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Skin Infections

Fungal- caused by fungus such as yeast. These look like rashes and can often be mistaken for
eczema. It can be red and flaky, or shiny and almost scaly. Treatment includes good hygiene and antifungal cream. http://www.bupa.co.uk/health-information/directory/f/fungal-skin-infections
Viral- caused by virus but are usually treatable and there are vaccines to prevent them, one is
chicken pox
Bacterial- caused by bacteria and can be cured with antibiotics.
Scabies- skin disease caused by a bug, the bug buries itself in the skin and then lays eggs. It is very
contagious and can be transferred through skin contact or contact with something the infected skin has
been on. Symptoms include itchiness and rashes. Treatment includes topical ointments.

Neurofibromitosis- excessive growth are on the skin. If they are on the outside on the skin they are fine,
however if they grow on the inside, on organs it can be a fatal disease. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseasesconditions/neurofibromatosis/basics/definition/con-20027728

Skin Cancer- abnormally fast growth of skin cells. This is most common on skin exposed to too much to
UV rays. The three major types are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
Pearly/waxy bump or lesions, brown spots, or red nodules are all types of potential cancerous signs that
should be checked out by a doctor. Doctors will run tests to see if they are cancerous and if it is it may
be removed if it is not too late. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/skin-cancer/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20031606
Elephantitis- abnormal enlargement of limbs, such as of the arms, legs, or genitals. The skin becomes
very dry and rugged just like an elephant. It is caused by the parasite Wuchereria bancfroti. It can be
treated with antibiotics. http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Elephantitis
Rosacea- chronic condition that makes the skin turn red. It can cause swelling in the face and make it
look like acne. Symptoms are red in the face, skin sores, and a bulbous nose. There is no cure but some
treatments can control symptoms. This is not a terminal disease and can only cause problems if you are
insecure. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001882/#adam_000879.disease.causes
Skin Cancer- appears when someone is over exposed to UV rays. Some types are not dangerous but
some lesions on the skin can be cancerous and must be treated right away. If seen early enough a doctor
can remove it surgically. http://www.skincancer.org/
Psoriasis- skin redness and irritation, it leaves a scale on the skin hats is red and flaky, silver patches. It
can be genetic and happens between the ages of 15-35. It is not contagious and be caused from
increased stress, from an autoimmune disease, too much alcohol or sun. Treatment is to prevent
infection and control. Topical lotions and ointments or pills are taken for this disease.

Vitiligo- loss of pigment of the skin, this causes white patches along the skin. This is completely normal
skin it just lacks pigment. This is caused by autoimmune diseases and effects about 1/100 people in the
USA. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001834/#adam_000831.disease.causes

Eczema (dermatitis) - red, itchy, flaky skin. This can be caused by poison ivy or another outside force, or
just on its own. This is treated with topical cream and can be contagious if not treated.