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Tiab and Donaldson (2004) point out that the chemically basic

nature of carbonates causes them to react readily with organic

acids in crude oils,which in turn causes the carbonates to become
neutral to oil - wet.


Note that three of the four organic liquids have strong preferences to wet calcite but
naphthenic acid does not. Some polar organic compounds in oils can transform water wet carbonate reservoirs to oil - wet ones.
This force depends on the properties of the liquids and solids in the porous
medium, on the size and distribution of pore throats, and on the reservoir saturation
Reservoirs consist of rocks with many different mineralogical compositions
and a variety of pore sizes and shapes, and they may contain more than one liquid.
The variety of minerals present in carbonate reservoirs is limited, however, so if the
fluid properties are known, then capillary pressure characteristics provide an excellent
guide to the size and distribution of pores and pore throats.

Importance of statigraphy

Constructing a realistic model requires that extrapolation methods be constrained

(1) a chronostratigraphic geological framework
(2) knowledge of geologic processes that form and modify petro physical properties.

Sequence stratigraphy is a method of identifying and correlating time surfaces

(chronostratigraphic surfaces) from well to well. This method is of paramount
importance to reservoir geology because a specific chronostratigraphic surface, by
its very nature, must be present in every well in the reservoir.