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. 2000. .

41, N- 2

77

66.067.5



. .
, 125080


.
.

(, ,
) ( 0,01)
.
,
.

[15], ,
, .
.
r0 , , ,
(r, , z), .
, , ,
,
r0 ,
() r1 < r0 (. 1).

. 1.

. 2000. . 41, N- 2

78

u, v, w , , p , , .
,
u = v = w = 0 z = h/2,

r 1 < r < r0 ,

(1)

h . , ,
p(r1 , z) = 2 r12 /2.

(2)

2u
=U+
;
2
z
r
2v
=V;
z 2
2w

=W+
;
2
z
z
(ru) r w
+
= 0.
r
z

(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)

u (rv) w v
u u w u v 2
U=
+

2v,
V =
+
+ 2u,
r
z
r
r r
z
(7)
p 2 r2
u w w w
W =
+
,
=
.
r
z

2
z = 0
(1)
u
v
=
= 0,
w = 0 z = 0;
(8)
z
z
u = v = w = 0 z = h/2.
(9)
, l (, l = r0 ),
(6) w = O(uh/l). ,
(3), (5), , h/l  1, (/z)/(/r)  1, = (r).
(3)(6), (2), (8), (9).
:
r = lr0 ,

z = lx,
= V2 0 ,

u = V u0 ,

v = V v 0 ,

l = (/)1/2 ,

w = V w0 ,

V = ()1/2 .

, (3), (4) :
2u

=
U
+
,
x2
r

2v
= V.
x2

(10)

79

. .

(8), (9) :
v
u
=
= 0,
x
x

w = 0 x = 0,

u = v = w = 0 x = ,

(11)

= h(/)1/2 /2,

. ,
Z
u(r, x) dx = q1 ,

(r1 , x) = 0,

(12)

QV1 l2 /(4);

q1 =
Q .

x (10) (11), (12):
Z Zx
u(r, x) =
x

0,50 (x2

u0

Z Zx

U dx1 dx + u0 ,

v(r, x) =

V dx1 dx,
x

(13)

2 ).

=
(12), (13)

Z Z Zx
0

[U + 0 (r)] dx2 dx1 dx = q1 /r,



Z Z Zx
q
3
1
0

U dx2 dx1 dx .
(r) = 3

r
0

(14)

w (6):
1
w=
r r

Zx
ur dx,
0

(12) (11) w .
,
(13), (14), .
(13), (14) n- (n + 1)-

0n (r)



Z Z Zx
3 q1
= 3

Un dx2 dx1 dx ,

r
0

un+1 =

u0n

Z Zx

Z Zx
vn+1 =

Vn dx1 dx,
x

Un dx1 dx,

1
wn =
r r

Zx
un r dx,
0

(15)

. 2000. . 41, N- 2

80

Un = un un /r + wn un /x vn2 2vn ; Vn = un vn /r + un vn /r + wn vn /x + 2un ;


u0n = 0n (x2 2 )/2; U0 = V0 = 0; n = 0, 1, . . ..
E ,
, (15)
00 = 3q1 /(3 r).

(16)

(15), (16)
01 = (3/3 )[q1 /r + 6q12 /(35r3 )],

u1 = u 0 ,

v1 = 0,

w1 = 0,


u2 = [3q1 /(23 r)](x2 2 ),

v2 = [q1 /(43 r)](x2 2 )(52 x2 ),

w2 = 0,

. .
.
, ,
r ( q1 ) [6]. u, v (15),
, - .
n- (n- )

Zx
n
n
n
X
X
X
q k unk (x)
q k vnk (x)
unk
k
un (r, x) =
,
v
(r,
x)
=
,
w
=
2
(k

1)q
dx,
(17)
n
r2k1
r2k1
r2k
k=1

k=1

k=1

. . r x . .

x ,
, .
(. 2).
, . . e,
q1 . , (7) U , V , W ,
(7) ,
.
Z Zx
Z Z Zx
3(2 x2 )
un+1 =
Un dx1 dx +
Un dx2 dx1 dx + u0 ,
23
x 0
0 x 0
(18)

x
Z Z
Vn dx1 dx,
vn+1 =
x

Un = 2vn vn2 /r; Vn = 2un + un vn /r; u0 = q(x2 2 )/r; q = 1,5q1 /3 .

81

. .

. 2. r00 = r0 /h = 100:
1 r = 0,1r00 , = 1,12; 2 r = 0,5r00 , = 1,58; 3 r = 0,9r00 , = 1,69; :
q = 7,04; q = 35,12; : q = 9,96; q = 49,80; :
q = 12,18; q = 60,92

[7],
, (18) v 2 /r,
uv/r.
(17) , ( )
(3), (4)
(x = 0). (18)
Z Zx
un+1 =
0

1,5
Un dx1 dx

Z Z Zx
0

q2
Un dx2 dx1 dx
,
r

Z Zx
vn+1 =

Vn dx1 dx.
0

(19)

Un , Vn un = un (0), vn = vn (0), n = 0, 1, . . ..
(18), (19)
|un+1 | 6 2 [2,5(2|vn | + vn2 /r) + q/r],

|vn+1 | 6 2 (2|un | + |un vn |/r).

,
un+1 < 52 (vn + vn2 /r + q/r),

vn+1 < 22 (un + un vn /r).


un+1 < (q/r + vn + vn2 /r),

vn+1 < (un + un vn /r),

= 52 .

, v0 = 0, u0 < q/r, n > 0


u1 < q/r,

v1 < q 2 /r,

u2 < (q/r)(1 + 2 + q 4 /r2 ),

v2 < (q 2 /r)(1 + q 2 /r2 ),

u3 < (q/r)[1 + 2 + q 2 (1 + 2 2 )/r2 + q 2 4 (1 + 2 2 )/r4 + q 3 8 /r6 ],

(20)

. 2000. . 41, N- 2

82

v3 < (q 2 /r)[1 + 2 + q 2 (1 + 2 2 )/r2 + q 2 4 (1 + 2 2 )/r4 + q 3 8 /r6 ],


u4 < (q/r)[(1 + 2 ) + q 3 (2 + 4 2 + 4 )/r2 + q 2 5 (1 + 2 2 )(3 + 2 2 )/r4 +

(21)

+ q 3 7 (3 + 10 2 + 8 4 )/r6 + 2q 4 9 (1 + 5 2 + 5 4 )/r8 +
+ q 5 11 (1 + 2 2 )(1 + 4 2 )/r10 + 2q 6 15 (1 + 2 2 )/r12 + q 7 19 /r14 ],
............................................
. .
, q 2 /r2 < 1, < 1.
(20) (21), ak (), ak+1 () (q 2 /r2 )k , (q 2 /r2 )k+1
k , , am (m 2n1 , n ),
. , r2 /(q 2 ) ,
r2 /(q 2 ) > lim (ak+1 /ak ) r , k , n .
n un (0), vn (0), ,
un (x), vn (x) x [0, ]
q 2 /r2 < 1 < 1, q = 6Q/(h3 ), = 52 .
,
< 1
q < (r/)2 .
( q, , r) kuk kvk
C[0, ] [0, ], [8]
kuk = max |u(x)|,

kvk = max |v(x)|,

x [0, ],

C[0, ]. , u(r, x),


. u0 = u0 , v0 = v0 (u0 , v0 , , u0 ).
(13), (15)
Z Zx
Z Z Zx
0 0 0
un+1 =
Un (u , u , v ) dx1 dx +
Un (u0 , u0 , v0 ) dx2 dx1 dx + u0 ,
x

Z Zx
vn+1 =
x

u0 ,

u0 ,

Vn (u0 , u0 , v0 ) dx1 dx,

(22)
n > 0.

0
0
v

,
C[0, ], (21)
, ,
u, v , u0 = u0 ,
v0 = v0 . u v ,

un+1 = n0 + n00 ,

(23)

n0 u0 , n00 u0 u0 , v0 u0 , v0 .
, u1 , u2 , . . ., S(r, x), S. , > 0

83

. .

, (r, x), k > , l > (r, x) S |uk (r, x) ul (r, x)| < [8]. , n (
(17)) , n > ,
k, l ( |uk ul | (23) u0 ),
n (22) .
,
. , .
(., , [1, 2, 4]) ,
. ,

.

1. Rice W. An analytical and experimental investigation of multiple disk pumps and compressors //
rans. ASME. Ser. A. 1963. N 3. P. 191200.
2. Kohler M. Die Stromung durch des Spalteelement einer Reibungspumpe // Stromungsmechanik
und Stromungsmaschinen. 1971. N 4. S. 24, 25.
3. . .
// . . . 1972. N- 5. . 178183.
4. ., ., . // . . - -. . . 1974. N- 37. . 122128.
5. . . //
. . . 1975. N- 2. C. 228233.
6. . . // . 1997. . 38, N- 3. . 5563.
7. . ., . . . .:
, 1985.
8. . ., . . .
.: , 1981.
9. ., . . .: , 1968.

6/II 1998 .,
17/V 1999 .

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