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1 Exerelse 14: Gibbs Free Energy Complete the table below showing how the sign of the enthalpy and entropy can be used 10 prediot the spontaneity ofa reaction, ANP isu | AS? is. ‘Conditions under which reaction is spontaneous: endothermic | positive Spontaneous onl at higher temperatures. endothermic | negative | Nonspontanous at all temperatures (Never spontaneous) exothermic | positive Spontaneous at all temperatures, exothermic | negative | Spontaneous only at lower ten Consider the decomposition of calcium carbonate: CxCOvs) # CaO) + COx/g). At room temperature, the equilibrium is highly reactant-favored. At what temperature (in °C) doos the equilibrium become product-favored? AH? = 177.8 kifmol and AS? = 160.5 Jmol K for the reaction. (Assume that AH and AS,° do not change with temperature.) dem Arr ase = ane—Tase 1108 K 1005 he ae ‘The reaction is produet favored when T> 835°C. Hydrogen gas reacts with chlorine gas o form gaseous hydrogen chloride: Ha{g) + Clg) = 2 HCI). The standard Gibbs free energy for this reaction is 131.2 kY/mol. Calculate the ‘Value ofthe equilibrium constant, Kat 298 K. ag" = ~RTInk ae BE] ae Mest pcey)a002 0] _ 95292 — 9.65 1022 4. Sulfur formation at voleanie sites occurs via the Following reaction: uF 2HS(e) + SOxe) = 3 Ss) +2 HO) ‘kWimob, ‘4, Calculate & for this reaction a 25°C. a =3004 =2286 4G? = J nac;(roduets) ~ Y’ mas; (reactants) 6° = [cama (28) [e2man ( jt Keli = ¢ [oa mtre) 25020] 2x10 b, Predict whether this reaction becomes more favorable or less favorable ws temperature increases, Provide a brie rationale for your choice. Based on the physical states of the reactants and products, we can predict thatthe entropy ‘change for this veaction is negative, AS <0, Since A'> I, we know that AG? i ne This means that AH” must be negative. Using te results of the table developed in question 1, wee becomes less favorable as the temperature increases, predict that this re ‘Sulfur dioxide is pollutant found in the effluent of power plants, Would this reaction be Suitable for removing SO» from the eluent? Because K'>> I, this process is extremely efficient, It would be a good reaction to use for removing $0> from the effluent.