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o o o q\eTkHuu >] ~e\\T

(o VsY eTkH c e*j)


(1685`1895)

o VsY eTkH c e*j <sZ


(o d<T sZ T q\eTkHu u de~ eT+~seTT)
(>T+sT`\\]| Vy MT<)
q>sb +, .{. s&T, >T+sT`522007

l q\eTkHuu >] ~e\\T


yTT<{ eTT<D ` 2012
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n+eTT: o us< eksT>] b<|<eTT\


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Please visit www.saimastersevatrust.org

q\eTkHuu de~ eT+~seTTq <]


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Vy) q\ eTkH <sZ eq~.
2. s dwqT < k+&T qT+& 20 < 25 s { #.
3. <sZ m\y (24 >+\T) ] +T+~.
4. <sZ u\T e+& d<TbjT+ \<T.

q\eTkHuu J$+, ~e\\T


o eTkHe(uu)ysT $TH&T sT#TH|*
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T. u\+H jTq sTT\T $& |\
T, |D
\T
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bT
ks+ b+~HsT. ysT m d+es\T m& & ]>s,
m& & eHs *jT<T X e<T\
T> >T+sT e n&
|]ds ] e] >T+sTH de~ njsT. ysT |{q
~ *jT<T. jTq eT Xs+ #*++~ e+ 23`5`1895.
20e X+ bs+u+ &T e<T\
T #eT+~ eT qq+H
eTkHu uysT n e<T\
T> e+&ys, >& q 80 d+es\qT+&
y] m{ esT +& eHs #|ysT.
|+>T\sT Mss|T e\T>sT ydq +< eTVu $jT+
eTkHe 250 @ < d+ 200 d+es\T J$+#sHsT.
|+>T\sTysT eT +< eTV u $jT+ s+#H{
eTkHu uqT <]+qysT, d$+qysT >T+sT #TT | \
>e\ #eT+~ e+&ysT. qT eTkHu uysT dTesT
X 1685 b++ + e+{s u$+#e#T.
H\sT beTsT yd w eT<sY kVu 1880 H{
qT+& eTkH uuy] d$d, uuysT d~ b+~q s
#\+ jTq <sZ e< nsq #d 1920 b++ #bsTTHsT.
eT<sY kVu >] <sH q\eTkH uuy] J$ $Xc\T,
eTVeT\T *jTeq$.
eTkHu uysT |ye e+&ysT. =*~H e&
yd ]>ysT. e& y| \|s >+|, s +&ey| +|]
>T&\
>+| e+&$. jTq y+ s +&T , yT e+&$.
@dT|uT e \Te \ b|u s+ ydqT> eTkHu uysT
e& eT u \
b|u s+ ydTq T> e+&~. eTkHu uysT
>=| e n \TdT=q &| yd eTVeTBjT es &T
e uuysT \Te & +& n& & # &q, | <>sZ
|& e+&+ #d >T+sT d+>&>T+ sTT\T {

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

o uuy] deT]+H&T. sTT+{H uuysT, jTq w\T


=+\+ eHsT. |{ uuy] <sZ sTT+{ qT+&
|PC<y\T qysTTr |s+ rdTH y sT.
uu>sT n<j. ysT |&T= e+&> mes
# & < T . ys T m| & s T > T H, L s T +&,
<e<q+H e+&ysT. mq& q&TeTT y* |&T<T.
eTkHuuysT >T+sT eq =*~H yT&
<>sZ eTTq> #T +< e+&ysT. H&T ysT #T+<
LsTq|&T sTeTT\, yTsT|\ +ue w sek+~.
n\+ <sq eq y] yT yq T nsTd e+~.
+ || < qT\ |&T >T |& yT #bsTT+~. +=+#+
<s+ eTw L& #bsTTH&T. uuysT LsTq#
yq <T , jTq &e q <T . jTq @ $<y T q u< \T>< T .
<X+ #dq y] jTq j>< eqT> q&sT .
yq y*dq s #TT | \ y e n+ +ue w ]dH
k$T y]| qTH |& b e+ >eT+ Xs|&sT .
de~ qT+& q eTkHu uysT eT yT # |&e +&&+
>eT+ < dMT|+ < #+ Ls= +&T eTdT=
u> e <q+ #d < #T eT&T ksT ] < d+ s
nHsT. <qT+& yTqT> yT +{ MT<
<T\T|= uuy] d+<Tq <]+~. n& eTq ys+<s
n<T+ #d uuy] <e X =j&, jTq eTVeTqT
}s+ #{HsT. |&T >TbT #bsTTq e * e uuy]
b<\| |& @& q |_ |e\dq~> b]++~.
sT DdeTT<TH eTkH uuysT Xe+ e< bsTT <e <q+
#d Xs eT ~eVk\ >H H&T. n&
#]q e+<\=~ q+ n<T+ #d eTkHu uy] dT +
kc+>|& sT .

eTkHuuy] dsXeT <VsD


H&T uy nH yT uuy] & <=+*+
e+&Te{ e+d| eTT<q T q e+{+{ |T q~.
4

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

jT y[q eTkHuuysT ] eT {s ]
eHsT. & q|&b eT ~e<w |{HsT.
<j deTT<Tq eTkH uuysT d <] +# \+|
yT sTT+{ bsTT e+d| eTT< y| #d u! u! n
|\HsT. n~ jT<|Ps <] + bD+ eTkHu uy]
<>sZ e+~. jTq & mT = &\T eTTsTT+f
# q u y eTT# eT\T bd q $. u j X s\
eTkHu uy] b<\| |& e _ j++~. H{qT+&
yT e+kVs+ eyd eTkHu uy] u s y] d$+
]++~.

eTkHe>sT K+&j> $< bMD+ \ysT.


H&T q\b&T >eT dMT|eTT yX b\+
eTkH uuy] \, yTT+&+, , #T \T |& eq$.
yX &T <X+ #d |sT > T y[ >eT+ y] #|
=+<] y+uT= eH&T. nqT ] e#d] eTkH
uuysT dX s+ m|{e eHsT. >eTdT\
T n~ #
yX > * #dH sT. eTkHu uysT n uj
T |&y! n+
sTqe +~+#sT. q\b&T qT+ eq q+ uuy] eT
>e V+HsT. ysT >T+sT ] y[bsTTHsT.
~ eTkHu uysT |<] +q K+&j >+. ]& ksTTuu,
eTq k$T, y&s e \*q+< dsd r k$T, Ns\ ne< ,
&| ne< +<T\T, >T+sT s+>quT>sT yTT<q ysT
K+&j >+ k~+qT y] #]\ eq~. eTkH uuy]
K+&j > |<s q += <s q+ L&e+~.
H&T uuysT |q+ <] + es =T eTT+<s
~>+s+>, $s #w\
LsTHsT. sTT+ e<Tq sT |
yc\T, | #w
$ T{! n ndV +> nqT=H&q T. uuy]
nqT+ y[beTH&T. eTkHu uysT $q<T . =T
jTe s+&T, eT&TksT >~+ beTH&T. nsTTH
eTkHuuysT \<T, |\<T. n&qT+& <\<T.
es & y ] | + \ +~. n q T q # s
5

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

eTkHu uy] ={H &T. < y+H uu>] \, ,


#T \T $] XseT+ #~]bsTT Xs n+>\T ##< T sT>
|&b sTTq$. n~ # es &T uj
T u+T&H &T. qeT+
eT >\ |{H sT. bdT\T e $#]+ es & +~+
#sk \ |{H sT. THTq H\| |&e q eTkHu uy]
Xs u>\qT b>T#d y{ Kqq+ #jT { rdT [HsT.
XXqy{ #s d] uuy] Xs u>\ nT= jTq
|Pss|+ LsTHsT. n<T #dq qT\T,
XeyV\T bdTdwH |sT>T[ ysqT #|HsT.
bdT\T e uuy] eTVeTqT =j& es & $&
|{sT.

eTkHuu>] ds <VsD
eTkH uuysT >T+sT e+&> b\sT b|sE nH
Cqj >] w\T o qe q+<jT eT >TsTe>]
<XqTks+ eTkHu uy] <]+#& eHsT. deTjq
eTkHu uysT eT]#T +< <qeTT< eHsT. y]
m<T sT|< eTTd*s u<|&T eTkHuuy]
nqT>V + d+ #T= eH&T. q+<jT >sT n& #]q
ns>+ eTkHu uysT s
eTTd*s nqT>V +
os~+#sT. nT s q+<jTqT # <>Zs eq
H\T>D\T |<y sTTe n <+#sT. q+<jT <>sZ
n|&T eq$ d]>Z 4 nD. uuy] ds nTs|& T
q <>sZ eq 4 nD\T eTTdjTq sTTH&T. eTkHe
uuys T d + w + qT b| s E>s T | + | H s? n
|+HsT. q+<jT Xs+ s {+ | nsTTq~. q <>sZ 4 nD\
$wjT + #& +& #| yT, qqT mesT |+|q $wjT +
qT+& #| q eTkHu uy] ds X Xs|& < + >
#dTq q+<jT eTkHu uysT b|sE>sT # eT+ysT,
V+<Te\ | s+H&T u\
T qeTT+<T _#+
L& |sT . b|sE>sT q +& _+ H&T u\
T
nq+ qeTT+< H nq+ |{H sT nHsT. >TsT#] 5e
6

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

n<jT+ |s |s+ydT\T dTeT, n|\sE <+|T \T eT


+ X<+ H&T u\
+f eTT+<T> dHd _ sTT
o b<e\uT \qT d+q+> b+~q d+|T qqT >TsT #dT + ~
~. <jTT\ nqT>V bTq n|sE eH
b|sE m+ |D |sTw& <!

eTkHuu>] ds eT]jTT <VsD


>T+sT qT+& j&T obsTT >+> kq+ #d
$XH<T D d$+ q>s+ sT>T n& $Xc\T #dT+ &>
|< eTd<T eTT+<Tq U d\
+ e<T& T q|&&T .
e<T& T sT jD # d>\
T#d |\ ~ >T+sT
<! nH&T. qqT m]qy&T u\T nqT= j&T
WqT nH&T. >T+sT e $TT&T u>TH& n s +&ek]
|+#sT. MT $TT&T mesT n j&T n&>&T. n|&T
e< T & T j Tq eTk H e>s T, jT qqT # 200
d+es\T nsTTq~, jTq H u\ $TT&T nHsT. j&T
$dTb sTTH&T. eTkH uuy] e T ys jTq #| H&T.
e<T , eTkH uuy] 200 d+es\ |]#jT + nsTT
M ejTdT m+ <! n ujT, Xs\ e<T
qeTd]+ q }] jT\T<]H&T. HsT > e qqT
>T+sTyd> >T]+qTe+{ 200 d+es\ |DTD
<]+q+<T m+ d+w+ >T+sT ] eq y+H
eTkH uuy] <s H y&T. eTkHu uysT <q de~
eHsT. n& m+<s y] <sH #T= eHsT.
j&T L& y]bT eTkHuuy] e{&&
m<TsT#d eH&T. >+ s de~ d qT+& q
eTkHu uysT qqT #]q |\
, u \
yTTs\T $ y]
de<q |], y] os~+, =] k>q+|q s
j& #d e H dVT& # eHy! H
X\eT&q H o $TT&T u>TH& n+ X\|X \T ydH sT.
j&T eTkHu uysT ds E\T, ] $T+qysT sT ,
s +&T e+<\ d+es\qT+N MTsT dVT? MTs< keqyTq
7

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

j nqTHqT, sTT+{ eTVqTue\ *jT<T. H nCH


eT+#+& n y&T H&T.

eTkHuuysT >=| >V due+ \ysT.


eTTd+ jTTe&T uuy] |y& y+&+ > *
#dy&T. *dq |<\
T n y]+H, nqT eTs+ > eTkH
|y&, |y&, |y& n+ >{> nsek>&T. 3 sE\T
]seT+> eTkHe |y& nsN nsN es nH
|y&b sTTH&T. n *< + &T\T sD+ \TdT= jTTe&
eTkHu uy] d~ rdT= y[ MT< |&y d $T&sT.
e>sT sT D deTT<T\T qT jTTe& H{| eT ~eVd+
e+HsT. jTTe& | L\T bsTTq$. n&T u>H &T.
y+H uj
T u \
uuy] k\ |&, uuy] b<\| |&
|X|+ b+~ uu>] nqT>V bTH sT.

eTkHuu s+&T >+\ eT y[ e#sT


H&T eTkHu uysT $jTy& =+<sT eTTd+ |<\
T
# Ls= e{&T +T+&> e |\]+ eT #
eq T n& |{ eTT eT bsTT ekeT, n+< eT
TqT #dT+ &e\d+< #| y[bjsT. m& eT, m&
$jTy& M&e& |y&qTHsT |<\
T. y #d|
_ sej T D+ e{ & T Hs T . s +& T > + \ s
eTkHu uysT ] e eT TqT rdTHsT. |<\
T jTq
ejT&, |y& nqT= eT y[ e#y? n&
$Xc$T{ n |]Vk&HsT. uuysT y] de<q+> qT
eT y[ e#q, n& >=| e+ sT>T+< y&T \T
#&& m+<s eTVT\T eHs $es+> e]+ #| HsT.
uuysT n+ $es+> #| H =+<] $Xd+ \T>< T . =+<sT
|<\
T H{ deTjT+, ~ >TsT |T= eT eT *dqy]
ys |+| eTkHu uysT e]++<+ yde yTq y
eq eTVT >T+sT eTkHu uysT s sT>Tys e+~.
n~ *dq $jTy& eTTd+ \+<s eTkHu uy] eTVeT<
|e y] neseT u , X<\
}s+#sT. deTq eTVj
8

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

dq |* |s J eTV] 1829`1885 y] +{ eTkHu u ysT


n|&| &T deTj e uq+ #d bjTys eTV] J$
#] eq~. eTkH uuy] eTj, |sJ eTV]
dV + uq+ y] eT>eTq s<q X \
<s q+.

eTeT&+ sT&T>{q eTTdb U<sY >su+>+


C+ swy d qsY eTTdb U<sY nH eT >TsTe <Xe T+{
sT>T k+ eT |#s+ #dT + &y&T. k] nqT >T+sT
eHsT. n& eTTd+ \T eTkH> ] eTVeT\T e]+ #| HsT.
jTq >=|e n, $Tu w n, <s H e# u \
{,
s+&T e& d< <q+ +{s, n<j>T\,
d<| sTw\, ds E\ y] os<+ d+ V+<, eTVeTBjT
u \
T sE\T, ys\ s & |&> |\T |& +{s #| HsT.
eTeT& + sT &T >{q U<s,Y n&T e <, n&T #d$
dH #w\, \ <Tsw&T, q b+&+
|{
+ H&T. nqT yTq eTTd+ nsTT <s Xd $wj \T
q y~+#{ se\d+~> dy #dH &T. eTkH> ] u \
T
jTq jTT >=|q+ eT]+ eT+~ *jT#j \ U<sY
kVu>] deTTU &= eHsT. U<s>Y sT KTsH
jTT\T #~$ eTkHe >] y{ ns+ $e]+#eTH&T.
eTk H > s T $qj T + e T y{ ns + * j T < ,
*jTqs<, H $wjTyT y~+#q nHsT. U<sY
kVu>sT |+ e eTTdeTTyjTT+& KTsH ns+
*jTqeds+ <+ {y? e |s $Y n HH <Tsw
&HsT.
eTkHe>] eTVeT]q n& eTTd+\T, eTkHe>sT
|+&T &T be#T> eTVT&T, eTVqTue&T, $s,
eTVj, sT DdeTT<T&+ jTq >TD>D\qT e]+HsT.
U<sY kVu + s bsTTHsT. yTq eTTd+ KTsH e*d
|<\
e\q n+<T <s \T \TdT+, #]d, <Xd + #s+
#d , k+ eT |#s+ #d eT y| #j *, n< eTVeT<T
|e <X+ n+ y~+HsT. n&Tq V+<Te,
eTkHe>] u&T u>e+T @+, <s+, dseT
9

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

deq+ >T]+ e{& U<skY Vu |s T \ <s + q


|< d&+ #TH&T. eTkH |<] +# eTVeT\T \T,
>s& $<\HsT. qT |+ s|+#\H&T. nsTT eTT
|f |
eTkH> ] @yTH |e<+ d+u$ d q~ u< <T,
u< jTqqT b& w\<HsT. d\d\ > qHqT e>]
Hq bsTT+H&T U<skY Vu. n+<Te\ eTkHe >] de~ d
#<s
< T d]<, jTq m{ V sT>< T . U<sY uj
T u+T&H &T.
eTkHe >sT de~ d qT+& uVdV e#< yjTT+&
e _ j+ w& C+ sC ]bsTT eTkH> ] eTVeT
#{H&T.
uu D\ m<T\+& dV H* #]+#sT

uuy] w\ sT H* | e+<, y[ kjT++


e#<q uuy] #bsT. n|&T uuysT HqT L& y+
e#< nHsT. w XseTT *+~. m|& ~ uuysT
|\e+& H y+ ekqHs d+<V + e+~. m<T\
+& rdT=,
uuy] y+rdT= jT\T<s&T. eseZ T< eTTq qT+&
|< es+ |&T , TbqT> e]+~. >*yq m<T\
T q&e,
\Te nsT#T# u~]bk>sTT. uuy] w&T uuy]
m<T\
T nsT#T#Tq$, TbqT |&T #Tq~ H uj
T +> eq~ n
#| # u<| & T #TH&T. uuysT y+H <e <q+ #d =qT#
eTdT=]. D
\ MT< M] m<T\
T +& bT H* y[HsT.
B { q w s>u e |<q T eTT+<T>H >V + q
w& |e<eTTqT+& b&T=qT w yjTTy>+ >>q
eseZ TT D
\eTTq H* rdT y[HsT. ~ n+ #q
w&T qqT b&T uu>sT H y+ eHs >V+
uuy] b<_e+<qeTT #d dVT\+<] uu>] n<T
eTVeTqT #fqT.

Ud+ >sT #|q \\T, bH H+: 93938 01467


1. ns+& | 17 e q T CeTV <>sZ q+&] dT+<se T,
dTuse nH e< <+|T \T e+&ysT. k] dTuse>] dTd
#d y< |jT \T $|\
yTH sTT. y< T \T #b& #bsT. n|&T
10

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

eTkH uu>] >T]+ $ jT <]+#T=+f @eTH


+#Te#T < n >esyT+{ Vd <>sZ # LsTq
q\eTkH uu <>sZ y[+~. yT @$T #| eTT+< uu
ne! n+ nsTTbsTTq s e#y? + |y qyTMT
<T n nHsT. n nq s +&TsE\ s dTuse>sT
#bjsT.
2. uu +{|d |#T$TssTT> es+: q\eTkH
uu #&{ |y&> eH >Tq>T+ b++ jT
# eT+~ <e&> =*#ysT. <s T u \
T qeT+ bsTTH
<e&y nq ujT+ q\eTkH uu <>Zs e Ls=
jTH$T{ |y& <e&T n+THsT H\T n
nqT+T+f y+& q\eTkHu u y] HqT |yDq j
H >T]+ MT+<T? e#sT < y +& n nHsT. <s T
u \
T uu yTyT+<T $TeT* |yD+{eTT =+#+
|k<+ |+& nHsT. uu jTq +{| d y* T&
y] sTT | [ q+& nHsT. y =+#+ ndV +
| y >H |d |#T $TssTT> e]+~. n~ # ys=
uu MT< |& |k<+ HsT.
3. dq |*
|s C nH >TsTe>sT e+&ysT. jTq,
q\eTkH >] eT< nqT+<+ e+&~. k] |s C >]+{
$+<T uq+ n+<s uH LsTq sT y $d]
jTq | q ysTT+ n |<s\T e&+ #eTHsT. me] d+
$d] n+f q\eTkHu u deT #| , n |<s\T e&+ #
jTq >TsTe>] \T#T= n+< uq+ #jT eTHsT. eT]
q\eTkHu u s<T < n+f jTq ek&T n #| uq+
#jT eTHsT. |s C>sT uq+ #dT + f q\eTkHu u $ds
eq = |<s+ ejTeTjsTT. uq+ nsTTq s
|s C>sT q\eTkHu u e uq+ #XsT n #bsT.
4. d+>&> T + q q T eTkHu u Xs+ +&>
<]+#T= yT+&y&T. sE o y<eTqT=
eTkHu u odT\ k$T <>]Z e o y Tq $wjT +
11

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

#b&T. n|&T uu e o bTHe < n& dVT&T


+>jTq eH&T. jT HqT n&>q #| nHsT. n|&q T
kMT! o nH~ |<ePsT< |> MT dVT&T +>jTq
m& +{& e m \TdT+ ~ kMT n+f n|&T uu
HjTH nqT yT\q T +>jTq n nHsT. n|&q T ds
k$T q& #b n n& qT+& s> jT\T<] s o
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eTkH , *+>se b+, >T+sT


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s eT+sT> n+<s y&TTHsT.
12

u+> eq|{ \\T


o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T
n++se>] *>sT (>T+sT),bH H+: 80192 39379
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T ) >] 14 d+. ejTdTqT+& eTkHu u
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qT+#THysT. mesH c| jTeqT\T beT ndV +#T=+f
y] <]<+ |T=H~. n s! HjTH! Ls HjTH!
n+f y] ybs+ u> k>~.
e Hq>sT @TLsT qT+& >T+sT= uuqT
yT + jTq <>]Z [ >* # n&+ > |>H e
Hq H{ \+& |{q T+& Hs+ r|> e+&~. e Hq
] @TLsT e sTT+{ y es \+& eTT nH
e+& ]> ~ <T.

de~ #+~q sE eTkHuu $qT=+& q|&+


$qT=+& yde sq eTV d+q+ \T> #\+
<T:+, eTkHe >sT $Ts\T |k~+# eT<q Te $
y] b<\qT XsTT+q~. s +&T, eT&T sE\T y] d~
e+& d+q+ |k~+#e\d+< b]++~. sT D+:sT DTq
e>sT C*|& eT> _& |&&T, b! n+ B$+#sT.
yT d+w+ $qT=+& ] y[bsTT+~. =H >s +
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H\\ s e>] \T #|{ yT >T+sT
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dwH
yT e>sT |+#sT.
yT e>] | |& XeqT L& e>] | yd \
T
*|+~. eTkHe>sT yT e >T+sT b! n&
|< e+ sT>TTq~. #d q+~+#T nHsT. o y]
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$qT=+& 2 >+\ |Ps+ <]+q~ dJe+> q
eTkHe >]H ><! & e+> #dTq ~ eTkHe >] Xs
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13

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

$qT=+& dwH
q { <s q$T |\]+#sT? yT e>]
b]e Xs <]+ q b*{ <e&T y[bsTTH& $\|++~.
d<B]q s >T+sT u \
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>+\ |Ps+ eTkHe>] #qT, y] <XqTksyT
>T+sT eqT #| +~. s yT q }sT ] y
$qT=+& dwH
e<T& d+ y+~. <jT + #q e
|&T &T . eTsesH e<T& #Hsyq n& ys+<]
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s # dX s+> <s q$T#sqe! rsT eTsDq+se TT
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eTkHe>sT eTT 23`5`1895 H&T <V+ #*keT
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#| HsT. oe>] w\, u \
>eT >e\ qT+& y\ d+K
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eT<sT kVuqT <>sZ |* e>sT eT <V + #*+HsT.
u&T o q>s+ |#jT d\+ Kqq+ #jT{ @sT
sT>TT+&> s>XU~] q>s+ de~ #jTL&<
s~+HsT. kjT+\+ 4 >+\< sq us q \T ]q$. m+<s
u \
T <s >e\ qT+& eHsT. eT >TsTe, <e eTT nsTTq
e>] n+jT \T # eT eT >e\ ]by*,
s>XU~] |T<\ e\q eTT kjT+\+ ]bjT
neX+ <T n u<| & T THsT. + n~] $|yT q
&T | H=| e+~. nH \< =s *+#Te&+ nqT |
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o VsY eTkH ce*j ysT 23`5`1895 H&T u
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14

u+> eq|{ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

uu>] u <V +| <sZ w| ]+#+ ]+~. uu>]


w&T n|{ >T+sT eTTb zesYds T > |#dq s$
uy HjTT&T>] < s+ uu>sT @sT #dq $T{ysT
<sZqT _e~ #jT + bs+_+#sT.
eTq eT< u <V+ q&j& u>eY ds|q
ne< \T u <V + M&H dw # q + \ s+s+
y+ e+& b&TsT. y] de~ <s q+ <s, y] y] |D
|]| { ]\T, c\T rs&+ , e TyTq es+Z |jT q+
#jT + =qk>TT+~.
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) eq <sZy| y | yVq #< \T uu>]
<]+#T= y sT. m\y ] +& <sZ uu>sT
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15

eTVde~ nq+s \\T


eTC>sT, bH H+: 98485 18132
2007 sTdT y ys+ sE\ eTT+<T uu
qTq|&T ]q |<X + u+> q|&sT . HqT jTq
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n&Tq y] #| u e sef< T . uu y[bsTTq s
5\ e{&> * uu u <s q$T#s #bqT.
XX <eseTH, JeqeTH <><!

Ud+>sT, bH H+: 9394047126


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rsT+<eTqT+~. sE s d|+ q\eTkH q|&
ne! H yTT<eTT+<T m|&H e rse#T, eT&T
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16

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

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n++se>] *>sT (>T+sT), bH H+: 8019239379


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17

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

uu m+&T Kss \T sTT#sT. < nsy T $T{ n n&


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T |&TTHe,
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yVH>sT, bH H+ : 93466 45016


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18

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

bs+_+ 48 >+\T |syD e+#sT. HqT


eTkqjTqT b]d H eHqT. # +> ys+ sE\|
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sE\| |P]> \Te{+ eTkqjT >] |q H $Xd+.
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T eTkqjT Hy < + |{q s H VA
ybs+ bs+_kqT. uu <jT e\q s @ |<se T
$T>\<T.

uy >sT, bH H+: 99895 92319


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Ud+ >sT, bH H+: 93938 01467


> 15`20 d+ qT+& eTkHu u>] de #dT +THqT.
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+ +Z ~.
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19

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

ny]+{ yqT. HqT y[q|{ qT+& |\y&T @&e+


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eT>sT, bH H+ : 92489 57074


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20

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

rdTyeTT. bd eTs <]+#T+{q yTTH&T.


|
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|sC>sT, bH H+: 99493 99064


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21

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

HqT u< q\eTkHu u de~ <>sZ eTd H >&TqT


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e+~. NeTT |{+ ~. n~ L& y|+ |+# +&
bjsTT. <s s seTT>sT |< &s T <>sZ #|+#TeT #bsT.
H+<T usTT &s !Y HqT k$TH qeTTHqT. H @$T
#dH k$T< us+ n #bqT. d++> eT+<T\T ydT +
d+es+bT n> u< |&qT. #bHy n
nqTHqT. m eq n\ n>bsTT |&T d+w+>
eHqT. qqT k$T +#sT. |&T s |P | #dT H qT.

eTTs[ >sT, bH H+: 92925 09234


1. e \ qT+& e +{ q\eTkHu uqT =\TdTH eTT.
HqT yTT<{ sEy] L (150s) y yD. k] H <>sZ
@MT &TbsTTq|&T eTkHuuqT sT =|eT
sTHqT. H|k @B yjT +&H H sT =#sT. H| &T
sE 1,000/`s. u&T> ek+~. ] sTT+~ +& uu
#ksT.
2. e sTT+{ MT< 2 \\
n| e+~. n|q nqT
me e&\
T n&T>TT+f sT yeTT. n| rseTqT+f
uu <jT e\q sT dT r] H{ n| rs>*>eTT.
3. | d+es+ sTdT 15`20 sE\T , eT u< +
+& b+|T, bds T n+#& sy+<se T \d
neTse, u|, k>sY, +>\T < y[ s+e |
22

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

#keTT. # +> sTdT deTj H &e sY <>+


bT+~. @ u<s+B +& sTdT e+ b\T
|+#T+{qT. @<H sD+ e\q sTdT e+ bZqb
eTqdT # *>e+& e+ bZH
T #dT + ~. sTdT
nsTTq s mes |* <>+ ksT . uu |*|+
| #sTT+#TqT ndT+ ~.
4. sE s \ uu \MT< >T& <]+qT
n|++~. \y ] uud+ @<H #j \ |# s+>T
>T& T= 41 sE\T uu B
> #<eT bs+_+#qT.
yTT<{s E s \ q<T sZ >T& <>sZ n+<yT q d
# eT|]T&H yT e< y d] @+{! n eT>>=+T
$q|&+ ~. y+& &esTT >=+T eT> >=+T> e+& d]
uj
T yTd y[bjqT. y+H yT\e e+~. eT|]T&Hq
qqT d|+ | #jT e+& eTkH uu #ksT.

V+ >sT, bH H+: 94939 21710


H us = d+es\ + eqd sT> e\ (\T,
H\T) & +< &> ~, T&+< T&#~ . sE s +&T, eT&T
&eTT\ bsud~. n|{ ] sTT+~ e\q &s
#|+# b jqT. ys { s +&T ksT uu <s H
y[ |< D
\T #d med| eTkH uu d~ e+&yD.
n& @< | eT>eTjTyD. =~ H\H e $& q
eqd sT> @ eT+<T\ +& bsTT+~. H ] |]d
yTsT> + ~. <+ eTkH uu <jT n \TkqT.
k] yT< T LsT qT+& &| |MT< J| y T+f
j&+{ ] HqT | J| e+& &e sY, H | q LsTq
&d sY n& & eTsD+ #sT. H ^sTbe&+ | @
e+ <\T >\
<T . H |e<+ | q~ eTkH uu
<jT e\H n qeTTTHqT. > 8,9 d+. qT+& uu de~
<]dTHqT.

23

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T


o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T
y+seTD, |P\= CsY, bH H+: 90302 31567
1. e~ eT& T++, | # ] ybs +
#dT+T+&y+. 2006d+ nesTT w|& |[
#qTHqT. e sTT+{y >, nesTT s| q y>
eTeT* os~+#< T . H <>sZ &T\T e, me] dV jT+
b jTd] mH c\T |&qT. &T $\Te *d e+~.
d+es+bT U> eHqT. H us d\V| w+ b sTTH
q\eTkH uu <sZ <s q+ #dT = @&Td HqT w| & q,
H n] sTT+<T\T =\+#eT, 11 sE\ bT <sq+
#dT +{q #| HqT. Xys+ H&T <sZ < #XqT.
sE s d|+ e H <>sZ e Ls= e n<s
|&e <T. w| & T , yq ] #& , yq HqTHqT n
#bsT. s sE m+ <s +> eHqT. n|{< uuMT<
qeT+ +& <s q+ #dT +Tq H s d| d+<X+
<s + e+~. n|{qT+& |sE uu <s q+ #dT +THqT.
= H\\ H * + &T\T \>#d T = yTeTT eT&> #dT =H
|#]c|qT H sTT|+#sT. eT&> eq|&T ]q
nee\ e\q 5 \\ n| L& HMT< H{sT H
nq<eTT\T. n|&T 1.5 \\
ybs+ bs+_+#qT.
d+es+ |\ ybs+ <T|&, n|\T L& rsqT. |&T
d+es 25 qT+& 30 \\ sbjT\ dsT neT&+
sT>T+~. <+ uu <jT n qeTTTHqT.
2. e yTT< b| y\ 5`6 H\\T, H\ k]
<sZ <>sZ <#X eTT. eTkH uu <jT e\q b| |{+ ~. s
n> ]qf uT L& |{&T .
3. k] | sw+ qT+& +| dsT e H&T
s\jT+ eTT+<s +~. @< bsbT e\q H sd< T
H+sT | |&+~. dsq _\T q+<Tq dsT H
sTTeq+{sT. y sTTH eT]jT { |d T #|
y { ed\T #ks #| qqT uj
T |{sT . sE
y 25,000 sbjT\T dsT #THqT. s
24

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

d +| bqT #dT +f ysTT, s +&T y\ H dsT H


e#~. H T~ |#jT { sD+ sE sTT+{ =
sD\ e\q uu <s H y <T . n+{ H | \TdT=
uu <>sZ y +& @ | #jT L&<q T=HqT.
4. H eTT\
qT+& @ | yTT<\T |{H (= edTe \T
| +H, <d+ |&y T H ) e sTT\y\T +HjT k$T |P
#keTT. HqT e+ <sZ uu <>Zs |{q s
+HjTk$T |P #kqT. @ sTT+~+& q&|dTH&T
q\eTkH uu. d<T sZ T e d\
<e ds|eTT <!
HqT @ | yTT<\T|{\H uu <>sZ NT |{ uu>]
|s+ q&T#T+{qT. <sZ s sE eTqdT # *>,
@< sTTqT e+T+~ ` nq+ qb sd+ eqT. me]H
nqTq$ b H <>sZ seTq+&, HqT y] >] eTkH uuqT
n&T>Tq eTkHu u MT< $Xd+ *jT#dT H sT y+seTD
>sT.

oeT eTT>sT, bH H+: 99899 62368


1. e~ >T+sT, jT&b &T eT+&\ >eT+. H 14 d+.
ejTdTq|&T =+&M&T >eTdT
q U<seY nH jTq $yV+
XjTyT+~. e |<eTy e neT y$T d<T,
m+<Te\q n&dT H s $yV+ #jT e< >=&e |T HsT.
n+{ deTjT+ e neT @&TdT+ f sE uu \ q&
e q&TdTq <] eT+> eq~ q&Te, nusTT eT+y&T,
T~eT+T&T, LTs MT qwb <T, mes$T #| H d++<+
e<T\T n #bsT. e neT nH #d+~. $yVyTq
d+es >seHHqT. 8H\\ _& >s+H #bj&T.
|s wH #j * e+~. \\]| Vd #]+# e
neT H LTsT u>T+f <sZ rdT e < #sTTkq
#| +~. H |s wH nsTTq s 21 sE\T e e+&,
21 e sE s dV e+~. |s wH nsTTq s &s T
nesTT >sd+ \Vq+> e+~. eTs >se nsTT
_& |s>
+ w+ n #bsT. e neT e n> ]q& qqT
25

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

<sZ rdTe+~. n< HqT yTT<{k ] <sZ se+. eT


uT |& jTq |sT |T +{q uu yTT n e
neT #| qT uu yTTHqT. n|&T =\sT ~ nsTT
n& e+THeTT.
s +&ek] >s e nsTTq s |sE $|yT q &T |
H=| e#~. m+<Te\q sTT ne+< &s <>sZ y[ ysT
+ eTT+<T nusH ]q|{ ]bsT\
T #d 9 H\\T e#<
>s+{ sTTeeTe n #bsT. n|&T ~>T\T |& uu
H _& e uu, HqT J$++ Bbs<q #dT +{qT n
yTTHqT.
sp \ _& |&& k], _& |& k] \\T
edT+ &$. sE d|+ HqT u+&jT\T dTH qT.
u MT< <=+>\T ]$T ]$T =&TTHsT. n|&T HqT @&TdT+ f
eTkHu u e& ydT = e @+{? m+<T e u< |&T THe,
HqT+&> qTy+<T n+ @&Tke, s +{ <>sZ ~+|qT n+
$T<T. |\y &T |&&T H |sT |T n qqT e&
Ls|T= +{ <>sZ ~+bsT. d|+ nsTTbsTT+~. s

#d mes sT . s H yTT< |\y &T |{&T n


eTkHe n |sT |{eTT. s +&e |\y & eTkH w|t n |sT
|{eTT.
2. uu yTTq s e jTq V& dT
|y wH, s mdt.. > |y wH e+~. e nusTT myT.f.
#~$+#\ e jTq ]. yTT<{k ] >T m+qT |
yd s<T . s +&ek] #<e eT+f |\y & sTTw+ > <T . e
jTq |\y &T myT.f. #<y \ |T|{
sT . $wjT + u<
|&T uu eTT+<s Ls= $q$+#T= |&T=HqT. uu
jTq s|+ q& @$T{ u<| & e, |\y &T sTq<
neT+~. u< |& nHsT. \y ] |\y & n& nyT]
myT.mdt. #<eT e+~ nH&T. n> < #~y&T. |&T
2010 <>+ e+~.
26

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T


o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T
u\eT>sT, bH H+: 0863`2219 369
1986 ksTTeT+ bsjTD #dq |{ qT+& H
ne< q d\+ esTT neT, s$Ts& eT]jTT #s
ms\ us < ecsY >] <s q u>+ *+~. d +>\T
>T+sT m.{. n>V s+ +HjT k$T >T& #dT =H u>+
*+~. 1990`91 MTskVu (Ns\) >sT #| q< {
q\eTkH >sT >=| eTVjTT\, jTq de~ <>sZ |< D
\T
#dT+f eT+< *d n|&|&T |<D\T #dTe+
]>~.
2006 q\eTkH>] <sZ |q]sD+ ]>|&T
MTskVu >sT #| &+ e\ n|{qT+& <sZ <>sZ d +>\T
(us < ec]>] s#q \T) #dT H eTT. bs+_+q sT y
me] # | T+ d e Td \ ( * d q y \T
T +{eT+f q &T\T ] s<T , |\ |sTT 5
d+H d+q+ \>< T , # n+~ eq |\y &T +{qT+&
b]bj&T yTT) e\q eTqdT \ #+~+~. m+<T qqT
d +>\T #jT eTHs, @$T{ <+ n ybjqT. sE
s d|+ <s s >] us H jT #|d ne
eTq uu>sT e#sT nq>H q\eTkH> sT e#s dTsD

e qeTks+ #dT + f eTkH uu>sT H d+>+


H msT . C|+ nsTTq~. #d<+ HH n #| @ <s+
+& | mssT.
d | < s q+ s qT+& T+ d e Td \T
|]w]+#&sTT. >T+sT d\
+ L& =qT yTeTT
nbsTy T +{ =qTeeTT, H |\ | 5 d+. H d+q+
yT _&\
T |&+ , e nusTT +{ ] se+,
n s>o <>+ se+, |e+, |\\
T |+
yTT<q e uu <jT e\q ]>sTT.
]& ksTT #], $T*q eTVjTT\ #] bsjTD
#dT+f eTkHuu q|& #d<+ HH n #|{ {
sb\T ys H d<T sZ T e &! n nse Te+~. > 2 d+
27

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

qT+& eTkHu u <sZ <jT + 5:15 >+. ]ksTT s, <jT


bsq , |< D
\T #dT H eTT. kjT++ 6>+\ < |t s,
s us < ec]>] s#q \T ns>+ d| #<T eTHeTT.

oeT w, bH H+: 94932 41196


us< ecsY >sT #bs q\eTkH >] <sZqT
<]dT+ {eTT. | 6 H\\ k] >=\>eT& o y+jT k$T
y] <]keTT. n k] <]+q|&T n& eq s
d|+ <sZ rdTy nH e\T $q&sTT. n|{qT+&
|ys+ q\eTkH> ] <sZ <]dTH eTT. ec]>] <jT e\q
q\eTkH >sT, y+jT k$T ysT, s eTVjTT\+ f
nH ue+ e+~.

w qJsY, u&|, bH H+: 94404 40479


H* <>sZ |
s e+& H #\
T, H ue >=&e|& H
#\
T y[+{ qT+& n* e sTT+{ y H q #| n+<]
eTT+<s { m jT\T<]+~. e sTT+{ s<T . e
$wjT + *d e +<T e\+<] bH #d qTHqT. m&
#< T . yTeTT bdT dT |{eTT. s +&esE dT $wjT yT
d.. e{&< eT y T+& <sZ <>sZ uu H #*
# <=]T #jT eT b]+#qT. s +<T e\
sTT+{ qT+& bH e H #\
T y[+{e+< #bsT. nd\T
]q $wjT yT$T+f H #\
T q us e sTT+{ e
>=&e #k&y q | >eT+ e+& +<T e\ +{ y[
y mesT bH #dH #| e<q ~. HqT <sZ k$T
b]+q s e +<T e*+{ |< H #* MT nq
#| +& qT$& e+&&+ | e n H bH #d #bsT.
uu bsq #d m& H* <>sZ e +& e +<T e\ |sD
* H y + H b H # j T eT+f eTk H u u >s T
ds |sD~] n \TdT+ ~.

&sY $jT\>sT, bqT H+: 98856 12098


1. HqT 1996 >T+sT #<T ee{ eq|&T Ns\
o MTs kVu >] d\V |s+ eTkHu u <sZ s >T\sY>
28

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

y T+&<. H njT &|\


. s 4 @<
>s e <T . k] eT>|\
y &T y\ ]. HqT sTdTsE
(2006) q\eTkH <sZ <>Zs Ls= uu! e njT
eT>|\
y &T |f
T #sTT, e# d+es+ sTdT |\y &
mT= os<+ d+ e#T #sTT n b]+#qT.
eT&T H\\T >&
H @ $wjT + *jT< +<q #+<T
<sZ <>sZ Ls= @$T{ uu sTT+ njT >s + <
ybjqT. ssE njT bH #d qT >s e n
#| +~. d\+ |de + nsTT eT>|\
y &T +#&T. e
njT |\y & mT = 2007 d+es+ sTdT rdT y[
uu os<+ b+<eTT.
2. e |y $TH&T e+{sT. yT re nHs>+
e\ yTqT y+{
sY MT< |{sT . ys+ sEH @MT d+<q
s<T. (y+{sY n+f eT XdqT n+~+# jT++.
dV +> Xd rdT y] jT+ dV jT+ keq+>
2,3 sE\ d V Xd q T # L s T k s T ). y T | \ \ T
+sYMT&jT {, &^\T #<T eTHsT. yTeT+ L& e |
q |\\
T ksTT e#< e+&\ eTkHu u >]
b]+#eTT. eTV<T+> y+{sY MT< ys+ sE\T
d+~+# e | ] 3 H\ uu <jT e\q eeT\T
eTw+~. s yT eT&T H\\T eyT @ +B
+& eTsD++~. HqT #<Teq dqT |s+
#be\dq e , uu q ~e\ +#d] eTkHu u
MT< $Xd+ eT]+ <&| & + ~.
# &<H seT+f e#< <j
! n o u> y H
y+jT k$T (>=\>eT&) nuj
T $TqT, d<T sZ T e\T eT
u \
$Xd+ |+b+~+#+<T +{ \\T #jT + n+<]
d<T sZ T e\ J$ #]\ #&e#T.

V>sT, bqT H+: 0863`2358 596


e nesTT V 8 d+\ ejTdT s+, y+T\T,
$s#H\ & |&b sTT+~. |eTTK |\\
&s T HjTT&eT>]
29

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

<>sZ y< + #sTT+#eTT. y< |\


@MT nHs>+ q|&
< T .
| sE 102 &^\ s+ e+&~. eT+<T yd Z eTs&T n+
s+ e#~. eT]j <T. |sp 450/` s. +q T m
sE\T ysTT+#y *jT<T. mes #| > $ q\eTkH <sZ
<>sZ jTT {+ #eTT. Z eTs <s q+ #sTT+#T+{eT
#| HqT. <sZ y[ eq s +&T sE\ &s Y HjTT&eT>sT
e y] |\ qsY eqT+<y n+<T y< |

@MT ssD
ef< T . n+<Te\q MT |\ sjTy\sT qsY
dT| rdT eT #bsT. $wjT + $ eysT #
& |&sT. |jD d<+ neTHsT. |sE>
sEL& fdt && y[ n& |sjT >sT, |\
b|ds Y eysT &> e+&+ #d sD+ n& \TdT=
q|\ qsY @$T{? e |\q T rdT= s | eT<V+
yT&
us seT #bsT. s sE rdTy[
@< |#
d nesTT s + @MT sTT+~ <T . k|* dt>
e+< f{H nH e sTT y&eTHsT. s +&T|P =
e eyT ykeTT. s qT+& s+ Z eeT\T eTw+~.
q\eTkH <sZ <>Zs y[ jTT {+#H jTq
<jT e\ |
* 10 |d\
e nHs>+ bsTT+< HqT
\TdTHqT.

eTkH , *+>se b+, >T+sT


HqT s T qT. H eTqdT {s Y y\ e+~. #+<s+
eTkqjT>sT e <s qTe {s Y =+{e n #bsT.
4 d+\ {s Y =HqT. + eTT+<T \T & e n
#bsT. # 30 y\T eyT e+~. = d+\ \T
|Pss TT+~. HqT |ys+ <sZqT <]+#T+{qT. + m|&T
M n|&T & edT+ {qT. sE fH ds eTqdT
nf >TT+~. >+fH |< D
\T #jT +& y q+{sT
eTkH .
| \T *d #dq sTT | \T #kqT qT
nsTT+~ H n H n|d+T+~. eTs <]
30

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

|&TT+{sT. H 10 d+ +< qT+& &| &T |


H=|> e+ +&~, me sTT+~ <T . &s #|d
T& >s+{ < #bsT. HqT eTkqjTy]
yTT<T . b]+#qT. sT rdT+ &> <Z #b&
&s T #bsT. $+ ] H <>T Z s<T . sT rdT+ &>
yq qZ MTsT &+> nqTL\+> eTT+<T e]bsTT+~.
HqT qT.
e nq<eTT\ eT< d\+ y{\ $wjT+ re+>
u< _bj\T e#sT. n&Te q y] #+| nsTTH ds H
u>+ b\+ rdT+<eT nqTHqT. dT\T eH ds
eqd+ > d<+ > eHqT. eTkHu uysT \ |+ n+
|+ |s<T, HqTHqT n nHsT. HqT uuu <sZ ,
TeT\b+ <sZ , $T> <sZ\L sT>T qqT u>T#d~
mesT? n eTqdT u< |&T THqT. k$T ysT \ |+
HqT <>sZ
eHqT <! HqT b HesT u>T#ksT ?
n nHsT. n+ eTT+<T ms+ b\+ rdT= $T*+~
H eT n+f e nq>sT |<T. uu s+&ek]
\ eq s e nq eTqdT e] H e |H&T.
$<+ > e eT< dT\T, |<e TqTw\T +& eTeT*
b&s HqT qeTTTHqT. ><\T |< eTqTw\ <>sZ
yjT+f ={\T, dT\T e e s +&T T+u\T m+
qwb jT$. k$TysT H nq eTqdT e] m+ yT\T #Xs
H qeT+.

mdt. u\T, u|
1. uu <>sZ e |P\ qT+& edT+ {+. uu>]
\T#T< HqT jT{ sqT. H esT&T |e TT+< H
\ eTkHu u |+ uT |&&T, H |sT |T
n+ &*e nsTTq|&T q uTqT #|+#sT. +>
n> uT |{&T . |&T \+&H
myT.mdt. #dT H &T.
2. H y{sT d
u|
bsTT+~. s |
<=+>
u dV e Hq>] m<TsT|& <=]bj&T. + sD

31

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

e+~ f e e+X+ n+<] jTq |sT |T +{eTT. H


=&T |sT eTkHs e, e |<Hq>] =&T |sT eTkHs e.
+ u\T>sT sTT n+THsT. uu >T]+ m+ #| H
y. \, eT |d +& n+<] b&TTHsT.
3. HqT 1978 d+ (dTesT 17,18 d+\ ejTd|&T)
csD+> eTss Y dT sTHqT. uu \ |+
qTyMT #jT <T , MT ne<T n nHsT. C\
T |&T T+<
n+<s nqTHsT. @$T ne<T . dT =fX sT.
4. yTTq eT< e Hq>sT e ysT. dsTT+{
Cd|t Vd #]+#eTT. &s T u+ <H sT. n+<s
nqT #b&T, Xe+ sTT+{ edT+~ nqT= f+{\T,
c$TjH\T d<+ #d e+#sT. e] eTTw+ u>
d+w+ ] +{ #s+. e neT |]d L& nH
]+~. s +&T $]bjsTT. & Vd #|+
<sZ <> sZ e \\T deT]+ <]+#T=+f |&T |P]>
u>sTT+~.

|s UH, >T+sT
& eq s& wsY\T L& eT+> e] bjsT.
eTkqjT>] sTdT n+f n+<] |+&> . V+<Te\T, eTTd+ \T
*d | #ksT . jTq |sT = \\
eT+~ TTHeTT.
nq, eTT&T, dVT\T, d+ +&>, =&TqT> eTq+
qeT{ <T . & k$T q$T mes ydb<T ,
ydbsT. & <sZ 24 >+\T ]# e+T+~. sjT
HjT\T > *# eTT+<T, > *q s & edT+ {sT.
||+#+ 2012 @< nsTTbT+< n+THsT. eqe&T
#| +< sTTb jTq (q\eTkH >sT) m+<T? m&H
bb\T ]H n{+{ |<\
T eksTT. H V nsTTH,
wj
T H <e&H , n nsTTH &.

eT+>eT, Hs&sT (>T+sT 5/` s. #])


yT uu djT+> \ |s wH #XsT. eT+<T*#sT.
| + #bsT. +& y e+& \H s| +#T+{sT.
32

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

yT q ~yqTue + sTT #| +~.


H us eT+#\ udsYse. yTeTT j<e\+. 15 d+
+ H >T+& H=|, \H=|, #$H=|, jT]H bdTH
<>Zs H=| edT+&~. 3d+ bT &sY\ #T ] \
sbjT\T KsT|{+. |H T n #|sT. KsT
#$H=| e+ |s wH #XsT. |s wH 4,000 s. KsT
nsTT+~. n|{qT+& nq+ &T | be+<T , eTw
b&b jqT. uj
T +, >s> e+&~. uHjTq (<sZ) <>sZ
yqT. n& =+#+ nq+ q>*>qT. { e Hq d\V
|s+ d+es+ n& eHqT. u<\
T qZ s +{
ed 3 H\\T u> e+& eT u<\T yTT<HsTT. eT
uHjTq <sZ <>sZ yqT. 3,4 H\\T e+&+ se+
sT>T 8 d+es\T >&
bjsTT. uHjTq q\eTkH
<sZ <>sZ y eT #bsT. sT y q\eTkH uuy] <>sZ
e#qT. 5 H\\T >&
bjsTT. u<\
T re+ njsTT. >=+T
<>sZ H=| nq+ qb jT<. T MT< X bsTT+~.
nsTTH ds +{ y+& #b & #b<eT
ss TT+#THqT.
sE s eTkH uuysT \ |+ |s wH #XsT.
\y ] |s wH #dq >TsT b| dw+ > |++~ (|{
e+~). e jTq L& \ H |s wH #dq T #bsT.
n+<Te\q e jTq H <>sZ e 10 sE\T+& y[bjsT.
s>+ u>sTTq s 2,3 H\\T+& +{ y[bjqT.
s = u<\
T yTT<H sTT. jT]H bd >&
>
e u< n&b jT<. e &&\TqT rdT= Vd
e#qT. eT+<T* ys+ sE\T+&eTHsT. +{ e#d
eT+<T\T + Xys+ eTkH <sZ < #<eT e#qT.
<sZ es+&H d+ u+ <>sZ |&T HqT. s |~ >+\ <
k$T q s|+ |+ b&T| d |swH #XsT.
d<T\T, eT+<T\T k$TysT dw+ > #|+#sT. =] u+&\T
#|+#sT. yT\e e eu sd+ > e+& eb jqT.
33

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

nqTeq+ e b #d eT# dw+ > e+~. eT&esE


H =+#eTT nq+ #|+#sT. n> HqT. 4 e sE
nq+, e+d+ eTT #|+#sT. $<+ >H HqT. u<\
T
|P]> bZ jsTT. n|{ qT+& uu>sT m& y e+&
d| <s q+ sTT |\TdT+ {sT. d+es 10 sE\T e+
sT| < #d seT d|+ #| sT. k$TysT s +&e
|s wH #dq <>sZ q T+& eL & ydT <T . s>+
|P]> u>T+~.

dTu>sT, >T+sT
HqT H\T>T d+es\qT+# eTkHuuy] <>Zs
edTH qT. & , JsY uu\ e< y[ e#qT. | Xys+
eTkHu u y] <>sZ s+& @MT #jT qT. e c| |sT
L& uu |sT e+T+~.
1. 6 H\\ + (2009) e #* |[ ~]+~. |[
y+H #j \ ysT nHsT. H <>sZ &T\T e. uu
e< e yTTHqT. uu |H us+ yd 2,000 sbjT\
|[ sT\
T |+{ #d uu de~ e y] yTT<> sT
b]+#qT. 15 sE\ + &T <T nqysT ys+
ys eTT+<T= n s\T> dVjT+ #XsT. 10 \\T
nqT+& ~] yu e +> |[ ]+~. s +&T y\ eT+~
uH\T |{+. <+ eTkHu u <jT !
2. m\H fy T e neT>sT q eTT| sssY
H$THf& bdt sy\ yTTHqT. yT bdt e+~.
yT VsT |w+T, y|\ q&# z| +& +&~.
uuy] yTTq s s>+ u>T|&+ ~.
3. H| dT +&+ e\q >T+sT H mes |\q T
e{ eTT+<T s<T. H |[ s>< n+<s
nqTHsT. e neT>sT n <sZ\ ]>ysT. HqT & ,
nJsY <sZ\ L& y[ e#qT. eTkH uuy] <jT e\q
nesTT y ] eTT+<T e + |\ #sT. | q
s +&eysyT H us eTkHu uy] <sZ e <]+#THqT.
34

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

@~ @+ ]H yTT< HqT uu bsq #kqT.

y+se>sT, &>T|] >eT+, >T+sT


ysT q J$+ edq|sT &> +& u<\
T|&T e+&
<X qT+& uu>] <jT e\q |X+yT q <X m e]+<
$<+ > $e]+#sT.
1. HqT yTT< |< >TuTqT. H us re+> Vw
u< e+&~. sE 4 Ns\T &d b jT$. uHjTq
<>sZ y[ d+es+ eHeTT. sT y d+es+ |s#s
uu <>sZ y[ eH >TD+ |+#< T . + X e~d
#bT+<qT= @&Td L s= eHqT. #=L& ] e+~.
nT | > 80 d+es\ eTTdjTq HeT~> ed
qqT ;& n&>&T. H eT+&+~. HH= | @&TdT+ f
jTq @+{ n. eTkHu ujT n e#sT. n& >& y+&
H us >&\
T >&\
T> yT\
|&+ ~. eTTdjTq yT
<>sZ > y[ #d e#&T. n+ sT y qT+& yT V ;&+ >
bZ sTT+~. eT] +es deTd <T .
2. HqT >T&T eHd |s#s <sZ |sE <jT + 4
>+\ kq+ #d k+uD < |+ yd >+ d| bsjTD
#dT H qT. eTs | nsTTq s kjT++ <sZ e <s q+
#dT +THqT. eT< e $& H>T H y~ e+~.
|s #s
400 sbjT\ KsT nsTT+~. |y
T dT| 10
sE\T, >esyT+T dT| 7 sE\T e+#eTT. |* + <T .
u+ < eTkHu u <sZ rdT e#eTT. eT+<T\T |
yd k$T| us+ sT, k$T de~| |e\T (>T_) +
ny eT+<T\T> \#eTT. |P]> s>e+Ts\sTT+~.
3. e |< sy& T~ ds + <T . n |&T eq
LTsT e+~. n+<Te\q eTkHuuy] <sZ <>Zs @&Td
LsTHeTT. k$TysT \ |+ d++<+ MT sTT+{
edT+ < #bsT. d++<+ ysT 3 sE\ eksq > \
n+<T e s +&e nusTT, nesTT, Vd| >TsT
(|+C) |+#sTT. eT&e sE |[ysT e#sT. ysT
35

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

d| s T \T, nusTT >TDe+T&T. H>sTq jTe]{ |.


|[ u> ] dTK+> eHsT.
$<+ > k$TysT H <TsTD
Z \qT essT. ds +
#sT. e $& y~ b>={sT . eTqTeTs* eT+ |[
#XsT. +$T #| >\eT+{sT o y+se>sT.

mH.$.cse ecsT (dssY ksTT ), 6e qT, 20e


n&s&T, u&|, >T+sT. bH H+. 94909 13774
1982`83 d+ b++ ||<e T+> H d& + { eTkH
c e*j (q\ eTkHu u) y] sTdT y y[ +~,
|k<+ sTT#ysT. sTy #s o ms\
us < >] *d ||< e T+> <sZqT <]+#T=+{. |eTTK
o seT u \
T o s+>quT>sT | + y] n+ u
q
o Cq\>& uqTeT]>] *d <]+#T=H ys o
uqTeT]>sT H #|ysT. o s+>quT>] \\qT
|+T#jT e\dq~> uqTeT]>sT qqT ] eHsT. $<+ >
eTV u \
d\V o eTkHc e*j y] <]+#Te+
yTT<+ ~. 1988 e d+. ns+& | 4 eq T y\jT+
uu eT+~s+ X+KTk|q e] 10 e q #s o ms\
us < >] $jTy& eTT\+b&T ksTTuu $>V |w
nq+s+ HqT >T+sT sT rdTse+ ]+~.
eTVjTT\ k+>+ o eTkHc e*j eT]jTT
ne< \ MT< u X<\
T *q$. deTjT+H >=\>eT&
u> y H o y+jT k$T y] \\qT #~$ |u e+ b+<+,
|#s+ #jT + ]+~.
1. n< d+es+ EBH uu>] w\T o U<sY uu>sT
($jTq>s+ ) y] w\T o Ns\ MTs kVu>sT eT]jTT
NeT\b&T ne uu>s eTkHu u>] <]+#THqT.
eTsT d+es+ sTdT y Ns\ MTskVu>sT, HqT,
sTeT\, &s Y s|T Ts+ n+<s+ *d <sZ #d| bsq \T
#XeTT. s # sB> e+&+ e\q <sZysT, HqT
$&b$T. y] >T]+ #d| y s 10 >+\ b++
36

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

sTT+{ #sTHqT. eTsTd{sE <jT+ (\ys >)


3>+ 30\ <sZ _w y\ >{> XsTT+#T=
<b. d|+ o eTkH uu>] y+&, +>sT _+<\
>+>, jTeTTq, dsd q<T\ qT+& |Drs\T |{] . =
+>sT _+<\ eb\T, H, e|sT>T, |+#<s, e HsTT
+| eq$. dT>+< <y\T |{ eq$. |qT>T, ns T , y],
eT+ >+<+ yTT<\>Tq$ +>sT H\ +&T> |{ eq$.
~>+s+> e+&, {peTT\T es y&T, s s+>T
<V \T * m+ dTqT, m+ +e++>qT $u
sK\T <]+q ne<\T #eT+~ e+&]. ysT n+
@yy #] +#T#THsT. qqT o eTkqjT>sT |\ q
_weTT #jTeT d>#d]. HqT yT\> $qjT+> y]
dMT|+ _w+ #d . n|&T n& ysTT $<TY Bb\T,
e+<\eT+~ dsT\T k] y*q + e+~. eTqdT #
d+w+> e+~. n_w+ ne>H |k<+, #+<q+, $TssTT
+~ #sT. # d+w|& eTkHuu { <+&
|DeTeTT\T n]+#qT. ~ d| ks+XeTT.
s m+ eT+~ s>T\, sTT+~ |&y ] c\T
qc\T m<Ts=Hy] <sZ |< D
\T #jT eT, # u$
sT rs+ deqeT, m+<T+f o eTkH c e*j y]
de~ u$\+ + d]d e+T+~ eq rs+
rdT=+f deTd y<T \T bjT #|yD. n #eT+~
|< D
\T #d, <\T #d, rse TTqT d]+ eT c\qT,
s>\qT s|e|HsT.
2. e oeT k] Vd #]+$T. n|&T
eTk H u uys T d | + q | & < s Z =]j T ,
eTjT\T, M<T e T #| ]. n > H uu <jT
e\q # s> d+|Ps s>e+Ts\sTT+~.
3. 1994 ~ q>sY ksTTs+ eT+~s $>V #T
$seTT\T ed\T <T . n|&T HqT, o {.$.fX sYse>sT
sTT<s e T <sZ |< D
\T #d $>V |+ @sT #sTT+q
37

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

#<s Y | eT yTT=+{$T. yTTq ys jT|PsY


$>V n&H |+|>* $T. #s o ms\ us < >]
q~qeTT nsY 30 e Bq o ksTTuu $>V + eq~.
y+H yTT& rsT=+{$T.
4. o |+CsT uuysT sTdT sEq >Ts+ e#
deTj |+ CsT e # eTseTs\T, ysT Xq> || ,
u\+ , m+&T Kss \T, d$t Tdt, |{ u\+ , nT\T, =]
TsTeTT, |# s s+, @\jT\T ={+ *| >Ts y<q
#sTT+#ysT. sT y 2 \ r| +~ deT]+#ysT.
sTdT bjT\T \TdT+ f y\ jTq sTqe\T
+~d e+&ysT. >TseTTq y~+q s n+<s jTq
dVk\ |k<+ |{ { sTT#ysT. k] sTdT <sZ
n_w+ ]q s de~ (b\s) sT +&, &
+& >T&\
T&#eTT. y{ |# >T& q~
(CT sTe\+ dE) H e< e+#THqT. s |+ CsT
k$T e< s>H H CT+ >T& rdT= q >T&e T
e+#THsT.
5. dTesT 2000 d+ &d+sY H\ < jT+ #u\T
<>sZ >\ o\ +q+< jesT\T ]+q o >jT e
(& djT+uT e> y\dq o #eTTq~), o yT< <D
eT],
o < \j\, HqT ]+q o ~q>sY ksTTs+
eT+~s+ >\ < eT+~s+, |{_| s+ <e T+~s+, ns+&
| y\jT+ esD >\ < eT+~s+ n# HqT
n_w\T #sTTdTH qT. yTT< ~q>sY uu >T& y[
sT<_w |P bZH d] <k $T jT\T<] eTkH
<sZ yeT #bsT. y+H jT\T<] ns+&|
y\jT+ >\ < eT+~s y > n# n_w+ qT\
|+&T>> sT>T+~. #eT+~ u\T \& n_w
\d eHsT. n+<]+f HqT yq> \& eHqT. <
eT+ |]d T H qT. + o eTkH c e*j ysT qqT
<sZ y+H jT\T<] y eT sTT#sT. y+H jT\T<]
38

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

<sZ yqT. n# 108 |< D


\T #jT >H o sTeT\>sT, o
=+&jT >sT, <s s o s$ syVH>sT eT] sTTs u \
T
#eT+~ qqT <sZ qT= |&e T y| q >\ _*+>
(s$ #T | q) |sq eT+~s bs+ue+ #jT e\dq~>
\e+|{] . o eTkqjT >] H n<w+ > u$+ n#
=]jT ={, Bbs<q #d, n>sY r\T y*+, s s
Vs o ksTT d#], o ksTT eT+, u>yH o
y+jTk$T ys #] = n<j\T bsjTD #d
n+<s $TssTT\T |+#qT. ~ >=| n<w+ > u$+#qT.
6. k] <sZ |< D
\T #d < eT+ |]d T H qT.
+ o eTkH c e*j y] de~ qT+& 17 {\T | +#T
n ~eyD $q|&q ~. HqT nqTq 108 |< D
\T ne>H
17 {\T eeT | H eq { k\T n #bqT. C
<sZ HqT, eTTe *, eTs= nqT eHeTT. eTT>T]Z 17
{\T m+<T H ns+ <T . o eTkH uu>sT #bsT <
n+<T @< ns+ e+& +T+~ n HqT $u ~ qT<T
sdT= <sZ|\ [, bsq #d jT s>H Ns\qT+&
|eTTK ksTT u \
T, VsY EBH uu u+> <s q$T
os~+q Ns\ MTskVu>sT, y] w +<+, o
sTeT\>sT, o =+&jT >sT, yTT<\>T u \
+ 2 s
qT
y{sT d |q e bsq #XsT. +H #| q {\T
e#sTT. n+<s+ { rdTHeTT. yTeT+ *d 17 eT+~$T
njeTT. d< \
{ deT]+q u>eTT H *+~.
7. k] o eTkHc e*j ysT (dTesT 1997) H
d| <sq$T dq|* o |sJcy] de~ <]+#T
seTHsT. eTsTd{ ~q+ b<Tf
jT\T<] >T+sT qT+&
dq|* y[ n# o |sJcy] de~ eT+~s <]+
y] | D eTeTT\T d e T]+# T HqT. o | s Jcy]
eTqTeT&T>sT qqT bjT+> >s$+, d]+ y]+
uqeTT #jT e*dq~> ssT. n~ eTV |k<eTT> u$+
y]+ uqeTT #d . < eTsTe nqTu .
39

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

8. 1995 | e] 9 e Bq ~q>sY o ksTTs+ eT+~s


sDeTT, $>V |w seTeTTqT o w]& ksTTuuysT
H# #sTT+HsT. >=\>eT& u> y H o y+jT k$Ty] s<q
>dt 24 q 1992 ||<eT+> >T+sT z+ HsjTD
~ HsjTD HeTeTT# yTT<\T |&q~. n|{+ eT+~s
sDeTT sT>< T . nsTTqqT o u> y H y+jT k$T y]
s<q # ~eeTT> ]q~. dTesT 2,3 y\eT+~
nqd+s D #jT &q~. o |d\ dTseTjT>sT ydq
k$T| |d e TT\T (1s$ =y\T) |+ k$T bsjTD
# j T + ]q~. nTe+{ eT+~s e TT $> V | w
seTTq o Ns\ MTskVu >] V+#T Ns\
y[. ysT ys | MT< y[jTT+&T e\q qqT y]+
eT<V uq+ #djTT+&e\dq~> y]+{ ysT ]].
kjT++ y] &= sT >T+sT #sT =qeqT. y]
nesTT m+ XeT ] ss e TTq e+eTT\T e+&q~.
o w]& ksTT, o eTkqjT>sT nq T+eTTq mq
|eT, u , >seeTT\T. nT\H qqT uu n+ u > u$+
Hd+ | eTT> J&|| #dq eTk e+eTT #
sTse TT> eq~. yTT<{ eT&T eTT<\
T o uu>] n]+
qeTd]+#T= |k< HqT d]+#qT. <e eTT< n
d]+#d] o eTkHc e*j (q\ eTkH uu) ysT
H #$ nesTT $yVeTT >d
t sT>Tq d\$].
HqT y+H #{ uqeTT X< u\ |{e !
jTTss>\qT, nwXs\ e \\+ dTK+>
uuy] os<eTT e+{e, $yVeTT >dt H\
sT>TT+~ n |*. nH $yV+ >dt H\ ]+~.
<+ o eTkHc e*j y] os<eTT.
9. k] q\eTkqjT <sZ |< D
\T #d + &> <sZ
(uu de~) 4 >C\<s+ s&TMT< e+ neT
<s q$T+~. eTTw+ <sZ e< , @y d>\
T #d s&T
y+& ~>+s+> y +~. H |< D
\T nsTTbsTTHsTT. HqT
40

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\eTkHuu ~e\\T

y+H y[ neTqT dMT|+ qeTd]+#THqT. neT


os~++~. HqT dsd] n#{ 200 >C\ <s+ eq
|+ CsT <e< seTk$Tuu y] <]+#THqT.
ysT n+&X ] e+~. ~ |sX, <TsZ<$ e+~ nHsT.
H y+H e+ neT dT]+ neTH k$T sTT nHs
\+, $& q{ qsTb e+ nyT nsTT H
seTk$Tuu d~ <s q$Ty* n <D+ |T HqT.
m<TsT> s&TM T< \& H y | #dTq ~. HqT |sT >Tq y[
&, b |{ neTd+ sTTeeT VA jTe
#bqT. HqT sTTT ]> d] n<XyT+ ~. sTT+{= e+
neT |d + bsjTDd+ rjT> sC $& ~, $& de~
#+~q sE.
10. k] sTdT y Bs qT+& eTTd+ j
e#&T. jTq >=| X d+|qT&T. qqT |\ { sTT|+#eT
n&>&T. { <seT *d >eTT. <D> 2/`s sTTd
rdT=q<T . >TsTe <>sZ y< + s! n qqT |+ CsT
uu <>Zs rdTyeT n&>&T. <sZ qT+& yT$T<s+
seTk$T <>sZ e#eTT. k$T e sTT<s L qT q |
sTT#sT. sTT<s e T HeTT. +< &T*keT+f e<q
e qq& 5/` s rdT=, =+#+d| <+ 5/` s k$T
# |{ b< qeTks+ #dT =H&T. s k$T qqT
jTq y+ y[ seTHsT. <s + *d eT <sZ e#eTT.
<sZ j u+ eT #d #b&T. HqT n> #jT >H
H ~eX eqT n|++~. e+> o ]& ksTT
<s q$T#sT. j qqT os~+ >TsT b<\T n+
X |<e TT\jTT, y{ m\| & eTqdT d]d e+&eT
#b&T.
11. k] nJsY w|t d| <s q$T os~+#sT. d|+
q|&q ~ eeTT o eTkH <sZ. eTsTd{s E dTesT 11 >+\
b++ <sZ yqT. n< eT+&T yd$ yT H\ 14 e B
nqT+{ ` <sZ |y +# eTT+<T <s+ e< eT+&Tf+&
41

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

o q\ eTkHuu ~e\\T

e LsT nVQ VsY (V esT&T) n y>+>


#] d eH&T. HqT |* y[ eTTe nqT m+&
n e&bTH&T < &= LseT #| bjs n
{ @yTH #s n n&>qT. <+ & jTq <jT + 6
>+\qT+& n> LsT eH&T. | eT+L& >< T .
{ L& sTT#eTT >< T . nJsT y&T , { { &T\T
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42

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seTsE>sT, bH H+: 99499 78998


e nusTT k|yt s Y +]+> &^ #X&T. 2009
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eTTsw, |sT &sT, bH H+: 94404 40857


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45

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T


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feT>sT, bH H+: 97059 40865


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B|, bH H+. 90304 04536


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47

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

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sD>sT, V<su<, bH H+: 98492 90155


1. 2006 &d+sT e nusTT eTq <X+ eT+ k|yt s Y
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48

eTV de~ nq+s+ \\T

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49

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30 s
3 ne< \ ( $ T + ) Avadhuta Leela in Tamil
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4 ne< u< eT + ` l k$Ty] u< \ T
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6 u>yH l y+jTk$T (+^w, q~) Bhagavan Sri Venkayya Swami(small)
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7 l y+jTk$T ($T+, q~) Sri Venkayya Swami in Tamil (Small Book)
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H\sT 524 321