34 views

Uploaded by api-258903855

- ANSI SQL Operators
- IB 03change Axes(8 10)
- Generate frames in matematic
- Lab 1 Solns
- Hyperbolic Geometry
- Lp in Geometry
- engineering graphics syllebus
- dim rules
- Examination Techniques for Gccce
- C 2 2011
- Using Drawing Tools - Civil Engineering Drawing
- Analyzing Plato
- Sheet Metal Pattern Development
- skillsinaddmaths-101130092720-phpapp02
- 14-Profile of a Line
- chapter 3 summary
- sec14
- 4 1 c a mathematicalmodeling
- Lines and Angles
- mathgen-320859379

You are on page 1of 8

y

A (3,5)

B (-2,4) 5

4

C (-4,3)

y = 3 G (6,3)

3

D (0,3)

2

E (-3,1)

1 2 3 4 5

1

x

-5 -4

-3 -2 -1

-1

F (0,-2)

-2

-3

-4

-5

Graph of y = 3

We have learned that the graph of y = 3 is a line parallel to the x-axis. The y-coordinate of every point on

this line is 3, that is, y = 3.

The line y = 3 is call a plane divider because it divides or separates the plane into two different

regions called half-planes. One is a half-plane above the line; the other is a half-plane below the line.

Notice that the set of points on the line is not a part of either region.

The Three Sets of Points Determined by the Line y = 3

The line y = 3 and the two half-planes that it forms determine three sets of points:

1. In the half-plane above the line y = 3, there is the set of

all points whose y-coordinate is greater than 3, that is y > 3.

For example, at point A, y = 5; at point B, y = 4.

2. In the line itself, y = 3, there is the set of all points whose

y-coordinate is equal to 3. For example, y = 3 at each of

the

points (-4, 3), (0, 3), (6, 3).

3. In the half-plane below the line y = 3, there is the set of

all points whose y-coordinate is less than 3, that is y < 3.

For example, at point E, y = 1; at point F, y = -2.

y

A (3,5)

B (-2,4)

(-4,3)

y=3

(6,3)

(0,3)

E (-3,1)

x

F (0,-2)

y

Notice that the three sets of points that we have just discussed can be put together to form the entire

plane.

1

2006mm-fd

599

2006mm-fd

599

To graph an inequality in the coordinate plane, we can use the following procedure:

y

y>3

a dashed line to show that this divider does not belong to

the graph of the half-plane.

x

y

y>3

graph of y > 3

x

satisfy the inequality. In the graph of

y > 3, we shade the region above the plane divider.

In the graph of y < 3, we shade the region below

the plane divider.

graph of y < 3

Every straight line can be regarded as a plane divider, creating two half-planes. One of the half-planes

will involve the inequality greater than, while the other half-plane will involve the inequality less

than.

The line y = 2x is the set of points in which each y-coordinate is equal to twice its x-coordinate. For

example, (1, 2), (2, 4), (3, 6), (-2, -4), and so on are such points. Each of these points is on the line y = 2x.

Let us consider the following three situations:

in the half-plane y > 2x, which is above the plane divider. For

example, point B(1, 4) is such a point as is shown in the graph.

Notice that at point B(1, 4), y > 2x because (4) > 2(1).

3. When x = 1 and y is any number less than 2, we name a point in

the half-plane y < 2x, which is below the plane divider. For

example, point C(1, -1) is such a point as is shown in the graph.

Notice that at point C(1, -1), y < 2x because (-1) < 2(1).

3

y

B (1,4)

A (1,2)

x

y=2x

y = 2x, as is shown in the graph. Observe that the line y = 2x can be

considered as a plane divider that forms two half-planes, one

above the line and one below the line.

C (1,-1)

2006mm-fd

599

In graphing the inequality y > 2x or y < 2x, we use a dashed line to indicate that the line y = 2x is not a

part of the graph. This dashed line acts as a boundary line for the half-plane being graphed.

y

y

B (1,4)

y > 2x

y < 2x

x

C (1,-1)

graph of y > 2x

graph of y < 2x

above the line y = 2x. It is the set of all points

in which the y-coordinate is greater than twice

the x-coordinate.

below the line y = 2x. It is the set of all points

in which the y-coordinate is less than twice the

x-coordinate.

inequality and equality, such as y 2x. Since

y 2x means y > 2x or y = 2x, we can combine

both sets of points into one graph by a union of

the two disjoint sets of points. Notice that the

line is now drawn as a solid line to indicate

that y = 2x is part of the graph of y 2x. The

region above y = 2x is shaded to indicate that

y > 2x is part of the graph of y 2x.

y 2x

x

graph of y 2x

In general, the graph of y = mx + b is a line that divides the coordinate plane into three sets of points:

1. The set of points on the line. Each ordered pair that describes a member of this set of points is a

solution of y = mx + b. The line is the graph of the equation y = mx + b.

2. The set of points in the half-plane above the line. Each ordered pair that describes a member of this

set of points is a solution of y > mx + b. The half-plane is the graph of the inequality y > mx + b.

3. The set of points in the half-plane below the line. Each ordered pair that describes a member of this

set of points is a solution of y < mx + b. The half-plane is the graph of the inequality y < mx + b.

To check whether the correct half-plane has been chosen as the graph of a linear inequality, we select any

point in that half-plane and find out whether it satisfies that inequality. If it does, we have chosen the

4

2006mm-fd

599

correct half-plane. This is so because it is true that if one point in a half-plane satisfies an inequality,

every point in that half-plane satisfies the inequality. On the other hand, if the point chosen does not

satisfy the inequality, then the other half-plane is the graph of the inequality.

KEEP IN MIND

To graph Ax + By + C > 0 or Ax + By + C < 0, transform

the inequality so that the left member is y alone:

y > rx + s or y < rx + s

This enables us first to graph the plane divider y = rx + s

MODEL PROBLEMS

1. Graph the inequality y 2x 2.

How to Proceed

Solution

having y as the left member.

y 2x 2

y 2x + 2

y = 2x + 2

first graphing the plane divider,

y = 2x+ 2.

x -1 0

y 0 2

4

y

y 2x = 2

This region and the line are the

required graph; the half-plane is the

graph of y 2x > 2; the line is the

graph of y 2x = 2. Note that the

line is drawn solid to show that it is

part of the graph.

point in the half-plane selected as

the solution to see whether it

satisfies the original inequality

y 2x 2.

y 2x 2

x

y 2x 2

(5) 2(0) 2 (?)

5 2 (True)

5

2006mm-fd

599

2.

a.

x>1

b.

x1

c.

y1

d.

y<1

Solutions

y

a.

x>1

b.

x1

y

c.

y1

d.

y<1

2006mm-fd

599

PROBLEMS TO TRY:

Graph the solution set:

1.

x+y>2 y

2.

x - y > -4

3.

2x - y < -4

5.

2x + y 2

6.

3x + y 3

8.

x>2

4.

3x - y < 6

7.

y -3

2006mm-fd

599

Answers:

1.

x+y>2 y

2.

x - y > -4

3.

2x - y < -4

5.

2x + y 2

6.

3x + y 3

8.

x>2

4.

3x - y < 6

7.

y -3

2006mm-fd

599

- ANSI SQL OperatorsUploaded byKuti Gopisetty
- IB 03change Axes(8 10)Uploaded byeamcetmaterials
- Generate frames in matematicUploaded byLoznjakovic Nebojsa
- Lab 1 SolnsUploaded byPatriceSingson
- Hyperbolic GeometryUploaded bysrconstantin
- Lp in GeometryUploaded byKatherine Dela Cruz Miraflor
- engineering graphics syllebusUploaded byapi-314283299
- dim rulesUploaded byKarthick Raja
- Examination Techniques for GccceUploaded byjoe
- C 2 2011Uploaded byAndreea Ilie
- Using Drawing Tools - Civil Engineering DrawingUploaded byas4d
- Analyzing PlatoUploaded byZero One
- Sheet Metal Pattern DevelopmentUploaded bypamopar
- skillsinaddmaths-101130092720-phpapp02Uploaded byAzratee Zawawi
- 14-Profile of a LineUploaded byDeyner Azañedo Atoche
- chapter 3 summaryUploaded byapi-208349828
- sec14Uploaded byAhmed Gouda
- 4 1 c a mathematicalmodelingUploaded byapi-291536844
- Lines and AnglesUploaded bySajid Sheikh
- mathgen-320859379Uploaded bya1134454
- Kon-41_4007_exercise_3.3Uploaded bymdskrafi786
- Resultant of ForcesUploaded byTerrence Lloyd Asiado Lopez
- Maths Igcse Schemes Year 8 (Autosaved)Uploaded byMaoga2013
- A NEW PROOF OF MENELAUS’S THEOREM OF HYPERBOLIC QUADRILATERALS IN THE POINCARÉ MODEL OF HYPERBOLIC GEOMETRYUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- PointsUploaded byDipu George
- BS5950 Building Designer Quick Start Guide(1)Uploaded byIvan Klyuchka
- CATIA V5 Best Practices in Part DesignUploaded byLokesh Dahiya
- addmath f4moduleUploaded byNurul Aini Alam
- Ambayan, HumanitiesUploaded byBrendan PG Arcenal Ambayan
- Syllabus of Aieee MathsUploaded byBastab Dey

- conjugate acids- bases-mm2Uploaded byapi-258903855
- nln general science a p review presentationUploaded byapi-258903855
- sta2023 chapter3slidesUploaded byapi-258903855
- sta2023ch4slidesUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving ph-ka-kb problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- isotopesUploaded byapi-258903855
- identify lewis acids-bases-coordinate covalent bonded compoundsUploaded byapi-258903855
- gas law equationsUploaded byapi-258903855
- identify-solve ksp prob assoc w ionic compUploaded byapi-258903855
- metric conversionsUploaded byapi-258903855
- gas lawsUploaded byapi-258903855
- chm004Uploaded byapi-258903855
- nln physics review-compressedUploaded byapi-258903855
- relation betw intermolecular forcesUploaded byapi-258903855
- lewis structuresUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving acid-base titration problems 2Uploaded byapi-258903855
- le chetelier practice problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving limited reactant problems using mole ratio methodsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solve buffer solution probUploaded byapi-258903855
- solv buffer sol prob w-o iceUploaded byapi-258903855
- lewis structure tableUploaded byapi-258903855
- tone and purpose - ascUploaded byapi-258903855
- solve ka and kb problems using ice methodsUploaded byapi-258903855
- lewis structuresUploaded byapi-258903855
- solve equilibrium problems using an ice tableUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving ph-ka-kb problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- le chateliers principleUploaded byapi-258903855
- ideal gas law problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- simplify x values in ka and kb problemsUploaded byapi-258903855
- solving limited reactant problems using mole ratio methodsUploaded byapi-258903855

- baskin-robbins-1202983485464185-5Uploaded bySweta Singh
- LogicalDoc DMS ProfileUploaded bysantosh_aditya
- Assigment 2 Spring 2013Uploaded byJustin
- VB.NETUploaded byapi-3782519
- 10PPM-ModulationDemodulationUploaded bymuhaned190
- TravelUploaded bymp_fsipl
- One Metropolitan PlaceUploaded byMarie
- Tally NotesUploaded byShilpi Rai
- An Accounting OverviewUploaded bykikemanolo
- AME101-F11-LectureNotesUploaded byRuby Smith
- task-9Uploaded bylearnaim1785
- Construction DefectsUploaded byItchater Paz
- finalUploaded byapi-287433848
- Property Rights and Family Law.docUploaded byRondelleKeller
- Renishaw Encoders TONiC Encoder SystemUploaded byjuliangoal
- CadWorx Site DataUploaded byIshu Vohra
- Section 1-3Uploaded byKrishia Hidalgo
- Kyocera Substrates) Electronic Fine CeramicsUploaded bymanolo_super
- Clarus 500 MS Tutorial 09936692aUploaded byLucio Alan Rodriguez Navarro
- Analyzing Measuring and Comparing ObjectsUploaded byHarsh
- Norsok s 006Uploaded bykaloxilos9moraru9cat
- Balkan Boy's Slat Mill.pdfUploaded byslatmill
- 0503-890Uploaded bykoko_2013
- Allectra 8 MotionUploaded bymsyan1965
- Catalogue-coc Ong ThepUploaded byMinh Tuan Vu
- Solar Energy_group1 (1)Uploaded byaman_88_verma
- rehabilitation-act-of-1973-amended-by-wioaUploaded byapi-281325075
- Plenary 4_Peter LeonardUploaded byAsian Development Bank Conferences
- Graduate Program DescriptionUploaded byNew York Senate
- E BANKING SYSTEMUploaded byjaldesa