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MATHEMATICA 4.0.

2002

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MATHEMATICA.
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MATHEMATICA............................................................................ 97
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MATHEMATICA ............................................................................................... 115
File ................................................................. 115
Edit .................................................................... 116
Cell ................................................................ 118
Format ................................................... 119
Input ,
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Kernel ............................................. 121
Find ................................................................................... 122
Window ............................................................ 123
Help ..................................... 123

MATHEMATICA ........................................................................ 125
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,
;
Color Selector ... ( )- (
Macintosh);
Record Sound... ( )- ( Macintosh);
Get File Path... ( )-
;
120

Create Table/Matrix/Palette... [Shift+Ctrl+C] ( /


/)- ;
Create Button

( )-

;
Edit Button... ( )-
;
Create Hyperlink... ( )-
, Internet;
Create Automatic Numbering Object... (
)- ;
Create Option Value Object... ( )-
, ;
Copy Input From Above [Ctrl+L] ( ) ;
Start New Cell Below [Shift+Ctrl+L] ( ) ;
Complete Selection [Ctrl+K] ( )-
( ,
);
Make Template [Shift+Ctrl+K] ( )-
;

Kernel
Evaluation

()- ;

Evaluate Cell- ;
Evaluate in Place- (
, );
Evaluate Next Input-
;
Evaluate in Subsession ( )-
, ;
,
, ;
Evaluate Notebook- ;
Evaluate Initialization-
;

121

Enter Subsession- (Dialog)


;
Exit Subsession- ;
Remove From Evaluation Queue ( ) , ;
Interrupt Evaluation...[Alt+,] ( )-
, ;
Abort Evaluation [Alt+,] ( )- ;
Kernel
(Kernel) ;
Start Kernel

( )- ;

Quit Kernel

( )- ;

Default Kernel

( )-

Notebook's Kernel

( )- ,

;
Kernel Configuration Options... ( )-
;
Show In/Out Names ( In/Out)-
;
Delete All Output ( )- ,
;

Find
Find...[Ctrl+F] ()-
;
Enter Selection [Ctrl+E] ( )-
Search for: ;
Find Next [F3] ( )-
, Find;
Find Previous ( )-
, Find;
Find in Cell Tags ( )- ,
;
Replace [Ctrl+R] ()-
;
122

Replace and Find Again [Shift+Ctrl+R] ( )-


;
Replace All ( )- ,
;
Open Selected ( )- () ,
(, Find All);
Scroll to Selection ( )- ,
;
Add/remove Cell Tags... [Shift+Ctrl+J] (/ ) ;
Cell Tags

( )- ;

Show Cell Tags ( )-


;
Cell Tags From In/Out Names ( In/Out)-
, /
Make Index... ( )- ;
Window
Stack Windows ( )-
;
Title Windows Wide ( )-

;
Title Windows Tall ( )-

( ) ;
Messages ()- ,
( );

Help
Help Browser... [Shift+F1] ()-
Mathematica;
Find Selection Function...[F1] (
) ;
Master Index... ( );
Build-in Function... ( );
123

Mathematica Book... ( Mathematica);


Getting Started/Demos... ( );
Adds-ons...( );
Why the Beep?... [Shift+Ctrl+H] ( ?)-
;
Registration... ()- ;
About Mathematica... ( Mathematica)- ,
;
Rebuild Help Index... ( )-
;

124


Mathematica
.
1. e > e .
:

2.
a 2 x 2 (1 + x )
(1 + x )(a 6 + x 6 )
+
.
a 6 + x 6 a 2 x 2 ( a 2 + x 2 ) a 2 x 2 ( a 4 + x 4 ) + ( a 2 + x 2 )(a 6 + x 6 )
:

3. a 2 + b 2 + c 2 = 2(a 4 + b 4 + c 4 ) ,
a + b + c = 0.
:

4. , p, q r
x 4 + 4 x 3 2 x 2 12 x + 9 = ( px 2 + qx + r ) 2 .
:

125

: p=1, q=2, r=-3.


5. x 2 + y 2 + z 2
(ax + by + cz )( Ax + By + Cz ) -
a , b , c , A , B ,C ?
:

:{}.
.
x + 2by = a

1.
2
bx + (1 b) y = c + c
a, b, c- . , b
a .

126

2.

3x
2x
3x 6
.

=
x 1 x + 2 ( x 1)( x + 2)

:
1 :

: {-3}.
2 :

: {-3}.

3. 2 x + 5 = x + 2 .
:
1 :

127

: {4}.
2 :

: {4}.

4.

4 + 2x x2 = x 2 .

:
1 :

:{3}.

2 :
128

:{3}.

5.

3
2x 1
2x + 1

2
= 0.
x + 2 x + 1 x + 3x + 2

:
1 :

:{1}.
2 :

:{1}.

129

6.

9 5x 3 x

:
1 :

:{-3}.
2 :

:{-3}.

130

6
= 0.
3 x

7. 4 x + 2 = x + 1 + 4 .
:

1 :

:{-1;7}.

131

2 :

:{-1;7}.
8. Mathemetica
x 4 + 2 x 3 6 x 2 + 2 x + 1 = 0 .
1
x 2 , y = x + .
x
.
:

132

: { 2 3 ,2 + 3 ,1,1 }.
9. a x 2 + 5 x + a = 0
x 2 + 2ax + a 2 4a + 25 = 0 ?
:

: =6.25.
.
133

x3 3x2 x + 3
1.
> 0.
x2 + 3x + 2
:

: ]-2;-1[ ]-1;1[ ]3; [


( x + 3) 3 ( x 2 + x + 1)
2.
0.
(4 x ) x
:

: ]0;4[ {-3}
3.

2
1
2x 1

0.
x2 x + 1 x + 1 x3 + 1

134

: ]- ;-1[ ]-1;2[
4.

2x + 1 + 2x 5 5 2x

: { 5 }
2
5. x 2 5 x + 6 > 0 .
:

:]- ;-3[ ]-2;-1[ ]6; [

135

.
1. 1 2 + 2 5 + ... + n( 3n 1) .
:

: n 2 (1 + n)
2. 1 2 2 + 2 3 2 + ... + ( n 1)n 2 .
:

: ( n 1)n( n + 1)( 3n + 2 ) 12

.
x5 1
. :
5x
) f ( x ) ;
) , ),
.
1. f ( x ) =

136

.
1. f ( x ) = cos x sin x
x = 0 .
:

3y

2.

y 3 + 16 dxdy .

00

137

3. f ( x ) =

1
dx . f ( x ) x = 1;35 / 19;5 .
3x + 7
2
+x
7x + 3

x = 1

x = 35 / 19

x=5

138

.
1.
sin x = 0.1 x , sin x 0.1 x .
:

139

:{8.4232;-8.4232}.
n

1
1

2. , lim 1

> lim
n
n 3 n + 1
2n
n

1

2n

1
n = 1,100 .
3n + 1

140

x 2 + y 2 = 1
3.
,
1
x
y

2
.
:

: {( 0.411438 ; 0.911438 ), (0.911438 ; 0.411438 )} .

141

4. (-1,0), ( 5 ,0) (1,3).


y = ax 2 + bx + c .
:

142

x 2 + y 2 = 41,
5.
.
x
+
y
=
9

143

x xy 3 = 7 ,
6. 2
.
xy

xy
=
3

144

x y
x + y 10

+
= ,
7. x + y
x y
3

xy 2 x 2 y = 2

.
:

8. f ( x ) = sin x + x ,
x=1. .
:

145

1.

n sin n cos n, n = 1,1000 .

. sin , = 0.01,10 . .
. .
, .
:

146

147

148

149


1. Wolfram S. The Mathematica Book, Fourth Edition. Cambridge University
Press, 1999.
2. .. Mathematica 3.0 .
: - , 1999, 240 .
3. .. Mathematica.- :
, 1998, 262 .
4. .., .., ..
. : , 2000, 503 .
5. .., .., ..

1982-1986. , 1988, 35 .
6. . .
..- : , 1978, 390 .
7. .., .. Mathematica. : .
-, 2001, 24 .

150

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