBHTCH 3TOT coK? liTo HpaBHTCH AHToHy? KoMy nOHpaBHHacL
MocKBa? llro HaM noHpaBHnocL? KoMy HpaBHTCH :na 6ny3Ka? llro HpaBHTCH AHHe lleTPOBHe?
B) KoMy H coBezyJO KYllHTL no.napm? llro H coBezyJO KYllHTL .npY3LHM? KoMy
nocoBeTOBaJI MropL, r.ne MO:>KHO KYllHTL cnoBapH? liTo nocoBeTOBaJI MropL
HaTawe? KoMy coBe'I)'eT npeno,naBaTenL, KaK nyqwe .noexaTL .no n:eHTPa?
liTo COBe'I)'eT npeno.naBaTenL ,ll;:>KoHy?
7. 3TOT. 3TH. 3Ta. 3ro. 3TH. 3TOT. 31)'. 31)'. 3TH. 3ro. JroT, 3Ta, 3TO. 31)',
3TOT. He 31)', a TY He 3TOT, a TOT.
8. -aH, -oe, -Lie, -HD, -M, -oe, -He, -He, -Lie, -LID, -Lie, -M, -He, -oe, -He, -M, -He,
-He, -Lie, -oe, -HD, -M, -oe, -oe, -oe, -M, -LID.
9. llepHyJO cyMKY. 3TH CHHHe ,n:>KHHCLI. Cepyw J06Ky H 6enyw 6ny3Ky. EonLwoD aHmo-pyccKHD cnoBapL, 6onLWYJO T~a.l(L H KpaCHBYJO pyqKY )KenTOe nnaTLe. PyccKHe caMoBapLI H nanexcKHe WKa'I)'nKH. rony6y10 MY:>KCKYJO
py6awKy. 3ro qepHoe nanLro.
10. 2 pyqKH H 2 6nOKHOTa.
MH.oro KOCTJOMOB H py6aweK.
5 KHHr, 6 reTpa,neD, 7 KapaH.naweD.
1 TeneBH30p, 2 MarHHTOtPOHa H MHOrO KaCCeT.
HeT qacoB, oqKoB.
MHoro UBeTOB.
MHoro OBOIQeD H tPPYKTOB.
2 qaca H 30 MHHYT.
3 caMoBapa H 5 MaTPeweK. CKonLKo yqe6HHKOB H cnoBapeD?
11. - CKonLKo ,ll;:>KoH KynHn KapaH,narnea, T~a,neD H pyqeK?- 2 KapaH,nawa,
5 TeTPa,neD H 1 pyqKY- CKOHLKO B KOMHaTe npeno,naBaTeneD H C'I)'.l(eHTOB?
- 3 npeno,naBaTenH H 22 C'I)',l(eHTa. - CKORLKO OBOIQeD H tPPYKTOB OHa
xoqeT KYllHTL?- 2 KHHOrpaMMa oBoiQeD H 1 KHHorpaMM tl>PYKTOB.- CKOnLKO y AHTOHa KOCTJOMOB, py6arneK H raJIC'I)'KOB?- 2 KOCTJOMa, 4 py6awKH H
5 ranczyKOB. - CKonLKO y MarnH nnaTLeB, w6oK, 6ny3oK, KyproK? - 5
nnaTLeB, 2 106m, 4 6ny3KH, 1 KYPTKa.
12. CKonLKO czy.neHTOB, 2 czy.neHTa, 5 czy,neHTOB
CKonLKO repoeB, 2 repoH, 5 repoeB
CKonLKO cnoBapeD, 2 cnoBapH, 5 cnoBapeD
CKonLKo T~a,neD, 2 T~a.nH, 5 TeTPa.neD

296

IUIIOIIM H YOPAJHHEHMRM

CKOnbKO MHH)'T, 2 MHH)'Thl, 5 MHH)'T


CKon&Ko CT)',D;eHTOK, 2 CT)',D;eHTKH, 5 CT)',D;eHTOK
CKOn&Ko py6aweK, 2 py6awKH, 5 py6aweK
CKOni>KO MopeR, 2 MopJI, 5 MopeR
CKon&Ko cTaHI.(HR, 2 cTaHI.(HH, 5 cTaHI.(HR

YpoK 10
1. ll106mo. ll106HTe. ll106Hna, n106HT. ll106JIT. ll106HWb. ll106HnH, He n106HM.
ll106HT. oy,D;eT n106HTb.
3HMY H nero. KpacHBYIO CYMKY. Cec1py H 6paTa. fa3eTI>I H X<ypHanhl. 3Ty
6ny3KY H 3TOT wap4>. XonO,D;ftYIO IIOro,D;y. flaqKy Macna H IIaKeT MOnOKa.
Terrnoe Mope H X<apKoe conHI.(e. BHKTOpa, TaHIO. 3ro qepHoe rran&ro H 31)'
cepy10 WnJirry. CI>Ip. Phl6y. KpacHBhlX ,D;eByweK.
3. a) Po,D;HnCJI. Po,D;HnHc&. Po,D;HnCJI. Po,D;HnHCI>. Po,D;HnHCI>. Po,D;HnCJI. Po,D;HnHc&.
Po,D;Hnac&.
6) llpHexanH. llpHexan, rrpHexana. llpHexanH. llpHexan.
4. Kyrra10cL. KaTanCJI. :Sy,D;yr KaTaTI>CJI. Kyrranac&. KyrraTI>CJI. KaTaTI>CJI. KaTaIOTCJI (KyrraiOTCJI). KaTaeiii&CJI. By,D;y KYIIaTI>CJI.
5. fpa,D;yca. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yca. fpa,D;yCOB.
fpa,D;yca.
6. CHn&Hee. Xono,D;Hee. Terrnee. Bon&we. )l(apqe, llyqwe. llpoxna,D;Hee. MeH&we. XYX<e. KpacHBee.
7. BaM. EMy. lleHe. Te6e. HaM. MHe. MM. BHKTOpy. Eil:. BaM. AH,D;peiO. ,[ijly3&JIM.
8. a) Bqepa He 6blno cHera. 3aB1pa He 6y,D;eT ,D;OX<,l(JI. Y MeHJI HeT cecTphl. Y
Hero He 6hlno HHTepecHOR KHHrH. Cero,D;HJI HeT MOp03a. B Mara3HHe He 61>Ino
cyBeHHpOB. 3aB1pa He 6y,D;eT COnHI.(a.
6) 11M xoqeTcJI OT,D;biXaT&. ER He xoqeTcJI pa60TaTI>. HaM xoqeTcJI neroM unaBaT& H 3aropaT&. MHe xoqeTcJI roBopHTI> rro-pyccKH 6biC1pO H rrpaBHni>HO.
Te6e xoqeTCJI rroexaTI> B MocKBy? aaM xoqeTCJI xopowo KaTaTbCJI Ha nhlX<ax?
AHTOey He xoqeTcJI rynJITI> B necy. One He xoqeTcJI 3BOHHTI> rro,D;pyre.
9. a) Coo6ll.(anH, qTo 6y,D;eT +5 rpa,D;ycoB. llHwyr, qro ,D;OMa Bee B rropJI,D;Ke.
CeRqac 6y,D;yr rrepe,D;aBaTI>, KaKaJI rroro,D;a 6y,D;eT 3aB1pa.
6) foBopJIT, qro B lloH,D;OHe Bcer,D;a H,D;~ ,D;O)I(,l(b. llHIIIyr, qro B CH6HpH Mopo3 ,D;O -35. Coo6ll.(aiOT, qro 3aB1pa 6y,D;eT cHer. llepe,D;aiDT, qro B 6nHX<aRwHe ,D;HH 6y,D;eT Terrnu rroro,D;a.
11. Po,D;HnCJI BecHoR, B Mapn:, Ha 10re PoccHH. JleroM. 3eneH&Ie, l.(BeTOB, 4>PYKTOB, OBOII.(eH. B Mope, phl6y. B necy, B rrapKe, Jiro,D;hl H rpH6bl. HeT Mopo3a H
cHera. ConHI.(e, Mopo3 H cHer. OT ,D;Ba,D;l.(aTH ,D;o 1pHJJ.l.(aTH rpa,D;ycoB, HeT ,D;OX<,l(JI. llyqiiie. 0 neTe, o Mope, o conHI.(e. CaMoe xopowee.

2.

YpoK 11
1. :SoneeTe. Bone10. 3a6onen. :SoneeT. :SoneeM. :Sonen. 3a6onena. :SoneiOT. He
6oneRTe.:SonenH,6oneeM.

297

KEY TO THE EXERCISES

2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.

11Lere. 11Lro. 11LeTe. 11LeM. llnTL. BLIIIHJI. lleihe. BLmuna. BLmLro. BLIIIHTL. BLIIILIOT. BLIIIHJI. 11LeiiiL (sLIIILeiiiL).
E,nme. E,nuM. EIIIL. EM. E,nuM. C'beJia. EIIILTe. EcTL, c'beM. Enu. E.wrr. C'beCT.
EIIIL (c'beiiiL ).
CIInTe. CIIHM. CIIHIIIL. CIIJiro. CIIHT. CIIan. CIIaTL. CIIuTe. Ey,neM ciiaTL.
CIIanu. CIIan. CruiT.
Tpu,nQaTL IIIecTL H IIIeCTL, TPH,nQaTL ceML u .nse, TPH.nQaTL soceML, TPH.nQaTL ceML u IUITL, TPH.nQaTL ,neBHTL u o,nHa, TPH.nQaTL IIIecTL u ,neBHTL, TPH.nQaTL ceML u 'ieTLipe, Tpu,nQaTL soceML u ceML, TPH.nQaTL ,neBHTL u ,neBHTL.

Pa3a. Pa3. Pa3a. Pa3. Pa3a. Pa3. Pa3. Pa3.

llpocry,nHJICH. llpocry,nHJIHCL. llpocry,nHJiacL. llpocry,nHJICH. llpocry.nunucL.


llpocry,nHJICH.
8. llpHHHMaeTe. llpHHHMaiO. llpHMeT. llpHHHMaTb. llpHHHMaeM. llpHHHMaJIH.
Ey,neTe IIpHHHMaTL. llpHHHMaihe. llpHHHMaeiiiL. llpHHHJI.
9. - ,ll;a, eMy xo'ieTCH ecTL.- HeT, eMy He xo'ieTcH ecTL.
- ,ll;a, HaTaiiie xo'ieTCH ciiaTL. - HeT, HaTaiiie He xo'ieTCH ciiaTL.
- ,ll;a, AHTOHY xo'ieTCH ryMTL. - HeT, AHTOHY He xo'ieTCH ryJIHTL.
- ,ll;a, MHe XO'ieTCH pa60TaTL. - HeT, MHe He XO'ieTCH pa60TaTb.
- ,lJ;a, HM XO'ieTCH IIHTb. - HeT, HM He XO'ieTCH IIHTb.
10. K .npyry. K ,npy3LHM. K po,nuTeMM. K spa'iy. K HaTaiiie u 11ropro. K 6pary u
cecTPe. K IIo,npyre.
12. l.JyscTBOBaJI. l.JyscTsyeiiiL. Ey.ny qyscTsosaTL. l.JyscTsyeM. l.JyscTsyeTe. Ey,neiiiL 'iYBCTBOBaTb. l.JyBCTBYIOT. l.JyBCTBOBaJia.

YpoH 12
1.

2.

a) BcTaeT. BcTanu. BcTaeiiiL (scTan). BcTan. Ey.ny scTasaTL. BcTasau! BeTasana, BCTaer. BcTaTL. BcTaiOT.
6) ner CIIaTb. nmKHMCH CIIaTb. nmKHJiaCb CIIai'b, JIO>KHTbCH. nmKHIIIbCH CIIaTb.
ner CIIaTb. Iiy.nYT JIO)I(HTbCH CIIaTL. no)I(HJICH CIIaTb. no)I(HCb CIIaTb.
a) C JIHMOHOM. C MOJIOKOM. C MHCOM H MaCJIOM. C CblpOM. C pb160H. C
OBO~aMH. C. KOJI6aCOH.
6) C IIO,npyrou. C KOJIJieraMH. C ,npy3LHMH. C ,npyroM. C po,nHTeMMH. C
IIpeiio,nasaTeJieM.
B) C MOJIOKOM. C JIHMOHOM H caxapOM. C OBO.I.QaMH. C CblpOM H KOJI6acon. C
IIO,npyrou neHOH.
.npyroM BHKTOpOM.
po,nuTeJIHMH.
.npy3LHMH.
AH,npeeM, HaTaiiieti u Oneu.
K .npy3LHM, c .npy3LHMH. K .npyry, c .npyroM. K po,nuTeJIHM, c po,nuTeMMH. K
HaTaiiie H Onery, c HaTaiiieu H OneroM. K neHe H AneKcero, c neHOH H
AneKceeM. K KOJIJieraM, c KOJIJieraMH.
K KOMY OH IIon.ner B rocTu? K KOMY Mhl IIoe,neM neroM? C KeM H u.ny B
rocTu? Ky,na OHH IIpuexanu? f.ne BLI )I(HBeTe? K KOMY oH e3,nHJI c .npy3LHMH?
(C KeM oH e3,nun K po,nuTeMM?) Ky.na oHa xo,nuna c Caiiien? (C KeM oHa
XO.L(HJia Ha BbiCTaBI<y?)
B TeaTP HJIH Ha BLICTaBI<y. Ha pa6ory ( c pa60TLI). Ha 3KCI<ypcuro. Ha cTa,nuOHe. B My3eu. B My3ee. B EonLIIIOM TeaTPe. B IIIKOJie, B yHusepcuTeTe. Ha
KOHQePT, Ha .L(HCKOTeKy.

3.

4.

5.

298
6.

Knto'IM K YnPAlKHEHMJIM

YMhiBaiOCh, qmuy 3y6hr, 3as-rpaKaro, Ht~y. ,ll;enaeT 3apx~Ky, rrpHHHMaeT xoIIpHqechrBaeTCH Ho~esaeTcH. 06e~aiOT Hyx<HHaiOT. EpeelllbCH. Eperoch. IIpHHHMaeTe saHHy. 3as-rpaKaeM.
OH rro6pHJICH H YMhiJICH. 0HH rro3aBTpaKaJIH H llOlllJIH Ha pa6my. Mhrrroo6e~anH H rroexanH BHHCTHTYT. 0Ha o~enach H rrpHqecanacb. BbrrrpHHHJIH
~Ylll H ll03aBTpaKaJIH. Tbl BCTaJI H c~eJian 3apH~KY
B cy66ozy. BTopHHK. B rroHe~eJibHHK. Ha cpe~y. B cpe~y. B qeTsepr. Ha
cy66ozy H socKpeceHbe. B cy66ozy. B rrHTHHUy.
1-belllb. 11~y. Xo~Hlllh. Xo)!(y. 11~YT 11~yT. Xo~HJIH. Xo)!(y. Xo~Hlllh. lllna.
Xo~HJIH. Xo~HJI. 11~m. Xo~HT. Xo~HT. lllen.lllnH.
E~elllb. E~y. E3~HTe. E3)!(y. Exana. E3~HJIH. E3~HTe. E3~HM. ExaTb. E~yT.
E~eT. E3~HJI, e3~HJia, e3~HJIH. Exan. ExanH. E~elllb. E~eTe.
a) IIoii~eTe. IIoii~y. IIoii~eTe. IIoii~eM. IIolllna. IIolllen. IIolllJIH. IIolllen.
IIOlllJIH.
6) IIoe~yT. IIoe~eT. IIoe~y. IIoexana. IIoe~elllb. IIoexan. IIoe~eM. IIoe~eTe.
IIoexan.
IIpHxo~HTe. IIpHxo)!(y. IIpHxo~HT. IIpHxo~HT. IIpHlllen. He rrpHlllen. IIpH~cr. IIpHlllJIH. He rrpHlllJIH. TipH~YT IIpHXo~HJia. IIpHXo~HT. IIpH,llcre. IIpH,lly.
IIpHlllJia. IIpHlllJIH. IIpHxo~HM. IIpHxo~HTe.
IIpHexana, rrpHexan, rrpHexanH. I1pHe3)!(aiO, rrpHe3)!(aiOT. I1pHe3)!(aeTe. I1pHe3)!(aeT. IIpHe~yT. IIpHe~yT. I1pHe3)!(aJI, rrpHe3)!(aeT. IIpHexan. IIpHe~eT (rrpHe3)!(aeT). IIpHe~eTe.
Ha. Ha. 113. C. B. lb. Ha. Ha. B. lb. C.
C pa6oTbi. 113 AMepHKH. 113 yHHBepcHTeTa. C 3KCKypcHH. 113 Tea-rpa. Co
CTa~HOHa. 113 pecTopaHa. 113 11TaJIHH, H3 repMaHHH, H3 KaHa~bl.
Ky~a OH xo~HJI? 0TKy~a oHa rrpHlllJia? Ky~a e~yT czy~eHTbi? 0TKy~a rrpHlllJia rMH? Ky~a Mhi rroe~eM? Ky~a H e3~Hna? 0TKy~a H rrpHexan? Ky~a xo~HJIH MOH ~PY3hH? Ky~a rrpHexan ,ll;)!(OH? 0Tey~a rrpHexan ,ll;)!(OH?
MhrrrpHlllJIH c pa6oThr. HaTallla rrpHexana c BhiCTaBKH. AneKceii rrpHllleJI H3
TeaTpa. MoH ~PY3hH rrpHlllJIH H3 MaraJHHa . .5I rrpHexan co cTa~HoHa. Czy~eHThrrrpHexanH H3 yHHBepcHTeTa. TbrrrpH~elllb co CTa~HoHa? JlrrpHe~y H3
lPHPMhl.
JIO~HhiH ~ylll.

7.

8.

9.
10.
11.

12.

13.

14.
15.
16.

17.

YpoH 13
)l(;:(an. )l(;:(elllb. )l(;:(y. )l(;:(eM. )l(;:(eT. )l(;:(eT. )l(;:(anH. Ey~y ~aTb. )l(;:(cre. )I(;:(YT.
)I(~eM.
2. Bc-rpeqaeMCH. Bc'Tpeqaerech. Bc-rpeqarocb. Bc-rpeTHMCH. Bc-rpeqancx, BCTpeqaroch. Bc-rpeqaelllbCH. Bc-rpeqanHCh. BcTpemncx. Bc-rpeTHThCH. BcTpeqaJIHCh.BcTpeTHJIHCh.Bc-rpeTHJiach.BcTpeTHMCH.Bc-rpeqaTbCH.Bc-rpeqaTbCH.
BcTpeTHTCH.
3. a) B Mara3HHe; y lllKOJihi; B Me'TpO; y 6aHKa; B TeaTpe; y YHHBepCHTeTa; B
4JHpMe; y My3eH.
6) B MeTpo. Y YHHBepcHTeTa. B My3ee. Y lPHPMhl. Y MaraJHHa.
1.

KEY TO THE EXERCISES

299

4. IIponmoe BOCKpeceHhe, cne.l(yromHe BhiXO.l(Hhle, B npownyro cy66ozy, cne.l(YIOIUHH BTOpHHK, Ha npOWJIOH He,l(eJie, CJie,l(yiOIUlUI llliTHHQa, B npOWJihiH
pa3, CJie,l(yiOIUHH 'ieTBepr, B npOlliJIYIO cpe,11;y, CJie.l(yiOIUHH OTnycK, npOWJihle
KaHHKYJihi.
5. B cne,11;yromyro cy66ozy Mhi noif.l(eM BTeaTP. B npownoe BOCKpeceHhe ,lJ:)f<OH
H Po6eJYf e3,l(HJIH Ha 3KcKypcHro. B cne.l(yromHif noHe,l(eJihHHK ll 6y,11;y Ha
pa60Te. B npownhre BhiXO.l(Hhle Bhi 6hiJIH .l(OMa? Ha npownoif He.l(ene 6hiJIO
xono.l(HO. B cne.l(yromHif pa3 Thl noe,l(eWh Ha 3KcKypcHro B Cy3.l(aJih? KaK Bhl
npoBeJIH npownyro He,l(enro? Mhl BCTPeTHMCll B cne.l(yiOIUHH qeTBepr. IIpoWJihiH OTITyCK ll npoBeJia Ha MOpe. CJie,l(yiOll(He KaHHKYJihl OHa npoBe,l(eT y
6a6ywKH B ,ll;epeBHe.
6. 1) )J:a, MHe y,11;06HO.
2) 5 cornacHa.
3) HeT, nyqwe noif.l(eM B BOCKpeceHhe.
4) HeT, nyqwe B 16 qacoB.
5) CornaceH.
7. IIpoBO,l(HTe. IIpoBeJIH. IIpoBO.l(HT. IIpoBO.l(liT. IIpoBO.l(HJIH, npoBO.l(HM. IIpoBe,l(eWh. IIpoBO.l(HT. IIpoBe,l(eM. IIpoBe.l(y. IIpoBo.l(HTe. IIpoBO.l(HTh. IIpoBeJIH (npoBe,l(ere). IIpoBen (npoBe.l(y). IIpoBO.l(HT.
8. a) PHcyewb. PHcyro. PHCOBaTh. PHcyeTe. PHCOBaJia, pHcyeT. PHcyiOT. oy,l(eT
pHCOBaTh.
6) oy.l(y TaHQeBaTh. TaHQyeT. TaHQyeTe. TaHQYIO. TaHQeBaJI, TaHQyeT. TaHQeBaTh. TaHQYIOT. oy,l(eM TaHQeBaTh.
B) IIoeT. IIeTh. IIoewh. IIoro. IIoeT. IIenH, rroroT. Ey,11;yT rreTh.
9. Mrpaewh.Mrparo.MrpanH.MrpaeT. oy,l(eM HrpaTh.MrpaTh. Mrpan, HrpaeT.
Ey,11;y HrpaTh. Mrpaewh. MrpaeTe.

YpoK 14
1. a) 3aHHMaeTech. 3aHHMaroch. 3aHHMaeTcll. 3aHHMaJIHCh. He 3aHHMaeMCll.

2.

4.
6.

3aHHMaeWhCll. oy,l(eTe 3aHHMaThCll. oy.l(y 3aHHMaThCll. 3aHHMaJICll. 3aHHMaeTCll. 3aHHMaiOTCll, 3aHHMaJIHCh.


6) l1HTepecyeTech.l1HTepecyroch. l1HTepecyeTCll. He HHTepecoBaJIHCh.MHTepecyeMc.JI. l1HTepecyiOTCll. l1HTepecyeWhCll. l1HTepeCOBaJiaCh, He HHTepecyeTCll.
B) YBneKaeTc.JI, yBJieKaiOTcll. YBJieKaeTech. YBneKaroch. YBJieKaewhc.JI. YBneKaJICll. YBneKaeTc.JI.YBJieKaJIHCh,yBJieKaeMc.JI.
CnoproM. KnaccH'ieCKOH MY3hiKOH. <I>yT6onoM, xoKKeeM. PyccKHM ll3hiKOM,
aHrJIHHCKHM ll3hiKOM. l1TaJihliHCKOH JIHTepazypoif H pyCCKHM HCKYCCTBOM.
IllaxMaTaMH. PyccKoif HCTOpHeif. ABToMo6HJiliMH.
IlpHroTOBHJia. oy,l(eT rOTOBHTh (npHroTOBHT). roTOBHTh. rOTOBJIIO. roTOBHM.
roTOBHJia, rOTOBHT. IIpHroTOBHTh. roTOBliT. roroBHTe. IIpHrOTOBJIIO. roroBHJI. oy,l(eT rOTOBHTh.
Ha 3KceypcH.Jix. Ha copeBHOBaHH.JIX. B pa3HhiX CTPaHax. 0 po,li;HTeJiliX H ,11;py3hliX. B MOCKOBCKHX TeaTPax. 0 HOBhiX KHHrax. 0 TPY.l(HhiX ynpiDI<HeHH.JIX.
0 pyccKHX cnoJYfCMeHax. 0 nro6HMhiX aJYfHCTax. Ha BhiCTaBKax.

300

K11104H K YnPAJKHEHHJIM

YpoK 15
1.

2.

3.
4.

5.
6.

7.

C Po)!(.uecTBOM. C .!(HeM po)!(,lleHIDI. C w611neeM. C rrp83.UH11KOM. C Me)!(.uyHapo.UHhlM )!(eHCKI1M .UHeM 8 MapTa. C .UHeM csa.uh6br. C HoBhlM ro.uoM. C
HOBOCeJibeM.
3.uopoBbH 11 cqacTbH. EoJibilli1X ycrrexos B pa6oTe. Pa.uocTI1, 6o.upocTI1 11 xopoillero HaCTPOeHIDI. Bcero caMoro xopoillero 11 .uo6poro. EoJihillOH KperrKOH nw6s1111 B3aHMOIIOHHMaHIDI. CqacThH B nrrqHoi1 )!(H3HH H y.uaq11.
Te6H. Te6e. Bac. BaM. Bac. EMY. 11M. Ee, ei1. Mx, MM.
B saillei1 ceMei1Hoi1 )!(113H11. B TBoei1 HeJierKoi1 pa6oTe. B BailleM ,!lOMe. Bo
scex sailli1X .uenax. B 11x )!(113HH. Bo scex TBOI1X .uenax. B miqHoi1 )!(H3HI1, B
Baillei1 pa6oTe. B HosoM ro.uy. B saillei1 ceMbe.
Tso11x .upy3ei1. Bailly ceMblO. Bailly )!(eHy. Bailli1X .ueTei1. Tso11x po.urrTenei1.
BaillHX Konner. Tsow MaMy, TBoero on.~;a. Haillero rrperro.uasaTeJIH.
Baillei1 ceMbe. TBOI1M .upy3hHM. BaillHM pO,lli1TeJIHM. Baillei1 )!(eHe, Bailli1M .ueTIIM. Tsoei1 MaMe 11 TBOeMy OTizy. BaillHM KOJIJieraM. HailleMy rrperro.uasaTeJIIO.
Cso11x po.urrTenei1. Csmo cecTpy. Cso11M .upy3hHM. CsoeMy 6pary. Cso11x
.ueTei1. Csoei1 )!(eHe. CsoeMy ChiHy. Csow ceMhiO: csoero ChiHa, csow .UO%,
csow )!(eHy, csoero 6paTa, csow cecTpy, csoro MaMy H csoero rrarry.

YpoK 16
1.

IIo.uapHillb. IIo.uapw. IIo.uap11Tb. IIo.uaprr. ,JJ;aprrTe. ,JJ;aprrM. IIo.uaprrna, rro.uap11Tb. ,JJ;ap111I, rro.uap11n. ,JJ;aprrTe. ,JJ;ap11M. ,JJ;apHT. IIo.uap11M. ,JJ;ap11Te.
2. Jle)!(HT. Kna.uy. IIoJIO)!(I1Te. Jle)!(an. Kna.uere. Jle)!(I1T. Knana, KJia.uh He KJia.UH. IIoJIO)!(I1M. IIoJIO)!(I1JI. Kna.ueM. Ey.uy Jie)!(aTb. Jle)!(I1T.
3. CTOHT. CTaBJIIO. CToHJI. IIocTaBbTe. CTOI1T. CTaBI1M. IIocTaBI1JII1 (cTaBHTe).
CTaBbTe. IIocTaBI1M. IIocTaBHJia. IIocTaBJIIO. CTaBI1T. CTo~n.
5. Han11na. Han11sai1Te (Hanei1Te). Hanber. Han11sai1Te. Hanbeillb, HaJiblO. HaJII1Bana. Han11saeT. Han11JIH. HanHTb. Hanrrsaeillb. Han11saw. HanrrBaTb.
6. IIose3no. Be3er. IIoBe3no. IIose3eT. Be3eT (rroBe3JIO). Be3eT. He rroBe3no,
He Be3er, rroBe3er.
8. ? ! ? ! ? ! ? ! ? !
9. a) KaK BKycHo! KaK H pa.ua Bac BH.UeTh! KaK H ycTana! KaK OH rrrpaeT! KaK
OHa rroeT! KaK Bbl rOTOBHTe! KaK Tbl fOBOp11illb rro-pyccKH!
6) CKOJihKO rro.uapKOB! CKOJibKO KHI1r! CKOJihKO .upy3ei1! CKOJihKO y Bac )!(ypHaJIOB! CKOJibKO y Te6H KacceT! CKOJihKO rocTei1!
B) KaKoil BKYCHhiH canaT! KaKOH canaT!
KaKOH MO,llHbiH KOCTIOM! KaKOH KOCTIOM!
KaKoe BKYCHoe Mopo)!(eHoe! KaKoe Mopo)!(eHoe!
KaKaH Kpaci1BaH .uesyillKa! KaKaH .ueByillKa!
KaKrre rrpeKpacHhre useThi! KaKrre UBeTbr!
KaK11e y Te6JI xopOilll1e .upy3hH! KaKI1e .UPY3bJI!
KaK11e xopOilll1e rro.uapK11 MHe rro.uap11n11! KaK11e rro.uapK11 MHe rro.uap11nrr!
KaKoii cero.uHH OTJIHqHhrii .ueHb! KaKoil cero.uHH .ueHb!
11. CoTorpaqmpyw. <I>OTorpa11pyeillb. <l>oTorparrpyw. <I>OTorpa11posaTb.
CoTorparrpyii. <l>oTorparrpoBana, oT0rpa11pyeT. Ey.uy oTorparrpoBaTh. <l>oTOrparrpoBan. <l>oTorparrpyiOT.

COl!EPJKAHME

llpe,ZJ;HCJIOBHe. .... ..... ... ... .... ... ...... .. ....... ..... ... ....... .... .... ..... ... ..... .. ...... ... .. ... ........ 5
PyccKuii: aJicJlaBHT. .. .. .. .... .. .. ..... .. ..... ... .... .... ...... .. .. ..... ........ ...................... ..... 10
Aumo-pyccKuii: TeMaTH'IeCKHH cJioBapL .................................................. 12
YpoK 1. CTepeoTHDbl o6~euus
KoMMeHTapuii:
{KaK pyccKue oopatt~aiOmC.R opyz K opyzy, oopatt~eHUe Ha B&Z
U Ha m&l, of/JUtiUa.JI&H&lU U Heof/JUtiUa.JI&H&lU CmUJlU OOUieHUJl.
fPopMyll&Z npueemcmeU.R u npott~aHU.R, fjJopMyll&l ee:JIC/lueocmu] ...... 21
YpoK 2. 3HaKOMCTBO. llpe,ZJ;cTaBJieuue
KoMMeHTapuii:
{IlOllH&ze u HenoAH&ze UMeHa pyccKux, o6patt~eHue no UMeHu,
no UMeHu-omttecmey, paMWluu. KaK npeocmaeum&C.R caMOMy, KaK
npeocmaeum& opyza UJlU KOJUlezyj ..................................................... 26
YpoK 3. llpocJeccus
[Bawa cnet~Ua.JI&HOCm&. KaK CKa3am&, zoe 8&l pa6omaeme UJlU
yttumec&. KaK cnpocum& o6 3m OM opyzozo tteJl08eKa} ...................... 36
YpoK 4. Hau;uouaJILHOCTL
[Bawa Hat~UOHa.JI&HOCm&. KaK CKa3am&, zoe 8&l :J/CUJlU paH&we
u :J/CUBiime ceuttac. KaK cnpocum& o6 3mOM opyzozo tteJl08eKa} ...... 45
YpoK 5. .sl3b1K
{KaK cnpocum& opyzozo tteJl08eKa 0 mOM, KaKUe .R3&lKU OH 3Haem.
Baw pooHou .R3&ZK, eaw pooHou zopoo} ............................................ 54
YpoK 6. 0 ce6e
[KaK paccKa3am& o ceoeu ce.M&e u o ceoiiM ce.MeUHOM nollo:JK:eHuu.
KaK cnpocum& o6 3mOM opyzozo tteJl08eKa} ...................................... 62
YpoK 7. TeJiecJloHHLiii: pa3rooop
KoMMeHTapuii:
{Oco6eHHocmu o6tt~eHU.R pyccKux no meJlefjJoHy. KaK omeemum&
Ha me!lepoHH&ZU 380HOK, KaK no3eam& K meJlefjJoHy, ttmo CKa3am&,
eCJlu cnpawuearom tteJloeeKa, Komopozo Hem Ha Mecme] ................. 71
YpoK 8. OpueuTau;us B ropo,ZJ;e
KoMMeHTapuii:
[Buo&z mpaHcnopma 8 Poccuu, zoe u KaK Kynum& OUJlem&z.
KaK cnpocum&, zoe HaxooumC.R HY:J/CHaR BaM YllUtla, zocmuHUt~a
U m.O. U KQK MO:J/CHO ooexam& UJlU OOUmU 00 3mOZO Mecma.
KaK CaMOMY omeemum& Ha eonpoc&z o MecmoHaxo:JK:oeHUU
KaKOZo-mo OObeKma u 0 moM, KaK myoa oo6pam&c.R} ...................... 90

302

COAEPJKAHKE

YpoK 9. B MaraJuHe
KoMMeHTapHii

[Tun&z Maca3UH06 6 Poccuu, oco6eHHocmu onJlam&z mo6apo6.


KaK cnpocum& o cmouMocmu mo6apa, KaK nonpocum& noKa3am&
uJZu iJam& 'lmo-mo. PyccKue cy6eHup&z} ........................................... 108

YpoK 10.

Iloro~a.

BpeMeHa ro~a. JlmouMoe opeMH

ro~a

[BpeMeHa zoiJa. MeCRLfbl. KaK paccKa3am& o nozoiJe, KaK cnpocum&,


KaKaR nozoiJa 6yiJem 6 6JZuJICaiiluue iJHu. IlpozHo3 nozoiJ&z no paiJuo
u me!le6uiJeHUIO. KaK pacCKa3am& o Jli06UMOM 6peMeHu zoiJa} ....... 130

YpoK 11.

3~opoohe.

CaMoqyocToue

[KaK om6emumb Ha 6onpoc&z o 30opo6&e u KaK calvtoMy 3aiJamb


3mu 6onpoc&z. KaK cKa3am&, ec!lu y 6ac 'imo-mo 6onum. KaK noJ/Ce!lam& 300p06bR} ........................................................................... 153

YpoK 12. Moii

~eHh

[J(Hu HeiJe!lu. KaK paccKa3am& o moM, 'imo 6&1 o6&Z'iHO Oe!laeme


6 me'ieHue OHJl u 'imo co6upaemec& iJenam& 6 6JZUJ!Cail.utue OHu.
KaK cnpocum& iJpyzozo 'leJI06eKa o ezo n!laHax, o moM, KaK oH
npo6iJJz 6blXOOHble} ............................................................................ 167

YpoK 13.

C8ooo~uoe

8peMH. Ilpumarneuue o rocTu, 8 TeaTp

KoMMeHTapuii

[KaK o6&z'iHO pyccKue npo6oiJRm c6o6oiJ1we 6peMR. KaK npu2!1acum&


6 meamp unu 6 zocmu 6autux iJpy3eu, KaK caMoMy om6emum&
Ha maKoe npu2!1azueHue, KaK omKa3am&cJl, ecnu 6bl 3aHRm&z.
KaK iJozo6opumbcR o Mecme u 6peMeHu 6cmpe'iu. KaK pacCKa3amb,
'ilnO 6bl !1106ume Oe!lamb 6 C60600HOe 6peMRj ................................. 189

YpoK 14. Xooou. YoJieqenusr


[KaK paccKa3am& o c6oux Y6JZe'ieHURX, o C60eM !llo6UMoM nucame!le,
apmucme u m.iJ. KaK cnpocumb o6 3mOM iJpycozo 'ieJI06eKa} ........ 204

YpoK 15.

IlpaJ~HHKH. IloJ~paBJieHHH

KoMMeHTapHii

{PyccKUe npa30HUKU, oco6eHHOCmu n030pa6JZeHUU C npa30HUKOM


y pyccKux. KaK no3iJpa6um& c npa30HUKOM 6azuux iJpy3eu
u 6autux KOJlJlez. KaK Hanucamb n03iJpa6Ume!lbHYIO omKp&zmKy} ... 219

YpoK 16.

H~eM

8 rocTu. B rocTsrx

KoMMeHTapHli

[Oco6eHHocmu npu2!1auteHUfl 6 zocmu y pyccKux, KOMY u 'lmo


npuHRmo oapum&, KaK ce6R 6ecmu, ec!lu 6bl 6 cocmRx y pyccKux
iJpy3eu. KaK npenoiJHecmu noiJapoK, KaK npeiJnoJ/Cum& mocm
3a Kozo-mo. KaKue ppa3bl Mo:JICHO cKa3am& 3a cmonoM.
C/JopMy!lbl 11POU1QHU5l 20Cmeu U X03fle6} ............................................ 235

KpaTKHH oqepK pyccKoii $oneTHKH (na anmuiicKoM HJhiKe) .............


KpaTKUH oqepK pyccKoii rpaMMaTHKH (na aHrJIHHCKOM HJhiKe) .........
!paMMaTuqeCKHe TaOJIHUhi ......................................................................
KJiroqu K ynpa~HeHHHM ...........................................................................

258
261
277
290

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface ............................................................................................................ 8
The Russian Alphabet ................................................................................. 10
Vocabulary Reference List .......................................................................... 12
Lesson 1. Russian Forms of Address

Commentary
[How Russians address one another; when to use BJ>I and Thi;
formal and informal styles of address. Forms ofgreeting and
farewell; forms of courtesy} ................................................................ 21
Lesson 2. Getting Acquainted. Introductions

Commentary
[Full and shortened Russian names; when to address Russians
by first name, first name and patronymic, last name. Introducing
yourself, your friend or colleague; answering questions about
yourself] .............................................................................................. 26
Lesson 3. Professions
[Describing your profession; explaining where you work or study;
asking others about their profession} ................................................. 36
Lesson 4. Nationality
[Talking about your nationality; describing where you used to live
and where you live now; asking these questions of someone else} ..... 45
Lesson 5. Language
[Naming your native language; explaining that you speak
and understand a little Russian; asking others what languages
they speak} .......................................................................................... 54
Lesson 6. About Yourself
[Talking about yourself, your family, asking others about themselves}..... 62
Lesson 7. Using the Phone

Commentary
[How Russians typically talk on the phone. Answering the phone;
asking for the person you are calling; what to say if that person
is out] ................................................................................................. 71
Lesson 8. Getting Around the City

Commentary
[Types of transportation in Russia, where and how to buy tickets.
Asking the location of a street, hotel, store; giving directions} .......... 90

304

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Lesson 9. In the Store


Commentary
[Types of stores in Russia; how to purchase goods in Russian stores.
Asking the cost ofgoods, to look at or purchase goods; learning
about Russian souvenirs] .................................................................. 108
Lesson 10. Weather. The Seasons. Favorite Season of the Year
[Describing the season ofyear; answering questions about
when you arrived in Russia and how long you will be here;
talking about the weather and your favorite season;
listening to weather reports on radio and television;
asking others about the weather forecast} ........................................ 130
Lesson 11. Health. How You Feel
[Answering questions about your health; explaining that you
don '!feel well; wishing someone good health} ................................. 153
Lesson 12. My Day
[Talking about your typical day and your plans for today;
asking other people about the routine of their day, their plans
for a given day] ................................................................................. 167
Lesson 13. Free Time. Invitations to Someone's House, to the Theater
Commentary
[How Russians typically spend their free time. Extending and
responding to invitations; politely refusing ifyou are busy;
greeting someone as a host or guest} ............................................... 189
Lesson 14. Hobbies. Interests
[Talking about your hobbies, interests; answering questions
about your favorite writers, actors, athletes; asking these questions
of others} ........................................................................................... 204
Lesson 15. Holidays. Congratulations
Commentary
[Russian holidays, holiday traditions. Congratulating your friends
and colleagues on the holidays; extending your best wishes to
friends, colleagues; responding to expressions of congratulations] ...... 219
Lesson 16. Going to Someone's House
Commentary
[Russian customs ofinvitingfriends to visit; gift-giving traditions;
being a guest in Russian homes. As a guest: presenting a gift;
compliments to your host; giving toasts. As a host: greeting
your guests; phrases to say at the table; saying farewell} ................ 235
A Short Introduction to Russian Phonetics .............................................. 258
A Short Introduction to Russian Grammar ............................................. 261
Grammar Tables ......................................................................................... 277
Key to the Exercises .................................................................................... 290