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Waterproofing Custom Showers

Alanna Perron and Kristen Mowat

(Custom Showers, 2014)

Types of Waterproofing
Type 1: Conventional Method

Traditiional Application
Topical Application

Type 2: Liquid Membrane Method



Custom RedGuard
Mapei Aqua Defense

Type 3: Schluter KERDI Method



(Scientists:..., 2014)

KERDI Board
KERDI Accessories

Convential Method
Traditional
1. Frame and Studs

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Traditional
1. Frame and Studs
2. Moisture barrier
plastic sheet

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Traditional
1. Frame and Studs
2. Moisture barrier: plastic
sheet, nailed to the studs
3. Substrate:
cement backerboard
doesnt disintegrate when


wet

formed of lightweight

concrete or a concrete-

based fiber

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Topical
1. Frame and Studs

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Topical
1. Frame and Studs
2. Substrate
Cement Backerboard

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Topical
1. Frame and Studs
2. Substrate
Cement Backerboard
3. Moisture Barrier
Topical Membrane
*video*

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Traditional vs. Topical

Substrate will become wet

Water will immediately come in


contact with waterproofing membrane

will retain water between uses


leaves shower dry after each use

(Roger, 2014)

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Products

Traditional:
4-6 mil plastic covering the studs
plastic can be replaced by roofing felt
Topical:
3 different types of waterproofing membrane
work the same way
Tiles are installed the same way

Difference:
installed differently
Require various Skill Level
Time of instal varies
Difference in price

(Hollywood Handyman., 2014)

(Hourglass Design., 2012)

(How to Effectively Price Your


Product or Service., 2013)

Convential Method
Topical Products

Faced Topical Membrane


Waterproofing layer is already attached
Normally sold in 3x5 sheets
intalled directly to wall studs
acts as a waterproof backerboard
*Require furthur waterproofing
-seams and screw holes
-Typically done with silicone

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Topical Products

Sheet Topical Membranes


Sheets of polyethylene (tpye of Plastic)
Instaled to the Substrate with Thinset
Available in rolls approx 3 wide
Installed similarily to wallpaper
This is one of the best methods
Require a fair amount of knowledge
Most pottential for making mistakes

(Roger, 2014)

Convential Method
Topical Products
Liquid Membrane Method: REDGARD
A ready-to-use elastomeric waterproofing membrane
Creates a continuous waterproofing barrier without
fabric
Reduces crack transmission in tile and stone floors.
It bonds directly to various materials
Ready to use Can be applied using a paint brush,
paint roller, trowel or an airless sprayer
Quick dry formula
Custom, (2014)
Custom, (2014)

Epic Resins, (2014)

Beatsons, (2012)

Greens-Garbage, (2014)

Liquid Membrane Method: REDGARD


Custom REDGARD Video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mG5GIqcYkSs

Custom, (2012)

Liquid Membrane Method: REDGARD


PROS
Easy to use and can be applied by
roller, trowel or airless sprayer
Rated for extra heavy duty service
Reduces curing time with quick-dry
formula
Isolates cracks to 1/8 (3 mm)
Suitable for waterproofing pools,
spas and water features
Once film is dried, tiling may began,
reducing project time
Custom, (2014)

Custom, (2014)

City of Windsor, (2014)

Dadka, (2012)

Barcelo, (n.d)

Liquid Membrane Method: REDGARD


CONS
Cannot be applied to surfaces that may drop below 4C within 72
hours of application.
Does not apply over wet surfaces
Cannot be used as a wear surface; the membrane must be covered
with tile or other permanent flooring or the use of temporary floor
covering must be used over prolonged exposure
Custom, (2014)

Acclaim Imagery Ltd. (2014)

Custom, (2014)

Nancy, (2014)

Liquid Membrane Method: REDGARD


HEALTH
Wear rubber gloves and eye protection
Well-ventilated area to minimize inhalation of
fumes
Wear suitable respiratory equipment
VOC % is only 0.2%
It may help contribute to LEED certification
Custom, (2014)

MacNeil Car Wash Systems Ltd. (2012)

Legacy Equipment, (n.d)

Ansell Limited, (n.d)

Simplified Safety, (n.d)

Liquid Membrane Method: REDGARD


MAINTENANCE
REDGARD does not require any specific
maintenance once applied
Custom, (2014)

Jesse and Corinne, (2010)

Custom, (2014)

Liquid Membrane Method: Aqua Defense


A pre-mixed, advanced liquid-rubber, waterproofing
and crack isolation membrane. Suitable for
installation in residential, commercial and industrial
environments
Aqua Defense can be combined with Mapeband reinforcing fabric for extra protection
It will dry after about 30-50 minutes and can be
flood tested after 12 hours
Can be applied using a roller or brush and is able to
bond to a variety of surfaces
Mapei, (2012)

Mapei, (2012)

Epic Resins, (2014)

Beatsons, (2012)

Liquid Membrane Method: Aqua Defense


Mapei Aqua Defense
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BadJDga-qao

Screwfix, (2012)

Liquid Membrane Method: Aqua


INSTALL
All substrates must be prepped
Substrate and room temperature must be
between 7 C and 35 C
All cracks, corners, coves, drains and
openings pre-treated
Allow product to dry then apply a second
coat
The final thickness about 20 mils or .5 mm
Recoat holes or marks if needed
After application the surface should be
protected for 24hrs
Spec-Net, (2014)
Mapei, (2012)

WikiHow, (n.d)

WikiHow, (n.d)

WikiHow, (n.d)

Liquid Membrane Method: Aqua


PROS
Very quick drying time
Easy to install with a roller or brush
Prevents cracking of tile or stone
floor
Fabric is optional but recommended

BC Tile Co. (2012)

Dakka 5.50, (2010)

(Hourglass Design., 2012)

Liquid Membrane Method: Aqua


CONS
Not applicable to plywood, hardwood,
OSB, Masonite or metal substrates
Cannot be used as a wear surface
Cannot be used a single
waterproofing membrane on decks,
balconies or roof-decks
Mapei, (2012)

Custom, (2014)

London Floor and Tile, (n.d)

Balcony Systems Solutions Ltd, (2014)

Liquid Membrane Method: Aqua


HEALTH
No odor
Recommended rubber gloves and eye
protection
No odor, still recommendedgood ventilation
If no adequate ventilation, suitable
respiratory equipment should be used
0 VOCs
SandFree, (2014)

Legacy Equipment, (n.d)

Ansell Limited, (n.d)

Simplified Safety, (n.d)

Liquid Membrane Method: Aqua


MAINTENACE
No specific maintenance is required
Mapei, (2012)

Edilportale, (2014)

Terry Love, (2014)

Schluter KERDI Method

Schluter-KERDI-SHOWER-ST tray
sloped shower tray

lightweight polystyrene

mortar-free shower receptors

eliminates the need to build a mortar bed

This product requires no special disposal

and can be recycled

available in 4 sizes

can be cut to size

No CFCs or HCFCs are present

Schluter Systems L.P, (2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter KERDI Method


Schluter-KERDI-SHOWER-SC curb
A prefabricated curb that can be used in con

junction with any shower base. Curb dimen

sions are 48 x 6 x 4-1/2
made of lightweight, expanded polystyrene.
Schluter Systems L.P, (2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter KERDI Method


Schluter-KERDI-BOARD
Ideal for building showers, bathtub surround,

benches, or countertops
waterproof, lightweight, and ready to tile

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter KERDI Method: Board


thickness, what it does, definition,
materials made of, installation, what
it can be used for

Schluter System: KERDI Board


A multifunctional tile substrate, building


panel, and waterproofing assemblies
Installed directly to the framing
Made of extruded polystyrene foam panel and
fleece webbing
Available panel thicknesses of 3/16", 3/8", 1/2",
5/8", 3/4", 1", 1-1/2", and 2"
Tiles can be installed directly over KERDIBOARD
Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter System: KERDI Board


VIDEO
http://www.schluter.com/kerdi-board.aspx#prettyPhoto/0/

Schluter Systems L.P, (2014)

Schluter System: KERDI Board


INSTALL
Allows for preperation of a broad range
of substrates of ceramic and natural stone
tile
Cut easily with a standard utility knife;
gridlines help for neat and quick cuts
Seams and cracks must be sealed
Screw or adhere over wood or metal
framing, using the screws and washers
included in the hardware assortment
Panel joints are to be located on the
studs or other solid backing
Can be installed vertically as well as
horizontally
Tiles can be installed immediately after
the proper attachment of KERDI-BOARD
Minimum panel thickness for installation
on wall framing with studs spaced at 16"
o.c. is 1/2"

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)


Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter System: KERDI Board


PROS
Eliminates the need for drywall or
cement board
Even, impact-resistant, and rigid
Waterproof, temperature-resistant, and
dimensionally stable
Fleece webbing allows for easy
anchoring in thin-set mortar
Quick and easy to install
Lightweight
Contains no cement or fiberglass
Dust-free and easy to cut
Suitable for use on any kind of
structure

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter System: KERDI Board


CONS
There is more upfront building cost
Requires skill of cutting and proper measuring
Seams and edges still need to be covered
with tape

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter System: KERDI Board


HEALTH
No dust production
The product itself does not require
gloves or eye protection
KERDI Board is LEED certified
Has no VOCs
Schluter Systems L.P, (2012), edc Magazine, (n.d)

MacNeil Car Wash Systems Ltd. (2012)

Legacy Equipment, (n.d)

Ansell Limited, (n.d)

Simplified Safety, (n.d)

Schluter System: KERDI Board


MAINTENANCE
No specific maintenance is required
Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2012)

Custom, (2014)

(Hourglass Design., 2012)

Schluter KERDI Method


Schluter-KERDI
pliable sheet-applied polyethylene

waterproofing membrane
vapor retarder that guarantees uniform

thickness
covered on both sides with a fleece webbing to

anchor the membrane in the thin-set mortar

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)


(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter KERDI Method

Schluter-KERDI-BAND
polyethylene waterproofing strip
seals KERDI seams and floor/wall transitions

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter KERDI Method


Schluter-KERDI-KERECK
Installed on the inside and outside of corners

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter KERDI Method


Schluter-KERDI-SEAL-PS and -MV
prefabricated seals
waterproofing membrane with overmolded

rubber gaskets
seal pipe protrusions

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter KERDI Method


Schluter-KERDI-DRAIN

floor drain with an integrated bonding flange


large contact area
secure connection between the bonded
waterproof membrane and the top of the
drain assembly
fully adjustable square grate
accommodates a wide range of tile thicknesses

(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)


(Tile Shower - System Components., 2014)

Schluter System: KERDI- DRAIN


KERDI-DRAIN
Specifically designed to allow
connections to KERDI or other
systems
Membrane adhered to the large
integrated bonding flange; forms a
waterproof connection
Consists of a drain casing and fully
adjustable grate
Grate assembly accommodates a wide
range of tile thicknesses
The standard KERDI-DRAIN is
attached directly to the waste line
The drain casing is available in ABS,
PVC, or stainless steel

Schluter Systems L.P, (2014)

Schluter Systems L.P, (2014)

KERDI-LINE is a low profile linear floor drain


specifically designed for bonded waterproofing
assemblies
Can be installed adjacent to walls or at intermediate locations
The floor can be sloped on a single plane
Provides a simple connection to standard
drain outlets
Schluter Systems L.P, (2014)
Schluter Systems L.P, (2014)

Drains

Taditional
Has 3 seperate pieces & 2 inlets for water
-Hole at the top and weepholes further down
-Weephole would allow the water to get beneath the

waterproofing layer, which defeats the purpose

*Video*
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rg0w3lP3nFU

(Schluter drain: flange kit., 2014)

Shower Floors

Taditional
1. Stud/Joist or Concrete
2. Substrate #1: Plywood
-wood vs. concrete: waterproofed the same
3. Substrate #2: Deck Mud
-Helps create the slop towards the drain
-Very similar to concrete, just more sand
-Has the same properties as cement backerboard
4. Waterproofing membrane
-rubber pvc or cpe liner (thick rubber)
5. Tile substrate: Deck Mud (Final Slope)
6. Tile

(Mike, 2006)

(50 lb. Deck Mud, 2014)

Shower Floors
Topical: Sheet
Sheet:
1. Stud/Joist or Concrete
2. Substrate #1: Plywood
-wood vs. concrete: waterproofed the same
3. Substrate #2: Deck Mud

4. Moisture Barrier
-Sheet Membrane
-Installed with Thinset
5. Tile

(Schluter Kerdi 108 Sq Ft Waterproofing Membrane, 2014)

Comparision

Traditional Method
Cement Board

Faced topical membrane

Time

Varied based on
Varied based on
manufaturing instructions manufaturing instructions

Skill

Higher/Trained skill level Skill to measure and Cut


(Measure, cut, proper inproperly
stallation)
Screwed in or applied with
tack spotting (Concrete
wall)
Medium upfront Cost
Higher Upfront Cost

Cost

Topical Method
sheet topical membrane

liquid topical membrane


Redgard
Aqua Defense
flood test = 24 hours
Flood test = 12 hours
tile = 1- 11/2 hour
tile = 30-50 Minutes

Varied based on
manufaturing instructions
Product must be fully cured
Higher/Trained skill level
Low Skill Level
(Measure, cut, proper instal- Applied w/ Paint brush or
lation)
roller, Trowel or Sprayer

Low Skill Level


Applied w/ Paint brush
or roller

lower upfront cost

lower upfront cost

lower upfront cost

Shluter-KERDI Method
Kerdi Board
Once installed

Skill to measure and


Cut properly
Screwed in or applied
with tack spotting
(Concrete wall)
Higher Upfront Cost

Why it is so waterproofing is so important


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1HTytjQ3HQ

(Build A Shower Series:...,2014)

(Rotten Wood Repair., 2014)

(Home Remodeling 101, 2014)

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