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Running Head: Hofstede Dimension

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Dimension Paper

Aimi Nakazawa
COMS 246
Hofstedes Interview
October 7, 2014

Comment [IR1]: You are missing a title

Hofstedes Interview
Do you know familiar with well about athe country which has really different culture?

page, you can put whatever you wish o

it, but it is a requirement.
Comment [IR3]: I think the space

(Do you know anything about different cultures?) In Saudi Arabia, the men wear a long white

between your lines is too big, please try

to reduce it.

robe and puts scarves cloth on their head, which is traditionally called thobe and shemagh,
and women put black scarvescloth over their body and head, which is called abaya. This
country has a lot of different cultures, customs, and traditions. Specifically for relationships

Comment [2]:
Comment [IR4]: Use a diferent word,
well doesnt fit the best.

Comment [IR5]: the is incorrectly used


between family, friends, and romantic ones, Saudi Arabia has many interesting characters that

Comment [IR6]: No need for parenthese


both support and

differentiate from the Hofstedes dimensions. I chose Hofstedes power distance

Comment [IR7]: cloth is not the correct

work for what you are saying, change a

the cloth words into another word.

dimension to explain, then I analyze the interview which I asked my friends from Saudi
Arabia. Some results from interview can support Hofstedes dimensions, but some cannot
apply for Hofstedes dimensions.
The person who I interviewed is my friend, Hassan. He is my best friends friend,
and I became friends with him through our friends. Ive known him for about 4 months. He is
from Saudi Arabia and he is a Muslim. He is an Arabic speaker, but he studies at The
University of Kansas, so he also can speak English. I interviewed him at friends house, when
all my friends were hanging out together. I asked him about his countrys family, friendships,
and romantic relationships. He liked talking about his culture, speaking about his family and

Comment [IR8]: Overall for the

introduction it seems good, but try to a

more detail to the end of the introducti

For example, tell me what your final

conclusion was in the paper, which one

Hofstedes dimensions you will talk

about, and whether or not the dimensi

fit what the person you interviewed

his friends. He understands many things about his culture, and he is also interested in culture,

Comment [IR9]: Very good! This section

good.you can maybe add more detail

about how the conversation went.

so he positively answer my questions.

I chose the Cultural Dimension for about power distance. Power distance points out
peoples approval for having inequalities in hierarchical social structures. The range extent

Comment [IR10]: the word about does

not fit here.

Comment [IR11]: This is correct, but wh

is your source of information? You need

that people recognize status inequality is good or bad, right or wrong, just or unjust, and fair

to cite the source.

Comment [IR12]: Range and extent

and unfair. Usually, the country with a Low Power Distance has a Social/Class Inequality that

mean the same thing, you do not need

both words.

is minimized, authority that is challenged, and a reduced hierarchy.(lecture slide). On the

other hand, a country which is classified into High Power Distance tends to consider a
Social/Class Inequality as beneficial, accept authority, and think of hierarchy as appropriate..

Comment [IR13]: This is correct, but yo

need to cite your source again.

(lecture slide) For example, with family relationships, children are expected to obey their
parents without challenge in a high power distance culture, but in a low power distance
culture, children are taught to seek reasons or justifications for parents actions. IIn business
situation, in high power distance cultures, when they work,

subordinates expect to be

Comment [IR14]: grammar

Comment [IR15]: grammar

closely supervised, but people in low power distance expect autonomy and a participative
decision making style(lecture slide). Power is defined as the degree to which a person is
Comment [IR16]: You can cite these as

able to influence other peoples ideas and behaviors. (lectureclass slides) The Hofstedes

lecture notes.look up on the Interne

how to cite lecture notes in APA style

dimensions of the power distance refers to how people define themselves and their

in-text, and you should be able to find


relationship with others(lecture slide). The collectivistic culture places importance on a

Comment [IR17]: Overall this second

section is okay, you need to cite your










sources more clearly and work on the

grammar, but the information is correc

Masculinity/Femininity refers to the extent to which people value achievement and

nurturance (lecture slide). Masculinity culture people think achievement is important and
they have distinct gender roles, but Femininity culture people try to service to others and they
have fluid gender roles (lecture slide).
The first of my examples that support Hofstedes dimension is about
Individualism/Collectivism. From observation from the interview, Hassan lives together with
all his family members, and he values friendship a lot. Also he mentioned his culture has a
strong family connection throughout their lifetime, and his culture has a stronger bond than
the culture in the United States. This shows his countrytheir country is collectivisticsm
culture. According to the Hofstedes dimension, , the Individualism in Saudi Arabias score

Comment [IR18]: This came from out o

nowhere! If you want to discuss other

dimensions, you also need to write abo

them in the paragraph aboveotherwi

it is too surprising when you start
talking about individualism /
collectivism because you just finished
talking about power distance, with no
Comment [IR19]: grammar

is 25 (. The Hofstede Centre). It means Saudi Arabia has a highly collectivism culture.

Comment [IR20]: Cite the source more

specifically, is this a book source, a

However, Hassan said he does not have to ask his parents before he decides big things. Also
he mentioned that forin a friendships, people do not have to compromise with their friends
when they are together. They can do their own things as they want. T

This does not relate to

website, or a lecture?
Comment [IR21]: grammar

Comment [IR22]:
Comment [IR23]: Extra blank space.

the Hofstedes Individual/Collectivism dimension. The second example is about

Masculinity/Femininity. He said his family has a distinct gender role.s. Fathers do the job for
providing for the family, and mothers are in charge of taking care of their family. Masculine
culture has a distinct gender roles, so it means Saudi Arabia is a Masculine culture. But

Comment [IR24]: Again, give more

information about the dimension in the

second section of the paper, so that it is

not a surprise when I see it here.
Comment [IR25]: Grammar.
Comment [IR26]: grammar

Hofstedes dimension shows Saudi Arabias Masculinity score is 60. (The Hofstede Centre).

Comment [IR27]: Cite the source.

It is close to the United States (The Hofstede Centre), and Hofstede states that Saudi Arabian
culture is not a masculine culture. He also said people do not live in order to work, but people
place importance on achievement or competitions.. People who do not live to work means the
culture is not a masculinity culture, but people puts importance on achievement means his

Comment [IR28]: Where did he say this

Cite your information as an in-text

culture is masculinity. So this means his one opinion does not apply for masculine culture of
Hofstedes dimension, but his another opinion can apply for masculine culture of Hofstedes
dimension. So, it cannot be said that

my my example

does not support that aspect of

Hofstedes research completely. The third of my examples is related to High Power Distance.
Hassan stated that there is a family structure in his family. The father is the first, then the
mother, and the next is older brother/sister. Usually, in a High Power Distance culture people

Comment [IR29]: Be more clear on WHY

your example does not support this. If
you look at the rubric, you need to be

clear on why your examples do or do no

support Hofstede.

think hierarchy is appropriate. Hofstedes research shows that Saudi Arabias Power
Distance point is 95 (The Hofstede Centre). This mean his culture puts importance on power
distance, and according to his opinion, people in his culture think hierarchy is appropriate. .
So, my example supports Hofstedes research.
I did learned not only about the culture of Saudi Arabia, but also about the
difference between Saudi Arabia, the United States, and Japan. I expected that Saudi Arabian
culture is applied for is High Power Distance, Collectivisticsm, and Masculinity before
knowing about their culture. Actually, some my expectations are the same as Hofstedes
dimensions and my examples, but I learned they are more feminine than I expected. In

Comment [IR30]: Again, cite where you

got the 90 for power distance, and
explain more on how this example
supports the research.
Comment [IR31]: grammar
Comment [IR32]: grammar

addition, through the interview I did, the things about which I was surprised is rwas romantic

Comment [IR33]: grammar.

relationships. In Saudi Arabia, dating before getting married is not common and it is
prohibited. For Japanese, dating is a normal thing, so it is hard for me to imagine no one is
Comment [IR34]: Good! This section is

dating before getting married.

In conclusion,


good, you can always give more details


Hofstedes dimension, but some examples do not. t,Also about


examples supports

and it can be also applied for

Masculinity, there are both examples which support and do not support. bHoweverut my
example for High Power Distance supports the Hofstedes dimension. From now on, when I
interact with Saudi Arabian people, I can use these examples and dimensions to build up

Comment [IR35]: Your summary is a lit

confusing, try to make it sound a little

friendships, and avoid conflict.

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The Hofstede Centre. Retrieved October 6, 2014 from


Lecture Slide. Retrieved October 6, 2014

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Comment [IR36]: You need a separate
page for your references, and also cite
the lecture slides here too, since you
cited them as an in-text citation.