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JSC Yamal LNG

Project 3300

3300

Title:

Job Specification for Supply

Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

Project

Document Number:

E Origin.

3300

Owner
YAMAL LNG
Discipline
MC
Document class
2
Contractor document number

Rev.

01R

Issue
Purpose
IFR

IFR

Revision
Description

Date

For Review

19 Dec
2013

For Review

Disc.

Doc Type

Doc No.

000

MC

SPE

63002

Sheet No. D

Lang .

00

2014

Checked
by:

Approved
by:

Welding
Engineer

Construction
Quality
Manager

Project
Technical
Manager

JM

J.GASPARROVIC

P.ROBIN

Welding
Engineer

Construction
Quality
Manager

Area Manager

J. GASPARROVIC

F. MARTIN

Originator:

J. QUERE
Julien Qur
2014.04.15
09:05:25
+02'00'

PO
Paul Chevignard
2014.04.15
09:16:53 +02'00'

3300

000

MC

SPE

63002

00

MC

2

Originator
YAMGAZ
SPE
Doc. type
Classification
Restricted
61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

31 Mar
02R

Unit

01R

02R

IFR

IFR

YAMGAZ
SPE


61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

19.12.
2013

31.03.
2014

JM

J.GASPARROVIC

P.ROBIN

J. QUERE

J. GASPARROVIC

F. MARTIN

Frederic Martin
2014.04.17
17:20:58
+02'00'

This document contains proprietary information and is intended for use by JSC Yamal LNG authorized personnel or companies only. The copyright of this document is vested in JSC Yamal LNG. All rights reserved. The contents
of this controlled document shall not be altered without formal approval of the document Custodian.
It is the responsibility of each user of this document to verify the current revision prior to use. The Yamal LNG Electronic Document Management System is the only JSC Yamal LNG approved source for verifying current revisions.
All revision controls and note on updates are maintained electronically through Fusion. This is governed through the following JSC Yamal LNG document control procedures.
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FUSION. .

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Table of Contents

Rev./.
02R

1.

GENERAL

1.

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

INTRODUCTION
GENERAL PROJECT DESCRIPTION
SCOPE
DEFINITIONS
ORDER OF PRECEDENCE
LANGUAGES

5
5
5
6
7
7

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

5
5
5
6
7
7

2.

CODES AND STANDARDS

2.

2.1
2.2

APPLICABLE STANDARDS
PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS

8
10

2.1
2.2

8
10

3.

EXCEPTION AND DEVIATIONS

11

3.

11

4.

STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS

11

4.

11

4.1 GENERAL
11
4.2 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL MATERIALS - ADDITIONAL
REQUIREMENTS
12

4.1
4.2

5.

FABRICATION

13

5.

13

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8

BENDS
BRANCH CONNECTIONS
ORIFICE RUNS
GALVANIZED PIPING
FLANGE BOLT HOLES
SLIP-ON FLANGES
FABRICATION TOLERANCES
ATTACHMENTS

13
13
14
14
14
15
15
18

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8

13
13
14
14
14
15
15
18

6.

WELD JOINT PREPARATION AND FIT-UP

18

6.1
6.2
6.3

CUTTING
LOCATION OF WELDS
JOINT PREPARATION

18
19
20

6.

18

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

6.1
6.2

11

12

18
19
Page / 2

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10

THREADED CONNECTIONS
TACK WELDS
TEMPORARY WELDS
BRANCH CONNECTIONS
SOCKET WELDS
ATTACHMENTS
PIPE SUPPORTS

22
23
23
24
25
26
26

7.

WELDING

27

7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.6.4
7.7
7.8
7.8.1
7.8.2
7.9
7.9.1
7.9.2
7.9.3
7.9.4
7.9.5
7.9.6

GENERAL
WELDING DATA BOOK
WELD KEY FORM
WELD LOG BOOK
WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS)
WELDING PROCEDURE QUALIFICATION TESTS
General
Hardness tests
Ferrite
Impact Testing
WELDERS QUALIFICATIONS
WELDING PROCESSES
General
Requirements for specific welding process:
WELDING CONSUMABLES
General
Carbon / Low Alloy / Ferritic Steels
Austenitic Stainless Steel
Dissimilar Materials
Ferritic to Stainless Steel
Consumables Storage

27
28
28
29
29
31
31
33
35
36
37
39
39
40
44
44
47
47
48
50
51

8.

WELD REPAIRS

53

9.

PREHEATING INTERPASS TEMPERATURE HEAT INPUT

55

9.1
9.2
9.3

PREHEATING
INTERPASS TEMPERATURE
HEAT INPUT

55
56
57

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10

20
22
23
23
24
25
26
26

7.

27

7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.3
7.6.4
7.7
7.8
7.8.1
7.8.2
7.9
7.9.1
7.9.2
7.9.3
7.9.4
7.9.5
7.9.6








//



27
28
28
29
29
31
31
33
35
36
37
39
39
40
44
44
47
47
48
50
51

8.

53

9.


9.1

55
55

Page / 3

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

10.

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT)

57

10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4

PWHT REQUIREMENTS
METHODS OF HEAT TREATMENT:
TEMPERATURE RECORDING:
POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT PROCEDURES

57
57
58
59

11.

PRODUCTION TEST COUPONS

60

12.

NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE)

60

12.1 GENERAL
12.2 EXTENT OF NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE)
12.3 NDE PERSONNEL QUALIFICATION
12.4 NDE PROCEDURES
12.5 VISUAL EXAMINATION
12.6 MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION (MT)
12.7 LIQUID PENETRANT EXAMINATION (PT)
12.8 RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION (RT)
12.9 ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION (UT)
12.10 TIME OF FLIGHT DIFFRACTION (TOFD)

60
61
66
67
67
68
69
70
73
73

13.

PRODUCTION HARDNESS TESTING

74

14.

PRODUCTION FERRITE CHECKING

75

15.

POSITIVE MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION

76

16.

PIPING ERECTION

76

17.

SUBCONTRACTOR DOCUMENTS

82

18.

ATTACHMENT 1 : PIPING WELDING KEY FORM

84

19. ATTACHMENT 2 : MINIMUM AND PREFERED DISTANCE


BETWEEN PIPING WELDS
87
20.

ATTACHMENT 3: WELD LOG BOOK

88

02R

9.2
9.3

56
57

10.

()

57

10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4

57
57
58
59

11.

60

12.

()

60

12.1
12.2 ()
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6 ()
12.7 ()
12.8 ()
12.9 ()
12.10 ()

60
61
66
67
67
68
69
70
73
73

13.

74

14.

75

15.

76

16.

76

17.

82

18.

1:

84

19. 2:
87
20.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.

3:

89

Page / 4

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

1.

GENERAL

1.

1.1

INTRODUCTION

1.1

This Specification defines the welding, post weld heat treatment and nondestructive examination requirements for shop, field fabrication and erection of
process and utility metallic piping within the scope of application of ASME B 31.3.
This specification is not applicable for titanium, aluminium and copper base
materials. .
This Specification supplements the Codes listed in Section 2.0, the PROJECT
Equipment Specifications, the PROJECT equipment data sheets/drawings. and
any applicable licensor specifications.

1.2

GENERAL PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The present procedure defines the objectives and the strategy for the execution of
the services to be provided by the TPJC joint venture for Engineering of the
Integrated Development of South Tambey gas condensate field LNG plant JSC
YAMAL LNG project to be located in Yamal Nenets autonomous district to the
east of the Yamal Penensula, north of the Sabetta village.
1.3

SCOPE

The present procedure applies to the scope of the EPSCC CONTRACT between
JSC Yamal LNG (referenced as COMPANY) and the TPJC joint venture between
Technip and JGC (referenced as LNGPC CONTRACTOR).
The JSC Yamal LNG PLANT shall include Receiving facilities, three 5.5 MTPA
LNG train based on APCI technology, one Gas Treatment and Export train for
sales gas production, with associated Utilities and, Offsites including LNG and
condensate loading facilities. It covers all the engineering services to be
developed by LNGPC CONTRACTOR for the above contract including the
achievement of the engineering objectives stated herein after.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

,

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ASME B31.3.

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APCI,

Page / 5

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

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1.4
1.4

DEFINITIONS

For clarification purposes, the definitions used in the present specification are
recalled here:

CLIENT : called COMPANY (means JSC YAMAL LNG ),

CONTRACTOR: called CONTRACTOR (means TECHNIP/JGC

JV), the party that carries out all part of the detail design,
engineering, procurement, construction, installation and commissioning of the
JSC YAMAL LNG project

VENDOR: the party which is responsible for the process design,


detail design, engineering, procurement, fabrication, testing and preparation
for shipment of the equipment / package.

SUB VENDOR : the party which carries out all part of the design,
procurement, installation and testing of the system(s) as specified by the
VENDOR (or Prime VENDOR)

MATERIAL REQUISITION : the document (document code type:MR)


in which are listed all the project procedures, specifications, data-sheets,
standards, P&ID and drawings applicable to the Package and its associated
items

PRESSURE PART: part that mechanically withstand pressure and parts


that are directly welded to them.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

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Page / 6

1.5

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

02R

ORDER OF PRECEDENCE

In case of conflict between documents, the following order of precedence shall


govern:
1.

PSTS extracts stated in documents enclosed in Material Requisition

2.

Russian Federation regulations, codes, norms and standards

3.

International codes, norms and standards

4.

Data Sheets enclosed in Material Requisition

5.

Narrative specification enclosed in Material Requisition

6.

This specification

7.

Project specifications and other documents enclosed in Material

Requisition
8.

Rev./.

VENDORs documentation

1.5

All exceptions to the specifications and data sheets requirements must be brought
to the attention of CONTRACTOR in writing and shall requires prior approval
before any action is taken by the VENDOR.

1. ,
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2.

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3.

4.

5.

6.

7. ,

8.

Notwithstanding the here above order of precedence, in case of discrepancy


between any requirement within documents 2 to 8, the most stringent
requirement shall apply except if
a specific relaxation
is granted by
CONTRACTOR.


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1.6

LANGUAGES

This specification and any existing or future documents arising thereof are or shall
be drafted in the English language. If an additional version is drafted in the
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

1.6


.
Page / 7

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Russian language/or in any other language, in the event of any discrepancy


between the English and Russian version or other version(s), the English version
shall always prevail.

2.

CODES AND STANDARDS

2.1

APPLICABLE STANDARDS

The following Codes and Standards, to the extent specified herein, form a part of
this Specification. Edition or revision of the regulations, codes, norms and
standards current on the 1st of April 2013 shall apply. In case of new edition or
revision of the above mentioned documents, VENDOR shall inform
CONTRACTOR immediately.

Rev./.
02R


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2.

2.1


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- (ASME)
(ASME) AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS

II, C

Section II, Part C

Welding Rods, Electrodes, and Filler Metals

Section V

Non-destructive Examination

IX

Section IX

Welding and Brazing Qualifications

B31.3

B31.3 Process Piping


(ASNT) AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING:
SNT-TC-1A
Recommended Practice for Non-destructive Testing Personnel
Qualification and Certification

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


(ASNT)
SNT-TC-1A

Page / 8

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

(ASTM) AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS:


A 833 Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by Comparison Hardness
Testers
E 110 Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by
Portable Hardness Testers
E 140 Standard Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals
E 23 Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic
Materials

Rev./.
02R


(ASTM)
A833

E110


E140

E23


(AWS)
(AWS) AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY:
D 18.2 Guide to Weld Discoloration Levels on Inside of Austenitic Stainless Steel
Tube
A3.0

Standard Welding Terms and Definitions

D 10.10 Recommended Practices for Local Heating of Welds in Piping and Tubing
A4.2 Standard Procedure for Calibrating Magnetic Instruments to Measure the
Delta Ferrite Content of Austenitic and Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steel
Weld Metal
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION

D18.2

A3.0

D10.10

A4.2
- ,
-

EN 1043-1
Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Hardness testing
- Part 1 : Hardness test on welded joints

EN 1043-1
.
. 1.

EN 10204

EN 10204

Metallic Products - Types of Inspection Documents

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

.
Page / 9

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

EN ISO 11699-1

Classification of film for industrial radiography

EN ISO 9712
(former EN 473):

Qualification and Certification of NDT personnel.

EN 719 Welding coordination -Tasks and responsibilities


EN ISO 11699-1

Classification of film for industrial radiography

EN ISO 11699-1

ISO 8249:
Welding - Determination of Ferrite Number (FN) in austenitic and
duplex ferritic-austenitic Cr-Ni stainless steel weld metals

02R

EN ISO 9712
( EN 473):


EN 719

EN ISO 11699-1

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO)

Rev./.

(ISO)
ISO 8249
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-

(PFI)

PIPE FABRICATION INSTITUTE (PFI)


ES-3

ES-3
2.2

2.2

Fabricating Tolerances
PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS

The following PROJECT Specifications shall be used with their amendments:

61402S-000-3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63003-00
Positive Material Identification

61402S-000-JSS-6300-00003

61402S-000-3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63003-00 /

61402S-000-3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63004-00
Certification and marking of material

61402S-000-JSS-6300-00004

61402S-000-3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63004-00 / 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00004

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

61402S-000-JSS-6300-00003

Page / 10

3.

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

EXCEPTION AND DEVIATIONS

3.

Rev./.
02R

Exceptions to and deviations from International Codes and Standards and/or this
specification shall not be implemented without written approval from the
CONTRACTOR.

/

.

4.

STORAGE AND HANDLING OF MATERIALS

4.

4.1

GENERAL

4.1

All piping components and pipe spools shall be stored and handled in
such a manner that no damage or mixing of materials can occur.
Materials shall be stored on skids and not on the ground.
Valves shall be stored with spindles in the vertical position. OS&Y Gate
and Globe valves should be partly open, two hand wheel turns from fully
open. Valves shall be in a clean area protected from dust, dirt, moisture
and direct solar radiation. Relief valves shall be stored upright in a clean
area away from construction activity. End caps on all valves shall remain
in place until valves are installed.
All flanges and flanged connections shall be kept sealed at all times with
covers to prevent damage or ingress of moisture and foreign matter until
final bolted connections are made. Threaded ends shall be plugged and
sealed with tape.
End caps shall be kept on piping components and pipe spools at all times
to prevent ingress of moisture and foreign matter and shall be replaced
immediately if lost or damaged, until the piping components or pipe spools
are welded into their final location.
Partly erected piping components and spools shall be protected at all
times from ingress of moisture or foreign matter by covering and where
necessary, by taping.
Where taping is required, tape shall be 3M Scotch Brand No. 471, or
approved alternative that will not contain products potentially harmful for
material.
Procedures for the preservation and storage of piping materials shall be
prepared by Subcontractor and approved by CONTRACTOR.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

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Page / 11

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

4.2

AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL MATERIALS - ADDITIONAL


REQUIREMENTS

Stainless steel pipe components and pipe spools shall be stored, handled,
preserved and controlled to the satisfaction of CONTRACTOR.
Stainless steel piping components and spools shall be stored on nonmetallic or protected skids.
Care shall be taken to avoid direct contact of stainless steel with carbon
steel during transportation, storage and erection.
Steel wire slings shall not be used for handling and transportation of
stainless steel pipes, however, Subcontractor may use canvas or nylon
strap slings. Wide canvas slings (500mm minimum) shall be used for
lifting or handling any pipework that has been insulated.
The surface of all stainless steel components shall be kept free of foreign
materials such as grease, oil, paint, dirt, tape, ink, chalk and crayon
marks. Only marks made with CONTRACTOR approved marking
materials are acceptable. If ingress of foreign materials has occurred
including water or condensation from the air, the piping components shall
be cleaned immediately and the open ends resealed.
Where contamination by foreign materials described in above paragraph
has occurred the surface of stainless steel components may be cleaned
with acetone, if no crevices exist in the surface of the component. The
component shall then be rinsed with demineralised water. Where ingress
of water or condensation from the air has occurred, the component shall
be thoroughly rinsed with demineralised water. Only demineralised water
supplied or approved by the CONTRACTOR shall be used.
Stainless steel piping and components shall be stored in separate areas
away from storage areas for carbon steel and other materials.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

4.2

02R

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Page / 12

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Direct contact of stainless steel piping components with carbon steel


materials shall be avoided at all times.
Only stainless steel clamps (or Carbon Steel/Tico lined) and U-bolts (or
Carbon Steel/PTFE clad) shall be used for supporting stainless steel
piping.
Stainless steel spacer strips of adequate size approved by Contractor
shall be securely installed in areas where stainless steel piping
temporarily rests on carbon steel supports.
Subcontractor shall take all precautions to protect stainless steel piping
from contact with zinc from nearby cutting or welding operations on
galvanised pipe or galvanised structures.

Rev./.
02R

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5.

FABRICATION

5.

5.1

BENDS

5.1

As the project consists of low temperature carbon steel and stainless steel,
bending is not permitted.

,
.

5.2

5.2

BRANCH CONNECTIONS

Branch connections shall be made in accordance with Project specifications

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 13

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

All welded branch connections shall be joined with full penetration welds.
Branch connection joints shall be prepared so as to permit full penetration welds
of a quality comparable to the circumferential welds in the same piping system.
When making the opening on the run pipe by plasma arc-cut, cut surface shall be
ground back and special care shall be taken for the internal cleanliness of run
pipe. For stainless steel piping, internal protection shall be required during
plasma-arc cutting of branch opening from arc spatter, slags, etc.

5.3

ORIFICE RUNS

Orifice runs shall not contain welds except at the flanges. Pipe ends at orifice
flanges shall be machine-cut and perpendicular to the pipe axis.
Welds at the orifice flanges shall be ground smooth inside. Pipe-tap connections
shall be drilled through the pipe wall and be smooth inside. Orifice flanges shall be
drilled and tapped for jack screws.

5.4

GALVANIZED PIPING

Galvanized piping shall not be bent and preferably not welded. Piping required to
be welded shall be regalvanized after fabrication and after having removed
damaged galvanizing.
5.5

FLANGE BOLT HOLES

Where not shown otherwise, flange boltholes shall straddle the vertical centrelines
of the pipe where the flange is installed vertically, and the north - south line where
the flange is installed horizontally.
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

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5.3

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5.4

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5.5

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JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

, .
5.6

SLIP-ON FLANGES

Slip-on flanges, when permitted, shall be double welded and vented though the
hub with a 3mm diameter pre-drilled vent hole. The flanges shall be positioned so
that the distance from the face of the flange to the pipe shall be about equal to the
nominal pipe wall thickness plus 3 mm. The welds shall be applied in a manner
that will not require re-facing of the flange.

5.7

FABRICATION TOLERANCES

PIPING CONTRACTOR is responsible for fabricated dimensions that agree with


piping drawings and applicable codes.
Where not otherwise specified, dimensional tolerances shall conform to those
shown in table 1
All angular dimensions of bends and branches shall be maintained within + 1
degree.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

5.6

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3 .
,

3 .
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5.7



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,
1.

+1 .

Page / 15

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Table 1 Dimensional tolerance


Criteria

Tolerance
1


, ,
, . . (1)

1,5 = 1,5

Indicated dimensions for face to face, centre to


face, location of branches, attachments, etc.(1)

Less than 1.5 meters = 1.5 mm

Pipe flattening measured as difference between


the max; and Min. diameter at the ross section

8%

, ,

Lateral translation of branch or connections

3 mm

Rotation of flanges (bolt holes) from the indicated


position, measured as shown

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Straightness of a finished spool, over the


specified length

For flange face alignment (2)

(2)

Misalignment (3)

02R

1.

Rev./.

1.5 meters and longer = 3 mm

1.5 mm measured across


the bolt circle.

0.2%, measured
from end to end
8in = 1 mm

1,5 = 3
8%

3
1,5

.
0,2%

8 = 1

8in - 20in = 1.5 mm

8 20 = 1.5

24in - 36in = 2.5 mm

24 36 = 2.5

36in = 3 mm

36 = 3

150 NPS (6in) = 1 mm

(3)

200-300 NPS (8in - 12in) = 2 mm


(NPS) 150 (6 ) = 1

(NPS) 200-300 (8-12 ) =
2

300 NPS (12in) = 2.5 mm


(but not to exceed 10% of wall
thickness)


(NPS) 300 (12 ) = 2,5
( 10% )

Note:

:
(1) These tolerances apply to each stated drawing dimension
and are not cumulative.

(1)
.

(2) However, when branches are in the same plane their


flange facings shall not deviate by more than the same value
from each other

(2) ,
,
.

(3) Misalignment should be minimised wherever possible by


Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 16

J
JSC
Yamal LNG
G

Job S
Specification for
f Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop
p and Field



-
/

rotating th
he pipe/fitting for best fit whilst

Document
D
/ 3300-E
E-000-MC-SPE-63002
2-00-D
Contractor
C
documentt number /
: 61402S-000-JSS-6
6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

(3)


,

, /

Page /
/
17

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

Process shall be submitted to CONTRACTOR for acceptance prior to use.

,
,
.
:

Considered as a repair and noted as such in the welding data book.

100% controlled by RT and DP or MT

Hydrotest of the spool shall be performed again

100%
.

Out of alignments of flange, noted during spooling site erection, can be rectified by
using of GTAW process. In this case, they shall to follow the below requirements:

Heat straightening is not allowed.

.
5.8
5.8

ATTACHMENTS

Attachments, such as supports, braces, lugs, and T-bars will normally by installed
in the field. Fabricated pipe requiring preheating or post weld heat treatment shall
have shop welded pads or stubs, to which field welds can be made where
attachments are required. In such a case, the pads or stubs welds to the pipe shall
receive the required heat treatment in the shop.

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6.

6.

WELD JOINT PREPARATION AND FIT-UP

6.1

6.1

CUTTING

Weld joint preparation may be performed by machining, grinding or by flame or


plasma cutting guided torches. Any other process shall be submitted to
CONTRACTOR for acceptance prior to use.

/ .
.

For P-No.6 and higher base materials only plasma or mechanical cutting shall be
allowed.

P, 6 ,
.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 18

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Materials that require preheat for welding shall be preheated in the same manner
for thermal cutting or air arc gouging.
Weld joint preparation for carbon steels or steels containing more than 0.5 percent
chromium shall be machined or ground back to sound metal if they are flame or
plasma cut. At least 2 mm of metal shall be removed.
Gas cutting is only accepted on non-galvanized carbon steel materials.
In gas cutting, the cutting flame shall be so adjusted and manipulated as to avoid
cutting beyond the prescribed lines. The roughness of gas cut surfaces and
occasional notches on edges shall be removed by machining or grinding; cut
surfaces and edges shall be left free of slag. For stainless steel piping, internal
protection shall be required during plasma-arc cutting of branch opening from arc
spatter, slag, etc.
Cutting shall be performed perpendicularly to the piping component centreline
unless otherwise indicated on the drawings. Cutting shall be made with suitable
allowance taken into account for shape of connections and shrinkage due to
cutting and welding. Before cutting, markings shall be reproduced on each of the
cut part of materials as specified in project specifications.
Special care shall be taken to remove internal burrs resulting from cutting,
especially on pipes equal to or less than 2 inches in diameter.

Rev./.
02R

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6.2

LOCATION OF WELDS

Distance between two successive girth butt welds shall be in accordance with
Attachment 2 (Minimum and preferred distance between piping welds)
Attachments of non-pressure parts by welds which cross existing main welds or
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

6.2


2 (
).

Page / 19

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

for which the minimum nominal distance between the toe of the attachment weld
and the toe of existing main welds or branch welds is less than the smaller of
twice the thickness of the pressure parts or 40 mm, should be avoided.
All longitudinal weld seams shall preferably be located on the upper half of the
pipe when the piping system is erected. Two successive longitudinal weld seams
shall be staggered by four time the pipe wall thickness or 50 mm, whichever is
greater between toes of adjacent welds and preferably 90 degrees minimum.
Welds of branch connections openings and attachments shall not overlap main
seam welds or interfere with welds of other attachments, unless impracticable and
agreed upon with CONTRACTOR

6.3

JOINT PREPARATION

Rev./.
02R


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.

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All weld joint preparation details shall be in accordance with ASME B 31.3 Figures
328.4.2 to 4.4 and Figures 328.5 and piping Construction Standards.

6.3

Permanent backing rings and consumable inserts shall not be used unless
specifically accepted by CONTRACTOR.


ASME B31.3, . 328.4.24.4 328.5,
.

The ends of piping components to be joined shall be aligned as accurately as is


practicable within specified tolerances on diameter, wall thickness, and out-ofroundness. Radial misalignment at the joining ends of piping components shall be
limited to 3 mm or 0.25 times the pipe wall thickness whichever is less. The
misalignment shall be evenly distributed along the circumferential joint. Where the
internal misalignment between piping components exceeds 1.5 mm, the
component with the wall extending internally shall be trimmed in accordance with
ASME B 31.3, paragraph 328.4.3. Where pipe fittings require machining internally
to compensate for different wall thicknesses, the pipe/fitting to be machined shall
be carefully checked for roundness, and corrected using power jacks as
necessary, prior to machining.
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


, .

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Page / 20

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

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However, the resulting thickness of the welded joint shall not be less than the
minimum design thickness plus corrosion allowance of the pipe.
Defective or damaged weld ends (bevels) shall be examined by CONTRACTOR's
inspector in order to determine the nature and extent of damage. Weld repairs
shall not be made on weld preparations of pipe or fittings without permission from
CONTRACTOR. Use of hot or cold hammering as a means for repair is prohibited.
Slip-on flanges shall be double welded. Slip-on flanges shall be positioned so that
the end of the pipe is recessed from the flange face, a distance equal to the lesser
of pipe wall thickness or 6.4mm, plus 3mm. Seal welding shall be carefully
applied in order to avoid re-facing the flange.
Because of the possibility of seat distortion or spark damage due to welding,
Subcontractor shall ensure that valves are in the near-open position (2 handwheel
turns from open) prior to commencement of welding. This is applicable to all
welded valve types and sizes except check valves
To avoid possible damage to valve seats or seals due to arcing across the seat of
the valve during welding, the Subcontractor shall ensure that there are no in-line
valves (flanged or welded) between the earth connection and the welding location
Pipes for insertion in slip-on flanges and for socket weld joints shall be cut square,
within 0.5mm. Special care shall be taken with socket welding connections to
ensure correct insertion length per ASME B31.3 Figure 328.5.2C.
The location of final closure welds is subject to CONTRACTOR approval
All Olets shall be fully welded in accordance with Vendors recommendations.
Special care shall be taken when welding Olets to thin wall pipe. Vendors welding
procedures shall be strictly adhered to
For piping over 900# and piping in vibratory service, the maximum internal
misalignment shall be < 1 mm.
Grinding wheels and wire brushes used on austenitic or other higher nickel shall
not have been previously used on carbon or low alloy steels, copper alloys,
aluminium or zinc coatings (paint or galvanizing).
Grinding wheels and wire brushes shall be used only for a single type of material.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

1,5 ,
ASME B31.3, . 328.4.3.

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.

0,5 .

Page / 21

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Only austenitic stainless steel wire brushes shall be used on austenitic


Grinding discs containing sulphur (iron sulphate) or other harmful components
shall not be used on stainless steel.

Rev./.
02R


ASME B31.3, . 328.5.2C.

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.
900# ,
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1 .


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6.4

THREADED CONNECTIONS

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, .

Unless otherwise specified, all threads shall be in accordance with ASME B1.20.1.

6.4

All threaded connections shall be gauge-checked or chased after welding or heat


treatment. Subcontractor shall verify thread engagement in accordance with
ASME B1.20.1

, ASME B1.20.1.

Inside ends of threaded pipes shall be deburred by reaming.


Threaded connections shall not be seal welded, .excepted approved by
CONTRACTOR prior to use

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


.
, ASME
B1.20.1.

.
Page / 22

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Threaded joints in piping system shall be made-up using Teflon pipe tape installed
on the male thread. Teflon tape quality and composition shall be approved by
CONTRACTOR prior to use.

6.5

TACK WELDS

Tack welds on roots which will be part of production welds shall be made with the
same WPS-PQR as for production weld. Tack welds shall be performed by a
qualified welder. The edge of tack welds on the root should be suitably dressed to
fuse with the root pass weld, except that those which have cracked shall be
removed by grinding.
Bridge tacks outside the groove or inside the groove but not on the root shall be
subject to acceptance by CONTRACTOR with a procedure such as bridge piece
material tack welded to base metal of run pipe or branch pipe.
In case of bridge tack outside the groove, magnetic particle or dye penetrant
examination shall be carried out after removal of bridge piece.
The usage of bridge pieces shall be minimized.

TEMPORARY WELDS

Temporary welds for temporary handling attachments, lugs, etc... shall be


minimized. When temporary welding is deemed necessary, welding shall be
performed with the same care, materials, electrodes, minimum preheat and
qualified welding procedures as for the main fabrication welding.
The temporary welds shall subsequently be removed and ground flush with the
base material, and then inspected by magnetic particle of liquid penetrant
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

02R

,
,
.

,
.
.
6.5

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6.6

Rev./.

.
6.6

, . .
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Page / 23

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

examination.

, .

Any defect found during this inspection shall be removed and repaired by a
qualified welding procedure. The method of removing attachments shall not injure
the metal surface (i.e. they shall not be removed by hammering off).


,
.
,
.
(. .
).

6.7

BRANCH CONNECTIONS

Branch connections shall be made in accordance with Project specifications.

6.7

Branch connection joints shall be prepared so as to permit full penetration welds


of a quality comparable to the circumferential welds in the same piping system.

Branch reinforcement shall be indicated on isometric drawings. Reinforcement


material shall be made from pipe materials as specified by the relevant piping
class and subject to the same specification requirements as the piping to which it
is attached


,
.

All reinforcement pads for pressure openings, or each segment of built-up type
reinforcement pads for pressure openings, shall be provided with a inch (6mm)
hole for venting. Vent hole shall be sealed with grease to prevent ingress of
moisture after welding and testing. Type of grease shall be chloride free and
approved by CONTRACTOR
When making the opening on the run by plasma arc-cut, care shall be taken as to
the internal cleanliness of run pipe. For stainless steel piping, internal protection
shall be required during plasma-arc cutting of branch opening from arc spatter,
slag, etc.
Branch connections, vent nozzles, trunnions and other attachments including
reinforcing pads shall not be welded over or near longitudinal or circumferential
welds in the piping. The minimum distance from a longitudinal or circumferential
weld shall be 50mm min. measured between the heat-affected zones, or 4 X
nominal wall thickness, whichever is greater. For reinforcing pads the minimum
distance measured between the heat-affected zones of the weld in the pipe and
the fillet weld of the pad shall be 25mm min. In the event that these restrictions are
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

.

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Page / 24

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

impossible to achieve in a particular circumstance, CONTRACTOR shall be


informed.
The subcontractor shall be responsible for locating all field welds and field fit
welds to ensure construction feasibility between equipment, pipe-racks, branch
connections, out of alignment flanges or welded mating joins to plant items. Pipe
supporting and all the eventualities to make a correctly fitting piping system are all
within the scope of the subcontractors work. It must be noted that where
isometrics show field fit welds, the subcontractor shall install the top and bottom
pre-fabricate spools before they site measure between field welds, prior to
cutting/bevelling the closure straight pipe spool.
Where reinforcing pads are used, all non-destructive testing, whether magnetic
particle inspection or dye penetrant inspection will be completed on the branch
welds before the installation of the reinforcing pad

Rev./.
02R

.

50

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,

, 25 .
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.


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6.8

SOCKET WELDS

The pipe for socket welding shall be square cut.


For joint fit-up of socket welds a special designed contraction rings (such as Gapa-Let rings) may be used at the joint bottom to ensure minimum gap after
welding.
Use of cellulose or other spacers require prior CONTRACTOR acceptance

6.8

.

(, Gap-a-Let)

.

A minimum gap of 1.6 mm shall exist between the pipe and the socket after
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 25

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

welding. The maximum gap after welding shall be 3.0 mm.

Rev./.
02R


.

1,6 . 3,0 .

6.9

ATTACHMENTS

Non pressure attachments are to be installed in the shop to the maximum extent
possible. Fabricated pipe requiring field post weld heat treatment shall have shop
welded pads or stubs, to which field welds can be made where attachments are
required. In such a case, the pads or stubs welds to the pipe shall receive the
required heat treatment in the shop.

6.9


. ,
,
, .
.

.

6.10 PIPE SUPPORTS


Subcontractor shall install all supports, anchors, guides and other support
attachments in accordance with details indicated on the drawings. Subcontractor
shall fabricate pipe supports where requested by Contractor.
All fabricated pipe supports shall have welding preparations in accordance with
ASME B31.3
Completed fabricated supports shall be clearly identified. The identification shall
include the unit number, support number and other information to enable field
supervision to identify the support member.
All support welding and attachment welding to piping components shall be
performed by competent qualified welders who have passed the applicable
Qualification Test. All attachment welds shall be welded by qualified welders in
accordance with an appropriate welding procedure approved for the piping class
All attachment welds shall conform to the configurations depicted in ASME B31.3
(fillet and attachment welds) Chapter V, Section 328. Fillet weld sizes shall
conform to ASME B31.3, Chapter V, Section 328.5.4 and dimensional sketches
The use of temporary supports during erection of permanent piping systems shall
be subject to approval by Contractor. All temporary supports shall be removed.
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

6.10
, ,

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.

ASME B31.3.
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, - .

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Page / 26

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Concrete foundations used for temporary supports may remain providing they do
not protrude above ground. Retention of any concrete foundations shall be subject
to approval by CONTRACTOR.

Rev./.
02R

ASME B31.3 (
), V, 328.
ASME
B31.3, V, 328.5.4, .

.
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- .

7.

WELDING

7.1

GENERAL

All butt joints shall be full penetration welded using at least two passes, unless
otherwise indicated on the accepted drawings.
Threaded olets shall be seal welded, where the weld metal shall cover all exposed
threads.
No pass shall be commenced until the preceding pass has been completed.

7.

7.1


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Weld passes shall not start or stop at the same point.

.
.

Welding shall not be stopped before the second pass is completed, and until the
thickness of the weld is at least equal to one third of the pipe wall thickness.

Where possible, butt welds may be made from both sides, in accordance with
accepted welding procedures. In such cases, the backside of the root pass shall
be ground or gouged to sound metal before welding on that side.

Peening is not permitted. Pneumatic cleaning of slag is not considered as


peening.
For the stainless steel, the roughness (Ra) after grinding shall be below 0.5 m
All fillets (including those for slip-on flanges) and socket welds shall be made with
two passes minimum unless otherwise agreed by the CONTRACTOR.
No welding shall be carried out when the parts to be welded are wet.

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.


.
.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 27

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

.
(Ra)
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7.2

WELDING DATA BOOK

7.2

A cover sheet with title block dedicated to the Project.



.

.
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A Weld Key Form.

The PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall submit a detailed welding data book to the
CONTRACTOR at the time of WPS/PQR submittal. Fabrication shall not start until
the welding data book is returned with an agreement to proceed. The welding data
book shall include, as a minimum, the following documents:

A welding map (or sample of fabricator welding map used for welding and
NDE traceability)

Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS).

Procedure Qualification Records (PQR).

NDT requirements.

7.3

WELD KEY FORM

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)

7.3

The weld key form shall provide on matrix table the list of all WPS intended to be
used with the following information:


,
, :

Supporting PQR and qualification range (thickness range, PWHT as

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


Page / 28

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

appropriate)

Welding process

Welding consumables brand name and designation

List of the piping classes covered by each WPS

Post Weld Heat Treatment requirement

Parent material grade to be welded

Minimum Design Metal Temperature (MDMT)

Preheat temperatures

Welding Key form shall link applicability of each WPS to each piping classes.
Suggested Weld Key Form in Attachment 1 may be used by PIPING
SUBCONTRACTOR or PIPING SUBCONTRACTORs own forms provided all
information listed above is included.

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Rev./.
02R

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7.4

7.4

WELD LOG BOOK

Weld log shall be filled in a table, as per attachment 3, and attached to the
Technical Passport of the piping system.


3
.
7.5

7.5

WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION (WPS)

Welding Procedure Specifications (WPSs) and their supporting Procedure


Qualification Records (PQRs) shall conform to the requirements of ASME Section
IX and to the requirements of this specification.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


ASME,
IX, .


Page / 29

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Welding Procedure Specifications and Procedure Qualification Records shall be


submitted to the CONTRACTOR: prior to the start of fabrication. Welding shall not
proceed until these documents are returned to the CONTRACTOR: with
agreement to proceed.
All Welding Procedure Specifications and Procedure Qualification Records for
piping systems subcontracted by the PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall be
reviewed by the PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR for content and contract compliance
prior to submittal to the CONTRACTOR. Each WPS shall be identified by a unique
number and shall make reference to the applicable piping classes.
PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR may use its own WPS forms provided that complete
welding data defined in ASME IX forms QW 482, and following information are
included:
a.
Welding process or processes when more than one is used in making a
complete joint.

Rev./.
02R

.

,
,

, .


.


,
QW-482 ASME IX,
:

b.

Parent metal specification and thickness.

c.

Pipe diameter range.

a.
,
.

d.

Whether shop or field welding.

b.

e.

Joint preparation including allowable tolerances (sketch).

c.

f.

Cleaning, degreasing, etc.

d.

g.

Welding position (including direction for vertical position).

e.

, ().

h.

Weaving limitation (max 3 time of electrode diameter)

f.

, . .

i.
Brand name, AWS classification and size (diameter) of welding
consumables.

g.
(
).

j.
Pre-heating and Inter-pass temperature, including method of heating and
method of temperature measurement.

h.
(
)

k.

Travel speed (automatic welding).

l.
Run Out Length for manual welding according ASME IX QW-409.1 (b) (2)
for all cases

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

i.
, AWS ()
.
j.

,
Page / 30

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

m.
Approximate number and arrangement of runs and weld dimensions
(sketch).
n.

Welding sequence.

o.

Back gouging if applicable

p.

Tack-welding requirements

q.
Shielding gas(es) with percent composition (mixtures), flow rate
(liter/minute), backing gas composition and flow rate (liter/minute) and size of gas
cup to be used.
r.
P.W.H.T. requirements including the detailed cycle of heat treatment,
heating rate cooling rate, holding time and temperature. The equivalent heat
treatment cycle shall be shown on the PQR.
s.
When welding quenched and tempered steels or materials requiring
impact testing the heat input in conjunction with the minimum/maximum interpass temperatures shall be restricted to the values shown in the supporting PQR
as specified 6.
t.
Supplementary essential variables shall be specified when impact tests
are required.

Rev./.
02R

.
k.

( ).

l.
ASME IX QW409.1 (b) (2) .
m.
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7.6

WELDING PROCEDURE QUALIFICATION TESTS

7.6.1 General
All welding procedure qualification tests shall be witnessed and certified by an

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

7.6

7.6.1

Page / 31

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Independent internationally
CONTRACTOR.

recognized

inspection

agency

acceptable

to

Some acceptable inspection agencies are as follows:


- American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)
- Det Norske Veritas (DNV)
- Germanischer Lloyd
- Lloyds Register of Shipping
- Stoomwezen
- TV

Rev./.
02R

, .
:
- (ABS)
- (DNV)
-
-
- Stoomwezen,
- TV ( )
- APAVE ( )

- APAVE
- Bureau Veritas
- Institut de soudure / ASAP
Any other agencies not listed above will require CONTRACTOR prior acceptance.
For power piping, PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR holding a valid ASME B31.1 code
stamp may be authorized to qualify by himself the Welding Procedure
Qualification at CONTRACTOR discretion.
Non-impact tested procedures shall be qualified in 6G position to qualify all
positions, unless welding in production is limited to 1G (or Rotated) position, in
which case qualification may be run in 1G (or Rotated) position
Impact tested procedures shall be qualified in 2G and 5G position to qualify all
positions, unless welding in production is limited to 1G (or Rotated) position, in
which case qualification may be run in 1G (or Rotated) position.
Shop welding procedure qualification for site application may be acceptable
provided sites machine and associated equipment are identical to the one used
for qualification.
Welding procedures shall be qualified in accordance with the requirements of
ASME IX supplemented by macro hardness survey, Brinell testing, impact testing
and ferrite measurements when required by code or here under:
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

- (BV)
- (),
()
, ,
.
,
ASME B31.1,

.

6G , ,
1G (
), 1G
( ).

2G 5G , ,
1G (
),
1G ( ).

Page / 32

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

,
, .

ASME IX. ,
,
,

.
7.6.2 Hardness tests

7.6.2

For any welds requiring Post Weld Heat Treatment, welding procedure
qualifications shall be subject to hardness testing as follows:

,
,
, .

The hardness survey shall be performed on weld macro cross section according
to the Vickers hardness test method defined in EN 1043-1, under 10 kg load, API
582 or other standards accepted by CONTRACTOR: .
The series of readings shall include unaffected base material (BM), Heat Affected
Zone (HAZ), Weld Metal (WM).
The hardness survey on weld macro cross section shall be performed along two
traverses parallel to the outer and inner surfaces of the base material and located
at 1 to 2 mm maximum inside them. A hardness survey in both heat affected
zones along a line parallel to each fusion line is required.
Indentations shall be in the HAZ at a maximum of 0.3 mm from the fusion line
bordering the two last layers. Hardness survey shall be done below outer and
inner surfaces of the weld,
Along traverses 3 indentations, equally spaced (1 mm), shall be made in the weld
metal, in both HAZ (Heat Affected Zones) and both base metals.
Photo macrographs showing the indent locations shall be submitted with the PQR.
The maximum hardness shall not exceed the following values:



, EN 1043-1 ( 10 ),
API 582 , .
(),
,
() ().

,

1-2 .
,
.
0,3
, .

.
, (1 ),
,

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 33

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

() .
,
,
.
:

TABLE 2: MAXIMUM HARDNESS VALUES (HV10)


Material group according
ASME IX
P-Nos.1

P-No. 1 (H2, Amine, H2S,


HF, caustic services,)

In PWHT condition
275

210

Without
PWHT
Not required

Not
applicable

When the qualification test has been welded in the 5 G or 6 G positions, the macro
cross section for hardness test shall be removed from approximately the 6 and 12
o'clock positions.
A welding procedure qualification test performed on P Number 1 Group 1 material
shall not qualify for welding P Number 1 Group 2 material.
PQR shall include also surface Brinell hardness test on weld metal, HAZ and base
material as per the same test method, which will be used during production as per
Section 11.
a) In the event where existing PQR have been made without hardness survey, a
pipe coupon welded with the same welding variables as the PQR shall be carried
out for hardness test survey, before beginning of production. With reference to

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

2.
(HV10)

ASME IX

P = 1

275

210

P = 1 (

, ,
,
,
)


5G 6G,
6 12 .
P =
1 1-
P = 1 2- .


,
,
11.

Page / 34

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

6.5.1, this shall be witnessed and certified by and Independent Inspection Agency.
b) Each new PQR shall include a hardness survey as described above.

Rev./.
02R

a)
, ,
, ,
.
. 6.5.1,

.
b)
, .

7.6.3 Ferrite
7.6.3.1 Austenitic stainless Steel
Except otherwise specified by Licensor, Ferrite Number (FN) shall be checked in
PQR by ferrite tester in the following cases:

When equipment will be subject to PWHT over the temperature of 350C

When operating temperature is equal or exceed 350C


Ferrite Number (FN) shall be checked by means of portable ferriscope or
equivalent portable ferrite tester. Values shall be 3-10 FN (with a maximum range
of 3-12 FN).
The ferrite tester shall be calibrated on standard samples having certified ferrite
content between 2 and 15 FN in accordance with AWS A4.2.

7.6.3
7.6.3.1
,

(),
:

350 C

350 C
()

. 3-10 (
3-12).


2 15 AWS A4.2.

7.6.3.2 Austenitic stainless Steel with MDMT<-104C

7.6.3.2 <-104 C

Cryogenic service is defined as any service below minus 104C.

,
104 C.

The trade name and manufacturer of welding consumable shall be considered as


essential variable for PQR.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


Page / 35

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Qualification shall be performed with the position leading to highest heat input
(5G). This heat input shall be considered as maximum for WPS.
Impact test shall be carried out on the qualification in weld metal and heat affected
zone (sets of three specimens). Test temperature shall be -196C or MDMT
whichever is lower. Minimum values as detailed in Table 3. Lateral expansion
shall be reported on certificate and value shall be minimum 0.38 mm.
Ferrite Number (FN) shall be measured with ferrite tester as and reported on
PQR. Value shall not exceed 7 FN. To achieve this value, low ferrite welding
consumables shall be selected.

Rev./.
02R

,
(5G).
.

( ).
-196 C
, .
3.
, 0,38 .
()
.
7.

.

7.6.4 Impact Testing


Impact tests shall be performed in accordance with ASME B 31.3 Table 323.3.1.
The location of impact test specimens shall be in accordance with ASME
requirement.
Minimum value shall be 27J for carbon steel and stainless steels unless higher
energy is required by code. Test shall be performed on three samples.
For Carbon steel, the test temperature shall be -50C or lower, if specified by
code.
Impact test specimen shall be type A Charpy V notch conforming ASME B31.3,
323.3.3
When required and in case of welding process combination, one set of impact test

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

7.6.4
ASME B 31.3,
. 323.3.1.

ASME.

27 , ,
.
.
-50 C
, .
A V ASME B31.3, . 323.3.3.
, ,
Page / 36

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

specimen shall be machined in each group of passes performed with one same
welding process.

WELDERS QUALIFICATIONS

Welders and welding operators shall be qualified by radiographic examination in


accordance with ASME Section IX, prior to fabrication by an Independent
internationally recognized inspection agency acceptable to CONTRACTOR: as
specified in 7.5.1.
Existing equivalent qualifications made under the provisions of the code of the
country where piping components are manufactured, such as the European Norm
EN 287-1/2, may be acceptable to CONTRACTOR: provided that the relevant
qualification is certified by Independent internationally recognized inspection
agency.
In addition to ASME qualification, all welders involved in the welding of stainless
steels and nickel alloys materials must be fully familiar and knowledgeable in the
welding technology of these materials. All welders shall pass an examination of
competence to demonstrate their ability to weld materials P-No.4 and higher with
adequate backing gas protection.
Additionally the first two production welds produced by each welder or welding
operator shall be 100% radiographed.
PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall submit to the review of CONTRACTOR:a
training, and examination program of qualification of all welders and foremen
assigned in the welding and repairs of stainless steels and nickel alloys piping
materials.
Qualification certificate records shall be submitted, prior to fabrication, to the
review of the CONTRACTOR: Inspector or Welding Coordinator.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

02R


,
.
7.7

7.7

Rev./.



ASME, IX, -
, ,
. 7.5.1.
,
, ,
EN 287-1/2,
.
ASME, ,
,
.

P = 4
.
, ,
,
100% .


,
.


.

Page / 37

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

Welder performance registration

In order to control and maintain the validation of performance qualification, a


welder performance register shall be kept up to date by the PIPING
SUBCONTRACTOR.

This register should at least contain the following data:

, , :

a.

Welders name and stamp.

a.

b.

Data of weld inspection and inspection results.

b.

c.

Materials (base and consumable).

c.

( )

d.

Weld joint data (diameter, wall thickness, etc).

d.

(, . .)

e.

Reference to WPS used.

f.

Position of welding.

e.

g.

Purging records including repairs.

h.

Welder identification stamps

Each qualified welder and welding operator shall be assigned an identification


code stamp in the form of a number or letters.
Welder code stamping shall be applied close to each pressure-retaining weld
produced on two diametrically opposite zones beside the weld with paint markers.
If a welder performs only the filling passes, such zones shall be close to the ones
marked by the welder who performed the root pass
The use of low-stress stamps (e.g. needle or rounded stamps) shall be mandatory
for low temperature carbon steel, Austenitic stainless steel may be marked either
using low- stress stamp or vibro-etching marking.
Marking on all materials with thickness less than 6 mm shall be done with paint
(without halogens and low melting point metals)
Control of welder/Operator quality
Welding operators and welder qualifications shall remain valid, unless when:

The quality of their work, during fabrication, appears to be below the


Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

f.

g.

h.


-
.

,
, .
,
,
, .

(,
).
.
6
( ).
Page / 38

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

requirements of this Specification.

Rev./.
02R

/ .

They have not welded with any process during a period of 6 months.

There is a specific reason to question their abilities to make welds that


meet the requirements of this specification.


, :

,
.

-
6 .

7.8

7.8

WELDING PROCESSES

7.8.1

7.8.1 General
Welding of piping retaining pressure welds shall be limited to the following
processes:

Welding processes
Shielded Metal - Arc Welding
Gas Tungsten - Arc Welding
Automatic Submerged Arc Welding
Flux Cored Arc Welding
Gas Metal Arc Welding

AWS Designation
SMAW
GTAW
SAW
FCAW (see 7.8.2)
GMAW (see 7.8.2)

Other applications of welding processes on piping retaining pressure welds shall


not be assumed acceptable by the PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR during bid
preparation and would require CONTRACTORs prior acceptance. Any

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

AWS
SMAW ()
GTAW ()
SAW ()
FCAW (), . . 7.8.2
GMAW (), . . 7.8.2


, ,
.
.
Page / 39

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

authorization would imply the evaluation of the specific application, additional


qualifications and NDT requirements.


, .

Above limitations do not apply to non-pressure retaining welds.

7.8.2
7.8.2 Requirements for specific welding process:
Submerged Arc Welding (SAW):
The maximum individual layer thickness for submerged arc weld shall not exceed
9.5 mm.
Solid wires for automatic-welding processes shall contain the principal elements
required for the deposited weld metal. Alloy fluxes as defined by ASME section II,
Part C SFA 5.17 or 5.23, shall not be used.
Fluxes that the flux Manufacturer recommends for single pass welds shall not be
used for multiple pass welds.
Welding procedures for submerged arc welding shall be requalified whenever the
welding flux or wire is changed from one manufacturer to another, or from one
grade to another grade from the same manufacturer for P-No.3 and higher.
Equivalence under ASME section II, Part C shall not be considered adequate for
substitution without requalification.
Alloy fluxes shall not be used as defined by ASME section II, Part C SFA 5.17 or
5.23.
SAW should not be used for pipe of NPS below 6.

()
,
, 9,5 .

,
. , ASME, II,
C, SFA 5.17 5.23, .
,
,
.



P = 3 .
ASME, II, C,
.
, ASME,
II, C, SFA 5.17 5.23.
(NPS)
6 .

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 40

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)


All single sided groove welds where full penetration is required shall have the root
pass made with the GTAW process, with the exception of category D piping for
which the root may be welded with SMAW electrodes.
GTAW with minimum two-pass weld is preferred for all sockets welding. For
socket welds in carbon steel NPS 1 in. or smaller and for all sizes of stainless
steel and non-ferrous materials, GTAW with minimum two-pass weld shall be
mandatory.
For all welds on pipe NPS 2 and below the whole weld shall be done with GTAW.
For stainless steel and non-ferrous materials an internal purge shall be used for a
minimum of 2 passes (including the root pass).
The use of consumable inserts shall be subject to CONTRACTOR prior approval.
Welding machine should be preferably equipped with HF starting unit.


()

Rev./.

02R

,
,
, D,

.

, , .
(NPS) 1

, ,
.
(NPS) 2

.

, , (
).

.

,
,
.

Shielding and backing Gases for GTAW:


PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall submit to the acceptance of CONTRACTOR: a
Purging procedure detailing the method of back purging, and associated
inspection procedure to be implemented during piping pre-fabrication and field
welding including final closing welds and local repairs.
Inert Argon backing gas is required for stainless steel
PIPING CONTRACTOR shall provide evidence that purge gas at root side during
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

:




,
.
Page / 41

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

welding of root passes up to 6mm contains less than 1 percent oxygen (measured
by an oxygen analyzer, or flow sufficient amount of time to allow at least 6 purge
volume changes prior to start of welding)..
The materials used for pipe purging dams should be water soluble. Other
employed methods shall; - in no way damage the piping or related components by
its placement, use and subsequent removal. - be documented and verified for
removal after weld completion by CONTRACTOR.
For backing gas nitrogen or argon / nitrogen mixtures shall be applied, with no
less than a minimum content of 5% nitrogen. Mixtures including Hydrogen are not
allowed.
The use of nitrogen as backing gas for stainless steels shall require
CONTRACTOR prior acceptance.
For pipe closing weld where gas backing is impractical, use of a Flux Core Wire
welding consumable may be considered on a case by case basis, subject to
CONTRACTOR prior approval.

Rev./.
02R

,
, .
,

6 1% (
), ,
, , 6
.
, ,
. : -

, ; -

.
, ,
-
5%. , , .
,
,
.
,
,


.

Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW):


Down hill progression shall not be allowed when using low hydrogen electrodes.

()

Use of SMAW in the downhill direction is restricted to category D lines; any other
vertical welding shall be done vertical up.

For MDMT strictly below -46C, the heat input for SMAW shall be recorded and
controlled by measuring the length of weld bead per unit length of electrode (runout ratio) according ASME IX QW-409.1 (b) (2).


D.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 42

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

.
-46 C


( ) ASME IX QW-409.1 (b) (2).

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)


For pressure retaining welds only machine (automatic) GMAW shall be allowed
subjected to CONTRACTOR prior acceptance. A proper parameter control is
required to be demonstrated by PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR.
GMAW procedures utilizing the short circuiting metal transfer mode shall be
limited to groove, fillet, and structural welds in materials 3/8 inch (10mm)
maximum thickness subject to CONTRACTOR prior acceptance. GMAW in the
short circuiting transfer mode may be used for tack welds, temporary attachments
or other applications where the weld metal is completely removed.
GMAW process shall not be used for socket welds.

()

()
.

.
,
, V- (
),
3/8 (10 )
.
,
,
.

.

Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW):

()

Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) may be used for piping prefabrication of carbon
steel of rating up to class 600 subjected to CONTRACTOR prior acceptance
provided that following conditions are fulfilled:

()

600
:

PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR can provide evidence of successful previous


experience with this process.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 43


gas.

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

The flux-cored arc welding process is combined with an external shielding

Welding is carried at prefabrication using fully automatic machine


equipment.
Other application of FCAW process on piping retaining pressure welds shall not
be assumed acceptable by the PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR during bid
preparation and would require CONTRACTORs prior acceptance.
Flux cored arc welding without external shielding gas may only be used for
welding non-pressure containing parts and non-pressure containing attachments
to pressure containing parts.
Flux cored arc welding procedures shall be re-qualified whenever a change is
made in filler metal from one manufacturer to another or to a different brand or
type from the same manufacturer.

Rev./.
02R

.

,
,
.
.


.


/
.

7.9

WELDING CONSUMABLES

7.9

7.9.1 General

7.9.1

Filler metal shall be as specified in ASME Section II Part C or equivalent AWS


Specification

ASME,
II, C, AWS.

Certified material test reports (CMTRs) shall be supported by type 3.1 documents
according to EN 10204, except that type 2.2 certificates are acceptable for
category D piping and machinery auxiliary non process piping unless otherwise
required in the relevant PROJECT specification.


3.1
EN 10204. , D

2.2,
.

Welding consumables shall be selected such as:

Welding consumables or combination of them used for the work shall


produce welds with strength and ductility properties (especially notch toughness)
in the final heat treated condition (if applicable) at least equal to the minimum
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


:
Page / 44

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

specified equivalent properties of the base material.

The principal elements in the deposited weld metal are similar to the
nominal composition of the base metal.
However, this shall not preclude the use of welding materials containing alloying
elements of different types or in different amounts than those in the base materials
provided there is no evidence that such elements are not harmful or are beneficial
from standpoint of achieving desirable weld metal properties, such as adequate
tensile strength after post weld heat treatment or adequate impact toughness at
low temperatures.
Carbon steel filler metals that can exceed the ASME IX A-1 weld deposit analysis
may be used only if the weld deposit meets A-1.
Except for materials P N1 without impact tests, the brand name (as identified
within welding consumable supplier catalogue) of welding consumables
(electrodes, flux cored, flux) shall be the same as used in the welding procedure
qualification test. When no impact testing is required the AWS classification of the
welding consumables and fluxes shall be considered as essential variable.
All materials used for welding procedure qualification test on carbon steel
materials shall be in the upper range of carbon content and carbon equivalent and
within the range of alloy elements and mechanical properties of the relevant
specifications to be used.
Carbon and low alloy steel electrodes/bare wire that have a nonspecific chemistry
as indicated by a G classification suffix (i.e. EXXXX-G, ERXXX-G, EG, or
EXXXTX-G) shall not be assumed acceptable and shall require SERVICE
PROVIDERs acceptance. Any authorisation shall imply welding procedure
qualifications by referenced trade name as identified within the welding
consumable supplier catalogue..
Table 4 provides recommendation for selection of welding electrodes and rods for
joining principal similar materials of steels and non-ferrous materials except
aluminium.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

,
, ,
( ,
)
( ), ,
.


.

, ,
,

, ,

.
,
ASME IX A-1,
,
A-1.
P = 1
, (
)
(, , )
,
. ,
AWS
.
,
,

,
,
.

Page / 45

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

/ ,
,
G (, EXXXX-G, ERXXX-G, EG
EXXXTX-G), , ,
.


.
4

, .
4.

TABLE 4 :SELECTION OF WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS FOR


JOINING SIMILAR
MATERIALS OF STEEL AND NON-FERROUS MATERIALS
COATED ELECTRODES
P n

BASE MATERIAL

ASME

PREFERRED

ALTERNATIVE

ASME

SPEC

ELECTRODE

ELECTRODE

SPEC

SFA5.1

E7016/18 (1)

SFA 5.4

E308L-15

SFA 5.4

Type 316L
Type 309

Carbon Steel (LTCS)

Type 304L

Austenitic
8

WELDING RODS

Type 321H

SFA5.18 (2)

CLASSIFICATION

ER70S-2/3/4

SFA 5.17

ELXX, EMXX

E308L-16

SFA 5.9

ER308L

E347-15 (3)

E347-16 (3)

SFA 5.9

ER347 (3)

SFA 5.4

E316L-15

E316L-16

SFA 5.9

ER316L

SFA 5.4

E309-15

E309-16

SFA 5.9

ER309

NOTES TO TABLE I:
1.

For impact tested carbon steel use E7016/18-1.

2.

Submerged arc (SAW) wire and flux shall conform to ASME SFA-5.17

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

304L

Stainless
Steels

()

321H

316L

309

.
ASME

. .

ASME

SFA5.18 (2)

ER70S-2/3/4

SFA5.17

ELXX, EMXX

E308L-16

SFA5.9

ER308L

E347-15 (3)

E347-16 (3)

SFA5.9

ER347 (3)

SFA5.4

E316L-15

E316L-16

SFA5.9

ER316L

SFA5.4

E309-15

E309-16

SFA5.9

ER309

SFA5.1

E7016/18 (1)

SFA5.4

E308L-15

SFA5.4

I:
1.


E7016/18-1.

2.

()

Page / 46

3.
4.

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

ASME SFA-5.17.

For design temperatures above 1000F (538C), 0.040 - 0.080% carbon is


required.

3.

Submerged arc welding fluxes shall be limited to classifications F72 and


F62, unless otherwise approved by CONTRACTOR

1000 F (538 C)
0,0400,080%.

4.


F72 F62 ,
.

Choice of welding consumables shall be adapted to impact test requirements as


detailed in piping class and base material specification.

,
.
7.9.2 Carbon / Low Alloy / Ferritic Steels
When using shielded metal arc welding process, only low hydrogen electrodes (<
10 ml / 100g) shall be used for all pressure retaining welds or
attachments to pressure boundaries.
For category D piping system only, electrodes of classifications E 6010/E 6011
/6013 may be used for root pass only.

7.9.2 //



(< 10 / 100 ).
D
E6010/E6011/6013
.

7.9.3 Austenitic Stainless Steel

7.9.3

Filler metals shall be selected to produce weld deposits that fall within the ferrite
number (FN) range 3 to 10 FN target (with a maximum limit of 3 to 13
FN) as determined by the WRC (Welding Research Council) diagram
and the certified chemical analysis.


()
3 10 ( 3 13),
WRC (
)
.

When using 300 H Grade materials, high carbon electrodes /wires with 0.040 to
0.08% Carbon shall be used.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

300
H

0,040-0,08%.
Page / 47

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

7.9.4 Dissimilar Materials

7.9.4

Dissimilar joints require prior CONTRACTOR approval

Table 5 provides guidelines to the selection of filler metal of dissimilar material.

5
.

TABLE 5
FILLER METAL FOR WELDS JOINING DISSIMILAR MATERIALS
Base

Nominal Analysis
of
Base Materials

Materia
l
Numbe
r
1
Carbon steel

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

CarbonMolybdenum Steel

2.25% Nickel &


3.5% Nickel steel

9% Nickel Steel

1% Cr 0.5% Mo
steel

1.25% Cr 0.5%
Mo steel

2.25% Cr 1% Mo
Steel

5% Cr 1/2% Mo
Steel

7% Cr 1/2% Mo
Steel

10

9% Cr 1% Mo
Steel

11

Type 405 Stainless


steel

12

Type 410S Stainless


steel

13

Type 410 Stainless


steel

14

Type 304 Stainless


steel

15

Type 304L Stainless


steel

Type 321 Stainless


steel

17

Type 347 Stainless


steel

18

Type 316 Stainless


steel

16

Base Material Number

C
F

K
X

L
L
L

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

10



2,25% 3,5%



9%

, 1%
Cr 0,5% Mo

,
1,25% Cr 0,5% Mo

,
2,25% Cr 1% Mo

, 5%
Cr 1/2% Mo

, 7%
Cr 1/2% Mo

, 9%
Cr 1% Mo

10

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24


405

12


410S

13


410

304

304L

16


321

17

14

11

11

15
P

K
K

Page / 48

19

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Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Type 316L
Stainless steel

Type 309 Stainless


steel

21

Type 310 Stainless


steel

22

Alloy 800 (Incolloy


800)

23

Monel 400

24

Inconel 625

20

B
B

B
B

C
C

B
B

B
B

B
B

B
B

B
B

B
B

NOMENCLATURES:
A - AWS A5.1 classification EXX15, EXX16, EXX18.
B - AWS A5.4 and A5.11, classification E309-xx (only
for service temperature up to 350C), EniCrFe-3
(Inconel 182), or EniCrFe-2
C - AWS A5.11 classification EniCrFe-3 (Inconel 182)
or EniCrFe-2 (Inco-Weld A).
D E F G -

AWS A5.11, classification EniCrFe-3 (Inconel


182), EniCrFe-2 (Inco-Weld A), or EniCu-7
(Monel 190).
AWS A5.5, classification E7015-A1, E7016-A1, or
E7018-A1.
AWS A5.5, classification E8016-B2, or E8015B2L, E8018-B2L
AWS A5.5, classification E9015-B3, E9016-B3,
E9018-B3
AWS A5.4, classification E502-XX.

I
J

K -

L
O

M
O

M
O

M
P

Q
O

O
O

O
R

C
C
C

C
C

18


316

19


316L

20


309

21


310

22

800 (
800)

23

400

24

625

C
C

C
C

AWS A5.4, classification E7Cr-XX.


AWS A5.4, classification E505-XX.

L -

AWS A5.4 and A5.11, classification


E410-XX, E410 Cb-XX, E309-XX,
EniCrFe-3 (Inconel 182), or EniCrFe-2
(Inco-Weld A).
AWS A5.4, classification E308-XX.

M -

AWS A5.4, classification E308L-XX.

N -

AWS A5.4, classification E347-XX.

O -

AWS A5.4, classification E309-XX or


E308-XX.
H P - AWS A5.4, classification E308-XX or
E347-XX.
Q - AWS A5.4, classification E316-XX or
E316L-XX.
NOTE:
R - AWS A5.4, classification E309-XX
1. Blank spaces in Table 1 indicate combination that are 2 Table 1 refers to coated electrodes. For bare
considered unlikely or unsuitable
.
wire welding (SAW, GMAW, GTAW), use
equivalent electrode classifications (AWS
A5.9, A5.14, A5.17, A5.18, A5.20, A5.23,
and A5.28).

All dissimilar metal welds shall be qualified separately for each material
combination.
However dissimilar metal welds shall comply also with the following requirements:

02R

347

Rev./.

C
C

:
A - AWS A5.1, EXX15, EXX16, I - AWS A5.4, E7Cr-XX.
EXX18.
B - AWS A5.4 A5.11, E309-xx J - AWS A5.4, E505-XX.
( 350 C),
EniCrFe-3 ( 182) EniCrFe-2.
C - AWS A5.11, EniCrFe-3 ( K - AWS A5.4 A5.11,
182) EniCrFe-2 (- A).
E410-XX, E410 Cb-XX, E309-XX,
EniCrFe-3 ( 182) EniCrFe2 (- A).
D - AWS A5.11, EniCrFe-3 ( L - AWS A5.4, E308-XX.
182), EniCrFe-2 (- A) EniCu-7
( 190).
E - AWS A5.5, E7015-A1, E7016-A1 M - AWS A5.4, E308L-XX.
E7018-A1.
F - AWS A5.5, E8016-B2 E8015- N - AWS A5.4, E347-XX.
B2L, E8018-B2L
G - AWS A5.5, E9015-B3, E9016-B3, O - AWS A5.4, E309-XX
E9018-B3.
E308-XX.
H - AWS A5.4, E502-XX.
P - AWS A5.4, E308-XX
E347-XX.
Q - AWS A5.4, E316-XX
E316L-XX.
:
R - AWS A5.4, E309-XX.
1. 1 2. 1

.
(, , )

(AWS A5.9, A5.14, A5.17, A5.18, A5.20,
A5.23 A5.28).

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 49

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

.

.
7.9.5 Ferritic to Stainless Steel
For dissimilar joints in base metals consisting of a ferritic material (P-No. 1 through
P-No. 7) to austenitic stainless steel, the filler material selection shall be as
follows:

For service temperatures up to and including 315C: ASME Classification


E/ER 309L-XX may be used.

For service temperatures above 315C: High nickel filler metal, ASME
Classification EniCrFe-2, ENiCrFe-3, or ERNiCr-3. API RP 582 Table 6-1
restriction for the use of those welding consumables shall be strictly followed.

As an alternative when ferritic steel needs to be Post Weld Heat Treated


the ferritic material (P-No.1 through P-No.5) may be buttered with either ASME
Classification E/ER 309L or high nickel filler metal and Post Weld Heat Treated
prior to welding to the austenitic stainless steel. Subsequent welding of the
buttered layer to the stainless steel shall be carried out with weld metal nominally
matching the stainless steel parent metal. Such joints shall be qualified in
accordance with ASME Section IX, QW-283 on a representative assembly.
For services that contain sulphur compounds use of high nickel filler metal shall be
subjected to SERVICE PROVIDER agreement.

7.9.5

( P = 17)

:

315 C :
ASME E/ER 309L-XX.

315 C:
, ASME EniCrFe-2, ENiCrFe-3
ERNiCr-3.
, API RP 582,
. 6-1.

,
, ( P = 15)
( ASME E/ER 309L)

.

,
( ).
ASME, IX, QW-283,
.
, ,

.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 50

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

7.9.6
7.9.6 Consumables Storage
Welding consumables shall be stored with care, under dry conditions in their
original unopened packing. After opening shipping containers of electrodes, fluxes
and other welding materials, storage and handling shall be as specified in the
Manufacturers recommendations.
Electrodes, filler wires or fluxes that are damaged, damp, greasy or oxidized shall
not be used.
All electrodes that have been in direct contact with water shall be absolutely and
permanently rejected.
PIPING SUBCONTRACTORs facilities shall include a temperature and humidity
controlled welding consumables and flux store, including holding and drying
ovens.
Low hydrogen electrodes and fluxes shall be dried at 250C/300C for two hours
prior to use, unless otherwise recommended by the electrodes manufacturer.
Welding electrodes shall then be stored in ovens at a minimum temperature of 80
C. When used for production they shall be placed in heated quivers capable of
maintaining a minimum temperature of 75 C.
Above drying conditions do not apply to electrodes supplied in vacuum
conditioning boxes unless improperly stored and handled after opening.
When using vacuum packed electrodes, each box shall be ink stamped with date
and hour at opening. Electrodes shall be used within 4 hours after box opening.
Carbon steel electrodes shall be used within 8 hours when stored in quivers.
Electrodes stored in quivers, but not used within the specified time, shall be
restored in ovens. No electrodes shall be left lying about the site or in the shop.
Electrodes so left shall be scrapped.
Redried / rebaked electrodes shall be identified with paint color code. Electrodes
can be rebaked maximum twice.
Submerged arc flux shall be clearly identified in moisture-proof containers and
shall be stored in a dry location at a temperature recommended by manufacturer.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


.
,

.
, , ,
.
, ,
.

,
,
.

250/300 C ,
.

80 C.
, 75 C.
,
,

.


. 4
.
8
. , ,
,
.

Page / 51

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Submerged arc, gas metal arc and flux-cored wire shall be clearly identified and
shall be stored in a dry location at a temperature recommended by manufacturer.
The identification shall state manufacturer, grade and batch number.
Unidentifiable wire shall not be used.
Submerged arc, gas metal arc and flux-cored arc consumables shall be withdrawn
from storage only when required for immediate use. Unused consumables shall be
returned to storage on completion of the welding operation. The backing, issuance
and return of welding consumables shall be formally recorded.
Submerged arc flux may be recycled once only but shall be free from fused flux,
mill scales, dirt or other foreign matter. Before reuse, the flux shall be re-baked in
accordance with the manufacturers instructions.
The PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall maintain recycling flux procedure as well
as storage/conditioning and handling procedure for welding consumables which
shall be made available to review of CONTRACTOR: representative. The
procedure shall include moisture, cleanliness and identification controls. The
maximum quantity of recycled flux in any batch of flux used shall be as per flux
manufacturers recommendations.
Detailed written procedures for the systematic receipt, storage, issue and control
of welding consumables shall be submitted to the CONTRACTOR for acceptance
prior to the commencement of fabrication.

Rev./.
02R

. ,
, .

.
.


, .

,

, .
, .
.
,

,
.

. ,
.

,
, .

.

, /

.
, .

.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 52

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

, ,


.

8.

WELD REPAIRS

Unacceptable discontinuities shall be completely removed by chipping, gouging


(Arc air gouging shall not be used on pipe below 8 mm thick), grinding, or other
methods (dependent on type of material being repaired) to clean, sound metal,
and the excavated area shall be examined by magnetic particle examination MT
or liquid penetrant examination (PT) to assure complete removal of defects.
For partial repairs, the cut-out portion shall be sufficiently deep and long to remove
the defect. At the ends and sides of the cut, there shall be a gradual taper from the
base of the cut to the surface of the weld metal. The width and profile of the cut
shall provide adequate access for re-welding. As a general rule and depending on
size of weld repair, at least 50 mm of sound metal at either end shall be removed.
Welds containing cracks shall be subject to additional non-destructive testing
(Ultrasonic or Magnetic Particle). Repair welding will only be permitted after
consideration of the nature and cause of cracking.
Subcontractor shall not execute repairs to fully welded joints, defective or
damaged pipe and fittings or any other pressure part without written approval of
Contractor.
Subcontractor shall prepare and submit repair procedures to CONTRACTOR for
approval prior to the commencement of repairs. These procedures shall address
methods proposed for correction of distortion.
If repairs or modifications are carried out after heat treatment has been completed,
the areas affected by the repair or modification shall be heat treated again.
Repairs to correct weld defects shall be made using the same WPS used for the
original weld or other previously authorized WPS. Depending on the repair
configuration, a higher preheat may be necessary together with the use of a
smaller diameter electrode.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

8.


, (-
8 ),
( )
.

()

() .

.

.
. ,
50
.
, ,
(
).
.
,
/
.

.
,
.

Page / 53

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Weld repairs shall be performed with minimum 2 layers.


The repaired areas and 50 mm each side shall be re-examined using the same
examination method and procedure by which the defect was originally detected.
Two repair attempts will be allowed on any one defective area. No further
attempts to repair shall be carried out without the authorization of the
CONTRACTOR.
Weld repair procedures shall be submitted to the CONTRACTOR prior to piping
repair. The procedure shall state, as a minimum, the following information:

Means of excavating defect from weld.

NDE method (when applicable) used to verify complete defect removal.

WPS used to fill excavated area (including preheating temperature to be


used).

NDE method used to verify repair weld is sound.

Purging procedure when root pass is made by GTAW process.

All repair welds shall be recorded and repair welds individually identified.

Rev./.
02R

,
.

,
,
.

.
, , .
50
,
.
.

.

. ,
, :

( ),
.

,
(
).

,
.

,
.

.
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 54

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

9.

PREHEATING INTERPASS TEMPERATURE HEAT INPUT

9.1

PREHEATING

Welding shall not be done when surfaces are wet, exposed to rain, snow, sleet,
high wind or when welders are exposed to inclement conditions. When such
condition exists, a heated structure or shelter shall be constructed around the area
being welded.
Preheat temperatures for thermal cutting, tack welding and welding shall be in
accordance with the applicable requirements or recommendations of section 330
of ASME B31.3. Recommendations from table 330.1.1 shall be considered as
mandatory.
If carbon equivalent CE exceeds 0.42 and / or thickness above 25 mm preheat
shall not be less than 100 C.

Mn
CE = C +
6

Cr + Mo + V
5

Cu + Ni
15

02R

9.

9.1


, , , ,
.

.
,

330 ASME B31.3. ,
330.1.1,
.
0,42 /
25 , 100 C.

Mn
CE = C + 6

The minimum width of preheated zone shall be the lowest value of 2 t (t = wall
thickness) or 100 mm.
For Shop welding, the following methods of preheating shall be applied :

Rev./.

Cr + Mo + V
5

Cu + Ni
15

for thickness above 25 mm electrical heating is preferred but ring burners


are allowed


100 ,
.

for thickness below 25 mm heating by appropriate torch is allowed

(Oxy gas torch not allowed)

25 , ,
;

For field welding, electrical heating elements should be used. For thickness below
25 mm, gas ring burners may be used.
The weld shall be maintained at the required preheat temperature until completion
of welding operations.
Preheat temperature higher than those specified in ASME code may be required

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

25
;

( ).

Page / 55

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

in order to satisfy hardness requirements or to prevent the risk of hydrogen cold


cracking particularly in the case of highly restrained welds.

. 25
.

When moisture removal is required preheat shall be 60 C minimum.


.
ASME

,
, .

9.2

INTERPASS TEMPERATURE

Minimum and Maximum interpass temperature limits shall be in accordance with


the accepted WPS.
Minimum interpass temperature shall not be less than the minimum specified
preheat temperature.
For LTCS and stainless steel in cryogenic service the maximum interpass
temperature shall be in accordance with ASME IX "supplementary essential
variables" limitations, but in no case shall the maximum interpass temperature
exceeds 300 C for all carbon and 150 C for all stainless steels and Nickel alloys.
Preheat and interpass temperatures shall be verified with either portable
thermocouples or temperature-indicating crayons, Infra-Red thermometers are not
allowed.
Surface temperature shall be measured on regular basis in the weld joint and at
approximately 1 inch (25 mm) on each side of the joint immediately before
initiation of weld arc.

,
60 C.
9.2



.

.


ASME IX .
300 C
150 C
.

.
.

1 (25 )
.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 56

9.3

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

HEAT INPUT
Low Temperature Carbon Steel

9.3

Rev./.
02R

Impact tests are required for the welding procedure qualifications, consequently
the "Supplementary Essential Variables limitations in ASME IX shall be adhered
to, in particular the limitations on heat input, preheat and interpass temperatures.

ASME
IX

, ,
/ .

10.

10.

POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT)

()

10.1 PWHT REQUIREMENTS

10.1

PWHT shall be in accordance with the requirements of ASME B 31.3 331.


ASME B31.3, . 331.

PWHT shall also be required as detailed in Summary of Piping classes and shall
include not only pressure retaining welds but also attachment welds to pressure
parts.
During PWHT, the metal temperature shall be maintained within the specified
temperature ranges and for the minimum holding times specified.

,
,
,
.

, , .

10.2 METHODS OF HEAT TREATMENT:


PWHT of welded joints may be performed by furnace, electric resistance, or
induction heat treatment methods.
Oxy-fuel flame PWHT is not permitted.
When the heat treatment is applied locally the local PWHT
a.

shall be performed in accordance with requirements of AWS D10.10.

b.
method shall be restricted to the electrical resistance or induction method.
The width of heated band shall conform to Para 331.2.6 of ASME B. 31.3 except
that the heated band shall extend at least (2.5Rt) each side beyond the weldment
joint but not less than 50 mm.
The maximum rate of heating from 400C shall not exceed 220C per hour for
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

10.2
,
.
.
:
a.

AWS D10.10;
b.

.
. 331.2.6 ASME B31.3, ,
, ,
Page / 57

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

pipewall thickness up to and including 25mm and 5500/tC or 55C per hour,
whichever the greater, for pipe thickness greater than 25mm.
The maximum rate of cooling from the holding temperature to 400C shall not
exceed 275C per hour for pipe wall thickness up to and including 25mm and
6875/tC or 55C per hour, whichever the greater, for pipe wall thickness greater
than 25mm.

Rev./.
02R

2,5 Rt , 50 .
400 C 220 C
25 5500/t C
55 C , ,
25 .

Threads and gasket surfaces shall be protected from oxidation during heat
treatment, if this is not done, subsequent machining operation to remove any
damage, is required

400 C
275 C 25
6875/t C 55 C ,
, 25 .

Welding is not permitted on valves that are equipped with soft seats, unless the
seats have been removed or precautions that are recommended by the valve
manufacturer have been taken to prevent damage to the soft seats


. ,
.

The PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall consider the need for slow heating /
cooling rate for complex fabrications.

, , ,
, ,
, ,
.

/ .

10.3 TEMPERATURE RECORDING:

10.3

Temperature and time shall be continuously recorded by means of suitable


automatic instrumentation which will allow a printout of temperature/time for record
purpose.


,
/ .

Thermocouples shall be flash welded or mechanically bonded to the pressure


boundary. All thermocouple attachments shall be adequately insulated to avoid
temperature misreading caused by the effect of radiation.


.

- .

The following minimum number of equally spaced recording thermocouples shall


be used:

1 for pipe NPS 2 and less straddled to the weld


2 for pipe from NPS 3 to NPS 10 straddled to the weld.
3 for pipe from NPS 12 to NPS 20 one shall be on weld centre and the
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

(NPS) 2
.
Page / 58

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Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

remaining two shall straddle the weld at 4, 8 and 12 oclock positions.


4 for pipe above NPS 20, 2 shall be located on weld centre 180 apart at 6
and 12 oclock positions, the other 2 shall straddle the weld at 3 and 9
oclock positions.

For oven treated welds, thermocouples to be located to show that temperature is


evenly distributed throughout the oven.

The following data shall be included on the recording chart:


1.

Chart identification number

2.

Date of performance

3.

Weld identification/Line number

4.

Number, position and reference mark of the thermocouples

5.

Temperature and time scales

6.

Signature of Inspector

Rev./.
02R

(NPS) 3
10 .
(NPS) 12
20 : ,

4, 8 12 .
(NPS)
20 :
180 6 12 ,

3 9 .

, ,
,

.

:
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

10.4 POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT PROCEDURES


PWHT procedures shall be submitted to the CONTRACTOR prior to use. Post
weld heat treatment procedures shall include as a minimum the following
information: type of PWHT (either furnace or local); thermocouple type, number,
method of attachment, location, calibration method; full treatment cycle including
heating and cooling methods, heating and cooling rates, holding time and
temperature, supporting details.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

10.4

.
, , : (
); , , ,
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Page / 59

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Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

11.

PRODUCTION TEST COUPONS

Production test coupons shall be made in accordance with code requirements.

12.

NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE)

12.1 GENERAL
Non-destructive examination shall be made in accordance with ASME B31-3 Code
and the additional requirements defined herein.
All fabrication shall be subject to examination by the PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR
under the CONTRACTOR supervision and acceptance. All weld preparation, fitup, and weld assemblies shall be visually inspected during all phases of
fabrication. Where necessary, corrections shall be made in the weld preparation to
assure that sound welds can be achieved by the welding process used. Cracks
and undercuts or any evidence of poor workmanship shall be cause for rejection.
Special care shall be taken in the inspection of branch welds.
The PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall provide site access and reasonable aid to
the CONTRACTOR Representative as required for the performance of their duty.
The PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR shall supply and operate at his own expense all
equipment and materials necessary to inspect the welds according to this
specification.
Inspection, examination and testing shall be carried out before any painting or
coating is applied.
Non-destructive examination of welds shall be carried out after final heat treatment
is completed.
The CONTRACTOR Representative shall have the right to select the welds to be
inspected.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

11.

12.

()

12.1

ASME B31-3, ,
.


. , / ,

. , ,
,
.

.
.


.

,
, .
,
- .

Page / 60

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Subcontractor shall advise Contractor of the number of weldments that are


completed and available for non-destructive inspection on a daily basis

Rev./.
02R

.

.

, .

12.2 EXTENT OF NON DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION (NDE)

12.2 ()

The minimum extent of NDE shall be in accordance with table 6.

6.

Table 6 EXTEND of NDT as per ASME B31.3

6. ASME B31.3

EXTENT OF NDT (%)


Notes 1
MATERIAL

SERVICE

ANS
I
Clas
s
150

Butt and
mitter
groove
welds

Branch
welds

5 %RT

NA

Seal /
fillet
welds
NA

(%)
1
Sock
et
weld

Carbon Steel
(ASME IX P N
1)
Austenitic
stainless Steel
(ASME IX P N
8)

Category D

NA

Duplex stainless
steel

Category D
Steam out slop

150

5 %RT

NA

NA

NA

Carbon Steel
(ASME IX P N
1to 3)

All Other
Services

150 600

5 %RT

5 %UT(3)
5
%MT/DP(4,5
)

NA

5%
RT (7)

900

10%RT

10%UT(3)
10%MT/DP(
5,6)

NA

5%
RT (7)

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

ANSI

( P =
1 ASME IX)

( P =
8 ASME IX)

150

5%

150

5%

( P =
1-3 ASME IX)

150600

5%

5% (3)
5% /
(4, 5)

5%
(7)

Page / 61

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Austenitic
stainless Steel
(ASME IX P N
8)

Category M

All
ratin
g

20%RT

20%UT(3)
20%MT/DP(
4,5)

NA

5%
RT (7)

All services

>
1500

100%RT

100%UT(3)
100%MT/DP
(4,5)

NA

5%
RT (7)
100%
MT/D
P

All services
(except
category D)

150 600

10%RT

10%UT(3)
10%DP(4)

10%
DP

5%
RT (7)
10%
DP

>
900

100%RT

100%UT(3)
100%DP(4)

100%
DP

5%
RT (7)
100%
DP

Austenitic
stanless steel
with MDMT
< -104C

All Services

All
ratin
gs

100%RT

100%UT(3)
100%DP(4)

100%
DP

5%
RT (7)
100%
DP

Ferritic Alloy
Steel (ASME IX
P N 4,5,6)

All Services

All
ratin
gs

100%RT

100%UT(3)
100%MT/DP
(4,5)

100%
MT/DP

5%
RT (7)
100%
MT/D
P

Austenitic
stainless Steel
(grade H).
Nickel base alloy
(ASME IX P N
41 to 45)

All Services

Dissimilar
materials
Connection
between existing
lines to new lines

All Services

All materials

Severe cyclic
Service

150 600

100%RT

All
ratin
gs

100%RT

All
ratin
gs

100%RT

100%UT(3)
100%DP(4)

100%
DP

5%
RT (7)
100%
DP

100%UT(3)
100%MT/DP
(4,5)

10%
MT/DP

5%
RT (7)
100%
MT/D
P

100%UT(3)
100%MT/DP
(4,5)

10%
MT/DP

5%
RT (7)
100%
MT/D
P

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

900

10%

10% (3)
10% /
(5, 6)

5%
(7)

20%

20% (3)
20% /
(4, 5)

5%
(7)

> 1500

100%

100% (3)
100% /
(4, 5)

5%
(7)
100%
/

( P =
8 ASME IX)


(
D)

150600

10%

10% (3)
10% (4)

10%

5%
(7)
10%

> 900

100%

100% (3)
100% (4)

100% 5%
(7)
100%


< -104C

100%

100% (3)
100%(4)

100% 5%
(7)
100%

( P =
4, 5, 6 ASME
IX)

100%

100% (3)
100%
100% / /
(4, 5)

150600

100%

100% (3)
100% (4)

5%
(7)
100%
/

( H).

( P = 41-45
ASME IX)

100% 5%
(7)
100%

Page / 62

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

NOTES:
1.
VT: Visual examination, RT: Radiographic examination, UT
Ultrasonic examination, WFMT: Wet Fluorescent Magnetic Examination,
MT: Magnetic Particle Examination, DP: Dye Penetrant examination.
2.
Visual examination shall be carried out on all the welds
according to ASME B31.3 344-2.NA
3.
UT examination shall apply to branch connection not suitable
for radiography with mother/run pipe thickness above 19mm and branch
connection above 10.
Magnetic particle Examination or liquid penetrant examination shall apply to
branch connection welds not suitable for radiography. The entire accessible area
of the finished weld surface shall be examined. Branch welds shall be examined
before the addition of a reinforcing pad or saddle. After the addition of re-pad /
saddle, examination of the re-pad weld at the branch connection shall be carried
out.
The liquid penetrant examination method shall only be substituted for the
magnetic particle method where MPI is not practical or is registering indications
due to residual magnetism. Surfaces shall be free of peened discontinuities. If
abrasive blast cleaning is used, it shall be followed by a light surface grinding prior
to liquid penetrant examination.
5.
For all the welds on non-magnetic materials, including weld deposits, the
MT examination shall be substituted by PT. For magnetic materials, PT may be
used as a substitute to MT subject to CONTRACTOR agreement.
6.
The final non destructive examination of welds for acceptance purposes
shall be carried out after completion of any PWHT for material of P n4 and above.
7.
RT shall be performed on socket welds to ensure a minimum gap of 1,6
mm exists between the pipe and the socket. The maximum gap after welding shall
be 3.0 mm. Per radiographed weld only one single exposure is required. The
radiation source shall be placed such that the images of both walls are

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

100%

100% (3)
10%
100% / /
(4, 5)

5%
(7)
100%
/

100%

100% (3)
10%
100% / /
(4, 5)

5%
(7)
100%
/

:
1.
: , :
, : , :
-
,
:
, : .
2.

ASME B31.3, . 344-2.NA.
3.
,

/ 19
10 .

,
.
.
.
/
.

Page / 63

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

superimposed.
8.
Definition of Fluid category D is given in section 300.2 of ASME B31.3,
Fluid category M and Hydrogen service as indicated on piping class.
9.
Magnetic particle or liquid penetrant examination shall be performed after
removal of the temporary welds of P n3 materials and higher.
In case of spot or random examination the following shall apply:

The first two production welds produced by each welder or welding


operator shall be 100% radiographed.

The specified random examination is intended to be applied respectively


to piping prefabrication and site erection.

Spot or random examination of 10 or 20 % refers respectively to 10 or 20


welds done among 100 weld joints which are entirely examined on the whole
circumference for each welder or welding operator. Examination shall be evenly
shared between all diameters and thickness to be considered.

When required examination reveals a defect, progressive examination


defined in ASME B31.3 Paragraph 341.3.4 shall be completed within two days of
the first rejection, unless otherwise agreed by the CONTRACTOR.

The selection of the welds to be checked shall be subject to the


agreement of the CONTRACTOR representative.
In case of spot or random examination the following shall apply:

The specified random examination is intended to be applied respectively


to piping prefabrication and site erection.

Spot or random examination of X % refers respectively to X welds done


among 100 weld joints which are entirely examined on the whole circumference
for each welder or welding operator. Examination shall be evenly shared between
all diameters and thickness to be considered. Extent (%) of NDT shall be
understood by piping class and by fluid service (ASME B31.3 300.2).

When required examination reveals a defect, progressive examination


defined in ASME B31.3 Paragraph 341.3.4 shall be completed within two days of
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

,
-

- . ,

.
5.
,
, .

.
6.


P = 4 .
7.

1,6
. 3,0 .
, ,
.
,
.
8.
D
300.2 ASME B31.3, M
.
9.


P = 3 .

:

,
, 100%
.

Page / 64

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

the first rejection, unless otherwise agreed by the PURCHASER. Welders shall
not be permitted to weld production joints of any type while waiting for results of
examination.

The selection of the welds to be checked shall be subject to the


agreement of the CONTRACTOR representative.

Rev./.
02R


,
.

/ 10 20% ,
, 10 20 100 .

.

.

,
, ASME B31.3,
. 341.3.4,
.


.

:


,
.

/ X% X 100
.

.
. %

(ASME B31.3, . 300.2).

,
, ASME B31.3,
. 341.3.4,
.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 65

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R


.
12.3

NDE PERSONNEL QUALIFICATION

All NDE shall be performed by personnel certified in accordance with ASNT


Recommended Practice SNT-TC-1A or equivalent such as the European norm
ISO 9712 / EN 473 (according to construction code).
All level III NDE personnel shall be experienced in piping inspection and hold
independent certification by a scheme meeting the requirements of ISO 9712.
Schemes such as PCN (Personnel Certification in Non-Destructive Testing),
CSWIP (Certification Scheme for Welding Inspection Personnel) or ACCP (ASNT
Central Certification Program) are considered acceptable for all NDE techniques.
Qualification and Certification by the employer is not permitted unless specifically
accepted by CONTRACTOR.
Level I and Level II NDE personnel may be certified by the employer in
accordance with the recommendations in SNT-TC-1A providing Level III NDE
personnel responsible for the certification program meet the above noted
requirements. Certification in accordance with SNT-TC-1A shall cease once an
NDE operator leaves the employer
Interpretation of results shall be performed by personnel certified level II or III.
Personnel qualified at level I are acceptable as helper under supervision of level II
examiner.
In all cases ultrasonic examination shall be performed by level II qualified
personnel only.
Qualification certificates shall be available for review by the CONTRACTOR
Inspector upon request.

12.3
,
SNT-TC-1A
(ASNT)
, , ISO 9712/EN 473 ( ).
III
,
ISO 9712. ,
(PCN),
(CSWIP)
ASNT (ACCP),
.
, .
I II
, SNT-TC-1A,
, III,
, . ,
SNT-TC-1A,
.

II III.
, I,
II.

II.

.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 66

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

12.4 NDE PROCEDURES


Non Destructive Examination (NDE) procedures shall be submitted to the
CONTRACTOR. Examination shall not proceed until procedures are accepted by
the CONTRACTOR.
In addition, all records pertaining to inspection and certification shall be available
for review by the CONTRACTORs Inspector.

12.4
()
.
.
, , ,
.

12.5 VISUAL EXAMINATION


Visual examination procedures shall be in accordance with ASME Section V,
Article 9.
Visual examinations shall be performed on all accessible surfaces and shall
include:

Joint preparation and cleanliness

Fit-up and internal alignment prior to welding

Preheating

Welding position, consumables and all other parameters defined in the


applicable welding procedures

Condition of the root pass after cleaning (external, and internal where
accessible)

Interpass temperatures

Slag removal and weld condition between passes

Appearance of the finished weld.

Weld beads shall be contoured to permit complete fusion at the sides of the bevel
and to avoid slag inclusions. Flux and slag shall be removed completely from weld
beads and from the surface of completed welds and adjoining base material.
All arc strikes, starts, and stops shall be confined to the welding groove. Arc

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

12.5
ASME, V,
9.

:

,
,

( ,
)



.
,
Page / 67

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

strikes outside the welding groove shall be dressed and examined by magnetic
particle or liquid dye penetrant.

The visual acceptance of each weld shall be recorded by the PIPING


CONTRACTOR


.

.

.

12.6 MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION (MT)

12.6 ()

Magnetic particle examination procedures shall be in accordance with the


requirements and methods specified in ASME Section V, Article 7.


, ASME, V, 7.

Magnetic particle examination of welds shall include a band of base metal at least
25 mm wide on each side of the weld.


25
.

Magnetic particle examination or dye penetrant examination shall apply on socket


welds, fillet welds and branch connection welds which do not permit meaningful
interpretation for radiography.
Magnetic particle examination shall be performed by the electro-magnet method.
The prods method shall not be used because this equipment could produce arc
strikes on the pieces to be tested. Permanent magnetic probes shall not be
permitted.
The evaluation of indications and the acceptance criteria shall be in accordance
with ASME VIII Div1 Appendix 6. The magnetic yoke method with wet particles
shall be used. The surface to be inspected shall be coated with a white
background paint of a fine consistency.
For cyclic service, acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with ASME B31.3
table 341.3.2.
The MT procedure shall include the following minimum information.
Scope; surface preparation; areas to be examined; stage(s) at which examined
(i.e. after welding, after heat treatment, after hydro test, etc.); magnetizing
technique (e.g. AC Yoke); equipment used; magnetic ink trade name; frequency of
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


, ,

.
,
.
.
ASME VIII,
1, 6.
.

.

ASME B31.3, . 341.3.2.

Page / 68

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

calibration of equipment; coverage and direction of magnetic field; measurement


of field strength; application of examination media; acceptance level; reporting
format; operator qualifications.
The operator have to prove the feasibility for pipe below 3 and particularly the
minimum intensity of the tangential field (above 2400 A/m), measured with a
tangential gauge (on each magnetisation direction, at about 90 angle)

Rev./.
02R

, ,
.
; ; ; () ,
(. . , ,
. .);
(, , );
; ;
;
; ; ;
; ; .

3 , ,
( 2400 /), (
90).

12.7 LIQUID PENETRANT EXAMINATION (PT)

12.7 ()

Liquid penetrant examination procedures shall be in accordance with ASME


Section V, Article 6.

ASME,
V, 6.

Penetrant materials shall meet the requirements of ASME Section V, Article 6 for
sulphur and halogen content regardless of the type of material to be examined.
Liquid penetrant examination of welds shall include a band of base metal at least
25 mm wide on each side of the weld.

ASME,
V, 6,
.
25
.

The evaluation of indications and the acceptance criteria shall be in accordance


with ASME VIII Div1 Appendix 8.
The PT procedure shall include the following minimum information.
Scope; surface preparation; cleaning and drying; temperature limitations;
penetrant application method and time; removal of excess penetrant; drying;
application of developer; development time; acceptance level; reporting format;
operator qualification; stage performed.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

ASME VIII,
1, 8.
, ,
.
; ; ;
; ;
; ;
; ; ;
; ; .
Page / 69

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

12.8 RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION (RT)

12.8 ()

Radiographic examination procedures shall be in accordance with the


requirements and methods specified in ASME Section V, Article 2.


, ASME, V, 2.

Wherever possible X-ray source should be used instead of Gamma-ray sources.

, ,
-.

Radiographic films shall Class I as per ASTM E 1815 (e.g. type AGFA D4 or
KODAK MX 125 or FUJI IX80 or other CONTRACTOR accepted equivalent)
Films shall be carefully identified. The markings shall not be placed on welds and
shall include weld number, line identification, welders symbol and date of
examination.
Sensitivity of the radiographs shall be verified by the use of wire-type Image
Quality Indicator (IQI) as per ASTM E 142 or equivalent wire IQI such as DIN
54109 and/or European Norm EN 462.1. IQI shall be placed transversely to the
weld on the source side, for each exposure. The IQI may be placed on the film
side if the radiographic procedure has shown that acceptable sensitivity level may
be obtained and placement on the source side is not practical.
Sensitivity shall be as per table T-276 in ASME V, Article 2. Single film viewing
shall be used, and the film density shall be in the range of 2.5 to 3.5. For those
instances where the variable thickness makes single film impracticable, with
CONTRACTOR acceptance, double film viewing may be used. For the double film
technique, the film density shall be in the range of 2 to 3.5 for the double film
combination or each individual film. Higher densities (up to 4.0) may be
acceptable if adequate viewing and satisfactory interpretation of higher density
film are permitted by the viewing equipment.
The geometrical unsharpness shall not exceed 0.2 mm (piping shop fabrication) or
0.5 mm (Field assembly)
Radiography of welds in pipe NPS 3 or less may be performed by the elliptical
projection technique. At least two separate exposures are required at locations
90 apart.
Where there is no internal access, radiographs of welds in pipe shall be double
wall technique with a minimum of 2 shots up to NPS 4 and 3 shots over NPS 4
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

I ASTM
E1815 (, AGFA D4, KODAK MX 125, FUJI IX80
, ).
.
.
: , ,
.

()
ASTM E142 , , DIN 54109
/ EN 462.1.

. ,
,
,
.
T-276
ASME, V, 2.
, 2,5 3,5.
,
,
.
, 2 3,5
.
( 4,0) ,

.
Page / 70

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

and only that portion of the weld on the film side of the
radiation-source side) shall be interpreted. Because of
diameters, wall thickness and source-to-film distances, it
take more than the minimum number of radiographs to
entire circumference of a weld.

pipe (opposite to the


the variation in pipe
may be necessary to
properly examine the

Welds of a size or type preventing conclusive radiograph images, (this does not
apply to welds in pressure retaining service including nozzle welds), such as some
types of branch connections and fillet welds, shall be given a magnetic particle
examination or ultrasonic testing. Internal surfaces shall be examined where
accessible.
Unless otherwise specified, the evaluation of indications and the acceptance
criteria of radiographs shall be in accordance with ASME B31.3 paragraph 341.3
and Table 341.3.2 for the corresponding service conditions (Normal, category M,
severe cyclic). As a minimum, normal fluid category criteria shall be considered.
The RT procedure shall include the following minimum information:
Scope; source type (e.g. X-ray, IR 192, etc.); material type; material thickness;
pipe diameter for pipe components; maximum KV of X-ray source; maximum focal
spot size; minimum film to source distance; exposure time; sketch of component
and source; film and penetrameter placement for components other than simple
shape; image quality indicator type and pattern; technique (e.g. double wall single
image, etc.); sensitivity; film density; viewing conditions for high density; back
scatter checks/protection ; marking and identification of radiographs ; film overlap ;
film storage acceptance criteria ; reporting format ; operator qualifications ; stage
performed.
In addition to code requirement, report shall include the following informations as a
minimum :

Date of examination

Job number / item number

Source of radiation used together with power

Codification of defects used for interpretation

For each weld joint : shooting technique / geometrical unsharpness or


Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

0,2 (
) 0,5 ( ).

(NPS) 3
. , ,
, 90.


. , ,
(NPS) 4
(NPS) 4 .
,
( ). -
, ,
,

.

(
,
),
. ,
. ,
.
,
ASME B31.3,
. 341.3 . 341.3.2,
( , M,
, ). ,
.
, ,
.
; (, , IR 192 . .);
Page / 71

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

calculating parameters

For each film : density / film used / IQI seen versus IQI required

Names and qualification reference of radiographer and radiographic


interpreter.
For field activities, procedures shall be compliant with Russian ionisation
regulations. Radiographic technique used shall be demonstrated to be effective.

Rev./.
02R

; ; ;
;
;
; ;
;
;
; (,
. .); ; ;
; /
;

; ;
; ; ; .
, , ,
:

:
/
/

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 72

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

12.9 ULTRASONIC EXAMINATION (UT)

12.9 ()

Ultrasonic examination shall not be used as a substitute for the required


radiographic examination of welds, but shall be regarded as a complementary
examination to the radiography for the detection of Planar Flaws.


,
.

Ultrasonic testing may be used at the discretion of CONTRACTOR as additional


inspection, or in the case of special weld configuration, or depending on the
welding process used by the PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR.


,
, ,
.

Ultrasonic examination procedures shall be in accordance with the requirements


and methods specified in ASME Section V, Article 5.
The UT procedure shall include the following minimum information:
Scope; equipment; probe type and details; surface preparation, cleaning and
couplant; technique sheet for each technique specified (number of techniques to
be sufficient to cover all type of joints to be covered by the procedures scope);
material; weld material (if different); sketch showing joint configuration, beam
coverage; extent of scan; scanning pattern; material thickness and curvature;
calibrations and frequency; means of setting and scanning sensivity levels and
DAC curves; flaw location and size evaluation; acceptance criteria; reporting
format; operator qualifications.

12.10 TIME OF FLIGHT DIFFRACTION (TOFD)


Use of TOFD in substitution of RT when permitted by ASME B 31.3 Code
case 181 shall require prior CONTRACTOR approval and is subjected to
additional CONTRACTOR requirements.
-

The scope of application of TOFD is limited to the following welded joints:

Circumferential butt-weld in full penetration.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

, ASME, V, 5.
, ,
.
; ; ;
, ;
( ,
); ;
( );
; ;
; ;
;

;
; ; ;
.
12.10 ()
-

ASME
B31.3,
.
181,


.

:

Page / 73

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

Base and weld metal in carbon steel

Base material equal and above 13 mm thickness.

Diameter 6 and above

13

Detailed TOFD procedure shall be submitted for approval with references


and TOFD operators qualification.
Any TOFD proposal by VENDOR shall be issued at bid stage including at
least the following:
PIPING CONTRACTOR references with TOFD (List and type of
equipments with Project name, Engineering Contractor, Client, Design code,
service, material, thickness, diameter, length and type of joint checked)
-

TOFD third party references (same as above)

Typical TOFD procedure

Operator qualification and experience

Type of TOFD equipment (including brand name of software and probes)


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13.

PRODUCTION HARDNESS TESTING

Production hardness test is mandatory after Post Weld Heat Treatment and shall
be performed on 10% of welds in each furnace heat-treated batch and 100% of
those which are locally heat-treated. Unless otherwise required hardness results
shall not exceed values listed in table 1 after Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT).

13.

A hardness test shall consist of at least one reading on weld metal. One reading
shall consist on three indentations.


10%
100%
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, 1.

Personnel performing hardness testing shall be familiar with all hardness testing

, ,

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 74

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

procedures and test methods.


Procedures and test methods used for portable hardness testing shall be in
accordance with ASTM A833 or ASTM E110 as applicable and submitted to
CONTRACTOR for review.
Only hardness tester with penetrometer shall be allowed (Krautkramer MIC 20,
TIV..), rebound method shall not be used (e.g.: EQUOTIP).
Hardness testing results shall be expressed in Brinell numbers. The hardness
report shall indicate actual hardness reading for the test method used, type of
hardness tester, personnel conducting hardness tests, type of material, and
calibration. The use of methods other than portable Brinell require CONTRACTOR
acceptance. Conversion shall be in accordance with ASTM E140.

Rev./.
02R

.
.
, ,
.
,

ASTM A833 ASTM E110



.
(Krautkramer
MIC 20, TIV . .). (,
EQUOTIP).

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ASTM E140.

14.

PRODUCTION FERRITE CHECKING

When required in paragraphs 7.5.3 of this specification for Austenitic Stainless


steel in 321, Ferrite Number (FN) shall be checked by means of portable
ferriscope or equivalent portable ferrite tester.
At least 5% of welds shall be checked with 3 measurements on 2 locations from
each weld.
The ferrite tester shall be calibrated on standard samples having certified ferrite
content between 2 and 15 FN in accordance with AWS A4.2.

14.

. 7.5.3
321,
()

.
, , 5%
.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 75

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R


2 15 AWS A4.2.

15.

POSITIVE MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION

Positive alloy material identification shall be carried out on piping materials


according to 61402S-G-JSS-6300-00003
Positive Material Identification

16.

PIPING ERECTION

All piping shall be installed in accordance with the drawings.


Modifications to pipe routing may be necessary to avoid interferences. Such
modifications shall be determined by CONTRACTOR. Subcontractor shall execute
the modifications in a neat and workmanlike manner. Details of all modifications
shall be reflected on As-Built' record drawings. Subcontractor shall update the
relevant drawings for submission to CONTRACTOR.
Cold springing or forcing of piping for the purpose of joint make-up is not permitted
unless so specified on the drawings.
The application of heat to piping components by Line Heating or Flame
Straightening is prohibited.
Seam orientation of welded straight pipe and pipe to fittings shall be such that at
circumferential welds, the longitudinal welds shall be offset from the top of the
vertical pipe centreline preferably 30 left and 30 right for each successive
element. The minimum distance between the offset joints shall be 100mm or 5
times the pipe wall thickness whichever is greater. Care shall be taken to ensure
that longitudinal welds clear branch connections and do not interfere with the
seam welds of attached fittings and branches
Valves shall be installed with stems orientated as indicated on piping drawings.
Split disc wafer type check valves shall be installed with the shaft in the vertical
position. Globe valves shall be installed with the bottom of the disc facing the flow
direction. Valves with extended bonnets shall be installed with the stem in the
vertical position, or within 30 from the vertical.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

15.


61402S-G-JSS-6300-00003

16.

.

.
.
.

.
.

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.

.


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, 30
30 .
100
,
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,

Page / 76

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Before flanged pipe spools are connected to pressure vessels, heat exchangers or
flanged equipment, inspection shall be carried out to ascertain that no stress is
placed on equipment flanges due to misalignment. For vessels, heat exchangers
and other equipment the mating flanged connection shall be parallel as per Table
1 (measured at the outside of the raised face across any diameter).
Pump and compressor piping shall be installed in a sequence which will avoid any
external loadings on the equipment connections. No stress transfer from piping to
equipment nozzle shall be allowed.
The following procedure shall be applied for the alignment of flanges to rotating
equipment:
a.
Install, bolt down on shims and grout rotating equipment level on the
foundation. Driver to equipment alignment to be set within manufacturer's
tolerances.
b.
Align pipework to equipment flanges to within the manufacturer's
tolerances. Adjust spring hangers where necessary (spring hanger must remain
in the locked position).
c.
For flanges of Class 300 and higher ratings the mating flanged connection
shall be parallel to within 0.15mm measured at the outside of the raised face
across any diameter. Flanges with lower rating shall be parallel to within 0.2mm
over the raised face diameter.
d.
After testing, and with Contractor approval, remove locking pins from
spring hangers and repeat flange alignment check. Alignment shall be within
specified tolerances. Adjust spring hangers to the correct loading (cold position).
e.
Check the coupling alignment between driver and driven equipment. Bolt
up piping to equipment flanges and torque the bolts to the specified tension.
f.
Recheck the coupling alignment during the bolting and tensioning of the
pipe flanges to the equipment flanges. The bolting up and tensioning of the
flanges shall not effect the coupling alignment between the driver and driven
equipment.
g.
Check setting of spring hangers. All spring hangers shall be at the
predicted load tension as per specification. Any variation between predicted and
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.

02R


.

.
.

30 .

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).

.

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:
a.
,
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b.

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c.
300

0,15 .
Page / 77

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

actual load tension shall be brought to Contractor's attention for proper resolution.
When bolting gasketed flanged connections, the gasket shall be uniformly
compressed to at least the minimum torques as per table below:

Rev./.
02R


0,2 .
d.


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.
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e.

.

.
f.

.

.
g.
.

.

.

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.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 78

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

FT-LBS

02R

RECOMMENDED MINIMUM BOLTING TORQUES


BOLT DIA.

Rev./.

N-M
,

1/2

40

55

5/8

80

109

3/4

140

190

7/8

220

300

330

450

1 1/8

470

640

1 1/4

670

910

1 3/8

870

1,180

1 1/2

1150

1,560

1 5/8

1400

1,900

1 3/4

1800

2,440

1 7/8

2100

2,850

2700

3,660

Flanged connections shall be bolted up by incrementally tightening diagonally


opposite bolts in a clock or anticlockwise order so that an even gasket seating
results, on large piping it may be necessary to make up flanged connections with
construction gaskets before welding or post weld heat treatment to ensure that no
misalignment occurs during these operations.
All flanged connections shall be made using fully threaded stud bolts and nuts. A
minimum of one and a maximum of three complete full form threads shall protrude
from the nut after completion of tightening.
Threads on bolts and nuts shall be protected by a suitable nickel or copper base
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

1/2

40

55

5/8

80

109

3/4

140

190

7/8

220

300

330

450

1 1/8

470

640

1 1/4

670

910

1 3/8

870

1180

1 1/2

1150

1560

1 5/8

1400

1900

1 3/4

1800

2440

1 7/8

2100

2850

2700

3660




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Page / 79

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

anti-seize compound

Piping shall be supported guided and anchored, as shown on the piping and
support detail drawings. Temporary supports are permitted to facilitate piping
installation provided they are completely removed upon completion of work in the
immediate area. Attaching temporary supports to stainless or alloy steel piping by
welding is not permitted.

Pipe shoes and sliding pipe support attachments shall be centred over the
concrete or steel support beams before any field welding or bolting to the pipe is
carried out.
Straight run pipe shall not be pulled through the pipe racks. Subcontractor may
submit alternative methods of pipe erection for CONTRACTOR approval.
Special precautions shall be taken during carbon steel piping erection in close
vicinity to stainless steel piping. Direct contact between carbon steel and stainless
steel is not permitted. Carbon steel slings, carbon steel tools, carbon steel bolts,
grinding discs containing carbon steel particles, carbon steel supports etc. shall
not be used during fabrication and installation of stainless steel. Stainless steel
piping shall be covered with tarpaulins or similar when carbon steel piping is being
erected or worked on in such a manner that the stainless steel cannot come in
contact with the carbon steel nor shall it become contaminated with grinding or
welding particles. Tools shall be identified for stainless steel work only. All
stainless steel piping and fittings shall be stored away from areas where carbon
steel is being worked on.
All pipe openings shall be sealed before, during and after erection to prevent the
ingress of moisture and foreign matter, flanged ends shall be sealed with light
metal blinds and gaskets or purpose manufactured plastic caps. Threaded ends
shall be plugged and sealed by waterproof grease tape or purpose made plastic
caps or plugs. This also includes open pipe ends of piping being erected in pipe
racks or equipment in the plant. Carbon steel blinds, spades and caps shall not be
used for temporary sealing of stainless steel pipe and components.
NOTE: On no account shall open pipe be used for overnight storage of tarps,
welding tents etc.
Flange gasket faces shall be free from rust, weld spatter, scars, paint, dents, arc
strikes, corrosion pitting and other imperfections
Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002


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Page / 80

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

In the event of damage to a flange gasket face or perceived discrepancy


Subcontractor shall refer the matter to CONTRACTOR prior to proceeding with
installation of the flange
Extreme care shall be taken during handling and erection of expansion joints.
Shipping rods shall remain in place until pressure testing is complete; however,
rods shall be loosened after joint tack up to reduce restraint during welding.
Proper care shall be taken to prevent ingress of moisture or dirt into the expansion
joint during erection
For preinsulated piping or piping with shop applied insulation every precaution
shall be taken to ensure that insulated parts remain weatherproofed at all times
during storage handling and erection to prevent moisture from entering behind or
into the insulation materials.
For cryogenic lines, all necessary steps shall be taken to prevent the ingress of
moisture during erection. This includes the re-installation of end caps immediately
following weld completion. In addition, Subcontractor may utilise dry air or
nitrogen purge during erection. This procedure must be approved by
CONTRACTOR for each application.
Subcontractor shall protect all field welded joints in carbon steel by taping the weld
and adjacent unpainted areas, on completion of NDE. The tape shall overlap
painted areas by a minimum of 25mm. The tape shall remain in place until
removal is required for inspection purposes during pressure testing. On
completion of pressure testing welded joints shall again be taped. Subcontractor
shall ensure that taped areas provide full protection and remain undamaged. Tape
to be used shall be 3M Scotch Brand No.471 or approved equivalent.

Rev./.
02R

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Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 81

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

,
.
.
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.
.

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.
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,
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3M 471
.

17.

SUBCONTRACTOR DOCUMENTS

The MANUFACTURER shall prepare and keep up-to-date documents giving


detailed technical information on welding operations.
These documents shall include, but not be limited to, the following information:

Welding procedures specifications (WPSs)


Welding procedures qualification records (PQRs)
Welders performance qualifications (WPQs)
Accepted fabrication and shop drawings
Sequence in assembling piping components
Material traceability
Weld-logbook, see attachment 3, giving for each part or component
under fabrication the following minimum documentation:
Item number of the piping section containing the weld,
Weld number,

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

17.


,
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,
:

Page / 82

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Date of welding,
Welder identification,
WPS used,
Type and date of each Non-Destructive Examination performed with
inspection results,
Records of heat treatment date, parameters and heat treatment charts (if
applicable),
Repairs and subsequent Non Destructive Examination performed,
Welding inspection report,
Hardness test measurements (if applicable),
Positive Material Identification results (if applicable)

Radiograph locations shall be carefully indicated on all the isometric drawings.


CONTRACTOR shall be provided with these documents when the work is
completed.

Rev./.
02R






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.

.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 83

18.

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

18.

ATTACHMENT 1 : PIPING WELDING KEY FORM

1:

Rev./.
02R

PROJECT:
QUALITY CONTROL
PIPING WELDING KEY FORM

CLIENT :
PROJ. No.:

REV.

PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR :

. ___ ___

No
.
SIGNATURE

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

C
C

NAME

AUTHORITY

CLIENT

PURCHASER

No.
Mater
ial

PIPING SUBCONTRACTOR

GT
AW

SMA
W

C h.

()

CLASS
(ES)
THK
range
(mm)

PIPING
PQR

Heat
Treatme
t
Prehea
t
PROCESS
AND FILLER
METAL

INSPECTORS

We
ld
D t
No.
WP
S
Base

SH. ___OF ___

Page / 84

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.

02R

DATE

QUALITY CONTROL

PROJECT:

PIPING WELDING KEY FORM

PROJ. No.:

CLIENT :
REV.


SH.

__
OF

:
:

:
.

. __
__

__
VENDOR :

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 85

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Rev./.
02R

Page / 86

19.

J
JSC
Yamal LNG
G

Job S
Specification for
f Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop
p and Field



-
/

ATTACHMENT 2 : MINIMUM AND


A
D PREFERED DIISTANCE BETW
WEEN
P
PIPING
WELDS

19.

2:

Rev./.
02R


.
1

Type of Weld
A
B

Minimum
m
distance
e
(the largestt of)
50 mm or 3T
3
50 mm or 3T
3

Two circumfe
erential welds on piping or tubing
Branch connections (with or without pads or
Olets) and cirrcumferential welld
C Two adjatent fillet weld
50 mm or 3T
3
N
Note
1: add centre
e line of weld to edge of weld dim
mensions to A, B or C
to
o get spool length
h

A
B
C

Document
D
/ 3300-E
E-000-MC-SPE-63002
2-00-D
Contractor
C
documentt number /
: 61402S-000-JSS-6
6300-00002

/
)




)
50

50

50

1:

A, B C

Page /
/
87

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

Rev./.
02R

01
03
06
09
15

CA
LE
SA
SD
SH

0
1
2
6

B
D
F
S

01
30
50
60
70

01
30
50
60
70

C1 C2 C3 C4

VT

PT

MT

RT

UT

TOFD

R1

R2 CutOut

Paintingreport

Pressuretestreport

%ferritereport

Hardnessreport

PMIreport

NDEafterPWHT
reports

PWHTreport

Repair

NDEbeforePWHT
reports

Welderidentification

WeldingConsumable
number

WPSnumber

Cumulatelength

Length

Componentheat
number

Componenttype

Walltickness'mm)

WeldNumber

Diameter(mm)

Sequentialnumbering
/SpecialRequirement

Endconnection/Joint
Type

Corrosionallowance

Pipingclassbasicmaterial

PCMDesignCodeand
pressureRating

ISOFolioNumber

ISONumber

ATTACHMENT 3: WELD LOG BOOK

PIDNumber

Pipingsystem

20.

JSC Yamal LNG

VT PT MT RT UT TOFD

Pipe Pipe
ElbowElbow
Tee Tee
etc. etc.

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

Page / 88

01
CA
0
B
01
01

03
LE
1
D
30
30

06
SA
2
F
50
50

09
SD
6
S
60
60

15
SH
70
70

A
B
A
B

. .

. .

A
B
A
B
C1

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002
C2
C3
C4

R1
R2

- /

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

()

()

ISO
PCM

20.

ISO

PID

JSC Yamal LNG


Rev./.
02R

3:

Page / 89

JSC Yamal LNG

Job Specification for Supply - Welding & NDE of Piping Shop and Field

- /

APPENDIX

Rev

02R

HISTORICAL REVISION CHANGE DETAILS

Location of Change

2.1

Modification of applicable codes to align


with PSTS

02R

2.2

Correction of specification numbers

02R

5.7

Modification of tolerances for assembly

02R

7.6.3.1

Modification
temperatures

02R

7.6.4

of

ferrite

content

Modification of impact test requirement

02R 11

Modification of scope of test coupons

02R 12.2

Modification of extend of NDE

02R

19

and

Modification of minimum distances between


welds

Document / 3300-E-000-MC-SPE-63002-00-D
Contractor document number / : 61402S-000-JSS-6300-00002

02R

2.1

02R

Brief Description of Change

Rev./.

(PSTS)

02R

2.2

02R

5.7

02R

7.6.3.1

02R

7.6.4

02R 11

02R 12.2

02R

19

Page / 90