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The Fascination of Crystals and Symmetry

Unit 5.5

Graphite and Diamond

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

P 63/m m c

single graphene
sheet

A
B
335 pm

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

P 63/m m c

good electric conductivity in 2D

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

P 63/m m c

single graphene
sheet

A
B
335 pm

A
good electric conductivity in 2D
thermal conductivity bad

Mohs scale hardness 12

weak
van-der-Waals
forces

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

very easy delamination of the single graphene sheets


usage as lead in pencils

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

very easy delamination of the single graphene sheets


usage as lead in pencils

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

P 63/m m c

Diamond
single graphene
sheet

A
B
335 pm

A
good electric conductivity in 2D
thermal conductivity bad

Mohs scale hardness 12

F d 3 m (# 227)

chemical
bonds
weak
van-der-Waals
forces

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

P 63/m m c

Diamond
single graphene
sheet

A
B
335 pm

A
good electric conductivity in 2D
thermal conductivity bad

Mohs scale hardness 12

weak
van-der-Waals
forces

F d 3 m (# 227)

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

P 63/m m c

Diamond

F d 3 m (# 227)

single graphene
sheet

A
B
335 pm

chemical
bonds
weak
van-der-Waals
forces

good electric conductivity in 2D

electric conductivity extremely low

thermal conductivity bad

thermal conductivity extremely high

Mohs scale hardness 12

Mohs scale hardness 10


hardest mineral known

Graphite and Diamond


two allotropic forms of the element carbon
Graphite

P 63/m m c

Diamond

F d 3 m (# 227)

single graphene
sheet

A
glide planes

B
335 pm

A
good electric conductivity in 2D
thermal conductivity bad

Mohs scale hardness 12

weak
van-der-Waals
forces

Picture Credits
If not otherwise stated pictures, images, sketches, clip arts are
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Mario Sarto | Wikipedia| CC-BY-SA-3.0

Wikipedia user Dmgerman| CC-BY 3.0